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Choiceone Financial Services (COFS)

Filed: 11 May 20, 5:10pm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q
 

Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

 

 

Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

For the transition period from                to                

 

Commission File Number: 000-19202

 

ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

Michigan
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)

 

38-2659066
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

109 East Division
Sparta, Michigan
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

 


49345
(Zip Code)

 

 

 

(616) 887-7366
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  

Yes ☒        No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically , every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). 

Yes ☒        No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company ☒

 

 

Emerging growth company 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ☐        No ☒

 

Title of each class

Trading symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock

COFS

NASDAQ Capital Market

 

As of April 30, 2020, the Registrant had outstanding 7,253,576 shares of common stock.

 

 

 

 

 

PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.  Financial Statements.

 

ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Audited)

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and due from banks

 

$

45,221

 

 

$

59,308

 

Time deposits in other financial institutions

 

 

250

 

 

 

250

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

45,471

 

 

 

59,558

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity securities at fair value (Note 2)

 

 

2,462

 

 

 

2,851

 

Securities available for sale (Note 2)

 

 

361,904

 

 

 

339,579

 

Federal Home Loan Bank stock

 

 

3,524

 

 

 

3,524

 

Federal Reserve Bank stock

 

 

2,946

 

 

 

2,934

 

Loans held for sale

 

 

7,385

 

 

 

3,095

 

Loans to other financial institutions

 

 

39,421

 

 

 

51,048

 

Loans (Note 3)

 

 

811,577

 

 

 

802,048

 

Allowance for loan losses (Note 3)

 

 

(4,790

)

 

 

(4,057

)

Loans, net

 

 

806,787

 

 

 

797,991

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Premises and equipment, net

 

 

24,087

 

 

 

24,265

 

Other real estate owned, net

 

 

926

 

 

 

929

 

Cash value of life insurance policies

 

 

32,171

 

 

 

31,979

 

Goodwill

 

 

52,593

 

 

 

52,870

 

Core deposit intangible

 

 

5,653

 

 

 

6,006

 

Other assets

 

 

13,160

 

 

 

9,499

 

Total assets

 

$

1,398,490

 

 

$

1,386,128

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits – noninterest-bearing

 

$

283,434

 

 

$

287,460

 

Deposits – interest-bearing

 

 

889,965

 

 

 

867,142

 

Total deposits

 

 

1,173,399

 

 

 

1,154,602

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advances from Federal Home Loan Bank

 

 

23,188

 

 

 

33,198

 

Other liabilities

 

 

6,101

 

 

 

6,189

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,202,688

 

 

 

1,193,989

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

��

 

Preferred stock; shares authorized: 100,000; shares outstanding: none

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock and paid-in capital, no par value; shares authorized: 12,000,000; shares outstanding: 7,249,533 at March 31, 2020 and 7,245,088 at December 31, 2019

 

 

162,745

 

 

 

162,610

 

Retained earnings

 

 

29,856

 

 

 

28,051

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net

 

 

3,201

 

 

 

1,478

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

195,802

 

 

 

192,139

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

1,398,490

 

 

$

1,386,128

 

 

See accompanying notes to interim consolidated financial statements. 

 

2

 

 

ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Interest income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans, including fees

 

$

10,075

 

 

$

5,280

 

Securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxable

 

 

1,857

 

 

 

760

 

Tax exempt

 

 

368

 

 

 

369

 

Other

 

 

194

 

 

 

68

 

Total interest income

 

 

12,494

 

 

 

6,477

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits

 

 

1,385

 

 

 

851

 

Advances from Federal Home Loan Bank

 

 

136

 

 

 

116

 

Other

 

 

2

 

 

 

14

 

Total interest expense

 

 

1,523

 

 

 

981

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

 

 

10,971

 

 

 

5,496

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

775

 

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

 

 

10,196

 

 

 

5,496

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noninterest income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Customer service charges

 

 

1,845

 

 

 

1,033

 

Insurance and investment commissions

 

 

126

 

 

 

63

 

Gains on sales of loans

 

 

1,743

 

 

 

246

 

Net gains on sales of securities

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

Net gains on sales and write-downs of other assets

 

 

2

 

 

 

13

 

Earnings on life insurance policies

 

 

192

 

 

 

96

 

Trust income

 

 

170

 

 

 

 

Change in market value of equity securities

 

 

(389

)

 

 

187

 

Other

 

 

408

 

 

 

119

 

Total noninterest income

 

 

4,099

 

 

 

1,758

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noninterest expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salaries and benefits

 

 

5,128

 

 

 

2,777

 

Occupancy and equipment

 

 

1,270

 

 

 

771

 

Data processing

 

 

1,484

 

 

 

556

 

Professional fees

 

 

762

 

 

 

517

 

Supplies and postage

 

 

225

 

 

 

100

 

Advertising and promotional

 

 

148

 

 

 

44

 

Intangible amortization

 

 

353

 

 

 

 

FDIC insurance

 

 

68

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

978

 

 

 

569

 

Total noninterest expense

 

 

10,416

 

 

 

5,334

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income tax

 

 

3,879

 

 

 

1,920

 

Income tax expense

 

 

625

 

 

 

283

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

3,254

 

 

$

1,637

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share (Note 4)

 

$

0.45

 

 

$

0.45

 

Diluted earnings per share (Note 4)

 

$

0.45

 

 

$

0.45

 

Dividends declared per share

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

See accompanying notes to interim consolidated financial statements. 

 

3

 

 

ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (Unaudited)

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net income

 

$

3,254

 

 

$

1,637

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Changes in net unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities available for sale, net of tax expense of $458 and $323 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, respectively

 

 

1,725

 

 

 

1,215

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reclassification adjustment for realized gain on sale of investment securities available for sale included in net income, net of tax expense of $0 and $0 for the periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

1,723

 

 

 

1,214

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

4,977

 

 

$

2,851

 

 

See accompanying notes to interim consolidated financial statements. 

 

4

 

 

ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Number of
Shares

 

 

Common
Stock and
Paid in
Capital

 

 

Retained
Earnings

 

 

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income/(Loss),
Net

 

 

Total

 

Balance, January 1, 2019

 

 

3,616,483

 

 

$

54,523

 

 

$

26,686

 

 

$

(732

)

 

$

80,477

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,637

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,637

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,214

 

 

 

1,214

 

Shares issued

 

 

2,004

 

 

 

47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

47

 

Effect of employee stock purchases

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

57

 

Restricted stock units issued

 

 

1,023

 

 

 

(10

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10

)

Cash dividends declared ($0.20 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(724

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(724

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2019

 

 

3,619,510

 

 

$

54,621

 

 

$

27,599

 

 

$

482

 

 

$

82,702

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, January 1, 2020

 

 

7,245,088

 

 

$

162,610

 

 

$

28,051

 

 

$

1,478

 

 

$

192,139

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,254

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,254

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,723

 

 

 

1,723

 

Shares issued

 

 

3,656

 

 

 

106

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

106

 

Effect of employee stock purchases

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

Stock options exercised and issued (1)

 

 

789

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

 

Cash dividends declared ($0.20 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,449

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,449

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2020

 

 

7,249,533

 

 

 

162,745

 

 

 

29,856

 

 

 

3,201

 

 

 

195,802

 

 

(1) The amount shown represents the number of shares issued in cashless transactions where some taxes are netted on a portion of the exercises. 

 

See accompanying notes to interim consolidated financial statements. 

 

5

 

 

ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

3,254

 

 

$

1,637

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

775

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

563

 

 

 

351

 

Amortization

 

 

718

 

 

 

216

 

Compensation expense on employee and director stock purchases, stock options, and restricted stock units

 

 

112

 

 

 

79

 

Net gains on sales of securities

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(1

)

Net change in market value of equity securities

 

 

389

 

 

 

(187

)

Gains on sales of loans

 

 

(1,743

)

 

 

(246

)

Loans originated for sale

 

 

(32,372

)

 

 

(6,944

)

Proceeds from loan sales

 

 

29,614

 

 

 

6,279

 

Earnings on bank-owned life insurance

 

 

(192

)

 

 

(96

)

(Gains)/losses on sales of other real estate owned

 

 

 

 

 

(8

)

Proceeds from sales of other real estate owned

 

 

64

 

 

 

53

 

Costs capitalized to other real estate

 

 

(19

)

 

 

 

Deferred federal income tax (benefit)/expense

 

 

(281

)

 

 

6

 

Net change in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other assets

 

 

(3,355

)

 

 

(313

)

Other liabilities

 

 

(17

)

 

 

(99

)

Net cash from operating activities

 

 

(2,491

)

 

 

727

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maturities, prepayments and calls of securities available for sale

 

 

9,633

 

 

 

4,547

 

Purchases of securities available for sale

 

 

(29,954

)

 

 

(4,789

)

Loan originations and payments, net

 

 

1,776

 

 

 

(318

)

Additions to premises and equipment

 

 

(412

)

 

 

(484

)

Net cash from investing activities

 

 

(18,957

)

 

 

(1,044

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in deposits

 

 

18,797

 

 

 

(12,564

)

Net change in fed funds purchased

 

 

 

 

 

(4,800

)

Proceeds from Federal Home Loan Bank advances

 

 

 

 

 

30,000

 

Payments on Federal Home Loan Bank advances

 

 

(10,010

)

 

 

(15,008

)

Issuance of common stock

 

 

23

 

 

 

19

 

Cash dividends

 

 

(1,449

)

 

 

(724

)

Net cash from financing activities

 

 

7,361

 

 

 

(3,077

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(14,087

)

 

 

(3,394

)

Beginning cash and cash equivalents

 

 

59,558

 

 

 

19,690

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ending cash and cash equivalents

 

$

45,471

 

 

$

16,296

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

1,508

 

 

$

1,015

 

Loans transferred to other real estate owned

 

 

42

 

 

 

64

 

 

See accompanying notes to interim consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc.
NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc. ("ChoiceOne"), its wholly-owned subsidiary, ChoiceOne Bank, and ChoiceOne Bank’s wholly-owned subsidiary, ChoiceOne Insurance Agencies, Inc. For periods after September 30, 2020, the consolidated financial statements also include ChioceOne's wholly owned subsidiary, Lakestone Bank & Trust (together with ChoiceOne Bank, the "Banks") and Lakestone Bank & Trust's wholly-owned subsidiary, Lakestone Financial Services, Inc., as a result of the merger of County Bank Corp. with and into ChoiceOne. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information, prevailing practices within the banking industry and the instructions to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments ordinary in nature which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Consolidated Statements of Income for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, and the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in ChoiceOne’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Loans to Other Financial Institutions 

The Banks entered into agreements with another financial institution to fund mortgage loans. Loans to other financial institutions are purchased participating interests in individual advances made to mortgage bankers nation-wide from an unaffiliated originating bank. The originating bank services these loans and cash flows on the individual advances (principal, interest, and fees) which are allocated pro-rata based on ownership in the participating interest, less fees paid for the servicing activity. The underlying collateral is generally made up of 1-4 family first residential mortgages owned by the mortgage banker and held for sale in the secondary market and have been underwritten using secondary market underwriting standards prior to purchasing the participating interest. Once the mortgage banker delivers the loan to the secondary market, the advance is required to be paid off, including the Bank’s participating interest. If the advance (in which one of the Banks has a participating interest) is outstanding over 90 days, the originating bank has the right to request the participating interest be paid off by the mortgage banker. The participating interests are subject to concentration risk to 15 different mortgage bankers, with the largest creditor outstanding representing 15% of the total at March 31, 2020.

