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American Honda Finance

Filed: 11 Aug 22, 1:14pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______ to _______
Commission File Number 001-36111
AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
  
California95-3472715
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(IRS Employer Identification No.)
  
1919 Torrance Blvd., Torrance, California90501
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
 
(310) 972-2555
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of exchange on which registered
2.625% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due October 14, 2022
HMC/22ANew York Stock Exchange
1.375% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due November 10, 2022
HMC/22New York Stock Exchange
0.550% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due March 17, 2023
HMC/23New York Stock Exchange
0.750% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due January 17, 2024
HMC/26ANew York Stock Exchange
0.350% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due August 26, 2022
HMC/22CNew York Stock Exchange
1.950% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due October 18, 2024
HMC/24DNew York Stock Exchange
0.750% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due November 25, 2026
HMC/26ANew York Stock Exchange
0.300% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due July 7, 2028
HMC/28ANew York Stock Exchange
1.500% Medium-Term Notes, Series A
Due October 19, 2027
HMC/27ANew York Stock Exchange

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ☒  Yes    ☐  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    ☒  Yes    ☐  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
    
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     ☐  Yes    ☒  No
As of July 31, 2022, the number of outstanding shares of common stock of the registrant was 13,660,000 all of which shares were held by American Honda Motor Co., Inc. None of the shares are publicly traded.

REDUCED DISCLOSURE FORMAT
American Honda Finance Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of American Honda Motor Co., Inc., which in turn is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Honda Motor Co., Ltd., meets the requirements set forth in General Instruction H(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-Q and is therefore filing this Form 10-Q with the reduced disclosure format.


 




AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
For the quarter ended June 30, 2022
Table of Contents
    Page
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  
  
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 
 


i


Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements included herein constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Certain such forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “scheduled,” or “anticipates” or similar expressions or the negative thereof or other variations thereof or comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy, plans, or intentions. In addition, all information included herein with respect to projected or future results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, financial performance, or other financial or statistical matters constitute forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are necessarily dependent on assumptions, data, or methods that may be incorrect or imprecise and that may be incapable of being realized. The following factors, among others, could cause actual results and other matters to differ materially from those in such forward-looking statements:
the duration and severity of supply chain disruptions on the production of new vehicles and dealer inventory levels;
declines in the financial condition or performance of Honda Motor Co., Ltd. or the sales of Honda or Acura products;
changes in economic and general business conditions, both domestically and internationally, including inflationary pressures, increases in interest rates and changes in international trade policy;
fluctuations in interest rates and currency exchange rates;
the failure of our customers, dealers or counterparties to meet the terms of any contracts with us, or otherwise fail to perform as agreed;
our inability to recover the estimated residual value of leased vehicles at the end of their lease terms;
changes or disruption in our funding sources or access to the capital markets;
changes in our, or Honda Motor Co., Ltd.’s, credit ratings;
increases in competition from other financial institutions seeking to increase their share of financing of Honda and Acura products;
uncertainties regarding the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures intended to reduce its spread and the related impact on our operations, liquidity and financial condition;
changes in laws and regulations, including the result of financial services legislation, and related costs;
changes in accounting standards;
a failure or interruption in our operations; and
a security breach or cyber attack.
Additional information regarding these and other risks and uncertainties to which our business is subject to is contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 23, 2022. Readers of this Quarterly Report should review the information contained in that report, and in any subsequent reports that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission as such risks and uncertainties may be amended, supplemented or superseded from time to time. We do not intend, and undertake no obligation to, update any forward-looking information to reflect actual results or future events or circumstances, except as required by applicable law.

ii


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item1. Financial Statements
AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(U.S. dollars in millions, except share amounts)
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$2,594 $2,607 
Finance receivables, net of allowance for credit losses of $217 and $21135,977 37,481 
Investment in operating leases, net31,661 33,624 
Due from Parent and affiliated companies47 62 
Income taxes receivable— 
Other assets1,371 1,533 
Derivative instruments1,129 971 
Total assets$72,781 $76,278 
Liabilities and Equity
Debt$42,700 $46,939 
Due to Parent and affiliated companies89 125 
Income taxes payable840 530 
Deferred income taxes6,570 6,803 
Other liabilities1,142 1,310 
Derivative instruments1,748 1,119 
Total liabilities53,089 56,826 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)00
Shareholder’s equity:
Common stock, $100 par value. Authorized 15,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 13,660,000 shares as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 20221,366 1,366 
Retained earnings17,186 16,901 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(76)(38)
Total shareholder’s equity18,476 18,229 
Noncontrolling interest in subsidiary1,216 1,223 
Total equity19,692 19,452 
Total liabilities and equity$72,781 $76,278 
 
The following table presents the assets and liabilities of consolidated variable interest entities. These assets and liabilities are included in the consolidated balance sheets presented above. Refer to Note 9 for additional information.
 
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
Finance receivables, net$7,693 $9,033 
Investment in operating leases, net252 294 
Other assets317 380 
Total assets$8,262 $9,707 
Secured debt$7,488 $8,888 
Other liabilities
Total liabilities$7,493 $8,893 

 See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

1


AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
(U.S. dollars in millions)
 
Three months ended June 30,
 20222021
Revenues:
Retail$362 $417 
Dealer17 21 
Operating leases1,768 2,012 
Total revenues2,147 2,450 
Leased vehicle expenses1,314 1,412 
Interest expense181 190 
Net revenues652 848 
Other income, net14 
Total net revenues666 857 
Expenses:
General and administrative expenses119 120 
Provision for credit losses21 (32)
Early termination loss on operating leases(1)(7)
(Gain)/Loss on derivative instruments525 (101)
(Gain)/Loss on foreign currency revaluation of debt(428)56 
Total expenses236 36 
Income before income taxes430 821 
Income tax expense117 217 
Net income313 604 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest28 38 
Net income attributable to
American Honda Finance Corporation
$285 $566 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
(U.S. dollars in millions)
 
Three months ended June 30,
 20222021
Net income$313 $604 
Other comprehensive income:
Foreign currency translation adjustment(73)32 
Comprehensive income240 636 
Less: Comprehensive (loss)/income attributable to noncontrolling interest(7)53 
Comprehensive income attributable to
American Honda Finance Corporation
$247 $583 
  
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).


2


AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(U.S. dollars in millions)
 
TotalRetained
earnings
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income/(loss)
Common
stock
Noncontrolling
interest
Balance at March 31, 2021$19,165 $16,626 $(44)$1,366 $1,217 
Net income604 566 — — 38 
Other comprehensive income32 — 17 — 15 
Balance at June 30, 2021$19,801 $17,192 $(27)$1,366 $1,270 
Balance at March 31, 2022$19,452 $16,901 $(38)$1,366 $1,223 
Net income313 285 — — 28 
Other comprehensive loss(73)— (38)— (35)
Balance at June 30, 2022$19,692 $17,186 $(76)$1,366 $1,216 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

3



AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(U.S. dollars in millions)
 
Three months ended June 30,
 20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$313 $604 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Debt and derivative instrument valuation adjustments98 (96)
Provision for credit losses21 (32)
Early termination loss on operating leases(1)(7)
Depreciation on leased vehicles1,315 1,458 
Accretion of unearned subsidy income(291)(392)
Amortization of deferred dealer participation and other deferred costs83 97 
Gain on disposition of leased vehicles(33)(80)
Deferred income taxes(219)75 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Income taxes receivable/payable307 112 
Other assets94 133 
Accrued interest/discounts on debt13 
Other liabilities(72)(395)
Due to/from Parent and affiliated companies(21)(10)
Net cash provided by operating activities1,607 1,469 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Finance receivables acquired(3,327)(6,744)
Principal collected on finance receivables4,552 5,323 
Net change in wholesale loans153 1,382 
Purchase of operating lease vehicles(2,174)(5,793)
Disposal of operating lease vehicles2,793 3,540 
Cash received for unearned subsidy income118 499 
Other investing activities, net(1)(3)
Net cash provided by/(used in) investing activities2,114 (1,796)
 
Statement continues on the next page.
4



AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(U.S. dollars in millions)
 
Three months ended June 30,
20222021
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of commercial paper$5,200 $10,083 
Paydown of commercial paper(4,433)(9,044)
Paydown of short-term debt— (240)
Proceeds from issuance of medium-term notes and other debt197 400 
Paydown of medium-term notes and other debt(3,233)(1,082)
Proceeds from issuance of secured debt— 1,496 
Paydown of secured debt(1,392)(1,571)
Dividends paid(132)— 
Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities(3,793)42 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(2)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(74)(282)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period2,972 2,250 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$2,898 $1,968 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Interest paid$119 $138 
Income taxes paid$30 $33 
 
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash from the Consolidated Balance Sheets to the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
 June 30,
 20222021
Cash and cash equivalents$2,594 $1,608 
Restricted cash included in other assets (1)
304 360 
Total$2,898 $1,968 
---------------------------------------------------------
(1)Restricted cash balances relate primarily to securitization arrangements (Note 9).

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).


5



AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Note 1. Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies

Organizational Structure
American Honda Finance Corporation (AHFC) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of American Honda Motor Co., Inc. (AHM or the Parent). Honda Canada Finance Inc. (HCFI) is a majority-owned subsidiary of AHFC. Noncontrolling interest in HCFI is held by Honda Canada Inc. (HCI), an affiliate of AHFC. AHM is a wholly-owned subsidiary and HCI is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Honda Motor Co., Ltd. (HMC). AHM and HCI are the sole authorized distributors of Honda and Acura products, including motor vehicles, parts and accessories in the United States and Canada.
Unless otherwise indicated by the context, all references to the “Company”, “we”, “us”, and “our” in this report include AHFC and its consolidated subsidiaries, and references to “AHFC” refer solely to American Honda Finance Corporation (excluding AHFC’s subsidiaries).

Basis of Presentation
The unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for interim information, and instructions to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, these unaudited interim financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition for the interim periods presented. Results for interim periods should not be considered indicative of results for the full year or for any other interim period. These unaudited interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements, significant accounting policies, and the other notes to the consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on June 23, 2022. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.

Recently Issued Accounting Standard
In March 2022, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2022-02, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic326): Troubled Debt Restructurings and Vintage Disclosures. The amendments eliminate the accounting guidance for troubled debt restructurings by creditors that have adopted ASU 2016-13 and enhance the disclosure requirements for certain loan refinancings and restructurings when borrowers are experiencing financial difficulty. In addition, the amendments require the disclosure of current-period gross write-offs for financing receivables by year of origination in the vintage disclosures. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this standard on the consolidated financial statements. The Company plans to adopt the new guidance effective April 1, 2023.



