Loading...
Docoh

Seaboard (SEB)

Filed: 15 Feb 22, 4:21pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______________ to ____________________

Commission file number: 1-3390

SEABOARD CORPORATION

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware

04-2260388

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

Incorporation or Organization)

9000 West 67th Street, Merriam, Kansas

66202

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (913) 676-8928

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock $1.00 Par Value

SEB

NYSE American

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.        Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                                       Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).                                                                      Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer        

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.       

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.                                                         

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).              Yes No

The aggregate market value of the 253,056 shares of Seaboard common stock held by nonaffiliates was approximately $1,004,614,606, based on the closing price of $3,969.93 per share on July 3, 2021, the end of Seaboard’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter. As of January 31, 2022, the number of shares of common stock outstanding was 1,160,779.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Part III incorporates information by reference to the registrant’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.

SEABOARD CORPORATION

FORM 10-K

YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2021

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I

Page

Item 1

Business

 2

Item 1A

Risk Factors

 7

Item 1B

Unresolved Staff Comments

14

Item 2

Properties

14

Item 3

Legal Proceedings

15

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosures

15

Part II

Item 5

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

16

Item 6

[Reserved]

17

Item 7

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

Item 7A

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

24

Item 8

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

26

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

26

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

28

Consolidated Balance Sheets

29

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

30

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

31

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

32

Item 9

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

56

Item 9A

Controls and Procedures

56

Item 9B

Other Information

56

Item 9C

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent inspections

56

Part III

Item 10

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

57

Item 11

Executive Compensation

57

Item 12

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

57

Item 13

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

57

Item 14

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

57

Part IV

Item 15

Exhibit and Financial Statement Schedules

57

Item 16

Form 10-K Summary

60

Signatures

61

PART I

Forward-looking Statements

This report, including information included or incorporated by reference in this report, contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including with respect to the financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business of Seaboard Corporation and its subsidiaries (“Seaboard”). Forward-looking statements generally may be identified as statements that are not historical in nature and statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends” or similar expressions.

In more specific terms, forward-looking statements include, without limitation:

statements concerning the projection of revenues, income or loss, capital expenditures, capital structure or other financial items;
statements regarding the plans and objectives of management for future operations;
statements of future economic performance;
statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of Seaboard and its management with respect to:
(i)Seaboard’s ability to obtain adequate financing and liquidity;
(ii)the price of feed stocks and other materials used by Seaboard;
(iii)the sale price or market conditions for pork, agricultural commodities, biodiesel, sugar, alcohol, turkey and other products and services;
(iv)the recorded tax effects under certain circumstances and changes in tax laws;
(v)the volume of business and working capital requirements associated with the competitive trading environment for the Commodity Trading and Milling (“CT&M”) segment;
(vi)the charter hire rates and fuel prices for vessels;
(vii)the fuel costs and related spot market prices for electricity in the Dominican Republic;
(viii)the effect of the fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates;
(ix)the profitability or sales volume of any of Seaboard’s segments;
(x)the anticipated costs and completion timetables for Seaboard’s scheduled capital improvements, acquisitions and dispositions;
(xi)the productive capacity of facilities that are planned or under construction, and the timing of the commencement of operations at such facilities;
(xii)the impact of pandemics or other public health emergencies, such as the COVID-19 pandemic;
(xiii)potential future impact on Seaboard’s business of new legislation, rules or policies;
(xiv)adverse results in pending litigation matters; or
(xv)other trends affecting Seaboard’s financial condition or results of operations, and statements of the assumptions underlying or relating to any of the foregoing statements.

This list of forward-looking statements is not exclusive. Forward-looking statements are based only on Seaboard’s current beliefs, expectations and assumptions regarding its future financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, performance and business. Seaboard undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changes in assumptions or otherwise, except as required by law. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors. The information contained in this Form 10-K and in other filings Seaboard makes with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including without limitation, the information under the items “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Form 10-K, identifies important factors which could cause such differences.

1

Item 1. Business

General Development of Business

Seaboard Corporation and its subsidiaries (collectively, “Seaboard”) together comprise a diverse group of integrated companies with a broad global presence. Seaboard is primarily engaged in hog production and pork processing in the United States (“U.S.”); commodity trading and grain processing in Africa and South America; cargo shipping services in the U.S., Caribbean and Central and South America; sugar and alcohol production in Argentina; and electric power generation in the Dominican Republic. Seaboard also has an equity method investment in Butterball, LLC (“Butterball”), a producer and processor of turkey products.

Approximately 77% of the outstanding common stock of Seaboard is collectively owned by Seaboard Flour LLC and SFC Preferred, LLC. Ellen Bresky, the Chairwoman of the Board of Directors, and other members of the Bresky family, including trusts created for their benefit, own the equity interests of Seaboard Flour LLC and SFC Preferred, LLC, which are Delaware limited liability companies.

Seaboard continues to encounter challenges resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic and the related variants, mostly with labor shortages at certain of its locations. There still remains uncertainty about the expected duration and severity of the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic, including variants, will have on Seaboard’s operations and the global economy.

Description of Business

Principal Products and Services and Any Dependency

Pork Segment - Seaboard, through its subsidiary Seaboard Foods LLC, is a vertically integrated pork producer that primarily produces and sells fresh and frozen pork products to further processors, foodservice operators, distributors and grocery stores. This segment sells to U.S. customers and exports to Japan, Mexico, China and numerous other foreign markets. During 2021, Seaboard raised approximately 88% of the hogs processed at its processing plant in Oklahoma, with the remaining hog requirements purchased primarily under contracts from independent producers. Seaboard’s hog production facilities consist of genetic and commercial breeding, farrowing, nursery and finishing buildings.

Seaboard has a 50% noncontrolling interest in Seaboard Triumph Foods, LLC (“STF”), which operates a pork processing plant located in Iowa, with a capacity to process approximately six million market hogs annually. Seaboard has agreements with STF and Triumph Foods, LLC (“Triumph”), an independent pork processor, to market substantially all pork products produced at STF’s and Triumph’s pork processing plants. Seaboard and Triumph supply a portion of the hogs processed at the STF plant. Seaboard’s revenues for its pork products are primarily based on a margin sharing arrangement that considers the average sales price, standard costs and the mix of products sold from the Seaboard, Triumph and STF pork processing plants. The Pork segment also has a 50% noncontrolling interest in Daily’s Premium Meats, LLC, which produces and markets raw and pre-cooked bacon using pork bellies sourced from Seaboard, Triumph and STF, at its locations in Utah, Montana and Missouri. In early 2022, Seaboard’s Pork segment sold to Triumph a 50% interest in Seaboard de Mexico USA LLC, its ham-boning and processing plant in Mexico, that has the current capacity to process 96 million pounds of ham annually.

The Pork segment produces biodiesel at facilities in Oklahoma and Missouri and is expected to begin producing renewable diesel at a new facility in Kansas in 2022. These products are produced from pork fat supplied by the Oklahoma pork processing plant and other animal fats and vegetable oils purchased from third parties and sold to fuel blenders for distribution.

CT&M Segment - Seaboard’s CT&M segment, which is managed under the name of Seaboard Overseas and Trading Group, is an integrated agricultural commodity trading, processing and logistics company. Seaboard’s CT&M segment has ownership interests in several non-consolidated affiliates to further its business strategies and partner with others that have expertise. Overall, the CT&M segment, including its affiliates, has facilities in 29 countries, primarily in Africa and South America. This segment sources, transports and markets approximately 14 million metric tons per year of wheat, corn, soybeans, soybean meal and other commodities. Also, Seaboard and its affiliates produce approximately six million metric tons of wheat flour, maize meal, manufactured feed and oilseed crush commodities per year in addition to other related grain-based products. This segment owns three vessels, but the majority of the trading business is transacted with chartered ships.

Marine Segment - Seaboard, through its subsidiary, Seaboard Marine Ltd., and various foreign affiliated companies and third-party agents, provides cargo shipping services in the U.S. and 26 countries in the Caribbean and Central and South America. The Marine segment’s primary operations are in Miami, Florida, and include a marine terminal and an off-port warehouse for cargo consolidation and temporary storage. Seaboard also makes scheduled vessel calls in

2

Brooklyn, New York; Houston, Texas; New Orleans, Louisiana; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Savannah, Georgia and various foreign ports in the Caribbean and Central and South America. The Marine segment uses a network of offices and agents to sell freight services. Seaboard’s Marine segment capabilities allow transport by truck or rail of import and export cargo to and from various U.S. and foreign ports. This segment’s fleet consists of 20 chartered and four owned vessels as of December 31, 2021, as well as dry, refrigerated, and specialized containers.

Sugar and Alcohol Segment - Seaboard, through its subsidiary, Seaboard Energías Renovables y Alimentos S.R.L., operates a vertically integrated sugar and alcohol production facility in Argentina. Seaboard supplies most of the raw material processed in this facility with sugarcane grown on land that it owns. The sugar is primarily marketed locally, with some exports to other countries. The alcohol is marketed to industrial users and sold as dehydrated alcohol to certain oil companies under the Argentine governmental bioethanol program, which requires alcohol to be blended with gasoline. The Sugar and Alcohol segment had two bioethanol customers that collectively represented 35%-48% of its total sales in each of the last three years. This segment also owns a 51-megawatt cogeneration power plant, which is fueled by the burning of sugarcane by-products, natural gas and other biomass, like woodchips.

Power Segment - Seaboard, through its subsidiary, Transcontinental Capital Corp. (Bermuda) Ltd., is an independent power producer generating electricity for the Dominican Republic power grid. It is not directly involved in the transmission or distribution of electricity and is exempt from regulations under the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1938, as amended. Seaboard’s Power segment owns two power barges, one of which is still under construction. The barge that began operations in 2012, commonly referred to as Estrella Del Mar II (“EDM II”), is capable of using natural gas or heavy fuel oil to produce up to 108 megawatts of electricity. The barge expected to be completed in 2022, commonly referred to as Estrella Del Mar III (“EDM III”), will have capacity to generate approximately 146 megawatts of electricity using gaseous fuels, including natural gas. Commercial operations of the new barge are expected to begin in 2022. Seaboard continues to explore strategic alternatives for the other barge, including a sale or relocation.

Turkey Segment - Seaboard has a 50% noncontrolling interest in Butterball, LLC (“Butterball”), a vertically integrated producer and processor of conventional, antibiotic-free and organic turkey products. Butterball is a national supplier to retail stores, foodservice outlets and industrial entities, and to a lesser extent, exports products to Mexico and other foreign markets. The Turkey segment had two retail customers that collectively represented approximately 28% of its sales in each of the last three years.

Other Businesses - Seaboard, through its subsidiary, Mount Dora Farms Inc., processes jalapeño peppers at its plant in Honduras, which are primarily shipped to and sold in the U.S.

See Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements for total revenue contributed by any class of similar products or services.

Competitive Conditions

Competition in Seaboard’s Pork segment comes from a variety of regional, national and international producers and processors and is based primarily on product quality, customer service and price. According to the trade publications Successful Farming and Informa Economics, Seaboard was ranked number three in hog production (based on sows in production) and number four in pork processing in the U.S. in 2021 (based on daily processing capacity, including Triumph’s and STF’s capacity).

Seaboard’s CT&M segment faces competition from numerous traders around the world and imported grain-processed products or other local producers in the same industries.

Seaboard’s Marine segment faces competition based on price, reliable sailing frequencies and customer service.

Seaboard’s Sugar and Alcohol segment owns one of the largest sugar mills in Argentina and faces significant competition for sugar and alcohol sales in the local Argentine market. Sugar and alcohol prices in Argentina can fluctuate compared to world markets due to Argentine government price controls and protection policies.

Seaboard’s Power segment primarily sells the power it generates to Dominican government-owned distribution companies at spot market rates. The Dominican government sets a cap on the electricity spot market prices and establishes the dispatch order of who sells into the power grid based on a merit list. To sell to the power grid, Seaboard competes with producers utilizing various types of fuel and generation technologies, including hydro, solar, wind, natural gas, heavy fuel oil or coal. Renewable energy producers and producers who have lower variable costs to operate may receive dispatch preference from the Dominican government. EDM III is expected to be more efficient than Seaboard’s existing dual-fueled barge, EDM II, due to the latest technologies and use of gas turbines instead of engines.

3

Competition for the Turkey segment comes from a variety of regional and national producers and processors and is based primarily on product quality, customer service and price.

Resources Material to Business

The Power segment and Turkey segment utilize material amounts of raw materials that are dependent on purchases from one supplier or a small group of dominant suppliers. The Power segment has entered into a long-term fuel supply agreement to ensure natural gas is available for expected operations. The Turkey segment purchases a significant portion of its feed and grain used in the manufacturing of feed for its turkeys in North Carolina from Seaboard’s 50% partner in Butterball.

Also, Seaboard believes there is significant recognition of the trademarks identified below in the various industries Seaboard serves and by many of its customers. The Pork segment uses registered trademarks including, but not limited to, Seaboard Foods®, Seaboard Farms®, Seaboard EnergyTM, Prairie Fresh®, Prairie Fresh USA Prime®, Our Farms, Our Commitment®, St. Joe Pork®, and Cook-in Bag®. The CT&M segment uses registered trademarks including, but not limited to, Mothers Pride® and Zambia’s Pride® in Zambia, Thunderbolt Flour® and Maid Marian® in Guyana, GMA® and Top Pain® in Ivory Coast, GMD® and Jarga® in Senegal, and Wayne® in Ecuador. The Marine segment uses the registered trademarks of Seaboard Marine® and Seaboard Solutions®. The Sugar and Alcohol segment markets sugar under the Chango® brand. The Turkey segment uses registered trademarks including, but not limited to, Butterball®, Carolina Turkey® and Farm to Family Butterball®. While Seaboard considers all of its intellectual and proprietary rights important, Seaboard believes its business as a whole is not materially dependent on any particular patent, trademark, license or other intellectual property right.

Seasonal Business

The Turkey business is seasonal for whole birds and related products, with the holiday season driving the majority of those sales. Seaboard’s other segments are not seasonally dependent to any material extent.

Governmental Regulations

Environmental Matters

Seaboard’s Pork segment and Turkey segment are subject to numerous federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the environment, such as treatment of wastewater and air emissions, that require the expenditure of funds in the ordinary course of business. Seaboard’s Pork and Turkey segments do not anticipate making expenditures for these purposes that, in the aggregate, would have a material effect on Seaboard’s financial condition or results of operations. Seaboard’s Marine and CT&M segments’ vessels are subject to environment regulations related to global sulfur emissions requirements that require either low-sulfur fuel or equipment on vessels to reduce emissions. These recent requirements have increased fuel costs and charter-hire rates but have not had a significant impact on financial results. Seaboard’s Power segment must receive permits from local authorities to operate, including environmental licenses among others, and these permits may be canceled or not renewed. The environmental license for EDM II currently runs through September 2023 and the environmental license for EDM III is still pending, but generally environmental licenses are for 2-5 years.

Other Regulations

As a company with global operations, Seaboard is subject to complex foreign and U.S. laws and regulations, including trade regulations, tariffs, import and export regulations and anti-bribery and corruption laws. Seaboard has policies and procedures in place to promote compliance with these laws and regulations. To date, Seaboard’s compliance actions and costs relating to these laws, rules and regulations have not resulted in a material effect on Seaboard’s financial condition or results of operations. Governmental regulations are subject to change, and accordingly, Seaboard is unable to assess the possible effect of compliance with future requirements or whether compliance with such regulations will materially impact Seaboard’s business in the future.

Human Capital Resources

Generally, each of Seaboard’s segments operate autonomously to implement the human capital strategies that best meet the diverse needs of the segment’s workforce, industry, competitive environment and the legal requirements of the countries it operates in. This may include developing location-specific employee benefits and human capital policies and practices. Although individual programs and benefits may vary from segment to segment or location to location, all segments align with Seaboard’s core principles which emphasize physical wellness and safety, financial wellness, learning and development and global diversity and acceptance.

As of December 31, 2021, Seaboard had approximately 13,200 total employees, of whom approximately 6,700 were in the U.S. The Pork segment, which operates primarily in the U.S., employs approximately 6,000 employees. Substantially all of the Pork segment’s processing plant’s hourly employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement that expires in 2026. The CT&M segment employs approximately 3,000 employees, primarily in Africa and South America.

4

In the Marine segment, approximately 38% out of its approximately 2,400 employees are located in the U.S., primarily in Florida and Texas. The Sugar and Alcohol segment employs approximately 1,200 employees in Argentina and substantially all of its hourly mill employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement that renews in April of each year. The Power segment has approximately 230 employees in the Dominican Republic. Seaboard believes its relationships with its employees and their representative labor organizations are good.

In all operations, employees are critical to the success of Seaboard. Recruitment and retention continue to be a challenge for some of Seaboard’s locations, including in the Pork segment. Currently 24% of the Pork segment’s workforce is dependent upon employment visas in different production areas. In the CT&M segment, which has operations in developing countries, challenges associated with safety and political stability may exist from time to time, presenting challenges to identifying and retaining qualified expatriate personnel.

Physical wellness and safety of Seaboard’s workforce at all locations is a top priority. Seaboard’s decentralized management approach provides flexibility to adapt to the needs of the workforce at each location, including providing specialized protective gear or tools, worker safety trainings, education on healthy habits, exercise facilities on site, discounted gym memberships and offering health insurance and preventive care.

Flexible compensation and benefit strategies are developed by Seaboard’s segments to attract and retain employees and reduce turnover and associated costs. Seaboard provides competitive pay, paid time off, holidays and other benefits depending upon location. In the Power segment, the company provides support for an employee co-op that offers savings accounts and loans to employees. The Pork and Power segments provide employee discounts on products produced such as meat and sugar.

Seaboard’s companies also provide on-the-job training and various professional development opportunities. For example, employees in the Pork segment are eligible for tuition reimbursement and the segment has developed a comprehensive training program to promote internal employees to management positions.

Because Seaboard operates around the world, global diversity and acceptance at all of Seaboard companies is critical for continued success, including at the highest levels, where two of Seaboard’s board of directors are female, including the chairperson.