 

Credit risk associated with the participating interest is measured as an allowance for loan loss when necessary. Losses are charged off against the allowance when incurred and recoveries of loan charge-offs are recorded when received. At least quarterly, the Banks review the portfolios of participating interests for potential losses including any participating interest that is outstanding over 90 days (even if the advance and participating interest is current). At March 31, 2020, 11 of the 322 participating interests with principal balances totaling $2.3 million had balances outstanding over 30 days. During the first three months of 2020, there were no losses or charge-offs of participating interests.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level believed adequate by management to absorb probable incurred losses inherent in the consolidated loan portfolio. Management’s evaluation of the adequacy of the allowance is an estimate based on reviews of individual loans, assessments of the impact of current economic conditions on the portfolio and historical loss experience of seasoned loan portfolios. See Note 3 to the interim consolidated financial statements for additional information.

 

Management believes the accounting estimate related to the allowance for loan losses is a “critical accounting estimate” because (1) the estimate is highly susceptible to change from period to period because of assumptions concerning the changes in the types and volumes of the portfolios and economic conditions and (2) the impact of recognizing an impairment or loan loss could have a material effect on ChoiceOne’s assets reported on the balance sheets as well as its net income.

 

7

 

 

Stock Transactions

A total of 2,615 shares of common stock were issued to ChoiceOne’s Board of Directors for a cash price of $83,000 under the terms of the Directors’ Stock Purchase Plan in the first quarter of 2020. A total of 1,041 shares for a cash price of $23,000 were issued under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan in the first quarter of 2020. Shares issued upon the exercise of stock options, net of shares withheld for payment for the options, totaled 789 in the first quarter of 2020.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

ChoiceOne grants restricted stock units to a select group of employees under the Stock Incentive Plan of 2012. All of the restricted stock units are initially unvested and vest in three annual installments on each of the next three anniversaries of the grant date. Certain additional vesting provisions apply. Each unit, once vested, is settled by delivery of one share of ChoiceOne common stock.

 

Reclassifications 

Certain amounts presented in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

The FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This ASU provides financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date by replacing the incurred loss impairment methodology in current generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. The new guidance attempts to reflect an entity’s current estimate of all expected credit losses and broadens the information that an entity must consider in developing its expected credit loss estimate for assets measured either collectively or individually to include forecasted information, as well as past events and current conditions. There is no specified method for measuring expected credit losses, and an entity may apply methods that reasonably reflect its expectations of the credit loss estimate. Although an entity may still use its current systems and methods for recording the allowance for credit losses, under the new rules, the inputs used to record the allowance for credit losses generally will need to change to appropriately reflect an estimate of all expected credit losses and the use of reasonable and supportable forecasts. Additionally, credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities will have to be presented as an allowance rather than as a write-down. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and for interim periods within those years for companies considered a smaller reporting company with the Securities and Exchange Commission. ChoiceOne was classified as a smaller reporting company as of December 31, 2019. Management is currently evaluating the impact of this new ASU on its consolidated financial statements which may be significant.

FASB pronouncement ASU 2017-04 (topic 350) is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. To simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill, the Board eliminated Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Previously, in computing the implied fair value of goodwill under Step 2, an entity had to perform procedures to determine the fair value at the impairment testing date of its assets and liabilities (including unrecognized assets and liabilities) following the procedure that would be required in determining the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. Instead, under the amendments in ASU 2017-04, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value; however, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Additionally, an entity should consider income tax effects from any tax-deductible goodwill on the carrying amount of the reporting unit when measuring the goodwill impairment loss, if applicable. The Board also eliminated the requirements for any reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount to perform a qualitative assessment and, if it fails that qualitative test, to perform Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. Therefore, the same impairment assessment applies to all reporting units. An entity is required to disclose the amount of goodwill allocated to each reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount of net assets. ChoiceOne performed a step zero during the current quarter and determined no impairment was necessary. Refer to testing performed in the Goodwill section below.

Goodwill

ChoiceOne evaluates goodwill annually for impairment. Accounting pronouncements allow a company to first perform a qualitative assessment for goodwill prior to a quantitative assessment (Step 1 assessment). If the results of the qualitative assessment indicate that it is more likely than not that goodwill is impaired, then a quantitative assessment must be performed. If not, there is no further assessment required.

 

Management performed its annual qualitative assessment of goodwill as of June 30, 2019. As a result of the impact of the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the first quarter of 2020, management believed it was prudent to perform an interim qualitative assessment as of March 31, 2020. The analysis consisted of a review of ChoiceOne’s current and expected future financial performance, the potential impact of COVID-19 on the ability of ChoiceOne’s borrowers to comply with loan terms, and the impact that reductions in both short-term and long-term interest rates have had and may continue to have on net interest margin and mortgage sales activity. The share price and book value of ChoiceOne’s stock were also compared to the prior year. Upon completion of the qualitative assessment, ChoiceOne believed that it was more likely than not that the fair value of ChoiceOne’s equity exceeded the carrying value as of March 31, 2020 and there was no further quantitative assessment necessary. If COVID-19 causes a prolonged economic downturn, ChoiceOne may perform additional interim assessments of its goodwill balance in future periods.

 

8

 

 

NOTE 2 – SECURITIES

 

The fair value of equity securities and the related gross unrealized gains(losses) recognized in noninterest income were as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amortized
Cost

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Gains

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

 

Fair
Value

 

Equity securities

 

$

2,636

 

 

$

 

 

$

(174

)

 

$

2,462

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amortized
Cost

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Gains

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

 

Fair
Value

 

Equity securities

 

$

2,636

 

 

$

215

 

 

$

 

 

$

2,851

 

 

The fair value of securities available for sale and the related unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income were as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amortized
Cost

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Gains

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

 

Fair
Value

 

U.S. Government and federal agency

 

$

17,003

 

 

$

126

 

 

$

 

 

$

17,129

 

U.S. Treasury notes and bonds

 

 

1,995

 

 

 

79

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,074

 

State and municipal

 

 

186,586

 

 

 

4,142

 

 

 

(589

)

 

 

190,139

 

Mortgage-backed

 

 

148,577

 

 

 

1,707

 

 

 

(1,581

)

 

 

148,703

 

Corporate

 

 

2,850

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

(36

)

 

 

2,859

 

Trust preferred securities

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 Total

 

$

358,011

 

 

$

6,099

 

 

$

(2,206

)

 

$

361,904

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amortized
Cost

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Gains

 

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

 

Fair
Value

 

U.S. Government and federal agency

 

$

17,231

 

 

$

23

 

 

$

(39

)

 

$

17,215

 

U.S. Treasury notes and bonds

 

 

1,994

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,008

 

State and municipal

 

 

172,487

 

 

 

2,694

 

 

 

(1,257

)

 

 

173,924

 

Mortgage-backed

 

 

142,504

 

 

 

585

 

 

 

(329

)

 

 

142,760

 

Corporate

 

 

2,649

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

2,672

 

Trust preferred securities

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 Total

 

$

337,865

 

 

$

3,340

 

 

$

(1,626

)

 

$

339,579

 

 

ChoiceOne reviews its securities portfolio on a quarterly basis to determine whether unrealized losses are considered to be temporary or other-than-temporary. No other-than-temporary impairment charges were recorded in the first quarter of 2020. ChoiceOne believes that unrealized losses on securities were temporary in nature and were due to changes in interest rates and reduced market liquidity and not as a result of credit quality issues.

 

Presented below is a schedule of maturities of securities as of March 31, 2020, the fair value of securities as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, and the weighted average yields of securities as of March 31, 2020:

 

9

 

 

 

 

Securities maturing within:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Less than
1 Year

 

 

1 Year -
5 Years

 

 

5 Years -
10 Years

 

 

More than
10 Years

 

 

Fair Value
at March 31,
2020

 

 

Fair Value
at Dec. 31,
2019

 

U.S. Government and federal agency

 

$

8,015

 

 

$

2,073

 

 

$

7,041

 

 

$

 

 

$

17,129

 

 

$

17,215

 

U.S. Treasury notes and bonds

 

 

 

 

 

2,074

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,074

 

 

 

2,008

 

State and municipal (1)

 

 

19,795

 

 

 

46,750

 

 

 

97,211

 

 

 

26,383

 

 

 

190,139

 

 

 

173,924

 

Corporate

 

 

464

 

 

 

2,395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,859

 

 

 

2,672

 

Trust preferred securities

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

1,000

 

Total debt securities

 

 

29,274

 

 

 

53,292

 

 

 

104,252

 

 

 

26,383

 

 

 

213,201

 

 

 

196,819

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

333

 

 

 

85,655

 

 

 

60,229

 

 

 

2,486

 

 

 

148,703

 

 

 

142,760

 

Equity securities (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

935

 

 

 

1,527

 

 

 

2,462

 

 

 

2,851

 

Total

 

$

29,607

 

 

$

138,947

 

 

$

165,416

 

 

$

30,396

 

 

$

364,366

 

 

$

342,430

 

 

 

 

 

 Weighted average yields:

 

 

 

Less than
1 Year

 

 

1 Year -
5 Years

 

 

5 Years -
10 Years

 

 

More than
10 Years

 

 

 Total

 

U.S. Government and federal agency

 

 

1.76

%

 

 

1.98

%

 

 

2.41

%

 

 

 

 

2.06

%

U.S. Treasury notes and bonds

 

 

 

 

 

1.85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.85

 

State and municipal (1)

 

 

2.27

 

 

 

2.91

 

 

 

2.78

 

 

 

2.84

 

 

 

2.77

 

Corporate

 

 

3.10

 

 

 

2.74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.80

 

Trust preferred securities

 

 

4.50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.50

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

0.80

 

 

 

2.24

 

 

 

2.09

 

 

 

3.21

 

 

 

2.19

 

Equity securities (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.56

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.76

 

 

Following is information regarding unrealized gains and losses on equity securities for the three-month periods ending March 31:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gains and losses recognized during the period

 

$

(389

)

 

$

187

 

Less: Net gains and losses recognized during the period on

securities sold

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gains and losses recognized during the reporting period


on securities still held at the reporting date

 

$

(389

)

 

$

187

 

 

10

 

 

 

NOTE 3 – LOANS AND ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN LOSSES

 

Activity in the allowance for loan losses and balances in the loan portfolio were as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Agricultural

 

 

Commercial
and
Industrial

 

 

Consumer

 

 

Commercial
Real Estate

 

 

Construction
Real Estate

 

 

Residential
Real Estate

 

 

Unallocated

 

 

Total

 

Allowance for Loan Losses Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning balance

 

$

471

 

 

$

655

 

 

$

270

 

 

$

1,663

 

 

$

76

 

 

$

640

 

 

$

282

 

 

$

4,057

 

Charge-offs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(89

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(89

)

Recoveries

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

47

 

Provision

 

 

(124

)

 

 

197

 

 

 

(5

)

 

 

297

 

 

 

48

 

 

 

419

 

 

 

(57

)

 

 

775

 

Ending balance

 

$

347

 

 

$

853

 

 

$

220

 

 

$

1,960

 

 

$

124

 

 

$

1,061

 

 

$

225

 

 

$

4,790

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Individually evaluated for impairment

 

$

98

 

 

$

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

13

 

 

$

 

 

$

266

 

 

$

 

 

$

378

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collectively evaluated for impairment

 

$

249

 

 

$

853

 

 

$

219

 

