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ESMC Escalon Medical

Filed: 15 Nov 21, 4:05pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


 FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY PERIOD PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934


For the Quarterly Period ended September 30, 2021
Commission File Number 0-20127


Escalon Medical Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Pennsylvania 33-0272839
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
435 Devon Park Drive, Suite 824, Wayne, PA 19087
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(610) 688-6830
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)


N/A
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: NONE
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company. or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 



Large accelerated fileroAccelerated filero
Non-accelerated filer
x
Smaller reporting companyx
Emerging growth companyo

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  o    No  x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 7,415,329 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding as of November 12, 2021.





TABLE OF CONTENTS



1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ESCALON MEDICAL CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
September 30,
2021
June 30,
2021
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,255,824 $1,650,970 
Restricted cash256,017 255,920 
Accounts receivable, net1,357,850 1,081,702 
Inventories1,387,798 1,416,727 
Other current assets195,908 187,357 
Total current assets4,453,397 4,592,676 
Property and equipment, net72,905 81,442 
Right-of-use assets774,841 843,559 
License, net97,487 102,400 
Other long term assets62,789 62,789 
Total assets$5,461,419 $5,682,866 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Line of credit$201,575 $201,575 
Current portion of note payable3,401 3,401 
Current portion of PPP loan
— 500,000 
Current portion of EIDL loan2,888 2,862 
Accounts payable1,121,742 1,102,125 
Accrued expenses793,142 695,553 
Related party accrued interest112,389 112,389 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities265,101 279,051 
Deferred revenue276,268 363,700 
Other short-term liabilities134,007 136,107 
Total current liabilities2,910,513 3,396,763 
Note payable, net of current portion6,881 7,839 
EIDL loan, net of current portion152,032 147,138 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion573,977 630,330 
Other long-term liabilities40,860 40,860 
Total long-term liabilities773,750 826,167 
Total liabilities3,684,263 4,222,930 
Shareholders' equity:
Series A convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 2,000,000 shares authorized; 2,000,000 shares issued and outstanding (liquidation value of $832,137 and $819,131)645,000 645,000 
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 35,000,000 shares authorized; 7,415,329 shares issued and outstanding7,415 7,415 
Additional paid-in capital69,702,043 69,702,043 
Accumulated deficit(68,577,302)(68,894,522)
Total shareholders’ equity1,777,156 1,459,936 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$5,461,419 $5,682,866 
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
2



ESCALON MEDICAL CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Net revenues:
Products$2,479,777 $2,184,256 
Service plans195,292 229,538 
Revenues, net2,675,069 2,413,794 
Costs and expenses:
Cost of goods sold1,663,874 1,503,869 
Marketing, general and administrative904,491 892,177 
Research and development291,189 209,322 
Total costs and expenses2,859,554 2,605,368 
Loss from operations(184,485)(191,574)
Other income (expense)
Other income506,305 — 
Interest income97 539 
Interest expense(4,697)(5,518)
Total other income (expense), net501,705 (4,979)
Net income (loss)317,220 (196,553)
Undeclared dividends on preferred stocks13,006 12,970 
Net income ( loss) applicable to common shareholders$304,214 $(209,523)
Net earnings ( loss) per share
Basic earnings ( loss) per share$0.04 $(0.03)
Diluted earnings ( loss) per share$0.02 $(0.03)
Weighted average shares—basic7,415,329 7,415,329
Weighted average shares—diluted12,876,2027,415,329
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
3



ESCALON MEDICAL CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2021 AND SEPTEMBER 30, 2020
(UNAUDITED)


 Series A Convertible Preferred StockCommon StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmount  
Balance at June 30, 20212,000,000 $645,000 7,415,329 $7,415 $69,702,043 $(68,894,522)$1,459,936 
Net income— — — — — 317,220 317,220 
Balance at September 30, 20212,000,000 $645,000 7,415,329 $7,415 $69,702,043 $(68,577,302)$1,777,156 

 Series A Convertible Preferred StockCommon StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmount  
Balance at June 30, 20202,000,000 $645,000 7,415,329 $7,415 $69,702,043 $(68,842,499)$1,511,959 
Net loss— — — — — (196,553)(196,553)
Balance at September 30, 20202,000,000 $645,000 7,415,329 $7,415 $69,702,043 $(69,039,052)$1,315,406 


See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
4


ESCALON MEDICAL CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income (loss)$317,220 $(196,553)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Increase in allowance of doubtful accounts15,000 — 
Other income(506,305)— 
Depreciation and amortization13,450 11,303 
Non cash lease expense68,718 74,310 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(291,148)267,398 
Inventories28,929 200,069 
Other current and non-current assets(8,551)(24,630)
Accounts payable19,617 158,946 
   Accrued expenses109,519 133,015 
Change in operating lease liability(70,303)(73,754)
Deferred revenue(87,432)(48,553)
  Other short term and long term liabilities(2,100)39,528 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities(393,386)541,079 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Repayment of note payable(958)(889)
Repayment of EIDL loan(705)— 
Net cash used in financing activities(1,663)(889)
Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(395,049)540,190 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period1,906,890 1,081,239 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$1,511,841 $1,621,429 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash consist of the following:
End of period
Cash and cash equivalents$1,255,824 $1,365,954 
Restricted cash256,017 255,475 
$1,511,841 $1,621,429 
Beginning of period
Cash and cash equivalents$1,650,970 $825,958 
Restricted cash255,920 255,281 
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$1,906,890 $1,081,239 
Supplemental Schedule of Cash Flow Information:
Interest paid$4,697 $2,854 
Non Cash Finance Activities
Record right-of-use assets per ASC 842, net of deferred rent reclassification$ $18,001 
Record lease liability per ASC 842$ $18,001 
Dispose right-of-use assets$ $9,154 
Dispose lease liability$ $9,154 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
6


