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LTC Properties (LTC)

Filed: 31 Oct 19, 4:37pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition period from ____ to ____

Commission file number 1-11314

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland

71-0720518

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

2829 Townsgate Road, Suite 350

Westlake Village, California 91361

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(805) 981-8655

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, $.01 par value

LTC

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes þ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer þ

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes No þ

The number of shares of common stock outstanding on October 24, 2019 was 39,751,704.

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(amounts in thousands, except per share)

    

    

 

September 30, 2019

December 31, 2018

(unaudited)

(audited)

ASSETS

Investments:

Land

$

129,403

$

125,358

Buildings and improvements

 

1,339,543

 

1,290,352

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(340,505)

 

(312,959)

Operating real estate property, net

 

1,128,441

 

1,102,751

Properties held-for-sale, net of accumulated depreciation: 2019—$1,916; 2018—$1,916

 

3,830

 

3,830

Real property investments, net

 

1,132,271

 

1,106,581

Mortgage loans receivable, net of loan loss reserve: 2019—$2,551; 2018—$2,447

 

253,186

 

242,939

Real estate investments, net

 

1,385,457

 

1,349,520

Notes receivable, net of loan loss reserve: 2019—$177; 2018—$128

 

17,552

 

12,715

Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures

24,426

30,615

Investments, net

 

1,427,435

 

1,392,850

Other assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

 

3,960

 

2,656

Restricted cash

2,108

2,108

Debt issue costs related to bank borrowings

 

2,380

 

2,989

Interest receivable

 

25,099

 

20,732

Straight-line rent receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts: 2019—$0; 2018—$746

 

44,814

 

73,857

Lease incentives

2,590

14,443

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

3,845

 

3,985

Total assets

$

1,512,231

$

1,513,620

LIABILITIES

Bank borrowings

$

165,400

$

112,000

Senior unsecured notes, net of debt issue costs: 2019—$831; 2018—$938

 

518,469

 

533,029

Accrued interest

 

3,996

 

4,180

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

30,472

 

31,440

Total liabilities

 

718,337

 

680,649

EQUITY

Stockholders’ equity:

Common stock: $0.01 par value; 60,000 shares authorized; shares issued and outstanding:

2019—39,752; 2018—39,657

 

398

 

397

Capital in excess of par value

 

865,721

 

862,712

Cumulative net income

 

1,280,940

 

1,255,764

Cumulative distributions

 

(1,361,625)

 

(1,293,383)

Total LTC Properties, Inc. stockholders’ equity

 

785,434

 

825,490

Non-controlling interests

 

8,460

 

7,481

Total equity

 

793,894

 

832,971

Total liabilities and equity

$

1,512,231

$

1,513,620

See accompanying notes.

3

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(amounts in thousands, except per share, unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

  

2019

  

2018

  

2019

  

2018

 

Revenues:

Rental income

$

38,665

$

34,211

$

114,566

$

102,646

Interest income from mortgage loans

 

7,646

 

7,087

 

22,308

 

20,910

Interest and other income

 

808

 

478

 

1,967

 

1,502

Total revenues

 

47,119

 

41,776

 

138,841

 

125,058

Expenses:

Interest expense

 

7,827

 

7,497

 

23,004

 

22,981

Depreciation and amortization

 

9,932

 

9,447

 

29,399

 

28,159

(Recovery) provision for doubtful accounts

 

(14)

 

106

 

153

 

76

Transaction costs

75

9

275

19

Property tax expense

4,270

12,566

General and administrative expenses

 

4,745

 

4,879

 

13,912

 

14,392

Total expenses

 

26,835

 

21,938

 

79,309

 

65,627

Other operating income:

Gain on sale of real estate, net

6,236

14,353

6,736

62,698

Operating income

 

26,520

 

34,191

 

66,268

 

122,129

Income from unconsolidated joint ventures

760

746

1,973

2,103

Net income

27,280

34,937

68,241

124,232

Income allocated to non-controlling interests

 

(88)

 

(17)

 

(257)

 

(17)

Net income attributable to LTC Properties, Inc.

 

27,192

 

34,920

67,984

 

124,215

Income allocated to participating securities

 

(112)

(138)

(298)

 

(504)

Net income available to common stockholders

$

27,080

$

34,782

$

67,686

$

123,711

Earnings per common share:

Basic

$

0.68

$

0.88

$

1.71

$

3.13

Diluted

$

0.68

$

0.88

$

1.69

$

3.12

Weighted average shares used to calculate earnings per common share:

Basic

 

39,586

 

39,487

 

39,565

 

39,470

Diluted

 

39,965

 

39,865

 

39,944

 

39,845

Dividends declared and paid per common share

$

0.57

$

0.57

$

1.71

$

1.71

Comprehensive Income:

Net income

$

27,280

$

34,937

$

68,241

$

124,232

Comprehensive income

$

27,280

$

34,937

$

68,241

$

124,232

See accompanying notes.

4

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

(In thousands)

Capital in

Cumulative

Total

Non-

Common Stock

Excess of

Net

Cumulative

Stockholder's

Controlling

Total

Shares

Amount

Par Value

Income

Distributions

Equity

Interests

Equity

Balance—December 31, 2017

39,570

$

396

$

856,992

$

1,100,783

$

(1,203,011)

$

755,160

$

3,488

$

758,648

Common Stock cash distributions ($0.57 per share)

(22,578)

(22,578)

(22,578)

Issuance of restricted stock

82

Stock option exercises

5

123

123

123

Stock-based compensation expense

1,376

1,376

1,376

Net income

20,359

20,359

20,359

Other

(28)

(1,065)

(1,065)

(1,065)

Balance—March 31, 2018

39,629

$

396

$

857,426

$

1,121,142

$

(1,225,589)

$

753,375

$

3,488

$

756,863

Common Stock cash distributions ($0.57 per share)

(22,590)

(22,590)

(22,590)

Issuance of restricted stock

9

(8)

(8)

(8)

Stock-based compensation expense

1,521

1,521

1,521

Net income

68,936

68,936

68,936

Non-controlling interest contributions

1,081

1,081

Other

(3)

(107)

(107)

(107)

Balance—June 30, 2018

39,635

$

396

$

858,832

$

1,190,078

$

(1,248,179)

$

801,127

$

4,569

$

805,696

Common Stock cash distributions ($0.57 per share)

(22,600)

(22,600)

(22,600)

Proceeds from common stock issued, net of issuance costs

22

1

928

929

929

Stock-based compensation expense

1,487

1,487

1,487

Net income

34,920

34,920

17

34,937

Non-controlling interest contributions

2,882

2,882

Non-controlling interest distributions

(17)

(17)

Other

(21)

(21)

(21)

Balance—September 30, 2018

39,657

$

397

$

861,226

$

1,224,998

$

(1,270,779)

$

815,842

$

7,451

$

823,293

Common Stock cash distributions ($0.57 per share)

(22,604)

(22,604)

(22,604)

Stock-based compensation expense

1,486

1,486

1,486

Net income

30,766

30,766

78

30,844

Non-controlling interest distributions

(48)

(48)

Balance—December 31, 2018

39,657

$

397

$

862,712

$

1,255,764

$

(1,293,383)

$

825,490

$

7,481

$

832,971

Cumulative effect of the adoption of the ASC 842

(42,808)

(42,808)

(42,808)

As Adjusted Balance at January 1, 2019

39,657

$

397

$

862,712

$

1,212,956

$

(1,293,383)

$

782,682

$

7,481

$

790,163

Common Stock cash distributions ($0.57 per share)

48

(22,931)

(22,931)

(22,931)

Issuance of restricted stock

78

(1)

(1)

(1)

Stock-based compensation expense

1,689

1,689

1,689

Net income

20,346

20,346

81

20,427

Non-controlling interest contributions

919

919

Non-controlling interest distributions

(89)

(89)

Other

(44)

(2,024)

(2,024)

(2,024)

Balance—March 31, 2019

39,739

$

397

$

862,376

$

1,233,302

$

(1,316,314)

$

779,761

$

8,392

$

788,153

Common Stock cash distributions ($0.57 per share)

(22,653)

(22,653)

(22,653)

Issuance of restricted stock

8

(6)

(6)

(6)

Stock-based compensation expense

1,623

1,623

1,623

Net income

20,446

20,446

88

20,534

Non-controlling interest contributions

46

46

Non-controlling interest distributions

(87)

(87)

Balance—June 30, 2019

39,747

$

397

$

863,993

$

1,253,748

$

(1,338,967)

$

779,171

$

8,439

$

787,610

Common Stock cash distributions ($0.57 per share)

(22,658)

(22,658)

(22,658)

Stock option exercises

5

1

122

123

123

Stock-based compensation expense

1,626

1,626

1,626

Net income

27,192

27,192

88

27,280

Non-controlling interest distributions

(67)

(67)

Other

(20)

(20)

(20)

Balance—September 30, 2019

39,752

$

398

$

865,721

$

1,280,940

$

(1,361,625)

$

785,434

$

8,460

$

793,894

5

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Amounts in thousands, unaudited)

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

 

  

2019

  

2018

 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

    

    

Net income

$

68,241

$

124,232

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

 

29,399

 

28,159

Stock-based compensation expense

 

4,938

 

4,384

Gain on sale of real estate, net

 

(6,736)

 

(62,698)

Income from unconsolidated joint ventures

 

(1,973)

 

(2,103)

Income distributions from unconsolidated joint ventures

2,577

1,727

Insurance proceeds for damaged property

2,619

Payment for remediation of damaged property

(455)

Straight-line rental income

(3,598)

 

(8,629)

Adjustment for collectibility of rental income

1,926

Lease incentives funded

(322)

(1,272)

Amortization of lease incentives

281

1,651

Provision for doubtful accounts

 

153

 

76

Non-cash interest related to contingent liabilities

 

 

377

Other non-cash items, net

 

760

 

923

Increase in interest receivable

 

(4,367)

 

(4,240)

Decrease in accrued interest payable

 

(184)

 

(1,808)

Net change in other assets and liabilities

 

(1,003)

 

495

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

90,092

 

83,438

INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

Investment in real estate properties

 

(38,334)

 

(40,408)

Investment in real estate developments

 

(15,052)

 

(25,717)

Investment in real estate capital improvements

 

(2,121)

 

(2,063)

Capitalized interest

(441)

(850)

Proceeds from sale of real estate, net

 

8,068

 

82,340

Investment in real estate mortgage loans receivable

 

(10,919)

 

(20,530)

Principal payments received on mortgage loans receivable

 

565

 

1,636

Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures

 

(394)

 

(580)

Proceeds from dissolution of unconsolidated joint ventures

6,601

Advances and originations under notes receivable

 

(8,531)

 

(50)

Principal payments received on notes receivable

 

3,446

 

3,848

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(57,112)

 

(2,374)

FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

Bank borrowings

 

73,400

 

96,500

Repayment of bank borrowings

 

(20,000)

 

(73,000)

Principal payments on senior unsecured notes

(14,667)

(20,166)

Proceeds from common stock issued

 

 

1,005

Stock option exercises

 

123

 

123

Distributions paid to stockholders

 

(68,241)

 

(67,768)

Contribution from non-controlling interests

 

46

 

3,963

Distributions paid to non-controlling interests

 

(243)

 

Financing costs paid

 

(41)

 

(3,162)

Other

 

(2,053)

 

(1,201)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(31,676)

 

(63,706)

Increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

1,304

 

17,358

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

4,764

 

5,213

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

6,068

$

22,571

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

Interest paid

$

22,431

$

23,869

Non-cash investing and financing transactions:

Reclassification of notes receivable to lease incentives

$

200

$

Contribution from non-controlling interests

$

919

$

See accompanying notes.

