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RAVN Raven Industries

Filed: 25 May 21, 3:24pm



UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2021
OR
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to
Commission File Number: 001-07982
RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
ravn-20210430_g1.jpg
SD46-0246171
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
205 East 6th Street, P.O. Box 5107Sioux Falls,SD 57117-5107
(Address of principal executive offices)
(605) 336-2750
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $1 par valueRAVNNASDAQGlobal Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.             þ Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).                             þ Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
 Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes þ No
As of May 21, 2021, there were 35,917,637 shares of common stock, $1 par value, of Raven Industries, Inc. outstanding. There were no other classes of stock outstanding.




RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC.
INDEX
 PAGE
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
  
Item 1. Financial Statements: 
Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)
Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income (unaudited)
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
  
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION 
  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
Signatures




PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per-share data)April 30,
2021
January 31,
2021
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$17,764 $32,938 
Accounts receivable, net68,064 48,669 
Inventories, net63,407 52,703 
Other current assets7,904 5,776 
Total current assets157,139 140,086 
Property, plant and equipment, net107,905 106,007 
Goodwill109,284 107,677 
Intangible assets, net46,074 44,585 
Other assets10,437 11,016 
TOTAL ASSETS$430,839 $409,371 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$22,535 $18,639 
Accrued liabilities33,836 30,401 
Other current liabilities3,751 2,998 
Total current liabilities60,122 52,038 
Long-term debt2,895 1,981 
Other liabilities23,837 23,997 
Total liabilities86,854 78,016 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 11)00
Shareholders' equity
Common stock, $1 par value, authorized shares 100,000; issued 67,583 and 67,533, respectively67,583 67,533 
Additional paid-in capital67,266 66,670 
Retained earnings321,296 311,676 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(977)(3,341)
Treasury stock at cost, 31,665 and 31,665 shares, respectively(111,183)(111,183)
Total shareholders' equity343,985 331,355 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY$430,839 $409,371 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
3

RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended
(dollars in thousands, except per-share data)April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Net sales$112,486 $86,496 
Cost of sales72,500 58,029 
Gross profit39,986 28,467 
Research and development expenses11,462 10,505 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses16,951 14,023 
Operating income11,573 3,939 
Other income (expense), net30 (468)
Income before income taxes11,603 3,471 
Income tax expense (benefit)1,983 (478)
Net income9,620 3,949 
Net loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest(98)
Net income attributable to Raven Industries, Inc.$9,620 $4,047 
Net income per common share:
─ Basic$0.27 $0.11 
─ Diluted$0.26 $0.11 
Comprehensive income:
Net income$9,620 $3,949 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation2,344 (2,579)
Postretirement benefits, net of income tax (expense) benefit of $(5) and $1, respectively20 (3)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax2,364 (2,582)
Comprehensive income11,984 1,367 
Comprehensive loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest(98)
Comprehensive income attributable to Raven Industries, Inc.$11,984 $1,465 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
4

RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended April 30, 2020
$1 Par Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalTreasury Stock at CostRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehen-sive Income (Loss)Total EquityRedeem-able Non-Controlling Interest
(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)
Balance January 31, 2020$67,436 $61,508 $(111,183)$302,300 $(5,415)$314,646 $21,302 
Net income (loss)— — — 4,047 — 4,047 (98)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Cumulative foreign currency translation
     adjustment
— — — — (2,579)(2,579)— 
Postretirement benefits reclassified
     from accumulated other
     comprehensive income (loss) after
     tax benefit of $1
— — — — (3)(3)— 
Reclassification and redemption of noncontrolling
interest (see Note 1)
— 215 — — — 215 (21,204)
Cash dividends ($0.13 per share)— 90 — (4,748)— (4,658)— 
Shares issued on stock options exercised, net of
   shares withheld for employee taxes
11 (124)— — — (113)— 
Shares issued on vesting of stock units, net of
   shares withheld for employee taxes
53 (680)— — — (627)— 
Share-based compensation— 1,496 — — — 1,496 — 
Balance April 30, 2020$67,500 $62,505 $(111,183)$301,599 $(7,997)$312,424 $0 
Three Months Ended April 30, 2021
$1 Par Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalTreasury Stock at CostRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehen-sive Income (Loss)Total EquityRedeem-able Non-Controlling Interest
(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)
Balance January 31, 2021$67,533 $66,670 $(111,183)$311,676 $(3,341)$331,355 $
Net income— — — 9,620 — 9,620 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Cumulative foreign currency translation
     adjustment
— — — — 2,344 2,344 — 
Postretirement benefits reclassified
     from accumulated other
     comprehensive income (loss) after
     tax expense of $(5)
— — — — 20 20 — 
Shares issued on stock options exercised, net of
   shares withheld for employee taxes
(42)— — — (41)— 
Shares issued on vesting of stock units, net of
   shares withheld for employee taxes
49 (1,096)— — — (1,047)— 
Share-based compensation— 1,734 — — — 1,734 — 
Balance April 30, 2021$67,583 $67,266 $(111,183)$321,296 $(977)$343,985 $0 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
5

RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended
(dollars in thousands)April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income$9,620 $3,949 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization4,511 4,176 
Change in fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration(55)
Deferred income taxes49 (1,060)
Share-based compensation expense1,734 1,496 
Other operating activities, net(178)(159)
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(20,706)937 
Inventories(10,592)(4,008)
Other assets(2,168)(715)
Operating liabilities9,951 7,290 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities(7,779)11,851 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Capital expenditures(5,605)(4,434)
Purchases of investments(587)(98)
Proceeds from sale of assets263 251 
Other investing activities(1,112)(9)
Net cash used in investing activities(7,041)(4,290)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Dividends paid(4,658)
Proceeds from debt815 50,150 
Tax withholding on vesting of restricted stock(1,047)(627)
Employee stock option exercises, net of shares withheld for employee taxes(41)(113)
Other financing activities(116)(104)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(389)44,648 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash35 (335)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents(15,174)51,874 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year32,938 20,707 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$17,764 $72,581 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
6


RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

(1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

Raven Industries, Inc. ("the Company" or "Raven") is a diversified technology company providing a variety of products to customers within the industrial, agricultural, geomembrane, construction, commercial lighter-than-air, and aerospace and defense markets. The Company is comprised of 3 unique operating units, or divisions, classified into reportable business segments: Applied Technology, Engineered Films, and Aerostar.

The accompanying interim unaudited consolidated financial statements, which includes the accounts of Raven and its wholly-owned or controlled subsidiaries, net of intercompany balances and transactions, has been prepared by the Company in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary to fairly present this financial information have been included. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021.

