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CSR Centerspace

Filed: 3 May 21, 4:25pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
or 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission File Number 001-35624
INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
North Dakota45-0311232
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
3100 10th Street SWPost Office Box 1988MinotND58702-1988
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
(701) 837-4738
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to the filing requirements for at least the past 90 days.
YesNo
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
YesNo
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filer
Smaller Reporting CompanyEmerging growth company
    If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
YesNo
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares of Beneficial Interest, no par valueCSRNew York Stock Exchange
Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred SharesCSR-PRCNew York Stock Exchange
    The number of common shares of beneficial interest outstanding as of April 26, 2021, was 13,220,205.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
2

PART I
Item 1. Financial Statements.

CENTERSPACE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (unaudited)
 (in thousands, except per share data)
 March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
ASSETS  
Real estate investments  
Property owned$1,883,407 $1,812,557 
Less accumulated depreciation(408,014)(399,249)
 1,475,393 1,413,308 
Mortgage loans receivable at fair value30,107 24,661 
Total real estate investments1,505,500 1,437,969 
Cash and cash equivalents10,816 392 
Restricted cash1,610 6,918 
Other assets18,427 18,904 
TOTAL ASSETS$1,536,353 $1,464,183 
LIABILITIES, MEZZANINE EQUITY, AND EQUITY  
LIABILITIES  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$53,852 $55,609 
Revolving lines of credit181,544 152,871 
Notes payable, net of unamortized loan costs of $764 and $754 respectively
319,236 269,246 
Mortgages payable, net of unamortized loan costs of $1,292 and $1,371, respectively
293,709 297,074 
TOTAL LIABILITIES$848,341 $774,800 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 10)00
SERIES D PREFERRED UNITS (Cumulative convertible preferred units, $100 par value, 166 units issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, aggregate liquidation preference of $16,560)
$16,560 $16,560 
EQUITY  
Series C Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest (Cumulative redeemable preferred shares, no par value, $25 per share liquidation preference, 3,881 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, aggregate liquidation preference of $97,036)
93,530 93,530 
Common Shares of Beneficial Interest (Unlimited authorization, no par value, 13,220 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and 13,027 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020)
980,453 968,263 
Accumulated distributions in excess of net income(443,409)(427,681)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(12,798)(15,905)
Total shareholders’ equity$617,776 $618,207 
Noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership (950 units at March 31, 2021 and 977 units at December 31, 2020)
53,007 53,930 
Noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities669 686 
Total equity$671,452 $672,823 
TOTAL LIABILITIES, MEZZANINE EQUITY, AND EQUITY$1,536,353 $1,464,183 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3

CENTERSPACE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (unaudited)

 (in thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
REVENUE$46,648 $44,406 
EXPENSES  
Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes13,449 13,468 
Real estate taxes5,792 5,465 
Property management expense1,767 1,554 
Casualty loss101 327 
Depreciation and amortization19,992 18,160 
General and administrative expenses3,906 3,428 
TOTAL EXPENSES$45,007 $42,402 
Operating income1,641 2,004 
Interest expense(7,231)(6,911)
Interest and other income (loss)431 (2,777)
NET INCOME (LOSS)$(5,159)$(7,684)
Dividends to preferred unitholders(160)(160)
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership469 692 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities(17)145 
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests(4,867)(7,007)
Dividends to preferred shareholders(1,607)(1,705)
Discount (premium) on redemption of preferred shares273 
NET INCOME (LOSS) AVAILABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS$(6,474)$(8,439)
BASIC
NET EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE – BASIC$(0.49)$(0.69)
DILUTED
NET EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE – DILUTED$(0.49)$(0.69)
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CENTERSPACE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (unaudited)


(in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Net income (loss)$(5,159)$(7,684)
Other comprehensive income:
Unrealized gain (loss) from derivative instrument2,011 (9,408)
(Gain) loss on derivative instrument reclassified into earnings1,095 (345)
Total comprehensive income (loss)$(2,053)$(17,437)
Net comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership261 1,463 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities(17)145 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to controlling interests$(1,809)$(15,829)

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

CENTERSPACE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (unaudited)

 (in thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020PREFERRED
SHARES
NUMBER
OF
COMMON
SHARES
COMMON
SHARES
ACCUMULATED
DISTRIBUTIONS
IN EXCESS OF
NET INCOME
ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)NONREDEEMABLE
NONCONTROLLING
INTERESTS
TOTAL
EQUITY
Balance December 31, 2019$99,456 12,098 $917,400 $(390,196)$(7,607)$60,849 $679,902 
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests and noncontrolling interests   (7,007)(837)(7,844)
Change in fair value of derivatives   (9,753)(9,753)
Distributions - common shares and units ($0.70 per share and unit)   (8,515)(731)(9,246)
Distributions – Series C preferred shares ($0.414625 per Series C share)(1,705)(1,705)
Share-based compensation, net of forfeitures 465   465 
Sale of common shares, net50 3,352 3,352 
Redemption of units for common shares14 (930)930 — 
Redemption of units for cash  (14)(14)
Shares repurchased(3,410)273 (3,137)
Acquisition of noncontrolling interests - consolidated real estate entities(7,584)(4,637)(12,221)
Other — (50) (33)(83)
Balance March 31, 2020$96,046 12,163 $912,653 $(407,150)$(17,360)$55,527 $639,716 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Balance December 31, 2020$93,530 13,027 $968,263 $(427,681)$(15,905)$54,616 $672,823 
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests and noncontrolling interests   (4,867)(452)(5,319)
Change in fair value of derivatives3,107 3,107 
Distributions - common shares and units ($0.70 per share and unit)   (9,254)(665)(9,919)
Distributions – Series C preferred shares ($0.414625 per Series C share)   (1,607) (1,607)
Share-based compensation, net of forfeitures 810   810 
Sale of common shares, net164 11,782 11,782 
Redemption of units for common shares26 (220)220 — 
Redemption of units for cash    (9)(9)
Other (182) (34)(216)
Balance March 31, 2021$93,530 13,220 $980,453 $(443,409)$(12,798)$53,676 $671,452 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


 

6

CENTERSPACE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)
 (in thousands)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES  
Net income (loss)$(5,159)$(7,684)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization, including amortization of capitalized loan costs20,245 18,424 
Realized (gain) loss on marketable securities1,227 
Unrealized (gain) loss on marketable securities2,326 
Share-based compensation expense810 465 
Other, net836 206 
Changes in other assets and liabilities:  
Other assets(533)(3,602)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(1,244)(5,127)
Net cash provided by (used by) operating activities$14,955 $6,235 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES  
Proceeds from sale of marketable securities1,679 
Increase in mortgages and notes receivable(5,445)(6,956)
Payments for acquisitions of real estate assets(77,585)(23,712)
Payments for improvements of real estate assets(2,165)(2,841)
Other investing activities160 (115)
Net cash provided by (used by) investing activities$(85,035)$(31,945)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES  
Principal payments on mortgages payable(3,566)(1,513)
Proceeds from revolving lines of credit105,716 41,578 
Principal payments on revolving lines of credit(77,044)(8,656)
Proceeds from notes payable49,940 
Payments for acquisition of noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities(12,221)
Proceeds from issuance of common shares11,782 3,352 
Repurchase of Series C preferred shares(3,137)
Redemption of partnership units(9)(14)
Distributions paid to common shareholders(9,119)(8,469)
Distributions paid to preferred shareholders(1,607)(1,705)
Distributions paid to preferred unitholders(160)(160)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests – Unitholders of the Operating Partnership(683)(741)
Other financing activities(54)(39)
Net cash provided by (used by) financing activities$75,196 $8,275 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH5,116 (17,435)
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD7,310 46,117 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT END OF PERIOD$12,426 $28,682 
SUPPLEMENTARY SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES  
Accrued capital expenditures$2,418 $1,286 
Operating partnership units converted to shares(220)(930)
Distributions declared but not paid to common shareholders9,919 9,245 
Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities(2,326)
Real estate assets acquired through exchange of note receivable17,663 
Note receivable exchanged through real estate acquisition(17,663)
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION  
Cash paid for interest$6,787 $6,481 

7

CENTERSPACE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)
(in thousands)
Balance sheet descriptionMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020March 31, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents$10,816 $392 $26,338 
Restricted cash1,610 6,918 2,344 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$12,426 $7,310 $28,682 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
8

