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HGTXU Hugoton Royalty Trust

Filed: 9 Aug 19, 3:02pm
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period endedJune 30, 2019

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number:1-10476

 

 

Hugoton Royalty Trust

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Texas 58-6379215

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

c/o The Corporate Trustee:

Simmons Bank

2911 Turtle Creek Blvd, Suite 850

Dallas, Texas 75219

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(855)588-7839

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

NONE

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if change since last report)

 

Title of each class

 

Trading symbol

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Units of Beneficial Interest HGTXU OTCQX

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ☑            No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of RegulationS-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes  ☐            No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, anon-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company 
   Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ☐            No  ☑

Indicate the number of units of beneficial interest outstanding, as of the latest practicable date:

Outstanding as of August 1, 2019

40,000,000

 

 

 


Table of Contents

HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

FORM10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2019

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

   Page 

Glossary of Terms

   3 
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION    

Item 1.    Financial Statements (Unaudited)

   4 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   5 

Condensed Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus at June  30, 2019 and December 31, 2018

   7 

Condensed Statements of Distributable Income for the Three and Six Months Ended June  30, 2019 and 2018

   8 

Condensed Statements of Changes in Trust Corpus for the Three and Six Months Ended June  30, 2019 and 2018

   9 

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

   10 

Item  2.    Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis

   15 

Item  3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

   21 

Item 4.    Controls and Procedures

   21 
PART II.   OTHER INFORMATION    

Item 1.    Legal Proceedings

   22 

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

   22 

Item 6.    Exhibits

   22 

Signatures

   23 

 

 

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HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

The following are definitions of significant terms used in this Form10-Q:

 

Bbl

Barrel (of oil)

 

Mcf

Thousand cubic feet (of natural gas)

 

MMBtu

One million British Thermal Units, a common energy measurement

 

net proceeds

Gross proceeds received by XTO Energy from sale of production from the underlying properties, less applicable costs, as defined in the net profits interest conveyances.

 

net profits income

Net proceeds multiplied by the net profits percentage of 80%, which is paid to the Trust by XTO Energy. “Net profits income” is referred to as “royalty income” for income tax purposes.

 

net profits interest

An interest in an oil and gas property measured by net profits from the sale of production, rather than a specific portion of production. The following defined net profits interests were conveyed to the Trust from the underlying properties:

80% net profits interests - interests that entitle the Trust to receive 80% of the net proceeds from the underlying properties.

 

underlying properties

XTO Energy’s interest in certain oil and gas properties from which the net profits interests were conveyed. The underlying properties include working interests in predominantlygas-producing properties located in Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming.

 

working interest

An operating interest in an oil and gas property that provides the owner a specified share of production that is subject to all production expense and development costs.

 

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HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

PART I- FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

The condensed financial statements included herein are presented, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although the Trustee believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Trust’s latest Annual Report on Form10-K. In the opinion of the Trustee, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the assets, liabilities and trust corpus of the Hugoton Royalty Trust at June 30, 2019 and the distributable income and changes in trust corpus for the three-month andsix-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 have been included. Distributable income for such interim periods is not necessarily indicative of the distributable income for the full year. The condensed financial statements as of June 30, 2019, and for the three-month andsix-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 have been subjected to a review by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, the Trust’s independent registered public accounting firm, whose report is included herein.

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Unitholders of Hugoton Royalty Trust and

Simmons Bank, Trustee:

Results of Review of Interim Financial Statements

We have reviewed the accompanying condensed statement of assets, liabilities and trust corpus of Hugoton Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) as of June 30, 2019, and the related condensed statements of distributable income and of changes in trust corpus for the three-month andsix-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “interim financial statements”). Based on our reviews, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying interim financial statements for them to be in conformity with the modified cash basis of accounting described in Note 1.

We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the statements of assets, liabilities and trust corpus as of December 31, 2018, and the related statements of distributable income and of changes in trust corpus for the year then ended (not presented herein), and in our report dated March 29, 2019, which included a paragraph describing the modified cash basis of accounting and a paragraph regarding substantial doubt about the Trust’s ability to continue as a going concern, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed statement of assets, liabilities and trust corpus as of December 31, 2018, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the statements of assets, liabilities and trust corpus from which it has been derived.