6

Table of Contents

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

1.

General

LTC Properties, Inc., a health care real estate investment trust (“REIT”), was incorporated on May 12, 1992 in the State of Maryland and commenced operations on August 25, 1992. We invest primarily in seniors housing and health care properties primarily through sale-leaseback transactions, mortgage financing and structured finance solutions including mezzanine lending. We conduct and manage our business as 1 operating segment, rather than multiple operating segments, for internal reporting and internal decision-making purposes. Our primary objectives are to create, sustain and enhance stockholder equity value and provide current income for distribution to stockholders through real estate investments in seniors housing and health care properties managed by experienced operators. Our primary seniors housing and health care property classifications include skilled nursing centers (“SNF”), assisted living communities (“ALF”), independent living communities (“ILF”), memory care communities (“MC”) and combinations thereof. To meet these objectives, we attempt to invest in properties that provide opportunity for additional value and current returns to our stockholders and diversify our investment portfolio by geographic location, operator, property classification and form of investment.

We have prepared consolidated financial statements included herein without audit and in the opinion of management have included all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to rules and regulations governing the presentation of interim financial statements. The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of our company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results for a full year.

NaN provision has been made for federal or state income taxes. Our company qualifies as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. As such, we generally are not taxed on income that is distributed to our stockholders.

New Accounting Pronouncements

New Accounting Standards Adopted by Our Company

In August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2016-15 (“ASU 2016-15”), Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (A Consensus of the Emerging Issues Task Force). ASU 2016-15 provides guidance that reduces the diversity in practice of the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments within the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2017. We adopted this standard on January 1, 2018. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

Revenue Recognition ASC Topic 606. On January 1, 2018, we adopted Accounting Standard codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue From Contracts With Customers (“ASC 606”) using the modified retrospective adoption method. ASC 606 outlines a comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. We evaluated the impact of this standard by assessing our revenue streams to identify any differences in the timing, measurement or presentation of

7

Table of Contents

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

revenue recognition. We concluded that adoption of this standard did not have an impact on our results of operations or financial condition, as our revenue consists of rental income from leasing arrangements and interest income from loan arrangements, both of which are specifically excluded from ASC 606.

Leases ASC Topic 842. In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02 (“ASU 2016-02”), Leases. ASU 2016-02 and its amendments have now formally entered into the FASB codification as ASC Topic 842, Leases (“ASC 842”). The objective of ASC 842 is to establish the principles for lessees and lessors to apply for reporting useful information to users of financial statements about the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from a lease.

ASC 842 requires lessees to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance of operating leases.

ASC 842 requires the lessors to identify lease and non-lease components of a lease agreement. Revenue related to non-lease components under lease agreements will be subject to the revenue recognition standard, upon adoption of this standard. Also, the new standard narrows definition of initial direct costs. Accordingly, upon adoption of the new standard, certain costs (primarily legal costs related to lease negotiations) should be expensed rather than capitalized.

Further, per ASC 842, lessors are required to assess the probability of collecting substantially all of the lease payments. The standard defines collectibility as lessee’s ability and intent to pay. If collectibility of substantially all of the lease payments through maturity is not probable, the lease income recorded during the period would be limited to lesser of the income that would have been recognized if collection were probable, and the lease payments received. If the assessment of collectibility changes, any difference between the lease income that would have been recognized and the lease payments should be recognized as an adjustment to lease income. At adoption, lessors are required to perform a lease-by-lease analysis for collectibility of all lease payments through maturity. If at adoption, it is not probable that substantially all of the lease obligations through maturity will be collected, a cumulative adjustment to equity should be made to reflect all of the lease obligations which are not probable to be collected.

Additionally, ASC 842 provides lessors with the option to elect a practical expedient allowing them to not separate lease and non-lease components and instead, to account for those components as a single lease component. This practical expedient is limited to circumstances in which: (i) the timing and pattern of transfer are the same for the non-lease component and the related lease component and (ii) the lease component, if accounted for separately, would be classified as an operating lease. This practical expedient causes an entity to assess whether a contract is predominantly lease-based or service-based and recognize the entire contract under the relevant accounting guidance (i.e., predominantly lease-based would be accounted for under ASC 842 and predominantly service-based would be accounted for under the ASC 606). This practical expedient option is available as a single election that must be consistently applied to all existing leases at the date of adoption. Also, ASC 842 provides a practical expedient that allows companies to use an optional transition method. Under the optional transition method, a cumulative adjustment to equity during the period of adoption is recorded and prior periods would not require restatement. Consequently, entities that elect both the practical expedient and the optional transitional method will apply the new lease ASC prospectively to leases commencing or modified after January 1, 2019 and will not be required to apply the disclosures under the new lease standard to comparative periods.

8

Table of Contents

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

ASC 842 has subsequently been amended by other issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) to clarify and improve the standard as well as to provide certain practical expedients. In December 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-20 (“ASU 2018-20”), Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors, which amends ASC 842 to require the lessors to exclude the lessor costs that are directly paid by the lessee to third parties on lessor’s behalf from variable payments. However, the lessor costs that are paid by the lessor and reimbursed by the lessee are required to be included in variable payments. Furthermore, ASC 842 allows for several practical expedients which permit the following: no reassessment of lease classification or initial direct costs and use of the standard’s effective date as the date of initial application. In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-01 (“ASU 2019-01”), Leases (Topic 842), Codification Improvements which provides clarification regarding presentation and disclosures. ASC 842 and its amendments are effective January 1, 2019.

Adoption of ASC 842. On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASC 842 using the modified retrospective approach as of the adoption date, whereby the cumulative effect of adoption was recognized on the adoption date and prior periods were not restated.

Upon adoption of the standard, we elected the practical expedients provided for in ASC 842, including:

No reassessment of whether any expired or existing contracts were or contained leases;
No reassessment of the lease classification for any expired or existing leases;
No reassessment of initial direct costs for any existing leases; and
No separation of lease and non-lease components.

As a lessee, we have an office lease agreement with a 5-year remaining term which was classified as an operating lease under ASC 840. Due to election of the package of practical expedients, upon adoption of ASC 842 this lease agreement will continue to be classified as operating lease. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded $224,000 of rent expense related to this lease agreement. Adoption of ASC 842 resulted in recording a right-of use asset and a lease liability which represents the present value of the remaining minimum lease payments using our incremental borrowing rate. At September 30, 2019, the balance of the right-of use asset and the lease liability related to our office lease agreement were $1,354,000.

As a lessor, our properties are leased subject to non-cancelable operating leases. Each lease is a triple net lease which requires the lessee to pay all taxes, insurance, maintenance and repairs, capital and non-capital expenditures and other costs necessary in the operations of the facilities. Upon adoption of ASC 842, we recorded real estate taxes that are reimbursed by our operators as Rental Income with a corresponding Property tax expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we have recognized $12,094,000 in Rental Income related to reimbursement of real estate taxes from our operators.

Furthermore, upon adoption of ASC 842, we assessed the probability of collecting substantially all of our lease payments through maturity. As previously reported, we have been monitoring Anthem Memory Care (“Anthem”), Thrive Senior Living, LLC (“Thrive”), Preferred Care, Inc. (“Preferred Care”) and Senior Care Centers, LLC. (“Senior Care”) due to cash flow concerns, performance concerns and/or bankruptcy filing. In conjunction with adoption of ASC 842, we evaluated our straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to the noted operators and determined that we do not have

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Table of Contents

LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

the level of collectibility certainty required by the standard to record the straight-line rent receivable. Accordingly, we wrote-off the straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances associated with these leases. Also, we wrote-off our 1% general straight-line rent receivable reserve. These balances totaled $42,808,000 and were written-off to equity effective January 1, 2019 as required by ASC 842.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we received cash rent from Anthem, Thrive, Preferred Care and Senior Care. The total amount of rental income received from these operators was $26,135,000 and is included in Rental Income on the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income. Of the $26,135,000 received, $5,571,000 and $22,542,000 are comprised of cash payments received for amounts previously written-off in transition to ASC 842 (“Recoveries”) during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively.

New Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted by Our Company

In 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). This standard requires a new forward looking “expected loss” model to be used for receivables, held-to-maturity debt, loans, and other instruments. When shared risk characteristics exist, ASU 2016-13 requires a collective basis measurement of expected credit losses of the financial assets. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2019, and early adoption is permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. We are currently evaluating the impact that the standard will have on our consolidated financial statements.

2.

Real Estate Investments

Assisted living communities, independent living communities, memory care communities and combinations thereof are included in the assisted living property classification (collectively “ALF”).

Any reference to the number of properties or facilities, number of units, number of beds, number of operators and yield on investments in real estate are unaudited and outside the scope of our independent registered public accounting firm’s review of our consolidated financial statements in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.