CENTERSPACE AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020
NOTE 1 • ORGANIZATION 
Investors Real Estate Trust doing business as Centerspace, collectively with our consolidated subsidiaries (“Centerspace,” “we,” “us,” or “our”), is a North Dakota real estate investment trust (“REIT”) focused on the ownership, management, acquisition, redevelopment, and development of apartment communities. As of March 31, 2021, we owned interests in 68 apartment communities consisting of 12,168 apartment homes.
NOTE 2 • BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES 
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
We conduct a majority of our business activities through our consolidated operating partnership, Centerspace, LP (f/k/a IRET Properties), a North Dakota limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), as well as through a number of other consolidated subsidiary entities. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts and the accounts of all our subsidiaries in which we maintain a controlling interest, including the Operating Partnership. All intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
The condensed consolidated financial statements also reflect the Operating Partnership’s ownership of certain joint venture entities in which the Operating Partnership has a general partner or controlling interest. These entities are consolidated into our operations, with noncontrolling interests reflecting the noncontrolling partners’ share of ownership, income, and expenses.
SIGNIFICANT RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES
The COVID-19 pandemic is a source of significant risk and uncertainty that could have an adverse impact on our business. The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted the global economy and financial markets, and multifamily residents and commercial tenants have experienced financial hardship or closures.
The COVID-19 pandemic has not had a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021; however, we continue to monitor the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on all aspects of our business and cannot predict the impact it may have on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows in the future.
UNAUDITED INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Our interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, certain disclosures accompanying annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP are omitted. The year-end balance sheet data was derived from audited consolidated financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods, have been included.
The current period’s results of operations are not necessarily indicative of results which ultimately may be achieved for the year. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the SEC on February 22, 2021.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
9

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
The following table provides a brief description of recent accounting standards updates (“ASUs”).
StandardDescriptionDate of AdoptionEffect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) - Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting
This ASU contains practical expedients for reference rate reform related activities that impact debt, leases, derivatives and other contracts. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur.This ASU is optional and may be elected over time.We are currently evaluating the practical expedients and the impact they may have on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40) - Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity's Own Equity
This ASU simplifies accounting for convertible instruments and removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception. This ASU also simplifies the diluted earnings per share calculation in certain areas and provides updated disclosure requirements.This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted.We are currently evaluating the ASU and the impact it may have on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH
As of March 31, 2021, restricted cash consisted primarily of escrows held by lenders for real estate taxes, insurance, and capital additions.
LEASES
As a lessor, we primarily lease multifamily apartment homes which qualify as operating leases with terms that are generally one year or less. Rental revenues are recognized in accordance with ASC 842, Leases, using a method that represents a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Rental income represents approximately 98.2% of our total revenues and includes gross market rent less adjustments for concessions, vacancy loss, and bad debt. Other property revenues represent the remaining 1.8% of our total revenues and are primarily driven by other fee income, which is typically recognized when earned, at a point in time.
Some of our apartment communities have commercial spaces available for lease. Lease terms for these spaces typically range from three to fifteen years. The leases for commercial spaces generally include options to extend the lease for additional terms.
Beginning in April 2020, we offered multifamily residents suffering from financial hardship related to the COVID-19 pandemic the option to apply for a rent deferral. We elected to account for these accommodations as enforceable rights and obligations existed without evaluating if such a right or obligation existed under the lease agreement, as allowed by the FASB Q&A released on April 10, 2020 related to lease modification guidance under ASC 842. The accommodations were recognized as variable lease payments. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, approximately $57,000 and $99,600 remained outstanding under the rent deferral agreements offered to multifamily residents, respectively.
We also abated rent, common area maintenance, and real estate taxes for commercial tenants that experienced government-mandated interruptions or closures of their businesses. The accommodations were recognized as variable lease payments, as allowed by the FASB Q&A released on April 10, 2020. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recognized a reduction in revenue of $47,000 due to the abatement of amounts due from our commercial tenants.
Many of our leases contain non-lease components for utility reimbursement from our residents and common area maintenance from our commercial tenants. We have elected the practical expedient to combine lease and non-lease components for all asset classes. The combined components are included in lease income and are accounted for under ASC 842.
The aggregate amount of future scheduled lease income on our commercial operating leases, excluding any variable lease income and non-lease components, as of March 31, 2021, was as follows:
10

(in thousands)
2021 (remainder)$1,650 
20222,209 
20232,205 
20242,194 
20252,159 
Thereafter2,302 
Total scheduled lease income - commercial operating leases$12,719 
REVENUES
Revenue is recognized in accordance with the transfer of goods and services to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled for those goods and services.
Revenue streams that are included in revenues from contracts with customers include:
Other property revenue: We recognize revenue for rental related income not included as a component of a lease, such as application fees, as earned.
Gains or losses on sales of real estate: A gain or loss is recognized when the criteria for derecognition of an asset are met, including when (1) a contract exists and (2) the buyer obtained control of the nonfinancial asset that was sold.
The following table presents the disaggregation of revenue streams for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:
(in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
Revenue StreamApplicable Standard20212020
Fixed lease income - operating leasesLeases$43,840 $41,934 
Variable lease income - operating leasesLeases1,969 1,780 
Other property revenueRevenue from contracts with customers839 692 
Total revenue$46,648 $44,406 

IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
We evaluate our long-lived assets, including investments in real estate, for impairment indicators at least quarterly. The judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators are based on factors such as operational performance, market conditions, expected holding period of each property, and legal and environmental concerns. If indicators exist, we compare the expected future undiscounted cash flows for the property against the carrying amount of that property. If the sum of the estimated undiscounted cash flows is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recorded for the difference between the estimated fair value and the carrying amount. If our anticipated holding period for properties, the estimated fair value of properties, or other factors change based on market conditions or otherwise, our evaluation of impairment charges may be different and such differences could be material to our consolidated financial statements. The evaluation of anticipated cash flows is subjective and is based, in part, on assumptions regarding future occupancy, rental rates, and capital requirements that could differ materially from actual results. Reducing planned property holding periods may increase the likelihood of recording impairment losses.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recorded 0 impairment charges.
MORTGAGE LOANS RECEIVABLE AND NOTES RECEIVABLE
In March 2020, in connection with our acquisition of Ironwood, an apartment community in New Hope, Minnesota, we acquired a tax increment financing note receivable (“TIF”) with a principal balance of $6.6 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, which appears within other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The note bears an interest rate of 4.5% with payments due in February and August of each year.
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In December 2019, we originated a $29.9 million construction loan and a $15.3 million mezzanine loan for the development of a multifamily development located in Minneapolis, Minnesota. In conjunction with the loans, we received a guaranty for the substantial completion of the project improvements from an investment grade guarantor. The construction and mezzanine loans bear interest at 4.5% and 11.5%, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, we had funded the full $29.9 million of the construction loan and $112,000 of the mezzanine loan, which appears within mortgage loans receivable in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of December 31, 2020, we had funded $24.7 million of the construction loan. The loans are secured by mortgages and mature on December 31, 2023, and the agreement provides us with an option to purchase the development. The loans represent an investment in an unconsolidated variable interest entity. We are not the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entity (“VIE”) as we do not have the power to direct the activities which most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance nor do we have significant influence over the entity.
VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES
We have determined that our Operating Partnership and each of our less-than-wholly owned real estate partnerships are VIEs, as the limited partners or the functional equivalent of limited partners lack substantive kick-out rights and substantive participating rights. We are the primary beneficiary of the VIEs, and the VIEs are required to be consolidated on our balance sheet because we have a controlling financial interest in the VIEs and have both the power to direct the activities of the VIEs that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIEs as well as the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIEs that could potentially be significant to the VIEs. Because our Operating Partnership is a VIE, all of our assets and liabilities are held through a VIE.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we acquired the 47.4% noncontrolling interests in the real estate partnership that owns 71 France for $12.2 million.
MARKETABLE SECURITIES
Marketable securities consisted of equity securities. We report equity securities at fair value based on quoted market prices (Level 1 inputs). Any unrealized gains or losses are included in interest and other income on the consolidated statements of operations. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 we had 0 marketable securities. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we had a realized loss of $1.2 million arising from the disposal of such securities which appears in interest and other income (loss) in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
NOTE 3 • EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of our common shares of beneficial interest (“common shares”) outstanding during the period. We have issued restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and incentive stock options (“ISOs”) under our 2015 Incentive Plan and Series D Convertible Preferred Units (“Series D preferred units”), which could have a dilutive effect on our earnings per share upon exercise of the RSUs or ISOs or upon conversion of the Series D preferred units (refer to Note 4 for further discussion of the Series D preferred units). Other than the issuance of RSUs, ISOs, and Series D preferred units, we have no outstanding options, warrants, convertible stock or other contractual obligations requiring issuance of additional shares that would result in dilution of earnings. Under the terms of the Operating Partnership’s Agreement of Limited Partnership, limited partners have the right to require the Operating Partnership to redeem their limited partnership units (“Units”) any time following the first anniversary of the date they acquired such Units (“Exchange Right”). Upon the exercise of Exchange Rights, and in our sole discretion, we may issue common shares in exchange for Units on a 1-for-one basis.
Performance-based RSUs of 46,218 and 37,822 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because they were anti-dilutive.
For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, Series D preferred units of 228,000 were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because they were anti-dilutive. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2020, time-based RSUs of 19,000 and 16,000, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because they were anti-dilutive.
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, weighted average stock options of 43,629 were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because the assumed proceeds per share plus the average unearned compensation were greater than the average market price of common shares for the periods ended and, therefore were anti-dilutive.
The following table presents a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:  
12