 

6

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 2. Finance Receivables
Finance receivables consisted of the following:
 June 30, 2022
 RetailDealerTotal
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Finance receivables$34,554 $1,960 $36,514 
Allowance for credit losses(212)(5)(217)
Deferred dealer participation and other deferred costs389 — 389 
Unearned subsidy income(709)— (709)
Finance receivables, net$34,022 $1,955 $35,977 
 March 31, 2022
 RetailDealerTotal
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Finance receivables$36,028 $2,066 $38,094 
Allowance for credit losses(206)(5)(211)
Deferred dealer participation and other deferred costs390 — 390 
Unearned subsidy income(792)— (792)
Finance receivables, net$35,420 $2,061 $37,481 
 
Finance receivables include retail loans with a net carrying amount of $7.7 billion and $9.0 billion as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, respectively, which have been transferred to bankruptcy-remote Special Purpose Entities (SPEs) and are considered to be legally isolated but do not qualify for sale accounting treatment. These retail loans are restricted and serve as collateral for the payment of the related secured debt obligations. Refer to Note 9 for additional information.
7

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Allowance for Credit Losses
The following is a summary of the activity in the allowance for credit losses of finance receivables:
 Three months ended June 30, 2022
 RetailDealerTotal
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Beginning balance as of April 1, 2022$206 $$211 
Provision21 — 21 
Charge-offs(37)— (37)
Recoveries22 — 22 
Ending balance as of June 30, 2022$212 $$217 
Three months ended June 30, 2021
RetailDealerTotal
(U.S. dollars in millions)
Beginning balance as of April 1, 2021$280 $$288 
Provision(32)— (32)
Charge-offs(29)— (29)
Recoveries28 — 28 
Ending balance as of June 30, 2021$247 $$255 
 
The allowance increased during the three months ended June 30, 2022 reflecting an increase in expected credit losses due to higher delinquencies on retail loans during the period.
There were no modifications to the terms of dealer loan contracts that constituted troubled debt restructurings during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. The Company generally does not grant concessions on consumer finance receivables that are considered troubled debt restructurings other than modifications of retail loans in reorganization proceedings pursuant to the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. Retail loans modified under bankruptcy protection were not material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. The Company does allow limited payment deferrals on consumer finance receivables. These payment deferrals are not treated as troubled debt restructurings since the deferrals are deemed insignificant and interest continues to accrue during the deferral period.
Delinquencies
Collection experience provides an indication of the credit quality of finance receivables. For retail loans, delinquencies are a good predictor of charge-offs in the near term. The likelihood of accounts charging off is significantly higher once an account becomes 60 days delinquent. Retail loans are considered delinquent if more than 10% of a scheduled payment is contractually past due on a cumulative basis. Dealer loans are considered delinquent when any payment is contractually past due. The following is an aging analysis of past due finance receivables:
8

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
30 – 59 days
past due
60 – 89 days
past due
90 days
or greater
past due
Total
past due
Current or
less than 30
days past due
Total
finance
receivables
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
June 30, 2022      
Retail loans:      
New auto$203 $62 $12 $277 $27,833 $28,110 
Used and certified auto88 29 123 4,645 4,768 
Motorcycle and other13 20 1,336 1,356 
Total retail loans304 96 20 420 33,814 34,234 
Dealer loans:
Wholesale flooring— — — — 1,108 1,108 
Commercial loans— — — — 852 852 
Total dealer loans— — — — 1,960 1,960 
Total finance receivables$304 $96 $20 $420 $35,774 $36,194 
March 31, 2022      
Retail loans:      
New auto$194 $50 $11 $255 $29,297 $29,552 
Used and certified auto78 22 105 4,615 4,720 
Motorcycle and other13 19 1,335 1,354 
Total retail loans285 76 18 379 35,247 35,626 
Dealer loans:
Wholesale flooring— — — — 1,266 1,266 
Commercial loans— — — — 800 800 
Total dealer loans— — — — 2,066 2,066 
Total finance receivables$285 $76 $18 $379 $37,313 $37,692 
 
Credit Quality Indicators
Credit losses are an expected cost of extending credit. The majority of our credit risk is with consumer financing and to a lesser extent with dealer financing. Exposure to credit risk in retail loans is managed through regular monitoring and adjusting of underwriting standards, pricing of contracts for expected losses, and focusing collection efforts to minimize losses. Exposure to credit risk for dealers is managed through ongoing reviews of their financial condition.
Retail Loan Segment
The Company utilizes proprietary credit scoring systems to evaluate the credit risk of applicants and assign internal credit grades at origination. Factors used to develop a customer’s credit grade include the terms of the contract, the loan-to-value ratio, the customer’s debt ratios, and credit bureau attributes such as the number of trade lines, utilization ratio, and number of credit inquiries. Different scorecards are utilized depending on the type of product financed. The Company regularly reviews and analyzes the performance of the consumer-financing portfolio to ensure the effectiveness of underwriting guidelines, purchasing criteria and scorecard predictability of customers. Internal credit grades are determined only at the time of origination and are not reassessed during the life of the contract. The following describes the internal credit grade ratings.

A - Borrowers classified as very low credit risks. Based on their application and credit bureau report, they have the ability to pay and have shown a willingness to pay. Generally, A credit borrowers have an extensive credit history, an excellent payment record and extensive financial resources.

B - Borrowers classified as relatively low credit risks. Based on their application and credit bureau report, they have the ability to pay and have shown a willingness to pay. Generally, B credit borrowers may have one or more conditions that could reduce the internal credit score, such as a shorter credit history or a minor credit weakness.
9

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

C - Borrowers classified as moderate credit risks. Based on their application and credit bureau report, they may have limited financial resources, limited credit history, or a weakness in credit history.

D - Borrowers classified as relatively higher credit risks. Based on their application and credit bureau report, they may have very limited financial resources, very limited or no credit history, or a poor credit history.

Others - Borrowers, including businesses, without credit bureau reports.

The following table summarizes the amortized cost of retail loans by internal credit grade:
Retail loans by vintage fiscal year
20232022202120202019PriorTotal
(U.S. dollars in millions)
June 30, 2022
Credit grade A$1,665 $8,032 $7,262 $2,619 $1,545 $620 $21,743 
Credit grade B618 2,223 1,807 781 437 252 6,118 
Credit grade C408 1,567 1,255 623 340 219 4,412 
Credit grade D91 408 370 294 160 101 1,424 
Others51 197 137 79 44 29 537 
Total retail loans$2,833 $12,427 $10,831 $4,396 $2,526 $1,221 $34,234 


Retail loans by vintage fiscal year
20222021202020192018PriorTotal
(U.S. dollars in millions)
March 31, 2022
Credit grade A$8,849 $8,065 $3,073 $1,912 $727 $169 $22,795 
Credit grade B2,433 2,010 898 525 271 74 6,211 
Credit grade C1,713 1,409 718 405 228 64 4,537 
Credit grade D451 418 341 188 100 33 1,531 
Others214 153 91 56 25 13 552 
Total retail loans$13,660 $12,055 $5,121 $3,086 $1,351 $353 $35,626 
Dealer Loan Segment
The Company utilizes an internal risk rating system to evaluate dealer credit risk. Dealerships are assigned an internal risk rating based on an assessment of their financial condition and other factors. Factors including liquidity, financial strength, management effectiveness, and operating efficiency are evaluated when assessing their financial condition. Financing limits and interest rates are based upon these risk ratings. Monitoring activities including financial reviews and inventory inspections are performed more frequently for dealerships with weaker risk ratings. The financial conditions of dealerships are reviewed and their risk ratings are updated at least annually.
Dealerships have been divided into the following groups:
Group I - Dealerships in the strongest internal risk rating tier
Group II - Dealerships with internal risk ratings below the strongest tier
Group III - Dealerships with impaired loans

10

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
The following table summarizes the amortized cost of dealer loans by risk rating groups:
Commercial loans by vintage fiscal year
20232022202120202019PriorRevolving loansWholesale FlooringTotal
(U.S. dollars in millions)
June 30, 2022
Group I$50 $11 $172 $50 $26 $113 $353 $597 $1,372 
Group II— 29 12 23 — 511 588 
Group III— — — — — — — — — 
Total dealer loans$50 $17 $201 $62 $33 $136 $353 $1,108 $1,960 

Commercial loans by vintage fiscal year
20222021202020192018PriorRevolving loansWholesale FlooringTotal
(U.S. dollars in millions)
March 31, 2022
Group I$11 $207 $56 $18 $32 $99 $317 $671 $1,411 
Group II17 22 — 595 655 
Group III— — — — — — — — — 
Total dealer loans$17 $210 $63 $35 $54 $104 $317 $1,266 $2,066 



Note 3. Investment in Operating Leases
Investment in operating leases consisted of the following:

June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Operating lease vehicles$40,783 $42,990 
Accumulated depreciation(8,377)(8,529)
Deferred dealer participation and initial direct costs104 114 
Unearned subsidy income(769)(869)
Estimated early termination losses(80)(82)
Investment in operating leases, net$31,661 $33,624 
 
11

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Operating lease revenue consisted of the following:

Three months ended June 30,
20222021
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Lease payments$1,597 $1,769 
Subsidy income and dealer rate participation, net158 230 
Reimbursed lessor costs13 13 
Total operating lease revenue, net$1,768 $2,012 

Leased vehicle expenses consisted of the following:

Three months ended June 30,
20222021
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Depreciation expense$1,315 $1,458 
Initial direct costs and other lessor costs32 34 
Gain on disposition of leased vehicles (1)
(33)(80)
Total leased vehicle expenses, net$1,314 $1,412 
________________________
(1)Included in the gain on disposition of leased vehicles are end of term charges of less than $1 million and $12 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Investment in operating leases includes lease assets with a net carrying amount of $252 million and $294 million as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, respectively, which have been transferred to SPEs and are considered to be legally isolated but do not qualify for sale accounting treatment. These investments in operating leases are restricted and serve as collateral for the payment of the related secured debt obligations. Refer to Note 9 for additional information.
Contractual operating lease payments due as of June 30, 2022 are summarized below. Based on the Company's experience, it is expected that a portion of the Company's operating leases will terminate prior to the scheduled lease term. The summary below should not be regarded as a forecast of future cash collections.

Twelve-month periods ending June 30,(U.S. dollars in millions)
2023$5,156 
20243,182 
20251,008 
2026212 
202752 
Total$9,610 
The Company recognized a reversal of early termination losses on operating leases of $1 million and $7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Net realized losses totaled $1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022, and actual net realized gain totaled $1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2021.
The general allowance for uncollectible operating lease receivables was recorded through a reduction to revenue of less than $1 million for both the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.
No impairment losses due to declines in estimated residual values were recognized during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.
12

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 4. Debt
The Company issues debt in various currencies with both floating and fixed interest rates. Outstanding debt net of discounts and fees, weighted average contractual interest rates and range of contractual interest rates were as follows:
 
Weighted average
contractual interest rate
Contractual
interest rate ranges
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022June 30, 2022March 31, 2022June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)    
Unsecured debt:      
Commercial paper$3,054 $2,307 1.76 %0.74 %0.63 - 2.56%0.33 - 1.21%
Bank loans2,445 3,108 2.57 %1.52 %2.01 - 3.36%0.94 - 2.01%
Public MTN program25,851 28,659 1.57 %1.53 %0.30 - 3.63%0.30 - 3.63%
Euro MTN programme22 25 2.23 %2.23 %2.23 - 2.23%2.23 - 2.23%
Other debt3,840 3,952 2.38 %2.20 %1.34 - 3.44%1.05 - 3.44%
Total unsecured debt35,212 38,051 
Secured debt7,488 8,888 0.96 %0.93 %0.16 - 2.90%0.14 - 3.30%
Total debt$42,700 $46,939 
 
As of June 30, 2022, the outstanding principal balance of long-term debt with floating interest rates totaled $4.7 billion, long-term debt with fixed interest rates totaled $34.4 billion, and short-term debt with floating or fixed interest rates totaled $3.6 billion. As of March 31, 2022, the outstanding principal balance of long-term debt with floating interest rates totaled $5.9 billion, long-term debt with fixed interest rates totaled $37.9 billion, and short-term debt with floating or fixed interest rates totaled $3.1 billion.
Commercial Paper
As of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, the Company had commercial paper programs that provide the Company with available funds of up to $8.9 billion and $9.0 billion, respectively at prevailing market interest rates for terms up to one year. The commercial paper programs are supported by the Keep Well Agreements with HMC described in Note 6.
Outstanding commercial paper averaged $2.5 billion and $6.2 billion during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The maximum balance outstanding at any month-end during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 was $3.1 billion and $6.6 billion, respectively.
Bank Loans
Outstanding bank loans at June 30, 2022 were either short-term or long-term, with floating or fixed interest rates, and denominated in U.S. dollars or Canadian dollars. Outstanding bank loans have prepayment options. No outstanding bank loans as of June 30, 2022 were supported by the Keep Well Agreements with HMC described in Note 6. Outstanding bank loans contain certain covenants, including limitations on liens, mergers, consolidations and asset sales.
13