Basis for Review Results

These interim financial statements are the responsibility of the Trust’s management. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Trust in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB. We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

Substantial Doubt about the Company’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

The accompanying interim financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Trust will continue as a going concern. Note 2 of the Trust’s audited financial statements as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and for the years then ended, includes a statement that substantial doubt exists about the Trust’s ability to continue as a going concern. Note 2 of the Trust’s audited financial statements also discloses the events and conditions, management’s evaluation of the events and conditions, and management’s plans regarding these matters, including the fact that a reduction in net profits income as a result of excess costs have led to a decline to the expense reserve available to the Trust for the payment of its obligations. Our report on those financial statements includes a paragraph referring to the matters in Note 2 of those financial statements. As indicated in Note 1 of the accompanying interim financial statements, as of June 30, 2019, and for the three-months andsix-months then ended, the events and conditions impacting the Trust have

 

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not changed, and as a result, the Trust has stated that substantial doubt exists about the Trust’s ability to continue as a going concern. The accompanying interim financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Basis of Accounting

As described in Note 1, these financial statements were prepared on the modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Dallas, TX

August 9, 2019

 

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HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

 

Condensed Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus(Unaudited)

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 

ASSETS

    

Cash and short-term investments

  $1,071,199   $1,128,157 

Net profits interests in oil and gas properties—net (Note 1)

   15,681,533    15,816,990 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $16,752,732    $16,945,147 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS

    

Distribution payable to unitholders

  $—     $—   

Expense reserve(a)

   1,071,199    1,128,157 

Trust corpus (40,000,000 units of beneficial interest authorized and outstanding)

   15,681,533 ��  15,816,990 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $16,752,732    $16,945,147 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a)

The expense reserve allows the Trustee to pay its obligations should it be unable to pay them out of the net profits income.

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

 

Condensed Statements of Distributable Income (Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30
  Six Months Ended
June 30
 
   2019   2018  2019  2018 

Net profits income

  $238,725   $—    $369,458  $1,590,949 

Interest income

   5,632    6,457   11,912   9,755 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total income

   244,357    6,457   381,370   1,600,704 

Administration expense

   146,636    358,657   438,328   660,455 

Cash reserves withheld (used) for Trust expenses

   97,721    (352,200  (56,958  570,209 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Distributable income

  $—     $—    $—    $370,040 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Distributable income per unit (40,000,000 units)

  $0.000000   $0.000000  $0.000000  $0.009251 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

 

Condensed Statements of Changes in Trust Corpus(Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30
   Six Months Ended
June 30
 
   2019  2018   2019  2018 

Trust corpus, beginning of period

  $15,773,557  $15,816,990   $15,816,990  $16,379,749 

Amortization of net profits interests

   (92,024  —      (135,457  (562,759

Distributable income

   —     —      —     370,040 

Distributions declared

   —     —      —     (370,040
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Trust corpus, end of period

  $15,681,533  $15,816,990   $15,681,533  $15,816,990 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

 

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements(Unaudited)

 

1.

Basis of Accounting

The financial statements of Hugoton Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) are prepared on the following basis and are not intended to present financial position and results of operations in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”):

 

 -

Net profits income recorded for a month is the amount computed and paid by XTO Energy Inc., the owner of the underlying properties, to Simmons Bank, as trustee (the “Trustee”) for the Trust. XTO Energy is a wholly owned subsidiary of Exxon Mobil Corporation. Net profits income consists of net proceeds received by XTO Energy from the underlying properties in the prior month, multiplied by a net profits percentage of 80%.

 

 -

Costs deducted in the calculation of net proceeds for the 80% net profits interests generally include applicable taxes, transportation, marketing and legal costs, production expense, development costs, operating charges and other costs.

 

 -

Net profits income is computed separately for each of the three conveyances under which the net profits interests were conveyed to the Trust. If monthly costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, such excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net proceeds from the other conveyances.

 

 -

Interest income and distribution payable to unitholders include interest earned on the previous month’s investment.

 

 -

Trust expenses are recorded based on liabilities paid and cash reserves established by the Trustee for liabilities and contingencies.

