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Occidental Petroleum (OXY)

Filed: 8 Aug 18, 4:54pm
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
OR
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ___________ to ___________
 
Commission file number 1-9210
_____________________
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
95-4035997
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
   
5 Greenway Plaza, Suite 110
Houston, Texas 77046
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
(713) 215-7000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
______________________________________________________________________
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
þ Yes   o No
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
þ Yes   o No
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. (See definition of "accelerated filer", "large accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):
  
Large Accelerated Filer        þ    Accelerated Filer        o    Non-Accelerated Filer     o
Smaller Reporting Company    o    Emerging Growth Company    o
  
If an Emerging Growth Company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    o
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    
o Yes   þ No
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 Class Outstanding at June 30, 2018 
 Common stock $.20 par value 764,721,453 




OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


TABLE OF CONTENTS



    PAGE
     
Part IFinancial Information 
     
 Item 1. 
     
   
   June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017
     
   
   Three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017
     
   
   Three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017
     
   
   Six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017
     
  
     
 Item 2. 
   
     
 Item 3.
     
 Item 4.
     
Part IIOther Information 
     
 Item 1.
     
 Item 2.
     
 Item 6.


1



PART I    FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 

Item 1.Financial Statements (unaudited)

OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
JUNE 30, 2018, AND DECEMBER 31, 2017
(Amounts in millions)

  2018 2017 
      
ASSETS     
      
CURRENT ASSETS     
Cash and cash equivalents $1,362
 $1,672
 
Trade receivables, net 5,521
 4,145
 
Inventories 1,347
 1,246
 
Assets held for sale 1,664
 474
 
Other current assets 1,096
 733
 
Total current assets 10,990

8,270
 
      
      
      
INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED ENTITIES 1,551
 1,515
 
      
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, net of accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of $40,782 at June 30, 2018, and $39,072 at December 31, 2017 30,432
 31,174
 
      
LONG-TERM RECEIVABLES AND OTHER ASSETS, NET 1,094
 1,067
 
      
TOTAL ASSETS $44,067
 $42,026
 
      
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements. 


2



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
JUNE 30, 2018, AND DECEMBER 31, 2017
(Amounts in millions except share amounts)

  2018 2017 
      
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     
CURRENT LIABILITIES     
Current maturities of long-term debt $
 $500
 
Accounts payable 5,412
 4,408
 
Accrued liabilities 2,521
 2,492
 
Liabilities held for sale 145
 
 
Total current liabilities 8,078
 7,400
 
      
LONG-TERM DEBT, NET 10,312
 9,328
 
      
DEFERRED CREDITS AND OTHER LIABILITIES     
Deferred domestic and foreign income taxes 738
 581
 
Asset retirement obligations 1,244
 1,241
 
Pension and postretirement obligations 1,010
 1,005
 
Environmental remediation reserves 731
 728
 
Other 1,023
 1,171
 
  4,746
 4,726
 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY     
Common stock, at par value (894,243,621 shares at June 30, 2018 and 893,468,707 shares at December 31, 2017) 179
 179
 
Treasury stock (129,562,168 shares at June 30, 2018, and 128,364,195 shares at December 31, 2017) (9,268) (9,168) 
Additional paid-in capital 7,967
 7,884
 
Retained earnings 22,361
 21,935
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (308) (258) 
Total stockholders’ equity 20,931

20,572
 
      
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY $44,067
 $42,026
 
      
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements. 

3



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018, AND 2017
(Amounts in millions, except per-share amounts)

  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
  2018 2017 2018 2017
         
REVENUES AND OTHER INCOME        
Net sales $4,083
 $3,060
 $7,846
 $6,017
Interest, dividends and other income 38
 31
 67
 52
Gain on sale of assets, net 10
 512
 43
 512
  4,131
 3,603
 7,956
 6,581
COSTS AND OTHER DEDUCTIONS        
Cost of sales 1,465
 1,486
 2,828
 2,912
Selling, general and administrative and other operating expenses 402
 352
 709
 624
Taxes other than on income 115
 77
 223
 145
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 947
 989
 1,868
 1,931
Asset impairments and related items 12
 
 42
 13
Exploration expense 21
 8
 36
 19
Interest and debt expense, net 97
 86
 194
 167
  3,059
 2,998
 5,900
 5,811
         
Income before income taxes and other items 1,072
 605
 2,056
 770
Provision for domestic and foreign income taxes (302) (285) (641) (363)
Income from equity investments 78
 187
 141
 217
NET INCOME $848
 $507
 $1,556
 $624
         
BASIC EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE $1.10
 $0.66
 $2.02
 $0.81
         
DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE $1.10
 $0.66
 $2.02
 $0.81
         
DIVIDENDS PER COMMON SHARE $0.77
 $0.76
 $1.54
 $1.52
         
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements.   


4



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018, AND 2017
(Amounts in millions)

  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30 
  2018 2017 2018 2017 
          
Net income $848
 $507
 $1,556
 $624
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) items:         
Foreign currency translation (losses) gains (1) 
 
 1
 
Unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives (a)
 (1) 1
 (4) 6
 
Pension and postretirement gains (losses) (b)
 5
 (1) 9
 8
 
Reclassification of realized (gains) losses on derivatives (c)
 1
 1
 3
 (1) 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax 4

1
 8
 14
 
Comprehensive income $852
 $508
 $1,564
 $638
 

(a)Net of tax of zero for the three months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, and $1 and $(3) for the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively.
(b)Net of tax of $(2) and $1 for the three months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively, and $(3) and $(4) for the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively.
(c)Net of tax of zero for each of the three months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, and $(1) and $1 for the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements.

5



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018, AND 2017
(Amounts in millions)
  2018 2017 
CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES     
Net income $1,556
 $624
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by
operating activities:
     
Depreciation, depletion and amortization of assets 1,868
 1,931
 
Deferred income tax (benefit) provision 171
 (24) 
Other noncash charges to income 96
 167
 
Gain on sale of assets, net (43) (512) 
Asset impairments and related items 42
 13
 
Net distributions from equity investments (20) (127) 
Dry hole expenses 15
 7
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net (920) (454) 
Other operating, net 
 729
 
Net cash provided by operating activities 2,765
 2,354
 
      
CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES     
Capital expenditures (2,319) (1,492) 
Change in capital accrual (6) (35) 
Payments for purchases of assets and businesses (242) (377) 
Sales of assets, net 330
 609
 
Other investing, net (49) 84
 
Net cash used by investing activities (2,286)
(1,211) 
      
CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES     
Proceeds from long-term debt, net 978
 
 
Payments of long-term debt (500) 
 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock 13
 16
 
Purchases of treasury stock (97) (6) 
Cash dividends paid (1,185) (1,168) 
Other financing, net 2
 
 
Net cash used by financing activities (789) (1,158) 
      
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents (310) (15) 
Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of period 1,672
 2,233
 
Cash and cash equivalents — end of period $1,362
 $2,218
 
      
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated condensed financial statements. 



6



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2018

1. General

In these unaudited, consolidated, condensed financial statements, "Occidental" means Occidental Petroleum Corporation, a Delaware corporation (OPC), or OPC and one or more entities in which it owns a controlling interest (subsidiaries). Occidental has made its disclosures in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) as they apply to interim reporting, and condensed or omitted, as permitted by the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and regulations, certain information and disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements and the notes. These unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto in Occidental’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

In the opinion of Occidental’s management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to fairly present Occidental’s consolidated financial position as of June 30, 2018, and the consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, as applicable. Certain data in the financial statements and notes for prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation. The income and cash flows for the periods ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, are not necessarily indicative of the income or cash flows to be expected for the full year.

