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Citigroup (C)

Filed: 24 Jan 22, 1:25pm

The information in this preliminary pricing supplement is not complete and may be changed. A registration statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. This preliminary pricing supplement and the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus are not an offer to sell these securities, nor are they soliciting an offer to buy these securities, in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JANUARY 24, 2022

Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.

February , 2022

Medium-Term Senior Notes, Series N

Pricing Supplement No. 2022-USNCH[ ]

Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2)

Registration Statement Nos. 333-255302 and 333-255302-03

Autocallable Securities Linked to the Worst Performing of the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF and the S&P 500® Value Index Due February 21, 2025

The securities offered by this pricing supplement are unsecured debt securities issued by Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and guaranteed by Citigroup Inc. Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not pay interest, do not guarantee the repayment of principal at maturity and are subject to potential automatic early redemption on a periodic basis on the terms described below. Your return on the securities will depend solely on the performance of the worst performing of the underlyings specified below.
The securities offer the potential for automatic early redemption at a premium following the first valuation date (other than the final valuation date) on which the closing value of the worst performing underlying on that valuation date is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value. If the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity, the securities will provide for (i) repayment of the stated principal amount plus a premium at maturity if the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value or (ii) repayment of the stated principal amount at maturity, with no premium, if the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is less than its initial underlying value but greater than or equal to its final barrier value specified below. However, if the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity and the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is less than its final barrier value, you will lose 1% of the stated principal amount of your securities for every 1% by which its final underlying value is less than its initial underlying value.
You will be subject to risks associated with each of the underlyings and will be negatively affected by adverse movements in any one of the underlyings. Although you will have downside exposure to the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date, you will not receive dividends with respect to any underlying or participate in any appreciation of any underlying.
Investors in the securities must be willing to accept (i) an investment that may have limited or no liquidity and (ii) the risk of not receiving any payments due under the securities if we and Citigroup Inc. default on our obligations. All payments on the securities are subject to the credit risk of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and Citigroup Inc.
KEY TERMS
Issuer:Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Citigroup Inc.
Guarantee:All payments due on the securities are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.
Underlyings:UnderlyingInitial underlying value*Final barrier value**
 iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF$$
 S&P 500® Value Index
 

*For each underlying, its closing value on the pricing date

**For each underlying, 70.00% of its initial underlying value

Stated principal amount:$1,000 per security
Pricing date:February 15, 2022
Issue date:February 18, 2022
Valuation dates:February 15, 2023, February 15, 2024 and February 18, 2025 (the “final valuation date”), each subject to postponement if such date is not a scheduled trading day or certain market disruption events occur
Maturity date:Unless earlier redeemed, February 21, 2025
Automatic early redemption:If, on any valuation date prior to the final valuation date, the closing value of the worst performing underlying on that valuation date is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value, the securities will be automatically redeemed on the third business day immediately following that valuation date for an amount in cash per security equal to $1,000 plus the premium applicable to that valuation date. If the securities are automatically redeemed following any valuation date prior to the final valuation date, they will cease to be outstanding and you will not receive the premium applicable to any later valuation date.
Payment at maturity:

If the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity, you will receive at maturity for each security you then hold:

§ If the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value: $1,000 + the premium applicable to the final valuation date

§ If the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is less than its initial underlying value but greater than or equal to its final barrier value: $1,000

§ If the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is less than its final barrier value:

$1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying return of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date)

If the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity and the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is less than its final barrier value, you will receive significantly less than the stated principal amount of your securities, and possibly nothing, at maturity.

Listing:The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange
Underwriter:Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (“CGMI”), an affiliate of the issuer, acting as principal
Underwriting fee and issue price:Issue price(1)Underwriting fee(2)Proceeds to issuer(3)
Per security:$1,000.00$2.50$997.50
Total:$$$

(Key Terms continued on next page)

(1) Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. currently expects that the estimated value of the securities on the pricing date will be at least $910.50 per security, which will be less than the issue price. The estimated value of the securities is based on CGMI’s proprietary pricing models and our internal funding rate. It is not an indication of actual profit to CGMI or other of our affiliates, nor is it an indication of the price, if any, at which CGMI or any other person may be willing to buy the securities from you at any time after issuance. See “Valuation of the Securities” in this pricing supplement.

(2) CGMI will receive an underwriting fee of up to $2.50 for each security sold in this offering. The total underwriting fee and proceeds to issuer in the table above give effect to the actual total underwriting fee. For more information on the distribution of the securities, see “Supplemental Plan of Distribution” in this pricing supplement. In addition to the underwriting fee, CGMI and its affiliates may profit from expected hedging activity related to this offering, even if the value of the securities declines. See “Use of Proceeds and Hedging” in the accompanying prospectus.

(3) The per security proceeds to issuer indicated above represent the minimum per security proceeds to issuer for any security, assuming the maximum per security underwriting fee. As noted above, the underwriting fee is variable.

Investing in the securities involves risks not associated with an investment in conventional debt securities. See “Summary Risk Factors” beginning on page PS-7.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of the securities or determined that this pricing supplement and the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus are truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

You should read this pricing supplement together with the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus, which can be accessed via the hyperlinks below:

Product Supplement No. EA-02-09 dated May 11, 2021    Underlying Supplement No. 10 dated May 11, 2021
Prospectus Supplement and Prospectus each dated May 11, 2021

The securities are not bank deposits and are not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency, nor are they obligations of, or guaranteed by, a bank.

 

Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 
KEY TERMS (continued)
Premium:

The premium applicable to each valuation date is the percentage of the stated principal amount indicated below. The premium may be significantly less than the appreciation of any underlying from the pricing date to the applicable valuation date.

 • February 15, 2023:11.50% of the stated principal amount
 • February 15, 2024:23.00% of the stated principal amount
 • February 18, 2025:34.50% of the stated principal amount
Final underlying value:For each underlying, its closing value on the final valuation date
Worst performing underlying:For any valuation date, the underlying with the lowest underlying return determined as of that valuation date
Underlying return:For each underlying on any valuation date, (i) its closing value on that valuation date minus its initial underlying value, divided by (ii) its initial underlying value
CUSIP / ISIN:17330AET5 / US17330AET51

 

PS-2
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Additional Information

 

General. The terms of the securities are set forth in the accompanying product supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus, as supplemented by this pricing supplement. The accompanying product supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus contain important disclosures that are not repeated in this pricing supplement. For example, the accompanying product supplement contains important information about how the closing value of each underlying will be determined and about adjustments that may be made to the terms of the securities upon the occurrence of market disruption events and other specified events with respect to each underlying. The accompanying underlying supplement contains information about the S&P 500® Index, on which the S&P 500® Value Index is ultimately based and information about the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF that is not repeated in this pricing supplement. It is important that you read the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus together with this pricing supplement in deciding whether to invest in the securities. Certain terms used but not defined in this pricing supplement are defined in the accompanying product supplement.

 

Closing Value. The “closing value” of an underlying on any date is (i) in the case of an underlying that is an underlying index, its closing level on such date and (ii) in the case of an underlying that is an underlying ETF, the closing price of its underlying shares on such date, as provided in the accompanying product supplement. The “underlying shares” of an underlying ETF are its shares that are traded on a U.S. national securities exchange. Please see the accompanying product supplement for more information.