Owned Properties. Our Owned properties are leased pursuant to non-cancelable operating leases generally with an initial term of 10 to 15 years. Each lease is a triple net lease which requires the lessee to pay all taxes, insurance, maintenance and repairs, capital and non-capital expenditures and other costs necessary in the operations of the facilities. Many of the leases contain renewal options. The leases provide for fixed minimum base rent during the initial and renewal periods. The majority of our leases contain provisions for specified annual increases over the rents of the prior year that are generally computed in one of 4 ways depending on specific provisions of each lease:

(i)a specified percentage increase over the prior year’s rent, generally between 2.0% and 3.0%;
(ii)a calculation based on the Consumer Price Index;
(iii)as a percentage of facility net patient revenues in excess of base amounts; or
(iv)specific dollar increases.

Our leases that contain fixed annual rental escalations and/or have annual rental escalations that are contingent upon changes in the Consumer Price Index, are generally recognized on a straight-line

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basis over the minimum lease period. Certain leases have annual rental escalations that are contingent upon changes in the gross operating revenues of the property. This revenue is not recognized until the appropriate contingencies have been resolved.

The following table summarizes our investments in owned properties at September 30, 2019 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Average

 

Percentage

Number

Number of

Investment

 

Gross

of

of

SNF

ALF

per

 

Type of Property

Investment

Investment

Properties (1)

Beds

Units

Bed/Unit

 

Assisted Living

$

844,635

57.3

105

6,070

$

139.15

Skilled Nursing

605,763

41.1

%

72

8,835

261

$

66.60

Under Development (2)

12,934

0.9

Other (3)

11,360

0.7

1

118

Total

$

1,474,692

100.0

178

8,953

6,331

(1)We own properties in 28 states that are leased to 30 different operators.

(2)Represents a 78-unit ALF/MC located in Oregon and a 90-bed SNF located in Missouri.

(3)Includes 3 parcels of land held-for-use, and 1 behavioral health care hospital.

Future minimum base rents receivable under the remaining non-cancelable terms of operating leases excluding the effects of straight-line rent receivable, amortization of lease incentives and renewal options are as follows (in thousands):

    

 Cash

 

Rent (1)

 

2019

$

32,265

2020

 

132,387

2021

 

124,338

2022

 

125,420

2023

 

127,027

Thereafter

 

731,116

(1)Represents contractual cash rent, except for 4 master leases which are based on cash rents. See below for more information.

During 2017, we issued a notice of default to Anthem Memory Care (“Anthem”) resulting from Anthem’s partial payment of minimum rent. Anthem operates 11 memory care communities under a master lease. We currently estimate that Anthem will pay $7,500,000 of annual cash rent during 2019. This amount represents approximately 50% of the contractual amount due under the lease in 2019. In accordance with ASC 842 lease accounting guidance, at January 1, 2019, we evaluated the collectibility of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to Anthem and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balances to equity as of January 1, 2019, as required by the ASC 842 transition guidance.

During 2017, Preferred Care, Inc. (“Preferred Care”) and affiliated entities filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy as a result of a multi-million-dollar judgment in a lawsuit in Kentucky against Preferred Care and certain affiliated entities. The affiliated entities named in the lawsuit operate properties in Kentucky and New Mexico. Preferred Care leased 24 properties under 2 master leases from us and none of the 24 properties are located in Kentucky or New Mexico. Those 24 properties are in Arizona, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas and Texas. The Preferred Care operating entities that sublease those properties did not file for

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bankruptcy. The court ordered deadline for affirmation or rejection of the lease passed without action by Preferred Care. In accordance with ASC 842 lease accounting guidance, at January 1, 2019, we evaluated the collectibility of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to Preferred Care and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balances to equity as of January 1, 2019, as required by the ASC 842 transition guidance. During the third quarter of 2019, Preferred Care began paying only $55,000 of monthly rent. The rental obligation under unconfirmed lease was approximately $1,000,000. We applied all of their security deposit to rental income during the third quarter and recorded only the $55,000 cash received in October 2019 to rental income. We are working with Preferred Care on options for the portfolio which likely will include selling the majority of the properties. In October of 2019, we entered into multiple contracts to sell a portion of the properties and are negotiating contracts to sell the remainder of the properties. The contracts are subject to standard due diligence and other contingencies to close. Should these conditions be met, we anticipate reclassifying these properties to held-for-sale.

On December 4, 2018, Senior Care Centers, LLC. and affiliates and subsidiaries (“Senior Care”) filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy as a result of lease terminations from certain landlords and on-going operational challenges. Senior Care did not pay us December 2018 rent, but has paid us January to October 2019 rent, real estate property tax and maintenance deposits. In December 2018, we placed Senior Care on a cash basis. In accordance with ASC 842 lease accounting guidance, at January 1, 2019, we evaluated the collectibility of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to Senior Care and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balances to equity as of January 1, 2019, as required by the ASC 842 transition guidance.

Pursuant to the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, Senior Care had an initial period of 120 days from the petition date to assume or reject the lease. However, the Bankruptcy Code also provides that the court may extend this initial 120-day period for an additional 90 days. Accordingly, Senior Care requested, and the court approved an additional 90 days, which ended on July 2, 2019, to assume or reject the lease. In July 2019, Senior Care filed a motion attempting to affirm the lease. We subsequently filed an objection in opposition to Senior Care’s motion. During the fourth quarter of 2019, the court rejected our motion and accordingly, our master lease with Senior Care was affirmed. At October 4, 2019, as of court filing, the court has ordered Senior Care to pay us unpaid rent from December 2018, late fees and legal costs totaling $1,596,000 by the earlier of the bankruptcy plan effective date or December 16, 2019.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we placed Thrive Senior Living, LLC. (“Thrive”) on a cash basis due to short-payment of contractual rent in November 2018 and non-payment of rent in December 2018 totaling $700,000. This rent was subsequently received in 2019. Thrive did not pay 2019 contractual rent. In April 2019, we issued a notice of default to Thrive. In accordance with ASC 842 lease accounting guidance, at January 1, 2019, we evaluated the collectibility of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to Thrive and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balances to equity as of January 1, 2019, as required by the ASC 842 transition guidance.

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We completed the following for all of the properties in the Thrive portfolio. As of September 30, 2019, Thrive does not operate any property in our portfolio:

Transitioned 2 memory care communities located in Ohio and Kentucky with a total of 120-units to an operator new to our portfolio during the second quarter of 2019. The memory care communities are under a 10-year lease term with initial cash rent of $1,250,000 in year one, $1,500,000 in year two, $1,975,000 in year three and $2,150,000 in year four. Rent may increase subject to a contingent escalation formula commencing in year five and annually thereafter. The lease provides the lessee with a purchase option available between 2028-2029;
Transitioned a 56-unit memory care community located in Texas to an existing operator and added the memory care community to an existing master lease during the second quarter of 2019. As a result of this transition, annual cash rent under the existing master lease was increased by $400,000 effective June 1, 2019 and will increase by an additional $300,000 on June 1, 2020 and 2.5% annually thereafter. Additionally, LTC will be entitled to incremental rent calculated as a percentage of increases in gross revenues generated by the property above an established threshold;
Transitioned 2 memory care communities in Georgia and South Carolina with a total of 159-units to an existing operator during the third quarter of 2019. The new 2-year lease agreement has an initial annual cash rent of $1,762,000. The lease provides the lessee one month free rent and the option to defer up to 50% of contractual rent through December 2019. Rent increases 3.5% in year two; and
Transitioned the remaining 60-unit memory care community located in Florida to an existing operator effective August 1, 2019. The new 10-year lease provides the lessee twelve months free rent, rent of $450,000 in year two and $600,000 in year three and thereafter. In year two the lessee has the option to defer rent in an amount not to exceed $150,000. Rent may increase subject to a contingent escalation formula commencing in year three and annually thereafter. Additionally, the lease provides the lessee with a purchase option available between 2028 and 2029.

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The following table summarizes components of our rental income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

Rental Income

2019

2018

2019

2018

Base cash rental income

$

33,754

(1)

$

31,506

$

100,687

(1)

$

95,273

Variable cash rental income

3,926

(2)

76

(2)

12,488

(2)

395

(2)

Straight-line rent

1,085

(3)

3,189

3,598

(3)

8,629

Adjustment for collectibility of rental income

(1,926)

(4)

Amortization of lease incentives

(100)

(560)

(281)

(1,651)

Total

$

38,665

$

34,211

$

114,566

$

102,646

(1)Increased due to acquisitions, developments and capital improvements partially offset due to reduced rent from sold properties and properties transitioned to other operators.

(2)The three months ended September 30, 2019 variable rental income includes $77 related to contingent rental income and $3,849 related to our real estate taxes which were reimbursed by our operators. The nine months ended September 30, 2019 variable rental income includes $394 related to contingent rental income and $12,094 related to our real estate taxes which were reimbursed by our operators. Per the provisions of ASC 842, any lessor cost, paid by the lessor and reimbursed by the lessee, must be included as a lease payment. As discussed above, we adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach as of the adoption date of January 1, 2019. Accordingly, we are not required to report this revenue stream for periods prior to January 1, 2019.

(3)In accordance with ASC 842 lease accounting guidance, we evaluated the collectibility of lease payments through maturity and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual obligations from Anthem, Thrive, Preferred Care and Senior Care leases through maturity. Decreased due to these leases being accounted for on cash-basis as of January 1, 2019.

(4)During the first quarter of 2019, we terminated a lease agreement and transitioned 2 operating seniors housing communities under the lease agreement to a new operator. As a result of the lease termination, we wrote-off $1,926 straight-line rent receivable to contra-revenue in accordance with ASC 842.

Some of our lease agreements provide purchase options allowing the lessees to purchase the properties they currently lease from us. The following table summarizes information about purchase options included in our lease agreements (dollar amount in thousands):

Type

Number

of

of

Gross

Carrying

Option

State

Property

Properties

Investments

Value

Window

California

ALF/MC

2

$

38,895

$

36,777

2024-2029

California

ALF

2

28,246

15,551

2021-TBD

(1)

Florida

MC

1

14,201

12,845

2028-2029

Kentucky and Ohio

MC

2

30,087

28,007

2028-2029

Texas

MC

2

25,265

24,490

2025-2027

South Carolina

ALF/MC

1

11,680

10,939

2028-2029

Total

$

148,374

$

128,609

(1)The option window ending date will be either 24 months or 48 months after the option window commences, based on certain contingencies.