2. Asset Acquisitions, Dispositions and Other

On August 8, 2018, Occidental announced the sale of non-core domestic midstream assets. These assets to be sold include the Centurion common carrier oil pipeline and storage system, Southeast New Mexico oil gathering system, and Ingleside Crude Terminal. Following the transaction, Occidental will retain its long-term flow assurance, pipeline takeaway and export capacity through its retained marketing business. A substantial portion of the assets to be sold were classified as assets held for sale on the balance sheet at June 30, 2018. The assets held for sale were comprised primarily of midstream property, plant and equipment.

As of June 30, 2018, the remaining $250 million of assets classified as held for sale primarily relates to non-core proved and unproved Permian acreage.

In July 2018, Occidental acquired the previously leased power and steam cogeneration facility in Louisiana for $443 million, which will be paid in three installments in 2018.

In March 2018, Occidental divested non-core midstream assets for approximately $150 million, resulting in a pre-tax gain of $43 million.

In March 2018, Occidental issued $1.0 billion of 4.2-percent senior notes due 2048. Occidental received net proceeds of approximately $985 million. Interest on the notes will be payable semi-annually in arrears in March and September of each year, beginning on September 15, 2018. The proceeds were used to refinance the repayment of the $500 million aggregate principal amount of Occidental's 1.5-percent senior notes due in February 2018, with the remainder to be used for general corporate purposes.

In January 2018, Occidental entered into a new five-year, $3.0 billion revolving credit facility (2018 Credit Facility), replacing the previous credit facility that was scheduled to expire in August 2019. The 2018 Credit Facility has similar terms to the previous credit facility and does not contain material adverse change clauses or debt ratings triggers that could restrict Occidental's ability to borrow under the facility.

3. Accounting and Disclosure Changes

In February 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) released standards that allow the reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings of stranded tax effects resulting from changes to U.S. federal tax law from the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act enacted in December 2017. Occidental early adopted

7



this standard in the first quarter of 2018, resulting in the reclassification of $58 million in stranded tax effects from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings.

In the first quarter of 2018, Occidental adopted the new revenue recognition standard Topic 606 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers and related updates (ASC 606). The new standard requires more detailed disclosures related to the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. Occidental adopted the standard using the modified retrospective method. The cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings upon adoption was not material. See Note 4 Revenue Recognition.

In March 2017, FASB issued guidance related to presentation of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost. The rules became effective in the first quarter of 2018. These rules did not have a material impact to Occidental's financial statements upon adoption.

In January 2017, the FASB issued new guidance clarifying the definition of a business under the topic Business Combinations. The rules became effective in the first quarter of 2018, and did not have a material impact to Occidental's financial statements upon adoption.

In November 2016, FASB issued new guidance related to the cash flow classification and presentation of the changes in restricted cash on the statement of cash flows. The rules became effective in the first quarter of 2018 and must be applied retrospectively. Occidental did not have restricted cash as of June 30, 2018, or December 31, 2017.

In August 2016, the FASB issued new guidance related to the classification of certain cash receipts and payments on the statement of cash flows. The rules were adopted for the first quarter of 2018 and resulted in the retrospective reclassification of $151 million of cash receipts from operating cash flows to investing cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2017, within the Statement of Cash Flows.

In February 2016, the FASB issued rules which require Occidental to recognize most leases, including operating leases, on the balance sheet. The new rules require lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and lease liability for all leases with lease terms of more than 12 months. The lease liability represents the discounted obligation to make future minimum lease payments. The corresponding right-of-use asset includes the discounted obligation in addition to any upfront payment or cost incurred during contract execution of the lease. Recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease will depend on classification as a finance or operating lease. Occidental is the lessee under various agreements for real estate, equipment, plants and facilities, aircraft and information technology hardware that are currently accounted for as operating leases. As a result, these new rules will increase reported assets and liabilities. Occidental will not be an early adopter of this standard. Occidental will apply the revised lease rules for its interim and annual reporting periods starting January 1, 2019, using a modified retrospective approach, including several optional practical expedients related to leases that commenced before the effective date. Occidental is currently evaluating the effect of these rules on its financial statements, training employees, working with third-party consultants and has developed an internal interim software solution for the identification, documentation, tracking, and accounting of leases in order to create an adoption plan based on Occidental's population of leases under the revised definition of leases. Occidental is currently in the test phase and continues to evaluate existing and new lease contracts for compliance. The quantitative impacts of the new standard are dependent on the leases in force at the time of adoption. As a result, the evaluation of the effect of the new standard will extend over future periods.

4. Revenue Recognition

On January 1, 2018, Occidental adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018, are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted. There was no impact of adopting ASC 606 to the opening balance of retained earnings. There was no impact to the timing or amount of revenue recognized in the six months ended June 30, 2018, as a result of the adoption of ASC 606.

Revenue from customers is recognized when obligations under the terms of a contract with our customer are satisfied; this generally occurs with the delivery of oil, gas, natural gas liquids ("NGL"), chemicals or services such as transportation. Revenue from customers is measured as the amount of consideration Occidental expects to receive in exchange for the delivery of goods or services. Contracts may last from one month to one year or more, and may

8



have renewal terms that extend indefinitely at the option of either party. Price is typically based on market indexes. Volumes fluctuate due to production and, in certain cases, customer demand and transportation availability. Occidental records revenue net of certain taxes, such as sales taxes, that are assessed by governmental authorities on Occidental's customers. Occidental has elected a practical expedient under ASC 606 and will not disclose revenue recognizable in future periods for unsatisfied performance obligations because the consideration related to those performance obligations is based on volume or market prices, which are variable.

Occidental does not incur significant costs to obtain contracts. Incidental items that are immaterial in the context of the contract are recognized as expense. Sales of hydrocarbons and chemicals to customers are invoiced and settled on a monthly basis. Occidental is not usually subject to obligations for warranties, returns or refunds except in the case of customer incentive payments as discussed for the chemical segment below. Occidental does not typically receive payment in advance of satisfying its obligations under the terms of its sales contracts with customers; therefore, liabilities related to such payment are immaterial to Occidental. As of June 30, 2018, trade receivables, net, of $5.5 billion, represents rights to payment for which Occidental has satisfied its obligations under a contract and its right to payment is conditioned only on the passage of time.

Oil and Gas Segment

Revenue is recognized from oil and gas production when it is delivered and control passes to the customer. Revenues from the production of oil and gas properties in which Occidental has an interest with other producers are recognized on the basis of Occidental’s net revenue interest.

Chemical Segment

Revenue from chemical product sales is recognized when control passes to the customer. Certain incentive programs may provide for payments or credits to be made to customers based on the volume of product purchased over a defined period. Customer incentives are estimated and recorded as a reduction to revenue ratably over the contract period. Such estimates are evaluated and revised as warranted. Revenue from exchange contracts is excluded from revenue from customers.

Midstream and Marketing Segment

Pipeline and gas processing revenue is recognized upon the completion of the transportation or processing service. Revenue from power sales is recognized upon delivery. Net marketing margin is included in net sales, but excluded from revenue from customers. Net marketing margin is recognized upon completion of contract terms that are a prerequisite to payment and upon title transfer for physical deliveries. Unless normal sales treatment has been elected, net marketing margin is classified as a derivative, reported on a net basis, recorded at fair value and changes in fair value are reflected in net sales.

The following table shows a reconciliation of revenue from customers to total net sales (in millions):
  Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
     
Revenue from customers $3,831
 $7,556
All other revenues (a)
 252
 290
Total net sales $4,083
 $7,846
 
(a) Includes net marketing margin and chemical exchange contracts.


