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CLH Clean Harbors

Filed: 4 Aug 21, 10:44am
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDEDJUNE 30, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM         TO       

Commission File Number 001-34223
_______________________
CLEAN HARBORS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Massachusetts04-2997780
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(IRS Employer Identification No.)
42 Longwater DriveNorwellMA02061-9149
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including area code: (781) 792-5000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueCLHNew York Stock Exchange
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 
The number of shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value, of the registrant outstanding at July 30, 2021 was 54,402,611.



CLEAN HARBORS, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS




CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
ASSETS(unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$595,574 $519,101 
Short-term marketable securities70,683 51,857 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances aggregating $40,009 and $44,749, respectively659,364 611,534 
Unbilled accounts receivable59,446 55,681 
Inventories and supplies215,725 220,498 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets76,524 67,051 
Total current assets1,677,316 1,525,722 
Property, plant and equipment, net1,531,289 1,525,298 
Other assets:
Operating lease right-of-use assets135,363 150,341 
Goodwill544,639 527,023 
Permits and other intangibles, net374,230 386,620 
Other13,042 16,516 
Total other assets1,067,274 1,080,500 
Total assets$4,275,879 $4,131,520 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Current portion of long-term debt$7,535 $7,535 
Accounts payable249,206 195,878 
Deferred revenue83,733 74,066 
Accrued expenses311,656 295,823 
Current portion of closure, post-closure and remedial liabilities23,865 26,093 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities35,074 36,750 
Total current liabilities711,069 636,145 
Other liabilities:
Closure and post-closure liabilities, less current portion of $9,752 and $13,903, respectively83,742 74,023 
Remedial liabilities, less current portion of $14,113 and $12,190, respectively98,341 102,623 
Long-term debt, less current portion1,547,398 1,549,641 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion101,377 114,258 
Deferred tax liabilities228,718 230,097 
Other long-term liabilities95,647 83,182 
Total other liabilities2,155,223 2,153,824 
Commitments and contingent liabilities (See Note 16)00
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value:
Authorized 80,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 54,393,252 and 54,772,696 shares, respectively544 548 
Additional paid-in capital539,390 582,749 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(188,889)(211,477)
Accumulated earnings1,058,542 969,731 
Total stockholders’ equity1,409,587 1,341,551 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$4,275,879 $4,131,520 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
1

CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
2021202020212020
Revenues:
Service revenues$734,563 $637,839 $1,397,271 $1,357,706 
Product revenues191,895 72,161 337,335 210,857 
Total revenues926,458 710,000 1,734,606 1,568,563 
Cost of revenues: (exclusive of items shown separately below)
Service revenues492,662 411,065 943,000 903,781 
Product revenues125,224 59,616 235,422 173,566 
Total cost of revenues617,886 470,681 1,178,422 1,077,347 
Selling, general and administrative expenses124,106 103,839 245,747 233,146 
Accretion of environmental liabilities2,873 2,766 5,826 5,327 
Depreciation and amortization71,592 72,494 143,755 147,027 
Income from operations110,001 60,220 160,856 105,716 
Other expense, net(1,480)(500)(2,708)(2,865)
Loss on sale of businesses(184)(3,258)
Interest expense, net of interest income of $580, $668, $1,060 and $1,666, respectively(18,051)(18,654)(35,969)(37,441)
Income before provision for income taxes90,470 40,882 122,179 62,152 
Provision for income taxes23,395 11,859 33,368 21,557 
Net income$67,075 $29,023 $88,811 $40,595 
Earnings per share:
Basic$1.23 $0.52 $1.63 $0.73 
Diluted$1.22 $0.52 $1.62 $0.73 
Shares used to compute earnings per share - Basic54,529 55,590 54,625 55,673 
Shares used to compute earnings per share - Diluted54,854 55,748 54,945 55,882 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
2

CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands)
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
Net income$67,075 $29,023 $88,811 $40,595 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Unrealized (losses) gains on available-for-sale securities(48)296 (122)232 
Unrealized (losses) gains on interest rate hedge(349)(3,000)2,759 (21,382)
Reclassification adjustment for losses on interest rate hedge included in net income2,494 2,130 4,942 3,228 
Foreign currency translation adjustments8,543 18,102 15,009 (23,856)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax10,640 17,528 22,588 (41,778)
Comprehensive income (loss)$77,715 $46,551 $111,399 $(1,183)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
3

CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
Six Months Ended
June 30,
20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$88,811 $40,595 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization143,755 147,027 
Allowance for doubtful accounts2,109 9,006 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount1,806 1,787 
Accretion of environmental liabilities5,826 5,327 
Changes in environmental liability estimates445 5,607 
Deferred income taxes1,912 
Other expense, net2,708 2,865 
Stock-based compensation6,785 6,077 
Loss on sale of businesses3,258 
Environmental expenditures(6,594)(6,104)
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
Accounts receivable and unbilled accounts receivable(51,285)67,540 
Inventories and supplies765 (9,024)
Other current and non-current assets(12,043)(25,840)
Accounts payable49,880 (82,134)
Other current and long-term liabilities30,552 7,499 
Net cash from operating activities265,432 173,486 
Cash flows used in investing activities:
Additions to property, plant and equipment(91,988)(125,721)
Proceeds from sale and disposal of fixed assets3,479 3,101 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired(22,918)(8,877)
Proceeds from sale of businesses, net of transactional costs7,753 
Additions to intangible assets including costs to obtain or renew permits(1,750)(1,242)
Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale securities70,526 28,851 
Purchases of available-for-sale securities(89,689)(45,550)
Net cash used in investing activities(132,340)(141,685)
Cash flows (used in) from financing activities:
Change in uncashed checks(2,895)(1,689)
Tax payments related to withholdings on vested restricted stock(4,739)(3,395)
Repurchases of common stock(45,409)(17,341)
Deferred financing costs paid(146)
Payments on finance leases(3,577)(1,790)
Principal payments on debt(3,768)(3,768)
Borrowing from revolving credit facility150,000 
Payment on revolving credit facility(75,000)
Net cash (used in) from financing activities(60,534)47,017 
Effect of exchange rate change on cash3,915 (3,443)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents76,473 75,375 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period519,101 371,991 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$595,574 $447,366 
Supplemental information:
Cash payments for interest and income taxes:
Interest paid$34,164 $38,327 
Income taxes paid, net of refunds32,519 1,478 
Non-cash investing activities:
Property, plant and equipment accrued8,807 7,421 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities5,774 16,216 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for finance lease liabilities18,704 16,452 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
4

CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
Common StockAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Number
of
Shares
$0.01
Par
Value
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Earnings
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance at January 1, 202154,773 $548 $582,749 $(211,477)$969,731 $1,341,551 
Net income— — — — 21,736 21,736 
Other comprehensive income— — — 11,948 — 11,948 
Stock-based compensation— — 3,480 — — 3,480 
Issuance of common stock for restricted share vesting, net of employee tax withholdings78 (3,720)— — (3,719)
Repurchases of common stock(300)(3)(26,543)— — (26,546)
Balance at March 31, 202154,551 546 555,966 (199,529)991,467 1,348,450 
Net income— — — — 67,075 67,075 
Other comprehensive income— — — 10,640 — 10,640 
Stock-based compensation— — 3,305 — — 3,305 
Issuance of common stock for restricted share vesting, net of employee tax withholdings42 — (1,020)— — (1,020)
Repurchases of common stock(200)(2)(18,861)— — (18,863)
Balance at June 30, 202154,393 $544 $539,390 $(188,889)$1,058,542 $1,409,587 


Common StockAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Number
of
Shares
$0.01
Par
Value
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Earnings
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance at January 1, 202055,798 $558 $644,412 $(210,051)$834,894 $1,269,813 
Net income— — — — 11,572 11,572 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (59,306)— (59,306)
Stock-based compensation— — 3,291 — — 3,291 
Issuance of common stock for restricted share vesting, net of employee tax withholdings59 (2,225)— — (2,224)
Repurchases of common stock(302)(3)(17,338)— — (17,341)
Balance at March 31, 202055,555 556 628,140 (269,357)846,466 1,205,805 
Net income— — — — 29,023 29,023 
Other comprehensive income— — — 17,528 — 17,528 
Stock-based compensation— — 2,786 — — 2,786 
Issuance of common stock for restricted share vesting, net of employee tax withholdings58 — (1,171)— — (1,171)
Balance at June 30, 202055,613 $556 $629,755 $(251,829)$875,489 $1,253,971 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
5

CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying consolidated interim financial statements are unaudited and include the accounts of Clean Harbors, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “Clean Harbors,” the “Company” or "we") and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments which are of a normal recurring nature and are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. Management has made estimates and assumptions affecting the amounts reported in the Company's consolidated interim financial statements and accompanying footnotes; actual results could differ from those estimates and judgments. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year or any other interim periods. The financial statements presented herein should be read in conjunction with the financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

(2) SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The Company's significant accounting policies are described in Note 2, "Significant Accounting Policies," in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. There have been no material changes in these policies or their application except for the changes described below.
Changes in Operating Segments
During the first quarter of 2021, the Company reorganized its Safety-Kleen business. The collection services for waste oil, used oil filters, antifreeze and related items and bulk blended oil sales operations were combined with the Safety-Kleen Oil business to form the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions business. Under this structure, Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions will encompass both sides of the spread the Company manages in its re-refinery business, and the Company expects this change to drive additional growth in its sustainable lubricant products and related services.
Concurrently with this change, the Company consolidated the Safety-Kleen Environmental branches' core offerings, including containerized waste, parts washer and vacuum services, into the legacy Clean Harbors Environmental Services sales and service operations. The Company expects this change to foster enhanced cross-selling opportunities within the environmental businesses and increase market presence with small quantity generators of hazardous waste.
In restructuring the operations of the Company in this manner, the information that the chief operating decision maker regularly reviews for purposes of allocating resources and assessing performance changed to conform to this new operating structure of the business and the Company reevaluated the identification of its operating segments. In accordance with ASC 280, Segment Reporting, Environmental Services and Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions are the Company's operating segments and reportable segments starting in the first quarter of 2021, with the operations not managed through the Company's operating segments described above continuing to be recorded as Corporate Items. See Note 17, "Segment Reporting" for more information. The amounts presented for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and any segment information presented as of December 31, 2020 have been recast to reflect the impact of such changes. In addition, certain intercompany transactions previously recorded in Corporate Items have been allocated to the segments. These reclassifications and adjustments had no effect on the consolidated statements of operations, consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss), consolidated statements of cash flows or consolidated statements of stockholders' equity for any of the periods presented.

