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FMAO Farmers & Merchants Bancorp

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10‑Q

 

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period March 31, 2020

or

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from         to

Commission File Number 001-38084

 

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Ohio

34-1469491

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

307 North Defiance Street, Archbold, Ohio

43502

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(419) 446-2501

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of Each Exchange

Common Stock, No Par Value

FMAO

NASDAQ Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes      No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes     No

Indicate the number of shares of each of the issuers’ classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

 

Common Stock, No Par Value

11,129,421

Class

Outstanding as of April 24, 2020

 

1


SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10Q

 

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

INDEX

 

Form 10-Q Items

 

Page

 

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item   1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets -
March 31, 2020 
and December 31, 2019 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income -
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income -
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes to Stockholders’ Equity -
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019

6-7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows -
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019

8-9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

10

 

 

 

 

 

Item   2.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
and Results of Operations

41-57

 

 

 

 

 

Item   3.

Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures About Market Risk

58

 

 

 

 

 

Item   4.

Controls and Procedures

59

 

 

 

 

 

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

59

 

 

 

 

 

Item   1.

Legal Proceedings

59

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

59-60

 

 

 

 

 

Item   2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

60

 

 

 

 

 

Item   3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

60

 

 

 

 

 

Item   4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

60

 

 

 

 

 

Item   5.

Other Information

60

 

 

 

 

 

Item   6.

Exhibits

61

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

 

62

 

 

 

 

 

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document (1)

 

 

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Scheme Document (1)

 

 

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document (1)

 

 

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document (1)

 

 

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document (1)

 

 

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document (1)

 

 

(1)

Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the interactive Data Files in Exhibit 101 hereto are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities act of 1933, as amended, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise are not subject to liability under those sections.

2


ITEM 1 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

 

(in thousands of dollars)

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and due from banks

 

$

49,844

 

 

$

50,137

 

Federal funds sold

 

 

40,993

 

 

 

1,159

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

 

90,837

 

 

 

51,296

 

Interest-bearing time deposits

 

 

4,869

 

 

 

4,309

 

Securities - available-for-sale

 

 

204,121

 

 

 

222,293

 

Other securities, at cost

 

 

5,810

 

 

 

5,810

 

Loans held for sale

 

 

2,153

 

 

 

4,248

 

Loans, net

 

 

1,239,108

 

 

 

1,211,771

 

Premises and equipment

 

 

26,120

 

 

 

26,283

 

Construction in progress

 

 

-

 

 

 

68

 

Goodwill

 

 

47,340

 

 

 

47,340

 

Mortgage servicing rights

 

 

2,672

 

 

 

2,629

 

Other real estate owned

 

 

185

 

 

 

214

 

Bank owned life insurance

 

 

15,313

 

 

 

15,235

 

Other assets

 

 

16,597

 

 

 

15,834

 

Total Assets

 

$

1,655,125

 

 

$

1,607,330

 

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noninterest-bearing

 

$

261,786

 

 

$

265,156

 

Interest-bearing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOW accounts

 

 

463,734

 

 

 

423,655

 

Savings

 

 

341,256

 

 

 

322,973

 

Time

 

 

281,931

 

 

 

276,563

 

Total deposits

 

 

1,348,707

 

 

 

1,288,347

 

Federal funds purchased and securities sold under agreements to

   repurchase

 

 

30,585

 

 

 

48,073

 

Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) advances

 

 

24,788

 

 

 

24,806

 

Dividend payable

 

 

1,768

 

 

 

1,768

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

12,820

 

 

 

14,078

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,418,668

 

 

 

1,377,072

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock - No par value 20,000,000 shares authorized; issued and

   outstanding 12,230,000 shares 3/31/20 and 12/31/19

 

 

81,844

 

 

 

81,535

 

Treasury stock - 1,100,579 shares 3/31/20, 1,093,065 shares 12/31/19

 

 

(12,636

)

 

 

(12,456

)

Retained earnings

 

 

162,416

 

 

 

160,081

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

4,833

 

 

 

1,098

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

236,457

 

 

 

230,258

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

$

1,655,125

 

 

$

1,607,330

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements.

 

Note: The December 31, 2019, Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet has been derived from the audited Consolidated Balance Sheet as of that date.

 

3


FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

(in thousands of dollars, except per share data)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Interest Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans, including fees

 

$

15,883

 

 

$

14,680

 

Debt securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Treasury and government agencies

 

 

1,146

 

 

 

713

 

Municipalities

 

 

262

 

 

 

211

 

Dividends

 

 

45

 

 

 

88

 

Federal funds sold

 

 

6

 

 

 

37

 

Other

 

 

122

 

 

 

133

 

Total interest income

 

 

17,464

 

 

 

15,862

 

Interest Expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits

 

 

2,901

 

 

 

2,613

 

Federal funds purchased and securities sold under

   agreements to repurchase

 

 

244

 

 

 

185

 

Borrowed funds

 

 

266

 

 

 

287

 

Total interest expense

 

 

3,411

 

 

 

3,085

 

Net Interest Income - Before Provision for Loan Losses

 

 

14,053

 

 

 

12,777

 

Provision for Loan Losses

 

 

1,430

 

 

 

30

 

Net Interest Income After Provision For Loan Losses

 

 

12,623

 

 

 

12,747

 

Noninterest Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Customer service fees

 

 

1,586

 

 

 

1,578

 

Other service charges and fees

 

 

1,039

 

 

 

1,041

 

Net gain on sale of loans

 

 

227

 

 

 

102

 

Net gain (loss) on sale of available-for-sale securities

 

 

270

 

 

 

(26

)

Total noninterest income

 

 

3,122

 

 

 

2,695

 

Noninterest Expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salaries and wages

 

 

4,223

 

 

 

4,312

 

Employee benefits

 

 

1,677

 

 

 

1,594

 

Net occupancy expense

 

 

564

 

 

 

667

 

Furniture and equipment

 

 

758

 

 

 

696

 

Data processing

 

 

442

 

 

 

1,299

 

Franchise taxes

 

 

368

 

 

 

258

 

ATM expense

 

 

414

 

 

 

447

 

Advertising

 

 

303

 

 

 

260

 

Net loss on sale of other assets owned

 

 

1

 

 

 

15

 

FDIC assessment

 

 

72

 

 

 

96

 

Mortgage servicing rights amortization

 

 

132

 

 

 

75

 

Consulting fees

 

 

139

 

 

 

113

 

Other general and administrative

 

 

1,602

 

 

 

1,679

 

Total noninterest expense

 

 

10,695

 

 

 

11,511

 

Income Before Income Taxes

 

 

5,050

 

 

 

3,931

 

Income Taxes

 

 

945

 

 

 

707

 

Net Income

 

$

4,105

 

 

$

3,224

 

Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share

 

$

0.37

 

 

$

0.29

 

Dividends Declared

 

$

0.16

 

 

$

0.15

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements

4


FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

(in thousands of dollars)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Net Income

 

$

4,105

 

 

$

3,224

 

Other Comprehensive Income (Net of Tax):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net unrealized gain on available-for-sale

   securities

 

 

4,998

 

 

 

1,749

 

Reclassification adjustment for (gain) loss on sale of

   available-for-sale securities

 

 

(270

)

 

 

26

 

Net unrealized gain on available-for-sale

   securities

 

 

4,728

 

 

 

1,775

 

Tax expense

 

 

993

 

 

 

373

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

3,735

 

 

 

1,402

 

Comprehensive Income

 

$

7,840

 

 

$

4,626

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[ Remainder of this page intentionally left blank ]

 

5


Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONDENSED Consolidated StatementS of Changes TO Stockholders’ Equity

For the THREE Months Ended MARCH 31, 20120

(000’s Omitted, Except Per Share Data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common

 

 

Common

 

 

Treasury

 

 

Retained

 

 

Comprehensive

 

 

Stockholders'

 

 

 

Stock

 

 

Stock

 

 

Stock

 

 

Earnings

 

 

Income

 

 

Equity

 

Balance - January 1, 2020

 

 

11,136,935

 

 

$

81,535

 

 

$

(12,456

)

 

$

160,081

 

 

$

1,098

 

 

$

230,258

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,105

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,735

 

 

 

3,735

 

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

(7,064

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(170

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(170

)

Forfeiture of 450 shares of restricted stock

 

 

(450

)

 

 

27

 

 

 

(10

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

282

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

282

 

Cash dividends declared - $0.16 per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,768

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,768

)

Balance - March 31, 2020

 

 

11,129,421

 

 

$

81,844

 

 

$

(12,636

)

 

$

162,416

 

 

$

4,833

 

 

$

236,457

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements

 

6


Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONDENSED Consolidated StatementS of Changes TO Stockholders’ Equity

For the THREE Months Ended MARCH 31, 2019

(000’s Omitted, Except Per Share Data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common

 

 

Common

 

 

Treasury

 

 

Retained

 

 

Comprehensive

 

 

Stockholders'

 

 

 

Stock

 

 

Stock

 

 

Stock

 

 

Earnings

 

 

Income (Loss)

 

 

Equity

 

Balance - January 1, 2019

 

 

9,285,261

 

 

$

10,823

 

 

$

(12,409

)

 

$

147,887

 

 

$

(3,014

)

 

$

143,287

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,224

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,224

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,402

 

 

 

1,402

 

Issuance of 1,830,000 shares of common stock in acquisition

 

 

1,830,000

 

 

 

70,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

70,437

 

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

(6,558

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(213

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(213

)

Issuance of 400 shares of restricted stock

   (Net of forfeitures - 2,040)

 

 

(1,640

)

 

 

66

 

 

 

(58

)

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

434

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

434

 

Cash dividends declared - $0.15 per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,654

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,654

)

Balance - March 31, 2019

 

 

11,107,063

 

 

$

81,760

 

 

$

(12,680

)

 

$

149,466

 

 

$

(1,612

)

 

$

216,934

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements

 

 

 

7


 

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

 

 

 

(in thousands of dollars)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

4,105

 

 

$

3,224

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

655

 

 

 

656

 

Amortization of available-for-sale securities, net

 

 

250

 

 

 

170

 

Amortization of servicing rights

 

 

132

 

 

 

75

 

Amortization of core deposit intangible

 

 

182

 

 

 

182

 

Net amortization of fair value adjustments

 

 

157

 

 

 

155

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

282

 

 

 

434

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

(3

)

 

 

-

 

Provision for loan loss

 

 

1,430

 

 

 

30

 

Gain on sale of loans held for sale

 

 

(227

)

 

 

(102

)

Originations of loans held for sale

 

 

(17,302

)

 

 

(8,340

)

Proceeds from sale of loans held for sale

 

 

18,690

 

 

 

7,764

 

Loss on sale of other assets owned

 

 

1

 

 

 

15

 

(Gain) loss on sales of securities available-for-sale

 

 

(270

)

 

 

26

 

Change in other assets and other liabilities, net

 

 

(3,431

)

 

 

3,516

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

4,651

 

 

 

7,805

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activity in available-for-sale securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maturities, prepayments and calls

 

 

21,646

 

 

 

1,703

 

Sales

 

 

11,843

 

 

 

11,100

 

Purchases

 

 

(10,569

)

 

 

35

 

Activity in other securities, at cost:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

 

 

-

 

 

 

237

 

Change in interest-bearing time deposits

 

 

(560

)

 

 

(490

)

Proceeds from sale of other assets owned

 

 

28

 

 

 

75

 

Additions to premises and equipment

 

 

(420

)

 

 

(706

)

Loan originations and principal collections, net

 

 

(27,773

)

 

 

5,301

 

Acquisition of Limberlost, net of cash received

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,089

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

(5,805

)

 

 

15,166

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in deposits

 

 

60,276

 

 

 

52,416

 

Net change in federal funds purchased and securities sold under agreements

   to repurchase

 

 

(17,488

)

 

 

(6,660

)

Repayment of FHLB advances

 

 

(155

)

 

 

(23,651

)

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

(170

)

 

 

(213

)

Cash dividends paid on common stock

 

 

(1,768

)

 

 

(1,379

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

40,695

 

 

 

20,513

 

Net Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

39,541

 

 

 

43,484

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents - Beginning of year

 

 

51,296

 

 

 

38,365

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents - End of period

 

$

90,837

 

 

$

81,849

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(continued)


8


 

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)  (Continued)

 

 

 

(in thousands of dollars)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Supplemental Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the year for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

 

$

3,217

 

 

$

2,655

 

Income taxes

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Noncash investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transfer of loans to other real estate owned

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

The Company purchased all of the capital stock of Limberlost for $78,902 on January 1, 2019.  In conjunction with the acquisition, liabilities were assumed as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of assets acquired

 

$

-

 

 

$

336,380

 

Less:  common stock issued

 

 

-

 

 

 

70,437

 

Cash paid for the capital stock

 

 

-

 

 

 

8,465

 

Liabilities assumed

 

$

-

 

 

$

257,478

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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9


ITEM 1  NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1 BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND OTHER

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X; accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.  Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that are expected for the year ended December 31, 2020.  The condensed consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2019, has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of that date. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

The Company recognizes revenues as they are earned based on contractual terms, as transactions occur, or as services are provided and collectability is reasonably assured.  The Company’s principal source of revenue is interest income from loans and investment securities.  The Company also earns noninterest income from various banking and financial services offered primarily through Farmers & Merchants State Bank.  Interest income is primarily recognized on an accrual basis according to nondiscretionary formulas written in contracts, such as loan agreements or investment security contracts.  The Company also earns noninterest income from various banking and financial services provided to business and consumer clients such as deposit account, debit card, and mortgage banking services.  Revenue is recorded for noninterest income based on the contractual terms for the service or transaction performed.

Reclassification

Certain amounts in the 2019 condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform with the 2020 presentation.  These reclassifications had no effect on income.

 

NOTE 2  BUSINESS COMBINATION AND ASSET PURCHASE

 

On January 1, 2019, the Company acquired Limberlost Bancshares, Inc. (“Limberlost”), the bank holding company for Bank of Geneva, a community bank based in Geneva, Indiana.  Bank of Geneva operated six full-service offices in the northeast Indiana communities of Geneva, Berne, Decatur, Monroe, Portland and Monroeville.  Shareholders of Limberlost received 1,830 shares of FMAO common stock and $8,465.00 in cash for each share. Limberlost had 1,000 shares outstanding on January 1, 2019. The share price of Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc. (FMAO) stock on January 1, 2019 was $38.49. Total consideration for the acquisition was approximately $78.9 million consisting of $8.5 million in cash and $70.4 million in stock.  As a result of the acquisition, the Company will have an opportunity to increase its deposit base and reduce transaction costs.  The Company also expects to reduce costs through economies of scale.

Under the acquisition method of accounting, the total purchase was allocated to net tangible and intangible assets based on their current estimated fair values on the date of acquisition.  Of the total purchase price of $78.9 million, $3.9 million has been allocated to core deposit intangible included in other assets and is being amortized over seven years on a straight line basis.  Goodwill of $43.3 million resulting from the acquisition consists largely of the synergies and economies of scale expected from combining the operations of the Company and Bank of Geneva.  Of that total amount, none of the purchase price is deductible for tax purposes.  The following table summarizes the consideration paid for Bank of Geneva and the amounts of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed recognized at the acquisition date.

10


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 2 BUSINESS COMBINATION AND ASSET PURCHASE (Continued)

 

Fair Value of Consideration Transferred

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

Cash

 

$

8,465

 

Common Shares (1,830,000 shares)

 

 

70,437

 

Total

 

$

78,902

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognized amounts of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

6,376

 

Securities - available-for-sale

 

 

17,494

 

Other securities, at cost

 

 

2,347

 

Loans, net

 

 

257,183

 

Premises and equipment

 

 

2,538

 

Goodwill

 

 

43,266

 

Other assets

 

 

7,176

 

Total Assets Purchased

 

$

336,380

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

Deposits

 

 

 

 

Noninterest bearing

 

$

37,822

 

Interest bearing

 

 

168,312

 

Total deposits

 

 

206,134

 

Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) advances

 

 

48,196

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

3,148

 

Total Liabilities Assumed

 

$

257,478

 

 

The Company acquired loans in the acquisition that had evidence of deterioration of credit quality since origination and it was probable, at acquisition, that all contractually required payments would not be collected.

Loans purchased with evidence of credit deterioration since origination and for which it is probable that all contractually required payments will not be collected are considered to be credit impaired.  Evidence of credit quality deterioration as of the purchase date may include information such as past-due and nonaccrual status, borrower credit scores and recent loan to value percentages.  Purchased credit-impaired loans are accounted for under the accounting guidance for loans and debt securities acquired with deteriorated credit quality (ASC 310-30) and initially measured at fair value, which includes estimated future credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of the loan.  Accordingly, an allowance for credit losses related to these loans is not carried over and recorded at the acquisition date.  Management estimated the cash flows expected to be collected at acquisition using our internal risk models, which incorporate the estimate of current key assumptions, such as default rates, severity and prepayment speeds.