Available Information

Seaboard’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on 10-Q, current reports on 8-K and all amendments to those reports are available, free of charge, on its website at www.seaboardcorp.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In addition, copies of Seaboard’s SEC filings will be made available, free of charge, on written request. Seaboard does not intend for information contained in its website to be part of this Form 10-K.

5

Information About Seaboard’s Executive Officers

The following table lists the executive officers of Seaboard. Generally, executive officers are elected at the annual meeting of the Board of Directors following the Annual Meeting of Stockholders and hold office until the next such annual meeting or until their respective successors are duly chosen and qualified. There are no arrangements or understandings pursuant to which any executive officer was elected.

Name (Age)

    

Positions and Offices 

Robert L. Steer (62)

President and Chief Executive Officer

David M. Becker (60)

Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

David H. Rankin (50)

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Michael D. Trollinger (53)

Senior Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer

Ty A. Tywater (52)

Senior Vice President, Audit Services

Jacob A. Bresky (34)

Vice President, International

Benjamin R. Hodes (36)

Vice President, Finance

Adriana N. Hoskins (52)

Vice President and Treasurer

Elizabeth A. Loudon (57)

Vice President, Tax

John B. (“Brad”) Warner (54)

Vice President, Human Resources

James T. Hubler (43)

Assistant Secretary

Zachery J. Holden (54)

Assistant Secretary

Emma A. Vacas Jacques (44)

Assistant Treasurer

Peter B. Brown (59)

President, Seaboard Foods LLC

David M. Dannov (60)

President, Seaboard Overseas and Trading Group

Edward A. Gonzalez (56)

President, Seaboard Marine Ltd.

Mr. Steer has served as President and Chief Executive Officer since July 2020. Prior to that, he served as Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer from April 2011 to December 2020.

Mr. Becker has served as Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since December 2020 and previously as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since April 2011.

Mr. Rankin has served as Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer since December 2020. Prior to that, he served as Senior Vice President, Taxation and Business Development since April 2015.

Mr. Trollinger has served as Senior Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer since December 2020 and previously as Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer since March 2015.

Mr. Tywater has served as Senior Vice President, Audit Services since December 2020 and previously as Vice President, Audit Services since November 2008.

Mr. Bresky has served as Vice President, International since July 2020. Prior to that, he served in various roles with the Seaboard Overseas and Trading Group for more than seven years.

Mr. Hodes has served as Vice President, Finance since December 2020 and previously as Finance Director since December 2019. Prior to that, he served as Finance Manager since 2015.

Ms. Hoskins has served as Vice President and Treasurer since December 2020 and previously as Assistant Treasurer since 2006.

Ms. Loudon has served as Vice President, Tax since December 2020 and previously as Tax Director since January 2017. Prior to that, she served as Tax Manager since 2006.

Mr. Warner has served as Vice President, Human Resources since December 2020 and previously as Director of Human Resources since April 2019. Prior to that, he served as Director of Human Resources with the Seaboard Overseas and Trading Group for more than 12 years.

Mr. Hubler has served as Assistant Secretary since April 2019, and also serves as Vice President and General Counsel with Seaboard Foods LLC. He was the Associate General Counsel at Seaboard Corporation from October 2018 until January 2022 when he was named General Counsel of Seaboard Foods LLC. Prior to joining Seaboard Corporation, Mr. Hubler was Assistant Vice President, Legal at Dairy Farmers of America, Inc.

Mr. Holden has served as Assistant Secretary since June 2010, and also serves as Vice President and General Counsel with the Seaboard Overseas and Trading Group.

6

Ms. Vacas Jacques has served as Assistant Treasurer since January 2021 and previously as Treasury Director since July 2014.

Mr. Brown has served as President of Seaboard Foods LLC since January 2021. Prior to joining Seaboard Foods LLC, Mr. Brown was the Chief Operating Officer of Butterball, LLC for almost two years and President and Chief Operating Officer at High Liner Foods from 2014 to 2018.

Mr. Dannov has served as President of Seaboard Overseas and Trading Group since August 2006.

Mr. Gonzalez has served as President of Seaboard Marine Ltd. since January 2005.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Business and Operational Risks

(1)International Operations May Present Certain Risks. Seaboard’s international activities, some of which are in lesser-developed countries, pose risks not faced by companies that limit themselves to U.S. markets. These risks include:
changes in foreign currency exchange rates, currency inconvertibility and devaluation;
foreign currency exchange or retail price controls;
hyperinflation;
heightened customer credit and execution risk;
border restrictions, tariffs, bilateral trade disputes, quotas, trade barriers, import or export licensing requirements and other trade protection measures;
closing of borders by foreign countries to the import of products or other limitations on Seaboard’s ability to access materials or ports, including due to animal disease or other perceived health or safety issues;
changes in tax laws;
legal and regulatory structures and unexpected changes in legal and regulatory requirements and any lawsuits that may arise;
negative perception within a foreign country of a U.S. company doing business in that foreign country;
compliance with laws and regulations for conducting international business such as Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Office of Foreign Assets Control regulations;
government instability, expropriation, confiscation, war, civil unrest, and corruption; and
enforcement and compliance of local laws and remedies in foreign jurisdictions, including inconsistent application or enforcement, including tax laws.

Accordingly, revenues, operating income and cash flows from international operations could fluctuate significantly from year to year. In addition, border restrictions and foreign government policies and regulations could restrict the purchase of various commodities, reducing Seaboard’s ability to access materials or ports, or limiting sales prices for products sold in local markets.

(2)Deterioration of Economic Conditions Could Adversely Affect the Business. Seaboard’s business may be adversely affected by changes in national or global economic conditions, including inflation, interest rates (including the LIBOR phase-out in June 2023), availability of capital markets, consumer spending rates, energy availability and costs, supply chain and labor market disruptions, impacts caused by highly pathogenic disease outbreaks and other public health emergencies, including the COVID-19 pandemic and related variants, and the effects of governmental initiatives to manage economic conditions. Any such changes could adversely affect the demand for and production of Seaboard’s meat products, grains, shipping services and other products, or the cost and availability of needed raw materials and packaging materials, or workforce availability, thereby negatively affecting Seaboard’s business, financial condition and results of operations. For example, Seaboard is monitoring the continued impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related variants, which has caused significant disruption to global financial markets, supply chains and labor markets. The significance of the operational and financial impact of COVID-19 and related variants to Seaboard will depend on future developments, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. The national and global economic conditions, could, among other things:
impair the financial condition of some of Seaboard’s customers and suppliers, thereby increasing customer bad debts or non-performance by customers and suppliers;
negatively impact global demand for protein and grain-based products, which could result in a reduction of revenues, operating income and cash flows;

7

decrease the value of Seaboard’s investments in equity and debt securities, including short-term investments used for liquidity and pension plan assets, causing losses that would adversely impact Seaboard’s net earnings; and
impair the financial viability of Seaboard’s insurers.
(3)Seaboard’s Common Stock Is Thinly Traded and Subject to Daily Price Fluctuations. The common stock of Seaboard is closely held and thinly traded on a daily basis on the NYSE American. Seaboard Flour LLC and SFC Preferred, LLC, which are beneficially owned by the Bresky family, hold approximately 77% of Seaboard’s outstanding common stock. Accordingly, the price of a share of Seaboard common stock could fluctuate more significantly from day-to-day than that of a share of more widely held stock that is actively traded on a daily basis.
(4)Decentralization May Present Certain Risks. Seaboard’s operations are relatively decentralized in comparison with its peers. While Seaboard executive management believes this practice enables it to remain responsive to risks, opportunities and to customers’ needs, it necessarily places significant control and decision-making powers in the hands of local management. This presents various risks, including the risk that executive management may be slower or less able to identify or react to problems affecting a key business than in a more centralized environment. In addition, it means that Seaboard may be slower to detect compliance related problems (e.g., a rogue employee undertaking activities that are prohibited by applicable law or Seaboard’s internal policies) and that “company-wide” business initiatives, such as the integration of disparate information technology systems, are often more challenging and costly to implement, and their risk of failure higher, than they would be in a more centralized environment. Depending on the nature of the problem or initiative in question, such failure could materially adversely affect Seaboard’s business, financial condition or results of operations.
(5)Investments in Non-Consolidated Affiliates May Present Certain Risks. Seaboard has several equity method investments in which it owns 50% or less, with various third-party business partners owning the remaining equity. Due to the ownership structure of these affiliates, Seaboard participates in board of director’s or comparable governing body’s decisions, but does not control the decision-making processes and could be exposed to various business risks if the business partners’ business decisions do not align with Seaboard’s best interests, which could adversely impact the results for Seaboard’s income (loss) from affiliates.
(6)Cyber-Attacks or Cybersecurity Breaches Could Adversely Affect the Business. Seaboard may be adversely impacted if it is unable to protect its information technology systems against, or effectively respond to, cyber-attacks or cybersecurity breaches. Seaboard may also be adversely impacted if third parties on whom Seaboard relies are unable to similarly protect their information technology systems. Attempted cyber-attacks and other cyber incidents are occurring more frequently and are being made by groups and individuals with a wide range of motives and expertise. Any significant penetration, invasion, destruction, or interruption of these systems could negatively impact operations and there is a risk of business interruption and reputational damage from the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information and a risk of loss to financial assets related to manipulated electronic communications. This includes additional costs for increased security, system remediation and breach detection. If Seaboard is unable to prevent such breaches or failures or if a third party on whom Seaboard relies is unable to prevent such breaches or failures, Seaboard’s operations could be disrupted or it could negatively impact Seaboard’s financial condition, results of operations and the market price of its common stock.

Industry Risks

(1)The Food Industry May Present Certain Risks. The food products manufacturing industry is subject to the risks posed by:
food spoilage;
food contamination, including contamination caused by disease-producing organisms or pathogens, such as Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, E coli and aflatoxin;
food allergens;
adverse weather;
evolving consumer preferences and nutritional and health-related concerns;
international, federal, state and local food processing regulations;
consumer product liability claims;
product recall;
product tampering; and
public perception of food production practices, including handling of production and live animals.

8

Pathogens that may cause food contamination are found generally in livestock and in the environment and therefore may be present in Seaboard’s products. These pathogens also can be introduced to Seaboard’s products as a result of improper handling by customers or consumers. Seaboard does not have control over handling procedures once products have been shipped for distribution. If one or more of these risks were to materialize, Seaboard’s brand reputation could be harmed, revenues could decrease, costs of doing business could increase, and Seaboard’s operating results could be adversely affected.

(2)Fluctuations in Commodity Prices May Present Certain Risks. Sales prices for many of Seaboard’s products are directly affected by both domestic and worldwide supply and demand for commodities for products which it sells and competing products, all of which are determined by constantly changing market forces, as well as other factors, over which Seaboard has little to no control.
In the Pork and Turkey segments, commodity pork prices demonstrate a cyclical nature over periods of years, reflecting changes in the supply of fresh meat and competing proteins on the market.
In the CT&M segment, fluctuating worldwide prices for wheat, corn, soybeans, soybean meal and, to a lesser degree, various other agricultural commodity products could also be caused by European flour exports, donated food aid, flour dumping practices and worldwide and local crop production.

These fluctuating market conditions could have a significant impact on Seaboard’s sales, value of commodities held in inventory and operating income.

(3)Difficulties Obtaining and Retaining Appropriate Personnel. Seaboard is dependent on having a sufficient number of properly trained operations personnel.
In the Pork and Turkey segments, the nature of the work and remote locations at some processing plants and production operations, along with restrictive national policy on immigration, have affected and could continue to negatively affect the availability and cost of labor.
In the CT&M segment, the loss of a key employee such as a commodity trader could have a negative impact resulting from the loss of revenues as personal customer relationships can be vital to obtaining and retaining business with various foreign customers. Also, employing and retaining qualified expatriate personnel at the mills and other operating facilities are key elements to success given the difficult living conditions, the unique operating environments and the reliance on a relatively small number of executives to manage individual locations.

The geographic areas in which Seaboard operates have also experienced labor shortages resulting in higher labor costs. The inability to acquire and retain the services of such personnel, or increased costs associated with the acquisition and retention of such personnel, could have a material adverse effect on Seaboard’s operations.

(4)Disruption of Operations at Co-packers or Other Suppliers Could Adversely Affect the Business. Disruption of operations at co‑packers or other suppliers may impact Seaboard’s product or raw material supply. Additionally, actions taken to mitigate the impact of any potential disruption, including increasing inventory in anticipation of a potential production or supply interruption, may also adversely affect Seaboard’s financial results.
(5)Ocean Transportation May Present Certain Risks. Seaboard’s owned and chartered vessels along with related cargoes are at risk of being damaged, lost or incurring excess cost because of events such as:
inclement weather;
mechanical failures;
grounding, fire, explosions and collisions;
human error;
war, piracy and terrorism; and
port access and congestion.

Any of these hazards could result in death or injury to persons, loss of property, environmental damages, delays or rerouting. If one of Seaboard’s vessels were involved in an incident, the resulting negative public perception could have a material adverse effect on Seaboard’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Also, many aspects of the shipping industry are subject to extensive governmental regulations. Compliance with applicable laws, regulations and standards may require installation of costly equipment or operational changes, while the failure to comply may result in administrative and civil penalties, criminal sanctions, the suspension or termination of Seaboard’s operations or detention of its vessels.

(6)Fluctuations in Fuel Costs Could Adversely Affect the Business. Fuel expenses are a large expense for the Marine segment and also impact the CT&M segment’s results. Fuel prices can vary greatly from year to year. While such fluctuations may be offset through fuel surcharges or other mechanisms, such mechanisms do not act with precision in terms of timing and amount and may not adjust revenues enough to offset the increase in costs.

9

Legal and Regulatory Risks

(1)Operations Are Subject to General Risks of Litigation. Seaboard is involved on an ongoing basis in litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. Trends in litigation may include class actions involving employees, consumers, competitors, suppliers, shareholders, or injured persons, and claims relating to product liability, contract disputes, antitrust regulations, intellectual property, advertising, labeling, wage and hour laws, employment practices or environmental matters. Litigation in certain countries carries additional risk due to lack of transparency in judiciaries. Neither litigation trends nor the outcomes of litigation can be predicted with certainty and adverse litigation trends and outcomes could negatively affect Seaboard’s financial results.
(2)Operations Are Subject to Complex Laws and Regulations. Federal, state and local laws, and domestic and international regulations governing worker health and safety, food safety and animal health and welfare, port and terminal security and the operation of vessels, including fuel regulations, significantly affect revenues, costs and the manner or feasibility of doing business. Some requirements applicable to Seaboard may also be enforced by citizen groups.
In the Pork segment, select states have implemented varying standards related to the required living conditions for breeding sows. Some laws apply to animals grown in the state of enactment while, more recently, several states have enacted laws that prohibit the sale of meat from non-compliant animals grown in any of the fifty states or foreign countries. Diversity of standards for housing sows requires each producer to implement separate record keeping to track compliant animals through the growing process to the processing plant, and finished products from the processing plant to third-party purchasers. Such laws can also impose civil and criminal penalties for failing to comply. Animal production assets have long expected useful lives. The enactment of more stringent standards can impair the value of existing assets, increase the cost of production and distribution, lower the value of non-compliant products and/or disrupt the market for pork which could result in a reduction in the sales prices of pork products. Incrementally, strict growing standards could cause the creation of regional markets of compliant products or require the industry to build compliant assets for each market. For example, the state of California enacted the Farm Animal Confinement Initiative (“Proposition 12”) which became fully effective January 1, 2022. Proposition 12 prohibits the sale within the state of certain uncooked pork produced from breeding sows or its offspring unless certain conditions are met, which Seaboard currently does not expect to meet until later in 2022. However, the ultimate impact of Proposition 12 to Seaboard is unknown, since the constitutionality of Proposition 12 has been challenged in lawsuits and the California Superior Court has issued a judgment declaring that Proposition 12 is not enforceable until 180 days after final regulations are issued, which has not occurred at the time of this filing. The volume of such pork sold into California accounted for approximately 5% of Seaboard’s direct sales for the year ended December 31, 2021, in addition to indirect sales through further processor customers. 
In the Marine segment, many aspects of the shipping industry, including rate agreements and vessel cost sharing agreements, are subject to extensive governmental regulation by the Federal Maritime Commission, the U.S. Coast Guard, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection, as well as regulation by private industry organizations. Compliance with applicable laws, regulations and standards may require the installation of costly equipment or operational changes. As an example, this segment may be adversely impacted by changes in vessel fuel consumption efficiency requirements. Certain ships, based on their capacity and other factors, may have to meet certain energy usage standards while sailing. The net effect could be that ships, particularly small ones which are less efficient on a twenty-foot equivalent unit basis, might need to reduce speed to consume less fuel.
In the Sugar and Alcohol segment, Seaboard’s alcohol production facility is affected by Argentine government regulations regarding production quotas, fuel blends and sales prices in the bioethanol market.

Failure to comply with these laws and regulations and any future changes to them could result in significant consequences to Seaboard, including civil and criminal penalties, liability for damages, negative publicity and the inability to do business in certain locales. In addition, future changes in laws, regulations and standards may result in additional costs or a reduction in revenues.

(3)Operations Are Subject to Stringent Environmental Regulation and Potentially Subject to Environmental Litigation, Proceedings, and Investigations. Seaboard operations and properties are subject to extensive and increasingly stringent laws and regulations pertaining to, among other things, odors, the discharge of materials into the environment and the handling and disposition of wastes (including solid and hazardous wastes) or

10

otherwise relating to the protection of the environment. Compliance with these laws and regulations, as well as any modifications, may be material to Seaboard’s business.