 

 -

Distributions to unitholders are recorded when declared by the Trustee.

The Trust’s financial statements differ from those prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP because revenues are recognized when received rather than accrued in the month of production, expenses are recognized when paid rather than when incurred and certain cash reserves may be established by the Trustee for contingencies which would not be recorded under U.S. GAAP. This comprehensive basis of accounting other than U.S. GAAP corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, as specified by Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 12:E, Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts.

Most accounting pronouncements apply to entities whose financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, directing such entities to accrue or defer revenues and expenses in a period other than when such revenues were received or expenses were paid. Because the Trust’s financial statements are prepared on the modified cash basis, as described above, most accounting pronouncements are not applicable to the Trust’s financial statements.

 

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Impairment of Net Profits Interest

The Trustee reviews the Trust’s net profits interests (“NPI”) in oil and gas properties for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the NPI may not be recoverable. In general, the Trustee does not view temporarily low prices as an indication of impairment. The markets for crude oil and natural gas have a history of significant price volatility and though prices will occasionally drop significantly, industry prices over the long term will continue to be driven by market supply and demand. If events and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable, the Trustee would use the estimated undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI to evaluate the recoverability of the Trust assets. If the undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI are less than the NPI carrying value, the Trust would recognize an impairment loss for the difference between the NPI carrying value and the estimated fair value of the NPI. The determination as to whether the NPI is impaired requires a significant amount of judgment by the Trustee and is based on the best information available to the Trustee at the time of the evaluation. During the second quarter of 2019, excess costs on properties attributable to the NPI have continued to accumulate. The Trustee has considered the accumulation of these excess costs as part of its monitoring process and has concluded that there have been no events or changes in circumstances to indicate the carrying value of the NPI may not be recoverable, and there was no impairment of the NPI as of June 30, 2019.

Net profits interests in oil and gas properties

The initial carrying value of the net profits interests of $247,066,951 represents XTO Energy’s historical net book value for the interests on December 1, 1998, the date of the transfer to the Trust. During the second quarter 2016, the carrying value of the NPI was written down to its fair value of $28,801,000, resulting in an impairment of $57,306,527 charged directly to trust corpus. Amortization of the net profits interests is calculated on aunit-of-production basis and charged directly to trust corpus. Accumulated amortization was $174,078,891 as of June 30, 2019 and $173,943,434 as of December 31, 2018.

Liquidity and Going Concern

The accompanying condensed financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Trust will continue as a going concern. Financial statements prepared on a going concern basis assume the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. Increases in excess costs for the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming conveyances have resulted in no net proceeds to the Trust for the last nine months of 2018 and a reduction in the Trust’s expense reserve. In March through May of 2019, the Trust received net profits income from the Wyoming conveyance in an amount that covered all of the Trust’s administrative expenses and allowed for a partial replenishment of the expense reserve, but there were no funds to distribute to unitholders. The net profits income in these months are not necessarily indicative of future cash inflows for the next 12 months. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Trust’s ability to continue as a going concern as the Trust may not have, based on the current estimated administrative expenses, sufficient cash to meet its obligations during the one year period after the date the condensed financial statements are issued. Factors attributable to the potential cash shortage are primarily the previously disclosed increase in the 2018 development budget to include drilling costs of four horizontal wells in Major County, Oklahoma ($19.6 million net to the Trust) which have created an excess cost position on the Oklahoma conveyance. Additionally, excess cost positions on the Kansas and Wyoming conveyances have resulted in no net proceeds to the Trust for 2018. The Trustee has prepared a preliminary budget estimating the administrative expenses for the next 12 months which assumes no cash inflow from either net profits income or from other sources. This budget estimates that the expense reserve will be depleted by approximately April 2020. If either income or expenses differ from the assumptions in the Trustee’s preliminary

 

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budget, this date may be sooner or later than the estimate. Both the Trustee and XTO Energy believe the Trust could obtain additional financing, including by borrowing under one or more debt instruments, in an amount sufficient to pay its obligations for the next year. This outcome would ensure that the Trust could continue as a going concern; however, there is no assurance that such additional financing could be obtained. If the Trust obtains debt financing, any funds borrowed must be repaid in full, including accrued interest, before distributions to unitholders could be made. The Trust’s condensed financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

2.

