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ANDE Andersons

Filed: 7 Aug 20, 9:28am
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended 06/30/2020
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to  .             
Commission file number 000-20557
 
ande-20200630_g1.jpg
THE ANDERSONS, INC.
(Exact name of the registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Ohio34-1562374
(State of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1947 Briarfield Boulevard
MaumeeOhio43537
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

(419) 893-5050
(Telephone Number)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class: Trading Symbol Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common stock, $0.00 par value, $0.01 stated value ANDE The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filerýAccelerated Filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)  Yes     No  ý

The registrant had approximately 33.0 million common shares outstanding at July 24, 2020.


THE ANDERSONS, INC.
INDEX
 

2


Part I. Financial Information


Item 1. Financial Statements

The Andersons, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)(In thousands)


June 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
June 30,
2019
Assets
Current assets:
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$30,011  $54,895  $11,087  
Accounts receivable, net537,011  536,367  712,294  
Inventories (Note 2)
616,323  1,170,536  753,641  
Commodity derivative assets – current (Note 5)
112,089  107,863  233,015  
Other current assets102,755  75,681  58,590  
Total current assets1,398,189  1,945,342  1,768,627  
Other assets:
Goodwill (Note 16)
135,709  135,360  135,872  
Other intangible assets, net160,180  175,312  188,818  
Right of use assets, net62,838  76,401  74,073  
Equity method investments25,083  23,857  120,929  
Other assets, net23,152  21,753  28,002  
Total other assets406,962  432,683  547,694  
Rail Group assets leased to others, net (Note 3)
592,821  584,298  559,711  
Property, plant and equipment, net (Note 3)
906,017  938,418  695,827  
Total assets$3,303,989  $3,900,741  $3,571,859  
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June 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
June 30,
2019
Liabilities and equity
Current liabilities:
Short-term debt (Note 4)
$96,071  $147,031  $426,125  
Trade and other payables503,892  873,081  527,250  
Customer prepayments and deferred revenue45,734  133,585  49,761  
Commodity derivative liabilities – current (Note 5)
65,186  46,942  69,369  
Current maturities of long-term debt (Note 4)
68,477  62,899  66,678  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities147,422  176,381  165,383  
Total current liabilities926,782  1,439,919  1,304,566  
Long-term lease liabilities41,061  51,091  48,401  
Long-term debt, less current maturities (Note 4)
975,973  1,016,248  1,007,012  
Deferred income taxes162,475  146,155  146,839  
Other long-term liabilities65,615  51,673  44,402  
Total liabilities2,171,906  2,705,086  2,551,220  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
Shareholders’ equity:
Common shares, without par value (63,000 shares authorized; 33,599 shares issued at 6/30/2020, 33,550 shares issued at 12/31/2019 and 33,357 shares issued at 6/30/2019)138  137  137  
Preferred shares, without par value (1,000 shares authorized; NaN issued)—  —  —  
Additional paid-in-capital343,730  345,359  331,186  
Treasury shares, at cost (40, 207 and 173 shares at 6/30/2020, 12/31/2019 and 6/30/2019, respectively)(953) (7,342) (6,449) 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(26,245) (7,231) (6,241) 
Retained earnings622,718  642,687  651,481  
Total shareholders’ equity of The Andersons, Inc.939,388  973,610  970,114  
Noncontrolling interests192,695  222,045  50,525  
Total equity1,132,083  1,195,655  1,020,639  
Total liabilities and equity$3,303,989  $3,900,741  $3,571,859  
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

4

The Andersons, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
 2020201920202019
Sales and merchandising revenues$1,890,180  $2,325,041  $3,743,286  $4,301,833  
Cost of sales and merchandising revenues1,783,914  2,164,313  3,573,890  4,031,441  
Gross profit106,266  160,728  169,396  270,392  
Operating, administrative and general expenses90,136  106,918  195,196  220,267  
Asset impairment—  3,081  —  3,081  
Interest expense, net11,827  15,727  27,414  31,637  
Other income, net:
Equity in earnings (loss) of affiliates, net79  (157) 209  1,362  
Other income, net3,450  5,563  8,263  4,049  
Income (loss) before income taxes7,832  40,408  (44,742) 20,818  
Income tax (benefit) provision(12,200) 10,997  (13,664) 5,555  
Net income (loss)20,032  29,411  (31,078) 15,263  
Net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interests(10,407) (477) (23,856) (632) 
Net income (loss) attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$30,439  $29,888  $(7,222) $15,895  
Per common share:
Basic earnings (loss) attributable to The Andersons, Inc. common shareholders$0.92  $0.92  $(0.22) $0.49  
Diluted earnings (loss) attributable to The Andersons, Inc. common shareholders$0.92  $0.91  $(0.22) $0.48  
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

The Andersons, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)(In thousands)
 
 Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
 2020201920202019
Net income (loss)$20,032  $29,411  $(31,078) $15,263  
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Change in unrecognized actuarial income (loss) and prior service cost (net of income tax of $8, $(250), $(18) and $(293))15  (728) (101) (854) 
Cash flow hedge activity (net of income tax of $(615), $(1,974), $(5,134) and $(3,175))(1,860) (5,952) (15,523) (9,574) 
Foreign currency translation adjustments (net of income tax of $0 for all periods)3,249  (2,035) (3,390) 10,574  
Other comprehensive income (loss)1,404  (8,715) (19,014) 146  
Comprehensive income (loss)21,436  20,696  (50,092) 15,409  
Comprehensive loss attributable to the noncontrolling interests(10,407) (477) (23,856) (632) 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$31,843  $21,173  $(26,236) $16,041  
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6

The Andersons, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)(In thousands)
 Six months ended June 30,
 20202019
Operating Activities
Net (loss) income$(31,078) $15,263  
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization93,898  64,146  
Bad debt expense6,290  1,703  
Equity in earnings of affiliates, net of dividends(209) (1,034) 
Gains on sales of Rail Group assets and related leases(569) (1,298) 
Loss on sales of assets341  106  
Stock-based compensation expense5,016  7,292  
Deferred federal income tax21,761  5,793  
Inventory write down10,922  —  
Asset impairment—  3,081  
Other2,797  1,102  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(9,181) (181,917) 
Inventories536,951  394,630  
Commodity derivatives14,980  (82,933) 
Other assets(24,784) 27,420  
Payables and other accrued expenses(481,624) (338,201) 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities145,511  (84,847) 
Investing Activities
Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired—  (147,693) 
Purchases of Rail Group assets(24,649) (43,435) 
Proceeds from sale of Rail Group assets4,637  7,389  
Purchases of property, plant and equipment and capitalized software(44,644) (87,209) 
Proceeds from sale of assets1,503  795  
Purchase of investments(2,849) (1,240) 
Net cash used in investing activities(66,002) (271,393) 
Financing Activities
Net change in short-term borrowings(47,564) (660) 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt165,975  748,099  
Payments of long-term debt(203,835) (390,528) 
Contributions by noncontrolling interest owner4,409  4,715  
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owner(10,298) —  
Payments of debt issuance costs(250) (5,788) 
Dividends paid(11,469) (11,041) 
Other(2,036) (387) 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(105,068) 344,410  
Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash675  324  
Decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(24,884) (11,506) 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period54,895  22,593  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$30,011  $11,087  
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
7

 The Andersons, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(Unaudited)(In thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
 Common
Shares
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Shares
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss)
Retained
Earnings
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance at March 31, 2019$137  $324,753  $(7,216) $2,474  $627,136  $51,002  $998,286  
Net income (loss)29,888  (477) 29,411  
Other comprehensive loss(8,544) (8,544) 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss(171) (171) 
Stock awards, stock option exercises and other shares issued to employees and directors, net of income tax of $0 (20 shares)1,738  754  2,492  
Dividends declared ($0.170 per common share)(5,530) (5,530) 
Stock award purchase price accounting adjustment4,695  4,695  
Restricted share award dividend equivalents13  (13) —  
Balance at June 30, 2019$137  $331,186  $(6,449) $(6,241) $651,481  $50,525  $1,020,639  
Balance at March 31, 2020$137  $341,382  $(652) $(27,649) $599,039  $201,605  $1,113,862  
Net income (loss)30,439  (10,407) 20,032  
Other comprehensive loss(234) (234) 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss1,638  1,638  
Contributions from noncontrolling interests1,102  1,102  
Noncontrolling interests recognized in connection with business combination(459) 395  (64) 
Stock awards, stock option exercises and other shares issued to employees and directors, net of income tax of $0 (20 shares) 2,807  (454) (843) 1,511  
Dividends declared ($0.175 per common share)(5,764) (5,764) 
Restricted share award dividend equivalents153  (153) —  
Balance at June 30, 2020$138  $343,730  $(953) $(26,245) $622,718  $192,695  $1,132,083  
8

Six Months Ended
 Common
Shares
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Shares
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss)
Retained
Earnings
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance at December 31, 2018$96  $224,396  $(35,300) $(6,387) $647,517  $46,442  $876,764  
Net income (loss)15,895  (632) 15,263  
Other comprehensive loss(11,314) (11,314) 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss11,460  11,460  
Contributions from noncontrolling interests4,715  4,715  
Adoption of accounting standard, net of income tax of ($237)(711) (711) 
Stock awards, stock option exercises and other shares issued to employees and directors, net of income tax of $0 (764 shares)(21,018) 28,698  7,680  
Dividends declared ($0.340 per common share)(11,059) (11,059) 
Stock awards granted due to acquisition41127,800  127,841  
Restricted share award dividend equivalents 153  (161) —  
Balance at June 30, 2019$137  $331,186  $(6,449) $(6,241) $651,481  $50,525  $1,020,639  
Balance at December 31, 2019$137  $345,359  $(7,342) $(7,231) $642,687  $222,045  $1,195,655  
Net income (loss)(7,222) (23,856) (31,078) 
Other comprehensive loss(21,208) (21,208) 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss2,194  2,194  
Contributions from noncontrolling interests4,409  4,409  
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(10,298) (10,298) 
Noncontrolling interests recognized in connection with business combination(459) 395  (64) 
Stock awards, stock option exercises and other shares issued to employees and directors, net of income tax of $0 (167 shares) (1,170) 5,998  (843) 3,986  
Dividends declared ($0.350 per common share)(11,513) (11,513) 
Restricted share award dividend equivalents391  (391) —  
Balance at June 30, 2020$138  $343,730  $(953) $(26,245) $622,718  $192,695  $1,132,083  
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

9

The Andersons, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


1. Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of The Andersons, Inc. and its wholly owned and controlled subsidiaries (the “Company”), its majority-owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIEs”) of which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The portion of these entities that is not owned by the Company is presented as noncontrolling interests. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.
Investments in unconsolidated entities in which the Company has significant influence, but not control, are accounted for using the equity method of accounting.
In the opinion of management, all adjustments consisting of normal and recurring items considered necessary for the fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position, and cash flows for the periods indicated have been made. The results in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020. An unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2019 has been included as the Company operates in several seasonal industries.
The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet data at December 31, 2019 was derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in The Andersons, Inc. Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Form 10-K”).