Financial results for the interim three-month period ended April 30, 2021, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending January 31, 2022. The January 31, 2021, consolidated balance sheet was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required in an annual report on Form 10-K. Preparing financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions. These affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Risks and Uncertainties (COVID-19)
The COVID-19 pandemic has had, and may continue to have, an unfavorable impact on certain areas of the Company's business. Economic conditions have continued to improve during the three-months ended April 30, 2021, however, the broader implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's financial condition and results of operations remain uncertain, and will depend on certain developments, including the effectiveness of vaccines to address the COVID-19 virus, as well as potential variants or further spread of the virus. The pandemic's ongoing impact to the Company's customers and suppliers remains uncertain. The Company may continue to experience supply chain constraints that hampers the Company's ability to fulfill orders on time or reduced customer demand in certain markets could materially and adversely impact business, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and cash flows in future periods.

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
The Company acquired a majority ownership in Dot Technology Corp. (DOT) in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020. DOT, located in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, designs autonomous agriculture solutions and manufactures an agriculture platform to semi-autonomously handle a large variety of agriculture implements. The acquisition provided noncontrolling interest shareholders various put options that, if exercised, obligated the Company to purchase their outstanding DOT shares. Due to the redemption features provided to the minority shareholders in the acquisition, the 36% remaining noncontrolling interest was classified as a redeemable noncontrolling interest in the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets as of January 31, 2020. During the second quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company closed on the transaction to purchase the shares of the largest minority interest shareholder for $17,853, giving the Company full voting control of DOT. The remaining redeemable amount, as well as the liability for the noncontrolling interest redeemed in the prior fiscal year, totaling approximately $5,438, is payable in November 2021 and is classified as "Accrued Liabilities" in the Consolidated Balance Sheet at April 30, 2021.

(2) SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

There have been no material changes to the Company's significant accounting policies as described in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021, other than described below.
7


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

Software Development Costs
The Company capitalizes certain software development costs related to software to be sold, included in core autonomous products, or otherwise marketed. Capitalized software development costs include purchased materials and services, salary and benefits of our development and engineering staff, and other costs associated with the development of new products. Software development costs are expensed as incurred until technological feasibility has been established, at which time future costs incurred are capitalized until the product is available for general release to the public. Based on our product development process, technological feasibility is generally established once product and detailed program designs have been completed, uncertainties related to high-risk development issues have been resolved through coding and testing, and the Company has the capability to manufacture the end product. Once a software product is available for general release to the public, capitalized development costs associated with that product will begin to be amortized to "Cost of Sales" in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income over the product's estimated economic life, using the greater of straight-line or a method that results in cost recognition in future periods that is consistent with the anticipated timing of product revenue recognition.
The capitalized software development costs are subject to an ongoing assessment of recoverability, which is impacted by estimates and assumptions of future revenues and expenses for these software products, as well as other factors such as changes in product technologies. Any portion of unamortized capitalized software development costs that is determined to be in excess of net realizable value is expensed in the period such a determination is made. The gross carrying amount of software development costs was $795 and $0 at April 30, 2021 and January 31, 2021 respectively and is reported in "Intangible Assets, net" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. No amortization expense was recorded in the three-month period ended April 30, 2021, as none of the software development costs were available for general release to the public.

Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Adopted
There are no significant Accounting Standard Updates (ASU's) issued that were adopted in the three-month period ended April 30, 2021.

New Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
There are no significant ASU's issued and not yet adopted as of April 30, 2021.
8


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

(3) SELECTED BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION

Following are the components of selected items from the Consolidated Balance Sheets:
April 30, 2021January 31, 2021
Accounts receivable, net:
Trade accounts$63,788 $47,879 
Unbilled receivables6,157 2,734 
Allowance for credit losses(1,881)(1,944)
$68,064 $48,669 
Inventories, net:
Finished goods$12,535 $7,684 
In process1,270 759 
Materials49,602 44,260 
$63,407 $52,703 
Other current assets:
Income tax receivable876 1,440 
Prepaid expenses and other7,028  4,336 
$7,904 $5,776 
Property, plant and equipment, net:(a)
Land$3,117 $3,117 
Buildings and improvements86,785 84,651 
Machinery and equipment172,808 169,252 
Financing lease right-of-use assets1,245 1,282 
263,955 258,302 
Accumulated depreciation(156,050)(152,295)
$107,905 $106,007 
Other assets:
Equity investments$1,748 $1,595 
Operating lease right-of-use assets6,216 6,850 
Deferred income taxes352 360 
Other2,121 2,211 
$10,437 $11,016 
Accrued liabilities:
Salaries and related$6,588 $4,881 
Benefits6,508 6,255 
Insurance obligations1,746 1,896 
Warranties2,655 2,068 
Income taxes1,406 238 
Other taxes1,838 2,386 
Acquisition-related contingent consideration2,000 2,000 
Lease liability2,135 2,482 
Other8,960 8,195 
$33,836 $30,401 
Other liabilities:
Postretirement benefits$8,999 $8,996 
Lease liability4,989 5,426 
Deferred income taxes2,264 2,091 
Uncertain tax positions2,759 2,692 
Other4,826 4,792 
$23,837 $23,997 
(a) Includes assets held for use and assets held for sale. The amount of assets held for sale at April 30, 2021, and January 31, 2021, were not material.
9


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

(4) NET INCOME PER SHARE

Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average common shares and fully vested stock units outstanding. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding, which includes the shares issuable upon exercise of employee stock options (net of shares assumed purchased with the option proceeds), stock units, and restricted stock units outstanding. Performance share awards are included in the diluted calculation based upon what would be issued if the end of the most recent reporting period was the end of the term of the award.
Certain outstanding options and restricted stock units were excluded from the diluted net income per share calculations because their effect would have been anti-dilutive under the treasury stock method. The options and restricted stock units excluded from the diluted net income per share calculation were as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Anti-dilutive options and restricted stock units110,906321,454

The computation of earnings per share is presented below:
Three Months Ended
April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Numerator:
Net income attributable to Raven Industries, Inc.$9,620 $4,047 
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding35,885,444 35,797,939 
Weighted average fully vested stock units outstanding151,971 129,672 
Denominator for basic calculation36,037,415 35,927,611 
Weighted average common shares outstanding35,885,444 35,797,939 
Weighted average fully vested stock units outstanding151,971 129,672 
Dilutive impact of stock options and restricted stock units412,579 138,613 
Denominator for diluted calculation36,449,994 36,066,224 
Net income per share ─ basic$0.27 $0.11 
Net income per share ─ diluted$0.26 $0.11 

10


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

(5) REVENUE
Disaggregation of Revenues
Revenue is disaggregated by major product category and geography, as we believe these categories best depict how the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of our revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. The following table includes a reconciliation of the disaggregated revenue by reportable segments. Service revenues are not material and are not separately disclosed.
Revenue by Product Category
Three Months Ended April 30, 2021Three Months Ended April 30, 2020
ATDEFDAERO
ELIM(a)
TotalATDEFDAERO
ELIM(a)
Total
Lighter-than-Air
    Domestic$— $— $4,499 $— $4,499 $— $— $6,082 $— $6,082 
    International— — 597 — 597 — — 12 — 12 
Plastic Films & Sheeting
    Domestic— 45,402 — (34)45,368 — 30,556 — (60)30,496 
    International— 3,363 — 3,363 — 2,842 — 2,842 
Precision Agriculture Equipment
    Domestic35,652 — — 35,652 30,861 — — 30,861 
    International19,216 — — — 19,216 11,146 — — — 11,146 
Other
    Domestic— — 3,767 — 3,767 — — 5,052 — 5,052 
    International— — 24 — 24 — — — 
Totals$54,868 $48,765 $8,887 $(34)$112,486 $42,007 $33,398 $11,151 $(60)$86,496 
(a) Intersegment sales for both fiscal 2022 and 2021 were primarily sales from Engineered Films to Aerostar.