Escalon Medical Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

1. Organization and Basis of Presentation

          Escalon Medical Corp. ("Escalon" or "Company") is a Pennsylvania corporation initially incorporated in California in 1987, and reincorporated in Pennsylvania in November 2001. Within this document, the “Company” collectively shall mean Escalon, which includes its division called "Trek" and its wholly owned subsidiaries: Sonomed, Inc. (“Sonomed”), Escalon Digital Solutions, Inc. (“EMI”), and Sonomed IP Holdings, Inc.

    The Company operates in the healthcare market, specializing in the development, manufacture, marketing and distribution of medical devices and pharmaceuticals in the area of ophthalmology. The Company and its products are subject to regulation and inspection by the United States Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”). The FDA and other government authorities require extensive testing of new products prior to sale and has jurisdiction over the safety, efficacy and manufacture of products, as well as product labeling and marketing.

    The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and reflect all adjustments (consisting of only normal and recurring adjustments) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly the unaudited condensed consolidated financial information required herein. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United Statements of America ("US GAAP") have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. While management believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading, it is suggested that these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Security and Exchange Commission for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021. The results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

    On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a coronavirus (COVID-19) a pandemic. This pandemic has had a significant impact on the global and domestic economy, and is likely to impact the operations of the Company. The Company has been assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business, including the impact on the financial condition and results of operations, financial resources, changes in accounting judgment as well as the impact on the supply and demand, etc. The Company is considered an essential business and was able to maintain operations during the lockdown. However, the Company does not know the extent and duration of the impact of COVID-19 on its business due to the uncertainty about the spread of the virus. The Company applied for and received $500,000 in April 2020 under the Payroll Protection Program (PPP loan) which helped reverse the negative impact in terms of the liquidity. The maturity date was two years from the date of the note. The interest rate was 1.00% per year. The full amount of the PPP loan and accrued interest were forgiven on August 13, 2021 and was included in other income in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three-month period ended September 30, 2021. The Company received a $150,000 Economic Injury Disaster ("EIDL") loan. The annual interest rate is 3.75%. The payment term is 30 years and the monthly payment of $731 started on July 1, 2021.

    The Company’s common stock trades on the OTCQB Market under the symbol “ESMC.”

2. Going Concern

The Company’s operations are subject to a number of factors that can affect its operating results and financial condition. Such factors include, but are not limited to: the continuous enhancement of the current products, development of new products; changes in domestic and foreign regulations; ability of manufacture successfully; competition from products manufactured and sold or being developed by other companies; the price of, and demand for, the Company’s products and its ability to raise capital to support its operations.

To date, the Company’s operations have not generated sufficient revenues to enable profitability. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $68.6 million, and incurred recurring losses from operations and incurred negative cash flows from operating activities. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the realization of
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the carrying value of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

The Company's continuance as a going concern is dependent on its future profitability and on the on-going support of its shareholders, affiliates and creditors. In order to mitigate the going concern issues, the Company is actively pursuing business partnerships, managing its continuing operations, implementing cost-cutting measures and seeking to sell certain assets. The Company may not be successful in any of these efforts.

3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally affected in the US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("US GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that impact the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
For the purposes of reporting cash flows, the Company considers all cash accounts, which are not subject to withdrawal restrictions or penalties, and highly liquid investments with original maturities of 90 days or less to be cash and cash equivalents. From time to time cash balances exceed federal insurance limits.
Restricted Cash
As of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2021 restricted cash included approximately $256,000, which was pursuant to the requirements in the TD Bank Loan entered into June 2018 (see Note 6).
Foreign Currency Translation
The Company's functional currency is the US dollar. Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred. Foreign currency transaction gains or losses included in net income (loss) were immaterial for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are recorded at net realizable value. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition and does not require collateral for accounts receivable arising in the normal course of business. The Company maintains allowances for potential credit losses based on the Company’s historical trends, specific customer issues and current economic trends. Accounts are written off against the allowance when they are determined to be uncollectible based on management’s assessment of individual accounts. The Company recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $115,000 and $100,000 as of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2021, respectively.

Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on a first-in, first-out basis and include freight-in materials, labor and overhead costs. Inventories are written down if the estimated net realizable value is less than the recorded value. The Company reviews the carrying cost of inventories by product to determine the adequacy of reserves for obsolescence. In accounting for inventories, the Company must make estimates regarding the estimated realizable value of inventory. The estimate is based, in part, on the Company’s forecasts of future sales and age of inventory. If actual conditions are less favorable than those the Company has projected, the Company may need to increase its reserves for excess and obsolete inventories. Any increases in the reserves will adversely impact the Company’s results of operations. The establishment of a reserve for excess and obsolete inventory establishes a new cost basis in the inventory. Such reserves are not reduced until the product is sold. If the Company is able to sell such inventory any related reserves would be reversed in the period of sale. In accordance with industry practice, service parts inventory is included in current assets, although service parts
8


are carried for established requirements during the serviceable lives of the products and, therefore, not all parts are expected to be sold within one year.
    Intangible Assets and Long-Lived Assets
Long-lived assets including intangible assets deemed to have finite lives, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Impairment indicators include, among other conditions, cash flow deficits, historic or anticipated declines in revenue or operating profit or material adverse changes in the business climate that indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may be impaired. When impairment indicators are present, the recoverability of the asset is measured by comparing the carrying value of the asset to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the projected undiscounted cash flows from the asset are less than the carrying value of the asset the asset is considered to be impaired. The impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. For the three-month periods ended September 30, 2021 and 2021, no impairments were recorded.
Accrued Warranties
The Company provides a limited one-year warranty against manufacturer’s defects on its products sold to customers. The Company’s standard warranties require the Company to repair or replace, at the Company’s discretion, defective parts during such warranty period. The Company accrues for its product warranty liabilities based on estimates of costs to be incurred during the warranty period, based on historical repair information for warranty costs.
PPP Loans
    The Company's policy is to account for the PPP loan (See Note 7) as debt. The Company will continue to record the loan as debt until either (1) the loan is partially or entirely forgiven and the Company has been legally released, at which point the amount forgiven will be recorded as income or (2) the Company pays off the loan. The full amount of the PPP loan and accrued interest were forgiven on August 13, 2021 and was included in other income in the unaudited condensed consolidated income statement for the three-month period ended September 30, 2021.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value because of their short-term maturity. The Company determined that the carrying amount of the notes payable and lease liabilities approximates fair value since such debt borrowing bears interest at the approximate current market rate. While the Company believes the carrying value of the assets and liabilities are reasonable, considerable judgment is used to develop estimates of fair value; thus the estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current market exchange.
Revenue Recognition
    
    The Company recognizes revenue when its performance obligations with its customers have been satisfied. At contract inception, the Company determines if the contract is within the scope of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and then evaluates the contract using the following five steps: (1) identify the contract with the customer; (2) identify the performance obligations; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only recognizes revenue to the extent that it is probable that a significant revenue reversal will not occur in a future period.

    The Company generates product revenue from the sale of medical device products and the sale and installation of the Company's AXIS image management system software. Revenue for service plans relate to the customer care plans for the Company’s equipment and AXIS image management system software.

    Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of the promised goods or services to the customer for an amount that reflects the consideration that the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company’s performance obligations are for product sales, installation of AXIS image management system software and customer care plans. The performance obligations are determined at contract inception based upon promises within the contract that are distinct.

    The product sales and installation of AXIS image management system software performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time, which is upon shipment for product sales and upon successful installation for the AXIS image management
9


system. The performance obligation for customer care plans is satisfied over time as the customer receives and consumes the Company’s services.

    The Company invoices its customers upon shipment for product sales. For the installation of AXIS image management system software and customer care plans, the Company invoices its customers upon successful installation. Invoice payments are generally due within 30 days of invoice date. The transaction price is determined based on fixed consideration in the Company’s customer contracts and is recorded net of variable consideration. In determining the transaction price, a significant financing component does not exist since the timing from when the Company invoices its customers to when payment is received as it is less than one year.

    Revenue for product sales and installation of AXIS image management system software is recognized when delivered or installed. The customer care plan revenues are recognized proportionately over the service period, which is a 12-month period.
    The Company has elected the following practical expedients in applying ASC 606:
Unsatisfied Performance Obligations - all performance obligations relate to contracts with a duration of less than one year, the Company has elected to apply the optional exemption provided in ASC 606 and therefore, is not required to disclose the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to performance obligations that are unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied at the end of the reporting period.
Contract Costs - all incremental customer contract acquisition costs are expensed as they are incurred as the amortization period of the asset that the Company otherwise would have recognized is one year or less in duration.
Significant Financing Component - the Company does not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component as the Company expects, at contract inception, that the period between when the entity transfers a promised good or service to a customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less.
Sales Tax Exclusion from the Transaction Price - the Company excludes from the measurement of the transaction price all taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the Company from the customer.
Shipping and Handling Activities - the Company elected to account for shipping and handling activities as a fulfillment cost rather than as a separate performance obligation.
Portfolio Approach - the Company applied the Portfolio Approach to contract reviews within its identified revenue streams that have similar characteristics and the Company believes this approach would not differ materially than if applying Topic 606 to each individual contract.

Deferred Revenues

    The Company records deferred revenues when cash payments are received or due in advance of its performance. The Company’s deferred revenues relate to payments received for the customer care plans for a 12-month period. The consideration received is recognized monthly over the service period.