Recent Accounting Guidance Issued Not Yet Effective

Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740. The amendments also improve consistent application of and simplify GAAP for other areas of Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. The provisions of this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. The impact of this update on our consolidated financial statements is currently being assessed. At this time the Company does not plan to early adopt the standard.

2. Inventories

Major classes of inventories are as follows:
(in thousands)June 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
June 30,
2019
Grain and other agricultural products$452,339  $907,482  $603,318  
Frac sand and propane6,498  15,438  9,287  
Ethanol and co-products63,195  95,432  26,185  
Plant nutrients and cob products87,346  146,164  109,156  
Railcar repair parts6,945  6,020  5,695  
Total Inventories$616,323  $1,170,536  $753,641  


Inventories on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets do not include 1.7 million, 6.4 million and 1.3 million bushels of grain held in storage for others as of June 30, 2020, December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, respectively. The Company does not have title to the grain and is only liable for any deficiencies in grade or shortage of quantity that may arise during the storage period. Management has not experienced historical losses on any deficiencies and does not anticipate material losses in the future.
10


For the six month period ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded $10.9 million lower of cost or net realizable value charge related to lower ethanol market prices and decreased demand as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic of which $10.6 million was recognized in the first quarter.


3. Property, Plant and Equipment
The components of Property, plant and equipment, net are as follows:
(in thousands)June 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
June 30,
2019
Land$40,188  $40,442  $39,241  
Land improvements and leasehold improvements96,028  103,148  84,127  
Buildings and storage facilities377,652  373,961  327,418  
Machinery and equipment881,144  835,156  514,030  
Construction in progress35,982  59,993  164,532  
1,430,994  1,412,700  1,129,348  
Less: accumulated depreciation524,977  474,282  433,521  
Property, plant and equipment, net$906,017  $938,418  $695,827  

Depreciation expense on property, plant and equipment was $62.3 million and $32.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Additionally, depreciation expense on property, plant and equipment was $31.2 million and $15.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
In the second quarter of 2019, the Company recorded a $3.1 million impairment related to its remaining Tennessee facilities in the Trade group. The Company wrote down the assets to the extent their carrying values exceeded their fair value. The Company classified the significant assumptions used to determine the fair value of the impaired assets as Level 3 inputs in the fair value hierarchy.
Rail Group Assets
The components of Rail Group assets leased to others are as follows:
(in thousands)June 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
June 30,
2019
Rail Group assets leased to others$742,107  $723,004  $688,320  
Less: accumulated depreciation149,286  138,706  128,609  
Rail Group assets, net$592,821  $584,298  $559,711  

Depreciation expense on Rail Group assets leased to others amounted to $15.4 million and $13.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Additionally, depreciation expense on Rail Group assets leased to others amounted to $7.7 million and $7.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

11


4. Debt

Short-term and long-term debt at June 30, 2020, December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019 consisted of the following:
(in thousands)June 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
June 30,
2019
Short-term debt – non-recourse$43,284  $54,029  $75,476  
Short-term debt – recourse52,787  93,002  350,649  
Total short-term debt$96,071  $147,031  $426,125  
Current maturities of long-term debt – non-recourse$4,845  $9,545  $8,903  
Current maturities of long-term debt – recourse63,632  53,354  57,775  
Total current maturities of long-term debt$68,477  $62,899  $66,678  
Long-term debt, less: current maturities – non-recourse$325,819  $330,250  $198,560  
Long-term debt, less: current maturities – recourse650,154  685,998  808,452  
Total long-term debt, less: current maturities$975,973  $1,016,248  $1,007,012  

The total borrowing capacity of the Company's lines of credit at June 30, 2020 was $1,690.3 million of which the Company had a total of $1,307.1 million available for borrowing under its lines of credit. The Company's borrowing capacity is reduced by a combination of outstanding borrowings and letters of credit. The Company is in compliance with all financial covenants as of June 30, 2020.


5. Derivatives

The Company’s operating results are affected by changes to commodity prices. The Trade and Ethanol businesses have established “unhedged” futures position limits (the amount of a commodity, either owned or contracted for, that does not have an offsetting derivative contract to lock in the price). To reduce the exposure to market price risk on commodities owned and forward purchase and sale contracts, the Company enters into exchange traded commodity futures and options contracts and over-the-counter forward and option contracts with various counterparties. These contracts are primarily traded via regulated commodity exchanges. The Company’s forward purchase and sales contracts are for physical delivery of the commodity in a future period. Contracts to purchase commodities from producers generally relate to the current or future crop years for delivery periods quoted by regulated commodity exchanges. Most contracts for the sale of commodities to processors or other commercial consumers generally do not extend beyond one year.

Most of these contracts meet the definition of derivatives. While the Company considers its commodity contracts to be effective economic hedges, the Company does not designate or account for its commodity contracts as hedges as defined under current accounting standards. The Company primarily accounts for its commodity derivatives at estimated fair value. The estimated fair value of the commodity derivative contracts that require the receipt or posting of cash collateral is recorded on a net basis (offset against cash collateral posted or received, also known as margin deposits) within commodity derivative assets or liabilities. Management determines fair value based on exchange-quoted prices and in the case of its forward purchase and sale contracts, estimated fair value is adjusted for differences in local markets and non-performance risk. For contracts for which physical delivery occurs, balance sheet classification is based on estimated delivery date. For futures, options and over-the-counter contracts in which physical delivery is not expected to occur but, rather, the contract is expected to be net settled, the Company classifies these contracts as current or noncurrent assets or liabilities, as appropriate, based on the Company’s expectations as to when such contracts will be settled.

Realized and unrealized gains and losses in the value of commodity contracts (whether due to changes in commodity prices, changes in performance or credit risk, or due to sale, maturity or extinguishment of the commodity contract) and commodity inventories are included in cost of sales and merchandising revenues.

Generally accepted accounting principles permit a party to a master netting arrangement to offset fair value amounts recognized for derivative instruments against the right to reclaim cash collateral or obligation to return cash collateral under the same master netting arrangement. The Company has master netting arrangements for its exchange traded futures and options
12

contracts and certain over-the-counter contracts. When the Company enters into a future, option or an over-the-counter contract, an initial margin deposit may be required by the counterparty. The amount of the margin deposit varies by commodity. If the market price of a future, option or an over-the-counter contract moves in a direction that is adverse to the Company’s position, an additional margin deposit, called a maintenance margin, is required. The margin deposit assets and liabilities are included in short-term commodity derivative assets or liabilities, as appropriate, in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The following table presents at June 30, 2020, December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, a summary of the estimated fair value of the Company’s commodity derivative instruments that require cash collateral and the associated cash posted/received as collateral. The net asset or liability positions of these derivatives (net of their cash collateral) are determined on a counterparty-by-counterparty basis and are included within current or noncurrent commodity derivative assets (or liabilities) on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 June 30, 2020December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
(in thousands)Net
derivative
asset
position
Net
derivative
liability
position
Net
derivative
asset
position
Net
derivative
liability
position
Net
derivative
asset
position
Net
derivative
liability
position
Cash collateral paid$799  $—  $56,005  $—  $109,346  $—  
Fair value of derivatives21,363  —  (10,323) —  (5,996) —  
Balance at end of period$22,162  $—  $45,682  $—  $103,350  $—  

The following table presents, on a gross basis, current and noncurrent commodity derivative assets and liabilities:
June 30, 2020
(in thousands)Commodity Derivative Assets - CurrentCommodity Derivative Assets - NoncurrentCommodity Derivative Liabilities - CurrentCommodity Derivative Liabilities - NoncurrentTotal
Commodity derivative assets$142,110  $2,916  $5,511  $124  $150,661  
Commodity derivative liabilities(30,820) (214) (70,697) (3,813) (105,544) 
Cash collateral paid799  —  —  —  799  
Balance sheet line item totals$112,089  $2,702  $(65,186) $(3,689) $45,916  

December 31, 2019
(in thousands)Commodity Derivative Assets - CurrentCommodity Derivative Assets - NoncurrentCommodity Derivative Liabilities - CurrentCommodity Derivative Liabilities - NoncurrentTotal
Commodity derivative assets$92,429  $1,045  $7,439  $18  $100,931  
Commodity derivative liabilities(40,571) (96) (54,381) (523) (95,571) 
Cash collateral paid56,005  —  —  —  56,005  
Balance sheet line item totals$107,863  $949  $(46,942) $(505) $61,365  

June 30, 2019
(in thousands)Commodity Derivative Assets - CurrentCommodity Derivative Assets - NoncurrentCommodity Derivative Liabilities - CurrentCommodity Derivative Liabilities - NoncurrentTotal
Commodity derivative assets$166,652  $6,748  $3,360  $57  $176,817  
Commodity derivative liabilities(42,983) (587) (72,729) (4,042) (120,341) 
Cash collateral paid109,346  —  —  —  109,346  
Balance sheet line item totals$233,015  $6,161  $(69,369) $(3,985) $165,822  

13

The net pre-tax gains and losses on commodity derivatives not designated as hedging instruments included in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and the line item in which they are located for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:
 Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30, 2020
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Gains (losses) on commodity derivatives included in cost of sales and merchandising revenues$8,797  $(13,364) $39,757  $57,291  