Contract Balances
Contract balances consist of contract assets and contract liabilities. Contract assets primarily relate to the Company’s rights to consideration for work completed but not yet billed for at the reporting date, or retainage provisions on billings that have been issued. Contract liabilities primarily relate to consideration received from customers prior to transferring goods or services to the customer. Contract assets and contract liabilities are reported in "Accounts receivable, net" and "Other current liabilities" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets, respectively. 

During the three months ended April 30, 2021, the Company’s contract assets and liabilities increased by $3,418 and $753, respectively. The change was primarily a result of the contract terms which include timing of customer payments, timing of invoicing, and progress made on open contracts. Due to the short-term nature of the Company’s contracts, substantially all contract liabilities are recognized as revenue during the twelve months thereafter. Changes in our contract assets and liabilities were as follows:
April 30,
2021
January 31,
2021
$ Change% Change
Contract assets$6,674 $3,256 $3,418 105.0 %
Contract liabilities3,751$2,998 $753 25.1 %

Remaining Performance Obligations
As of April 30, 2021, the Company has 0 remaining performance obligations related to customer contracts with an original expected duration of one year or more. Revenue recognized from performance obligations satisfied in the prior period during the three-month period ending April 30, 2021, were not material.




11


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

(6) ACQUISITIONS AND INVESTMENTS IN BUSINESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Fiscal year 2022 and 2021
There were 0 material business acquisitions in the three-month periods ended April 30, 2021 and April 30, 2020, respectively.

Acquisition-related Contingent Consideration
The Company has a contingent liability related to the acquisition of AgSync, Inc. (AgSync) in fiscal 2019. The Company also had contingent liabilities related to the acquisitions of Colorado Lining International, Inc. (CLI) in fiscal 2018; and Raven Europe B.V. (Raven Europe), formerly named SBG Innovatie BV and its affiliate Navtronics BVBA (collectively, SBG), in fiscal 2015; which were settled in the second and third quarters of the prior fiscal year, respectively. The fair value of such contingent consideration is estimated as of the acquisition date, and subsequently at the end of each reporting period, using forecasted cash flows. Projecting future cash flows requires the Company to make significant estimates and assumptions regarding future events, conditions, or revenues being achieved under the particular contingent agreement as well as the appropriate discount rate. Such valuation techniques include one or more significant inputs that are not observable (Level 3 fair value measures).

Changes in the fair value of the liability for acquisition-related contingent consideration are as follows:

Three Months Ended
April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Beginning balance$2,000 $2,934 
Change in fair value of the liability(55)
Contingent consideration earn-out paid(101)
Ending balance$2,000 $2,778 
Classification of liability in the consolidated balance sheet
Accrued liabilities$2,000 $580 
Other liabilities, long-term2,198 
Balance at April 30$2,000 $2,778 

For the acquisition of AgSync, the Company entered into a contingent earn-out agreement, not to exceed $3,500. The earn-out is to be paid annually over three years after the purchase date, contingent upon achieving certain revenue milestones. The Company has made 0 payments on this potential earn-out liability as of April 30, 2021.

(7) GOODWILL, LONG-LIVED ASSETS, AND OTHER CHARGES

Goodwill
Management assesses goodwill for impairment annually during the fourth quarter and between annual tests whenever a triggering event indicates there may be an impairment. Impairment tests of goodwill are done at the reporting unit level. There were 0 goodwill impairment losses reported in the three-month periods ended April 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reporting segment were as follows:
Applied TechnologyEngineered
Films
AerostarTotal
Balance at January 31, 2021$73,811 $33,232 $634 $107,677 
Foreign currency translation adjustment1,607 1,607 
Balance at April 30, 2021$75,418 $33,232 $634 $109,284 

Long-lived assets, including definite-lived intangibles
The Company assesses the recoverability of long-lived assets, including definite-lived intangibles and property, plant, and equipment, if events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset might be impaired. There were 0 impairment charges in the three-month periods ended April 30, 2021 and April 30, 2020, respectively.


12


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

Indefinite-lived intangible assets
Indefinite-lived intangible assets relate to in-process R&D (IPR&D) and are capitalized and subject to annual impairment testing using a fair-value based test. Amortization of the IPR&D will start when the current in-process research and development project is complete and the product is commercialized. Amortization of the IPR&D will be on a straight-line basis over the remaining estimated useful lives of these assets. No amortization has been recorded on these indefinite-lived intangible assets in the three-month periods ended April 30, 2021 and April 30, 2020, respectively.

The following table summarizes the components of intangible assets, which are reported net on the Consolidated Balance Sheets:
April 30, 2021January 31, 2021
AccumulatedAccumulated
AmountamortizationNetAmountamortizationNet
Existing technology$9,257 $(8,424)$833 $9,263 $(8,304)$959 
Customer relationships16,125 (8,578)7,547 16,128 (8,248)7,880 
Software development795 795 
Patents and other intangibles7,495 (3,188)4,307 7,297 (3,126)4,171 
In-process research and development(a)
32,592 32,592 31,575 31,575 
Total$66,264 $(20,190)$46,074 $64,263 $(19,678)$44,585 
(a) A portion of these intangible assets are denominated in a foreign currency and subject to exchange rate fluctuations.

(8) EMPLOYEE POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS

The Company provides postretirement medical and other benefits to certain current and past senior executive officers and senior managers. These plan obligations are unfunded. The components of the net periodic benefit cost for postretirement benefits are as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Service cost$$
Interest cost67 70 
Amortization of actuarial losses49 43 
Amortization of unrecognized gains in prior service cost(24)(40)
Net periodic benefit cost$101 $82 

Postretirement benefit cost components are reclassified in their entirety from accumulated other comprehensive loss to net periodic benefit cost. Service cost is reported in net income as "Selling, general, and administrative expenses" in a manner consistent with the classification of direct labor and personnel costs of the eligible employees. The components of the net periodic benefit cost, other than the service cost component, are classified as a non-operating expense in "Other income (expense), net" on the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income.