 (in thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
NUMERATOR  
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests$(4,867)$(7,007)
Dividends to preferred shareholders(1,607)(1,705)
Redemption of preferred shares273 
Numerator for basic earnings (loss) per share – net income available to common shareholders(6,474)(8,439)
Noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership(469)(692)
Dividends to preferred unitholders160 160 
Numerator for diluted earnings (loss) per share$(6,783)$(8,971)
DENOMINATOR  
Denominator for basic earnings per share weighted average shares13,078 12,103 
Effect of redeemable operating partnership units957 1,054 
Denominator for diluted earnings per share14,035 13,157 
NET EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE – BASIC$(0.49)$(0.69)
NET EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE – DILUTED$(0.49)$(0.69)
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NOTE 4 • EQUITY AND MEZZANINE EQUITY
Operating Partnership Units. The Operating Partnership had 950,000 and 977,000 outstanding Units at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
Exchange Rights. Pursuant to the exercise of exchange rights, we redeemed Units for cash during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 as detailed in the table below.
(in thousands, except per Unit amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,Number of Units
Aggregate Cost(1)
Average Price Per Unit
2021$$71.55 
2020$14 $74.45 
(1)The redemption price is determined using the volume weighted average price for the 10 trading days prior to the date a unitholder provides notification of their intent to redeem units.
We also redeemed Units in exchange for common shares in connection with Unitholders exercising their exchange rights during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 as detailed in the table below.
(in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,Number of UnitsNet Book Basis
202126 $(220)
202014 $(930)
Common Shares and Equity Awards. Common shares outstanding on March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, totaled 13.2 million and 13.0 million, respectively. There were 2,801 shares issued upon the vesting of equity awards under our 2015 Incentive Plan during the three months ended March 31, 2021, with a total grant-date fair value of $164,000. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we issued 1,193 shares upon the vesting of equity awards under our 2015 Incentive Plan, with a total grant-date fair value of $125,000. These shares vest based on performance and service criteria.
Equity Distribution Agreement. We have an equity distribution agreement in connection with an at-the-market offering (“2019 ATM Program”) through which we may offer and sell common shares having an aggregate sales price of up to $150.0 million, in amounts and at times as we determine. The proceeds from the sale of common shares under the 2019 ATM Program are intended to be used for general purposes, which may include the funding of future acquisitions, construction or mezzanine loans, community renovations, and the repayment of indebtedness. The table below provides details on the sale of common shares during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. As of March 31, 2021, common shares having an aggregate offering price of up to $55.3 million remained available under the 2019 ATM Program.
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,Number of Common Shares
Total Consideration(1)
Average Price Per Share
2021164 $11,859 $72.19 
202050 $3,402 $68.04 
(1)Total consideration is net of $181,000 and $52,000 in commissions during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and issuance costs.
Share Repurchase Program. On December 5, 2019, our Board of Trustees terminated the existing share repurchase program and authorized a new share repurchase program to repurchase up to $50 million of our common or preferred shares over a one-year period. Under this repurchase program, we were able to repurchase common or preferred shares in open-market purchases, including pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 and Rule 10b-18 plans, as determined by management and in accordance with the requirements of the SEC. This program expired on December 5, 2020. Series C Preferred Shares repurchased during the three months ended March 31, 2020 are detailed in the table below.
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,Number of Preferred Shares
Aggregate Cost(1)
Average Price Per Share(1)
2020136 $3,137 $23.00 
(1)Amount includes commissions.
Series C Preferred Shares. Series C preferred shares outstanding were 3.9 million shares at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Series C preferred shares are nonvoting and redeemable for cash at $25.00 per share at our option after October 2,
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2022. Holders of these shares are entitled to cumulative distributions, payable quarterly (as and if declared by the Board of Trustees). Distributions accrue at an annual rate of $1.65625 per share, which is equal to 6.625% of the $25.00 per share liquidation preference ($97.0 million liquidation preference in the aggregate).
Series D Preferred Units (Mezzanine Equity). On February 26, 2019, we issued 165,600 newly created Series D preferred units at an issuance price of $100 per preferred unit as partial consideration for the acquisition of SouthFork Townhomes. The Series D preferred unit holders receive a preferred distribution at the rate of 3.862% per year. The Series D preferred units have a put option which allows the holder to redeem any or all of the Series D preferred units for cash equal to the issuance price. Each Series D preferred unit is convertible, at the holder's option, into 1.37931 Units, representing a conversion exchange rate of $72.50 per unit. Changes in the redemption value are charged to common shares on our condensed consolidated balance sheets from period to period. The holders of the Series D preferred units do not have any voting rights. Distributions to Series D unitholders are presented in the condensed consolidated statements of equity within net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests and noncontrolling interests.
NOTE 5 • DEBT
As of March 31, 2021, 49 of our apartment communities were not encumbered by mortgages, with 34 of those properties providing credit support for our unsecured borrowings. Our primary unsecured credit facility (“unsecured credit facility”) is a revolving, multi-bank line of credit, with the Bank of Montreal serving as administrative agent. Our line of credit has total commitments and borrowing capacity of $250.0 million, based on the value of properties contained in the unencumbered asset pool (“UAP”). As of March 31, 2021, the additional borrowing availability was $68.5 million beyond the $181.5 million drawn, including the balance on our operating line of credit (discussed below). The unsecured credit facility matures on August 31, 2022, with one twelve-month option to extend the maturity date at our election.
Under our unsecured credit facility, we also have unsecured term loans of $70.0 million and $75.0 million, included within notes payable on the condensed consolidated balance sheets, which mature on January 15, 2024 and on August 31, 2025, respectively.
The interest rates on the line of credit and term loans are based, at our option, on either the lender’s base rate plus a margin, ranging from 35-85 basis points, or the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), plus a margin that ranges from 135-190 basis points based on our consolidated leverage ratio, as defined under our Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement. Our unsecured credit facility and unsecured senior notes are subject to customary financial covenants and limitations. We believe that we are in compliance with all such financial covenants and limitations as of March 31, 2021.
In January, we amended and expanded our private shelf agreement to increase the aggregate amount available for issuance of unsecured senior promissory notes (“unsecured senior notes”) to $225.0 million. Under this agreement, we issued $75.0 million of Series A notes due September 13, 2029 bearing interest at a rate of 3.84% annually, $50.0 million of Series B notes due September 30, 2028 bearing interest at a rate of 3.69% annually, and $50.0 million of Series C notes due June 6, 2030 bearing interest at a rate of 2.70% annually. We have $50.0 million remaining available under the private shelf agreement.
As of March 31, 2021, we owned 19 apartment communities that served as collateral for mortgage loans. All of these mortgage loans were non-recourse to us other than for standard carve-out obligations. As of March 31, 2021, we believe that there are 0 material defaults or instances of noncompliance in regards to any of these mortgages payable.
We also have a $6.0 million operating line of credit. This operating line of credit is designed to enhance treasury management activities and more effectively manage cash balances. This operating line matures on August 1, 2021, with pricing based on a market spread plus the one-month LIBOR index rate.
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The following table summarizes our indebtedness:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020Weighted Average Maturity in Years at March 31, 2021
Lines of credit$181,544 $152,871 1.41
Term loans (1)
145,000 145,000 3.64
Unsecured senior notes (1)
175,000 125,000 8.40
Unsecured debt501,544 422,871 4.49
Mortgages payable - fixed295,001 298,445 5.03
Total debt$796,545 $721,316 4.69
Weighted average interest rate on lines of credit (rate with swap)2.18 %2.85 %
Weighted average interest rate on term loans (rate with swap)4.11 %4.15 %
Weighted average interest rate on unsecured senior notes3.47 %3.78 %
Weighted average interest rate on mortgages payable3.92 %3.93 %
Weighted average interest rate on total debt3.37 %3.62 %
(1)Included within notes payable on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The aggregate amount of required future principal payments on term loans, unsecured senior notes, and mortgages payable as of March 31, 2021, was as follows:
(in thousands)
2021 (remainder)$22,221 
202237,219 
202345,068 
20243,777 
2025102,505 
Thereafter404,211 
Total payments$615,001 
NOTE 6 • DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
Our objective in using interest rate derivatives is to add stability to interest expense and to manage our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. To accomplish this objective, we primarily use interest rate swap contracts to fix the variable interest rate on our term loans and a portion of our primary line of credit. The interest rate swap contracts qualify as cash flow hedges.
Changes in the fair value of cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (“OCI”) and subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged transaction affects earnings. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income for our interest rate swaps will be reclassified to interest expense as interest expense is incurred on our term loans and the hedged portion of our primary line of credit. During the next twelve months, we estimate an additional $4.4 million will be reclassified as an increase to interest expense.
At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had a $50.0 million interest rate swap to fix the interest rate on a portion of our primary line of credit.
At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had 3 interest rate swap contracts in effect with a notional amount of $195.0 million and 1 additional interest rate swap that becomes effective on January 31, 2023, with a notional amount of $70.0 million.
The table below presents the fair value of our derivative financial instruments as well as their classification on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
(in thousands)
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Balance Sheet LocationFair ValueFair Value
Total derivative instruments designated as hedging instruments - interest rate swapsAccounts Payable and Accrued Expenses$12,798 $15,905 
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The table below presents the effect of the Company’s derivative financial instruments on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as of March 31, 2021 and 2020.
(in thousands)
Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCILocation of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into IncomeGain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income
Three months ended March 31,2021202020212020
Total derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships - Interest rate contracts$2,011 $(9,408)Interest expense$(1,095)$(345)