(in thousands)Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Beginning of Period$364 $516 
Additions107 181 
Revenue Recognized195 230 
End of Period$276 $467 

Earnings (Loss) Per Share    
Earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year. All outstanding stock options are considered potential common stock. All outstanding convertible preferred stock are considered common stock at the beginning of the period or at the time of issuance, if later, pursuant to the if-converted method. The dilutive effect, if any, of stock options is calculated using the treasury stock method. As of September 30, 2021 and 2020, the average market prices for the for the three-month periods then ended are less than the exercise price of all the outstanding stock options and, therefore, the inclusion of the stock options would be anti-
10


dilutive. In addition, since the effect of common stock equivalents is anti-dilutive with respect to losses, the convertible preferred stock has also been excluded from the Company’s computation of loss per common for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2020. Therefore, basic and diluted loss per common share for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2020 are the same.
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Numerator:
  Numerator for basic earnings (loss) per share:
 Net income (loss)$317,220 $(196,553)
Undeclared dividends on preferred stock13,006 12,970 
Net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders$304,214 $(209,523)
Numerator for diluted earnings per share:
Net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders$304,214 $(209,523)
Undeclared dividends on preferred stock13,006 — 
Diluted earnings (loss)$317,220 $(209,523)
Denominator for basic earnings (loss) per share
Denominator for basic earnings (loss) per share - weighted average shares outstanding
7,415,3297,415,329 
Weighted average preferred stock converted to common stock5,460,873 — 
 Denominator for diluted earnings (loss) assumed conversion12,876,202 7,415,329 
Net income (loss) per share:
Basic net income (loss) per share$0.04 $(0.03)
Diluted net income (loss) per share$0.02 $(0.03)

The following table summarizes convertible preferred stock and securities that, if exercised would have an anti-dilutive effect on earnings per share.

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For the Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Stock options157,000 157,000 
Convertible preferred stock 5,204,527 
Total potential dilutive securities not included in income per share157,000 5,361,527 

Income Taxes

    The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Under this method, the Company determines deferred tax assets and liabilities on the basis of the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities by using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

    The Company recognizes deferred tax assets to the extent that it believes that these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. If the Company determines that it would be able to realize its deferred tax assets in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, the Company would make an adjustment to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance, which would reduce the provision for income taxes. As of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2021, the Company has a fully recorded valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets.

    The Company records uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740 on the basis of a two-step process in which (1) the Company determines whether it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on the basis of the technical merits of the position and (2) for those tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, the Company recognizes the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50 percent likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement with the related tax authority.

    The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits on the income tax expense line in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. As of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, no accrued interest or penalties were required to be included on the related tax liability line in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.


Leases

    The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at the inception of a contract. Operating lease right-of-use ("ROU") assets are included in right-of-use assets on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. The current and long-term components of operating lease liabilities are included in the current portion of operating lease liabilities and operating lease liabilities, net of current portion, respectively on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

    Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. Certain leases may include options to extend or terminate the lease. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded in the balance sheet.


New Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
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     The Company considers the applicability and impact of all accounting standards updates ("ASUs"). Management periodically reviews new accounting standards that are issued.
    
    New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

    In June 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which adds a new Topic 326 to the Codification and removes the thresholds that companies apply to measure credit losses on financial instruments measured at amortized cost, such as loans, receivables, and held-to-maturity debt securities. The guidance in ASU 2016-13 is effective for “public business entities,” as defined, that are SEC filers for fiscal years and for interim periods with those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption of the guidance is permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact to the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4. Inventories

September 30,June 30,
(in thousands)20212021
Inventories, net:
        Raw Material$852 833 
        Work-In-Process134 171 
        Finished Goods752 773 
Total inventories$1,738 $1,777 
Allowance for obsolete inventory(350)(360)
Inventories, net$1,388 $1,417 

5. Related Party Transactions and Preferred Stock

    On February 14, 2018, the Company entered into a Debt Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with Richard DePiano, Sr.,(Mr. DePiano Sr.), the Company's former Chairman and DP Associates Inc. Profit-Sharing Plan of which Mr. DePiano Sr. is the sole owner and sole trustee (the “Holders”).  Pursuant to the terms of the Exchange Agreement, effective February 15, 2018, the Holders exchanged a total of $645,000 principal amount of debt related to the accounts receivable factoring program the Company owes the Holders for 2,000,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”).
    
    Each share of Preferred Stock entitles the Holder thereof to 13 votes per share and will vote together with all other classes and series of stock of the Company as a single class on all actions to be taken by the Company’s stockholders.  As a result of this voting power, the Holders as of September 30, 2021 beneficially own approximately 77.81% of the voting power on all actions to be taken by the Company’s shareholders.

    Subject to the terms and conditions of Preferred Stock, the holder of any share or shares of the Preferred Stock has the right, at its option at any time, to convert each such share of Preferred Stock (except that, upon any liquidation of the Company, the right of conversion will terminate at the close of business on the business day fixed for payment of the amounts distributable on the Preferred Stock) into 2.15 shares of Common Stock (the “Conversion Ratio”).  The Conversion Ratio is subject to standard provisions for adjustment in the event of a subdivision or combination of the Company’s Common Stock and upon any reorganization or reclassification of the capital stock of the Company. If the Holders were to convert their shares of Preferred Stock into Common Stock at the Conversion Ratio the Holders would receive a total of 4,300,000 shares of Common Stock, or approximately 36.70% of the then outstanding shares of Common Stock assuming such conversion.

