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PSB PS Business Parks

Filed: 28 Oct 20, 5:22pm

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

S

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020

or

£

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from to

Commission File Number 1-10709

PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

California

95-4300881

(State or Other Jurisdiction

(I.R.S. Employer

of Incorporation)

Identification Number)

701 Western Avenue, Glendale, California 91201-2349

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (818) 244-8080

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Ticker Symbol

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

PSB

New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares Each Representing 1/1,000 of a 5.200% Cum Pref Stock, Series W, $0.01 par value

PSBPrW

New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares Each Representing 1/1,000 of a 5.250% Cum Pref Stock, Series X, $0.01 par value

PSBPrX

New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares Each Representing 1/1,000 of a 5.200% Cum Pref Stock, Series Y, $0.01 par value

PSBPrY

New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares Each Representing 1/1,000 of a 4.875% Cum Pref Stock, Series Z, $0.01 par value

PSBPrZ

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes S No £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes S No £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

S

Accelerated filer

£

Non-accelerated filer

£

Smaller reporting company

£

Emerging growth company

£

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes £ No S

As of October 26, 2020, the number of shares of the registrant’s common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding was 27,488,547.

PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

INDEX

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Amounts in thousands, except share data)

September 30,

December 31,

2020

2019

(Unaudited)

ASSETS

Cash and cash equivalents

$

117,881 

$

62,786 

Real estate facilities, at cost

Land

855,542 

844,419 

Buildings and improvements

2,213,798 

2,203,308 

3,069,340 

3,047,727 

Accumulated depreciation

(1,210,473)

(1,158,489)

1,858,867 

1,889,238 

Properties held for sale, net

15,264 

Land and building held for development, net

35,506 

28,110 

1,894,373 

1,932,612 

Rent receivable

1,790 

1,392 

Deferred rent receivable

37,361 

32,993 

Other assets

13,348 

16,660 

Total assets

$

2,064,753 

$

2,046,443 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Accrued and other liabilities

$

87,808 

$

84,632 

Total liabilities

87,808 

84,632 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

Equity

PS Business Parks, Inc.’s shareholders’ equity

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized,

37,790 shares issued and outstanding at ($944,750 aggregate

liquidation preference) September 30, 2020

and December 31, 2019

944,750 

944,750 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized,

27,486,788 and 27,440,953 shares issued and outstanding at

September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

274 

274 

Paid-in capital

737,065 

736,986 

Accumulated earnings

75,393 

63,666 

Total PS Business Parks, Inc.’s shareholders’ equity

1,757,482 

1,745,676 

Noncontrolling interests

219,463 

216,135 

Total equity

1,976,945 

1,961,811 

Total liabilities and equity

$

2,064,753 

$

2,046,443 

See accompanying notes.

3


PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

For the Three Months

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

Ended September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Rental income

$

103,760 

$

108,064 

$

310,535 

$

323,671 

Expenses

Cost of operations

32,096 

32,468 

93,490 

97,521 

Depreciation and amortization

23,064 

26,220 

72,646 

75,863 

General and administrative

5,047 

4,051 

11,374 

10,111 

Total operating expenses

60,207 

62,739 

177,510 

183,495 

Interest and other income

230 

1,384 

1,012 

2,766 

Interest and other expense

(536)

(199)

(900)

(484)

Gain on sale of real estate facilities

7,652 

27,273 

Net income

50,899 

46,510 

160,410 

142,458 

Allocation to noncontrolling interests

(8,124)

(7,020)

(26,011)

(21,670)

Net income allocable to PS Business Parks, Inc.

42,775 

39,490 

134,399 

120,788 

Allocation to preferred shareholders

(12,046)

(12,959)

(36,139)

(38,877)

Allocation to restricted stock unit holders

(149)

(219)

(543)

(699)

Net income allocable to common shareholders

$

30,580 

$

26,312 

$

97,717 

$

81,212 

Net income per common share

Basic

$

1.11 

$

0.96 

$

3.56 

$

2.96 

Diluted

$

1.11 

$

0.96 

$

3.55 

$

2.95 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

Basic

27,483 

27,432 

27,470 

27,411 

Diluted

27,565 

27,543 

27,560 

27,512 

See accompanying notes.

4


PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

(Amounts in thousands, except share data)

(Unaudited)

Total PS

Business Parks,

For the three months ended

Preferred Stock

Common Stock

Paid-in

Accumulated

Inc.’s Shareholders’

Noncontrolling

Total

September 30, 2020

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Capital

Earnings

Equity

Interests

Equity

Balances at June 30, 2020

37,790

$

944,750

27,481,486

$

274

$

735,129

$

73,524

$

1,753,677

$

218,618

$

1,972,295

Issuance of common stock in

connection with stock-based

compensation

5,302

Stock compensation, net

2,378

2,378

2,378

Cash paid for taxes in lieu of

shares upon vesting of

restricted stock units

(442)

(442)

(442)

Capital contribution to joint venture

438

438

Net income

42,775

42,775

8,124

50,899

Distributions

Preferred stock (Note 9)

(12,046)

(12,046)

(12,046)

Common stock ($1.05 per share)

(28,860)

(28,860)

(28,860)

Noncontrolling interests—

Common Units

(7,671)

(7,671)

Joint venture

(46)

(46)

Balances at September 30, 2020

37,790

$

944,750

27,486,788

$

274

$

737,065

$

75,393

$

1,757,482

$

219,463

$

1,976,945

For the three months ended

September 30, 2019

Balances at June 30, 2019

38,390

$

959,750

27,429,756

$

274

$

733,777

$

67,049

$

1,760,850

$

216,327

$

1,977,177

Issuance of common stock in

connection with stock-based

compensation

5,383

Stock compensation, net

1,883

1,883

1,883

Cash paid for taxes in lieu of

shares upon vesting of

restricted stock units

(620)

(620)

(620)

Net income

39,490

39,490

7,020

46,510

Distributions

Preferred stock (Note 9)

(12,959)

(12,959)

(12,959)

Common stock ($1.05 per share)

(28,805)

(28,805)

(28,805)

Noncontrolling interests—

Common Units

(7,671)

(7,671)

Joint venture

(33)

(33)

Adjustment to noncontrolling interests—

common units in the OP

(280)

(280)

280

Balances at September 30, 2019

38,390

$

959,750

27,435,139

$

274

$

734,760

$

64,775

$

1,759,559

$

215,923

$

1,975,482


See accompanying notes.

5


PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

(Amounts in thousands, except share data)

(Unaudited)

Total PS

Business Parks,

For the nine months ended

Preferred Stock

Common Stock

Paid-in

Accumulated

Inc.’s Shareholders’

Noncontrolling

Total

September 30, 2020

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Capital

Earnings

Equity

Interests

Equity

Balances at December 31, 2019

37,790

$

944,750

27,440,953

$

274

$

736,986

$

63,666

$

1,745,676

$

216,135

$

1,961,811

Issuance of common stock in

connection with stock-based

compensation

45,835

259

259

259

Stock compensation, net

3,922

3,922

3,922

Cash paid for taxes in lieu of

shares upon vesting of

restricted stock units

(4,102)

(4,102)

(4,102)

Capital contribution to joint venture

438

438

Net income

134,399

134,399

26,011

160,410

Distributions

Preferred stock (Note 9)

(36,139)

(36,139)

(36,139)

Common stock ($3.15 per share)

(86,533)

(86,533)

(86,533)

Noncontrolling interests—

Common Units

(23,012)

(23,012)

Joint venture

(109)

(109)

Balances at September 30, 2020

37,790

$

944,750

27,486,788

$

274

$

737,065

$

75,393

$

1,757,482

$

219,463

$

1,976,945

For the nine months ended

September 30, 2019

Balances at December 31, 2018

38,390

$

959,750

27,362,101

$

274

$

736,131

$

69,207

$

1,765,362

$

218,091

$

1,983,453

Issuance of common stock in

connection with stock-based

compensation

73,038

709

709

709

Stock compensation, net

3,292

3,292

3,292

Cash paid for taxes in lieu of

shares upon vesting of

restricted stock units

(6,120)

(6,120)

(6,120)

Net income

120,788

120,788

21,670

142,458

Distributions

Preferred stock (Note 9)

(38,877)

(38,877)

(38,877)

Common stock ($3.15 per share)

(86,343)

(86,343)

(86,343)

Noncontrolling interests—

Common Units

(23,012)

(23,012)

Joint venture

(78)

(78)

Adjustment to noncontrolling interests—

common units in the OP

748

748

(748)

Balances at September 30, 2019

38,390

$

959,750

27,435,139

$

274

$

734,760

$

64,775

$

1,759,559

$

215,923

$

1,975,482

See accompanying notes.

6


PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Cash flows from operating activities

Net income

$

160,410 

$

142,458 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities

Depreciation and amortization expense

72,646 

75,863 

Tenant improvement reimbursement amortization, net of lease incentive amortization

(493)

(788)

Gain on sale of real estate facilities

(27,273)

Stock compensation expense

4,391 

3,991 

Amortization of financing costs

410 

410 

Other, net

1,466 

(1,071)

Total adjustments

51,147 

78,405 

Net cash provided by operating activities

211,557 

220,863 

Cash flows from investing activities

Capital expenditures to real estate facilities

(23,189)

(26,272)

Capital expenditures to land and building held for development

(10,602)

(2,873)

Acquisition of real estate facilities

(13,423)

(117,691)

Proceeds from sale of real estate facilities

40,674 

Net cash used in investing activities

(6,540)

(146,836)

Cash flows from financing activities

Borrowings on credit facility

70,000 

Repayment of borrowings on credit facility

(20,000)

Payment of financing costs

(255)

(237)

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

259 

709 

Cash paid for taxes in lieu of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units

(4,102)

(6,120)

Cash paid to restricted stock unit holders

(469)

(699)

Capital contribution to joint venture

438 

Distributions paid to preferred shareholders

(36,139)

(38,877)

Distributions paid to common shareholders

(86,533)

(86,343)

Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests—common units

(23,012)

(23,012)

Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests—joint venture

(109)

(78)

Net cash used in financing activities

(149,922)

(104,657)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

55,095 

(30,630)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of the period

63,874 

38,467 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of the period

$

118,969 

$

7,837 

Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities

Adjustment to noncontrolling interests—common units in the OP

Noncontrolling interests—common units

$

$

(748)

Paid-in capital

$

$

748 

See accompanying notes.

7


PS BUSINESS PARKS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

September 30, 2020

1. Organization and description of business

Organization

PS Business Parks, Inc. (“PSB”) was incorporated in the state of California in 1990. As of September 30, 2020, PSB owned 79.0% of the common partnership units of PS Business Parks, L.P. (the “OP”). The remaining common partnership units are owned by Public Storage (“PS”). PS’s interest in the OP is referred to as the “PS OP Interests.” PSB, as the sole general partner of the OP, has full, exclusive and complete responsibility and discretion in managing and controlling the OP. PSB and its subsidiaries, including the OP and our consolidated joint ventures, are collectively referred to as the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our.” PS also owns 7.2 million common shares and would own 41.6% (or 14.5 million shares) of the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock if it redeemed its common partnership units for common shares.

Description of business

The Company is a fully-integrated, self-advised and self-managed real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that owns, operates, acquires and develops commercial properties, primarily multi-tenant industrial, flex and office space. As of September 30, 2020, the Company owned and operated 27.5 million rentable square feet of commercial space in 6 states, comprised of 97 parks and 672 buildings. The Company also held a 95.0% interest in a joint venture entity which owns Highgate at The Mile, a 395-unit multifamily apartment complex located in Tysons, Virginia, and a 98.2% interest in a joint venture formed to develop Brentford at The Mile, a planned 411-unit multifamily apartment complex also located in Tysons, Virginia. The Company also manages for a fee approximately 0.4 million rentable square feet on behalf of PS.

2. Summary of significant accounting policies

Basis of presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of PSB and its subsidiaries, including the OP and our consolidated joint venture. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements. The financial statements are presented on an accrual basis in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for audited financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2020. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Consolidation and equity method of accounting

We consider entities to be Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”) when they have insufficient equity to finance their activities without additional subordinated financial support provided by other parties, or the equity holders as a group do not have a controlling financial interest. A limited partnership is also generally considered a VIE if the limited partners do not participate in operating decisions. We consolidate VIEs when we are the primary beneficiary, generally defined as having (i) the power to direct the activities most significantly impacting economic performance and (ii) either the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIE.