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Medium-Term Note (MTN) Programs
Public MTN Program
In August 2019, AHFC renewed its Public MTN program by filing a registration statement with the SEC under which it may issue from time to time up to $30.0 billion aggregate principal amount of Public MTNs pursuant to the Public MTN program. The aggregate principal amount of MTNs offered under this program may be increased from time to time. Notes outstanding under the Public MTN program as of June 30, 2022 were long-term, with either fixed or floating interest rates, and denominated in U.S. dollars, Euro or Sterling. Notes under this program are issued pursuant to an indenture which contains certain covenants, including negative pledge provisions and limitations on mergers, consolidations and asset sales.
Euro MTN Programme
The Euro MTN Programme was retired in August 2014. AHFC has 1 note outstanding under this program as of June 30, 2022. The note has a maturity date of February 21, 2023, a fixed interest rate and is not listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange. The note was issued pursuant to the terms of an agency agreement which contains certain covenants, including negative pledge provisions.
The MTN programs are supported by the Keep Well Agreement with HMC described in Note 6.
Other Debt
The outstanding balances as of June 30, 2022 consisted of private placement debt issued by HCFI which are long-term, with either fixed or floating interest rates, and denominated in Canadian dollars. Private placement debt is supported by the Keep Well Agreement with HMC described in Note 6. The notes are issued pursuant to the terms of an indenture which contain certain covenants, including negative pledge provisions.
Secured Debt
The Company issues notes through financing transactions that are secured by assets held by issuing SPEs. Notes outstanding as of June 30, 2022 were long-term and short-term with either fixed or floating interest rates, and denominated in U.S. dollars or Canadian dollars. Repayment of the notes is dependent on the performance of the underlying retail loans and operating leases. Refer to Note 9 for additional information on the Company’s secured financing transactions.
Credit Agreements
Syndicated Bank Credit Facilities
AHFC maintains a $7.0 billion syndicated bank credit facility that includes a $3.5 billion credit agreement, which expires on February 24, 2023, a $2.1 billion credit agreement, which expires on February 25, 2025, and a $1.4 billion credit agreement, which expires on February 25, 2027. As of June 30, 2022, no amounts were drawn upon under the AHFC credit agreements. AHFC intends to renew or replace these credit agreements prior to or on their respective expiration dates.
HCFI maintains a $1.6 billion syndicated bank credit facility that includes a $777 million credit agreement, which expires on March 25, 2023 and a $777 million credit agreement, which expires on March 25, 2027. As of June 30, 2022, no amounts were drawn upon under the HCFI credit agreement. HCFI intends to renew or replace the credit agreement prior to or on the expiration date of each respective tranche.
The credit agreements contain customary covenants, including limitations on liens, mergers, consolidations and asset sales and affiliate transactions. Loans, if any, under the credit agreements will be supported by the Keep Well Agreement described in Note 6.
Other Credit Agreements
AHFC maintains other committed lines of credit that allow the Company access to an additional $1.0 billion in unsecured funding with two banks. The credit agreements contain customary covenants, including limitations on liens, mergers, consolidations and asset sales. As of June 30, 2022, no amounts were drawn upon under these agreements. These agreements expire in September 2022. The Company intends to renew or replace these credit agreements prior to or on their respective expiration dates. 

14

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Note 5. Derivative Instruments
The notional balances and fair values of the Company’s derivatives are presented below. The derivative instruments are presented on a gross basis in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Refer to Note 12 regarding the valuation of derivative instruments.
 
 June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
Notional
balances
AssetsLiabilitiesNotional
balances
AssetsLiabilities
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Interest rate swaps$57,747 $1,129 $841 $61,941 $931 $683 
Cross currency swaps7,374 — 907 7,920 40 436 
Gross derivative assets/liabilities1,129 1,748 971 1,119 
Collateral posted/held39 28 
Counterparty netting adjustment(954)(954)(804)(804)
Net derivative assets/liabilities$176 $833 $172 $343 
 
The income statement impact of derivative instruments is presented below. There were no derivative instruments designated as part of a hedge accounting relationship during the periods presented.
 
Three months ended June 30,
 20222021
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Interest rate swaps$$58 
Cross currency swaps(534)43 
Total (loss)/gain on derivative instruments$(525)$101 
 
The fair value of derivative instruments is subject to the fluctuations in market interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. Since the Company has elected not to apply hedge accounting, the volatility in the changes in fair value of these derivative instruments is recognized in earnings. All settlements of derivative instruments are presented within cash flows from operating activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows.
These derivative instruments also contain an element of credit risk in the event the counterparties are unable to meet the terms of the agreements. However, the Company minimizes the risk exposure by limiting the counterparties to major financial institutions that meet established credit guidelines. In the event of default, all counterparties are subject to legally enforceable master netting agreements. In Canada, HCFI is a party to reciprocal credit support agreements that require posting of cash collateral to mitigate counterparty credit risk on derivative positions. Posted collateral is recognized in other assets and held collateral is recognized in other liabilities.
15

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 6. Transactions Involving Related Parties
The following tables summarize the income statement and balance sheet impact of transactions with the Parent and affiliated companies:
 
Three months ended June 30,
Income Statement20222021
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Revenue:
Subsidy income$289 $390 
General and administrative expenses:
Support Compensation Agreement fees17 19 
Benefit plan expenses
Shared services18 18 
Lease expense


Balance SheetJune 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Assets:
  
Finance receivables, net:  
Unearned subsidy income$(701)$(783)
Investment in operating leases, net:
Unearned subsidy income(767)(867)
Due from Parent and affiliated companies47 62 
Liabilities:
Due to Parent and affiliated companies89 125 
Other liabilities:
Accrued benefit expenses65 63 
Dividend Payable— 133 
Operating lease liabilities15 15 
 
Support Agreements
HMC and AHFC are parties to a Keep Well Agreement, effective as of September 9, 2005. This Keep Well Agreement provides that HMC will (1) maintain (directly or indirectly) at least 80% ownership in AHFC’s voting stock and not pledge (directly or indirectly), or in any way encumber or otherwise dispose of, any such stock of AHFC that it is required to hold (or permit any of HMC’s subsidiaries to do so), (2) cause AHFC to have a positive consolidated tangible net worth with tangible net worth defined as (a) stockholder’s equity less (b) any intangible assets, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP, and (3) ensure that AHFC has sufficient liquidity to meet its payment obligations for debt HMC has confirmed in writing is covered by this Keep Well Agreement, in accordance with its terms, or where necessary make available to AHFC, or HMC shall procure for AHFC, sufficient funds to enable AHFC to meet such obligations in accordance with such terms. This Keep Well Agreement is not a guarantee by HMC.
16

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
HMC and HCFI are parties to a Keep Well Agreement effective as of September 26, 2005. This Keep Well Agreement provides that HMC will (1) maintain (directly or indirectly) at least 80% ownership in HCFI’s voting stock and not pledge (directly or indirectly), or in any way encumber or otherwise dispose of, any such stock of HCFI that it is required to hold (or permit any of HMC’s subsidiaries to do so), (2) cause HCFI to have a positive consolidated tangible net worth with tangible net worth defined as (a) stockholder’s equity less (b) any intangible assets, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in Canada, and (3) ensure that HCFI has sufficient liquidity to meet its payment obligations for debt HMC has confirmed in writing is covered by this Keep Well Agreement, in accordance with its terms, or where necessary make available to HCFI, or HMC shall procure for HCFI, sufficient funds to enable HCFI to meet such obligations in accordance with such terms. This Keep Well Agreement is not a guarantee by HMC.
Debt programs supported by the Keep Well Agreements consist of the Company’s commercial paper programs, Private MTN Program, Public MTN Program, Euro MTN Programme, and HCFI’s private placement debt and loans, if any, under AHFC's syndicated bank credit facilities. In connection with the above agreements, AHFC and HCFI have entered into separate Support Compensation Agreements, where each has agreed to pay HMC a quarterly fee based on the amount of outstanding debt that benefit from the Keep Well Agreements. Support Compensation Agreement fees are recognized in general and administrative expenses.
Incentive Financing Programs
The Company receives subsidy payments from AHM and HCI, which supplement the revenues on financing products offered under incentive programs. Subsidy payments received on retail loans and leases are deferred and recognized as revenue over the term of the related contracts. The unearned balance is recognized as reductions to the carrying value of finance receivables and investment in operating leases. Subsidy payments on dealer loans are received as earned.
Shared Services
The Company shares certain common expenditures with AHM, HCI, and other related parties including information technology services and facilities. The allocated costs for shared services are included in general and administrative expenses.
Benefit Plans
The Company participates in various employee benefit plans that are sponsored by AHM and HCI. The allocated benefit plan expenses are included in general and administrative expenses.
Income taxes
The Company’s U.S. income taxes are recognized on a modified separate return basis pursuant to an intercompany income tax allocation agreement with AHM. Income tax related items are not included in the tables above. Refer to Note 7 for additional information.
Other
The majority of the amounts due from the Parent and affiliated companies at June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022 related to incentive financing program subsidies. The majority of the amounts due to the Parent and affiliated companies at June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022 related to wholesale flooring payable to the Parent. These receivable and payable accounts are non-interest-bearing and short-term in nature and are expected to be settled in the normal course of business.
AHFC leases its premises from its parent, AHM.
In July 2022 and 2021, AHFC declared and paid cash dividends of $766 million and $491 million, respectively, to its parent, AHM.
In July 2022, HCFI declared and paid cash dividends to AHFC and HCI of $69 million and $63 million, respectively.


17

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 7. Income Taxes

The Company's effective tax rate was 27.2% and 26.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company's effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2022, differs from the U.S. federal statutory tax rate primarily as a result of U.S. state taxes.
The Company does not provide for income taxes on its share of the undistributed earnings of HCFI which are intended to be indefinitely reinvested outside the United States. At June 30, 2022, $1.1 billion of accumulated undistributed earnings of HCFI were intended to be so reinvested. If the undistributed earnings as of June 30, 2022 were to be distributed, the tax liability associated with these earnings would be $51 million, inclusive of currency translation adjustments.
As of June 30, 2022, the Company is subject to examination for U.S. federal returns filed for the taxable years ended March 31, 2014 through 2021, and returns filed for the taxable years ended March 31, 2008 through 2021 in various U.S. states. The Company’s Canadian subsidiary, HCFI, is subject to examination for returns filed for the taxable years ended March 31, 2015 through 2021, federally, and returns filed for the taxable years ended March 31, 2010 through 2021, except for 2011 through 2014, provincially. The Company believes appropriate provision has been made for all outstanding issues for all open years and does not expect any material changes in the amounts of unrecognized tax benefits during the fiscal year ending March 31, 2023.
18

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 8. Commitments and Contingencies
Operating Leases
The Company leases certain premises and equipment through operating leases. AHFC leases its premises and equipment from AHM and third parties, and HCFI leases its premises from HCI.
Many of the Company's leases contain renewal options, and generally have no residual value guarantees or material covenants. When it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise the option to renew a lease, the Company will include the renewal option in the evaluation of the lease term. The Company has elected not to recognize right-of-use assets or lease liabilities for leases with a lease term of less than one year. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the incremental borrowing rate is used in determining the present value of lease payments. The right-of-use assets in operating lease arrangements are reported in other assets on the Company's consolidated balance sheets.
In November 2020, the Company finalized plans to consolidate its 9 regional offices in the United States into 3 customer and dealer services centers located in California, Texas, and Georgia. The consolidation is taking place in stages. The Company expects to complete the consolidation into 3 service centers in the spring of 2023.
Operating lease liabilities are reported in other liabilities on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. At June 30, 2022, maturities of operating lease liabilities were as follows:
Twelve-month periods ending June 30,(U.S. dollars in millions)
2023$10 
2024
2025
2026
2027
Thereafter22 
Total undiscounted future lease obligations62 
Less: imputed interest(8)
Operating lease liabilities$54 