    Each outstanding share of the Preferred Stock accrues dividends calculated cumulatively at the annual rate of $.0258 per share (such amount subject to equitable adjustment in the event of any stock dividend, stock split, combination, reclassification other similar event), payable upon the earlier of (i) a liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company or (ii) conversion of the Preferred Stock into Common Stock. Upon either of such events, all such accrued and unpaid dividends, whether or not earned or declared, to and until the date of such event, will become immediately due and payable and will be
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paid in full. The dividends payable to the holders of the Preferred Stock is payable in cash or, at the election of any such holder, in a number of additional shares of Common Stock equal to the amount of the dividend expressed in dollars divided by the then applicable Conversion Ratio, described above. As of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2021 the cumulative dividends payable is $187,137 ($0.0936 per share) and $174,131 ($0.0871 per share), respectively.

    Mr. DePiano Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019 and left a will by which he appointed Richard J. DePiano, Jr., the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, as executor. Richard DePiano Jr. was elected to serve as chairman of the Company's board. Mr. DePiano, Jr. qualified as executor and has control over the listed shares in his capacity as executor of Mr. DePiano Sr.'s estate.


6. Line of Credit

    On June 29, 2018 the Company entered a business loan agreement with TD bank receiving a line of credit evidenced by a promissory note of $250,000. The interest is subject to change based on changes in an independent index which the Wall Street Journal Prime. The index rate at the date of the agreement is 5.0% per annum. Interest on the unpaid principal balance of the note is calculated using a rate of 0.74 percentage points over the index, adjusted if necessary for any minimum and maximum rate limitations, resulting in an initial rate of 5.74% per annum based on a year of 360 days. The interest rate was 3.99% as of September 30, 2021. The Company was required to put $250,000 in the TD bank savings account as collateral. Mr. Richard J. DePiano Sr., former Chairman of the Company executed a guarantee of the loan in favor of TD Bank. Mr. DePiano Sr. passed away on October 3, 2019, therefore the guarantee is now assumed by his estate.

    As of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2021, the line of credit balance was $201,575 with TD bank. The line of credit interest expense was approximately $3,000 and $3,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

7. Long-term debt

Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP") loan

    On April 27, 2020, the Company entered into a PPP loan for $500,000 in connection with the CARES Act related to COVID-19. The promissory note had a fixed payment schedule. The PPP loan was unsecured. A final payment for the unpaid principal and accrued interest was payable no later than two years after the funding date. The note bore interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum. The Company submitted the loan forgiveness application on August 2, 2021. The full amount of the PPP loan and accrued interest were forgiven on August 13, 2021and was included in other income in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three-month period ended September 30, 2021.

Economic Injury Disaster ("EIDL") Loan

    EIDL is designed to provide economic relief to businesses that are currently experiencing a temporary loss of revenue due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. EIDL proceeds can be used to cover a wide array of working capital and normal operating expenses, such as continuation to health care benefits, rent, utilities, and fixed debt payments. The Company received a $150,000 EIDL loan. The annual interest rate is 3.75%. The payment term is 30 years and the monthly payment of $731 started on July 1st, 2021. The EIDL loan is secured by the tangible and intangible personal property of the Company.

    The future annual principal amounts to be paid as of September 30, 2021 are as follows:
Year ending June 30,EIDL Loan Payment
2022(remainder of FY 2022)$2,157 
20232,971 
20243,084 
20253,202 
20263,324 
Thereafter140,182 
Total$154,920 

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Other Long-term Liabilities

    The CARES Act allows employers to defer the deposit and payment of the employer share of Social Security tax that would otherwise be due on or after March 27, 2020, and before January 1, 2021. The Company has deferred approximately $82,000 of the social security tax as of September 30, 2021. 50% of the deferred employment taxes will not be due until December 31, 2021, with the remaining 50% not due until December 31, 2022. Approximately $41,000 was reported as short-term other liabilities as of September 30, 2021.

8. Concentration of Credit Risk

Credit Risk

Financial Instruments, which potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk, consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and trade receivables. Concentration of credit risk with respect to trade receivables is generally diversified due to the large number of entities comprising the Company's customer base and their dispersion across geographic areas principally within the United States and international. The Company routinely address the financial strength of its customer and, as a consequence, believes that its receivable credit risk exposure is limited. The Company does not require customers to post collateral.

Major Customer

    One customer accounted for 13% of net sales during the three months ended September 30, 2021. One customer accounted for 21% of net sales during the three-month period ended September 30, 2020.

    As of September 30, 2021 the Company had one customer that represented 14% of the total accounts receivable balance. As of June 30, 2021 the Company had one customer that represents 23% of the total accounts receivable balance.

Major Supplier

    The Company's three largest suppliers accounted for 32%, 13% and 11% of the total purchase for the three-month period ended September 30, 2021. The Company's three largest suppliers accounted for of total purchases for 33%, 16% and 13% of total purchase for the three-month period ended September 30, 2020.