We account for investments in entities that are not VIEs that we have significant influence over, but do not control, using the equity method of accounting and for investment in entities that we control, we consolidate. We consolidate

the joint venture that owns Highgate at The Mile and the joint venture that is developing Brentford at The Mile. See Note 3 and 4 for more information relating to these joint venture arrangements.

PS, the sole limited partner in the OP, has no power to direct the activities of the OP. We are the primary beneficiary of the OP. Accordingly, we consider the OP a VIE and consolidate it. Substantially all of our assets and liabilities are held by the OP.

Noncontrolling interests

Noncontrolling interests represent (i) PS’s noncontrolling interest in the OP through its ownership of 7,305,355 common partnership units, (ii) a third-party 5.0% interest in our consolidated joint venture that owns Highgate at The Mile, a 395-unit multifamily apartment complex, and (iii) a 1.8% interest in our consolidated joint venture formed to develop Brentford at The Mile, a planned 411-unit multifamily apartment complex. See Note 7 for further information on noncontrolling interests.

Use of estimates

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

Financial instruments

The methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair value of financial instruments are described below. The Company has estimated the fair value of financial instruments using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. Considerable judgment is required in interpreting market data to develop estimates of market value. Accordingly, estimated fair values are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in current market exchanges. The Company determines the estimated fair value of financial assets and liabilities utilizing a hierarchy of valuation techniques based on whether the inputs to a fair value measurement are considered to be observable or unobservable in a marketplace. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect market assumptions. This hierarchy requires the use of observable market data when available. The following is the fair value hierarchy:

Level 1—quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;

Level 2—quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and

Level 3—fair value measurements derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

Financial assets that are exposed to credit risk consist primarily of cash equivalents and receivables. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents, which consist primarily of money market investments, are only invested in entities with an investment grade rating. Receivables are comprised of balances due from various customers. Balances that the Company expects to become uncollectible are written off. Due to the short period to maturity of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other assets and accrued and other liabilities, the carrying values as presented on the consolidated balance sheets are reasonable estimates of fair value.

Carrying values of the Company’s Credit Facility (as defined in Note 6) approximate fair value. The characteristics of these financial instruments, market data and other comparative metrics utilized in determining these fair values are “Level 2” inputs.


The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash per the consolidated statements of cash flow to the corresponding financial statement line items in the consolidated balance sheets (in thousands):

December 31,

2019

2018

Consolidated balance sheets

Cash and cash equivalents

$

62,786 

$

37,379 

Restricted cash included in

Land and building held for development, net

1,088 

1,088 

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

at the end of the period

$

63,874 

$

38,467 

September 30,

2020

2019

Consolidated balance sheets

Cash and cash equivalents

$

117,881 

$

6,749 

Restricted cash included in

Land and building held for development, net

1,088 

1,088 

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

at the end of the period

$

118,969 

$

7,837 

Real estate facilities

Real estate facilities are recorded at cost. Property taxes, insurance, interest and costs essential to the development of property for its intended use are capitalized during the period of development. Direct costs related to the renovation or improvement of the properties are capitalized. Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Expenditures that are expected to benefit a period greater than two years are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful life. Buildings and improvements are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives, which generally range from five to 30 years. Transaction costs, which include tenant improvements and lease commissions, for leases with terms greater than one year are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives.

Property held for sale or development

Real estate is classified as held for sale when the asset is being marketed for sale or subject to an eminent domain process and we expect that a sale or taking is likely to occur in the next 12 months. Real estate is classified as held for development when it is no longer used in its original form and it will be developed to an alternate use. Property held for sale is not depreciated.

Intangible assets/liabilities

When we acquire real estate facilities, an intangible asset is recorded in other assets for leases where the in-place rent is higher than market rents, and an intangible liability is recorded in other liabilities where the market rents are higher than the in-place rents. The amounts recorded are based upon the present value (using a discount rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) of such differences over the lease term and such amounts are amortized to rental income over the respective remaining lease term. As of September 30, 2020, the value of above-market in-place rents resulted in net intangible assets of $0.8 million, net of $10.9 million of accumulated amortization and the value of below-market in-place rents resulted in net intangible liabilities of $1.8 million, net of $12.0 million of accumulated amortization. As of December 31, 2019, the value of above-market in-place rents resulted in net intangible assets of $1.2 million, net of $10.6 million of accumulated amortization and the value of below-market in-place rents resulted in net intangible liabilities of $2.4 million, net of $11.4 million of accumulated amortization.

Additionally, when we acquire real estate facilities, the value of in-place leases (i.e., customer lease-up costs) is recorded in other assets and is amortized to depreciation and amortization expense over the respective remaining lease term. As of September 30, 2020, the value of acquired in-place leases resulted in net intangible assets of $3.5 million, net of $6.5 million of accumulated amortization. As of December 31, 2019, the value of acquired in-place leases resulted in net intangible assets of $5.7 million, net of $4.1 million of accumulated amortization.

As of September 30, 2020, the value of our right-of-use (“ROU”) assets relating to our existing ground lease arrangements and the related liability, included in “other assets” on our consolidated balance sheets and the corresponding liability under “accrued and other liabilities,” was $1.5 million, net of $0.2 million of accumulated amortization. As of December 31, 2019, the value of our ROU assets and related liability relating to our ground lease arrangements was $1.6 million, net of $0.1 million of accumulated amortization. These ground leases expire in 2029 and 2030 and do not have options to extend. As of September 30, 2020, the remaining lease terms were 9.0 years and 9.3 years. Lease expense for these ground leases is recognized in the period the applicable costs are incurred, and the monthly lease amount for these operating leases is constant and without contractual increases throughout the remaining terms.

Evaluation of asset impairment

We evaluate our real estate and finite-lived intangible assets for impairment each quarter. If there are indicators of impairment and we determine that the carrying value of the asset is not recoverable from estimated future undiscounted cash flows to be received through the asset’s remaining life (or, if earlier, the expected disposal date), we record an impairment charge to the extent the carrying amount exceeds the asset’s estimated fair value or net proceeds from expected disposal.

NaN impairment charges were recorded in any period presented herein.

Stock compensation

Share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized as stock compensation expense in the Company’s consolidated statements of income based on their grant date fair values, except for performance-based grants, which are accounted for based on their fair values at the beginning of the service period. See Note 11.

Accrued and other liabilities

Accrued and other liabilities consist primarily of rents prepaid by our customers, trade payables, property tax accruals, accrued payroll and contingent loss accruals when probable and estimable, as well as the intangible liabilities discussed above. We disclose the nature of significant unaccrued losses that are reasonably possible of occurring and, if estimable, a range of exposure. The fair value of accrued and other liabilities approximate book value due to the short period until settlement.

Other assets

Other assets are comprised primarily of prepaid expenses, as well as the intangible assets discussed above.

Revenue recognition

We recognize the aggregate rent to be collected (including the impact of escalators and concessions) under leases ratably throughout the non-cancellable lease term on a “straight-line” basis, commencing when the customer takes control of the leased space. Cumulative straight-line rent recognized in excess of amounts billed per the lease term is presented as “deferred rent receivable” on our consolidated balance sheets. The Company presents reimbursements from customers for real estate taxes and other recoverable operating expenses under a single lease component presentation as the timing and pattern of transfer of such reimbursements are the same as base rent, and the combined single component of such leases are classified as operating leases. Accordingly, the Company recognizes such variable

lease payments resulting from the reimbursements from customers for real estate taxes and other recoverable operating expenses as rental income in the period the applicable costs are incurred. Property management fees are recognized in the period earned as other income.

The Company monitors the collectability of its receivable balances, including deferred rent receivable balances, on an ongoing basis. The Company writes off uncollectible customer receivable balances, including deferred rent receivable balances, as a reduction to rental income in the period such balances are no longer probable of being collected. Therefore, recognition of rental income is limited to the amount of cash collected for those customer receivable balances deemed uncollectible. The Company wrote-off accounts receivable and deferred rent receivable of $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2020, and $1.5 million and $2.7 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

The Company recognized revenue from our lease arrangements aggregating to $103.8 million and $108.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $310.5 million and $323.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. This revenue consisted primarily of rental income from operating leases and the related variable lease payments resulting from reimbursements of property operating expenses. Base rental income was $79.4 million and $84.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $238.3 million and $250.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Variable lease payments were $24.4 million and $24.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $72.2 million and $73.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

In April 2020, the Financial Accounting Standard Board issued a Staff Question-and-Answer ("Lease Modification Q&A") to respond to frequently asked questions about accounting for lease concessions related to the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic. Under existing lease guidance, an entity would have to determine, on a lease by lease basis, if a lease concession contained a lease which would be accounted for under the lease modification framework, or if a lease concession was an enforceable right or obligation that existed in the original lease, which would be accounted for outside the lease modification framework. The Lease Modification Q&A provides that, to the extent that cash flow after the lease concessions are substantially the same, or less than, the cash flow previously required by the existing lease, an entity is not required to evaluate each contract to determine whether a concession provided by a lessor to a lessee in response to the COVID-19 pandemic is a lease modification. Instead, an entity can account for such lease concessions either (i) as if they were part of the enforceable rights and obligations of the parties under the existing lease contract; or (ii) as a lease modification. Based on the Lease Modification Q&A, an entity is not required to account for all lease concessions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic under one elected option; however, the entity is required to apply the elected option consistently to leases with similar characteristics and in similar circumstances.

In accordance with the Lease Modification Q&A, the Company has elected to account for lease concessions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic as a lease modification as the cash flow after these lease concessions is substantially the same, or less than, the cash flow previously required by the existing lease. The Company records rent deferrals and abatements in deferred rent receivable in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and will recognize these amounts over the remainder of the respective lease terms. For lease concessions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic that modified the terms and substantially changed the underlying cash flow of the existing lease for the remaining term, the Company accounts for such concession as a lease modification.

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, through the nine months ended September 30, 2020 the Company entered into rent relief agreements with 388 customers (representing 11.0% of total customers based on rental income). The Company agreed to defer $1.7 million and abate $0.3 million of billed rental income during the three months ended September 30, 2020, and defer $5.5 million and abate $1.2 million of billed rental income during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. As of October 26, 2020, of the $5.5 million of COVID-19 related rent deferrals, the Company collected $1.3 million, or 98.3%, of scheduled repayments billed through September 30, 2020. The duration and severity of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy are uncertain and are likely to directly impact collectability of certain customers rent receivable balances in the future. The Company has taken into account the current financial condition of its tenants, including consideration of COVID-19 impacts, in its estimation of its

uncollectible accounts and deferred rents receivable at September 30, 2020. The Company is closely monitoring the collectability of such rents and will adjust future estimations as further information is known.

Sales of real estate facilities

Sales of real estate facilities are not part of our ordinary activities, and as a result, we consider such sales as contracts with non-customers. We recognize sales of real estate when we have collected payment and the attributes of ownership, such as possession and control of the asset, have been transferred to the buyer. If a contract for sale includes obligations to provide goods or services to the buyer, an allocated portion of the contract price is recognized as revenue as the related goods or services are transferred to the buyer.

General and administrative expense

General and administrative expense includes executive and other compensation, corporate office expenses, professional fees, and other such costs that are not directly related to the operation of our real estate facilities.

Income taxes

We have elected to be treated as a REIT, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). As a REIT, we do not incur federal income tax if we distribute substantially all of our “REIT taxable income” each year, and if we meet certain organizational and operational requirements. We believe we have met these REIT requirements for all periods presented herein. Accordingly, we have recorded 0 federal income tax expense related to our “REIT taxable income.”

We recognize tax benefits of uncertain income tax positions that are subject to audit only if we believe it is more likely than not that the position would ultimately be sustained assuming the relevant taxing authorities had full knowledge of the relevant facts and circumstances of our positions. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we did 0t recognize any tax benefit for uncertain tax positions.

Accounting for preferred equity issuance costs

We record preferred equity issuance costs as a reduction to paid-in capital on our consolidated balance sheets at the time the preferred securities are issued and reflect the carrying value of the preferred equity at its redemption value. An additional allocation of income is made from the common shareholders to the preferred shareholders in the amount of the original issuance costs, and we reclassify the redemption value from equity to liabilities, when we call preferred shares for redemption, with such liabilities relieved once the preferred shares are redeemed.

