Docoh
Loading...

HGTXU Hugoton Royalty Trust

Filed: 31 Mar 21, 4:40pm
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                 to                 .

Commission File No. 1-10476

Hugoton Royalty Trust

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Texas 58-6379215

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

c/o Corporate Trustee: 

Simmons Bank 2911 Turtle Creek Blvd, Suite 850

Dallas, Texas

 75219
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

(at the office of the Corporate Trustee):

(855) 588-7839

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

None

 

Title of each class  Trading symbol  Name of each exchange on which registered

 

  

 

  

 

Units of Beneficial Interest  HGTXU  OTCQB

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Units of Beneficial Interest

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    YES     NO  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    YES     NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large accelerated filer   ☐  Accelerated filer   ☐
Non-accelerated filer   ☒  Smaller reporting company   ☒
   Emerging Growth Company   ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES  NO 

The aggregate market value of units of beneficial interest held by non-affiliates of the registrant at June 30, 2020 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was approximately $5.6 million.

The number of units of beneficial interest outstanding as of March 15, 2021 was 40,000,000.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

2020 ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

      Page 
  

Glossary of Terms

   1 
  Part I  

Item 1.

  

Business

   2 

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

   3 

Item 1B.

  

Unresolved Staff Comments

   11 

Item 2.

  

Properties

   11 

Item 3.

  

Legal Proceedings

   22 

Item 4.

  

Mine Safety Disclosures

   23 
  Part II  

Item 5.

  

Market for Units of the Trust, Related Unitholder Matters and Trust Purchases of Units

   24 

Item 6.

  

Selected Financial Data

   24 

Item 7.

  

Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   25 

Item 7A.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

   32 

Item 8.

  

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

   33 

Item 9.

  

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

   48 

Item 9A.

  

Controls and Procedures

   48 

Item 9B.

  

Other Information

   49 
  Part III  

Item 10.

  

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

   50 

Item 11.

  

Executive Compensation

   50 

Item 12.

  

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Unitholder Matters

   50 

Item 13.

  

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

   51 

Item 14.

  

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

   51 
  Part IV  

Item 15.

  

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

   52 

 

i


Table of Contents

HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

The following are definitions of significant terms used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K:

 

Bbl

Barrel (of oil)

 

Bcf

Billion cubic feet (of natural gas)

 

BOE

Barrel of oil equivalent

 

Mcf

Thousand cubic feet (of natural gas)

 

MMBtu

One million British Thermal Units, a common energy measurement

 

net proceeds

Gross proceeds received by XTO Energy from sale of production from the underlying properties, less applicable costs, as defined in the net profits interest conveyances.

 

net profits income

Net proceeds multiplied by the net profits percentage of 80%, which is paid to the Trust by XTO Energy. “Net profits income” is referred to as “royalty income” for tax reporting purposes.

 

net profits interest

An interest in an oil and gas property measured by net profits from the sale of production, rather than a specific portion of production. The following defined net profits interests were conveyed to the Trust from the underlying properties:

 

 80% net profits interests - interests that entitle the Trust to receive 80% of the net proceeds from the underlying properties.

 

underlying properties

XTO Energy’s interest in certain oil and gas properties from which the net profits interests were conveyed. The underlying properties include working interests in predominantly gas-producing properties located in Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming.

 

working interest

An operating interest in an oil and gas property that provides the owner a specified share of production that is subject to all production expense and development costs.

 

1


Table of Contents

PART I

Item 1. Business

Hugoton Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) is an express trust created under the laws of Texas pursuant to the Hugoton Royalty Trust Indenture entered into on December 1, 1998 between XTO Energy Inc. (formerly known as Cross Timbers Oil Company and, hereafter, “XTO Energy”), as grantor, and NationsBank, N.A., as Trustee. Simmons Bank (the “Trustee”) is now the Trustee of the Trust.

The principal office of the Trust is 2911 Turtle Creek Blvd, Suite 850, Dallas, Texas 75219. (Telephone number 855-588-7839). The Trust’s internet web site is www.hgt-hugoton.com. We make available free of charge, through our web site, our Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These reports are accessible through our internet web site as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. Information on our website is not incorporated into this report.

Effective December 1, 1998, XTO Energy conveyed to the Trust 80% net profits interests in certain predominantly natural gas producing working interest properties in Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming under three separate conveyances. In exchange for these net profits interest conveyances to the Trust, 40 million units of beneficial interest were issued to XTO Energy. In April and May 1999, XTO Energy sold a total of 17 million units in the Trust’s initial public offering. In 1999 and 2000, XTO Energy also sold 1.3 million Trust units to certain of its officers. The Trust did not receive the proceeds from these sales of Trust units. In May 2006, XTO Energy distributed all of its remaining 21.7 million Trust units as a dividend to its common stockholders. XTO Energy currently is not a unitholder of the Trust. Units were listed and traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “HGT” until August 27, 2018, when the Trust units were delisted from the NYSE and began to be quoted on the OTCQX, which is maintained by the OTC Market Group Inc., under the symbol “HGTXU.” The Trust transitioned from the OTCQX to the OTCQB on May 19, 2020.

On June 25, 2010, XTO Energy became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Exxon Mobil Corporation.

The net profits interests entitle the Trust to receive 80% of the net proceeds from the sale of oil and gas from the underlying properties. Each month XTO Energy determines the amount of cash received from the sale of production and deducts property and production taxes, production expense, development costs and overhead.

Net proceeds payable to the Trust depend upon production quantities, sales prices of oil and gas and costs to develop and produce oil and gas in the prior month. If monthly costs exceed revenues for any of the three conveyances (one for each of the states of Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming), such excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net proceeds from other conveyances. For further information on excess costs, see Note 4 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The Trust is not liable for any production costs or liabilities attributable to the underlying properties. If at any time the Trust receives net profits income in excess of the amount due, the Trust is not obligated to return such overpayment, but future net profits income payable to the Trust will be reduced until the overpayment, plus interest at the prime rate, is recovered.

As a working interest owner, XTO Energy can generally decline participation in any operation and allow consenting parties to conduct such operations, as provided under the operating agreements. XTO Energy also can assign, sell, or otherwise transfer its interest in the underlying properties, subject to the net profits interests, or can abandon an underlying property if it is incapable of producing in paying quantities, as determined by XTO Energy.

 

2


Table of Contents

To the extent allowed, XTO Energy is responsible for marketing its production from the underlying properties under existing sales contracts, or new arrangements on the best terms reasonably obtainable in the circumstances. See “Pricing and Sales Information” under Item 2. Properties.

Net profits income received by the Trust on or before the last business day of the month is related to net proceeds received by XTO Energy in the preceding month, and is generally attributable to oil and gas production two months prior. The amount to be distributed to unitholders each month by the Trustee is determined by:

Adding -

1. net profits income received;

2. interest income and any other cash receipts; and

3. cash available as a result of reduction of cash reserves; then

Subtracting -

1. liabilities paid; and

2. the reduction in cash available related to establishment of or increase in any cash reserve.    

The monthly distribution amount is distributed to unitholders of record within ten business days after the monthly record date. The monthly record date is generally the last business day of the month. The Trustee calculates the monthly distribution amount and announces the distribution per unit at least ten days prior to the monthly record date.

The Trustee may establish cash reserves for contingencies. Cash held for such reserves, as well as for pending payment of the monthly distribution amount, may be invested in federal obligations or certificates of deposit of major banks.

The Trustee’s function is to collect the net profits income from the net profits interests, to pay all Trust expenses, and to pay the monthly distribution amount to unitholders. The Trustee’s powers are specified by the terms of the Trust indenture. The Trust cannot engage in any business activity or acquire any assets other than the net profits interests and specific short-term cash investments. The Trust has no employees since all administrative functions are performed by the Trustee.

The majority of previous net profits income received by the Trust has been attributable to natural gas. There has historically been a greater demand for gas during the winter months than the rest of the year. Otherwise, Trust income generally is not subject to seasonal factors, nor dependent upon patents, licenses, franchises or concessions. The Trust conducts no research activities.

The oil and gas industry is highly competitive in all its phases. Operators of the properties in which the Trust holds interests encounter competition from other oil and gas companies and from individual producers and operators. Oil and natural gas are commodities, for which market prices are determined by external supply and demand factors. Current market conditions are not necessarily indicative of future conditions.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking statements made in this report and presented elsewhere by the Trustee from time to time. Such factors may have a material adverse effect upon the Trust’s financial condition, distributable income and changes in trust corpus.

The following discussion of risk factors should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes included under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. Because of these and other factors, past financial performance should not be considered an indication of future performance.

 

3


Table of Contents

Although the Trustee has decided to market the sale of the Trust’s assets, there is no assurance that the Trustee and any prospective buyer will agree to terms of sale, or that a sale can be completed under the indenture, or if a sale is completed under the indenture, that there will be any funds available for distribution to unitholders.

The Trustee has decided to market the sale of the Trust’s assets, however, the Trustee is unable to predict whether any prospective buyer will agree to terms of sale. Any material sale of assets and/or termination of the Trust requires unitholder approval by at least 80% of all outstanding units. Failure to reach the 80% threshold would delay or possibly terminate any sale process or buyer interest. Even if sale of assets and/or termination of the Trust is approved, the expense reserve used to pay liabilities of the Trust in the absence of current distributions was depleted in October 2020. Simmons Bank, the Trustee, is currently paying the liabilities of the Trust, which include the ongoing costs and expenses of the Trust as well as the costs and expenses incurred to sell the Trust’s assets and terminate the Trust. However, there is nothing in the Trust indenture that requires Simmons Bank to pay the expenses for the Trust. These costs and expenses will reduce the proceeds that are available from any sale of the Trust’s assets. There can be no assurances that a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any, will produce net proceeds sufficient to allow distributions to the unitholders and if such proceeds are available, there is no assurance when any distribution will be made. Accordingly, there can be no assurances as to the amount, if any, of the proceeds that will be available for distribution to unitholders.

The spread of different variants of the COVID-19, or the novel coronavirus, and the continually changing measures taken to mitigate the impact of single or multiple waves of the COVID-19 pandemic, have and are likely to continue to have an adverse effect on the demand for oil and gas and the business and operations of the operators of the properties underlying the net profits interests, which in turn could have an adverse effect on Trust distributions.

Demand for oil and gas, and the business and operations of the operators of the properties underlying the net profits interests, have and are likely to be adversely impacted by the different variants of the COVID-19 pandemic and measures being taken to mitigate its impact, especially to the extent areas experience multiple waves of the pandemic. As the coronavirus pandemic and government responses are rapidly escalating and de-escalating, the extent of the impact on domestic sales of crude oil and natural gas remains unknown and is constantly evolving. The industry has experienced a sharp and rapid decline in the demand for crude oil and natural gas as the U.S. and global economy, and commodity prices, have been negatively impacted as economic activity is curtailed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as due to other geopolitical factors. Official restrictions on non-essential activities, including “shelter in place” and “stay at home” orders, have been introduced or re-introduced throughout the U.S. and the world, which may impact operators’ production activities and the length of time such measures are in place may further adversely affect Trust distributions. Fewer businesses than normal are open and fewer people are going to work which has reduced the demand for oil and natural gas, plus our operators’ reliance on third-party suppliers, contractors, and service providers exposes them to possibility of delay or interruption of operations. At this time, the full extent to which COVID-19 will negatively impact the global economy and the oil and gas industry is uncertain, but pandemics or other significant public health events will most likely have a material adverse effect on operators’ business and financial condition which would likely have an adverse effect on Trust distributions.

The Trust may not have sufficient cash to meet its obligations during the one year period after the date that the financial statements are issued and may choose or be required to take other actions to satisfy its obligations by seeking additional financing, which may not be successful.

With the exception of net profits income generated by the Wyoming conveyance in March, April and May 2019, all three of the Trust’s conveyances have been in excess costs for the remainder of 2019 and all of 2020 resulting in no net proceeds to the Trust and depletion of the Trust’s expense reserve. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Trust’s ability to continue as a going concern as the Trust does not have sufficient cash to meet its obligations during the one year period after the date the financial statements are issued. The Trust’s financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

4


Table of Contents

There are no assurances that the Trust will receive net profits income sufficient to pay its obligations during the one year period after the date the financial statements are issued, and as a result, may choose or be required to seek additional financing. If the Trust is unable to obtain additional financing and is unable to meet its obligations, the Trust could be forced to consider alternatives such as seeking approval from the unitholders to amend the Trust indenture either to permit the sale of some or all of the net profits interests or approve termination of the Trust. Unitholders could incur significant losses on their investment in the Trust or lose their entire investment in the Trust altogether if the funds obtained from any such sale or liquidation of the net profits interests are such that there are no funds to distribute to unitholders after all financial obligations are met. See Item 7. Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources for further information.

The market price for the Trust units may not reflect the value of the net profits interests held by the Trust.

The public trading price for the Trust units has historically been tied to the recent and expected levels of cash distributions on the Trust units. However, no cash distribution has occurred for 36 months as of the date of this report, March 31, 2021. The amounts available for distribution by the Trust vary in response to numerous factors outside the control of the Trust or XTO Energy, including prevailing prices for oil and natural gas produced from the underlying properties. The market price of the Trust units is not necessarily indicative of the value that the Trust would realize if the net profits interests were sold to a third party buyer. In addition, such market price is not necessarily reflective of the fact that, since the assets of the Trust are depleting assets, a portion of each cash distribution paid on the Trust units should be considered by investors as a return of capital, with the remainder being considered as a return on investment. There is no guarantee that distributions made to a unitholder over the life of these depleting assets will equal or exceed the purchase price paid by the unitholder or that distributions from the Trust will resume in 2021 or at all.

Current and future oil and natural gas prices fluctuate due to a number of uncontrollable factors, and any decline will adversely affect the net proceeds payable to the Trust and Trust distributions.

The Trust’s monthly cash distributions are highly dependent upon the prices realized from the sale of natural gas and oil. Oil and natural gas prices can fluctuate widely on a month-to-month basis in response to a variety of factors that are beyond the control of the Trust and XTO Energy. Factors that contribute to price fluctuations include instability in oil-producing regions, worldwide economic conditions, weather conditions, trade barriers, political instability, public health concerns such as COVID-19, the supply of domestic and foreign oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids, consumer demand, the price and availability of alternative fuels, the proximity to, and capacity of, transportation facilities and the effect of worldwide energy conservation measures. Moreover, government regulations, such as regulation of natural gas transportation and price controls, environmental regulations, production restrictions, or trade barriers, can affect product prices. Oil and natural gas prices have declined substantially from historical highs and may not return to those levels in the foreseeable future, if ever. For example, sharp decline in demand as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing government responses resulted in negative oil prices briefly in 2020. Further, a significant decline in current oil or natural gas prices or lower anticipated long-term prices could have a material adverse effect on the amount of oil and natural gas that is economic to produce, Trust net profits (and therefore cash available for distribution to unitholders) and proved reserves attributable to the Trust’s interests. The volatility of energy prices reduces the predictability of future cash distributions to Trust unitholders.

Higher production expense and/or development costs, without concurrent increases in revenue, will directly decrease the net proceeds payable to the Trust. Certain claimed production expenses by XTO Energy may reduce or eliminate distributions to unitholders for extended periods of time.

Production expense and development costs are deducted in the calculation of the Trust’s share of net proceeds. Accordingly, higher or lower production expense and development costs, without concurrent changes in revenue, will directly decrease or increase the amount received by the Trust. If development costs and

 

5


Table of Contents

production expense for underlying properties in a particular state exceed the production proceeds from the properties (as was the case with respect to the properties underlying the Kansas and the Oklahoma net profits interests for all of 2019 and 2020, and with respect to the properties underlying the Wyoming net profits interests for most of 2019 and all of 2020), the Trust will not receive net profits income for those properties until future net proceeds from production in that state exceed the total of the excess costs plus accrued interest during the deficit period. Development activities may not generate sufficient additional revenue to repay the costs. Additionally, XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that total budgeted development costs for the underlying properties could be up to $1 million for 2021 which could continue to exceed revenues for the underlying conveyances. See Item 2. Properties.