11


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 2 BUSINESS COMBINATION AND ASSET PURCHASE (Continued)

 

The carrying amount of those loans is included in loans, net on the balance sheet as of December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2020.  The amounts of loans at December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

Balance - January 1, 2019

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

$

4,094

 

Consumer RE

 

 

231

 

Consumer

 

 

71

 

Carrying amount, net of fair value adjustment of $2,118

 

$

2,278

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance - December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

$

106

 

Consumer RE

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

-

 

Carrying amount, net of fair value adjustment of $62

 

$

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance - March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

$

-

 

Consumer RE

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

-

 

Carrying amount, net of fair value adjustment of $0

 

$

-

 

Loans acquired during 2019 for which it was probable at acquisition that all contractually required payments would not be collected are as follows:

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

Contractually required payments receivable at acquisition

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

$

4,215

 

Consumer RE

 

 

261

 

Consumer

 

 

94

 

Total required payments receivable

 

$

4,570

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows expected to be collected at acquisition

 

$

2,788

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basis in acquired loans at acquisition

 

$

4,396

 

The balance of the fair value adjustment for loans acquired and accounted for under this guidance (ASC 310-30) was $62 thousand at December 31, 2019, zero at March 31, 2020 and $2.118 million on January 1, 2019.

Changes in accretable yield, or income expected to be collected, are as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2020

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

Beginning Balance

 

$

2,021

 

 

$

2,544

 

Additions

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

Accretion

 

 

(106

)

 

 

(109

)

Reclassification from nonaccretable difference

 

 

62

 

 

 

-

 

Disposals

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Ending Balance

 

$

1,978

 

 

$

2,436

 

 

 

12


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 2 BUSINESS COMBINATION AND ASSET PURCHASE (Continued)

 

The Company purchased an office on December 13, 2013 in Custar, Ohio. Core deposit intangible assets of $1.17 million were recognized and are being amortized over its remaining economic useful life of the deposits of 7 years on a straight line basis.

 

As mentioned previously, the acquisition of Bank of Geneva resulted in the recognition of $3.9 million in core deposit intangible assets which are being amortized over its remaining life of 7 years on a straight line basis.

 

The amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $182 thousand.  Of the $721 thousand to be expensed in 2020, $182 thousand has been expensed for the three months ended March 31, 2020.  Annual amortization of core deposit intangible assets is as follows:

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Custar

 

 

Geneva

 

 

Total

 

2020

 

$

161

 

 

$

560

 

 

$

721

 

2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

560

 

 

 

560

 

2022

 

 

-

 

 

 

560

 

 

 

560

 

2023

 

 

-

 

 

 

560

 

 

 

560

 

2024

 

 

-

 

 

 

560

 

 

 

560

 

2025

 

 

-

 

 

 

560

 

 

 

560

 

 

 

$

161

 

 

$

3,360

 

 

$

3,521

 

 

 

13


ITEM 1  NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 3 SECURITIES

 

Mortgage-backed securities, as shown in the following tables, are all government sponsored enterprises.  The amortized cost and fair value of securities, with gross unrealized gains and losses at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, are as follows:

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gains

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

Available-for-Sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Treasury

 

$

10,016

 

 

$

57

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

10,073

 

U.S. Government agencies

 

 

47,869

 

 

 

1,880

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

49,749

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

97,726

 

 

 

2,968

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

100,694

 

State and local governments

 

 

42,393

 

 

 

1,215

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

43,605

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

198,004

 

 

$

6,120

 

 

$

(3

)

 

$

204,121

 

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gains

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

Available-for-Sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Treasury

 

$

10,023

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

(12

)

 

$

10,021

 

U.S. Government agencies

 

 

61,882

 

 

 

584

 

 

 

(21

)

 

 

62,445

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

94,998

 

 

 

426

 

 

 

(227

)

 

 

95,197

 

State and local governments

 

 

54,001

 

 

 

749

 

 

 

(120

)

 

 

54,630

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

220,904

 

 

$

1,769

 

 

$

(380

)

 

$

222,293

 

 

Investment securities will at times depreciate to an unrealized loss position. The Company utilizes the following criteria to assess whether impairment is other than temporary. No one item by itself will necessarily signal that a security should be recognized as an other than temporary impairment.

 

1.

The fair value of the security has significantly declined from book value.

 

2.

A downgrade has occurred that lowered the credit rating to below investment grade (below Baa3 by Moody and BBB – by Standard and Poors.)

 

3.

Dividends have been reduced or eliminated or scheduled interest payments have not been made.

 

4.

The underwater security has longer than 10 years to maturity and the loss position had existed for more than 3 years.

 

5.

Management does not possess both the intent and ability to hold the security for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value.

If the impairment is judged to be other than temporary, the cost basis of the individual security shall be written down to fair value, thereby establishing a new cost basis. The new cost basis shall not be changed for subsequent recoveries in fair value. The amount of the write down shall be included in current earnings as a realized loss. The recovery in fair value, if any, shall be recognized in earnings when the security is sold. The table below is presented by category of security and length of time in a continuous loss position. The Company currently does not hold any securities with other than temporary impairment.

14


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 3 SECURITIES (Continued)

 

Information pertaining to securities with gross unrealized losses at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous loss position follows:    

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Less Than Twelve Months

 

 

Twelve Months & Over

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

U.S. Treasury

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

U.S. Government agencies

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

State and local governments

 

 

(1

)

 

 

513

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

2,044

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

2,557

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

(1

)

 

$

513

 

 

$

(2

)

 

$

2,044

 

 

$

(3

)

 

$

2,557

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Less Than Twelve Months

 

 

Twelve Months & Over

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

U.S. Treasury

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

(12

)

 

$

5,030

 

 

$

(12

)

 

$

5,030

 

U.S. Government agencies

 

 

(16

)

 

 

10,549

 

 

 

(5

)

 

 

10,745

 

 

 

(21

)

 

 

21,294

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

(102

)

 

 

27,696

 

 

 

(125

)

 

 

11,332

 

 

 

(227

)

 

 

39,028

 

State and local governments

 

 

(120

)

 

 

16,845

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(120

)

 

 

16,845

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

(238

)

 

$

55,090

 

 

$

(142

)

 

$

27,107

 

 

$

(380

)

 

$

82,197

 

 

Unrealized losses on securities have not been recognized into income because the issuers’ bonds are of high credit quality, values have only been impacted by rate changes, and the Company has the intent and ability to hold the securities for the foreseeable future.  Additionally, the decline in value is primarily due to changes in interest rates since the securities were purchased. The fair value is expected to recover as the bonds approach the maturity date.

Below are the gross realized gains and losses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Gross realized gains

 

$

270

 

 

$

16

 

Gross realized losses

 

 

-

 

 

 

(42

)

Net realized gains (losses)

 

$

270

 

 

$

(26

)

Tax expense (benefit) related to net realized gains (losses)

 

$

57

 

 

$

(5

)

 

The net realized losses on sales and related tax expense is a reclassification out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The net realized gains (losses) is included in net gains (losses) on sale of available-for-sale securities and the related tax expense (benefit) is included in income taxes in the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

15


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 3 SECURITIES (Continued)

 

The amortized cost and fair value of debt securities at March 31, 2020, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

Fair Value

 

One year or less

 

$

16,663

 

 

$

16,766

 

After one year through five years

 

 

19,720

 

 

 

20,130

 

After five years through ten years

 

 

59,816

 

 

 

62,399

 

After ten years

 

 

4,079

 

 

 

4,132

 

Total

 

$

100,278

 

 

$

103,427

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

97,726

 

 

 

100,694

 

Total

 

$

198,004

 

 

$

204,121

 

 

Investments with a carrying value of $88.7 million and $88.8 million at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, were pledged to secure public deposits and securities sold under repurchase agreements.  

Other securities includes Federal Home Loan Bank of Cincinnati and Indianapolis stock as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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16


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

NOTE 4 LOANS

Loan balances as of  March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are summarized below:

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

Loans:

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

174,731

 

 

$

165,349

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

194,383

 

 

 

199,105

 

Agricultural

 

 

109,584

 

 

 

111,820

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

570,217

 

 

 

551,309

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

143,261

 

 

 

135,631

 

Consumer

 

 

49,022

 

 

 

49,237

 

Other

 

 

8,336

 

 

 

8,314

 

 

 

 

1,249,534

 

 

 

1,220,765

 

Less: Net deferred loan fees and costs

 

 

(1,893

)

 

 

(1,766

)

 

 

 

1,247,641

 

 

 

1,218,999

 

Less: Allowance for loan losses

 

 

(8,533

)

 

 

(7,228

)

Loans - Net

 

$

1,239,108

 

 

$

1,211,771

 

 

Other loans primarily fund public improvement in the Bank’s service area.

 

The distribution of fixed rate loans and variable rate loans by major loan category is as follows as of March 31, 2020:

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Fixed

 

 

Variable

 

 

 

Rate

 

 

Rate

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

116,954

 

 

$

57,777

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

93,095

 

 

 

101,288

 

Agricultural

 

 

105,065

 

 

 

4,519

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

419,430

 

 

 

150,787

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

126,434

 

 

 

16,827

 

Consumer

 

 

45,055

 

 

 

3,967

 

Other

 

 

8,277

 

 

 

59

 

 

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 one to four family residential mortgage loans amounting to $42.7 million and $42.1 million, respectively, have been pledged as security for future loans and existing loans the Bank has received from the Federal Home Loan Bank.

Unless listed separately, Other loans are included in the Commercial and Industrial category for the remainder of the tables in this Note 4.

 

 

17


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

The following table represents the contractual aging of the recorded investment (in thousands) in past due loans by portfolio classification of loans as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, net of deferred loan fees and costs:

 

March 31, 2020

 

30-59 Days Past Due

 

 

60-89 Days Past Due

 

 

Greater Than 90 Days

 

 

Total Past Due

 

 

Current

 

 

Total Financing Receivables

 

 

Recorded Investment > 90 Days and Accruing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

842

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

846

 

 

$

173,130

 

 

$

173,976

 

 

$

-

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

505

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

505

 

 

 

193,625

 

 

 

194,130

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

 

1,403

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,403

 

 

 

108,304

 

 

 

109,707

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

186

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

186

 

 

 

568,805

 

 

 

568,991

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

823

 

 

 

298

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,121

 

 

 

150,526

 

 

 

151,647

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

89

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

102

 

 

 

49,088

 

 

 

49,190

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

3,848

 

 

$

315

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

4,163

 

 

$

1,243,478

 

 

$

1,247,641

 

 

$

-

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

30-59 Days Past Due

 

 

60-89 Days Past Due

 

 

Greater Than 90 Days

 

 

Total Past Due

 

 

Current

 

 

Total Financing Receivables

 

 

Recorded Investment >

90 Days and

Accruing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

355

 

 

$

70

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

425

 

 

$

164,266

 

 

$

164,691

 

 

$

-

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

-

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

198,752

 

 

 

198,859

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

 

78

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

85

 

 

 

111,864

 

 

 

111,949

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

550,082

 

 

 

550,082

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

201

 

 

 

267

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

468

 

 

 

143,541

 

 

 

144,009

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

54

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

54

 

 

 

49,355

 

 

 

49,409

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

688

 

 

$

451

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,139

 

 

$

1,217,860

 

 

$

1,218,999

 

 

$

-

 

 

 

 

18


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

The following table presents the recorded investment in nonaccrual loans by class of loans as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

1,363

 

 

$

1,209

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

967

 

 

 

88

 

Agricultural

 

 

382

 

 

 

1,769

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

36

 

 

 

37

 

Commercial & Industrial

 

 

590

 

 

 

288

 

Consumer

 

 

6

 

 

 

9

 

Total

 

$

3,344

 

 

$

3,400

 

 

Following are the characteristics and underwriting criteria for each major type of loan the Bank offers:

Consumer Real Estate: Purchase, refinance, or equity financing of one to four family owner occupied dwelling.   Success in repayment is subject to borrower’s income, debt level, character in fulfilling payment obligations, employment, and others.

Agricultural Real Estate: Purchase of farm real estate or for permanent improvements to the farm real estate.  Cash flow from the farm operation is the repayment source and is therefore subject to the financial success of the farm operation.

Agricultural: Loans for the production and housing of crops, fruits, vegetables, and livestock or to fund the purchase or re-finance of capital assets such as machinery and equipment and livestock.  The production of crops and livestock is especially vulnerable to commodity prices and weather. The vulnerability to commodity prices is offset by the farmer’s ability to hedge their position by the use of future contracts. The risk related to weather is often mitigated by requiring crop insurance.

Commercial Real Estate: Construction, purchase, and refinance of business purpose real estate.  Risks include potential construction delays and overruns, vacancies, collateral value subject to market value fluctuations, interest rate, market demands, borrower’s ability to repay in orderly fashion, and others.  The Bank does employ stress testing on higher balance loans to mitigate risk by ensuring the customer’s ability to repay in a changing rate environment before granting loan approval.

Commercial and Industrial: Loans to proprietorships, partnerships, or corporations to provide temporary working capital and seasonal loans as well as long term loans for capital asset acquisition.  Risks include adequacy of cash flow, reasonableness of projections, financial leverage, economic trends, management ability and estimated capital expenditures during the fiscal year. The Bank does employ stress testing on higher balance loans to mitigate risk by ensuring the customer's ability to repay in a changing rate environment before granting loan approval.

Other: Primarily funds public improvements in the Bank’s service area.  Repayment ability is based on the continuance of the taxation revenue as the source of repayment.

Consumer: Funding for individual and family purposes.  Success in repayment is subject to borrower’s income, debt level, character in fulfilling payment obligations, employment, and others.

The Bank uses a nine tier risk rating system to grade its loans. The grade of a loan may change during the life of the loan.

The risk ratings are described as follows.

 

1.

Zero (0) Unclassified. Any loan which has not been assigned a classification.

 

2.

One (1) Excellent.  Credit to premier customers having the highest credit rating based on an extremely strong financial condition, which compares favorably with industry standards (upper quartile of Risk Management Association ratios).  Financial statements indicate a sound earnings and financial ratio trend for several years with satisfactory profit margins and excellent liquidity exhibited.  Prime credits may also be borrowers with loans fully secured by highly liquid collateral such as traded stocks, bonds, certificates of deposit, savings account, etc.  No credit or collateral exceptions exist and the loan adheres to the Bank's loan policy in every respect.  Financing alternatives would be readily available and would qualify for unsecured credit. This grade is summarized by high liquidity, minimum risk, strong ratios, and low handling costs.

19


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

 

3.

Two (2) Good. Desirable loans of somewhat less stature than Grade 1, but with strong financial statements.  Loan supported by financial statements containing strong balance sheets, generally with a leverage position less than 1.50, and a history of profitability.  Probability of serious financial deterioration is unlikely. Possessing a sound repayment source (and a secondary source), which would allow repayment in a reasonable period of time. Individual loans backed by liquid personal assets, established history and unquestionable character.  

 

4.

Three (3) Satisfactory.  Satisfactory loans of average or slightly above average risk – having some deficiency or vulnerability to changing economic conditions, but still fully collectible.  Projects should normally demonstrate acceptable debt service coverage.  Generally, customers should have a leverage position less than 2.00.  May be some weakness but with offsetting features of other support readily available.  Loans that are meeting the terms of repayment.

Loans may be graded 3 when there is no recent information on which to base a current risk evaluation and the following conditions apply:

At inception, the loan was properly underwritten and did not possess an unwarranted level of credit risk:

 

a.

At inception, the loan was secured with collateral possessing a loan-to-value adequate to protect the Bank from loss;

 

b.

The loan exhibited two or more years of satisfactory repayment with a reasonable reduction of the principal balance;

 

c.

During the period that the loan has been outstanding, there has been no evidence of any credit weakness. Some examples of weakness include slow payment, lack of cooperation by the borrower, breach of loan covenants, or the business is in an industry which is known to be experiencing problems. If any of these credit weaknesses are observed, a lower risk grade is warranted.

 

5.

Four (4) Satisfactory / Monitored.  A “4” (Satisfactory/Monitored) risk grade may be established for a loan considered satisfactory but which is of average credit risk due to financial weakness or uncertainty.  The loans warrant a higher than average level of monitoring to ensure that weaknesses do not advance.  The level of risk in Satisfactory/Monitored classification is considered acceptable and within normal underwriting guidelines so long as the loan is given management supervision.