The Company had the following volume of commodity derivative contracts outstanding (on a gross basis) at June 30, 2020, December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019:
June 30, 2020
(in thousands)Number of BushelsNumber of GallonsNumber of PoundsNumber of Tons
Non-exchange traded:
Corn437,275  —  —  —  
Soybeans50,012  —  —  —  
Wheat95,133  —  —  —  
Oats49,053  —  —  —  
Ethanol—  141,549  —  —  
Corn oil—  —  8,098  —  
Other25,005  5,000  415  2,370  
Subtotal656,478  146,549  8,513  2,370  
Exchange traded:
Corn287,840  —  —  —  
Soybeans36,970  —  —  —  
Wheat67,040  —  —  —  
Oats685  —  —  —  
Ethanol—  27,300  —  —  
Propane—  28,602  —  —  
Other—  13,650  340  208  
Subtotal392,535  69,552  340  208  
Total1,049,013  216,101  8,853  2,578  
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December 31, 2019
(in thousands)Number of BushelsNumber of GallonsNumber of PoundsNumber of Tons
Non-exchange traded:
Corn552,359  —  —  —  
Soybeans34,912  —  —  —  
Wheat100,996  —  —  —  
Oats24,700  —  —  —  
Ethanol—  116,448  —  —  
Corn oil—  —  14,568  —  
Other11,363  4,000  305  2,263  
Subtotal724,330  120,448  14,873  2,263  
Exchange traded:
Corn221,740  —  —  —  
Soybeans39,145  —  —  —  
Wheat68,171  —  —  —  
Oats2,090  —  —  —  
Ethanol—  175,353  —  —  
Propane—  5,166  —  —  
Other—  15  —  232  
Subtotal331,146  180,534  —  232  
Total1,055,476  300,982  14,873  2,495  

June 30, 2019
(in thousands)Number of BushelsNumber of GallonsNumber of PoundsNumber of Tons
Non-exchange traded:
Corn648,434  —  —  —  
Soybeans59,594  —  —  —  
Wheat93,621  —  —  —  
Oats40,582  —  —  —  
Ethanol—  211,352  —  —  
Corn oil—  —  8,809  —  
Other23,875  2,532  —  3,179  
Subtotal866,106  213,884  8,809  3,179  
Exchange traded:
Corn317,405  —  —  —  
Soybeans52,762  —  —  —  
Wheat55,150  —  —  —  
Oats1,045  —  —  —  
Ethanol—  82,988  —  —  
Propane—  13,230  —  —  
Other—  35  —  180  
Subtotal426,362  96,253  —  180  
Total1,292,468  310,137  8,809  3,359  


15


Interest Rate and Other Derivatives

The Company’s objectives in using interest rate derivatives are to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish these objectives, the Company primarily uses interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreements without exchange of the underlying notional amount. 

The gains or losses on the derivatives designated as hedging instruments are recorded in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and subsequently reclassified into interest expense in the same periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income related to derivatives will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on the Company’s variable-rate debt.
At June 30, 2020, December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the Company had recorded the following amounts for the fair value of the Company's other derivatives:
(in thousands)June 30, 2020December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Interest rate contracts included in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities$(1,174) $—  $—  
Interest rate contracts included in Other long-term liabilities(553) (1,007) (10,750) 
Foreign currency contracts included in Other current assets (Accrued expenses and other current liabilities)791  2,742  (22) 
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Interest rate contracts included in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(8,806) (3,118) —  
Interest rate contracts included in Other long-term liabilities$(24,388) $(9,382) $(10,587) 

The recording of derivatives gains and losses and the financial statement line in which they are located are as follows:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Interest rate derivative gains (losses) included in Interest income (expense), net$186  $(1,065) $(720) $(2,055) 
Foreign currency derivative losses included in Other income (loss), net—  (366) —  (1,833) 
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Interest rate derivative losses included in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)(2,475) (7,926) (20,657) (12,917) 
Interest rate derivatives gains (losses) included in Interest income (expense), net$(1,917) $—  $(2,700) $165  

16


Outstanding interest rate derivatives, as of June 30, 2020, are as follows:
Interest Rate Hedging InstrumentYear EnteredYear of MaturityInitial Notional Amount
(in millions)
Description


Interest Rate
Long-term
Swap20142023$23.0  Interest rate component of debt - not accounted for as a hedge1.9%
Collar20162021$40.0  Interest rate component of debt - not accounted for as a hedge3.5% to 4.8%
Swap20172022$20.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge1.8%
Swap20182023$10.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge2.6%
Swap20182025$20.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge2.7%
Swap20182021$40.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge2.6%
Swap20182021$25.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge2.5%
Swap20192021$50.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge2.5%
Swap20192025$100.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge2.5%
Swap20192025$50.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge2.5%
Swap20192025$50.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge2.5%
Swap20202023$50.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge0.8%
Swap20202023$50.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge0.7%
Swap20202030$50.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge0.0% to 0.8%
Swap20202030$50.0  Interest rate component of debt - accounted for as a hedge0.0% to 0.8%


6. Revenue

Many of the Company’s revenues are generated from contracts that are outside the scope of ASC 606 and thus are accounted for under other accounting standards. Specifically, many of the Company's Trade and Ethanol sales contracts are derivatives under ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging and the Rail Group's leasing revenue is accounted for under ASC 842, Leases. The breakdown of revenues between ASC 606 and other standards is as follows:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Revenues under ASC 606$459,105  $494,266  $806,607  $809,438  
Revenues under ASC 84224,768  31,836  50,319  60,704  
Revenues under ASC 8151,406,307  1,798,939  2,886,360  3,431,691  
Total Revenues$1,890,180  $2,325,041  $3,743,286  $4,301,833  
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The remainder of this note applies only to those revenues that are accounted for under ASC 606.
Disaggregation of revenue
The following tables disaggregate revenues under ASC 606 by major product/service line for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:
Three months ended June 30, 2020
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailTotal
Specialty nutrients$—  $—  $82,634  $—  $82,634  
Primary nutrients—  —  188,463  —  188,463  
Services2,357  —  2,596  8,658  13,611  
Products and co-products63,344  75,773  —  —  139,117  
Frac sand and propane21,439  —  —  —  21,439  
Other5,330  352  6,132  2,027  13,841  
Total$92,470  $76,125  $279,825  $10,685  $459,105  
Three months ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailTotal
Specialty nutrients$31,870  $—  $87,665  $—  $119,535  
Primary nutrients22,364  —  174,907  —  197,271  
Service7,745  3,547  1,696  9,278  22,266  
Products and co-products55,943  32,047  —  —  87,990  
Frac sand and propane56,767  —  —  —  56,767  
Other2,537  35  6,309  1,556  10,437  
Total$177,226  $35,629  $270,577  $10,834  $494,266  

Six months ended June 30, 2020
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailTotal
Specialty nutrients$—  $—  $155,865  $—  $155,865  
Primary nutrients—  —  234,153  —  234,153  
Service4,043  —  2,778  17,394  24,215  
Products and co-products116,509  177,472  —  —  293,981  
Frac sand and propane71,314  —  —  —  71,314  
Other9,318  968  11,942  4,851  27,079  
Total$201,184  $178,440  $404,738  $22,245  $806,607  

Six months ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailTotal
Specialty nutrients$35,808  $—  $156,065  $—  $191,873  
Primary nutrients22,791  —  227,996  —  250,787  
Service8,570  6,983  1,858  19,225  36,636  
Products and co-products118,701  53,517  —  —  172,218  
Frac sand and propane137,230  —  —  —  137,230  
Other3,697  35  13,183  3,779  20,694  
Total$326,797  $60,535  $399,102  $23,004  $809,438  

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Approximately 3% and 4% of revenues accounted for under ASC 606 during both three months periods ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, are recorded over time which primarily relates to service revenues noted above. Additionally, during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, approximately 3% and 4% of revenues were accounted for under ASC 606, respectively.

Contract balances

The balances of the Company’s contract liabilities were $9.7 million and $28.5 million as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The difference between the opening and closing balances of the Company’s contract liabilities primarily results from the timing difference between the Company’s performance and the customer’s payment. The main driver of the contract liabilities balance is payments for primary and specialty nutrients received in advance of fulfilling our performance obligations under our customer contracts. Further, due to seasonality of this business, contract liabilities were built up at year-end and through the first quarter of the year in preparation for the spring planting season. In the second quarter, the decrease in liabilities is due to the revenue recognized in the current period as the built up liabilities were relieved as obligations were met.


7. Income Taxes

Historically, we calculated our provision for income taxes during interim reporting periods by applying the estimated annual effective tax rate for the full fiscal year to pre-tax income or loss, excluding discrete items, for the reporting period. We determined that since small changes in estimated pre-tax income or loss would result in significant changes in the estimated annual effective tax rate, the historical method would not provide a reliable estimate of income taxes in the second quarter of 2020.

For the six months ended on June 30, 2020, the Company utilized the discrete effective tax rate method to calculate the interim tax provision. The discrete method treats the year-to-date period as if it were the annual period and determines the income tax expense or benefit on that basis. The discrete method is applied for scenarios where small changes in estimated pre-tax book income would result in significant changes in the estimated annual effective tax rate that may result in an unreliable estimate of income taxes.

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $12.2 million at an effective income tax rate of 155.8%. The annual effective tax rate differs from the statutory U.S. Federal tax rate as the tax expense from consolidated pre-tax income is offset by tax benefits from the portion of income owned by noncontrolling interests and net operating loss carrybacks as a result of the CARES Act. The change in effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period last year was primarily attributed to the impacts of the portion of pre-tax book income owned by noncontrolling interests, coupled with additional benefits from the CARES Act. For the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $11.0 million at an effective income tax rate of 27.2%.

For the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $13.7 million at an effective income tax rate of 30.5%. The annual effective tax rate differs from the statutory U.S. Federal tax rate as the tax benefit from consolidated pre-tax losses is offset by the portion of losses owned by noncontrolling interests that do not provide for a tax benefit, as well as impacts from foreign earnings, GILTI, and non-deductible compensation. These impacts are further offset by tax benefits from net operating loss carry backs as a result of the CARES Act. The increase in effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period last year was primarily attributed to the tax benefit generated from the current period loss before taxes offset by the effect of noncontrolling interest in the discrete effective tax rate, and additional tax benefits from net operating loss carry backs as a result of the CARES Act. For the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $5.6 million at an effective income tax rate of 26.7%.  

The 2020 effective tax rate can be affected by variances in the estimates and amounts of taxable income among the various states, entities and activity types, realization of tax credits, adjustments from resolution of tax matters under review, valuation allowances and the Company’s assessment of its liability for uncertain tax positions. The amount of unrecognized tax benefits for uncertain tax positions was $24.7 million as of June 30, 2020, and $0.6 million for the period ended June 30, 2019. The unrecognized tax benefits of $24.7 million include $22.3 million recorded as a reduction of the deferred tax asset and refundable credits associated with the R&D Credits.
On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into U.S. federal law the CARES Act, which is aimed at providing emergency assistance and health care for individuals, families and businesses affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and generally supporting the U.S. economy. The CARES Act, among other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer side social security payments, net operating loss carryback periods, alternative minimum tax
19

credit refunds, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. In particular, under the CARES Act, (i) for taxable years beginning before 2021, net operating loss carryforwards and carrybacks may offset 100% of taxable income, (ii) NOLs arising in 2018, 2019, and 2020 taxable years may be carried back to each of the preceding five years to generate a refund and (iii) for taxable years beginning in 2019 and 2020, the base for interest deductibility is increased from 30% to 50% of EBITDA. On April 17, 2020, the Internal Revenue Service issued Revenue Procedure 2020-25, allowing for companies to revoke an election out of bonus depreciation. The Company has analyzed the impact of the CARES Act to determine the effect on 2018 and 2019 filing positions that will be carried back to prior tax years, and recorded a financial statement benefit of $10.3 million.


8. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following tables summarize the after-tax components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to the Company for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:
Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) by Component (a)
Three months ended June 30, 2020Six months ended June 30, 2020
(in thousands)Cash Flow HedgesForeign Currency Translation AdjustmentInvestment in Convertible Preferred SecuritiesDefined Benefit Plan ItemsTotalCash Flow HedgesForeign Currency Translation AdjustmentInvestment in Convertible Preferred SecuritiesDefined Benefit Plan ItemsTotal
Beginning balance$(23,106) $(5,574) $258  $773  $(27,649) $(9,443) $1,065  $258  $889  $(7,231) 
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications(3,669) 3,249  —  186  (234) (18,059) (3,390) —  241  (21,208) 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)1,809  —  —  (171) 1,638  2,536  —  —  (342) 2,194  
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)(1,860) 3,249  —  15  1,404  (15,523) (3,390) —  (101) (19,014) 
Ending balance$(24,966) $(2,325) $258  $788  $(26,245) $(24,966) $(2,325) $258  $788  $(26,245) 
(a) All amounts are net of tax. Amounts in parentheses indicate debits.


Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) by Component (a)
Three months ended June 30, 2019Six months ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands)Cash Flow HedgesForeign Currency Translation AdjustmentInvestment in Convertible Preferred SecuritiesDefined Benefit Plan ItemsTotalCash Flow HedgesForeign Currency Translation AdjustmentInvestment in Convertible Preferred SecuritiesDefined Benefit Plan ItemsTotal
Beginning balance$(3,748) $1,059  $258  $4,905  $2,474  $(126) $(11,550) $258  $5,031  $(6,387) 
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications(5,952) (2,035) —  (557) (8,544) (9,710) (1,092) —  (512) (11,314) 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (b)—  —  —  (171) (171) 136  11,666  —  (342) 11,460  
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)(5,952) (2,035) —  (728) (8,715) (9,574) 10,574  —  (854) 146  
Ending balance$(9,700) $(976) $258  $4,177  $(6,241) $(9,700) $(976) $258  $4,177  $(6,241) 
(a) All amounts are net of tax. Amounts in parentheses indicate debits.
(b) Reflects foreign currency translation adjustments attributable to the consolidation of Thompsons Limited.
20

Reclassifications Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) (a)
(in thousands)Three months ended June 30, 2020Six months ended June 30, 2020
Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) ComponentsAmount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Affected Line Item in the Statement Where Net Income Is PresentedAmount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Affected Line Item in the Statement Where Net Income Is Presented
Defined Benefit Plan Items
     Amortization of prior-service cost$(228) (b)$(456) (b)
(228) Total before tax(456) Total before tax
57  Income tax provision (benefit)114  Income tax provision
$(171) Net of tax$(342) Net of tax
Cash Flow Hedges
     Interest payments$2,412  Interest expense$3,381  Interest expense
2,412  Total before tax3,381  Total before tax
(603) Income tax provision(845) Income tax provision
$1,809  Net of tax$2,536  Net of tax
Total reclassifications for the period$1,638  Net of tax$2,194  Net of tax
(a) Amounts in parentheses indicate credits to profit/loss.
(b) This accumulated other comprehensive loss component is included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost.
Reclassifications Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) (a)
(in thousands)Three months ended June 30, 2019Six months ended June 30, 2019
Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) ComponentsAmount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Affected Line Item in the Statement Where Net Income Is PresentedAmount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Affected Line Item in the Statement Where Net Income Is Presented
Defined Benefit Plan Items
     Amortization of prior-service cost$(228) (b)$(456) (b)
(228) Total before tax(456) Total before tax
57  Income tax provision (benefit)114  Income tax provision
$(171) Net of tax$(342) Net of tax
Cash Flow Hedges
     Interest payments$—  Interest expense$182  Interest expense
—  Total before tax182  Total before tax
—  Income tax provision(46) Income tax provision
$—  Net of tax$136  Net of tax
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment
     Realized loss on pre-existing investment$—  Other income, net$11,666  Other income, net
—  Total before tax11,666  Total before tax
—  Income tax provision—  Income tax provision
$—  Net of tax$11,666  Net of tax
Total reclassifications for the period$(171) Net of tax$11,460  Net of tax
(a) Amounts in parentheses indicate credits to profit/loss.
(b) This accumulated other comprehensive loss component is included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost.


21


9. Earnings Per Share
(in thousands, except per common share data)Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
2020201920202019
Net income (loss) attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$30,439  $29,888  $(7,222) $15,895  
Earnings per share – basic:
Weighted average shares outstanding – basic32,932  32,521  32,876  32,511  
Earnings per common share – basic$0.92  $0.92  $(0.22) $0.49  
Earnings per share – diluted:
Weighted average shares outstanding – basic32,932  32,521  32,876  32,511  
Effect of dilutive awards77  212  —  560  
Weighted average shares outstanding – diluted33,009  32,733  32,876  33,071  
Earnings per common share – diluted$0.92  $0.91  $(0.22) $0.48  

Outstanding share awards were 471 thousand and 33 thousand antidilutive for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019, respectively. There were 0 antidilutive awards for the six months ended June 30, 2020 as the Company incurred a net loss in the period. There were 61 thousand antidilutive share awards outstanding for the six months ended June 30, 2019.


10. Fair Value Measurements

The following table presents the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2020, December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019:
(in thousands)June 30, 2020
Assets (liabilities)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Commodity derivatives, net (a)
$22,162  $23,754  $—  $45,916  
Provisionally priced contracts (b)
(15,139) (41,897) —  (57,036) 
Convertible preferred securities (c)
—  —  8,654  8,654  
Other assets and liabilities (d)
4,102  (34,922) —  (30,820) 
Total$11,125  $(53,065) $8,654  $(33,286) 
(in thousands)December 31, 2019
Assets (liabilities)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Commodity derivatives, net (a)
$45,682  $15,683  $—  $61,365  
Provisionally priced contracts (b)
(118,414) (68,237) —  (186,651) 
Convertible preferred securities (c)
—  —  8,404  8,404  
Other assets and liabilities (d)
9,469  (13,507) —  (4,038) 
Total$(63,263) $(66,061) $8,404  $(120,920) 
(in thousands)June 30, 2019
Assets (liabilities)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Commodity derivatives, net (a)
$103,350  $62,472  $—  $165,822  
Provisionally priced contracts (b)
(1,064) (38,215) —  (39,279) 
Convertible preferred securities (c)
—  —  8,404  8,404  
Other assets and liabilities (d)
5,284  (10,750) —  (5,466) 
Total$107,570  $13,507  $8,404  $129,481  
 
(a)Includes associated cash posted/received as collateral
(b)Included in "Provisionally priced contracts" are those instruments based only on underlying futures values (Level 1) and delayed price contracts (Level 2)
(c)Recorded in “Other assets, net” on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets related to certain available for sale securities.
(d)Included in other assets and liabilities are assets held by the Company to fund deferred compensation plans, ethanol risk management contracts, and foreign exchange derivative contracts (Level 1) and interest rate derivatives (Level 2).

22

Level 1 commodity derivatives reflect the fair value of the exchanged-traded futures and options contracts that the Company holds, net of the cash collateral, that the Company has in its margin account.

The majority of the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on the market approach valuation technique. With the market approach, fair value is derived using prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities.

The Company’s net commodity derivatives primarily consist of futures or options contracts via regulated exchanges and contracts with producers or customers under which the future settlement date and bushels (or gallons in the case of ethanol contracts) of commodities to be delivered (primarily wheat, corn, soybeans and ethanol) are fixed and under which the price may or may not be fixed. Depending on the specifics of the individual contracts, the fair value is derived from the futures or options prices quoted on various exchanges for similar commodities and delivery dates as well as observable quotes for local basis adjustments (the difference, which is attributable to local market conditions, between the quoted futures price and the local cash price). Because “basis” for a particular commodity and location typically has multiple quoted prices from other agribusinesses in the same geographical vicinity and is used as a common pricing mechanism in the agribusiness industry, we have concluded that “basis” is typically a Level 2 fair value input for purposes of the fair value disclosure requirements related to our commodity derivatives, depending on the specific commodity. Although nonperformance risk, both of the Company and the counterparty, is present in each of these commodity contracts and is a component of the estimated fair values, based on the Company’s historical experience with its producers and customers and the Company’s knowledge of their businesses, the Company does not view nonperformance risk to be a significant input to fair value for these commodity contracts.

These fair value disclosures exclude physical inventories measured at net realizable value. The net realizable value used to measure the Company’s agricultural commodity inventories is the fair value (spot price of the commodity in an exchange), less cost of disposal and transportation based on the local market. This valuation would generally be considered Level 2. The amount is disclosed in Note 2 Inventories. Changes in the net realizable value of commodity inventories are recognized as a component of cost of sales and merchandising revenues.

Provisionally priced contract liabilities are those for which the Company has taken ownership and possession of grain, but the final purchase price has not been established. In the case of payables where the unpriced portion of the contract is limited to the futures price of the underlying commodity or we have delivered provisionally priced grain and a subsequent payable or receivable is set up for any future changes in the grain price, quoted exchange prices are used and the liability is deemed to be Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy. For all other unpriced contracts which include variable futures and basis components, the amounts recorded for delayed price contracts are determined on the basis of local grain market prices at the balance sheet date and, as such, are deemed to be Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

The risk management contract liability allows related ethanol customers to effectively unprice the futures component of their inventory for a period of time, subjecting the bushels to market fluctuations. The Company records an asset or liability for the market value changes of the commodities over the life of the contracts based on quoted exchange prices and as such, the balance is deemed to be Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy.

The convertible preferred securities are interests in several early-stage enterprises that may be in various forms, such as convertible debt or preferred equity securities.