 

$

1,947

 

 

$

124

 

 

$

795

 

 

$

225

 

 

$

4,412

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Individually evaluated for impairment

 

$

103

 

 

$

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

13

 

 

$

 

 

$

235

 

 

$

 

 

$

355

 

                                 

Collectively evaluated for impairment

 

$

368

 

 

$

655

 

 

$

266

 

 

$

1,650

 

 

$

76

 

 

$

405

 

 

$

282

 

 

$

3,702

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended                                
March 31, 2019                                

Beginning balance

 

$

481

 

 

$

892

 

 

$

254

 

 

$

1,926

 

 

$

38

 

 

$

537

 

 

$

545

 

 

$

4,673

 

Charge-offs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(106

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(106

)

Recoveries

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

143

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

163

 

Provision

 

 

(57

)

 

 

(52

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

(65

)

 

 

2

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

 

Ending balance

 

$

424

 

 

$

857

 

 

$

336

 

 

$

1,863

 

 

$

40

 

 

$

558

 

 

$

652

 

 

$

4,730

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Individually evaluated for impairment

 

$

85

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

12

 

 

$

19

 

 

$

 

 

$

179

 

 

$

 

 

$

299

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collectively evaluated for impairment

 

$

339

 

 

$

853

 

 

$

324

 

 

$

1,844

 

 

$

40

 

 

$

379

 

 

$

652

 

 

$

4,431

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Individually evaluated for impairment

 

$

379

 

 

$

259

 

 

$

16

 

 

$

2,272

 

 

$

 

 

$

2,449

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

5,375

 

Collectively evaluated for impairment

 

 

50,104

 

 

 

136,989

 

 

 

34,236

 

 

 

348,365

 

 

 

17,525

 

 

 

213,706

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

800,925

 

Acquired with deteriorated credit quality

 

 

 

 

 

3,953

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

208

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,277

 

Ending balance

 

$

50,483

 

 

$

141,201

 

 

$

34,252

 

 

$

351,753

 

 

$

17,525

 

 

$

216,363

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

811,577

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Individually evaluated for impairment

 

$

924

 

 

$

259

 

 

$

17

 

 

$

2,288

 

 

$

 

 

$

2,434

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

5,922

 

Collectively evaluated for impairment

 

 

56,415

 

 

 

141,583

 

 

 

38,524

 

 

 

323,358

 

 

 

13,411

 

 

 

215,106

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

788,397

 

Acquired with deteriorated credit quality

 

 

 

 

 

6,241

 

 

 

313

 

 

 

733

 

 

 

 

 

 

442

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,729

 

Ending balance

 

$

57,339

 

 

$

148,083

 

 

$

38,854

 

 

$

326,379

 

 

$

13,411

 

 

$

217,982

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

802,048

 

 

11

 

 

The provision for loan losses was $775,000 in the first quarter of 2020, compared to $0 in the same period in the prior year. The first quarter of 2020 provision was deemed prudent due to growth in ChoiceOne’s loan portfolio, loans originated by Lakestone Bank & Trust in the two quarters since the merger with County Bank Corp., and the uncertainty of the future impact of the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic upon ChoiceOne’s borrowers and their ability to repay loans. While it is difficult to predict the impact that COVID-19 will have in future quarters, ChoiceOne expects increased levels of past due loans, nonperforming loans and loan losses.

 

The process to monitor the credit quality of ChoiceOne’s loan portfolio includes tracking (1) the risk ratings of business loans, (2) the level of classified business loans, and (3) delinquent and nonperforming consumer loans. Business loans are risk rated on a scale of 1 to 8. A description of the characteristics of the ratings follows:

 

Risk ratings 1 and 2: These loans are considered pass credits. They exhibit good to exceptional credit risk and demonstrate the ability to repay the loan from normal business operations.

 

Risk rating 3: These loans are considered pass credits. They exhibit acceptable credit risk and demonstrate the ability to repay the loan from normal business operations.

 

Risk rating 4: These loans are considered pass credits. However, they have potential developing weaknesses that, if not corrected, may cause deterioration in the ability of the borrower to repay the loan. While a loss is possible for a loan with this rating, it is not anticipated.

 

Risk rating 5: These loans are considered special mention credits. Loans in this risk rating are considered to be inadequately protected by the net worth and debt service coverage of the borrower or of any pledged collateral. These loans have well defined weaknesses that may jeopardize the borrower’s ability to repay the loan. If the weaknesses are not corrected, loss of principal and interest could be probable.

 

Risk rating 6: These loans are considered substandard credits. These loans have well defined weaknesses, the severity of which makes collection of principal and interest in full questionable. Loans in this category may be placed on nonaccrual status.

 

Risk rating 7: These loans are considered doubtful credits. Some loss of principal and interest has been determined to be probable. The estimate of the amount of loss could be affected by factors such as the borrower’s ability to provide additional capital or collateral. Loans in this category are on nonaccrual status.

 

Risk rating 8: These loans are considered loss credits. They are considered uncollectible and will be charged off against the allowance for loan losses.

 

12

 

 

 

Information regarding the Banks’ credit exposure was as follows:

 

Corporate Credit Exposure - Credit Risk Profile By Creditworthiness Category

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Agricultural

 

 

Commercial and Industrial

 

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

 

 

March 31,
2020

 

 

December 31,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2020

 

 

December 31,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2020

 

 

December 31,
2019

 

Risk ratings 1 and 2

 

$

10,977

 

 

$

14,173

 

 

$

16,405

 

 

$

14,920

 

 

$

11,561

 

 

$

11,051

 

Risk rating 3

 

 

25,759

 

 

 

27,163

 

 

 

96,714

 

 

 

105,656

 

 

 

293,759

 

 

 

271,120

 

Risk rating 4

 

 

12,906

 

 

 

14,530

 

 

 

27,005

 

 

 

26,152

 

 

 

42,244

 

 

 

39,934

 

Risk rating 5

 

 

462

 

 

 

1,094

 

 

 

804

 

 

 

1,081

 

 

 

1,310

 

 

 

1,332

 

Risk rating 6

 

 

379

 

 

 

379

 

 

 

273

 

 

 

274

 

 

 

2,879

 

 

 

2,942

 

 

 

$

50,483

 

 

$

57,339

 

 

$

141,201

 

 

$

148,083

 

 

$

351,753

 

 

$

326,379

 

 

Consumer Credit Exposure - Credit Risk Profile Based On Payment Activity

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Consumer

 

 

Construction Real Estate

 

 

Residential Real Estate

 

 

 

March 31,
2020

 

 

December 31,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2020

 

 

December 31,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2020

 

 

December 31,
2019

 

Performing

 

$

34,236

 

 

$

38,838

 

 

$

17,525

 

 

$

13,411

 

 

$

215,434

 

 

$

216,651

 

Nonperforming

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonaccrual

 

 

16

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

929

 

 

 

1,331

 

 

 

$

34,252

 

 

$

38,854

 

 

$

17,525

 

 

$

13,411

 

 

$

216,363

 

 

$

217,982

 

 

There were no loans that were considered troubled debt restructurings (“TDRs”) that were modified during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019. The Banks may agree to modify the terms of a loan in order to improve the Banks’ ability to collect amounts due. These modifications may include reduction of the interest rate, extension of the loan term, or in some cases, reduction of the principal balance.

 

There were no loans that were considered TDRs as of March 31, 2020 and 2019 where the borrower was past due with respect to principal and/or interest for 30 days or more during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019 that had been modified during the year prior to the default.

 

The federal banking agencies issued an “Interagency Statement on Loan Modifications and Reporting for Financial Institutions Working with Customers Affected by the Coronavirus” on March 22, 2020 and subsequently issued a revised statement on April 7, 2020. These statements encourage financial institutions to work constructively with borrowers affected by COVID-19, and provide that short-term modifications to loans made on a good faith basis to borrowers who were current as of the implementation date of the statements are not considered troubled debt restructurings (“TDRs”). Further, Section 4013 of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act, passed by Congress on March 27, 2020, states that COVID-19 related modifications on loans that were current as of December 31, 2019 are not TDRs. As of April 30, 2020, ChoiceOne had granted modifications on approximately 600 loans which, in reliance on the statements of federal banking agencies and the CARES Act, are not reflected as TDRs in this report. ChoiceOne anticipates that additional such modifications will be made in the second quarter of 2020.

 

13

 

 

 

Impaired loans by loan category follow:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

Recorded
Investment

 

 

Unpaid
Principal
Balance

 

 

Related
Allowance

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

With no related allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

259

 

 

 

259

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

1,882

 

 

 

1,882

 

 

 

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

76

 

 

 

76

 

 

 

 

 Subtotal

 

 

2,217

 

 

 

2,217

 

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

 

379

 

 

 

477

 

 

 

98

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

16

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

1

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

390

 

 

 

403

 

 

 

13

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

2,373

 

 

 

2,639

 

 

 

266

 

 Subtotal

 

 

3,158

 

 

 

3,536

 

 

 

378

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

 

379

 

 

 

477

 

 

 

98

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

259

 

 

 

259

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

16

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

1

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

2,272

 

 

 

2,285

 

 

 

13

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

2,449

 

 

 

2,715

 

 

 

266

 

 Total

 

$

5,375

 

 

$

5,753

 

 

$

378

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

Recorded
Investment

 

 

Unpaid
Principal
Balance

 

 

Related
Allowance

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

With no related allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

$

545

 

 

$

545

 

 

$

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

259

 

 

 

340

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

1,882

 

 

 

2,471

 

 

 

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

42

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

 Subtotal

 

 

2,728

 

 

 

3,398

 

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

 

379

 

 

 

439

 

 

 

103

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

17

 

 

 

18

 

 

 

4

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

406

 

 

 

406

 

 

 

13

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

2,392

 

 

 

2,460

 

 

 

235

 

 Subtotal

 

 

3,194

 

 

 

3,323

 

 

 

355

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

 

924

 

 

 

984

 

 

 

103

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

259

 

 

 

340

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

18

 

 

 

18

 

 

 

4

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

2,287

 

 

 

2,877

 

 

 

13

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

2,434

 

 

 

2,502

 

 

 

235

 

 Total

 

$

5,922

 

 

$

6,721

 

 

$

355

 

 

14

 

 

The following schedule provides information regarding average balances of impaired loans and interest recognized on impaired loans for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

 

Average

 

 

Interest

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recorded

 

 

Income

 

 

 

Investment

 

 

Recognized

 

Three Months ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

With no related allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

$

272

 

 

$

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

259

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

1,882

 

 

 

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

59

 

 

 

 

 Subtotal

 

 

2,472

 

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

 

379

 

 

 

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

391

 

 

 

7

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

2,383

 

 

 

30

 

 Subtotal

 

 

3,176

 

 

 

37

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

 

651

 

 

 

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

266

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

2,273

 

 

 

7

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

2,442

 

 

 

30

 

 Total

 

$

5,648

 

 

$

37

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

Interest

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recorded

 

 

Income

 

 

 

Investment

 

 

Recognized

 

Three Months ended March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

With no related allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

$

92

 

 

$

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

73

 

 

 

7

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

203

 

 

 

23

 

 Subtotal

 

 

369

 

 

 

30

 

With an allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

 

391

 

 

 

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

76

 

 

 

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

541

 

 

 

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

2,499

 

 

 

1

 

 Subtotal

 

 

3,530

 

 

 

1

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural

 

 

483

 

 

 

 

 Commercial and industrial

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

 Consumer

 