Net income per common share

Notwithstanding the presentation of income allocations on our consolidated statements of income, net income is allocated to (a) preferred shareholders, for distributions paid or payable, (b) preferred shareholders, to the extent redemption value exceeds the related carrying value, (c) our joint venture partner in proportion to their percentage interest in the joint ventures, to the extent the consolidated joint ventures produce net income or loss during the period and (d) restricted stock unit (“RSU”) holders, for non-forfeitable dividends paid adjusted for participation rights in undistributed earnings. The remaining net income is allocated to the common partnership units and our common shareholders, respectively, based upon the pro-rata aggregate number of units and shares outstanding.

Basic and diluted net income per common share are each calculated based upon net income allocable to common shareholders, divided by (i) in the case of basic net income per common share, weighted average common shares and (ii) in the case of diluted income per share, weighted average common shares adjusted for the impact of stock compensation awards outstanding (see Note 11) using the treasury stock method.


The following table sets forth the components of our basic and diluted net income per share that are not reflected on the face of our consolidated statements of income, including the allocation of income to common shareholders and common partnership units, the percentage of weighted average shares and common partnership units, as well as basic and diluted weighted average shares (in thousands):

For the Three Months

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

Ended September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Calculation of net income allocable to common shareholders

Net income

$

50,899 

$

46,510 

$

160,410 

$

142,458 

Net (income) loss allocated to

Preferred shareholders based upon distributions

(12,046)

(12,959)

(36,139)

(38,877)

Noncontrolling interests—joint venture

(14)

(26)

(27)

Restricted stock unit holders

(149)

(219)

(543)

(699)

Net income allocable to common shareholders

and noncontrolling interests—common units

38,708 

33,318 

123,702 

102,855 

Net income allocation to noncontrolling interests—

common units

(8,128)

(7,006)

(25,985)

(21,643)

Net income allocable to common shareholders

$

30,580 

$

26,312 

$

97,717 

$

81,212 

Calculation of common partnership units as a percentage of common share equivalents

Weighted average common shares outstanding

27,483 

27,432 

27,470 

27,411 

Weighted average common partnership units outstanding

7,305 

7,305 

7,305 

7,305 

Total common share equivalents

34,788 

34,737 

34,775 

34,716 

Common partnership units as a percentage of common

share equivalents

21.0%

21.0%

21.0%

21.0%

Weighted average common shares outstanding

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

27,483 

27,432 

27,470 

27,411 

Net effect of dilutive stock compensation—based on

treasury stock method using average market price

82 

111 

90 

101 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

27,565 

27,543 

27,560 

27,512 

Segment reporting

The Company has 2 operating segments: (i) the acquisition, development, ownership and management of commercial real estate and (ii) the acquisition, development, ownership and management of multifamily real estate, but has only 1 reportable segment as the multifamily segment does not meet the quantitative thresholds necessary to require reporting as a separate segment.

Reclassifications

Certain reclassifications have been made to the consolidated financial statements for 2019 in order to conform to the 2020 presentation, including reclassifying assets held for sale during 2020 from “real estate facilities, at cost” totaling $3.8 million as of December 31, 2019 into “properties held for sale, net” on our consolidated balance sheets.


3. Real estate facilities

The activity in real estate facilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was as follows (in thousands):

Buildings and

Accumulated

Land

Improvements

Depreciation

Total

Balances at December 31, 2019 (1)

$

844,419 

$

2,203,308 

$

(1,158,489)

$

1,889,238 

Acquisition of real estate facility

11,123 

2,153 

13,276 

Capital expenditures

23,358 

23,358 

Disposals (2)

(15,005)

15,005 

Depreciation and amortization expense

(67,035)

(67,035)

Transfer to properties held for sale

(16)

46 

30 

Balances at September 30, 2020

$

855,542 

$

2,213,798 

$

(1,210,473)

$

1,858,867 

____________________________

(1)Land, building and improvements, and accumulated depreciation, respectively, totaling $2.2 million, $2.8 million, and $1.2 million were reclassified as of December 31, 2019 to “properties held for sale, net,” representing 2 industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet located in Redmond, Washington, which were subject to an eminent domain process.

(2)Disposals primarily represent the book value of tenant improvements that have been removed upon the customer vacating their space.

We have a 95.0% interest in a joint venture that owns Highgate at The Mile, a 395-unit multifamily apartment complex on a 5-acre site within the Company’s 44.5 acre office and multifamily park located in Tysons, Virginia (“The Mile”). An unrelated real estate development company (the “JV Partner”) holds the remaining 5.0%. We consolidate the joint venture that owns Highgate at The Mile and as such, the consolidated real estate assets and activities related to this joint venture are included in the table above.

As of September 30, 2020, we have commitments, pursuant to executed leases throughout our portfolio, to spend $11.2 million on transaction costs, which include tenant improvements and lease commissions.

The purchase price of acquired properties is allocated to land, buildings and improvements (including tenant improvements, unamortized lease commissions, acquired in-place lease values and customer relationships, if any), intangible assets and intangible liabilities (see Note 2), based upon the relative fair value of each component, which are evaluated independently.

The Company must make significant assumptions in determining the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, which can affect the recognition and timing of revenue and depreciation and amortization expense. The fair value of land is estimated based upon, among other considerations, comparable sales of land within the same region. The fair value of buildings and improvements is determined using a combination of the income and replacement cost approaches which both utilize available market information relevant to the acquired property. The fair value of other acquired assets including tenant improvements and unamortized lease commissions are determined using the replacement cost approach. The amount recorded to acquired in-place leases is also determined utilizing the income approach using market assumptions which are based on management’s assessment of current market conditions and the estimated lease-up periods for the respective spaces. Transaction costs related to asset acquisitions are capitalized.

On January 10, 2020, we acquired a multi-tenant industrial park comprised of approximately 73,000 rentable square feet in La Mirada, California, for a total purchase price of $13.5 million, inclusive of capitalized transaction costs.

On September 5, 2019, we acquired a multi-tenant industrial park comprised of approximately 543,000 rentable square feet in Santa Fe Springs, California, for a total purchase price of $104.3 million, inclusive of capitalized transaction costs.

On April 18, 2019, we acquired a multi-tenant industrial park comprised of approximately 74,000 rentable square feet in Signal Hill, California, for a total purchase price of $13.8 million, inclusive of capitalized transaction costs.

The following table summarizes the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for the nine months ended September 30, (in thousands):

2020

2019

Land

$

11,123 

$

75,160 

Buildings and improvements

2,153 

40,765 

Accrued and other liabilities (below-market in-place rents)

(1,142)

Other assets (in-place lease value)

237 

3,371 

Total purchase price

13,513 

118,154 

Net operating assets acquired and liabilities assumed

(90)

(463)

Total cash paid

$

13,423 

$

117,691 

As of September 30, 2020, the Company was in the process of developing an approximately 83,000 square feet small-bay industrial building at its Freeport Business Park in Irving, Texas. As of September 30, 2020, $6.1 million of the estimated $8.1 million total development costs had been incurred and was reflected under land and building held for development, net on our consolidated balance sheets. This construction project is scheduled to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Properties Sold and Held for Sale

On September 16, 2020, the Company sold 2 industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet located in Redmond, Washington, which were subject to an eminent domain process for net proceeds of $11.4 million and resulted in a gain of $7.7 million. During 2020, the Company reclassified these 2 buildings as properties held for sale, net, in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019.

On January 7, 2020, the Company sold a 113,000 square foot office building located at Metro Park North in Montgomery County, Maryland, for net sale proceeds of $29.3 million, which resulted in a gain of $19.6 million. The Company determined that the sale did not meet the criteria for discontinued operations presentation, as the sale of such assets did not represent a strategic shift that will have a major effect on our operations and financial results. As a result of this determination, the asset is separately presented as held for sale in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019.

4. Multifamily developmental activity

In August 2020, the Company entered into a new joint venture agreement with the JV Partner for the purpose of developing Brentford at The Mile, a planned 411-unit multifamily apartment complex (the “Brentford Joint Venture”). Under the Brentford Joint Venture agreement, the Company has a 98.2% controlling interest and is the managing member with the JV Partner holding the remaining 1.8% limited partnership interest. We contributed a parcel of land to the Brentford Joint Venture (the “Brentford Parcel”) at a value of $18.5 million, for which we received equity contribution credit in the Brentford Joint Venture. Our cost basis in the Brentford Parcel was $5.4 million as of September 30, 2020.

Construction of Brentford at The Mile commenced in August 2020 and is anticipated to be completed over a period of 24 to 36 months at an estimated development cost of $110 million to $115 million, excluding land cost. As of September 30, 2020, the development cost incurred was $5.5 million, inclusive of our $5.4 million cost basis in the Brentford Parcel, which is reflected in land and building held for development, net on our consolidated balance sheets. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company also recorded non-capitalizable demolition costs of $0.3 million in interest and other expense on our consolidated statements of income.


5. Leasing activity

The Company leases space in its commercial real estate facilities to customers primarily under non-cancelable leases generally ranging from one to 10 years. Future minimum rental income, excluding recovery of operating expenses that may be collectable under these leases, as of September 30, 2020 is as follows (in thousands):

Remainder of 2020

$

77,067 

2021

275,894 

2022

203,546 

2023

143,242 

2024

97,952 

Thereafter

167,260 

Total

$

964,961 

In addition to minimum rental payments, certain customers reimburse the Company for their pro rata share of specified property operating expenses. Such reimbursements amounted to $24.4 million and $24.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $72.2 million and $73.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. These variable lease payment amounts are included as rental income in the accompanying consolidated statements of income.

Leases accounting for 3.0% of total leased square footage are subject to termination options, and 1.7% of total leased square footage have termination options exercisable through December 31, 2020. In general, these leases provide for termination payments to us should the termination options be exercised. Certain leases also have an option to extend the term of the lease. The future minimum rental income in the above table assumes termination options and lease extension options are not exercised.

6. Bank loans

We have an unsecured revolving line of credit (the “Credit Facility”) with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“Wells Fargo”). The Credit Facility has a borrowing limit of $250.0 million and expires January 10, 2022. The rate of interest charged on borrowings is based on LIBOR plus 0.80% to LIBOR plus 1.55% depending on the Company’s credit ratings. Currently, the Company’s rate under the Credit Facility is LIBOR plus 0.825%. In addition, the Company is required to pay an annual facility fee ranging from 0.10% to 0.30% of the borrowing limit depending on the Company’s credit ratings (currently 0.125%). We had 0 balance outstanding on our Credit Facility at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company had $0.3 million and $0.5 million of total unamortized loan origination costs as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, which is included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The Credit Facility requires us to meet certain covenants, all of which we were in compliance with as of September 30, 2020. Interest on outstanding borrowings is payable monthly.

7. Noncontrolling interests

Noncontrolling interests represent (i) PS’s noncontrolling interest in the OP through its ownership of 7,305,355 common partnership units, totaling $216.2 million and $213.2 million at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, and (ii) the JV Partner’s interests in our consolidated joint ventures, totaling $3.3 million and $2.9 million at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

PS OP Interests

Each common partnership unit receives a cash distribution equal to the dividend paid on our common shares and is redeemable at PS’s option.

If PS exercises its right of redemption, at PSB’s option (a) PS will receive 1 common share from us for each common partnership unit redeemed, or (b) PS will receive cash from us for each common partnership unit redeemed generally equal to the market value of a common share (as defined in the Operating Partnership Agreement). We can

prevent redemptions that we believe would violate either our articles of incorporation or securities laws, cause PSB to no longer qualify as a REIT, or could result in the OP no longer being treated as a partnership for federal tax purposes.

In allocating net income and presenting equity, we treat the common partnership units as if converted to common shares. Accordingly, they received the same net income allocation per unit as a common share totaling $8.1 million and $7.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $26.0 million and $21.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

JV Partner

As a result of the Company entering into the Brentford Joint Venture, the Company recorded noncontrolling interests of $0.4 million related to the JV Partner’s 1.8% interest during the three months ended September 30, 2020.

8. Related party transactions

We manage certain industrial, office and retail facilities in the United States for PS under either the “Public Storage” or “PS Business Parks” names (the “PS Management Agreement”). Under PS’s supervision, we coordinate and assist in rental and marketing activities, property maintenance and other operational activities, including the selection of vendors, suppliers, employees and independent contractors. We receive a management fee based upon a percentage of revenues, which is included in interest and other income on our consolidated statements of income. Management fee revenues were $0.1 million for each of the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 and $0.2 million for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. We allocate certain operating expenses to PS related to the management of these properties, including payroll and other business expenses, totaling $0.1 million for each of the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 and $0.3 million for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

The PS Business Parks name and logo are owned by PS and licensed to us under a non-exclusive, royalty-free license agreement. The license can be terminated by either party for any reason with six months written notice.