9



The following table presents Occidental's revenue from customers by segment, product, and geographical area. Because the oil and gas segment typically sells its hydrocarbons at the lease or concession area, oil, gas and NGL are assumed to be sold in the area where they are produced. Chemical and midstream revenues are shown by area based on the location of the sale (in millions):
For the three months ended June 30, 2018
Revenue by Product United States Middle East Latin America Other International Total
           
Oil and Gas Segment          
Oil $1,334
 $718
 $180
 $
 $2,232
NGL 111
 64
 
 
 175
Gas 42
 73
 3
 
 118
Other 4
 1
 1
 
 6
Segment Total $1,491
 $856
 $184
 $
 $2,531
           
Chemical Segment $1,102
 $
 $51
 $17
 $1,170
           
Midstream Segment          
Marketing and Trading $2
 $
 $
 $
 $2
Gas Processing 131
 104
 
 
 235
Pipelines 101
 
 
 
 101
Power and Other 19
 
 
 
 19
Segment Total $253
 $104
 $
 $
 $357
           
Intersegment Eliminations $(227) $
 $
 $
 $(227)
           
Consolidated $2,619
 $960
 $235
 $17
 $3,831

For the six months ended June 30, 2018
Revenue by Product United States Middle East Latin America Other International Total
           
Oil and Gas Segment          
Oil $2,581
 $1,491
 $350
 $
 $4,422
NGL 200
 115
 
 
 315
Gas 94
 138
 7
 
 239
Other 7
 1
 1
 
 9
Segment Total $2,882
 $1,745
 $358
 $
 $4,985
           
Chemical Segment $2,182
 $
 $103
 $38
 $2,323
           
Midstream Segment          
Marketing and Trading $8
 $
 $
 $
 $8
Gas Processing 268
 200
 
 
 468
Pipelines 195
 
 
 
 195
Power and Other 38
 
 
 
 38
Segment Total $509
 $200
 $
 $
 $709
           
Intersegment Eliminations $(461) $
 $
 $
 $(461)
           
Consolidated $5,112
 $1,945
 $461
 $38
 $7,556




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5. Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Occidental paid foreign income taxes and domestic state taxes of $545 million and $375 million during the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively. Occidental received domestic tax refunds of $2 million and $755 million during the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively. Interest paid totaled $182 million and $155 million during the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, respectively.

6. Inventories

Finished goods primarily represents crude oil, caustic soda and vinyl products. Inventories as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, consisted of the following (in millions):
  2018 2017 
      
Raw materials $68
 $66
 
Materials and supplies 466
 447
 
Finished goods 858
 776
 
  1,392
 1,289
 
Revaluation to LIFO (45) (43) 
Total $1,347
 $1,246
 

7. Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures

Occidental’s operations are subject to stringent federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations related to improving or maintaining environmental quality. The laws that require or address environmental remediation, including the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and similar federal, state, local and foreign laws, may apply retroactively and regardless of fault, the legality of the original activities or the current ownership or control of sites. OPC or certain of its subsidiaries participate in or actively monitor a range of remedial activities and government or private proceedings under these laws with respect to alleged past practices at operating, closed and third-party sites. Remedial activities may include one or more of the following: investigation involving sampling, modeling, risk assessment or monitoring; cleanup measures including removal, treatment or disposal of hazardous substances; or operation and maintenance of remedial systems. These environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties, injunctive relief and government oversight costs.

As of June 30, 2018, Occidental participated in or monitored remedial activities or proceedings at 148 sites. The following table presents Occidental’s current and non-current environmental remediation reserves as of June 30, 2018, which were included in current liabilities ($140 million) and deferred credits and other liabilities - environmental remediation reserves ($731 million). The reserves are grouped as environmental remediation sites listed or proposed for listing by the United States Environmental Protection Agency on the CERCLA National Priorities List (NPL sites) and three categories of non-NPL sites — third-party sites, Occidental-operated sites and closed or non-operated Occidental sites.
  Number of Sites Reserve Balance
(in millions)
 
      
NPL sites 34
 $454
 
Third-party sites 70
 173
 
Occidental-operated sites 15
 105
 
Closed or non-operated Occidental sites 29
 139
 
Total 148
 $871
 

As of June 30, 2018, Occidental’s environmental reserves exceeded $10 million each at 16 of the 148 sites described above, and 91 of the sites each had reserves of $1 million or less. Based on current estimates, Occidental expects to expend funds corresponding to approximately 40 percent of the environmental reserves at the sites described above over the next three to four years and the balance at these sites over the subsequent 10 or more years.

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Occidental believes its estimable amount of reasonably possible additional losses beyond those liabilities recorded for environmental remediation at these sites could range up to $1.1 billion. The status of Occidental's involvement with the sites and related significant assumptions, including those sites indemnified by Maxus Energy Corporation (Maxus), has not changed materially since December 31, 2017.

Maxus Environmental Sites

When Occidental acquired Diamond Shamrock Chemicals Company (DSCC) in 1986, Maxus, a subsidiary of YPF S.A. (YPF), agreed to indemnify Occidental for a number of environmental sites, including the Diamond Alkali Superfund Site (Site) along a portion of the Passaic River. On June 17, 2016, Maxus and several affiliated companies filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in Federal District Court in the State of Delaware. Prior to filing for bankruptcy, Maxus defended and indemnified Occidental in connection with clean-up and other costs associated with the sites subject to the indemnity, including the Site.

In March 2016, the EPA issued a Record of Decision (ROD) specifying remedial actions required for the lower 8.3 miles of the Lower Passaic River. The ROD does not address any potential remedial action for the upper nine miles of the Lower Passaic River or Newark Bay. During the third quarter of 2016, and following Maxus’s bankruptcy filing, Occidental and the EPA entered into an Administrative Order on Consent (AOC) to complete the design of the proposed clean-up plan outlined in the ROD at an estimated cost of $165 million. The EPA announced that it will pursue similar agreements with other potentially responsible parties.

Occidental has accrued a reserve relating to its estimated allocable share of the costs to perform the design and the remediation called for in the AOC and the ROD, as well as for certain other Maxus-indemnified sites. Occidental's accrued estimated environmental reserve does not consider any recoveries for indemnified costs. Occidental’s ultimate share of this liability may be higher or lower than the reserved amount, and is subject to final design plans and the resolution of Occidental's allocable share with other potentially responsible parties. Occidental continues to evaluate the costs to be incurred to comply with the AOC, the ROD and to perform remediation at other Maxus-indemnified sites in light of the Maxus bankruptcy and the share of ultimate liability of other potentially responsible parties. In June 2018, Occidental filed a complaint under CERCLA in Federal District Court in the State of New Jersey against numerous potentially responsible parties for reimbursement of amounts incurred or to be incurred to comply with the AOC, the ROD or to perform other remediation activities at the Site.

In June 2017, the court overseeing the Maxus bankruptcy approved a Plan of Liquidation (Plan) to liquidate Maxus and create a trust to pursue claims against YPF, Repsol and others to satisfy claims by Occidental and other creditors for past and future cleanup and other costs. In July 2017, the court-approved Plan became final and the trust became effective. Among other responsibilities, the trust will pursue claims against YPF, Repsol and others and distribute assets to Maxus' creditors in accordance with the trust agreement and Plan. In June 2018, the trust filed its complaint against YPF and Repsol in Delaware bankruptcy court asserting claims based upon, among other things, fraudulent transfer and alter ego.