(3) REVENUES
The Company generates revenues through its Environmental Services and Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions operating segments. The Company's Environmental Services operating segment has 4 sources of revenue and the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions operating segment has 2 sources of revenue.
Technical Services—Technical Services contribute to the revenues of the Environmental Services operating segment. These services are generated from fees charged for waste material management and disposal services including onsite environmental management services, collection and transportation, packaging, recycling, treatment and disposal of waste. Revenue is primarily generated by short-term projects, most of which are governed by master service agreements that are long-term in nature. These master service agreements are typically entered into with the Company's larger customers and outline the pricing and legal frameworks for such arrangements. Services are provided based on purchase orders or agreements with the customer and include prices based upon units of volume of waste and transportation and other fees. Collection and transportation revenues are recognized
6

over time, as the customer receives and consumes the benefits of the services as they are being performed and the Company has a right to payment for performance completed to date. The Company uses the input method to recognize revenue over time, based on time and materials incurred as a basis for measuring the satisfaction of the performance obligation. Revenues for treatment and disposal of waste are recognized upon completion of treatment, final disposition in a landfill or incineration, or when the waste is shipped to a third party for processing and disposal. The Company periodically enters into bundled arrangements for the collection and transportation and disposal of waste. For such arrangements, transportation and disposal are considered distinct performance obligations and the Company allocates revenue to each based on the relative standalone selling price (i.e. the estimated price that a customer would pay for the services on a standalone basis). Revenues and the related costs from waste that is not yet completely processed and disposed of are deferred. The deferred revenues and costs are recognized when the services are completed. The period between collection and transportation and the final processing and disposal ranges depending on the location of the customer, but generally is measured in days.
Field and Emergency Response Services—Field and Emergency Response Services contribute to the revenues of the Environmental Services operating segment. Field Services revenues are generated from cleanup services at customer sites, including municipalities and utilities, or other locations on a scheduled or emergency response basis. Services include confined space entry for tank cleaning, site decontamination, large remediation projects, demolition, spill cleanup on land and water, railcar cleaning, product recovery and transfer and vacuum services. Additional services include filtration and water treatment services. Response services for environmental, contamination or pandemic related emergencies include any scale from man-made disasters such as oil spills to natural disasters such as hurricanes and more recently, projects involving contagion disinfection, decontamination and disposal services in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Field and emergency response services are provided based on purchase orders or agreements with customers and include prices generally based upon daily, hourly or job rates for equipment, materials and personnel. The Company recognizes revenue for these services over time, as the customer receives and consumes the benefits of the service as they are being performed and the Company has a right to payment for performance completed to date. The Company uses the input method to recognize revenue over time, based on time and materials incurred. The duration of such services can be over a number of hours, several days or even months for larger scale projects.
Industrial Services and Other—Industrial Services contribute to the revenues of the Environmental Services operating segment. These revenues are primarily generated from industrial and specialty services provided to refineries, mines, upgraders, chemical plants, pulp and paper mills, manufacturing facilities, power generation facilities and other industrial customers throughout North America. Services include in-plant cleaning and maintenance services, plant outage and turnaround services, specialty cleaning services including chemical cleaning and high and ultra-high pressure water cleaning, daylighting, production services and upstream energy services. Services are provided based on purchase orders or agreements with the customer and include prices based upon daily, hourly or job rates for equipment, materials and personnel. The Company recognizes revenue for these services over time, as the customer receives and consumes the benefits of the services as they are being performed and the Company has a right to payment for performance completed to date. The Company uses the input method to recognize revenue over time, based on time and materials incurred.
Safety-Kleen Environmental Services—Safety-Kleen Environmental Services revenues contribute both to the Environmental Services operating segment and the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions operating segment depending upon the nature of such revenues and operating responsibilities relative to satisfying the related performance obligations. Revenues from providing containerized waste handling and disposal services, parts washer services and vacuum services, referred to collectively as the Safety-Kleen Environmental core service offerings, contribute to the revenues of the Environmental Services operating segment. In addition, sales of packaged blended oil products and other complementary product sales contribute to the revenues of the Environmental Services operating segment. Revenues generated from waste oil, anti-freeze and oil filter collection services, sales of bulk blended oil products and sales of bulk automotive fluids contribute to the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions operating segment.
Generally, the service related revenue is recognized over time, as the customer receives and consumes the benefits of the services as they are being performed and the Company has a right to payment for performance completed to date. The duration of such services can be over a number of hours or several days. The Company uses the input method to recognize revenue over time, based on time and materials incurred. Product revenue is recognized upon the transfer of control whereby control transfers when the products are delivered to the customer. Containerized waste services consist of profiling, collecting, transporting and recycling or disposing of a wide variety of waste. Related collection and transportation revenues are recognized over time, as the customer receives and consumes the benefits of the services as they are being performed and the Company has a right to payment for performance completed to date. Parts washer services include customer use of our parts washer equipment, cleaning and maintenance of the parts washer equipment and removal and replacement of used cleaning fluids. Parts washer services are considered a single performance obligation due to the highly integrated and interdependent nature of the arrangement. Revenue from parts washer services is recognized over the service interval as the customer receives the benefit of the services.
7

Safety-Kleen Oil—Safety-Kleen Oil revenues contribute to the revenues of the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segment. These revenues are generated from sales of high-quality base and blended lubricating oils to third-party distributors, government agencies, fleets, railroads and industrial customers. The business also sells recycled fuel oil to asphalt plants, industrial plants and pulp and paper companies. The used oil is also processed into vacuum gas oil which can be further re-refined into lubricant base oils or sold directly into the marine diesel oil fuel market. Revenue for oil products is recognized at a point in time, upon the transfer of control. Control transfers when the products are delivered to the customer.
Disaggregation of Revenue
We disaggregate the Company's third party revenues by geographic location and source of revenue as we believe these categories depict how revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Environmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsCorporateTotal
Primary Geographical Markets
United States$616,585 $180,216 $79 $796,880 
Canada106,562 23,016 129,578 
Total third-party revenues$723,147 $203,232 $79 $926,458 
Sources of Revenue
Technical Services$306,865 $$$306,865 
Field and Emergency Response Services106,986 106,986 
Industrial Services and Other150,367 79 150,446 
Safety-Kleen Environmental Services158,929 40,453 199,382 
Safety-Kleen Oil162,779 162,779 
Total third-party revenues$723,147 $203,232 $79 $926,458 
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Environmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsCorporateTotal
Primary Geographical Markets
United States$543,785 $88,004 $(160)$631,629 
Canada68,935 9,220 216 78,371 
Total third-party revenues$612,720 $97,224 $56 $710,000 
Sources of Revenue
Technical Services$241,929 $$$241,929 
Field and Emergency Response Services127,353 127,353 
Industrial Services and Other95,072 56 95,128 
Safety-Kleen Environmental Services148,366 46,506 194,872 
Safety-Kleen Oil50,718 50,718 
Total third-party revenues$612,720 $97,224 $56 $710,000 
8

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Environmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsCorporateTotal
Primary Geographical Markets
United States$1,192,093 $319,206 $158 $1,511,457 
Canada183,932 39,217 223,149 
Total third-party revenues$1,376,025 $358,423 $158 $1,734,606 
Sources of Revenue
Technical Services$578,905 $$$578,905 
Field and Emergency Response Services212,154 212,154 
Industrial Services and Other270,177 158 270,335 
Safety-Kleen Environmental Services314,789 79,431 394,220 
Safety-Kleen Oil278,992 278,992 
Total third-party revenues$1,376,025 $358,423 $158 $1,734,606 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Environmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsCorporateTotal
Primary Geographical Markets
United States$1,150,895 $227,441 $(462)$1,377,874 
Canada166,861 23,220 608 190,689 
Total third-party revenues$1,317,756 $250,661 $146 $1,568,563 
Sources of Revenue
Technical Services$517,202 $$$517,202 
Field and Emergency Response Services233,265 233,265 
Industrial Services and Other241,991 146 242,137 
Safety-Kleen Environmental Services325,298 84,055 409,353 
Safety-Kleen Oil166,606 166,606 
Total third-party revenues$1,317,756 $250,661 $146 $1,568,563 
Contract Balances
(in thousands)June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Receivables$659,364 $611,534 
Contract assets (unbilled receivables)59,446 55,681 
Contract liabilities (deferred revenue)83,733 74,066 
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in billed accounts receivable, unbilled receivables (contract assets) and customer advances and deposits or deferred revenue (contract liabilities) on the consolidated balance sheet. Generally, billing occurs subsequent to revenue recognition, as a right to payment is not just subject to passage of time, resulting in contract assets. Contract assets are classified as current. The Company sometimes receives advances or deposits from its customers before revenue is recognized, resulting in contract liabilities. These assets and liabilities are reported on the consolidated balance sheet on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period. The contract liability balances at the beginning of each period presented were generally fully recognized in the subsequent three-month period.

(4) BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
2021 Acquisition
On March 27, 2021, the Company acquired a privately-owned business for $22.9 million cash consideration. The acquired company increases the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segment's network within the south central United States. In connection with this acquisition, a preliminary goodwill amount of $16.0 million was recognized.
9

2021 Proposed Acquisitions
On June 29, 2021, the Company signed a definitive agreement with Vertex Energy, Inc. to acquire certain assets related to Vertex's used motor oil collection and re-refinery business in an all-cash transaction for $140.0 million, subject to working capital and other adjustments. The Company intends to fund the acquisition with available cash. The acquisition will include re-refineries in Marrero, Louisiana and Columbus, Ohio and service locations throughout the Midwest and Gulf Coast, as well as certain associated equipment and an assembled workforce. The acquisition is subject to approval by U.S. regulators and Vertex shareholders, and other customary closing conditions and is currently anticipated to close later in 2021. The acquisition will expand the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segment's oil re-refining capacity and collection and distribution network.
On August 3, 2021, the Company signed a definitive agreement to acquire HydroChemPSC ("HPC"), a privately-owned company. With more than 5,000 employees, over 240 service locations and a fleet of specialized vehicles and equipment, HPC is a leading U.S. provider of industrial cleaning, specialty maintenance and utility services. The acquisition will enhance the Company's Environmental Services segment.
Under the terms of the agreement, at the closing of the transaction, the Company will pay cash consideration in an amount equal to $1.25 billion, subject to customary purchase price adjustments. The Company plans to finance the acquisition of HPC with a combination of cash on hand and long-term debt. The Company has obtained a financing commitment from Goldman Sachs Bank USA, for term loan debt financing. The acquisition is subject to approval by regulators, as well as other customary closing conditions, and is anticipated to close later in 2021.
2020 Acquisition
On April 17, 2020, the Company acquired a privately-owned business for $8.8 million cash consideration. The acquired company expands the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segment's oil re-refining operations to the northeast United States. In connection with this acquisition, a goodwill amount of $1.4 million was recognized.

(5) INVENTORIES AND SUPPLIES
Inventories and supplies consisted of the following (in thousands):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Oil and oil related products$75,162 $76,209 
Supplies119,388 120,007 
Solvent and solutions8,976 8,812 
Other12,199 15,470 
Total inventories and supplies$215,725 $220,498 
Supplies consists primarily of critical spare parts to support the Company's incinerator and re-refinery operations, personal protective equipment and other general supplies used in our normal day-to-day operations. Other inventories consists primarily of parts washer components, cleaning fluids, absorbents and automotive fluids, such as windshield washer fluid and antifreeze.

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(6) PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Land$148,749 $139,776 
Asset retirement costs (non-landfill)17,851 16,407 
Landfill assets196,156 191,687 
Buildings and improvements (1)
523,136 509,804 
Camp equipment157,554 159,021 
Vehicles (2)
867,498 844,026 
Equipment (3)
1,821,298 1,807,235 
Furniture and fixtures7,195 7,082 
Construction in progress44,555 24,378 
3,783,992 3,699,416 
Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization2,252,703 2,174,118 
Total property, plant and equipment, net$1,531,289 $1,525,298 
________________
(1) Balances inclusive of gross right-of-use ("ROU") assets classified as finance leases of $8.9 million in both periods.
(2) Balances inclusive of gross ROU assets classified as finance leases of $66.0 million and $47.2 million, respectively.
(3) Balances inclusive of gross ROU assets classified as finance leases of $9.3 million in both periods.
Depreciation expense, inclusive of landfill and finance lease amortization, was $63.8 million and $128.4 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. Depreciation expense, inclusive of landfill and finance lease amortization, was $63.7 million and $129.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.