 

78

 

 

 

 

 Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Commercial real estate

 

 

613

 

 

 

7

 

 Residential real estate

 

 

2,702

 

 

 

24

 

 Total

 

$

3,899

 

 

$

31

 

 

 

15

 

 

An aging analysis of loans by loan category follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans

 

 

Loans

 

 

Past Due

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans

 

 

 

Past Due

 

 

Past Due

 

 

Greater

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

90 Days Past

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

30 to 59

 

 

60 to 89

 

 

Than 90

 

 

 

 

 

Loans Not

 

 

Total

 

 

Due and

 

 

 

Days (1)

 

 

Days (1)

 

 

Days (1)

 

 

Total (1)

 

 

Past Due

 

 

Loans

 

 

Accruing

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agricultural

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

379

 

 

$

379

 

 

$

50,104

 

 

$

50,483

 

 

$

 

Commercial and industrial

 

 

56

 

 

 

99

 

 

 

259

 

 

 

414

 

 

 

140,787

 

 

 

141,201

 

 

 

 

Consumer

 

 

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

34,209

 

 

 

34,252

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

 

1,268

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

1,882

 

 

 

3,182

 

 

 

348,571

 

 

 

351,753

 

 

 

 

Construction real estate

 

 

1,187

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,187

 

 

 

16,338

 

 

 

17,525

 

 

 

 

Residential real estate

 

 

2,152

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

229

 

 

 

2,389

 

 

 

213,974

 

 

 

216,363

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

4,706

 

 

$

139

 

 

$

2,749

 

 

$

7,594

 

 

$

803,983

 

 

$

811,577

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agricultural

 

$

 

 

$

68

 

 

$

 

 

$

68

 

 

$

57,271

 

 

$

57,339

 

 

$

 

Commercial and industrial

 

 

542

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

259

 

 

 

816

 

 

 

147,267

 

 

 

148,083

 

 

 

 

Consumer

 

 

121

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

151

 

 

 

38,703

 

 

 

38,854

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,882

 

 

 

1,882

 

 

 

324,497

 

 

 

326,379

 

 

 

 

Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13,411

 

 

 

13,411

 

 

 

 

Residential real estate

 

 

2,466

 

 

 

582

 

 

 

393

 

 

 

3,441

 

 

 

214,541

 

 

 

217,982

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

3,129

 

 

$

684

 

 

$

2,545

 

 

$

6,358

 

 

$

795,690

 

 

$

802,048

 

 

$

 

 

(1) Includes nonaccrual loans.

 

Nonaccrual loans by loan category follow:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Agricultural

 

$

380

 

 

$

379

 

Commercial and industrial

 

 

694

 

 

 

776

 

Consumer

 

 

16

 

 

 

16

 

Commercial real estate

 

 

2,139

 

 

 

2,185

 

Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential real estate

 

 

929

 

 

 

1,331

 

 

 

$

4,158

 

 

$

4,687

 

 

 

16

 

 

The table below details the outstanding balances of the County Bank Corp. acquired portfolio and the acquisition fair value adjustments at acquisition date (dollars in thousands):

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Acquired

 

 

Acquired

 

 

Acquired

 

 

 

Impaired

 

 

Non-impaired

 

 

Total

 

Loans acquired - contractual payments

 

$

7,729

 

 

$

387,394

 

 

$

395,123

 

Nonaccretable difference

 

 

(2,928

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2,928

)

Expected cash flows

 

 

4,801

 

 

 

387,394

 

 

 

392,195

 

Accretable yield

 

 

(185

)

 

 

(1,656

)

 

 

(1,841

)

Carrying balance at acquisition date

 

$

4,616

 

 

$

385,738

 

 

$

390,354

 

 

The table below presents a rollforward of the accretable yield on acquired loans for the three months ended March 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Acquired

 

 

Acquired

 

 

Acquired

 

 

 

Impaired

 

 

Non-impaired

 

 

Total

 

Balance, January 1, 2020

 

$

185

 

 

$

1,581

 

 

$

1,766

 

Accretion income

 

 

 

 

 

(50

)

 

 

(50

)

Balance, March 31, 2020

 

$

185

 

 

$

1,531

 

 

$

1,716

 

 

 

17

 

 

NOTE 4 – EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

Earnings per share are based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. A computation of basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

(Dollars in thousands, except share data)

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Basic

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

3,254

 

 

$

1,637

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

7,247,772

 

 

 

3,618,328

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common shares

 

$

0.45

 

 

$

0.45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

3,254

 

 

$

1,637

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

7,247,772

 

 

 

3,618,328

 

Plus dilutive stock options and restricted stock units

 

 

14,633

 

 

 

15,720

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and potentially dilutive shares

 

 

7,262,405

 

 

 

3,634,048

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per common share

 

$

0.45

 

 

$

0.45

 

 

There were no stock options that were considered to be anti-dilutive to earnings per share as of March 31, 2020. There were 15,000 stock options that were considered to be anti-dilutive to earnings as of March 31, 2019 and were excluded from the calculation above.

 

 

18

 

 

Note 5 – Financial Instruments

 

Financial instruments as of the dates indicated were as follows: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted Prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Active

 

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Markets for

 

 

Other

 

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Identical

 

 

Observable

 

 

Unobservable

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Carrying

 

 

Estimated

 

 

Assets

 

 

Inputs

 

 

Inputs

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

(Level 1)

 

 

(Level 2)

 

 

(Level 3)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

45,471

 

 

$

45,471

 

 

$

45,471

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

  Equity securities at fair value

 

 

2,462

 

 

 

2,462

 

 

 

1,055

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,407

 

  Securities available for sale

 

 

361,904

 

 

 

361,904

 

 

 

 

 

 

349,352

 

 

 

12,552

 

  Federal Home Loan Bank and Federal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Reserve Bank stock

 

 

6,470

 

 

 

6,470

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,470

 

 

 

 

  Loans held for sale

 

 

7,385

 

 

 

7,606

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,606

 

 

 

 

  Loans to other financial institutions

 

 

39,421

 

 

 

39,421

 

 

 

 

 

 

39,421

 

 

 

 

  Loans, net

 

 

806,787

 

 

 

805,778

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

805,778

 

  Accrued interest receivable

 

 

4,682

 

 

 

4,682

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,682

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Noninterest-bearing deposits

 

 

283,434

 

 

 

283,434

 

 

 

 

 

 

283,434

 

 

 

 

  Interest-bearing deposits

 

 

889,965

 

 

 

890,779

 

 

 

 

 

 

890,779

 

 

 

 

  Federal Home Loan Bank advances

 

 

23,188

 

 

 

23,204

 

 

 

 

 

 

23,204

 

 

 

 

  Accrued interest payable

 

 

426

 

 

 

426

 

 

 

 

 

 

426

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Cash and due from banks

 

$

59,558

 

 

$

59,558

 

 

$

59,558

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

  Equity securities at fair value

 

 

2,851

 

 

 

2,851

 

 

 

1,379

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,472

 

  Securities available for sale

 

 

339,579

 

 

 

339,579

 

 

 

 

 

 

327,212

 

 

 

12,367

 

  Federal Home Loan Bank and Federal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Reserve Bank stock

 

 

6,458

 

 

 

6,458

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,458

 

 

 

 

  Loans held for sale

 

 

3,095

 

 

 

3,134

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,134

 

 

 

 

  Loans to other financial institutions

 

 

51,048

 

 

 

51,048

 

 

 

 

 

 

51,048

 

 

 

 

  Loans, net

 

 

797,991

 

 

 

793,270

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

793,270

 

  Accrued interest receivable

 

 

3,965

 

 

 

3,965

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,965

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Noninterest-bearing deposits

 

 

287,460

 

 

 

287,460

 

 

 

 

 

 

287,460

 

 

 

 

  Interest-bearing deposits

 

 

867,142

 

 

 

867,154

 

 

 

 

 

 

867,154

 

 

 

 

  Federal Home Loan Bank advances

 

 

33,198

 

 

 

33,243

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,243

 

 

 

 

  Accrued interest payable

 

 

411

 

 

 

411

 

 

 

 

 

 

411

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

 

 

NOTE 6 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

The following tables present information about assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the valuation techniques used to determine those fair values.

 

In general, fair values determined by Level 1 inputs use quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Banks have the ability to access.

 

Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs use other inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly. These Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and other inputs such as interest rates and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals.

 

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs, including inputs that are available in situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the related asset or liability.

 

In instances where inputs used to measure fair value fall into different levels in the above fair value hierarchy, fair value measurements in their entirety are categorized based on the lowest level input that is significant to the valuation. The Bank’s assessment of the significance of particular inputs to these fair value measurements requires judgment and considers factors specific to each asset or liability.

 

There were no liabilities measured at fair value as of March 31, 2020 or December 31, 2019. Disclosures concerning assets measured at fair value are as follows:

 

 

20

 

 

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

 

 

Quoted Prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Active

 

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Markets for

 

 

Other

 

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Identical

 

 

Observable

 

 

Unobservable

 

 

Balance

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Assets

 

 

Inputs

 

 

Inputs

 

 

at Date

 

 

 

(Level 1)

 

 

(Level 2)

 

 

(Level 3)

 

 

Indicated

 

Equity Securities Held at Fair Value - December 31, 2018 March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity securities

 

$

1,055

 

 

$

 

 

$

1,407

 

 

$

2,462

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment Securities, Available for Sale - March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U. S. Government and federal agency

 

$

 

 

$

17,129

 

 

$

 

 

$

17,129

 

U. S. Treasury notes and bonds

 

 

 

 

 

2,074

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,074

 

State and municipal

 

 

 

 

 

178,587

 

 

 

11,552

 

 

 

190,139

 

Mortgage-backed

 

 

 

 

 

148,703

 

 

 

 

 

 

148,703

 

Corporate

 

 

 

 

 

2,859

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,859

 

Trust preferred securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

1,000

 

     Total

 

$

 

 

$

349,352

 

 

$

12,552

 

 

$

361,904

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity Securities Held at Fair Value - December 31, 2018 December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity securities

 

$

1,379

 

 

$

 

 

$

1,472

 

 

$

2,851

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment Securities, Available for Sale - December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U. S. Government and federal agency

 

$

 

 

$

17,215

 

 

$

 

 

$

17,215

 

U. S. Treasury notes and bonds

 

 

 

 

 

2,008

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,008

 

State and municipal

 

 

 

 

 

162,557

 

 

 

11,367

 

 

 

173,924

 

Mortgage-backed

 

 

 

 

 

142,760

 

 

 

 

 

 

142,760

 

Corporate

 

 

 

 

 

2,672

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,672

 

Trust preferred securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

1,000

 

     Total

 

$

 

 

$

327,212

 

 

$

12,367

 

 

$

339,579

 

 

 

21

 

 

Changes in Level 3 Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Equity Securities Held at Fair Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, January 1

 

$

1,472

 

 

$

886

 

Total realized and unrealized gains (losses) included in noninterest income

 

 

(65

)

 

 

77

 

Net purchases, sales, calls, and maturities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net transfers into Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, March 31

 

$

1,407

 

 

$

963

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment Securities, Available for Sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, January 1

 

$

12,367

 

 

$

8,498

 

Total unrealized gains (losses) included in other comprehensive income

 

 

185

 

 

 

97

 

Net purchases, sales, calls, and maturities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net transfers into Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, March 31

 

$

12,552

 

 

$

8,595

 

 

Of the available for sale Level 3 assets that were held by ChoiceOne at March 31, 2020, the net unrealized gain as of March 31, 2020 was $571,000, which was recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income in the consolidated balance sheet. 