8. Lawsuits, Claims, Commitments and Contingencies

Legal Matters

Occidental or certain of its subsidiaries are involved, in the normal course of business, in lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that seek, among other things, compensation for alleged personal injury, breach of contract, property damage or other losses, punitive damages, civil penalties, or injunctive or declaratory relief. Occidental or certain of its subsidiaries also are involved in proceedings under CERCLA and similar federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws. These environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties and injunctive relief. Usually Occidental or such subsidiaries are among many companies in these environmental proceedings and have to date been successful in sharing response costs with other financially sound companies. Further, some lawsuits, claims and legal proceedings involve acquired or disposed assets with respect to which a third party or Occidental retains liability or indemnifies the other party for conditions that existed prior to the transaction.


12



In 2016, Occidental received payments from the Republic of Ecuador of approximately $1.0 billion pursuant to a November 2015 arbitration award for Ecuador’s 2006 expropriation of Occidental's Participation Contract for Block 15.  The awarded amount represented a recovery of 60 percent of the value of Block 15.  In 2017, Andes Petroleum Ecuador Ltd. (Andes) filed a demand for arbitration, claiming it is entitled to a 40 percent share of the judgment amount obtained by Occidental.  Occidental contends that Andes is not entitled to any of the amounts paid under the 2015 arbitration award because Occidental’s recovery was limited to Occidental’s own 60 percent economic interest in the block. Occidental intends to vigorously defend against this claim in arbitration.

In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, Occidental accrues reserves for outstanding lawsuits, claims and proceedings when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the liability can be reasonably estimated. In Note 7, Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures, Occidental has disclosed its reserve balances for environmental remediation matters that satisfy this criteria. Reserve balances for matters, other than environmental remediation, that satisfy this criteria as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, were not material to Occidental’s consolidated balance sheets.

The ultimate outcome and impact of outstanding lawsuits, claims and proceedings on Occidental cannot be predicted. Management believes that the resolution of these matters will not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on Occidental's consolidated balance sheet. If unfavorable outcomes of these matters were to occur, future results of operations or cash flows for any particular quarterly or annual period could be materially adversely affected. Occidental’s estimates are based on information known about the legal matters and its experience in contesting, litigating and settling similar matters. Occidental reassesses the probability and estimability of contingent losses as new information becomes available.

Tax Matters

During the course of its operations, Occidental is subject to audit by tax authorities for varying periods in various federal, state, local and foreign tax jurisdictions. Although taxable years through 2012 for United States federal income tax purposes have been audited by the United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) pursuant to its Compliance Assurance Program, subsequent taxable years are currently under review.  Taxable years from 2002 through the current year remain subject to examination by foreign and state government tax authorities in certain jurisdictions. In certain of these jurisdictions, tax authorities are in various stages of auditing Occidental’s income taxes. During the course of tax audits, disputes have arisen and other disputes may arise as to facts and matters of law. Occidental believes that the resolution of outstanding tax matters would not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position or results of operations.

Indemnities to Third Parties

Occidental, its subsidiaries, or both, have indemnified various parties against specified liabilities those parties might incur in the future in connection with purchases and other transactions that they have entered into with Occidental. These indemnities usually are contingent upon the other party incurring liabilities that reach specified thresholds. As of June 30, 2018, Occidental is not aware of circumstances that it believes would reasonably be expected to lead to indemnity claims that would result in payments materially in excess of reserves.


13



9. Retirement and Postretirement Benefit Plans

The following tables set forth the components of the net periodic benefit costs for Occidental’s defined benefit plans for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017 (in millions):
Three months ended June 30 2018 2017
Net Periodic Benefit Costs Pension Benefit Postretirement Benefit Pension Benefit Postretirement Benefit
         
Service cost $2
 $6
 $2
 $5
Interest cost 4
 9
 4
 10
Expected return on plan assets (6) 
 (6) 
Recognized actuarial loss 1
 6
 2
 4
Total $1
 $21
 $2
 $19

Six months ended June 30 2018 2017
Net Periodic Benefit Costs Pension Benefit Postretirement Benefit Pension Benefit Postretirement Benefit
         
Service cost $4
 $12
 $4
 $10
Interest cost 8
 18
 8
 20
Expected return on plan assets (12) 
 (12) 
Recognized actuarial loss 2
 10
 4
 8
Total $2
 $40
 $4
 $38

Occidental contributed approximately $1 million in each of the three months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, and approximately $2 million in each of the six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017, to its defined benefit plans.

10. Fair Value Measurements

Occidental has categorized its assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value in a three-level fair value hierarchy, based on the inputs to the valuation techniques: Level 1 — using quoted prices in active markets for the assets or liabilities; Level 2 — using observable inputs other than quoted prices for the assets or liabilities; and Level 3 — using unobservable inputs.  Transfers between levels, if any, are recognized at the end of each reporting period.


14



The following tables provide fair value measurement information for such assets and liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017 (in millions):
Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2018:      
Embedded derivatives Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 
Netting and
Collateral
 
Total Fair
Value
           
Liabilities:          
Accrued liabilities $
 $17
 $
 $
 $17
Deferred credits and other liabilities $
 $86
 $
 $
 $86
       
Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2017:      
Embedded derivatives Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 
Netting and
Collateral
 
Total Fair
Value
           
Liabilities:          
Accrued liabilities $
 $39
 $
 $
 $39
Deferred credits and other liabilities $
 $147
 $
 $
 $147

Fair Values — Nonrecurring

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, Occidental recognized pre-tax impairment charges of $42 million related to non-core Permian acreage and an investment in gas processing facilities. During the year ended December 31, 2017, Occidental recognized pre-tax impairment charges of $397 million primarily related to held-for-sale, non-core, proved and unproved Permian acreage.

Other Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents and other on-balance-sheet financial instruments, other than long-term, fixed-rate debt, approximate fair value. The cost, if any, to terminate Occidental's off-balance-sheet financial instruments is not significant. Occidental estimates the fair value of fixed-rate debt based on the quoted market prices for those instruments or on quoted market yields for similarly rated debt instruments, taking into account such instruments’ maturities. The estimated fair value of Occidental’s debt as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, was $10.4 billion for both periods. The remaining principal payments, less the discount on long-term debt, aggregated approximately $10.4 billion and $9.9 billion as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively.

11. Derivatives

Occidental uses a variety of derivative financial instruments and physical contracts, including those designated as cash flow hedges, to manage its exposure to commodity price fluctuations, transportation commitments and to fix margins on the future sale of stored volumes of oil and natural gas. Where Occidental buys product for its own consumption or sells its production to a defined customer, Occidental elects normal purchases and normal sales exclusions. Occidental usually applies cash flow hedge accounting treatment to derivative financial instruments to lock in margins on the forecast sales of its natural gas storage volumes, and at times for other strategies to lock in margins. Occidental also enters into derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes; however, the results of any transactions are immaterial to the marketing portfolio.

The financial instruments not designated as hedges will impact Occidental's earnings through mark-to-market until the offsetting future physical commodity is delivered. For GAAP purposes, any physical inventory is carried at lower of cost or market on the balance sheet. A substantial majority of Occidental's physical derivative contracts are index-based and carry no mark-to-market value in earnings. Net gains and losses associated with derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments are recognized currently in net sales. Net gains and losses attributable to derivative instruments subject to hedge accounting reside in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and are reclassified to earnings as the transactions to which the derivatives relate are recognized in earnings.


15



Credit Risk

The majority of Occidental's counterparty credit risk is related to the physical delivery of energy commodities to its customers and their inability to meet their settlement commitments. Occidental manages credit risk by selecting counterparties that it believes to be financially strong, by entering into netting arrangements with counterparties and by requiring collateral or other credit risk mitigants, as appropriate. Occidental actively evaluates the creditworthiness of its counterparties, assigns appropriate credit limits and monitors credit exposures against those assigned limits. Occidental also enters into future contracts through regulated exchanges with select clearinghouses and brokers, which are subject to minimal credit risk as a significant portion of these transactions settle on a daily margin basis.