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Acquisitions and Developments: The following table summarizes our acquisitions for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Total

Number

Number

Purchase

Transaction

Acquisition

of

of

Year

Type of Property

Price

Costs (1)

Costs

Properties

Beds/Units

2019

Skilled Nursing (2)

$

19,500

$

77

$

19,577

 

1

90

Assisted Living (3)

16,719

176

16,895

1

74

Land (4)

2,732

49

2,781

Total

$

38,951

$

302

$

39,253

2

164

2018

Assisted Living (5) (6)

$

39,600

$

65

$

39,665

3

177

Land (6)

695

48

743

Total

$

40,295

$

113

$

40,408

3

177

(1)Represents cost associated with our acquisitions; however, upon adoption of ASU 2017-01, our acquisitions meet the definition of an asset acquisition resulting in capitalization of transaction costs to the properties’ basis. For our land purchases with forward development commitments, transaction costs are capitalized as part of construction in progress. Transaction costs per our Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income represents current and prior year transaction costs due to timing and terminated transactions.

(2)We acquired a newly constructed 90-bed SNF located in Missouri.

(3)We entered into a joint venture (“JV”) (consolidated on our financial statements) to purchase an existing operational 74-unit ALF/MC community. The non-controlling partner contributed $919 of equity and we contributed $15,971 in cash. Our economic interest in the real estate JV is approximately 95%.

(4)We acquired a parcel of land adjacent to an existing SNF in California. Additionally, we acquired a parcel of land and development of a 90-bed SNF in Missouri. The commitment totals approximately $17,400.

(5)We acquired 2 MC properties in Texas.

(6)We entered into a JV (consolidated on our financial statements) to purchase an existing operational 89-unit ILF and to own the real estate and develop a 78-unit ALF/MC for $18,108 in Oregon.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, we invested the following in development and improvement projects (in thousands):

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2019

2018

Type of Property

Developments

Improvements

Developments

Improvements

Assisted Living Communities

$

10,266

$

1,826

$

19,251

$

1,131

Skilled Nursing Centers

4,786

6,466

500

Other

295

432

Total

$

15,052

$

2,121

$

25,717

$

2,063

Completed Developments. The following table summarizes our completed developments during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Number

Type

Number

of

of

of

Total

Year

Type of Project

Properties

Property

Beds/Units

State

Investment

2019

Development

1

SNF

143

Kentucky

$

24,496

Development

1

ILF/ALF/MC

110

Wisconsin

21,893

Total

2

253

$

46,389

2018

Development

1

MC

66

Illinois

$

13,974

Total

1

66

$

13,974

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(Unaudited)

Properties held-for-sale. The following table summarizes our property held-for-sale as of September 30, 2019 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Type

Number

Number

of

of

Gross

Accumulated

of

State

Property

Properties

Investment

Depreciation

Beds/units

Texas

ILF

1

$

5,746

$

1,916

140

Properties Sold. The following table summarizes property sales during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Type

Number

Number

Net

of

of

of

Sales

Carrying

Gain

Year

State

Properties

Properties

Beds/Units

Price

Value

(Loss)

2019

N/A

N/A

$

$

$

500

(1)

Georgia

SNF

1

148

7,920

1,639

6,236

Total 2019

1

148

$

7,920

$

1,639

$

6,736

2018

Alabama

SNF

2

285

$

17,525

$

3,272

$

14,253

Kansas

ALF

(2)

350

346

Ohio and Pennsylvania

ALF

(1)

6

320

67,500

16,352

48,445

Total 2018

8

605

$

85,375

$

19,970

$

62,698

(1)Gain recognized due to the receipt of funds held in escrow related to a portfolio of 6 ALFs sold during the second quarter of 2018.

(2)We sold land adjacent to an existing ALF community in Kansas.

Mortgage Loans. The following table summarizes our investments in mortgage loans secured by first mortgages at September 30, 2019 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Type

Percentage

Number of

Investment

Gross

of

of

SNF

per

Interest Rate (1)

Maturity

Investment

Property

Investment

Loans (2)

Properties (3)

Beds

Bed/Unit

9.7%

2043

$

186,510

SNF

72.9

%

1

15

2,029

$

91.92

9.2%

2045

34,886

SNF

13.6

%

1

4

501

$

69.63

9.4%

2045

 

19,391

SNF

7.6

%

1

2

205

$

94.59

9.4%

2045

14,950

SNF

5.9

%

1

1

157

$

95.22

Total

$

255,737

100.0

%

4

22

2,892

$

88.43

(1)The majority of the mortgage loans provide for annual increases in the interest rate after a certain time period based upon a specified increase of 2.25%.

(2)Some loans contain certain guarantees, provide for certain facility fees and the majority of the mortgage loans have a 30-year term.

(3)The properties securing these mortgage loans are located in 1 state and are operated by 1 operator.

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The following table summarizes our mortgage loan activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

2019

2018

Originations and funding under mortgage loans receivable

$

10,919

(1)

$

20,530

(2)

Pay-offs received

(1,086)

Scheduled principal payments received

(565)

(550)

Mortgage loan premium amortization

(3)

(3)

Provision for loan loss reserve

(104)

(189)

Net increase in mortgage loans receivable

$

10,247

$

18,702

(1)During 2019, we funded an additional $7,500 under an existing mortgage loan. The incremental funding bears interest at 9.41%, fixed for two years, and escalating by 2.25% thereafter.

(2)During 2018, we funded an additional $7,400 under an existing mortgage loan for the purchase of a 112-bed SNF in Michigan. The incremental funding bears interest at 8.7%, fixed for five years, and escalating by 2.25% thereafter. Also, we funded additional loan proceeds of $7,125 under an existing mortgage loan for the purchase of a 126-bed skilled nursing center in Michigan. This incremental funding bears interest at 9.41%, fixed for five years, and escalating by 2.25% thereafter.

3.

Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

The following table summarizes our investment in an unconsolidated joint venture (dollar amounts in thousands):

Type

Type

Total

Currently

Number

of

of

Preferred

Paid in

of

Investment

Carrying

State

Properties

Investment

Return

Cash

Beds/ Units

Commitment

Value

Arizona

ALF/MC/ILF

Preferred Equity

(1)

15

%

8

%

(2)

585

$

25,650

$

24,426

Total

585

$

25,650

$

24,426

(1)We have concluded that the JV is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) in accordance with GAAP. However, because we do not control the entity, nor do we have any role in the day-to-day management, we are not the primary beneficiary of the JV. Therefore, we account for the JV investment using the equity method.

(2)Effective second quarter of 2019, this JV was placed on cash basis due to delinquency of our preferred return.

Subsequent to September 30, 2019, the JV in which we hold our preferred equity investment signed a letter of intent for the sale of the 4 properties comprising the JV. Concurrently, the JV is pursuing a refinancing alternative to take advantage of lower interest rates in today’s market. Based upon the information available to us regarding available alternatives and courses of action as of September 30, 2019, we performed a recoverability test on the carrying amount of our preferred equity investment and concluded the preferred equity investment was not impaired.

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The following table summarizes our capital contributions, income recognized, and cash interest received related to our investments in unconsolidated joint ventures (in thousands):

Type

of

Capital

Income

Cash Interest

Year

Properties

Contribution

Recognized

Received

2019

ALF/MC/ILF

$

394

$

614

$

1,166

ALF/ILF/MC

(1)

(1)

955

(1)

979

(1)

ALF/MC

(2)

(2)

404

(2)

432

(2)

Total

$

394

$

1,973

$

2,577

2018

ALF/MC/ILF

$

580

$

1,490

$

1,436

ALF/ILF/MC

(1)

(1)

383

(1)

291

(1)

ALF/MC

(2)

(2)

230

(2)

(2)

Total

$

580

$

2,103

$

1,727

(1)We had a $2,900 mezzanine loan commitment for a 99-unit seniors housing community in Florida with a total preferred return of 15%. The mezzanine loan was an ADC arrangement which we determined it to have characteristics similar to a jointly-owned arrangement and recorded it as an unconsolidated joint venture. Since interest payments were deferred and no interest was recorded for the first twelve months of the loan, we used the effective interest method in accordance with GAAP to recognize interest income and recorded the difference between the effective interest income and cash interest income to the loan principal balance. During the third quarter of 2019, the mezzanine loan was paid off.

(2)We had a $3,400 mezzanine loan commitment for the development of a 127-unit seniors housing community in Florida with a total preferred return of 15%. The mezzanine loan was an ADC arrangement which we determined it to have characteristics similar to a jointly-owned arrangement and recorded it as an unconsolidated joint venture. During the first quarter of 2019, the mezzanine loan was paid off.

4.

Notes Receivable

Notes receivable consists of mezzanine loans and other loan arrangements. The following table is a summary of our notes receivable components as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (in thousands):

At September 30, 2019

At December 31, 2018

 

Mezzanine loans

$

13,284

$

9,868

Other loans

4,445

2,975

Notes receivable reserve

(177)

(128)

Total

$

17,552

$

12,715

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The following tables summarizes our notes receivable activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2019

2018

Advances under notes receivable

$

8,531

(1)

$

50

Principal payments received under notes receivable

(3,446)

(3,848)

Reclassified to lease incentives (2)

(200)

(2)

Notes receivable reserve

(48)

38

Total

$

4,837

$

(3,760)

(1)We originated a $6,800 mezzanine loan commitment for the development of a 204-unit ILF/ALF/MC in Georgia. The mezzanine loan has a five-year term and a 12.0% return, a portion of which is paid in cash, and the remaining portion of which is deferred during the first 46 months. Additionally, we originated a $1,400 note agreement, funding $1,124 with a commitment to fund $276. The note bears interest at 7.0%. Further, we originated a $550 note agreement, funding $400 with a commitment to fund $150. The note bears interest at 7.5%.

(2)Represents an interim working capital loan related to a development project which matured upon completion of the development project and commencement of the lease.

5.

Lease Incentives

Our lease incentives balances at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are as follows (in thousands):

September 30, 2019

December 31, 2018

Non-contingent lease incentives

$

2,590

$

14,443

The following table summarizes our lease incentive activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018(in thousands):

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2019

2018

Funding

Amortization

Reclassification

Funding

Amortization

Non-contingent lease incentives

$

322

$

(281)

$

(11,893)

(1)

$

1,272

$

(1,292)

Contingent lease incentives

(359)

Net increase (decrease) in lease incentives

$

322

$

(281)

$

(11,893)

$

1,272

$

(1,651)

(1)In accordance with ASC 842 lease standard adopted on January 1, 2019, we wrote-off $12,093 of lease incentives related to leases for which we determined it is not probable we will collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligation through maturity. See Note 1. General for further discussion. Additionally, we reclassified a $200 interim working capital loan as lease incentive. See Note 4. Notes Receivable for further discussion.