Lease expense under operating leases was $2 million and $3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Rent expense is included within general and administrative expenses.
As of June 30, 2022, the weighted average remaining lease term for operating leases was 7.7 years and the weighted average remaining discount rate for operating leases was 2.88%.
Revolving Lines of Credit to Dealerships
The Company extends commercial revolving lines of credit to dealerships to support their business activities including facilities refurbishment and general working capital requirements. The amounts borrowed are generally secured by the assets of the borrowing entity. The unused balance of commercial revolving lines of credit was $650 million as of June 30, 2022. The Company also has commitments to finance the construction of auto dealership facilities. The remaining unfunded balance for these construction loans was $6 million as of June 30, 2022.
Legal Proceedings and Regulatory Matters
The Company establishes accruals for legal claims when payments associated with the claims become probable and the costs can be reasonably estimated. When able, the Company will determine estimates of reasonably possible loss or range of loss, whether in excess of any related accrued liability or where there is no accrued liability. Given the inherent uncertainty associated with legal matters, the actual costs of resolving legal claims and associated costs of defense may be substantially higher or lower than the amounts for which accruals have been established.
19

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
The Company is involved, in the ordinary course of business, in various legal proceedings including claims of individual customers and purported class action lawsuits. Certain of these actions are similar to suits filed against other financial institutions and captive finance companies. Most of these proceedings concern customer allegations of wrongful repossession or defamation of credit. The Company is also subject to governmental reviews and inquiries from time to time. Based on available information and established accruals, management does not believe it is reasonably possible that the results of these proceedings, in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


Note 9. Securitizations and Variable Interest Entities (VIE)
The Company utilizes SPEs for its asset-backed securitizations and these SPEs are considered VIEs, which are required to be consolidated by their primary beneficiary. The Company is considered to be the primary beneficiary of these SPEs due to (i) the power to direct the activities of the SPEs that most significantly impact the SPEs’ economic performance through the Company's role as servicer, and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive residual returns that could potentially be significant to the SPEs through the subordinated certificates and residual interest retained. The debt securities issued by the SPEs to third-party investors along with the assets of the SPEs are included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
During the three months ended June 30, 2022, the Company did not issue notes through asset-backed securitizations. During the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company issued notes through asset-backed securitizations, which were accounted for as secured financing transactions totaling $1.5 billion, which were secured by assets with an initial balance of $1.6 billion.
The table below presents the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities of consolidated SPEs as they are reported in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. All amounts exclude intercompany balances, which have been eliminated upon consolidation. Investors in notes issued by a SPE only have recourse to the assets of such SPE and do not have recourse to the assets of AHFC, HCFI, or its other subsidiaries or to other SPEs. The assets of SPEs are the only source of funds for repayment on the notes.
 
June 30, 2022
AssetsLiabilities
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Securitized assets
Restricted cash (1)
OtherSecured debtOther
Retail loan securitizations$7,693 $303 $12 $7,322 $
Operating lease securitizations252 166 
Total$7,945 $304 $13 $7,488 $
March 31, 2022
AssetsLiabilities
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Securitized assets
Restricted cash (1)
OtherSecured debtOther
Retail loan securitizations$9,033 $364 $14 $8,683 $
Operating lease securitizations294 205 
Total$9,327 $365 $15 $8,888 $
________________________
(1)Included with other assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets (Note 10).

In their role as servicers, AHFC and HCFI collect payments on the underlying securitized assets on behalf of the SPEs. Cash collected during a calendar month is required to be remitted to the SPEs in the following month. AHFC and HCFI are not restricted from using the cash collected for their general purposes prior to the remittance to the SPEs. As of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, AHFC and HCFI had combined cash collections of $431 million and $529 million, respectively, which were required to be remitted to the SPEs.

20

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Note 10. Other Assets
Other assets consisted of the following:
 
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Interest receivable and other assets$84 $82 
Vehicles held for disposition46 51 
Other receivables78 93 
Software, net of accumulated amortization of $175 and $173 as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, respectively21 22 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of both $16 as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022.
Restricted cash304 365 
Operating lease assets47 51 
Like-kind exchange assets569 851 
Short-term investments200 — 
Other miscellaneous assets17 13 
Total$1,371 $1,533 
 
Depreciation and amortization are computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, which range from three to five years. General and administrative expenses include depreciation and amortization expense of $2 million and $3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.



Note 11. Other Liabilities
Other liabilities consisted of the following:
 

June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Dealer payables$74 $99 
Accrued interest expense185 136 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses329 368 
Lease security deposits67 72 
Unearned income, operating leases295 317 
Operating lease liabilities54 57 
Uncertain tax positions93 94 
Dividend Payable— 133 
Other liabilities45 34 
Total$1,142 $1,310 
 
21

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 12. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs are those other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). Nonperformance risk is also required to be reflected in the fair value measurement, including an entity’s own credit standing when measuring the fair value of a liability.

Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The following tables summarize the fair value hierarchy of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
 June 30, 2022
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Assets:    
Derivative instruments:    
Interest rate swaps$— $1,129 $— $1,129 
Cross currency swaps— — — — 
Total assets$— $1,129 $— $1,129 
Liabilities:
Derivative instruments:
Interest rate swaps$— $841 $— $841 
Cross currency swaps— 907 — 907 
Total liabilities$— $1,748 $— $1,748 
 March 31, 2022
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Assets:    
Derivative instruments:    
Interest rate swaps$— $931 $— $931 
Cross currency swaps— 40 — 40 
Total assets$— $971 $— $971 
Liabilities:
Derivative instruments:
Interest rate swaps$— $683 $— $683 
Cross currency swaps— 436 — 436 
Total liabilities$— $1,119 $— $1,119 

 The valuation techniques used in measuring assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis are described below:
22

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Derivative Instruments
The Company’s derivatives are transacted in over-the-counter markets and quoted market prices are not readily available. The Company uses third-party developed valuation models to value derivative instruments. These models estimate fair values using discounted cash flow modeling techniques, which utilize the contractual terms of the derivative instruments and market-based inputs, including interest rates and foreign exchange rates. Discount rates incorporate counterparty and HMC specific credit default spreads to reflect nonperformance risk.
The Company’s derivative instruments are classified as Level 2 since all significant inputs are observable and do not require management judgment. There were no transfers between fair value hierarchy levels during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. Refer to Note 5 for additional information on derivative instruments.

Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements
The following tables summarize nonrecurring fair value measurements recognized for assets still held at the end of the reporting periods presented:
 
Level 1Level 2Level 3TotalLower-of-cost
or fair value
adjustment
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
June 30, 2022     
Vehicles held for disposition$— $— $23 $23 $
June 30, 2021
Vehicles held for disposition$— $— $26 $26 $
 
The following describes the methodologies and assumptions used in nonrecurring fair value measurements, which relate to the application of lower of cost or fair value accounting on long-lived assets.
Vehicles Held for Disposition
Vehicles held for disposition consist of returned and repossessed vehicles. They are valued at the lower of their carrying value or estimated fair value, less estimated disposition costs. The fair value is based on current average selling prices of like vehicles at wholesale used vehicle auctions.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The following tables summarize the carrying values and fair values of the Company’s financial instruments except for those measured at fair value on a recurring basis. Certain financial instruments and all nonfinancial assets and liabilities are excluded from fair value disclosure requirements including the Company’s investment in operating leases. The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and short term investments approximate fair values due to the short-term nature and limited credit risk of the instruments.
 
23

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 June 30, 2022
 CarryingFair value
 valueLevel 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Assets:     
Dealer loans, net1,955 — — 1,645 1,645 
Retail loans, net34,022 — — 33,316 33,316 
Liabilities:
Commercial paper$3,054 $— $3,054 $— $3,054 
Bank loans2,445 — 2,427 — 2,427 
Medium-term note programs25,873 — 24,769 — 24,769 
Other debt3,840 — 3,652 — 3,652 
Secured debt7,488 — 7,313 — 7,313 
 March 31, 2022
 CarryingFair value
 valueLevel 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Assets:     
Dealer loans, net2,061 — — 1,859 1,859 
Retail loans, net35,420 — — 35,161 35,161 
Liabilities:
Commercial paper$2,307 $— $2,306 $— $2,306 
Bank loans3,108 — 3,110 — 3,110 
Medium-term note programs28,684 — 28,055 — 28,055 
Other debt3,952 — 3,828 — 3,828 
Secured debt8,888 — 8,762 — 8,762 
 
Fair value information presented in the tables above is based on information available at June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022. Although the Company is not aware of any factors that would significantly affect the estimated fair value amounts, such amounts have not been updated since those dates, and therefore, the current estimates of fair value at dates subsequent to those dates may differ significantly from the amounts presented herein.
 
24

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 13. Segment Information
The Company’s reportable segments are based on the 2 geographic regions where operating results are measured and evaluated by management: the United States and Canada.
Segment performance is evaluated using an internal measurement basis, which differs from the Company’s consolidated results prepared in accordance with GAAP. Segment performance is evaluated on a pre-tax basis before the effect of valuation adjustments on derivative instruments and revaluations of foreign currency denominated debt. Since the Company does not elect to apply hedge accounting, the impact to earnings resulting from these valuation adjustments as reported under GAAP is not representative of segment performance as evaluated by management. Realized gains and losses on derivative instruments, net of realized gains and losses on foreign currency denominated debt, are included in the measure of net revenues when evaluating segment performance.
No adjustments are made to segment performance to allocate any revenues or expenses. Financing products offered throughout the United States and Canada are substantially similar. Segment revenues from the various financing products are reported on the same basis as GAAP consolidated results.
Financial information for the three and three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 is summarized in the following tables:
 
United
States
CanadaValuation
adjustments and
reclassifications
Consolidated
Total
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Three months ended June 30, 2022
Revenues:
Retail$320 $42 $— $362 
Dealer15 — 17 
Operating leases1,477 291 — 1,768 
Total revenues1,812 335 — 2,147 
Leased vehicle expenses1,089 225 — 1,314 
Interest expenses151 30 — 181 
Realized (gains)/losses on derivatives and foreign
   currency denominated debt
— (1)— 
Net revenues572 81 (1)652 
Other income, net11 — 14 
Total net revenues583 84 (1)666 
Expenses:
General and administrative expenses105 14 — 119 
Provision for credit losses19 — 21 
Early termination loss on operating leases(1)— — (1)
Loss on derivative instruments— — 525 525 
Gain on foreign currency revaluation of debt— — (428)(428)
Income before income taxes$460 $68 $(98)$430 
June 30, 2022
Finance receivables, net$31,974 $4,003 $— $35,977 
Investment in operating leases, net27,057 4,604 — 31,661 
Total assets63,815 8,966 — 72,781 
 