 

PS-3
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Hypothetical Payment Upon Automatic Early Redemption

 

The following table illustrates how the amount payable per security upon automatic early redemption will be calculated if the closing value of the worst performing underlying on any valuation date prior to the final valuation date is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value.

 

If the first valuation date on which the closing value of the worst performing underlying on that valuation date is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value is......then you will receive the following payment per security upon automatic early redemption:
February 15, 2023$1,000.00 + applicable premium = $1,000.00 + $115.00 = $1,115.00
February 15, 2024$1,000.00 + applicable premium = $1,000.00 + $230.00 = $1,230.00

 

If, on any valuation date prior to the final valuation date, the closing value of an underlying is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value, but the closing value of the other underlying is less than its initial underlying value, you will not receive the premium indicated above following that valuation date. In order to receive the premium indicated above, the closing value of each underlying on the applicable valuation date must be greater than or equal to its initial underlying value.

 

Payment at Maturity Diagram

 

The diagram below illustrates your payment at maturity of the securities, assuming the securities have not previously been automatically redeemed, for a range of hypothetical underlying returns of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date. Your payment at maturity (if the securities are not earlier automatically redeemed) will be determined based solely on the performance of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date.

 

Investors in the securities will not receive any dividends with respect to the underlyings. The diagram and examples below do not show any effect of lost dividend yield over the term of the securities. See “Summary Risk Factors—You will not receive dividends or have any other rights with respect to the underlyings” below.

 

Payment at Maturity Diagram
n The Securities   n The Worst Performing Underlying on the Final Valuation Date

  

 

PS-4
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Hypothetical Examples of the Payment at Maturity

 

The examples below are intended to illustrate how, if the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity, your payment at maturity will depend on the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date. Your actual payment at maturity per security, if the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity, will depend on the actual final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date. The examples are solely for illustrative purposes, do not show all possible outcomes and are not a prediction of any payment that may be made on the securities.

 

The examples below are based on the following hypothetical values and do not reflect the actual initial underlying values or final barrier values of the underlyings. For the actual initial underlying value and final barrier value of each underlying, see the cover page of this pricing supplement. We have used these hypothetical values, rather than the actual values, to simplify the calculations and aid understanding of how the securities work. However, you should understand that the actual payment at maturity on the securities will be calculated based on the actual initial underlying value and final barrier value of each underlying, and not the hypothetical values indicated below. For ease of analysis, figures below have been rounded.

 

UnderlyingHypothetical initial underlying valueHypothetical final barrier value
iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF$100.00$70.00 (70.00% of its hypothetical initial underlying value)
S&P 500® Value Index100.0070.00 (70.00% of its hypothetical initial underlying value)

 

Example 1—Upside Scenario. The final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is 110.00, resulting in a 10.00% underlying return for the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date. In this example, the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is greater than its initial underlying value.

 

UnderlyingHypothetical final underlying valueHypothetical underlying return
iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF*$110.0010.00%
S&P 500® Value Index120.0020.00%

* Worst performing underlying on the final valuation date

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + the premium applicable to the final valuation date

 

= $1,000 + $345

 

= $1,345

 

In this scenario, because the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is greater than its initial underlying value, you would be repaid the stated principal amount of your securities at maturity plus the premium applicable to the final valuation date.

 

Example 2—Par Scenario. The final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is 85.00, resulting in a -15.00% underlying return for the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date. In this example, the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is less than its initial underlying value but greater than its final barrier value.

 

UnderlyingHypothetical final underlying valueHypothetical underlying return
iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF$100.000.00%
S&P 500® Value Index*85.00-15.00%

* Worst performing underlying on the final valuation date

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000

 

In this scenario, the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date has depreciated from its initial underlying value to its final underlying value so that its final underlying value is less than its initial underlying value but not below its final barrier value. As a result, you would be repaid the stated principal amount of your securities at maturity but would not receive any positive return on your investment.

 

Example 3—Downside Scenario. The final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is 30.00, resulting in a -70.00% underlying return for the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date. In this example, the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is less than its final barrier value.

 

UnderlyingHypothetical final underlying valueHypothetical underlying return
iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF*$30.00-70.00%
S&P 500® Value Index105.005.00%

* Worst performing underlying on the final valuation date

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying return of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date)

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × -70.00%)

 

= $1,000 + -$700.00

 

= $300.00

 

In this scenario, the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date has depreciated from its initial underlying value to its final underlying value and its final underlying value is less than its final barrier value. As a result, your total return at maturity in this scenario would be negative and would reflect 1-to-1 exposure to the negative performance of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date.

 

PS-5
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Summary Risk Factors

 

An investment in the securities is significantly riskier than an investment in conventional debt securities. The securities are subject to all of the risks associated with an investment in our conventional debt securities (guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.), including the risk that we and Citigroup Inc. may default on our obligations under the securities, and are also subject to risks associated with each underlying. Accordingly, the securities are suitable only for investors who are capable of understanding the complexities and risks of the securities. You should consult your own financial, tax and legal advisors as to the risks of an investment in the securities and the suitability of the securities in light of your particular circumstances.

 

The following is a summary of certain key risk factors for investors in the securities. You should read this summary together with the more detailed description of risks relating to an investment in the securities contained in the section “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” beginning on page EA-7 in the accompanying product supplement. You should also carefully read the risk factors included in the accompanying prospectus supplement and in the documents incorporated by reference in the accompanying prospectus, including Citigroup Inc.’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, which describe risks relating to the business of Citigroup Inc. more generally.

 

§You may lose a significant portion or all of your investment. Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not provide for the repayment of the stated principal amount at maturity in all circumstances. If the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity, your payment at maturity will depend on the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date. If the final underlying value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date is less than its final barrier value, you will lose 1% of the stated principal amount of your securities for every 1% by which the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date has declined from its initial underlying value. There is no minimum payment at maturity on the securities, and you may lose up to all of your investment.

 

§Your potential return on the securities is limited. Your potential return on the securities is limited to the applicable premium payable upon automatic early redemption or at maturity, as described on the cover page of this pricing supplement. If the closing value of the worst performing underlying on one of the valuation dates is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value, you will be repaid the stated principal amount of your securities and will receive the fixed premium applicable to that valuation date, regardless of how significantly the closing value of the worst performing underlying on that valuation date may exceed its initial underlying value. Accordingly, any premium may result in a return on the securities that is significantly less than the return you could have achieved on a direct investment in any or all of the underlyings.

 

§The securities do not pay interest. Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not pay interest prior to maturity. You should not invest in the securities if you seek current income during the term of the securities.

 

§The securities are subject to heightened risk because they have multiple underlyings. The securities are more risky than similar investments that may be available with only one underlying. With multiple underlyings, there is a greater chance that any one underlying will perform poorly, adversely affecting your return on the securities.