Certain of Occidental's over-the-counter derivative instruments contain credit-risk-contingent features, primarily tied to credit ratings for Occidental or its counterparties, which may affect the amount of collateral that each would need to post. Occidental believes that if it had received a one-notch reduction in its credit ratings, it would not have resulted in a material change in its collateral-posting requirements as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017.

Cash-Flow Hedges

Occidental’s marketing operations store natural gas purchased from third parties at Occidental’s leased storage facilities. Derivative instruments are used to fix margins on the future sales of the stored volumes. As of June 30, 2018, Occidental did not have any cash-flow hedges. As of December 31, 2017, Occidental had approximately 7 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas held in storage, and had cash-flow hedges for the forecast sales, to be settled by physical delivery, of approximately 7 Bcf of stored natural gas.

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments

Forward unrealized instruments that are derivatives not designated as hedging instruments are required to be recorded on the income statement and balance sheet at fair value. The fair value represents an unrealized gain or loss between executed sales prices and market prices at the end of the period. The fair value does not reflect the realized or cash value of the instrument. Substantially all of the fair value of Occidental's derivative instruments not designated as hedges are used to manage its exposure to commodity price fluctuations and settle within three months at a weighted average sales price of $70.90 and $2.53 for crude oil and natural gas, respectively at June 30, 2018. The remaining fair value of derivative instruments not designated as hedges was immaterial. The weighted average sales price was $57.38 and $2.73 for crude oil and natural gas, respectively, at December 31, 2017.

The following table summarizes the amounts reported in net sales related to the outstanding commodity derivatives not designated as hedging instruments as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
(in millions, except Long/(Short) volumes) 2018 2017
     
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives not designated as hedges    
Crude Oil Commodity Contracts $(73) $(47)
Natural Gas Commodity Contracts $
 $1
Outstanding net volumes on derivatives not designated as hedges    
Crude Oil Commodity Contracts    
Volume (MMBL) 45
 61
Natural Gas Commodity Contracts    
Volume (Bcf) (57) (47)


16



Fair Value of Derivatives

The following table presents the gross and net fair values of Occidental’s outstanding derivatives as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017 (in millions):
As of June 30, 2018 Fair Value Measurements Using 
Netting (b)
 Total Fair Value
(in millions) Balance Sheet Location Level 1 Level 2 Level 3  
             
Assets:            
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (a)
          
Commodity contracts Other current assets 933
 655
 
 (1,027) 561
 Long-term receivables and other assets, net 40
 4
 
 (41) 3
Liabilities:            
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (a)
          
Commodity contracts Accrued liabilities 979
 682
 
 (1,027) 634
 Deferred credits and other liabilities 40
 3
 
 (41) 2
As of December 31, 2017 Fair Value Measurements Using 
Netting (b)
 Total Fair Value
(in millions) Balance Sheet Location Level 1 Level 2 Level 3  
             
Assets:            
Cash-flow hedges (a)
            
Commodity contracts Other current assets 
 3
 
 
 3
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (a)
          
Commodity contracts Other current assets 485
 227
 
 (517) 195
 Long-term receivables and other assets, net 1
 2
 
 (1) 2
Liabilities:            
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (a)
          
Commodity contracts Accrued liabilities 535
 222
 
 (517) 240
 Deferred credits and other liabilities 1
 3
 
 (1) 3
 
(a)Fair values are presented at gross amounts, including when the derivatives are subject to master netting arrangements and presented on a net basis in the consolidated condensed balance sheets.
(b)These amounts do not include collateral. As of June 30, 2018, collateral received of $4 million has been netted against derivative assets and collateral paid of $40 million has been netted against derivative liabilities. As of December 31, 2017, no collateral received has been netted against derivative assets and collateral paid of $54 million has been netted against derivative liabilities. Select clearinghouse and brokers require Occidental to post an initial margin deposit. Collateral deposited by Occidental, mainly for initial margin, of $73 million and $53 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, has not been reflected in these derivative fair value tables. This collateral is included in other current assets in the consolidated condensed balance sheets.

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12. Industry Segments

Occidental conducts its operations through three segments: (1) oil and gas; (2) chemical; and (3) midstream and marketing. The oil and gas segment explores for, develops and produces oil and condensate, NGL and natural gas. The chemical segment mainly manufactures and markets basic chemicals and vinyls. The midstream and marketing segment gathers, processes, transports, stores, purchases and markets oil, condensate, NGL, natural gas, CO2 and power. It also trades around its assets, including transportation and storage capacity. Additionally, the midstream and marketing segment invests in entities that conduct similar activities.

Results of industry segments generally exclude income taxes, interest income, interest expense, environmental remediation expenses, unallocated corporate expenses and discontinued operations, but include gains and losses from dispositions of segment and geographic area assets and income from the segments' equity investments. Intersegment sales eliminate upon consolidation and are generally made at prices approximating those that the selling entity would be able to obtain in third-party transactions. The following tables present Occidental’s industry segments (in millions):
  Oil   Midstream Corporate  
  and   and and  
  Gas Chemical Marketing Eliminations Total
Three months ended June 30, 2018          
Net sales $2,531
 $1,176
 $603
 $(227) $4,083
Pre-tax operating profit (loss) $780
 $317
 $250
 $(197)
(a) 
$1,150
Income taxes 
 
 
 (302)
(b) 
(302)
Net income (loss) $780
 $317
 $250
 $(499) $848
           
Three months ended June 30, 2017          
Net sales $1,848
 $1,156
 $270
 $(214) $3,060
Pre-tax operating profit (loss) $627
(c) 
$230
 $119
(d) 
$(184)
(a) 
$792
Income taxes 
 
 
 (285)
(b) 
(285)
Net income (loss) $627

$230

$119

$(469)
$507
 

  Oil   Midstream Corporate  
  and   and and  
  Gas Chemical Marketing Eliminations Total
Six months ended June 30, 2018          
Net sales $4,985
 $2,330
 $992
 $(461) $7,846
Pre-tax operating profit (loss) $1,530
 $615
 $429
 $(377)
(a) 
$2,197
Income taxes 
 
 
 (641)
(b) 
(641)
Net income (loss) $1,530
 $615
 $429
 $(1,018) $1,556
           
Six months ended June 30, 2017          
Net sales $3,742
 $2,224
 $481
 $(430) $6,017
Pre-tax operating profit (loss) $847
(c) 
$400
 $72
(d) 
$(332)
(a) 
$987
Income taxes 
 
 
 (363)
(b) 
(363)
Net income (loss) $847
 $400
 $72
 $(695) $624


(a) Includes unallocated net interest expense, administration expense, environmental remediation and other pre-tax items.
(b) Includes all foreign and domestic income taxes from continuing operations.
(c) Includes gain on sale of domestic oil and gas assets, including South Texas, of $510 million.
(d) Includes a non-cash fair value gain of $94 million on the Plains equity investment.