PS provides us property management services for the self-storage component of 2 assets we own and operates them under the “Public Storage” name. Either the Company or PS can cancel the property management contract upon 60 days’ notice. Under our supervision, PS coordinates and assists in rental and marketing activities, and property maintenance and other operational activities, including the selection of vendors, suppliers, employees and independent contractors. Management fee expenses were less than $0.1 million for each of the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 and $0.1 million for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. Additionally, PS allocated certain operating expenses to us related to the management of these properties totaling less than $0.1 million for each of the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 and $0.1 million for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. These amounts are included under cost of operations on our consolidated statements of income.

Pursuant to a cost sharing agreement, we share certain administrative services, corporate office space, and certain other third party costs with PS which are allocated based upon fair and reasonable estimates of the cost of the services expected to be provided. We reimbursed PS $0.4 million for costs PS incurred on our behalf for each of the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 and $0.8 million for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. PS reimbursed us less than $0.1 million for costs we incurred on their behalf for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

The Company had net amounts due to PS of $0.1 million at September 30, 2020 and at December 31, 2019 for these contracts, as well as certain operating expenses paid by the Company on behalf of PS.


9. Shareholders’ equity

Preferred stock

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had the following series of preferred stock outstanding:

Earliest Potential

Dividend

Shares

Amount

Series

Issuance Date

Redemption Date

Rate

Outstanding

(in thousands)

Series W

October 2016

October 2021

5.200%

7,590 

$

189,750 

Series X

September 2017

September 2022

5.250%

9,200 

230,000 

Series Y

December 2017

December 2022

5.200%

8,000 

200,000 

Series Z

November 2019

November 2024

4.875%

13,000 

325,000 

Total

37,790 

$

944,750 

We paid $12.0 million and $13.0 million in distributions to our preferred shareholders for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $36.1 million and $38.9 million in distributions to our preferred shareholders for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

The holders of our preferred stock have general preference rights with respect to liquidation, quarterly distributions and any accumulated unpaid distributions. Holders of our preferred stock will not be entitled to vote on most matters, except under certain conditions. In the event of a cumulative arrearage equal to 6 quarterly dividends, the holders of our preferred stock will have the right to elect 2 additional members to serve on the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) until all events of default have been cured. At September 30, 2020, there were 0 dividends in arrears.

Except under certain conditions relating to the Company’s qualification as a REIT, the preferred stock is not redeemable prior to the redemption dates noted above. On or after the respective redemption dates, the respective series of preferred stock will be redeemable, at the option of the Company, in whole or in part, at $25.00 per depositary share, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends.

Common stock and units

We paid $28.9 million ($1.05 per common share) and $28.8 million ($1.05 per common share) in distributions to our common shareholders for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $86.5 million ($3.15 per common share) and $86.3 million ($3.15 per common share) in distributions to our common shareholders for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

We paid $7.7 million ($1.05 per common unit) in distributions to our common unit holders for each of the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, and $23.0 million ($3.15 per common unit) in distributions to our common unit holders for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

Equity stock

The Company is authorized to issue 100.0 million shares of Equity Stock. The Articles of Incorporation provide that Equity Stock may be issued from time to time in one or more series and give the Board broad authority to fix the dividend and distribution rights, conversion and voting rights, redemption provisions and liquidation rights of each series of Equity Stock. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, 0 equity stock had been issued.

10. Commitments and contingencies

We are a party to various legal proceedings and subject to various claims and complaints; however, we believe that the likelihood of these proceedings resulting in a material loss to the Company, either individually or in the aggregate, is remote.

11. Stock compensation

Under various share-based compensation plans, PSB grants non-qualified options to purchase the Company’s common shares at a price not less than fair value on the date of grant, as well as RSUs, to certain directors, officers and key employees.

The service period for stock options and RSUs begins when (i) the Company and the recipient reach a mutual understanding of the key terms of the award, (ii) the award has been authorized, (iii) the recipient is affected by changes in the market price of our stock and (iv) it is probable that any performance conditions will be met, and ends when the stock options or RSUs vest.

We account for forfeitures of share-based payments as they occur by reversing previously amortized share-based compensation expense with respect to grants that are forfeited in the period the employee terminates employment.

We amortize the fair value of awards starting at the beginning of the service period as compensation expense. For awards that are earned solely upon the passage of time and continued service, the entire cost of the award is amortized on a straight-line basis over the service period. For awards with performance conditions, the individual cost of each vesting is amortized separately over each individual service period (the “accelerated attribution” method).

In August 2020, the Company announced that Maria Hawthorne was retiring from her role as President and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) effective September 1, 2020 and would continue to serve as a Director of the Company. Due to Ms. Hawthorne’s continued service as a Director of the Company, her unvested stock option and restricted stock units will continue to vest on their original vesting schedule in accordance with the Company’s 2012 Equity and Performance-Based Incentive Compensation Plan and related award agreements. For financial reporting purposes, the end of the service periods for these stock option and restricted stock unit grants have changed from the various respective vesting dates to September 1, 2020, the date of her retirement as President and CEO. Accordingly, all remaining stock compensation expense for Ms. Hawthorne, which totaled $1.7 million, was amortized and included in general and administrative expense during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Stock Options

Stock options expire 10 years after the grant date and the exercise price is equal to the closing trading price of our common shares on the grant date. Stock option holders cannot require the Company to settle their award in cash. We use the Black-Scholes option valuation model to estimate the fair value of our stock options on the date of grant.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, we recorded $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively, in compensation expense related to stock options as compared to $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the same periods in 2019, respectively.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, 18,000 stock options were granted, 4,136 options were exercised and 0 options were forfeited. A total of 171,694 and 157,830 options were outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

Restricted Stock Units

RSUs granted prior to 2016 are subject to a six-year vesting, with 20% vesting after year two, and 20% vesting after each of the next four years. RSUs granted during and subsequent to 2016 are subject to a five-year vesting at the rate of 20% per year. The grantee receives dividends for each outstanding RSU equal to the per share dividend received by common shareholders. We expense any dividends previously paid upon forfeiture of the related RSU. Upon vesting, the grantee receives common shares equal to the number of vested RSUs, less common shares withheld in exchange for tax withholdings made by the Company to satisfy the grantee’s statutory tax liabilities arising from the vesting. The fair value of our RSUs is determined based upon the applicable closing trading price of our common shares on the date of grant.

In March 2020, the Compensation Committee of the Board approved an annual performance-based equity incentive plan (“2020 Incentive Program”). Under the Program, certain employees will be eligible to receive RSUs subject to the Company’s achievement of pre-established performance metrics based on growth in (i) net asset value per share, and (ii) Total Shareholder Value, each as computed pursuant to the terms of the 2020 Incentive Program. In the event the pre-established targets are achieved, eligible employees will receive the target award, except that the Compensation Committee of the Board may adjust the actual award to 75% to 125% of the target award based on the their assessment of whether certain strategic and operational goals were accomplished in the performance period. RSUs related to the 2020 Incentive Program will be awarded on or around March 1 of the subsequent year. RSUs awarded under the 2020 Incentive Program will vest in 5 equal installments, with the first installment vesting on the award date. RSU holders will earn dividend equivalent rights during the vesting period.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, management determined that it was not probable that the targets under the 2020 Incentive Program would be met due to the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and, as such, the Company did not record stock compensation expense related to the 2020 Incentive Program.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, we recorded $2.2 million and $3.5 million in compensation expense related to RSUs as compared to $0.8 million and $2.5 million for the same periods in 2019.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, 100 RSUs were granted, 70,576 RSUs vested and 1,920 RSUs were forfeited. Tax withholdings totaling $4.1 million were made on behalf of employees in exchange for 28,877 common shares withheld upon vesting for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 resulting in the issuance of 41,699 common shares. Tax withholdings totaling $6.1 million were made on behalf of employees in exchange for 38,961 common shares withheld upon vesting for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 resulting in the issuance of 53,859 common shares. A total of 78,452 and 150,848 RSUs were outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

In July 2019, the Company amended the Retirement Plan for Non-Employee Directors (the “Director Retirement Plan”), to increase the maximum shares issued upon retirement for each year served as a director from 8,000 shares to 10,000 shares of common stock. The Company recognizes compensation expense with regard to grants to be issued in the future under the Director Retirement Plan over the requisite service period. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, we recorded $0.2 million and $0.6 million in compensation expense related to these shares as compared to $1.2 million and $1.3 million for the same periods in 2019.

In April 2019, we issued 8,000 shares of common stock to a director upon retirement with an aggregate fair value of $1.2 million. Compensation expense for these shares was previously expensed. NaN director retirement shares were issued during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

12. Subsequent Events

Subsequent to September 30, 2020, we acquired a multi-tenant industrial park comprised of approximately 246,000 rentable square feet in Alexandria, Virginia, for a total purchase price of $46.3 million.


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Forward-Looking Statements: Forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, are made throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. For this purpose, any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, the words “may,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “intends” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. There are a number of important factors that could cause the results of the Company to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements, including but not limited to: (i) the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our business and our customers; (ii) changes in general economic and business conditions, including as a result of the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic; (iii) potential regulatory actions to close our facilities or limit our ability to evict delinquent customers; (iv) decreases in rental rates or increases in vacancy rates/failure to renew or replace expiring leases; (v) tenant defaults; (vi) the effect of the recent credit and financial market conditions; (vii) our failure to maintain our status as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”); (viii) the economic health of our customers; (ix) increases in operating costs; (x) casualties to our properties not covered by insurance; (xi) the availability and cost of capital; (xii) increases in interest rates and its effect on our stock price; and (xiii) other factors discussed under the heading “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that our objectives and plans will be achieved. Moreover, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting such forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates:

Our accounting policies are described in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-Q. We believe our critical accounting policies relate to income tax expense, accounting for acquired real estate facilities, accounting for customer receivable balances including deferred rent receivable balances, impairment of long-lived assets, and accrual for uncertain and contingent liabilities, each of which are more fully discussed below.

Income Tax Expense: We have elected to be treated as a REIT, as defined in the Code. As a REIT, we do not incur federal income tax on our “REIT taxable income” that is fully distributed each year (for this purpose, certain distributions paid in a subsequent year may be considered), and if we meet certain organizational and operational requirements. We believe we have met these REIT requirements for all periods presented herein. Accordingly, we have recorded no federal income tax expense related to our “REIT taxable income.”

Our evaluation that we have met the REIT requirements could be incorrect, because compliance with the tax rules requires factual determinations, and circumstances we have not identified could result in noncompliance with the tax requirements in current or prior years. For any taxable year that we fail to qualify as a REIT and for which applicable statutory relief provisions did not apply, we would be taxed at the regular corporate rates on all of our taxable income for at least that year and the ensuing four years, we could be subject to penalties and interest, and our net income would be materially different from the amounts shown in our consolidated financial statements.

Accounting for Acquired Real Estate Facilities: We estimate the fair value of land, buildings, intangible assets and intangible liabilities for purposes of allocating purchase price. Such estimates, which are determined with the assistance of third-party valuation specialists where appropriate, are based upon many assumptions and judgments, including, but not limited to, (i) market rates of return and capitalization rates on real estate and intangible assets, (ii) building and material cost levels, (iii) estimated market rent levels, (iv) future revenue growth rates, (v) future cash flows from the real estate and the existing customer base and (vi) comparisons of the acquired underlying land parcels to recent land transactions. Others could come to materially different conclusions as to the estimated fair values, which could result in different depreciation and amortization expense, rental income, gains and losses on sale of real estate assets, and real estate and intangible assets.

Accounting for Customer Receivable Balances, including Deferred Rent Receivable Balances: Customer receivables consist primarily of amounts due for contractual lease payments, reimbursements of common area maintenance expenses, property taxes and other expenses recoverable from customers. Deferred rent receivables represent the amount that the cumulative straight-line rental income recorded to date exceeds cash rents billed to date under the lease agreement, inclusive of rent deferrals and abatements granted to our customers in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company writes off uncollectible customer receivable balances, including deferred rent receivable balances, in the period such receivable balances are deemed uncollectible. Significant bad debt losses could materially impact our net income.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets: The analysis of impairment of our long-lived assets involves identification of indicators of impairment, projections of future operating cash flows and estimates of fair values or selling prices, all of which require significant judgment and subjectivity. Others could come to materially different conclusions. In addition, we may not have identified all current facts and circumstances that may affect impairment. Any unidentified impairment loss, or change in conclusions, could have a material adverse impact on our net income.