(7) GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The changes in goodwill by segment for the six months ended June 30, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
Environmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsTotals
Balance at January 1, 2021$401,918 $125,105 $527,023 
Increase from current period acquisition15,958 15,958 
Foreign currency translation1,218 440 1,658 
Balance at June 30, 2021$403,136 $141,503 $544,639 
The balances in the table above have been recast to reflect the Company's segment change in the first quarter of 2021. As discussed in Note 17, "Segment Reporting," as a result of operational and managerial changes, the Company changed its operating segments in accordance with ASC 280, Segment Reporting. In addition, the Company concluded that, for purposes of reviewing for potential goodwill impairment, it now has 3 reporting units. The Environmental Services operating segment has 2 reporting units consisting of (i) Environmental Sales and Service which includes the legacy Environmental Sales and Service reporting unit and certain operations previously included within Safety-Kleen Environmental Services including the core service offerings of containerized waste, parts washer and vacuum services and (ii) Environmental Facilities, unchanged from prior year. The Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions operating segment is a single reporting unit which includes the legacy Safety-Kleen Oil reporting unit and the remaining operations of the legacy Safety-Kleen Environmental Services reporting unit primarily consisting of collection services for waste oil, anti-freeze and used oil filters as well as the sale of bulk blended re-refined oil and other automotive related finished fluid products. The Company allocated goodwill to the newly identified reporting units using a relative fair value approach. In addition, the Company completed an assessment of any potential goodwill impairment for all reporting units immediately prior and subsequent to the reallocation and determined that 0 impairment existed.
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As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company's intangible assets consisted of the following (in thousands):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
CostAccumulated
Amortization
NetCostAccumulated
Amortization
Net
Permits$186,292 $99,143 $87,149 $183,766 $95,033 $88,733 
Customer and supplier relationships366,913 207,196 159,717 382,083 211,895 170,188 
Other intangible assets21,223 17,309 3,914 39,287 34,744 4,543 
Total amortizable permits and other intangible assets574,428 323,648 250,780 605,136 341,672 263,464 
Trademarks and trade names123,450 — 123,450 123,156 — 123,156 
Total permits and other intangible assets$697,878 $323,648 $374,230 $728,292 $341,672 $386,620 
Amortization expense of permits, customer and supplier relationships and other intangible assets was $7.8 million and $15.4 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. Amortization expense of permits, customer and supplier relationships and other intangible assets was $8.8 million and $18.0 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. The net decrease in total amortizable permits and other intangible assets is attributable to writing off fully amortized intangible assets with a cost of $35.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021.
The expected amortization of the net carrying amount of finite-lived intangible assets at June 30, 2021 was as follows (in thousands):
Years Ending December 31,Expected Amortization
2021 (six months)$15,119 
202230,075 
202325,735 
202424,231 
202523,254 
Thereafter132,366 
$250,780 

(8) ACCRUED EXPENSES
Accrued expenses consisted of the following (in thousands):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Accrued insurance$78,708 $77,514 
Accrued interest19,760 19,697 
Accrued compensation and benefits94,856 81,437 
Accrued income, real estate, sales and other taxes25,616 25,843 
Interest rate swap liability25,929 33,630 
Accrued other66,787 57,702 
$311,656 $295,823 

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(9) CLOSURE AND POST-CLOSURE LIABILITIES
The changes to closure and post-closure liabilities (also referred to as “asset retirement obligations”) from January 1, 2021 through June 30, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
Landfill
Retirement
Liability
Non-Landfill
Retirement
Liability
Total
Balance at January 1, 2021$48,412 $39,514 $87,926 
Liabilities assumed in acquisitions451 451 
New asset retirement obligations1,342 1,342 
Accretion1,781 1,844 3,625 
Changes in estimates recorded to consolidated statement of operations300 300 
Changes in estimates recorded to consolidated balance sheet1,137 1,137 
Expenditures(1,163)(319)(1,482)
Currency translation and other153 42 195 
Balance at June 30, 2021$50,525 $42,969 $93,494 
In the six months ended June 30, 2021, there were no significant charges (benefits) resulting from changes in estimates for closure and post-closure liabilities.
New asset retirement obligations incurred during the first six months of 2021 were discounted at the credit-adjusted risk-free rate of 4.84%.

(10) REMEDIAL LIABILITIES 
The changes to remedial liabilities from January 1, 2021 through June 30, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
Remedial
Liabilities for
Landfill Sites
Remedial
Liabilities for
Inactive Sites
Remedial
Liabilities
(Including
Superfund) for
Non-Landfill
Operations
Total
Balance at January 1, 2021$1,865 $63,060 $49,888 $114,813 
Accretion45 1,320 836 2,201 
Changes in estimates recorded to consolidated statement of operations(22)312 (145)145 
Expenditures(24)(2,833)(2,255)(5,112)
Currency translation and other(805)1,212 407 
Balance at June 30, 2021$1,864 $61,054 $49,536 $112,454 
In the six months ended June 30, 2021, there were no significant (benefits) charges resulting from changes in estimates for remedial liabilities.

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(11) FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS
The following table is a summary of the Company’s financing arrangements (in thousands):
Current Debt:June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Secured senior term loans ("Term Loans")$7,535 $7,535 
Long-Term Debt:
Secured senior Term Loans due June 30, 2024$715,859 $719,626 
Unsecured senior notes, at 4.875%, due July 15, 2027 ("2027 Notes")545,000 545,000 
Unsecured senior notes, at 5.125%, due July 15, 2029 ("2029 Notes")300,000 300,000 
Long-term debt, at par$1,560,859 $1,564,626 
Unamortized debt issuance costs and premium, net(13,461)(14,985)
Long-term debt, at carrying value$1,547,398 $1,549,641 
Financing Activities
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the estimated fair value of the Company’s outstanding long-term debt, including the current portion, was $1.6 billion. The Company’s estimates of fair value of its long-term debt, including the current portion, are based on quoted market prices or other available market data which are considered Level 2 measures according to the fair value hierarchy. Level 2 utilizes quoted market prices in markets that are not active, broker or dealer quotations or alternative pricing sources with reasonable levels of price transparency for similar assets and liabilities.
The Company maintains a $400.0 million revolving credit facility under which the Company had 0 outstanding loan balances as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. As of June 30, 2021, the Company had $287.3 million available to borrow under the revolving credit facility and outstanding letters of credit were $112.7 million.
Cash Flow Hedges
The Company’s strategy to hedge against fluctuations in variable interest rates involves entering into interest rate derivative agreements.
Although the interest rate on the Term Loans is variable, the Company has effectively fixed the interest rate on $350.0 million aggregate principal amount of the Term Loans outstanding by entering into interest rate swap agreements in 2018 with a notional amount of $350.0 million. Under the terms of the interest rate swap agreements, the Company receives interest based on the one-month LIBOR index and pays interest at a weighted average annual interest rate of 2.92%, resulting in an effective annual interest rate of 4.67%. The interest rate swap agreements terminate in 2024.
The Company recognizes derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities on the balance sheet at fair value. No ineffectiveness has been identified on these swaps and, therefore, all unrealized changes in fair value are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss. Amounts are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into interest expense on the statement of operations in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings.
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has recorded a derivative liability with a fair value of $25.9 million and $33.6 million, respectively, within accrued expenses in connection with these cash flow hedges.
The fair value of the interest rate swaps is calculated using discounted cash flow valuation methodologies based upon the one-month LIBOR yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals for the full term of the interest rate swaps and as such is considered a Level 2 measure according to the fair value hierarchy.

(12) INCOME TAXES 
The Company records a tax provision or benefit on an interim basis using an estimated annual effective tax rate. This rate is applied to the current period ordinary income or loss to determine the income tax provision or benefit allocated to the interim period. Losses from jurisdictions for which no benefit can be recognized and the income tax effects of unusual or infrequent items are excluded from the estimated annual effective tax rate and are recognized in the impacted interim period. The estimated annual effective tax rate may be significantly impacted by projected earnings mix by tax jurisdiction. Adjustments to the estimated annual effective income tax rate are recognized in the period when such estimates are revised.
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The Company’s effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was 25.9% and 27.3%, compared to 29.0% and 34.7%, respectively, for the comparable periods in 2020.
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had recorded $5.1 million and $5.5 million, respectively, of liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits and $2.3 million and $2.1 million, respectively, of accrued interest.

(13) EARNINGS PER SHARE     
The following are computations of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share:
Net income$67,075 $29,023 $88,811 $40,595 
Denominator:
Basic shares outstanding54,529 55,590 54,625 55,673 
Dilutive effect of outstanding stock awards325 158 320 209 
Dilutive shares outstanding54,854 55,748 54,945 55,882 
Basic earnings per share:$1.23 $0.52 $1.63 $0.73 
    
Diluted earnings per share:$1.22 $0.52 $1.62 $0.73 
For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, all then outstanding performance awards and restricted stock awards were included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share except for 33,708 and 96,018, respectively, of performance stock awards for which the performance criteria were not attained at the reporting dates and 500 and 149,460, respectively, of restricted stock awards and performance awards which were excluded as their inclusion would have an antidilutive effect.
For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, all then outstanding performance awards and restricted stock awards were included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share except for 33,708 and 96,018, respectively, of performance stock awards for which the performance criteria were not attained at the reporting dates and 12,604 and 14,716, respectively, of restricted stock awards which were excluded as their inclusion would have an antidilutive effect.

(14) ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
The changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component and related tax impacts for the six months ended June 30, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
Foreign Currency TranslationUnrealized Gains (Losses) on Available-For-Sale SecuritiesUnrealized (Losses) Gains on Interest Rate HedgeUnrealized Losses on Unfunded Pension LiabilityTotal
Balance at January 1, 2021$(176,234)$135 $(33,629)$(1,749)$(211,477)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications15,009 (155)2,759 17,613 
Amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss4,942 4,942 
Tax benefit33 33 
Other comprehensive income (loss)15,009 (122)7,701 22,588 
Balance at June 30, 2021$(161,225)$13 $(25,928)$(1,749)$(188,889)
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The amount reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss into the consolidated statement of operations, with presentation location, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was as follows (in thousands):
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) ComponentFor the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021Location
Unrealized losses on interest rate hedge$(2,494)$(4,942)Interest expense, net of interest income

(15) STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Total stock-based compensation cost charged to selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was $3.3 million and $6.8 million, respectively. Total stock-based compensation cost charged to selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 was $2.8 million and $6.1 million, respectively. The total income tax benefit recognized in the consolidated statements of operations from stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was $0.8 million and $1.5 million, respectively. The total income tax benefit recognized in the consolidated statements of operations from stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 was $0.4 million and $1.2 million, respectively.
Restricted Stock Awards
The following table summarizes information about restricted stock awards for the six months ended June 30, 2021:
Restricted StockNumber of SharesWeighted Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Balance at January 1, 2021493,879 $59.74 
Granted51,354 87.86 
Vested(103,449)57.35 
Forfeited(32,321)58.87 
Balance at June 30, 2021409,463 63.94 
As of June 30, 2021, there was $17.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost arising from restricted stock awards. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.5 years. The total fair value of restricted stock vested during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was $4.9 million and $8.9 million, respectively. The total fair value of restricted stock vested during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 was $4.4 million and $9.7 million, respectively.
Performance Stock Awards
Performance stock awards are subject to performance criteria established by the Compensation Committee of the Company's Board of Directors prior to or at the date of grant. The vesting of the performance stock awards is based on achieving targets currently based on revenue, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Total Recordable Incident Rate. In addition, performance stock awards include continued service conditions.
The following table summarizes information about performance stock awards for the six months ended June 30, 2021:
Performance StockNumber of SharesWeighted Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Balance at January 1, 2021254,449 $61.75 
Granted5,897 86.15 
Vested(71,815)62.27 
Forfeited(20,003)61.54 
Balance at June 30, 2021168,528 62.41 