25

AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
United
States
CanadaValuation
adjustments and
reclassifications
Consolidated
Total
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Three months ended June 30, 2021
Revenues:
Retail$369 $48 $— $417 
Dealer18 — 21 
Operating leases1,667 345 — 2,012 
Total revenues2,054 396 — 2,450 
Leased vehicle expenses1,155 257 — 1,412 
Interest expense162 28 — 190 
Realized (gains)/losses on derivatives and foreign
   currency denominated debt
44 (52)— 
Net revenues693 103 52 848 
Other income, net— 
Total net revenues699 106 52 857 
Expenses:
General and administrative expenses105 15 — 120 
Provision for credit losses(32)— — (32)
Early termination loss on operating leases(5)(2)— (7)
Gain on derivative instruments— — (101)(101)
Loss on foreign currency revaluation of debt— — 56 56 
Income before income taxes$631 $93 $97 $821 
June 30, 2021
Finance receivables, net$36,925 $4,487 $— $41,412 
Investment in operating leases, net30,997 5,303 — 36,300 
Total assets71,166 10,120 — 81,286 

26


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
Our primary focus, in collaboration with AHM and HCI, is to provide support for the sale of Honda and Acura products and maintain customer and dealer satisfaction and loyalty. To deliver this support effectively, we seek to maintain competitive cost of funds, efficient operations, and effective risk and compliance management. The primary factors influencing our results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition include the volume of Honda and Acura sales and the portion of those sales that we finance, our cost of funds, competition from other financial institutions, consumer credit defaults, and used motor vehicle prices.
A substantial portion of our consumer financing business is acquired through incentive financing programs sponsored by AHM and HCI. The volume of these incentive financing programs and the allocation of those programs between retail loans and leases may vary from fiscal period to fiscal period depending upon the respective marketing strategies of AHM and HCI. AHM and HCI’s marketing strategies are based in part on their business planning and control, in which we do not participate. Therefore, we cannot predict the level of incentive financing programs AHM and HCI may sponsor in the future. Our consumer financing acquisition volumes are substantially dependent on the extent to which incentive financing programs are offered. Increases in incentive financing programs generally increase our financing penetration rates, which typically results in increased financing acquisition volumes for us. The amount of subsidy payments we receive from AHM and HCI is dependent on the terms of the incentive financing programs and the interest rate environment. Subsidy payments are received upon acquisition and recognized in revenue throughout the life of the loan or lease; therefore, a significant change in the level of incentive financing programs in a fiscal period typically only has a limited impact on our results of operations for that period. The amount of subsidy income we recognize in a fiscal period is dependent on the cumulative level of subsidized contracts outstanding that were acquired through incentive financing programs.
We seek to maintain high quality consumer and dealer account portfolios, which we support with strong underwriting standards, risk-based pricing, and effective collection practices. Our cost of funds is facilitated by the diversity of our funding sources, and effective interest rate and foreign currency exchange risk management. We manage expenses to support our profitability, including adjusting staffing needs based upon our business volumes and centralizing certain functions. Additionally, we use risk and compliance management practices to optimize credit and residual value risk levels and maintain compliance with our pricing, underwriting and servicing policies at the United States, Canadian, state and provincial levels.
In our business operations, we incur costs related to funding, credit loss, residual value loss, and general and administrative expenses, among other expenses.
We analyze our operations in two business segments defined by geography: the United States and Canada. We measure the performance of our United States and Canada segments on a pre-tax basis before the effect of valuation adjustments on derivative instruments and revaluations of foreign currency denominated debt. For additional information regarding our segments, see Note 13—Segment Information of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited). The following tables and the related discussion are presented based on our geographically segmented consolidated financial statements.
References in this report to our “fiscal year 2023” and “fiscal year 2022” refer to our fiscal year ending March 31, 2023 and our fiscal year ended March 31, 2022, respectively.
27


Results of Operations
Operating Environment Overview
Supply chain disruptions continue to have a negative impact on the production of new vehicles, dealer inventory levels, new vehicle sales, and ultimately our consumer financing acquisition volumes. Given the limited supply of new vehicles, incentive programs supporting the sale of new vehicles were reduced, which also had a negative impact on our acquisition volumes by lowering our penetration rates. Lower acquisition volumes have resulted in declines in our outstanding consumer financing asset balances since the second half of fiscal year 2022, along with declines in our funding needs and outstanding debt balances.
Our consumer financing assets continue to perform well and charge-offs remain below historical levels. However, the trend in delinquencies has increased slightly over the past few quarters which may be attributable to the negative effects of inflationary pressures, rising interest rates, and other factors on consumers’ ability to perform on their obligations. Used vehicle prices remain strong due to the limited supply of new vehicles, with return rates on leased vehicles remaining at historically low levels. In addition, the rise in interest rates has increased the returns on more recently acquired financing assets and funding costs.
Segment Results—Comparison of the Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021
Results of operations for the United States segment and the Canada segment are summarized below:

United States SegmentCanada SegmentConsolidated
Three months ended June 30,DifferenceThree months ended June 30,DifferenceThree months ended June 30,
20222021Amount%20222021Amount%20222021
(U.S. dollars in millions)
Revenues:
Retail$320 $369 $(49)(13)%$42 $48 $(6)(13)%$362 $417 
Dealer15 18 (3)(17)%(1)(33)%17 21 
Operating leases1,477 1,667 (190)(11)%291 345 (54)(16)%1,768 2,012 
Total revenues1,812 2,054 (242)(12)%335 396 (61)(15)%2,147 2,450 
Leased vehicle expenses1,089 1,155 (66)(6)%225 257 (32)(12)%1,314 1,412 
Interest expense151 162 (11)(7)%30 28 %181 190 
Realized (gains)/losses on derivatives and foreign currency debt— 44 (44)(100)%(1)(9)(113)%(1)52 
Net revenues572 693 (121)(17)%81 103 (22)(21)%653 796 
Other income11 83 %— — %14 
Total net revenues583 699 (116)(17)%84 106 (22)(21)%667 805 
Expenses:
General and administrative expenses105 105 — — %14 15 (1)(7)%119 120 
Provision for credit losses19 (32)51 n/m— n/m21 (32)
Early termination loss on operating leases(1)(5)(80)%— (2)(100)%(1)(7)
Income before income taxes$460 $631 $(171)(27)%$68 $93 $(25)(27)%$528 $724 
n/m = not meaningful

28


The following table summarizes average outstanding asset balances, units, and yields and average outstanding debt and interest rates.

United States SegmentCanada Segment
Three months ended June 30,DifferenceThree months ended June 30,Difference
20222021Amount%20222021Amount%
(U.S. dollars in millions except as noted, units in thousands) (1)
Retail loans:
Average outstanding balance$31,099 $34,409 $(3,310)(10)%$3,856 $4,000 $(144)(4)%
Average outstanding units1,9652,157(192)(9)%273 290 (17)(6)%
Effective yield4.1 %4.3 %4.4 %4.8 %
Dealer loans:
Average outstanding balance$1,777 $2,774 $(997)(36)%$215 $568 $(353)(62)%
Effective yield3.5 %2.6 %3.6 %2.3 %
Operating leases:
Average outstanding balance$27,908 $30,514 $(2,606)(9)%$4,754 $5,374 $(620)(12)%
Average outstanding units1,155 1,314 (159)(12)%237 267 (30)(11)%
Average monthly rental income(2)
$426 $423 $%$410 $430 $(20)(5)%
Average monthly depreciation(2),(3)
$323 $311 $12 %$321 $331 $(10)(3)%
Debt:
Average outstanding balance$39,150 $45,544 $(6,394)(14)%$5,724 $6,863 $(1,139)(17)%
Effective interest rate1.5 %1.4 %2.1 %1.6 %
_______________________
(1)Average outstanding balances and units based on month end amounts during respective periods. Effective yields and interest rates based on average outstanding month end balances. Average monthly rental income and depreciation based on average outstanding month end units.
(2)U.S. dollars per unit
(3)Excludes gains on disposition of leased vehicles.


United States Segment
Revenues
Revenue from retail loans decreased due to lower average outstanding balances and lower yields.
Revenue from dealer loans decreased due to lower average outstanding wholesale flooring loan balances as a result of lower dealer inventory levels which was partially offset by higher yields. Dealer inventory levels continued to decline during the three months ended June 30, 2022 due to supply chain disruptions that have negatively impacted the production of new vehicles.
Operating lease revenue decreased due to lower average outstanding units which was partially offset by an increase in average rental income per unit.
Leased vehicle expenses
Leased vehicle expenses decreased due to lower average outstanding units which was partially offset by lower gains on disposition of leased vehicles and higher average depreciation expense per unit.
29


Interest expense
Interest expense decreased due to lower average outstanding debt balances which was partially offset by higher average interest rates. See “—Liquidity and Capital Resources” below for more information.
Realized (gains)/losses on derivatives and foreign currency debt
Net realized gains of less than $1 million during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 consisted of gains on pay float interest rate swaps of $15 million, gains on pay fixed interest rate swaps of $3 million and gains on foreign currency denominated debt of $3 million, which were offset by losses on cross currency swaps of $21 million.
Provision for credit losses
We recognized a provision for credit losses during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 due to the increase in provision for retail loans as a result of an increase in expected losses due in part to the slight increase in the trend of delinquencies and charge-offs. We recognized a negative provision for credit losses during the first quarter of fiscal year 2022 due to reductions to the allowance reflecting favorable revisions to forecasted economic factors and lower than expected net charge-offs. See —Financial Condition—Credit Risk” below for more information.
Early termination loss on operating leases
We recognized reversals of early termination losses on operating leases during both the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 and 2022. The reversal of early termination losses during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 was primarily due to lower than expected realized losses. See —Financial Condition—Credit Risk” below for more information.
Canada Segment
Revenues
Revenue from retail loans decreased due to lower yields, lower average outstanding balances and the effect of foreign currency translation adjustments.
Revenue from dealer loans decreased due to lower average outstanding wholesale flooring loan balances as the result of lower dealer inventory levels.
Operating lease revenue decreased due to lower average outstanding units and the effect of foreign currency translation adjustments.
Leased vehicle expenses
Leased vehicle expenses decreased due to lower average outstanding units and the effect of foreign currency translation adjustments.
Interest expense
The increase in interest expense was due to higher average interest rates which was partially offset by lower average outstanding debt and the effect of foreign currency translation adjustments. See “—Liquidity and Capital Resources” below for more information.
Realized (gains)/losses on derivative instruments
Net realized gains on interest rate swaps during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 were attributable to realized gains on pay float interest rate swaps which were partially offset by realized losses on pay fixed interest rate swaps.
Provision for credit losses
We recognized a provision for credit losses of $2 million during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to a provision for credit losses of less than $1 million during the same period in fiscal year 2022. During fiscal year 2022, net charge-offs of retail loans were lower than expected, which kept the provision for credit losses low. See “—Financial Condition—Credit Risk” below for more information.
30


Early termination loss on operating leases
We recognized a reversal of early termination losses on operating leases of less than $1 million during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to a reversal of early termination losses of $2 million during the same period in fiscal year 2022. See “—Financial Condition—Credit Risk” below for more information.
Income tax expense
The consolidated effective tax rate was 27.2% for the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to 26.4% for the same period in fiscal year 2022. The Company's effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2022 differs from the U.S. federal statutory tax rate primarily as a result of U.S. state taxes. For additional information regarding income taxes, see Note 7—Income Taxes of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

31


Financial Condition
Consumer Financing
Consumer Financing Acquisition Volumes
The following table summarizes the number of retail loans and leases we acquired and the number of such loans and leases acquired through incentive financing programs sponsored by AHM and HCI:
 
 Three months ended June 30,
 20222021
 Acquired
Sponsored (2)
Acquired
Sponsored (2)
 
(Units (1) in thousands)
United States Segment
Retail loans:
New auto55 36 178 160 
Used auto19 18 
Motorcycle and other19 — 18 
Total retail loans93 40 214 165 
Leases52 49 162 158 
Canada Segment
Retail loans16 19 13 
Leases11 10 20 19 
Consolidated
Retail loans109 47 233 178 
Leases63 59 182 177 
_______________________
  