Non-contingent lease incentives represent payments made to our lessees for various reasons including entering into a new lease or lease amendments and extensions. Contingent lease incentives represent potential contingent earn-out payments that may be made to our lessees in the future, as part of our lease agreements. From time to time, we may commit to provide contingent payments to our lessees, upon our properties achieving certain rent coverage ratios. Once the contingent payment becomes probable and estimable, the contingent payment is recorded as a lease incentive. Lease incentives are amortized as a yield adjustment to rental income over the remaining life of the lease.

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LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

6.

Debt Obligations

Bank Borrowings. During 2018, we amended and restated our unsecured credit agreement to replace the previous unsecured credit agreement, prior to its expiration on October 14, 2018. The amended credit agreement maintains the $600,000,000 aggregate commitment of the lenders under the prior agreement and provides for the opportunity to increase the commitment size of the credit agreement up to a total of $1,000,000,000. The amended credit agreement extends the maturity of the credit agreement to June 27, 2022 and provides for a one-year extension option at our discretion, subject to customary conditions. Additionally, the amended credit agreement decreases the interest rate margins and converts from the payment of unused commitment fees to a facility fee. Based on our leverage at September 30, 2019, the facility provides for interest annually at LIBOR plus 115 basis points and a facility fee of 20 basis points. At September 30, 2019, we were in compliance with all covenants.

Senior Unsecured Notes. We have a $337,500,000 shelf agreement with affiliates and managed accounts of PGIM, Inc. (“Prudential”) which expires on February 16, 2020.

The debt obligations by component as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

At September 30, 2019

At December 31, 2018

Applicable

Available

Available

Interest

Outstanding

for

Outstanding

for

Debt Obligations

Rate (1)

Balance

Borrowing

Balance

Borrowing

Bank borrowings (2)

3.39%

$

165,400

$

434,600

$

112,000

$

488,000

Senior unsecured notes, net of debt issue costs (3)

4.48%

518,469

107,500

533,029

93,833

Total

4.22%

$

683,869

$

542,100

$

645,029

$

581,833

(1)Represents weighted average of interest rate as of September 30, 2019.

(2)Subsequent to September 30, 2019, we paid down $100,000 under our unsecured revolving line of credit, using the proceeds from the sale of $100,000 senior unsecured notes as explained below. Accordingly, we have $65,400 outstanding under our revolving line of credit with $534,600 available for borrowing.

(3)Subsequent to September 30, 2019, we sold $100,000 aggregate principal amount of 3.85% senior unsecured notes maturing in 2031 to Prudential. Accordingly, we have $618,469 outstanding and $7,500 available under our senior unsecured notes.

Our borrowings and repayments are as follows (in thousands):

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2019

2018

Debt Obligations

Borrowings

Repayments

Borrowings

Repayments

Bank borrowings

$

73,400

$

(20,000)

$

96,500

$

(73,000)

Senior unsecured notes

(14,667)

(20,166)

Total

$

73,400

$

(34,667)

$

96,500

$

(93,166)

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LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

7.

Equity

Common Stock. We have separate equity distribution agreements (collectively, “Equity Distribution Agreements”) to offer and sell, from time to time, up to $200,000,000 in aggregate offering price of shares of our common stock. As of September 30, 2019, 0 shares had been issued under the Equity Distribution Agreements. Accordingly, at September 30, 2019, we had $200,000,000 available under the Equity Distribution Agreements.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, we acquired 45,030 shares and 31,326 shares, respectively, of common stock held by employees who tendered owned shares to satisfy tax withholding obligations.

Non-controlling Interests. We have entered into partnerships to develop and/or own real estate. Given that our limited members do not have the substantive kick-out rights, liquidation rights, or participation rights, we have concluded that the partnerships are VIEs. As we exercise power over and receive benefits from the VIEs, we are considered the primary beneficiary. Accordingly, we consolidate the VIEs and record the non-controlling interests at cost.

As of September 30, 2019, we have the following consolidated VIEs (dollar amounts in thousands):

Gross

Investment

Property

Consolidated

Non-Controlling

Year

Purpose

Type

State

Assets

Interests

2019

Owned real estate

ALF/MC

VA

$

16,895

$

919

2018

Owned real estate

ILF

OR

14,400

(1)

2,857

(1)

2018

Owned real estate and development

UDP

OR

9,987

(1)

1,081

(1)

2017

Owned real estate and development

ILF/ALF/MC

WI

21,893

(2)

2,318

(2)

2017

Owned real estate

ALF/MC

SC

11,680

1,285

Total

$

74,855

$

8,460

(1)We entered into a JV to develop, purchase and own seniors housing properties. During the second quarter of 2018, the JV purchased land for the development of a 78-unit ALF/MC for a total anticipated project cost of $18,108. The non-controlling partner contributed $1,081 of cash and we committed to fund the remaining $17,027 project cost. During the third quarter of 2018, in a sale-leaseback transaction, the JV purchased an existing operational 89-unit ILF adjacent to the 78-unit ALF/MC we are developing for $14,400. The non-controlling partner contributed $2,857 of equity and we contributed $11,543 in cash. Upon completion of the development project, our combined economic interest in the JV will be approximately 88%.

(2)We entered into a JV to own the real estate and develop a 110-unit ILF/ALF/MC community in Wisconsin. This development project completed during the second quarter of 2019.

Available Shelf Registration. We have an automatic shelf registration statement on file with the SEC, and currently have the ability to file additional automatic shelf registration statements, to provide us with capacity to publicly offer an indeterminate amount of common stock, preferred stock, warrants, debt, depositary shares, or units. We may from time to time raise capital under our automatic shelf registration statement in amounts, at prices, and on terms to be announced when and if the securities are offered. The specifics of any future offerings, along with the use of proceeds of any securities offered, will be described in detail in a prospectus supplement, or other offering materials, at the time of the offering. Our shelf registration statement expires on February 28, 2022.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

Distributions. We declared and paid the following cash dividends (in thousands):

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2019

2018

Declared

Paid

Declared

Paid

Common Stock (1)

$

68,241

$

68,241

$

67,768

$

67,768

(1)Represents $0.19 per share per month for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.

In October 2019, we declared a monthly cash dividend of $0.19 per share on our common stock for the months of October, November and December 2019, payable on October 31, November 29, and December 31, 2019, respectively, to stockholders of record on October 23, November 21, and December 23, 2019, respectively.

Stock-Based Compensation. Under our 2015 Equity Participation Plan (“the 2015 Plan”), 1,400,000 shares of common stock have been reserved for awards, including nonqualified stock option grants and restricted stock grants to officers, employees, non-employee directors and consultants. The terms of the awards granted under the 2015 Plan are set by our compensation committee at its discretion.

At September 30, 2019, we had 15,000 stock options outstanding and exercisable. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, 0 stock options were granted. The stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 were as follows:

Weighted

 

Average

 

Options

Exercise

Option

Market

 

Exercised

Price

Value

Value (1)

 

2019

5,000

$

24.65

$

123,000

$

233,000

2018

5,000

$

24.65

$

123,000

$

205,000

(1)As of exercise date.

The following table summarizes our restricted stock and performance-based stock units activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018:

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2019

2018

Outstanding, January 1

325,750

244,181

Granted

147,608

156,718

Vested

(127,725)

(1)

(75,149)

Outstanding, September 30

345,633

325,750

(1)Includes 48,225 performance-based stock units.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, we granted restricted stock and performance-based stock units under the 2015 Plan as follows:

No. of 

Price per

Year

Shares/Units

Share

Vesting Period

2019

78,276

$

46.54

ratably over 3 years

60,836

$

46.54

TSR targets (1)

8,496

$

44.73

May 29, 2020

147,608

2018

81,819

$

38.18

ratably over 3 years

66,171

$

38.18

TSR targets (1)

8,728

$

41.25

May 30, 2019

156,718

(1)Vesting is based on achieving certain total shareholder return (“TSR”) targets in 4 years with acceleration opportunity in 3 years.

Compensation expense recognized related to the vesting of restricted common stock and performance-based stock units for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 were $4,938,000 and $4,384,000, respectively. At September 30, 2019, the remaining compensation expense to be recognized related to the future service period of unvested outstanding restricted common stock and performance-based stock units are as follows (in thousands):

Remaining

Compensation

Vesting Date

Expense

2019

$

1,627

2020

4,619

2021

2,503

2022

189

Total

$

8,938

8.

Commitments and Contingencies

At September 30, 2019, we had commitments as follows (in thousands):

Total

Investment

2019

Commitment

Remaining

Commitment

Funding

Funded

Commitment

Real estate properties (Note 2. Real Estate Investments)

$

50,647

(1)

$

9,450

$

18,959

$

31,688

Accrued incentives and earn-out liabilities (Note 5. Lease Incentives)

9,000

9,000

Mortgage loans (Note 2. Real Estate Investments)

56,200

(2)

3,419

22,009

34,191

Joint venture investments (Note 3. Investments in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures)

25,650

394

24,078

1,572

Notes receivable (Note 4. Notes Receivable)

2,850

1,603

1,627

1,223

Total

$

144,347

$

14,866

$

66,673

$

77,674

(1)Represents commitments to purchase land and improvements, if applicable, and to develop, re-develop, renovate or expand seniors housing and health care properties.

(2)Represents $35,700 of commitments to expand and renovate the seniors housing and health care properties securing the mortgage loans and $20,500 represents contingent funding upon the borrower achieving certain coverage ratios.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

Also, some of our lease agreements provide purchase options allowing the lessee to purchase the properties they currently lease from us. See Note 2. Real Estate Investments for a table summarizing information about our purchase options.