 

6.

Five (5) Special Mention.  Loans that possess some credit deficiency or potential weakness which deserve close attention but do not yet warrant substandard classification.  Such loans pose unwarranted financial risk that if not corrected could weaken the loan and increase risk in the future. The key distinctions of a 5 (Special Mention) classification are that (1) it is indicative of an unwarranted level of risk, and (2) weaknesses are considered “potential” versus “defined” impairments to the primary source of loan repayment and collateral.

 

7.

Six (6) Substandard.  One or more of the following characteristics may be exhibited in loans classified substandard:

 

a.

Loans which possess a defined credit weakness and the likelihood that a loan will be paid from the primary source and are uncertain.  Financial deterioration is underway and very close attention is warranted to ensure that the loan is collected without loss.

 

b.

Loans are inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the borrower.

 

c.

The primary source of repayment is weakened and the Bank is forced to rely on a secondary source of repayment such as collateral liquidation or guarantees.

 

d.

Loans are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Bank will sustain some loss if deficiencies are not corrected.

 

e.

Unusual courses of action are needed to maintain a high probability of repayment.

 

f.

The borrower is not generating enough cash flow to repay loan principal but continues to make interest payments.

 

g.

The lender is forced into a subordinate position or unsecured collateral position due to flaws in documentation.

 

h.

Loans have been restructured so that payment schedules, terms and collateral represent concessions to the borrower when compared to the normal loan terms.

 

i.

The lender is seriously contemplating foreclosure or legal action due to the apparent deterioration in the loan.

 

j.

There is significant deterioration in the market conditions and the borrower is highly vulnerable to these conditions.

20


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

 

8.

Seven (7) Doubtful.  One or more of the following characteristics may be exhibited in loans classified Doubtful:

 

a.

Loans have all of the weaknesses of those classified as Substandard.  Additionally, these weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full based on existing conditions improbable.

 

b.

The primary source of repayment is gone, and there is considerable doubt as to the quality of the secondary source of repayment.

 

c.

The possibility of loss is high, but because of certain important pending factors which may strengthen the loan, loss classification is deferred until its exact status is known.  A Doubtful classification is established deferring the realization of the loss.

 

9.

Eight (8) Loss.  Loans are considered uncollectable and of such little value that continuing to carry them as assets on the institution’s financial statements is not feasible.  Loans will be classified Loss when it is neither practical nor desirable to defer writing off or reserving all or a portion of a basically worthless asset, even though partial recovery may be possible at some time in the future.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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21


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

 

The following table represents the risk category of loans by portfolio class, net of deferred fees and costs, based on the most recent analysis performed as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Agricultural

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate

 

 

Agricultural

 

 

Real Estate

 

 

and Industrial

 

 

Other

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1-2

 

$

13,407

 

 

$

2,635

 

 

$

7,684

 

 

$

4,124

 

 

$

-

 

3

 

 

32,710

 

 

 

36,033

 

 

 

147,559

 

 

 

24,329

 

 

 

3,344

 

4

 

 

117,824

 

 

 

67,419

 

 

 

404,548

 

 

 

103,357

 

 

 

4,992

 

5

 

 

15,492

 

 

 

1,094

 

 

 

3,191

 

 

 

5,166

 

 

 

-

 

6

 

 

14,697

 

 

 

2,526

 

 

 

6,009

 

 

 

5,259

 

 

 

-

 

7

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,076

 

 

 

-

 

8

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Total

 

$

194,130

 

 

$

109,707

 

 

$

568,991

 

 

$

143,311

 

 

$

8,336

 

 

 

 

Agricultural

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate

 

 

Agricultural

 

 

Real Estate

 

 

and Industrial

 

 

Other

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1-2

 

$

14,655

 

 

$

4,093

 

 

$

7,860

 

 

$

3,844

 

 

$

-

 

3

 

 

33,951

 

 

 

36,913

 

 

 

131,780

 

 

 

19,790

 

 

 

3,168

 

4

 

 

116,834

 

 

 

65,414

 

 

 

401,404

 

 

 

103,527

 

 

 

5,146

 

5

 

 

14,836

 

 

 

2,300

 

 

 

3,699

 

 

 

2,465

 

 

 

-

 

6

 

 

18,583

 

 

 

3,229

 

 

 

5,339

 

 

 

4,983

 

 

 

-

 

7

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,086

 

 

 

-

 

8

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Total

 

$

198,859

 

 

$

111,949

 

 

$

550,082

 

 

$

135,695

 

 

$

8,314

 

 

 

22


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

For consumer residential real estate, and other, the Company also evaluates credit quality based on the aging status of the loan, as was previously stated, and by payment activity. The following tables present the recorded investment in those classes based on payment activity and assigned risk grading as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.  

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Consumer

 

 

Consumer

 

 

 

Real Estate

 

 

Real Estate

 

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

Grade

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pass

 

$

170,812

 

 

$

160,930

 

Special Mention (5)

 

 

1,125

 

 

 

415

 

Substandard (6)

 

 

2,039

 

 

 

3,346

 

Doubtful (7)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Total

 

$

173,976

 

 

$

164,691

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Consumer - Credit

 

 

Consumer - Other

 

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

Performing

 

$

3,576

 

 

$

4,076

 

 

$

45,424

 

 

$

44,831

 

Nonperforming

 

 

35

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

155

 

 

 

487

 

Total

 

$

3,611

 

 

$

4,091

 

 

$

45,579

 

 

$

45,318

 

 

Information about impaired loans as of March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2019 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impaired loans without a valuation allowance

 

$

1,393

 

 

$

2,420

 

 

$

1,915

 

Impaired loans with a valuation allowance

 

 

4,795

 

 

 

641

 

 

 

254

 

Total impaired loans

 

$

6,188

 

 

$

3,061

 

 

$

2,169

 

Valuation allowance related to impaired loans

 

$

766

 

 

$

197

 

 

$

59

 

Total non-accrual loans

 

$

3,344

 

 

$

3,400

 

 

$

1,188

 

Total loans past-due ninety days or more and

   still accruing

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Quarter ended average investment in impaired

   loans

 

$

4,314

 

 

$

3,120

 

 

$

2,135

 

Year to date average investment in impaired

   loans

 

$

4,314

 

 

$

2,649

 

 

$

2,135

 

 

There were $45 thousand additional funds available to be advanced in connection with impaired loans.

The Bank had approximately $1.9 million of its impaired loans classified as troubled debt restructured (TDR) as of March 31, 2020, $1.0 million as of December 31, 2019 and $173 thousand as of March 31, 2019.      

 


23


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

Modification programs focused on payment pattern changes and/or modified maturity dates with most receiving a combination of the two concessions.  The modifications did not result in the contractual forgiveness of principal.  In 2020, two of the loans resulted in payment changes from a monthly payment to principal and interest at maturity on June 19, 2020.  Interest was paid current at the time of the modification.  The properties involved are to be sold by the loan maturity date.  Consequently, the financial impact of the modifications was immaterial.  During the year to date 2020, there were 2 new loans considered TDR.  There were no new loans considered TDR year to date 2019.  The following tables represents three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-

 

 

Post-

 

Three Months

Number of

 

 

Modification

 

 

Modification

 

March 31, 2020

Contracts

 

 

Outstanding

 

 

Outstanding

 

(in thousands)

Modified in the

 

 

Recorded

 

 

Recorded

 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

Last Three Months

 

 

Investment

 

 

Investment

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

2

 

 

$

981

 

 

$

981

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pre-

 

 

Post-

 

Three Months

Number of

 

 

Modification

 

 

Modification

 

March 31, 2019

Contracts

 

 

Outstanding

 

 

Outstanding

 

(in thousands)

Modified in the

 

 

Recorded

 

 

Recorded

 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

Last Three Months

 

 

Investment

 

 

Investment

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three month period ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, there were no TDRs that subsequently defaulted after modification.  

For the three month period ended March 31, 2020, there was one impaired loan that was classified as TDR paid off.  There were no impaired loans classified as TDR paid off for the three month period ended March 31, 2019.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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24


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

For the majority of the Bank’s impaired loans, the Bank will apply the fair value of collateral or use a measurement incorporating the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective rate of interest.  To determine fair value of collateral, collateral asset values securing an impaired loan are periodically evaluated. Maximum time of re-evaluation is every 12 months for chattels and titled vehicles and every two years for real estate.  In this process, third party evaluations are obtained. Until such time that updated appraisals are received, the Bank may discount the collateral value used.

The Bank uses the following guidelines as stated in policy to determine when to realize a charge-off, whether a partial or full loan balance.  A charge-off in whole or in part is realized when unsecured consumer loans, credit card credits and overdraft lines of credit reach 90 days delinquency.  At 120 days delinquent, secured consumer loans are charged down to the value of the collateral, if repossession of the collateral is assured and/or in the process of repossession. Consumer mortgage loan deficiencies are charged down upon the sale of the collateral or sooner upon the recognition of collateral deficiency. Commercial and agricultural credits are charged down at 120 days delinquency, unless an established and approved work-out plan is in place or litigation of the credit will likely result in recovery of the loan balance.  Upon notification of bankruptcy, unsecured debt is charged off. Additional charge-off may be realized as further unsecured positions are recognized.

The following tables present loans individually evaluated for impairment by class of loans for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019 and for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

QTD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

QTD

 

 

QTD

 

 

Interest

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

Unpaid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

Interest

 

 

Income

 

 

 

Recorded

 

 

Principal

 

 

Related

 

 

Recorded

 

 

Income

 

 

Recognized

 

 

 

Investment

 

 

Balance

 

 

Allowance

 

 

Investment

 

 

Recognized

 

 

Cash Basis

 

With no related allowance recorded:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

644

 

 

$

644

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

649

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

4

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

30

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

291

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

 

348

 

 

 

348

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

386

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

186

 

 

 

186

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

224

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

154

 

 

 

154

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

699

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

31

 

 

 

31

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

With a specific allowance recorded:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

 

194

 

 

 

194

 

 

 

34

 

 

 

212

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

92

 

 

 

92

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

93

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

 

121

 

 

 

121

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

121

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

3,109

 

 

 

3,109

 

 

 

95

 

 

 

1,036

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

1,279

 

 

 

1,429

 

 

 

610

 

 

 

572

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Totals:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

838

 

 

$

838

 

 

$

34

 

 

$

861

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

4

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

$

122

 

 

$

122

 

 

$

15

 

 

$

384

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

-

 

Agricultural

 

$

469

 

 

$

469

 

 

$

12

 

 

$

507

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

$

3,295

 

 

$

3,295

 

 

$

95

 

 

$

1,260

 

 

$

42

 

 

$

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

$

1,433

 

 

$

1,583

 

 

$

610

 

 

$

1,271

 

 

$

19

 

 

$

-

 

Consumer

 

$

31

 

 

$

31

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

31

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

25


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

QTD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

QTD

 

 

QTD

 

 

Interest

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

Unpaid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

Interest

 

 

Income

 

 

 

Recorded

 

 

Principal

 

 

Related

 

 

Recorded

 

 

Income

 

 

Recognized

 

 

 

Investment

 

 

Balance

 

 

Allowance

 

 

Investment

 

 

Recognized

 

 

Cash Basis

 

With no related allowance recorded:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

648

 

 

$

648

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

603

 

 

$

7

 

 

$

1

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

192

 

 

 

192

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

193

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

1,075

 

 

 

1,075

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,085

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

With a specific allowance recorded:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

 

254

 

 

 

254

 

 

 

59

 

 

 

254

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Totals:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

902

 

 

$

902

 

 

$

59

 

 

$

857

 

 

$

7

 

 

$

1

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Agricultural

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

$

192

 

 

$

192

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

193

 

 

$

3

 

 

$

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

$

1,075

 

 

$

1,075

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,085

 

 

$

15

 

 

$

-

 

Consumer

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

26


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

 

Year Ended December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

Unpaid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

Interest

 

 

Income

 

 

 

Recorded

 

 

Principal

 

 

Related

 

 

Recorded

 

 

Income

 

 

Recognized

 

 

 

Investment

 

 

Balance

 

 

Allowance

 

 

Investment

 

 

Recognized

 

 

Cash Basis

 

With no related allowance recorded:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

648

 

 

$

648

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

626

 

 

$

32

 

 

$

9

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

204

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

 

491

 

 

 

491

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

124

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

299

 

 

 

299

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

238

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

982

 

 

 

982

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

637

 

 

 

66

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

With a specific allowance recorded:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

 

181

 

 

 

184

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

211

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

22

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

 

200

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

227

 

 

 

377

 

 

 

142

 

 

 

555

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

 

33

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Totals:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

829

 

 

$

832

 

 

$

30

 

 

$

837

 

 

$

32

 

 

$

9

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

226

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

-

 

Agricultural

 

$

691

 

 

$

691

 

 

$

21

 

 

$

153

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

$

299

 

 

$

299

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

238

 

 

$

19

 

 

$

-

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

$

1,209

 

 

$

1,359

 

 

$

142

 

 

$

1,192

 

 

$

66

 

 

$

-

 

Consumer

 

$

33

 

 

$

33

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

3

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $50 thousand of foreclosed residential real estate property obtained by physical possession and $292 thousand of consumer mortgage loans secured by residential real estate properties for which foreclosure proceedings are in process according to local jurisdictions. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had no foreclosed residential real estate property obtained by physical possession and $639 thousand of consumer mortgage loans secured by residential real estate properties for which foreclosure proceedings were in process according to local jurisdictions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

The Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses (ALLL) has a direct impact on the provision expense.  An increase in the ALLL is funded through recoveries and provision expense.  The following tables summarize the activities in the allowance for credit losses.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Twelve Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Allowance for Loan & Lease Losses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at beginning of year

 

$

7,228

 

 

$

6,775

 

Provision for loan loss

 

 

1,430

 

 

 

1,138

 

Loans charged off

 

 

(164

)

 

 

(841

)

Recoveries

 

 

39

 

 

 

156

 

Allowance for Loan & Lease Losses

 

$

8,533

 

 

$

7,228

 

Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments &

      Letters of Credit

 

$

470

 

 

$

479

 

Total Allowance for Credit Losses

 

$

9,003

 

 

$

7,707

 

 

The Company segregates its ALLL into two reserves:  The ALLL and the Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments and Letters of Credit (AULC).  When combined, these reserves constitute the total Allowance for Credit Losses (ACL).

The AULC is reported within other liabilities on the balance sheet while the ALLL is netted within the loans, net asset line.  The ACL presented above represents the full amount of reserves available to absorb possible credit losses.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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28


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

The following table breaks down the activity within ACL for each loan portfolio classification and shows the contribution provided by both the recoveries and the provision along with the reduction of the allowance caused by charge-offs.