Development Costs

The following summarizes actual development costs, development costs deducted in the calculation of net profits income, and the cumulative actual costs compared to the amount deducted for the underlying properties:

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30
   Six Months Ended
June 30
 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 

Cumulative actual costs under (over) the amount deducted - beginning of period

  $14,470,117   $527,598   $13,913,191   $537,144 

Actual costs

   (12,364,038   (1,448,486   (20,230,631   (2,298,032

Budgeted / actual costs deducted

   31,031    6,562,500    8,454,550    7,402,500 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cumulative actual costs under (over) the amount deducted - end of period

  $2,137,110   $5,641,612   $2,137,110   $5,641,612 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The monthly deduction is based on the current level of development expenditures, budgeted future development costs and the cumulative actual costs under (over) previous deductions. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that actual development costs for properties underlying the Kansas and Wyoming net profits interests were charged to the Trust as incurred. XTO has advised the Trustee that actual development costs for the properties underlying the Oklahoma net profits interests were charged to the previously accrued development budget through the end of the quarter. Subsequent to June 30, 2019, XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that the budgeted development cost accrual was fully depleted as of the July 2019 distribution. XTO Energy also had previously advised the Trustee that once the accrual was fully depleted, development costs will be charged to the Trust as they are incurred for all conveyances. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that drilling in Major County, Oklahoma is complete and resulted in cost overruns due to unforeseen expenditures that will be charged to the Trust subsequent to the second quarter of 2019. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that 2019 budgeted development costs for the underlying properties are between $2 million and $4 million. The 2019 budget year generally coincides with the Trust distribution months from April 2019 through March 2020. Changes in oil or natural gas prices could impact future development plans on the underlying properties. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that this monthly deduction will continue to be evaluated and revised as necessary.

 

3.

Income Taxes

For federal income tax purposes, the Trust constitutes a fixed investment trust that is taxed as a grantor trust. A grantor trust is not subject to tax at the trust level. Accordingly, no provision for income taxes has been made in the financial statements. The unitholders are considered to own the Trust’s income and principal as though no trust were in existence. The income of the Trust is deemed to have been received or accrued by each unitholder at the time such income is received or accrued by the Trust and not when distributed by the Trust. Impairments recorded for book purposes will not result in a loss for tax purposes for the unitholders until the loss is recognized.

 

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All revenues from the Trust are from sources within Kansas, Oklahoma or Wyoming. Because it distributes all of its net income to unitholders, the Trust has not been taxed at the trust level in Kansas or Oklahoma. While the Trust has not owed tax, the Trustee is generally required to file Kansas and Oklahoma income tax returns reflecting the income and deductions of the Trust attributable to properties located in each state, along with a schedule that includes information regarding distributions to unitholders. However, the Trust does not expect to file a Kansas income tax return for the 2019 tax year because it expects to have no revenues, income or deductions in 2019 attributable to properties located in Kansas. The Trust did not file a Kansas income tax return for the 2018 and 2017 tax years for the same reason.

Wyoming does not impose a state income tax.

The Trust could potentially be required to bear a portion of the legal settlement costs arising from theChieftain settlement. For information on contingencies, including theChieftainclass action, see Note 4 to Condensed Financial Statements. In the event that the Trust is determined to be responsible for such costs, XTO will deduct the costs in its calculation of the net profits income payable to the Trust from the applicable net profits interests. Thus, for unitholders, the legal settlement costs will be reflected through a reduction in net profits income received from the Trust and thus in a reduction in the gross royalty income reported by and taxable to the unitholders. In the event that the Trustee objects to such claimed reductions, the Trustee may also incur legal fees in representing the Trust’s interests. For unitholders, such costs would be reflected through an increase in the Trust’s administrative expenses, which would be deductible by unitholders in determining the net royalty income from the Trust.

Each unitholder should consult his or her own tax advisor regarding income tax requirements, if any, applicable to such person’s ownership of Trust units.

Unitholders should consult the Trust’s latest annual report on Form10-K for a more detailed discussion of federal and state tax matters.

 

4.