As described in Note 8 – Contingencies to the Notes to Financial Statements, XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it believes a portion of the settlement it has reached in the Chieftain Royalty Company v. XTO Energy Inc. class action lawsuit relates to the Trust. On July 27, 2018, the final plan of allocation was approved by the court. Based on the final plan of allocation, XTO Energy advised the Trustee that it believes approximately $24.3 million in additional production costs should be allocated to the Trust. On May 2, 2018, the Trustee submitted a demand for arbitration seeking a declaratory judgment that the Chieftain settlement is not a is not a production cost and that XTO Energy is prohibited from charging the settlement as a production cost under the conveyance or otherwise reducing the Trust’s payments now or in the future as a result of the Chieftain litigation. The Trust and XTO conducted the interim hearing on the claims related to the Chieftain settlement on October 12-13, 2020. In the arbitration, the Trustee contended that the approximately $24.3 million allocation related to the Chieftain settlement was not a production cost and, therefore, there should not be a related adjustment to the Trust’s share of net proceeds. However, XTO Energy contended that the approximately $24.3 million was a production cost and should reduce the Trust’s share of net proceeds.

On January 20, 2021, the arbitration panel issued its Corrected Interim Final Award (i) “reject[ing] the Trust’s contention that XTO has no right under the Conveyance to charge the Trust with amounts XTO paid under section 1.18(a)(i) as royalty obligations to settle the Chieftain litigation” and (ii) stating “[t]he next phase will determine how much of the Chieftain settlement can be so charged, if any of it can be, in the exercise of the right found by the Panel.” The parties are continuing to review the Corrected Interim Final Award and on March 26, 2021, XTO Energy submitted its brief to the Panel regarding the amount of the Chieftain settlement, if any, that may be charged to the Trust. The Trustee has until April 23, 2021 to submit a response brief and XTO Energy will have until May 7, 2021 to submit a reply brief to the Panel regarding the amount of the Chieftain settlement, if any, that may be charged to the Trust.

The Oklahoma conveyance is already currently subject to excess costs that will need to be recovered prior to any distribution to unitholders. Therefore, if the arbitration panel determines that the approximately $24.3 million can be charged to the Trust (as XTO Energy contends), the reduction in the Trust’s share of net proceeds would result in additional excess costs under the Oklahoma conveyance that would likely result in no distributions under the Oklahoma conveyance for several additional years while these additional excess costs are recovered.

Other Trustee claims related to disputed amounts on the computation of the Trust’s net proceeds for 2014 through 2016 were bifurcated from the initial arbitration and will be heard at a later date, which is still to be determined. See Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Financial Statements – Note 8 – Contingencies for additional information.

There may not be an active market for the Trust units.

On August 27, 2018, the Trust units were delisted from the NYSE and began to be quoted on the OTCQX, which is maintained by the OTC Market Group Inc., under the symbol “HGTXU.” The Trustee received notice from the OTC Markets Group Inc. dated April 16, 2020, notifying the Trustee that the Trust was no longer in compliance with Section 3.2(a) of the Standards for Continued Qualification of the OTCQX Rules for U.S. Companies, in that as of December 31, 2019 the Trust had less than $2 million in net tangible assets, average revenue of less than

 

6


Table of Contents

$6 million over the past three years, and the Trust’s bid price is below $5 per share. The notice stated that if the Trust was unable to cure the deficiency by May 18, 2020, then it would be moved from OTCQX to the OTC Pink market. The Trust transitioned from the OTCQX to the OTCQB on May 19, 2020. Trading on the OTC is often characterized as thin with sporadic fluctuations in price and the availability of buyers or sellers of a security. No assurance can be given that an active trading market for the Trust units will further develop or continue. The Trust units will likely be subject to greater volatility and lower trading volumes than when the Trust units were listed on the New York Stock Exchange. This could depress the trading price of the Trust units and make it more difficult to purchase, dispose of or obtain accurate quotations as to the value of the Trust units. No assurance can be made how such transition may affect the liquidity of the units.

Proved reserve estimates depend on many assumptions that may turn out to be inaccurate. Any material inaccuracies in reserve estimates or underlying assumptions could cause the quantities and net present value of the reserves to be overstated.

Estimating proved oil and gas reserves is inherently uncertain. Petroleum engineers consider many factors and make assumptions in estimating reserves and future net cash flows. Those factors and assumptions include historical production from the area compared with production rates from similar producing areas, the effects of governmental regulation, assumptions about future commodity prices, production expense and development costs, taxes and capital expenditures, the availability of enhanced recovery techniques and relationships with landowners, working interest partners, pipeline companies and others. Lower oil and gas prices generally cause lower estimates of proved reserves. Ultimately, actual production, revenues and expenditures for the underlying properties will vary from estimates and those variances could be material. Because the Trust owns net profits interests, it does not own a specific percentage of the oil and gas reserves. Estimated proved reserves for the net profits interests are based on estimates of reserves for the underlying properties and an allocation method that considers estimated future net proceeds and oil and gas prices. Because Trust reserve quantities are determined using an allocation formula, increases or decreases in oil and gas prices can significantly affect estimated reserves of the net profits interests.

Operational risks and hazards associated with the development and operations of the underlying properties may decrease Trust distributions.

There are operational risks and hazards associated with the production and transportation of oil and natural gas, including without limitation natural disasters, blowouts, explosions, fires, leakage of oil or natural gas, releases of other hazardous materials, mechanical failures, cratering, and pollution. Any of these or similar occurrences could result in the interruption or cessation of operations, personal injury or loss of life, property damage, damage to productive formations or equipment, damage to the environment or natural resources, or cleanup obligations. The operation of oil and gas properties is also subject to various laws and regulations. Non-compliance with such laws and regulations could subject the operator to additional costs, sanctions or liabilities. The uninsured costs resulting from any of the above or similar occurrences could be deducted as a production expense or development cost in calculating the net proceeds payable to the Trust, and would therefore reduce Trust distributions by the amount of such uninsured costs.

Future net profits may be subject to risks relating to the creditworthiness of third parties.

The Trust does not lend money and has limited ability to borrow money, which the Trustee believes limits the Trust’s risk from exposure to credit markets. The Trust’s future net profits, however, may be subject to risks relating to the creditworthiness of the operators of the underlying properties and other purchasers of crude oil and natural gas produced from the underlying properties. This creditworthiness may be impacted by the price of crude oil and natural gas.

 

7


Table of Contents

Trust unitholders and the Trustee have no influence over the operations on, or future development of, the underlying properties.

Neither the Trustee nor the Trust unitholders can influence or control the operation or future development of the underlying properties. The failure of an operator to conduct its operations or discharge its obligations in a proper manner could have an adverse effect on the net proceeds payable to the Trust. Although XTO Energy and other operators of the underlying properties must adhere to the standard of a prudent operator, they are under no obligation to continue operating the properties. Neither the Trustee nor Trust unitholders have the right to replace an operator.

The assets of the Trust represent interests in depleting assets and, if XTO Energy or any other operators developing the underlying properties do not perform additional successful development projects, the assets may deplete faster than expected. Eventually, the assets of the Trust will cease to produce in commercial quantities and the Trust will cease to receive proceeds from such assets.

The net proceeds payable to the Trust are derived from the sale of hydrocarbons from depleting assets. Future maintenance and development projects on the underlying properties will affect the quantity of proved reserves and can offset the reduction in the depletion of proved reserves. The timing and size of these projects will depend on the market prices of oil and natural gas. If the operator(s) of the properties do not implement additional maintenance and development projects, the future rate of production decline of proved reserves may be higher than the rate currently expected by the Trust. Because the net proceeds payable to the Trust are derived from the sale of hydrocarbons from depleting assets, the portion of distributions to unitholders attributable to depletion may be considered a return on capital as opposed to a return on investment. Distributions that are a return of capital will ultimately diminish the depletion tax benefits available to the unitholders, which could reduce the market value of the units over time. Eventually, the properties underlying the Trust’s net profits interest will cease to produce in commercial quantities and the Trust will, therefore, cease to receive any net proceeds therefrom.

XTO Energy drilled four horizontal wells in Major County, Oklahoma during 2018 which are currently producing. There is no guarantee that these wells will produce in commercial quantities sufficient to recoup the investment.

Terrorism, geopolitical hostilities, military actions or political instability could adversely affect Trust distributions or the market price of the Trust units.

There are a number of national and international events that could cause instability in global financial and energy markets. Terrorist attacks and the threat of terrorist attacks, whether domestic or foreign, as well as military or other actions taken in response, impact the demand for and price of oil and natural gas in unpredictable ways, including increasing volatility in pricing. Actual or threatened acts of terrorism and other geopolitical hostilities could adversely affect Trust distributions or the market price of the Trust units in unpredictable ways, including through the disruption of fuel supplies and markets, increased volatility in oil and natural gas prices, or the possibility that the infrastructure on which the operators of the underlying properties rely could be a direct target or an indirect casualty of such an event.

XTO Energy may transfer its interest in the underlying properties without the consent of the Trust or the Trust unitholders.

XTO Energy may at any time transfer all or part of its interest in the underlying properties to another party. Neither the Trust nor the Trust unitholders are entitled to vote on any transfer of the properties underlying the Trust’s net profits interests, and the Trust will not receive any proceeds of any such transfer. Following any transfer, the transferred property will continue to be subject to the net profits interests of the Trust, but the calculation, reporting and remitting of net proceeds to the Trust will be the responsibility of the transferee.

 

8


Table of Contents

XTO Energy or any other operator of any underlying property may abandon the property, thereby terminating the related net profits interest payable to the Trust.

XTO Energy or any other operator of the underlying properties, or any transferee thereof, may abandon any well or property without the consent of the Trust or the Trust unitholders if they reasonably believe that the well or property can no longer produce in commercially economic quantities. This could result in the termination of the net profits interest relating to the abandoned well or property.

The net profits interests can be sold and the Trust would be terminated. The Trust will also be terminated if it fails to generate sufficient gross proceeds.

The Trust may sell the net profits interests if the holders of 80% or more of the outstanding Trust units approve the sale or vote to terminate the Trust. The Trust will terminate if it fails to generate gross proceeds from the underlying properties of at least $1,000,000 per year over any successive two-year period. Sale of all of the net profits interests will terminate the Trust. The net proceeds of any sale must be for cash with the proceeds less administrative costs promptly distributed to the Trust unitholders.

The sale of the remaining net profits interests and the termination of the Trust will be taxable events to the Trust unitholders. Generally, a Trust unitholder will realize gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount realized on the sale and termination of the Trust and his adjusted basis in such units. Gain or loss realized by a Trust unitholder who is not a dealer with respect to such units and who has a holding period for the units of more than one year will be treated as long-term capital gain or loss except to the extent of any depletion recapture amount, which must be treated as ordinary income. Other federal and state tax issues concerning the Trust are discussed under Item 2 and Note 6 to the Trust’s financial statements, which are included herein. Each Trust unitholder should consult his own tax advisor regarding Trust tax compliance matters, including federal and state tax implications concerning the sale of the net profits interests and the termination of the Trust.

Trust unitholders have limited voting rights and have limited ability to enforce the Trust’s rights against XTO Energy or any other operator of the underlying properties.

The voting rights of a Trust unitholder are more limited than those of stockholders of most public corporations. For example, there is no requirement for annual meetings of Trust unitholders or for an annual or other periodic re-election of the Trustee. Additionally, Trust unitholders have no voting rights in XTO Energy or Exxon Mobil Corporation.

The Trust indenture and related trust law permit the Trustee and the Trust to sue XTO Energy or any other operator of the underlying properties to compel them to fulfill the terms of the conveyance of the net profits interests. If the Trustee does not take appropriate action to enforce provisions of the conveyance, the recourse of the Trust unitholders would likely be limited to bringing a lawsuit against the Trustee to compel the Trustee to take specified actions. Trust unitholders probably would not be able to sue XTO Energy or any other operator of the underlying properties.

Financial information of the Trust is not prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

The financial statements of the Trust are prepared on a modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP. Although this basis of accounting is permitted for royalty trusts by the Securities and Exchange Commission, the financial statements of the Trust differ from U.S. GAAP financial statements because net profits income is not accrued in the month of production, expenses are not recognized when incurred and cash reserves may be established for certain contingencies that would not be recorded in U.S. GAAP financial statements. See Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Financial Statements – Note 2 Basis of Accounting and Note 5 Development Costs for additional information.

 

9


Table of Contents

The limited liability of Trust unitholders is uncertain.

The Trust unitholders are not protected from the liabilities of the Trust to the same extent that a shareholder would be protected from a corporation’s liabilities. The structure of the Trust does not include the interposition of a limited liability entity such as a corporation or limited partnership which would provide further limited liability protection to Trust unitholders. While the Trustee is liable for any excess liabilities incurred if the Trustee fails to ensure that such liabilities are to be satisfied only out of Trust assets, under the laws of Texas, which are unsettled on this point, a unitholder may be jointly and severally liable for any liability of the Trust if the satisfaction of such liability was not contractually limited to the assets of the Trust and the assets of the Trust and the Trustee are not adequate to satisfy such liability. As a result, Trust unitholders may be exposed to personal liability. The Trust, however, is not liable for production costs or other liabilities of the underlying properties.

Drilling oil and natural gas wells is a high-risk activity and subjects the Trust to a variety of factors that it cannot control.

Drilling oil and natural gas wells involves numerous risks, including the risk that commercially productive oil and natural gas reservoirs are not encountered. The presence of unanticipated pressures or irregularities in formations, miscalculations or accidents may cause drilling activities to be unsuccessful. In addition, there is often uncertainty as to the future cost or timing of drilling, completing and operating wells. Further, development activities may be curtailed, delayed or canceled as a result of a variety of factors, including:

 

 1.

reduced oil or natural gas prices;

 2.

unexpected drilling conditions;

 3.

title problems;

 4.

restricted access to land for drilling or laying pipeline;

 5.

pressure or irregularities in formations;

 6.

equipment failures or accidents;

 7.

adverse weather conditions, natural disasters or public health events; and

 8.

costs of, or shortages or delays in the availability of, drilling rigs, labor, tubular materials and equipment.

While these risks do not expose the Trust to liabilities of the drilling contractor or operator of the well, they can reduce net proceeds payable to the Trust and Trust distributions by decreasing oil and gas revenues or increasing production expense or development costs from the underlying properties. Furthermore, these risks may cause the costs of development activities on the underlying properties to exceed the revenues therefrom, thereby reducing net proceeds payable to the Trust and Trust distributions.

The underlying properties are subject to complex federal, state and local laws and regulations that could adversely affect net proceeds payable to the Trust and Trust distributions.

Extensive federal, state and local regulation of the oil and natural gas industry significantly affects operations on the underlying properties. In particular, oil and natural gas development and production are subject to stringent environmental regulations. These regulations have increased the costs of planning, designing, drilling, installing, operating and abandoning oil and natural gas wells and other related facilities, which costs could reduce net proceeds payable to the Trust and Trust distributions. These regulations may become more demanding in the future. These regulations can often be changed by administrative agencies without formal legislation, resulting in additional costs that can impact distributions. See Item 2. Properties – Regulation, and Item 7. Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Climate Change Regulations.

Cash held by the Trustee is not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

Currently, cash held by the Trust reserved for the payment of accrued liabilities and estimated future expenses and distributions to unitholders is typically held in a treasury fund that under normal market conditions invests exclusively in U.S. Treasury obligations. Although the fund’s underlying investments are obligations of the

 

10


Table of Contents

U.S. government, the fund itself is not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. In the event that the fund becomes insolvent, the Trustee may be unable to recover any or all such cash from the insolvent fund. Any loss of such cash may have a material adverse effect on the Trust’s cash balances and any distributions to unitholders.

The tax treatment of an investment in Trust units could be affected by recent and potential legislative changes, possibly on a retroactive basis.

U.S. federal tax reform legislation informally known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA”) was enacted December 22, 2017, and makes significant changes to the federal income tax rules applicable to both individuals and entities, including changes to the effective tax rate on a Trust unitholder’s allocable share of certain income from the Trust. The TCJA is complex and lacks administrative guidance, thus, Trust unitholders should consult their tax advisor regarding the TCJA and its effect on an investment in Trust units. In addition, the current administration has generally proposed repealing fossil fuel tax subsidies, which could impact certain tax benefits available to Trust unitholders.

Any modification to the U.S. federal income tax laws or interpretations thereof (including administrative guidance relating to the TCJA) may be applied retroactively and could adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. The Trust is unable to predict whether any changes or other proposals will ultimately be enacted, or whether any adverse interpretations will be used. Any such changes or interpretations could negatively impact the value of an investment in the Trust units.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

As of December 31, 2020, the Trust did not have any unresolved Securities and Exchange Commission staff comments.