Accrual for Uncertain and Contingent Liabilities: We accrue for certain contingent and other liabilities that have significant uncertain elements, such as property taxes, performance bonuses and other operating expenses, as well as other legal claims and disputes involving customers, employees, governmental agencies and other third parties. We estimate such liabilities based upon many factors such as past trends and our evaluation of likely outcomes. However, the estimates of known liabilities could be incorrect or we may not be aware of all such liabilities, in which case our accrued liabilities and net income could be materially different.

Business Overview

Our overall operating results are impacted by the performance of our existing real estate facilities, which at September 30, 2020 were comprised of 27.5 million rentable square feet of primarily multi-tenant industrial, flex and office properties concentrated in six states and a 95.0% interest in a 395-unit multifamily apartment complex. Our portfolio of multi-tenant commercial properties is comprised of 97 parks and 672 buildings located in markets that have experienced long-term economic growth with a particular concentration on small- and medium-size customers. Accordingly, a significant degree of management attention is paid to maximizing the cash flow from our existing real estate portfolio. Also, our strong and conservative capital structure allows us the flexibility to use debt and equity capital prudently to fund our growth, which allows us to acquire properties we believe will create long-term value. From time to time we sell properties which no longer fit the Company’s strategic objectives.

Existing Real Estate Facilities: The operating results of our existing real estate facilities are substantially influenced by demand for rental space within our properties and our markets, which impacts occupancy, rental rates and capital expenditure requirements. We strive to maintain high occupancy levels while increasing rental rates and minimizing capital expenditures when market conditions allow, although the Company may decrease rental rates in markets where conditions require. Management’s initiatives and strategies with respect to our existing real estate facilities, which include incentivizing our personnel to maximize the return on investment for each lease transaction and provide a superior level of service to our customers, are described in more detail in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Acquisitions of Real Estate Facilities: We seek to grow our portfolio through acquisitions of facilities generally consistent with the Company’s focus on owning concentrated business parks with easily configurable space and in markets and product types with favorable long-term return potential.

Subsequent to September 30, 2020, we acquired a multi-tenant industrial park comprised of approximately 246,000 rentable square feet in Alexandria, Virginia, for a total purchase price of $46.3 million. The park consists of three buildings and was 100.0% occupied at acquisition with suites ranging from 7,000 to 75,000 square feet.

On January 10, 2020, we acquired a multi-tenant industrial park comprised of approximately 73,000 rentable square feet in La Mirada, California, for a total purchase price of $13.5 million, inclusive of capitalized transaction

costs. The park consists of five buildings and was 100.0% occupied at acquisition with suites ranging from 1,200 to 3,000 square feet.

On September 5, 2019, we acquired a multi-tenant industrial park comprised of approximately 543,000 rentable square feet in Santa Fe Springs, California, for a total purchase price of $104.3 million, inclusive of capitalized transaction costs. The park consists of ten buildings and was 100.0% occupied at acquisition with suites ranging from 5,000 to 288,000 square feet.

On April 18, 2019, we acquired a multi-tenant industrial park comprised of approximately 74,000 rentable square feet in Signal Hill, California, for a total purchase price of $13.8 million, inclusive of capitalized transaction costs. The park consists of eight buildings and was 98.4% occupied at acquisition with suites ranging from 1,200 to 8,000 square feet.

We continue to seek to acquire additional properties in our existing markets and generally in close proximity to our existing portfolio; however, there can be no assurance that we will acquire additional facilities that meet our risk-adjusted return and underwriting requirements.

Development or Redevelopment of Real Estate Facilities: In certain instances, we may seek to redevelop our existing real estate. As of September 30, 2020, we were in the process of developing an approximately 83,000 square feet small-bay industrial building at our Freeport Business Park in Irving, Texas. As of September 30, 2020, $6.1 million of the estimated $8.1 million total development costs had been incurred and was reflected under land and building held for development, net on our consolidated balance sheets. This construction project is scheduled to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2020.

The Mile, a 628,000 square foot office and multifamily park that we own, sits on 44.5 contiguous acres of land located in Tysons, Virginia. In 2017, we completed Highgate at The Mile, a 395-unit multifamily apartment complex, through a joint venture with the JV Partner. In 2019, we successfully rezoned the remainder of The Mile allowing us to develop, at our election, up to 3,000 additional multifamily units and approximately 500,000 square feet of other commercial uses.

In August 2020, the Company entered into the Brentford Joint Venture with the JV Partner for the purpose of developing Brentford at The Mile, a planned 411-unit multifamily apartment complex. Under the Brentford Joint Venture agreement, the Company has a 98.2% controlling interest and is the managing member with the JV Partner holding the remaining 1.8% limited partnership interest. We contributed the Brentford Parcel to the Brentford Joint Venture at a value of $18.5 million, for which we received equity contribution credit in the Brentford Joint Venture. Our cost basis in the Brentford Parcel was $5.4 million as of September 30, 2020.

Construction of Brentford at The Mile commenced in August 2020 and is anticipated to be completed over a period of 24 to 36 months at an estimated development cost of $110 million to $115 million, excluding land cost. As of September 30, 2020, the development cost incurred was $5.5 million, inclusive of our $5.4 million cost basis in the Brentford Parcel, which is reflected in land and building held for development, net on our consolidated balance sheets. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company also recorded non-capitalizable demolition costs of $0.3 million in interest and other expense on our consolidated statements of income.

While multifamily real estate was not previously a core asset class for us, we determined that multifamily real estate represented a unique opportunity and the highest and best use of the Brentford Parcel. Through joint ventures we have partnered with a local developer and operator of multifamily properties in order to leverage their development and operational experience. The scope and timing of the future phases of development of The Mile are subject to a variety of contingencies, including site plan approvals and building permits.

We consolidate both the joint venture that owns Highgate at The Mile and the joint venture that is developing Brentford at The Mile.

See “Analysis of Net Income – Multifamily” below and Note 3 and 4 to our consolidated financial statements for more information on Highgate at The Mile and Brentford at The Mile.

Sales of Real Estate Facilities: We may from time to time sell individual real estate facilities based on market conditions, fit with our existing portfolio, evaluation of long-term potential returns of markets or product types, or other reasons.

On September 16, 2020, the Company sold two industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet located in Redmond, Washington, which were subject to an eminent domain process for net proceeds of $11.4 million and resulted in a gain of $7.7 million. During 2020, the Company reclassified these two buildings as properties held for sale, net, in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019.

On January 7, 2020, the Company completed the sale of a single-tenant building totaling 113,000 square feet in Montgomery County, Maryland, for net sale proceeds of $29.3 million, which resulted in a gain of $19.6 million. This property was classified as held for sale as of December 31, 2019.

The operations of these facilities are presented under “assets sold.”

Certain Factors that May Impact Future Results

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic: During the second and third quarters of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in cessation, severe curtailment, or impairment of business activities in most sectors of the economy in virtually all markets we operate in, due to governmental “stay at home” orders, risk mitigation procedures, and closure of businesses not considered to be “essential.” This resulted in a rapid and dramatic increase in unemployment in the U.S. Since it remains unknown at this time how long the COVID-19 pandemic will continue, we cannot estimate how long these negative economic impacts will persist.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a severe negative impact on many of our customers’ businesses. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company granted $1.7 million of rent deferrals and $0.3 million of rent abatements. Through the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company had granted rent relief to 388 customers (representing 11.0% of total customers based on rental income), including $5.5 million of rent deferrals and $1.2 million of rent abatements. The Company also wrote off accounts receivable and deferred rent receivable of $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2020, and $1.5 million and $2.7 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

The table below represents percentages of billed revenue that the Company has collected, deferred, and abated/written-off, by product type, for the respective periods presented (percentages shown are all as of October 26, 2020):


Percentage of Rent

Collected

Outstanding

Deferred

Abated/Written-off

Q2 2020

Industrial

93%

0%

5%

2%

Flex

94%

1%

3%

2%

Office

97%

0%

2%

1%

Total

94%

0%

4%

2%

Q3 2020

Industrial

96%

1%

2%

1%

Flex

96%

2%

1%

1%

Office

97%

1%

2%

0%

Total

96%

1%

2%

1%

October 2020 (1)

Industrial

96%

4%

0%

0%

Flex

95%

5%

0%

0%

Office

98%

2%

0%

0%

Total

96%

4%

0%

0%

____________________________

(1)October 2020 rent billings and collections shown above include September 2020 rent billed on September 30, 2020 and collected in October 2020 for leases billed in arrears.

As of October 26, 2020, the Company had open rent relief requests from approximately 1% of customers. It is possible that additional rent relief requests will arise in future months as a result of continued effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and related responses from state and local governments, however the timing and magnitude of such future requests cannot be easily predicted due to the inherent uncertainty of the virus and its varying regional effects. All rent relief requests to date have been, and all future rent relief requests are expected to be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. To the extent we grant additional requests for abatement, or to the extent that our customers default on their lease obligations, it will have a negative effect on our rental income and net income.

Our ability to re-lease space as leases expire in a way that minimizes vacancy periods and maximizes market rental rates will depend upon market conditions in the specific submarkets in which each of our properties are located. Due to the uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the Company’s future ability to maintain existing occupancy levels, possible decreases in rental rates on new and renewal transactions, and the negative effect of rent deferrals, rent abatements, and customer defaults, we believe the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to adversely affect our Same Park rental income for the remainder of 2020.

Impact of Inflation: Although inflation has not been significant in recent years, an increase in inflation could impact our future results, and the Company continues to seek ways to mitigate its potential impact. A substantial portion of the Company’s leases require customers to pay operating expenses, including real estate taxes, utilities and insurance, as well as increases in common area expenses, partially reducing the Company’s exposure to inflation during each lease’s respective lease period.

Regional Concentration: Our portfolio is concentrated in eight regions, in six states. We have chosen to concentrate in these regions because we believe they have characteristics which enable them to be competitive economically, such as above average population growth, job growth, higher education levels and personal income. Changes in economic conditions in these regions in the future could impact our future results.

Industry and Customer Concentrations: We seek to minimize the risk of industry or customer concentrations. As of September 30, 2020, leases from our top 10 customers comprised 10.1% of our annualized rental income, with three customers, the U.S. Government (3.2%), Amazon Inc. (1.5%), and Luminex Corporation (1.1%), representing more than 1%. In terms of industry concentration, 19.6% of our annualized rental income comes from business services, 12.9% from warehouse, distribution, transportation and logistics, and 11.3% from computer hardware, software and related services. No other industry group represents more than 10% of our annualized rental income.

Customer credit risk: Although we have historically experienced a low level of write-offs of uncollectible rents, with less than 0.4% of rental income written off in any year over the last nine years, we believe it is possible that the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on our customers’ ability to pay rent in the future will result in higher levels of write-offs during the remainder of 2020 compared to historic averages. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, we wrote-off $0.3 million of accounts receivable, which was less than the $1.2 million recorded in the prior quarter, and is in-line with the $0.3 million written-off during the three months ended September 30, 2019. Also during the three months ended September 30, 2020, we wrote-off deferred rent receivables of $0.3 million, which is well below the $2.4 million written-off in the prior quarter and is roughly in-line with $0.1 million written-off during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

For the three months ended September 30, 2020, we agreed to defer and abate a total of $1.7 million and $0.3 million, respectively, to customers whose businesses were disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic, well below the $3.8 million and $0.9 million, respectively, which was granted in the prior quarter. We are closely monitoring the collectability of such deferred rents. As of October 26, 2020, the Company collected $1.3 million, or 98.3%, of the scheduled repayments of COVID-19 related rent deferrals billed through September 30, 2020.

As of October 26, 2020, we had 30,000 square feet of leased space occupied by two customers that are protected by Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, which have an aggregate remaining lease value of $0.4 million. From time to time, customers contact us, requesting early termination of their lease, reductions in space leased, or rent deferment or abatement, which we are not obligated to grant but will consider and grant under certain circumstances.