 

§The securities are subject to the risks of each of the underlyings and will be negatively affected if any one underlying performs poorly. You are subject to risks associated with each of the underlyings. If any one underlying performs poorly, you will be negatively affected. The securities are not linked to a basket composed of the underlyings, where the blended performance of the underlyings would be better than the performance of the worst performing underlying alone. Instead, you are subject to the full risks of whichever of the underlyings is the worst performing underlying.

 

§You will not benefit in any way from the performance of any better performing underlying. The return on the securities depends solely on the performance of the worst performing underlying, and you will not benefit in any way from the performance of any better performing underlying.

 

§You will be subject to risks relating to the relationship between the underlyings. It is preferable from your perspective for the underlyings to be correlated with each other, in the sense that their closing values tend to increase or decrease at similar times and by similar magnitudes. By investing in the securities, you assume the risk that the underlyings will not exhibit this relationship. The less correlated the underlyings, the more likely it is that any one of the underlyings will perform poorly over the term of the securities. All that is necessary for the securities to perform poorly is for one of the underlyings to perform poorly. It is impossible to predict what the relationship between the underlyings will be over the term of the securities. The underlyings differ in significant ways and, therefore, may not be correlated with each other.

 

§The securities may be automatically redeemed prior to maturity, limiting the term of the securities. If the closing value of the worst performing underlying on any valuation date (other than the final valuation date) is greater than or equal to its initial underlying value, the securities will be automatically redeemed. If the securities are automatically redeemed following any valuation date prior to the final valuation date, they will cease to be outstanding and you will not receive the premium applicable to any later valuation date. Moreover, you may not be able to reinvest your funds in another investment that provides a similar yield with a similar level of risk.

 

§The securities offer downside exposure to the worst performing underlying, but no upside exposure to any underlying. You will not participate in any appreciation in the value of any underlying over the term of the securities. Consequently, your return on the securities will be limited to the applicable premium payable upon an automatic early redemption or at maturity and may be significantly less than the return on any underlying over the term of the securities.

 

§You will not receive dividends or have any other rights with respect to the underlyings. You will not receive any dividends with respect to the underlyings. This lost dividend yield may be significant over the term of the securities. The payment scenarios described in this pricing supplement do not show any effect of such lost dividend yield over the term of the securities. In addition, you will not have voting rights or any other rights with respect to the underlyings or the stocks included in the underlyings.

 

PS-6
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 
§The performance of the securities will depend on the closing values of the underlyings solely on the valuation dates, which makes the securities particularly sensitive to volatility in the closing values of the underlyings on or near the valuation dates. Whether the securities will be automatically redeemed prior to maturity will depend on the closing values of the underlyings solely on the valuation dates (other than the final valuation date), regardless of the closing values of the underlyings on other days during the term of the securities. If the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity, what you receive at maturity will depend solely on the closing value of the worst performing underlying on the final valuation date, and not on any other day during the term of the securities. Because the performance of the securities depends on the closing values of the underlyings on a limited number of dates, the securities will be particularly sensitive to volatility in the closing values of the underlyings on or near the valuation dates. You should understand that the closing value of each underlying has historically been highly volatile.

 

§The securities are subject to the credit risk of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and Citigroup Inc. If we default on our obligations under the securities and Citigroup Inc. defaults on its guarantee obligations, you may not receive anything owed to you under the securities.

 

§The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange and you may not be able to sell them prior to maturity. The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange. Therefore, there may be little or no secondary market for the securities. CGMI currently intends to make a secondary market in relation to the securities and to provide an indicative bid price for the securities on a daily basis. Any indicative bid price for the securities provided by CGMI will be determined in CGMI’s sole discretion, taking into account prevailing market conditions and other relevant factors, and will not be a representation by CGMI that the securities can be sold at that price, or at all. CGMI may suspend or terminate making a market and providing indicative bid prices without notice, at any time and for any reason. If CGMI suspends or terminates making a market, there may be no secondary market at all for the securities because it is likely that CGMI will be the only broker-dealer that is willing to buy your securities prior to maturity. Accordingly, an investor must be prepared to hold the securities until maturity.

 

§The estimated value of the securities on the pricing date, based on CGMI’s proprietary pricing models and our internal funding rate, is less than the issue price. The difference is attributable to certain costs associated with selling, structuring and hedging the securities that are included in the issue price. These costs include (i) any selling concessions or other fees paid in connection with the offering of the securities, (ii) hedging and other costs incurred by us and our affiliates in connection with the offering of the securities and (iii) the expected profit (which may be more or less than actual profit) to CGMI or other of our affiliates in connection with hedging our obligations under the securities. These costs adversely affect the economic terms of the securities because, if they were lower, the economic terms of the securities would be more favorable to you. The economic terms of the securities are also likely to be adversely affected by the use of our internal funding rate, rather than our secondary market rate, to price the securities. See “The estimated value of the securities would be lower if it were calculated based on our secondary market rate” below.

 

§The estimated value of the securities was determined for us by our affiliate using proprietary pricing models. CGMI derived the estimated value disclosed on the cover page of this pricing supplement from its proprietary pricing models. In doing so, it may have made discretionary judgments about the inputs to its models, such as the volatility of, and correlation between, the closing values of the underlyings, dividend yields on the underlyings and interest rates. CGMI’s views on these inputs may differ from your or others’ views, and as an underwriter in this offering, CGMI’s interests may conflict with yours. Both the models and the inputs to the models may prove to be wrong and therefore not an accurate reflection of the value of the securities. Moreover, the estimated value of the securities set forth on the cover page of this pricing supplement may differ from the value that we or our affiliates may determine for the securities for other purposes, including for accounting purposes. You should not invest in the securities because of the estimated value of the securities. Instead, you should be willing to hold the securities to maturity irrespective of the initial estimated value.

 

§The estimated value of the securities would be lower if it were calculated based on our secondary market rate. The estimated value of the securities included in this pricing supplement is calculated based on our internal funding rate, which is the rate at which we are willing to borrow funds through the issuance of the securities. Our internal funding rate is generally lower than our secondary market rate, which is the rate that CGMI will use in determining the value of the securities for purposes of any purchases of the securities from you in the secondary market. If the estimated value included in this pricing supplement were based on our secondary market rate, rather than our internal funding rate, it would likely be lower. We determine our internal funding rate based on factors such as the costs associated with the securities, which are generally higher than the costs associated with conventional debt securities, and our liquidity needs and preferences. Our internal funding rate is not an interest rate that is payable on the securities.

 

Because there is not an active market for traded instruments referencing our outstanding debt obligations, CGMI determines our secondary market rate based on the market price of traded instruments referencing the debt obligations of Citigroup Inc., our parent company and the guarantor of all payments due on the securities, but subject to adjustments that CGMI makes in its sole discretion. As a result, our secondary market rate is not a market-determined measure of our creditworthiness, but rather reflects the market’s perception of our parent company’s creditworthiness as adjusted for discretionary factors such as CGMI’s preferences with respect to purchasing the securities prior to maturity.