NOTE 7 • FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities are carried at amounts that reasonably approximate their fair value due to their short-term nature. For variable rate line of credit debt that re-prices frequently, fair values are based on carrying values.
In determining the fair value of other financial instruments, we apply FASB ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures.” Fair value hierarchy under ASC 820 distinguishes between market participant assumptions based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity (Levels 1 and 2) and the reporting entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions (Level 3). Fair value estimates may differ from the amounts that may ultimately be realized upon sale or disposition of the assets and liabilities.
Fair Value Measurements on a Recurring Basis
(in thousands)
TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3
March 31, 2021
Assets
Mortgages and notes receivable$36,443 $36,443 
Liabilities
Derivative instruments - interest rate swaps$12,798 $12,798 
December 31, 2020    
Assets
Mortgages and notes receivable30,994 30,994 
Liabilities
Derivative instruments - interest rate swaps$15,905 $$15,905 
The fair value of our interest rate swaps is determined using the market standard methodology of netting discounted expected variable cash payments and receipts. The variable cash payments and receipts are based on an expectation of future interest rates (a forward curve) derived from observable market interest rate curves. We also consider both our own nonperformance risk and the counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurement (Level 3).
We utilize an income approach with level 3 inputs based on expected future cash flows to value these instruments. The inputs include market transactions for similar instruments, management estimates of comparable interest rates (range of 3.75% to 10.75%), and instrument specific credit risk (range of 0.5% to 1.0%). Changes in the fair value of these receivables from period to period are reported in interest and other income on our condensed consolidated statements of operations.
(in thousands)
Fair Value Measurement at March 31,Other Gains (Losses)Interest
Income
Total Changes in Fair Value Included in Current-Period Earnings
Three months ended March 31, 2021
Mortgage loans and notes receivable$36,443 $$407 $411 
Three months ended March 31, 2020
Mortgage loans and notes receivable$26,697 $$527 $528 
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Fair Value Measurements on a Nonrecurring Basis
There were no non-financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
Financial Assets and Liabilities Not Measured at Fair Value
The fair value of mortgages payable are estimated based on the discounted cash flows of the loans using market research and management estimates of comparable interest rates (Level 3).
The estimated fair values of our financial instruments as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, are as follows:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Carrying AmountFair ValueCarrying AmountFair Value
FINANCIAL ASSETS    
Cash and cash equivalents$10,816 $10,816 $392 $392 
Restricted cash$1,610 $1,610 $6,918 $6,918 
FINANCIAL LIABILITIES    
Revolving lines of credit(1)
$181,544 $181,544 $152,871 $152,871 
Term loans(1)
$145,000 $145,000 $145,000 $145,000 
Unsecured senior notes$175,000 $179,630 $125,000 $133,181 
Mortgages payable$295,001 $301,538 $298,445 $308,855 
(1)Excluding the effect of interest rate swap agreements. Refer to Note 6 for discussion on the fair value of the interest rate swap agreements.
NOTE 8 • ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS
ACQUISITIONS
We acquired $76.9 million in new real estate during the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $46.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. Our acquisitions during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are detailed below.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Date
Acquired
(in thousands)
Total
Acquisition
Cost
Form of ConsiderationInvestment Allocation
AcquisitionsCashLandBuildingIntangible
Assets
256 homes - Union Pointe - Longmont, COJanuary 6, 2021$76,900 $76,900 $5,727 $69,966 $1,207 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Date
Acquired
(in thousands)
Total
Acquisition
Cost
Form of ConsiderationInvestment Allocation
AcquisitionsCash
Other(1)
LandBuildingIntangible
Assets
Other(2)
182 homes - Ironwood - New Hope, MNMarch 5, 2020$46,263 $28,600 $17,663 $2,165 $36,869 $824 $6,405 

(1)Payoff at closing of note receivable and accrued interest due from seller.
(2)Consists of TIF note acquired. Refer to Note 2 for further discussion.
DISPOSITIONS
During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we had 0 dispositions.
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NOTE 9 • SEGMENT REPORTING 
We operate in a single reportable segment which includes the ownership, management, development, redevelopment, and acquisition of apartment communities. Each of our operating properties is considered a separate operating segment because each property earns revenues, incurs expenses, and has discrete financial information. Our chief operating decision-makers evaluate each property’s operating results to make decisions about resources to be allocated and to assess performance and do not group the properties based on geography, size, or type for this purpose. Our apartment communities have similar long-term economic characteristics and provide similar products and services to our residents. No apartment community comprises more than 10% of consolidated revenues, profits, or assets. Accordingly, our apartment communities are aggregated into a single reportable segment. “All other” includes non-multifamily components of mixed-use properties and apartment communities we have sold.
Our executive management team comprises our chief operating decision-makers. This team measures the performance of our reportable segment based on net operating income (“NOI”), which we define as total real estate revenues less property operating expenses, including real estate taxes. We believe that NOI is an important supplemental measure of operating performance for real estate because it provides a measure of operations that is unaffected by depreciation, amortization, financing, property management overhead, casualty losses, and general and administrative expense. NOI does not represent cash generated by operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered an alternative to net income, net income available for common shareholders, or cash flow from operating activities as a measure of financial performance.
The following tables present NOI for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, along with reconciliations to net income in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Segment assets are also reconciled to total assets as reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 (in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021MultifamilyAll OtherTotal
Revenue$45,983 $665 $46,648 
Property operating expenses, including real estate taxes18,881 360 19,241 
Net operating income$27,102 $305 $27,407 
Property management(1,767)
Casualty gain (loss)(101)
Depreciation and amortization(19,992)
General and administrative expenses(3,906)
Interest expense(7,231)
Interest and other income431 
Net income (loss)$(5,159)
 (in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020MultifamilyAll OtherTotal
Revenue$41,845 $2,561 $44,406 
Property operating expenses, including real estate taxes17,660 1,273 18,933 
Net operating income$24,185 $1,288 $25,473 
Property management(1,554)
Casualty gain (loss)(327)
Depreciation and amortization(18,160)
General and administrative expenses(3,428)
Interest expense(6,911)
Interest and other income(2,777)
Net income (loss)$(7,684)
Segment Assets and Accumulated Depreciation
Segment assets are summarized as follows as of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively, along with reconciliations to the condensed consolidated financial statements:
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 (in thousands)
As of March 31, 2021MultifamilyAll OtherTotal
Segment assets   
Property owned$1,850,310 $33,097 $1,883,407 
Less accumulated depreciation(396,743)(11,271)(408,014)
Total property owned$1,453,567 $21,826 $1,475,393 
Mortgage loans receivable30,107 
Cash and cash equivalents10,816 
Restricted cash1,610 
Other assets18,427 
Total Assets$1,536,353 
 (in thousands)
As of December 31, 2020MultifamilyAll OtherTotal
Segment assets   
Property owned$1,779,378 $33,179 $1,812,557 
Less accumulated depreciation(387,989)(11,260)(399,249)
Total property owned$1,391,389 $21,919 $1,413,308 
Mortgage loans receivable24,661 
Cash and cash equivalents392 
Restricted cash6,918 
Other assets18,904 
Total Assets$1,464,183 