 

Additional analysis, presented in thousands, related to the allowance for credit losses for three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019 in addition to the ending balances as of December 31, 2019 is as follows:

 

 

 

Consumer

Real Estate

 

 

Agricultural

Real Estate

 

 

Agricultural

 

 

Commercial

Real Estate

 

 

Commercial

and Industrial

 

 

Consumer

 

 

Unfunded

Loan

Commitment

& Letters of

Credit

 

 

Unallocated

 

 

Total

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning balance

 

$

311

 

 

$

314

 

 

$

691

 

 

$

3,634

 

 

$

1,727

 

 

$

551

 

 

$

479

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

7,707

 

Charge Offs

 

 

(35

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(129

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(164

)

Recoveries

 

 

3

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

39

 

Provision (Credit)

 

 

66

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

(26

)

 

 

236

 

 

 

1,020

 

 

 

81

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

1,430

 

Other Non-interest expense related to

   unfunded

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(9

)

Ending Balance

 

$

345

 

 

$

327

 

 

$

665

 

 

$

3,873

 

 

$

2,750

 

 

$

533

 

 

$

470

 

 

$

40

 

 

$

9,003

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated

   for impairment

 

$

34

 

 

$

15

 

 

$

12

 

 

$

95

 

 

$

610

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

766

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated

   for impairment

 

$

311

 

 

$

312

 

 

$

653

 

 

$

3,778

 

 

$

2,140

 

 

$

533

 

 

$

470

 

 

$

40

 

 

$

8,237

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with

   deteriorated credit quality

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

FINANCING RECEIVABLES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ending balance

 

$

173,976

 

 

$

194,130

 

 

$

109,707

 

 

$

568,991

 

 

$

151,647

 

 

$

49,190

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,247,641

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated

   for impairment

 

$

838

 

 

$

122

 

 

$

469

 

 

$

3,295

 

 

$

1,433

 

 

$

31

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

6,188

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated

   for impairment

 

$

173,093

 

 

$

194,008

 

 

$

109,238

 

 

$

565,695

 

 

$

150,111

 

 

$

49,159

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,241,304

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with

   deteriorated credit quality

 

$

45

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

103

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

148

 

 


29

 


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

December 31, 2019

 

Consumer

Real Estate

 

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

Agricultural

 

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

Commercial

and Industrial

 

 

Consumer

 

 

Unfunded

Loan

Commitment

& Letters of

Credit

 

 

Unallocated

 

 

Total

 

ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ending Balance

 

$

311

 

 

$

314

 

 

$

691

 

 

$

3,634

 

 

$

1,727

 

 

$

551

 

 

$

479

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

7,707

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for

   impairment

 

$

30

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

21

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

142

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

197

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for

   impairment

 

$

281

 

 

$

314

 

 

$

670

 

 

$

3,634

 

 

$

1,585

 

 

$

547

 

 

$

479

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

7,510

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with deteriorated

   credit quality

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

FINANCING RECEIVABLES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ending balance

 

$

164,691

 

 

$

198,859

 

 

$

111,949

 

 

$

550,082

 

 

$

144,009

 

 

$

49,409

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,218,999

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for

   impairment

 

$

829

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

691

 

 

$

299

 

 

$

1,209

 

 

$

33

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

3,061

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for

   impairment

 

$

163,816

 

 

$

198,859

 

 

$

111,258

 

 

$

549,783

 

 

$

142,694

 

 

$

49,376

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,215,786

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with

   deteriorated credit quality

 

$

46

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

106

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

152

 

 


30


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

 

 

Consumer

Real Estate

 

 

Agricultural

Real Estate

 

 

Agricultural

 

 

Commercial

Real Estate

 

 

Commercial

and Industrial

 

 

Consumer

 

 

Unfunded

Loan

Commitment

& Letters of

Credit

 

 

Unallocated

 

 

Total

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning balance

 

$

247

 

 

$

250

 

 

$

768

 

 

$

3,217

 

 

$

1,305

 

 

$

484

 

 

$

274

 

 

$

504

 

 

$

7,049

 

Charge Offs

 

 

(42

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(165

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(207

)

Recoveries

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

38

 

Provision (Credit)

 

 

63

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

(63

)

 

 

(16

)

 

 

182

 

 

 

145

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(301

)

 

 

30

 

Other Non-interest expense related to

   unfunded

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

72

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

72

 

Ending Balance

 

$

268

 

 

$

270

 

 

$

706

 

 

$

3,203

 

 

$

1,490

 

 

$

496

 

 

$

346

 

 

$

203

 

 

$

6,982

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated

   for impairment

 

$

59

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

59

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated

   for impairment

 

$

209

 

 

$

270

 

 

$

706

 

 

$

3,203

 

 

$

1,490

 

 

$

496

 

 

$

346

 

 

$

203

 

 

$

6,923

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with

   deteriorated credit quality

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

FINANCING RECEIVABLES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ending balance

 

$

160,276

 

 

$

191,736

 

 

$

113,021

 

 

$

440,281

 

 

$

145,381

 

 

$

47,770

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,098,465

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated

   for impairment

 

$

902

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

192

 

 

$

1,075

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

2,169

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated

   for impairment

 

$

159,028

 

 

$

191,736

 

 

$

113,021

 

 

$

440,089

 

 

$

142,263

 

 

$

47,770

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,093,907

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with

   deteriorated credit quality

 

$

346

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

2,043

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

2,389

 

 

 


 

31


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE 5 EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

Basic earnings per share are calculated using the two-class method. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula under which earnings per share is calculated from common stock and participating securities according to dividends declared and participation rights in undistributed earnings. Under this method, all earnings distributed and undistributed, are allocated to participating securities and common shares based on their respective rights to receive dividends. Unvested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends are considered participating securities (i.e. unvested restricted stock), not subject to performance based measures. Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding.  Application of the two-class method for participating securities results a more dilutive basic earnings per share as the participating securities are allocated the same amount of income as if they are outstanding for purposes of basic earnings per share.  There is no additional potential dilution in calculating diluted earnings per share, therefore basic and diluted earnings per share are the same amounts. Other than the restricted stock plan, the Company has no other stock based compensation plans.

 

 

 

(in thousands of dollars)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

4,105

 

 

$

3,224

 

Less: distributed earnings allocated to participating

   securities

 

 

(13

)

 

 

(12

)

Less: undistributed earnings allocated to participating

   securities

 

 

(20

)

 

 

(12

)

Net earnings available to common shareholders

 

$

4,072

 

 

$

3,200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding including

   participating securities

 

 

11,134,870

 

 

 

11,089,839

 

Less: average unvested restricted shares

 

 

(84,732

)

 

 

(83,417

)

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

11,050,138

 

 

 

11,006,422

 

Basic earnings and diluted per share

 

$

0.37

 

 

$

0.29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[ Remainder of this page intentionally left blank ]

 

32

 


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

NOTE 6 FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Fair values of financial instruments are management's estimate of the values at which the instruments could be exchanged in a transaction between willing parties.  These estimates are subjective and may vary significantly from amounts that would be realized in actual transactions.  In addition, other significant assets are not considered financial assets including deferred tax assets, premises, equipment and intangibles. Further, the tax ramifications related to the realization of the unrealized gains and losses can have a significant effect on the fair value estimates and have not been considered in any of the estimates.

The following assumptions and methods were used in estimating the fair value for financial instruments:

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet for cash, cash equivalents and federal funds sold approximate their fair values.  Also included in this line item are the carrying amounts of interest-bearing deposits maturing within ninety days which approximate their fair values.  Fair values of other interest-bearing deposits are estimated using discounted cash flow analyses based on current rates for similar types of deposits.

Interest Bearing Time Deposits

Fair values for fixed-rate certificates of deposit are estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis that applies interest rates currently being offered on certificates to a schedule of aggregated expected monthly maturities on time deposits.

Securities – Available-for-sale

Fair values for securities, excluding Federal Home Loan Bank are based on quoted market price, where available.  If quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on quoted market prices of comparable instruments.  

Other Securities

The carrying value of Federal Home Loan Bank stock of Cincinnati and Indianapolis, approximates fair value based on the redemption provisions of the respective Federal Home Loan Bank.

Loans Held for Sale

The carrying amount approximates fair value due to insignificant amount of time between origination and date of sale.

Loans, net

The fair values of the loans are estimated using a credit mark adjustment along with discounted cash flow analysis, using interest rates currently being offered for loans with similar terms to borrowers with similar credit quality.  The credit mark adjustment was estimated using merger and acquisition analysis of nationwide bank and thrift deals and/or the Bank’s most recent acquisition experience.

Deposits

The fair values disclosed for deposits with no defined maturities are equal to their carrying amounts, which represent the amount payable on demand.  The carrying amounts for variable-rate, fixed term money market accounts and certificates of deposit approximate their fair value at the reporting date.  Fair value for fixed-rate certificates of deposit are estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis that applies interest rates currently being offered on certificates to a schedule of aggregated expected monthly maturities on time deposits.

Federal Funds Purchased and Securities Sold Under Agreements to Repurchase

The carrying value of federal funds purchased and securities sold under agreements to repurchase approximates fair values.

FHLB Advances

Fair values or FHLB advances are estimated using discounted cash flow analysis based on the Company’s current incremental borrowing rates for similar types or borrowing arrangements.

 

33

 


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 6 FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (Continued)

 

Accrued Interest Receivable and Payable

The carrying amounts of accrued interest approximate their fair values.

Off Balance Sheet Financial Instruments

Fair values for off-balance sheet, credit related financial instruments are based on fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements, taking into account the remaining terms of the agreements and the counter-parties' credit standing.

The estimated fair values, and related carrying or notional amounts, for on and off-balance sheet financial instruments as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are reflected below.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Fair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Financial Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

90,837

 

 

$

90,837

 

 

$

90,837

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Interest-bearing time deposits

 

 

4,869

 

 

 

4,834

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,834

 

 

 

-

 

Securities - available-for-sale

 

 

204,121

 

 

 

204,121

 

 

 

10,073

 

 

 

192,511

 

 

 

1,537

 

Other securities

 

 

5,810

 

 

 

5,810

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

5,810

 

Loans held for sale

 

 

2,153

 

 

 

2,153

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

2,153

 

Loans, net

 

 

1,239,108

 

 

 

1,216,038

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,216,038

 

Interest receivable

 

 

7,114

 

 

 

7,114

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

7,114

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest bearing deposits

 

$

804,990

 

 

$

805,033

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

805,033

 

Non-interest bearing deposits

 

 

261,786

 

 

 

261,786

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

261,786

 

 

 

-

 

Time deposits

 

 

281,931

 

 

 

284,636

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

284,636

 

Total Deposits

 

 

1,348,707

 

 

 

1,351,455

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

261,786

 

 

 

1,089,669

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Federal funds purchased and securities sold under

   agreement to repurchase

 

 

30,585

 

 

 

30,585

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

30,585

 

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

 

 

24,788

 

 

 

24,858

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

24,858

 

Interest payable

 

 

727

 

 

 

727

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

727

 

34


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 6 FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Fair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Financial Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

51,296

 

 

$

51,296

 

 

$

51,296

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Interest-bearing time deposits

 

 

4,309

 

 

 

4,331

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,331

 

 

 

-

 

Securities - available-for-sale

 

 

222,293

 

 

 

222,293

 

 

 

10,021

 

 

 

210,782

 

 

 

1,490

 

Other securities

 

 

5,810

 

 

 

5,810

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

5,810

 

Loans held for sale

 

 

4,248

 

 

 

4,248

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,248

 

Loans, net

 

 

1,211,771

 

 

 

1,188,014

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,188,014

 

Interest receivable

 

 

6,769

 

 

 

6,769

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

6,769

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest bearing deposits

 

$

746,628

 

 

$

746,691

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

746,691

 

Non-interest bearing deposits

 

 

265,156

 

 

 

265,156

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

265,156

 

 

 

-

 

Time deposits

 

 

276,563

 

 

 

277,008

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

277,008

 

Total Deposits

 

 

1,288,347

 

 

 

1,288,855

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

265,156

 

 

 

1,023,699

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Federal funds purchased and securities sold under

   agreement to repurchase

 

 

48,073

 

 

 

48,073

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48,073

 

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

 

 

24,806

 

 

 

24,811

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

24,811

 

Interest payable

 

 

754

 

 

 

754

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

754

 

 

Fair Value Measurements

In general, fair values determined by Level 1 inputs use quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the Company has the ability to access.

Available-for-sale securities, when quoted prices are available in an active market, securities are valued using the quoted price and are classified as Level 1.  

Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs use other inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly. These Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and other inputs such as interest rates and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals.

Available-for-sale securities classified as Level 2 are valued using the prices obtained from an independent pricing service.  The prices are not adjusted. Securities of obligations of state and political subdivisions are valued using a type of matrix, or grid, pricing in which securities are benchmarked against the treasury rate based on credit rating. Substantially all assumptions used by the independent pricing service are observable in the marketplace, can be derived from observable data, or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace.

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs, including inputs that are available in situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the related asset or liability. The Bank holds some local municipals that the Bank evaluates based on the credit strength of the underlying project. The fair value is determined by valuing similar credit payment streams at similar rates.

In instances where inputs used to measure fair value fall into different levels in the above fair value hierarchy, fair value measurements in their entirety are categorized based on the lowest level input that is significant to the valuation.  The Company's assessment of the significance of particular inputs to these fair value measurements requires judgment and considers factors specific to each asset.

35


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 6 FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (Continued)

 

The following summarizes financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, segregated by level or the valuation inputs within the fair value hierarchy utilized to measure fair value:

 

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis (In Thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets (Level 1)

 

 

Significant

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

 

 

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Assets - (Securities Available-for-Sale)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Treasury

 

$

10,073

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

U.S. Government agencies

 

 

-

 

 

 

49,749

 

 

 

-

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

-

 

 

 

100,694

 

 

 

-

 

State and local governments

 

 

-

 

 

 

42,068

 

 

 

1,537

 

Total Securities Available-for-Sale

 

$

10,073

 

 

$

192,511

 

 

$

1,537

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets (Level 1)

 

 

Significant

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

 

 

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Assets - (Securities Available-for-Sale)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Treasury

 

$

10,021

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

U.S. Government agencies

 

 

-

 

 

 

62,445

 

 

 

-

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

-

 

 

 

95,197

 

 

 

-

 

State and local governments

 

 

-

 

 

 

53,140

 

 

 

1,490

 

Total Securities Available-for-Sale

 

$

10,021

 

 

$

210,782

 

 

$

1,490

 

 

The following tables represent the changes in the Level 3 fair-value category of which unobservable inputs are relied upon as of the three month periods ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant

 

 

 

Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)

 

 

 

State and Local

Governments

Tax-Exempt

 

 

State and Local

Governments

Taxable

 

 

State and Local

Governments

Total

 

Balance at January 1, 2020

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,490

 

 

$

1,490

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in Market Value

 

 

-

 

 

 

47

 

 

 

47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payments & Maturities

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,537

 

 

$

1,537

 

 

 

 

36


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 6 FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant

 

 

 

Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)

 

 

 

State and Local

Governments

Tax-Exempt

 

 

State and Local

Governments

Taxable

 

 

State and Local

Governments

Total

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,427

 

 

$

1,427

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in Market Value

 

 

-

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payments & Maturities

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,443

 

 

$

1,443

 

 

Most of the Company's available-for-sale securities, including any bonds issued by local municipalities, have CUSIP numbers or have similar characteristics of those in the municipal markets, making them marketable and comparable as Level 2.

The Company also has assets that, under certain conditions, are subject to measurement at fair value on a non-recurring basis.  At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, such assets consist primarily of collateral dependent impaired loans. Collateral dependent impaired loans categorized as Level 3 assets consist of non-homogeneous loans that are considered impaired.  The Company estimates the fair value of the loans based on the present value of expected future cash flows using management's best estimate of key assumptions.  These assumptions include future payment ability, timing of payment streams, and estimated realizable values of available collateral (typically based on outside appraisals.)  

At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, fair value of collateral dependent impaired loans categorized as Level 3 was $3.3 million and $444 thousand, respectively. The specific allocation for impaired loans was $145 and $197 thousand as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, which are accounted for in the allowance for loan losses (see Note 4).

Other real estate is reported at either the lower of the fair value of the real estate minus the estimated costs to sell the asset or the cost of the asset.  The determination of fair value of the real estate relies primarily on appraisals from third parties.  If the fair value of the real estate, minus the estimated costs to sell the asset, is less than the asset's cost, the deficiency is recognized as a valuation allowance against the asset through a charge to expense. The valuation allowance is therefore increased or decreased, through charges or credits to expense, for changes in the asset's fair value or estimated selling costs.

The following table presents quantitative information about unobservable inputs used in recurring and nonrecurring Level 3 fair value measurements:

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Range

 

 

Fair Value at

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Weighted

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

Valuation Technique

 

Unobservable Inputs

 

Average)

State and local government

 

$

1,537

 

 

Discounted Cash Flow

 

Credit strength of underlying project or

entity / Discount rate

 

0-5%

(1.88%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collateral dependent

   impaired loans

 

 

3,251

 

 

Collateral based

measurements

 

Discount to reflect current market

conditions and ultimate collectability

 

0-50%

(4.26%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other real estate owned -

   commercial

 

 

-

 

 

Appraisals

 

Discount to reflect current

market

 

— %

( — )

37


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 6 FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (Continued)

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Range

 

 

Fair Value at

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Weighted

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

Valuation Technique

 

Unobservable Inputs

 

Average)

State and local government

 

$

1,490

 

 

Discounted Cash Flow

 

Credit strength of underlying project or

entity / Discount rate

 

0-5%

(2.52%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collateral dependent

   impaired loans

 

 

444

 

 

Collateral based

measurements

 

Discount to reflect current market

conditions and ultimate collectability

 

0-50%

(30.73%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other real estate owned -

   commercial

 

 

164

 

 

Appraisals

 

Discount to reflect current

market

 

0-20%

(23.31% )

 

 

The following table presents impaired loans and other real estate owned as recorded at fair value on March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

 

 

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis at March 31, 2020

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Balance at

March 31, 2020

 

 

Quoted Prices

in Active

Markets for

Identical

Assets (Level 1)

 

 

Significant

Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

 

 

Significant

Unobservable Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Collateral dependent

   impaired loans

 

$

3,251

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

3,251

 

Other real estate

   owned - commercial

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis at December 31, 2019

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

Balance at

December 31, 2019

 

 

Quoted Prices

in Active

Markets for

Identical

Assets (Level 1)

 

 

Significant

Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

 

 

Significant

Unobservable Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Collateral dependent

   impaired loans

 

$

444

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

444

 

Other real estate

   owned - commercial

 

 

164

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

 

38


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

NOTE 7 FEDERAL FUNDS PURCHASED AND SECURITIES SOLD UNDER AGREEMENTS TO REPURCHASE

 

The Company had no Federal Funds purchased as of March 31, 2020 and $17.8 million as of December 31, 2019, respectively.  During the same time periods, the Company also had $30.6 million and $30.2 million in securities sold under agreement to repurchase.