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13. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share (EPS) was computed by dividing net income attributable to common stock, net of income allocated to participating securities, by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period, net of treasury shares and including vested but unissued shares and share units. The computation of diluted EPS reflects the additional dilutive effect of stock options and unvested stock awards. Occidental’s instruments containing rights to nonforfeitable dividends granted in stock-based awards are considered participating securities prior to vesting and, therefore, net income allocated to these participating securities has been deducted from earnings in computing basic and diluted EPS under the two-class method. The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted EPS for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017 (in millions, except per-share amounts):
  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
   
  2018 2017 2018 2017
Basic EPS        
Net Income $848
 $507
 $1,556
 $624
Less: Net income allocated to participating securities (5) (2) (8) (2)
Net Income, net of participating securities 843
 505
 1,548
 622
         
Weighted average number of basic shares 765.7
 764.9
 765.7
 764.7
Basic EPS $1.10
 $0.66
 $2.02
 $0.81
Diluted EPS        
Net income, net of participating securities $843
 $505
 $1,548
 $622
Weighted average number of basic shares 765.7
 764.9
 765.7
 764.7
Dilutive effect of potentially dilutive securities 1.7
 1.0
 1.5
 0.8
Total diluted weighted average common shares 767.4
 765.9
 767.2
 765.5
Diluted EPS $1.10
 $0.66
 $2.02
 $0.81

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Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
In this report, “Occidental” means Occidental Petroleum Corporation (OPC), or OPC and one or more entities in which it owns a controlling interest (subsidiaries). Portions of this report contain forward-looking statements and involve risks and uncertainties that could materially affect expected results of operations, liquidity, cash flows and business prospects. Actual results may differ from anticipated results, sometimes materially, and reported results should not be considered an indication of future performance. Factors that could cause results to differ include, but are not limited to: global commodity pricing fluctuations; supply and demand considerations for Occidental’s products; higher-than-expected costs; the regulatory approval environment; not successfully completing, or any material delay of, field developments, expansion projects, capital expenditures, efficiency projects, acquisitions or dispositions; uncertainties about the estimated quantities of oil and natural gas reserves; lower-than-expected production from development projects or acquisitions; exploration risks; general economic slowdowns domestically or internationally; political conditions and events; liability under environmental regulations including remedial actions; litigation; disruption or interruption of production or manufacturing or facility damage due to accidents, chemical releases, labor unrest, weather, natural disasters, cyber attacks or insurgent activity; failure of risk management; changes in law or regulations; reorganization or restructuring of Occidental’s operations; or changes in tax rates. Words such as “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “might,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “intend,” “believe,” “expect,” “aim,” “goal,” “target,” “objective,” “likely” or similar expressions that convey the prospective nature of events or outcomes generally indicate forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. Unless legally required, Occidental does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Material risks that may affect Occidental’s results of operations and financial position appear in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of Occidental's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (the 2017 Form 10-K).

Consolidated Results of Operations
 
Occidental reported net income of $848 million for the second quarter of 2018 on net sales of $4.1 billion, compared to net income of $507 million on net sales of $3.1 billion for the second quarter of 2017. Diluted earnings per share was $1.10 for the second quarter of 2018 compared to $0.66 for the second quarter of 2017.

Occidental reported net income of $1.6 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2018, on net sales of $7.8 billion, compared to net income of $624 million on net sales of $6.0 billion for the same period of 2017. Diluted earnings per share was $2.02 for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $0.81 for the same period of 2017.

Net income increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, when compared to the same periods of 2017, across all segments. Excluding the gain on sale of South Texas operations in the second quarter of 2017, approximately two-thirds of the increase in earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the same periods of 2017, was the result of higher crude oil prices, higher domestic volumes, and lower depreciation, depletion and amortization (DD&A) rates in the oil and gas segment. The remaining increase reflected higher marketing margins from improved crude oil spreads in the marketing business as well as higher realized caustic soda prices and favorable plant margins due to lower ethylene and energy costs.

Selected Statements of Operations Items

Net sales increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the same periods in 2017, as a result of higher crude oil prices and higher domestic crude oil volumes in the oil and gas segment, higher realized caustic soda prices in the chemical segment and higher marketing margins in the midstream and marketing segment. Gain on the sale of assets, net, totaling $512 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, primarily reflected gains on sale of the South Texas operations.

Cost of sales decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the same periods in 2017, mainly due to lower raw materials costs in the chemical segment and changes in the fair value of a long-term contract to purchase carbon dioxide in the oil and gas segment, partially offset by higher third party crude purchases.

The increase in selling, general and administrative and other operating expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the same periods in 2017, reflected higher stock compensation costs due to Occidental's higher stock price and higher environmental remediation costs. Taxes other than on income increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the same periods of 2017, mainly due to higher production taxes

20



as a result of higher domestic oil prices. The decrease in DD&A expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the same periods in 2017, was mainly due to lower DD&A rates in the Permian Resources oil and gas operations.

The increase in the domestic and foreign income tax provision for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the same periods in 2017, reflected higher pre-tax operating income.

Income from equity investments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, reflected a non-cash fair value gain on the Plains equity investment.

Selected Analysis of Financial Position
 
See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for a discussion about the changes in cash and cash equivalents.
 
The increase in trade receivables, net, at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, was primarily due to higher crude oil prices and volumes. The increase in inventories at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, reflected an increase in domestic crude oil in transit from the Ingleside Crude Terminal at June 30, 2018. The increase in other current assets at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, reflected mark-to-market increases on derivative financial instruments.

Assets and liabilities held for sale primarily represent non-core midstream assets and non-core proved and unproved domestic acreage. The increase in assets held for sale from December 31, 2017, is primarily the result of the addition of $1.5 billion in non-core upstream and midstream property, plant and equipment, partially offset by the divestiture of non-core Permian and midstream assets with a book value of $0.3 billion. Excluding the reclassification of assets held for sale, the increase in property, plant and equipment, net at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, is primarily the result of capital expenditures and property acquisitions of $2.3 billion and $0.2 billion, respectively, which were partially offset by DD&A of $1.8 billion.

The decrease in the current portion of long-term debt at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, reflected the repayment of $500 million of 1.5-percent senior notes that matured in February 2018. The increase in accounts payable at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, mainly reflected higher crude oil prices and third-party purchases. The increase in accrued liabilities at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, mainly reflected mark-to-market increases on derivative financial instruments, partially offset by payments related to incentive compensation that were paid in the first quarter of 2018. The increase in long-term debt at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, reflected the issuance of $1.0 billion of 4.2-percent senior notes due 2048. The increase in deferred domestic and foreign income taxes at June 30, 2018, compared to December 31, 2017, was primarily due to accelerated depreciation for tax purposes.



21



Segment Operations
 
Occidental conducts its operations through three segments: (1) oil and gas; (2) chemical; and (3) midstream and marketing. The oil and gas segment explores for, develops and produces oil and condensate, NGL and natural gas. The chemical segment mainly manufactures and markets basic chemicals and vinyls. The midstream and marketing segment gathers, processes, transports, stores, purchases and markets oil, condensate, NGL, natural gas, CO2 and power. It also trades around its assets, including transportation and storage capacity. Additionally, the midstream and marketing segment invests in entities that conduct similar activities. The following table sets forth the sales and earnings of each operating segment and corporate items for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017 (in millions):
  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
  2018 2017 2018 2017
Net Sales (a)
        
Oil and Gas $2,531
 $1,848
 $4,985
 $3,742
Chemical 1,176
 1,156
 2,330
 2,224
Midstream and Marketing 603
 270
 992
 481
Eliminations (227) (214) (461) (430)
  $4,083
 $3,060
 $7,846
 $6,017
Segment Results        
Oil and Gas $780
 $627
 $1,530
 $847
Chemical 317
 230
 615
 400
Midstream and Marketing 250
 119
 429
 72
  1,347

976
 2,574
 1,319
Unallocated Corporate Items        
Interest expense, net (91) (81) (183) (159)
Income tax provision (302) (285) (641) (363)
Other expense, net (106) (103) (194) (173)
  




    
Net Income $848
 $507
 $1,556
 $624

(a) Intersegment sales eliminate upon consolidation and are generally made at prices approximating those that the selling entity would be able to obtain in third-party transactions.