Proposition 15: As a result of Proposition 13, which limits increases in assessed property values to 2% per year, the assessed value of most of our properties and the property taxes we pay in California are less than they would be if the properties were assessed at current values. An initiative is on California’s November 2020 statewide ballot (“Prop 15”) that, if passed, would result in the reassessment of our California properties and would substantially increase our property tax expense likely starting in 2023. We believe we would be able to pass through substantially all of these increased expenses to our tenants. If Prop 15 does not pass, there can be no assurance that a similar initiative will not be proposed and passed in the future. If Prop 15 does pass, the timing and level of the reassessment and related property tax increases would be uncertain. See “Risk Factors – We have exposure to increased property tax in California” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for further information such as our aggregate net operating income and property tax expense in California.

Net Operating Income

We utilize net operating income (“NOI”), a measure that is not defined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), to evaluate the operating performance of our real estate. We define NOI as rental income less Adjusted Cost of Operations. Adjusted Cost of Operations represents cost of operations, excluding stock compensation, which can vary significantly period to period based upon the performance of the company.

We believe NOI assists investors in analyzing the performance of our real estate by excluding (i) corporate overhead (i.e., general and administrative expense) because it does not relate to the direct operating performance of our real estate (ii) depreciation and amortization expense because it does not accurately reflect changes in the fair value of our real estate and (iii) stock compensation expense because this expense item can vary significantly from period to period and thus impact comparability across periods. The Company’s calculation of NOI may not be comparable to those of other companies and should not be used as an alternative to performance measures calculated in accordance with GAAP.

See “Analysis of net income” below for reconciliations of each of these measures to their closest analogous GAAP measure from our consolidated statements of income.


Results of Operations

Operating Results Overview: Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

Net income and NOI for both the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 was negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on certain of the Company’s customers.

For the three months ended September 30, 2020, net income allocable to common shareholders was $30.6 million, or $1.11 per diluted share, compared to $26.3 million, or $0.96 per diluted share, for the same period in 2019. The increase was mainly due to a $7.7 million gain on sale of assets sold during the third quarter of 2020 that did not occur in 2019, partially offset by a $4.2 million decrease in NOI generated from assets sold during the fourth quarter of 2019 and the first quarter of 2020.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, net income allocable to common shareholders was $97.7 million, or $3.55 per diluted share, compared to $81.2 million, or $2.95 per diluted share, for the same period in 2019. The increase was mainly due to a $27.3 million gain on sale of assets sold during the first and third quarters of 2020 that did not occur in 2019 and increased NOI from our Non-Same Park portfolio, partially offset by a $13.7 million decrease in NOI generated from assets sold.

Analysis of Net Income

Our net income is comprised primarily of our real estate operations, depreciation and amortization expense, general and administrative expense, interest and other income, interest and other expenses and gain on sale of real estate facilities.

We segregate our real estate activities into (i) same park operations, representing all operating properties acquired prior to January 1, 2018, comprising 25.7 million rentable square feet of our total 27.5 million of rentable square feet at September 30, 2020 (the “Same Park” portfolio), (ii) non-same park operations, representing those facilities we own that were acquired after January 1, 2018 (the “Non-Same Park” portfolio), (iii) multifamily operations and (iv) assets sold, representing 1.3 million square feet of assets sold in October 2019, 113,000 square feet of assets sold in January 2020 and 40,000 square feet of assets sold in September 2020.


The table below sets forth the various components of our net income (in thousands):

For the Three Months

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

2020

2019

Change

Rental income

Same Park (1)

$

96,399 

$

95,137 

1.3%

$

286,791 

$

284,535 

0.8%

Non-Same Park

4,993 

3,598 

38.8%

15,809 

9,508 

66.3%

Multifamily

2,201 

2,519 

(12.6%)

7,249 

7,492 

(3.2%)

Assets sold (2)

167 

6,810 

(97.5%)

686 

22,136 

(96.9%)

Total rental income

103,760 

108,064 

(4.0%)

310,535 

323,671 

(4.1%)

Cost of operations

Adjusted Cost of Operations (3)

Same Park

28,903 

27,452 

5.3%

84,034 

82,278 

2.1%

Non-Same Park

1,843 

1,137 

62.1%

5,446 

3,304 

64.8%

Multifamily

1,066 

1,045 

2.0%

3,084 

3,118 

(1.1%)

Assets sold (2)

41 

2,525 

(98.4%)

143 

7,911 

(98.2%)

Stock compensation expense (4)

243 

309 

(21.4%)

783 

910 

(14.0%)

Total cost of operations

32,096 

32,468 

(1.1%)

93,490 

97,521 

(4.1%)

NOI (5)

Same Park

67,496 

67,685 

(0.3%)

202,757 

202,257 

0.2%

Non-Same Park

3,150 

2,461 

28.0%

10,363 

6,204 

67.0%

Multifamily

1,135 

1,474 

(23.0%)

4,165 

4,374 

(4.8%)

Assets sold (2)

126 

4,285 

(97.1%)

543 

14,225 

(96.2%)

Stock compensation expense (4)

(243)

(309)

(21.4%)

(783)

(910)

(14.0%)

Depreciation and amortization expense

(23,064)

(26,220)

(12.0%)

(72,646)

(75,863)

(4.2%)

General and administrative expense

(5,047)

(4,051)

24.6%

(11,374)

(10,111)

12.5%

Interest and other income

230 

1,384 

(83.4%)

1,012 

2,766 

(63.4%)

Interest and other expense

(536)

(199)

169.3%

(900)

(484)

86.0%

Gain on sale of real estate facilities

7,652 

100.0%

27,273 

100.0%

Net income

$

50,899 

$

46,510 

9.4%

$

160,410 

$

142,458 

12.6%

____________________________

(1)Included in the calculation of Same Park rental income are (a) lease buyout income of $0.3 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $0.8 million and $1.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, (b) accounts receivable write-offs of $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $1.4 million and $0.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and (c) deferred rent receivable write-offs of $0.3 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $2.6 million and $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

(2)Amounts for the three months ended September 30, 2020 include results related to two industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet sold in September 2020; amounts for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 include the two industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet sold in September 2020, and a 113,000 square foot asset sold in January 2020; amounts shown for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 reflect the operating results related to the two industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet and the 113,000 square foot asset sold in 2020, and 1.3 million square feet of flex and office assets sold in October 2019.

(3)Adjusted Cost of Operations excludes the impact of stock compensation expense.

(4)Stock compensation expense, as shown here, represents stock compensation expense for employees whose compensation expense is recorded in cost of operations. Note that stock compensation expense attributable to our executive management team (including divisional vice presidents) and other corporate employees is recorded within general and administrative expense.

(5)NOI represents rental income less Adjusted Cost of Operations.


Rental income decreased $4.3 million and $13.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 as compared to the same periods in 2019 due primarily to reduced rental income generated from assets sold, lower occupancy, rent deferrals and abatements granted to certain customers, and write-offs of accounts receivable and deferred rent receivable partially offset by an increase in rental income from our Non-Same Park portfolio.

Cost of operations decreased $0.4 million and $4.0 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 as compared to the same periods in 2019 due primarily to reduced operating expenses from assets sold partially offset by a higher Adjusted Cost of Operations incurred by our Same Park portfolio, and higher Adjusted Cost of Operations incurred by our Non-Same Park portfolio.

Net income increased $4.4 million and $18.0 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 as compared to the same periods in 2019. The three month increase was due primarily to the gain on sale of an asset sold during the third quarter of 2020 and lower depreciation expense, partially offset by reduced NOI generated from assets sold and an increase in general and administrative expense. The nine month increase was due primarily to the gain on sale of assets sold during the first and third quarter of 2020, partially offset by reduced NOI from assets sold and lower NOI resulting from rent deferrals and abatements granted to certain customers as well as write-offs of accounts receivable and deferred rent receivable.

Same Park Portfolio

We believe that evaluation of the Same Park portfolio provides an informative view of how the Company’s portfolio has performed over comparable periods. We believe that investors and analysts use Same Park information in a similar manner.

The following table summarizes the historical operating results of our Same Park facilities and certain statistical information related to leasing activity in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands, except per square foot data):

For the Three Months

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

2020

2019

Change

Rental income (1)

$

96,399 

$

95,137 

1.3%

$

286,791 

$

284,535 

0.8%

Adjusted Cost of Operations (2)

Property taxes

10,811 

10,224 

5.7%

32,410 

30,416 

6.6%

Utilities

4,870 

5,249 

(7.2%)

14,106 

14,610 

(3.4%)

Repairs and maintenance

6,197 

5,844 

6.0%

17,277 

17,394 

(0.7%)

Payroll

4,090 

3,622 

12.9%

12,030 

11,070 

8.7%

Snow removal

78 

1,033 

(92.4%)

Property insurance

1,283 

868 

47.8%

3,009 

2,346 

28.3%

Other expenses

1,652 

1,645 

0.4%

5,124 

5,409 

(5.3%)

Total Adjusted Cost of Operations

28,903 

27,452 

5.3%

84,034 

82,278 

2.1%

NOI

$

67,496 

$

67,685 

(0.3%)

$

202,757 

$

202,257 

0.2%

Selected Statistical Data

NOI margin (3)

70.0%

71.1%

(1.5%)

70.7%

71.1%

(0.6%)

Weighted average square foot occupancy

92.3%

94.7%

(2.5%)

92.5%

94.5%

(2.1%)

Revenue per occupied square foot (4)

$

16.29 

$

15.66 

4.0%

$

16.11 

$

15.64 

3.0%

Revenue per available foot (RevPAF) (5)

$

15.03 

$

14.83 

1.3%

$

14.90 

$

14.79 

0.7%

____________________________

(1)Included in the calculation of Same Park rental income are (a) lease buyout income of $0.3 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $0.8 million and $1.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, (b) accounts receivable write-offs of $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $1.4 million and $0.8 million for the nine months ended

September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and (c) deferred rent receivable write-offs of $0.3 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $2.6 million and $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

(2)Adjusted Cost of Operations excludes the impact of stock compensation expense.

(3)NOI margin is computed by dividing NOI by rental income.

(4)Revenue per occupied square foot is computed by dividing rental income for the period by weighted average occupied square feet for the same period. Revenue per occupied square foot for the three and nine month periods is annualized.

(5)Revenue per Available Square Foot (RevPAF) is computed by dividing rental income for the period by weighted average available square feet for the same period. RevPAF for the three and nine month periods is annualized.

Analysis of Same Park Rental Income

Rental income for our Same Park portfolio increased 1.3% and 0.8% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 as compared to the same periods in 2019. The three and nine month increases were due primarily to higher rental rates charged to our customers, as revenue per occupied square foot increased 4.0% and 3.0%, respectively, in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same periods in 2019, partially offset by a decrease in weighted average occupancy combined with rent deferrals and abatements. The nine month increase was also partially offset by write-offs of accounts receivable and deferred rent receivable.

The following table details the change in Same Park rental income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands):

For the Three Months

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

2020

2019

Change

Rental income

Base rental income

$

72,597 

$

72,156 

$

441 

$

219,639 

$

214,766 

$

4,873 

Expense recovery income

22,972 

22,068 

904 

67,635 

66,644 

991 

Lease buyout income

290 

183 

107 

807 

1,140 

(333)

Rent receivable write-off

(237)

(320)

83 

(1,370)

(843)

(527)

Deferrals and abatements

(1,955)

(1,955)

(6,458)

(6,458)

Repayment of rent deferrals

1,193 

1,193 

1,215 

1,215 

Fee Income

236 

301 

(65)

703 

937 

(234)

Non-Cash Rental Income (1)

1,303 

749 

554 

4,620 

1,891 

2,729 

Total rental income

$

96,399 

$

95,137 

$

1,262 

$

286,791 

$

284,535 

$

2,256 

____________________________

(1)Non-cash rental income includes amortization of deferred rent receivable (net of write-offs), in-place lease intangible, tenant improvement reimbursement, and lease incentive intangible.

Weighted average cash rental rate growth on leases executed during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, was 2.0% and 4.9%, respectively. Renewals of leases with existing customers represented 64.2% of our leasing activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. See “Analysis of Same Park Market Trends” below for further analysis of such data on a by market basis.

Our future revenue growth will come primarily from contractual rental increases as well as from potential increases in market rents allowing us to increase rent levels when leases are either renewed with existing customers or re-leased to new customers.