(9) WARRANTIES

Accruals necessary for product warranties are estimated based on historical warranty costs and average time elapsed between purchases and returns for each division. Additional accruals are made for any significant, discrete warranty issues. Changes in the warranty accrual were as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Beginning balance$2,068 $2,019 
Change in provision704 390 
Settlements made(117)(803)
Ending balance$2,655 $1,606 

13


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

(10) DEBT

Credit Facility
On September 20, 2019, the Company entered into a credit facility with Bank of America, N. A., as administrative agent, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the Credit Agreement). The Credit Agreement provides for a syndicated senior revolving credit facility up to $100,000 with a maturity date of September 20, 2022. Loans or borrowings defined under the Credit Agreement accrue interest and fees at varying rates. The Credit Agreement includes an annual administrative fee as well as an unborrowed capacity fee. Debt under the agreement is subject to customary affirmative and negative covenants, including financial covenants. These financial covenants include a consolidated interest coverage ratio and consolidated leverage ratio, both of which are defined in the Credit Agreement. As of April 30, 2021, the Company has no outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement. The Company has $100,000 in availability under the Credit Agreement as of April 30, 2021. The credit facility may be utilized for strategic business purposes such as business acquisitions, and for net working capital needs.

The unamortized debt issuance costs associated with the Credit Agreement were as follows:
April 30, 2021January 31, 2021
Unamortized debt issuance costs(a)
$113 $133 
(a) Unamortized debt issuance costs are amortized over the term of the Credit Agreement and are reported as "Other assets" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Letters of credit (LOC) issued and outstanding were as follows:
April 30, 2021January 31, 2021
Letters of credit outstanding(a)
$50 $50 
(a) Any draws required under the LOC would be settled with available cash or borrowings under the Credit Agreement.

Long-Term Notes
The Company has a long-term note related to a financial assistance agreement (Agreement) with Western Economic Diversification Canada (WEDC), a government agency in Canada, that was entered into in August 2019. Under the Agreement, the WEDC agrees to contribute up to $5,000 in Canadian dollars, approximately $4,000 in US dollars, over a three-year period for costs incurred to develop a cloud-based distribution and service channel for a particular product being developed. The Company is eligible to receive contributions for costs incurred for purposes specified in the Agreement and is required to repay the funds contributed by WEDC in 60 monthly installments beginning April 1, 2023, plus interest that begins on April 1, 2023, based on an average bank rate plus 3%. As of April 30, 2021, the Company has received $2,895 in contributions from WEDC and 0 repayments have been made. The outstanding liability balance is reported as "Long-term debt" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. NaN interest expense is being recorded prior to the interest start date.

At April 30, 2021, the Company's debt maturities based on outstanding principal were as follows:
20222023202420252026Thereafter
Maturities of debt$$$2,895 $$$

(11) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company is involved as a party in lawsuits, claims, regulatory inquiries, or disputes arising in the normal course of its business, the potential costs and liabilities of which cannot be determined at this time. Management does not believe the ultimate outcomes of its legal proceedings are likely to be material to its results of operations, financial position, or cash flows. In addition, the Company has insurance policies that provide coverage to various degrees for potential liabilities arising from legal proceedings.
In addition to commitments disclosed elsewhere in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, the Company has other unconditional purchase obligations that arise in the normal course of business operations. The majority of these obligations are related to the purchase of raw material inventory for the Applied Technology and Engineered Films divisions.



14


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

(12) INCOME TAXES

The Company’s effective tax rate varies from the federal statutory rate primarily due to state and local taxes and R&D tax credits. The Company’s effective tax rates were as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Effective tax rate17.1 %(13.8)%
The increase in the effective tax rate year-over-year was driven primarily by an increase in estimated pre-tax income in the current fiscal year. The Company operates both domestically and internationally. As of April 30, 2021, undistributed earnings from the Company's foreign subsidiaries were considered to have been reinvested indefinitely.

(13) DIVIDENDS AND TREASURY STOCK

On August 26, 2020, the Company announced that the Board of Directors ("Board") indefinitely suspended the Company’s regular quarterly cash dividend on its common stock, therefore 0 dividends were paid to Raven shareholders in the three-month period ended April 30, 2021. Dividends paid to Raven shareholders for the three months ended April 30, 2020 were $4,658. There were 0 declared and unpaid shareholder dividends at April 30, 2021 or 2020.

The Company has a stock buyback program approved by the Board in November 2014. The Company had 0 share repurchases in the three-month periods ended April 30, 2021 and 2020. The total amount authorized under the program is $75,000 and the remaining dollar value authorized for share repurchases at April 30, 2021 is $17,179. This authorization remains in place until the authorized spending limit is reached or such authorization is revoked by the Board.

(14) SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

Share-based compensation expense is recognized based on the fair value of the share-based awards expected to vest during the period.

The share-based compensation expense was as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 30, 2021April 30, 2020
Cost of sales$76 $80 
Research and development expenses273 374 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses1,385 1,042 
Total share-based compensation expense$1,734 $1,496 

(15) SEGMENT REPORTING

The Company's operating segments, which are also its reportable segments, are defined by their product lines which have been generally grouped based on technology, manufacturing processes, and end-use application. The Company's reportable segments are Applied Technology Division, Engineered Films Division, and Aerostar Division. Separate financial information is available for each reportable segment and regularly evaluated by the Company's chief operating decision-maker, the President and Chief Executive Officer, in making resource allocation decisions for the Company's reportable segments. The Company measures the performance of its segments based on their operating income excluding administrative and general expenses. Other income, interest expense, and income taxes are not allocated to individual operating segments. Segment information is reported consistent with the Company's management reporting structure.

15


(dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)

Business segment financial performance and other information is as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Net sales
Applied Technology$54,868 $42,007 
Engineered Films48,765 33,398 
Aerostar8,887 11,151 
Intersegment eliminations(a)
(34)(60)
Consolidated net sales$112,486 $86,496 
Operating income(b)
Applied Technology
$13,187 $8,939 
Engineered Films6,767 1,607 
Aerostar589 293 
Intersegment eliminations
(7)40 
Total reportable segment income20,536 10,879 
General and administrative expenses(b)
(8,963)(6,940)
Consolidated operating income$11,573 $3,939 
(a) Intersegment sales for both fiscal 2022 and 2021 were primarily sales from Engineered Films to Aerostar.
(b) At the segment level, operating income does not include an allocation of general and administrative expenses and, as a result, "General and administrative expenses" are reported as a deduction from "Total reportable segment income" to reconcile to "Operating income" reported in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income.


(16) SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

The Company has evaluated events up to the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition or disclosure in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following commentary on the operating results, liquidity, capital resources, and financial condition of Raven Industries, Inc. (the Company or Raven) should be read in conjunction with the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 1 of Part 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (Form 10-Q) and the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2021.

The Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) is organized as follows:
Executive Summary
Results of Operations - Segment Analysis
Market Conditions and Outlook
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Accounting Pronouncements

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Raven is a diversified technology company providing a variety of products to customers within the industrial, agricultural, geomembrane, construction, commercial lighter-than-air, and aerospace and defense markets. The Company is comprised of three unique operating units, classified into reportable segments: Applied Technology, Engineered Films, and Aerostar. Segment information is reported consistent with the Company's management reporting structure.