 

§The estimated value of the securities is not an indication of the price, if any, at which CGMI or any other person may be willing to buy the securities from you in the secondary market. Any such secondary market price will fluctuate over the term of the securities based on the market and other factors described in the next risk factor. Moreover, unlike the estimated value included in this pricing supplement, any value of the securities determined for purposes of a secondary market transaction will be based on our secondary market rate, which will likely result in a lower value for the securities than if our internal funding rate were used. In addition, any secondary market price for the securities will be reduced by a bid-ask spread, which may vary depending on the aggregate stated principal amount of the securities to be purchased in the secondary market transaction, and the expected cost of unwinding related hedging transactions. As a result, it is likely that any secondary market price for the securities will be less than the issue price.

 

PS-7
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 
§The value of the securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on many unpredictable factors. The value of your securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on the closing values of the underlyings, the volatility of, and correlation between, the closing values of the underlyings, dividend yields on the underlyings, interest rates generally, the time remaining to maturity and our and Citigroup Inc.’s creditworthiness, as reflected in our secondary market rate, among other factors described under “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities—Risk Factors Relating to All Securities—The value of your securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on many unpredictable factors” in the accompanying product supplement. Changes in the closing values of the underlyings may not result in a comparable change in the value of your securities. You should understand that the value of your securities at any time prior to maturity may be significantly less than the issue price.

 

§Immediately following issuance, any secondary market bid price provided by CGMI, and the value that will be indicated on any brokerage account statements prepared by CGMI or its affiliates, will reflect a temporary upward adjustment. The amount of this temporary upward adjustment will steadily decline to zero over the temporary adjustment period. See “Valuation of the Securities” in this pricing supplement.

 

§The iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF is subject to risks associated with small capitalization stocks. The stocks that constitute the index underlying the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF are issued by companies with relatively small market capitalization. The stock prices of smaller companies may be more volatile than stock prices of large capitalization companies. These companies tend to be less well-established than large market capitalization companies. Small capitalization companies may be less able to withstand adverse economic, market, trade and competitive conditions relative to larger companies. Small capitalization companies are less likely to pay dividends on their stocks, and the presence of a dividend payment could be a factor that limits downward stock price pressure under adverse market conditions.

 

§The investment strategy represented by the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF may not be successful. The iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF seeks to track the investment results, before fees and expenses, of an index composed of small-capitalization U.S. equities that exhibit value characteristics, which is currently the Russell 2000® Value Index. The Russell 2000® Value Index measures the capitalization-weighted performance of the stocks included in the Russell 2000® Index that are determined by the sponsor of the Russell 2000® Value Index to be value oriented, with lower price-to-book ratios and lower forecasted and historical growth. The basic principle of a value investment strategy is to invest in stocks that are determined to be relatively cheap or “undervalued” under the assumption that the value of such stocks will increase over time as the market recognizes and reflects those stocks’ “fair” market value. However, stocks that are considered value stocks may fail to appreciate for extended periods of time, and may never realize their full potential value. In addition, stocks that are considered to be value oriented may have lower growth potential than other securities. Moreover, the selection methodology for the Russell 2000® Value Index includes a significant bias against stocks with strong growth characteristics. Even if a value strategy with respect to the stocks included in the Russell 2000® Index would generally be successful, the manner in which the Russell 2000® Value Index implements its strategy may prove to be unsuccessful. The methodology of the Russell 2000® Value Index has set parameters to determine whether a stock should be considered a “value” stock. The Russell 2000® Value Index’s parameters may not effectively implement its value strategy, and there can be no assurance that it will select stocks that are value oriented, that the Russell 2000® Value Index’s methodology will not underperform any alternative implementation of such a strategy, or that the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF will outperform any other exchange-traded fund or any index or strategy that tracks U.S. stocks selected using other criteria. Stocks that are considered to be value oriented may have lower growth potential than other securities, which may cause the price of the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF to decrease over the term of the securities. Accordingly, the investment strategy represented by the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF may not be successful, and your investment in the securities may result in a loss. An investment in the securities may also provide a return that is less than an investment linked to the Russell 2000® Index as a whole.

 

§The Investment Strategy Represented By The S&P 500® Value Index May Not Be Successful. The underlying is designed to measure the full performance of companies included in the S&P 500® Index that exhibit relatively strong value characteristics (determined by reference to (1) book-value-to-price ratio, (2) earnings-to-price ratio and (3) sales-to-price ratio) and relatively weak growth characteristics (determined by reference to earnings-per-share growth, sales-per-share growth and upward share price momentum) and a portion of the performance of companies with more balanced value and growth characteristics (where greater weight is allocated to companies with relatively stronger value characteristics and relatively weaker growth characteristics). There is, however, no assurance that the underlying will outperform any other index or strategy that tracks U.S. stocks selected using other criteria. A “value” investment strategy is premised on the goal of investing in stocks that are determined to be relatively cheap or “undervalued” under the assumption that the value of those stocks will increase over time as the market comes to reflect the “fair” market value of those stocks. However, the value characteristic referenced by the underlying may not be accurate predictors of undervalued stocks, and there is no guarantee that undervalued stocks will appreciate. In addition, the underlying’s selection methodology includes a significant bias against stocks with strong growth characteristics, and stocks with strong growth characteristics might outperform stocks with weak growth characteristics. It is possible that the stock selection methodology of the underlying will adversely affect its return and, consequently, the values of the underlying and the securities.

 

§The Investment Strategy Represented By The S&P 500® Value Index May Not Be Successful. The underlying is designed to measure the full performance of companies included in the S&P 500® Index that exhibit relatively strong value characteristics (determined by reference to (1) book-value-to-price ratio, (2) earnings-to-price ratio and (3) sales-to-price ratio) and relatively weak growth characteristics (determined by reference to earnings-per-share growth, sales-per-share growth and upward share price momentum) and a portion of the performance of companies with more balanced value and growth characteristics (where greater weight is allocated to companies with relatively stronger value characteristics and relatively weaker growth characteristics). There is, however, no assurance that the underlying will outperform any other index or strategy that tracks U.S. stocks selected using other criteria. A “value” investment strategy is premised on the goal of investing in stocks that are determined to be relatively cheap or “undervalued” under the assumption that the value of those stocks will increase over time as the market comes to reflect the “fair” market value of those stocks. However, the value characteristic referenced by the underlying may not be accurate predictors of undervalued stocks, and there is no guarantee that undervalued stocks will appreciate. In addition, the underlying’s selection methodology includes a significant bias against stocks with

 

PS-8
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

strong growth characteristics, and stocks with strong growth characteristics might outperform stocks with weak growth characteristics. It is possible that the stock selection methodology of the underlying will adversely affect its return and, consequently, the values of the underlying and the securities.

 

§Our offering of the securities is not a recommendation of any underlying. The fact that we are offering the securities does not mean that we believe that investing in an instrument linked to the underlyings is likely to achieve favorable returns. In fact, as we are part of a global financial institution, our affiliates may have positions (including short positions) in the underlyings or in instruments related to the underlyings, and may publish research or express opinions, that in each case are inconsistent with an investment linked to the underlyings. These and other activities of our affiliates may affect the closing values of the underlyings in a way that negatively affects the value of and your return on the securities.