A reconciliation of beginning and ending balances for the Company’s fair value measurements using Level 3 inputs is as follows:
Convertible Preferred Securities
(in thousands)20202019
Assets (liabilities) at January 1,$8,404  $7,154  
Additional investments250  250  
Assets (liabilities) at March 31,$8,654  $7,404  
Additional investments—  1,000  
Asset (liabilities) at June 30,$8,654  $8,404  


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The following tables summarize quantitative information about the Company's Level 3 fair value measurements as of June 30, 2020, December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019:
Quantitative Information about Recurring Level 3 Fair Value Measurements
(in thousands)Fair Value as of June 30, 2020Valuation MethodUnobservable InputWeighted Average
Convertible preferred securities (a)
$8,654  Implied based on market pricesN/AN/A
(in thousands)Fair Value as of December 31, 2019Valuation MethodUnobservable InputWeighted Average
Convertible preferred securities (a)
$8,404  Implied based on market pricesN/AN/A
(in thousands)Fair Value as of June 30, 2019Valuation MethodUnobservable InputWeighted Average
Convertible preferred securities (a)
$8,404  Implied based on market pricesN/AN/A
(a) The Company considers observable price changes and other additional market data available to estimate fair value, including additional capital raising, internal valuation models, progress towards key business milestones, and other relevant market data points.
Quantitative Information about Non-recurring Level 3 Fair Value Measurements
(in thousands)Fair Value as of December 31, 2019Valuation MethodUnobservable InputWeighted Average
Frac sand assets (a)$16,546  Third party appraisalVariousN/A
Real property (b)608  Market approachVariousN/A
Equity method investment (c)12,424  Discounted cash flow analysisVariousN/A
Fair Value as of June 30, 2019Valuation MethodUnobservable InputWeighted Average
Real property (d)
$2,719  Market ApproachN/AN/A
(a) The Company recognized impairment charges on long lived related to its frac sand business. The fair value of the assets were determined using prior transactions and third-party appraisals. These measures are considered Level 3 inputs on a nonrecurring basis.
(b) The Company recognized impairment charges on certain Trade assets and measured the fair value using Level 3 inputs on a nonrecurring basis. The fair value of the assets were determined using prior transactions in the local market and a recent sale of comparable Trade group assets held by the Company.
(c) The Company recorded an other-than-temporary impairment charge on an existing equity method investment. The fair value of the investment was determined using a discounted cash flow analysis.
(d) The Company recognized impairment charges on certain assets and measured the fair value using Level 3 inputs on a nonrecurring basis. The fair value of the assets was determined using prior transactions in the local market and a pending sale of grain assets held by the Company.

There were no non-recurring fair value measurements as of June 30, 2020.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt is estimated using quoted market prices or discounted future cash flows based on the Company’s current incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements. As such, the Company has concluded that the fair value of long-term debt is considered Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.
(in thousands)June 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
June 30,
2019
Fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities$1,090,059  $1,096,010  $1,078,185  
Fair value in excess of carrying value (a)
37,963  8,257  4,495  
(a) Carrying value used for this purpose excludes unamortized debt issuance costs.

The fair value of the Company’s cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their carrying value as they are close to maturity.


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11. Related Parties

In the ordinary course of business and on an arms-length basis, the Company will mainly enter into related party transactions with the minority shareholders of the Company's ethanol operations and several equity method investments that the Company holds, along with other related parties.

The following table sets forth the related party transactions entered into for the time periods presented:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Sales revenues$29,659  $57,854  $84,353  $119,022  
Service fee revenues (a)
—  4,052  —  8,163  
Purchases of product and capital assets6,419  176,442  21,996  345,671  
Lease income (b)
151  1,645  298  3,309  
Labor and benefits reimbursement (c)
—  3,602  —  7,460  
(a)Service fee revenues include management fees, corn origination fees, ethanol and distillers dried grains (DDG) marketing fees, and other commissions. These revenues are now eliminated in consolidation as a result of the TAMH merger.
(b)Lease income includes certain railcars leased to related parties and the lease of the Company’s Albion, Michigan and Clymers, Indiana grain facilities from the prior period and are now eliminated in consolidation as a result of the TAMH merger.
(c)Prior to the TAMH merger the Company provided all operations labor to the unconsolidated ethanol LLCs and charged them an amount equal to the Company's costs of the related services for the prior periods.

(in thousands)June 30, 2020December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
Accounts receivable (d)
$7,332  $10,603  $19,515  
Accounts payable (e)
2,598  12,303  24,700  
(d)Accounts receivable represents amounts due from related parties for the sale of ethanol and other various items.
(e)Accounts payable represents amounts due to related parties for purchases of ethanol equipment and other various items.


12. Segment Information

The Company’s operations include 4 reportable business segments that are distinguished primarily on the basis of products and services offered. The Trade business includes commodity merchandising and the operation of terminal grain elevator facilities. The Ethanol business produces ethanol through its five co-owned and fully consolidated ethanol production facilities as well as purchases and sells ethanol and ethanol co-products. The Plant Nutrient business manufactures and distributes agricultural inputs, primarily fertilizer, to dealers and farmers, along with turf care and corncob-based products. Rail operations include the leasing, marketing and fleet management of railcars and other assets, railcar repair and metal fabrication. The Other category includes other corporate level costs not attributable to an operating segment. In January 2020, the Company moved its Lansing Vermont DDG business from the Trade group to the Ethanol group as part of internal restructuring efforts. Prior year results have been recast to reflect this change.

The segment information below includes the allocation of expenses shared by one or more operating segments. Although management believes such allocations are reasonable, the operating information does not necessarily reflect how such data might appear if the segments were operated as separate businesses. Inter-segment sales are made at prices comparable to normal, unaffiliated customer sales. The Company does not have any customers who represent 10 percent or more of total revenue.
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 Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Revenues from external customers
Trade$1,351,168  $1,700,581  $2,729,209  $3,238,267  
Ethanol223,745  310,867  536,784  580,033  
Plant Nutrient279,825  270,577  404,738  399,102  
Rail35,442  43,016  72,555  84,431  
Total$1,890,180  $2,325,041  $3,743,286  $4,301,833  
 Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Inter-segment sales
Trade$432  $631  $1,040  $812  
Plant Nutrient635  1,274  1,523  1,294  
Rail1,388  771  2,993  2,046  
Total$2,455  $2,676  $5,556  $4,152  
 Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Income (loss) before income taxes, net of noncontrolling interests
Trade$393  $22,631  $(9,591) $4,729  
Ethanol868  3,749  (23,108) 6,760  
Plant Nutrient19,407  15,903  18,215  11,974  
Rail2,606  3,180  3,613  7,492  
Other(5,035) (4,578) (10,015) (9,505) 
Income (loss) before income taxes, net of noncontrolling interests18,239  40,885  (20,886) 21,450  
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(10,407) (477) (23,856) (632) 
Income (loss) before income taxes$7,832  $40,408  $(44,742) $20,818  

(in thousands)June 30, 2020December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
Identifiable assets
Trade$1,515,817  $2,012,060  $2,057,305  
Ethanol642,394  690,548  361,522  
Plant Nutrient342,690  383,781  381,924  
Rail656,573  693,931  657,617  
Other146,515  120,421  113,491  
Total$3,303,989  $3,900,741  $3,571,859  


13. Commitments and Contingencies

The Company is party to litigation, or threats thereof, both as defendant and plaintiff with some regularity, although individual cases that are material in size occur infrequently. As a defendant, the Company establishes reserves for claimed amounts that are considered probable and capable of estimation. If those cases are resolved for lesser amounts, the excess reserves are taken into income and, conversely, if those cases are resolved for larger than the amount the Company has accrued, the Company records additional expense. The Company believes it is unlikely that the results of its current legal proceedings for which it is the defendant, even if unfavorable, will be material. As a plaintiff, amounts that are collected can also result in sudden, non-recurring income.
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Litigation results depend upon a variety of factors, including the availability of evidence, the credibility of witnesses, the performance of counsel, the state of the law, and the impressions of judges and jurors, any of which can be critical in importance, yet difficult, if not impossible, to predict. Consequently, cases currently pending, or future matters, may result in unexpected, and non-recurring losses, or income, from time to time. Finally, litigation results are often subject to judicial reconsideration, appeal and further negotiation by the parties, and as a result, the final impact of a particular judicial decision may be unknown for some time or may result in continued reserves to account for the potential of such post-verdict actions.

The Company recorded a $5.0 million reserve relating to an outstanding non-regulatory litigation claim, based upon preliminary settlement negotiations in the first quarter of 2019. The claim is in response to penalties and fines paid to regulatory entities by a previously unconsolidated subsidiary in 2018 for the settlement of matters which focused on certain trading activity.

The estimated losses for all other outstanding claims that are considered reasonably possible are not material.


14. Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Certain supplemental cash flow information, including noncash investing and financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:
Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)20202019
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
Interest paid$27,168  $30,287  
Noncash investing and financing activity
Dividends declared not yet paid5,764  5,530  
Capital projects incurred but not yet paid4,070  15,317  
Equity issued in conjunction with acquisition—  127,841  
Removal of pre-existing equity method investment—  (159,459) 
Purchase price holdback/ other accrued liabilities—  31,885  


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15. Business Acquisition

On October 1, 2019, The Andersons entered into an agreement with Marathon to merge TAAE, TACE, TAME and the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, The Andersons Denison Ethanol LLC into a new legal entity, The Andersons Marathon Holdings LLC. As a result of the merger, The Andersons and Marathon now own 50.1% and 49.9% of the equity in TAMH, respectively. Total consideration transferred by the Company to complete the acquisition of TAMH was $182.9 million. The Company transferred non-cash consideration of $7.3 million and its equity values of the previously mentioned LLCs.
The purchase price allocation was finalized in the second quarter of 2020. A summarized purchase price allocation is as follows:
(in thousands)
Non-cash consideration$7,318  
Investments contributed at fair value124,662  
Investment contributed at cost50,875  
Total purchase price consideration$182,855  

The final purchase price allocation at October 1, 2019, is as follows:
(in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$47,042  
Accounts receivable12,175  
Inventories31,765  
Other current assets2,638  
Goodwill3,075  
Right of use asset5,200  
Other assets, net861  
Property, plant and equipment, net321,380  
424,136  
     
Trade and other payables13,461  
Accrued expense and other current liabilities3,011  
Other long-term liabilities292  
Long-term lease liabilities2,230  
Long-term debt, including current maturities47,886  
66,880  
Noncontrolling Interest174,401  
Net Assets Acquired$182,855  
Removal of preexisting ownership interest$(88,426) 
Pre-tax gain on derecognition of preexisting ownership interest$36,286  

Asset and liability account balances in the opening balance sheet above include the previously consolidated TADE investment balances at carryover basis.
The $3.1 million of goodwill recognized is primarily attributable to expected synergies and the assembled workforce of TAMH. None of the goodwill is deductible for income tax purposes. Due to finalization of the purchase price accounting as well as adjustments to deferred income taxes during the second quarter, goodwill increased $0.4 million, other long-term liabilities increased $0.1 million and noncontrolling interest increased $0.3 million.