NOTE 10 • COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Litigation. In the ordinary course of our operations, we become involved in litigation. At this time, we know of no material pending or threatened legal proceedings, or other proceedings contemplated by governmental authorities, that would have a material impact on us.
Environmental Matters. Under various federal, state, and local laws, ordinances, and regulations, a current or previous owner or operator of real estate may be liable for the costs of removal of, or remediation of, certain hazardous or toxic substances in, on, around, or under the property. While we currently have no knowledge of any material violation of environmental laws, ordinances, or regulations at any of our properties, there can be no assurance that areas of contamination will not be identified at any of our properties or that changes in environmental laws, regulations, or cleanup requirements would not result in material costs to us.
Restrictions on Taxable Dispositions. NaN of our properties, consisting of 4,032 apartment homes, are subject to restrictions on taxable dispositions under agreements entered into with some of the sellers or contributors of the properties and are effective for varying periods. We do not believe that the agreements materially affect the conduct of our business or our decisions whether to dispose of restricted properties during the restriction period because we generally hold these and our other properties for investment purposes rather than for sale. In addition, where we deem it to be in our shareholders' best interests to dispose of such properties, we generally seek to structure sales of such properties as tax deferred transactions under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code. Otherwise, we may be required to provide tax indemnification payments to the parties to these agreements.
NOTE 11 • SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
Share-based awards are provided to officers, non-officer employees, and trustees under our 2015 Incentive Plan approved by shareholders on September 15, 2015, as amended and restated on May 19, 2020 (the “2015 Incentive Plan”) which allows for awards in the form of cash, unrestricted and restricted common shares, stock options, stock appreciation rights, and RSUs up to an aggregate of 425,000 shares over the ten-year period in which the plan is in effect. Under our 2015 Incentive Plan, officers and non-officer employees may earn share awards under a long-term incentive plan, which is a forward-looking program that measures long-term performance over the stated performance period. These awards are payable to the extent deemed earned in shares. The terms of the long-term incentive awards granted under the revised program may vary from year to year.
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2021 LTIP Awards
Awards granted to employees on January 1, 2021, consist of an aggregate of 6,410 time-based RSU awards, 19,224 performance RSUs based on total shareholder return (“TSR”), and 43,629 stock options. The time-based awards vest as to one-third of the shares on each of January 1, 2022, January 1, 2023, and January 1, 2024. The stock options vest as to 25% on each of January 1, 2022, January 1, 2023, January 1, 2024, and January 1, 2025. The fair value of stock options was $7.383 per share and was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions:
2021
Exercise price$70.64 
Risk-free rate0.65 %
Expected term6.25 years
Expected volatility21.08 %
Dividend yield3.963 %
The TSR performance RSUs are earned based on our TSR as compared to the FTSE Nareit Apartment Index over a forward looking three-year period. The maximum number of RSUs eligible to be earned is 38,448 RSUs, which is 200% of the RSUs granted. Earned awards (if any) will fully vest as of the last day of the measurement period. These awards have market conditions in addition to service conditions that must be met for the awards to vest. We recognize compensation expense ratably based on the grant date fair value, as determined using the Monte Carlo valuation model, regardless of whether the market conditions are achieved and the awards ultimately vest. Therefore, previously recorded compensation expense is not adjusted in the event that the market conditions are not achieved. We based the expected volatility on a weighted average of the historical volatility of our daily closing share price and a select peer average volatility, the risk-free interest rate on the interest rates on U.S. treasury bonds with a maturity equal to the remaining performance period of the award, and the expected term on the performance period of the award. The assumptions used to value the TSR performance RSUs were an expected volatility of 20.63%, a risk-free interest rate of 0.17%, and an expected life of 3 years. The share price at the grant date, January 1, 2021, was $70.64 per share.
Share-Based Compensation Expense
Share-based compensation expense recognized in the consolidated financial statements for all outstanding share-based awards was $810,000 and $465,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 (the “Report”), our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, which are included in our Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 22, 2021, and the risk factors in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
We consider this and other sections of this Report to contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), with respect to our expectations for future periods. Forward-looking statements do not discuss historical fact, but instead include statements related to expectations, projections, intentions or other items related to the future. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “will,” “assumes,” “may,” “projects,” “outlook,” “future,” and variations of those words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from the results of operations, financial condition, or plans expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Although we believe the expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that our expectations will be achieved. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact should be deemed forward-looking statements. As a result, reliance should not be placed on these forward-looking statements, as these statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors beyond our control and could differ materially from our actual results and performance.
The following factors, among others, could cause our future results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements:
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the COVID-19 pandemic and its ongoing effects on our employees, residents, and commercial tenants, third party vendors and suppliers, and apartment communities, as well as our cash flow, business, financial condition, and results of operation;
deteriorating economic conditions and rising unemployment rates in the markets where we own apartment communities or in which we may invest in the future;
rental conditions in our markets, including occupancy levels and rental rates, our potential inability to renew residents or obtain new residents upon expiration of existing leases, changes in tax and housing laws, or other factors, including the impact of the COVID-19-related governmental rules and regulations relating to rental rates, evictions, and other rental conditions;
changes in operating costs, including real estate taxes, utilities, insurance costs, and expenses related to complying with COVID-19 restrictions or otherwise responding to the COVID-19 pandemic;
timely access to material required to renovate apartment communities;
adverse changes in our markets, including future demand for apartment homes in our markets, barriers of entry into new markets, limitations on our ability to increase rental rates, our inability to identify and consummate attractive acquisitions and dispositions on favorable terms, our inability to reinvest sales proceeds successfully, and our inability to accommodate any significant decline in the market value of real estate serving as collateral for our mortgage obligations;
reliance on a single asset class (multifamily) and certain geographic areas of the U.S.;
inability to expand our operations into new or existing markets successfully;
failure of new acquisitions to achieve anticipated results or be efficiently integrated;
inability to complete lease-up of our projects on schedule and on budget;
inability to sell our non-core properties on terms that are acceptable;
failure to reinvest proceeds from sales of properties into tax-deferred exchanges, which could necessitate special dividend and tax protection payments;
inability to fund capital expenditures out of cash flow;
inability to pay, or need to reduce, dividends on our common shares;
inability to raise additional equity capital;
financing risks, including our potential inability to meet existing covenants in our existing credit facilities or to obtain new debt or equity financing on favorable terms, or at all;
level and volatility of interest or capitalization rates or capital market conditions;
loss contingencies and the availability and cost of casualty insurance for losses;
inability to continue to satisfy complex rules in order to maintain our status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, inability of the Operating Partnership to satisfy the rules to maintain its status as a partnership for federal income tax purposes, and the risk of changes in laws affecting REITs;
inability to attract and retain qualified personnel;
cyber liability or potential liability for breaches of our privacy or information security systems;
inability to address catastrophic weather, natural events, and climate change;
inability to comply with laws and regulations applicable to our business and any related investigations or litigation; and
other risks identified in this Report, in other SEC reports, or in other documents that we publicly disseminate.
New factors may also arise from time to time that could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Except as otherwise required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise these forward-looking statements to reflect events, circumstances, or changes in expectations after the date on which this Report is filed. Readers also should review the risks and uncertainties detailed from time to time in our filings with the SEC, including the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Executive Summary
We own, manage, acquire, redevelop, and develop apartment communities. We primarily focus on investing in markets characterized by stable and growing economic conditions, strong employment, and an attractive quality of life that we believe, in combination, lead to higher demand for our apartment homes and retention of our residents. As of March 31, 2021, we owned interests in 68 apartment communities consisting of 12,168 apartment homes. Property owned, as presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, was $1.9 billion at March 31, 2021, compared to $1.8 billion at December 31, 2020.
Renting apartment homes is our primary source of revenue, and our business objective is to provide great homes for our residents. We strive to maximize resident satisfaction and retention by investing in high-quality assets in desirable locations and creating vibrant apartment communities through service-oriented operations. We believe that delivering superior resident
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experiences will enhance resident satisfaction while also driving profitability for our business and our shareholders. We have paid quarterly distributions continuously since our first distribution in 1971.
COVID-19 Developments