 

§The closing value of an underlying may be adversely affected by our or our affiliates’ hedging and other trading activities. We expect to hedge our obligations under the securities through CGMI or other of our affiliates, who may take positions in the underlyings or in financial instruments related to the underlyings and may adjust such positions during the term of the securities. Our affiliates also take positions in the underlyings or in financial instruments related to the underlyings on a regular basis (taking long or short positions or both), for their accounts, for other accounts under their management or to facilitate transactions on behalf of customers. These activities could affect the closing values of the underlyings in a way that negatively affects the value of and your return on the securities. They could also result in substantial returns for us or our affiliates while the value of the securities declines.

 

§We and our affiliates may have economic interests that are adverse to yours as a result of our affiliates’ business activities. Our affiliates engage in business activities with a wide range of companies. These activities include extending loans, making and facilitating investments, underwriting securities offerings and providing advisory services. These activities could involve or affect the underlyings in a way that negatively affects the value of and your return on the securities. They could also result in substantial returns for us or our affiliates while the value of the securities declines. In addition, in the course of this business, we or our affiliates may acquire non-public information, which will not be disclosed to you.

 

§The calculation agent, which is an affiliate of ours, will make important determinations with respect to the securities. If certain events occur during the term of the securities, such as market disruption events and other events with respect to an underlying, CGMI, as calculation agent, will be required to make discretionary judgments that could significantly affect your return on the securities. In making these judgments, the calculation agent’s interests as an affiliate of ours could be adverse to your interests as a holder of the securities. See “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities—Risk Factors Relating to All Securities—The calculation agent, which is an affiliate of ours, will make important determinations with respect to the securities” in the accompanying product supplement.

 

§In the case of an underlying that is an underlying ETF, even if the underlying pays a dividend that it identifies as special or extraordinary, no adjustment will be required under the securities for that dividend unless it meets the criteria specified in the accompanying product supplement. In general, an adjustment will not be made under the terms of the securities for any cash dividend paid by the underlying unless the amount of the dividend per share, together with any other dividends paid in the same quarter, exceeds the dividend paid per share in the most recent quarter by an amount equal to at least 10% of the closing value of that underlying on the date of declaration of the dividend. Any dividend will reduce the closing value of the underlying by the amount of the dividend per share. If the underlying pays any dividend for which an adjustment is not made under the terms of the securities, holders of the securities will be adversely affected. See “Description of the Securities—Certain Additional Terms for Securities Linked to an Underlying Company or an Underlying ETF—Dilution and Reorganization Adjustments—Certain Extraordinary Cash Dividends” in the accompanying product supplement.

 

§In the case of an underlying that is an underlying ETF, the securities will not be adjusted for all events that may have a dilutive effect on or otherwise adversely affect the closing value of the underlying. For example, we will not make any adjustment for ordinary dividends or extraordinary dividends that do not meet the criteria described above, partial tender offers or additional underlying share issuances. Moreover, the adjustments we do make may not fully offset the dilutive or adverse effect of the particular event. Investors in the securities may be adversely affected by such an event in a circumstance in which a direct holder of the underlying shares of the underlying would not.

 

§In the case of an underlying that is an underlying ETF, the securities may become linked to an underlying other than the original underlying upon the occurrence of a reorganization event or upon the delisting of the underlying shares of that original underlying. For example, if the underlying enters into a merger agreement that provides for holders of its underlying shares to receive shares of another entity and such shares are marketable securities, the closing value of that underlying following consummation of the merger will be based on the value of such other shares. Additionally, if the underlying shares of the underlying are delisted, the calculation agent may select a successor underlying. See “Description of the Securities—Certain Additional Terms for Securities Linked to an Underlying Company or an Underlying ETF” in the accompanying product supplement.

 

§In the case of the underlying that is an underlying ETF, the value and performance of the underlying shares of the underlying may not completely track the performance of the underlying index that the underlying seeks to track or the net asset value per share of the underlying. In the case of the underlying that is an underlying ETF, the underlying does not fully replicate the underlying index that it seeks to track and may hold securities different from those included in its underlying index. In addition, the performance of the underlying will reflect additional transaction costs and fees that are not included in the calculation of its underlying index. All of these factors may lead to a lack of correlation between the performance of the underlying and its underlying index. In addition, corporate actions with respect to the equity securities held by the underlying (such as mergers and spin-offs) may impact the variance between the performance of the underlying and its underlying index. Finally, because the underlying shares are traded on an exchange and are subject to market supply and investor demand, the closing value of the underlying may differ from the net asset value per share of the underlying.

 

PS-9
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

During periods of market volatility, securities included in the underlying’s underlying index may be unavailable in the secondary market, market participants may be unable to calculate accurately the net asset value per share of the underlying and the liquidity of the underlying may be adversely affected. This kind of market volatility may also disrupt the ability of market participants to create and redeem shares of the underlying. Further, market volatility may adversely affect, sometimes materially, the price at which market participants are willing to buy and sell the underlying shares. As a result, under these circumstances, the closing value of the underlying may vary substantially from the net asset value per share of the underlying. For all of the foregoing reasons, the performance of the underlying may not correlate with the performance of its underlying index and/or its net asset value per share, which could materially and adversely affect the value of the securities and/or reduce your return on the securities.

 

§Changes that affect the underlyings may affect the value of your securities. The sponsors of the underlyings may at any time make methodological changes or other changes in the manner in which they operate that could affect the values of the underlyings. We are not affiliated with any such underlying sponsor and, accordingly, we have no control over any changes any such sponsor may make. Such changes could adversely affect the performance of the underlyings and the value of and your return on the securities.

 

§The U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the securities are unclear. There is no direct legal authority regarding the proper U.S. federal tax treatment of the securities, and we do not plan to request a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”). Consequently, significant aspects of the tax treatment of the securities are uncertain, and the IRS or a court might not agree with the treatment of the securities as prepaid forward contracts. If the IRS were successful in asserting an alternative treatment of the securities, the tax consequences of the ownership and disposition of the securities might be materially and adversely affected. Even if the treatment of the securities as prepaid forward contracts is respected, a security may be treated as a “constructive ownership transaction,” with potentially adverse consequences described below under “United States Federal Tax Considerations.” Moreover, future legislation, Treasury regulations or IRS guidance could adversely affect the U.S. federal tax treatment of the securities, possibly retroactively.

 

If you are a non-U.S. investor, you should review the discussion of withholding tax issues in “United States Federal Tax Considerations—Non-U.S. Holders” below.

 

You should read carefully the discussion under “United States Federal Tax Considerations” and “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” in the accompanying product supplement and “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in this pricing supplement. You should also consult your tax adviser regarding the U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the securities, as well as tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

 

PS-10
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Information About the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF

 

The iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF is an exchange-traded fund that seeks to provide investment results, before expenses, that generally correspond to the performance of the Russell 2000® Value Index. The Russell 2000® Value Index measures the performance of equity securities of issuers included in the Russell 2000® Index (which is designed to track the small-capitalization sector of the U.S. equity market) with lower price-to-book ratios and lower forecasted growth relative to all issuers included in the Russell 2000® Index. The iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF is an investment portfolio managed by iShares® Trust. BlackRock Fund Advisors is the investment advisor to the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF. iShares® Trust is a registered investment company that consists of numerous separate investment portfolios, including the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF.