The following table sets forth the expirations of existing leases in our Same Park portfolio over the next five years based on lease data at September 30, 2020 (dollars and square feet in thousands):

Percent of

Rentable Square

Percent of

Annualized Rental

Annualized Rental

Number of

Footage Subject to

Total Leased

Income Under

Income Represented

Year of Lease Expiration

Customers

Expiring Leases

Square Footage

Expiring Leases

by Expiring Leases

Remainder of 2020

657 

1,299 

5.5%

$

22,181 

5.4%

2021

1,576 

5,205 

21.9%

89,497 

21.6%

2022

1,200 

5,272 

22.2%

94,133 

22.7%

2023

629 

4,219 

17.8%

69,670 

16.8%

2024

326 

2,798 

11.8%

49,869 

12.0%

Thereafter

273 

4,923 

20.8%

89,075 

21.5%

Total

4,661 

23,716 

100.0%

$

414,425 

100.0%

Analysis of Same Park Adjusted Cost of Operations

Adjusted Cost of Operations for our Same Park portfolio increased 5.3% and 2.1% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior year. The three and nine month increases were due primarily to higher property taxes, higher payroll costs, and higher insurance costs partially offset by lower utility costs. The nine month increase was also partially offset by savings from snow removal costs.

Property taxes increased 5.7% and 6.6% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior year. These increases were due to higher assessed values. We expect potential further property tax growth in the future due to higher assessed values.

Utilities are dependent upon energy prices and usage levels. Changes in usage levels are driven primarily by weather and temperature. Utilities decreased 7.2% and 3.4% during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior year due to a rate reduction related to adopting a renewable energy program during the three months ended June 30, 2020 as well as reduced water and electricity usage due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is difficult to estimate future utility costs, because weather, temperature and energy prices are volatile and not readily predictable. However, we expect that utility costs during the remainder of 2020 to be comparable to our results for the three months ended September 30, 2020 due to the seasonal nature of utility costs partially offset by increased traffic at our parks as our customers resume operations.

Repairs and maintenance expense increased 6.0% and decreased 0.7% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior year. The three month increase was due to higher security costs and property services as our customers resumed operations. The nine month decrease was primarily due to a reduction in general repairs and property services as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic partially offset by increased security costs and property services incurred during the third quarter of 2020. Repairs and maintenance costs are dependent upon many factors including weather conditions, which can impact repair and maintenance needs, inflation in material and labor costs and random events, and as a result are not readily predictable. We expect that repairs and maintenance costs during the remainder of 2020 to be comparable to our results for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Payroll expense increased 12.9% and 8.7% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior year. Payroll expense is comprised of on site and supervisory personnel costs incurred in the operation of our properties. The three and nine month increases were primarily due to salary increases that took effect in October 2019. We expect payroll expenses during the remainder of 2020 to be similar to our results for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Snow removal costs decreased 92.4% during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year. The nine month decrease was due to milder weather in 2020 in our Northern Virginia and Suburban Maryland markets compared to the same period in 2019. Snow removal costs are weather dependent and therefore not predictable.

Property insurance expense increased 47.8% and 28.3% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior year. The three and nine month increases were primarily due to an increase in our property insurance premium for the policy period June 2019 to May 2020 and a further increase for the policy period June 2020 to May 2021 due to unfavorable market conditions pervasive throughout commercial real estate sectors. The three month increase was also due to insurance deductibles recorded during the third quarter of 2020. We expect property insurance expense for the remainder of 2020 to be similar to our results for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Other expenses increased 0.4% and decreased 5.3% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior year. Other expenses are comprised of general property expenses incurred in the operation of our properties. We expect other expenses for the remainder of 2020 to be similar to our results for the three months September 30, 2020.

Same Park Quarterly Trends

The following table sets forth historical quarterly data related to the operations of our Same Park portfolio for rental income, Adjusted Cost of Operations, weighted average occupancy, annualized revenue per occupied square foot, and RevPAF (in thousands, except per square foot data):

For the Three Months Ended

March 31

June 30

September 30

December 31

Rental income (1)

2020

$

97,735 

$

92,657 

$

96,399 

$

2019

$

94,604 

$

94,794 

$

95,137 

$

97,415 

Adjusted Cost of Operations (2)

2020

$

28,134 

$

26,997 

$

28,903 

$

2019

$

28,143 

$

26,683 

$

27,452 

$

27,281 

NOI (3)

2020

$

69,601 

$

65,660 

$

67,496 

$

2019

$

66,461 

$

68,111 

$

67,685 

$

70,134 

Weighted average square foot occupancy

2020

92.9%

92.4%

92.3%

2019

94.7%

94.2%

94.7%

94.4%

Revenue per occupied square foot (4)

2020

$

16.40 

$

15.64 

$

16.29 

$

2019

$

15.57 

$

15.68 

$

15.66 

$

16.09 

RevPAF (5)

2020

$

15.24 

$

14.45 

$

15.03 

$

2019

$

14.75 

$

14.78 

$

14.83 

$

15.19 

____________________________

(1)Included in the calculation of Same Park rental income are (a) lease buyout income of $0.2 million, $0.8 million, $0.2 million, $0.2 million, $0.3 million, $0.3 million, and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, June 30, 2019, September 30, 2019, December 31, 2019, March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020, and September 30, 2020, respectively, (b) accounts receivable write-offs of $0.2 million, $0.3 million, $0.3 million, $0.2 million, $0.1 million, $1.1 million, and $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, June 30, 2019, September 30, 2019, December 31, 2019, March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020, and September 30, 2020, respectively, and (c) deferred rent receivable write-offs of $0.1 million, $0.1 million, $0.1 million, $0.1 million, $0, $2.3 million, and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, June 30, 2019, September 30, 2019, December 31, 2019, March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020, and September 30, 2020, respectively.

(2)Adjusted Cost of Operations excludes stock compensation expense for employees whose compensation expense is recorded in cost of operations, which can vary significantly period to period based upon the performance of the Company.

(3)NOI represents rental income less Adjusted Cost of Operations.

(4)Revenue per occupied square foot is computed by dividing rental income for the period by weighted average occupied square feet for the same period. Revenue per occupied square foot for the three and nine month periods is annualized.

(5)RevPAF is computed by dividing rental income for the period by weighted average available square feet for the same period. RevPAF for the three and nine month periods is annualized.

Analysis of Same Park Market Trends

The following tables set forth historical data by region related to the operations of our Same Park portfolio for rental income, Adjusted Cost of Operations, weighted average occupancy, annualized revenue per occupied square foot, and RevPAF data in our Same Park portfolio (in thousands, except per square foot data):

For the Three Months

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

Ended September 30,

Region

2020

2019

Change

2020

2019

Change

Geographic Data on Same Park

Rental income

Northern California (7.2 million feet)

$

27,315

$

26,570

2.8%

$

80,946

$

79,409

1.9%

Southern California (3.3 million feet)

13,773

13,864

(0.7%)

40,694

41,013

(0.8%)

Dallas (2.9 million feet)

8,288

8,466

(2.1%)

25,119

25,467

(1.4%)

Austin (2.0 million feet)

8,341

7,688

8.5%

24,809

23,102

7.4%

Northern Virginia (3.9 million feet)

17,867

18,321

(2.5%)

53,493

55,453

(3.5%)

South Florida (3.9 million feet)

11,014

10,999

0.1%

32,478

32,615

(0.4%)

Seattle (1.4 million feet)

4,860

4,282

13.5%

14,386

12,645

13.8%

Suburban Maryland (1.1 million feet)

4,941

4,947

(0.1%)

14,866

14,831

0.2%

Total Same Park (25.7 million feet)

96,399

95,137

1.3%

286,791

284,535

0.8%

Adjusted Cost of Operations

Northern California

6,488

6,337

2.4%

18,706

18,167

3.0%

Southern California

3,928

3,632

8.1%

11,002

10,669

3.1%

Dallas

2,859

2,980

(4.1%)

9,100

8,818

3.2%

Austin

3,120

2,844

9.7%

9,042

8,454

7.0%

Northern Virginia

6,007

5,944

1.1%

17,971

18,930

(5.1%)

South Florida

3,317

2,914

13.8%

9,269

8,799

5.3%

Seattle

1,358

1,036

31.1%

3,806

3,060

24.4%

Suburban Maryland

1,826

1,765

3.5%

5,138

5,381

(4.5%)

Total Same Park

28,903

27,452

5.3%

84,034

82,278

2.1%

Net operating income

Northern California

20,827

20,233

2.9%

62,240

61,242

1.6%

Southern California

9,845

10,232

(3.8%)

29,692

30,344

(2.1%)

Dallas

5,429

5,486

(1.0%)

16,019

16,649

(3.8%)

Austin

5,221

4,844

7.8%

15,767

14,648

7.6%

Northern Virginia

11,860

12,377

(4.2%)

35,522

36,523

(2.7%)

South Florida

7,697

8,085

(4.8%)

23,209

23,816

(2.5%)

Seattle

3,502

3,246

7.9%

10,580

9,585

10.4%

Suburban Maryland

3,115

3,182

(2.1%)

9,728

9,450

2.9%

Total Same Park

$

67,496

$

67,685

(0.3%)

$

202,757

$

202,257

0.2%

Weighted average square foot occupancy

Northern California

91.8%

97.1%

(5.5%)

91.4%

96.5%

(5.3%)

Southern California

94.7%

95.1%

(0.4%)

94.9%

95.1%

(0.2%)

Dallas

88.0%

91.5%

(3.8%)

89.3%

92.2%

(3.1%)

Austin

94.5%

91.3%

3.5%

94.6%

91.1%

3.8%

Northern Virginia

92.8%

94.3%

(1.6%)

92.6%

94.2%

(1.7%)

South Florida

92.8%

95.6%

(2.9%)

93.1%

95.5%

(2.5%)

Seattle

93.8%

95.3%

(1.6%)

96.7%

95.4%

1.4%

Suburban Maryland

89.5%

89.1%

0.4%

90.0%

88.9%

1.2%

Total Same Park

92.3%

94.7%

(2.5%)

92.5%

94.5%

(2.1%)

Revenue per occupied square foot (1)

Northern California

$

16.43

$

15.11

8.7%

$

16.30

$

15.15

7.6%

Southern California

$

17.73

$

17.77

(0.2%)

$

17.42

$

17.52

(0.6%)

Dallas

$

13.04

$

12.81

1.8%

$

12.98

$

12.75

1.8%

Austin

$

17.99

$

17.14

5.0%

$

17.79

$

17.22

3.3%

Northern Virginia

$

19.66

$

19.83

(0.9%)

$

19.66

$

20.02

(1.8%)

South Florida

$

12.28

$

11.90

3.2%

$

12.04

$

11.78

2.2%

Seattle

$

15.34

$

13.31

15.3%

$

14.69

$

13.09

12.2%

Suburban Maryland

$

19.24

$

19.34

(0.5%)

$

19.19

$

19.39

(1.0%)

Total Same Park

$

16.29

$

15.66

4.0%

$

16.11

$

15.64

3.0%

RevPAF (2)

Northern California

$

15.08

$

14.67

2.8%

$

14.90

$

14.61

2.0%

Southern California

$

16.78

$

16.89

(0.7%)

$

16.53

$

16.66

(0.8%)

Dallas

$

11.48

$

11.73

(2.1%)

$

11.60

$

11.76

(1.4%)

Austin

$

17.00

$

15.67

8.5%

$

16.85

$

15.69

7.4%

Northern Virginia

$

18.25

$

18.71

(2.5%)

$

18.21

$

18.88

(3.5%)

South Florida

$

11.40

$

11.38

0.2%

$

11.20

$

11.25

(0.4%)

Seattle

$

14.40

$

12.69

13.5%

$

14.21

$

12.49

13.8%

Suburban Maryland

$

17.26

$

17.28

(0.1%)

$

17.31

$

17.27

0.2%

Total Same Park

$

15.03

$

14.83

1.3%

$

14.90

$

14.79

0.7%

____________________________

(1)Revenue per occupied square foot is computed by dividing rental income for the period by weighted average occupied square feet for the same period. Revenue per occupied square foot for the three and nine month periods is annualized.

(2)RevPAF is computed by dividing rental income for the period by weighted average available square feet for the same period. RevPAF for the three and nine month periods is annualized.