Management uses a number of metrics to assess the Company's performance:

Consolidated net sales, gross margin, operating income, operating margin, net income, and diluted earnings per share.
Cash flow from operations and shareholder returns.
Return on sales, average assets, and average equity.
Segment net sales, gross profit, gross margin, operating income, and operating margin. At the segment level, operating income and margin does not include an allocation of general and administrative expenses.

Vision and Strategy
Raven's purpose is to solve great challenges. Great challenges require great solutions. Raven’s three unique divisions share resources, ideas, and a passion to create technology that helps the world grow more food, produce more energy, protect the environment, and live safely.

The Raven business model is our platform for success. Raven's business model is defensible, sustainable, and gives us a consistent approach in the pursuit of quality financial results. This overall approach to creating value, which is employed across the three business segments, is summarized as follows:

Intentionally serve market segments with strong growth prospects in both the near and long term.
Consistently manage a pipeline of growth initiatives within our market segments.
Aggressively compete on quality, service, innovation, and peak performance.
Attract and develop exceptional leaders who understand business deeply and can thrive in the Raven Way.
On a path of continuous improvement, integrate sustainability with our operations by consistently taking actions to streamline processes, improve efficiencies, and increase value delivered to our customers.
Value our balance sheet as a source of strength and stability.
Corporate responsibility is a top priority.

17


The following discussion highlights the consolidated operating results for the three-month periods ended April 30, 2021 and 2020. Segment operating results are more fully explained in the Results of Operations - Segment Analysis section.
 Three Months Ended
(dollars in thousands, except per-share data)April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
% Change
Net sales$112,486 $86,496 30.0 %
Gross profit$39,986 $28,467 40.5 %
Gross margin (a)
35.5 %32.9 %
Operating income$11,573 $3,939 193.8 %
Operating margin (a)
10.3 %4.6 %
Other income (expense), net$30 $(468)
Net income attributable to Raven Industries, Inc.$9,620 $4,047 137.7 %
Diluted earnings per share$0.26 $0.11 
Cash flow from (used in) operating activities$(7,779)$11,851 (165.6)%
Cash outflow for capital expenditures$(5,605)$(4,434)26.4 %
(a) The Company's gross and operating margins may not be comparable to industry peers due to variability in the classification of expenses across industries in which the Company operates.

Consolidated Results
For the fiscal 2022 first quarter, net sales were $112.5 million, an increase of $26.0 million, or 30.0%, from $86.5 million in last year’s first quarter. The year-over-year growth was driven by increased sales in Applied Technology and Engineered Films. Applied Technology reported record quarterly revenue while overcoming supply chain constraints, as the demand for its industry-leading ag technology solutions was amplified by improved market conditions. In Engineered Films, the division's end-markets continue to recover from the adverse impacts of the global pandemic, leading to an increase in year-over-year volume and revenue across all end-markets, led by construction and agriculture. Aerostar was impacted by the conclusion of Loon activity and a decrease in aerostat sales, leading to a year-over-year decline in revenue.

The Company's operating income for the first quarter of fiscal 2022 was $11.6 million, up 193.8% from $3.9 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2021. The strong profitability performance in this year's first quarter was driven by increased sales volume and corresponding positive operating leverage. Included in the results for the first quarter of fiscal 2022 were $4.6 million of research and development and selling expenses to advance Raven Autonomy™, compared to $3.8 million in the prior year.

Net income for the first quarter of fiscal 2022 was $9.6 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, compared to net income of $4.0 million, or $0.11 per diluted share, in last year's first quarter. The Company's strategic investment in Raven Autonomy™ reduced net income attributable to Raven by $3.6 million, or $0.10 per diluted share, in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 compared to $2.9 million, or $0.08 per diluted share, in the prior year.

Applied Technology Division Results
Applied Technology's net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 were $54.9 million, up $12.9 million, or 30.6%, compared to fiscal 2021 first quarter net sales of $42.0 million. The year-over-year sales growth was driven by increased sales in the OEM and aftermarket channels, both domestically and internationally, with substantial growth in Europe.

Division operating income in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 was $13.2 million, up $4.2 million, or 47.5% versus the first quarter of fiscal 2021. The year-over-year growth in operating income was driven by increased sales volumes and associated operating leverage, partially offset by rising input costs related to global supply chain dynamics. Included in the results was an incremental investment in research and development and selling expenses in Raven Autonomy™ of $4.6 million on a pre-tax basis, an increase of $0.8 million year-over-year.

Engineered Films Division Results
Engineered Films’ net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 were $48.8 million, an increase of $15.4 million, or 46.0%, compared to fiscal 2021 first quarter net sales of $33.4 million. The division generated year-over-year sales growth across all end-markets, with agriculture and construction serving as the largest drivers, as the recovery from the adverse effects of the global pandemic continued to strengthen. Due to volatility in the resin market, the division has adjusted pricing commensurate with the changes in the market input costs.
18



Division operating income in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 was $6.8 million, up $5.2 million, or 321.1% versus the first quarter of fiscal 2021. The year-over-year increase was driven mainly by higher sales volume, resulting in positive operating leverage, and partially offset by rising input costs.

Aerostar Division Results
Aerostar's net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 were $8.9 million, a decrease of $2.3 million, or 20.3%, compared to fiscal 2021 first quarter net sales of $11.2 million. Year-over-year revenue growth for defense related stratospheric balloon systems was offset by the conclusion of Loon activity, announced in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021, and a decrease in aerostat revenue. Aerostar's financial performance is driven by the timing of government contracts, which can fluctuate on a quarterly basis. As such, it is beneficial to analyze the division over a longer period of time.

Division operating income in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 was $0.6 million, up $0.3 million, or 101.0%, versus the first quarter of fiscal 2021. The year-over-year improvement was driven by product mix and effective cost control measures.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - SEGMENT ANALYSIS

Applied Technology
Applied Technology designs, manufactures, sells, and services innovative precision agriculture products, autonomous solutions, and information management tools, which are collectively referred to as precision agriculture equipment, that help farmers reduce costs, more precisely control inputs, and improve yields for the global agriculture market.
 Three Months Ended
(dollars in thousands)April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
$ Change% Change
Net sales$54,868 $42,007 $12,861 30.6 %
Gross profit26,227 20,330 5,897 29.0 %
Gross margin47.8 %48.4 %
Operating expenses$13,040 $11,391 $1,649 14.5 %
Operating expenses as % of sales23.8 %27.1 %
Operating income(a)
$13,187 $8,939 $4,248 47.5 %
Operating margin24.0 %21.3 %
(a) At the segment level, operating income does not include an allocation of general and administrative expenses.