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Remaining Contractual Maturity of the Agreements (In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overnight & Continuous

 

 

Up to 30 days

 

 

30-90 days

 

 

Greater Than

90 days

 

 

Total

 

Federal funds purchased

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Repurchase agreements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US Treasury & agency securities

 

 

1,324

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

29,261

 

 

 

30,585

 

 

 

$

1,324

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

29,261

 

 

$

30,585

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Remaining Contractual Maturity of the Agreements (In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overnight & Continuous

 

 

Up to 30 days

 

 

30-90 days

 

 

Greater Than

90 days

 

 

Total

 

Federal funds purchased

 

$

17,843

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

17,843

 

Repurchase agreements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US Treasury & agency securities

 

 

1,814

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

3,965

 

 

 

24,451

 

 

 

30,230

 

 

 

$

19,657

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

3,965

 

 

$

24,451

 

 

$

48,073

 

 

39


ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

 

NOTE 8 RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS  

 

In June 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” The ASU requires the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts.  Financial institutions and other organizations will now use forward-looking information to better inform their credit loss estimates.  Many of the loss estimation techniques applied today will still be permitted, although the inputs to those techniques will change to reflect the full amount of expected credit losses. Organizations will continue to use judgment to determine which loss estimation method is appropriate for their circumstances.  The ASU requires enhanced disclosures to help investors and other financial statement users better understand significant estimates and judgments used in estimating credit losses, as well as the credit quality and underwriting standards of an organization’s portfolio. These disclosures include qualitative and quantitative requirements that provide additional information about the amounts recorded in the financial statements.  In addition, the ASU amends the accounting for credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration.

The ASU is effective for SEC filers for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019 (i.e., January 1, 2020, for calendar year entities).  FASB recently approved a delay in adoption for Smaller Reporting Companies.  The Company has completed an analysis to determine that it qualifies as a Smaller Reporting Company.  As such, adoption can be postponed until periods beginning after December 15, 2022 (i.e., January 1, 2023, for calendar year entities).  Early application will be permitted for all organizations for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018.

The Company has contracted with an external advisor and has formed a committee to determine the methodology to be used. Most importantly, the Company is gathering as much data as possible to enable review scenarios and determine which calculations will produce the most reliable results. The Company began working with the third party service provider to review parallel reports starting in June 2019.  The Company will not adopt ASU 2016-13 in calendar year 2020 and management is currently evaluating when or if they would elect to early adopt ASU 2016-13.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04 “Intangibles – Goodwill and other (Topic 350) – Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.”  These amendments eliminate Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. The amendments also eliminate the requirements for any reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount to perform a qualitative assessment and, if it fails that qualitative test, to perform Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. An entity still has the option to perform the qualitative assessment for a reporting unit to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary. The guidance is effective for annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. ASU 2017-04 should be adopted on a prospective basis. The Company has adopted ASU 2017-04 effective January 1, 2020, as require, and does not expect the ASU to have a material impact on its financial statements.  Goodwill testing is scheduled to be completed during the fourth quarter.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13 “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) - Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement.” ASU 2018-13 modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820. The amendments in this update remove disclosures that no longer are considered cost beneficial, modify/clarify the specific requirements of certain disclosures, and add disclosure requirements identified as relevant. ASU 2018-13 is effective for years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted.  The Company adopted ASU 2018-13 effective January 1, 2020, as required, without material effect on its accounting disclosures.

In March 2020 in connection with the implementation of the CARES Act and related provisions, we have elected the temporary relief in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) not to apply the guidance in ASC 310-40 on accounting for troubled debt restructurings (TDRs) to loan modifications related to COVID-19 made between March 1, 2020 and the earlier of (1) December 31, 2020 or (2) 60 days after the end of the COVID-19 national emergency.  The relief was only applied to modifications for borrowers that were not more than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019.

 

40


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

 

OVERVIEW

2020 started out to be the year of execution. After a good beginning in terms of loan growth and initiatives the first two months, March brought the year of unprecedented change. The Federal Reserve decreased its overnight rate by fifty basis points on March 3rd. As we were adjusting to that change, they again decreased the rate on March 15th by a before unseen 100 basis points. We began to see the disruption caused by COVID-19 and the focus of the Bank quickly changed. Execution took on a new meaning related to following the actions governed by the Bank’s pandemic flu plan. The Bank took immediate measures to protect its customers and employees from risk of spread while continuing to provide financial services. Please see section titled COVID-19 for additional information related to actions taken.

During the first quarter, the Bank continued to grow loans by 13.58% or $149.2 million over March 31, 2019 and 2.35% or $28.6 million over December 31, 2019. In comparison for the same time periods, deposits grew 13.58% or $161.3 million over March 31, 2019 and 4.69% or $60.4 million over December 31, 2019. Home loan activity was robust, and the activity id expected to continue into second quarter as our applications continued to grow. Deposit growth correlated to a flight to safety as the stock market experienced great volatility.

Our strategic initiative of attracting and cultivating talent was explored with the retirements of our Chief Lending Officer and Marketing Manager in the first quarter.  Todd Graham’s duties were assumed by Rex Rice who had been our Senior Commercial Banking Manager. The shift in the commercial team was completed with David Gerken promoted to Sr. VP/Commercial Banking Manager and we added Brett Baumeister as our Sr. VP/Commercial Banking Manager in Eastern Ohio. Mr. Gerken was an existing team member and Mr. Baumeister was a new addition within the last year. Marty Filogamo was replaced by Amy Cover, who had been the Assistant Marketing Manager. The management team is experienced, and we are confident of their ability to lead the Bank in the years to come.

The Company remains well capitalized and prepared to face the new challenges coming our way in 2020. Our history shows we weathered the 2008-2009 financial crisis and recession. We did so without taking Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funds and our performance over the time frame was significantly higher than our peers. It is the character of the communities we serve that contributed to that success. It is not just what is done during the storm but how well prepared for the storm you are. F&M has prepared well with historically low troubled loans the last few years due to having strong credit quality controls in place. Additional loan provision was taken in the first quarter in view of the unknown length and breadth of the declining economic situation and its potential effect on our loan portfolio.

F&M will continue to focus on serving our shareholders, communities, and customers while protecting our employees. Investigating solutions will be our focus for the second quarter and for as long as it takes. Please see below for what we have accomplished so far in 2020.

COVID-19: What the Company knows and what steps have been taken

Shareholders

Dividend declaration

The Company expects to continue to maintain the payment of its quarterly dividend consistent with its past practices.  We are sensitive to the needs of our long-time shareholders that utilize these funds to supplement their living expenses, especially in this low interest rate environment.

Annual Meeting

The Company held its Annual Meeting on April 16th; however, in light of the governmental restrictions the meeting was significantly different than in the past.  There was no dinner, no presentation of 2019 or an outlook for 2020 and only a small group of directors and officers present.  For the three items to be considered at the meeting, shareholders were asked to seriously consider not attending and vote by proxy.  Over 80% of the shareholders voted by proxy.

Communities

Offices

With the health of our employees and customers being our top concern, as of March 20th, the Bank temporarily suspended branch lobby hours to the public for walk-in transactions.  Appointments can be made at branches to complete all needed paperwork and transactions.  Drive-thru services remain open as well as all ATM’s and ITM’s to complete needed

41


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

transactions.  To assure branches remain open, employees have been divided into teams who rotate every three days to two weeks as a means to practice social distancing while limiting any possible exposure.  Internal controls have not been significantly modified due to COVID-19.

Small Business

As a Small Business Administration (SBA) approved provider, the Bank was able to immediately participate in the SBA Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) established under the CARES Act, which was signed into law on March 27, 2020. The PPP will provide much needed assistance to businesses in our communities.  The Bank has been able to present applications for around 496 small businesses which will provide approximately $69 million in needed funding. We are proud of the work our team has been able to do in a very short window.  As of this writing, a second round of funding has become available and the Bank is working to submit applications.  The Bank will continue to assist small businesses in applying for these funds.  A final number is not yet available as it is a very fluid process.  These forgivable loans to cover employee payroll, utilities and rent or interest on mortgage payments, will provide significant benefits to the communities we serve.

Consumers

Home Loan

With the Federal Reserve rate drops of 150 basis points in March (100 basis points of which was directly related to the effects of the virus on the economy), a surge in home loan activity has occurred. Much of the activity is refinance related and the Bank has experienced the highest amount of applications in its history, both in number of and dollar amount. Given the nature of the programs, the results will mostly be recorded in the second quarter. The Bank sells most of its home loans into the secondary market through Freddie Mac.

Existing loans on our books for which the Bank has received inquiries into forbearance agreements, totaled over 100 as of April 15th. Of these inquiries, 78 customers entered into agreements totaling just over $7.65 million. 24 loans are in-house making up $1.86 million in principal balance and 54 are secondary market loans which we service with balances totaling $5.8 million.  Some inquiries were only for possible future requests. We remain ready to assist our customers through this difficult time in the best manner possible.

Retail Loans

The Bank is offering its “Skip-a-pay” program to consumers with installment loans, which allows the customer to skip the payment and extend the maturity of the contract for the payment period. We are allowing two payments to be skipped upon request with an additional one possible at the end of the initial request upon review. Normally, the Bank would charge a fee for this program – the fee has been waived. The Bank would also normally require the interest for the period to be collected and that requirement is currently waived. Interest is a part of the extended maturity payments. We have assisted 101 customers currently with loan balances totaling almost $1.4 million.  73 of those customers have returned the extension documents representing over $1.0 million and 141 extended months.

Waiving of late payment fees for our customers was instigated on March 16, 2020. As of April 15th, the Bank has foregone fees of $63.3 thousand on loans to help our customers. As a community bank, it is by definition what we should do.

Depositors

The Bank’s most popular checking account, which includes requirements to earn a reward, has removed the requirement of debit card transactions to be completed during a cycle. In the Bank’s geographical area, the states have issued “stay at home” guidelines and many of our customers were concerned with being able to complete the requirement. The debit card transaction requirement has been waived for the cycles representing the activity for April and May. This impacted almost 11.5 thousand accounts and representing over $90.8 million in average account balances. The product includes the option of attaching a savings account for which the same requirements have been waived and impacts an additional almost 7 thousand accounts and $107.7 million in average account balances, calculated as of the cycle ended March 31st. Overall, typically 80-85% of our customers meet all the requirements. The waiving of the debit card transactions will likely allow those customers to receive the reward and possibly an additional 77.5% of the previous non-qualifiers that represented the other 15-20% in total.


42


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

Employees

The Bank has committed to continue paying employees their full pay during this unprecedented time.  Accumulated PTO and vacation time have been frozen and are not required to be used to receive full pay.  The Bank continues to promote social distancing by encouraging employees who can work remotely to do so and in other cases, departments have been dispersed to keep the team separated.  As of April 1st, the Bank is following The Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) which requires employers to provide their employees with paid sick leave and extended family and medical leave for specified reasons related to COVID-19.  These provisions are in effect until December 31, 2020.  Qualifying reasons for leave related to COVID-19 include the employee:  (1) being subject to a quarantine order, (2) being advised by a healthcare provider to self-quarantine, (3) experiencing COVID-19 systems and is seeking a medical diagnosis, (4) caring for an individual subject to a quarantine order, (5) caring for his or her child whose school or place of care is closed or (6) experiencing any other substantially-similar condition specified by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  All time off related to the above reasons is being separately documented within our time and attendance system.  The Bank will be able to reduce its employer tax for up to two weeks (80 hours, or a part-time employee’s two-week equivalent).

Financial – Exposures

Given the timing of the outbreak in the United States of the COVID-19 pandemic, management believes that the main impact on the Company’s first quarter performance was a factor in the economic qualitative adjustment for the calculation of the allowance for loan loss. Subsequently the loan loss provision was increased which also included an increase due to loan growth.  The COVID-19 pandemic represents an unprecedented challenge to the global economy in general and the financial services sector in particular.  However, there is still significant uncertainty regarding the overall length of the pandemic and the aggregate impact that it will have on global and regional economies, including uncertainties regarding the potential positive effects of governmental actions taken in response to the pandemic during the latter portion of the first quarter of 2020 and into April.  With so much uncertainty, it is impossible for the Bank to accurately predict the impact that the pandemic will have on the Company’s primary markets and the overall extent to which it will affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations during the remainder of the current fiscal year.  At a minimum, the actions taken by the Company to assist its customers experiencing challenges from the pandemic, such as through the Bank’s “Skip-a-pay” program, the waiver of late payment fees, and the entry into loan forbearance agreements, will likely have a material impact on the Company’s second quarter performance.  Nonetheless, management believes that the Company’s current regulatory capital position is adequate to face the coming challenges

The Company has a limited exposure to many sectors of the economy that will likely be impacted for an extended period such as the travel, restaurant, hospitality, energy and retail industries. The Bank does not have any direct exposure to the energy industry and hotels and food related businesses are less than 10% of our overall loan portfolio as shown in the chart which follows. In addition, the Bank’s hotel customers are financially strong business owners, operating brand name hotels in compelling locations. The Bank has increased its provision for loan losses in the current quarter by over $1 million, as have many other financial institutions. The Bank is fully prepared to make additional provisions as warranted by the COVID-19 situation.

The Company’s management team has evaluated its exposure to increased loan losses related to the COVID-19 pandemic and has identified the following industry segments most impacted by the pandemic as of March 31, 2020:

 

43


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

Industry Segments

(Dollars in Thousands)

 

Outstanding

Loan Balance

 

 

Percent of

Total Loan

Portfolio

 

 

Three Months Full Payment Deferment

 

 

Percent of Total Loans Adjusted with Full Deferment

 

 

Three Months Interest Only Modifications

 

 

Percent of Total Loans Adjusted with Interest Only

 

Hospitality (Hotels)

 

$

69,313

 

 

 

5.55

%

 

$

-

 

 

 

0.00

%

 

$

22,468

 

 

 

23.68

%

Restaurants

 

 

16,286

 

 

 

1.30

%

 

 

2,065

 

 

 

15.43

%

 

 

2,892

 

 

 

3.05

%

Retail Commercial

   Real Estate *

 

 

108,050

 

 

 

8.65

%

 

 

5,468

 

 

 

40.85

%

 

 

28,096

 

 

 

29.61

%

Entertainment

 

 

22,680

 

 

 

1.82

%

 

 

1,303

 

 

 

9.73

%

 

 

-

 

 

 

0.00

%

Car Dealers

 

 

25,823

 

 

 

2.07

%

 

 

-

 

 

 

0.00

%

 

 

-

 

 

 

0.00

%

Gas Stations

 

 

19,491

 

 

 

1.56

%

 

 

-

 

 

 

0.00

%

 

 

10,361

 

 

 

10.92

%

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,551

 

 

 

34.00

%

 

 

31,074

 

 

 

32.75

%

Total

 

$

261,643

 

 

 

20.95

%

 

$

13,387

 

 

 

100.00

%

 

$

94,891

 

 

 

100.00

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of Customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Includes Owner Occupied

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Report on Adjusted Loans as of April 6, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional information, on the chart depicting the commercial loan payment modification summary above, is of the largest amounts in the Other line item. Under the full payment deferment, Other includes $2.2 million of multi-family real estate and under the interest-only deferment, it includes car washes of $5 million and $16.6 million of industrial commercial real estate.

Our credit administration is closely monitoring and analyzing these higher risk segments within the loan portfolio, tracking loan payment deferrals, customer liquidity and providing timely reports to senior management and the board of directors. Based on the Company’s capital levels, prudent underwriting policies, loan concentration diversification and our geographic footprint, we expect to be able to manage the economic risks and uncertainties associated with the pandemic and remain adequately capitalized.    

NATURE OF ACTIVITIES

Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”) is a financial holding company incorporated under the laws of Ohio in 1985.  Our subsidiaries are The Farmers & Merchants State Bank (the “Bank”), a community bank operating in Northwest Ohio since 1897, and Farmers & Merchants Risk Management, Inc., a captive insurance company formed in December 2014 and located in Nevada. We report our financial condition and net income on a consolidated basis and we have only one segment.