As of June 30, 2021, there was $1.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost arising from unvested performance stock awards deemed probable of vesting. NaN performance awards vested during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020. The total fair value of performance awards vested during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 was $6.4 million and $1.3 million, respectively.
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(16) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal and Administrative Proceedings
The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. Actions filed against the Company arise from commercial and employment-related claims including alleged class actions related to sales practices and wage and hour claims. The plaintiffs in these actions may be seeking damages or injunctive relief or both. These actions are in various jurisdictions and stages of proceedings, and some are covered in part by insurance. In addition, the Company’s waste management services operations are regulated by federal, state, provincial and local laws enacted to regulate discharge of materials into the environment, remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater or otherwise protect the environment. This ongoing regulation results in the Company frequently becoming a party to legal or administrative proceedings involving all levels of governmental authorities and other interested parties. The issues involved in such proceedings generally relate to alleged violations of existing permits and licenses or alleged responsibility under federal or state Superfund laws to remediate contamination at properties owned either by the Company or by other parties (“third-party sites”) to which either the Company or the prior owners of certain of the Company’s facilities shipped waste.
At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had recorded reserves of $31.8 million and $29.8 million, respectively, in the Company's financial statements for actual or probable liabilities related to the legal and administrative proceedings in which the Company was then involved, the principal of which are described below. In management's opinion, it is not reasonably possible that the potential liability beyond what has been recorded, if any, that may result from these actions, either individually or collectively, will have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The Company periodically adjusts the aggregate amount of these reserves when actual or probable liabilities are paid or otherwise discharged, new claims arise or additional relevant information about existing or probable claims becomes available. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the $31.8 million and $29.8 million, respectively, of reserves consisted of (i) $23.6 million and $24.0 million, respectively, related to pending legal or administrative proceedings, including Superfund liabilities, which were included in remedial liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets, and (ii) $8.2 million and $5.8 million, respectively, primarily related to federal, state and provincial enforcement actions, which were included in accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets.
As of June 30, 2021, the principal legal and administrative proceedings in which the Company was involved, or which had been terminated during 2021, were as follows:
Ville Mercier. In September 2002, the Company acquired the stock of a subsidiary (the "Mercier Subsidiary") which owns a hazardous waste incinerator in Ville Mercier, Quebec (the "Mercier Facility"). The property adjacent to the Mercier Facility, which is also owned by the Mercier Subsidiary, is now contaminated as a result of actions dating back to 1968, when the Government of Quebec issued 2 permits to dump organic liquids into lagoons on the property to a company unrelated to the Mercier Subsidiary. In 1999, Ville Mercier and 3 neighboring municipalities filed separate legal proceedings against the Mercier Subsidiary and the Government of Quebec. In 2012, the municipalities amended their existing statement of claim to seek $2.9 million (CAD) in general damages and $10.0 million (CAD) in punitive damages, plus interest and costs, as well as injunctive relief. Both the Government of Quebec and the Company have filed summary judgment motions against the municipalities. The parties are attempting to negotiate a resolution and hearings on the motions have been delayed. In September 2007, the Quebec Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks issued a notice pursuant to Section 115.1 of the Environment Quality Act, superseding notices issued in 1992, which are the subject of the pending litigation. The more recent notice notifies the Mercier Subsidiary that, if the Mercier Subsidiary does not take certain remedial measures at the site, the Minister intends to undertake those measures at the site and claim direct and indirect costs related to such measures. The Company has accrued for costs expected to be incurred relative to the resolution of this matter and believes this matter will not have future material effect on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Safety-Kleen Legal Proceedings. On December 28, 2012, the Company acquired Safety-Kleen, Inc. ("Safety-Kleen") and thereby became subject to the legal proceedings in which Safety-Kleen was a party on that date. In addition to certain Superfund proceedings in which Safety-Kleen has been named as a potentially responsible party as described below under “Superfund Proceedings,” the principal such legal proceedings involving Safety-Kleen which were outstanding as of June 30, 2021 were as follows:
Product Liability Cases. Safety-Kleen has been named as a defendant in various lawsuits that are currently pending in various courts and jurisdictions throughout the United States, including approximately 67 proceedings (excluding cases which have been settled but not formally dismissed) as of June 30, 2021, wherein persons claim personal injury resulting from the use of Safety-Kleen's parts washer equipment or cleaning products. These proceedings typically involve allegations that the solvent used in Safety-Kleen's parts washer equipment contains contaminants and/or that Safety-Kleen's recycling process does not effectively remove the
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contaminants that become entrained in the solvent during their use. In addition, certain claimants assert that Safety-Kleen failed to adequately warn the product user of potential risks, including a historic failure to warn that solvent contains trace amounts of toxic or hazardous substances such as benzene.
The Company maintains insurance that it believes will provide coverage for these product liability claims (over amounts accrued for self-insured retentions and deductibles in certain limited cases), except for punitive damages to the extent not insurable under state law or excluded from insurance coverage. The Company also believes that these claims lack merit and has historically vigorously defended, and intends to continue to vigorously defend, itself and the safety of its products against all these claims. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties and outcomes are not predictable with assurance. Consequently, the Company is unable to ascertain the ultimate aggregate amount of monetary liability or financial impact with respect to these matters as of June 30, 2021. From January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021, 11 product liability claims were settled or dismissed. Due to the nature of these claims and the related insurance, the Company did not incur any expense as insurance provided coverage in full for all such claims. Safety-Kleen may be named in similar, additional lawsuits in the future, including claims for which insurance coverage may not be available.
Superfund Proceedings
The Company has been notified that either the Company or the prior owners of certain of the Company's facilities for which the Company may have certain indemnification obligations have been identified as potentially responsible parties ("PRPs") or potential PRPs in connection with 131 sites which are subject to or are proposed to become subject to proceedings under federal or state Superfund laws. Of the 131 Superfund related sites, 6 (including the BR Facility described below) involve facilities that are now owned or leased by the Company and 125 involve third-party sites to which either the Company or the prior owners of certain of the Company’s facilities shipped wastes. Of the 125 third-party sites, 31 are now settled, 15 are currently requiring expenditures on remediation and 79 are not currently requiring expenditures on remediation.
In connection with each site, the Company has estimated the extent, if any, to which it may be subject, either directly or as a result of any indemnification obligations, for cleanup and remediation costs, related legal and consulting costs associated with PRP investigations, settlements and related legal and administrative proceedings. The amount of such actual and potential liability is inherently difficult to estimate because of, among other relevant factors, uncertainties as to the legal liability, if any, of the Company or the prior owners of certain of the Company's facilities to contribute a portion of the cleanup costs, the assumptions that must be made in calculating the estimated cost and timing of remediation, the identification of other PRPs and their respective capability and obligation to contribute to remediation efforts and the existence and legal standing of indemnification agreements, if any, with prior owners, which may either benefit the Company or subject the Company to potential indemnification obligations. The Company believes its potential liability could exceed $1.0 million at 3 of the 131 Superfund related sites.
BR Facility. The Company acquired in 2002 a former hazardous waste incinerator and landfill in Baton Rouge (the "BR Facility"), for which operations had been previously discontinued by the prior owner. In September 2007, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") issued a special notice letter to the Company related to the Devil's Swamp Lake Site ("Devil's Swamp") in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Devil's Swamp includes a lake located downstream of an outfall ditch where wastewater and storm water have been discharged, and Devil's Swamp is proposed to be included on the National Priorities List due to the presence of Contaminants of Concern ("COC") cited by the EPA. These COCs include substances of the kind found in wastewater and storm water discharged from the BR Facility in past operations. The EPA originally requested COC generators to submit a good faith offer to conduct a remedial investigation feasibility study directed towards the eventual remediation of the site. In 2018, the Company completed performing corrective actions at the BR Facility under an order issued by the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality and has also completed conducting the remedial investigation feasibility study for Devil's Swamp under the order issued by the EPA at which point the feasibility study, with several remedial alternatives, was submitted to the EPA for review. During 2020, the EPA signed a Record of Decision which defined the remediation alternative selected and approved by the EPA and in return, the Company increased the estimated remedial liability for this inactive site by $3.3 million. Changes in the natural landscape and/or new information identified during the remediation could impact this estimate, however are not expected to have a future material effect on the Company's financial position, liquidity or results of operation.
Third-Party Sites. Of the 125 third-party sites at which the Company has been notified it is a PRP or potential PRP or may have indemnification obligations, Clean Harbors has an indemnification agreement at 11 of these sites with ChemWaste, a former subsidiary of Waste Management, Inc., and at 6 additional of these third-party sites, Safety-Kleen has a similar indemnification agreement with McKesson Corporation. These agreements indemnify the Company (which now includes Safety-Kleen) with respect to any liability at the 17 sites for waste disposed prior to the Company's (or Safety-Kleen's) acquisition of the former subsidiaries of Waste Management and McKesson which had shipped wastes to those sites. Accordingly, Waste Management or McKesson are paying all costs of defending those subsidiaries in those 17 cases, including legal fees and settlement costs. However, there can be no guarantee that the Company's ultimate liabilities for those sites will not exceed the amount recorded or that indemnities applicable to any of these sites will be available to pay all or a portion of related costs. Except for the indemnification agreements which the
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Company holds from ChemWaste, McKesson and two other entities, the Company does not have an indemnity agreement with respect to any of the 125 third-party sites discussed above.
Federal, State and Provincial Enforcement Actions
From time to time, the Company pays fines or penalties in regulatory proceedings relating primarily to waste treatment, storage or disposal facilities. As of June 30, 2021 there was 1 proceeding for which the Company reasonably believes that the sanctions could equal or exceed $1.0 million, and NaN as of December 31, 2020. The Company believes that the fines or other penalties in these or any of the other regulatory proceedings will not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material effect on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

(17) SEGMENT REPORTING 
Segment reporting is prepared on the same basis that the Company's chief executive officer, who is the Company's chief operating decision maker, manages the business, makes operating decisions and assesses performance. As described in the Changes in Operating Segments section of Note 2, "Significant Accounting Policies" during the first quarter of 2021, certain of the Company's businesses undertook a reorganization which included changes to the underlying business and management structures. The Company's chief operating decision maker also requested changes in the information that he regularly reviews for purposes of allocating resources and assessing performance so that the information would align with the new operating structure of the business. Due to these changes the Company reassessed its operating segment conclusions in the first quarter of 2021 which resulted in a change in the operating segments. The Company consolidated the core services of Safety-Kleen Environmental Services into its Environmental Services segment, eliminated its Safety-Kleen segment and created the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segment. In addition, certain intercompany transactions previously recorded as Corporate Items have been allocated to the segments. All the historical balances presented below have been recast to reflect the impact of these changes.
Third-party revenue is revenue billed to outside customers by a particular segment. Direct revenues is revenue allocated to the segment providing the product or service. Intersegment revenues represent the sharing of third-party revenues among the segments based on products and services provided by each segment as if the products and services were sold directly to the third-party. Transactions between the segments are accounted for at the Company’s best estimate based on similar transactions with outside customers. The intersegment revenues are shown net. The operations not managed through the Company’s operating segments described above are recorded as “Corporate Items.”
The following table reconciles third-party revenues to direct revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 (in thousands):
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Third-party revenuesIntersegment revenues, netDirect revenuesThird-party revenuesIntersegment revenues, netDirect revenues
Environmental Services$723,147 $950 $724,097 $612,720 $(126)$612,594 
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions203,232 (950)202,282 97,224 126 97,350 
Corporate Items79 — 79 56 — 56 
Total$926,458 $— $926,458 $710,000 $— $710,000 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Third-party revenuesIntersegment revenues, netDirect revenuesThird-party revenuesIntersegment revenues, netDirect revenues
Environmental Services$1,376,025 $2,674 $1,378,699 $1,317,756 $30 $1,317,786 
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions358,423 (2,674)355,749 250,661 (30)250,631 
Corporate Items158 — 158 146 — 146 
Total$1,734,606 $— $1,734,606 $1,568,563 $— $1,568,563 