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The fair value in the opening balance sheet of the 49.9% noncontrolling interest in TAMH was finalized at $174.4 million. The fair value was based on 49.9% of the total equity value of TAMH based on the transaction price for the 50.1% stake in TAMH, considering the consideration transferred noted above.
Pro Forma Financial Information (Unaudited)
The summary pro forma financial information for the periods presented below gives effect on Consolidated Company results to the TAMH acquisition as if it had occurred at January 1, 2019.
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Net sales$1,890,180  $2,377,250  $3,743,286  $4,408,760  
Net income (loss)20,032  24,975  (31,078) 9,747  
Pro forma net income was also adjusted to account for the tax effects of the pro forma adjustments noted above using a statutory tax rate of 25%. The pro forma amounts for net income above have been adjusted to reflect additional depreciation and amortization that would have been charged assuming the fair value adjustments to Property, plant and equipment had been applied on January 1, 2019 related to the TAMH merger.
Pro forma financial information is not necessarily indicative of the Company's actual results of operations if the acquisition had been completed at the date indicated, nor is it necessarily an indication of future operating results. Amounts do not include any operating efficiencies or cost savings that the Company believes are achievable.


16. Goodwill

During the first quarter the Company completed a reorganization of its structure whereby the Company moved its operations between the Trade and Ethanol segments to enhance operating decisions and assessing performance. On January 1, 2020, the Company moved its Distillers Dried Grains ("DDG") business from the Trade to Ethanol segment. The reorganization resulted in the reassignment of goodwill to the affected reporting units using a relative fair value approach. At the time of the reassignment and allocation, the Company performed an interim review of the carrying value of goodwill at the Trade and Ethanol segments for possible impairment on both a pre and post-reorganization basis. No impairment of goodwill was indicated at the pre-reorganization reporting units.

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segment for the six months ended June 30, 2020 are as follows:
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailTotal
Balance as of January 1, 2020$127,781  $2,726  $686  $4,167  $135,360  
Reorganization (a)
(5,714) 5,714  —  —  —  
Acquisitions (b)
—  349  —  —  349  
Balance as of June 30, 2020$122,067  $8,789  $686  $4,167  $135,709  
(a) Reorganization related to move of the DDG business line from the Trade to Ethanol segment.
(b) Acquisitions represent the TAMH acquisitions finalized goodwill allocation.



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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward Looking Statements
The following “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contains forward-looking statements which relate to future events or future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. The reader is urged to carefully consider these risks and others, including those risk factors listed under Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (“2019 Form 10-K”). In some cases, the reader can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as may, anticipates, believes, estimates, predicts, or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions. Actual events or results may differ materially. These forward-looking statements relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made and the Company undertakes no obligation, other than any imposed by law, to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our critical accounting policies and critical accounting estimates, as described in our 2019 Form 10-K, have not materially changed through the second quarter of 2020.

Executive Overview

Our operations are organized, managed and classified into four reportable business segments: Trade, Ethanol, Plant Nutrient, and Rail. Each of these segments is generally based on the nature of products and services offered and aligns with the management structure.

The agricultural commodity-based business is one in which changes in selling prices generally move in relationship to changes in purchase prices. Therefore, increases or decreases in prices of the agricultural commodities that the business deals in will have a relatively equal impact on sales and cost of sales and a much less significant impact on gross profit. As a result, changes in sales between periods may not necessarily be indicative of the overall performance of the business and more focus should be placed on changes in gross profit.

The Company has considered the potential impact that the book value of the Company’s total shareholders’ equity exceeded the Company’s market capitalization for impairment indicators. Management ultimately concluded that, while the Company's shareholders equity exceeded the market capitalization for the period, an impairment triggering event had not occurred. The Company continues to believe that the share price is not an accurate reflection of its current value. While the adverse conditions are currently present and pervasive in the agriculture space during this time, the long-term outlook remains positive and we believe that the market’s impact on the Company’s equity value does not actually reflect the impact of these external factors on the Company. As a result of prior period tests, reviews of current operating results and other relevant market factors, the Company concluded that no impairment trigger existed as of June 30, 2020. However, continuing adverse market conditions or alternative management decisions on operations may result in future impairment considerations.

Recent Developments

For fiscal year 2020, the global emergence of the novel strain of COVID-19 had a significant impact on the global economy, including several industries in which The Andersons operates. The government-induced stay-at-home orders reduced demand for gasoline, ethanol and corn. The reduced demand coupled with a general economic downturn has negatively impacted our Rail, Ethanol and Trade Groups. As previously announced the Company idled its ethanol plants for extended maintenance shutdowns in an effort to maintain the Company's ethanol plants, protect employees and conserve cash. Since that announcement all of the Company's ethanol plants resumed operations in the second quarter. The Company is continuing to actively manage the COVID-19 pandemic, however, the future impacts of the pandemic on the Company’s business are highly uncertain at this time.

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The Company is a critical infrastructure industry as defined by The United States Department of Homeland Security, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Agency, in its March 19, 2020 Memorandum. As COVID-19 continues to spread, the Company is currently conducting business as usual to the greatest extent possible in the current circumstances. The Company is taking a variety of measures to ensure the availability of its services throughout our network, promote the safety and security of our employees, and support the communities in which we operate. Certain modifications the Company has made in response to the COVID-19 pandemic include: implementing a period of working at home for all non-essential support staff; restricting employee business travel; strengthening clean workplace practices; reinforcing socially responsible sick leave recommendations; limiting visitor and third-party access to Company facilities; launching internal COVID-19 resources for employees; creating a pandemic response team comprised of employees and members of senior management; encouraging telephonic and video conference-based meetings along with other hygiene and social distancing practices recommended by health authorities including Health Canada, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the World Health Organization; and maintaining employment benefit coverage of employees through the pandemic. The Company is responding to this crisis through measures designed to protect our workforce and preventing disruptions to the Company's operations within the North American agricultural supply chain. The Andersons service is deemed essential as part of the agricultural industry.

We have observed many other companies, including those in our supply chain, taking precautionary and preemptive actions to address the COVID-19 pandemic, and companies may take further actions that alter their normal business operations. We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions that could materially alter our business operations as may be required or recommended by federal, provincial, state or local authorities, or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, shareholders, partners, suppliers, and other stakeholders.

Additional information concerning the impact COVID-19 may have to our future business and results of operations is provided in Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Trade Group

The Trade Group’s results in the second quarter reflect the continuing impact from the prior year harvest, as well as COVID-related decreases in demand in the Eastern Corn Belt, which resulted in compressed margins, little basis appreciation and lower originations. Further, the prior year second quarter benefited from corn and wheat basis appreciation caused by the poor 2019 planting season and concerns about adequate grain supplies.

Agricultural inventories on hand at June 30, 2020 were 74.4 million bushels, of which 1.7 million bushels were stored for others. These amounts compare to 96.1 million bushels on hand at June 30, 2019, of which 1.3 million bushels were stored for others. Total Trade storage capacity, including temporary pile storage, was approximately 201 million bushels at June 30, 2020 compared to 216 million bushels at June 30, 2019.

The group anticipates a large corn harvest in 2020, which should improve profitability during the latter part of the year and into 2021.

Ethanol Group

The Ethanol Group's second quarter results, excluding impacts of noncontrolling interests, were profitable as margins began to improve in early May and were strong by the end of the quarter as improving demand outpaced increases in industry production. With the return of profitable margins, the group's five plants resumed operations in the second quarter after the announcement of extended maintenance shutdowns. The plants operated at approximately 50 percent of capacity during the quarter as planned.

Ethanol and related co-products volumes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Ethanol (gallons shipped)119,528  130,297  266,873  261,325  
E-85 (gallons shipped)4,396  13,959  13,489  22,892  
Corn Oil (pounds shipped)20,968  4,821  50,262  9,754  
DDG (tons shipped) *
334  405  964  804  
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* DDG tons shipped converts wet tons to a dry ton equivalent amount. Prior year DDG tons shipped were recast from the Trade Group to the Ethanol Group. See note 12 for further details of the recast.

The above table shows only shipped volumes that flow through the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company. As the Company merged its former unconsolidated LLCs into the consolidated TAMH entity in the fourth quarter of 2019, these consolidated volumes are now included in the 2020 amounts above. Total ethanol, DDG, and corn oil production by the unconsolidated LLCs for the first quarter of 2019 is actually higher than disclosed above. However, the portion of this volume that was sold from the unconsolidated LLCs directly to their customers for the first two quarters of 2019 is excluded here.

Plant Nutrient Group

The Plant Nutrient Group's second quarter results were an improvement from the prior period as volumes increased substantially due to a more normal planting season, with a significant increase in Ag Supply Chain being somewhat offset by lower Specialty Liquids volumes, including negative impacts on industrial liquids demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Storage capacity at our Ag Supply Chain and Specialty Liquids facilities, including leased storage, was approximately 481 thousand tons for dry nutrients and approximately 510 thousand tons for liquid nutrients at June 30, 2020, compared to approximately 487 thousand tons for dry nutrients and approximately 515 thousand tons for liquid nutrients at June 30, 2019.

Tons of product sold for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in thousands)2020201920202019
Ag Supply Chain690  523  904  699  
Specialty Liquids121  133  196  196  
Engineered Granules151  153  273  273  
Total tons962  809  1,373  1,168  

In the table above, Ag Supply Chain represents facilities principally engaged in the wholesale distribution and retail sale and application of primary agricultural nutrients such as bulk nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.  Specialty Liquid locations produce and sell a variety of low-salt liquid starter fertilizers, micronutrients for agricultural use, and specialty products for use in various industrial processes.  Engineered Granules facilities primarily manufacture granulated dry products for use in specialty turf and agricultural applications and a variety of corncob-based products.

The group's near-term outlook is guarded, as low corn prices and COVID-related demand decreases in the industrial sector may offset the positive impacts of continuing cost reductions, which have improved results over the last several quarters, and new business opportunities in Engineered Granules.
Rail Group

The Rail Group results declined driven by lower car sale income as compared to the prior year. Cars on lease, average lease rate and utilization were all lower as railcar loadings continued to decrease. These conditions were partially offset by lower maintenance expense and end of lease settlements. Average utilization rates decreased from 94.6 percent in the second quarter of 2019 to 88.3 percent in the second quarter of 2020 as the Group had fewer cars on lease from the sand and ethanol market headwinds. Rail Group assets under management (owned, leased or managed for financial institutions in non-recourse arrangements) at June 30, 2020 were 24,009 compared to 23,966 at June 30, 2019.