Our executive offices are located at 307 North Defiance Street, Archbold, Ohio 43502, and our telephone number is (419) 446-2501.  The Bank operates thirty full service banking offices throughout Northwest Ohio and Northeast Indiana.

On January 1, 2019, six offices of Bank of Geneva, located in the Indiana counties of Adams, Allen and Jay, were merged with and into The Farmers & Merchants State Bank.  The Bank has continued its expansion strategy and the new offices are expected to provide new growth opportunities.

The Farmers & Merchants State Bank engages in general commercial banking and savings business including commercial, agricultural and residential mortgage, consumer and credit card lending activities.  The largest segment of the lending business relates to commercial, both real estate and non-real estate. The type of commercial business ranges from small business to multi-million dollar companies. The loans are a reflection of business located within the Banks’ market area. Because the Bank's offices are located in Northwest Ohio and Northeast Indiana, a substantial amount of the loan portfolio is comprised of loans made to customers in the farming industry for such items as farm land, farm equipment, livestock and operating loans for seed, fertilizer, and feed. Other types of lending activities include loans for home improvements, and loans for the purchase of autos, trucks, recreational vehicles, motorcycles, and other consumer goods.

The Bank also provides checking account services, as well as savings and time deposit services such as certificates of deposits. In addition, Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) or Interactive Teller Machines (ITMs) are provided at most branch locations along with other independent locations in the market area. ITMs operate as an ATM with the addition of remote

44


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

teller access to assist the user.  The Bank has custodial services for Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) and Health Savings Accounts (HSAs).  The Bank provides on-line banking access for consumer and business customers. For consumers, this includes bill-pay, on-line statement opportunities and mobile banking. For business customers, it provides the option of electronic transaction origination such as wire and Automated Clearing House (ACH) file transmittal.  In addition, the Bank offers remote deposit capture or electronic deposit processing and merchant credit card services. Mobile banking was added in 2012 and has been widely accepted and used by consumers. Over the past couple of years, the Bank has updated its consumer offerings with “Secure” and “Pure” checking in 2014 and with KASASA Cash Back in 2015. During the second quarter 2017, new business checking products were announced and existing business accounts were converted to one of three new products, Business Essential, Edge or Elite. The new products provided customers with new options to bundle services and for the Bank to utilize the full relationship to determine pricing. This was the next step of implementation for the Bank’s “earn to free” strategic initiative. During second quarter 2019, “Smart 25” checking and Business Money Market savings products were launched.  Upgrades to our digital products and services continue to occur in both retail and business lines.  

The Bank has established underwriting policies and procedures which facilitate operating in a safe and sound manner in accordance with supervisory and regulatory guidance.  Within this sphere of safety and soundness, the Bank's practice has been to not promote innovative, unproven credit products which may not be in the best interest of the Bank or its customers.  The Bank does offer a hybrid mortgage loan.  Hybrid loans are loans that start out as a fixed rate mortgage but after a set number of years automatically adjust to an adjustable rate mortgage.  The Bank offers a three year fixed rate mortgage after which the interest rate will adjust annually.  The majority of the Bank's adjustable rate mortgages are of this type. In order to offer longer term fixed rate mortgages, the Bank does participate in the Freddie Mac, Farmer Mac and Small Business Lending programs. The Bank also normally retains the servicing rights on these partially or 100% sold loans.  In order for the customer to participate in these programs they must meet the requirements established by those agencies. In addition, the Bank does sell some of its longer term fixed rate agricultural mortgages into the secondary market with the aid of a broker.

The Bank does not have a program to fund sub-prime loans.  Sub-prime loans are characterized as a lending program or strategy that targets borrowers who pose a significantly higher risk of default than traditional retail banking customers.

All loan requests are reviewed as to credit worthiness and are subject to the Bank's underwriting guidelines as to secured versus unsecured credit. Secured loans are in turn subject to loan to value (LTV) requirements based on collateral types as set forth in the Bank's Loan Policy. In addition, credit scores of those seeking consumer credit are reviewed and if they do not meet the Bank's Loan Policy guidelines an additional officer approval is required.

Consumer Loans:

 

Maximum loan to value (LTV) for cars, trucks and light trucks vary from 90% to 110% depending on whether direct or indirect.  

 

Loans above 100% are generally the result of additional charges for extended warranties and/or insurance coverage for wage or death.

 

Boats, campers, motorcycles, RV's and Motor Coaches range from 80%-90% based on age of vehicle.

 

1st or 2nd mortgages on 1-4 family homes range from 75%-90% with "in-house" first real estate mortgages requiring private mortgage insurance on those exceeding 80% LTV.

 

Raw land LTV maximum ranges from 65%-75% depending on whether or not the property has been improved.

Commercial/Agriculture/Real Estate:

 

Maximum LTVs range from 70%-80% depending on type.

 

Accounts Receivable: Up to 80% LTV less retainages and greater than 90 days.

 

Maximum LTV on non-traditional loan up to 85%.

Inventory:

 

Agriculture:

Livestock and grain up to 80% LTV, crops (insured) up to 75% and Warehouse Receipts up to 87%.

 

Commercial:

Maximum LTV of 50% on raw and finished goods.

 

Floor plan:

 

o

New/used vehicles to 100% of wholesale.

 

o

New/Used recreational vehicles and manufactured homes to 80% of wholesale.

45


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

Equipment:

 

New not to exceed 80% of invoice, used NTE 50% of listed book or 75% of appraised value.

 

Restaurant equipment up to 35% of market value.

 

Heavy trucks, titled trailers up to NTE 75% LTV and aircraft up to 75% of appraised value.

F&M Investment Services, the brokerage department of the Bank, opened for business in April 1999.  Securities are offered through Raymond James Financial Services, Inc.

In December of 2014, the Company became a financial holding company within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 as amended (the “Act”), in order to provide the flexibility to take advantage of the expanded powers available to a financial holding company under the Act.  Our subsidiary bank is in turn regulated and examined by the Ohio Division of Financial Institutions and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The activities of our bank subsidiary are also subject to other federal and state laws and regulations. The Company also formed a captive insurance company (the “captive”) in December 2014 which is located in Nevada and regulated by the State of Nevada Division of Insurance.

The Bank’s primary market includes communities located in the Ohio counties of Defiance, Fulton, Hancock, Henry, Lucas, Williams, Wood and in the Indiana counties of Adams, Allen, DeKalb, Jay and Steuben. In our banking activities, we compete directly with other commercial banks, credit unions, farm credit services, and savings and loan institutions in each of our operating localities.  In a number of our locations, we compete against entities which are much larger than us.  The primary factors in competing for loans and deposits are the rates charged as well as location and quality of the services provided.  

At March 31, 2020, we had 360 full time equivalent employees. The employees are not represented by a collective bargaining unit. We provide our employees with a comprehensive benefit program, some of which is contributory.  We consider our employee relations to be good.

REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS

The Bank remains attentive to the current regulatory environment in light of the regulatory agencies’ risk-based approach to examinations.  Regulatory changes and the complexity of new and amended rules have resulted in lack of clarity and uncertainties which could pose an increased risk of noncompliance.  Various significant mortgage rules require monitoring by means of testing, validation of results, additional training, and further research or consultation to assist with ongoing compliance.

The global spread of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) and resulting declaration of a world-wide pandemic have impacted the financial services industry and banking operations in the United States (US) and world-wide.  The financial services sector is identified as a Critical Infrastructure Sector by the Department of Homeland Security during the COVID-19 response efforts. How basic business operations can be conducted has undergone a rapid and dramatic change. At the same time continuity of business operations involves promoting safety and security of customers and employees, providing a quality customer experience, and maintaining effective delivery systems and channels of communication. Regulatory guidance has been issued to manage and mitigate the unprecedented impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on business operations. Regulatory agencies promote prudent and practical efforts to assist customers and communities during this national emergency. Such assistance to alleviate the financial impact on affected customers can involve modification of loan terms for existing borrowers, waiver of certain fees and charges, providing small dollar loans, and offering forbearance on mortgage loans obligations due to financial hardship. Legislation enacted in March 2020 has provided the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) and CARES Act. The FFCRA which is effective through December 31, 2020, provides for a paid leave for employees (of employers with fewer than 500 employees) who must quarantine due to the coronavirus, are caring for a sick family member, or caring for a child out of school. It significantly expands existing protections currently available to employees who take leave to care for a sick family member. The CARES Act, among other matters, resulted in expansion of SBA Lending Programs; provided for a financial election to suspend GAAP principles and regulatory determinations for COVID-19 related loan modifications that would otherwise be deemed Trouble Debt Restructuring; gave the FDIC authority to establish a temporary Debt Guarantee Program for bank liabilities; delayed Current Expected Credit Losses (CECL) compliance; reduced the Community Bank Leverage Ratio to 8% to eliminate risk-based capital compliance for banks under $10 billion; required credit furnishers that agree to deferred loan payments, forbearance on a delinquent account, or any other relief during the national emergency to report accounts as current to Credit Reporting Agencies; and defined forbearance requirements and terms for single family and multi-family loans backed by federal government agencies or government sponsored entities due to COVID-19 financial hardship. Of immediate and significant importance has been the rollout of the SBA PPP.  The PPP authorized lending of up to $350 billion in 100% guaranteed 7(a) loans to cover payroll costs, interest on

46


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

mortgage payments, rent obligations, and utilities.  The PPP provides a guaranteed loan for which a portion of the loan up to or equal to 8 weeks of covered payroll and specific operating expenses can be forgiven. The maximum loan size is capped at the lessor of 250% of the average monthly payroll costs or $10 million.  Further legislation and regulatory guidance may result depending on the duration of the COVID-19 spread and subsequent economic impact to customers, communities, businesses, and industry sectors.

The Economic Growth Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act (EGRRCPA), signed into law in May 2018, was intended to pave the way for banks to lend to creditworthy borrowers and better serve their communities.  It provided regulatory relief for some burdensome requirements resulting from the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.  Provisions in the EGRRCPA addressed access to mortgage credit; consumer access to credit; protections for veterans, consumers, and homeowners; rules for certain bank holding companies, capital access; and protections for student borrowers.  Regulatory guidance and rulemaking continue on implementation of various provisions.

The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s final rules on Customer Due Diligence (CDD) and Beneficial Ownership added a fifth core element to the original core elements necessary for an effective Bank Secrecy Act and Anti-Money Laundering compliance program.  Effective in 2018, the CDD Final Rule promoted greater financial transparency.  It has impacted and limited the ability for individuals to hide financial activity through anonymous ownership of business entities.  With a more complete profile of entity customers, financial institutions can help further reduce the flow of illicit funds through the US banking system.  

The Company has implemented Basel III capital rules which began to be phased in for the Company on January 1, 2015. These rules may impact the ability of some financial institutions to pay dividends, though the Company believes itself to be able to maintain its strong capital position and not be limited in that regard.  

With regard to all regulatory matters, the Bank remains committed in making good faith efforts to comply with technical requirements of the laws, rules, regulations, and guidance from both federal and state agencies which govern its activities.  

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

The Company's consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and the Company follows general practices within the financial services industry in which it operates. At times the application of these principles requires management to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes.

These assumptions, estimates and judgments are based on information available as of the date of the financial statements. As this information changes, the financial statements could reflect different assumptions, estimates and judgments. Certain policies inherently have a greater reliance on assumptions, estimates and judgments and as such have a greater possibility of producing results that could be materially different than originally reported.  Examples of critical assumptions, estimates and judgments are when assets and liabilities are required to be recorded at fair value, when a decline in the value of an asset not required to be recorded at fair value warrants an impairment write-down or valuation reserve to be established, or when an asset or liability must be recorded contingent upon a future event. These policies, along with the disclosures presented in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements and in the management discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations, provide information on how significant assets and liabilities are valued and how those values are determined for the financial statements. Based on the valuation techniques used and the sensitivity of financial statement amounts to assumptions, estimates, and judgments underlying those amounts, management has identified the determination of the ALLL, the valuation of its Mortgage Servicing Rights and the valuation of real estate acquired through or in lieu of loan foreclosures (“OREO Property”) as the accounting areas that require the most subjective or complex judgments, and as such could be the most subject to revision as new information becomes available.

OREO Property held for sale is initially recorded at fair value at the date of foreclosure. Subsequent to foreclosure, valuations are periodically performed by management and the assets are carried at the lower of cost or fair value minus estimated costs to sell.

Costs of holding foreclosed real estate are charged to expense in the current period, except for significant property improvements, which are capitalized. Valuations are periodically performed by management and a write-down is recorded by a charge to non-interest expense if the carrying value exceeds the fair value minus estimated costs to sell.

47


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

The net income from operations of foreclosed real estate held for sale is reported either in noninterest income or noninterest expense depending upon whether the property is in a gain or loss position overall. At March 31, 2020 OREO property holdings were $185 thousand. OREO totaled $214 thousand and $510 thousand as of December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2019 respectively.

The ALLL and ACL represents management’s estimate of probable credit losses inherent in the Bank’s loan portfolio, unfunded loan commitments, and letters of credit at the report date.  The ALLL methodology is regularly reviewed for its appropriateness and is approved annually by the Board of Directors.   This written methodology is consistent with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles which provides for a consistently applied analysis.  

The Bank’s methodology provides an estimate of the probable credit losses either by calculating a specific loss per credit or by applying a composite of historical factors over a relevant period of time with current internal and external factors which may affect credit collectability.  Such factors which may influence estimated losses are the conditions of the local and national economy, local unemployment trends, and abilities of lending staff, valuation trends of fixed assets, and trends in credit delinquency, classified credits, and credit losses.

Inherent in most estimates is imprecision.   The Bank’s ALLL may include a margin for imprecision with an unallocated portion.  Bank regulatory agencies and external auditors periodically review the Bank’s methodology and adequacy of the ALLL.  Any required changes in the ALLL or loan charge-offs by these agencies or auditors may have a material effect on the ALLL.

The Bank is also required to estimate the value of its mortgage servicing rights. The Bank’s mortgage servicing rights relating to fixed rate single-family mortgage loans that it has sold without recourse but services for others for a fee represent an asset on the Bank’s balance sheet. The valuation is completed by an independent third party.

The expected and actual rates of mortgage loan prepayments are the most significant factors driving the potential for the impairment of the value of mortgage servicing assets. Increases in mortgage loan prepayments reduce estimated future net servicing cash flows because the life of the underlying loan is reduced.

The Bank’s mortgage servicing rights relating to loans serviced for others represent an asset. This asset is initially capitalized and included in other assets on the Company's consolidated balance sheet. The mortgage servicing rights are then amortized as noninterest expense in proportion to, and over the period of the estimated future net servicing income of the underlying mortgage servicing rights. There are a number of factors, however, that can affect the ultimate value of the mortgage servicing rights to the Bank. The expected and actual rates of mortgage loan prepayments are the most significant factors driving the potential for the impairment of the value of mortgage servicing assets. Increases in mortgage loan prepayments reduce estimated future net servicing cash flows because the life of the underlying loan is reduced, meaning that the present value of the mortgage servicing rights is less than the carrying value of those rights on the Bank's balance sheet. Therefore, in an attempt to reflect an accurate expected value to the Bank of the mortgage servicing rights, the Bank receives a valuation of its mortgage servicing rights from an independent third party. The independent third party's valuation of the mortgage servicing rights is based on relevant characteristics of the Bank's loan servicing portfolio, such as loan terms, interest rates and recent national prepayment experience, as well as current national market interest rate levels, market forecasts and other economic conditions. For purposes of determining impairment, the mortgage servicing assets are stratified into like groups based on loan type, term, new versus seasoned and interest rate. Management, with the advice from its third party valuation firm, reviewed the assumptions related to prepayment speeds, discount rates, and capitalized mortgage servicing income on a quarterly basis. Changes are reflected in the following quarter's analysis related to the mortgage servicing asset. In addition, based upon the independent third party's valuation of the Bank's mortgage servicing rights, management then establishes a valuation allowance by each strata, if necessary, to quantify the likely impairment of the value of the mortgage servicing rights to the Bank. The estimates of prepayment speeds and discount rates are inherently uncertain, and different estimates could have a material impact on the Bank's net income and results of operations. The valuation allowance is evaluated and adjusted quarterly by management to reflect changes in the fair value of the underlying mortgage servicing rights based on market conditions. The accuracy of these estimates and assumptions by management and its third party valuation specialist can be directly tied back to the fact that management has only been required to record minor valuation allowances through its income statement over time based upon the valuation of each stratum of servicing rights.

For more information regarding the estimates and calculations used to establish the ALLL please see Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements provided herewith.