Contingencies

Litigation

Royalty Class Action and Arbitration

As previously disclosed, XTO Energy advised the Trustee that it reached a settlement with the plaintiffs in theChieftain class action royalty case. On July 27, 2018 the final plan of allocation was approved by the court. Based on the final plan of allocation XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it believes approximately $24.3 million in additional production costs should be allocated to the Trust. On May 2, 2018, the Trustee submitted a demand for arbitration seeking a declaratory judgment that theChieftain settlement is not a production cost and that XTO Energy is prohibited from charging the settlement as a production cost under the conveyance or otherwise reducing the Trust’s payments now or in the future as a result of theChieftain litigation. The hearing on the claims related to theChieftain settlement has been scheduled for October 7, 2019. Other Trustee claims related to disputed amounts on the computation of the Trust’s net proceeds for 2014 through 2016 were bifurcated from the issues regarding XTO’s right to charge theChieftain settlement as a production cost and will be heard at a later date, which is still to be determined.

 

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If the approximately $24.3 million allocated portion of theChieftainsettlement results in an adjustment to the Trust’s share of net proceeds, it would result in additional excess costs under the Oklahoma conveyance that would likely result in no distributions under the Oklahoma conveyance for several years, or more depending on the results of operations of the underlying properties, while these additional excess costs are recovered.

Other Lawsuits and Governmental Proceedings

Certain of the underlying properties are involved in various other lawsuits and governmental proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that, based on the information available at this stage of the various proceedings, it does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these claims will have a material effect on the financial position or liquidity of the Trust, but may have an effect on annual distributable income.

Other

Several states have enacted legislation requiring state income tax withholding from payments made to nonresident recipients of oil and gas proceeds. After consultation with its tax counsel, the Trustee believes that it is not required to withhold on payments made to the unitholders. However, regulations are subject to change by the various states, which could change this conclusion. Should amounts be withheld on payments made to the Trust or the unitholders, distributions to the unitholders would be reduced by the required amount, subject to the filing of a claim for refund by the Trust or unitholders for such amount.

 

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5.

Excess Costs

If monthly costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, such excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net proceeds from other conveyances.

The following summarizes excess costs activity, cumulative excess costs balance and accrued interest to be recovered by conveyance:

 

   Underlying 
   KS   OK   WY   Total 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 12/31/18

  $896,578   $15,576,231   $1,336,456   $17,809,265 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 3/31/19

   13,547    5,391,871    (1,336,456   4,068,962 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 6/30/19

   148,644    69,876    176,518    395,038 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 6/30/19

   1,058,769    21,037,978    176,518    22,273,265 

Accrued interest at 6/30/19

   191,456    127,211    —      318,667 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total remaining to be recovered at 6/30/19

  $1,250,225   $21,165,189   $176,518   $22,591,932 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

   NPI 
   KS   OK   WY   Total 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 12/31/18

  $717,263   $12,460,985   $1,069,165   $14,247,413 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 3/31/19

   10,837    4,313,496    (1,069,165   3,255,168 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 6/30/19

   118,915    55,901    141,214    316,030 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 6/30/19

   847,015    16,830,382    141,214    17,818,611 

Accrued interest at 6/30/19

   153,165    101,769    —      254,934 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total remaining to be recovered at 6/30/19

  $1,000,180   $16,932,151   $141,214   $18,073,545 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

For the quarter ended June 30, 2019, lower revenues in relation to costs resulted in net excess costs on properties underlying the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming net profits interests.

Underlying cumulative excess costs for the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming conveyances remaining as of June 30, 2019 totaled $22.6 million, including accrued interest of $0.3  million.

Item 2. Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Trustee’s discussion and analysis contained in the Trust’s 2018 Annual Report on Form10-K, as well as the condensed financial statements and notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form10-Q. The Trust’s Annual Report on Form10-K, quarterly reports on Form10-Q, current reports on Form8-K and all amendments to those reports are available on the Trust’s web site atwww.hgt-hugoton.com.