 

Information provided to or filed with the SEC by iShares® Trust pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, can be located by reference to SEC file numbers 333-92935 and 811-09729, respectively, through the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. In addition, information may be obtained from other sources including, but not limited to, press releases, newspaper articles and other publicly disseminated documents. The underlying shares of the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF trade on the NYSE Arca under the ticker symbol “IWN.”

 

We have derived all information regarding the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF from publicly available information and have not independently verified any information regarding the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF. This pricing supplement relates only to the securities and not to the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF. We make no representation as to the performance of the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF over the term of the securities.

 

The securities represent obligations of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. (guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.) only. The sponsor of the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF is not involved in any way in this offering and has no obligation relating to the securities or to holders of the securities.

 

Historical Information

 

The closing value of the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF on January 20, 2022 was $156.74.

 

The graph below shows the closing value of the iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF for each day such value was available from January 3, 2012 to January 20, 2022. We obtained the closing values from Bloomberg L.P., without independent verification. You should not take historical closing values as an indication of future performance.

 

iShares® Russell 2000 Value ETF – Historical Closing Values
January 3, 2012 to January 20, 2022

  

 

PS-11
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Information About the S&P 500® Value Index

 

The S&P 500® Value Index is designed to measure the full performance of companies included in the S&P 500® Index that exhibit relatively strong value characteristics (determined by reference to (1) book-value-to-price ratio, (2) earnings-to-price ratio and (3) sales-to-price ratio) and relatively weak growth characteristics (determined by reference to earnings-per-share growth, sales-per-share growth and upward share price momentum) and a portion of the performance of companies with more balanced value and growth characteristics (where greater weight is allocated to companies with relatively stronger value characteristics and relatively weaker growth characteristics). It is calculated and maintained by S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC.

 

Please refer to the section “Annex A – The S&P 500® Value Index” below for additional information.

 

We have derived all information regarding the S&P 500® Value Index from publicly available information and have not independently verified any information regarding the S&P 500® Value Index. This pricing supplement relates only to the securities and not to the S&P 500® Value Index. We make no representation as to the performance of the S&P 500® Value Index over the term of the securities.

 

The securities represent obligations of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. (guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.) only. The sponsor of the S&P 500® Value Index is not involved in any way in this offering and has no obligation relating to the securities or to holders of the securities.

 

Historical Information

 

The closing value of the S&P 500® Value Index on January 20, 2022 was 1,519.32369.

 

The graph below shows the closing value of the S&P 500® Value Index for each day such value was available from January 3, 2012 to January 20, 2022. We obtained the closing values from Bloomberg L.P., without independent verification. You should not take historical closing values as an indication of future performance.

 

S&P 500® Value Index – Historical Closing Values
January 3, 2012 to January 20, 2022

  

 

PS-12
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

United States Federal Tax Considerations

 

You should read carefully the discussion under “United States Federal Tax Considerations” and “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” in the accompanying product supplement and “Summary Risk Factors” in this pricing supplement.

 

In the opinion of our counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, a security should be treated as a prepaid forward contract for U.S. federal income tax purposes. By purchasing a security, you agree (in the absence of an administrative determination or judicial ruling to the contrary) to this treatment. There is uncertainty regarding this treatment, and the IRS or a court might not agree with it. Moreover, our counsel’s opinion is based on market conditions as of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement and is subject to confirmation on the pricing date.

 

Assuming this treatment of the securities is respected and subject to the discussion in “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement, the following U.S. federal income tax consequences should result under current law:

 

·You should not recognize taxable income over the term of the securities prior to maturity, other than pursuant to a sale or exchange.

 

·Upon a sale or exchange of a security (including retirement at maturity), you should recognize gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount realized and your tax basis in the security. Subject to the discussion below concerning the potential application of the “constructive ownership” rules under Section 1260 of the Code, any gain or loss recognized upon a sale, exchange or retirement of a security should be long-term capital gain or loss if you held the security for more than one year.

 

Even if the treatment of the securities as prepaid forward contracts is respected, your purchase of a security may be treated as entry into a “constructive ownership transaction,” within the meaning of Section 1260 of the Code. In that case, all or a portion of any long-term capital gain you would otherwise recognize in respect of your securities would be recharacterized as ordinary income to the extent such gain exceeded the “net underlying long-term capital gain.” Any long-term capital gain recharacterized as ordinary income under Section 1260 would be treated as accruing at a constant rate over the period you held your securities, and you would be subject to an interest charge in respect of the deemed tax liability on the income treated as accruing in prior tax years. Due to the lack of governing authority under Section 1260, our counsel is not able to opine as to whether or how Section 1260 applies to the securities. You should read the section entitled “United States Federal Tax Considerations—Tax Consequences to U.S. Holders—Securities Treated as Prepaid Forward Contracts—Possible Application of Section 1260 of the Code” in the accompanying product supplement for additional information and consult your tax adviser regarding the potential application of the “constructive ownership” rule.

 

We do not plan to request a ruling from the IRS regarding the treatment of the securities. An alternative characterization of the securities could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of ownership and disposition of the securities, including the timing and character of income recognized. In addition, the U.S. Treasury Department and the IRS have requested comments on various issues regarding the U.S. federal income tax treatment of “prepaid forward contracts” and similar financial instruments and have indicated that such transactions may be the subject of future regulations or other guidance. Furthermore, members of Congress have proposed legislative changes to the tax treatment of derivative contracts. Any legislation, Treasury regulations or other guidance promulgated after consideration of these issues could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of an investment in the securities, possibly with retroactive effect. You should consult your tax adviser regarding possible alternative tax treatments of the securities and potential changes in applicable law.

 

Non-U.S. Holders. Subject to the discussions below and in “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement, if you are a Non-U.S. Holder (as defined in the accompanying product supplement) of the securities, you generally should not be subject to U.S. federal withholding or income tax in respect of any amount paid to you with respect to the securities, provided that (i) income in respect of the securities is not effectively connected with your conduct of a trade or business in the United States, and (ii) you comply with the applicable certification requirements.

 

As discussed under “United States Federal Tax Considerations—Tax Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders” in the accompanying product supplement, Section 871(m) of the Code and Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder (“Section 871(m)”) generally impose a 30% withholding tax on dividend equivalents paid or deemed paid to Non-U.S. Holders with respect to certain financial instruments linked to U.S. equities (“U.S. Underlying Equities”) or indices that include U.S. Underlying Equities. Section 871(m) generally applies to instruments that substantially replicate the economic performance of one or more U.S. Underlying Equities, as determined based on tests set forth in the applicable Treasury regulations. However, the regulations, as modified by an IRS notice, exempt financial instruments issued prior to January 1, 2023 that do not have a “delta” of one. Based on the terms of the securities and representations provided by us as of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement, our counsel is of the opinion that the securities should not be treated as transactions that have a “delta” of one within the meaning of the regulations with respect to any U.S. Underlying Equity and, therefore, should not be subject to withholding tax under Section 871(m). However, the final determination regarding the treatment of the securities under Section 871(m) will be made as of the pricing date for the securities, and it is possible that the securities will be subject to withholding tax under Section 871(m) based on the circumstances as of that date.