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The primary financial measure by which the Company evaluates the performance of its segments is "Adjusted EBITDA," which consists of net income plus accretion of environmental liabilities, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, net interest expense, loss on early extinguishment of debt, provision for income taxes and excludes other gains, losses or non-cash charges not deemed representative of fundamental segment results and other expense, net. Beginning in the first quarter of 2021, we revised our calculation of reported Adjusted EBITDA to add stock-based compensation, a non-cash item, to other charges which are added back to net income determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for purposes of calculating Adjusted EBITDA. The amount added back each period matches the line item for stock-based compensation as recorded on the consolidated statements of cash flows. All relevant prior period Adjusted EBITDA amounts were recast to provide comparative information.
The following table presents Adjusted EBITDA information used by management by reported segment (in thousands):
 For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
Adjusted EBITDA:  
Environmental Services$176,041 $176,241 $316,295 $322,099 
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions63,314 8,431 94,946 32,635 
Corporate Items(51,584)(46,406)(94,019)(90,587)
Total187,771 138,266 317,222 264,147 
Reconciliation to Consolidated Statements of Operations:  
Accretion of environmental liabilities2,873 2,766 5,826 5,327 
Stock-based compensation3,305 2,786 6,785 6,077 
Depreciation and amortization71,592 72,494 143,755 147,027 
Income from operations110,001 60,220 160,856 105,716 
Other expense, net1,480 500 2,708 2,865 
Loss on sale of businesses184 3,258 
Interest expense, net of interest income18,051 18,654 35,969 37,441 
Income before provision for income taxes$90,470 $40,882 $122,179 $62,152 
The following table presents certain assets by reportable segment and in the aggregate (in thousands):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Property, plant and equipment, net:  
Environmental Services$1,068,270 $1,068,910 
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions371,056 366,160 
Corporate Items91,963 90,228 
Total property, plant and equipment, net$1,531,289 $1,525,298 
Goodwill and Permits and other intangibles, net:  
Environmental Services  
Goodwill$403,136 $401,918 
Permits and other intangibles, net221,437 228,237 
Total Environmental Services624,573 630,155 
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions
Goodwill$141,503 $125,105 
Permits and other intangibles, net152,793 158,383 
Total Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions294,296 283,488 
Total$918,869 $913,643 
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The following table presents the total assets by geographical area (in thousands):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
United States$3,566,318 $3,447,811 
Canada and other foreign709,561 683,709 
Total$4,275,879 $4,131,520 

ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 
Forward-Looking Statements 
In addition to historical information, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements, which are generally identifiable by use of the words "believes," "expects," "intends," "anticipates," "plans to," "seeks," "should," "estimates," "projects," "may," "likely" or similar expressions. Such statements may include, but are not limited to, statements about future financial and operating results, the Company's plans, objectives, expectations and intentions and other statements that are not historical facts. Forward-looking statements are neither historical facts nor assurances of future performance. Such statements are based upon the beliefs and expectations of Clean Harbors' management as of this date only and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially, including, without limitation, the expected completion and impact of our proposed acquisition of HydroChemPSC ("HPC"), and those items identified as "Risk Factors,” in this report under Item 1A and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 24, 2021, and in other documents we file from time to time with the SEC. Therefore, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s opinions only as of the date hereof. Our actual results and financial condition may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Clean Harbors undertakes no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to these forward-looking statements other than through its filings with the SEC, which may be viewed in the "Investors" section of the Clean Harbors website.
Overview
We are North America’s leading provider of environmental and industrial services supporting our customers in finding environmentally responsible solutions to further their sustainability goals in today's world. Everywhere industry meets the environment, we strive to provide eco-friendly products and services that protect and restore North America's natural environment. We believe we operate, in the aggregate, the largest number of hazardous waste incinerators, landfills and treatment, storage and disposal facilities ("TSDFs") in North America. We serve a diverse customer base, including Fortune 500 companies, across the chemical, energy, manufacturing and additional markets, as well as numerous government agencies. These customers rely on us to deliver a broad range of services including but not limited to end-to-end hazardous waste management, emergency response, industrial cleaning and maintenance and recycling services. We are also the largest re-refiner and recycler of used oil in North America and the largest provider of parts washer and related environmental services to commercial, industrial and automotive customers in North America.
During the first quarter of 2021, we reorganized our Safety-Kleen business. The collection services for waste oil, used oil filters, antifreeze and related items and bulk blended oil sales operations were combined with the Safety-Kleen Oil business to form the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions business. Under this structure, Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions encompasses both sides of the spread we manage in our re-refinery business, and we expect this change to drive additional growth in our sustainable lubricant products and related services.
Concurrently with this change, we consolidated the Safety-Kleen Environmental branches' core offerings, including containerized waste, parts washer and vacuum services, into the legacy Clean Harbors Environmental Services sales and service operations. We expect this change to foster enhanced cross-selling opportunities within the environmental businesses and increase market presence with small quantity generators of hazardous waste.
In restructuring the operations of the Company in this manner, the information that the chief operating decision maker regularly reviews for purposes of allocating resources and assessing performance was changed to conform to the new operating structure of the business. As a result, we reevaluated the identification of our operating segments and concluded that, starting in the first quarter of 2021, Environmental Services and Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions are our operating segments and reportable segments, with the operations not managed through the operating segments described above continuing to be reported as Corporate Items. The amounts presented for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 have been recast to reflect the impact of such changes.
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Performance of our segments is evaluated on several factors of which the primary financial measure is Adjusted EBITDA. Beginning in the first quarter of 2021, we revised our calculation of reported Adjusted EBITDA to add back stock-based compensation, a non-cash item, to other charges which are added back to net income determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). See the Adjusted EBITDA section below for additional details regarding this change and our consideration of this metric. Prior period amounts have been recast to conform to this presentation.
The following is a discussion of how management evaluates its segments in regards to other factors including key performance indicators that management uses to assess the segments’ results, as well as certain macroeconomic trends and influences that impact each reportable segment:
Environmental Services - Environmental Services segment results are predicated upon the demand by our customers for waste services, waste volumes generated by such services and project work for which waste handling and/or disposal is required. Environmental Services results are also impacted by the demand for planned and unplanned industrial related cleaning and maintenance services at customer sites, environmental cleanup services on a scheduled or emergency basis, including response to national events such as major chemical spills, natural disasters, or other events where immediate and specialized services are required. As a result of the Coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic, the business saw increased demand for response services relative to contagion disinfection, decontamination and disposal in 2020 and into 2021. With the addition of the Safety-Kleen core service offerings, including containerized waste disposal, parts washer and vacuum services, the Environmental Services results are further driven by the volumes of waste collected from these customers, the overall number of parts washers placed at customer sites and the demand for and frequency of other offered services. In managing the business and evaluating performance, management tracks the volumes and mix of waste handled and disposed of or recycled, generally through our owned facilities, the utilization rates of our incinerators, equipment and workforce, including billable hours, and number of parts washer services performed, among other key metrics. Levels of activity and ultimate performance associated with this segment can be impacted by several factors including overall U.S. GDP, U.S. industrial production, economic conditions in the automotive, chemical, manufacturing and other industrial markets, weather conditions, efficiency of our operations, technology, changing regulations, competition, market pricing of our services and the management of our related operating costs.
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions - Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segment results are impacted by our customers' demand for high-quality, environmentally responsible recycled oil products and their demand for our related service offerings and products. Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions offers high quality recycled base and blended oil products to end users including fleet customers, distributors and manufacturers of oil products. Segment results are impacted by overall demand as well as product mix as it relates to these oil products. Segment results are also predicated on the demand for the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions other product and service offerings including collection services for used oil, used oil filters and other automotive fluids. These fluid collections are used as feedstock in our oil re-refining to make our base and blended oil products and our recycled automotive related fluid products or are integrated into the Clean Harbors' recycling and disposal network. In operating the business and evaluating performance, management tracks the volumes and relative percentages of base and blended oil sales along with various pricing metrics associated with the commodity driven margin. Management also tracks the volumes and pricing of used oil and automotive fluid collections. Levels of activity and ultimate performance associated with this segment can be impacted by economic conditions in the automotive services and manufacturing markets, efficiency of our operations, technology, weather conditions, changing regulations, competition and the management of our related operating costs. Costs incurred in connection with the collection of used oil and other raw materials associated with the segment’s oil related products can also be volatile. The overall market price of oil and regulations that change the possible usage of used oil, including the International Maritime Organization's 2020 regulation ("IMO 2020") and other regulations related to the burning of used motor oil as a fuel, both impact the premium the segment can charge for used oil collections.
22

Highlights
Total revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 were $926.5 million and $1,734.6 million, compared with $710.0 million and $1,568.6 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. Prior year operations were negatively affected by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, our Environmental Services segment direct revenues increased 18.2% and 4.6% from the comparable periods in 2020. Current period results were driven primarily by greater volumes of higher value waste streams at our incinerators and higher demand throughout most of our portfolio of services, most predominantly our industrial services operations, partially offset by lower demand for our COVID-19 decontamination services. In the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, our Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segment direct revenues increased 107.8% and 41.9% from the comparable periods in 2020 due to increased pricing and increased demand for base and blended oil which increased volumes of products sold. The fluctuation of the Canadian dollar positively impacted our consolidated revenues by $16.2 million and $22.1 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.
In the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, costs have increased in both the Environmental Services and Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segments when comparing to the prior year given the increase in business levels and revenue mix combined with lower benefits from the Government Programs. Despite the increased costs seen in the current period, gross margins for the Environmental Services and Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segments have improved from pre-pandemic levels.
We reported income from operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 of $110.0 million and $160.9 million compared with $60.2 million and $105.7 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, and net income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 of $67.1 million and $88.8 million compared with net income of $29.0 million and $40.6 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
Adjusted EBITDA, which is the primary financial measure by which our segments are evaluated, increased 35.8% to $187.8 million in the three months ended June 30, 2021 from $138.3 million in the three months ended June 30, 2020 and increased 20.1% to $317.2 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021 from $264.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2020. This improved profitability was primarily driven by the mix of product sales and strong spread management in the Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions segment, as well as continued cost management. Additional information, including a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income, appears below under the heading "Adjusted EBITDA."
Net cash from operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $265.4 million, an increase of $91.9 million from the comparable period in 2020. Adjusted free cash flow, which management uses to measure our financial strength and ability to generate cash, was $176.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $71.9 million in the comparable period of 2020. These increased levels of cash flows are the result of greater levels of operating income and improved working capital management in 2021. Additional information, including a reconciliation of adjusted free cash flow to net cash from operating activities, appears below under the heading "Adjusted Free Cash Flow."
Impact of COVID-19
During the second quarter of 2021, we continued to see incremental improvements in the demand for our products and services consistent with the lifting of travel and other government restrictions and the ongoing national and state vaccination efforts. Over the last year, our business has been slowly recovering after the sharp decline in the second quarter of 2020. As we exited the second quarter of 2021, both quarter to date and year to date direct revenues and Adjusted EBITDA were comparable or higher than pre-pandemic levels for each of our segments.
In the first six months of 2021, we recognized $39.7 million of direct revenues specifically related to COVID-19 disinfecting, decontamination and disposal related emergency response services. We began to see slower demand in the second quarter of 2021 when we recognized direct revenues of $11.5 million for such work. Although we are uncertain as to the exact level of such services throughout the remainder of 2021, we expect to continue to see slowing demand for these COVID-19 response services as vaccination levels continue to increase.
The potential impact of COVID-19 variants (e.g. the Delta variant) remains unknown at this time, however could impact both our business recovery and the demand for our COVID-19 response services.
Impact of Government Programs
In 2020, the Governments of Canada and the United States announced the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy ("CEWS") and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act"), respectively, in response to the widespread economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic (collectively referred to as "Government Programs"). Both Government Programs have been extended into 2021 and as such, management has continued to consider and analyze the Company's eligibility under such
23