Specific Pork Segment Risks

(1)Increases in Costs of This Segment’s Feed Components and Third-Party Hog Purchases Could Adversely Affect Costs and Operating Margins. Feed costs are the most significant single component of the cost of raising hogs and could be materially affected by commodity price fluctuations for corn and soybean meal. The costs may also be impacted by inflation. The results of this segment could be negatively affected by increased costs of its feed components. Approximately 12% of this segment’s slaughtered hogs were purchased from third parties during 2021, and commodity price fluctuations for hogs could have an impact on this segment’s total costs. The cost and supply of feed components and the third-party hogs that this segment purchases are determined by constantly changing market forces of supply and demand, which are driven by matters over which this segment has no control, including inflation, weather, current and projected worldwide grain stocks and prices, grain export prices, subsidies and tariffs, and governmental agricultural policies. This segment attempts to manage certain of these risks through the use of commodity derivatives; however, this may also limit its ability to participate in gains from favorable commodity fluctuations. Unless wholesale pork prices correspondingly increase, increases in the prices of this segment’s feed components or the cost of third-party hogs purchased would adversely affect this segment’s operating margins.
(2)The Loss or Closure of This Segment’s Oklahoma Pork Processing Plant or the STF Plant Could Adversely Affect the Business. This segment is largely dependent on the continued operation at full capacity of its Oklahoma pork processing plant and the STF plant. The loss of or damage to either of these plants for any reason, including highly pathogenic disease outbreaks, fire, tornado or earthquake, or the occurrence of adverse governmental action could adversely affect the business of this segment and have a material adverse effect on Seaboard’s liquidity and financial results. This segment provided approximately one-third of STF’s hogs for processing during 2021 and also markets substantially all pork products produced.
(3)Health Risk to Livestock Could Adversely Affect Production and the Supply of Raw Materials. Seaboard is subject to risks relating to its ability to maintain animal health and control diseases. The general health of the hogs and the reproductive performance of the sows could have an adverse impact on production and production costs, the supply of raw material to this segment’s pork processing operations and consumer confidence. If this segment’s hogs are affected by disease, Seaboard could be required to destroy infected livestock, which could adversely affect this segment’s production or ability to sell or export its products. Moreover, the herd health of third-party suppliers could adversely affect the supply and cost of hogs available for purchase. Adverse publicity concerning any disease or health concern could also cause customers to lose confidence in the safety and quality of this segment’s food products.
(4)The Operating Profit of the Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Production Facilities Could Be Adversely Impacted by Various Factors. The profitability of this segment’s biodiesel and renewable diesel plants could be adversely affected by various factors, including the market price of pork fat, other animal fats and vegetable oils, all of which are utilized to produce biodiesel and renewable diesel, and the market price for biodiesel and renewable diesel, which is influenced by inflation, world oil prices and government mandates and incentives to use biofuels. Unfavorable changes in these prices over extended periods of time or adverse changes in government mandates and incentives to use biofuels could adversely affect this segment’s results of operations and could result in the potential impairment of the recorded value of the property, plant and equipment related to these facilities. Also, the federal blender’s credits are not permanent and may not be renewed beyond 2022.
(5)Difficulties Could Be Experienced in the Start-up of the New Renewable Diesel Production Facility. Commercial operations at this segment’s new renewable diesel production facility are expected to commence in the first quarter of 2022, but the timing could be delayed further, and full capacity expectations could take longer than planned. Difficulties encountered in the start-up of operations could have adverse effects on results of operations.

Specific Commodity Trading and Milling Segment Risks

(1)This Segment Uses a Material Amount of Derivative Products to Manage Certain Market Risks. The commodity trading portion of this segment enters into various commodity derivative and foreign exchange derivative transactions to create what management believes is an economic hedge for commodity trades it executes or intends to execute with its customers. Failure to execute or improper execution of a derivative position, or a firmly committed sale or purchase contract, or a speculative transaction that closes without the desired result or exposure to counter party risk could have an adverse impact on the results of operations and liquidity.

11

(2)This Segment Faces Increasing Competition from Several Sources. This segment is experiencing increasing competition in certain foreign markets by well-capitalized originators, traders of commodities making sales directly to end-use customers and industrial-asset owners that compete in the same markets as this segment. If various competing raw-material originators refuse to sell commodities to Seaboard for sale in these foreign markets, it could be more challenging for this segment to purchase commodities for sale to its customers at competitive prices. Also, competition with imported products or other local producers impact this segment’s industrial operations. This segment’s sales volume and sale prices for commodities to customers, as well as results of operations, could be adversely impacted by such increased competition.

Specific Marine Segment Risks

(1)This Segment’s Services Are Affected by International Trade and Fluctuating Freight Rates. This segment provides cargo shipping services in the U.S. and in many different countries in the Caribbean and Central and South America. In addition to the risks of overseas operations, fluctuations in economic conditions, inflation and unstable or hostile local political situations in the countries in which this segment operates could affect trade volumes and cargo freight rates, as well as adversely affect this segment’s results of operations.
(2)Chartered Ships Are Subject to Fluctuating Rates and Availability. Time-charter expenses are one of this segment’s largest expenses. These costs, and availability of ships, can vary greatly due to a number of factors including the worldwide supply and demand for shipping. It is not possible to determine in advance whether a long-term charter contract will be favorable to this segment’s business. Accordingly, entering into either long-term charter hire contracts during periods of decreasing charter hire costs or short-term charter hire contracts during periods of increasing charter hire costs could have an adverse effect on this segment’s results of operations. To improve cargo services on higher frequency routes and generate more capacity, this segment purchases space, also known as slots, on certain third-party operated vessels. It is expected that this segment will continue purchasing slots in the future, but these ship providers may not be reliable and cause shipment delays or other challenges.
(3)Hurricanes or Other Adverse Weather Conditions May Disrupt Operations. This segment’s port operations can be subject to disruption due to hurricanes or other adverse weather conditions, which could have an adverse effect on this segment’s results of operations.

Specific Sugar and Alcohol Segment Risks

(1)This Segment Depends on the Condition of the Argentine Economy, Currency and Political Climate. This segment operates a sugar mill, alcohol production and power generation facility in Argentina. Fluctuations in economic conditions or changes in the Argentine political climate could have an impact on the costs of operations, the sales prices of products, export opportunities and the exchange rate of the Argentine peso to the U.S. dollar. Local sales prices for retail sugar and bioethanol are affected by government price controls, and domestic prices for sugar are affected by import duties imposed by the Argentine government, impacting local volume sold, as well as imported and exported volumes to and from international markets. If import duties are changed, this could have a negative impact on the sales prices of this segment’s products. In addition, the majority of this segment’s sales are within Argentina, and any Argentine government attempts to control inflation through retail price controls on mass consumption products, including sugar, could adversely impact the local sales prices of this segment’s products and the results of operations for this segment. In the second quarter of 2018, Argentina was determined to be a highly inflationary economy.
(2)This Segment Is Subject to Weather, Crop Disease and Pests Risks. This segment may be adversely affected by numerous factors over which this segment has little or no control, including adverse weather and growing conditions, pest and disease problems. Of these risks, weather particularly could adversely affect the amount and quality of the sugarcane produced by this segment and its competitors located in other regions of Argentina.
(3)The Loss or Closure of This Segment’s Sole Processing Facility Would Adversely Affect the Business. This segment is largely dependent on the continued operation of a single sugar mill. The loss of or damage to this mill for any reason, including highly pathogenic disease outbreaks, fire, tornado or earthquake, or the occurrence of adverse governmental action or labor unrest resulting in labor strikes could adversely affect the business of this segment.
(4)Labor Relations Challenges Could Adversely Affect Operations. This segment is dependent on unionized labor at its single sugar mill in Argentina. The political and economic environment in Argentina makes labor relations very challenging. Contributing to the situation are the historical policies of Argentina’s government and the failure of the Argentine courts to enforce contractual obligations with unions and basic property rights. Interruptions in production as a result of labor unrest could adversely impact the quantity of sugarcane harvested

12

and the amount of sugar, alcohol and power produced and could interfere with the distribution of products stored at the facility.

Specific Power Segment Risks

(1)This Segment’s Services Are Affected by Competition from More Efficient Energy Producers. This segment sells the power it generates primarily to government-owned distribution companies, and the government can decide which power units will be able to operate. Typically, dispatch is done based on a merit list with lower-cost power plants dispatched before those with higher costs. More efficient power producer competitors, such as from renewable energy, including hydro, solar, and wind, or other nonrenewable energy sources like coal, are less costly to operate, and could cause the demand for this segment’s energy to decline and the spot market rates to decline as well, which will adversely affect this segment’s results of operations.
(2)Difficulties Could Be Experienced in the Start-up of the New Power Generating Barge. Commercial operations at this segment’s new power generating barge, EDM III, are expected to commence in 2022, but not at full capacity. Timing could be delayed further, and full capacity expectations could take longer than planned. Difficulties encountered in the start-up of operations could have adverse effects on this segment’s results of operations.
(3)Supply of Natural Gas Is Limited in the Dominican Republic. Supply of natural gas in the Dominican Republic is limited to one primary supplier. EDM III will only operate on natural gas, but EDM II can run on other types of fuel. Supply disruptions of natural gas could have an adverse impact on this segment’s operating income.
(4)This Segment Depends on the Condition of the Dominican Republic Economy, Currency and Political Climate. Fluctuations in economic conditions or changes in the Dominican Republic political climate could have an impact on the costs of operations, the sales prices of products and the exchange rate of the Dominican peso to the U.S. dollar. In addition to significant currency fluctuations and the other risks of overseas operations, this segment could experience difficulty in obtaining timely collections of trade receivables from the government-owned distribution companies or other companies that must also collect from the government in order to make payments on their accounts. Currently, the Dominican Republic does not allow a free market to enable prices to rise with demand as the supply is restricted due to insufficient cash flow from electric distributors and the subsidy the government provides, which could limit this segment’s profitability. As a result, the government has the ability to arbitrarily decide which power units will be able to operate, which can ultimately determine spot market prices for electricity generated and sold into the power grid and, therefore, could have adverse effects on this segment’s results of operations.
(5)This Segment May Be Unable to Renew Certain Permits. This segment’s barges are subject to various permitting requirements imposed by the Dominican government. A major risk inherent in this segment’s operations is the need to renew permits, and any delay or failure to obtain a renewal permit could have a significant impact on this segment’s operations.

Specific Turkey Segment Risks

(1)Increases in Costs of Butterball’s Feed Components Could Adversely Affect Costs and Operating Margins. Feed costs are the most significant single component of the cost of raising turkeys and could be materially affected by commodity price fluctuations for corn, soybean meal and other commodity inputs, as well as inflation. Butterball’s results may be negatively affected by increased costs of the feed components. Butterball attempts to manage some of these risks through the use of commodity derivatives; however, this may also limit its ability to participate in gains from favorable commodity fluctuations. Unless wholesale turkey prices correspondingly increase, increases in the prices of Butterball’s feed components would adversely affect Butterball’s results of operations and the value of Seaboard’s investment in Butterball.
(2)Adverse Operating Results or Inability to Renew Financing Could Result in Need for Raising Additional Capital. Butterball has third-party bank loan facilities that are secured by substantially all of the assets of Butterball. Adverse operating results could cause Butterball to default on such loan facilities or cause lenders to not renew or extend existing financing, which could result in a significant adverse impact on Butterball’s financial position. As a result, Seaboard or other investors may need to make additional capital investment or provide financing to Butterball, which could adversely impact Butterball’s results of operations, liquidity position or negatively impact the value, or cause dilution, of Seaboard’s investment in Butterball.
(3)Decreased Perception of Value in the Butterball Brand and Changes in Consumer Preferences Could Adversely Affect Sales Quantity and Price of Butterball Products. Butterball is a premium brand name, built on a long history of offering quality products that has been differentiated in the market. The value of the Butterball brand allows for sales of a higher unit price for certain products compared to other turkey providers. In order to maintain

13

this advantage, Butterball must continue to support the brand with successful marketing efforts and develop new products. Consumer product preferences continue to evolve as a result of, among other things, shifting consumer demographics; changes in consumer lifestyles; digital shopping patterns; and competitive product and pricing pressures. If Butterball’s products fail to meet consumer preferences, or Butterball fails to introduce new products or product extensions on a timely basis, the brand value could diminish significantly. In addition, negative news reports for any reason related to Butterball or the turkey/poultry industry could negatively impact this brand perception, Butterball’s results of operations and the value of Seaboard’s investment in Butterball.
(4)The Loss of Closure of Butterball’s Primary Further Processing Facility Could Adversely Affect Butterball’s Business. Although Butterball has three processing plants and three further processing plants, Butterball is disproportionately dependent on the continued operation of the processing plant in North Carolina, that handles a significant volume of the production of further processed turkey products. The closure, even temporarily, loss of or damage to this plant for any reason, including highly pathogenic disease outbreaks, fire, hurricane, tornado, or the occurrence of an adverse governmental action could adversely affect the results of operations and financial position for Butterball and the value of Seaboard’s investment in Butterball.
(5)Health Risk to Poultry Could Adversely Affect Production, the Supply of Raw Materials and Butterball’s Business. Butterball is subject to risks relating to its ability to maintain animal health and control diseases, such as avian influenza. The general health of the turkeys and reproductive performance could have an adverse impact on production and production costs, the supply of raw material to Butterball’s processing operations and consumer confidence. If Butterball’s turkeys are affected by disease, Butterball may be required to destroy infected birds, which could adversely affect Butterball’s production or ability to sell or export its products. Adverse publicity concerning any disease or health concern could also cause customers to lose confidence in the safety and quality of Butterball products, resulting in an adverse effect on Butterball’s results of operations and the value of Seaboard’s investment in Butterball.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

Management believes that Seaboard’s present facilities are adequate and suitable for its current purposes. Seaboard’s principal properties by segment are described below:

(1)   Pork - Seaboard’s Pork segment owns a pork processing plant in Oklahoma. It has a double-shift capacity to process approximately six million hogs annually and generally operates at capacity with additional weekend shifts depending on market conditions. Seaboard’s hog production operations have the capacity to breed and raise approximately eight million hogs annually at facilities it primarily owns or at facilities owned and operated by third parties with whom it has grower contracts. This segment owns and operates eight centrally located feed mills, which have a combined capacity to produce approximately three million tons of formulated feed annually. These feed mills are used primarily to support Seaboard’s existing hog production and have the capability of supporting additional hog production in the future. These facilities are located in Iowa, Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas and Colorado. The Pork segment owns biodiesel plants in Oklahoma and Missouri, with the capacity to produce 46 million gallons and 30 million gallons, respectively, of biodiesel annually, and a renewable diesel plant in Kansas currently expected to produce 85 million gallons of renewable diesel annually when operating at full capacity. The Pork segment uses a terminal facility in California to store and distribute approximately 66 million gallons of renewable fuel per year, with an expected increase to 150 million gallons per year after further capital improvements in 2022.

(2)   Commodity Trading and Milling - Seaboard’s CT&M segment operates facilities at 40 locations in 23 countries and has 13 trading offices in 12 countries. The facilities located in Botswana, Brazil, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, Gambia, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Lesotho, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Peru, Republic of Congo, South Africa, Turkey, and Zambia own the land and plants. The facilities located in Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Senegal and Zambia lease the land on which certain facilities are located under long-term agreements. Certain foreign milling operations may operate at less than full capacity due to low demand, poor consumer purchasing power, excess milling capacity in their competitive environment or imported flour. Seaboard’s CT&M segment owns three 18,900 metric ton deadweight dry bulk vessels and charters between 38 to 56 bulk vessels with deadweights of up to 82,000 metric tons under short-term agreements.

(3)   Marine - Seaboard’s Marine segment leases approximately 297,000 square feet of off-port warehouse space and approximately 86 acres of port terminal land and facilities in Miami, Florida, which are used in its containerized cargo operations. Seaboard’s Marine segment also leases an approximately 100-acre cargo handling and marine terminal facility in Houston, Texas, which includes several warehouses totaling approximately 690,000 square feet for cargo storage. The

14

Marine segment owns four ocean cargo vessels with deadweights of up to approximately 28,000 metric tons. During 2021, Seaboard’s Marine segment executed contracts to build three vessels with completion expected in 2024. Additionally, in 2021, Seaboard Marine committed to purchasing two additional vessels, which the company currently charters, in early 2022. Moreover, this segment charters 20 vessels under contracts with a remaining average term of 19 months with deadweights of up to approximately 34,700 metric tons. Seaboard’s Marine segment owns or leases dry, refrigerated and specialized containers and other related equipment.

(4)   Sugar and Alcohol - Seaboard’s Sugar and Alcohol segment owns nearly 70,000 acres of planted sugarcane and a sugar mill with an annual capacity to crush approximately three million metric tons of sugar cane. The facility, including an alcohol distillery, has an annual production capacity of approximately 250,000 metric tons of sugar if maximizing sugar production, and approximately 33 million gallons of alcohol if maximizing alcohol production. Depending on the market conditions, this segment can produce more sugar and less alcohol, or vice versa. This capacity is sufficient to process all of the cane harvested by this segment and additional quantities purchased from third-party farmers in the region. The sugarcane fields, processing mill, distillery and 51-megawatt cogeneration power plant are located in northern Argentina in the Salta Province. This area experiences seasonal rainfalls that may limit the harvest season, which then affects the duration of mill operations and quantities of sugar, alcohol and power produced.

(5)   Power - Seaboard’s Power segment owns two power generating barges that is secured on the Ozama River in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. EDM III will have the capacity to generate approximately 146 megawatts of electricity and EDM II has the capacity to generate approximately 108 megawatts.

(6)   Turkey - Seaboard’s Turkey segment has a total of three processing plants, three further processing plants and numerous company and third-party live production facilities and feed milling operations, located in North Carolina, Arkansas, Missouri and Kansas. These facilities produce approximately one billion pounds of turkey each year. Although capacity to meet core further processing demand is sufficient, Butterball uses third-party copacker arrangements to supplement portions of its portfolio where it either does not maintain competencies, or to meet demand beyond its internal production capacity.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

The information required by this item is included in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

15

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Seaboard’s common stock is traded on the NYSE American under the symbol SEB. Seaboard had 4,143 stockholders of record of its common stock as of January 31, 2022.

Stock Performance Graph

The SEC requires a five-year comparison of stock performance for Seaboard with that of an appropriate broad equity market index and similar industry index. Since there is no single industry index to compare stock performance, the companies comprising the Dow Jones U.S. Food Products and Dow Jones U.S. Marine Transportation Industry indices (the “Peer Group”) were chosen as the second comparison.