 

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Distributable Income

Quarter

For the quarter ended June 30, 2019, net profits income was $238,725 as compared to $0 for second quarter 2018. This increase in net profits income is primarily the result of decreased development costs ($5.2 million) and higher gas prices ($1.6 million), partially offset by net excess costs activity ($3.8 million), decreased oil and gas production ($1.3 million), increased production expenses ($0.7 million), increased taxes, transportation and other costs ($0.4 million), lower oil prices ($0.2 million), and increased overhead ($0.2 million). See “Net Profits Income” below.

After adding interest income of $5,632, deducting administration expense of $146,636, and partially replenishing $97,721 of the expense reserve to pay Trust expenses, distributable income for the quarter ended June 30, 2019 was $0, or $0.000000 per unit of beneficial interest. Administration expense for the quarter decreased $212,021 as compared to the prior year quarter, primarily related to the timing of receipt and payment of Trust expenses and terms of professional services. Changes in interest income are attributable to fluctuations in net profits income and interest rates. For second quarter 2018, distributable income was $0 or $0.000000 per unit.

Distributions to unitholders for the quarter ended June 30, 2019 were:

 

Record Date

  

Payment Date

  

Distribution

per Unit

April 30, 2019

  May 14, 2019  $0.000000

May 31, 2019

  June 14, 2019    0.000000

June 28, 2019

  July 15, 2019  

  0.000000

    

$0.000000

Six Months

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, net profits income was $369,458 compared with $1,590,949 for the same 2018 period. This decrease in net profits income is primarily the result of decreased oil and gas production ($3.1 million), increased taxes, transportation and other costs ($1.0 million), increased development costs ($0.8 million), net excess costs activity ($0.7 million), lower oil prices ($0.4 million) and increased production expenses ($0.2 million), partially offset by higher gas prices ($4.5 million), and decreased overhead ($0.5 million). See “Net Profits Income” below.

After adding interest income of $11,912, deducting administration expense of $438,328, and utilizing $56,958 of the expense reserve to pay Trust expenses, distributable income for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $0, or $0.000000 per unit of beneficial interest. Administration expense for the six months ended June 30, 2019 decreased $222,127 as compared to the same 2018 period, primarily related to the timing of receipt and payment of Trust expenses and terms of professional services. Changes in interest income are attributable to fluctuations in net profits income and interest rates. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, distributable income was $370,040 or $0.009251 per unit.

 

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Net Profits Income

Net profits income is recorded when received by the Trust, which is the month following receipt by XTO Energy, and generally two months after oil and gas production. Net profits income is generally affected by three major factors:

 

 -

oil and gas sales volumes,

 

 -

oil and gas sales prices, and

 

 -

costs deducted in the calculation of net profits income.

 

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The following is a summary of the calculation of net profits income received by the Trust:

 

   Three Months
Ended June 30(a)
  Increase
(Decrease)
 Six Months
Ended June 30(a)
  Increase
(Decrease)
   2019  2018  2019  2018 

Sales Volumes

       

Gas (Mcf)(b)

       

Underlying properties

   2,695,225   3,093,456   (13%)   5,470,824   6,391,491   (14%) 

Average per day

   30,283   34,758   (13%)   30,226   35,312   (14%) 

Net profits interests

   74,418   —        109,541   447,961   (76%) 

Oil (Bbls)(b)

       

Underlying properties

   34,503   41,092   (16%)   72,142   81,143   (11%) 

Average per day

   388   462   (16%)   399   448   (11%) 

Net profits interests

   154   —        249   7,627   (97%) 

Average Sales Prices

       

Gas (per Mcf)

  $3.30  $2.64   25 $3.69  $2.81   31

Oil (per Bbl)

  $55.45  $60.85   (9%)  $52.82  $58.39   (10%) 

Revenues

       

Gas sales

  $8,889,206  $8,166,178   9 $20,188,931  $17,948,650   12

Oil sales

   1,913,213   2,500,491   (23%)   3,810,592   4,738,067   (20%) 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

Total Revenues

   10,802,419   10,666,669   1  23,999,523   22,686,717   6
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

Costs

       

Taxes, transportation and other

   2,489,626   1,989,179   25  5,255,889   3,951,752   33

Production expense

   5,239,369   4,399,392   19  9,126,951   8,839,870   3

Development costs(c)