The following factors were the primary drivers of the three-month year-over-year changes:

Market conditions. Grain commodity prices reached levels not seen since 2014 during the first quarter of fiscal 2022 and the prior year fourth quarter, providing optimism within the ag market. These improved conditions, along with more normalized economic activity, has improved both domestic and international ag markets, leading to an increase in demand from both OEMs and aftermarket retailers. The Company does not model comparative market share position for its divisions, but the Company believes Applied Technology maintained or increased its market share in the first three months of fiscal 2022.
Sales volume and selling prices. First quarter fiscal 2022 net sales increased $12.9 million or 30.6%, to $54.9 million compared to $42.0 million in the prior year. Higher sales volume, rather than a change in selling price, was the primary driver of this increase. Aftermarket and OEM sales were up 43.8% and 16.6% year-over-year, respectively. For the three-month period, domestic sales were up $4.8 million year-over-year and international sales were up $8.1 million year-over-year. Domestic OEM net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 included a decrease in last time buy activity to a non-strategic OEM customer of $2.5 million year-over-year.
International sales. For the first quarter of fiscal 2022, international sales totaled $19.2 million, up 72.4% from $11.1 million in the prior year comparative period. International sales represented 35.0% of segment revenue compared to 26.5% of segment revenue in the prior year comparative period. Increased demand in Europe and Australia drove an increase in international sales during the first quarter.
Gross margin. Gross margin decreased from 48.4% in the prior year first quarter of fiscal 2021 to 47.8% in the first quarter of fiscal 2022. The year-over-year decrease in profitability was driven by higher material costs and production inefficiencies caused by supply chain constraints.
Operating expenses. Fiscal 2022 first quarter operating expenses as a percentage of net sales were 23.8%, down from 27.1% in the prior year comparative period. The decrease was primarily driven by the increase in sales compared to the prior year.
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Engineered Films
Engineered Films produces high-performance plastic films and sheeting for geomembrane, agricultural, construction, and industrial applications and also offers design-build and installation services of these plastic films and sheeting. Plastic film and sheeting can be purchased separately or together with installation services.
 Three Months Ended
(dollars in thousands)April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
$ Change% Change
Net sales$48,765 $33,398 $15,367 46.0 %
Gross profit10,036 4,263 5,773 135.4 %
Gross margin20.6 %12.8 %
Operating expenses$3,269 $2,656 $613 23.1 %
Operating expenses as % of sales6.7 %8.0 %
Operating income(a)
$6,767 $1,607 $5,160 321.1 %
Operating margin13.9 %4.8 %
(a) At the segment level, operating income does not include an allocation of general and administrative expenses.
The following factors were the primary drivers of the three-month year-over-year changes:

Market conditions. In the first quarter, Engineered films continued to see improved demand that started in the fourth quarter of the prior year. Demand was up across all markets, led by the agricultural and construction markets. In addition, the geomembrane market (including the energy sub-market) is showing signs of improvement, with oil prices having rebounded from lows experienced in the prior year and rig counts within the Permian Basin continuing to increase. The Company does not model comparative market share position for its divisions, but the Company believes Engineered Films maintained or increased its market share in most of its end markets in the first three months of fiscal 2022.
Sales volume and selling prices. First quarter net sales were $48.8 million, an increase of $15.4 million, or 46.0%, compared to net sales of $33.4 million in the first quarter fiscal 2021. The division saw an increase in demand across all markets, as uncertainty caused by the global pandemic continues to fall, leading to improved market conditions. While the division adjusted selling prices to recover increasing input costs caused by volatility in the resin market, the primary driver of the increase in sales was an increase in sales volume. Sales volume, measured in pounds sold, increased approximately 45.7% compared to the prior year comparative period.
Gross margin. For the three-month period, gross margin was 20.6%, increasing from 12.8% in the prior year comparative period. Higher sales volumes and operational efficiency gains from improved capacity utilization drove the significant increase in gross margin compared to the prior year first quarter.
Operating expenses. As a percentage of net sales, operating expenses were 6.7% in the current year three-month period as compared to 8.0% in the prior year comparative period. The decrease was primarily driven by the increase in sales compared to the prior year.

Aerostar
Aerostar serves the commercial lighter-than-air and aerospace and defense markets. Aerostar's core products include high-altitude stratospheric balloon systems and radar systems. These products can be integrated with additional third-party sensors to provide research, communications, and situational awareness capabilities to governmental and commercial customers.
 Three Months Ended
(dollars in thousands)April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
$ Change% Change
Net sales$8,887 $11,151 $(2,264)(20.3)%
Gross profit3,730 3,834 (104)(2.7)%
Gross margin42.0 %34.4 %
Operating expenses$3,141 $3,541 $(400)(11.3)%
Operating expenses as % of sales35.3 %31.8 %
Operating income(a)
$589 $293 $296 101.0 %
Operating margin6.6 %2.6 %
(a) At the segment level, operating income does not include an allocation of general and administrative expenses.

20



The following factors were the primary drivers of the three-month year-over-year changes:

Market conditions. Aerostar’s markets are subject to significant variability in demand due to government spending uncertainties and the timing of contract awards. The Company does not model comparative market share position for its divisions, but the Company believes Aerostar has maintained its market share in the first three months of fiscal 2022.
Sales volume. Net sales decreased 20.3% from $11.2 million for the three-month period ended April 30, 2020, to $8.9 million for the three-month period ended April 30, 2021. The division saw year-over-year growth for defense related stratospheric balloon systems, however, this was offset by the conclusion of Loon activity and a decrease in aerostat revenue. There was no aerostat revenue in the first quarter of the current year compared to $0.9 million in the first quarter of the prior year.
Gross margin. For the three-month period, gross margin increased from 34.4% to 42.0%. Sales mix and cost control measures implemented during the quarter to reduce overhead expenses drove the improvement in gross margin.
Operating expenses. First quarter fiscal 2022 operating expense was $3.1 million, or 35.3% of net sales, an increase from 31.8% of net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2021. Despite the $0.4 million decrease in operating expenses, the significant decrease in revenues drove operating expenses as a percentage to sales higher. The division continues to make focused investments in research and development and selling activities to drive growth and secure contract awards.

Corporate Expenses (administrative expenses; other income (expense), net; and effective tax rate)
 Three Months Ended
(dollars in thousands)April 30,
2021
April 30,
2020
Administrative expenses$8,963 $6,940 
Administrative expenses as a % of sales8.0 %8.0 %
Other income (expense), net$30 $(468)
Effective tax rate17.1 %(13.8)%

Administrative spending for the three-month period of fiscal 2022 was up 29.1% compared to fiscal 2021. Improved profitability during the quarter drove higher incentives, along with continued spending for Project Atlas, an ongoing project to the replace the Company's ERP system.

Other income (expense), net consists primarily of activity related to the Company's equity investments, interest income and expense, and foreign currency transaction gains or losses. There were no significant items in other income (expense), net for the three-month period in fiscal 2022 and 2021.

The Company’s effective tax rates for the three-month periods ended April 30, 2021 and 2020, were 17.1% and (13.8)%, respectively. The year-over-year volatility in the effective tax rate for the three-month period was driven primarily by an increase in the current year profitability.