The following line graph shows a five-year comparison of cumulative total return for Seaboard Corporation, the NYSE American Index and the companies comprising the Peer Group, weighted by market capitalization for the five fiscal years commencing December 31, 2016 and ending December 31, 2021.

Graphic

The comparison of cumulative total returns presented in the above graph was plotted using the following index values and common stock price values:

    

12/31/16

    

12/31/17

    

12/31/18

    

12/31/19

    

12/31/20

    

12/31/21

 

Seaboard Corporation

$

100.00

$

111.76

$

89.80

$

108.13

$

77.33

$

100.63

NYSE American

$

100.00

$

101.61

$

86.60

$

97.92

$

95.85

$

127.23

Peer Group

$

100.00

$

101.65

$

85.23

$

106.87

$

112.14

$

127.06

In each of the four quarters of 2021, 2020 and 2019, Seaboard declared and paid quarterly dividends of $2.25 per share of common stock. Seaboard’s Board of Directors intends that Seaboard will continue to pay quarterly dividends for the

16

reasonably foreseeable future, with such future dividends and the amount of any such dividends being subject to the determination, declaration and discretion of Seaboard’s Board of Directors and dependent upon factors such as Seaboard’s financial condition, results of operations, and, current and anticipated cash needs, including capital requirements. As discussed in Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements, Seaboard’s ability to declare and pay dividends is subject to limitations imposed by debt agreements.

Seaboard has not established any equity compensation plans or individual agreements for its employees under which Seaboard common stock, or options, rights or warrants with respect to Seaboard common stock, may be granted.

Item 6. Reserved

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Management Discussion and Analysis is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, Seaboard’s consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes in Item 8. Certain statements in this report contain forward-looking statements. See the introduction in Item 1 for more information on these forward-looking statements, including a discussion of the most significant factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements.

OVERVIEW

Sales and costs of Seaboard’s segments are significantly influenced by worldwide fluctuations in commodity prices and changes in foreign political and economic conditions. Accordingly, sales, operating income and cash flows can fluctuate significantly from year to year. As each segment operates in a distinct industry and a different geographic location, management evaluates their operations separately. Seaboard’s reporting segments are based on information used by Seaboard’s CEO to determine allocation of resources and assess performance, in his capacity as chief operating decision maker.

Pork Segment

The Pork segment primarily produces hogs to process and sells fresh and frozen pork products throughout the U.S. and to foreign markets. Sales prices are directly affected by both domestic and worldwide supply and demand for pork products and other proteins. Feed accounts for the largest input cost in raising hogs and is materially affected by price changes for corn and soybean meal. Market prices for hogs purchased from third parties for processing at the plant also represent a major cost factor. Within the portfolio of Seaboard’s businesses, management believes profitability of the Pork segment is most susceptible to commodity price fluctuations. As a result, this segment’s operating income and cash flows can materially fluctuate from year to year, significantly affecting Seaboard’s consolidated operating income and cash flows. This segment is Seaboard’s most capital-intensive segment, representing approximately 61% of Seaboard’s total fixed assets, in addition to approximately 42% of total inventories, as of December 31, 2021. With the plant generally operating at capacity, Seaboard is continually looking for ways to enhance the plant’s operational efficiency, while also looking to increase margins by introducing new, higher value-added products. This segment also produces biodiesel for sale to third parties, and is expected to begin producing renewable diesel in 2022. Sales prices are affected by the supply and demand of diesel and environmental credit initiatives.

CT&M Segment

The CT&M segment provides integrated agricultural commodity trading, processing and logistics services. The majority of the CT&M segment’s sales are derived from sourcing agricultural commodities from multiple origins which are delivered to third-party and affiliate customers in various international locations. This segment’s sales are also significantly affected by fluctuating prices of various commodities, such as wheat, corn and soybean meal. Exports from various countries can exacerbate volatile market conditions that may have a significant impact on this segment’s sales and operating income. Profit margins are sometimes protected by using commodity derivatives and other risk management practices. The execution of these purchase and delivery transactions have long cycles of completion, which may extend for several months with a high degree of price volatility. As a result, these factors can significantly affect sales volumes, operating income, working capital and related cash flows from period to period. This segment represents approximately 53% of Seaboard’s total inventories as of December 31, 2021. Consolidated and non-consolidated affiliates operate the grain processing mills in foreign countries that are, in most cases, lesser developed and can be significantly impacted by changes in local crop production, political instability and local government policies, as well as fluctuations in economic and industry conditions and foreign currency exchange rates. The CT&M segment has invested in several entities in recent years and continues to seek opportunities to expand its business.

17

Marine Segment

The Marine segment provides cargo shipping services in the U.S., the Caribbean and Central and South America. Fluctuations in economic conditions and political instability in the regions or countries in which this segment operates may affect trade volumes and operating profits. In addition, cargo rates can fluctuate depending on regional supply and demand for shipping services. Since the Marine segment time-charters the majority of its ocean cargo vessels, it is affected by fluctuations in charter hire rates as well as fuel costs. This segment continues to explore ways to increase volumes on existing routes while seeking opportunities to broaden its route structure in the regions it serves.

Sugar and Alcohol Segment

The Sugar and Alcohol segment produces and processes sugar and alcohol in Argentina, primarily to be marketed locally. The Sugar and Alcohol segment’s sales and operating income are significantly affected by local sugar and alcohol prices, and domestic sugar production levels and government regulations affect these local prices. The currency exchange rate can have an impact on reported U.S. dollar sales, operating income and cash flows.

Power Segment

The Power segment is an independent power producer in the Dominican Republic. Spot market rates are impacted by fuel prices and the various producers supplying power to the grid. While fuel is this segment’s largest cost component and is subject to price fluctuations, higher fuel costs generally have been passed on to customers.

Turkey Segment

The Turkey segment, accounted for using the equity method, produces turkeys to process and sells turkey products. Sales prices are directly affected by both domestic and worldwide supply and demand for turkey products and other proteins. Feed accounts for the largest input cost in raising turkeys and is materially affected by price changes for corn and soybean meal. As a result, commodity price fluctuations can significantly affect the profitability and cash flows of Butterball.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Management believes Seaboard’s combination of internally generated cash, liquidity, capital resources and borrowing capabilities will be adequate for its existing operations and any currently known potential plans for expansion of existing operations in both the short-term and long-term.

Summary of Sources and Uses of Cash

Seaboard’s principal funding source is cash from operating activities and principal cash requirements include primarily operating expenses and capital expenditures. As of December 31, 2021, Seaboard had cash and short-term investments of nearly $1.5 billion and additional total working capital of $1.0 billion. The following table presents a summary of Seaboard’s available borrowing capacity under lines of credit.

    

Total amount

 

(Millions of dollars)

available

Short-term uncommitted and committed lines

$

1,074

Amounts drawn against lines

 

(516)

Available borrowing capacity as of December 31, 2021

$

558

As of December 31, 2021, $63 million of the $1.5 billion of cash and short-term investments were held by Seaboard’s foreign subsidiaries. Historically, Seaboard has considered substantially all foreign profits as being permanently invested in its foreign operations, including all cash and short-term investments held by foreign subsidiaries. Seaboard intends to continue permanently reinvesting these funds outside the U.S. as current plans do not demonstrate a need to repatriate them to fund Seaboard’s U.S. operations. For any planned repatriation to the U.S., Seaboard would record applicable deferred taxes for state or foreign withholding taxes.

Cash and short-term investments as of December 31, 2021 decreased $50 million from December 31, 2020. The decrease was primarily the result of lower cash from operations and greater investments in capital expenditures, partially offset by higher draws under lines of credit. Cash from operating activities decreased $199 million primarily due to additional working capital needs, partially offset by higher cash earnings. Inventories were higher as of December 31, 2021 than December 31, 2020, associated with price volatility in the commodity markets. Also outstanding receivables were higher due to more sales in the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to the fourth quarter of 2020. During 2021, the short-term investment portfolio was repositioned to reduce equity price risk and utilize short-term investment proceeds to partially fund capital expenditures.

18

Capital Expenditures, Acquisitions and Other Investing Activities

During 2021, Seaboard invested $460 million in property, plant and equipment, of which $343 million was in the Pork segment, $44 million in the Marine segment and $43 million in the Power segment. The Pork segment expenditures were primarily to complete construction of a renewable diesel plant, purchase and improve a fuel storage and distribution facility and fund biogas recovery projects and other investments. The Marine segment expenditures primarily related to the purchase of a used vessel to increase its company-owned fleet. The Power segment expenditures were primarily for construction of a barge expected to be completed in 2022, commonly referred to as Estrella Del Mar III (“EDM III”). All other capital expenditures were primarily of a normal recurring nature such as replacements of machinery and equipment and general facility modernizations and upgrades.

The total budget for 2022 capital expenditures is approximately $700 million, with $450 million planned in the Pork segment and $200 million in the Marine segment. The Pork segment’s budget primarily includes continued investment in biogas recovery projects, normal replacement of breeding herd and other investments. At certain hog farms, the Pork segment is covering lagoons and constructing biogas upgrade facilities to capture methane and inject renewable gas to the local pipeline infrastructure. The Marine segment’s budget primarily includes the purchase of two used vessels, that are currently chartered, and installment payments on three vessels that are being constructed with completion expected in 2024. The new ships are estimated to cost $60 million each for a total cash outlay of approximately $180 million that is payable in accordance with milestones achieved over the course of construction. As of December 31, 2021, long-term capital expenditure cash requirements include approximately $20 million in 2023 and $90 million in 2024 primarily related to the Marine segment’s vessels under construction. Management anticipates paying for these capital expenditures from a combination of available cash, the use of available short-term investments and Seaboard’s available borrowing capacity.

Seaboard has acquired businesses in 2021, 2020 and 2019, and intends to continue to look for opportunities to further grow and diversify its operations, but there are no definitive plans at this time. Management intends to utilize existing liquidity, available borrowing capacity and other financing alternatives to fund these opportunities. The terms and availability of such financing may be impacted by economic and financial market conditions, as well as Seaboard's financial condition and results of operations at the time Seaboard seeks such financing, and there can be no assurances that Seaboard will be able to obtain such financing on terms that will be acceptable or advantageous. Also, Seaboard may fund capital calls and issue borrowings for its equity method investments based on the specific facts and circumstances.

From time to time, proceeds from the sale of short-term investments may be used to fund capital expenditure purchases or working capital needs. Asset reallocation intended to reduce equity exposure resulted in $2 billion of gross cash flows related to both the sale and purchase of short-term investments in the consolidated statement of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2021. Seaboard continues to make investments, including $98 million in long-term investments for the year-ended December 31, 2021, to effectively manage its assets. As of December 31, 2021, Seaboard is committed to invest approximately $20 million in certain long-term investments in 2022, primarily real-estate related.

Financing Activities

Seaboard believes it has adequate available borrowings to meet short-term and long-term operating needs. Draws under lines of credit have increased compared to prior years to fund working capital and greater investments in capital expenditures. Seaboard had long-term debt of $717 million as of December 31, 2021, which includes a term loan due 2028 of $677 million. Current maturities on long-term debt was $8 million as of December 31, 2021, with expected annual interest payments of approximately $12 million based on interest rates as of year-end. During 2021, Seaboard repaid foreign subsidiary debt related to a 2018 acquisition of $46 million upon its maturity. See Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion of debt.

Future Contractual Obligations

Other than those obligations discussed above, future obligations mostly include normal operating expenses. For operating and finance leases, Seaboard has a current undiscounted obligation of $217 million and a long-term undiscounted obligation of $537 million as noted in Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements. The majority of Seaboard’s purchase commitments for materials or supplies are related to hog, grain, feedstock and fuel procurement contracts with a current obligation of approximately $1.7 billion and a long-term obligation of approximately $1.5 billion as noted in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements. Also, Seaboard is subject to obligations under its existing defined benefit pension plans. As of December 31, 2021, the accounting unfunded status of all plans was $135 million. Anticipated employer payments related to the unfunded nonqualified executive plans in 2022 are $18 million. For additional information about Seaboard’s pension plans, see Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements.

19

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Net sales for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019 were $9.2 billion, $7.1 billion and $6.8 billion, respectively. The increase for 2021 compared to 2020 primarily reflected higher prices of commodities sold in the CT&M segment, higher prices for pork products, market hogs and biodiesel sold in the Pork segment and higher cargo volumes and rates in the Marine segment. The increase for 2020 compared to 2019 primarily reflected higher volumes of certain commodities in the CT&M segment and higher volumes for pork products and hogs sold in the Pork segment, partially offset by lower cargo volumes in the Marine segment and lower spot prices and generation in the Power segment.

Operating income for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019 was $458 million, $245 million and $110 million, respectively. The increase for 2021 compared to 2020 primarily reflected higher voyage revenue in the Marine segment, increased margins on pork product and market hog sales in the Pork segment, and higher commodity prices, partially offset by derivative commodity contract losses and other operational costs in the CT&M segment. The increase for 2020 compared to 2019 primarily reflected lower derivative contract losses and higher margins on pork product sales in the Pork segment and higher margins on third-party sales and derivative contract gains in the CT&M segment, partially offset by lower revenues in the Power segment.

Seaboard’s operations have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, with 2020 financial results impacted more than 2021 financial results, especially with regards to cargo volumes at Seaboard’s Marine segment. Continued challenges remain with labor availability and labor costs, resulting in higher production costs. The near and long-term impacts of COVID-19, including variants, on Seaboard’s operations and the global economy are unknown and impossible to predict with any level of certainty.

Pork Segment

(Millions of dollars)

    

    

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

 

Net sales

$

2,481

$

1,941

$

1,851

Operating income

$

227

$

131

$

60

Income (loss) from affiliates

$

3

$

(9)

$

(22)

Net sales for the Pork segment increased $540 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. The increase was primarily the result of higher prices of pork products sold, and to a lesser extent, higher prices and volumes of market hogs and higher biodiesel prices, partially offset by lower volumes of pork products sold.

Operating income for the Pork segment increased $96 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. The increase was primarily due to higher margins on pork product sales and market hogs due to higher sales prices, partially offset by higher hog costs related to feed and higher selling, general and administrative expenses. Management is unable to predict market prices for pork products, the cost of feed or third-party hogs, biodiesel prices or the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including variants, for future periods. However, management anticipates this segment will be profitable in 2022. The uncertainties and the volatility of the commodity grain markets could have a significant impact on this segment’s profitability.

Income from affiliates has increased due to improved results at both STF and Daily’s primarily related to the commodity markets and return of sales volumes post COVID-19 disruptions. In January 2022, the Pork segment sold 50% of its ham-boning operations in Mexico. The Pork segment will continue to sell raw materials for further processing to this affiliate, and earnings from the Mexico operations will be reflected in Income (loss) from affiliates effective in the first quarter of 2022.

Net sales for the Pork segment increased $90 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The increase was primarily the result of higher volumes of pork products, market hogs and biodiesel sold and the recognition of more federal blender’s credits than the prior year, partially offset by lower biodiesel prices. In December 2019, the President of the U.S. signed into law the Further Consolidated Appropriations Act that extended the federal blender’s credits through 2022.

Operating income for the Pork segment increased $71 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The increase was primarily due to lower derivative contract losses, higher pork product sales, lower costs for feed and third-party hogs, more income associated with the federal blender’s credits received, and no expense related to the withdrawal liability from a multi-employer pension fund recorded in 2019, partially offset by higher plant processing costs and lower margins on biodiesel sales.

20

CT&M Segment

(Millions of dollars)

    

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

 

Net sales

$

5,154

$

3,994

$

3,672

Operating income as reported

$

61

$

118

$

62

Marked-to-market adjustments

 

7

 

(15)

 

5

Operating income excluding marked-to-market adjustments

$

68

$

103

$

67

Income (loss) from affiliates

$

18

$

(2)

$

(5)

Net sales for the CT&M segment increased $1.2 billion for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. The increase primarily reflected higher sales prices of most commodities, and to a lesser extent, higher volumes to third-party customers, partially offset by lower volumes to affiliates due to timing of shipments.

Operating income for the CT&M segment decreased $57 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. The decrease primarily reflected derivative contract losses of $22 million related to the change in mark-to-market adjustments, $18 million of goodwill and property, plant and equipment impairment charges related to plans to dispose of immaterial businesses, and higher selling, general and administrative expenses. Due to worldwide commodity price fluctuations, the uncertain political and economic conditions in the countries in which this segment operates, the volatility in the commodity markets and the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including variants, management is unable to predict sales and operating results for this segment for future periods. However, management anticipates positive operating income for this segment in 2022, excluding the effects of marking to market derivative contracts.

Had Seaboard not applied mark-to-market accounting to its derivative instruments, operating income for this segment would have been higher by $7 million and $5 million in 2021 and 2019, respectively, and lower by $15 million in 2020. While management believes its commodity futures, options and foreign exchange contracts are primarily economic hedges of its firm purchase and sales contracts or anticipated sales contracts, Seaboard does not perform the extensive record-keeping required to account for these transactions as hedges for accounting purposes. Accordingly, while the changes in fair value of the derivative instruments were marked to market, the changes in value of the firm purchase or sales contracts were not. As products are delivered to customers, these existing marked-to-market adjustments should be primarily offset by realized margins or losses as revenue is recognized over time and therefore, these marked-to-market adjustments could reverse in fiscal 2022. Management believes eliminating these marked-to-market adjustments provides a more reasonable presentation to compare and evaluate period-to-period financial results for this segment.

Income from affiliates increased $20 million for year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020 primarily due to improved results from several of this segment’s affiliates related to a return of sales volumes post COVID-19 disruptions.

Net sales for the CT&M segment increased $322 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The increase primarily reflected higher volumes of certain commodities for third-party customers, including sales from a business acquired in October 2019, and higher corn, soybean and other commodity prices, partially offset by lower volumes to affiliates.

Operating income for the CT&M segment increased $56 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The increase primarily reflected higher margins on third-party sales, including margins for a business acquired in October 2019, from higher prices and volumes, derivative contract gains of $20 million related to the change in mark-to-market adjustments and lower selling, general and administrative expenses.