 

A determination that the securities are not subject to Section 871(m) is not binding on the IRS, and the IRS may disagree with this treatment. Moreover, Section 871(m) is complex and its application may depend on your particular circumstances, including your other transactions. You should consult your tax adviser regarding the potential application of Section 871(m) to the securities.

 

If withholding tax applies to the securities, we will not be required to pay any additional amounts with respect to amounts withheld.

 

You should read the section entitled “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement. The preceding discussion, when read in combination with that section, constitutes the full opinion of Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP regarding the material U.S. federal tax consequences of owning and disposing of the securities.

 

You should also consult your tax adviser regarding all aspects of the U.S. federal income and estate tax consequences of an investment in the securities and any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

 

PS-13
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Supplemental Plan of Distribution

 

CGMI, an affiliate of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and the underwriter of the sale of the securities, is acting as principal and will receive an underwriting fee of up to $2.50 for each security sold in this offering. The actual underwriting fee will be equal to the selling concession provided to selected dealers, as described in this paragraph. From this underwriting fee, CGMI will pay selected dealers not affiliated with CGMI a variable selling concession of up to $2.50 for each security they sell. For the avoidance of doubt, any fees or selling concessions described in this pricing supplement will not be rebated if the securities are automatically redeemed prior to maturity.

 

See “Plan of Distribution; Conflicts of Interest” in the accompanying product supplement and “Plan of Distribution” in each of the accompanying prospectus supplement and prospectus for additional information.

 

Valuation of the Securities

 

CGMI calculated the estimated value of the securities set forth on the cover page of this pricing supplement based on proprietary pricing models. CGMI’s proprietary pricing models generated an estimated value for the securities by estimating the value of a hypothetical package of financial instruments that would replicate the payout on the securities, which consists of a fixed-income bond (the “bond component”) and one or more derivative instruments underlying the economic terms of the securities (the “derivative component”). CGMI calculated the estimated value of the bond component using a discount rate based on our internal funding rate. CGMI calculated the estimated value of the derivative component based on a proprietary derivative-pricing model, which generated a theoretical price for the instruments that constitute the derivative component based on various inputs, including the factors described under “Summary Risk Factors—The value of the securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on many unpredictable factors” in this pricing supplement, but not including our or Citigroup Inc.’s creditworthiness. These inputs may be market-observable or may be based on assumptions made by CGMI in its discretionary judgment.

 

The estimated value of the securities is a function of the terms of the securities and the inputs to CGMI’s proprietary pricing models. As of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement, it is uncertain what the estimated value of the securities will be on the pricing date because it is uncertain what the values of the inputs to CGMI’s proprietary pricing models will be on the pricing date.

 

For a period of approximately three months following issuance of the securities, the price, if any, at which CGMI would be willing to buy the securities from investors, and the value that will be indicated for the securities on any brokerage account statements prepared by CGMI or its affiliates (which value CGMI may also publish through one or more financial information vendors), will reflect a temporary upward adjustment from the price or value that would otherwise be determined. This temporary upward adjustment represents a portion of the hedging profit expected to be realized by CGMI or its affiliates over the term of the securities. The amount of this temporary upward adjustment will decline to zero on a straight-line basis over the three-month temporary adjustment period. However, CGMI is not obligated to buy the securities from investors at any time. See “Summary Risk Factors—The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange and you may not be able to sell them prior to maturity.”

 

© 2022 Citigroup Global Markets Inc. All rights reserved. Citi and Citi and Arc Design are trademarks and service marks of Citigroup Inc. or its affiliates and are used and registered throughout the world.

 

PS-14
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Annex A
Description of the S&P 500® Value Index

 

We have derived all information contained in this pricing supplement regarding the underlying, including, without limitation, its make-up, method of calculation and changes in its components, from publicly available information, without independent verification. This information reflects the policies of, and is subject to change by, S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC (“S&P Dow Jones”). The underlying is calculated, maintained and published by S&P Dow Jones. S&P Dow Jones has no obligation to continue to publish, and may discontinue the publication of, the underlying.

 

The underlying is reported by Bloomberg, L.P. under the ticker symbol “SVX.”

 

The underlying is a subset of the S&P 500® Index and is a float-adjusted market-capitalization weighted index. S&P Dow Jones allocates the complete float-adjusted market capitalization of the companies included in the S&P 500® Index between the underlying and the S&P 500® Growth Index (the “Growth Index”) based on an assessment of those companies’ respective value and growth characteristics. The market capitalization of companies exhibiting the strongest value characteristics relative to their respective growth characteristics is allocated to the underlying (approximately 33% of the market capitalization of the S&P 500® Index), and the market capitalization of companies exhibiting the strongest growth characteristics relative to their respective value characteristics (approximately 33% of the market capitalization of the S&P 500® Index) is allocated to the Growth Index. The market capitalization of the remaining companies included in the S&P 500® Index is split between the underlying and the Growth Index, with more of the market capitalization of companies exhibiting stronger value characteristics relative to their respective growth characteristics being allocated to the underlying and more of the market capitalization of companies exhibiting the stronger growth characteristics relative to their respective value characteristics being allocated to the Growth Index.

 

The S&P 500® Index consists of stocks of 500 companies selected to provide a performance benchmark for the U.S. equity markets. For more information about the S&P 500® Index, see “Equity Index Descriptions—The S&P U.S. Indices” in the accompanying underlying supplement.

 

Underlying Construction

 

The underlying is derived from its parent index, the S&P 500® Index. The underlying cannot have a constituent that is not also a member of the S&P 500® Index.

 

Style Factors. The Growth Index and the underlying (the “Style Indices”) measure growth and value along two separate dimensions, with three factors each used to measure growth and value. The list of factors used is outlined in the table below.

 

Growth FactorsValue Factors
Three-year change in earnings per share (excluding extra items) over price per shareBook value to price ratio
Three-year sales per share growth rateEarnings to price ratio
Momentum (12-month % price change)Sales to price ratio

 

·If earnings from three years prior are not available, two-year change in earnings per share (excluding extra items) over price per share is used. If earnings from two years prior are not available, one-year change in earnings per share (excluding extra items) over price per share is used. If earnings from one year prior are not available, the factor is set equal to zero. If the starting values is less than zero, the score is multiplied by a factor of negative 1.

 

·If sales from three years prior are not available, two-year sales per share growth rate is used. If sales from two years prior are not available, one-year sales per share growth rate is used. If sales from one year prior are not available, the factor is set equal to zero. If the starting values is less than zero, the score is multiplied by a factor of negative 1.

 

·If there is not enough trading history to calculate 12-month momentum then the momentum factor is calculated from the stock’s listing date.

 

·If book value to price ratio, earnings to price ratio, or sales to price ratio is not available then such factor is set equal to zero.

 

Style Scores. Raw values for each of the above factors are calculated by S&P Dow Jones for each company in the S&P Total Market Index universe. The S&P Total Market Index is a float-adjusted, market-capitalization weighted index designed to track the broad U.S. equity market, including large-, mid-, small- and micro-cap stocks.