MARKET CONDITIONS AND OUTLOOK

The Company is off to a good start in fiscal 2022, with Applied Technology breaking its previous quarterly record for revenue, while also making significant progress on the strategic platforms for growth. The Company saw improving demand during the first quarter within Applied Technology and Engineered Films and is well-positioned to drive revenue and earnings growth for the Company. The Company expects global supply chain constraints to persist throughout the year, but remain confident in the management team's ability to continue to manage these challenges.

Applied Technology was able to overcome supply chain constraints experienced across the world to generate record revenue for the first quarter. The momentum and demand in the market continues to grow for the Company's ag technology solutions. Order activity remained strong in the first quarter of fiscal 2022. In Raven Autonomy, the Company is on track for commercialization goals in the current year. The division has secured 36 orders for OMNiDRIVE™ (formerly known as AutoCart®), the Company's advanced Driverless Ag Technology solution. In addition, the division expects to release OMNiDRIVE™ system compatible with Case IH Magnum and New Holland tractors this fall, ahead of the targeted date. For OMNiPOWER™ (formerly known as Dot®), the Company expects to sell out its current manufacturing capacity in the fiscal year. To meet future demand, Applied Technology is planning with a strategic partner to significantly expand production capacity for
21


OMNiPOWER™. Demand for autonomous ag solutions is strong, and the limited commercial releases of OMNiDRIVE™ and OMNiPOWER™ in fiscal 2022 will provide valuable customer engagement and insight as the Company executes on its strategy of advancing technology that improves agriculture practices globally. The solutions being developed are significant advancements in ag technology that will help solve labor shortages, provide greater efficiencies and enhance sustainability in agriculture across the world.

Engineered Films generated substantial year-over-year growth as their end-markets continued their recovery from the global pandemic. Rising prices and volatility in the resin market presented challenges in the first quarter of the year. However, the division's offering of highly engineered, high-value films provides flexibility to be able to mitigate rising input costs and maintain strong profitability within the division. In Raven Composites™, the division continued to build out its composites production operations in the first quarter. The Company began installation of its composites equipment and expects to have operations running by the end of the second quarter. In addition, the division continues to build relationships with strategic customers as it executes on its strategy of supplying thinner, lighter and stronger materials that combine high-value films with rigid composites that provide superior value across multiple end-markets.

Aerostar continued to advance the technology for the division's stratospheric and radar solutions in the first quarter, while improving profitability year-over-year and sequentially. The momentum around utilizing the division's technology in defense applications continues to grow, and the management team is working to advance solutions down the pathway of becoming a program of record. Over the remainder of the year, the division has a significant number of flight campaigns scheduled with multiple Department of Defense agencies as the division continues to showcase the industry-leading capability for stratospheric balloon systems.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

The Company's balance sheet continues to reflect significant liquidity. Management focuses on the current cash balance and operating cash flows in considering liquidity, as operating cash flows have historically been the Company's primary source of liquidity. Management expects that current cash, combined with the generation of positive operating cash flows, will be sufficient to fund the Company's normal operating, investing, and financing activities beyond the next twelve months. In addition, the Company has a three-year, $100 million senior revolving credit facility which includes a $100 million borrowing availability expansion feature. If executed, this allows the Company’s total borrowing capacity to reach $200 million. This credit facility has a maturity date of September 20, 2022.

The Company’s cash balances and cash flows were as follows:
(dollars in thousands)April 30,
2021
January 31,
2021
April 30,
2020
Cash and cash equivalents$17,764 $32,938 $72,581 
Three Months Ended
(dollars in thousands)April 30, 2021April 30, 2020
Cash provided by (used in) operating activities$(7,779)$11,851 
Cash used in investing activities(7,041)(4,290)
Cash provided by (used in) financing activities(389)44,648 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents35 (335)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents$(15,174)$51,874 

Cash and cash equivalents totaled $17.8 million at April 30, 2021, a sequential decrease of $15.2 million from January 31, 2021. The decrease in cash was driven by an increase in net working capital needs due to the significant increase in revenue in Applied Technology and Engineered Films operating segments as well as investments to advance Raven Autonomy™ and Raven Composites™. Cash and cash equivalents as of April 30, 2020 was $72.6 million. In the first quarter of the prior year, during the early stages of the pandemic, the Company made a $50.0 million draw on its credit facility. No draws were made on the credit facility in the first quarter of fiscal 2022.

22


Operating Activities
Cash provided by operating activities was primarily derived from cash received from customers, offset by cash payments for inventories, services, and employee compensation. Cash used in operating activities was $7.8 million for the first three months of fiscal 2022 compared with cash provided by operating activities of $11.9 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021. The decrease in operating cash flows year-over-year was driven by the increase in net working capital in the current year to support the significant increase in sales orders in Applied Technology and Engineered Films. In the prior year first quarter, the Company took significant steps to reduce working capital due to the economic downturn caused by pandemic. There was a sequential increase in net working capital of $26.2 million in the three months ended April 30, 2021, but as a percentage of sales, net working capital declined. Net working capital for the three months ended April 30, 2020 decreased $4.5 million.

The Company's net working capital for the comparative periods was as follows:
(dollars in thousands)April 30, 2021April 30, 2020
Accounts receivable, net$68,064 $60,336 
Plus: Inventories, net63,407 57,101 
Less: Accounts payable22,535 20,392 
Net working capital(a)
$108,936 $97,045 
Annualized net sales(b)
449,944 345,984 
Net working capital percentage(c)
24.2 %28.0 %
(a) Net working capital is defined as accounts receivable, (net) plus inventories, (net) less accounts payable.
(b) Annualized net sales is defined as the most recent quarter net sales times four for each of the fiscal periods, respectively.
(c) Net working capital percentage is defined as net working capital divided by annualized net sales.

Year-over-year, net working capital increased $11.9 million, to $108.9 million at April 30, 2021. The Company increased inventory in Applied Technology and Engineered Films to meet increased demand in fiscal 2022 and accounts receivable increased as sales were up significantly year-over-year. Although net working capital increased, net working capital percentage was down year-over-year in the first quarter of fiscal 2022. The decline in net working capital percentage was due to a significant increase in sales, indicating working capital is within the appropriate range for normalized operations.

Inventory levels increased $6.3 million, or 11.0%, year-over-year from $57.1 million at April 30, 2020, to $63.4 million at April 30, 2021. In comparison, consolidated net sales increased $26.0 million, or 30.0%, year-over-year in the first quarter. The increase in inventory was primarily driven by strategic actions within Applied Technology and Engineered Films divisions to fulfill the increase in sales order backlog.

Accounts receivable increased $7.8 million or 12.8%, year-over-year to $68.1 million at April 30, 2021, from $60.3 million at April 30, 2020. In comparison, consolidated net sales increased $26.0 million, or 30.0%, year-over-year in the first quarter. Higher sales volume was the primary driver of the year-over-year increase in accounts receivable.