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused the idling of nearly one-third of the North American railcar fleet and has driven year-to-date railcar loadings lower year over year through June. These conditions are expected to continue until the general economy returns to normal levels, and will continue to negatively impact lease renewals, lease rates and demand for railcar repairs.

Other
Our “Other” activities include corporate income and expense and cost for functions that provide support and services to the operating segments. The results include expenses and benefits not allocated to the operating segments, including a portion of our ERP project, and other elimination and consolidation adjustments. Additionally, $2.3 million of severance costs related to internal restructuring is captured in this segment for the period ended June 30, 2020.

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Operating Results

The following discussion focuses on the operating results as shown in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and includes a separate discussion by segment. Additional segment information is included herein in Note 12, Segment Information.

Comparison of the three months ended June 30, 2020 with the three months ended June 30, 2019 including a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures:
 Three months ended June 30, 2020
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailOtherTotal
Sales and merchandising revenues$1,351,168  $223,745  $279,825  $35,442  $—  $1,890,180  
Cost of sales and merchandising revenues1,291,786  226,344  241,060  24,724  —  1,783,914  
Gross profit59,382  (2,599) 38,765  10,718  —  106,266  
Operating, administrative and general expenses54,998  5,506  18,281  5,184  6,167  90,136  
Interest expense (income), net5,056  1,900  1,463  3,833  (425) 11,827  
Equity in earnings of affiliates, net79  —  —  —  —  79  
Other income, net986  466  386  905  707  3,450  
Income (loss) before income taxes$393  $(9,539) $19,407  $2,606  $(5,035) $7,832  
Income (loss) before income taxes attributable to the noncontrolling interests—  (10,407) —  —  —  (10,407) 
Non-GAAP Income (loss) before income taxes, net of noncontrolling interests attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$393  $868  $19,407  $2,606  $(5,035) $18,239  

 Three months ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailOtherTotal
Sales and merchandising revenues$1,700,581  $310,867  $270,577  $43,016  $—  $2,325,041  
Cost of sales and merchandising revenues1,599,915  304,375  231,779  28,244  —  2,164,313  
Gross profit100,666  6,492  38,798  14,772  —  160,728  
Operating, administrative and general expenses67,009  5,683  21,079  7,740  5,407  106,918  
Asset impairment3,081  —  —  —  —  3,081  
Interest expense (income), net10,148  (811) 2,386  4,181  (177) 15,727  
Equity in earnings (losses) of affiliates, net(1,614) 1,457  —  —  —  (157) 
Other income (expense), net3,817  195  570  329  652  5,563  
Income (loss) before income taxes$22,631  $3,272  $15,903  $3,180  $(4,578) $40,408  
Income (loss) before income taxes attributable to the noncontrolling interests—  (477) —  —  —  (477) 
Non-GAAP Income (loss) before income taxes, net of noncontrolling interests attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$22,631  $3,749  $15,903  $3,180  $(4,578) $40,885  

Trade Group

Operating results for the Trade Group declined by $22.2 million compared to the results of the same period last year. Sales and merchandising revenues decreased by $349.4 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues decreased $308.1 million for an unfavorable net gross profit impact of $41.3 million. This decrease was a result of current year results experiencing a reduction in corn basis appreciation and headwinds in the Company's sand operations due to decreased oil demand. The prior year results were positively impacted by corn and wheat basis appreciation from the poor 2019 planting season.
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Operating, administrative and general expenses decreased by $12.0 million. The decrease from the prior year is primarily related to transaction expenses that did not recur in 2020 along with the Company's cost saving initiatives from acquisition integration and in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Interest expense decreased $5.1 million due to the Company paying down debt, declining interest rates and lower group borrowings on the Company's short-term line of credit compared to the prior year.

Other income decreased by $2.8 million as the prior results include a $2.4 million purchase price accounting adjustment related to the loss on pre-existing investments in LTG and Thompsons as the Company finalized its valuation of the pre-acquisition fair value of these investments during the second quarter of prior year.

Ethanol Group

Operating results for the Ethanol Group declined $2.9 million from the same period last year. Sales and merchandising revenues decreased $87.1 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues decreased $78.0 million compared to prior year results. Gross profit decreased by $9.1 million compared to 2019 results from decreased driving demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic leading to an over saturation of the supply of ethanol and a negative margin environment for the Ethanol Group.

Operating, administrative and general expenses decreased $0.2 million as cost cutting initiatives were partially offset by an increase in labor and benefits from the TAMH merger, as these expenses are now reflected in consolidated earnings.

Interest expense increased $2.7 million due to the inclusion of interest expense as a result of the consolidation of TAMH and ELEMENT's ability to capitalize interest related to the construction of the ELEMENT facility in the prior year.

Equity in earnings of affiliates decreased $1.5 million as a result of the former unconsolidated ethanol LLCs being merged into TAMH, a consolidated entity.

Plant Nutrient Group

Operating results for the Plant Nutrient Group increased by $3.5 million compared to the same period in the prior year. Sales and merchandising revenues increased $9.2 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues increased by $9.3 million resulting in gross profit being flat year over year. Gross profit was flat year over year as increases in volumes from more normal planting conditions were offset by lower margins.

Operating, administrative and general expenses decreased $2.8 million due to more efficient production compared to the prior year.

Interest expense decreased $0.9 million from lower interest rates compared to the prior year.

Rail Group

Operating results declined $0.6 million from the same period last year while sales and merchandising revenues decreased $7.6 million. This decline from prior year was driven by a $4.0 million decrease in leasing revenues and a $3.0 million decrease in car sale revenues. Cost of sales and merchandising revenues decreased $3.5 million compared to the prior year due to cars on lease, average lease rate and utilization all being lower as railcar loadings continued to decrease from the prior year. As a result, gross profit decreased $4.1 million compared to the period year.

Operating, administrative and general expenses decreased $2.6 million driven by more efficient labor costs within the repair business.

Interest expense decreased $0.3 million due to lower interest rates.

Income Taxes

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $12.2 million at an effective rate of 155.8%. For the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $11.0 million at an effective tax rate of 27.2%. The decrease in effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same
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period last year primarily attributed to nondeductible losses related to our noncontrolling interests within the Ethanol group. These losses were offset by NOL carryback tax savings opportunities as provided by the CARES act.


Comparison of the six months ended June 30, 2020 with the six months ended June 30, 2019 including a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures:
 Six months ended June 30, 2020
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailOtherTotal
Sales and merchandising revenues$2,729,209  $536,784  $404,738  $72,555  $—  $3,743,286  
Cost of sales and merchandising revenues2,607,361  568,782  345,609  52,138  —  3,573,890  
Gross profit121,848  (31,998) 59,129  20,417  —  169,396  
Operating, administrative and general expenses123,153  11,621  38,022  10,443  11,957  195,196  
Interest expense (income), net12,245  4,257  3,248  8,316  (652) 27,414  
Equity in earnings (losses) of affiliates, net209  —  —  —  —  209  
Other income (expense), net3,750  912  356  1,955  1,290  8,263  
Income (loss) before income taxes$(9,591) $(46,964) $18,215  $3,613  $(10,015) $(44,742) 
Income (loss) before income taxes attributable to the noncontrolling interests—  (23,856) —  —  —  (23,856) 
Non-GAAP Income (loss) before income taxes, net of noncontrolling interests attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$(9,591) $(23,108) $18,215  $3,613  $(10,015) $(20,886) 
 Six months ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands)TradeEthanolPlant NutrientRailOtherTotal
Sales and merchandising revenues$3,238,267  $580,033  $399,102  $84,431  $—  $4,301,833  
Cost of sales and merchandising revenues3,070,204  568,141  339,370  53,726  —  4,031,441  
Gross profit168,063  11,892  59,732  30,705  —  270,392  
Operating, administrative and general expenses138,384  10,673  44,248  15,891  11,071  220,267  
Asset impairment3,081  —  —  —  —  3,081  
Interest expense (income), net20,951  (1,523) 4,647  7,860  (298) 31,637  
Equity in earnings (losses) of affiliates, net(1,745) 3,107  —  —  —  1,362  
Other income (expense), net827  279  1,137  538  1,268  4,049  
Income (loss) before income taxes$4,729  $6,128  $11,974  $7,492  $(9,505) $20,818  
Income (loss) before income taxes attributable to the noncontrolling interests—  (632) —  —  —  (632) 
Non-GAAP Income (loss) before income taxes, net of noncontrolling interests attributable to The Andersons, Inc.$4,729  $6,760  $11,974  $7,492  $(9,505) $21,450  

Trade Group

Operating results for the Trade Group decreased by $14.3 million compared to the results of the same period last year, however prior year results included an additional $9.4 million of transaction-related expenses. Sales and merchandising revenues decreased by $509.1 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues decreased $462.8 million for a decreased gross profit impact of $46.2 million. This decrease was primarily driven by the lack of appreciation of corn basis in the Company's Eastern Corn Belt assets and the decreased oil demand creating headwinds in the Company's sand operations.

Operating, administrative and general expenses decreased by $15.2 million. The decrease from the prior year is primarily related to $9.4 million of transaction expenses that did not recur in the current year as well as the Company's cost saving initiatives from acquisition integration and in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Interest expense decreased $8.7 million due to the Company paying down debt, declining interest rates and lower group borrowings on the Company's short-term line of credit compared to the prior year. Prior year results also include a $0.6 million write-off of deferred financing fees as part of its new credit facility.

Other income increased by $2.9 million as there were approximately $2.0 million worth of insurance settlements in the current year along with an initial remeasurement loss of $1.1 million on the Company's preexisting equity method investment in LTG & Thompsons that didn't recur in the current year.

Ethanol Group

Operating results for the Ethanol Group decreased $29.9 million from the same period last year. Sales and merchandising revenues decreased $43.2 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues increased $0.6 million compared to prior year. As a result, Gross profit decreased by $43.9 million compared to prior year from decreased driving demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic leading to an over saturation of the supply of ethanol and a negative margin environment for the Ethanol Group.

Operating, administrative and general expenses increased $0.9 million primarily due to an increase in labor and benefits from the TAMH merger, as these expenses are now reflected in consolidated earnings.