Marine Segment

(Millions of dollars)

    

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Net sales

$

1,396

$

1,005

$

1,061

Operating income

$

197

$

21

$

4

Income from affiliates

$

6

$

2

$

3

Net sales for the Marine segment increased $391 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. The increase was primarily the result of an increase in average freight rates due to strong demand and the current global shortage of vessels, and higher cargo volumes. In 2020, cargo volumes were lower due to many of Seaboard Marine’s customers temporarily shutting down due to government orders associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and the recovery of operations taking time.

21

Operating income for the Marine segment increased $176 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. The increase was primarily the result of higher voyage revenue, partially offset by higher fuel costs due to the increase in both price and consumption, higher charter hire costs due to increased rates, and higher terminal and intermodal trucking costs related to the increase in cargo volumes. Management cannot predict changes in fuel costs, cargo volumes and cargo rates, the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including variants, for future periods. However, management anticipates this segment will be profitable in 2022, including consideration of continued high charter hire rates.

Net sales for the Marine segment decreased $56 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The decrease was primarily the result of lower cargo volumes, partially offset by higher rates due to a change in cargo mix with more refrigerated containers that generally have a higher freight rate.

Operating income for the Marine segment increased $17 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The increase was primarily the result of lower fuel costs due to the decrease in price and consumption and lower other voyage costs and terminal costs related to the reduction in cargo volumes.

Sugar and Alcohol Segment

(Millions of dollars)

    

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Net sales

$

123

$

106

$

121

Operating income (loss)

$

2

$

2

$

(16)

Income from affiliates

$

$

1

$

1

Net sales for the Sugar and Alcohol segment increased $17 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. The increase primarily reflected higher prices and volumes of alcohol sold related to strong demand post the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown, partially offset by lower sugar sales. Sugar and alcohol sales are denominated in Argentine pesos, and an increase in local sales prices may be offset by exchange rate changes in the Argentine peso against the U.S. dollar. This segment’s functional currency is the U.S. dollar, which will continue to be effective as long as the Argentine economy is considered highly inflationary.

Operating income for the Sugar and Alcohol segment remained the same for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. Higher margins on alcohol sales were primarily offset by lower sugar sales and higher sugar production costs. Management cannot predict local sugar and alcohol prices, the volatility in the currency exchange rate or the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including variants, for future periods. Based on these conditions, management cannot predict if this segment will be profitable in 2022.

Net sales for the Sugar and Alcohol segment decreased $15 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The decrease primarily reflected lower volumes and prices of alcohol sold as a result of less demand for fuels with the lengthy COVID-19 pandemic lockdown, partially offset by higher sugar prices.

Operating income for the Sugar and Alcohol segment increased $18 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The increase primarily reflected higher margins on sugar due to higher prices and lower alcohol and sugar production costs.

Power Segment

(Millions of dollars)

    

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Net sales

$

60

$

64

$

117

Operating income (loss)

$

(9)

$

3

$

27

Income from affiliates

$

$

$

3

Net sales for the Power segment decreased $4 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020. The decrease primarily reflected lower production related to reduced operations associated with relocating and connecting the existing barge at a new site, temporary fuel constraints and more power generation from lower variable-cost producers, offset by an increase in spot market rates as a result of higher fuel prices. Typically, lower cost power plants are dispatched before those with higher costs.

Operating income for the Power segment decreased $12 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to 2020, primarily due to lower revenues and higher operational costs related to increased fuel, maintenance and labor costs associated with the installation of EDM III. The commercial operations for EDM III are expected to begin in 2022.

22

Management cannot predict fuel costs, the extent that spot market rates will fluctuate compared to fuel costs or other power producers, or the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including variants, for future periods. Based on these conditions and the timing of EDM III’s commercial operations, management cannot predict if this segment will be profitable in 2022.

Net sales for the Power segment decreased $53 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The decrease primarily reflected lower spot market rates as a result of lower fuel prices and lower production related to more power generation from lower variable-cost producers.

Operating income for the Power segment decreased $24 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019 primarily due to lower revenues, partially offset by lower fuel costs due to lower prices and fuel consumption.

Turkey Segment

(Millions of dollars)

    

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Loss from affiliate

$

(20)

$

(10)

$

(21)

The Turkey segment, accounted for using the equity method, represents Seaboard’s investment in Butterball. The increase in loss from affiliate for 2021 compared to 2020 was primarily the result of lower sales volumes and higher live and plant production costs due to increased feed and labor prices, partially offset by higher sales due to increased prices. The decrease in loss from affiliate for 2020 compared to 2019 was primarily the result of higher sales attributable to more whole bird volumes and increased prices related to a stronger sales mix of value-added products sold and less interest expense, partially offset by higher live and production costs. Management is unable to predict market prices for turkey products, the cost of feed or the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including variants, for future periods. Based on these conditions, management cannot predict if this segment will be profitable in 2022. The uncertainties and the volatility of the commodity grain markets could have a significant impact on this segment’s profitability.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses for the year ended December 31, 2021 increased $31 million compared to 2020. The increase was primarily the result of higher personnel costs including annual raises and bonuses associated with improved financial performance, more consulting fees associated with legal and other advisory matters, an increase in travel costs as vaccinations became available and bad debt expense. SG&A expenses for the year ended December 31, 2020 decreased $7 million compared to 2019. The decrease was primarily the result of lower costs related to Seaboard’s deferred compensation program, recovery of bad debt expense and lower travel costs and other cost reduction efforts, partially offset by higher personnel costs, which included higher pension settlement charges in 2020. The deferred compensation program costs are offset by the effect of the mark-to-market on investments recorded in other investment income (loss).

Interest Expense

Interest expense totaled $13 million, $19 million and $36 million for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in interest expense for 2021 compared to 2020 primarily related to mark-to-market fluctuations on interest rate swap agreements and lower interest rates on outstanding debt, partially offset by less capitalized interest related to capital expenditure investments. The decrease in interest expense for 2020 compared to 2019 was primarily related to lower interest rates on outstanding debt and increased capitalized interest.

Interest Income

Interest income totaled $22 million, $22 million and $30 million for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Interest income primarily includes interest earned on debt securities.

Other Investment Income (Loss), Net

Other investment income (loss), net totaled $133 million, $84 million and $225 million for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The increase in other investment income for 2021 compared to 2020 primarily reflected realized gains on short-term investments, partially offset by mark-to-market losses on short-term investments. The decrease in other investment income for 2020 compared to 2019 was primarily due to mark-to-market fluctuations on short-term investments.

Foreign Currency Gains (Losses), Net

Foreign currency gains (losses), net totaled $16 million, $(31) million and $0 million for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The increase in foreign currency gains for 2021 compared to 2020 primarily reflected gains in the euro, Zambian kwacha and South African rand, among fluctuations of other currency

23

exchange rates in several foreign countries. The decrease in foreign currency gains for 2020 compared to 2019 primarily reflected losses in the euro, Zambian kwacha and South African rand, among fluctuations of other currency exchange rates in several foreign countries.

Income Tax Expense

The 2021 effective tax rate was higher than the 2020 effective tax rate primarily due to increased earnings which decreased the proportional effect of tax credits available to offset the associated income tax. The 2020 effective tax rate was higher than the 2019 effective tax rate primarily due to decreased tax-exempt income and federal investment tax credits, partially offset by a decrease in foreign tax expense related to a change in the mix of domestic and foreign earnings as compared to the prior year. See Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements for further information on Seaboard’s income taxes.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

This discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon Seaboard’s consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires Seaboard to make estimates, judgments, and assumptions that can have a meaningful effect on the reporting of consolidated financial statements. See Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements for a discussion of significant accounting policies. Management has identified the accounting estimates believed to be the most important to the portrayal of Seaboard’s financial condition and results, and that require management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Management has reviewed these critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

Accrued Pension Liability – The measurement of Seaboard’s pension liability and related expense is dependent on a variety of assumptions and estimates regarding future events. These assumptions include discount rates, assumed rate of return on plan assets, compensation increases, mortality rates and retirement rates. The discount rate and return on plan assets are important elements of liability and expense measurement and are reviewed on an annual basis. The effect of decreasing both the discount rate and assumed rate of return on plan assets by 50 basis points would be an increase in pension expense of approximately $4 million per year. The effects of actual results differing from the assumptions (i.e. gains or losses) are primarily accumulated in accrued pension liability and amortized over future periods if it exceeds the 10% corridor and, therefore, could affect Seaboard’s recognized pension expense in such future periods, as permitted under GAAP. See Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements for discussion of the pension rates and assumptions.

Income Taxes – Income taxes are determined by management based on current tax regulations in the various worldwide taxing jurisdictions in which Seaboard conducts its business. In various situations, accruals have been made for estimates of the tax effects for certain transactions, business structures, the estimated reversal of timing differences and future projected profitability of Seaboard’s various business units based on management’s interpretation of existing facts, circumstances and tax regulations. Should new evidence come to management’s attention that could alter previous conclusions, if tax laws change or if taxing authorities disagree with the positions taken by Seaboard, the change in estimate could result in a material adverse or favorable impact on the financial statements. An increase in the future U.S. federal income tax rate of 5% would increase tax expense on the reversal of timing differences by approximately $23 million as a one-time adjustment, which would be fully reflected in the period of enactment.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Seaboard is exposed to various types of market risks in its day-to-day operations. Primary market risk exposures result from changing commodity prices, foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and equity prices. Occasionally derivatives are used to manage these overall market risks; however, Seaboard does not perform the extensive record-keeping required to account for derivative transactions as hedges. Since these derivatives are not accounted for as hedges, fluctuations in the related prices could have a material impact on earnings in any given year. From time to time, Seaboard also enters into speculative derivative transactions related to its market risks.

Commodity price changes affect the cost of necessary raw materials and other inventories, finished product sales and firm sales commitments. Seaboard uses various grain, oilseed and other commodity futures and options purchase contracts to manage certain risks of increasing prices of raw materials and firm sales commitments or anticipated sales contracts. Short sales contracts are used to offset the open purchase derivatives when the related commodity inventory is purchased in advance of the derivative maturity, effectively offsetting the initial futures or option purchase contract.

The political and economic conditions of the countries in which Seaboard does business, along with fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar, cause volatility in currency exchange rates, which exposes Seaboard to fluctuating foreign currency gains and losses that cannot be predicted. Since changes in foreign currency exchange rates affect the cash paid

24

or received on foreign currency denominated receivables and payables, Seaboard manages certain of these risks through the use of foreign currency exchange agreements. Also, since changes in interest rates affect the cash required to service variable-rate debt, Seaboard uses interest rate exchange agreements to manage risks of increasing interest rates.

Equity price risk is the risk that Seaboard may incur losses due to adverse changes in the market prices of the equity securities it holds in its short-term investment portfolio. Market prices for equity securities are subject to fluctuation and may result from perceived changes in the underlying economic characteristics of the investee, the relative price of alternative investments and general market conditions. As of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the fair value of Seaboard’s marketable equity securities was approximately $665 million and $835 million, respectively.

The following table presents the sensitivity of the fair value of Seaboard’s derivatives to a hypothetical 10% change in market prices, interest rates and foreign exchange rates as of December 31, 2021 and 2020. The fair value is calculated for each item by valuing each net position at quoted market prices as of the applicable date.

(Millions of dollars)

    

December 31, 2021

    

December 31, 2020

Grains and oilseeds

$

4

$

9

Vegetable oils

 

1

 

3

Energy related resources

 

4

 

Equity prices

67

84

Foreign currencies

 

18

 

13

Interest rates

 

 

2

The table below provides information about Seaboard’s long-term debt that is sensitive to changes in interest rates. For this variable-rate debt, the table presents principal cash flows and related weighted average interest rates by expected maturity dates. Interest rates disclosed on variable-rate debt represent the weighted-average rates as of December 31, 2021.

(Millions of dollars)

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

Thereafter

Total

Long-term debt:

Variable rate

$

8

$

7

$

7

$

7

$

7

$

642

$

678

Weighted average interest rate

2.12%

1.73%

1.73%

1.73%

1.73%

1.73%

1.73%

Long-term debt sensitive to changes in interest rates as of December 31, 2020 totaled $687 million with a weighted average interest rate of 1.80%.

25

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors

Seaboard Corporation:

Opinions on the Consolidated Financial Statements and Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Seaboard Corporation and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, changes in equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes (collectively, the consolidated financial statements). We also have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2021, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021 based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

Basis for Opinions

The Company’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

26

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Critical Audit Matter

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of a critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Sufficiency of audit evidence over net sales

As described in Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company earned $9.2 billion of net sales in 2021. Net sales were primarily generated by the Company’s Pork, Commodity, Trading and Milling, Marine, Sugar and Alcohol, and Power operations, which were dispersed over numerous countries. We identified the evaluation of the sufficiency of audit evidence over net sales as a critical audit matter. Evaluating the sufficiency of audit evidence obtained required auditor judgment due to the geographical dispersion of net sales. Furthermore, given the disaggregation of local management and language differences between locations, our audit team consisted of auditors located in multiple countries around the world.

The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the nature and amounts of the Company’s net sales at its various locations and applied auditor judgment to determine the locations at which procedures were to be performed. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls related to the Company’s net sales process, including controls related to the recognition and consolidation of global net sales amounts. We tested samples of individual net sales transactions by comparing the amounts recognized by the Company to relevant underlying documentation such as purchase orders, contractual arrangements, and delivery documents, as applicable. In addition, we evaluated the sufficiency of audit evidence obtained over net sales by assessing the results of procedures performed, including the appropriateness of the nature and extent of audit effort.

Graphic

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1959.

Kansas City, Missouri

February 15, 2022

27

SEABOARD CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

Years ended December 31,

(Millions of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

 

Net sales:

Products (includes sales to affiliates of $1,396, $1,125 and $1,346)

$

7,714

$

5,993

$

5,610

Services revenues (includes sales to affiliates of $20, $21 and $18)

 

1,445

 

1,058

 

1,104

Other

 

70

 

75

 

126

Total net sales

 

9,229

 

7,126

 

6,840

Cost of sales and operating expenses:

Products

 

7,223

 

5,580

 

5,316

Services

 

1,124

 

915

 

989

Other

 

64

 

57

 

89

Total cost of sales and operating expenses

 

8,411

 

6,552

 

6,394

Gross income

 

818

 

574

 

446

Selling, general and administrative expenses

��

360

 

329

 

336

Operating income

 

458

 

245

 

110

Other income (expense):

Interest expense

 

(13)

 

(19)

 

(36)

Interest income

 

22

 

22

 

30

Income (loss) from affiliates

 

7

 

(18)

 

(41)

Other investment income, net

 

133

 

84

 

225

Foreign currency gains (losses), net

 

16

 

(31)

 

Miscellaneous, net

 

13

 

3

 

2

Total other income, net

 

178

 

41

 

180

Earnings before income taxes

 

636

 

286

 

290

Income tax expense

 

(65)

 

(3)

 

(3)

Net earnings

$

571

$

283

$

287

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(1)

 

0

 

0

Net earnings attributable to Seaboard

$

570

$

283

$

287

Earnings per common share

$

490.36

$

244.21

$

246.62

Average number of shares outstanding

 

1,160,779

 

1,161,526

 

1,165,758

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income tax benefit (expense) of $(8), $3 and $4:

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

8

 

(7)

 

(20)

Unrecognized pension cost

 

31

 

(23)

 

(10)

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

$

39

$

(30)

$

(30)

Comprehensive income

 

610

 

253

 

257

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(1)

 

(1)

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Seaboard

$

609

$

252

$

257

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

28

SEABOARD CORPORATION

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

2021

    

2020

 

Assets

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

75

$

76

Short-term investments

 

1,416

 

1,465

Receivables, net

 

762

 

532

Inventories

 

1,663

 

1,178

Other current assets

 

131

 

103

Total current assets

 

4,047

 

3,354

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

1,892

 

1,582

Operating lease right of use assets, net

496

390

Investments in and advances to affiliates

 

651

 

698

Goodwill

 

163

 

167

Other intangible assets, net

 

45

 

54

Other non-current assets

 

209

 

154

Total assets

$

7,503

$

6,399

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Current liabilities:

Lines of credit

$

516

$

222

Current maturities of long-term debt

 

8

 

55

Accounts payable (includes $1 and $7 to affiliates)

 

404

 

276

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

143

 

110

Deferred revenue (includes $24 and $38 to affiliates)

108

89

Operating lease liabilities

171

111

Accrued voyage costs

 

60

 

68

Other current liabilities

 

142

 

145

Total current liabilities

 

1,552

 

1,076

Long-term debt, less current maturities

 

708

 

707

Long-term operating lease liabilities

360

318

Accrued pension liability

 

131

 

179

Deferred income taxes

 

99

 

103

Other liabilities

 

219

 

188

Total non-current liabilities

 

1,517

 

1,495

Commitments and contingent liabilities

Stockholders’ equity:

Common stock of $1 par value. Authorized 1,250,000 shares; issued and outstanding 1,160,779 shares in 2021 and in 2020

 

1

 

1

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(432)

 

(471)

Retained earnings

 

4,847

 

4,287

Total Seaboard stockholders’ equity

 

4,416

 

3,817

Noncontrolling interests

 

18

 

11

Total equity

 

4,434

 

3,828

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

7,503

$

6,399

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

29

SEABOARD CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

    

Accumulated

    

    

    

 

Other

 

Common

Comprehensive

Retained

Noncontrolling

 

(Millions of dollars)

Stock

Loss

Earnings

Interests

Total

Balances, January 1, 2019

 

$

1

$

(410)

$

3,770

$

11

$

3,372

Comprehensive income:

Net earnings

 

287

 

 

287

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

(30)

 

 

(30)

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

(17)

 

(17)

Reduction to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(1)

 

(1)

Dividends on common stock, $9.00/share

(10)

 

 

(10)

Balances, December 31, 2019

 

1

(440)

4,030

10

3,601

Adoption of new accounting standard (See Note 1)

(3)

(3)

Comprehensive income:

Net earnings

 

283

 

 

283

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

(31)

 

1

 

(30)

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

(13)

 

(13)

Dividends on common stock, $9.00/share

(10)

(10)

Balances, December 31, 2020

1

(471)

4,287

11

3,828

Comprehensive income:

Net earnings

 

570

 

1

 

571

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

39

 

 

39

Additions to noncontrolling interests

6

6

Dividends on common stock, $9.00/share

(10)

(10)

Balances, December 31, 2021

$

1

$

(432)

$

4,847

$

18

$

4,434

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

30

SEABOARD CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

Years ended December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net earnings

$

571

$

283

$

287

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash from operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

 

178

 

172

 

138

Deferred income taxes

 

(12)

 

11

 

(53)

Loss (income) from affiliates

 

(7)

 

18

 

41

Dividends received from affiliates

 

44

 

20

 

10

Other investment income, net

 

(133)

 

(84)

 

(225)

Other, net

 

43

 

(22)

 

(4)

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:

Receivables, net of allowance

 

(228)

 

104

 

(84)

Inventories

 

(462)

 

(99)

 

(158)

Other assets

 

(20)

 

(10)

 

27

Accounts payable

117

(99)

114

Other liabilities, exclusive of debt

 

1

 

(3)

 

78

Net cash from operating activities

 

92

 

291

 

171

Cash flows from investing activities:

Purchase of short-term investments

 

(2,031)

 

(739)

 

(1,026)

Proceeds from sale of short-term investments

 

2,202

 

791

 

973

Proceeds from maturity of short-term investments

 

26

 

47

 

185

Capital expenditures

 

(460)

 

(259)

 

(349)

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

 

39

 

4

 

8

Proceeds from sale of non-consolidated affiliate

 

 

 

24

Acquisition of businesses

(7)

(27)

(7)

Investments in and advances to affiliates, net

 

(1)

 

(8)

 

(21)

Principal payments received on notes receivable

21

3

Purchase of long-term investments

 

(98)

 

(47)

 

(38)

Other, net

 

7

 

(24)

 

(5)

Net cash from investing activities

 

(302)

 

(262)

 

(253)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Uncommitted lines of credit, net

 

135

 

(18)

 

34

Draws under committed lines of credit

672

290

100

Repayments of committed lines of credit

(515)

(290)

(100)

Proceeds from long-term debt

 

 

37

 

43

Principal payments of long-term debt

 

(55)

 

(69)

 

(35)

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

(13)

 

(17)

Dividends paid

 

(10)

 

(10)

 

(10)

Other, net

 

(14)

 

(9)

 

(4)

Net cash from financing activities

 

213

 

(82)

 

11

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(4)

 

4

 

2

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

(1)

 

(49)

 

(69)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

76

 

125

 

194

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

$

75

$

76

$

125

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

31

Note 1 − Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Operations of Seaboard Corporation and its Subsidiaries

Seaboard Corporation and its subsidiaries (collectively, “Seaboard”) together comprise a diverse group of integrated companies with a broad global presence. Seaboard is primarily engaged in hog production and pork processing in the U.S; commodity trading and grain processing in Africa and South America; cargo shipping services in the U.S., Caribbean and Central and South America; sugar and alcohol production in Argentina; and electric power generation in the Dominican Republic. Seaboard also has an equity method investment in Butterball, LLC (“Butterball”), a producer and processor of turkey products. Approximately 77% of the outstanding common stock of Seaboard is collectively owned by Seaboard Flour LLC and SFC Preferred, LLC.

Principles of Consolidation and Investments in Affiliates

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Seaboard Corporation and its domestic and foreign subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Financial information from certain foreign subsidiaries and affiliates is reported on a one- to three-month lag, depending on the specific entity. As Seaboard conducts its agricultural commodity trading business with third parties, consolidated subsidiaries and affiliates on an interrelated basis, cost of sales on affiliates cannot be clearly distinguished without making numerous assumptions, primarily with respect to mark-to-market accounting for commodity derivatives.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Foreign Currency Transactions and Translation

Seaboard has operations in several foreign countries, and the currencies of the countries fluctuate in relation to the U.S. dollar, resulting in exchange gains and losses. Certain Commodity Trading and Milling (“CT&M”) segment consolidated subsidiaries located in Brazil, Canada, Guyana, Ivory Coast, Senegal, South Africa and Zambia use local currency as their functional currency. Also, certain non-controlled, non-consolidated affiliates of the CT&M and Sugar and Alcohol segments use local currency as their functional currency. Assets and liabilities of these subsidiaries are translated to U.S. dollars at year-end exchange rates, and income and expenses are translated at average rates. Translation gains and losses are recorded as components of other comprehensive income (loss).

GAAP requires the use of highly inflationary accounting for countries whose cumulative three-year inflation exceeds 100%. In mid-2018, the Argentine peso rapidly devalued relative to the U.S. dollar, which along with increased inflation, indicated that the three-year cumulative inflation in that country exceeded 100%. As a result, Seaboard adopted highly inflationary accounting as of July 1, 2018 for Seaboard’s Sugar and Alcohol segment. Under highly inflationary accounting, the Sugar and Alcohol segment’s functional currency became the U.S. dollar, and its income statement and balance sheet are measured in U.S. dollars using both current and historical rates of exchange. The effect of changes in exchange rates on peso-denominated monetary assets and liabilities are reflected in foreign currency gains (losses), net. For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, Seaboard recognized $(1) million, $1 million and $(3) million, respectively, in foreign currency gains (losses) related to the adoption of highly inflationary accounting.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

For purposes of the consolidated statements of cash flows, management considers all demand deposits, overnight investments and other investments with original maturities less than three months as cash equivalents.

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

The amounts paid for interest and income taxes are as follows:

Years ended December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

2021

2020

2019

Interest, net of interest capitalized

$

10

$

16

$

36

Income taxes, net of refunds

 

104

 

55

 

31

32

The following table includes supplemental cash and non-cash information related to leases. Seaboard reports the amortization of right of use (“ROU”) assets and changes in operating lease liabilities in other liabilities, exclusive of debt in the consolidated statements of cash flows.

Twelve months ended

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

2021

2020

2019

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:

Operating cash flows from operating leases

$

166

$

142

$

137

Operating cash flows from finance leases

5

4

1

Financing cash flows from finance leases

14

7

2

ROU assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities:

Operating leases

$

244

$

62

$

95

Finance leases

54

50

46

Other non-cash activities were related to the non-cash consideration paid in the acquisitions discussed further in Note 13 and capital expenditures of $5 million included in accounts payable.

Short-Term Investments

Short-term investments are categorized as trading securities and reported at their estimated fair value with any unrealized gains and losses included in other investment income (loss), net in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income. Purchases and sales are recorded on a settlement date basis, and gains and losses on investment sales are generally based on the specific identification method. Short-term investments are retained for future use in the business.

Accounts Receivable

The following table presents the components of Seaboard’s receivables as of December 31, 2021 and 2020:

December 31,

Millions of dollars

2021

    

2020

Receivables:

Trade

$

553

$

381

Due from affiliates

 

128

 

111

Other

 

112

 

68

Total receivables

 

793

 

560

Allowance for credit losses

 

(31)

 

(28)

Net receivables

$

762

$

532

Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and generally do not bear interest. The Power segment, however, collects interest on certain past due accounts, and the CT&M segment provides extended payment terms for certain customers in certain countries due to local market conditions.

The allowance for credit losses is Seaboard’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses using the current expected credit loss model. This model estimates the lifetime of expected credit loss based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable supportable forecasts. Changes in estimates, developing trends and other new information can have a material effect on future evaluations. As of December 31, 2021 and 2020, Seaboard had gross foreign receivables of approximately $578 million and $410 million, respectively, which generally represent more of a collection risk than the domestic receivables, although as of December 31, 2021 no individual material amounts were deemed to have a heightened risk of collectability. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote.

33

The activity within the allowance for credit losses was as follows:

    

Balance at

    

Transition

    

    

    

Balance at

 

(Millions of dollars)

beginning of year

Adjustment(a)

Provision(b)

Net deductions(c)

end of year

 

Allowance for Credit Losses:

Year Ended December 31, 2021

$

28

5

 

(2)

$

31

Year Ended December 31, 2020

$

28

3

 

(3)

$

28

Year Ended December 31, 2019

$

33

5

 

(10)

$

28

(a)  Adjustment made upon adoption of new guidance to retained earnings.

(b)  Provision amounts are charged to selling, general and administrative expenses.

(c)  Includes write-offs net of recoveries, foreign currency translation adjustments and other adjustments.

Notes Receivable

Notes receivable are included in other receivables, if current, and other non-current assets, if long-term. Seaboard monitors the credit quality of notes receivable, the majority of which are from its affiliates, using the current expected credit loss model as well. For notes receivable from affiliates, Seaboard obtains and reviews financial information monthly and inquires of Seaboard representatives that serve on their Board of Directors.

The activity within the allowance for notes receivable was as follows:

    

Balance at

    

    

    

Balance at

 

(Millions of dollars)

beginning of year

Provision

Net deductions

end of year

 

Allowance for Notes Receivable:

���

Year Ended December 31, 2021

$

17

 

1

 

$

18

Year Ended December 31, 2020

$

17

 

 

$

17

Year Ended December 31, 2019

$

17

 

 

$

17

Inventories

Grain, flour and feed inventories at the CT&M segment’s foreign milling operations are valued at the lower of weighted average cost and net realizable value (“NRV”). All other inventories are valued at the lower of first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) cost and NRV. In determining NRV, management makes assumptions regarding estimated sales prices, estimated costs to complete and estimated disposal costs. Changes in future market prices or facts and circumstances could result in a material write down in the value of inventory or decreased future margins on the sale of inventory.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost and are being depreciated on the straight-line method over useful lives, ranging from 3 to 30 years. Property, plant and equipment under finance leases are stated at the present value of minimum lease payments and subsequently amortized using the straight-line method over the earlier of the end of its useful life or the end of the lease term. Routine and planned major maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are expensed as incurred, while major renewals and improvements are capitalized. Property, plant and equipment and other long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of the asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are determined to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the estimated fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell. During the fourth quarter of 2021, management committed to a plan to dispose of an immaterial CT&M business, which resulted in an impairment of $14 million, primarily foreign currency translation adjustments.

Right of Use Assets and Lease Liabilities

ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The present value of lease payments is determined primarily using the incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the lease commencement date. As Seaboard’s leases do not have readily determinable implicit discount rates, Seaboard adjusts its incremental borrowing rate to determine the present value of the lease payments. Seaboard determines the incremental borrowing rate for its leases by adjusting the local risk-free interest rate on its Term Loan due 2028 with a credit risk premium corresponding to Seaboard’s unreported credit rating.

34

Seaboard has elected not to recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities for short-term leases for all classes of underlying assets. Short-term leases are leases with terms greater than 1 month, but less than 12 months. Also, Seaboard elected to account for lease and non-lease maintenance components as a single lease component for all classes of underlying assets.

Equity Method Investments

Investments in non-controlled affiliates where Seaboard has significant influence are accounted for by the equity method. For the CT&M segment, these investments are primarily in foreign countries, which are less developed than the U.S., and therefore, expose Seaboard to greater financial risks. At certain times when there are ongoing losses, local economies are depressed, commodity-based markets are less stable or foreign governments cause challenging business conditions, the fair value of the equity method investments is evaluated by management. The fair value of these investments is not readily determinable as almost all of these investments are not publicly traded. Management will use other methods to determine fair value such as estimated future cash flows, including assumptions on growth rates, for the business and consideration of other local business conditions as applicable.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Goodwill is assessed annually for impairment by each reporting unit at the quarter end closest to the anniversary date of the initial acquisition, or more frequently if circumstances indicate that impairment is likely. Any one event or a combination of events such as change in the business climate, a negative change in relationships with significant customers and changes to strategic decisions, could require an interim assessment prior to the next required annual assessment. If qualitative factors indicate more likely than not an impairment is possible, Seaboard performs its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and would recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. During the year ended December 31, 2021, certain immaterial reporting units recorded a total of $4 million of impairment charges. Based on the annual qualitative assessments conducted by the remaining reporting units, there were no other impairment charges recorded.

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill were as follows:

Pork

CT&M

(Millions of dollars)

    

Segment

    

Segment

Total

Balance as of December 31, 2019

$

18

$

146

$

164

Acquisition

4

4

Foreign currency translation

 

 

(1)

(1)

Balance as of December 31, 2020

18

149

167

Impairment

 

 

(4)

(4)

Balance as of December 31, 2021

$

18

$

145

$

163

Separable intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives and evaluated for impairment similar to property, plant and equipment discussed above. The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization for finite-lived intangible were as follows:

December 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

Customer

Trade

Customer

Trade

(Millions of dollars)

relationships

names

Total

relationships

names

Total

Gross carrying amount

$

51

$

28

$

79

$

51

$

28

$

79

Accumulated amortization and currency translation

(22)

(12)

(34)

(16)

(9)

(25)

Net carrying amount

$

29

$

16

$

45

$

35

$

19

$

54

Amortization of intangible assets was $9 million and $8 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Using the exchange rates in effect at year-end, estimated amortization of intangible assets as of December 31, 2021 is $9 million each year for the next five years.

Accrued Self-Insurance

Seaboard is self-insured for certain levels of workers’ compensation, health care coverage, property damage, vehicle, product recall and general liability. The cost of these self-insurance programs is accrued based upon estimated settlements for known and anticipated claims. Changes in estimates to previously recorded reserves are reflected in current operating results.

Asset Retirement Obligation

Seaboard has recorded long-lived assets and a related liability for the asset retirement obligation costs associated with the closure of the hog lagoons it is legally obligated to close in the future should Seaboard cease operations or plan to close

35

such lagoons voluntarily in accordance with a changed operating plan. Based on detailed assessments and appraisals obtained to estimate the future asset retirement obligation costs, Seaboard recorded the present value of the projected costs in non-current other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets with the retirement asset depreciated over the economic life of the related asset. The following table shows the changes in the asset retirement obligation:

Years ended December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

    

2021

    

2020

Beginning balance

$

27

$

25

Accretion expense

 

1

 

2

Liability for additional lagoons

 

1

 

Ending balance

$

29

$

27

Revenue Recognition

Seaboard recognizes revenue when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to its customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The majority of Seaboard’s revenue arrangements consist of a single performance obligation as the promise to transfer the individual product or service is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts, including shipping and handling and customary storage, and, therefore, not distinct. Revenue from goods and services transferred to customers at a single point in time account for approximately 85% of Seaboard’s net sales. Substantially all of the sales in Seaboard’s Marine segment are recognized ratably over the transit time for each voyage as Seaboard believes this is a faithful depiction of the performance obligation to its customers.

Seaboard’s transaction prices are mostly fixed, but occasionally include minimal variable consideration for early payment, volume and other similar discounts, which are highly probable based on the history with the respective customers. Taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are collected by Seaboard from a customer are excluded from sales.

Almost all of Seaboard’s contracts with its customers are short-term, defined as less than one year. Seaboard does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for: (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less; and (ii) contracts for which revenue is recognized at the amount to which it has the right to invoice for services performed. Also, Seaboard recognizes a financing component only on obligations that extend longer than one year.

Deferred revenue represents cash payments received in advance of Seaboard’s performance or revenue billed that is unearned. The CT&M segment requires certain customers to pay in advance or upon delivery to avoid collection risk. The Marine segment’s deferred revenue balance primarily relates to the unearned portion of billed revenue when a ship is on the water and has not arrived at the designated port. Deferred revenue balances are reduced when revenue is recognized. The deferred revenue balance as of December 31, 2020 was recognized as revenue during the first quarter of 2021.

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

Seaboard recognizes all derivatives as either assets or liabilities at their fair values. Accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative depends on its designation and effectiveness. Derivatives qualify for treatment as hedges for accounting purposes when there is a high correlation between the change in fair value of the instrument and the related change in value of the underlying commitment. Additionally, in order to designate a derivative financial instrument as a hedge for accounting purposes, extensive record keeping is required. For derivatives that qualify as hedges for accounting purposes, the change in fair value has no net impact on earnings, to the extent the derivative is considered effective, until the hedged transaction affects earnings. For derivatives that are not designated as hedging instruments for accounting purposes, or for the ineffective portion of a hedging instrument, the change in fair value affects current period net earnings.

From time to time, Seaboard uses derivative instruments to manage various types of market risks, including primarily commodity futures and option contracts, foreign currency exchange agreements, interest rate exchange agreements and equity future contracts. While management believes each of these instruments are primarily entered into in order to effectively manage various market risks, as of December 31, 2021, none of the derivatives were designated and accounted for as hedges, primarily as a result of the extensive record-keeping requirements.

Research and Development

Seaboard conducts continuous research and development activities to develop new products and to improve existing products and processes. Seaboard incurred research and development expenses of $191 million, $134 million and $143 million for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Income Taxes

Deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences of temporary differences by applying enacted statutory tax rates applicable to future years to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of existing

36

assets and liabilities. Seaboard accounts for the global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) provision and the base-erosion and anti-abuse tax (“BEAT”) provision taxes in the period incurred.

Earnings Per Common Share

Earnings per common share are based upon the weighted average shares outstanding during the period. Basic and diluted earnings per share are the same for all periods presented.

Accounting Standards Recently Adopted

On January 1, 2020, Seaboard adopted guidance which requires the use of a new current expected credit loss model in order to determine the allowance for credit losses with respect to receivables, among other financial instruments. This model estimates the lifetime of expected credit loss and replaces the existing incurred loss model. As a result of this adoption, Seaboard recorded a cumulative-effect adjustment of $3 million on January 1, 2020 that decreased retained earnings and increased the allowance for credit losses.

Note 2 − Investments

The following is a summary of the estimated fair value of short-term investments classified as trading securities:

December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars)

2021

2020

Domestic debt securities

$

542

$

496

Domestic equity securities

 

472

 

702

Foreign equity securities

193

133

Foreign debt securities

133

68

Money market funds held in trading accounts

59

47

Other trading securities

17

19

Total trading short-term investments

$

1,416

$

1,465

The change in unrealized gains (losses) related to trading securities still held at the end of the respective reporting period was $12 million, $74 million and $176 million for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Seaboard had $46 million and $29 million of short-term investments denominated in foreign currencies, primarily euros, as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Seaboard had long-term investments of $156 million and $87 million as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, primarily in a business development company (“BDC”), real estate and renewable energy facilities. The BDC investment is included in the fair value hierarchy table in Note 10 and the other investments are primarily accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Long-term investments are classified in other non-current assets on the consolidated balance sheets.