Accounts payable increased $2.1 million, or 10.5%, year-over-year from $20.4 million at April 30, 2020, to $22.5 million at April 30, 2021. The increase in accounts payable year-over-year was primarily due to timing of purchases and increase in raw materials inventory to support increased demand.
Investing Activities
Cash used by investing activities was $7.0 million for the first three months of fiscal 2022 compared with cash used of $4.3 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021. Capital expenditure spending increased $1.2 million compared to the prior year three-month period primarily due to investments in equipment for Engineered Films to support Raven Composites™. In the first quarter of fiscal 2022, capitalized spending for intangibles included approximately $0.8 million for capitalized software development costs in Applied Technology, compared to none in the prior year.

Financing Activities
Cash provided by financing activities for the first three months of fiscal 2022 decreased $45.0 million compared to the first three months of fiscal 2021. In the first quarter of the current year, the Company made no draws on its credit facility, compared to the $50.0 million draw made on its credit facility during the early stages of the pandemic in the prior year. Offsetting this decrease was $4.7 million cash outflows for dividends in first three months of the prior year compared to no dividend payments in the current year. On August 26, 2020, the Company announced that the board of directors indefinitely suspended the
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Company’s regular quarterly cash dividend on its common stock. The Company has reallocated this capital to supplement and accelerate investments in the Company's Strategic Platforms for Growth; Raven Autonomy™, Raven Composites™, and Raven Thunderhead Balloon Systems.

Other Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Company entered into a $100 million credit agreement on September 20, 2019, with a maturity date of September 20, 2022. Availability under the Credit Agreement for borrowings as of April 30, 2021, was $100.0 million. This agreement (Credit Agreement) is more fully described in Note 10 Debt of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Debt under the Credit Agreement is subject to customary affirmative and negative covenants, including financial covenants. These financial covenants include a consolidated interest coverage ratio and consolidated leverage ratio, both of which are defined in the Credit Agreement. Non-financial covenants, include those relating to financial reporting and notification, limits on levels of indebtedness and liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, affiliate transactions, sales of assets, restrictive agreements, and change in control as defined in the Credit Agreement. The Company is in compliance with all financial covenants set forth in the Credit Agreement.

Letters of credit (LOCs) totaling $0.1 million were outstanding at both April 30, 2021 and April 30, 2020. Any draws required under the LOCs would be settled with available cash or borrowings under the Credit Agreement.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS AND CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

There have been no material changes in the Company’s known off-balance sheet debt and other unrecorded obligations since the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

Critical accounting estimates are those that require the application of judgment when valuing assets and liabilities on the Company's balance sheet. For a description of our critical accounting policies and estimates, see Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates in Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2021, filed with the SEC. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates during the three-month period ended April 30, 2021.

ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

See Note 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for a summary of recent accounting pronouncements.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements contained in this report are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including statements regarding the expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future, not past or historical events. Without limiting the foregoing, the words "anticipates," "believes," "expects," "intends," "may," "plans," "should," "estimate," "predict," "project," "would," "will," "potential," and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. However, the absence of these words or similar expressions does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. The Company intends that all forward-looking statements be subject to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act.

Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions when made, there is no assurance that such assumptions are correct or that these expectations will be achieved. Assumptions involve important risks and uncertainties that could significantly affect results in the future. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those relating to weather conditions, which could affect sales and profitability in some of the Company's primary markets, such as agriculture and construction and oil and gas drilling; or changes in raw material availability, commodity prices, competition, technology or relationships with the Company's largest customers, risks and uncertainties relating to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, development of new technologies to satisfy customer requirements, possible development of competitive technologies, ability to scale production of new products without negatively impacting quality and cost, risks of operating in foreign markets, risks relating to acquisitions, including risks of integration or unanticipated liabilities or contingencies, and ability to finance investment and net working capital needs for new development projects, any of which could adversely impact any of the Company's product lines, risks of litigation, as well as other risks
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described in Item 1A., Risk Factors, of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021. The foregoing list is not exhaustive and the Company disclaims any obligation to subsequently revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods.

ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The exposure to market risks pertains mainly to changes in interest rates on cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. The Company's outstanding debt relates to a long-term note that bears no interest until April 2023, with an outstanding balance of $2.9 million and $2.0 million as of April 30, 2021 and January 31, 2021, respectively. The Company also has finance lease obligations of $0.7 million and $0.8 million as of April 30, 2021 and January 31, 2021. The Company does not expect operating results or cash flows to be significantly affected by changes in interest rates.

The Company's subsidiaries that operate outside the United States use their local currency as the functional currency. The functional currency is translated into U.S. dollars for balance sheet accounts using the period-end exchange rates, and average exchange rates for the statement of income. Cash and cash equivalents held in foreign currency (primarily Euros and Canadian dollars) totaled $2.2 million and $2.1 million at April 30, 2021 and January 31, 2021, respectively. Adjustments resulting from financial statement translations are included as cumulative translation adjustments in "Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)" within shareholders' equity. Foreign currency transaction gains or losses are recognized in the period incurred and are included in "Other income (expense), net" in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income. Foreign currency fluctuations had no material effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

The Company does not enter into derivatives or other financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. However, the Company does utilize derivative financial instruments to manage the economic impact of fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates on those transactions that are denominated in a currency other than its functional currency, which is the U.S. dollar. Such transactions are principally Canadian dollar-denominated transactions. The use of these financial instruments had no material effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

ITEM 4.CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our management, under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chief Financial Officer (CFO), evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of April 30, 2021. Disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act)), are our controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO and CFO, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Based on their evaluation, our CEO and CFO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of April 30, 2021.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the three-month period ended April 30, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
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RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC.
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings:

The Company is involved as a party in lawsuits, claims, regulatory inquiries, or disputes arising in the normal course of its business, the potential costs and liability of which cannot be determined at this time. Management does not believe the ultimate outcomes of its legal proceedings are likely to be significant to its results of operations, financial position, or cash flows.

The Company has insurance policies that provide coverage to various degrees for potential liabilities arising from legal proceedings.

Item 1A. Risk Factors:

The Company’s business is subject to a number of risks, including those identified in Item 1A "Risk Factors" of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2021, that could have a material effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and/or liquidity and that could cause our operating results to vary significantly from fiscal period to fiscal period. The risks described in the Annual Report on Form 10-K are not exhaustive and additional risks we currently deem to be immaterial or are unknown to us at this time also could materially affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, and/or liquidity.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds:

Issuer purchases of equity securities
On November 3, 2014, the Company's Board of Directors (Board) authorized a $40.0 million stock buyback program. Since that time, the Board has provided additional authorizations to increase the total amount authorized under the program to $75.0 million. There is $17.2 million still available for share repurchases under this Board-authorized program which remains in place until such time as the authorized spending limit is reached or is revoked by the Board.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities: None

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures: None

Item 5. Other Information: None

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Item 6. Exhibits:
Exhibit
Number
Description
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INSInstance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
104 Cover page Interactive Data File is formatted in Inline XBRL and is contained in Exhibits 101

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 RAVEN INDUSTRIES, INC. 
 /s/ Taimur Sharih 
 Taimur Sharih 
 Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer) 
 
Date: May 25, 2021
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