Significant Transactions and Events Affecting Earnings

The following table sets forth significant transactions and events affecting Occidental’s earnings that vary widely and unpredictably in nature, timing and amount for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017 (in millions):
  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
  2018 2017 2018 2017
         
Oil and Gas        
Gain on sale of assets and other $
 $510
 $
 $510
         
Chemical        
No significant items $
 $
 $
 $
         
Midstream and Marketing        
Non-cash fair value gain on Plains equity investment $
 $94
 $
 $94
         
Corporate        
Tax effect of pre-tax adjustments $
 $(216) $
 $(216)
         
Total $
 $388
 $
 $388


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Worldwide Effective Tax Rate

The following table sets forth the calculation of the worldwide effective tax rate for income from continuing operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017 (in millions):
  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
  2018 2017 2018 2017
         
Oil and Gas $780
 $627
 $1,530
 $847
Chemical 317
 230
 615
 400
Midstream and Marketing 250
 119
 429
 72
Unallocated Corporate Items (197) (184) (377) (332)
Pre-tax Income 1,150

792
 2,197
 987
         
Income tax (provision) benefit        
Federal and state (76) (79) (171) 34
Foreign (226) (206) (470) (397)
Total (302)
(285) (641) (363)
         
Income from continuing operations $848

$507
 $1,556
 $624
         
Worldwide effective tax rate 26% 36% 29% 37%

In 2017, Occidental recorded a provisional estimate for the federal and state income tax associated with the mandatory deemed repatriation, as required under the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Reform), and the resulting impact to the net federal deferred tax liability. As of June 30, 2018, additional definitive technical guidance has been provided related to a portion of the provisional estimate made as of December 31, 2017. The additional guidance did not result in any change to the provisional estimates recorded as of December 31, 2017. However, the ultimate impact of Tax Reform may differ from Occidental’s estimates due to changes in interpretations and assumptions, as well as additional regulatory guidance.
Oil and Gas Segment
 
Oil and gas segment earnings were $780 million and $1.5 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively, compared with segment earnings of $627 million and $847 million for the same periods of 2017. The three and six months ended June 30, 2017, included a $510 million pre-tax gain, primarily on the sale of South Texas operations. Excluding the gain on sale, the increase in earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the same periods in 2017, reflected significantly higher oil and NGL prices as both average WTI and Brent oil prices increased by over 30 percent, higher domestic volumes and lower DD&A rates, which decreased by approximately 8 percent.

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The following tables set forth the total production and sales volumes for oil, NGL and natural gas per day for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017. The differences between the production and sales volumes per day are generally due to the timing of shipments at Occidental’s international locations, where the product is loaded onto tankers.
  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
Production Volumes per Day 2018 2017 2018 2017
Oil (MBBL)        
United States (b)
 240
 195
 234
 193
Middle East 135
 151
 138
 151
Latin America 31
 32
 31
 30
NGL (MBBL)        
United States (b)
 65
 51
 62
 49
Middle East 30
 32
 27
 30
Natural Gas (MMCF)        
United States (b)
 316
 254
 305
 251
Middle East 506
 532
 478
 487
Latin America 6
 7
 6
 7
Total Production Ongoing Operations (MBOE) 639

594
 624
 577
Operations Exited 
 7
 
 16
Total Production Volumes (MBOE) (a)
 639
 601
 624
 593
  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
Sales Volumes per Day 2018 2017 2018 2017
Oil (MBBL)        
United States (b)
 240
 195
 234
 193
Middle East 119
 151
 130
 151
Latin America 30
 34
 31
 30
NGL (MBBL)        
United States (b)
 65
 51
 62
 49
Middle East 30
 32
 27
 30
Natural Gas (MMCF)        
United States (b)
 316
 254
 305
 251
Middle East 506
 532
 480
 487
Latin America 6
 7
 6
 7
Total Sales Ongoing Operations (MBOE) 622

596
 616
 577
Operations Exited 
 7
 
 16
Total Sales Volumes (MBOE) (a)
 622
 603
 616
 593
 
(a) Natural gas volumes have been converted to thousands of barrels (MMBL) of oil equivalent (MBOE) based on energy content of six million cubic feet (MMCF) of gas to one thousand barrels of oil (MBOE). Barrels of oil equivalence does not necessarily result in price equivalence.
(b) Excludes 2 MBBL and 32 MMCF of NGLs and gas for the three months ended June 30, 2017, related to South Texas. Excludes 1 MBBL, 3 MMBL and 70 MMCF of oil, NGLs and gas for the six months ended June 30, 2017, related to South Texas.
 
Total average daily production volumes were 639,000 BOE for the second quarter of 2018 compared to 601,000 BOE for the second quarter of 2017. For the second quarter of 2018, total company average daily oil and gas production volumes for ongoing operations increased by 45,000 BOE to 639,000 BOE from 594,000 BOE in the second quarter of 2017, primarily due to Permian Resources which increased production by 63,000 BOE or over 45 percent as a result of increased drilling and well productivity, partially offset by the production sharing impact of higher oil prices related mainly to operations in Oman, Colombia and Qatar.

Total average daily production volumes for the first six months of 2018 and 2017 were 624,000 BOE and 593,000 BOE, respectively. For the first six months of 2018, total average daily oil and gas production volumes for ongoing operations increased by 47,000 BOE to 624,000 BOE from 577,000 BOE for the first six months of 2017, primarily due to Permian Resources production, which increased by 56,000 BOE or over 40 percent, as a result of increased

24



drilling and well productivity, partially offset by the production sharing impact of higher oil prices related mainly to operations in Oman, Colombia and Qatar.

The following tables present information about Occidental's average realized prices and index prices for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and 2017:
  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
Average Realized Prices 2018 2017 2018 2017
Oil ($/BBL)        
United States $61.08
 $44.94
 $61.06
 $46.78
Middle East $66.59
 $49.51
 $63.83
 $49.57
Latin America $65.66
 $42.60
 $62.38
 $45.12
Total Worldwide $63.12
 $46.55
 $62.07
 $47.77
NGL ($/BBL)        
United States $28.87
 $20.47
 $27.93
 $21.75
Middle East $23.58
 $16.31
 $22.79
 $17.35
Total Worldwide $27.21
 $18.90
 $26.34
 $20.18
Natural Gas ($/MCF)        
United States $1.49
 $2.23
 $1.76
 $2.48
Latin America $6.07
 $5.18
 $5.87
 $4.96
Total Worldwide $1.58
 $1.81
 $1.69
 $1.93
  Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
Average Index Prices 2018 2017 2018 2017
WTI oil ($/BBL) $67.88
 $48.29
 $65.37
 $50.10
Brent oil ($/BBL) $74.90
 $50.92
 $71.04
 $52.79
NYMEX gas ($/MCF) $2.75
 $3.14
 $2.81
 $3.20
Average Realized Prices as Percentage of Average Index Prices Three months ended June 30 Six months ended June 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Worldwide oil as a percentage of average WTI 93% 96% 95% 95%
Worldwide oil as a percentage of average Brent 84% 91% 87% 90%
Worldwide NGL as a percentage of average WTI 40% 39% 40% 40%
Domestic natural gas as a percentage of average NYMEX 54% 71% 63% 78%

Average WTI and Brent prices increased to $67.88 per barrel and $74.90 per barrel, respectively, for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $48.29 per barrel and $50.92 per barrel, respectively, for the second quarter of 2017. Worldwide realized crude oil prices increased by 36 percent to $63.12 per barrel for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $46.55 per barrel in the second quarter of 2017. Worldwide realized NGL prices increased by 44 percent to $27.21 per barrel in the second quarter of 2018, compared to $18.90 per barrel in the second quarter of 2017. Domestic realized natural gas prices decreased by 33 percent in the second quarter of 2018 to $1.49 per MCF, compared to $2.23 per MCF in the second quarter of 2017.