(1)A unit represents one retail loan or lease contract, as noted, that was originated in the United States and acquired by AHFC or its subsidiaries, or that was originated in Canada and acquired by HCFI, in each case during the period shown.
(2)Represents the number of retail loans and leases acquired through incentive financing programs sponsored by AHM and/or HCI and only those contracts with subsidy payments. Excludes contracts where contractual rates met or exceeded AHFC’s yield requirements and subsidy payments were not required.
Consumer Financing Penetration Rates
The following table summarizes the percentage of AHM and/or HCI sales of new automobiles and motorcycles that were financed with either retail loans or leases that we acquired:
 
Three months ended June 30,
 20222021
United States Segment
New auto45%70%
Motorcycle29%30%
Canada Segment
New auto74%77%
Motorcycle16%22%
Consolidated
New auto48%71%
Motorcycle27%29%
32




Consumer Financing Asset Balances
The following table summarizes our outstanding retail loan and lease asset balances and units:
 
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
(Units (1) in thousands)
United States Segment    
Retail loans:    
New auto$24,696 $25,953 1,435 1,491 
Used auto4,293 4,307 313 318 
Motorcycle and other1,232 1,229 186 186 
Total retail loans$30,221 $31,489 1,934 1,995 
Investment in operating leases$27,057 $28,691 1,117 1,191 
Securitized retail loans (2)
$7,543 $8,849 623 693 
Canada Segment
Retail loans$3,801 $3,931 269 276 
Investment in operating leases$4,604 $4,933 231 242 
Securitized retail loans (2)
$150 $184 20 21 
Securitized investments in operating leases (2)
$252 $294 17 18 
Consolidated
Retail loans$34,022 $35,420 2,203 2,271 
Investment in operating leases$31,661 $33,624 1,348 1,433 
Securitized retail loans (2)
$7,693 $9,033 643 714 
Securitized investments in operating leases (2)
$252 $294 17 18 
_______________________
   
(1)A unit represents one retail loan or lease contract, as noted, that was outstanding as of the date shown.
(2)Securitized retail loans and investments in operating leases represent the portion of total managed assets that have been sold in securitization transactions but continue to be recognized on our balance sheet.
In the United States segment, retail loan acquisition volumes decreased by 57% and lease acquisition volumes decreased by 68% during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to the same period in fiscal year 2022. In the Canada segment, retail loan acquisition volumes decreased by 16% and lease acquisition volumes decreased by 45% during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to the same period in fiscal year 2022. Supply chain disruptions continue to have a negative impact on the production of new vehicles and dealer inventory levels which contributed to the decline in acquisition volumes in both the United States and Canada segments. Reductions in incentive financing programs as a result of low dealer inventory levels further contributed to the decrease in acquisition volumes, lowering penetration rates most notably in the United States segment. The duration and severity of the supply chain disruptions are uncertain. Prolonged disruptions could materially impact the volume of future retail loan and lease acquisitions.
33


Dealer Financing
Wholesale Flooring Financing Penetration Rates
The following table summarizes the number of dealerships with wholesale flooring financing agreements as a percentage of total Honda and Acura dealerships in the United States and/or Canada, as applicable:
 
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
United States Segment  
Automobile28 %28 %
Motorcycle98 %98 %
Other16 %17 %
Canada Segment
Automobile32 %33 %
Motorcycle95 %95 %
Other93 %94 %
Consolidated
Automobile29 %29 %
Motorcycle97 %97 %
Other19 %19 %
Wholesale Flooring Financing Percentage of Sales
The following table summarizes the percentage of AHM unit sales in the United States and/or HCI unit sales in Canada, as applicable, that we financed through wholesale flooring loans with dealerships:
 
Three months ended June 30,
 20222021
United States Segment
Automobile22%23%
Motorcycle98%98%
Other9%7%
Canada Segment
Automobile26%29%
Motorcycle91%93%
Other96%97%
Consolidated
Automobile22%24%
Motorcycle97%97%
Other14%11%
34


Dealer Financing Asset Balances
The following table summarizes our outstanding dealer financing asset balances and units:
 
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
(Units (1) in thousands)
United States Segment    
Wholesale flooring loans:    
Automobile$701 $837 24 29 
Motorcycle192 192 26 30 
Other44 39 36 35 
Total wholesale flooring loans$937 $1,068 86 94 
Commercial loans$816 $763 
Canada Segment
Wholesale flooring loans$170 $196 36 32 
Commercial loans$32 $34 
Consolidated
Wholesale flooring loans$1,107 $1,264 122 126 
Commercial loans$848 $797   
_______________________
     
(1) A unit represents one automobile, motorcycle, power equipment, or marine engine, as applicable, financed through a wholesale flooring loan that was outstanding as of the date shown.
Credit Risk
Credit losses are an expected cost of extending credit. The majority of our credit risk is in consumer financing and to a lesser extent in dealer financing. Credit risk of our portfolio of consumer finance receivables can be affected by general economic conditions. Adverse changes, such as a rise in unemployment or an increase in inflationary pressures, can increase the likelihood of defaults. Declines in used vehicle prices can reduce the amount of recoveries on repossessed collateral. We manage our exposure to credit risk in retail loans by monitoring and adjusting our underwriting standards, which affect the level of credit risk that we assume, pricing contracts for expected losses and focusing collection efforts to minimize losses. We manage our exposure to credit risk for dealers through ongoing reviews of their financial condition.
We are also exposed to credit risk on our portfolio of operating lease assets. We expect a portion of our operating leases to terminate prior to their scheduled maturities when lessees default on their contractual obligations. Losses are generally realized upon the disposition of the repossessed operating lease vehicles. The factors affecting credit risk on our operating leases and our management of the risk are similar to that of our consumer finance receivables.
Credit risk on dealer loans is affected primarily by the financial strength of the dealers within the portfolio, the value of collateral securing the financings, and economic and market factors that could affect the creditworthiness of dealers. We manage our exposure to credit risk in dealer financing by performing comprehensive reviews of dealers prior to establishing financing arrangements and monitoring the payment performance and creditworthiness of these dealers on an ongoing basis. In the event of default by a dealer, we seek all available legal remedies pursuant to related dealer agreements, guarantees, security interests on collateral, or liens on dealership assets. Additionally, we have agreements with AHM and HCI that provide for their repurchase of new, unused, undamaged and unregistered vehicles or equipment that have been repossessed from dealers who defaulted under the terms of their respective wholesale flooring agreements.
The allowance for credit losses is management’s estimate of lifetime expected credit losses on the amortized cost basis of finance receivables. Additional information regarding credit losses is provided in the discussion of “—Critical Accounting Estimates—Allowance for Credit Losses and Estimated Early Termination Losses on Operating Lease Assets” below.
35


The following table presents information with respect to our allowance for credit losses and credit loss experience of our finance receivables and losses related to lessee defaults on our operating leases:

United States SegmentCanada SegmentConsolidated
As of or for the three months ended June 30,
202220212022202120222021
(U.S. dollars in millions)
Finance receivables:
Allowance for credit losses at beginning of period$204 $279 $$$211 $288 
Provision for credit losses19 (32)— 21 (32)
Charge-offs, net of recoveries(14)(1)(1)— (15)(1)
Effect of translation adjustment— — — — — — 
Allowance for credit losses at end of period$209 $246 $$$217 $255 
Charge-offs as a percentage of average receivable balance (1), (3)
0.17 %0.01 %0.08 %0.04 %0.16 %0.01 %
Allowance as a percentage of ending receivable balance (1)
0.64 %0.65 %0.21 %0.21 %0.59 %0.60 %
Delinquencies (60 or more days past due):
Delinquent amount (2)
$111 $69 $$$114 $71 
As a percentage of ending receivable balance (1),(2)
0.34 %0.18 %0.08 %0.04 %0.31 %0.17 %
Operating leases:
Early termination loss on operating leases$(1)$(5)$— $(2)$(1)$(7)
________________________
(1)Ending and average receivable balances exclude the allowance for credit losses, unearned subvention income related to our incentive financing programs and deferred origination costs. Average receivable balances are calculated based on the average of each month’s ending receivables balance for that fiscal year.
(2)For the purposes of determining whether a contract is delinquent, payment is generally considered to have been made, in the case of (i) dealer loans, upon receipt of 100% of the payment when due and (ii) consumer finance receivables, upon receipt of 90% of the sum of the current monthly payment plus any overdue monthly payments. Delinquent amounts presented are the aggregated principal balances of delinquent finance receivables. Payments that were granted deferrals are not considered delinquent during the deferral period.
(3)Percentages for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 have been annualized.

In the United States segment, we recognized a provision for credit losses on our finance receivables of $19 million during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 and a negative provision for credit losses of $32 million during the same period in fiscal year 2022. The provision for credit losses during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 was attributable to an increase in expected losses due in part to the slight increase in the trend of delinquencies and charge-offs. The negative provision during the first quarter of fiscal year 2022 was attributable to the reduction in the allowance for credit losses reflecting favorable revisions to forecasted economic factors including forecasted personal bankruptcy rates and better than expected net charge-offs of retail loans during the period. We recognized reversals of early termination losses on operating leases of $1 million and $5 million during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 and 2022, respectively. The reversal of early termination losses during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 was primarily due to lower than expected realized losses.
In the Canada segment, we recognized a provision for credit losses of $2 million on our finance receivables during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to a provision for credit losses of less than $1 million during the same period in fiscal year 2022. We recognized a reversal of early termination losses on operating leases of less than $1 million during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 compared to a reversal of early termination losses of $2 million during the same period in fiscal year 2022.
36


Lease Residual Value Risk
Contractual residual values of lease vehicles are determined at lease inception based on our expectations of used vehicle values at the end of their lease term. Lease customers have the option at the end of the lease term to return the vehicle to the dealer or to buy the vehicle at the contractual residual value (or if purchased prior to lease maturity, for the outstanding contractual balance). Returned lease vehicles can be purchased by the grounding dealer at the contractual residual value (or if purchased prior to lease maturity, for the outstanding contractual balance) or a market based price. Returned lease vehicles that are not purchased by the grounding dealers are sold through online and physical auctions. We are exposed to a risk of loss on the disposition of returned lease vehicles if the market values of leased vehicles at the end of their lease terms are less than their contractual residual values.
Operating lease vehicles are depreciated on a straight-line basis over the lease term to the lower of contract residual values or estimated end of term residual values. Adjustments to estimated end of term residual values are made prospectively on a straight-line basis over the remaining lease term. A review for impairment of our operating lease assets is performed whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying values may not be recoverable. If impairment conditions are met, impairment losses are measured by the amount carrying values exceed their fair values. We did not recognize impairment losses due to declines in estimated residual values during the first quarter of 2023. Additional information regarding lease residual values is provided in the discussion of “—Critical Accounting EstimatesEstimated End of Term Residual Values” below.
The following table summarizes our number of lease terminations and the method of disposition:
 
Three months ended June 30,
 20222021
 
(Units (1) in thousands)
United States Segment
Termination units:
Sales at outstanding contractual balances (2)
124 152 
Sales through auctions and dealer direct programs (3)
— 
Total termination units124 156 
Canada Segment
Termination units:
Sales at outstanding contractual balances (2)
21 28 
Sales through auctions and dealer direct programs (3)
— 
Total termination units21 29 
Consolidated
Termination units:
Sales at outstanding contractual balances (2)
145 180 
Sales through auctions and dealer direct programs (3)
— 
Total termination units145 185 
_______________________
  