48


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

MATERIAL CHANGES IN FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

The Company plans to continue in its growth mode in 2020 led by loan growth from within our newer markets. The Bank is focused on funding the loan growth with the least expensive source of deposits, sale of securities or borrowings. Growing deposits will also be a focus especially in our newer markets. The Bank offers the Insured Cash Sweep (“ICS”) product accessed through the Promontory network of financial institutions which helps to reduce the amount of pledged securities.  This has provided more availability for runoff of securities by the Bank if warranted to fund loan growth. Competition for deposits is intense with most competitors offering “special” rates for specific terms.

Liquidity in terms of cash and cash equivalents ended $39.5 million higher as of March 31, 2020 than it was at yearend December 31, 2019. An increase in deposits helped to fund the $27.3 million increase in net loans since yearend 2019. Commercial real estate, consumer real estate and commercial and industrial portfolios increased compared to December 31, 2019.  The remaining three portfolios decreased compared to yearend with agricultural real estate the largest decrease.

In comparing to the same prior year period, the March 31, 2020 (net of deferred fees and cost) loan balances of $1.2 billion accounted for $149.2 million or 13.6% increase when compared to 2019’s $1.1 billion.  The year over year improvement was made up of a combined increase of 33.1% in commercial and industrial related loans (comprised of 29.2% in commercial real estate loans and 3.9% in non-real estate commercial loans).  Consumer real estate loans increased by 8.5%, consumer loans by 3.0% and other loans by 12.8%.  Agricultural related loans (comprised of an increase of 1.2% in agricultural real estate and a decrease of 2.9% in non-real estate agricultural loans) decreased 1.7% year over year.  The Company credits the growth to the strong team of lenders focused on providing customers valuable localized services and thereby increasing our market share.

The chart below shows the breakdown of the loan portfolio category as of March 31, for the last three years, net of deferred fees and costs.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Amount

 

 

Amount

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

173,976

 

 

$

160,276

 

 

$

84,052

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

194,130

 

 

 

191,736

 

 

 

67,569

 

Agricultural

 

 

109,707

 

 

 

113,021

 

 

 

99,954

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

568,991

 

 

 

440,281

 

 

 

414,666

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

143,311

 

 

 

137,989

 

 

 

123,515

 

Consumer

 

 

49,190

 

 

 

47,770

 

 

 

38,631

 

Other

 

 

8,336

 

 

 

7,392

 

 

 

6,350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Loans, net

 

$

1,247,641

 

 

$

1,098,465

 

 

$

834,737

 

 

The following is a contractual maturity schedule by major category of loans excluding fair value adjustments as of March 31, 2020.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Within

 

 

Year Within

 

 

After

 

 

 

One Year

 

 

Five Years

 

 

Five Years

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

4,832

 

 

$

26,646

 

 

$

143,333

 

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

505

 

 

 

4,696

 

 

 

190,162

 

Agricultural

 

 

63,163

 

 

 

33,350

 

 

 

13,065

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

46,573

 

 

 

251,259

 

 

 

272,564

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

67,925

 

 

 

62,164

 

 

 

13,164

 

Consumer

 

 

5,126

 

 

 

34,109

 

 

 

9,711

 

Other

 

 

640

 

 

 

800

 

 

 

6,889

 

 

 

49


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

While the security portfolio has been utilized to fund loan growth for the last three years, additional sources have been cultivated during 2018, 2019, and 2020. The security portfolio decreased $18.2 million in the first three months of 2020 from yearend 2019. The amount of pledged investment securities decreased by $72 thousand as compared to yearend and increased $5.6 million as compared to March 31, 2019. Liquidity is improved with the additional option of selling unpledged investment securities if needed to fund loan growth or other initiatives. As of March 31, 2020, pledged investment securities totaled $88.7 million.  The current portfolio is in a net unrealized gain position of $6.1 million.

 

For the Bank, an additional $1.1 million is also available from the Federal Home Loan Bank based on current amounts of pledged collateral, with up to $97 million available in additional borrowings provided adequate additional collateral is pledged.

With the exception of FHLB stocks, carried at cost, which is shown as other securities, all of the Company’s security portfolio is categorized as “available-for-sale” and as such is recorded at fair value.

Management feels confident that liquidity needs for future growth can be met through additional maturities and/or sales from the security portfolio, increased deposits and additional borrowings. For short term needs, the Bank has $123.4 million of unsecured borrowing capacity through its correspondent banks.

Overall total assets increased 3.0% since yearend 2019 and grew 12.9% since March 31, 2019. The largest growth in both periods was in the loan portfolios followed by cash and equivalents in 2020 and securities in 2019.  COVID-19 has not had an impact on Goodwill at this point but will continue to monitor going forward.

Deposits accounted for the largest growth within liabilities, up 4.7% or $60.4 million since yearend and 13.6% or $161.3 million over March 31, 2019 balances. Core deposits continue to drive the increase which provide the opportunity to generate additional noninterest income.  This growth aided the increased liquidity position and funded the loan growth for the periods along with usage of purchased Federal Funds for daily borrowings.  

Shareholders’ equity increased by $6.2 million as of the first quarter of 2020 compared to yearend 2019, as earnings exceeded dividend declarations in the first quarter. Accumulated other comprehensive income increased in gain position by $3.8 million from December 2019 to an unrealized gain of $4.8 million at March 31, 2020.   Dividends declared were the same as fourth quarter 2019 at $0.16 per share.  Compared to March 31, 2019, shareholders’ equity increased 9.0% or $19.5 million.  Profits are higher year-to-date March 2020 than year-to-date March 2019 by $881 thousand.

Basel III regulatory capital requirements became effective in 2016. The Bank and Company include a capital conservation buffer as a part of the transition provision. For calendar year 2016, the applicable required capital conservation buffer percentage of 0.625% was the base above which institutions avoid limitations on distributions and certain discretionary bonus payments. For the calendar year 2017, the applicable required capital conservation buffer percentage was 1.25%. For 2018, the capital conservation buffer percentage increased to 1.875%.  The total buffer requirement increased to 2.5% for calendar year 2019.  As of March 31, 2020, the Company and the Bank are both positioned well above the 2019 requirement.

The Holding Company has sufficient liquidity to maintain its dividend policy without relying on the upstreaming of dividends from the Bank.

The Bank continues to be well-capitalized in accordance with Federal regulatory capital requirements as the capital ratios below show:

 

Tier I Leverage Ratio

 

 

10.14

%

Risk Based Capital Tier I

 

 

11.97

%

Total Risk Based Capital

 

 

12.66

%

Stockholders' Equity/Total Assets

 

 

12.98

%

Capital Conservation Buffer

 

 

4.66

%

 

50


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

MATERIAL CHANGES IN RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Comparison of Results of Interest Earnings and Expenses for three month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

Interest Income

When comparing first quarter 2020 to first quarter 2019, average loan balances grew $128.8 million. This represented a 11.6% increase in a one-year time period. Interest income on loan balances also experienced an increase of $1.2 million as compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

The available-for-sale securities portfolio increased in average balances by $32.6 million when comparing to the previous year while the income increased $441 thousand over first quarter.  Fed Funds sold and interest-bearing deposits increased in average balances by $15.0 million as compared to the same quarter in 2019 with decreased income of $42 thousand for the current quarter due to much lower interest rates.  

Overall total interest income for the quarter comparisons was higher for first quarter 2020 by 10.1% or $1.6 million as to first quarter 2019.

Annualized yield, for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, was 4.66% as compared to 4.80% for the quarter ended March 31, 2019. The following chart demonstrates the value of increased loan balances in the balance sheet mix.  The yields on tax-exempt securities and the portion of the tax-exempt IDB loans included in loans have been tax adjusted based on a 21% tax rate in the charts to follow.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter to Date Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

Annualized Yield/Rate

 

Interest Earning Assets:

 

Average Balance

 

 

Interest/Dividends

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Loans

 

$

1,236,848

 

 

$

15,883

 

 

 

5.14

%

 

 

5.30

%

Taxable investment securities

 

 

190,158

 

 

 

1,321

 

 

 

2.78

%

 

 

2.22

%

Tax-exempt investment securities

 

 

28,832

 

 

 

132

 

 

 

2.32

%

 

 

2.49

%

Fed funds sold & other

 

 

46,393

 

 

 

128

 

 

 

1.10

%

 

 

2.17

%

Total Interest Earning Assets

 

$

1,502,231

 

 

$

17,464

 

 

 

4.66

%

 

 

4.80

%

 

Change in Interest Income Quarter to Date March 31, 2020 Compared to March 31, 2019

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

Interest Earning Assets:

 

Total Change

 

 

Change Due

to Volume

 

 

Change Due

to Rate

 

Loans

 

$

1,203

 

 

$

1,655

 

 

$

(452

)

Taxable investment securities

 

 

479

 

 

 

266

 

 

 

213

 

Tax-exempt investment securities

 

 

(38

)

 

 

(33

)

 

 

(5

)

Fed funds sold & other

 

 

(42

)

 

 

41

 

 

 

(83

)

Total Interest Earning Assets

 

$

1,602

 

 

$

1,929

 

 

$

(327

)

51


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

Interest Expense

Offsetting some of the increase in interest income for the quarter was the increase in interest expense in 2020.  First quarter 2020 was higher by $326 thousand than first quarter 2019.  Since 2019, average interest-bearing deposit balances have increased $136.1 million or 15.2% and resulted in approximately $288 thousand more in interest expense for the most recent quarter.  Interest expense on FHLB borrowings was down $21 thousand in the first quarter 2020 over the same time frame in 2019 due to borrowings taken on from the Limberlost acquisition being repaid.  During the quarter, the prime rate has dropped 50 basis points and dropped 75 basis points in the last half of 2019.  Management has adjusted deposit rates accordingly.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter to Date Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

Annualized Yield/Rate

 

Interest Bearing Liabilities:

 

Average Balance

 

 

Interest

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Savings deposits

 

$

773,130

 

 

$

1,485

 

 

 

0.77

%

 

 

0.91

%

Other time deposits

 

 

277,579

 

 

 

1,416

 

 

 

2.04

%

 

 

1.79

%

Other borrowed money

 

 

24,787

 

 

 

266

 

 

 

4.29

%

 

 

3.91

%

Fed funds purchased & securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sold under agreement to repurchase

 

$

38,954

 

 

$

244

 

 

 

2.51

%

 

 

2.19

%

Total Interest Bearing Liabilities

 

$

1,114,450

 

 

$

3,411

 

 

 

1.22

%

 

 

1.26

%

 

Change in Interest Expense Quarter to Date March 31, 2020 Compared to March 31, 2019

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

Interest Bearing Liabilities:

 

Total Change

 

 

Change Due

to Volume

 

 

Change Due

to Rate

 

Savings deposits

 

$

(42

)

 

$

196

 

 

$

(238

)

Other time deposits

 

 

330

 

 

 

175

 

 

 

155

 

Other borrowed money

 

 

(21

)

 

 

(49

)

 

 

28

 

Fed funds purchased & securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sold under agreement to repurchase

 

 

59

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

27

 

Total Interest Bearing Liabilities

 

$

326

 

 

$

354

 

 

$

(28

)

 

Overall, net interest spread for the first quarter 2020 is 10 basis points lower than last year.  As the following chart indicates, the decline in yields on interest earning assets was greater than the decline in the cost of funds when comparing to the same period a year ago.

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

March 31, 2018

 

Interest/Dividend income/yield

 

 

4.66

%

 

 

4.80

%

 

 

4.28

%

Interest Expense/cost

 

 

1.22

%

 

 

1.26

%

 

 

0.75

%

Net Interest Spread

 

 

3.44

%

 

 

3.54

%

 

 

3.53

%

Net Interest Margin

 

 

3.75

%

 

 

3.87

%

 

 

3.72

%

 

Net Interest Income

Net interest income was up $1.3 million for the first quarter 2020 over the same time frame in 2019 due to the increase in loan interest income and partially offset by higher interest expense, as previously mentioned.  As the new loans added in 2019 and 2020 generate more income, management expects the benefits of the Company’s strategy of repositioning the balance sheet to continue to widen this margin as measured in dollars.  In terms of net interest margin rate, the Bank recognizes competition for deposits has and will continue to put pressure on the margin which may lead to a tightening.

52


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

Comparison of Noninterest Results of Operations - First Quarter 2020 to First Quarter 2019

Provision Expense

The ALLL has a direct impact on the provision expense.  The increase in the ALLL is funded through recoveries and provision expense. The following tables both deal with the allowance for credit losses. The first table breaks down the activity within ALLL for each loan portfolio class and shows the contribution provided by both the recoveries and the provision along with the reduction of the allowance caused by charge-offs. The second table discloses how much of the ALLL is attributed to each class of the loan portfolio, as well as the percent that each particular class of the loan portfolio represents to the entire loan portfolio in the aggregate. The consumer and consumer real estate loan portfolios accounted for the largest component of charge-offs and recoveries for first quarter of 2020 and 2019.  The commercial real estate portfolio is currently creating a large impact on the ALLL due to the loan growth.

Total provision for loan losses was $1.4 million higher for the first quarter 2020 as compared to the same quarter 2019.  Provision for loan loss was increased due to the uncertainty related to COVID-19 and its effects on the ability of individuals, businesses and other entities to meet their financial obligations. Therefore, it is prudent to incorporate the impact of COVID-19 in the evaluation of the adequacy of Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses (ALLL).  Due to the governors’ closure of non-essential businesses in many states, including restaurants (except for carryout and delivery), hair salons, and retail establishments, the risk in those industries has increased.  The restaurant and hospitality sectors have been hit especially hard.  Risk in the Consumer and 1-4 Family Portfolio has increased but the full impact remains unknown.  Increases to the bank’s ALLL for the first quarter of 2020, centered around current customers and businesses that are particularly vulnerable due to the stay at home order and qualitative factors, were adjusted accordingly.  Management continues to monitor asset quality, making adjustments to the provision as necessary.  Loan charge-offs were $43 thousand lower in first quarter 2020 than the same quarter 2019.  Recoveries were $1 thousand higher in first quarter 2020 as compared to first quarter 2019.  Combined net charge-offs were $44 thousand lower in first quarter 2020 than the same time period 2019. Past due loans, which include no deferrals related to COVID-19, increased $2.3 million at March 31, 2020 as compared to March 31, 2019.  The majority of the change is attributed to the increase of past due balances in the agricultural, agricultural real estate and commercial portfolios with a decrease in the consumer real estate portfolio.

53


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

The following table breaks down the activity within the ALLL for each loan portfolio class and shows the contribution provided by both recoveries and the provision, along with the reduction of the allowance caused by charge-offs. The time period covered is for three months ended March 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018.

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2018

 

Loans, net

$

1,247,641

 

 

 

 

$

1,098,465

 

 

 

 

$

834,737

 

Daily average of outstanding loans

$

1,236,848

 

 

 

 

$

1,108,031

 

 

 

 

$

825,109

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allowance for Loan Losses - January 1,

$

7,228

 

 

 

 

$

6,775

 

 

 

 

$

6,868

 

Loans Charged off:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

35

 

 

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

 

34

 

Agriculture Real Estate

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

14

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Consumer

 

129

 

 

 

 

 

165

 

 

 

 

 

97

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

 

 

207

 

 

 

 

 

145

 

Loan Recoveries:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Agriculture Real Estate

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Agricultural

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Consumer

 

30

 

 

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

37

 

Net Charge Offs

 

125

 

 

 

 

 

169

 

 

 

 

 

108

 

Provision for loan loss

 

1,430

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

 

40

 

Acquisition provision for loan loss

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Allowance for Loan & Lease Losses - March 31,

 

8,533

 

 

 

 

 

6,636

 

 

 

 

 

6,800

 

Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments

   & Letters of Credit - March 31,

 

470

 

 

 

 

 

346

 

 

 

 

 

265

 

Total Allowance for Credit Losses - March 31,

$

9,003

 

 

 

 

$

6,982

 

 

 

 

$

7,065

 

Ratio of net charge-offs to average

   Loans outstanding

 

0.01

%

 

 

 

 

0.02

%

 

 

 

 

0.01

%

Ratio of the Allowance for Loan Loss to

   Nonperforming Loans*

 

256.66

%

 

 

 

 

558.92

%

 

 

 

 

755.19

%

 

 

*

Nonperforming loans are defined as all loans on nonaccrual, plus any loans past 90 days not on nonaccrual.