Government Programs. During 2021 the Company recognized certain employee wage subsidies under the CEWS and, to a lesser extent, employee retention credits under the CARES Act. We do not anticipate any future significant benefits from the Government Programs given the current status of our operations. The table below summarizes the benefit of the Government Programs recorded in the statement of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 (in thousands):
Three Months EndedThree Months Ended
June 30, 2021June 30, 2020
Environmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsCorporate ItemsTotalEnvironmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsCorporate ItemsTotal
Cost of revenues$3,369 $256 $56 $3,681 $12,950 $911 $415 $14,276 
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,032 219 263 1,514 6,743 931 1,449 9,123 
Total$4,401 $475 $319 $5,195 $19,693 $1,842 $1,864 $23,399 

Six Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30, 2021June 30, 2020
Environmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsCorporate ItemsTotalEnvironmental ServicesSafety-Kleen Sustainability SolutionsCorporate ItemsTotal
Cost of revenues$7,136 $725 $80 $7,941 $12,950 $911 $415 $14,276 
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,779 545 343 2,667 6,743 931 1,449 9,123 
Total$8,915 $1,270 $423 $10,608 $19,693 $1,842 $1,864 $23,399 
Proposed acquisition of HydroChemPSC
On August 3, 2021, we signed a definitive agreement to acquire HydroChemPSC for $1.25 billion ("HPC Acquisition") in cash consideration subject to customary purchase price adjustments. HPC is a leading U.S. provider of industrial cleaning, specialty maintenance and utility services. The HPC Acquisition is subject to approval by regulators, as well as other customary closing conditions, and is expected to close later this year.
HPC serves customers across a broad range of markets and provides solutions to customers focused on cleaning, maintenance and environmental compliance of essential, mission critical equipment and infrastructure. HPC has more than 5,000 employees, over 240 service locations across the United States and has a fleet of specialized equipment and vehicles as well as technology which will enhance and add to the assets of the Environmental Services segment.
Given the size and complexity of the HPC Acquisition and the required regulatory approval, we cannot definitively state when the HPC Acquisition will be completed. We currently anticipate that the HPC Acquisition will be completed later in 2021, however, consummation will be subject to certain conditions, including, among others, expiration or termination of the applicable Hart-Scott-Rodino antitrust waiting periods. The terms and conditions of any authorization or consent that is granted, if any, may impose requirements, limitations or restrictions that may materially delay the completion of the HPC Acquisition.
We expect to incur significant costs in connection with the HPC Acquisition, including costs related to financing the HPC Acquisition and ultimate integration of the business. We will be subject to capital debt market risks in connection with our plan to finance the portion of the purchase price above the amount of available cash which we plan to use. We have a financing commitment for term loan debt financing from Goldman Sachs Bank USA.
Upon completion of the HPC Acquisition, successful integration of the HPC business and operations into our business will be necessary to realize the anticipated benefits from combining HPC with Clean Harbors. We believe that the combined business will benefit from incremental waste volumes through Clean Harbors' network of facilities, greater customer relationships and cross selling opportunities and synergistic opportunities within customer service, transportation, branch network, asset rentals and vehicle and tank refurbishment among others. The success of the HPC Acquisition will depend, in part, on integration of the financial reporting systems and controls and the focused attention (time and resources) of both Clean Harbors' and HPC's management teams.
24

Segment Performance
The primary financial measure by which we evaluate the performance of our segments is Adjusted EBITDA. The following table sets forth certain financial information associated with our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 (in thousands, except percentages):
 Summary of Operations
 For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
 June 30, 2021June 30, 2020$
Change
%
Change
June 30, 2021June 30, 2020$ Change% Change
Direct Revenues(1):
    
Environmental Services$724,097 $612,594 $111,503 18.2%$1,378,699 $1,317,786 $60,913 4.6%
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions202,282 97,350 104,932 107.8355,749 250,631 105,118 41.9
Corporate Items79 56 23 N/M158 146 12 N/M
Total926,458 710,000 216,458 30.51,734,606 1,568,563 166,043 10.6
Cost of Revenues(2):
      
Environmental Services487,257 385,113 102,144 26.5938,512 876,234 62,278 7.1
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions123,025 76,318 46,707 61.2231,401 190,146 41,255 21.7
Corporate Items7,604 9,250 (1,646)N/M8,509 10,967 (2,458)N/M
Total617,886 470,681 147,205 31.31,178,422 1,077,347 101,075 9.4
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses:     
Environmental Services60,799 51,240 9,559 18.7123,892 119,453 4,439 3.7
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions15,943 12,601 3,342 26.529,402 27,850 1,552 5.6
Corporate Items47,364 39,998 7,366 18.492,453 85,843 6,610 7.7
Total124,106 103,839 20,267 19.5245,747 233,146 12,601 5.4
Adjusted EBITDA:      
Environmental Services176,041 176,241 (200)(0.1)316,295 322,099 (5,804)(1.8)
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions63,314 8,431 54,883 651.094,946 32,635 62,311 190.9
Corporate Items(51,584)(46,406)(5,178)(11.2)(94,019)(90,587)(3,432)(3.8)
Total$187,771 $138,266 $49,505 35.8%$317,222 $264,147 $53,075 20.1%
_____________________
N/M = not meaningful
(1)Direct revenue is revenue allocated to the segment performing the provided service.
(2)Cost of revenue is shown exclusive of items presented separately on the consolidated statements of operations which consist of (i) accretion of environmental liabilities and (ii) depreciation and amortization.
25

Direct Revenues
There are many factors which have impacted and continue to impact our revenues including, but not limited to: overall levels of industrial activity and growth in North America, existence or non-existence of large scale environmental waste and remediation projects, competitive industry pricing, miles driven and related lubricant demand, impacts of acquisitions and divestitures, the level of emergency response services, weather related events, base and blended oil pricing, market changes relative to the collection of used oil, our ability to manage the spread between oil product prices and prices for the collection of used oil, the number of parts washers placed at customer sites and foreign currency translation. In addition, customer efforts to minimize hazardous waste and changes in regulation can also impact our revenues.
Environmental Services     
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
Direct revenues$724,097 $612,594 $111,503 18.2 %$1,378,699 $1,317,786 $60,913 4.6 %

Environmental Services direct revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $111.5 million from the comparable period in 2020 driven primarily by higher demand throughout our portfolio of services and greater volumes of higher value waste streams at our incinerators and landfills, partially offset by lower demand for our COVID-19 decontamination services. Direct revenues related to our industrial services increased $49.6 million predominately due to increased demand for industrial cleanings as overall economic activity began to improve and industrial cleaning services previously delayed due to the impacts of COVID-19 were executed combined with a renewed sales strategy for the business. Demand for our base field services, excluding any COVID-19 decontamination services, increased approximately $18.2 million from the same period in 2020. Direct revenues for the Safety-Kleen core service offerings increased $14.0 million from the comparable period in 2020 due to improved pricing and higher demand for these containerized waste, vacuum and parts washer services. Direct revenues at our incinerators increased $12.8 million when comparing the three months ended June 30, 2021 to the same period in 2020, resulting from greater volumes of higher value waste streams. Overall, incinerator utilization was 87% which was consistent with the same period in 2020 and illustrates the shifting of mix to higher value waste streams. Higher pricing and volumes at our landfill facilities increased direct revenues by $3.9 million. In the three months ended June 30, 2021, lower demand for our COVID-19 decontamination services resulted in a direct revenue decrease of $38.5 million, partially offsetting all of the increases noted above. The Canadian operations of the Environmental Services segment were positively impacted by $12.9 million due to foreign currency translation.
Environmental Services direct revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $60.9 million from the comparable period in 2020 driven primarily by returning demand for our services, specifically in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in the prior year. Demand for industrial services increased direct revenues by $19.2 million from the comparable period in the prior year, as overall economic activity began to improve and industrial cleaning services delayed due to the impacts of COVID-19 were executed combined with a renewed sales strategy for the business. Utilization at the incinerators for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was 83% as compared to 86% in the prior year. This lower utilization was generally the result of more down days due to significant weather events which occurred during the first quarter of 2021. Despite the lower utilization, greater volumes of higher value waste streams drove a $9.0 million increase in direct revenues at our incinerator facilities. Direct revenues at our landfill facilities increased $2.4 million from the comparable period in 2020 due to higher value waste streams overcoming lower volumes. In the six months ended June 30, 2021, direct revenues from COVID-19 decontamination services decreased by $20.3 million, partially offsetting the increases noted above, due to lower demand for such services, specifically in the second quarter of 2021. Also impacting the year over year change in direct revenues within this segment was the positive impact of foreign currency translation on our Canadian operations of $17.6 million.
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
Direct revenues$202,282 $97,350 $104,932 107.8 %$355,749 $250,631 $105,118 41.9 %
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions direct revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $104.9 million from the comparable period in 2020. A number of price increases experienced throughout the quarter and increased demand and
26