Item 2. Properties

The net profits interests are the principal asset of the Trust. The Trustee cannot acquire any other assets, with the exception of certain short-term investments as specified under Item 1. Business. The Trustee may sell or otherwise dispose of all or any part of the net profits interests if approved by a vote of holders of 80% or more of the outstanding Trust units, or upon termination of the Trust. Otherwise, the Trust is required to sell up to 1% of the value of the net profits interests in any calendar year, pursuant to notice from XTO Energy of its desire to sell the related underlying properties. Any sale must be for cash with 80% of the proceeds distributed to the unitholders on the next declared distribution. All the underlying properties are currently owned by XTO Energy. XTO Energy may sell all or any portion of the underlying properties at any time, subject to and burdened by the net profits interests.

The underlying properties are predominantly gas-producing properties with established production histories in the Hugoton area of Oklahoma and Kansas, the Anadarko Basin of Oklahoma and the Green River Basin of Wyoming. The average reserve-to-production index for the underlying properties as of December 31, 2020 is approximately seven years. This index is calculated using total proved reserves and estimated 2021 production for the underlying properties. The projected 2021 production is from proved developed producing reserves as of December 31, 2020. Based on estimated future net cash flows at 12-month average oil and gas prices, based on the first-day-of-the-month price for each month in the period, the future net cash flows from proved reserves of the underlying properties are zero. As reported in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, the future net cash flows from proved reserves of the underlying properties as of such date were zero. XTO Energy operates approximately 95% of the underlying properties.

 

11


Table of Contents

Because the underlying properties are working interests, production expense, development costs and overhead are deducted in calculating net profits income. As a result, net profits income is affected by the level of maintenance and development activity on the underlying properties. See Item 7. Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Total 2020 development costs deducted for the underlying properties were $1.0 million, a decrease of 94% from the prior year. XTO Energy has informed the Trustee that total 2021 budgeted development costs for the underlying properties could be up to $1 million. Changes in oil or natural gas prices could impact future development plans on the underlying properties.

Significant Properties

Hugoton Area

Natural gas was discovered in the Hugoton area in 1922. With an estimated five million productive acres covering parts of Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas, the Hugoton area is one of the largest domestic natural gas producing areas. During 2020, daily sales volumes from the underlying properties in the Hugoton area averaged approximately 7,000 Mcf of gas and 21 Bbls of oil.

Most of the production from the underlying properties in the Hugoton area is from the Chase formation. XTO Energy has informed the Trustee that it has begun to develop other formations that underlie the 79,500 net acres held by production by the Chase formation wells, which include the Council Grove, Morrow, Chester and St. Louis formations. These formations are characterized by both oil and gas production from a variety of structural and stratigraphic traps. Prior to 2011, XTO Energy drilled wells to these formations and plans to continue this development program sometime in the future.

Within this area, XTO Energy did not drill any new wells but did perform 2 workovers in 2020. XTO Energy has informed the Trustee that it does not plan to drill any new wells but may perform up to 2 workovers during 2021.

XTO Energy’s future development plans for the underlying properties in the Hugoton area include:

 

 1.

additional compression to lower line pressures;

 2.

installing artificial lift;

 3.

opening new producing zones in existing wells;

 4.

restimulating producing intervals in existing wells utilizing new technology;

 5.

deepening existing wells to new producing zones; and

 6.

future drilling of additional wells.

Effective May 1, 2014, XTO Energy entered into a gas sales and processing contract with DCP Midstream, L.P. to process all gas production from its wells attached to the Timberland Gathering System in Seward County, Kansas and in Texas and Beaver Counties, Oklahoma. The system collects the majority of its throughput from underlying properties, which XTO Energy has advised the Trustee has been approximately 7,600 Mcf per day. XTO Energy receives 100% of the net value for residue gas based upon a price per MMBtu of Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line Company index. Under this contract DCP is entitled to charge a processing fee of $0.25 per Delivery Point MMBtu and a helium processing fee of $0.05 per 97% Delivery Point Mcf in addition to other deductions such as for fuel and transportation. XTO Energy has exercised its contractual right to take in kind and sell its NGLs and helium. XTO Energy sells 100% of the net value for any recovered NGLs to ONEOK at Conway pricing as posted by Oil Price Information Services minus an adjusted base differential. XTO Energy sells the helium to Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. and Air Products Helium, Inc. under a pricing formula based upon the open market crude helium sales price established by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. Timberland Gathering & Processing Company, Inc. (“Timberland”), an affiliate of XTO Energy, provides gathering from the wellhead to DCP’s gathering system for a fee of $0.75 per Mcf of gas delivered by XTO Energy. The sales contract with DCP Midstream, L.P. has passed its primary term date of March 31, 2019, and is currently being renewed annually on an evergreen basis, and can be canceled by either party upon 180 days written notice.

 

12


Table of Contents

Other Hugoton gas production is sold under a third party contract that remains in effect for the life of the lease. Under the contract, XTO Energy receives 74.5% of the net proceeds received by the buyer from the sale of the residue gas and liquids produced from certain underlying properties. The residue gas net proceeds are based upon the weighted average price of the gas sold by the buyer at its facilities, and the liquids net proceeds are based upon an average daily index sales price, less transportation, processing and storage fees incurred by the buyer. The buyer agrees to use its best efforts to take all of the gas produced, subject to its market requirements. The buyer has been taking all of the gas produced for over ten years.

Anadarko Basin

Oil and gas accumulations were discovered in the Anadarko Basin of western Oklahoma in 1945. XTO Energy is one of the largest producers in the Ringwood, Northwest Okeene and Cheyenne Valley fields of Major County, the Northeast Cedardale field of Woodward County and the Elk City field of Beckham County, the principal producing regions of the underlying properties in the Anadarko Basin. Daily sales volumes from the underlying properties in the Anadarko Basin averaged 14,800 Mcf of gas and 825 Bbls of oil in 2020.

The fields in the Major County area are characterized by oil and gas production from a variety of structural and stratigraphic traps. Productive zones include the Oswego, Red Fork, Inola, Chester, Manning, Mississippian, Hunton and Arbuckle formations. Within this area, XTO Energy performed 9 workovers in 2020. XTO Energy has informed the Trustee that it does not plan to drill any new wells but may perform up to 5 workovers in Major County during 2021.

The fields within Woodward County are characterized primarily by gas production from a variety of structural and stratigraphic traps. Productive zones include the Cottage Grove, Oswego, Chester and Mississippian formations. Within this area, XTO Energy did not drill any wells or perform any workovers in 2020. XTO Energy has informed the Trustee that it does not plan to drill any new wells but may perform up to 2 workovers in Woodward County during 2021.

The Elk City field on the eastern edge of Beckham County produces oil and gas from a structural anticline with stratigraphic trapping features. Production zones include the Hoxbar, Atoka and Morrow formations. Within this area, XTO Energy performed 3 workovers in 2020. XTO Energy has informed the Trustee that it does not plan to drill any new wells but may perform up to 3 workovers within the Elk City field during 2021.

XTO Energy plans to further develop the underlying properties in the Anadarko Basin primarily through:

 

 1.

mechanical stimulation of existing wells;

 2.

installing artificial lift;

 3.

opening new producing zones in existing wells;

 4.

deepening existing wells to new producing zones; and

 5.

future drilling of additional wells.

A gathering subsidiary of XTO Energy operates a 300-mile gathering system and pipeline in the Major County area. The gathering subsidiary and a third-party processor purchase natural gas produced at the wellhead from XTO Energy and other producers in the area under various agreements, most of which were entered into in the 1960’s and 1970’s, and which include life-of-production terms such that the contracts will continue until there is no further production from the underlying properties, unless the production declines so that it is no longer economical to take the gas. The gathering subsidiary and the third-party processor are required to take certain minimum volumes of the gas produced but have been taking all of the volumes produced for over ten years. The gathering subsidiary gathers and transports the gas to a third-party processor, which processes the gas and pays XTO Energy and other producers for at least 50% of the liquids processed based upon a weighted average sales price less transportation charges, which price may vary in the event of inadequate markets. After the gas is processed, the gathering subsidiary transports the gas via a residue pipeline to a connection with an interstate pipeline. The gathering subsidiary pays XTO Energy for the residue gas based upon a weighted average price from

 

13


Table of Contents

downstream sales to third parties, which price will vary monthly based upon market conditions. The gathering subsidiary pays this price to XTO Energy less a compression and gathering fee of approximately $0.31 per Mcf of residue gas. This gathering fee was previously approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission when the gathering subsidiary was regulated. As of December 31, 2020, the gathering system was collecting approximately 7,500 Mcf per day, approximately 70% of which are operated by XTO Energy. Estimated capacity of the gathering system is 15,000 Mcf per day. The gathering subsidiary also provides contract operating services to properties in Woodward County, collecting approximately 2,900 Mcf per day, for an average fee of approximately $0.33 per Mcf. The fee is subject to an annual price renegotiation under which either party can request that the price provided under the contract be renegotiated. The contract continues on a yearly basis, and it is subject to termination upon written notice prior to its annual renewal or in the event the parties fail to agree upon a pricing renegotiation. XTO Energy also sells gas directly to third parties. The price paid to XTO Energy is based upon the weighted average price of several published indices, which price varies upon market conditions, and includes a deduction for any transportation fees charged by the third party. Neither party has a firm obligation to sell or purchase any specific minimum quantity of gas.

Green River Basin

The Green River Basin is located in southwestern Wyoming. Natural gas was discovered in the Fontenelle field of the Green River Basin in the early 1970’s. The producing reservoirs are the Frontier, Baxter and Dakota sandstones.

Daily 2020 sales volumes from the underlying properties in the Fontenelle field averaged 9,300 Mcf of natural gas and 20 Bbls of oil. XTO Energy did not drill any new wells or perform any workovers in the Green River Basin in 2020. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it does not plan to drill any new wells or perform any workovers in the Green River Basin during 2021. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it is continuing its efforts to reduce pipeline pressure which has shown potential for increasing production and extending field life in the Fontenelle field. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that a salt water disposal conversion may be executed in 2021 to assist with disposal in the Fontenelle field.

Potential development activities for the underlying properties in this area include:

 

 1.

installing artificial lift;

 2.

restimulating producing intervals utilizing new technology;

 3.

additional compression to lower line pressures; and

 4.

opening new producing zones in existing wells.

XTO Energy markets the gas produced from the Fontenelle field and nearby properties under various marketing arrangements. Under the agreement covering the majority of the gas sold, XTO Energy compresses the gas on the lease, transports it off the lease and compresses the gas again prior to entry into the gas plant pipeline. The pipeline transports the gas to the gas plant, where the gas is processed, then redelivered to XTO Energy. The owner of the gas plant and related pipeline charges XTO Energy for operational fuel and processing and has agreed to accept certain volumes, which amounts can be adjusted by the owner. The owner may be able to cease taking volumes if it has valid unaddressed concerns regarding the creditworthiness of XTO Energy. In 2020, the fuel charge was approximately 1% of the volumes produced and the fee was approximately $0.12 per MMBtu. These charges are adjusted annually based upon a published governmental economic index, and the contract renews on a year-to-year basis. XTO Energy transports and sells this gas directly to the markets based on a spot sales price on a month-to-month term, and the volumes to be sold are generally determined upon a monthly basis. These contracts may be terminated by either party if there are credit issues with the other party. The gas not sold under the above arrangement may be gathered and sold under a similar arrangement on a month-to-month term where the fee is approximately $0.20 per MMBtu and is adjusted annually. The amount of gas that the gatherer is required to gather is limited to certain maximum volumes, and the gatherer may be able to cease taking volumes if it has valid unaddressed concerns regarding the creditworthiness of XTO Energy. Alternatively, the gas may be sold under a contract where XTO Energy directly sells the gas to a third party on the lease at an adjusted index

 

14


Table of Contents

price, which price varies upon market conditions. The contract continues on a month-to-month basis, and the buyer is obligated to make a good faith effort to purchase a minimum 90% of the gas nominated by buyer for purchase. Condensate is sold to an independent third party at market rates on a month-to-month basis. The purchaser accepts all condensate delivered at the lease, but either party may suspend performance of the contract if there are credit issues with the other party.

Producing Acreage, Drilling and Well Counts

For the following data, “gross” refers to the total wells or acres on the underlying properties in which XTO Energy owns a working interest and “net” refers to gross wells or acres multiplied by the percentage working interest owned by XTO Energy. Although many of XTO Energy’s wells produce both oil and gas, a well is categorized as an oil well or a gas well based upon the ratio of oil to natural gas production. Operated wells are managed by XTO Energy, while non-operated wells are managed by others.

The underlying properties are interests in developed properties located primarily in gas producing regions of Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming. The following is a summary of the approximate producing acreage of the underlying properties at December 31, 2020. Undeveloped acreage is not significant.

 

   Gross   Net 

Hugoton Area

   202,374    190,311 

Anadarko Basin

   157,821    122,533 

Green River Basin

   32,233    25,570 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   392,428    338,414 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following is a summary of the producing wells on the underlying properties as of December 31, 2020:

 

   Operated
Wells
   Non-operated
Wells
   Total(a) 
   Gross   Net   Gross   Net   Gross   Net 

Gas

   1,002.0    895.4    218.0    48.0    1,220.0    943.4 

Oil

   39.0    35.1    9.0    1.2    48.0    36.3 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   1,041.0    930.5    227.0    49.2    1,268.0    979.7 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a)

During 2020, 2019 and 2018 there were no exploratory or dry wells drilled on the underlying properties. There were 1 gross (0.13 net), 7 gross (3.16 net) and 2 gross (0.11 net) developmental wells drilled in 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

15


Table of Contents

Estimated Proved Reserves and Future Net Cash Flows

The following are proved reserves of the underlying properties, as estimated by independent engineers, and proved reserves and future net cash flows from proved reserves of the net profits interests, based on an allocation of these reserves, at December 31, 2020:

 

   Underlying Properties   Net Profits Interests 
   Proved Reserves(a)   Proved Reserves(a)(b)   Future Net Cash Flows
from Proved Reserves(a)(c)
 
   Gas   Oil   Gas   Oil 
       (Mcf)           (Bbls)           (Mcf)           (Bbls)       Undiscounted   Discounted 
(in thousands)                        

Oklahoma

   35,804    1,015      –      –   $   $ 

Wyoming

   14,500    22                 

Kansas

   1,302    50                 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL

   51,606    1,087           $  –   $  – 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a)

Based on 12-month average oil price of $36.41 per Bbl and $1.34 per Mcf for gas, based on the first-day-of-the-month price for each month in the period.

 

(b)

Since the Trust has defined net profits interests, the Trust does not own a specific percentage of the oil and gas reserves. Oil and gas reserves are allocated to the net profits interests by dividing Trust net cash inflows by 12-month average oil and gas prices. As such, reserves allocated to the Trust have been reduced to reflect recovery of the Trust’s portion of applicable production and development costs, which includes overhead and excess costs. Any conveyance where costs exceed revenues will result in zero allocated net profits interests reserves for that conveyance.

 

(c)

Before income taxes, since future net cash flows are not subject to taxation at the trust level. Future net cash flows are discounted at an annual rate of 10%.

Proved reserves at December 31, 2020 consist of the following:

 

   Underlying Properties   Net Profits Interests 
   Proved Reserves   Proved Reserves 
   Gas   Oil   Gas   Oil 
       (Mcf)           (Bbls)           (Mcf)           (Bbls)     
(in thousands)                

Proved developed producing reserves

   51,385    1,087      –      – 

Proved undeveloped reserves

                

Proved developed non-producing reserves

   221             
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total proved reserves

   51,606    1,087         
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The process of estimating oil and gas reserves is complex and requires significant judgment as discussed in Item 1A. Risk Factors, and is performed by XTO Energy. As a result, XTO Energy has developed internal policies and controls for estimating and recording reserves. XTO Energy’s policies regarding booking reserves require proved reserves to be in compliance with the SEC definitions and guidance. XTO Energy’s policies assign responsibilities for compliance in reserves bookings to its reserve engineering group and require that reserve estimates be made by qualified reserves estimators, as defined by the Society of Petroleum Engineers’ standards. All qualified reserves estimators are required to receive education covering the fundamentals of SEC proved reserves assignments.