 

Both observable and unobservable inputs may be used to determine the fair value of positions classified as Level 3 investment securities and liabilities. As a result, the unrealized gains and losses for these assets and liabilities presented in the tables above may include changes in fair value that were attributable to both observable and unobservable inputs.

 

Securities categorized as Level 3 assets primarily consist of bonds issued by local municipalities and common and preferred equity securities of community banks. ChoiceOne estimates the fair value of these bonds and equity securities based on the present value of expected future cash flows using management’s best estimate of key assumptions, including forecasted interest yield and payment rates, credit quality and a discount rate commensurate with the current market and other risks involved.

 

ChoiceOne also has assets that under certain conditions are subject to measurement at fair value on a non-recurring basis. These assets are not normally measured at fair value, but can be subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances, such as impairment.  Disclosures concerning assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis are as follows:

 

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted Prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Active

 

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Markets for

 

 

Other

 

 

Significant

 

 

 

Balances at

 

 

Identical

 

 

Observable

 

 

Unobservable

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Dates

 

 

Assets

 

 

Inputs

 

 

Inputs

 

 

 

 

Indicated

 

 

 

(Level 1)

 

 

(Level 2)

 

 

(Level 3)

Impaired Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

$

5,375

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

5,375

 

December 31, 2019

 

$

5,922

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

5,922

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Real Estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

$

926

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

926

 

December 31, 2019

 

$

929

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

929

 

  

22

 

 

Impaired loans categorized as Level 3 assets consist of non-homogeneous loans that are considered impaired.  ChoiceOne estimates the fair value of the loans based on the present value of expected future cash flows using management’s estimate of key assumptions.  These assumptions include future payment ability, timing of payment streams, and estimated realizable values of available collateral (typically based on outside appraisals). The changes in fair value consisted of charge-downs of impaired loans that were posted to the allowance for loan losses and write-downs of other real estate that were posted to a valuation account.

 

NOTE 7 – REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

 

ChoiceOne has a variety of sources of revenue, which include interest and fees from customers as well as revenue from non-customers.  ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts With Customers, covers certain sources of revenue that are classified within noninterest income in the Consolidated Statements of Income.  Sources of revenue that are included in the scope of ACS Topic 606 include service charges and fees on deposit accounts, interchange income, investment asset management income and transaction-based revenue, and other charges and fees for customer services.

 

Service Charges and Fees on Deposit Accounts

Revenue includes charges and fees to provide account maintenance, overdraft services, wire transfers, funds transfer, and other deposit-related services.  Account maintenance fees such as monthly service charges are recognized over the period of time that the service is provided.  Transaction fees such as wire transfer charges are recognized when the service is provided to the customer.

 

Interchange Income

Revenue includes debit card interchange and network revenues.  This revenue is earned on debit card transactions that are conducted through payment networks such as MasterCard. The revenue is recorded as services are delivered and is presented net of interchange expenses.

 

Investment Commission Income

Revenue includes fees from the investment management advisory services and revenue is recognized when services are rendered.  Revenue also includes commissions received from the placement of brokerage transactions for purchase or sale of stocks or other investments. Commission income is recognized when the transaction has been completed.

 

Trust Fee Income

Revenue includes fees from the management of trust assets and from other related advisory services. Revenue is recognized when services are rendered.

 

Following is noninterest income separated by revenue within the scope of ASC 606 and revenue within the scope of other GAAP topics:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service charges and fees on deposit accounts

 

$

    1,009

 

 

$

       628

 

Interchange income

 

 

836

 

 

 

405

 

Investment commission income

 

 

119

 

 

 

50

 

Trust fee income

 

 

170

 

 

 

 

Other charges and fees for customer services

 

 

147

 

 

 

63

 

Noninterest income from contracts with customers within the scope of ASC 606

 

 

2,282

 

 

 

1,146

 

Noninterest income within the scope of other GAAP topics

 

 

1,818

 

 

 

612

 

Total noninterest income

 

$

    4,099

 

 

$

    1,758

 

 

23 

 

NOTE 8 – BUSINESS COMBINATION

 

On January 6, 2020, ChoiceOne entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with Community Shores Bank Corporation (“Community Shores”), the holding company for Community Shores Bank.  Under the terms of the merger agreement, Community Shores will be merged with and into ChoiceOne, with ChoiceOne as the surviving corporation.  Completion of the merger is subject to receipt of shareholder approval of Community Shores, receipt of regulatory approval, and the satisfaction of other customary closing conditions.  Management expects the merger to become effective in the second half of 2020.  As of December 31, 2019, Community Shores had total assets of approximately $202 million, total loans of approximately $154 million, and total deposits of approximately $181 million.

 

ChoiceOne completed the merger of County Bank Corp (“County”) with and into ChoiceOne effective on October 1, 2019. County had 14 branch offices and one loan production office as of the date of the merger. Total assets of County as of October 1, 2019 were $673 million, including total loans of $424 million. Deposits garnered in the merger, the majority of which were core deposits, totaled $574 million. The results of operations as a result of the merger have been included in ChoiceOne’s results since the effective date of the merger. As consideration in the merger, ChoiceOne issued 3,603,872 shares of ChoiceOne common stock, which was net of 299 fractional shares not issued, with an approximate value of $108 million. ChoiceOne recorded a preliminary deposit based intangible of $6.4 million and goodwill of $39.1 million. While ChoiceOne believes the majority of the business combination and purchase accounting activity is complete, it is expected there will be minor adjustments in the normal course within the allotted GAAP adjustment period. Measurement period adjustments of $502,000 for deferred taxes and $238,000 for loan fair values were recorded during the first quarter of 2020 as acquisition date estimates for these amounts were finalized. Purchase accounting activity still being analyzed primarily includes certain tax implications. In the first quarter of 2020, the balances of Federal Reserve Bank stock, loan mark-to-market fair values, and deferred taxes were adjusted.

 

The table below presents the allocation of purchase price for the merger with County (dollars in thousands):

 

Net assets acquired:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

20,638

 

Equity securities at fair value

 

 

474

 

Securities available for sale

 

 

187,230

 

Federal Home Loan Bank and Federal Reserve Bank stock

 

 

2,915

 

Loans to other financial institutions

 

 

33,481

 

Originated loans

 

 

390,116

 

Premises and equipment

 

 

9,271

 

Other real estate owned

 

 

1,364

 

Deposit based intangible

 

 

6,359

 

Bank owned life insurance

 

 

16,912

 

Other assets

 

 

4,002

 

    Total assets

 

 

672,762

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-interest bearing deposits

 

 

124,113

 

Interest bearing deposits

 

 

449,488

 

    Total deposits

 

 

573,601

 

Federal funds purchased

 

 

3,800

 

Advances from Federal Home Loan Bank

 

 

23,000

 

Other liabilities

 

 

3,282

 

        Total liabilities

 

 

603,683

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Net assets acquired

 

 

69,079

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Goodwill

 

$

   38,866

 

 

24 

 

 

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion is designed to provide a review of the consolidated financial condition and results of operations of ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc. (“ChoiceOne”), its wholly-owned subsidiaries ChoiceOne Bank and Lakestone Bank & Trust, ChoiceOne Bank’s wholly-owned subsidiary, ChoiceOne Insurance Agencies, Inc., and Lakestone Bank and Trust's wholly-owned subsidiary, Lakestone Financial Services, Inc. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the interim consolidated financial statements and related notes.

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This discussion and other sections of this quarterly report contain forward-looking statements that are based on management’s beliefs, assumptions, current expectations, estimates and projections about the financial services industry, the economy, and ChoiceOne.  Words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “forecasts,” “intends,” “is likely,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “may,” “could,” “look forward,” “continue”, “future”, and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  Management’s determination of the provision and allowance for loan losses, the carrying value of goodwill, loan servicing rights, other real estate owned, and the fair value of investment securities (including whether any impairment on any investment security is temporary or other-than-temporary and the amount of any impairment) and management’s assumptions concerning pension and other postretirement benefit plans involve judgments that are inherently forward-looking.  Examples of forward-looking statements also include, but are not limited to, statements related to risks and uncertainties related to, and the impact of, the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the businesses, financial condition and results of operations of ChoiceOne and its customers and statements regarding the outlook and expectations of ChoiceOne and Community Shores Bank Corporation (“Community Shores”) with respect to their planned merger, the strategic benefits and financial benefits of the merger, including the expected impact of the transaction on the combined company’s future financial performance (including anticipated accretion to earnings per share, cost savings, the tangible book value earn-back period and other operating and return metrics), and the timing of the closing of the transaction.  All of the information concerning interest rate sensitivity is forward-looking.  All statements with references to future time periods are forward-looking.  These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions (“risk factors”) that are difficult to predict with regard to timing, extent, likelihood, and degree of occurrence.  Therefore, actual results and outcomes may materially differ from what may be expressed, implied or forecasted in such forward-looking statements.  Furthermore, ChoiceOne undertakes no obligation to update, amend, or clarify forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.  Such risks, uncertainties, and assumptions with respect to the pending acquisition of Community Shores include, among others, the following:

 

The impact of the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic;

the failure to obtain necessary regulatory approvals when expected or at all (and the risk that such approvals may result in the imposition of conditions that could adversely affect the combined company or the expected benefits of the transaction);

the failure of Community Shores to obtain shareholder approval, or to satisfy any of the other closing conditions to the transaction on a timely basis or at all;

the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to the right of one or both of the parties to terminate the merger agreement;

the possibility that the anticipated benefits of the transaction, including anticipated cost savings and strategic gains, are not realized when expected or at all, including as a result of the impact of, or problems arising from, the integration of the two companies or as a result of the strength of the economy, competitive factors in the areas where ChoiceOne and Community Shores do business, or as a result of other unexpected factors or events; 

the impact of purchase accounting with respect to the transaction, or any change in the assumptions used regarding the assets purchased and liabilities assumed to determine their fair value;

diversion of management’s attention from ongoing business operations and opportunities;

potential adverse reactions or changes to business or employee relationships, including those resulting from the announcement or completion of the transaction; and

the outcome of any legal proceedings that may be instituted against ChoiceOne or Community Shores.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic is adversely affecting us and our customers, counterparties, employees, and third-party service providers. The ultimate extent of the impacts on our business, financial position, results of operations, liquidity, and prospects is uncertain.

 

Additional risk factors include, but are not limited to, the risk factors discussed in Item 1A of ChoiceOne’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. These are representative of the risk factors that could cause a difference between an ultimate actual outcome and a preceding forward-looking statement.

 

25 

 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Summary

Net income for the first quarter of 2020 was $3,254,000, which represented an increase of $1,617,000 or 99% compared to the first quarter period in 2019. Growth in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in the prior year resulted from the inclusion of County Bank Corp.’s (“County”) results due to the merger with County Bank Corp. ("County") that was effective on October 1, 2019. Noninterest expense was impacted by $302,000 and $238,000 in the first quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively, by costs related to the merger with County and the pending merger with Community Shores Bank Corporation. Net income, adjusted to exclude tax-effected merger expenses, would have been $3,536,000 in the first quarter of 2020 compared to $1,860,000 in the first quarter of 2019.