Our past revenue growth has come from contractual annual rent increases, as well as re-leasing of space at rates above outgoing rental rates. We believe the percentage difference between outgoing cash rent inclusive of estimated expense recoveries and incoming cash rent inclusive of estimated expense recoveries for leases executed (the “Cash Rental Rate Change”) is useful in understanding trends in current market rates relative to our existing lease rates. The following tables summarize the Cash Rental Rate Change and other key statistical information with respect to the Company’s leasing production for its Same Park portfolio, on a regional basis, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 (square feet in thousands):

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

Square

Transaction

Footage

Customer

Costs per

Cash Rental

Regions

Leased

Retention

Executed Foot

Rate Change (1)

Northern California

303 

63.4%

$

1.14 

6.9%

Southern California

307 

76.8%

$

1.73 

2.5%

Dallas

186 

46.4%

$

1.68 

0.9%

Austin

138 

94.0%

$

2.93 

3.1%

Northern Virginia

220 

66.9%

$

4.06 

(4.0%)

South Florida

279 

57.5%

$

1.46 

0.3%

Seattle

46 

51.9%

$

1.33 

5.4%

Suburban Maryland

42 

27.8%

$

6.40 

(2.0%)

Total

1,521 

62.2%

$

2.12 

2.0%

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

Square

Transaction

Footage

Customer

Costs per

Cash Rental

Regions

Leased

Retention

Executed Foot

Rate Change (1)

Northern California

1,203 

67.2%

$

2.17 

12.6%

Southern California

899 

68.8%

$

2.13 

3.0%

Dallas

560 

50.8%

$

2.57 

2.4%

Austin

312 

71.3%

$

3.44 

1.7%

Northern Virginia

769 

71.6%

$

5.20 

(1.9%)

South Florida

827 

52.6%

$

1.16 

0.8%

Seattle

354 

74.9%

$

0.82 

20.6%

Suburban Maryland

126 

43.3%

$

7.16 

(0.2%)

Total

5,050 

63.5%

$

2.61 

4.9%

____________________________

(1)Cash Rental Rate Change is computed by taking the percentage difference between the incoming initial billed monthly cash rental rates inclusive of estimated expense recoveries (excluding the impact of certain items such as concessions or future escalators) on new leases or extensions executed in the period, and the outgoing monthly cash rental rates inclusive of estimated expense recoveries last billed on the previous lease for that space. Leases executed on spaces vacant for more than the preceding twelve months have been excluded from this measure.

The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected occupancy levels as well as rent growth on leasing production across our portfolio subsequent to March 31, 2020. For the three months ended September 30, 2020, weighted average occupancy was 92.3% and weighted average cash rental rate growth was 2.0%, a decrease from weighted average occupancy of 92.9% and weighted average cash rental rate growth of 9.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Average lease term of the leases executed during the three months ended September 30, 2020 was 3.3 years, with associated average transaction costs (tenant improvements and leasing commissions) of $2.12 per square foot. For comparative purposes, average lease term and transaction costs on leases executed in the same period of 2019 were 3.9 years and $3.78 per square foot, respectively. Due to the uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the Company’s future ability to maintain existing occupancy levels, possible decreases in rental rates on new and renewal transactions, and the negative effect of rent deferrals, rent abatements, and customer defaults, we believe it is likely we will experience comparable quarterly Same Park rental income for the remainder of 2020 when compared to our results for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Non-Same Park Portfolio: The table below reflects the assets comprising our Non-Same Park portfolio (in thousands):

Purchase

Square

Occupancy at

Occupancy at

Property

Date Acquired

Location

Price

Feet

Acquisition

September 30, 2020

La Mirada Commerce Center

January 2020

La Mirada, CA

$

13,513 

73 

100.0%

93.7%

San Tomas Business Center

December 2019

Santa Clara, CA

16,787 

79 

95.6%

88.2%

Hathaway Industrial Park

September 2019

Santa Fe Springs, CA

104,330 

543 

100.0%

39.3%

Walnut Avenue Business Park

April 2019

Signal Hill, CA

13,824 

74 

98.4%

100.0%

Northern Virginia and Fullerton

June 2018

Lorton and Springfield,

Road Industrial Parks

VA

143,766 

1,057 

76.1%

93.9%

Total

$

292,220 

1,826 

85.9%

77.7%

We believe that our management and operating infrastructure typically allows us to generate higher NOI from newly acquired real estate facilities than was achieved by previous owners. However, it can take 24 or more months for us to fully achieve higher NOI, and the ultimate levels of NOI to be achieved can be affected by changes in general economic conditions. Due to the uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the Company’s ability to generate higher NOI from these newly acquired real estate facilities in the future, there can be no assurance that we will achieve our expectations with respect to newly acquired real estate facilities.

Multifamily: As of September 30, 2020, we held a 95.0% controlling interest in a joint venture that owns Highgate at The Mile, a 395-unit apartment complex. The following table summarizes the historical operating results of Highgate at The Mile and certain statistical information (in thousands, except per unit data):

For the Three Months

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

2020

2019

Change

Rental income

$

2,201 

$

2,519 

(12.6%)

$

7,249 

$

7,492 

(3.2%)

Cost of operations

1,066 

1,045 

2.0%

3,084 

3,118 

(1.1%)

NOI

$

1,135 

$

1,474 

(23.0%)

$

4,165 

$

4,374 

(4.8%)

Selected Statistical Data

Weighted average square foot occupancy

91.1%

95.6%

(4.7%)

92.6%

95.3%

(2.9%)

As of September 30, 2020

Total costs (1)

$

115,426 

Physical occupancy

94.4%

Average rent per unit (2)

$

2,084 

____________________________

(1)The cost for Highgate at The Mile includes the underlying land at its assigned contribution value upon formation of the joint venture of $27.0 million, which includes unrealized land appreciation of $6.0 million that is not recorded on our balance sheet.

(2)Average rent per unit is defined as the total potential monthly rental income (actual rent for occupied apartment units plus market rent for vacant apartment units) divided by the total number of rentable apartment units.

The three and nine month decreases in NOI were primarily due to accounts receivable write-offs of $0.2 million for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. Due to the uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the Company’s future ability to maintain existing occupancy levels and rental rates at Highgate at The Mile, we believe it is likely we will experience comparable quarterly NOI for Highgate at The Mile for the remainder of 2020 when compared to our results for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Assets Sold: These amounts include historical operating results with respect to properties that we sold. Amounts for the three months ended September 30, 2020 reflect the operating results related to two industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet sold during September 2020; amounts for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 reflect the operating results related to the two industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet sold in September 2020 and a 113,000 square foot asset sold in January 2020; amounts for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019

reflect the operating results related to the two industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet and the 113,000 square foot asset sold in 2020, and 1.3 million square feet of flex and office sold in October 2019.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense: Depreciation and amortization expense was $23.1 million and $72.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, compared to $26.2 million and $75.9 million for the same periods in 2019, respectively.

General and Administrative Expense: General and administrative expense primarily represents executive and other compensation, audit and tax fees, legal expenses and other costs associated with being a public company. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, general and administrative expense increased $1.0 million, or 24.6%, and $1.3 million, or 12.5%, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2019. The three and nine month increases were primarily due to higher stock compensation expense due to accelerated stock compensation expense related to our President and CEO retiring during September 2020 (discussed below), an increase in compensation expense, and an increase in professional fees related to various corporate service projects. These increases were partially offset by stock compensation expense incurred during the third quarter of 2019 tied to a modification of the Director Retirement Plan which did not recur in the current year.

In August 2020, the Company announced that Maria Hawthorne was retiring from her role as President and CEO effective September 1, 2020 and would continue to serve as a Director of the Company. Due to Ms. Hawthorne’s continued service as a Director of the Company, her unvested stock option and restricted stock units will continue to vest on their original vesting schedule in accordance with the Company’s 2012 Equity and Performance-Based Incentive Compensation Plan and related award agreements. For financial reporting purposes, the end of the service periods for these stock option and restricted stock unit grants have changed from the various respective vesting dates to September 1, 2020, the date of her retirement as President and CEO. Accordingly, all remaining stock compensation expense for Ms. Hawthorne, which totaled $1.7 million, was amortized and included in general and administrative expense during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Gain on Sale of Real Estate Facilities: On September 16, 2020, we sold two industrial buildings totaling 40,000 square feet located in Redmond, Washington, which were subject to an eminent domain process for net proceeds of $11.4 million and resulted in a gain of $7.7 million.

On January 7, 2020, we sold a 113,000 square foot office building located at Metro Park North in Montgomery County, Maryland, for net sale proceeds of $29.3 million, which resulted in a gain of $19.6 million.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

This section should be read in conjunction with our consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 and the notes to our consolidated financial statements, which set forth the major components of our historical liquidity and capital resources. The discussion below sets forth the factors which we expect will affect our future liquidity and capital resources or which may vary substantially from historical levels.

Capital Raising Strategy: As a REIT, we generally distribute substantially all of our “REIT taxable income” to our shareholders, which relative to a taxable C corporation, limits the amount of cash flow from operations that we can retain for investment purposes. As a result, in order to grow our asset base, access to capital is important.

Our financial profile is characterized by strong credit metrics, including low leverage relative to our total capitalization and operating cash flows. We are a highly rated REIT, as determined by Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s. Our corporate credit rating by Standard and Poor’s is A-, while our preferred shares are rated BBB by Standard and Poor’s and Baa2 by Moody’s. We believe our credit profile and ratings will enable us to efficiently access both the public and private capital markets to raise capital, as necessary.

In order to maintain efficient access to the capital markets, we target a minimum ratio of FFO (as defined below) to combined fixed charges and preferred distributions of 3.0 to 1.0. Ratio of FFO to fixed charges and preferred distributions is calculated by dividing FFO excluding fixed charges and preferred distributions by fixed charges and

preferred distributions. Fixed charges include interest expense, capitalized interest and preferred distributions paid to preferred shareholders. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the ratio of FFO to combined fixed charges and preferred distributions was 5.6 to 1.0.

We have a $250.0 million revolving Credit Facility that can be expanded to $400.0 million and expires in January 2022. We can use the Credit Facility as necessary as temporary financing until we are able to raise longer term capital. Historically, we have funded our long-term capital requirements with retained operating cash flow and proceeds from the issuance of common and preferred securities. We will select among these sources of capital based upon availability, relative cost, the impact of constraints on our operations (such as covenants), as well as the desire for leverage.

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the cost and availability of debt and equity capital and may have intensified negative impacts if resurgent outbreaks of the virus occur. Based upon our substantial current liquidity relative to our capital requirements noted below, and our strong financial profile and credit ratings, we do not expect such capital market turbulence to have a material impact upon our capital and growth plans over the next 12 months. However, there can be no assurance that it would not in the future, if the COVID-19 pandemic were to persist for a long period of time or intensify.

Short-term Liquidity and Capital Resource Analysis: We believe that our net cash provided by our operating activities will continue to be sufficient to enable us to meet our ongoing requirements for debt service, capital expenditures and distributions to our shareholders for the foreseeable future.

As of September 30, 2020, we had $117.9 million in unrestricted cash. In the last five years, we have retained approximately $40 to $60 million in operating cash flow per year. Retained operating cash flow represents cash from operations less shareholder and unit holder distributions and capital expenditures.

Required Debt Repayment: As of September 30, 2020, we have no debt outstanding on our Credit Facility. We are in compliance with all of the covenants and other requirements of our Credit Facility.

Capital Expenditures: We define recurring capital expenditures as those necessary to maintain and operate our real estate at its current economic value. Nonrecurring capital improvements generally are related to property reconfigurations and expenditures related to repositioning asset acquisitions. The following table sets forth our commercial capital expenditures paid for in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, on an aggregate and per square foot basis:

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Commercial Real Estate

(in thousands)

(per square foot)

Recurring capital expenditures

Capital improvements (1)

$

6,413 

$

6,316 

$

0.23 

$

0.22 

Tenant improvements

11,039 

11,898 

0.40 

0.42 

Lease commissions

5,225 

6,027 

0.19 

0.21 

Total commercial recurring capital expenditures (1)

22,677 

24,241 

0.82 

0.85 

Nonrecurring capital improvements

512 

2,011 

0.02 

0.07 

Total commercial capital expenditures

$

23,189 

$

26,252 

$

0.84 

$

0.92 

____________________________

(1)Excludes $20,000 of recurring capital improvements on our multifamily asset in 2019.

The following table summarizes the recurring capital expenditures paid and the related percentage of NOI for Same Park, Non-Same Park, multifamily and assets sold by region for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands):


For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

Recurring

Recurring

Capital Expenditures

Capital Expenditures

as a Percentage of NOI

2020

2019

Change

2020

2019

Region