The XTO Energy reserve engineering group reviews reserve estimates with third-party petroleum consultants, Miller and Lents, Ltd., independent petroleum engineers. Miller and Lents, Ltd. estimated oil and gas reserves attributable to the underlying properties as of December 31, 2020, 2019, 2018 and 2017. Miller and Lents’ primary technical person responsible for calculating the Trust’s reserves has more than ten years of experience as a reserve engineer. The estimated reserves for the underlying properties are then used by XTO Energy to

 

16


Table of Contents

calculate the estimated oil and gas reserves attributable to the net profits interests. Numerous uncertainties are inherent in estimating reserve volumes and values, and such estimates are subject to change as additional information becomes available. The reserves actually recovered and the timing of production of these reserves may be substantially different from the original estimates.

Reserve quantities and revenues for the net profits interests were estimated from projections of reserves and revenues attributable to the underlying properties. Since the Trust has defined net profits interests, the Trust does not own a specific percentage of the oil and gas reserves. Oil and gas reserves are allocated to the net profits interests by dividing Trust net cash inflows by 12-month average oil and gas prices.

Oil and Natural Gas Production

Trust production is recognized in the period net profits income is received, which is the month following receipt by XTO Energy, and generally two months after the time of production. Oil and gas sales volumes are allocated to the net profits interests based upon a formula that considers oil and gas prices and the total amount of production expense and development costs. As such, the underlying property production volume changes may not correlate with the Trust’s net profit share of those volumes in any given period.

Oil and gas production and average sales prices attributable to the underlying properties and the net profits interests for each of the two years ended December 31 were as follows:

 

   2020   2019 

Production

    

Underlying Properties

    

Gas – Sales (Mcf)

   11,372,815    11,112,535 

Average per day (Mcf)

   31,073    30,445 

Oil – Sales (Bbls)

   316,978    302,040 

Average per day (Bbls)

   866    828 

Net Profits Interests

    

Gas – Sales (Mcf)

       109,541 

Average per day (Mcf)

       300 

Oil – Sales (Bbls)

       249 

Average per day (Bbls)

       1 

Average Sales Price

    

Gas (per Mcf)

   $   2.15    $   2.95 

Oil (per Bbl)

   $41.12    $ 53.60 

Average Production

    

Cost per BOE

   $12.97    $ 15.13 

Oil and gas production by conveyance attributable to the underlying properties for each of the two years ended December 31 were as follows:

 

   Underlying Gas Production (Mcf) 

Conveyance

  2020   2019 

Kansas

   808,264    868,947 

Oklahoma

   7,154,714    6,572,242 

Wyoming

   3,409,837    3,671,346 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   11,372,815    11,112,535 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   Underlying Oil Production (Bbls) 

Conveyance

  2020   2019 

Kansas

   4,353    6,102 

Oklahoma

   305,178    288,662 

Wyoming

   7,447    7,276 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   316,978    302,040 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

17


Table of Contents

Pricing and Sales Information

XTO Energy sells most of its natural gas production directly to third parties, and a portion is sold to certain of XTO Energy’s wholly-owned subsidiaries based on a weighted average sales price. The weighted average sales price received from the subsidiary is based upon sales to third parties for the best available price. Oil production is generally marketed at the wellhead to third parties at the best available price. XTO Energy arranges for some of its natural gas to be processed by unaffiliated third parties and markets the natural gas liquids. Some of the natural gas attributable to the underlying properties is marketed under contracts existing at Trust inception. Contracts covering production from the Ringwood area of the Major County area are generally for the life of the lease. The contract with an unaffiliated third party for the majority of production from the Hugoton area is in effect through the life of the lease. If new contracts are entered with unaffiliated third parties, the proceeds from sales under those new contracts will be included in gross proceeds from the underlying properties. If new contracts are entered with any subsidiary of XTO Energy, it may charge XTO Energy a fee that may not exceed 2% of the sales price of the oil and natural gas received from unaffiliated parties. The sales price is net of any deductions for transportation from the wellhead to the unaffiliated parties and any gravity or quality adjustments. For further information on these arrangements see Significant Properties above.

Regulation

Natural Gas Regulation

The interstate transportation and sale for resale of natural gas is subject to federal regulation, including transportation and storage rates charged, tariffs, and various other matters, by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Federal price controls on wellhead sales of domestic natural gas terminated on January 1, 1993. While natural gas prices are currently unregulated, Congress historically has been active in the area of natural gas regulation. On August 8, 2005, Congress enacted the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The Energy Policy Act, among other things, amended the Natural Gas Act to prohibit market manipulation by any entity, to direct FERC to facilitate market transparency in the market for sale or transportation of physical natural gas in interstate commerce, and to significantly increase the penalties for violations of the Natural Gas Act, the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978, or FERC rules, regulations or orders thereunder. FERC has promulgated regulations to implement the Energy Policy Act, including enforcement rules and new annual reporting requirements for certain sellers of natural gas. It is impossible to predict whether new legislation to regulate natural gas might be proposed, what proposals, if any, might actually be enacted by Congress or the various state legislatures, and what effect, if any, such proposals might have on the operations of the underlying properties.

Federal Regulation of Oil

Sales of crude oil, condensate and natural gas liquids are not currently regulated and are made at market prices. The net price received from the sale of these products is affected by market transportation costs. Under rules adopted by FERC effective January 1995, interstate oil pipelines can change rates based on an inflation index, though other rate mechanisms may be used in specific circumstances.

On December 19, 2007, the President signed into law the Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007 (PL 110-140). The EISA, among other things, prohibits market manipulation by any person in connection with the purchase or sale of crude oil, gasoline or petroleum distillates at wholesale in contravention of such rules and regulations that the Federal Trade Commission may prescribe, directs the Federal Trade Commission to enforce the regulations, and establishes penalties for violations thereunder. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it cannot predict the impact of future government regulation on any crude oil, condensate or natural gas liquids facilities, sales or transportation transactions.

 

18


Table of Contents

Environmental Regulation

Companies that are engaged in the oil and gas industry are affected by federal, state and local laws regulating the discharge of materials into the environment. Those laws may impact operations of the underlying properties. No material expenses have been incurred on the underlying properties in complying with environmental laws and regulations. XTO Energy does not expect that future compliance will have a material adverse effect on the Trust.

There is an increased focus by local, national and international regulatory bodies on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change. Several states have adopted climate change legislation and regulations, and various other regulatory bodies have announced their intent to regulate GHG emissions or adopt climate change regulations. As these regulations are under development, XTO Energy is unable to predict the total impact of the potential regulations upon the operators of the underlying properties, and it is possible that operators of the underlying properties could face increases in operating costs in order to comply with climate change or GHG emissions legislation, which costs could reduce net proceeds payable to the Trust and Trust distributions.

State Regulation

The various states regulate the production and sale of oil and natural gas, including imposing requirements for obtaining drilling permits, the method of developing new fields, the spacing and operation of wells and the prevention of waste of oil and gas resources. The rates of production may be regulated and the maximum daily production allowables from both oil and gas wells may be established on a market demand or conservation basis, or both.

Federal Income Taxes

For federal income tax purposes, the Trust constitutes a fixed investment trust that is taxed as a grantor trust. A grantor trust is not subject to tax at the trust level. The unitholders are considered to own the Trust’s income and principal as though no trust were in existence. The income of the Trust is deemed to have been received or accrued by each unitholder at the time such income is received or accrued by the Trust and not when distributed by the Trust. Impairment for book purposes will not result in a loss for tax purposes for the unitholders until the loss is recognized.

Because the Trust is a grantor trust for federal tax purposes, each unitholder is taxed directly on his proportionate share of income, deductions and credits of the Trust consistent with each such unitholder’s taxable year and method of accounting and without regard to the taxable year or method of accounting employed by the Trust. The income of the Trust consists primarily of a specified share of the net profits from the sale of oil and natural gas produced from the underlying properties. During 2020, the Trust incurred administration expenses and earned interest income on funds held for distribution and for the cash reserve maintained for the payment of contingent and future obligations of the Trust.

The Trust generally allocates its items of income, gain, loss and deduction between transferors and transferees of the units each month based upon the ownership of the Trust units on the monthly record date, instead of on the basis of the date a particular unit is transferred. It is possible that the IRS could disagree with this allocation method and could assert that income and deductions of the Trust should be determined and allocated on a daily or prorated basis, which could require adjustments to the tax returns of the unitholders affected by the issue and result in an increase in the administrative expense of the Trust in subsequent periods.

 

19


Table of Contents

The net profits interests constitute “economic interests” in oil and gas properties for federal tax purposes. Each unitholder is entitled to amortize the cost of the units through cost depletion over the life of the net profits interests or, if greater, through percentage depletion equal to 15% of gross income, limited to 100% of the net income from such net profits interest. Unlike cost depletion, percentage depletion is not limited to a unitholder’s depletable tax basis in the units. Rather, a unitholder is entitled to a percentage depletion deduction as long as the applicable underlying properties generate gross income. Unitholders should compute both percentage depletion and cost depletion from each property and claim the larger amount as a deduction on their income tax returns.

Unitholders must maintain records of their adjusted basis in their Trust units (generally his or her cost less prior depletion deductions), make adjustments for depletion deductions to such basis, and use the adjusted basis for the computation of gain or loss on the disposition of the Trust units.

If a taxpayer disposes of any “Section 1254 property” (certain oil, gas, geothermal or other mineral property), and the adjusted basis of such property includes adjustments for depletion deductions under Section 611 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”), the taxpayer generally must recapture the amount deducted for depletion as ordinary income (to the extent of gain realized on such disposition). This depletion recapture rule applies to any disposition of Section 1254 property that was placed in service by the taxpayer after December 31, 1986. Detailed rules set forth in Sections 1.1254-1 through 1.1254-6 of the U.S. Treasury Regulations govern dispositions of property after March 13, 1995.

Interest and net profits income attributable to ownership of units and any gain on the sale thereof are considered portfolio income, and not income from a “passive activity,” to the extent a unitholder acquires and holds units as an investment and not in the ordinary course of a trade or business. Therefore, interest and net profits income attributable to ownership of units generally may not be offset by losses from any passive activities.

Under the “TCJA” for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026, the highest marginal U.S. federal income tax rate applicable to ordinary income of individuals is 37%, and the highest marginal U.S. federal income tax rate applicable to long-term capital gains (generally, gains from the sale or exchange of certain investment assets held for more than one year) and qualified dividends of individuals is 20%. Under the TCJA, for such tax years, personal exemptions and miscellaneous itemized deductions are not allowed. For such tax years, the U.S. federal income tax rate applicable to corporations is 21%, and such rate applies to both ordinary income and capital gains.

Section 1411 of the Code imposes a 3.8% Medicare tax on certain investment income earned by individuals, estates, and trusts. For these purposes, investment income generally will include a unitholder’s allocable share of the Trust’s interest and royalty income plus the gain recognized from a sale of Trust units. In the case of an individual, the tax is imposed on the lesser of (i) the individual’s net investment income from all investments, or (ii) the amount by which the individual’s modified adjusted gross income exceeds specified threshold levels depending on such individual’s federal income tax filing status. In the case of an estate or trust, the tax is imposed on the lesser of (i) undistributed net investment income, or (ii) the excess adjusted gross income over the dollar amount at which the highest income tax bracket applicable to an estate or trust begins.

The difference between the per-unit taxable income for any period and the per-unit cash distributions, if any, reported for such period is attributable to (i) items that reduce cash distributions but are not currently deductible, such as an increase in the cash reserve maintained by the Trust for the payment of future expenditures; (ii) the current deduction of expenses that are paid with amounts previously reserved; (iii) items that increase cash distributions but do not constitute taxable income, such as a decrease in the cash reserve maintained by the Trust and/or a return of capital; and (iv) items that constitute taxable income due to the recovery of prior period expense adjustments. Because of these types of items and when the Trustee elects to reserve amounts from monthly distributions to maintain an administrative expense reserve, the taxable income per period frequently differs from the actual amount distributed to unitholders.

 

20


Table of Contents

Individuals may also incur expenses in connection with the acquisition or maintenance of Trust units. For tax years beginning before January 1, 2018 and after December 31, 2025, these expenses, which are different from a unitholder’s share of the Trust’s administrative expenses discussed above, may be deductible as “miscellaneous itemized deductions” only to the extent that such expenses exceed 2 percent of the individual’s adjusted gross income. Under the TCJA, for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026, miscellaneous itemized deductions are not allowed.

Pursuant to the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (commonly referred to as “FATCA”), distributions from the Trust to “foreign financial institutions” and certain other “non-financial foreign entities” may be subject to U.S. withholding taxes. Specifically, certain “withholdable payments” (including certain royalties, interest and other gains or income from U.S. sources) made to a foreign financial institution or non-financial foreign entity will generally be subject to the withholding tax unless the foreign financial institution or non-financial foreign entity complies with certain information reporting, withholding, identification, certification and related requirements imposed by FATCA. Foreign financial institutions located in jurisdictions that have an intergovernmental agreement with the United States governing FATCA may be subject to different rules.

The Treasury Department issued guidance providing that the FATCA withholding rules described above generally will apply to qualifying payments made after June 30, 2014. Foreign unitholders are encouraged to consult their own tax advisor regarding the possible implications of these withholding provisions on their investment in Trust units.

Some Trust units are held by middlemen, as such term is broadly defined in U.S. Treasury Regulations (and includes custodians, nominees, certain joint owners, and brokers holding an interest for a customer in street name, collectively referred to herein as “middlemen”). Therefore, the Trustee considers the Trust to be a non-mortgage widely held fixed investment trust (“WHFIT”) for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Simmons Bank, EIN: 71-0162300, 2911 Turtle Creek Blvd, Suite 850, Dallas, Texas, 75219, telephone number 1-855-588-7839, email address Trustee@hgt-hugoton.com, is the representative of the Trust that will provide tax information in accordance with applicable U.S. Treasury Regulations governing the information reporting requirements of the Trust as a WHFIT. Tax information is also posted by the Trustee at www.hgt-hugoton.com. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the middlemen holding Trust units on behalf of unitholders, and not the Trustee of the Trust, are solely responsible for complying with the information reporting requirements under the U.S. Treasury Regulations with respect to such Trust units, including the issuance of IRS Forms 1099 and certain written tax statements. Unitholders whose Trust units are held by middlemen should consult with such middlemen regarding the information that will be reported to them by the middlemen with respect to the Trust units.

Unitholders should consult their tax advisor regarding trust tax compliance matters.

State Income Taxes

All revenues from the Trust are from sources within Kansas, Oklahoma or Wyoming. Kansas and Oklahoma each impose a state income tax, which is potentially applicable to income from the net profits interests located in each of those states. Because it distributes all of its net income to unitholders, the Trust is not taxed at the trust level in Kansas or Oklahoma. While the Trust does not owe tax, the Trustee is required to file an Oklahoma income tax return reflecting the income and deductions of the Trust attributable to properties located in the state, along with a schedule that includes information regarding distributions to unitholders. Oklahoma taxes the income of nonresidents from real property located within the state, and the Trust has been advised by counsel that Oklahoma will tax nonresidents on income from the net profits interest located within the state. Oklahoma also imposes a corporate income tax that may apply to unitholders organized as corporations (subject to certain exceptions for S corporations and limited liability companies, depending on their treatment for federal tax purposes).

 

21


Table of Contents

Kansas also taxes the income of nonresidents from property located within the state. However, the Trust will not file a Kansas income tax return for the 2020 tax year because the Trust had no revenues, income or deductions in 2020 attributable to properties located in Kansas. The Trust did not file a return with Kansas for the 2019 and 2018 tax years for the same reason.

Wyoming does not impose a state income tax.

Each unitholder should consult his or her own tax advisor regarding state income tax requirements, if any, applicable to such person’s ownership of Trust units.

State Tax Withholding

Several states have enacted legislation requiring state income tax withholding from payments to nonresident recipients of oil and gas proceeds. After consultation with its tax counsel, the Trustee believes that it is not required to withhold on payments made to the unitholders. However, regulations are subject to change by the various states, which could change this conclusion. Should amounts be withheld on payments made to the Trust or the unitholders, distributions to the unitholders would be reduced by the required amount, subject to the filing of a claim for refund by the Trust or unitholders for such amount.