 

These raw values are first “winsorized” (a statistical tool used to minimize the influence of outliers in data) to the 90th percentile and then standardized by dividing the difference between each company’s raw score and the mean of the entire set by the standard deviation of the entire set. A “growth score” for each company is computed as the average of the standardized values of the three growth factors. Similarly, a “value

 

PS-15
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

score” for each company is computed as the average of the standardized values of the three value factors. At the end of this step each company has a growth score and a value score.

 

Establishing Style Baskets. Companies within the S&P 500® Index are then ranked based on their growth and value scores. A company with a high growth score would have a higher “growth rank”, while a company with a low value score would have a lower “value rank.” For example, the S&P 500® Index constituent with the highest value score would have a value rank of 1, while the constituent with the lowest value score would have a value rank of 500.

 

The companies within the S&P 500® Index are then sorted in ascending order by the ratio their growth rank to their value rank. The companies at the top of the list have a higher growth rank (or higher growth score) and a lower value rank (or lower value score) and, therefore, exhibit pure growth characteristics. The companies at the top of the list, comprising 33% of the total index market capitalization, are included in the “growth basket.”

 

The companies at the bottom of the list have a higher value rank (or higher value score) and a lower growth rank (or lower growth score) and, therefore, exhibit pure value characteristics. The companies at the bottom of the list, comprising 33% of the total index market capitalization, are included in the “value basket.”

 

The companies in the middle of the list have similar growth ranks and value ranks and, therefore, exhibit neither pure growth nor pure value characteristics. The companies in the middle of the list, comprising 34% of the total index market capitalization, are included in the “blended basket.”

 

Growth and Value Indices. The style baskets described above are the starting points for the Style Indices’ construction. 100% of the float market capitalization of a company in the value basket is assigned to the underlying, and 100% of the float market capitalization of a company in the growth basket is assigned to the Growth Index.

 

The middle 34% of float market capitalization consists of companies that have similar growth and value ranks. The market capitalization of these companies that are in the blended basket is distributed between the underlying and the Growth Index based on their distances from the midpoint of the growth basket and the midpoint of the value basket. The midpoint of each style basket is calculated as the average of value scores and growth scores of all companies in that style basket.

 

Based on back-tested results, the total market capitalization is approximately equally divided among the Growth Index and the underlying. However, there is no mathematical procedure employed to force equal market capitalization for the Growth Index and Index, since price movements of constituent stocks would result in inequality immediately following any reconstitution. Therefore, the future allocation of the market capitalization to the Style Indices may not be equal.

 

The underlying is calculated following S&P Dow Jones’ modified market capitalization-weighted, divisor-based index methodology. Corporate actions and index changes are implemented in the same manner as for other market capitalization-weighted indices. See “Equity Index Descriptions—The S&P U.S. Indices” in the accompanying underlying supplement for additional information.

 

Maintenance of the Underlying

 

Rebalancing. The underlying is rebalanced once a year in December. The rebalancings occur after the close on the third Friday of December. The reference date for growth and value expressions is after the close of the last trading date of the previous month.

 

Style scores, float market-capitalization weights and growth and value midpoint averages are reset only once a year at the December rebalancing.

 

Other changes to the underlying are made on an as-needed basis, following the guidelines of the S&P 500® Index. Changes in response to corporate actions and market developments can be made at any time. Constituent changes are typically announced for the S&P 500® Index two-to-five days before they are scheduled to be implemented.

 

Corporate Actions and Other Adjustments

 

S&P 500® Index ActionAdjustment Made to the UnderlyingDivisor Adjustment?
   
Constituent ChangeIf the index constituent being dropped is a member of the underlying, it is removed from such index. The replacement stock will then be added to either the underlying or the Growth Index (or both) based on its growth/value rank, and S&P Dow Jones will announce the percent of float market capitalization of the replacement stock to be added to the underlying and the Growth Index via its index corporate events report. The percent of float market capitalization of the constituent in each Style Index for the replacement stock is calculated using GICS industry-level averages for stocks outside the S&P Composite 1500 index other than spin-offs, and such percentage will be based on old values for inter-index moves.Yes

   

 

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Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 
S&P 500® Index ActionAdjustment Made to the UnderlyingDivisor Adjustment?
   
Share Changes Between Quarterly Share AdjustmentsShare count follows the S&P 500® Index share count.Yes
   
Quarterly Share ChangesShare count follows the S&P 500® Index share count. In addition, the new percent of float market capitalization in the underlying and the Growth Index changes for all constituent stocks at the December rebalancing. These will be pre-announced in a manner similar to quarterly share changes.Yes
   
Spin-offIndex membership follows the S&P 500® Index. The “child stock” is assigned the same percent of float market capitalization in each Style Index as its “parent stock.”No

 

See “Equity Index Descriptions—The S&P U.S. Indices” in the accompanying underlying supplement for the treatment of other corporate actions.

 

Index Governance

 

The Americas Thematic and Strategy Index Committee (the “Index Committee”) maintains the underlying. All members of the underlying Committee are full-time professional members of S&P Dow Jones’ staff. The underlying Committee meets regularly. At each meeting, the underlying Committee may review pending corporate actions that may affect constituents of the underlying, statistics comparing the composition of the underlying to the market, companies that are being considered as candidates for addition to the underlying and any significant market events. In addition, the underlying Committee may revise index policy covering rules for selecting companies, treatment of dividends, share counts or other matters.

 

License Agreement

 

S&P Dow Jones and Citigroup Global Markets Inc. have entered into a non-exclusive license agreement providing for the license to Citigroup Inc. and its other affiliates, in exchange for a fee, of the right to use the S&P 500® Value Index in connection with certain financial products, including the securities. “Standard & Poor’s,” “S&P” and “S&P 500” are trademarks of S&P. “Dow Jones” is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings, LLC (“Dow Jones”). Trademarks have been licensed to S&P Dow Jones and have been licensed for use by Citigroup Inc. and its affiliates.

 

The license agreement between S&P Dow Jones and Citigroup Global Markets Inc. provides that the following language must be stated in this pricing supplement:

 

“The securities are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by S&P Dow Jones, Dow Jones, S&P or their respective affiliates (collectively, “S&P Dow Jones Indices”). S&P Dow Jones Indices make no representation or warranty, express or implied, to the holders of the securities or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in the securities particularly. S&P Dow Jones Indices’ only relationship to Citigroup Inc. and its affiliates (other than transactions entered into in the ordinary course of business) is the licensing of certain trademarks, trade names and service marks of S&P Dow Jones Indices and of the S&P U.S. Indices, which are determined, composed and calculated by S&P Dow Jones Indices without regard to Citigroup Inc., its affiliates or the securities. S&P Dow Jones Indices have no obligation to take the needs of Citigroup Inc., its affiliates or the holders of the securities into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the S&P U.S. Indices. S&P Dow Jones Indices are not responsible for and have not participated in the determination of the timing of, prices at or quantities of the securities to be issued or in the determination or calculation of the equation by which the securities are to be converted into cash. S&P Dow Jones Indices have no obligation or liability in connection with the administration, marketing or trading of the securities.”

 

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