Note 3 − Inventories

The following table is a summary of inventories:

 

December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars)

    

2021

    

2020

At lower of FIFO cost and NRV:

Hogs and materials

$

489

$

437

Pork products and materials

64

46

Grains, oilseeds and other commodities

 

634

 

380

Biofuels and related credits

147

72

Sugar produced and in process

 

21

 

24

Other

 

71

 

61

Total inventories at lower of FIFO cost and NRV

 

1,426

 

1,020

Grain, flour and feed at lower of weighted average cost and NRV

 

237

 

158

Total inventories

$

1,663

$

1,178

37

Note 4 − Property, Plant and Equipment

The following table is a summary of property, plant and equipment:

Useful

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

    

Lives

    

2021

    

2020

Land and improvements

 

3

-

15

years

$

285

$

268

Buildings and improvements

 

30

years

 

739

 

712

Machinery and equipment

 

3

-

20

years

 

1,445

 

1,367

Vessels and vehicles

 

3

-

18

years

 

214

 

158

Office furniture and fixtures

 

5

years

 

45

 

43

Contract growers

5

-

15

years

118

93

Construction in progress

 

613

 

389

Total property, plant and equipment

 

3,459

 

3,030

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(1,567)

 

(1,448)

Net property, plant and equipment

$

1,892

$

1,582

Finance lease ROU assets are included in property, plant and equipment and comprise all of the contract growers’ asset category, with the remaining balance in vessels, machinery and equipment, buildings and land. Finance lease ROU assets were $128 million and $92 million, net of $29 million and $12 million in accumulated amortization as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Seaboard’s capitalized interest on construction in progress was $7 million and $10 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Note 5 − Leases

Seaboard’s operating leases are primarily for ports, vessels, contract grower assets, and to a lesser extent, land, buildings and machinery and equipment. Seaboard’s finance leases are primarily for contract grower assets. Seaboard’s Marine segment leases its Miami, Florida terminal, among other ports. The Marine and CT&M segments lease vessels for use in operations. The Pork segment has contract grower agreements in place with farmers to raise a portion of Seaboard’s hogs using the farmer’s buildings, land and equipment. Seaboard’s non-lease components are primarily for services related to labor associated with caring for hogs in its contract grower agreements and crew services on vessel charter arrangements.

As of December 31, 2021, the weighted average remaining lease term for Seaboard’s operating and finance leases was approximately four years and seven years, respectively. Seaboard’s lease terms vary depending upon the class of asset and some leases include options to extend or terminate. Since Seaboard is not reasonably certain to exercise these renewal or termination options, the options are not considered in determining the lease term and associated potential option payments or penalties are excluded from lease payments.

Seaboard’s operating lease assets and liabilities are reported separately in the consolidated balance sheet. The classification of Seaboard’s finance leases in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, was as follows:

(Millions of dollars)

2021

2020

Finance lease right of use assets, net

Property, plant and equipment, net

$

128

$

92

Finance lease liabilities

Other current liabilities

23

10

Non-current finance lease liabilities

Other liabilities

104

78

The components of lease cost were as follows:

(Millions of dollars)

2021

2020

Operating lease cost

$

162

$

145

Finance lease cost:

Amortization of right of use assets

17

9

Interest on lease liabilities

5

4

Variable lease cost

20

8

Short-term lease cost

27

25

Sublease income

(8)

(6)

Total lease cost

$

223

$

185

Operating lease cost and short-term lease cost are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Finance lease cost is recognized based on the effective interest method for the lease liability and straight-line amortization of the ROU

38

asset. Variable lease payments are recognized when the circumstance in the lease agreement on which those payments are assessed occurs. Variable lease payments are primarily for payments in excess of minimums with regards to throughput of shipping containers and changes in indexed charter-hire rates. Short-term leases are primarily for containers and vessels at Seaboard’s Marine segment. Lease cost is included in various line items in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income or capitalized to inventory. Rental expense for leases with terms of a month or less are excluded from the total lease cost above.

Maturities of lease liabilities as of December 31, 2021 were as follows:

Operating

Finance

(Millions of dollars)

    

Leases

Leases

    

2022

$

190

$

27

2023

151

 

27

2024

79

25

2025

52

17

2026

47

12

Thereafter

84

 

43

Total undiscounted lease payments

603

151

Less imputed interest

(72)

(24)

Total lease liability

$

531

$

127

Seaboard’s weighted average discount rate for operating and finances leases was 5.37% and 4.16%, respectively, as of December 31, 2021. There were estimates and judgments made in determining Seaboard’s multiple discount rates based on term, country and currency, including developing a secured credit rating and spreading market yield data across maturities and country risk-free rates.

Note 6 − Equity Method Investments

Seaboard has several investments in and advances to non-controlled, non-consolidated affiliates that are all accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Financial information from certain foreign affiliates is reported on a one- to three-month lag, depending on the specific entity. By segment, combined condensed financial information of the respective affiliates is included in the tables below.

Investments in and

Income (Loss)

Advances to Affiliates

from Affiliates

 

December 31,

Years ended December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

 

2021

    

2020

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Pork

$

142

$

172

$

3

$

(9)

$

(22)

CT&M

224

222

18

(2)

(5)

Marine

33

30

6

2

3

Sugar and Alcohol

 

4

 

6

 

 

1

 

1

Power

3

3

3

Turkey

 

245

 

265

 

(20)

 

(10)

 

(21)

Segment/Consolidated Totals

$

651

$

698

$

7

$

(18)

$

(41)

The Pork segment has noncontrolling interests in Daily’s Premium Meats, LLC (“Daily’s”) (50%) and Seaboard Triumph Foods, LLC (“STF”) (50%). Daily’s produces and markets raw and pre-cooked bacon. STF operates a pork processing plant. Seaboard’s Pork segment supplies raw materials to both of these facilities for processing and provides marketing services to STF for its pork products. Beginning in 2022, Daily’s and STF will supply feedstock to the renewable diesel operations. In January 2022, the Pork segment sold 50% of its ham-boning operations in Mexico. The Pork segment will continue to sell raw materials for further processing to this affiliate, and earnings from the Mexico operations will be reflected in Income (loss) from affiliates effective in the first quarter of 2022.

Pork Segment

    

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

2021

2020

2019

Net sales

$

2,010

$

1,543

$

1,453

Net income (loss)

$

5

$

(18)

$

(43)

Total assets

$

584

$

586

$

639

Total liabilities

$

302

$

245

$

277

Total equity

$

282

$

341

$

362

39

The CT&M segment has noncontrolling interests in foreign businesses conducting flour, maize and feed milling, baking operations, poultry production and processing, and agricultural commodity trading. As of December 31, 2021, the location and percentage ownership of CT&M’s affiliates were as follows: Botswana (50%), Democratic Republic of Congo (50%), Gambia (50%), Kenya (46.92%-49%), Lesotho (50%), Mauritania (50%), Morocco (11.96%-17.86%), Nigeria (25%-48.33%), Senegal (49%), South Africa (50%), Tanzania (49%), Uganda (49%) and Zambia (49%) in Africa; Colombia (40%-42%), Ecuador (25%-50%), Guyana (50%), and Peru (50%) in South America; Jamaica (50%) and Haiti (23.33%) in the Caribbean; Turkey (25%) in Europe; and Canada (45%) and the U.S. (40%) in North America. As of December 31, 2021, the CT&M segment’s carrying value of certain investments in affiliates was more than its share of the affiliates’ book value by $53 million. The excess is attributable primarily to the valuation of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets. Certain basis adjustments are being amortized to income (loss) from affiliates over the remaining life of the assets. Seaboard’s CT&M segment supplies commodities to the majority of its equity method milling affiliates.

CT&M Segment

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Net sales

$

2,766

 

$

2,482

 

$

3,129

Net income (loss)

$

47

 

$

(2)

 

$

(12)

Total assets

$

1,798

 

$

1,745

 

$

1,697

Total liabilities

$

1,199

 

$

1,185

 

$

1,075

Total equity

$

599

 

$

560

 

$

622

The Marine segment has noncontrolling interests in businesses that primarily own cargo terminal operations in the Caribbean (16.71%- 22.07%). These affiliates provide terminal and stevedoring services to the Marine segment. As of December 31, 2021, the Marine segment’s carrying value of certain investments in affiliates was less than its share of the affiliates’ book value by $33 million. The difference is attributable primarily to the valuation of property, plant and equipment and impairments taken by Seaboard, but not the respective entity. Certain basis adjustments are being amortized to income (loss) from affiliates over the remaining life of the assets.

Marine Segment

    

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

 

2021

2020

2019

Net sales

$

74

$

66

$

70

Net income

$

27

$

8

$

12

Total assets

$

245

$

253

$

269

Total liabilities

$

88

$

98

$

107

Total equity

$

157

$

155

$

162

The Sugar and Alcohol segment has noncontrolling interests in 2 sugar-related businesses in Argentina (50%).

Sugar and Alcohol Segment

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Net sales

$

6

 

$

7

 

$

10

Net income

$

 

$

1

 

$

3

Total assets

$

8

 

$

14

 

$

13

Total liabilities

$

1

 

$

2

 

$

2

Total equity

$

7

 

$

12

 

$

11

The Power segment has noncontrolling interests in 2 energy-related businesses in the Dominican Republic (45% and 50%). In September 2019, Seaboard’s Power segment sold its 29.9% noncontrolling interest in a Dominican Republic electricity generation facility for $23 million cash, net of $1 million in selling expenses and taxes.

Power Segment

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Net sales

$

1

 

$

1

 

$

143

Net income

$

1

 

$

 

$

10

Total assets

$

12

 

$

12

 

$

11

Total liabilities

$

5

 

$

6

 

$

4

Total equity

$

7

 

$

6

 

$

7

The Turkey segment represents Seaboard’s 50% noncontrolling interest in Butterball. Within total assets, Butterball had trade name intangible assets of $111 million and goodwill of $66 million as of December 31, 2021.

40

Seaboard holds warrants, which upon exercise for a nominal price, would enable Seaboard to acquire an additional 5% equity interest in Butterball. The warrants qualify for equity treatment under accounting standards and are classified as investments in and advances to affiliates in the consolidated balance sheets. Seaboard can exercise these warrants at any time prior to December 31, 2025, when the warrants expire. Butterball has the right to repurchase the warrants for fair market value. The warrant agreement essentially provides Seaboard with a 52.5% economic interest, as these warrants are in substance an additional equity interest. Therefore, Seaboard records 52.5% of Butterball’s earnings as income (loss) from affiliates in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income. However, all significant corporate governance matters would continue to be shared equally between Seaboard and its partner in Butterball even if the warrants were exercised, unless Seaboard already owned a majority of the voting rights at the time of exercise.

Turkey Segment

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Net sales

$

1,792

 

$

1,675

 

$

1,612

Operating loss

$

(34)

$

(6)

$

(20)

Net loss

$

(38)

 

$

(20)

 

$

(40)

Total assets

$

991

 

$

993

 

$

1,038

Total liabilities

$

517

 

$

481

 

$

507

Total equity

$

474

 

$

512

 

$

531

Note 7 − Debt

Lines of Credit

The outstanding balances under uncommitted lines of credit was $359 million and $222 million as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Of the outstanding balance as of December 31, 2021, $218 million was denominated in foreign currencies, with $177 million denominated in the South African rand and the remaining in various other currencies. Of the outstanding balance as of December 31, 2020, $142 million was denominated in foreign currencies, with $106 million denominated in the South African rand and the remaining in various other currencies. The uncommitted lines of credit are unsecured and do not require compensating balances.

As of December 31, 2021, Seaboard had a committed $250 million line of credit secured by certain short-term investments maturing September 30, 2022. Draws bear interest based on LIBOR plus a spread. There was $157 million outstanding under committed lines of credit as of December 31, 2021 and 0 balance outstanding as of December 31, 2020.

The weighted average interest rate for outstanding lines of credit was 2.71% and 3.89% as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Long-term Debt

The following table is a summary of long-term debt:

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

2021

2020

Term Loans due 2028

$

677

$

684

Foreign subsidiary obligations

1

49

Other long-term debt

39

30

Total debt at face value

717

763

Current maturities and unamortized discount and costs

(9)

(56)

Long-term debt, less current maturities and unamortized discount and costs

$

708

$

707

In 2018, Seaboard Foods LLC entered into an Amended and Restated Term Loan Credit Agreement (“Credit Agreement”) with CoBank, ACB, Farm Credit Services of America, PCA, and the lenders party thereto for a $700 million unsecured term loan (“Term Loan”). The Term Loan provides for quarterly payments of the principal balance pursuant to the revised amortization schedule set forth in the Credit Agreement, with the balance due on the maturity date of September 25, 2028. The Term Loan bears interest at fluctuating rates based on various margins over a Base Rate, LIBOR or a Quoted Rate, at the option of the borrower. The interest rate was 1.73% and 1.77% as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Credit Agreement contains customary covenants for credit facilities of this type, including restrictions on the incurrence of indebtedness over a certain threshold, ability to make certain acquisitions, investments and asset dispositions and aggregate dividend payments.

Foreign subsidiary obligations as of December 31, 2020, included a $46 million euro-denominated note payable due to the sellers related to a 2018 acquisition. This note payable was repaid in January 2021.

41

In conjunction with the purchase of certain equipment during 2021, $9 million of secured, other long-term debt was assumed. The loan agreement incurs a fixed interest rate of 5.60% and matures in August 2037. In December 2020, Seaboard received a $30 million note that incurs a fixed interest rate of 1.28% and matures in 2027.

Seaboard was in compliance with all restrictive debt covenants relating to these agreements as of December 31, 2021.

The aggregate minimum principal payments required on long-term debt as of December 31, 2021 were as follows: $8 million in 2022, $7 million in 2023, $7 million in 2024, $7 million in 2025, $7 million in 2026 and $681 million thereafter.

Note 8 − Commitments and Contingencies

Legal Proceedings

On July 21, 2021, a lawsuit was filed by an individual, Odette Blanco de Fernandez, who alleges that she owns a claim to confiscated property, related persons who purportedly inherited claims to confiscated property (“Inheritors”) and estates of deceased persons who purportedly own claims to confiscated property (“Estates”) against Seaboard Corporation in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware under Title III of the Cuban Liberty and Solidarity Act of 1996, also known as the Helms-Burton Act (the “Act”). The same plaintiffs filed a separate lawsuit against Seaboard Marine Ltd. (“Seaboard Marine”) on December 20, 2020, in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. The Act provides that any person who knowingly and intentionally “traffics” in property which was confiscated by the Cuban government may be liable to any U.S. national who owns the claim to such property for money damages in an amount equal to the greater of the current value of the property or the value of the property when confiscated, plus interest from the date of confiscation, reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs, and treble damages under certain circumstances. The Act numerates certain activities that are excluded from liability, including “lawful travel.” The complaint in each of the cases alleges that the plaintiffs hold claims to a 70-year concession to develop port facilities at Mariel Bay, Cuba, and to ownership of surrounding land, and that these and other property rights were confiscated by the Cuban government in 1960. They further allege that Seaboard Corporation and Seaboard Marine knowingly and intentionally “trafficked” within the meaning of the Act in the confiscated property by carrying and/or directing cargo to the Port of Mariel. The Court in the Seaboard Marine case dismissed the claims of the Inheritors and the Estates because they did not acquire the claims prior to March 1996, as required by the Act. The Court denied Plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration of the dismissal of the Estates. As to the suit against Seaboard Corporation, on October 21, 2021, the plaintiffs filed an Amended Complaint which principally adds allegations that there were additional callings made by Seaboard Marine at the Port of Mariel and that Seaboard Corporation engaged in a pattern of doing business with individuals and entities in contravention of the foreign policy of the U.S. The operative complaints in each lawsuit seek unspecified damages (including treble damages) and pre-filing interest as provided in the Act; pre-judgment interest; attorneys’ fees, costs and expenses; and such other relief as is just and proper. Seaboard believes it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in these matters and intends to vigorously defend these matters. It is impossible at this stage either to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from either of these suits, or to reasonably estimate the amount of potential loss or range of potential loss, if any, resulting from the suits.

On June 28, 2018, 12 indirect purchasers of pork products filed a class action complaint in the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota (the “District Court”) against several pork processors, including Seaboard Foods LLC and Agri Stats, Inc., a company described in the complaint as a data sharing service. The complaint also named Seaboard Corporation as a defendant. Additional class action complaints making similar claims on behalf of putative classes of direct and indirect purchasers were later filed in the District Court, and 3 additional actions by standalone plaintiffs (including the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) were filed in or transferred to the District Court. The consolidated actions are styled In re Pork Antitrust Litigation. The operative complaints allege, among other things, that beginning in January 2009, the defendants conspired and combined to fix, raise, maintain, and stabilize the price of pork products in violation of U.S. antitrust laws by coordinating their output and limiting production, allegedly facilitated by the exchange of non-public information about prices, capacity, sales volume and demand through Agri Stats, Inc. The complaints on behalf of the putative classes of indirect purchasers also assert claims under various state laws, including state antitrust laws, unfair competition laws, consumer protection statutes, and common law unjust enrichment. The relief sought in the respective complaints includes treble damages, injunctive relief, pre- and post-judgment interest, costs and attorneys’ fees. On October 16, 2020, the District Court denied defendants’ motions to dismiss the amended complaints, but the District Court later dismissed all claims against Seaboard Corporation without prejudice.

In 2021 and 2022, additional standalone plaintiffs filed similar actions in other federal courts throughout the country, several of which name Seaboard Corporation as a defendant. These actions have been or are expected to be conditionally transferred to Minnesota for pretrial proceedings pursuant to an order by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation.

42

Also in 2021, the states of New Mexico and Alaska filed cases in state court against substantially the same defendants, including Seaboard Foods LLC and Seaboard Corporation, based on substantially similar allegations.

Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in these matters and intends to vigorously defend these matters. It is impossible at this stage either to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from these suits, or to reasonably estimate the amount of potential loss or range of potential loss, if any, resulting from the suits.

On March 20, 2018, the bankruptcy trustee (the “Trustee”) for Cereoil Uruguay S.A. (“Cereoil”) filed a suit in the Bankruptcy Court of First Instance in Uruguay that was served during the second quarter of 2018 naming as parties Seaboard Corporation and its subsidiaries, Seaboard Overseas Limited (“SOL”) and Seaboard Uruguay Holdings Ltd. (“Seaboard Uruguay”). Seaboard Corporation has a 45% indirect ownership of Cereoil. The suit seeks an order requiring Seaboard Corporation, SOL and Seaboard Uruguay to reimburse Cereoil the amount of $22 million, contending that deliveries of soybeans to SOL pursuant to purchase agreements should be set aside as fraudulent conveyances. Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in this matter and intends to vigorously defend this matter. It is impossible at this stage to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from this suit. In the event of an adverse ruling, Seaboard and its two subsidiaries could be ordered to pay the amount of $22 million plus interest. Any award in this case would offset against any award in the additional case described below filed by the Trustee on April 27, 2018.

On April 27, 2018, the Trustee for Cereoil filed another suit in the Bankruptcy Court of First Instance in Uruguay that was served during the second quarter of 2018 naming as parties Seaboard Corporation, SOL, Seaboard Uruguay, all directors of Cereoil, including two individuals employed by Seaboard who served as directors at the behest of Seaboard, and the Chief Financial Officer of Cereoil, an employee of Seaboard who also served at the behest of Seaboard (collectively, the “Cereoil Defendants”). The Trustee contends that the Cereoil Defendants acted with willful misconduct to cause Cereoil’s insolvency, and thus should be ordered to pay all liabilities of Cereoil, net of assets. The bankruptcy filing lists total liabilities of $53 million and assets of $30 million. Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in this matter and intends to vigorously defend this matter. It is impossible at this stage to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from this suit. In the event of an adverse ruling, Seaboard Corporation and the other Cereoil Defendants could be ordered to pay the amount of the net indebtedness of Cereoil, which based on the bankruptcy schedules would total $23 million. It is possible that the net indebtedness could be higher than this amount if Cereoil’s liabilities are greater than $53 million and/or Cereoil’s assets are worth less than $30 million.

In addition, in the event of an adverse ruling, the Bankruptcy Court of First Instance could order payment of the Trustee’s professional fees, interest, and other expenses. Any award in this case would offset against any award in the case described above filed on March 20, 2018.

On September 30, 2021, HSBC Bank (Uruguay) SA ("HSBC"), a creditor in the Cereoil bankruptcy proceeding pending in Uruguay, filed a suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas against Seaboard Corporation alleging claims for breach of contract, promissory estoppel, breach of the duty of good faith and fair dealing, unjust enrichment, fraud, negligent misrepresentation and fraud by concealment based upon a comfort letter, alleged statements by Cereoil personnel (including the chief financial officer serving at the behest of Seaboard), and the same grain transactions that the Trustee challenges as fraudulent conveyances in the Cereoil bankruptcy in Uruguay discussed above.  HSBC seeks $10 million plus interest and other relief in excess of $3.2 million. Seaboard believes that is has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in this matter and intends to vigorously defend this matter. It is impossible at this stage to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from this suit.

On May 15, 2018, the Trustee for Nolston S.A. (“Nolston”) filed a suit in the Bankruptcy Court of First Instance in Uruguay that was served during the second quarter of 2018 naming as parties Seaboard and the other Cereoil Defendants. Seaboard has a 45% indirect ownership of Nolston. The Trustee contends that the Cereoil Defendants acted with willful misconduct to cause Nolston’s insolvency, and thus should be ordered to pay all liabilities of Nolston, net of assets. The bankruptcy filing lists total liabilities of $29 million and assets of $15 million. Seaboard believes that it has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged in this matter and intends to vigorously defend this matter. It is impossible at this stage to determine the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome resulting from this suit. In the event of an adverse ruling, Seaboard and the other Cereoil Defendants could be ordered to pay the amount of the net indebtedness of Nolston, which based on the bankruptcy schedules, asset sales and removal of duplicative claims, is estimated to be approximately $8 million. In addition, in the event of an adverse ruling, the Bankruptcy Court of First Instance could order payment of the Trustee’s professional fees, interest, and other expenses.

43

Seaboard is subject to various administrative and judicial proceedings and other legal matters related to the normal conduct of its business. In the opinion of management, the ultimate resolution of these items is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the condensed consolidated financial statements of Seaboard.

Guarantees

Certain of Seaboard’s non-consolidated affiliates have debt supporting their underlying operations. From time to time, Seaboard will provide guarantees of that debt in order to further Seaboard’s business objectives. As of December 31, 2021, guarantees outstanding were not material. Seaboard has not accrued a liability for any of the guarantees as management considers the likelihood of loss to be remote.

Commitments

As of December 31, 2021, Seaboard had various non-cancelable commitments under contractual agreements:

Years ended December 31,

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

    

2022

    

2023

    

2024

    

2025

    

2026

Thereafter

    

Totals

Hog procurement contracts (a)

$

129

$

94

$

92

$

95

$

82

$

22

$

514

Grain and feedstock commitments (b)

 

424

 

250

 

152

 

24

 

18

 

 

868

Grain purchase contracts for resale (c)

1,022

3

1,025

Fuel supply contracts (d)

 

87

 

55

 

69

 

79

 

91

 

373

 

754

Capital expenditures (e)

221

17

89

327

Other commitments

 

177

 

4

 

4

 

3

 

3

 

24

 

215

Total unrecognized non-cancelable commitments

$

2,060

$

423

$

406

$

201

$

194

$

419

$

3,703

(a)The Pork segment has contracted with third parties for the purchase of hogs to support its operations. The amounts are based on projected market prices as of December 31, 2021. During 2021, 2020 and 2019, the Pork segment paid $145 million, $108 million and $121 million, respectively, for hogs purchased under committed contracts.
(b)The Pork segment enters into grain purchase and feedstock contracts to support its operations. For variable costs, the amounts are based on projected commodity prices as of December 31, 2021.
(c)The CT&M segment enters into grain purchase contracts, primarily to support firm sales commitments. The amounts are based on projected commodity prices as of December 31, 2021.
(d)The Power segment has a natural gas supply contract for a significant portion of the fuel required for the barge under construction. Also, the Marine segment has a fuel supply agreement to purchase natural gas for the vessels under construction. The variable price components are based on market prices as of December 31, 2021.
(e)The capital expenditures are primarily for the Marine segment’s purchase of 2 vessels in 2022 and construction of 3 vessels with expected delivery in 2024, based on contracts. The biogas recovery and other projects in the Pork segment are based on commitments per respective contracts.

Note 9 − Employee Benefits

Seaboard has qualified defined benefit pension plans for its domestic salaried and clerical employees that were hired before January 1, 2014. Benefits are generally based upon the number of years of service and a percentage of final average pay. Seaboard did not make any contributions in 2021 and 2020 and currently does not plan on making any contributions in 2022 to qualified plans.

Seaboard also sponsors non-qualified, unfunded supplemental executive plans. Management has no plans to provide funding for these supplemental executive plans in advance of when the benefits are paid.

44

Pursuant to Seaboard’s investment policy for qualified pension plans, assets are invested to achieve a diversified target allocation of approximately 50% in domestic equities, 25% in international equities, 20% in fixed income securities and 5% in alternative investments. The investment strategy is periodically reviewed by management for adherence to policy and performance. The following tables show the qualified plans’ assets measured at estimated fair value as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and the level within the fair value hierarchy used to measure each category of assets:

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

2021

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Assets:

Domestic equity securities

$

113

$

113

$

$

Foreign equity securities

 

71

 

71

 

 

Domestic fixed income mutual funds

29

29

Foreign fixed income mutual funds

 

12

12

 

Money market funds

 

2

 

2

 

Total assets

$

227

$

227

$

$

December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

2020

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Assets:

Domestic equity securities

$

93

$

93

$

$

Foreign equity securities

 

64

 

64

 

 

Domestic fixed income mutual funds

 

32

 

32

 

 

Foreign fixed income mutual funds

 

15

 

15

 

 

Money market funds

 

2

 

2

 

 

Total assets

$

206

$

206

$

$

Assumptions used in determining pension information for the qualified and nonqualified plans were:

Years ended December 31,

 

    

2021

2020

    

2019

 

Weighted average assumptions:

Discount rate used to determine obligations

1.20

-

2.90

%  

0.70

-

2.60

%  

2.15

-

3.50

%

Discount rate used to determine net periodic benefit cost

0.70

-

2.60

%  

2.15

-

3.50

%  

3.50

-

4.50

%

Expected return on plan assets

6.25

%  

6.25

%  

6.25

%

Long-term rate of increase in compensation levels

4.00

%  

4.00

%  

4.00

%

Management selected the discount rates based on a model-based result where the timing and amount of cash flows approximates the estimated payouts. The expected return on the qualified plans’ assets assumption is based on the weighted average of asset class expected returns that are consistent with historical returns. The assumed rate of return selected was based on model-based results that reflect the qualified plans’ asset allocation and related long-term projected returns. The measurement date for all plans is December 31.

45

The aggregate changes in the benefit obligation and fair value of assets for the qualified and nonqualified plans and the funded status were as follows:

December 31,

    

2021

2020

    

(Millions of dollars)

Accumulated benefits exceed assets

Accumulated benefits exceed assets

Reconciliation of benefit obligation:

Benefit obligation at beginning of year

$

379

$

348

Service cost

 

10

 

9

Interest cost

 

9

 

11

Actuarial losses (gains)

 

(10)

 

58

Plan settlements

(19)

(38)

Benefits paid

 

(7)

 

(9)

Benefit obligation at end of year

$

362

$

379

Reconciliation of fair value of plan assets:

Fair value of plan assets at beginning of year

$

206

$

185

Actual return on plan assets

 

27

 

27

Employer contributions

 

20

 

38

Plan settlements

(19)

(38)

Benefits paid

 

(7)

 

(6)

Fair value of plan assets at end of year

$

227

$

206

Funded status

$

(135)

$

(173)

The benefit obligation decreased primarily due to higher discount rates. The accumulated benefit obligation for the qualified and nonqualified plans was $319 million and $336 million as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Expected future benefit payments for the qualified and nonqualified plans during each of the next five years and the next five years thereafter were as follows: $26 million, $25 million, $16 million, $11 million, $15 million and $76 million, respectively.

The net periodic benefit cost of these plans was as follows:

 

Years ended December 31,

(Millions of dollars)

    

 

2021

    

2020

    

2019

Components of net periodic benefit cost:

Service cost

$

10

$

9

$

8

Interest cost

 

9

 

11

 

12

Expected return on plan assets

 

(12)

 

(11)

 

(10)

Amortization

 

9

 

7

 

5

Settlement loss recognized

6

11

2

Net periodic benefit cost

$

22

$

27

$

17

The service cost component is recorded in either cost of sales or selling, general and administrative expenses depending upon the employee, and the other components of net periodic benefit cost are recorded in miscellaneous, net in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income. The settlements recognized were primarily due to certain participants who received lump sum payments that cumulatively exceeded the service cost plus interest cost for the respective plan. During 2020, Seaboard made a lump sum $32 million pension distribution, related to the passing of Seaboard’s former Chief Executive Officer. The amounts not reflected in net periodic benefit cost and included in accumulated other comprehensive loss before taxes as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 were $71 million and $112 million, respectively. Such amounts primarily represent the unrecognized net actuarial losses that are generally amortized over the average remaining working lifetime of the active participants for all of these plans.

Seaboard has deferred compensation plans that allow certain employees to reduce their compensation in exchange for values in various investments. One plan requires certain individuals to defer compensation over a specific threshold and another plan, which no longer allows contributions, has options that are exercisable. In conjunction with these plans, Seaboard purchases investments that are classified as trading securities and included in other current assets and recognizes the amount payable to the employees in other current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. Investments for Seaboard’s deferred compensation plans were $29 million and $26 million as of December 31, 2021 and 2020,

46

respectively. The payable to the employees was $26 million and $23 million as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Deferred compensation plan costs recognized in selling, general and administrative expenses are offset by the effect of the marked-to-market adjustments on investments recorded in other investment income (loss). Seaboard’s income (expense) for these plans, which primarily includes amounts related to the change in fair value of the underlying investment accounts, was $(3) million, $(6) million and $(11) million for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Investment income (loss) related to the deferred compensation investments totaled $3 million, $6 million and $11 million, for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Seaboard maintains defined contribution plans covering most of its domestic employees. Contribution expense for these plans was $4 million for each of the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019.

In 2019, after ratification of a renewed collective bargaining agreement, Seaboard ceased contributing to a multi-employer pension fund, which subsequently terminated Seaboard’s participation. Seaboard recorded a $14 million withdrawal liability in 2019, that is payable in quarterly installments over 20 years. Contribution expense for this fund was $1 million for year ended December 31, 2019.

Note 10 − Derivatives and Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The fair value hierarchy prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels:

Level 1 Observable inputs such as unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

Level 3 Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market data and require the reporting entity to develop its assumptions.

The following tables show assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the level within the fair value hierarchy used to measure each category of assets and liabilities. The trading securities classified as other current assets below are assets held for Seaboard’s deferred compensation plans.

December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars)

2021

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

 

Assets:

Trading securities – short-term investments:

Domestic debt securities

$

542

$

247

$

295

$

Domestic equity securities

 

472

 

472

 

 

Foreign equity securities

193

193

Foreign debt securities

133

2

131

Money market funds held in trading accounts

59

59

Other trading securities

17

17

Trading securities – other current assets:

Domestic equity securities

 

16

 

16

 

 

Other trading securities

13

12

1

Long-term investment - BDC

 

81

 

 

 

81

Derivatives:

Commodities

 

6

 

6

 

 

Foreign currencies

 

5

 

 

5

 

Total assets

$

1,537

$

1,007

$

449

$

81

Liabilities:

Contingent consideration

$

18

$

$

$

18

Derivatives:

Commodities

5

5

Foreign currencies

 

5

 

 

5

 

Total liabilities

$

28

$

5

$

5

$

18

47

December 31,

 

(Millions of dollars)

2020

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

 

Assets:

Trading securities – short-term investments:

Domestic equity securities

$

702

$

702

$

$

Domestic debt securities

496

196

300

Foreign equity securities

133

133

Foreign debt securities

68

68

Money market funds held in trading accounts

47

47

Other trading securities

 

19

 

3

 

16

 

Trading securities – other current assets:

Domestic equity securities

 

14

 

14

 

 

Other trading securities

12

11

1

Long-term investment - BDC

 

31

 

 

 

31

Derivatives:

Commodities

 

28

 

28

 

 

Interest rate swaps

 

1

 

 

1

 

Total assets

$

1,551

$

1,134

$

386

$

31

Liabilities:

Contingent consideration

$

16

$

$

$

16

Derivatives:

Commodities

19

19

Foreign currencies

 

9

 

 

9

 

Total liabilities

$

44

$

19

$

9

$

16

Financial instruments consisting of cash and cash equivalents, net receivables, lines of credit and accounts payable are carried at cost, which approximates fair value, as a result of the short-term nature of the instruments. The fair value of short-term investments is measured using multiple levels. Debt securities categorized as level 1 in the fair value hierarchy include debt securities held in mutual funds and ETFs. Domestic debt securities categorized as level 2 include corporate bonds, mortgage-backed securities, asset-backed securities, U.S. Treasuries and high-yield securities. Foreign debt securities categorized as level 2 include foreign government or government related securities, corporate bonds, asset-backed securities and high-yield securities with a country of origin concentration outside the U.S.

Seaboard has a long-term investment in a BDC that primarily lends to and invests in debt securities of privately held companies. This long-term investment is valued at net asset value (“NAV”), adjusted for a liquidity discount of $1 million, resulting in level 3 classification. The change in value during 2021 was primarily related to an additional contribution of $50 million. Equity market activity is recorded in other investment income (loss).

The fair value of long-term debt is estimated by comparing interest rates for debt with similar terms and maturities. As Seaboard’s long-term debt is mostly variable-rate, its carrying amount approximates fair value. If Seaboard’s long-term debt was measured at fair value on its consolidated balance sheets, it would have been classified as level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. See Note 7 for a discussion of Seaboard’s long-term debt.

Seaboard’s contingent consideration, classified in other non-current liabilities, is related to a 2018 acquisition. The fair value is dependent on the probability of the acquiree achieving certain financial performance targets using earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) as a metric. The contingent consideration ranges between 0 and $48 million payable between five and eight years following the closing, at the discretion of the sellers. The fair value is classified as a level 3 since the calculation is dependent upon projected company specific inputs using a Monte Carlo simulation. Seaboard remeasures the estimated fair value of the contingent consideration liability until settled, with adjustments included in net earnings (loss). The increase in value during 2021 was related to higher projected EBITDA and current foreign currency rates and interest rates at the measurement date.

Derivatives

Seaboard has derivatives to manage certain risks. While management believes its derivatives are primarily economic hedges, Seaboard does not perform the extensive record-keeping required to account for these types of transactions as hedges for accounting purposes. As a result, fluctuations in prices, foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates could have a material impact on earnings in any given reporting period. Credit risks associated with derivative contracts are not

48

significant as Seaboard minimizes counterparty exposure by dealing with credit-worthy counterparties and uses margin accounts for some accounts. As of December 31, 2021, the maximum amount of credit risk, had the counterparties failed to perform according to the terms of the contract, was $5 million.

Commodity Instruments

Seaboard uses various derivative futures and options to manage its risk to price fluctuations for raw materials and other inventories, finished product sales and firm sales commitments. Commodity derivatives are recorded at fair value, with any changes in fair value recognized as a component of cost of sales in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income. Seaboard had the following aggregated outstanding notional amounts:

December 31,

(Millions)

Metric

2021

2020

Commodities:

Grain

Bushels

1

26

Hogs

Pounds

2

Soybean oil

Pounds

20

56

Heating oil

Gallons