    As of September 30, 2021 the Company had two suppliers that represented 34% and 12% of the total accounts payable balance. As of June 30, 2021 the Company had two suppliers that represent approximately 39% and 12% of the total accounts payable balance.
Foreign Sales

    Domestic and international sales from continuing operations are as follows:
( in thousands)For the Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Domestic$1,625 60.7 %$1,542 63.9 %
Foreign1,050 39.3 %872 36.1 %
Total$2,675 100.0 %$2,414 100.0 %

9. Leases

    The Company leases certain facilities and equipment under operating leases. Total lease expense, under ASC 842, was included in cost of goods sold and marketing, general and administrative costs in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 as follows:

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Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Operating lease costs:
Fixed$84,245 $93,861 
Total:$84,245 $93,861 

    Supplemental cash flow information was as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
Operating cash flows for operating leases$82,390 $89,800 
Total$82,390 $89,800 


    The table below reconciles the undiscounted future minimum lease payments (displayed by year and in the aggregate)
under noncancelable operating leases with terms of more than one year to the total operating lease liabilities recognized on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2021:
Operating
2022 (excluding the three months ending September 30, 2021)$239,133 
2023263,162 
2024268,372 
2025141,865 
20262,728 
Total lease payments915,260 
Less interest76,182 
Present value of lease liabilities$839,078 

    Average lease terms and discount rates were as follows:
September 30,June 30,
20212021
Weighted-average remaining lease terms (years)
Operating leases3.153.35
Weighted-average discount rate
Operating leases5.65 %5.65 %

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Forward Looking Statements

    Certain statements contained in, or incorporated by reference in, this report are forward-looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, which provide current expectations or forecasts of future events. Such statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “possible,” “project,” “should,” “will,” and similar words or expressions. The Company's forward-looking statements include certain information relating to general business strategy, growth strategies, financial results, liquidity, the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, discontinued operations, research and development, product development, the introduction of new products, the potential
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markets and uses for the Company's products, the Company's ability to increase its sales campaign effectively, the Company's regulatory filings with the FDA, acquisitions, dispositions, the development of joint venture opportunities, intellectual property and patent protection and infringement, the loss of revenue due to the expiration or termination of certain agreements, the effect of competition on the structure of the markets in which the Company competes, increased legal, accounting and Sarbanes-Oxley compliance costs, information security, cybersecurity and data privacy risks, defending the Company in litigation matters and the Company's cost saving initiatives. The reader must carefully consider forward-looking statements and understand that such statements involve a variety of risks and uncertainties, known and unknown, and may be affected by assumptions that fail to materialize as anticipated, including risks related to the COVID-19 pandemic, inflation, and other risks described in the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed, and actual results may vary materially. It is not possible to foresee or identify all factors affecting the Company's forward-looking statements, and the reader therefore should not consider the list of such factors contained in its periodic report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2021 and this Form 10-Q quarterly report to be an exhaustive statement of all risks, uncertainties or potentially inaccurate assumptions.

Executive Overview—three-month periods ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
The following highlights are discussed in further detail within this Form 10-Q. The reader is encouraged to read this Form 10-Q in its entirety to gain a more complete understanding of factors impacting Company performance and financial condition.

Consolidated net revenue increased approximately $261,000 or 10.8%, to $2,675,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2021 as compared to the same period of last fiscal year. The increase in net revenue is attributed to an increase in sales in Sonomed's ultrasound products of $431,000 and an increase in sales of AXIS products of $9,000, offset by a decrease in Trek revenue of $145,000 and a decrease in service plans revenue of $34,000.

Consolidated cost of goods sold totaled approximately $1,664,000, or 62.2%, of total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to $1,504,000, or 62.3%, of total revenue of the same period of last fiscal year. The decrease of 0.1% in cost of goods sold as a percentage of total revenue is mainly due to changes in product sales mix and geographic differences.

Consolidated marketing, general and administrative expenses increased $12,000, or 1.3%, to $904,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to the same period of last fiscal year. The small increase in marketing, general and administrate expenses is mainly due to bad debts expense, increased network expense, insurance expense offset by the decreased office rent expense.

Consolidated research and development expenses increased $82,000, or 39.2%, to $291,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to the same period of last fiscal year. Research and development expenses were primarily expenses associated with the introduction of new or enhanced products. The increase in research and development expense is mainly due to increased consulting expense during the three months ended September 30, 2021.
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Company Overview

    The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, which are set forth in Item 1 of this report.

    The Company operates in the healthcare market specializing in the development, manufacture, marketing and distribution of medical devices and pharmaceuticals in the area of ophthalmology. The Company and its products are subject to regulation and inspection by the FDA. The FDA requires extensive testing of new products prior to sale and has jurisdiction over the safety, efficacy and manufacture of products, as well as product labeling and marketing. The Company's Internet address is www.escalonmed.com. Under the trade name of Sonomed-Escalon the Company develops, manufactures and markets ultrasound systems used for diagnosis or biometric applications in ophthalmology, develops, manufactures and distributes ophthalmic surgical products under the Trek Medical Products name, and manufactures and markets image management systems.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that impact amounts reported therein. On a regular basis, we evaluate these estimates. These estimates are based on management’s historical industry experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

For a description of the accounting policies that, in management’s opinion, involve the most significant application of judgment or involve complex estimation and which could, if different judgment or estimates were made, materially affect our reported financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, see the notes to consolidated financial statements included in the Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2021, as well as Note 3 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended September 30, 2021.