The Bank uses the following guidelines as stated in policy to determine when to realize a charge-off of a loan, whether partial loan balance or full loan balance.  A charge down in whole or in part is realized when unsecured consumer loans, credit card credits and overdraft lines of credit reach 90 days delinquency.  At 120 days delinquent, secured consumer loans are charged down to the value of the collateral, if repossession of the collateral is assured and/or in the process of repossession. Consumer mortgage loan deficiencies are charged down upon the sale of the collateral or sooner upon the recognition of collateral deficiency. Commercial and agricultural credits are charged down at 120 days delinquency, unless an established and approved work-out plan is in place or litigation of the credit will likely result in recovery of the loan balance. Upon notification of bankruptcy, unsecured debt is charged off. Additional charge-offs may be realized as further unsecured positions are recognized.

 

54


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

Loans classified as nonaccrual were higher as of March 31, 2020 at $3.3 million as compared to $1.2 million as of March 31, 2019.  The majority of the increase is in the agricultural, consumer real estate and commercial and industrial portfolios.

In determining the allocation for impaired loans the Bank applies the appraised market value of the collateral securing the asset, reduced by applying a discount for estimated costs of collateral liquidation.  In some instances where the discounted market value is less than the loan amount, a specific impairment allocation is assigned, which may be reduced or eliminated by the write down of the credit’s active principal outstanding balance.

For the majority of the Bank’s impaired loans, including all collateral dependent loans, the Bank will apply the appraised market value methodology. However, the Bank may also utilize a measurement incorporating the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan's effective rate of interest.  To determine appraised market value, collateral asset values securing an impaired loan are periodically evaluated. Maximum time of re-evaluation is every 12 months for chattels and titled vehicles and every two years for real estate.  In this process, third party evaluations are obtained and heavily relied upon. Until such time that updated appraisals are received, the Bank may discount the collateral value used.

The following table presents the balances for allowance for loan losses by loan type for three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at End of Period Applicable To:

 

Amount

 

 

% of Loan Category

 

 

Amount

 

 

% of Loan Category

 

Consumer Real Estate

 

$

345

 

 

 

13.94

%

 

$

268

 

 

 

14.56

%

Agricultural Real Estate

 

 

327

 

 

 

15.56

%

 

 

270

 

 

 

17.50

%

Agricultural

 

 

665

 

 

 

8.79

%

 

 

706

 

 

 

10.44

%

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

3,873

 

 

 

45.61

%

 

 

3,203

 

 

 

39.98

%

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

2,750

 

 

 

12.16

%

 

 

1,490

 

 

 

13.19

%

Consumer

 

 

533

 

 

 

3.94

%

 

 

496

 

 

 

4.33

%

Unallocated

 

 

40

 

 

 

0.00

%

 

 

203

 

 

 

0.00

%

Allowance for Loan & Lease Losses

 

 

8,533

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,636

 

 

 

 

 

Off Balance Sheet Commitments

 

 

470

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

346

 

 

 

 

 

Total Allowance for Credit Losses

 

$

9,003

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

6,982

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noninterest Income

Noninterest income was up $427 thousand for the first quarter 2020 over the same time frame in 2019.  The Company has seen an increase in its mortgage production volume and the gain on the sale of these loans was $125 thousand higher for the first quarter 2020 over the same period in 2019. Loan originations on loans held for sale for the first quarter 2020 were $17.3 million with proceeds from sale at $18.1 million for 2020 compared to 2019’s first quarter activity of $8.3 million in originations and $7.8 million in sales.  The mortgages sold were both 1-4 family and agricultural real estate loans originated for sale.

The next largest fluctuation in noninterest income was in the gain on sale of available-for-sale securities.  During the current quarter, securities were sold and swapped for higher yield securities resulting in a gain of $270 thousand or an increase of $296 thousand over first quarter 2019.  Combined service fee lines were $6 thousand higher than the same quarter last year.  

The Bank may see an impact in some of the line items such as interchange fee income and overdraft fees going forward; however, we do see additional income being derived from home loan activity.

55


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

The impact of mortgage servicing rights, both to income and expense, is shown in the following table which reconciles the value of mortgage servicing rights. The capitalization runs through noninterest income while the amortization thereof is included in non-interest expense. For the first quarter of 2020, mortgage servicing rights caused a net $43 thousand in income, in comparison to a net $12 thousand income for the first quarter of 2019. The higher capitalized additions for 2020 are attributed to a higher loan origination level of 1-4 families combined with a higher mortgage servicing rights value being applied to originations of 1-4 families in 2020 as compared to 2019. For loans of 15 years and less, the value was 1.20% in the first quarter 2020 versus 1.124% in first quarter 2019. For loans over 15 years, the value was 1.35% versus 1.309% for the same periods respectively. The carrying value is well below the market value of $3.0 million which indicates any large expense to fund the valuation allowance to be unlikely in 2020.

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Beginning Balance, January 1,

 

$

2,629

 

 

$

2,385

 

Capitalized Additions

 

$

175

 

 

 

87

 

Amortization

 

$

(132

)

 

 

(75

)

Ending Balance, March 31,

 

$

2,672

 

 

 

2,397

 

Valuation Allowance

 

$

-

 

 

 

-

 

Mortgage Servicing Rights net, March 31,

 

$

2,672

 

 

$

2,397

 

 

Noninterest Expense

For the first quarter 2020, noninterest expenses were $816 thousand lower than for the same quarter in 2019.  First quarter 2019 included $1.3 million of third party acquisition related costs.  Salaries, wages, and employee benefits (includes normal merit increases, restricted stock expense, incentive payout and all employee benefits) decreased $6 thousand in total which was comprised of salaries decreasing $89 thousand and benefits increasing $83 thousand.  2019 included $108 thousand acquisition costs in these two categories.  Furniture and equipment expenses increased $62 thousand from the prior year primarily due to an increase in depreciation of $30 thousand and maintenance contracts of $34 thousand.  Data processing charges decreased $857 thousand for first quarter 2020.  First quarter 2019 included data processing charges of $892 thousand related to the acquisition.  Building occupancy costs decreased $103 thousand while advertising increased $43 thousand for the quarter. Franchise taxes increased $110 thousand over first quarter 2019 with the increase in equity due to the issuance of stock in the Bank of Geneva acquisition.  Other general and administrative expenses were down $77 thousand compared to first quarter 2019 which included $238 thousand of acquisition related costs.

Income Taxes

Federal income tax expense was $238 thousand higher for the first quarter 2020 compared to the same quarter in 2019.  Effective tax rates were 18.71% and 17.99% for first quarter 2020 and 2019 respectively.  The higher effective tax rate for first quarter 2020 equated to an increase in federal income tax expense of $38 thousand while the remainder of the increase was driven from increased earnings.

Net Income

Results overall, net income in the first quarter of 2020 was up $881 thousand as compared to the same quarter last year.  First quarter 2020 included an additional $1.4 million of loan loss provision as compared to first quarter 2019.  As discussed previously, the long-term effects of COVID-19 and the ability of borrowers to make timely payments are unknown at this time.  Tax adjusted acquisition costs for first quarter 2019 were $1.0 million.  The Company has done an exceptional job of growing loans while keeping past dues low. The Company remains strong, stable, and well capitalized and has the capacity to continue to cover the increased costs of expansion.

 

 

 

 


56


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(Continued)

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

Statements contained in this portion of the Company's report may be forward-looking statements, as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as "intend," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "should," "planned," "estimated," and "potential." Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, but actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated due to a number of factors, which include, but are not limited to, factors discussed in documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time.  Other factors which could have a material adverse effect on the operations of the Company and its subsidiaries include, but are not limited to, changes in interest rates, general economic conditions, legislative and regulatory changes, monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board, the quality and composition of the loan or investment portfolios, demand for loan products, deposit flows, competition, demand for financial services in the Bank's market area, changes in relevant accounting principles and guidelines and other factors over which management has no control.  The forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this report, and the Company assumes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements or to update the reasons why actual results differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements.

 

 

 

57


 

ITEM 3 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Market risk is the exposure to loss resulting from changes in interest rates and equity prices.  The primary market risk to which the Company is subject is interest rate risk.  The majority of our interest rate risk arises from the instruments, positions and transactions entered into for purposes other than trading such as loans, available for sale securities, interest bearing deposits, short term borrowings and long term borrowings. Interest rate risk occurs when interest bearing assets and liabilities re-price at different times as market interest rates change. For example, if fixed rate assets are funded with variable rate debt, the spread between asset and liability rates will decline or turn negative if rates increase.

Interest rate risk is managed within an overall asset/liability framework. The principal objectives of asset/liability management are to manage sensitivity of net interest spreads and net income to potential changes in interest rates.

Funding positions are kept within predetermined limits designed to ensure that risk-taking is not excessive and that liquidity is properly managed. In the event that our asset/liabilities management strategies are unsuccessful, our profitably may be adversely affected. The Company employs a sensitivity analysis utilizing interest rate shocks to help in this analysis.

The shocks presented below assume an immediate change of rate in the percentages and directions shown covering a twelve month period:

 

Interest Rate Shock

on Net Interest Margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Rate Shock

on Net Interest Income

 

Net Interest

 

 

% Change to

 

 

Rate

 

Rate

 

 

Cumulative

 

 

% Change to

 

Margin (Ratio)

 

 

Flat Rate

 

 

Direction

 

Changes by

 

 

Total ($000)

 

 

Flat Rate

 

3.52%

 

 

-10.11%

 

 

Rising

 

3.00%

 

 

 

52,063

 

 

-13.41%

 

3.61%

 

 

-7.73%

 

 

Rising

 

2.00%

 

 

 

54,317

 

 

-9.66%

 

3.71%

 

 

-5.19%

 

 

Rising

 

1.00%

 

 

 

56,709

 

 

-5.68%

 

3.91%

 

 

0.00%

 

 

Flat

 

0.00%

 

 

 

60,127

 

 

0.00%

 

3.71%

 

 

-5.18%

 

 

Falling

 

-1.00%

 

 

 

58,756

 

 

-2.28%

 

3.44%

 

 

-12.14%

 

 

Falling

 

-2.00%

 

 

 

55,573

 

 

-7.57%

 

3.19%

 

 

-18.52%

 

 

Falling

 

-3.00%

 

 

 

52,893

 

 

-12.03%

 

 

The net interest margin represents the forecasted twelve month margin. The Company also reviews shocks with a 4.0% fluctuation with a delayed time frame of 10 months and over a 24 month time frame. It also shows the effect rate changes will have on both the margin and net interest income. The goal of the Company is to lengthen the term of some of the Bank’s fixed rate liabilities or sources of funds to decrease the exposure to a rising rate environment.  Of course, customer desires also impact the Bank’s ability to attract longer term deposits.  Some movement into the longer term time deposits has occurred. Over the past year with the Limberlost acquisition, the Bank has experienced an increase in the time balances of our deposit portfolio, and therefore, an increase of term funding.  Over the past two years, the Bank has also paid off term borrowings with the last $5 million maturing December 2018; however, additional borrowings were a part of the Limberlost acquisition in 2019.

The shock chart currently shows a tightening in net interest margin over the next twelve months in both a rising rate and falling rate environment.  Due to the existence of such a low rate environment, the model does not predict expansion of net interest margin at any level.  Cost of funds are at 1.22% for the quarter so the lowest shock of 100 basis points is where the Bank can take full advantage and reprice funds to match the level of shock.  Once the shocks are falling over 100 basis points, the cost of funds cannot lower to match and the loss on net interest income continues to build.  The negative impact in a rising rate environment is partially caused by a timing issue on the ability to reprice assets as quickly as liabilities.  The average duration of the majority of the assets is outside the 12 month shock period. The majority of the newer loans added to the commercial real estate portfolio begin with an initial fixed rate period of three to five years whose variable adjustment is outside of the current shock time frame. The Bank continues to adjust its assumptions by including decay rates and key rate ties on certain deposit accounts and continues to review and modify those rates as the index rates change.  All shocks are within risk exposure guidelines at all levels. The effect of the rate shocks may be mitigated to the extent that not all lines of business are directly tied to an external index and actual balance sheet composition may differ from prediction.

Overall, the Company must concentrate on increasing loan spreads on variable loans and extend the duration on cost of funds where possible.

 

58


 

ITEM 4 CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

As of March 31, 2020, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of the Company's management including the CEO and CFO, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures.  Based on that evaluation, the Company's management, including the CEO and CFO, concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2020 . There have been no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

PART II OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1 LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

None

ITEM 1A RISK FACTORS

Except as otherwise provide below, there have been no material changes in the Company’s risk factors from those disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.  

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and measures intended to prevent its spread could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition, and such effects will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and are difficult to predict.

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was reported in China, and, in March 2020, the World Health Organization declared it a pandemic. On March 12, 2020, the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 outbreak in the United States a national emergency. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant economic dislocation in the United States as many state and local governments have ordered non-essential businesses to close and residents to shelter in place at home. This has resulted in an unprecedented slow-down in economic activity and a related increase in unemployment. Since the COVID-19 outbreak, more than 22 million people have filed claims for unemployment, and stock markets have declined in value and, in particular, bank stocks have significantly declined in value. In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, the Federal Reserve Board has reduced the benchmark fed funds rate to a target range of 0% to 0.25%, and the yields on 10 and 30-year treasury notes have declined to historic lows. The federal banking agencies have encouraged financial institutions to prudently work with affected borrowers and recently passed legislation to provide relief from reporting loan classifications due to modifications related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Finally, the spread of the coronavirus has caused us to modify our business practices, including employee travel, employee work locations, and cancellation of physical participation in meetings, events and conferences. We may take further actions as may be required by government authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers and business partners. There is no certainty that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by the virus or will otherwise be satisfactory to government authorities.  In addition, the success of our operations substantially depends on the management skills of our executive officers and directors, many of whom have held officer and director positions with us for many years. The unanticipated loss or unavailability of key employees due to the outbreak could harm our ability to operate our business or execute our business strategy.

Given the ongoing and dynamic nature of the circumstances, it is difficult to predict the full impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on our business. The United States government has taken steps to attempt to mitigate some of the more severe anticipated economic effects of the virus, including the passage of the CARES Act, but there can be no assurance that such steps will be effective or achieve their desired results in a timely fashion. The extent of such impact from the COVID-19 outbreak and related mitigation efforts will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain, including but not limited to, the duration and spread of the outbreak, its severity, the actions to contain the virus or treat its impact, and how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume.  As the result, we could be subject to any of the following risks, any of which could have a material, adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, and results of operations:

 

demand for our products and services may decline, making it difficult to grow assets and income;

 

if the economy is unable to substantially reopen, and high levels of unemployment continue for an extended period of time, loan delinquencies, problem assets, and foreclosures may increase, resulting in increased charges and reduced income;

59


 

 

collateral for loans, especially real estate, may decline in value, which could cause loan losses to increase;

 

our allowance for loan losses may have to be increased if borrowers experience financial difficulties beyond forbearance periods, which will adversely affect our net income;

 

the net worth and liquidity of loan guarantors may decline, impairing their ability to honor commitments to us;

 

as the result of the decline in the Federal Reserve Board’s target federal funds rate, the yield on our assets may decline to a greater extent than the decline in our cost of interest-bearing liabilities, reducing our net interest margin and spread and reducing net income;

 

a material decrease in net income or a net loss over several quarters could result in a decrease in the rate of our quarterly cash dividend;

 

we rely on third party vendors for certain services and the unavailability of a critical service due to the COVID-19 outbreak could have an adverse effect on us; and

 

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation premiums may increase if the agency experiences additional resolution costs.

 

 

Any one or a combination of the factors identified above could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations and prospects. Even after the COVID-19 outbreak has subsided, we may continue to experience materially adverse impacts to our business as a result of the virus’s global economic impact, including the availability of credit, adverse impacts on our liquidity and any recession that has occurred or may occur in the future.

ITEM 2 UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Treasury stock repurchased the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

Period

 

(a) Total Number of

Shares Purchased

 

 

(b) Average Price

Paid per Share

 

 

(c) Total Number

of Shares Purchased as Part

of Publicly Announced Plan

or Programs (1)

 

 

(d) Maximum

Number

of Shares that may yet be

purchased under the Plans or

Programs

 

1/1/2020 to 1/31/2020

 

 

2,064

 

(2)

 

29.97

 

(2)

 

 

 

 

550,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2/1/2020 to 2/29/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

550,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/1/2020 to 3/31/2020

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

21.68

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

545,000

 

Total

 

 

7,064

 

 

 

24.10

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

545,000

 

 

 

(1)

From time to time, the Company purchases shares in the market pursuant to a stock repurchase program publicly announced on January 17, 2020.  On that date, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of 550,000 common shares between January 17, 2020 and December 31, 2020.

 

(2)

Shares which were repurchased for taxes on vested stock awards are outside of this program.

ITEM 3 DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None

 

ITEM 4 MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable

 

ITEM 5 OTHER INFORMATION

 

60


 

ITEM 6 EXHIBITS