  
(1)A unit represents one terminated lease by their method of disposition during the period shown. Unit counts do not include leases that were terminated due to lessee defaults.
(2)Includes vehicles purchased by lessees or dealers for the contractual residual value at lease maturity or the outstanding contractual balance if purchased prior to lease maturity.
(3)Includes vehicles sold through online auctions and market based pricing options under our dealer direct programs or through physical auctions.
37



Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our liquidity strategy is to fund current and future obligations through our cash flows from operations and our diversified funding programs in a cost and risk effective manner. Our cash flows are generally impacted by cash requirements related to the volume of finance receivable and operating lease acquisitions and various operating and funding costs incurred, which are largely funded through payments received on our assets and our funding sources outlined below. As noted, the levels of incentive financing sponsored by AHM and HCI can impact our financial results and liquidity from period to period. Increases or decreases in incentive financing programs typically increase or decrease our financing penetration rates, respectively, which result in increased or decreased acquisition volumes and increased or decreased liquidity needs, respectively. At acquisition, we receive the subsidy payments, which reduce the cost of consumer loan and lease contracts acquired, and we recognize such payments as revenue over the term of the loan or lease.
In an effort to minimize liquidity risk and interest rate risk and the resulting negative effects on our margins, results of operations and cash flows, our funding strategy incorporates investor diversification and the utilization of multiple funding sources including commercial paper, medium-term notes, bank loans and asset-backed securities. We incorporate a funding strategy that takes into consideration factors such as the interest rate environment, domestic and foreign capital market conditions, maturity profiles, and economic conditions. We believe that our funding sources, combined with cash provided by operating and investing activities, will provide sufficient liquidity for us to meet our debt service and working capital requirements over the next twelve months.
The summary of outstanding debt presented in the tables and discussion below in this section “—Liquidity and Capital Resources” as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022 includes foreign currency denominated debt, which was translated into U.S. dollars using the relevant exchange rates as of June 30, 2022 and March 31, 2022, as applicable. Additionally, the amounts in this section that are presented in “C$” (Canadian dollar) were converted into U.S. dollars solely for the convenience based on the exchange rate on June 30, 2022. These translations should not be construed as representations that the converted amounts actually represent such U.S. dollar amounts or that they could be converted into U.S. dollars at the rates indicated.
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Summary of Outstanding Debt
The table below presents a summary of our outstanding debt by various funding sources:
 
Weighted average
contractual interest rate
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)  
United States Segment    
Unsecured debt:    
Commercial paper$2,387 $1,718 1.77 %0.79 %
Bank loans1,649 2,249 2.46 %1.47 %
Public MTN program25,851 28,659 1.57 %1.53 %
Euro MTN programme22 25 2.23 %2.23 %
Total unsecured debt29,909 32,651 
Secured debt7,190 8,517 0.90 %0.91 %
Total debt$37,099 $41,168 
Canada Segment
Unsecured debt:
Commercial paper$667 $589 1.75 %0.57 %
Bank loans796 859 2.82 %1.64 %
Other debt3,840 3,952 2.38 %2.20 %
Total unsecured debt5,303 5,400 
Secured debt298 371 2.39 %1.32 %
Total debt$5,601 $5,771 
Consolidated
Unsecured debt:
Commercial paper$3,054 $2,307 1.76 %0.74 %
Bank loans2,445 3,108 2.57 %1.52 %
Public MTN program25,851 28,659 1.57 %1.53 %
Euro MTN programme22 25 2.23 %2.23 %
Other debt3,840 3,952 2.38 %2.20 %
Total unsecured debt35,212 38,051 
Secured debt7,488 8,888 0.96 %0.93 %
Total debt$42,700 $46,939 
Commercial Paper
As of June 30, 2022, we had commercial paper programs in the United States of $7.0 billion and in Canada of C$2.5 billion ($1.9 billion). Interest rates on the commercial paper are fixed at the time of issuance. During the three months ended June 30, 2022, consolidated commercial paper month-end outstanding principal balances ranged from $2.4 billion to $3.1 billion.
Bank Loans
During the three months ended June 30, 2022, AHFC did not enter into any new loan agreement. HCFI entered into a C$250 million ($194 million) floating rate term loan agreement. As of June 30, 2022, we had bank loans denominated in U.S. dollars and Canadian dollars with floating and fixed interest rates, in principal amounts ranging from $78 million to $500 million. As of June 30, 2022, the remaining maturities of all bank loans outstanding ranged from 85 days to approximately 4.8 years. The weighted average remaining maturity on all bank loans was 2.4 years as of June 30, 2022.
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Our bank loans contain customary restrictive covenants, including limitations on liens, mergers, consolidations and asset sales, and a financial covenant that requires us to maintain positive consolidated tangible net worth. In addition to other customary events of default, the bank loans include cross-default provisions and provisions for default if HMC does not maintain ownership, whether directly or indirectly, of at least 80% of the outstanding capital stock of AHFC or HCFI, as applicable. All of these covenants and events of default are subject to important limitations and exceptions under the agreements governing the bank loans. As of June 30, 2022, management believes that AHFC and HCFI were in compliance with all covenants contained in our bank loan agreements.
Medium-Term Note (MTN) Programs
Public MTN Program
AHFC is a well-known seasoned issuer under SEC rules and issues Public MTNs pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-3 filed with the SEC. In August 2019, AHFC renewed its Public MTN program by filing a registration statement with the SEC under which it may issue from time to time up to $30.0 billion aggregate principal amount of Public MTNs, which includes the issuance of foreign currency denominated notes into international markets. The aggregate principal amount of MTNs offered under this program may be increased from time to time.
The Public MTNs may have original maturities of 9 months or more from the date of issue, may be interest bearing with either fixed or floating interest rates, or may be discounted notes. During the three months ended June 30, 2022, AHFC did not issue any new notes. The weighted average remaining maturities of all Public MTNs was 2.5 years as of June 30, 2022.
The Public MTNs are issued pursuant to an indenture, which requires AHFC to comply with certain covenants, including negative pledge provisions and restrictions on AHFC’s ability to merge, consolidate or transfer substantially all of its assets or the assets of its subsidiaries, and includes customary events of default. As of June 30, 2022, management believes that AHFC was in compliance with all covenants under the indenture.
Euro MTN Programme
The Euro MTN Programme was retired in August 2014. AHFC has one note outstanding under this program. The note has a maturity date of February 21, 2023, a fixed interest rate and is not listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange. The note was issued pursuant to the terms of an agency agreement which requires AHFC to comply with certain covenants, including negative pledge provisions, and includes customary events of default. As of June 30, 2022, management believes that AHFC was in compliance with all covenants contained in the Euro MTNs.
The table below presents a summary of outstanding debt issued under our MTN Programs by currency:
 
June 30, 2022March 31, 2022
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
U.S. dollar$19,161 $21,006 
Euro5,175 6,019 
Sterling1,515 1,634 
Japanese yen22 25 
Total$25,873 $28,684 
Other Debt
HCFI issues privately placed Canadian dollar denominated notes, with either fixed or floating interest rates. During the three months ended June 30, 2022, HCFI did not enter into any new private placements. As of June 30, 2022, the remaining maturities of all of HCFI’s Canadian notes outstanding ranged from 15 days to approximately 5.7 years. The weighted average remaining maturities of these notes was 2.3 years as of June 30, 2022.
The notes are issued pursuant to the terms of an indenture, which requires HCFI to comply with certain covenants, including negative pledge provisions, and includes customary events of default. As of June 30, 2022, management believes that HCFI was in compliance with all covenants contained in the privately placed notes.
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Secured Debt
Asset-Backed Securities
We enter into securitization transactions for funding purposes. Our securitization transactions involve transferring pools of retail loans and operating leases to bankruptcy-remote special purpose entities (SPEs). The SPEs are established to accommodate securitization structures, which have the limited purpose of acquiring assets, issuing asset-backed securities, and making payments on the securities. Assets transferred to SPEs are considered legally isolated from us and the claims of our creditors. We continue to service the retail loans and operating leases transferred to the SPEs. Investors in the notes issued by a SPE only have recourse to the assets of such SPE and do not have recourse to the assets of AHFC, HCFI, or our other subsidiaries or to other SPEs. The assets of SPEs are the only source of funds for repayment on the notes.
Our securitizations are structured to provide credit enhancements to investors in the notes issued by the SPEs. Credit enhancements can include the following:
Subordinated certificates— securities issued by SPEs that are retained by us and are subordinated in priority of payment to the notes.

Overcollateralization— securitized asset balances that exceed the balance of securities issued by SPEs.

Excess interest— excess interest collections to be used to cover losses on defaulted loans.

Reserve funds— restricted cash accounts held by the SPEs to cover shortfalls in payments of interest and principal required to be paid on the notes.

Yield supplement accounts— restricted cash accounts held by SPEs to supplement interest payments on notes.
The risk retention regulations in Regulation RR of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act), require the sponsor to retain an economic interest in the credit risk of the securitized assets, either directly or through one or more majority-owned affiliates. Standard risk retention options allow the sponsor to retain either an eligible vertical interest, an eligible horizontal residual interest, or a combination of both. AHFC has satisfied this obligation by retaining an eligible vertical interest of an amount equal to at least 5% of the principal amount of each class of note and certificate issued for the securitization transaction that was subject to this rule but may choose to use other structures in the future.
We are required to consolidate the SPEs in our financial statements, which results in the securitizations being accounted for as on-balance sheet secured financings. The securitized assets remain on our consolidated balance sheet along with the notes issued by the SPEs.
During the three months ended June 30, 2022, we did not issue notes through asset-backed securitizations.
Credit Agreements
Syndicated Bank Credit Facilities
AHFC maintains a $7.0 billion syndicated bank credit facility that includes a $3.5 billion 364-day credit agreement, which expires on February 24, 2023, a $2.1 billion credit agreement, which expires on February 25, 2025, and a $1.4 billion credit agreement, which expires on February 25, 2027. As of June 30, 2022, no amounts were drawn upon under the AHFC credit agreements. AHFC intends to renew or replace these credit agreements prior to or on their respective expiration dates.
HCFI maintains a C$2.0 billion ($1.6 billion) syndicated bank credit facility that includes a C$1.0 billion ($777 million) credit agreement, which expires on March 25, 2023 and a C$1.0 billion ($777 million) credit agreement, which expires March 25, 2027. As of June 30, 2022, no amounts were drawn upon under the HCFI credit agreement. HCFI intends to renew or replace the credit agreement prior to or on the expiration date of each respective tranche.
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The credit agreements contain customary conditions to borrowing and customary restrictive covenants, including limitations on liens and limitations on mergers, consolidations and asset sales, and limitations on affiliate transactions. The credit agreements also require AHFC and HCFI to maintain a positive consolidated tangible net worth as defined in their respective credit agreements. The credit agreements, in addition to other customary events of default, include cross-default provisions and provisions for default if HMC does not maintain ownership, whether directly or indirectly, of at least 80% of the outstanding capital stock of AHFC or HCFI, as applicable. In addition, the AHFC and HCFI credit agreements contain provisions for default if HMC’s obligations under the HMC-AHFC Keep Well Agreement or the HMC-HCFI Keep Well Agreement, as applicable, become invalid, voidable, or unenforceable. All of these conditions, covenants and events of default are subject to important limitations and exceptions under the agreements governing the credit agreements. As of June 30, 2022, management believes that AHFC and HCFI were in compliance with all covenants contained in the respective credit agreements.
Other Credit Agreements
AHFC maintains other committed lines of credit that allow the Company access to an additional $1.0 billion in unsecured funding with two banks. The credit agreements contain customary covenants, including limitations on liens, mergers, consolidations and asset sales and a requirement for AHFC to maintain a positive consolidated tangible net worth. As of June 30, 2022, no amounts were drawn upon under these agreements. These agreements expire in September 2022. The Company intends to renew or replace these credit agreements prior to or on their respective expiration dates.
Keep Well Agreements
HMC has entered into separate Keep Well Agreements with AHFC and HCFI. Pursuant to the Keep Well Agreements, HMC has agreed to, among other things:

own and hold, at all times, directly or indirectly, at least 80% of each of AHFC’s and HCFI’s issued and outstanding shares of voting stock and not pledge, directly or indirectly, encumber, or otherwise dispose of any such shares or permit any of HMC’s subsidiaries to do so, except to HMC or wholly-owned subsidiaries of HMC;

cause each of AHFC and HCFI to, on the last day of each of AHFC’s and HCFI’s respective fiscal years, have a positive consolidated tangible net worth (with “tangible net worth” meaning (a) shareholders’ equity less (b) any intangible assets, as determined in accordance with GAAP with respect to AHFC and generally accepted accounting principles in Canada with respect to HCFI); and

ensure that, at all times, each of AHFC and HCFI has sufficient liquidity and funds to meet their payment obligations under any Debt (with “Debt” defined as AHFC’s or HCFI’s debt, as applicable, for borrowed money that HMC has confirmed in writing is covered by the respective Keep Well Agreement) in accordance with the terms of such Debt, or where necessary, HMC will make available to AHFC or HCFI, as applicable, or HMC will procure for AHFC or HCFI, as applicable, sufficient funds to enable AHFC or HCFI, as applicable, to pay its Debt in accordance with its terms. AHFC or HCFI Debt does not include the notes issued by SPEs in connection with AHFC’s or HCFI’s secured financing transactions, any related party debt or any indebtedness outstanding as of June 30, 2022 under AHFC’s and HCFI’s bank loan agreements.
As consideration for HMC’s obligations under the Keep Well Agreements, we have agreed to pay HMC a quarterly fee based on the amount of outstanding Debt pursuant to Support Compensation Agreements, dated April 1, 2019. We incurred expenses of $17 million and $19 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, pursuant to these Support Compensation Agreements.
Indebtedness of Consolidated Subsidiaries
As of June 30, 2022, AHFC and its consolidated subsidiaries had $53.1 billion of outstanding indebtedness and other liabilities, including current liabilities, of which $14.3 billion consisted of indebtedness and liabilities of our consolidated subsidiaries. None of AHFC’s consolidated subsidiaries had any outstanding preferred equity.
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Material Cash Requirements
The following table summarizes our material cash requirements, including from contractual obligations and excluding lending commitments to dealers and derivative obligations, for the periods indicated:
 Payments due for the twelve-month periods ending June 30,
 Total20232024202520262027Thereafter
 (U.S. dollars in millions)
Unsecured debt obligations (1)
$35,283 $12,053 $7,233 $5,858 $1,889 $3,520 $4,730 
Secured debt obligations (1)
7,499 4,390 2,156 953 — — — 
Interest payments on debt (2)
1,615 585 393 242 153 117 125 
Total$44,397 $17,028 $9,782 $7,053 $2,042 $3,637 $4,855 

_______________________
(1)Debt obligations reflect the remaining principal obligations of our outstanding debt and do not reflect unamortized debt discounts and fees. Repayment schedule of secured debt reflects payment performance assumptions on underlying receivables. Foreign currency denominated debt principal is based on exchange rates as of June 30, 2022.
(2)Interest payments on floating rate and foreign currency denominated debt based on the applicable floating rates and/or exchange rates as of June 30, 2022.
The obligations in the above table do not include certain lending commitments to dealers since the amount and timing of future payments is uncertain. Refer to Note 8—Commitments and Contingencies of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on these commitments.
Our contractual obligations on derivative instruments are also excluded from the table above because our future cash obligations under these contracts are inherently uncertain. We recognize all derivative instruments on our consolidated balance sheet at fair value. The amounts recognized as fair value do not represent the amounts that will be ultimately paid or received upon settlement under these contracts. Refer to Note 5—Derivative Instruments of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on derivative instruments.
Derivatives
We utilize derivative instruments to mitigate exposures to fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. The types of derivative instruments include interest rate swaps, basis swaps, and cross currency swaps. Interest rate and basis swap agreements are used to mitigate the effects of interest rate fluctuations of our floating rate debt relative to our fixed rate finance receivables and operating lease assets. Cross currency swap agreements are used to manage currency and interest rate risk exposure on foreign currency denominated debt. The derivative instruments contain an element of credit risk in the event the counterparties are unable to meet the terms of the agreements.
All derivative financial instruments are recorded on our consolidated balance sheet as assets or liabilities, and carried at fair value. Changes in the fair value of derivatives are recognized in our consolidated statements of income in the period of the change. Since we do not elect to apply hedge accounting, the impact to earnings resulting from these valuation adjustments as reported under GAAP is not representative of our results of operations as evaluated by management. Realized gains and losses on derivative instruments, net of realized gains and losses on foreign currency denominated debt, are included in the measure of net revenues when we evaluate segment performance. Refer to Note 13—Segment Information of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) for additional information about segment information and Note 5—Derivative Instruments of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) for additional information on derivative instruments.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We are not a party to off-balance sheet arrangements.
New Accounting Standards
Refer to Note 1—Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).
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Critical Accounting Estimates
The application of certain accounting policies may require management to make estimates that affect our financial condition and results of operations. Critical accounting estimates require our most difficult, subjective, or complex judgments, often requiring us to make estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods, or for which the use of different estimates that could have reasonably been used in the current period would have had a material impact on the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations. Actual results could differ from these estimates which could have a material effect on our financial condition and results of operations in subsequent periods.
Allowance for Credit Losses on Retail Loans and Estimated Early Termination Losses on Operating Lease Assets
Retail loans are evaluated on a collective basis and grouped into pools with similar risk characteristics such as origination quarter, internal credit grade at origination, product type, and original term. The allowance for retail loans is measured using econometric regression models that correlate vintage age, credit quality, economic, and other variables to historical vintage-level credit loss performance. Statistically relevant economic factors such as unemployment rates, bankruptcies, and used vehicle price indexes are applied in the analysis of the economic environment. Current and forecasted economic conditions are applied in the models to project monthly gross loss rates in terms of origination dollars for the remaining contractual life of each vintage. Recoveries are projected as a percentage of the cumulative forecasted loss dollar of each vintage. The contractual term is the estimated lifetime of retail loans and is considered to be a reasonable and supportable forecast period of future economic conditions. Economic forecasts and macroeconomic variables are obtained from a third party economic research firm that extend through the lifetime of retail loans and converge to long-run equilibrium trends. Baseline forecasts that reflect the most likely economic future is the single economic scenario applied in the models. Qualitative adjustments may also be applied if management believes the quantitative models do not reflect the best estimate of lifetime expected credit losses. Estimated losses on operating leases expected to terminate early due to lessee defaults are also determined collectively using modeling methodologies consistent with those used for retail loans.
Sensitivity Analysis
We applied the baseline economic scenarios for the United States and Canada that were obtained from a third party economic research firm in our models to determine our allowance for credit losses on retail loans and estimated early termination losses on operating lease assets as of June 30, 2022. These baseline economic scenarios represent forecasts of the most likely economic future, with an equal probability of economic conditions being better or worse than forecasted. Alternative economic scenarios were also obtained from the third party economic research firm. As an example of the sensitivity of our accounting estimates, we applied upside and downside economic scenarios in our models. The peak unemployment rate over the next 24 month period under the upside and downside economic scenarios in the United States was 3.3% and 8.0%, respectively. The resulting allowance for credit losses on retail loans under the upside and downside economic scenarios was $196 million and $337 million, respectively. Similarly, the resulting estimated early termination losses on operating lease assets were $76 million and $114 million, respectively.
Estimated End of Term Residual Values
Estimated end of term residual values are dependent on the expected market values of leased vehicles at the end of their lease terms and the percentage of leased vehicles expected to be returned by lessees. Factors considered in this evaluation include, among other factors, economic conditions, external market information on new and used vehicles, historical trends, and recent auction values. Estimated return rates are dependent on expected market values of leased vehicles since declines in used vehicle prices generally increase the probability of vehicles being returned to us at the end of their lease terms. We also review our investment in operating leases for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If impairment conditions are met, impairment losses are measured by the amount the carrying values exceed their fair values.
Sensitivity Analysis
If future expected end of term market values for all outstanding operating leases as of June 30, 2022 were to decrease by $100 per unit from our current estimates, the total impact would be an increase of approximately $53 million in depreciation expense, which would be recognized over the remaining lease terms. If future return rates for all operating leases were to increase by one percentage point from our current estimates, the total impact would be an increase of approximately $11 million in depreciation expense, which would be recognized over the remaining lease terms. This sensitivity analysis is specific to the conditions in effect as of June 30, 2022 and does not consider the effect declines in estimated end of term market values may have on return rates.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We have omitted this section pursuant to General Instruction H(2) of Form 10-Q.
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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have performed an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as that term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act, as of June 30, 2022, and each has concluded that such disclosure controls and procedures are effective, at the reasonable assurance level, to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our periodic reports filed under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the SEC’s rules and forms, and such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Our management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives, and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in the internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended June 30, 2022, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
For information on our material legal proceedings, see Note 8—Commitments and Contingencies—Legal Proceedings and Regulatory Matters of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited), which is incorporated by reference herein.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There are no material changes to the risk factors set forth under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021, which was filed with the SEC on June 24, 2021.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
We have omitted this section pursuant to General Instruction H(2) of Form 10-Q.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
We have omitted this section pursuant to General Instruction H(2) of Form 10-Q.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information
None.
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Item 6. Exhibits
 
Exhibit
Number
 Description
   
 
3.1(1)
 
 
 
3.2(1)
 
 
 
4.1(1)
 
 
4.2
 
 
American Honda Finance Corporation agrees to furnish to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request a copy of each instrument with respect to issues of long-term debt of American Honda Finance Corporation and its subsidiaries, the authorized principal amount of which does not exceed 10% of the consolidated assets of the American Honda Finance Corporation and its subsidiaries.
 
4.3(2)
 
 
 
4.4
 
 
 
4.5(5)
 
 
4.6(6)
 
 
4.7
 
 
31.1(9)
 
 
 
31.2(9)
 
 
 
32.1(10)
 
 
 
32.2(10)
 
 
   
101.INS(9)
 
 
Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
 
101.SCH(9)
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
101.CAL(9)
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
101.LAB(9)
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
101.PRE(9)
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
101.DEF(9)
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
104(9)

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
   
1.Incorporated herein by reference to the same numbered Exhibit filed with our registration statement on Form 10, dated June 28, 2013.
2.Incorporated herein by reference to the same numbered Exhibit filed with our registration statement on Form 10, amendment No. 1, dated August 7, 2013.
3.Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit number 4.5 filed with our registration statement on Form 10, amendment No. 1, dated August 7, 2013.
4.Incorporated herein by reference to the same numbered Exhibit filed with our quarterly report on Form 10-Q, dated February 12, 2015.
5.Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit number 4.1 filed with our registration statement on Form S-3, dated September 5, 2013.
6.Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit number 4.6 filed with our quarterly report on Form 10-Q, dated February 8, 2018.
7.Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit number 4.1 filed with our current report on Form 8-K, dated August 8, 2019.
8.Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit number 4.2 filed with our current report on Form 8-K, dated August 8, 2019.
9.Filed herewith.
10.Furnished herewith.

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Signature
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Dated: August 11, 2022
 
AMERICAN HONDA FINANCE CORPORATION
  
By:/s/ Paul C. Honda
 Paul C. Honda
 Vice President and Assistant Secretary
(Principal Accounting Officer)

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