The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on our business since March 2020, when it spread to many of the markets in which we own properties. Our first priority continues to be the health and well-being of our residents, team members, and the communities we serve. We enhanced cleaning protocols at our communities and offices, implemented physical distancing in communities common spaces, and instituted remote work guidelines for our team members, all in accordance with state and local guidelines. We are utilizing technology to allow our property teams to interact remotely with prospective residents through virtual leasing. We have provided rent deferrals to residents and rent abatement to commercial tenants who were financially impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. To support our team members working on-site, we have provided additional COVID-19 paid time off and enhanced flextime arrangements.
Certain states and cities, including some of those in which our apartment communities are located, have reacted to the COVID-19 pandemic by instituting quarantines, restrictions on travel, shelter-in-place or stay-at-home directives, restrictions on types of businesses that may continue to operate, and restrictions on the types of construction projects that may continue. We cannot predict when restrictions currently in place will expire or whether additional restrictions will be imposed in the future. We implemented a plan to safely re-open common spaces in several of our communities while adhering to state and local guidelines, but we recognize that an increase in COVID-19 cases in these markets could cause us to close common spaces or take other preventive measures.
Financial Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Many companies, especially in urban areas, have extended directives for employees to work from home during the COVID-19 pandemic. These extended directives have resulted in decreased traffic to businesses and, in some cases, closures of businesses in urban areas, which has resulted in lower demand and lower rent increases for our five urban based apartment communities. The COVID-19 pandemic and these directives have affected our operations and the conduct of business at our apartment communities and offices, but did not have a material impact on our financial condition, operating results, or cash flows.
Absent the ability to contain or treat the COVID-19 virus, with a corresponding re-opening of the economy, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic may have adverse financial and economic impacts that include, but are not limited to, the following:
cause our residents or commercial tenants to defer or stop rental payments, and abandon or fail to renew leases, which would reduce our primary source of net operating income and cash flows;
cause the capital markets generally to become restricted or unavailable, thereby limiting our access to any needed debt or equity capital financing;
impact the business of, or cause the loss of, certain critical third-party suppliers or other service providers;
restrict our ability to continue to pay dividends on a quarterly basis at the current rate;
impair the value of our tangible or intangible assets;
require us to record loss contingencies and incur additional expenses related to our COVID-19 response; or
cause the U.S. economy to suffer an extended economic slowdown, which could lead to a prolonged recession or even economic depression, which in turn would affect the demand for our apartment communities and could have an adverse impact on our business and operating results.
We have taken the following actions in order to protect our residents and employees, manage expenses and preserve cash flow during the COVID-19 pandemic:
we have reduced planned travel for our team members through 2021;
left vacant positions unfilled;
used onsite team members to perform work normally contracted to third parties; and
we have moved the meetings of our Board of Trustees to virtual meetings, thereby limiting the expense associated with in-person meetings.
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Despite our efforts to manage our response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our rental revenue for 2021 and in future years cannot be determined at present. The situation surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic remains fluid, and we are actively managing our response in collaboration with residents, commercial tenants, government officials, and business partners and assessing potential impacts to our financial position and operating results, as well as potential adverse impacts on our business. Our management remains committed to ensuring the safety of our team members, residents, and communities, and to maintaining the financial stability of our business enterprise for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Overview of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, revenue increased by $2.2 million to $46.6 million, compared to $44.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, primarily due to non-same-store communities. Total expenses increased by $2.6 million to $45.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $42.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 primarily due to increased depreciation and amortization and general and administrative expenses. Funds from Operations (“FFO”) applicable to common shares and Units for the three months ended March 31, 2021 increased to $12.9 million compared to $8.7 million for the comparable period ended March 31, 2020, This increase was primarily due to a prior year loss of $3.6 million on marketable securities that did not occur in the current year, as well as increased NOI from non-same-store and same-store communities. The drivers of these changes are discussed in more detail in the “Results of Operations” section below.
In our ongoing efforts to improve the quality of our portfolio and balance sheet, during the first quarter of 2021, we acquired Union Pointe, a 256-home apartment community located in Longmont, Colorado for $76.9 million.
See Note 8 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report for a table detailing our acquisitions and dispositions during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
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Results of Operations
Reconciliation of Operating Income to Net Operating Income
The following table provides a reconciliation of operating income to net operating income (“NOI”), which is defined below.
 (in thousands, except percentages)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020$ Change% Change
Operating income$1,641 $2,004 $(363)(18.1)%
Adjustments:
Property management expenses1,767 1,554 213 13.7 
Casualty loss101 327 (226)(69.1)%
Depreciation and amortization19,992 18,160 1,832 10.1 %
General and administrative expenses3,906 3,428 478 13.9 %
Net operating income$27,407 $25,473 $1,934 7.6 %
Consolidated Results of Operations
The following consolidated results of operations cover the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
 (in thousands, except percentages)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020$ Change% Change
Revenue
Same-store$41,743 $41,573 $170 0.4 %
Non-same-store4,240 272 3,968 1,458.8 %
Other properties650 972 (322)(33.1)%
Dispositions15 1,589 (1,574)(99.1)%
Total46,648 44,406 2,242 5.0 %
Property operating expenses, including real estate taxes
Same-store17,385 17,540 (155)(0.9)%
Non-same-store1,496 120 1,376 1,146.7 %
Other properties289 278 11 4.0 %
Dispositions71 995 (924)(92.9)%
Total19,241 18,933 308 1.6 %
Net operating income
Same-store24,358 24,033 325 1.4 %
Non-same-store2,744 152 2,592 1,705.3 %
Other properties361 694 (333)(48.0)%
Dispositions(56)594 (650)(109.4)%
Total$27,407 $25,473 $1,934 7.6 %
Property management expenses(1,767)(1,554)213 13.7 %
Casualty gain (loss)(101)(327)(226)(69.1)%
Depreciation and amortization(19,992)(18,160)1,832 10.1 %
General and administrative expenses(3,906)(3,428)478 13.9 %
Interest expense(7,231)(6,911)320 4.6 %
Interest and other income (loss)431 (2,777)3,208 (115.5)%
NET INCOME (LOSS)$(5,159)$(7,684)$2,525 (32.9)%
Dividends to preferred unitholders(160)(160)— — 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership469 692 (223)(32.2)%
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities(17)145 (162)(111.7)%
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests(4,867)(7,007)2,140 (30.5)%
Dividends to preferred shareholders(1,607)(1,705)98 (5.7)%
Redemption of Preferred Shares— 273 (273)(100.0)%
NET INCOME (LOSS) AVAILABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS$(6,474)$(8,439)$1,965 (23.3)%
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Three Months Ended March 31,
Weighted Average Occupancy(1)
20212020
Same-store94.9 %95.3 %
Non-same-store91.8 %89.8 %
Total94.6 %95.3 %
(1)Weighted average occupancy is defined as the percentage resulting from dividing actual rental revenue by scheduled rental revenue. Scheduled rental revenue represents the value of all apartment homes, with occupied homes valued at contractual rental rates pursuant to leases and vacant homes valued at estimated market rents. When calculating actual rents for occupied homes and market rents for vacant homes, delinquencies, and concessions are not taken into account. Market rates are determined using the currently offered effective rates on new leases at the community and are used as the starting point in determination of the market rates of vacant apartment homes. We believe that weighted average occupancy is a meaningful measure of occupancy because it considers the value of each vacant unit at its estimated market rate. Weighted average occupancy may not completely reflect short-term trends in physical occupancy, and our calculation of weighted average occupancy may not be comparable to that disclosed by other REITs.
Number of Apartment HomesMarch 31, 2021March 31, 2020
Same-store11,265 11,265 
Non-same-store903 182 
Total12,168 11,447 
NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure, which we define as total real estate revenues less property operating expenses, including real estate taxes. We believe that NOI is an important supplemental measure of operating performance for real estate because it provides a measure of operations that is unaffected by depreciation, amortization, financing, property management overhead, casualty losses, and general and administrative expenses. NOI does not represent cash generated by operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered an alternative to net income, net income available for common shareholders, or cash flow from operating activities as a measure of financial performance.
We have provided certain information on a same-store and non-same-store basis. Same-store apartment communities are owned or in service for the entirety of the periods being compared, and, in the case of newly-constructed properties, have achieved a target level of physical occupancy of 90%. On the first day of each calendar year, we determine the composition of our same-store pool for that year as well as adjust the previous year, which allows us to evaluate full period-over-period operating comparisons for existing apartment communities and their contribution to net income. We believe that measuring performance on a same-store basis is useful to investors because it enables evaluation of how a fixed pool of our communities are performing year-over-year. We use this measure to assess whether or not we have been successful in increasing NOI, raising average rental revenue, renewing the leases on existing residents, controlling operating costs, and making prudent capital improvements. The discussion below focuses on the main factors affecting real estate revenue and expenses from same-store apartment communities because changes from one year to another in real estate revenue and expenses from non-same-store apartment communities are generally due to the addition of those properties to our real estate portfolio, and accordingly provide less useful information for evaluating ongoing operational performance of our real estate portfolio.
For the comparison of the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, three apartment communities were non-same-store. Sold communities are included in “Dispositions,” while “Other” includes non-multifamily properties and the non-multifamily components of mixed-use properties.