We are a party from time to time to various general and professional liability claims and lawsuits asserted against the lessees or borrowers of our properties, which in our opinion are not singularly or in the aggregate material to our results of operations or financial condition. These types of claims and lawsuits may include matters involving general or professional liability, which we believe under applicable legal principles are not our responsibility as a non-possessory landlord or mortgage holder. We believe that these matters are the responsibility of our lessees and borrowers pursuant to general legal principles and pursuant to insurance and indemnification provisions in the applicable leases or mortgages. We intend to continue to vigorously defend such claims.

9.

Major Operators

We have 2 operators from each of which we derive 10% or more of our combined rental revenue and interest income from mortgage loans. The following table sets forth information regarding our major operators as of September 30, 2019:

Number of

Number of

Percentage of

SNF

ALF

Total

Total

Operator

SNF

ALF

Beds

Units

Revenue (1)

Assets

Prestige Healthcare

24

3,010

93

17.0

%

17.3

%

Senior Lifestyle Corporation

23

1,457

10.8

%

10.3

%

Total

24

23

3,010

1,550

27.8

%

27.6

%

(1)Includes rental income from owned properties and interest income from mortgage loans as of September 30, 2019 and excludes rental income due to lessee reimbursement of our real estate taxes and adjustment for collectability of rental income.

Our financial position and ability to make distributions may be adversely affected if Prestige Healthcare, Senior Lifestyle Corporation, or any of our lessees and borrowers face financial difficulties, including any bankruptcies, inability to emerge from bankruptcy, insolvency or general downturn in business of any such operator, or in the event any such operator does not renew and/or extend its relationship with us.

24

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LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

10.

Earnings per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

2019

2018

2019

2018

Net income

$

27,280

$

34,937

$

68,241

$

124,232

Less income allocated to non-controlling interests

 

(88)

 

(17)

 

(257)

 

(17)

Less income allocated to participating securities:

Non-forfeitable dividends on participating securities

(93)

(89)

(279)

(268)

Income allocated to participating securities

(19)

(49)

(19)

(236)

Total net income allocated to participating securities

(112)

(138)

(298)

(504)

Net income available to common stockholders

27,080

34,782

67,686

123,711

Effect of dilutive securities:

Participating securities

(1)

138

(1)

504

Net income for diluted net income per share

$

27,080

$

34,920

$

67,686

$

124,215

Shares for basic net income per share

39,586

39,487

39,565

39,470

Effect of dilutive securities:

Stock options

4

4

4

3

Performance-based stock units

375

217

375

217

Participating securities

(1)

157

(1)

155

Total effect of dilutive securities

379

378

379

375

Shares for diluted net income per share

39,965

39,865

39,944

39,845

Basic net income per share

$

0.68

$

0.88

$

1.71

$

3.13

Diluted net income per share

$

0.68

$

0.88

$

1.69

$

3.12

(1)For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the participating securities have been excluded from the computation of diluted net income per share as such inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

11.

Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with the accounting guidance regarding the fair value option for financial assets and financial liabilities, entities are permitted to choose to measure certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value, with the change in unrealized gains and losses reported in earnings. We did not elect the fair value option for any of our financial assets and financial liabilities.

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LTC PROPERTIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

(Unaudited)

The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents approximates fair value because of the short-term maturity of these instruments. We do not invest our cash in auction rate securities. The carrying value and fair value of our financial instruments as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 assuming election of fair value for our financial assets and financial liabilities were as follows (in thousands):

At September 30, 2019

At December 31, 2018

Carrying

Fair

Carrying

Fair 

Value

Value

Value

Value

Mortgage loans receivable

$

253,186

$

310,842

(1)

$

242,939

$

295,492

(1)

Bank borrowings

 

165,400

165,400

(2)

112,000

112,000

(2)

Senior unsecured notes, net of debt issue costs

 

518,469

537,739

(3)

533,029

508,613

(3)

(1)Our investment in mortgage loans receivable is classified as Level 3. The fair value is determined using a widely accepted valuation technique, discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows. The discount rate is determined using our assumption on market conditions adjusted for market and credit risk and current returns on our investments. The discount rate used to value our future cash inflows of the mortgage loans receivable at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 was 9.0%.

(2)Our bank borrowings bear interest at a variable interest rate. The estimated fair value of our bank borrowings approximated their carrying values at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 based upon prevailing market interest rates for similar debt arrangements.

(3)Our obligation under our senior unsecured notes is classified as Level 3 and thus the fair value is determined using a widely accepted valuation technique, discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows. The discount rate is measured based upon management’s estimates of rates currently prevailing for comparable loans available to us, and instruments of comparable maturities. At September 30, 2019, the discount rate used to value our future cash outflow of our senior unsecured notes was 3.50% for those maturing before year 2026 and 3.70% for those maturing at or beyond year 2026. At December 31, 2018, the discount rate used to value our future cash outflow of our senior unsecured notes was 5.15% for those maturing before year 2026 and 5.40% for those maturing at or beyond year 2026.

12.

Subsequent Events

Subsequent to September 30, 2019 the following events occurred:

Debt. We sold $100,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 3.85% senior unsecured notes due in 2031 to Prudential. Accordingly, we have $618,469,000 outstanding and $7,500,000 available under our senior unsecured notes. Additionally, we paid down $100,000,000 under our unsecured revolving line of credit using the proceeds from the sale of senior unsecured noted explained above. Accordingly, we have $65,400,000 outstanding under our revolving line of credit with $534,600,000 available for borrowing.

Equity: We declared a monthly cash dividend of $0.19 per share on our common stock for the months of October, November and December 2019, payable on October 31, November 29, and December 31, 2019, respectively to stockholders of record on October 23, November 21, and December 23, 2019, respectively.

26

Item 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Statement Regarding Forward Looking Disclosure

This quarterly report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, adopted pursuant to the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements that are not purely historical may be forward-looking. You can identify some of the forward-looking statements by their use of forward-looking words, such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “could,” “would,” “should,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates” or “anticipates,” or the negative of those words or similar words. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties regarding events, conditions and financial trends that may affect our future plans of operation, business strategy, results of operations and financial position. A number of important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those included within or contemplated by such forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, the status of the economy; the status of capital markets (including prevailing interest rates) and our access to capital; the income and returns available from investments in health care related real estate (including our ability to re-lease properties upon expiration of a lease term); the ability of our borrowers and lessees to meet their obligations to us; our reliance on a few major operators; our dependence on operators for revenue and cash flow; the bankruptcy, insolvency or financial deterioration of our lessees; potential limitations on our remedies when mortgage loans default; competition faced by our borrowers and lessees within the health care industry; regulation of the health care industry by federal, state and local governments; changes in Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement amounts (including due to federal and state budget constraints); compliance with and changes to regulations and payment policies within the health care industry; debt that we may incur and changes in financing terms; our ability to continue to qualify as a real estate investment trust; the relative illiquidity of our real estate investments; and risks and liabilities in connection with properties owned through limited liability companies and partnerships. For a discussion of these and other factors that could cause actual results to differ from those contemplated in the forward-looking statements, please see the discussion under “Risk Factors” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 and in our publicly available filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We do not undertake any responsibility to update or revise any of these factors or to announce publicly any revisions to forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Executive Overview

Business and Investment Strategy

We are a self-administered health care real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that invests in seniors housing and health care properties through sale-leaseback transactions, mortgage financing and structured finance solutions including mezzanine lending. We conduct and manage our business as one operating segment, rather than multiple operating segments, for internal reporting and internal decision-making purposes. Our primary objectives are to create, sustain and enhance stockholder equity value and provide current income for distribution to stockholders through real estate investments in seniors housing and health care properties managed by experienced operators.

27

The following graph summarizes our gross investments as of September 30, 2019:

Graphic

Our primary seniors housing and health care property classifications include skilled nursing centers (“SNF”), assisted living communities (“ALF”), independent living communities (“ILF”), memory care communities (“MC”) and combinations thereof. ALF, ILF, MC, and combinations thereof are included in the ALF classification. As of September 30, 2019, seniors housing and long-term health care properties comprised approximately 99.3% of our real estate investment portfolio. We have been operating since August 1992.

Substantially all of our revenues and sources of cash flows from operations are derived from operating lease rentals, interest earned on outstanding loans receivable and income from investments in unconsolidated joint ventures. Our investments in owned properties and mortgage loans represent our primary source of liquidity to fund distributions and are dependent upon the performance of the operators on their lease and loan obligations and the rates earned thereon. To the extent that the operators experience operating difficulties and are unable to generate sufficient cash to make payments to us, there could be a material adverse impact on our consolidated results of operations, liquidity and/or financial condition. To mitigate this risk, we monitor our investments through a variety of methods determined by property type and operator. Our monitoring process includes periodic review of financial statements for each facility, periodic review of operator credit, scheduled property inspections and review of covenant compliance.

In addition to our monitoring and research efforts, we also structure our investments to help mitigate payment risk. Some operating leases and loans are credit enhanced by guaranties and/or letters of credit. In addition, operating leases are typically structured as master leases and loans are generally cross-defaulted and cross-collateralized with other loans, operating leases or agreements between us and the operator and its affiliates.

28

Real Estate Portfolio Overview

The following tables summarize our real estate investment portfolio by owned properties and mortgage loans and by type, as of September 30, 2019 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Nine Months Ended

Percentage

September 30, 2019

Percentage

Number

Number of 

Gross

of 

Rental

Interest

of

of

SNF

ALF

Owned Properties

Investments

Investments

Income (1)

Income

Revenues

Properties (2)

Beds (3)

Units (3)

Assisted Living

$

844,635

48.8

%

$

51,023

$

40.3

%

105

6,070

Skilled Nursing

605,763

35.0

%

52,662

41.5

%

72

8,835

261

Under Development (4)

12,934

0.7

%

%

Other (5)

11,360

0.7

%

713

0.6

%

1

118

Total Owned Properties

1,474,692

85.2

%

104,398

82.4

%

178

8,953

6,331

Mortgage Loans

Skilled Nursing

255,737

14.8

%

22,308

17.6

%

22

2,892

Total Mortgage Loans

255,737

14.8

%

22,308

17.6

%

22

2,892

Total Portfolio

$

1,730,429

100.0

%

$

104,398

$

22,308

100.0

%

200

11,845

6,331

Nine Months Ended

Percentage

September 30, 2019

Percentage

Number

Number of

Gross

of

Rental

Interest

of

of

SNF

ALF

Summary of Properties by Type

Investments

Investments

Income (1)

Income

Revenues

Properties (2)

Beds (3)

Units (3)

Skilled Nursing

$

861,500

49.8

%

$

52,662

$

22,308

59.2

%

94

11,727

261

Assisted Living

844,635

48.8

%

51,023

40.3

%

105

6,070

Under Development (4)

12,934

0.7

%

%

Other (5)

11,360

0.7

%

713

0.5

%

1

118

Total Portfolio

$

1,730,429

100.0

%

$

104,398

$

22,308

100.0

%

200

11,845

6,331

(1)Excludes variable rental income of $12,094 related to our real estate taxes which were reimbursed by our operators and adjustment for collectability of rental income.