Other Regulation

The petroleum industry is also subject to compliance with various other federal, state and local regulations and laws, including, but not limited to, regulations and laws relating to environmental protection, occupational safety, resource conservation and equal employment opportunity. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it does not believe that compliance with these laws will have any material adverse effect upon the unitholders.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

As previously disclosed, XTO Energy advised the Trustee that it reached a settlement with the plaintiffs in the Chieftain class action royalty case. On July 27, 2018, the final plan of allocation was approved by the court. Based on the final plan of allocation, XTO Energy advised the Trustee that it believes approximately $24.3 million in additional production costs should be allocated to the Trust. On May 2, 2018, the Trustee submitted a demand for arbitration seeking a declaratory judgment that the Chieftain settlement is not a production cost and that XTO Energy is prohibited from charging the settlement as a production cost under the conveyance or otherwise reducing the Trust’s payments now or in the future as a result of the Chieftain litigation. The Trust and XTO Energy conducted the interim hearing on the claims related to the Chieftain settlement on October 12-13, 2020. In the arbitration, the Trustee contended that the approximately $24.3 million allocation related to the Chieftain settlement was not a production cost and, therefore, there should not be a related adjustment to the Trust’s share of net proceeds. However, XTO Energy contended that the approximately $24.3 million was a production cost and should reduce the Trust’s share of net proceeds.

On January 20, 2021, the arbitration panel issued its Corrected Interim Final Award (i) “reject[ing] the Trust’s contention that XTO has no right under the Conveyance to charge the Trust with amounts XTO paid under section 1.18(a)(i) as royalty obligations to settle the Chieftain litigation” and (ii) stating “[t]he next phase will determine how much of the Chieftain settlement can be so charged, if any of it can be, in the exercise of the right found by the Panel.” The parties are continuing to review the Corrected Interim Final Award and on March 26, 2021, XTO Energy submitted its brief to the Panel regarding the amount of the Chieftain settlement, if any, that may be charged to the Trust. The Trustee has until April 23, 2021 to submit a response brief and XTO Energy will have until May 7, 2021 to submit a reply brief to the Panel regarding the amount of the Chieftain settlement, if any, that may be charged to the Trust.

 

22


Table of Contents

The Oklahoma conveyance is already currently subject to excess costs that will need to be recovered prior to any distribution to unitholders. Therefore, if the arbitration panel determines that the approximately $24.3 million can be charged to the Trust (as XTO Energy contends), the reduction in the Trust’s share of net proceeds would result in additional excess costs under the Oklahoma conveyance that would likely result in no distributions under the Oklahoma conveyance for several additional years while these additional excess costs are recovered.

Other Trustee claims related to disputed amounts on the computation of the Trust’s net proceeds for 2014 through 2016 were bifurcated from the initial arbitration and will be heard at a later date, which is still to be determined.

Certain of the underlying properties are involved in various other lawsuits and governmental proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these claims will have a material effect on the financial position or liquidity of the Trust, but may have an effect on annual distributable income.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not Applicable.

 

23


Table of Contents

PART II

Item 5. Market for Units of the Trust, Related Unitholder Matters and Trust Purchases of Units

Units of Beneficial Interest

The units of beneficial interest in the Trust began trading on the New York Stock Exchange on April 9, 1999 under the symbol “HGT.” On August 27, 2018, the Trust units were delisted from the NYSE and began to be quoted on the OTCQX, which is maintained by the OTC Market Group Inc., under the symbol “HGTXU.” The Trust transitioned from the OTCQX to the OTCQB on May 19, 2020. Any quotations on the OTCQB reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down, or commission and may not necessarily reflect actual transactions.

At March 5, 2021, there were 40,000,000 units outstanding and approximately 572 unitholders of record; 39,785,624 of these units were held by depository institutions.

The Trust has no equity compensation plans, nor has it purchased any units during the period covered by this report.

See “Item 1. Business” for a description of the Trustee’s obligations to make monthly distributions and how the monthly distribution amount is determined under the indenture.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

Not required for smaller reporting companies; the Trust has elected to omit this information.

 

24


Table of Contents

Item 7. Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Calculation of Net Profits Income

The following is a summary of the calculation of net profits income received by the Trust:

 

   Year Ended December 31 (a)  Three Months Ended December 31 (a) 
   2020  2019  2020  2019 

Sales Volumes

     

Gas (Mcf) (b)

     

Underlying properties

   11,372,815   11,112,535   2,893,066   2,969,373 

Average per day

   31,073   30,445   31,446   32,276 

Net profits interests

      109,541       

Oil (Bbls) (b)

     

Underlying properties

   316,978   302,040   64,808   145,683 

Average per day

   866   828   704   1,584 

Net profits interests

      249       

Average Sales Prices

     

Gas (per Mcf)

  $2.15  $2.95  $2.30  $2.21 

Oil (per Bbl)

  $41.12  $53.60  $38.40  $53.39 

Revenues

     

Gas sales

  $ 24,396,826  $32,762,489  $6,664,085  $6,555,147 

Oil sales

   13,034,661   16,189,356   2,488,611   7,777,550 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total Revenues

   37,431,487   48,951,845   9,152,696   14,332,697 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Costs

     

Taxes, transportation and other

   9,353,562   10,208,162   2,428,829   2,725,253 

Production expense

   16,491,918   21,041,901   4,673,294   6,121,091 

Development costs (c)

   1,030,577   18,051,637   337,144   1,319,473 

Overhead

   12,211,615   11,549,455   2,875,246   3,289,159 

Excess costs (d)

   (1,656,185  (12,361,133  (1,161,817  877,721 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total Costs

   37,431,487   48,490,022   9,152,696   14,332,697 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Proceeds

      461,823       

Net Profits Percentage

   80%   80%   80%   80% 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Profits Income

  $  $369,458  $  $ 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(a)

Because of the two-month interval between time of production and receipt of net profits income by the Trust: 1) oil and gas sales for the year ended December 31 generally relate to twelve months of production for the period November through October, and 2) oil and gas sales for the three months ended December 31 generally relate to production for the period August through October.

(b)

Oil and gas sales volumes are allocated to the net profits interests by dividing Trust net cash inflows by average sales prices. As oil and gas prices change, the Trust’s allocated production volumes are impacted as the quantity of production necessary to cover expenses changes inversely with price. As such, the underlying property production volume changes may not correlate with the Trust’s allocated production volumes in any given period. Therefore, comparative discussion of oil and gas sales volumes is based on the underlying properties.

(c)

See Note 5 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

(d)

See Note 4 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

25


Table of Contents

Results of Operations

Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

Net profits income for 2020 was $0, as compared with $369,458 for 2019. The 100% decrease in net profits income from 2019 to 2020 was primarily the result of lower oil and gas prices ($10.1 million), net excess costs activity ($8.6 million), and increased overhead ($0.5 million), partially offset by decreased development costs ($13.6 million), decreased production expenses ($3.6 million), increased oil and gas production ($0.9 million), and decreased taxes, transportation and other costs ($0.7 million).

Trust administration expense was $890,855 in 2020 as compared to $913,398 in 2019. In addition to Simmons Bank funding $282,369 towards payment of Trust expenses, the remaining cash reserve balance as of January 1, 2020 of $605,646 was utilized for the payment of Trust expenses. Interest income was $2,840 in 2020 and $21,429 in 2019. Changes in interest income are attributable to fluctuations in net profits income, cash reserve and interest rates. Distributable income was $0 or $0.000000 per unit in 2020 and $0 or $0.000000 per unit in 2019.

Net profits income is recorded when received by the Trust, which is the month following receipt by XTO Energy, and generally two months after oil and gas production. Net profits income is generally affected by three major factors:

 

 1.

oil and gas sales volumes;

 2.

oil and gas sales prices; and

 3.

costs deducted in the calculation of net profits income.

Volumes

Gas.    Underlying gas sales volumes increased 2% from 2019 to 2020 primarily due to higher gas sales from new wells in Major County, Oklahoma, and timing of cash receipts, partially offset by natural production decline.

Oil.    Underlying oil sales volumes increased 5% from 2019 to 2020 primarily due to higher oil sales from new wells in Major County, Oklahoma, and timing of cash receipts, partially offset by natural production decline.

The estimated rate of natural production decline on the underlying oil and gas properties is approximately 6% to 8% a year.

Prices

Gas.    The 2020 average gas price was $2.15 per Mcf, down 27% from the 2019 average gas price of $2.95 per Mcf. Natural gas prices are affected by the level of North American production, weather, crude oil and natural gas liquids prices, the U.S. economy, storage levels and export levels of liquefied natural gas. Natural gas prices are expected to remain volatile. The average NYMEX price for November 2020 through January 2021 was $2.79 per MMBtu. At March 15, 2021, the average NYMEX gas price for the following 12 months was $2.72 per MMBtu.

Oil.    The average oil price for 2020 was $41.12 per Bbl, down 23% from the average oil price for 2019 of $53.60 per Bbl. Oil prices are expected to remain volatile. The average NYMEX price for November 2020 through January 2021 was $46.77 per Bbl. At March 15, 2021, the average NYMEX oil price for the following 12 months was $62.80 per Bbl.

Beginning in March 2020 and continuing into the fourth quarter of 2020, numerous events have continued to have a downward impact on sales prices of products produced from the underlying properties. The COVID-19 pandemic and the government responses to this pandemic have significantly decreased the demand for oil and gas. It is not clear at the present time when or whether pandemic restrictions will lift or when government policies may change. Additionally, market factors, including abundant supplies, have also negatively impacted prices. Even when demand returns, it could take time for these accumulated supplies to decrease and a new market equilibrium, which may be lower than the pre-pandemic equilibrium, to emerge.

 

26


Table of Contents

Costs

The calculation of net profits income includes deductions for production expense, development costs and overhead since the related underlying properties are working interests.

Taxes, transportation and other.    Taxes, transportation and other costs generally fluctuate with changes in total revenues. Taxes, transportation and other costs decreased 8% from 2019 to 2020 primarily because of decreased production taxes due to lower revenues and decreased property taxes due to timing of charges, partially offset by increased gas deductions including amounts related to certain adjustments previously included in gas sales revenue that are now recorded in this line item.

Production expense.    Production expense decreased 22% from 2019 to 2020 primarily because of decreased repairs and maintenance, credits received for material transfers, and decreased labor, partially offset by increased plug and abandonment expense.

Development costs.    Development costs charged to the Trust decreased 94% from 2019 to 2020 primarily due to the decrease in the development budget for the drilling of four horizontal wells in Major County, Oklahoma. The monthly deduction is based on the current level of development expenditures, budgeted future development costs and the cumulative actual costs under (over) previous deductions. Actual development costs for properties underlying the Kansas and Wyoming net profits interests were charged to the Trust as incurred during 2019 and 2020. Actual development costs for the properties underlying the Oklahoma net profits interests were charged to the Trust as incurred once the accrual was fully depleted as of the July 2019 distribution. Changes in oil or natural gas prices could impact future development plans on the underlying properties. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that this monthly deduction will continue to be evaluated and revised as necessary. For further information on development costs, see Note 5 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Overhead.    Overhead is charged by XTO Energy and other operators for administrative expenses incurred to support operations of the underlying properties. Overhead fluctuates based on changes in the active well count and drilling activity on the underlying properties, as well as an annual cost level adjustment.

Excess costs.    If monthly costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, these excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net profits income from another conveyance. Underlying cumulative excess costs for the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming conveyances remaining as of December 31, 2020 totaled $34.0 million ($27.2 million net to the Trust), including accrued interest of $2.1 million ($1.7 million net to the Trust). For further information on excess costs, including the balance and accrued interest by conveyance, see Note 4 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Fourth Quarter 2020 and 2019

During fourth quarter 2020 the Trust received net profits income totaling $0 compared with fourth quarter 2019 net profits income of $0 primarily due to net excess costs activity ($1.6 million), decreased production expenses ($1.2 million), decreased development costs ($0.8 million), decreased overhead ($0.3 million), decreased taxes, transportation and other costs ($0.2 million), and higher gas prices ($0.2 million), partially offset by decreased oil and gas production ($2.6 million), and lower oil prices ($1.7 million).

After adding interest income of $11, deducting administration expense of $301,131, utilizing the remaining cash reserve balance as of October 1, 2020 of $18,751 in addition to cash funded by Simmons Bank for the payment of Trust expenses, distributable income for fourth quarter 2020 was $0 or $0.000000 per unit. Distributable income for fourth quarter 2019 was $0 or $0.000000 per unit.

 

27


Table of Contents

Distributions to unitholders for the quarter ended December 31, 2020 were:

 

Record Date

  

Payment Date

  Per Unit 

October 30, 2020

  

November 16, 2020

  $0.000000 

November 30, 2020

  

December 14, 2020

   0.000000 

December 31, 2020

  

January 15, 2021

   0.000000 
    

 

 

 
    $0.000000 
    

 

 

 

Volumes

Fourth quarter underlying gas and oil sales volumes decreased 3% and 56%, respectively, primarily due to natural production decline and lower sales from new wells in Major County, Oklahoma, partially offset by timing of cash receipts.

Prices

The average fourth quarter 2020 gas price was $2.30 per Mcf, up 4% from the fourth quarter 2019 average price of $2.21 per Mcf. The average fourth quarter 2020 oil price was $38.40 per Bbl, down 28% from the fourth quarter 2019 average price of $53.39 per Bbl. For further information about product prices, see “Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 – Prices” above.

Costs

Taxes, transportation and other. Taxes, transportation and other costs decreased 11% for the fourth quarter primarily because of decreased production taxes due to lower revenues and decreased property taxes due to timing of charges, partially offset by increased gas deductions.

Production expense. Fourth quarter production expense decreased 24% primarily because of decreased repairs and maintenance and labor, partially offset by increased plug and abandonment expense.

Development costs. Development costs decreased 13% for the fourth quarter primarily due to the decrease in development costs for the drilling of four horizontal wells in Major County, Oklahoma. Actual development costs for properties underlying the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming net profits interests were charged to the Trust as incurred during fourth quarter 2020 and 2019. For further information on development costs, see Note 5 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Overhead. Overhead is charged by XTO Energy and other operators for administrative expenses incurred to support operations of the underlying properties. Overhead fluctuates based on changes in the active well count and drilling activity on the underlying properties, as well as an annual cost level adjustment.

Excess costs. If monthly costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, these excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net profits income from another conveyance. For information on excess costs, including the excess cost balance and accrued interest by conveyance, see Note 4 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Trust’s only cash requirement is any declared monthly distribution of its income to unitholders, which is funded by the monthly receipt of net profits income after payment of Trust administration expenses. The Trust is not liable for any production costs or liabilities attributable to the net profits interests. If at any time the Trust receives net profits income in excess of the amount due, the Trust is not obligated to return such overpayment, but future net profits income payable to the Trust will be reduced by the overpayment, plus interest at the prime rate. The Trust may borrow funds required to pay Trust liabilities if fully repaid prior to further distributions to unitholders.