Interest expense increased $5.8 million due to the inclusion of interest expense related to the consolidation of TAMH and due to ELEMENT's ability to capitalize interest related to the construction of the ELEMENT facility in the prior year.

Equity in earnings of affiliates decreased $3.1 million as a result of the former unconsolidated ethanol LLCs being merged into the consolidated entity of TAMH.

Plant Nutrient Group

Operating results for the Plant Nutrient Group increased by $6.2 million compared to the same period in the prior year. Sales and merchandising revenues increased $5.6 million and cost of sales and merchandising revenues increased by $6.2 million resulting in decreased gross profit of $0.6 million. Gross profit was flat year over year as increases in volumes from more normal planting conditions were offset by lower margins.

Operating, administrative and general expenses decreased $6.2 million due to more efficient production compared to the prior year.

Interest expense decreased $1.4 million from lower interest rates compared to the prior year.

Rail Group

Operating results decreased $3.9 million from the same period last year while sales and merchandising revenues decreased $11.9 million. This decrease was driven by a $7.7 million decrease in leasing revenues, a $2.3 million decrease in car sale revenue and a $1.9 million decrease in repair and other revenue. Cost of sales and merchandising decreased $1.6 million compared to the prior year due to cars on lease, average lease rate and utilization all being lower as railcar loadings continued to decrease from the prior year. As a result, gross profit decreased $10.3 million compared to the period year.

Operating, administrative and general expenses decreased $5.4 million driven by more efficient labor costs within the repair business.

Interest expense increased $0.5 million due to higher debt balances.

Income Taxes

For the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $13.7 million at an effective rate of 30.5%. For the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $5.6 million at an effective tax rate of 26.7%. The decrease in effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period last year primarily attributed to nondeductible losses related to our noncontrolling interests within the Ethanol group. These losses were offset by NOL carryback tax savings opportunities as provided by the CARES act.


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Liquidity and Capital Resources
Working Capital
At June 30, 2020, the Company had working capital of $471.4 million. The following table presents changes in the components of current assets and current liabilities:
(in thousands)June 30, 2020June 30, 2019Variance
Current Assets:
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$30,011  $11,087  $18,924  
Accounts receivable, net537,011  712,294  (175,283) 
Inventories616,323  753,641  (137,318) 
Commodity derivative assets – current112,089  233,015  (120,926) 
Other current assets102,755  58,590  44,165  
Total current assets$1,398,189  $1,768,627  $(370,438) 
Current Liabilities:
Short-term debt96,071  426,125  (330,054) 
Trade and other payables503,892  527,250  (23,358) 
Customer prepayments and deferred revenue45,734  49,761  (4,027) 
Commodity derivative liabilities – current65,186  69,369  (4,183) 
Current maturities of long-term debt68,477  66,678  1,799  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities147,422  165,383  (17,961) 
Total current liabilities$926,782  $1,304,566  $(377,784) 
Working Capital$471,407  $464,061  $7,346  

Sources and Uses of Cash
Six Months Ended
(in thousands)June 30, 2020June 30, 2019
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$145,511  $(84,847) 
Net cash used in investing activities(66,002) (271,393) 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(105,068) 344,410  

Operating Activities
Our operating activities provided cash of $145.5 million and used cash of $84.8 million in the first six months of 2020 and 2019, respectively. The increase in cash provided was primarily due to a result in the change of working capital, excluding short-term debt, that was partially offset by the lower operating results in the current year.

Investing Activities
Investing activities used cash of $66.0 million through the first six months of 2020 compared to cash used of $271.4 million in the prior year. The decrease from the prior year was a result of the acquisition of LTG in the prior year and a strategic reduction of capital spending in the current year to enhance overall liquidity as well as expense and cash management.
In 2020, we expect to spend up to a total of approximately $14.1 million for the purchase of railcars and related leases and capitalized modifications of railcars. Total capital spending on property, plant and equipment in our base business excluding rail leasing activity, but inclusive of information technology spending is expected to be approximately $100.0 million.

Financing Activities
Financing activities used cash of $105.1 million and provided cash of $344.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. This decrease from the prior year was largely due to a decrease in proceeds as new debt was issued in the prior year to finance the LTG acquisition in the prior year and a current year reduction in short term borrowings.
We are party to borrowing arrangements with a syndicate of banks that provide a total of $1,690.3 million in borrowings. Of the total capacity, $497.3 million is non-recourse to the Company. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had $1,307.1 million available for borrowing with $191.5 million of that total being non-recourse to the Company.

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We paid $11.5 million in dividends in the first six months of 2020 compared to $11.0 million in the prior year. The Company paid $0.175 per common share for the dividends paid in January and April of 2020 and $0.17 per common share for the dividends paid in January and April of 2019. On June 25, 2020 we declared a cash dividend of $0.175 per common share payable on July 22, 2020 to shareholders of record on July 6, 2020.
Certain of our long-term borrowings include covenants that, among other things, impose minimum levels of equity and limitations on additional debt. We are in compliance with all such covenants as of June 30, 2020. In addition, certain of our long-term borrowings are collateralized by first mortgages on various facilities or are collateralized by railcar assets. Our non-recourse long-term debt is collateralized by ethanol plant assets and railcar assets.
Because we are a significant borrower of short-term debt in peak seasons and the majority of this is variable rate debt, increases in interest rates could have a significant impact on our profitability. However, much of this risk is mitigated by hedging instruments that are in place. In addition, periods of high grain prices and/or unfavorable market conditions could require us to make additional margin deposits on our exchange traded futures contracts. Conversely, in periods of declining prices, we could receive a return of cash.
While the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have had a negative impact on operating cash flows, we believe our sources of liquidity will be adequate to fund our operations, capital expenditures and service our indebtedness.

At June 30, 2020, we had standby letters of credit outstanding of $76.3 million.


Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

For further information, refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. There were no material changes in market risk, specifically commodity and interest rate risk during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Based on an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act were effective as of June 30, 2020 to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the second quarter of 2020, which were identified in connection with management’s evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the majority of our workforce began working remotely in March 2020. The Company has announced a phased approach for the workforce to return back to the office place starting in the third quarter. These changes to the working environment did not have a material effect on our internal controls over financial reporting during the most recent quarter.
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Part II. Other Information

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

The Company is subject to legal proceedings and claims that have not been fully resolved and that have arisen in the ordinary course of business. Except as described in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Note 13, “Commitments and Contingencies,” in the opinion of management, there was not at least a reasonable possibility the Company may have incurred a material loss, or a material loss greater than a recorded accrual, concerning loss contingencies for asserted legal and other claims.

The outcome of litigation is inherently uncertain. If one or more legal matters were resolved against the Company in a reporting period for amounts above management’s expectations, the Company’s financial condition and operating results for that reporting period could be materially adversely affected. The Company settled certain matters during the second quarter of 2020 that did not individually or in the aggregate have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition or operating results.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The business, financial condition and operating results of the Company can be affected by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown, including but not limited to those described in Part I, Item 1A of the 2019 Form 10-K under the heading “Risk Factors,” any one or more of which could, directly or indirectly, cause the Company’s actual financial condition and operating results to vary materially from past, or from anticipated future, financial condition and operating results. Any of these factors, in whole or in part, could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, operating results and stock price. There have been no material changes to the Company’s risk factors since the 2019 Form 10-K with the exception of those disclosed below.

The COVID-19 pandemic could negatively affect the Company's business and operating results

The future impacts of the global emergence of the novel strain of Coronavirus and the disease it causes on the Company's business or operating and financial results are unpredictable and cannot be identified with certainty at this time. The widespread health crisis has adversely affected the global economy and resulted in a widespread economic downturn which could adversely impact demand for our products and services. Such interruptions could include fluctuations to commodity prices, disruptions or restrictions on the ability to transport freight in the ordinary course, temporary closures of facilities and ports, or the facilities and ports of our customers, decreased demand for our products, and/or changes to export/import restrictions. The pandemic caused by COVID-19 may impact the seasonal trends that typically characterize our revenues and operating income. There is no assurance that the outbreak will not have a material adverse impact on our business or results of operations. Further, our operations could be negatively affected if a significant number of our employees are unable to perform their normal duties because of contracting COVID-19 or based on further direction from governments, public health authorities or regulatory agencies. The extent of the impact, if any, will depend on developments beyond our control, including actions taken by governments, financial institutions, monetary policy authorities, and public health authorities to contain and respond to public health concerns and general economic conditions as a result of the pandemic.

We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions that alter our business operations as may be required or recommended by federal, provincial, state or local authorities, or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, partners, suppliers, shareholders and other stakeholders. We cannot be certain of potential effects any such alterations or modifications may have on our business or operating and financial results for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased (1)
Average Price Paid Per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (2)
Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
April 202025,903  $18.74  —  —  
May 2020697  12.05  —  —  
June 20202,093  13.71  —  —  
Total28,693  $18.21  —  —  
(1) During the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company acquired shares of common stock held by employees who tendered owned shares to satisfy tax withholding obligations.
(2) No shares were purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programs.


Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure

We are committed to protecting the occupational health and well-being of each of our employees. Safety is one of our core values and we strive to ensure that safety is the first priority for all employees. Our internal objective is to achieve zero injuries and incidents across the Company by focusing on proactively identifying needed prevention activities, establishing standards and evaluating performance to mitigate any potential loss to people, equipment, production and the environment. We have implemented employee training that is geared toward maintaining a high level of awareness and knowledge of safety and health issues in the work environment. We believe that through these policies we have developed an effective safety management system.

Under the Dodd-Frank Act, each operator of a coal or other mine is required to include certain mine safety results within its periodic reports filed with the SEC. As required by the reporting requirements included in §1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act and Item 104 of Regulation S-K, the required mine safety results regarding certain mining safety and health matters for each of our mine locations that are covered under the scope of the Dodd-Frank Act are included in Exhibit 95.1 of Item 6. Exhibits of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

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Item 6. Exhibits
Exhibit NumberDescription
10.1*
10.2*
31.1*
31.2*
32.1**
95.1*
101**Inline XBRL Document Set for the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes in Part I, Item 1, “Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
104**Inline XBRL for the cover page of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, included in the Exhibit 101 Inline XBRL Document Set.
* Filed herewith
** Furnished herewith
Items 3 and 5 are not applicable and have been omitted

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Signatures
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 THE ANDERSONS, INC.
(Registrant)
Date: August 7, 2020 /s/ Patrick E. Bowe
 Patrick E. Bowe
 Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)
Date: August 7, 2020 /s/ Brian A. Valentine
 Brian A. Valentine
 Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer)

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