 

Basic and diluted earnings per common share were both $0.45 for the first quarter of 2020 compared to $0.45 for both in the same period in 2019.  Basic and diluted earnings per common share, adjusted to exclude the tax-effected merger expenses, would have been $0.49 in the first quarter of 2020 compared to $0.51 in the first quarter of the prior year.  The return on average assets and return on average shareholders’ equity percentages were 0.93% and 6.60%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2020, compared to 0.98% and 8.03%, respectively, for the same period in 2019.

 

Net income, basic earnings per share, and diluted earnings per share excluding tax-effected merger expenses are non-GAAP financial measures.  Please refer to the section below titled “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for a reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.

  

The Cornonavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak

The coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020. Since first being reported in China, the coronavirus has spread globally, including in the United States. The coronavirus has had a substantial impact on numerous aspects of life in the United States, including threats to public health, increased volatility in markets, and severe effects on national and local economies.

 

COVID-19 has already had numerous effects on ChoiceOne. To protect the health of customers, employees, and others in its communities, ChoiceOne has closed the lobbies of its branches. ChoiceOne continues to provide its full scope of services to its customers through drive-up branch service, in-person meetings by appointment, and mobile banking.

 

COVID-19 has also affected ChoiceOne's customers. Although there were no material increases in delinquencies or net charge-offs in the first quarter of 2020, ChoiceOne increased its provision for loan losses by $775,000 in anticipation of an expected increase in levels of delinquencies and loan losses related to the impact of COVID-19. Consistent with federal banking agencies' “Interagency Statement on Loan Modifications and Reporting for Financial Institutions Working with Customers Affected by the Coronavirus,” ChoiceOne is working with its borrowers affected by COVID-19 and has granted payment deferral on numerous loans to borrowers affected by the pandemic.

 

In addition, ChoiceOne processed over $100 million in Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP") loans through April 30, 2020. PPP loans carry a fixed rate of 1.00% and a term of two years, with payments deferred for the first six months of the loan. PPP loans are forgivable, in whole or in part, if the proceeds are used for payroll and other permitted purposes in accordance with the requirements of the PPP. The loans are 100% guaranteed by the Small Business Administration ("SBA"). The SBA pays the originating bank a processing fee ranging from 1% to 5%, based on the size of the loan. ChoiceOne has continued to process PPP loans in the second quarter of 2020.

 

Dividends

Cash dividends of $1,449,000 or $0.20 per share were declared in the first quarter of 2020, compared to $724,000 or $0.20 per share in the first quarter of 2019.  The cash dividend payout percentage was 45% for the first three months of 2020, compared to 44% in the same period in the prior year.

 

Interest Income and Expense

Tables 1 and 2 on the following pages provide information regarding interest income and expense for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.  Table 1 documents ChoiceOne’s average balances and interest income and expense, as well as the average rates earned or paid on assets and liabilities.  Table 2 documents the effect on interest income and expense of changes in volume (average balance) and interest rates.  These tables are referred to in the discussion of interest income, interest expense and net interest income.

 

26 

 

 

Table 1 – Average Balances and Tax-Equivalent Interest Rates

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance

 

 

Interest

 

 

Rate

 

 

Balance

 

 

Interest

 

 

Rate

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans (1)

 

$

830,107

 

 

$

10,081

 

 

 

4.86

%

 

$

425,144

 

 

$

5,283

 

 

 

4.97

%

Taxable securities (2)

 

 

239,104

 

 

 

1,857

 

 

 

3.11

 

 

 

117,438

 

 

 

760

 

 

 

2.59

 

Nontaxable securities (1)

 

 

113,130

 

 

 

467

 

 

 

1.65

 

 

 

55,297

 

 

 

468

 

 

 

3.38

 

Other

 

 

54,451

 

 

 

194

 

 

 

1.43

 

 

 

10,603

 

 

 

68

 

 

 

2.57

 

Interest-earning assets

 

 

1,236,792

 

 

 

12,599

 

 

 

4.07

 

 

 

608,482

 

 

 

6,579

 

 

 

4.32

 

Noninterest-earning assets

 

 

170,324

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

59,204

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

1,407,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

667,686

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-bearing demand deposits

 

$

502,240

 

 

$

656

 

 

 

0.52

%

 

$

219,354

 

 

$

268

 

 

 

0.49

%

Savings deposits

 

 

213,108

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

0.08

 

 

 

74,480

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

0.05

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

179,076

 

 

 

689

 

 

 

1.54

 

 

 

124,045

 

 

 

574

 

 

 

1.85

 

Advances from Federal Home Loan Bank

 

 

24,842

 

 

 

136

 

 

 

2.19

 

 

 

17,396

 

 

 

116

 

 

 

2.66

 

Other

 

 

2,114

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

0.34

 

 

 

1,917

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

2.95

 

Interest-bearing liabilities

 

 

921,380

 

 

 

1,523

 

 

 

0.66

 

 

 

437,192

 

 

 

981

 

 

 

0.90

 

Demand deposits

 

 

279,905

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

147,882

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other noninterest-bearing liabilities

 

 

8,719

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,114

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,210,004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

586,188

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity

 

 

197,112

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

81,498

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shareholders’ equity

 

$

1,407,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

667,686

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income (tax-equivalent basis) -  interest spread

 

 

 

 

 

11,076

 

 

 

3.42

%

 

 

 

 

 

5,598

 

 

 

3.42

%

Tax-equivalent adjustment (1)

 

 

 

 

 

(105

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(102

)

 

 

 

Net interest income

 

 

 

 

$

10,971

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

5,496

 

 

 

 

Net interest income as a percentage of interest-earning assets (tax-equivalent basis)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.58

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.68

%

 

 

(1)

Adjusted to a fully tax-equivalent basis to facilitate comparison to the taxable interest-earning assets. The adjustment uses an incremental tax rate of 21%.  The presentation of these measures on a tax-equivalent basis is not in accordance with GAAP, but is customary in the banking industry.  These non-GAAP measures ensure comparability with respect to both taxable and tax-exempt loans and securities.

 

(2)

Taxable securities include dividend income from Federal Home Loan Bank and Federal Reserve Bank stock.

 

 

27 

 

 

Table 2 – Changes in Tax-Equivalent Net Interest Income

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020 Over 2019

 

 

 

Total

 

 

Volume

 

 

Rate

 

Increase (decrease) in interest income (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans (2)

 

$

4,798

 

 

$

5,620

 

 

$

(822

)

Taxable securities

 

 

1,097

 

 

 

919

 

 

 

178

 

Nontaxable securities (2)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

1,287

 

 

 

(1,288

)

Other

 

 

126

 

 

 

333

 

 

 

(207

)

Net change in interest income

 

 

6,020

 

 

 

8,159

 

 

 

(2,139

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in interest expense (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-bearing demand deposits

 

 

388

 

 

 

368

 

 

 

20

 

Savings deposits

 

 

31

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

7

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

115

 

 

 

644

 

 

 

(529

)

Advances from Federal Home Loan Bank

 

 

20

 

 

 

132

 

 

 

(112

)

Other 

 

 

(12

)

 

 

9

 

 

 

(21

)

Net change in interest expense

 

 

542

 

 

 

1,177

 

 

 

(635

)

Net change in tax-equivalent net interest income

 

$

5,478

 

 

$

6,982

 

 

$

(1,504

)

 

 

 

 

(1)

The volume variance is computed as the change in volume (average balance) multiplied by the previous year’s interest rate.  The rate variance is computed as the change in interest rate multiplied by the previous year’s volume (average balance).  The change in interest due to both volume and rate has been allocated to the volume and rate changes in proportion to the relationship of the absolute dollar amounts of the change in each.

 

(2)

Interest on nontaxable investment securities and loans has been adjusted to a fully tax-equivalent basis using an incremental tax rate of 21%.

 

Net Interest Income

Tax-equivalent net interest income increased $5,478,000 in the first three months of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The benefit from growth that primarily resulted from the merger with County that was effective on October 1, 2019 was partially offset by a reduction in ChoiceOne’s net interest margin. Net interest income as a percentage of interest-earning assets on a tax-equivalent basis declined by 10 basis points from 3.68% in the first quarter of 2019 to 3.58% in the same quarter in 2020, which had a $1,504,000 negative impact on tax-equivalent net interest income in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in the prior year.

 

The average balance of loans increased $405.0 million in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019, the majority of which was due to loans from Lakestone Bank & Trust that were included in the first quarter of 2020. The average balance in all loan categories, including loans to other financial institutions, were higher in 2020 than in 2019 as a result of the merger with County that was effective on October 1, 2019. The increase in the average loans balance was partially offset by an 11 basis points decline in the average rate earned. Part of the decrease was caused by short-term market interest rates which were reduced 150 basis points by the Federal Open Market Committee in March 2020. The combination of these factors caused tax-equivalent interest income from loans to increase $4,798,000 in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in the prior year. The average balance of total securities increased $179.5 million in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The increase in the securities portfolio resulted from ChoiceOne’s desire to supplement growth in earning assets. Various securities totaling $30.0 million were purchased in the first three months of 2020 offset by approximately $6.5 million called or matured during that same time period. The effect of the average balance growth, partially offset by a combined 20 basis point reduction in the average rate earned on securities, caused tax-equivalent securities income to increase $1,096,000 in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same quarter in 2019. Growth in other interest-earning assets as a result of the merger with County caused interest income to grow $126,000 in the first three months of 2020 compared to the same period in the prior year.

 

28 

 

The average balance in all interest-bearing liabilities categories were higher in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019 as a result of the merger with County that was effective on October 1, 2019. Growth of $282.9 million in the average balance of interest-bearing demand deposits and a 3 basis point increase in the average rate paid caused interest expense to be $388,000 higher in the first three months of 2020 compared to the first three months of the prior year. The average balance of certificates of deposit was up $55.0 million in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The growth was partially offset by a reduction of 31 basis points in the average rate paid on certificates which caused interest expense to increase $115,000 in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.

 

Provision and Allowance for Loan Losses

The provision for loan losses was $775,000 in the first quarter of 2020, compared to $0 in the same period in the prior year. The first quarter of 2020 provision was deemed prudent due to growth in ChoiceOne’s loan portfolio, loans originated by Lakestone Bank & Trust in the two quarters since the merger with County, and the economic impact on ChoiceOne's local market areas and the national economy resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. While it is difficult to predict the impact that COVID-19 will have in future quarters, ChoiceOne expects increased levels of past due loans, nonperforming loans and loan losses. Nonperforming loans were $6.1 million as of March 31, 2020, compared to $6.4 million as of December 31, 2019 and $3.7 million as of March 31, 2019. The allowance for loan losses was 0.59% of total loans at March 31, 2020, compared to 0.51% at December 31, 2019 and 1.18% at March 31, 2019. Loans acquired in the merger with County were recorded at fair value and as a result do not an allowance for loan losses allocated to them. The credit mark remaining on the acquired portfolio in addition to the allowance would have represented 1.16% of total loans at March 31, 2020.