Average WTI and Brent prices increased to $65.37 per barrel and $71.04 per barrel, respectively, for the first six months of 2018, compared to $50.10 per barrel and $52.79 per barrel, respectively, for the same period of 2017. Worldwide realized crude oil prices increased by 30 percent to $62.07 per barrel for the first six months of 2018, compared to $47.77 per barrel for the same period of 2017. Worldwide realized NGL prices increased by 31 percent to $26.34 per barrel for the first six months of 2018, compared to $20.18 per barrel for the same period of 2017. Domestic realized natural gas prices decreased by 29 percent for the first six months of 2018 to $1.76 per MCF, compared to $2.48 per MCF for the same period of 2017.



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Chemical Segment

Chemical segment earnings for the three months ended June 30, 2018, were $317 million, compared to $230 million for the same period in 2017. Chemical segment earnings for the first six months of 2018 were $615 million, compared to $400 million for the same period of 2017. Compared to the same periods in 2017, the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, reflected significant improvements in realized caustic soda prices slightly offset by decreased chlorovinyl sales volumes, favorable plant margins due to lower ethylene and energy costs, and additional earnings contribution from the December 2017 start-up of the Geismar, Louisiana plant to produce 4CPe, a new raw material used in making next-generation refrigerants.

Midstream and Marketing Segment

Midstream and marketing earnings were $250 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018, compared with earnings of $119 million for the same period of 2017. Midstream and marketing earnings were $429 million for the first six months of 2018, compared with earnings of $72 million for the same period in 2017. The six months ended June 30, 2018, included a pre-tax gain of $43 million for the sale of interests in a gas plant. The three and six months ended June 30, 2017, included a non-cash fair value gain on the Plains equity investment of $94 million. The increase in earnings in midstream and marketing segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 reflected higher marketing margins due to the improved crude oil spreads.

On August 8, 2018, Occidental announced the sale of non-core domestic midstream assets. These assets to be sold include the Centurion common carrier oil pipeline and storage system, Southeast New Mexico oil gathering system, and Ingleside Crude Terminal. Following the transaction, Occidental will retain its long-term flow assurance, pipeline takeaway and export capacity through its retained marketing business. A substantial portion of the assets to be sold were classified as assets held for sale on the balance sheet at June 30, 2018. The assets held for sale were comprised primarily of midstream property, plant and equipment.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
At June 30, 2018, Occidental had $1.4 billion in cash and cash equivalents. Income and cash flows are largely dependent on the oil and gas segment's realized prices, sales volumes and operating costs. With a continued focus on capital efficiency and operational efficiency, Occidental expects to fund its liquidity needs, including future dividend payments, through cash on hand, cash generated from operations, monetization of non-core assets or investments, future borrowings, and, if necessary, proceeds from other forms of capital issuance.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $2.8 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $2.4 billion for the same period of 2017. Cash flows were positively impacted by higher oil prices and domestic volumes in the first six months of 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The impact of the chemical and the midstream and marketing segments on overall cash flows is typically less significant than the impact of the oil and gas segment because these segments are smaller.
 
Occidental’s net cash used by investing activities was $2.3 billion for the first six months of 2018, compared to $1.2 billion for the same period of 2017. Capital expenditures for the first six months of 2018 were $2.3 billion of which $2.1 billion was for the oil and gas segment, compared to $1.5 billion for the first six months of 2017 of which $1.2 billion was for the oil and gas segment. The first six months of 2018 also reflected $0.3 billion of cash received from the sale of assets and $0.2 billion of cash paid for the purchase of assets.

Occidental’s net cash used by financing activities was $0.8 billion for the six months of 2018, compared to net cash used by financing activities of $1.2 billion for the same period of 2017. Cash used by financing activities for the first six months of 2018 reflected the payment of $1.2 billion of dividends, payment of $0.5 billion of 1.5-percent senior notes that were due February of 2018 and proceeds from the issuance of $1.0 billion of 4.2-percent senior notes due 2048.

As of June 30, 2018, Occidental was in compliance with all covenants of its financing agreements and had substantial capacity for additional unsecured borrowings, the payment of cash dividends and other distributions on, or acquisitions of, Occidental stock.

Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures


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Occidental’s operations are subject to stringent federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations related to improving or maintaining environmental quality. Occidental’s environmental compliance costs have generally increased over time and are expected to rise in the future. Occidental factors environmental expenditures for its operations into its business planning process as an integral part of producing quality products responsive to market demand.

The laws that require or address environmental remediation, including CERCLA and similar federal, state, local and foreign laws, may apply retroactively and regardless of fault, the legality of the original activities or the current ownership or control of sites. OPC or certain of its subsidiaries participate in or actively monitor a range of remedial activities and government or private proceedings under these laws with respect to alleged past practices at operating, closed and third-party sites. Remedial activities may include one or more of the following: investigation involving sampling, modeling, risk assessment or monitoring; cleanup measures including removal, treatment or disposal of hazardous substances; or operation and maintenance of remedial systems. These environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties, injunctive relief and government oversight costs.

Refer to Note 7, Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures, in the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I Item 1 of this Form 10-Q and to the Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the 2017 Form 10-K for additional information regarding Occidental’s environmental expenditures.

Lawsuits, Claims, Commitments and Contingencies

Occidental accrues reserves for outstanding lawsuits, claims and proceedings when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the liability can be reasonably estimated. Occidental has disclosed its reserve balances for environmental remediation matters and its estimated range of reasonably possible additional losses for such matters. Reserve balances for other matters as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, were not material to Occidental's consolidated balance sheets. For further information, see Note 8, Lawsuits, Claims, Commitments and Contingencies, in the Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Recently Adopted Accounting and Disclosure Changes

See Note 3, Accounting and Disclosure Changes, in the Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, there were no material changes in the information required to be provided under Item 305 of Regulation S-K included under Item 7A, "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk" in the 2017 Form 10-K.

Item 4.Controls and Procedures

Occidental's President and Chief Executive Officer and its Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer supervised and participated in Occidental's evaluation of its disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of the end of the period covered by this report.  Based upon that evaluation, Occidental's President and Chief Executive Officer and Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer concluded that Occidental's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2018.
 
There has been no change in Occidental's internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) during the first six months of 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, Occidental's internal control over financial reporting.


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PART II    OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.Legal Proceedings

For information regarding legal proceedings, see Note 8, Lawsuits, Claims, Commitments and Contingencies in the Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements, in Part I Item 1 of this Form 10-Q, and Part I Item 3, “Legal Proceedings” in the 2017 Form 10-K.

Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Share Repurchase Activities

Occidental's share repurchase activities for the six months ended June 30, 2018, were as follows:
 
Period 
Total Number
of Shares Purchased
 Average Price Paid per Share Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs 
Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (a)
         
First Quarter 2018 
 $
 
  
April 1 - 30, 2018 
 $
 
  
May 1 - 31, 2018 616,463
(b)$83.43
 380,000
  
June 1 - 30, 2018 581,510
(b)$83.48
 492,000
  
Second Quarter 2018 1,197,973
 $83.46
 872,000
  
Total 1,197,973
 $83.46
 872,000
 62,884,544

(a)Represents the total number of shares remaining at June 30, 2018, under Occidental's share repurchase program of 185 million shares. The program was initially announced in 2005. The program does not obligate Occidental to acquire any specific number of shares and may be discontinued at any time.
(b)Includes purchases from the trustee of Occidental's defined contribution savings plan that are not part of publicly announced plans or programs.

Item 6.    Exhibits
12
  
31.1
  
31.2
  
32.1
  
101.INSXBRL Instance Document.
  
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
  
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
  
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
  
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
  
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.


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SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.


 OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION 


DATEAugust 8, 2018/s/ Jennifer M. Kirk 
  Jennifer M. Kirk 
  Vice President, Controller and 
  Principal Accounting Officer 

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