resulting volumes of product sold drove an $84.7 million increase in revenue from base oil sales and a $17.5 million increase revenue from blended oil sales. Revenues from contract blending and packaging increased $10.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2021 when compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021 as well. Pricing increases in recycled fuel oil and refinery byproducts increased revenues by $4.4 million. Revenues from used oil collection services decreased $11.6 million in the second quarter of 2021, when compared to the second quarter of 2020 due to pricing decreases. The prices charged for used oil collection services are generally correlated with base oil pricing and therefore this pricing decrease was expected in light of the overall oil market conditions. The volume of the used oil collected increased from the prior year. Collection volumes for used oil have nearly rebounded to pre-pandemic levels. Foreign currency translation positively impacted the Canadian operations of Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions by $3.3 million.
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions direct revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $105.1 million from the comparable period in 2020. Due to the pricing increases and rebounding demand described above relative to the second quarter of 2021, higher pricing and volumes drove a $91.7 million increase in revenue from base oil sales and a $12.2 million increase in revenues from blended oil sales. Revenues from contract blending and packaging increased $11.5 million from the comparable period. As expected in light of the oil market conditions noted above, revenues from used oil collection services decreased $6.9 million due to pricing decreases. Collection volumes for used oil increased during the six months ended June 30, 2021 when compared to the comparable period in 2020, and have nearly rebounded to pre-pandemic levels. Foreign currency translation positively impacted the Canadian operations of Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions by $4.5 million.
Cost of Revenues 
We believe that our ability to manage operating costs is important to our ability to remain price competitive. We continue to upgrade the quality and efficiency of our services through the development of new technology and continued modifications and expansion at our facilities, invest in new business opportunities and aggressively implement strategic sourcing and logistics solutions as well as other cost reduction initiatives, while also continuing to optimize our management and operating structure in an effort to maintain and increase operating margins.
Environmental Services
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
Cost of revenues$487,257 $385,113 $102,144 26.5 %$938,512$876,234$62,278 7.1 %
As a % of Direct revenues67.3 %62.9 %4.4 %68.1 %66.5 %1.6 %
Environmental Services cost of revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $102.1 million from the comparable period in 2020, primarily due to the increase in direct revenues. Cost of revenues as a percentage of direct revenues increased 4.4% from the comparable period in the prior year, in part due to a $9.6 million reduction in benefits recognized under the Government Programs in the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the same period of the prior year. After adjusting for this difference, cost as a percentage of revenues increased 2.8%, primarily due to the mix of services being performed, including lower COVID-19 decontamination services. Overall, labor and benefits related costs increased $37.5 million, equipment and supply costs increased $35.6 million and transportation, disposal, vehicle and fuel related costs increased $18.6 million from the comparable period in 2020.
Environmental Services cost of revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $62.3 million from the comparable period in 2020, primarily due to an increase in direct revenues. Cost of revenues as a percentage of direct revenues increased 1.6% from the comparable period in the prior year. Excluding the $5.8 million year over year reduction in benefits recognized under the Government Programs, cost of revenues as a percentage of direct revenues increased 1.1%. Overall, equipment and supply costs increased $19.0 million, labor and benefits related costs increased $17.3 million and transportation, disposal, vehicle and fuel related costs increased $15.4 million.
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Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
Cost of revenues$123,025 $76,318 $46,707 61.2 %$231,401$190,146$41,255 21.7 %
As a % of Direct revenues60.8 %78.4 %(17.6)%65.0 %75.9 %(10.9)%
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions cost of revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $46.7 million from the comparable period in 2020 due to the increase in direct revenues. Cost of revenue as a percentage of direct revenues improved by 17.6% due to production volume efficiencies generated by our re-refineries, some of which were temporarily closed in the prior year due to impacts from COVID-19, lower relative spend on oil additives due to the overall oil product mix and the continuation of the cost management initiatives implemented in the latter half of 2020. In total, costs of oil additives and other raw materials increased $25.4 million, transportation, vehicle and fuel costs increased $11.2 million and labor and benefits related costs increased $7.7 million.
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions cost of revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $41.3 million from the comparable period in 2020 due to the increase in direct revenues. Cost of revenue as a percentage of direct revenues improved by 10.9% for reasons consistent with those noted in the preceding paragraph. In total, costs of oil additives and other raw materials increased $23.9 million, transportation, vehicle and fuel costs increased $12.1 million and labor and benefits related costs increased $5.3 million.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
We strive to manage our selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses commensurate with the overall performance of our segments and corresponding revenue levels. We believe that our ability to properly align these costs with business performance is reflective of our strong management of the businesses and further promotes our ability to remain competitive in the marketplace.
Environmental Services
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
SG&A expenses$60,799 $51,240 $9,559 18.7 %$123,892$119,453$4,439 3.7 %
As a % of Direct revenues8.4 %8.4 %— %9.0 %9.1 %(0.1)%
Environmental Services SG&A expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $9.6 million and $4.4 million from the comparable periods in 2020 while remaining consistent as a percentage of direct revenues. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, reduced benefits recognized under the Government Programs of $5.7 million and $5.0 million drove the increases in SG&A expenses, as compared to the relevant period in the prior year. Absent these benefits recognized under Government Programs, Environmental Services SG&A expenses as a percentage of revenue remained relatively consistent with the prior year.
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Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
SG&A expenses$15,943 $12,601 $3,342 26.5 %$29,402$27,850$1,552 5.6 %
As a % of Direct revenues7.9 %12.9 %(5.0)%8.3 %11.1 %(2.8)%
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions SG&A expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $3.3 million and $1.6 million from the comparable periods in 2020 primarily attributable to the increases in direct revenues. Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions SG&A expenses as percentage of revenues improved 5.0% and 2.8%, respectively, due in part, to a $1.8 million change in an environmental liability estimate for a Superfund site recorded in the second quarter of 2020 which did not recur in 2021. Absent this nonrecurring item, SG&A expenses as a percentage of revenues improved 3.2% and 2.1%, respectively, primarily due to the continuation of cost management initiatives implemented in the latter half of 2020.
Corporate Items
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
SG&A expenses$47,364 $39,998 $7,366 18.4 %$92,453 $85,843 $6,610 7.7 %
Corporate Items SG&A expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $7.4 million from the comparable period in 2020. The most significant driver of this increase was $5.2 million of increased labor related costs due to increased variable compensation and $1.2 million of lower benefits recognized from the Government Programs in the three months ended June 30, 2021 when compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. In addition, information technology costs increased by $2.4 million and fees for mergers and acquisitions, integration and strategic initiatives increased by $2.3 million. Partially offsetting these increases were decreases in bad debt expense of $2.7 million and lower severance costs of $3.0 million.
Corporate Items SG&A expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $6.6 million from the comparable period in 2021. The most significant driver of this increase was $8.4 million of increased labor related costs both due to increased variable compensation and lower benefits recognized from the Government Programs in the six months ended June 30, 2021 when compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. In addition, fees for mergers and acquisitions, integration and strategic initiatives increased by $3.0 million and information technology costs increased $1.8 million. Partially offsetting these increases were decreases in bad debt expense of $4.9 million and marketing expenses of $4.0 million.
Adjusted EBITDA
Management considers Adjusted EBITDA to be a measurement of performance which provides useful information to both management and investors. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered an alternative to net income or other measurements under GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA is not calculated identically by all companies and therefore our measurements of Adjusted EBITDA, while defined consistently and in accordance with our historical credit agreement, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
 For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
Adjusted EBITDA:    
Environmental Services$176,041 $176,241 $(200)(0.1)%$316,295 $322,099 $(5,804)(1.8)%
Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions63,314 8,431 54,883 651.0 94,946 32,635 62,311 190.9 
Corporate Items(51,584)(46,406)(5,178)(11.2)(94,019)(90,587)(3,432)(3.8)
Total$187,771 $138,266 $49,505 35.8 %$317,222 $264,147 $53,075 20.1 %
We use Adjusted EBITDA to enhance our understanding of our operating performance, which represents our views concerning our performance in the ordinary, ongoing and customary course of our operations. We historically have found it helpful,
29

and believe that investors have found it helpful, to consider an operating measure that excludes certain expenses relating to transactions not reflective of our core operations.
The information about our operating performance provided by this financial measure is used by our management for a variety of purposes. We regularly communicate Adjusted EBITDA results to our lenders since our loan covenants are based upon levels of Adjusted EBITDA achieved and to our board of directors and we discuss our interpretation of such results with the board. We also compare our Adjusted EBITDA performance against internal targets as a key factor in determining cash and stock bonus compensation for executives and other employees, largely because we believe that this measure is indicative of how the fundamental business is performing and is being managed.
We also provide information relating to our Adjusted EBITDA so that analysts, investors and other interested persons have the same data that we use to assess our core operating performance. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA should be viewed only as a supplement to the GAAP financial information. We also believe, however, that providing this information in addition to, and together with, GAAP financial information permits the users of our financial statements to obtain a better understanding of our core operating performance and to evaluate the efficacy of the methodology and information used by management to evaluate and measure such performance on a standalone and a comparative basis.
The following is a reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the following periods (in thousands, except percentages):
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
 June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
Net income$67,075 $29,023 $88,811 $40,595 
Accretion of environmental liabilities2,873 2,766 5,826 5,327 
Stock-based compensation3,305 2,786 6,785 6,077 
Depreciation and amortization71,592 72,494 143,755 147,027 
Other expense, net1,480 500 2,708 2,865 
Loss on sale of businesses— 184 — 3,258 
Interest expense, net of interest income18,051 18,654 35,969 37,441 
Provision for income taxes23,395 11,859 33,368 21,557 
Adjusted EBITDA$187,771 $138,266 $317,222 $264,147 
As a % of Direct revenues20.3 %19.5 %18.3 %16.8 %
Beginning in the first quarter of 2021, we revised our calculation of reported Adjusted EBITDA to add stock-based compensation, a non-cash item, to other charges which are added back to GAAP net income for purposes of calculating Adjusted EBITDA. We made this change in order to be more consistent with how certain of our peer group companies report their non-GAAP results, to align with how management will evaluate the operating performance of the Company and performance metrics for certain incentive compensation awards to be issued in 2021, and to be consistent with the definition of “Adjusted EBITDA” now used for covenant compliance purposes in our outstanding financing agreements as amended to date. The amount added back each period is expected to match the line item for stock-based compensation as recorded on the Company's GAAP consolidated statements of cash flows. In the future, when we report our results, all relevant prior period Adjusted EBITDA amounts will be recast to provide comparative information.
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Depreciation and Amortization
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
Depreciation of fixed assets and amortization of landfills and finance leases$63,828 $63,656 $172 0.3 %$128,402 $129,021 $(619)(0.5)%
Permits and other intangibles amortization7,764 8,838 (1,074)(12.2)15,353 18,006 (2,653)(14.7)
Total depreciation and amortization$71,592 $72,494 $(902)(1.2)%$143,755 $147,027 $(3,272)(2.2)%
Depreciation and amortization for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased from the comparable periods in 2020 primarily due to certain assets becoming fully amortized.
Provision for Income Taxes
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,2021 over 2020June 30,2021 over 2020
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020$
Change
%
Change
20212020$
Change
%
Change
Provision for income taxes$23,395 $11,859 $11,536 97.3 %$33,368 $21,557 $11,811 54.8 %
Effective tax rate25.9 %29.0 %(3.1)%27.3 %34.7 %(7.4)%
The provision for income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $11.5 million and $11.8 million, respectively, from the comparable periods in 2020, due to an increase in income before provision for income taxes. Our effective tax rates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased by 3.1% and 7.4%, respectively, from the comparable periods in 2020.
In recent years, we have incurred losses in certain Canadian operations and have not recognized tax benefits related to those losses. In the first three months of 2021, certain Canadian operations with valuation allowances generated losses of approximately $5.9 million for which no tax benefit was recognized. Through June 30, 2021, these certain Canadian operations are profitable, primarily due to the employee wage subsidies received in accordance with CEWS and increased operational performance. As a result of the positive second quarter earnings related to these certain Canadian operations and therefore the absence of unbenefited tax losses relative to these Canadian operations, the Company posted an overall lower effective rate of 25.9% for the three months. Additionally, this reduction in unbenefited losses in the six months ended 2021 is also driving the 7.4% improvement in the effective tax rate when compared to 2020.
Liquidity and Capital Resources 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands)20212020
Net cash from operating activities$265,432 $173,486 
Net cash used in investing activities(132,340)(141,685)
Net cash (used in) from financing activities(60,534)47,017 
Net cash from operating activities
Net cash from operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $265.4 million, an increase of $91.9 million from the comparable period in 2020. The increase in operating cash flows from the comparable period of 2020 resulted from greater levels of operating income and improved working capital management in 2021 despite a $31.0 million increase in the amount of cash taxes paid in the six months ended June 30, 2021 when compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. This increase in cash taxes was primarily due to the deferral of federal tax payments from the second quarter of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020 as allowable under COVID relief guidance from the Internal Revenue Service in 2020.
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Net cash used in investing activities
Net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $132.3 million, a decrease of $9.3 million from the comparable period in 2020. The decrease in net cash used in investing activities was most notably due to a $33.7 million reduction in capital expenditure levels in 2021. Capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2020 included the $21.1 million nonrecurring purchase of our corporate headquarters. Offsetting this decrease in capital expenditures is an increase of $14.1 million in cash paid for acquisitions and a reduction of $7.8 million in proceeds from the sale of businesses.
Net cash (used in) from financing activities
Net cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $60.5 million, compared to net cash from financing activities of $47.0 million for the comparable period in 2020. This decrease of $107.6 million was mostly due to $75.0 million of net borrowings from our revolving credit facility during the first six months of 2020 and an increase in repurchases of common stock of $28.1 million during the first six months of 2021. For additional information regarding our financing activities, see Note 11, "Financing Arrangements," to the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements.
Adjusted Free Cash Flow
Management considers adjusted free cash flow to be a measurement of liquidity which provides useful information to both management, creditors and investors about our financial strength and our ability to generate cash. Additionally, adjusted free cash flow is a metric on which a portion of management incentive compensation is based. We define adjusted free cash flow as net cash from operating activities, less additions to property, plant and equipment plus proceeds from sales or disposals of fixed assets. We exclude cash impacts of items derived from non-operating activities such as taxes paid in connection with divestitures and have also excluded cash paid in connection with the purchase of our corporate headquarters and certain capital improvements to the site as these expenditures are considered one-time in nature. Adjusted free cash flow should not be considered an alternative to net cash from operating activities or other measurements under GAAP. Adjusted free cash flow is not calculated identically by all companies, and therefore our measurements of adjusted free cash flow may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
The following is a reconciliation of net cash from operating activities to adjusted free cash flow for the following periods (in thousands):
Six Months Ended
 June 30,
 20212020
Net cash from operating activities$265,432 $173,486 
Additions to property, plant and equipment(91,988)(125,721)
Purchase and capital improvements of corporate headquarters— 21,080 
Proceeds from sale and disposal of fixed assets3,479 3,101 
Adjusted free cash flow$176,923 $71,946 
Summary of Capital Resources including Financing Arrangements
At June 30, 2021, cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities totaled $666.3 million, compared to $571.0 million at December 31, 2020. At June 30, 2021, cash and cash equivalents held by our foreign subsidiaries totaled $135.5 million. The cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities balance for our U.S. operations was $530.8 million at June 30, 2021, and our U.S. operations had net operating cash flows of $268.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. Additionally, we have a $400.0 million revolving credit facility of which, as of June 30, 2021, approximately $287.3 million was available to borrow and letters of credit under the credit facility in the amount of $112.7 million were outstanding. Based on the above and on our current plans, we believe that our operations have and will continue to have adequate financial resources to satisfy current liquidity needs.
Financing arrangements are discussed in Note 11, “Financing Arrangements,” to our unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this report. We assess our liquidity in terms of our ability to generate cash to fund our operating, investing and financing activities. Our primary ongoing cash requirements will be to fund operations, capital expenditures, interest payments and investments in line with our business strategy. We believe our future operating cash flows will be sufficient to meet our future operating and internal investing cash needs. Furthermore, our existing cash balance and the availability of borrowings under our revolving credit facility provide additional potential sources of liquidity should they be required. We continue to monitor our debt instruments and evaluate opportunities where it may be beneficial to refinance or reallocate the portfolio.
32