 

Charge-offs and recoveries for respective loan categories for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

Charge-offs

 

 

Recoveries

 

 

Charge-offs

 

 

Recoveries

 

Agricultural

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Commercial and industrial

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

Consumer

 

 

89

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

106

 

 

 

143

 

Commercial real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Construction real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential real estate

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

$

89

 

 

$

47

 

 

$

106

 

 

$

163

 

 

Net charge-offs were $42,000 in the first quarter of 2020, compared to net recoveries of $57,000 during the same time period in 2019. Net charge-offs on an annualized basis as a percentage of average loans were 0.02% in the first three months of 2020 compared to annualized net recoveries of 0.05% of average loans in the same period in the prior year. Management is aware that the economic climate in Michigan will continue to affect business and individual borrowers. Management believes that COVID-19 will also have a significant impact in the remainder of 2020 and beyond. Management has worked and intends to continue to work with delinquent borrowers in an attempt to lessen the negative impact of COVID-19 on ChoiceOne. Management processed approximately 600 payment deferrals for business and retail borrowers beginning in March 2020 through April 30, 2020. During its analysis ChoiceOne considered concentration risk in industries more effected by COVID-19. We noted Accommodation and Food Services loans and Construction loans were each less than 10% of commercial loans and Health Care and Social Assistance loans were slightly more than 10% of commercial loans. We will continue to monitor concentrations as part of our analysis on an ongoing basis. As charge-offs, changes in the level of nonperforming loans, and changes within the composition of the loan portfolio occur throughout 2020 and the impact of COVID-19 becomes more apparent, the provision and allowance for loan losses will be reviewed by ChoiceOne's management and adjusted as determined to be necessary.

 

Noninterest Income

Total noninterest income increased $2,341,000 in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.  Customer service charges, insurance and investment commissions, gains on sales of loans, earnings on life insurance policies, and other noninterest income grew as a result of the merger with County that was effective on October 1, 2019.  Gains on sales of loans were also impacted by lower interest rates for residential real estate loans in 2020 than in 2019, which caused loan refinancing origination activity to grow significantly.  Trust income was a result of activity from trust services provided by Lakestone Bank & Trust.  The decline in the market value of equity securities held by ChoiceOne in the first quarter of 2020 in contrast to the increase in the same period in the prior year was primarily due to a decline in the stock market in early 2020.

 

Noninterest Expense

Total noninterest expense increased $5,082,000 in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.  All expense categories grew as a result of the merger with County that was effective on October 1, 2019. The merger impact on salaries and benefits expense was partially offset in the first three month of 2020 by retirements and certain other staffing reductions. Data processing expense included some costs in the first quarter of 2020 related to the consolidation of the core processing systems of the banks scheduled for the second quarter of 2020. Merger-related expenses in the first quarters of 2020 and 2019 were primarily contained in professional fees, which contributed to the increase in expense in the first three months of 2020 compared to the same period in the prior year. The intangible amortization expense in 2020 represented the amortization of the core deposit intangible that resulted from the merger.  The FDIC insurance expense in 2020 occurred as a result of the Banks’ FDIC credit balances being used up in the first quarter of 2020.

 

 

29 

 

 

Income Tax Expense

Income tax expense was $625,000 in the first quarter of 2020 compared to $283,000 for the same period in 2019.  The increase was due to a higher level of income before income tax.  The effective tax rate was 16.1% for the first quarter of 2020 and 14.7% for the first quarter of 2019. The higher effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2020 was primarily due to tax-exempt interest income comprising a smaller percentage of total interest income in 2020 than in same period in the prior year.

 

FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

Securities

The securities available for sale portfolio increased $22.3 million from December 31, 2019 to March 31, 2020.  The increase in the securities portfolio resulted from ChoiceOne’s desire to supplement growth in earning assets.  Various securities totaling $30.0 million were purchased in the first three months of 2020 offset by approximately $6.5 million called or matured during that same time period.  Principal repayments on securities totaled $3.1 million in the first three months of 2020.

 

Loans

Loans to other financial institutions were $11.6 million lower at March 31, 2020 than at December 31, 2019.  The decrease was due to normal fluctuations in funding needs of the Banks’ participating bank.  Loans excluding loans held for sale and loans to other financial institutions grew $9.5 million from December 31, 2019 to March 31, 2020.  Growth of $25.5 million in commercial real estate loans and $4.1 million in construction real estate loans were offset by declines of $6.9 million, $6.9 million, $4.6 million, and $1.6 million in agricultural loans, commercial and industrial loans, consumer loans, and residential real estate loans, respectively.  The decrease in agricultural loans was primarily due to seasonal pay downs by borrowers.  The other changes resulted from normal fluctuations in borrower activity.

 

Asset Quality

Information regarding impaired loans can be found in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements included in this report.  The total balance of loans classified as impaired was $5.4 million at March 31, 2020, compared to $5.9 million as of December 31, 2019.  The change was primarily comprised of a decrease of $545,000 in impaired agricultural loans in the first quarter of 2020.

 

As part of its review of the loan portfolio, management also monitors the various nonperforming loans.  Nonperforming loans are comprised of: (1) loans accounted for on a nonaccrual basis; (2) loans, not included in nonaccrual loans, which are contractually past due 90 days or more as to interest or principal payments; and (3) loans, not included in nonaccrual or loans past due 90 days or more, which are considered troubled debt restructurings.

 

The balances of these nonperforming loans were as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Loans accounted for on a nonaccrual basis

 

$

4,158

 

 

$

4,687

 

Accruing loans which are contractually past due 90 days or more as to principal or interest payments

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans defined as “troubled debt restructurings” which are not included above

 

 

1,897

 

 

 

1,726

 

Total

 

$

6,055

 

 

$

6,413

 

 

The decline in the nonaccrual loans balance in the first quarter of 2020 was primarily due to a $402,000 reduction in nonaccrual residential real estate loans.  Approximately 96% of the balance of loans considered troubled debt restructurings were performing according to their restructured terms as of March 31, 2020.  Management believes the allowance allocated to its nonperforming loans is sufficient at March 31, 2020.

 

The provision for loan losses was $775,000 in the first quarter of 2020, compared to $0 in the same period in the prior year. The first quarter of 2020 provision was deemed prudent due to growth in ChoiceOne’s loan portfolio, loans originated by Lakestone Bank & Trust in the two quarters since the merger with County, and the uncertainty of the future impact of the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic upon ChoiceOne’s borrowers and their ability to repay loans. While it is difficult to predict the impact that COVID-19 will have in future quarters, ChoiceOne expects increased levels of past due loans, nonperforming loans and loan losses.

 

The federal banking agencies issued an “Interagency Statement on Loan Modifications and Reporting for Financial Institutions Working with Customers Affected by the Coronavirus” on March 22, 2020 and subsequently issued a revised statement on April 7, 2020. These statements encourage financial institutions to work constructively with borrowers affected by COVID-19, and provide that short-term modifications to loans made on a good faith basis to borrowers who were current as of the implementation date of the statements are not considered troubled debt restructurings (“TDRs”). Further, Section 4013 of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act, passed by Congress on March 27, 2020, states that COVID-19 related modifications on loans that were current as of December 31, 2019 are not TDRs. As of April 30, 2020, ChoiceOne had granted modifications on approximately 600 loans, which in reliance on the statements of federal banking agencies and the CARES Act, are not reflected as TDRs in this report. ChoiceOne anticipates that additional such modifications will be made in the second quarter of 2020.

 

 

30 

 

 

Goodwill

ChoiceOne evaluates goodwill annually for impairment. Management performed its annual qualitative assessment of goodwill as of June 30, 2019 and it was determined at that time that it was more likely than not that ChoiceOne’s goodwill was not impaired. As a result of the impact of the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the first quarter of 2020, management believed it was prudent to perform an interim qualitative assessment as of March 31, 2020. As part of the assessment, management considered the potential impact of COVID-19 upon its future period income statements. Although ChoiceOne has not experienced significant worsening of asset quality as of March 31, 2020, COVID-19 may have an impact on the ability of ChoiceOne’s borrowers to comply with loan terms in future periods. ChoiceOne’s borrowers have been and will continue to be assisted by ChoiceOne’s deferral of loan payments for numerous borrowers beginning in March 2020 and by ChoiceOne’s participation in the Paycheck Protection Program, which provided low interest rate loans to ChoiceOne’s borrowers. Recent reductions in short-term and long-term interest rates may have a negative impact on ChoiceOne’s net interest income in future quarters. Management believes that this may be offset in part by the loan interest and fee income generated by ChoiceOne’s participation in the Paycheck Protection Program. Relatively low interest rates for residential mortgage loans have contributed to significant mortgage loan originations and related fee income in the first quarter of 2020 and this may continue in future quarters. Based on its review of the factors listed above and other related criteria such as the market value of ChoiceOne’s common stock, management did not believe that COVID-19 has a caused a permanent deterioration in the fundamental value of ChoiceOne. As a result, ChoiceOne believed that it was more likely than not that the fair value of ChoiceOne’s equity exceeded the carrying value as of March 31, 2020 and there was no further quantitative assessment necessary. If COVID-19 causes a prolonged economic downturn, ChoiceOne may perform additional interim assessments of its goodwill balance in future periods.

 

 Deposits and Borrowings

Total deposits increased $18.8 million in the first quarter of 2020.  Checking and savings deposits increased $2.6 million, while certificates of deposit grew $16.2 million in the first three months of 2020.  The change in checking and savings accounts was primarily due to seasonal fluctuations for ChoiceOne’s depositors.  The change in the balance of certificates of deposit was comprised of growth in local certificates of $5.9 million and in brokered certificates of $10.3 million.

 

A decrease of $10.0 million in Federal Home Loan Bank advances in the first quarter of 2020 represented a normal fluctuation in ChoiceOne’s funding. ChoiceOne expects to use Federal Home Loan Bank advances and advances from the Federal Reserve Bank Discount Window to meet short-term funding needs in the remainder of 2020. ChoiceOne may also participate in the Federal Reserve Bank’s Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility in future quarters to assist with the funding of ChoiceOne’s loans originated as part of the Paycheck Protection Program. The Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility will extend credit to eligible financial institutions that originate PPP loans, taking the loans as collateral at face value.

 

Shareholders' Equity

Total shareholders' equity increased $3.7 million from December 31, 2019 to March 31, 2020. Other comprehensive income of $1.7 million resulted from improvement in the market value of ChoiceOne’s available for sale securities. The improvement was caused by a reduction in general market interest rates in the first quarter of 2020. Net income for the first quarter of 2020, net of cash dividends declared, also contributed $1.8 million to the equity balance growth.