   31,031   6,562,500   (100%)   8,454,550   7,402,500   14

Overhead

   3,139,024   2,887,885   9  5,125,502   5,780,751   (11%) 

Excess costs(d)

   (395,038  (5,172,287  (92%)   (4,425,192  (5,276,842  (16%) 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

Total Costs

   10,504,012   10,666,669   (2%)   23,537,700   20,698,031   14
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  
       

Net Proceeds

   298,407   —        461,823   1,988,686   (77%) 

Net Profits Percentage

   80%   80%    80%   80%  
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

Net Profits Income

  $238,725  $—       $369,458  $1,590,949   (77%) 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

(a)

Because of thetwo-month interval between time of production and receipt of net profits income by the Trust, (1) gas and oil sales for the quarter ended June 30 generally represent production for the period February through April and (2) gas and oil sales for the six months ended June 30 generally represent production for the period November through April.

 

(b)

Gas and oil sales volumes are allocated to the net profits interests by dividing Trust net cash inflows by average sales prices. As gas and oil prices change, the Trust’s allocated production volumes are impacted as the quantity of production necessary to cover expenses changes inversely with price. As such, the underlying property production volume changes may not correlate with the Trust’s allocated production volumes in any given period. Therefore, comparative discussion of gas and oil sales volumes is based on the underlying properties.

 

(c)

See Note 2 to Condensed Financial Statements.

 

(d)

See Note 5 to Condensed Financial Statements.

 

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The following are explanations of significant variances on the underlying properties from second quarter 2018 to second quarter 2019 and from the first six months of 2018 to the comparable period in 2019:

Sales Volumes

Gas

Gas sales volumes decreased 13% for second quarter and 14% for thesix-month period as compared with the same 2018 periods primarily due to natural production decline, timing of cash receipts and change to account for a portion of gas sales as residue that were previously accounted for at the wellhead. This change does not affect the net profits income received by the Trust.

Oil

Oil sales volumes decreased 16% for second quarter and 11% for thesix-month period as compared with the same 2018 periods primarily due to natural production decline and the timing of cash receipts.

The estimated rate of natural production decline on the underlying oil and gas properties is approximately 6% to 8% a year.

Sales Prices

Gas

The second quarter 2019 average gas price was $3.30 per Mcf, a 25% increase from the second quarter 2018 average gas price of $2.64 per Mcf. For thesix-month period, the average gas price increased 31% to $3.69 per Mcf in 2019 from $2.81 per Mcf in 2018. The second quarter 2019 gas price is primarily related to production from February through April 2019, when the average NYMEX price was $2.84 per MMBtu.

Oil

The second quarter 2019 average oil price was $55.45 per Bbl, a 9% decrease from the second quarter 2018 average oil price of $60.85 per Bbl. Theyear-to-date average oil price decreased 10% to $52.82 per Bbl in 2019 from $58.39 per Bbl in 2018. The second quarter 2019 oil price is primarily related to production from February through April 2019, when the average NYMEX price was $58.98 per Bbl.

Costs

Taxes, Transportation and Other

Taxes, transportation and other costs increased 25% for the second quarter and 33% for thesix-month period primarily because certain adjustments previously included in gas sales revenue are now recorded in this line item.

Production Expense

Production expense increased 19% for the second quarter primarily because of reporting of expense well work activity previously reported in development costs and other higher operating expenses across all conveyances. Production expense increased 3% for thesix-month period primarily because of reporting of expense well work activity previously reported in development costs, partially offset by lower labor costs due to timing of charges.

 

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Table of Contents

Development Costs

Development costs deducted are based on the current level of development expenditures, budgeted future development costs and the cumulative actual costs under (over) previous deductions. These development costs decreased 100% for the second quarter and increased 14% for thesix-month period. Subsequent to June 30, 2019, XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that the budgeted development cost accrual was fully depleted as of the July 2019 distribution. XTO Energy also had previously advised the Trustee that once the accrual was fully depleted, development costs will be charged to the Trust as they are incurred for all conveyances. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that drilling in Major County, Oklahoma is complete and resulted in cost overruns due to unforeseen expenditures that will be charged to the Trust subsequent to the second quarter of 2019. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that this monthly deduction will continue to be evaluated and revised as necessary. For further information on development costs, see Note 2 to Condensed Financial Statements.