 

28


Table of Contents

The Trust does not have any transactions, arrangements or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or persons that could materially affect the Trust’s liquidity or the availability of capital resources.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Trust will continue as a going concern. Financial statements prepared on a going concern basis assume the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. Increases in excess costs for the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming conveyances have resulted in insufficient net proceeds to the Trust and a reduction in the Trust’s expense reserve to zero. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Trust’s ability to continue as a going concern as the Trust may not have, based on the current estimated administrative expenses, sufficient cash to meet its obligations during the one year period after the date the financial statements are issued. Factors attributable to the potential cash shortage are primarily the previously disclosed increase in development costs to drill four horizontal wells in Major County, Oklahoma (actual costs incurred through fourth quarter 2020 are $28.1 million net to the Trust) which have created an excess cost position on the Oklahoma conveyance. Cash flows from these new wells have generated recoveries of excess costs in spite of losses from the other wells underlying the Oklahoma conveyance until the second quarter 2020 when they were no longer able to cover losses from the other wells resulting in an increase in excess costs. Additionally, excess cost positions on the Kansas and Wyoming conveyances have resulted in no net proceeds to the Trust from the Kansas conveyance for all of 2019 and 2020 and no net proceeds to the Trust from the Wyoming conveyance for all of 2019 and 2020, with the exception of the March 2019 through May 2019 distributions. The Trustee has prepared a preliminary budget estimating the administrative expenses for the year ending December 31, 2021 and the three months ending March 31, 2022 which assumes no cash inflow from either net profits income or from other sources. Following depletion of the expense reserve in October 2020, the Trustee has sought financing to pay the Trust obligations during the one year period after the date the financial statements are issued; however, to date such financing has not become available. The Trustee is reviewing the Trust’s alternatives to continuing as a going concern, which may include a sale of the Trust’s assets and/or termination of the Trust. The Trustee has engaged a third party to market the Trust’s assets. Although the Trustee has decided to market the sale of the Trust’s assets, there is no assurance that the Trustee and any prospective buyer will agree to terms of sale, or that a sale can be completed under the indenture, or if a sale is completed under the indenture, that there will be any funds available for distribution to unitholders. Any material sale of assets and/or termination of the Trust requires unitholder approval by at least 80% of all outstanding units. While such review is ongoing, Simmons Bank, as Trustee, is currently paying the expenses for the Trust, subject to its rights to be indemnified and reimbursed pursuant to the terms of the Trust indenture. However, there is nothing in the Trust indenture that requires Simmons Bank to pay the expenses for the Trust. Any funds that Simmons Bank, as Trustee, utilizes to pay expenses of the Trust must be repaid in full (including from proceeds received from a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any) before distributions to unitholders could be made. There can be no assurances that a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any, will produce net proceeds sufficient to allow distributions to the unitholders and if such proceeds are available, there is no assurance when any distribution will be made. The Trust’s financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

On April 1, 2020, XTO Energy Inc. made an unsolicited offer to acquire the outstanding units of beneficial interest of the Trust for a price of $0.20 per unit. The Trustee filed its Solicitation/Recommendation Statement on April 14, 2020 taking no position. The original offer was scheduled to expire on April 28, 2020. XTO Energy extended the offering period until May 12, 2020 and again to May 26, 2020, at which time it expired. Tendered units were returned to the unitholders due to an insufficient number of units tendered. On July 9, 2020, the Trustee notified XTO Energy of the Trustee’s claim to indemnification to the Trust Estate for all liability, expense, claims, damages or loss incurred by the Trustee in connection with the administration of the Trust. The Trustee stated it anticipates seeking reimbursement from XTO Energy upon depletion of the Trust’s cash reserve. XTO Energy has responded that any indemnity claim to XTO Energy is premature before the Trust Estate is exhausted.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Climate Change Regulation

There is an increased focus by local, national and international regulatory bodies on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change. A number of nations and U.S. states have adopted or are considering some form of

 

29


Table of Contents

climate change legislation and regulations, including carbon taxes, cap-and-trade policies and bans on drilling in certain areas or in certain ways. The climate accord reached at the Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris set many new goals, and while many related policies are still emerging, XTO Energy has informed the Trustee that it continues to anticipate that such policies will increase the cost of carbon dioxide emissions over time. As these regulations are under development, XTO Energy is unable to predict the total impact of the potential regulations upon the operators of the underlying properties, and it is possible that the operators of the underlying properties could face increases in operating costs or a ban or certain types of activities in order to comply with climate change or GHG emissions legislation, which costs could reduce or eliminate net proceeds payable to the Trust and Trust distributions.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Trust has no off-balance sheet financing arrangements. The Trust has not guaranteed the debt of any other party, nor does the Trust have any other arrangements or relationships with other entities that could potentially result in unconsolidated debt, losses or contingent obligations.

Related Party Transactions

XTO Energy operates approximately 95% of the underlying properties. In computing net proceeds, XTO Energy deducts an overhead charge for reimbursement of administrative expenses on the underlying properties it operates. As of December 31, 2020, the monthly overhead charge, based on the number of operated wells, was approximately $951,000 ($761,000 net to the Trust) and is subject to annual adjustment based on an oil and gas industry index as defined in the Trust Indenture.

Certain of XTO Energy’s wholly-owned subsidiaries purchase natural gas and provide services for the properties operated by XTO Energy. In the Hugoton area, Timberland provides gathering from the wellhead to DCP’s gathering system for approximately $0.75 per Mcf. A portion of the gas production in Major County, Oklahoma is sold to Ringwood Gathering Company (“RGC”) for a price based upon third party sales. RGC retains approximately $0.31 per Mcf as a compression and gathering fee. For further information regarding natural gas sales from the underlying properties to affiliates of XTO Energy, see Significant Properties, under Item 2. Properties.

Total gas sales from the underlying properties to XTO Energy’s wholly-owned subsidiaries were $1.9 million for 2020, or 8% of total gas sales, $1.8 million for 2019, or 5% of total gas sales.

On June 25, 2010, XTO Energy became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Exxon Mobil Corporation.

Simmons Bank, as Trustee of Hugoton Royalty Trust, is currently funding the expenses for the Trust, subject to its rights to be indemnified and reimbursed pursuant to the terms of the Trust indenture. This includes reimbursement from proceeds received from a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any. Amount funded as of December 31, 2020 is $282,369 as reflected in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. Under the Trust indenture, the Trustee is entitled to an annual administrative fee for services performed which was $76,012 in 2020. See Item 11. Executive Compensation, for further information on the remuneration received by the Trustee.

Critical Accounting Policies

The financial statements of the Trust are significantly affected by its basis of accounting and estimates related to its oil and gas properties and proved reserves, as summarized below.

 

30


Table of Contents

Basis of Accounting

The Trust’s financial statements are prepared on a modified cash basis, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than U.S. GAAP. This method of accounting is consistent with reporting of taxable income to Trust unitholders. The most significant differences between the Trust’s financial statements and those prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP are:

 

 1.

Net profits income is recognized in the month received rather than accrued in the month of production.

 2.

Expenses are recognized when paid rather than when incurred.

 3.

Cash reserves may be established by the Trustee for certain contingencies that would not be recorded under U.S. GAAP.

This comprehensive basis of accounting other than U.S. GAAP corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, as specified by Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 12:E, Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts. For further information regarding the Trust’s basis of accounting, see Note 2 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

All amounts included in the Trust’s financial statements are based on cash amounts received or disbursed, or on the carrying value of the net profits interests, which was derived from the historical cost of the interests at the date of their transfer from XTO Energy, less accumulated amortization to date. Accordingly, there are no fair value estimates included in the financial statements based on either exchange or non-exchange trade values.

Impairment of Net Profits Interest

The Trustee reviews the Trust’s net profits interests (“NPI”) in oil and gas properties for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the NPI may not be recoverable. In general, the Trustee does not view temporarily low prices as an indication of impairment. The markets for crude oil and natural gas have a history of significant price volatility and though prices will occasionally drop significantly, industry prices over the long term will continue to be driven by market supply and demand. If events and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable, the Trustee would use the estimated undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI to evaluate the recoverability of the Trust assets. If the undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI are less than the NPI carrying value, the Trust would recognize an impairment loss for the difference between the NPI carrying value and the estimated fair value of the NPI. The determination as to whether the NPI is impaired requires a significant amount of judgment by the Trustee and is based on the best information available to the Trustee at the time of the evaluation, including information provided by XTO Energy such as estimates of future production and development and operating expenses.

Significantly, during the third quarter of 2019, long term gas prices used to develop projections of future cash flows declined further and excess costs on all three conveyances increased substantially. In light of these facts and circumstances, an impairment trigger event occurred in the third quarter of 2019. An assessment of the forecasted net cash flows for the NPI indicated that the estimated undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI were below the carrying value of the NPI. During the third quarter of 2019, the NPI was written down to its fair value of zero, resulting in a $15.7 million impairment charged directly to Trust corpus, which did not affect distributable income. The fair value of the NPI was developed using estimates for future oil and gas production attributable to the Trust, future crude oil and natural gas commodity prices published by third-party industry experts (adjusted for basis differentials), estimated taxes, development and operating expenses, and a risk-adjusted discount rate. Impairments recorded for book purposes will not result in a loss for tax purposes for the unitholders until the loss is recognized.

Oil and Gas Reserves

The proved oil and gas reserves for the underlying properties are estimated by independent petroleum engineers. The estimated reserves for the underlying properties are then used by XTO Energy to calculate the estimated oil and gas reserves attributable to the net profits interests. Reserve engineering is a subjective

 

31


Table of Contents

process that is dependent upon the quality of available data and the interpretation thereof. Estimates by different engineers often vary, sometimes significantly. In addition, physical factors such as the results of drilling, testing and production subsequent to the date of an estimate, as well as economic factors such as changes in product prices, may justify revision of such estimates. Because proved reserves are required to be estimated using 12-month average prices, based on the first-day-of-the-month price for each month in the period, estimated reserve quantities can be significantly impacted by changes in product prices. Accordingly, oil and gas quantities ultimately recovered and the timing of production may be substantially different from original estimates.

The standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows and changes in such cash flows, as reported in Note 9 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, is prepared using assumptions required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board and the Securities and Exchange Commission. Such assumptions include using 12-month average oil and gas prices, based on the first-day-of-the-month price for each month in the period, and year end costs for estimated future development and production expenditures, including recovery of cumulative excess costs remaining at year end. Discounted future net cash flows are calculated using a 10% rate. Changes in any of these assumptions, including consideration of other factors, could have a significant impact on the standardized measure. Accordingly, the standardized measure does not represent XTO Energy’s or the Trustee’s estimated current market value of proved reserves.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain information included in this annual report and other materials filed, or to be filed, by the Trust with the Securities and Exchange Commission (as well as information included in oral statements or other written statements made or to be made by XTO Energy or the Trustee) contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, relating to the Trust, operations of the underlying properties and the oil and gas industry. Such forward-looking statements may concern, among other things, potential asset sales or termination of the Trust, reserve-to-production ratios, future production, development activities and associated operating expenses, future development plans by area, increased density drilling, maintenance projects, development, production, regulatory and other costs, oil and gas prices and expectations for future demand, pricing differentials, proved reserves, future net cash flows, production levels, expense reserve budgets, availability of financing, arbitration, litigation, political and regulatory matters, such as tax and environmental policy, climate policy, trade barriers, sanctions, and competition. Such forward-looking statements are based on XTO Energy’s and the Trustee’s current plans, expectations, assumptions, projections and estimates and are identified by words such as “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “projects,” “anticipates,” “predicts,” “believes,” “goals,” “estimates,” “should,” “could,” “would,” and similar words that convey the uncertainty of future events. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual financial and operational results may differ materially from expectations, estimates or assumptions expressed in, implied in, or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. Some of the risk factors that could cause actual results to differ materially are explained in Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Not required for smaller reporting companies; the Trust has elected to omit this information.

 

32


Table of Contents

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

   Page 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   34 

Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus

   36 

Statements of Distributable Income

   36 

Statements of Changes in Trust Corpus

   36 

Notes to Financial Statements

   37 

All financial statement schedules are omitted as they are inapplicable or the required information has been included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.

 

33


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Unitholders of Hugoton Royalty Trust and Simmons Bank, as Trustee

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying statements of assets, liabilities and trust corpus of Hugoton Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the related statements of distributable income and of changes in trust corpus for the years then ended, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the assets, liabilities and trust corpus of the Trust as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and its distributable income and its changes in trust corpus for the years then ended in conformity with the modified cash basis of accounting described in Note 2.

Substantial Doubt About the Trust’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Trust will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, increases in excess costs have resulted in insufficient net proceeds available to the Trust and have resulted in the depletion of the expense reserve available to the Trust for the payment of its obligations that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The Trustee’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Trustee. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Trust’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Trust in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits of these financial statements in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Trust is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by the Trustee, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Basis of Accounting

As described in Note 2, these financial statements were prepared on the modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than generally accepted accounting principles.

 

34


Table of Contents

Critical Audit Matters

Critical audit matters are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (ii) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. We determined there are no critical audit matters.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Dallas, Texas

March 31, 2021

We have served as the Trust’s auditor since 2011.

 

35


Table of Contents

HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST

STATEMENTS OF ASSETS, LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS

 

   December 31 
   2020  2019 

Assets

   

Cash and short-term investments

  $  $605,646 

Net profits interests in oil and gas properties – net
(Notes 1 and 2)

       
  

 

 

  

 

 

 
  $  $605,646 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Liabilities and Trust Corpus

   

Distribution payable to unitholders

  $  $ 

Accounts payable Simmons Bank (a)

   282,369    

Expense reserve (b)

      605,646 

Trust corpus (40,000,000 units of beneficial interest
authorized and outstanding) (a)

   (282,369   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 
  $  $605,646 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(a)

Simmons Bank, as Trustee of the Hugoton Royalty Trust, is currently paying the expenses for the Trust, subject to its rights to be indemnified and reimbursed pursuant to the terms of the Trust indenture. This includes reimbursement from proceeds received from a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any.

(b)

The expense reserve allows the Trustee to pay its obligations should it be unable to pay them out of the net profits income.

STATEMENTS OF DISTRIBUTABLE INCOME

 

   Year Ended December 31 
   2020  2019 

Net profits income

  $  $369,458 

Interest income

   2,840   21,429 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total income

   2,840   390,887 

Administration expense

   890,855   913,398 

Cash reserves withheld (used) for Trust expenses

   (605,646  (522,511

Cash funded by Simmons Bank for Trust expenses

   (282,369   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Distributable income

  $  $ 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Distributable income per unit (40,000,000 units)

  $0.000000  $0.000000 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN TRUST CORPUS

 

   Year Ended December 31 
   2020  2019 

Trust corpus, beginning of year

  $  $15,816,990 

Amortization of net profits interests

      (135,457

Impairment of net profits interests

      (15,681,533

Distributable income

       

Distributions declared

       

Cash funded by Simmons Bank for Trust expenses

   (282,369   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Trust corpus, end of year

  $(282,369 $ 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 

36


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Trust Organization and Provisions

Hugoton Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) was created on December 1, 1998 by XTO Energy Inc. (formerly known as “Cross Timbers Oil Company” and, hereafter, “XTO Energy”). Effective on that date, XTO Energy conveyed 80% net profits interests in certain predominantly gas-producing working interest properties in Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming to the Trust under separate conveyances for each of the three states. In exchange for the conveyances of the net profits interests to the Trust, XTO Energy received 40 million units of beneficial interest in the Trust. The Trust’s initial public offering was in April 1999. The majority of the underlying working interest properties are currently owned and operated by XTO Energy (Note 7).

Simmons Bank is the Trustee for the Trust. The Trust indenture provides, among other provisions, that:

 

 1.

the Trust cannot engage in any business activity or acquire any assets other than the net profits interests and specific short-term cash investments;

 

 2.

the Trust may dispose of all or part of the net profits interests if approved by a vote of holders of 80% or more of the outstanding Trust units, or upon Trust termination. Otherwise, the Trust is required to sell up to 1% of the value of the net profits interests in any calendar year, pursuant to notice from XTO Energy of its desire to sell the related underlying properties. Any sale must be for cash with 80% of the proceeds distributed to the unitholders on the next declared distribution;

 

 3.

the Trustee may establish a cash reserve for payment of any liability that is contingent or not currently payable;

 

 4.

the Trustee may borrow funds to pay Trust liabilities if repaid in full prior to further distributions to unitholders;

 

 5.

the Trustee will make monthly cash distributions to unitholders (Note 3); and

 

 6.

the Trust will terminate upon the first occurrence of:

 

 a)

disposition of all net profits interests pursuant to terms of the Trust indenture,

 

 b)

gross proceeds from the underlying properties falling below $1 million per year for two successive years, or

 

 c)

a vote of holders of 80% or more of the outstanding Trust units to terminate the Trust in accordance with provisions of the Trust indenture.

2. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements of the Trust are prepared on the following basis and are not intended to present financial position and results of operations in conformity with U.S. GAAP:

 

 1.

Net profits income is recorded in the month received by the Trustee (Note 3);

 

 2.

Interest income, interest to be received and distribution payable to unitholders include interest to be earned on net profits income from the monthly record date (last business day of the month) through the date of the next distribution;

 

 3.

Trust expenses are recorded based on liabilities paid and cash reserves established by the Trustee for liabilities and contingencies; and

 

 4.

Distributions to unitholders are recorded when declared by the Trustee (Note 3).

The most significant differences between the Trust’s financial statements and those prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP are:

 

 1.

Net profits income is recognized in the month received rather than accrued in the month of production.

 

37


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

 2.

Expenses are recognized when paid rather than when incurred.

 

 3.

Cash reserves may be established by the Trustee for certain contingencies that would not be recorded under U.S. GAAP.

This comprehensive basis of accounting corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, as specified by Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 12:E, Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts.

Most accounting pronouncements apply to entities whose financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, directing such entities to accrue or defer revenues and expenses in a period other than when such revenues were received or expenses were paid. Because the Trust’s financial statements are prepared on the modified cash basis, as described above, most accounting pronouncements are not applicable to the Trust’s financial statements.