On August 3, 2021, we signed a definitive agreement to acquire HydroChemPSC, a leading U.S. provider of industrial cleaning, specialty maintenance and utility services, for $1.25 billion. We expect to fund the HPC Acquisition with cash on hand and long-term debt and as such we contemporaneously entered into a commitment letter with Goldman Sachs Bank USA to borrow up to $1.0 billion of term loan debt to fund the HPC Acquisition. We anticipate that our future cash flows provided by operating activities will provide the necessary funds on a short and long term basis to meet our operating cash requirements, including servicing the incremental debt used to fund the HPC Acquisition.
As of June 30, 2021, we were in compliance with the covenants of all our debt agreements, and we believe it is reasonably likely that we will continue to meet such covenants.
Common Stock Repurchases Pursuant to Publicly Announced Plan
The Company's common stock repurchases are made pursuant to the previously authorized board approved plan to repurchase up to $600.0 million of the Company's common stock. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 the Company repurchased and retired a total of approximately 0.2 million and 0.5 million, respectively, of the Company's common stock for total expenditures of approximately $18.9 million and $45.4 million, respectively. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company repurchased and retired a total of approximately 0.3 million of the Company's common stock for total costs of approximately $17.3 million.
Through June 30, 2021, the Company has repurchased and retired a total of approximately 7.6 million shares of its common stock for approximately $435.6 million under this program. As of June 30, 2021, an additional $164.4 million remained available for repurchase of shares under this program.
Environmental Liabilities
(in thousands, except percentages)June 30, 2021December 31, 2020Change% Change
Closure and post-closure liabilities$93,494 $87,926 $5,568 6.3 %
Remedial liabilities112,454 114,813 (2,359)(2.1)
Total environmental liabilities$205,948 $202,739 $3,209 1.6 %
Total environmental liabilities as of June 30, 2021 were $205.9 million, an increase of $3.2 million compared to December 31, 2020, primarily due to accretion of $5.8 million, new liabilities, including those assumed in acquisitions, of $1.8 million and changes in estimates recorded to the consolidated balance sheet of $1.1 million, partially offset by expenditures of $6.6 million.
We anticipate our environmental liabilities, substantially all of which we assumed in connection with our acquisitions, will be payable over many years and that cash flow from operations will generally be sufficient to fund the payment of such liabilities when required. Events not anticipated (such as future changes in environmental laws and regulations) could require that such payments be made earlier or in greater amounts than currently anticipated, which could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flow and financial condition. Conversely, the development of new treatment technologies or other circumstances may arise in the future which may reduce amounts ultimately paid.
Capital Expenditures
Capital expenditures in the first six months of 2021 were $92.0 million as compared to $125.7 million in the same period of 2020. This decrease was primarily due to the nonrecurring purchase of our corporate headquarters in January of 2020. We anticipate that 2021 capital spending, net of disposals, will be in the range of $190.0 million to $210.0 million. We are currently in the process of permitting a new incinerator at our Kimball, Nebraska facility, which we intend to construct with an estimated completion date in early 2025. We are endeavoring upon this project in response to continued increasing demand for disposal outlets of regulated waste materials and we expect the new incinerator to have an annual practical capacity of approximately 70,000 tons. Unanticipated changes in environmental regulations could require us to make significant capital expenditures for our facilities and adversely affect our results of operations and cash flow.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Other than as described below, there were no material changes in the first six months of 2021 to the information provided under the heading “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
33

Goodwill. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment annually as of December 31 or when events or changes in the business environment indicate the carrying value of a reporting unit may exceed its fair value. This review is performed by comparing the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value is less than the carrying amount, a loss is recorded for the excess of the carrying value over the fair value up to the carrying amount of goodwill.
We conducted our annual impairment test of goodwill for all of our reporting units to which goodwill is allocated as of December 31, 2020 and determined that no adjustment to the carrying value of goodwill for any reporting unit was then necessary. As a result of changes in our organizational structure and resulting change in our operating segments discussed above, we concluded that, for purposes of reviewing for potential goodwill impairment, we now have three reporting units. The Environmental Services operating segment has two reporting units consisting of (i) Environmental Sales and Service which includes the legacy Environmental Sales and Service reporting unit and certain operations previously included within Safety-Kleen Environmental Services including the core service offerings of containerized waste, parts washer and vacuum services and (ii) Environmental Facilities, unchanged from prior year. The Safety-Kleen Sustainability Solutions operating segment is a single reporting unit which includes the legacy Safety-Kleen Oil reporting unit and the remaining operations of the legacy Safety-Kleen Environmental Services reporting unit primarily consisting of collection services for waste oil, anti-freeze and used oil filters as well as the sale of bulk blended re-refined oil and other automotive related finished fluid products. The Company allocated goodwill to the newly identified reporting units using a relative fair value approach. In addition, the Company completed an assessment of any potential goodwill impairment for all reporting units immediately prior and subsequent to the reallocation and determined that no impairment existed.

ITEM 3.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 
There were no material changes in the first six months of 2021 to the information provided under Item 7A. “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Based on an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) were effective as of June 30, 2021 to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 or 15d-15 that was conducted during the six months ended June 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
34

CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
PART II—OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
See Note 16, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to the unaudited consolidated financial statements included in Item 1 of this report, which description is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 1A.     RISK FACTORS
In light of signing a definitive agreement to acquire HydroChemPSC ("HPC"), the following supplements and updates Item 1A in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Risks Related to our Proposed Acquisition of HydroChemPSC
The proposed acquisition of HydroChemPSC ("HPC Acquisition") is subject to conditions, some of which are outside of the control of the Company. We cannot assure that the proposed HPC Acquisition will be completed or completed on a timely basis primarily due to the required government approval of this transaction. Failure to complete the HPC Acquisition, or complete it in a timely manner, could have material adverse effects on Clean Harbors.
On August 3, 2021, we entered into a definitive agreement to acquire HydroChemPSC for cash consideration in an amount equal to $1.25 billion, subject to customary purchase price adjustments. We anticipate that the acquisition will close later in 2021. Consummation of the HPC Acquisition will be subject to certain conditions, including, among others, expiration or termination of the applicable Hart-Scott-Rodino antitrust waiting period, the absence of any order, injunction, or other judgment by any governmental authority of competent jurisdiction, and the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the parties. We cannot assure you that the required conditions will be met or that the proposed HPC Acquisition will be completed. In connection with the required approvals, circumstances could arise which would require divestiture of certain assets of HPC, Clean Harbors or some combination thereof. Additionally, in certain circumstances, conditions could arise which may result in the Company paying a termination fee of $50 million. Potential divestitures or termination fees could impact the cash flows and results of operations of the Company.
In connection with our plan to finance a portion of the purchase price above the amount of available cash we plan to use, we will be subject to capital market risks until the closing of the HPC Acquisition-related financing. In addition, we must pay costs related to the HPC Acquisition, including, among others, legal, accounting and financial advisory fees, as well as fees and expenses with respect to the financing commitment we have obtained, whether or not the HPC Acquisition is completed. We also could be subject to litigation related to the failure to complete the HPC Acquisition. These costs, which could increase if the HPC Acquisition is not completed in a timely manner on the conditions discussed above, could have a significant impact on the cash flows and results of operations.

ITEM 2.     UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Common Stock Repurchase Program
The following table provides information with respect to the shares of common stock repurchased by us for the periods indicated.
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased (1)
Average Price Paid Per Share (2)
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
(in thousands) (3)
April 1, 2021 through April 30, 20216,951 $86.15 — $183,306 
May 1, 2021 through May 31, 2021242 88.96 — 183,306 
June 1, 2021 through June 30, 2021204,243 94.32 200,000 164,442 
Total211,436 94.04 200,000 
________________
(1)    Includes 11,436 shares withheld by us from employees to satisfy employee tax obligations upon vesting of restricted stock granted to our employees under the Company's equity incentive plans.
35

(2)    The average price paid per share of common stock repurchased under the stock repurchase program includes the commissions paid to brokers.
(3)    Our board of directors has authorized the repurchase of up to $600.0 million of our common stock. We have funded and intend to fund the repurchases through available cash resources. The stock repurchase program authorizes us to purchase our common stock on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions periodically in a manner that complies with applicable U.S. securities laws. The number of shares purchased and the timing of the purchases has depended and will depend on several factors, including share price, cash required for business plans, trading volume and other conditions. We maintain a repurchase plan in accordance with Rule 10b5-1 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Future repurchases will be made under the Rule 10b5-1 plan as well as open market or privately negotiated transactions as described above. We have no obligation to repurchase stock under this program and may suspend or terminate the repurchase program at any time.

ITEM 3.     DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
    None

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE
    Not applicable

ITEM 5.    OTHER INFORMATION
    None
ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS
Item No. Description Location
31.1  Filed herewith
31.2  Filed herewith
32  Filed herewith
101 Interactive Data Files Pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T: Financial statements from the quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Clean Harbors, Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, formatted in iXBRL (Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss), (iv) Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, (v) Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and (vi) Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements. *
104The cover page from the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, formatted in iXBRL and contained in Exhibit 101.
_______________________
*    Interactive data files are furnished and deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise are not subject to liability under those sections.
36

CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
SIGNATURES
    Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized. 
 CLEAN HARBORS, INC.
 Registrant
 By:/s/ ALAN S. MCKIM
  Alan S. McKim
  Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer
Date:August 4, 2021  
 By:/s/ MICHAEL L. BATTLES
  Michael L. Battles
  Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Date:August 4, 2021 

37