(2)We have investments in 28 states leased or mortgaged to 30 different operators.

(3)See Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 2. Real Estate Investments for discussion of bed/unit count.

(4)Represents a development project consisting of a 78-unit ALF/MC located in Oregon and a 90-bed SNF located in Missouri.

(5)Includes three parcels of land held-for-use and one behavioral health care hospital.

As of September 30, 2019, we had $1.4 billion in net carrying value of real estate investments, consisting of $1.1 billion or 81.7% invested in owned and leased properties and $0.3 billion or 18.3% invested in mortgage loans secured by first mortgages. Our investment in mortgage loans mature in 2043 and beyond and contain interest rates between 9.2% and 9.7%.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, rental income and interest income from mortgage loans represented 82.5% and 16.1%, respectively, of total gross revenues. In most instances, our lease structure contains fixed annual rental escalations and/or annual rental escalations that are contingent upon changes in the Consumer Price Index, which are generally recognized on a straight-line basis over the minimum lease period. Certain leases have annual rental escalations that are contingent upon changes in the gross operating revenues of the property. This revenue is not recognized until the appropriate contingencies have been resolved.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, there were no lease renewals. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded $3.6 million in straight-line rental income and amortization of lease incentive cost of $0.3 million. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we received $113.2 million of cash rental income, which includes $12.1 million of operator reimbursements for our real estate taxes. At September 30, 2019, the straight-line rent receivable balance, net of reserves, on the balance sheet was $44.8 million.

29

Update on Certain Operators

During 2017, we issued a notice of default to Anthem Memory Care (“Anthem”) resulting from Anthem’s partial payment of minimum rent. Anthem operates 11 memory care communities under a master lease. We currently estimate that Anthem will pay $7.5 million of annual cash rent during 2019. This amount represents approximately 50% of the contractual amount due under the lease in 2019. In accordance with Accounting Standard codification (“ASC”) Topic 842, Leases (“ASC 842”) lease accounting guidance, at January 1, 2019, we evaluated the collectibility of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to Anthem and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balances to equity as of January 1, 2019 as required by the ASC 842 transition guidance.

During 2017, Preferred Care, Inc. (“Preferred Care”) and affiliated entities filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy as a result of a multi-million-dollar judgment in a lawsuit in Kentucky against Preferred Care and certain affiliated entities. The affiliated entities named in the lawsuit operate properties in Kentucky and New Mexico. Preferred Care leased 24 properties under two master leases from us and none of the 24 properties are located in Kentucky or New Mexico. Those 24 properties are in Arizona, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas and Texas. The Preferred Care operating entities that sublease those properties did not file for bankruptcy. The court ordered deadline for affirmation or rejection of the lease passed without action by Preferred Care. In accordance with ASC 842 lease accounting guidance, at January 1, 2019, we evaluated the collectibility of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to Preferred Care and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balances to equity as of January 1, 2019 as required by the ASC 842 transition guidance. Furthermore, we placed Preferred Care on a cash basis on January 1, 2019. In October of 2019, Preferred Care began paying only $55,000 of monthly rent. The rental obligation under unconfirmed lease was approximately $1.0 million. We applied all of their security deposit to rental income during the third quarter and recorded only the $55,000 cash received in October 2019 to rental income. We are working with Preferred Care on options for the portfolio which likely will include selling the majority of the properties. During the fourth quarter of 2019, we entered into multiple contracts to sell a portion of the properties and are negotiating contracts to sell the remainder of the properties. The contracts are subject to standard due diligence and other contingencies to close. Should these conditions be met, we anticipate reclassifying these properties to held-for-sale.

On December 4, 2018, Senior Care Centers, LLC. and affiliates and subsidiaries (“Senior Care”) filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy as a result of lease terminations from certain landlords and on-going operational challenges. Senior Care did not pay us December 2018 rent, but has paid us January to October 2019 rent, real estate property tax and maintenance deposits. In December 2018, we placed Senior Care on a cash basis. In accordance with ASC 842 lease accounting guidance, at January 1, 2019, we evaluated the collectibility of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to Senior Care and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balances to equity as of January 1, 2019 as required by the ASC 842 transition guidance.

Pursuant to the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, Senior Care had an initial period of 120 days from the petition date to assume or reject the lease. However, the Bankruptcy Code also provides that the court may extend this initial 120-day period for an additional 90 days. Accordingly, Senior Care requested, and the court approved an additional 90 days, which ended on July 2, 2019, to assume or reject the lease. In July 2019, Senior Care filed a motion attempting to affirm the lease. We subsequently filed an objection in opposition to Senior Care’s motion. During the fourth quarter of 2019, the court rejected our motion and accordingly, our master lease with Senior Care was affirmed. At October 4, 2019, as of court filing,

30

the court has ordered Senior Care to pay us unpaid rent from December 2018, late fees and legal costs totaling $1.6 million by the earlier of the bankruptcy plan effective date or December 16, 2019.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we placed Thrive Senior Living, LLC. (“Thrive”) on a cash basis due to short-payment of contractual rent in November 2018 and non-payment of rent in December 2018 totaling $0.7 million. This rent was subsequently received in 2019. Thrive did not pay 2019 contractual rent. In April 2019, we issued a notice of default to Thrive. In accordance with ASC 842 lease accounting guidance, at January 1, 2019, we evaluated the collectibility of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentive balances related to Thrive and determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balances to equity as of January 1, 2019 as required by the ASC 842 transition guidance.

We completed the following for all of the properties in the Thrive portfolio. As of September 30, 2019, Thrive does not operate any property in our portfolio:

Transitioned two memory care communities located in Ohio and Kentucky with a total of 120-units to an operator new to our portfolio during the second quarter of 2019. The memory care communities are under a 10-year lease term with initial cash rent of $1.3 million in year one, $1.5 million in year two, $2.0 million in year three and $2.2 million in year four. Rent may increase subject to a contingent escalation formula commencing in year five and annually thereafter. The lease provides the lessee with a purchase option available between 2028-2029;
Transitioned a 56-unit memory care community located in Texas to an existing operator and added the memory care community to an existing master lease during the second quarter of 2019. As a result of this transition, annual cash rent under the existing master lease was increased by $0.4 million effective June 1, 2019 and will increase by an additional $0.3 million on June 1, 2020 and 2.5% annually thereafter. Additionally, LTC will be entitled to incremental rent calculated as a percentage of increases in gross revenues generated by the property above an established threshold;
Transitioned two memory care communities in Georgia and South Carolina with a total of 159-units to an existing operator during the third quarter of 2019. The new 2-year lease agreement has an initial annual cash rent of $1.8 million. The lease provides the lessee one month free rent and the option to defer up to 50% of contractual rent through December 2019. Rent increases 3.5% in year two; and
Transitioned the remaining 60-unit memory care community located in Florida to an existing operator effective August 1, 2019. The new 10-year lease provides the lessee twelve months free rent, rent of $0.5 million in year two and $0.6 million in year three and thereafter. In year two the lessee has the option to defer rent in an amount not to exceed $0.2 million. Rent may increase subject to a contingent escalation formula commencing in year three and annually thereafter. Additionally, the lease provides the lessee with a purchase option available between 2028 and 2029.

31

2019 Activities Overview

The following tables summarize our transactions during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 (dollar amounts in thousands):

Investment in Owned Properties

Number

Type

Number

Initial

Total

Total

of

of

of

Cash

Purchase

Transaction

Acquisition

State

Properties

Properties

Beds/Units

Yield

Price

Costs

Costs

California

(1)

Land

N/A

$

110

$

27

$

137

Missouri

1

(2)

SNF/Land

90

(2)

%

22,122

99

22,221

Virginia

1

(3)

ALF/MC

74

7.4

%

16,719

176

16,895

Total

2

164

$

38,951

$

302

$

39,253

(1)We acquired a parcel of land adjacent to an existing SNF in California.

(2)We acquired a newly constructed 90-bed SNF located in Missouri for approximately $19,500. The initial cash yield is 8.3% with annual escalation of 2% effective December 2019 and thereafter. Additionally, we acquired a parcel of land and development of a 90-bed SNF in Missouri. The commitment totals approximately $17,400. The initial cash yield upon completion of the development will be 9.3%.

(3)We entered into a joint venture (“JV”) to purchase an existing operational 74-unit ALF/MC community. The non-controlling partner contributed $919 of equity and we contributed $15,971 in cash. Our economic interest in the real estate JV is approximately 95%.

Investment in Development and Improvement projects

Developments

Improvements

Assisted Living Communities

$

10,266

$

1,826

Skilled Nursing Centers

4,786

Other

295

Total

$

15,052

$

2,121

Completed Developments

Number

Type

Number

of

of

of

Total

Type of Project

Properties

Property

Beds/Units

State

Investment

Development

1

SNF

143

Kentucky

$

24,493

Development

1

ILF/ALF/MC

110

Wisconsin

21,872

2

253

$

46,365

Investment in Mortgage Loans

Originations and funding under mortgage loans receivable

$

10,919

(1)

Scheduled principal payments received

(565)

Mortgage loan premium amortization

(3)

Provision for loan loss reserve

(104)

Net increase in mortgage loans receivable

$

10,247

(1)During 2019, we funded an additional $7,500 under an existing mortgage loan. The incremental funding bears interest at 9.41%, fixed for two years, and escalating by 2.25% thereafter.