Impairment of Net Profits Interest

The Trustee reviews the Trust’s net profits interests (“NPI”) in oil and gas properties for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the NPI may not be recoverable. In general, the Trustee does not view temporarily low prices as an indication of impairment. The markets for crude oil and natural gas have a history of significant price volatility and though prices will occasionally drop significantly, industry prices over the long term will continue to be driven by market supply and demand. If events and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable, the Trustee would use the estimated undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI to evaluate the recoverability of the Trust assets. If the undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI are less than the NPI carrying value, the Trust would recognize an impairment loss for the difference between the NPI carrying value and the estimated fair value of the NPI. The determination as to whether the NPI is impaired requires a significant amount of judgment by the Trustee and is based on the best information available to the Trustee at the time of the evaluation, including information provided by XTO Energy such as estimates of future production and development and operating expenses.

Significantly, during the third quarter of 2019, long term gas prices used to develop projections of future cash flows declined further and excess costs on all three conveyances increased substantially. In light of these facts and circumstances, an impairment trigger event occurred in the third quarter of 2019. An assessment of the forecasted net cash flows for the NPI indicated that the estimated undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI were below the carrying value of the NPI. During the third quarter of 2019, the NPI was written down to its fair value of zero, resulting in a $15.7 million impairment charged directly to Trust corpus, which did not affect distributable income. The fair value of the NPI was developed using estimates for future oil and gas production attributable to the Trust, future crude oil and natural gas commodity prices published by third-party industry experts (adjusted for basis differentials), estimated taxes, development and operating expenses, and a risk-adjusted discount rate. Impairments recorded for book purposes will not result in a loss for tax purposes for the unitholders until the loss is recognized.

Net profits interests in oil and gas properties

The initial carrying value of the net profits interests of $247,066,951 represents XTO Energy’s historical net book value for the interests on December 1, 1998, the date of the transfer to the Trust. During the second quarter 2016, the carrying value of the NPI was written down to its fair value of $28,801,000, resulting in an impairment of $57,306,527 charged directly to trust corpus. During the third quarter 2019, the carrying value of the NPI was written down to its fair value of zero, resulting in an impairment of $15,681,533 charged directly to trust corpus.

 

38


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Amortization of the net profits interests is calculated on a unit-of-production basis and charged directly to trust corpus. Accumulated amortization was $174,078,891 as of September 30, 2019, when the NPI was written down to its fair value of zero.

Liquidity and Going Concern

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Trust will continue as a going concern. Financial statements prepared on a going concern basis assume the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. Increases in excess costs for the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming conveyances have resulted in insufficient net proceeds to the Trust and a reduction in the Trust’s expense reserve to zero. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Trust’s ability to continue as a going concern as the Trust may not have, based on the current estimated administrative expenses, sufficient cash to meet its obligations during the one year period after the date the financial statements are issued. Factors attributable to the potential cash shortage are primarily the previously disclosed increase in development costs to drill four horizontal wells in Major County, Oklahoma (actual costs incurred through fourth quarter 2020 are $28.1 million net to the Trust) which have created an excess cost position on the Oklahoma conveyance. Cash flows from these new wells have generated recoveries of excess costs in spite of losses from the other wells underlying the Oklahoma conveyance until the second quarter 2020 when they were no longer able to cover losses from the other wells resulting in an increase in excess costs. Additionally, excess cost positions on the Kansas and Wyoming conveyances have resulted in no net proceeds to the Trust from the Kansas conveyance for all of 2019 and 2020 and no net proceeds to the Trust from the Wyoming conveyance for all of 2019 and 2020, with the exception of the March 2019 through May 2019 distributions. The Trustee has prepared a preliminary budget estimating the administrative expenses for the year ending December 31, 2021 and the three months ending March 31, 2022 which assumes no cash inflow from either net profits income or from other sources. Following depletion of the expense reserve in October 2020, the Trustee has sought financing to pay the Trust obligations during the one year period after the date the financial statements are issued; however, to date such financing has not become available. The Trustee is reviewing the Trust’s alternatives to continuing as a going concern, which may include a sale of the Trust’s assets and/or termination of the Trust. The Trustee has engaged a third party to market the Trust’s assets. Although the Trustee has decided to market the sale of the Trust’s assets, there is no assurance that the Trustee and any prospective buyer will agree to terms of sale, or that a sale can be completed under the indenture, or if a sale is completed under the indenture, that there will be any funds available for distribution to unitholders. Any material sale of assets and/or termination of the Trust requires unitholder approval by at least 80% of all outstanding units. While such review is ongoing, Simmons Bank, as Trustee, is currently paying the expenses for the Trust, subject to its rights to be indemnified and reimbursed pursuant to the terms of the Trust indenture. However, there is nothing in the Trust indenture that requires Simmons Bank to pay the expenses for the Trust. Any funds that Simmons Bank, as Trustee, utilizes to pay expenses of the Trust must be repaid in full (including from proceeds received from a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any) before distributions to unitholders could be made. There can be no assurances that a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any, will produce net proceeds sufficient to allow distributions to the unitholders and if such proceeds are available, there is no assurance when any distribution will be made. The Trust’s financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

On April 1, 2020, XTO Energy Inc. made an unsolicited offer to acquire the outstanding units of beneficial interest of the Trust for a price of $0.20 per unit. The Trustee filed its Solicitation/Recommendation Statement on April 14, 2020 taking no position. The original offer was scheduled to expire on April 28, 2020. XTO Energy extended the offering period until May 12, 2020 and again to May 26, 2020, at which time it expired. Tendered units were returned to the unitholders due to an insufficient number of units tendered. On July 9, 2020, the Trustee notified XTO Energy of the Trustee’s claim to indemnification to the Trust Estate for all liability, expense, claims, damages

 

39


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

or loss incurred by the Trustee in connection with the administration of the Trust. The Trustee stated it anticipates seeking reimbursement from XTO Energy upon depletion of the Trust’s cash reserve. XTO Energy has responded that any indemnity claim to XTO Energy is premature before the Trust Estate is exhausted.

3. Distributions to Unitholders

The Trustee determines the amount to be distributed to unitholders each month by totaling net profits income, interest income and other cash receipts, and subtracting liabilities paid and adjustments in cash reserves established by the Trustee. The resulting amount is distributed to unitholders of record within ten business days after the monthly record date, which is the last business day of the month.

Net profits income received by the Trustee consists of net proceeds received in the prior month by XTO Energy from the underlying properties, multiplied by 80%. Net proceeds are the gross proceeds received from the sale of production, less costs. Costs generally include applicable taxes, transportation, legal and marketing charges, production expense, development and drilling costs, and overhead.

XTO Energy, as owner of the underlying properties, computes net profits income separately for each of the three conveyances (one for each of the states of Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming). If costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, such excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net profits income from the other conveyances (Note 4).

4. Excess Costs

If monthly costs exceed revenues for any of the three conveyances (one for each of the states of Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming), such excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net proceeds from other conveyances.

The following summarizes excess costs activity, cumulative excess costs balance and accrued interest to be recovered by conveyance as calculated by XTO Energy:

 

   Underlying 
   KS   OK   WY   Total 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 12/31/19

  $1,795,487   $25,210,563   $3,189,747   $30,195,797 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 3/31/20

   358,280    (3,631,900   (241,451   (3,515,071

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 6/30/20

   339,214    1,372,288    828,881    2,540,383 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 9/30/20

   389,514    637,078    442,464    1,469,056 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 12/31/20

   121,918    345,519    694,380    1,161,817 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 12/31/20

   3,004,413    23,933,548    4,914,021    31,851,982 

Accrued interest at 12/31/20

   326,644    1,653,889    163,840    2,144,373 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total remaining to be recovered at 12/31/20

  $3,331,057   $25,587,437   $5,077,861   $33,996,355 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

40


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

   NPI 
   KS   OK   WY   Total 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 12/31/19

  $1,436,389   $20,168,450   $2,551,798   $24,156,637 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 3/31/20

   286,624    (2,905,520   (193,161   (2,812,057

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 6/30/20

   271,371    1,097,831    663,104    2,032,306 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 9/30/20

   311,611    509,662    353,971    1,175,244 

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 12/31/20

   97,535    276,415    555,505    929,455 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 12/31/20

   2,403,530    19,146,838    3,931,217    25,481,585 

Accrued interest at 12/31/20

   261,316    1,323,111    131,072    1,715,499 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total remaining to be recovered at 12/31/20

  $2,664,846   $20,469,949   $4,062,289   $27,197,084 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31, 2020, excess costs on properties underlying the Kansas net profits interests increased by $1,208,926 ($967,141 net to the Trust). This includes excess costs of $121,918 ($97,535 net to the Trust) for the quarter ended December 31, 2020.

For the year ended December 31, 2020, excess costs recovered on properties underlying the Oklahoma net profits interests were $1,277,015 ($1,021,612 net to the Trust). This includes excess costs of $345,519 ($276,415 net to the Trust) for the quarter ended December 31, 2020.

For the year ended December 31, 2020, excess costs on properties underlying the Wyoming net profits interests increased by $1,724,274 ($1,379,419 net to the Trust). This includes excess costs of $694,380 ($555,505 net to the Trust) for the quarter ended December 31, 2020.

Underlying cumulative excess costs for the Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming conveyances remaining as of December 31, 2020 totaled $34.0 million ($27.2 million net to the Trust), including accrued interest of $2.1 million ($1.7 million net to the Trust).

5. Development Costs

The following summarizes actual development costs, development costs deducted in the calculation of net profits income, and the cumulative actual costs compared to the amount deducted for the underlying properties:

 

   Year Ended December 31 
   2020   2019 

Cumulative actual costs under (over) the amount deducted – beginning of period

  $—     $13,913,191 

Actual costs

   (1,030,577   (31,966,848

Budgeted / actual costs deducted

   1,030,577    18,053,657 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cumulative actual costs under (over) the amount deducted – end of period

  $—     $—   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

41


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

The monthly deduction is based on the current level of development expenditures, budgeted future development costs and the cumulative actual costs under (over) previous deductions. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that actual development costs for properties underlying the Kansas and Wyoming net profits interests were charged to the Trust as incurred during 2019 and 2020. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that actual development costs for the properties underlying the Oklahoma net profits interests were charged to the Trust as incurred once the accrual was fully depleted as of the July 2019 distribution. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that 2021 budgeted development costs for the underlying properties could be up to $1 million. The 2021 budget year generally coincides with the Trust distribution months from April 2021 through March 2022. Changes in oil or natural gas prices could impact future development plans on the underlying properties. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that this monthly deduction will continue to be evaluated and revised as necessary.

For further information on 2021 budgeted development costs, see Item 2. Properties.

6. Income Taxes

For federal income tax purposes, the Trust constitutes a fixed investment trust that is taxed as a grantor trust. A grantor trust is not subject to tax at the trust level. Accordingly, no provision for income taxes has been made in the financial statements. The unitholders are considered to own the Trust’s income and principal as though no trust were in existence. The income of the Trust is deemed to have been received or accrued by each unitholder at the time such income is received or accrued by the Trust and not when distributed by the Trust. Impairments recorded for book purposes will not result in a loss for tax purposes for the unitholders until the loss is recognized.

All revenues from the Trust are from sources within Kansas, Oklahoma or Wyoming. Because it distributes all of its net income to unitholders, the Trust has not been taxed at the trust level in Kansas or Oklahoma. While the Trust has not owed tax, the Trustee is generally required to file Kansas and Oklahoma income tax returns reflecting the income and deductions of the Trust attributable to properties located in each state, along with a schedule that includes information regarding distributions to unitholders. However, the Trust will not file a Kansas return for the 2020 tax year because the Trust had no revenues, income or deductions in 2020 attributable to properties located in Kansas. The Trust did not file a Kansas income tax return for the 2019 and 2018 tax years for the same reason.

Wyoming does not impose a state income tax.

The Trust could potentially be required to bear a portion of the legal settlement costs arising from the Chieftain settlement. For information on contingencies, including the Chieftain class action, see Note 8 to Financial Statements. In the event that the Trust is determined to be responsible for such costs, XTO Energy will deduct the costs in its calculation of the net profits income payable to the Trust from the applicable net profits interests. Thus, for unitholders, the portion of legal settlement costs for which the Trust is determined to be responsible will be reflected through a reduction in net profits income received from the Trust and thus in a reduction in the gross royalty income reported by and taxable to the unitholders. In the event that the Trustee objects to such claimed reductions, the Trustee may also incur legal fees in representing the Trust’s interests. For unitholders, such costs would be reflected through an increase in the Trust’s administrative expenses, which would be deductible by unitholders in determining the net royalty income from the Trust.

Each unitholder should consult his or her own tax advisor regarding income tax requirements, if any, applicable to such person’s ownership of Trust units.

 

42


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

7. Related Party Transactions

XTO Energy operates approximately 95% of the underlying properties. In computing net proceeds, XTO Energy deducts an overhead charge for reimbursement of administrative expenses on the underlying properties it operates. As of December 31, 2020, the monthly overhead charge, based on the number of operated wells, was approximately $951,000 ($761,000 net to the Trust) and is subject to annual adjustment based on an oil and gas industry index as defined in the Trust Indenture.

Certain of XTO Energy’s wholly-owned subsidiaries purchase natural gas and provide services for the properties operated by XTO Energy. In the Hugoton area, Timberland provides gathering from the wellhead to DCP’s gathering system for approximately $0.75 per Mcf. A portion of the gas production in Major County, Oklahoma is sold to Ringwood Gathering Company (“RGC”) for a price based upon third party sales. RGC retains approximately $0.31 per Mcf as a compression and gathering fee.

Total gas sales from the underlying properties to XTO Energy’s wholly-owned subsidiaries were $1.9 million for 2020, or 8% of total gas sales, $1.8 million for 2019, or 5% of total gas sales.

On June 25, 2010, XTO Energy became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Exxon Mobil Corporation.

Simmons Bank, as Trustee of Hugoton Royalty Trust, is currently funding the expenses for the Trust, subject to its rights to be indemnified and reimbursed pursuant to the terms of the Trust indenture. This includes reimbursement from proceeds received from a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any. Amount funded as of December 31, 2020 is $282,369 as reflected in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. Under the Trust indenture, the Trustee is entitled to an annual administrative fee for services performed which was $76,012 in 2020. See Item 11. Executive Compensation, for further information on the remuneration received by the Trustee.

8. Contingencies

Litigation

Royalty Class Action and Arbitration

As previously disclosed, XTO Energy advised the Trustee that it reached a settlement with the plaintiffs in the Chieftain class action royalty case. On July 27, 2018, the final plan of allocation was approved by the court. Based on the final plan of allocation, XTO Energy advised the Trustee that it believes approximately $24.3 million in additional production costs should be allocated to the Trust. On May 2, 2018, the Trustee submitted a demand for arbitration seeking a declaratory judgment that the Chieftain settlement is not a production cost and that XTO Energy is prohibited from charging the settlement as a production cost under the conveyance or otherwise reducing the Trust’s payments now or in the future as a result of the Chieftain litigation. The Trust and XTO Energy conducted the interim hearing on the claims related to the Chieftain settlement on October 12-13, 2020. In the arbitration, the Trustee contended that the approximately $24.3 million allocation related to the Chieftain settlement was not a production cost and, therefore, there should not be a related adjustment to the Trust’s share of net proceeds. However, XTO Energy contended that the approximately $24.3 million was a production cost and should reduce the Trust’s share of net proceeds.

On January 20, 2021, the arbitration panel issued its Corrected Interim Final Award (i) “reject[ing] the Trust’s contention that XTO has no right under the Conveyance to charge the Trust with amounts XTO paid under section 1.18(a)(i) as royalty obligations to settle the Chieftain litigation” and (ii) stating “[t]he next phase will determine how much of the Chieftain settlement can be so charged, if any of it can be, in the exercise of the right found by the Panel.” The parties are continuing to review the Corrected Interim Final Award and on March 26, 2021, XTO

 

43


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Energy submitted its brief to the Panel regarding the amount of the Chieftain settlement, if any, that may be charged to the Trust. The Trustee has until April 23, 2021 to submit a response brief and XTO Energy will have until May 7, 2021 to submit a reply brief to the Panel regarding the amount of the Chieftain settlement, if any, that may be charged to the Trust.

The Oklahoma conveyance is already currently subject to excess costs that will need to be recovered prior to any distribution to unitholders. Therefore, if the arbitration panel determines that the approximately $24.3 million can be charged to the Trust (as XTO Energy contends), the reduction in the Trust’s share of net proceeds would result in additional excess costs under the Oklahoma conveyance that would likely result in no distributions under the Oklahoma conveyance for several additional years while these additional excess costs are recovered.