 

Regulatory Capital Requirements

Following is information regarding the Bank’s compliance with regulatory capital requirements:

 

31 

 

 

          Minimum Required
          to be Well
      Minimum Required Capitalized Under
      for Capital Prompt Corrective
(Dollars in thousands) Actual Adequacy Purposes Action Regulations
  Amount Ratio Amount Ratio Amount Ratio
March 31, 2020            
ChoiceOne Financial Services Inc.                        
Total capital (to risk weighted assets) $139,138   14.4% $77,510   8.0%   N/A     N/A  
Common equity Tier 1 capital (to risk                        
     weighted assets)  134,355   13.9   43,599   4.5    N/A     N/A  
Tier 1 capital (to risk weighted assets)  134,355   13.9   58,133   6.0    N/A     N/A  
Tier 1 capital (to average assets)  134,355   9.9   54,199   4.0    N/A     N/A  
                         
ChoiceOne Bank                        
Total capital (to risk weighted assets) $70,475   12.8% $44,007   8.0%  55,009   10.0%
Common equity Tier 1 capital (to risk                        
     weighted assets)  65,912   12.0   24,754   4.5   35,756   6.5 
Tier 1 capital (to risk weighted assets)  65,912   12.0   33,005   6.0   44,007   8.0 
Tier 1 capital (to average assets)  65,912   9.9   26,613   4.0   33,266   5.0 
                         
Lakestone Bank & Trust                        
Total capital (to risk weighted assets) $67,225   16.2% $33,257   8.0%  41,571   10.0%
Common equity Tier 1 capital (to risk                        
     weighted assets)  66,936   16.1   18,707   4.5   27,021   6.5 
Tier 1 capital (to risk weighted assets)  66,936   16.1   24,943   6.0   33,257   8.0 
Tier 1 capital (to average assets)  66,936   9.8   27,456   4.0   34,320   5.0 
                         
                         
December 31, 2019                        
ChoiceOne Financial Services Inc.                        
Total capital (to risk weighted assets) $135,836   14.2% $76,288   8.0%   N/A     N/A  
Common equity Tier 1 capital (to risk                        
    weighted assets)  131,785   13.8   42,912   4.5    N/A     N/A  
Tier 1 capital (to risk weighted assets)  131,785   13.8   57,216   6.0    N/A     N/A  
Tier 1 capital (to average assets)  131,785   9.6   54,646   4.0    N/A     N/A  
                         
ChoiceOne Bank                        
Total capital (to risk weighted assets) $69,412   13.2% $42,039   8.0% $52,549   10.0%
Common equity Tier 1 capital (to risk                        
     weighted assets)  65,362   12.4   23,647   4.5   34,157   6.5 
Tier 1 capital (to risk weighted assets)  65,362   12.4   31,530   6.0   42,039   8.0 
Tier 1 capital (to average assets)  65,362   10.0   26,179   4.0   32,724   5.0 
                         
Lakestone Bank & Trust                        
Total capital (to risk weighted assets) $63,885   15.0% $34,056   8.0% $42,570   10.0%
Common equity Tier 1 capital (to risk                        
    weighted assets)  63,885   15.0   19,156   4.5   27,670   6.5 
Tier 1 capital (to risk weighted assets)  63,885   15.0   25,542   6.0   34,056   8.0 
Tier 1 capital (to average assets)  63,885   9.0   28,338   4.0   35,423   5.0 

 

Management reviews the capital levels of ChoiceOne and the Banks on a regular basis. The Board of Directors (the “Board”) and management believe that the capital levels as of March 31, 2020 are adequate for the foreseeable future. The Board’s determination of appropriate cash dividends for future periods will be based on, among other things, market conditions and ChoiceOne’s requirements for cash and capital.

 

32 

 

 

Liquidity

Net cash used in operating activities was $2.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to net cash of $0.7 million provided in the same period a year ago. The change was primarily due to a $3.0 million larger decrease in other assets in the first quarter of 2020 than in the same period in the prior year. Net cash used in investing activities was $19.0 million for the first three months of 2020 compared to $1.0 million in the same period in 2019. Securities purchases net of securities maturing, prepaid, or called was $20.1 million higher in the first quarter of 2020 than in the first quarter of the prior year. Net cash from financing activities was $7.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $3.1 million used in the same period in the prior year. Higher growth of $31.4 million in deposits in the first quarter of 2020 was partially offset by a larger decline in wholesale funding in the same period compared to the first quarter of 2019.

 

Management believes that the current level of liquidity is sufficient to meet the Banks’ normal operating needs. This belief is based upon the availability of deposits from both the local and national markets, maturities of securities, normal loan repayments, income retention, federal funds purchased from correspondent banks, and advances available from the Federal Home Loan Bank. The Banks also have secured lines of credit available from the Federal Reserve Bank.

 

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

 

This report contains references to net income, basic earnings per share, and diluted earnings per share excluding tax-effected merger expenses, each of which is a financial measure that is not defined in U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). Management believes this non-GAAP financial measure provides additional information that is useful to investors in helping to understand the underlying financial performance of ChoiceOne.

 

Non-GAAP financial measures have inherent limitations. Readers should be aware of these limitations and should be cautious with respect to the use of such measures. To compensate for these limitations, we use non-GAAP measures as comparative tools, together with GAAP measures, to assist in the evaluation of our operating performance or financial condition. Also, we ensure that these measures are calculated using the appropriate GAAP or regulatory components in their entirety and that they are computed in a manner intended to facilitate consistent period-to-period comparisons. ChoiceOne’s method of calculating these non-GAAP financial measures may differ from methods used by other companies. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for those financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP or in-effect regulatory requirements.

 

33 

 

 

A reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures follows:

 

Non-GAAP Reconciliation 

(Unaudited)

 

The non-GAAP measures presented in the table below reflect the adjustments of the reported U.S. GAAP results for significant items that management does not believe are reflective of ChoiceOne’s current and ongoing operations.

 

  Three Months Ended March 31, 
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Data) 2020  2019 
       
Income before income tax $3,879  $1,920 
Adjustment for pre-tax merger expenses  302   238 
Adjusted income before income tax $4,181  $2,158 
         
Income tax expense $625  $283 
Tax impact of adjustment for pre-tax merger expenses  20   15 
Adjusted income tax expense $645  $298 
         
Net income $3,254  $1,637 
Adjustment for pre-tax merger expenses, net of tax impact  282   223 
Adjusted net income $3,536  $1,860 
         
Basic earnings per share $0.45  $0.45 
Effect of merger expenses, net of tax impact  0.04   0.06 
Adjusted basic earnings per share $0.49  $0.51 
         
Diluted earnings per share $0.45  $0.45 
Effect of merger expenses, net of tax impact  0.04   0.06 
Adjusted diluted earnings per share $0.49  $0.51 

 

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.

 

An evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of ChoiceOne’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of ChoiceOne’s disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2020. Based on and as of the time of that evaluation, ChoiceOne’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, concluded that ChoiceOne’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report to ensure that material information required to be disclosed in the reports that ChoiceOne files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that ChoiceOne files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including ChoiceOne’s principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure. There was no change in ChoiceOne’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2020 that has materially affected, or that is reasonably likely to materially affect, ChoiceOne’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings.

 

There are no material pending legal proceedings to which ChoiceOne or the Banks is a party or to which any of their properties are subject, except for proceedings that arose in the ordinary course of business. In the belief of management, pending or current legal proceedings should not have a material effect on the consolidated financial condition of ChoiceOne.

 

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Item 1A.  Risk Factors.

 

Information concerning risk factors is contained in the discussion in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” in ChoiceOne’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. As of the date of this report, ChoiceOne believes that the following risk factor related to the impact of COVID19 also applies to ChoiceOne.

 

The global coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) could adversely affect the business and results of operations of ChoiceOne.

The coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020. Since first being reported in China, the coronavirus has spread globally, including in the United States. The coronavirus has had a substantial impact on numerous aspects of life in the United States, including threats to public health, increased volatility in markets, and severe effects on national and local economies.

 

In response to the coronavirus outbreak, many state and local governments have instituted emergency restrictions that have substantially limited the activities of individuals and the operations of businesses and industries. In Michigan, Governor Gretchen Whitmer issued a “stay home, stay safe” executive order effective March 24, 2020, which required residents to remain at home "to the maximum extent feasible" and prohibited in person work that "is not necessary to sustain or protect life." Pursuant to the order, no person or entity was permitted to operate a business that required workers to leave their homes except to the extent that those workers were necessary (i) to conduct minimum basic operations or (ii) to sustain or protect life. On April 9, 2020 the Governor issued a revised executive order, which was effective through April 30, 2020. This revised executive order further limited travel, provided guidance regarding the definition of critical infrastructure workers, placed additional requirements on businesses remaining open including limiting goods that can be sold by retailers and implementing social distancing practices, and incorporated guidance issued under the earlier order. On April 24, 2020 and May 7, 2020, the Governor issued additional executive orders, with limited modifications to relax certain restrictions. The current "stay home, stay safe" order is effective through May 28, 2020. The Governor has also issued numerous other executive orders in connection with COVID-19 limiting or otherwise affecting the activities of certain individuals, businesses, and industries. It is possible that the Governor will issue one or more additional executive orders extending the existing orders or imposing additional restrictions on the activities of individuals or businesses. The Governor's executive orders, along with social distancing guidance issued by the federal government and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, have substantially affected many different types of businesses and have resulted in the temporary or permanent closing of businesses and significant layoffs and furloughs throughout Michigan and the United States generally.

 

The ultimate effect of the coronavirus outbreak on the business of ChoiceOne will depend on numerous factors and future developments that are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence. At this time, it is unknown how long the outbreak will last, or when restrictions on individuals and businesses, such as Michigan’s “stay home, stay safe” executive orders, will be lifted and businesses and their employees will be able to resume normal activities. Further, additional information may emerge regarding the severity of the outbreak and additional actions may be taken by federal, state, and local governments to contain the coronavirus or treat its impact. Changes in the behavior of customers, businesses and their employees as a result of the coronavirus outbreak, including social distancing practices, even after formal restrictions have been lifted, are also unknown. As a result of the coronavirus outbreak and the actions taken to contain it or reduce its impact, ChoiceOne may experience changes in the value of collateral securing outstanding loans and reductions in the credit quality of borrowers and inability of borrowers to repay loans in accordance with their terms. These and similar factors and events may have substantial negative effects on ChoiceOne, and on its customers, stock price, financial condition, and results of operations. The effects of the coronavirus may also adversely affect the timing of completion of ChoiceOne's pending merger with Community Shores, and could delay efforts to integrate the businesses of ChoiceOne and Community Shores or make those efforts more difficult or more costly.

 

Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

On January 1, 2020, ChoiceOne issued 1,900 shares of common stock, without par value, to the directors of ChoiceOne pursuant to the Directors’ Stock Purchase Plan for an aggregate cash price of $61,000. On January 23, 2020, ChoiceOne issued 715 shares of common stock, without par value, to the directors of ChoiceOne pursuant to the Directors’ Stock Purchase Plan for an aggregate cash price of $22,000. ChoiceOne relied on the exemption contained in Section 4(a)(5) of the Securities Act of 1933 in connection with these sales.

 

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ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

There were no issuer purchases of equity securities during the first quarter of 2020.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

Item 6.  Exhibits

 

The following exhibits are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this report:

 

Exhibit
Number
 
Document
   
2.1 Agreement and Plan of Merger between ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc. and County Bank Corp dated March 22, 2019.  Previously filed as an exhibit to ChoiceOne’s Form 8-K filed March 25, 2019.  Here incorporated by reference.
   
2.2 Agreement and Plan of Merger between ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc. and Community Shores Bank Corporation dated January 6, 2020.  Previously filed as an exhibit to ChoiceOne’s Form 8-K filed January 6, 2020.  Here incorporated by reference.
   
3.1 Restated Articles of Incorporation of ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc. Previously filed as an exhibit to ChoiceOne’s Form 8-A filed February 4, 2020.  Here incorporated by reference.
   
3.2 

Bylaws of ChoiceOne axs currently in effect and any amendments thereto. Previously filed as an exhibit to ChoiceOne’s Form 8-K filed October 1, 2019. Here incorporated by reference.

 

4.1 Advances, Pledge and Security Agreement between ChoiceOne Bank and the Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis. Previously filed as an exhibit to ChoiceOne Financial Services, Inc.’s Form 10-K Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2013. Here incorporated by reference.
   
31.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer
   
31.2 Certification of Treasurer
   

32.1

 

Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350.

   
101.1 Interactive Data File.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 CHOICEONE FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC. 
   
Date:   May 11, 2020/s/ Kelly J. Potes 
 Kelly J. Potes
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
   
Date:   May 11, 2020/s/ Thomas L. Lampen 
 Thomas L. Lampen
Treasurer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
 

 

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