During the three months ended September 30, 2021, there were no significant changes in our accounting policies and estimates to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Results of Operations
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
The following table shows consolidated net revenue, as well as identifying trends in revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. Table amounts are in thousands:
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020% Change
Net Revenue:
Products$2,480 $2,184 13.6 %
Service plans195 230 (15.2)%
Total$2,675 $2,414 10.8 %
    
Consolidated net revenue increased approximately $261,000 or 10.8%, to $2,675,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2021 as compared to the same period of last fiscal year. The increase in net revenue is attributed to an increase in sales in Sonomed's ultrasound products of $431,000 and an increase in sales of AXIS products of $9,000, offset by a decrease in Trek revenue of $145,000 and a decrease in service plans revenue of $34,000.

The following table presents the domestic and foreign sales for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. The table amounts are in thousands:
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Domestic$1,625 60.7 %$1,542 63.9 %
Foreign1,050 39.3 %872 36.1 %
Total$2,675 100.0 %$2,414 100.0 %

The following table presents consolidated cost of goods sold and as a percentage of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. Table amounts are in thousands:
 
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 2021%2020%
Cost of Goods Sold:
$1,664 62.2 %$1,504 62.3 %
Total$1,664 62.2 %$1,504 62.3 %

    
Consolidated cost of goods sold totaled approximately $1,664,000, or 62.2%, of total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to $1,504,000, or 62.3%, of total revenue of the same period of last fiscal year. The decrease of 0.1% in cost of goods sold as a percentage of total revenue is mainly due to changes in product sales mix and geographic differences.

    The following table presents consolidated marketing, general and administrative expenses for three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. Table amounts are in thousands:
 
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020% Change 
Marketing, General and Administrative:
$904 $892 1.3 %
Total$904 $892 1.3 %

Consolidated marketing, general and administrative expenses increased $12,000, or 1.3%, to $904,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to the same period of last fiscal year. The small increase in marketing, general and administrate expenses is mainly due to bad debts expense, increased network expense, insurance expense offset by the decreased office rent expense.
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The following table presents consolidated research and development expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Table amounts are in thousands:
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020% Change  
Research and Development:
$291 $209 39.2 %
Total$291 $209 39.2 %
Consolidated research and development expenses increased $82,000, or 39.2%, to $291,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to the same period of last fiscal year. Research and development expenses were primarily expenses associated with the introduction of new or enhanced products. The increase in research and development expense is mainly due to increased consulting expense during the three months ended September 30, 2021.

Other income (expense)
  
On April 27, 2020, the Company entered into a PPP loan for $500,000 in connection with the CARES Act related to COVID-19. The promissory note has a fixed payment schedule. The PPP loan is unsecured. A final payment for the unpaid principal and accrued interest will be payable no later than two years after the funding date. The note will bear interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum. The Company submitted the loan forgiveness application on August 2, 2021. The full amount of the PPP loan and accrued interest of $6,305 were forgiven on August 13, 2021 and reported as other income during the quarter ended September 30, 2021.


COVID-19 Disclosure
    
    On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a coronavirus (COVID-19) a pandemic. This pandemic has had a significant impact on the global and domestic economy and is likely to impact the operations of the company. The Company has been assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business, including the impact on the financial condition and results of operations, financial resources, changes in accounting judgment as well as the impact on the supply and demand, etc. The Company is considered an essential business and was able to maintain operations during the lockdown. However, the Company does not know the extent and duration of the impact of COVID-19 on its business due to the uncertainty about the spread of the virus.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our total cash on hand as of September 30, 2021 was approximately $1,256,000 excluding restricted cash of approximately $256,000 compared to approximately 1,651,000 of cash on hand and restricted cash of $256,000 as of June 30, 2021. Approximately $48,000 was available under our line of credit as of September 30, 2021.

Because our operations have not historically generated sufficient revenues to enable profitability, we will continue to monitor costs and expenses closely and may need to raise additional capital in order to fund operations.

We expect to continue to fund operations from cash on hand and through capital raising sources if possible and available, which may be dilutive to existing stockholders, through revenues from the licensing of our products, or through strategic alliances. Additionally, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities through one or more discrete transactions, or enter into a strategic alliance arrangement, but can provide no assurances that any such financing or strategic alliance arrangement will be available on acceptable terms, or at all. Moreover, the incurrence of indebtedness in connection with a debt financing would result in increased fixed obligations and could contain covenants that would restrict our operations.

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As of September 30, 2021 we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $68.6 million, incurred recurring losses from operations and negative cash flows from operating activities. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern, and our ability to generate cash to meet our cash requirements for the following twelve months as of the date of this form 10-Q.
    