Overhead

Overhead increased 9% for the quarter and decreased 11% for thesix-month period. Overhead is charged by XTO Energy and other operators for administrative expenses incurred to support operations of the underlying properties. Overhead fluctuates based on changes in the active well count and drilling activity on the underlying properties, as well as an annual cost level adjustment based on an industry index.

Excess Costs

If monthly costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, these excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net profits income from another conveyance. Underlying cumulative excess costs for the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming conveyances remaining as of June 30, 2019 totaled $22.6 million ($18.1 million NPI), including accrued interest of $0.3 million ($0.3 million NPI). For further information on excess costs, see Note 5 to Condensed Financial Statements.

Contingencies

For information on contingencies, see Note 4 to Condensed Financial Statements.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this report relating to future plans, predictions, production, excess costs, litigation or arbitration, events, or regulatory or court decisions are forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this Form10-Q, including, without limitation, statements regarding the net profits interests, underlying properties, development activities, annual and monthly development, production and other costs and expenses, estimated rates of natural production decline, monthly development cost deductions, oil and gas prices and differentials to NYMEX prices, estimated changes in expenses, supply levels, drilling, workover and restimulation plans, the outcome of litigation or settlement discussions and the impact on Trust proceeds, distributions to unitholders, and industry and market conditions, are forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties, including those detailed in Part I, Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which is incorporated by this reference as though fully set forth herein. XTO Energy and the Trustee assume no duty to update these statements as of any future date.

 

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

Not applicable. Upon qualifying as a smaller reporting company, this information is no longer required.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Trustee carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules13a-15 and15d-15. Based upon that evaluation, the Trustee concluded that the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective in recording, processing, summarizing and reporting, on a timely basis, information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to the Trustee to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In its evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures, the Trustee has relied, to the extent considered reasonable, on information provided by XTO Energy. There has not been any change in the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting during the period covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

Royalty Class Action and Arbitration

As previously disclosed, XTO Energy advised the Trustee that it reached a settlement with the plaintiffs in theChieftain class action royalty case. On July 27, 2018 the final plan of allocation was approved by the court. Based on the final plan of allocation XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it believes approximately $24.3 million in additional production costs should be allocated to the Trust. On May 2, 2018, the Trustee submitted a demand for arbitration seeking a declaratory judgment that theChieftain settlement is not a production cost and that XTO Energy is prohibited from charging the settlement as a production cost under the conveyance or otherwise reducing the Trust’s payments now or in the future as a result of theChieftain litigation. The hearing on the claims related to theChieftain settlement has been scheduled for October 7, 2019. Other Trustee claims related to disputed amounts on the computation of the Trust’s net proceeds for 2014 through 2016 were bifurcated from the issues regarding XTO’s right to charge theChieftain settlement as a production cost and will be heard at a later date, which is still to be determined.

If the approximately $24.3 million allocated portion of theChieftainsettlement results in an adjustment to the Trust’s share of net proceeds, it would result in additional excess costs under the Oklahoma conveyance that would likely result in no distributions under the Oklahoma conveyance for several years, or more depending on the results of operations of the underlying properties, while these additional excess costs are recovered.

Other Lawsuits and Governmental Proceedings

Certain of the underlying properties are involved in various other lawsuits and governmental proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that, based on the information available at this stage of the various proceedings, it does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these claims will have a material effect on the financial position or liquidity of the Trust, but may have an effect on annual distributable income.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

There have been no material changes in the risk factors disclosed under Part I, Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

 (31)

Rule13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification

 

 (32)

Section 1350 Certification

 

 (99)

Items 1A, 7 and 7A to the Annual Report on Form10-K for Hugoton Royalty Trust filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 29, 2019 (incorporated herein by reference)

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  

HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

By SIMMONS BANK, TRUSTEE     

  By /S/ NANCY WILLIS    
   

 

   

Nancy Willis

Vice President

  EXXON MOBIL CORPORATION
Date: August 9, 2019  By /S/ DAVID LEVY    
   

 

   

David Levy

Vice President - Upstream Business Services

 

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