Other Trustee claims related to disputed amounts on the computation of the Trust’s net proceeds for 2014 through 2016 were bifurcated from the initial arbitration and will be heard at a later date, which is still to be determined.

Other Lawsuits and Governmental Proceedings

Certain of the underlying properties are involved in various other lawsuits and governmental proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. XTO Energy has advised the Trustee that it does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these claims will have a material effect on the financial position or liquidity of the Trust, but may have an effect on annual distributable income.

Other

Several states have enacted legislation requiring state income tax withholding from payments made to nonresident recipients of oil and gas proceeds. After consultation with its tax counsel, the Trustee believes that it is not required to withhold on payments made to the unitholders. However, regulations are subject to change by the various states, which could change this conclusion. Should amounts be withheld on payments made to the Trust or the unitholders, distributions to the unitholders would be reduced by the required amount, subject to the filing of a claim for refund by the Trust or unitholders for such amount.

9. Supplemental Oil and Gas Reserve Information (Unaudited)

Oil and Natural Gas Reserves

Proved oil and gas reserves have been estimated by independent petroleum engineers. Proved reserves are those quantities of oil and natural gas, which, by analysis of geoscience and engineering data can be estimated with reasonable certainty to be economically producible from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under existing economic conditions, operating methods, and government regulation before the time at which contracts providing the right to operate expire, unless evidence indicates that renewal is reasonably certain. Proved developed reserves are the quantities expected to be recovered through existing wells with existing equipment and operating methods in which the cost of the required equipment is relatively minor compared with the cost of a new well. Due to the inherent uncertainties and the limited nature of reservoir data, such estimates are subject to change as additional information becomes available. The reserves actually recovered and the timing of production of these reserves may be substantially different from the original estimate. Revisions result primarily from new information obtained from development drilling and production history and from changes in economic factors.

 

44


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Standardized Measure

The standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows and changes in such cash flows are prepared using assumptions required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Such assumptions include the use of 12-month average prices for oil and gas, based on the first-day-of-the-month price for each month in the period, and year end costs for estimated future development and production expenditures to produce the proved reserves, including recovery of cumulative excess costs remaining at year end. Future net cash flows are discounted at an annual rate of 10%. No provision is included for federal income taxes since future net cash flows are not subject to taxation at the trust level.

The standardized measure does not represent XTO Energy’s or the Trustee’s estimate of future cash flows or the value of proved oil and gas reserves. Probable and possible reserves, which may become proved in the future, are excluded from the calculations. Furthermore, prices used to determine the standardized measure are influenced by supply and demand as affected by recent economic conditions as well as other factors and may not be the most representative in estimating future revenues or reserve data.

Estimated costs to plug and abandon wells on the underlying working interest properties at the end of their productive lives have not been deducted from cash flows since this is not a legal obligation of the Trust. These costs are the legal obligation of XTO Energy as the owner of the underlying working interests and will only be deducted from net proceeds payable to the Trust if net proceeds from the related conveyance exceed such costs when paid, subject to excess cost carryforward provisions (Notes 3 and 4).

The average realized gas prices used to determine the standardized measure were $1.34 per Mcf in 2020, $1.88 per Mcf in 2019, $2.36 per Mcf in 2018 and $2.40 per Mcf in 2017. Oil prices used to determine the standardized measure were based on average realized oil prices of $36.41 per Bbl in 2020, $53.20 per Bbl in 2019, $63.30 per Bbl in 2018 and $47.91 per Bbl in 2017.

Reserve quantities and revenues for the net profits interests were estimated from projections of reserves and revenues attributable to the underlying properties. Since the Trust has defined net profits interests, the Trust does not own a specific percentage of the oil and gas reserves. Oil and gas reserves are allocated to the net profits interests by dividing Trust net cash inflows by 12-month average oil and gas prices. Any fluctuations in 12-month average prices or estimated costs will result in revisions to the estimated reserve quantities allocated to the net profits interests, which may not correlate with revisions of underlying proved reserves.

 

45


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Proved Reserves

 

   Underlying Properties  Net Profits Interests 
(in thousands)  Gas (Mcf)  Oil (Bbls)  Gas (Mcf)  Oil (Bbls) 

Balance, December 31, 2017

   118,421   1,319   13,038   165 

Extensions, additions and discoveries

   9,388   674   2,513   180 

Revisions of prior estimates

   6,375   167   (2,313  106 

Production – sales volumes

   (12,994  (155  (448  (8

Sales in place

             
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2018

   121,190   2,005   12,790   443 

Extensions, additions and discoveries

   90   53   46   27 

Revisions of prior estimates

   (29,994  (176  (12,726  (470

Production – sales volumes

   (11,113  (302  (110   

Sales in place

             
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2019

   80,173   1,580       

Extensions, additions and discoveries

   115   9   13   1 

Revisions of prior estimates

   (17,309  (185  (13  (1

Production – sales volumes

   (11,373  (317      

Sales in place

             
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2020

   51,606   1,087       
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Revisions of prior estimates of the proved gas reserves for the underlying properties in each year are primarily because of changes in the gas and oil prices. Revisions for the net profits interests may not correlate with underlying properties in any given year since the Trust’s allocated reserves reflect recovery of the Trust’s portion of production and development costs at 12-month average prices. Any conveyance where costs exceed revenues will result in zero allocated net profits interests reserves for that conveyance.

Proved Developed Reserves

 

   Underlying Properties   Net Profits Interests 
(in thousands)  Gas (Mcf)   Oil (Bbls)   Gas (Mcf)   Oil (Bbls) 

December 31, 2017

   117,667    1,319    12,844    165 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

December 31, 2018

   111,234    1,339    7,979    121 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

   79,204    1,580         
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

December 31, 2020

   51,606    1,087         
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

46


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Standardized Measure of Discounted Future Net Cash Flows from Proved Reserves

 

   December 31 
(in thousands)  2020   2019   2018 

Underlying Properties

      

Future cash inflows

  $108,957   $234,398   $413,046 

Future costs:

      

Production

   108,882    233,603    338,719 

Development

   75    795    6,687 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Future net cash flows

           67,640 

10% discount factor

           29,776 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Standardized measure

  $   $   $37,864 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Profits Interests

      

Future cash inflows

  $   $   $58,139 

Future production taxes

           4,027 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Future net cash flows

           54,112 

10% discount factor

           23,821 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Standardized measure

  $   $   $30,291 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Changes in Standardized Measure of Discounted Future Net Cash Flows from Proved Reserves

 

(in thousands)          
   2020  2019  2018 

Underlying Properties

    

Standardized measure, January 1

  $  $37,864  $31,205 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Revisions:

    

Prices and costs

   (3,242  (35,003  11,684 

Quantity estimates

   3,519   4,456   14,205 

Accretion of discount

      3,869   2,731 

Future development costs

   (338  (12,093  (27,592

Production rates and other

   11   195   687 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net revisions

   (50  (38,576  1,715 

Extensions, additions and discoveries

   50   1,174   6,932 

Production

   (1,031  (18,513  (23,791

Development costs

   1,031   18,051   21,803 

Sales in place

          
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net change

      (37,864  6,659 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Standardized measure, December 31

  $  $  $37,864 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Profits Interests

    

Standardized measure, January 1

  $  $30,291  $24,964 

Extensions, additions and discoveries

   40   939   5,545 

Accretion of discount

      3,095   2,185 

Revisions of prior estimates, changes in price and other

   (40  (33,956  (812

Sales in place

          

Net profits income

      (369  (1,591
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Standardized measure, December 31

  $  $  $30,291 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

47


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

10. Quarterly Financial Data (Unaudited)

The following is a summary of net profits income, distributable income and distributable income per unit by quarter for 2020 and 2019:

 

   Net
Profits
Income
   Distributable
Income
   Distributable
Income per
Unit
 

2020

      

First Quarter

  $   $   $0.000000 

Second Quarter

           0.000000 

Third Quarter

           0.000000 

Fourth Quarter

           0.000000 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $   $   $0.000000 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

2019

      

First Quarter

  $130,733   $   $0.000000 

Second Quarter

   238,725        0.000000 

Third Quarter

           0.000000 

Fourth Quarter

           0.000000 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $369,458   $   $0.000000 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

In March through May of 2019, the Trust received net profits income from the Wyoming conveyance in an amount that covered all of the Trust’s administrative expenses and allowed for a partial replenishment of the expense reserve, but there were no funds to distribute to unitholders.

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Trustee conducted an evaluation of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Based on this evaluation, the Trustee has concluded that the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this annual report. In its evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures, the Trustee has relied, to the extent considered reasonable, on information provided by XTO Energy.

Trustee’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

The Trustee is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The Trustee conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on the Trustee’s evaluation under the framework in Internal Control— Integrated Framework (2013), the Trustee concluded that the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2020.

 

48


Table of Contents

Hugoton Royalty Trust

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B. Other Information

None.

 

49


Table of Contents

PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

(a) Directors, Officers and Committees. The Trust has no directors, executive officers, audit committee, audit committee financial expert, compensation committee or nominating committee. The Trustee is a corporate Trustee which may be removed, with or without cause, by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of all the units then outstanding.

(b) Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance. Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires that directors, officers, and beneficial owners of more than 10% of the registrant’s equity securities file initial reports of beneficial ownership and reports of changes in beneficial ownership with the Securities and Exchange Commission and the New York Stock Exchange. To the Trustee’s knowledge, based solely on the information furnished to the Trustee, the Trustee is unaware of any person that failed to file on a timely basis reports required by Section 16(a) filing requirements with respect to the Trust units of beneficial interest during and for the year ended December 31, 2020.

(c) Code of Ethics. Because the Trust has no employees, it does not have a code of ethics. Employees of the Trustee, Simmons Bank, must comply with the bank’s code of ethics which may be found at ir.simmonsbank.com/govdocs.

Item 11. Executive Compensation

(a) Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation/Compensation Committee Report. The Trust has no officers or directors and is administered by a trustee. The Trust does not have a compensation committee or maintain any equity compensation plans and there are no units reserved for issuance under any such plans.

(b) Compensation of the Trustee. The Trustee received the following annual compensation for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 as specified in the Trust indenture:

 

   2020   2019 

Simmons Bank, Trustee (1)

  $76,012   $72,750 

 

 (1)

Under the Trust indenture, the trustee is entitled to an annual administrative fee, paid in equal monthly installments. Such fee can be adjusted annually based on an oil and gas industry index. Upon termination of the Trust, the trustee is entitled to a termination fee of $15,000.

(c) Pay Ratio Disclosure. The Trust does not have a principal executive officer or employees and therefore, the pay ratio disclosure is not applicable.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Unitholder Matters

(a) Equity Compensation Plans and Trust Repurchases. The Trust has no equity compensation plans. The Trust has not repurchased any units during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020.

(b) Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners. Based on the Trustee’s review of information filed with the SEC as of March 4, 2021, the following table sets forth information with respect to each person known to the Trustee to beneficially own more than 5% of the outstanding units.

 

Name and Address

  Amount and Nature
of Beneficial Ownership
  Percent
of Class
 

Christopher John Heck

2214 E. 377, Unit B

Granbury, TX 76049

   3,924,149 (1)   9.81

Wells Fargo & Company

420 Montgomery Street

San Francisco, CA 94163

   2,304,668 (2)   5.76

 

50


Table of Contents
(1)

Pursuant to a Schedule 13G filed January 29, 2021, Christopher John Heck reported as of December 31, 2020, he directly owned 3,924,149 Units, of which he had sole voting and dispositive power with respect to 3,900,449 Units and shared voting and dispositive power with respect to 23,700 Units.

 

(2)

Pursuant to a Schedule 13G filed February 11, 2021, Wells Fargo & Company reported as of December 31, 2020, it owned 2,304,668 Units, of which Wells Fargo & Company had sole voting and dispositive power with respect to 1 Unit, shared voting power with respect to 400 Units, and shared dispositive power with respect to 2,304,267 Units, and Wells Fargo Financial Advisors Network, LLC had shared voting power with respect to 2,303,538 Units.

(c) Security Ownership of Management. The Trust has no directors or executive officers. The Trustee does not beneficially own any units in the Trust.

(d) Changes in Control. The Trustee knows of no arrangements which may subsequently result in a change in control of the Trust.

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

XTO Energy sells a portion of natural gas production from the underlying properties to certain of its wholly-owned subsidiaries under contracts in existence when the Trust was created, generally at amounts approximating monthly published prices. For further information, see Item 2. Properties.

In computing net profits income paid to the Trust for the net profits interests, XTO Energy deducts an overhead charge for reimbursement of administrative expenses of operating the underlying properties. For further information, see Note 7 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Simmons Bank, as Trustee of Hugoton Royalty Trust, is currently paying the expenses for the Trust, subject to its rights to be indemnified and reimbursed pursuant to the terms of the Trust indenture. This includes reimbursement from proceeds received from a sale of the Trust’s assets, if any. For further information, see Note 7 to Financial Statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

See Item 11. Executive Compensation, for the remuneration received by the Trustee for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 through December 31, 2020.

As noted in Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance, the Trust has no directors, executive officers, audit committee, audit committee financial expert, compensation committee or nominating committee. The Trustee is a corporate trustee which may be removed, with or without cause, by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of all the units then outstanding.

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

Fees for services performed by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 are:

 

   2020   2019 

Audit fees-PwC

  $175,800   $163,000 

Audit-related fees

        

Tax fees

        

All other fees

        
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $175,800   $163,000 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

As referenced in Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance, above, the Trust has no audit committee, and as a result, has no audit committee pre-approval policy with respect to fees paid to PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP.

 

51


Table of Contents

PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

(a)

The following documents are filed as a part of this report:

 

 1.

Financial Statements (included in Item 8 of this report)

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus at December 31, 2020 and 2019

Statements of Distributable Income for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

Statements of Changes in Trust Corpus for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

Notes to Financial Statements

 

 2.

Financial Statement Schedules

Financial statement schedules are omitted because of the absence of conditions under which they are required or because the required information is given in the financial statements or notes thereto.

 

 3.

Exhibits

 

 (4) (a)

Hugoton Royalty Trust Indenture by and between NationsBank, N.A., as Trustee, and Cross Timbers Oil Company (predecessor of XTO Energy) heretofore filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Trust’s Registration Statement No. 333-68441 on Form S-1 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 4, 1998, is incorporated herein by reference.

 

      (b)

Net Overriding Royalty Conveyance (Hugoton Royalty Trust, 80% - Kansas) as amended and restated from Cross Timbers Oil Company (predecessor of XTO Energy) to NationsBank, N.A., as Trustee, dated December 1, 1998, heretofore filed as Exhibit 10.1.1 to the Trust’s Registration Statement No. 333-68441 on Form S-1 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 16, 1999, is incorporated herein by reference.

 

      (c)

Net Overriding Royalty Conveyance (Hugoton Royalty Trust, 80% - Oklahoma) as amended and restated from Cross Timbers Oil Company (predecessor of XTO Energy) to NationsBank, N.A., as Trustee, dated December 1, 1998, heretofore filed as Exhibit 10.2.1 to the Trust’s Registration Statement No. 333-68441 on Form S-1 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 16, 1999, is incorporated herein by reference.

 

      (d)

Net Overriding Royalty Conveyance (Hugoton Royalty Trust, 80% - Wyoming) as amended and restated from Cross Timbers Oil Company (predecessor of XTO Energy) to NationsBank, N.A., as Trustee, dated December 1, 1998, heretofore filed as Exhibit 10.3.1 to the Trust’s Registration Statement No. 333-68441 on Form S-1 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 16, 1999, is incorporated herein by reference.

 

 (23)

Consent of Miller and Lents, Ltd.

 

 (31)

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification

 

 (32)

Section 1350 Certification

 

 (99.1)

Miller and Lents, Ltd. Report

(P) Paper exhibits.

Copies of the above Exhibits are available to any unitholder, at the actual cost of reproduction, upon written request to the Trustee, Simmons Bank, 2911 Turtle Creek Blvd, Suite 850, Dallas, Texas 75219.

 

52


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  HUGOTON ROYALTY TRUST
  By SIMMONS BANK, TRUSTEE
  By /s/ NANCY WILLIS
   Nancy Willis
   Vice President
  EXXON MOBIL CORPORATION
Date: March 31, 2021  By /s/ DAVID LEVY
   David Levy
   Vice President – Upstream Business Services

(The Trust has no directors or executive officers.)

 

53