The following table presents overall liquidity and capital resources as of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2021. Table amounts are in thousands:
 
September 30,June 30,
 20212021
Current Ratio:
Current assets$4,453$4,593
Less: Current liabilities2,9113,397
Working capital$1,542$1,196
Current ratio1.53 to 11.35 to 1
Debt to Total Capital Ratio:
Line of credit, note payable, lease liabilities, and EIDL loan$1,206$1,772
Total debt1,2061,772
Total equity1,7771,460
Total capital$2,983$3,232
Total debt to total capital40.4%54.8%
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Working Capital Position
Working capital increased approximately $346,000 as of September 30, 2021, and the current ratio increased to 1.53 to 1 from 1.35 to 1 when compared to June 30, 2021. The increase in working capital is due to a decrease in current liabilities of $486,000 during the quarter ended September 30, 2021 offset by a decrease in current assets of $140,000. The PPP loan forgiveness mainly contributes to the decrease of the current liabilities.
Debt to total capital ratio was 40.4% and 54.8% as of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2021, respectively. The decrease of debt to total capital ratio is also due to the PPP loan forgiveness.
Cash Flow Used in (Provided By) Operating Activities
During the three months ended September 30, 2021 the Company used approximately $393,000 of cash in operating activities as compared to cash of approximately $541,000 from operating activities during the three months ended September 30, 2021.
    For the three months ended September 30, 2021, its cash used in operations is mainly due to increase in accounts receivable of approximately 291,000, a decrease in deferred revenue of $87,000 and decrease in operating liabilities of $70,000 offset by an increase in accrued expense of $110,000. The remaining offsetting items for cash provided by operations is comprised of less significant items.
    For the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company provided approximately $541,000 from operations. The cash provided by operations is mainly due to decreases in accounts receivable and inventory of approximately $467,000, increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses of approximately $292,000, offset by the Company's net loss of $197,000. The remaining offsetting items for cash provided by operations is comprised of less significant items. The change in the mentioned working capital accounts are due to timing as well as the Company's focus on preserving cash due to uncertainty in the current economic climate.

Cash Flows Used in Financing Activities
For the three months ended September 30, 2021 the cash used in financing activities was due to auto loan payment of $1,000 and repayment of EIDL loan of $700. For the three months ended September 30, 2020 the cash used in financing activities of $1,000 was due to auto loan payment.
Debt Financing

    On June 29, 2018 the Company entered a business loan agreement with TD bank receiving a line of credit evidenced by a promissory note of $250,000. The interest is subject to change based on changes in an independent index which the Wall Street Journal Prime. The index rate at the date of the agreement is 5.000% per annum. Interest on the unpaid principal balance of the note will be calculated using a rate of 0.740 percentage points over the index, adjusted if necessary for any minimum and maximum rate limitations, resulting in an initial rate of 5.740% per annum based on a year of 360 days. The interest rate was 3.99% as of September 30, 2021. The Company was required to put $250,000 in the TD bank savings account as collateral.
    
    As of September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, the line of credit balance was $201,575 with TD bank. The line of credit interest expense was approximately $3,000 and $3,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

COVID-19 Relief Loans and Liabilities

Payroll Protection Program ("PPP")

    On April 27, 2020, the Company entered into a PPP loan for $500,000 in connection with the CARES Act related to COVID-19. The promissory note had a fixed payment schedule. The PPP loan was unsecured. A final payment for the unpaid principal and accrued interest was payable no later than two years after the funding date. The note bore interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum. The full amount of the PPP loan and accrued interest were forgiven on August 13, 2021 and reported as other income during the quarter ended September 30, 2021.

Economic Injury Disaster Loan ("EIDL")

    EIDL is designed to provide economic relief to businesses that are currently experiencing a temporary loss of revenue due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. EIDL proceeds can be used to cover a wide array of working capital and normal operating expenses, such as continuation to health care benefits, rent, utilities, and fixed debt payments. The Company received
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$150,000 EIDL loan. The annual interest rate is 3.75%, the payment term is 30 years and the monthly payment of $731 started on July 1st, 2021. The EIDL loan is secured by the tangible and intangible personal property of the Company.

Employer Payroll Tax Withholdings

    The CARES Act allows employers to defer the deposit and payment of the employer share of Social Security tax that would otherwise be due on or after March 27, 2020, and before January 1, 2021. The Company has deferred approximately $82,000 of the social security tax as of September 30, 2021. 50% of the deferred employment taxes will not be due until December 31, 2021, with the remaining 50% not due until December 31, 2022. Approximately $41,000 was reported as short-term other liabilities as of September 30, 2021.  

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

    The Company was not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements during the three-month periods ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

None

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

(A)    Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Company's management, with the participation of the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer, have established disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information relating to the Company, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to the officers who certify the Company's financial reports and to other members of senior management and the Board of Directors.

Based on their evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of September 30, 2021, the Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer of the Company have concluded that such disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company's management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.


(B)    Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have not been any changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act), during the first quarter ended September 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 6.    Exhibits


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Signatures
    Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Escalon Medical Corp.
(Registrant)
Date: November 15, 2021By:/s/ Richard J. DePiano, Jr.
Richard J. DePiano, Jr.
Chief Executive Officer
Date: November 15, 2021By:/s/ Mark Wallace
Mark Wallace
Chief Operating Officer and Principal Accounting & Financial Officer

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