Revenue.  Revenue increased by 5.0% to $46.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $44.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. Revenue from dispositions and other properties, decreased by $1.6 million and $322,000, respectively, offset by a $4.0 million increase from non-same-store communities. Revenue from same-store communities increased 0.4% or $170,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in the prior year. The increase was attributable to 0.8% growth in average rental revenue and offset by a decrease of 0.4% in occupancy as weighted average occupancy decreased to 94.9% from 95.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Property operating expenses, including real estate taxes.  Property operating expenses, including real estate taxes, increased by 1.6% to $19.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $18.9 million in the same period of the prior year. A decrease of $924,000 from dispositions was offset by an increase of $1.4 million at non-same-store communities. Property operating expenses, including real estate taxes, at same-store communities decreased by 0.9% or $155,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in the prior year. At same-store communities, controllable expenses (which exclude insurance and real estate taxes) decreased by $225,000, partially offset by an increase of $87,000 in insurance expenses. The same-store decreases in controllable expenses were primarily due to decreased compensation and maintenance costs.
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Property management expenses. Property management expense, consisting of property management overhead and property management fees paid to third parties, was $1.8 million and $1.6 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Casualty gain (loss). Casualty loss was $101,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $327,000 in the same period of the prior year.
Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization increased by 10.1% to $20.0 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $18.2 million in the same period of the prior year, attributable to an increase of $3.4 million from non-same-store properties, offset by a decrease of $1.1 million from same-store properties and $470,000 from sold properties.
General and administrative expenses.  General and administrative expenses increased by 13.9% to $3.9 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $3.4 million in the same period of the prior year, primarily attributable to increases of $225,000 in compensation-related costs and $413,000 in technology initiatives, offset by a decrease of $81,000 in consulting.
Interest expense.  Interest expense increased by 4.6% to $7.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $6.9 million in the same period of the prior year, primarily due to maintaining a larger average balance on our line of credit compared to the same period of the prior year and the addition of the Series C notes.
Interest and other income (loss). We recorded interest and other income of $431,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to a loss of $2.8 million in the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily due to a $3.6 million loss in the value of our marketable securities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 which did not occur in the current period.
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders. Net income available to common shareholders was $6.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $8.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020.
Funds from Operations.
We believe that Funds from Operations (“FFO”), which is a non-GAAP financial measures used as a standard supplemental measure for equity real estate investment trusts, is helpful to investors in understanding our operating performance, primarily because its calculation does not assume the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time, as implied by the historical cost convention of GAAP and the recording of depreciation.
We use the definition of Funds from Operations FFO adopted by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Inc. (“Nareit”). Nareit defines FFO as net income or loss calculated in accordance with GAAP, excluding:
depreciation and amortization related to real estate;
gains and losses from the sale of certain real estate assets; and
impairment write-downs of certain real estate assets and investments in entities when the impairment is directly attributable to decreases in the value of depreciable real estate held by the entity.
The exclusion in Nareit’s definition of FFO of impairment write-downs and gains and losses from the sale of real estate assets helps to identify the operating results of the long-term assets that form the base of our investments, and assists management and investors in comparing those operating results between periods.
Due to limitations of the Nareit FFO definition, we have made certain interpretations in applying this definition. We believe that all such interpretations not specifically provided for in the Nareit definition are consistent with this definition. Nareit's FFO White Paper 2018 Restatement clarified that impairment write-downs of land related to a REIT's main business are excluded from FFO and a REIT has the option to exclude impairment write-downs of assets that are incidental to the main business.
While FFO is widely used by us as a primary performance metric, not all real estate companies use the same definition of FFO or calculate FFO the same way. Accordingly, FFO presented here is not necessarily comparable to FFO presented by other real estate companies. FFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income or any other GAAP measurement of performance, but rather should be considered as an additional, supplemental measure. FFO also does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with GAAP, nor is it indicative of funds available to fund all of our needs, including our ability to service indebtedness or make distributions to shareholders.
FFO applicable to common shares and Units for the three months ended March 31, 2021, increased to $12.9 million compared to $8.7 million for the comparable period ended March 31, 2020, an increase of 49.4%. This increase was primarily due to a prior year loss of $3.6 million on marketable securities that did not occur in the current year, as well as increased NOI from non-same-store and same-store communities.
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Reconciliation of Net Income Available to Common Shareholders to Funds from Operations
 (in thousands, except per share and unit amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders$(6,474)$(8,439)
Adjustments:  
Noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership(469)(692)
Depreciation and amortization19,992 18,160 
Less depreciation – non real estate(98)(93)
Less depreciation – partially owned entities(24)(282)
Funds from operations applicable to common shares and Units$12,927 $8,654 
Funds from operations applicable to common shares and Units$12,927 $8,654 
Dividends to preferred unitholders160 160 
Funds from operations applicable to common shares and Units - diluted$13,087 $8,814 
Per Share Data
Earnings (loss) per common share - diluted$(0.49)$(0.69)
FFO per share and Unit - diluted$0.92 $0.66 
Weighted average shares and Units - diluted14,282 13,401 
Acquisitions and Dispositions
During the first quarter of 2021, we acquired $76.9 million in new real estate compared to $46.3 million of acquisitions in the same period of the prior year. During the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, we had no dispositions. See Note 8 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report for a table detailing our acquisitions and dispositions during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
Distributions Declared
Distributions of $0.70 per common share and Unit were declared during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Distributions of $0.4140625 per Series C preferred share were declared during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Distributions of $0.9655 per Series D preferred unit were declared during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Overview
We intend to maintain a strong balance sheet and preserve our financial flexibility, which we believe should enhance our ability to capitalize on appropriate investment opportunities as they may arise. We intend to maintain our capital structure by continuing to focus on our core fundamentals, which include generating positive cash flows from operations, maintaining appropriate debt levels and leverage ratios, and controlling overhead costs.
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash and cash equivalents on hand and cash flows generated from operations. Other sources include availability under our unsecured lines of credit, proceeds from property dispositions, including restricted cash related to net tax deferred proceeds, offerings of preferred and common shares under our shelf registration statement, including offerings of common shares under our 2019 ATM Program, and long-term unsecured debt and secured mortgages.
Our primary liquidity demands are normally-recurring operating and overhead expenses, debt service and repayments, capital improvements to our communities, distributions to the holders of our preferred shares, common shares, Series D preferred units, and Units, value-add redevelopment, common and preferred share buybacks and Unit redemptions, and acquisitions of additional communities.
Although we believe that our financial condition and liquidity are sufficient to meet our reasonably anticipated liquidity demands during 2020, factors that could impact our future liquidity include, but are not limited to, volatility in capital and credit markets, our ability to access capital and credit markets, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including its potential impact
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on our ability to access the capital and credit markets on reasonable terms (or at all), the minimum REIT dividend requirements, and our ability to complete asset purchases, sales, or developments.
As of March 31, 2021, we had total liquidity of approximately $79.3 million, which included $68.5 million available on our line of credit and $10.8 million of cash and cash equivalents. As of December 31, 2020, we had total liquidity of approximately $97.5 million, which included $97.1 million on our line of credit and $392,000 of cash and cash equivalents.
COVID-19-Related Impacts on Liquidity
We anticipate that our primary sources of liquidity will continue to be cash and cash equivalents on hand, cash flows generated from operations and availability under our unsecured lines of credit. Although cash flows may be reduced as a result of lower monthly collections of rent as well as the potential for lower occupancy or reduced rental rates during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, we have other available sources of liquidity such as proceeds from property dispositions; offerings of preferred and common shares under our shelf registration statement, including offerings of common shares under our 2019 ATM Program; and long term unsecured term loans and secured mortgages. We have the following contractual obligations over the next twelve months:
$19.6 million debt maturities remaining in 2021 and
approximately $15.1 million remaining to fund, primarily over the next 12 months, under a mezzanine loan we originated for the development of a multifamily community in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Potential Impact of COVID-19-Related Effects on Continuing Debt Availability
Although we are in compliance with our covenants under all of our debt facilities and currently expect to continue to remain in compliance with these covenants, there can be no assurance that we will remain in compliance with those covenants or be able to access these funds depending on the length of the COVID-19 pandemic and the breadth of its impact on the U.S. economy generally and the credit markets in particular. Under the terms of our credit facility, we may be unable to obtain advances under our credit facility if:
we are unable to make certain representations and warranties, including a certification that, since April 30, 2018, there has been no adverse change in our business, financial condition, operations, performance or properties, taken as a whole, which would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect;
changes in our consolidated property NOI or capitalization rates applicable to the properties in our borrowing base reduce or eliminate availability under our credit facility; or
changes in the nature and composition (including occupancy rate) of the properties in our borrowing base cause these properties to become ineligible to be part of our borrowing base, and if we are not able to replace such properties with other qualifying properties, such ineligibility could reduce or eliminate the availability under our credit facility.
Even if we remain in compliance with the foregoing representations, warranties, and covenants, we may be unable to access the full amount available under our credit facilities if our lenders fail to fund their commitments, which could occur if:
credit market deterioration or overall economic conditions affect the ability of one or more of our lenders to meet their funding commitments under our revolving credit facility. If a lender fails to fund its commitment under the revolving credit facility, that portion of the credit facility will be unavailable if the lender’s commitment is not replaced by a new commitment from an alternate lender;
distressed market conditions cause our lenders to transfer their commitments to other institutions, which could result in committed funds not being available, particularly if consolidation of the commitments under our credit facility or among its lenders were to occur; or
we are unable to obtain additional letters of credit due to a default by any lender in meeting its funding obligations.
As of the date of this filing, we have not experienced any restrictions or limitations on the availability of credit in our markets or with our lenders, although there can be no assurance that we will continue to be able to access the credit markets generally or our credit facility in the future.
Debt
We have an unsecured credit facility for $395.0 million, with the commitment allocated to a revolving line of credit for $250.0 million and the remaining $145.0 million allocated between two term loans: a $70.0 million unsecured term loan that matures on January 15, 2024 and a $75.0 million unsecured term loan that matures on August 31, 2025.
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As of March 31, 2021, our line of credit had total commitments and borrowing capacity of $250.0 million, based on the value of properties contained in an unencumbered asset pool (“UAP”). As of March 31, 2021, the additional borrowing availability was $68.5 million beyond the $181.5 million drawn, including the balance on our operating line of credit (discussed below). At December 31, 2020, the line of credit borrowing capacity was $250.0 million based on the UAP, of which $152.9 million was drawn on the line, including the balance on our operating line of credit. This credit facility matures on August 31, 2022, with one twelve-month option to extend the maturity date at our election.
In January, we amended and expanded our private shelf agreement to increase the aggregate amount available for issuance of unsecured senior promissory notes to $225.0 million. In September 2019, we issued $75.0 million of Series A notes due September 13, 2029, bearing interest at a rate of 3.84% annually, and $50.0 million of Series B notes due September 30, 2028, bearing interest at a rate of 3.69% annually, under this facility. In January 2021, we issued $50.0 million of Series C notes due June 6, 2030, bearing interest at a rate of 2.70%. An additional $50.0 million remains available under this agreement.
We also have a $6.0 million operating line of credit. This operating line of credit is designed to enhance treasury management activities and more effectively manage cash balances. This operating line matures on August 1, 2021, with pricing based on a market spread plus the one-month LIBOR index rate.
Mortgage loan indebtedness was $295.0 million and $298.4 million on March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. All of our mortgage debt is at fixed rates of interest, with staggered maturities. This decreases the exposure to changes in interest rates, which reduces the effect of interest rate fluctuations on our results of operations and cash flows. As of March 31, 2021, the weighted average interest rate on our mortgage debt was 3.92%, compared to 3.93% as of December 31, 2020.
Equity
We have an equity distribution agreement in connection with the 2019 ATM Program through which we may offer and sell common shares having an aggregate gross sales price of up to $150.0 million, in amounts and at times that we determine. The proceeds from the sale of common shares under the 2019 ATM program are intended to be used for general corporate purposes, which may include the funding of future acquisitions and the repayment of indebtedness. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we issued 164,279 common shares under the 2019 ATM program at an average price of $72.19 per share, net of commissions. Total consideration, net of commissions and issuance costs, was $11.9 million. As of March 31, 2021, common shares having an aggregate offering price of up to $55.3 million remained available under the 2019 ATM Program.
Changes in Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash
The following discussion relates to changes in consolidated cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash which are presented in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows in Part I, Item 1 above.
In addition to cash flow from operations, during the three months ended March 31, 2021, we generated capital from various activities, including:
Receiving $50.0 million from the issuance of Series C notes under the private placement agreement; and
Receiving $11.9 million in net proceeds from the issuance of 164,279 common shares under our 2019 ATM Program.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we used capital for various activities, including:
Acquiring Union Pointe, a 256-home apartment community located in Longmont, Colorado, for an aggregate purchase price of $76.9 million;
Funding of mezzanine and construction loans of $5.4 million;
Repaying $3.4 million of mortgage principal; and
Funding capital improvements for apartment communities of approximately $2.2 million.
Subsequent to the end of the quarter, Centerspace received $2.0 million of non-refundable deposits and expects to complete the sale of select assets in Rochester, Minnesota on May 24, 2021. The sale consists of 589 apartment homes in six communities with an aggregate sale price of $60.0 million. The proceeds from this disposition are expected to be used to pay down the line of credit and increase liquidity.
Contractual Obligations and Other Commitments
Contractual obligations and other commitments were disclosed in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations and other commitments since that report was filed.
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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of March 31, 2021, we had no significant off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of SEC Regulation S-K.
Critical Accounting Policies
In preparing the condensed consolidated financial statements, management has made estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. A summary of our critical accounting policies is included in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on February 22, 2021 under the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Refer to Note 2 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this report for additional information. There have been no other significant changes to our critical accounting policies during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Our exposure to market risk is primarily related to fluctuations in the general level of interest rates on our current and future fixed and variable rate debt obligations. We currently use interest rate swaps to offset the impact of interest rate fluctuations on our variable-rate term loans. We do not enter into derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes. The interest rate swaps expose us to credit risk in the event of non-performance by the counterparties under the terms of the agreements.
See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 under the heading “Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” for a more complete discussion of our interest rate sensitivity. As of March 31, 2021, our exposure to market risk has not changed materially since our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures:  
Management, with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act), as of the end of the period covered by this Report. Based on such evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of March 31, 2021, such disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Internal Control Over Financial Reporting:  
In connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d), management, with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has identified no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during that quarter ended March 31, 2021 and that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
In the ordinary course of our operations, we become involved in litigation. At this time, we know of no material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business, to which we or any of our subsidiaries is a party or of which any of our property is the subject.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes to the Risk Factors previously disclosed in Item 1A in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 
Sales of Securities
On March 31, 2021, we issued 60 unregistered Common Shares to limited partners of the Operating Partnership in exchange for their Units, in reliance on the private offering exemption under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
    Maximum Dollar
   Total Number of SharesAmount of Shares That
 Total Number ofAverage PricePurchased as Part ofMay Yet Be Purchased 
 Shares and UnitsPaid perPublicly AnnouncedUnder the Plans or
PeriodPurchased
Share and Unit(1)
Plans or ProgramsPrograms
January 1 - 31, 2021— — — — 
February 1 - 28, 2021— — — — 
March 1 - 31, 2021(2)
122 $71.55 — — 
Total122 $71.55 —  
(1)Amount includes commissions paid.
(2)Includes Units redeemed for cash pursuant to the exercise of exchange rights.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 
None
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not Applicable
Item 5. Other Information
None
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Item 6. Exhibits
The following exhibits are filed as part of this Report.
 
EXHIBIT INDEX
Exhibit No.Description
101 INS**INSTANCE DOCUMENT
101 SCH**SCHEMA DOCUMENT
101 CAL**CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
101 LAB**LABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT
101 PRE**PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
101 DEF**DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
104**COVER PAGE INTERACTIVE DATA FILE - THE COVER PAGE XBRL TAGS ARE EMBEDDED WITHIN THE INLINE XBRL DOCUMENT
*    Filed herewith
**    Submitted electronically herewith.  Attached as Exhibit 101 are the following materials from our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, formatted in Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language (“iXBRL”): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations; (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity; (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; (v) notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements; and (vi) the Cover Page to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Investors Real Estate Trust dba Centerspace
(Registrant)
/s/ Mark O. Decker, Jr. 
Mark O. Decker, Jr. 
President and Chief Executive Officer 
  
/s/ John A. Kirchmann 
John A. Kirchmann 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer 
  
Date: May 3, 2021 
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