32

Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

Type

Type

Total

Currently

Number

Received

of

of

Preferred

Paid in

of

Investment

Carrying

Capital

Recognized

Cash

State

Properties

Investment

Return

Cash

Beds/ Units

Commitment

Value

Contribution

Income

Interest

Arizona

ALF/MC/ILF

Preferred Equity

15

%

8

%

(1)

585

$

25,650

$

24,426

$

394

$

614

$

1,166

Florida (2)

ALF/ILF/MC

Mezzanine

N/A

N/A

N/A

(2)

(2)

955

(2)

979

(2)

Florida (3)

UDP/ALF/MC

Mezzanine

N/A

N/A

N/A

404

(3)

432

(3)

585

$

25,650

$

24,426

$

394

$

1,973

$

2,577

(1)Effective second quarter of 2019, this JV was placed on cash basis due to delinquency of our preferred return. Subsequent to September 30, 2019, the JV signed a letter of intent for the sale of the four properties comprising the JV. Concurrently, the JV is pursuing a refinancing alternative to take advantage of lower interest rates in today’s market. Based upon the information available to us regarding available alternatives and courses of action as of September 30, 2019, we performed a recoverability test on the carrying amount of our preferred equity investment and concluded the preferred equity investment was not impaired.

(2)We had a $2,900 mezzanine loan commitment for a 99-unit seniors housing community in Florida with a total preferred return of 15%. Since interest payments were deferred and no interest was recorded for the first twelve months of the loan, we used the effective interest method in accordance with GAAP to recognize interest income and recorded the difference between the effective interest income and cash interest income to the loan principal balance. During the third quarter of 2019, the mezzanine loan was paid off.

(3)We had a $3,400 mezzanine loan commitment for the development of a 127-unit seniors housing community in Florida with a total preferred return of 15%. During the first quarter of 2019, the mezzanine loan was paid off.

Notes Receivable

Advances under notes receivable

    

$

8,531

(1)

 

Principal payments received under notes receivable

(3,446)

Reclassed to real estate under development

(200)

(2)

Notes receivable reserve

(48)

Net decrease in notes receivable

$

4,837

(1)We originated a $6,800 mezzanine loan commitment for the development of a 204-unit ILF/ALF/MC in Georgia. The mezzanine loan has a five-year term and a 12.0% return, a portion of which is paid in cash, and the remaining portion of which is deferred during the first 46 months. Additionally, we originated a $1,400 note agreement, funding $1,124 with a commitment to fund $276. The note bears interest at 7.0%. Further, we originated a $550 note agreement, funding $400 with a commitment to fund $150. The note bears interest at 7.5%.

(2)Represents an interim working capital loan related to a development project which matured upon completion of the development project and commencement of the lease.

Health Care Regulatory Climate

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”) annually updates Medicare skilled nursing facility prospective payment system rates and other policies. On July 30, 2019, CMS issued its final fiscal year 2020 Medicare skilled nursing facility update. Under the final rule, CMS projects aggregate payments to skilled nursing facilities will increase by $851 million, or 2.4%, for fiscal year 2020 compared with fiscal year 2019. The final rule also addresses implementation of the new Patient-Driven Payment Model case mix classification system that became effective on October 1, 2019, changes to the group therapy definition in the skilled nursing facility setting, and various skilled nursing facility Value-Based Purchasing and quality reporting program policies.

On July 18, 2019, CMS published a final rule that eliminates the prohibition on pre-dispute binding arbitration agreements between long-term care facilities and their residents. The rule also strengthens the transparency of arbitration agreements and makes other changes to arbitration requirements for long-term care facilities. There can be no assurance that these rules or future regulations modifying Medicare skilled nursing facility payment rates or other requirements for Medicare and/or

33

Medicaid participation will not have an adverse effect on the financial condition of our borrowers and lessees which could, in turn, adversely impact the timing or level of their payments to us.

Congress periodically considers legislation revising Medicare and Medicaid policies, including legislation that could have the impact of reducing Medicare reimbursement for skilled nursing facilities and other Medicare providers, limiting state Medicaid funding allotments, encouraging home and community-based long-term care services as an alternative to institutional settings, or otherwise reforming payment policy for post-acute care services. There can be no assurances that enacted or future legislation will not have an adverse impact on the financial condition of our lessees and borrowers, which subsequently could materially adversely impact our company.

Additional reforms affecting the payment for and availability of health care services have been proposed at the federal and state level and adopted by certain states. Increasingly, state Medicaid programs are providing coverage through managed care programs under contracts with private health plans, which is intended to decrease state Medicaid costs. Congress and state legislatures can be expected to continue to review and assess alternative health care delivery systems and payment methodologies. Changes in the law, new interpretations of existing laws, or changes in payment methodologies may have a dramatic effect on the definition of permissible or impermissible activities, the relative costs associated with doing business and the amount of reimbursement by the government and other third-party payors.

Key Performance Indicators, Trends and Uncertainties

We utilize several key performance indicators to evaluate the various aspects of our business. These indicators are discussed below and relate to concentration risk and credit strength. Management uses these key performance indicators to facilitate internal and external comparisons to our historical operating results in making operating decisions and for budget planning purposes.

Concentration Risk. We evaluate by gross investment our concentration risk in terms of asset mix, real estate investment mix, operator mix and geographic mix. Concentration risk is valuable to understand what portion of our real estate investments could be at risk if certain sectors were to experience downturns. Asset mix measures the portion of our investments that are real property or mortgage loans. The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”), an organization representing U.S. REITs and publicly traded real estate companies, classifies a company with 50% or more of assets directly or indirectly in the equity ownership of real estate as an equity REIT. Investment mix measures the portion of our investments that relate to our various property classifications. Operator mix measures the portion of our investments that relate to our top five operators. Geographic mix measures the portion of our real estate investment that relate to our top five states.

34

The following table reflects our recent historical trends of concentration risk (gross investment, in thousands):

9/30/19

6/30/19

3/31/19

12/31/18

9/30/18

 

Asset mix:

    

    

    

    

    

Real property

$

1,474,692

$

1,452,669

$

1,445,596

$

1,421,456

$

1,414,267

Loans receivable

255,737

254,555

246,775

245,386

245,053

Real estate investment mix:

Skilled nursing centers

$

861,500

$

844,136

$

834,185

$

830,485

$

832,599

Assisted living communities

844,635

843,682

840,926

820,686

812,800

Under development

12,934

8,167

6,193

4,606

2,881

Other (1)

11,360

11,239

11,067

11,065

11,040

Operator mix:

Prestige Healthcare (1)

$

268,869

$

267,688

$

259,907

$

258,519

$

258,186

Senior Lifestyle Corporation

191,283

190,758

190,368

190,368

189,945

Senior Care Centers

138,109

138,109

138,109

138,109

138,109

Anthem Memory Care

136,483

136,397

136,397

136,397

135,946

Carespring Health Care Management

102,042

102,038

99,997

97,461

95,951

Remaining operators

893,643

872,234

867,593

845,988

841,183

Geographic mix:

Texas

$

292,238

$

292,159

$

292,091

$

292,317

$

292,317

Michigan (1)

256,680

255,498

247,718

246,329

245,996

Wisconsin

149,184

149,064

146,750

143,657

137,056

Colorado

114,923

114,923

114,923

114,923

114,923

California

102,561

102,412

102,254

102,254

102,254

Remaining states

814,843

793,168

788,635

767,362

766,774

(1)We have three parcels of land located adjacent to properties securing the Prestige Healthcare mortgage loan and are managed by Prestige.

Credit Strength. We measure our credit strength both in terms of leverage ratios and coverage ratios. Our leverage ratios include debt to gross asset value and debt to market capitalization. The leverage ratios indicate how much of our consolidated balance sheet capitalization is related to long-term obligations. Our coverage ratios include interest coverage ratio and fixed charge coverage ratio. The coverage ratios indicate our ability to service interest and fixed charges (interest). The coverage ratios are based on earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization for real estate (“EBITDAre”) as defined by NAREIT. EBITDAre is calculated as net income available to common stockholders (computed in accordance with GAAP) excluding (i) interest expense, (ii) income tax expense, (iii) real estate depreciation and amortization, (iv) impairment write-downs of depreciable real estate, (v) gains or losses on the sale of depreciable real estate, and (vi) adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Leverage ratios and coverage ratios are widely used by investors, analysts and rating agencies in the valuation, comparison, rating and investment recommendations of companies. The following table reflects the recent historical trends for our credit strength measures:

35

Balance Sheet Metrics

Year to Date

Quarter Ended

9/30/19

9/30/19

6/30/19

3/31/19

12/31/18

9/30/18

Debt to gross asset value

36.8

36.8

%

36.8

%

(2)

37.1

%

(3)

35.2

%

(5)

36.4

%

Debt to market capitalization ratio

25.1

25.1

%

(1)

27.1

%

27.1

%

(1)

28.1

%

(6)

27.7

%

Interest coverage ratio (8)

4.9

x

4.9

x

4.8

x

4.9

x

(4)

5.2

x

(7)

4.8

x

Fixed charge coverage ratio (8)

4.9

x

4.9

x

4.8

x

4.9

x

(4)

5.2

x

(7)

4.8

x

(1)Decreased due to increase in market capitalization.

(2)Decreased due to increase in gross asset value from additional mortgage loan, development and capital improvement funding.

(3)Increased due to increase in outstanding debt and decrease in gross asset value. The decrease in gross asset value was primarily due to adoption of ASC 842 during the three months ended March 31, 2019. ASC 842 requires a lease-by-lease collectibility analysis of receivables and related balances. Based on our assessment, we determined that it was not probable that we would collect substantially all of the contractual lease obligations for certain leases through maturity. Accordingly, we wrote-off the balance of straight-line rent receivable and lease incentives related to these leases as a cumulative adjustment to equity, as required by the transition guidance.

(4)Decreased due to decrease in other income compared to the fourth quarter of 2018. See (7) below for explanation.

(5)Decreased due to decrease in outstanding debt partially offset by decrease in gross asset value.

(6)Increased due to decrease in market capitalization, partially offset by decrease in outstanding debt.

(7)Increased due to decrease in interest expense and increase in other income from the net write-off of Senior Lifestyle contingent lease incentive and the related earn-out liability.

(8)In calculating our interest coverage and fixed charge coverage ratios above, we use EBITDAre, which is a financial measure not derived in accordance with GAAP (non-GAAP financial measure). EBITDAre is not an alternative to net income, operating income or cash flows from operating activities as calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. You should not rely on EBITDAre as a substitute for any such GAAP financial measures or consider it in isolation, for the purpose of analyzing our financial performance, financial position or cash flows. Net income is the most directly comparable GAAP measure to EBITDAre.

Year to Date

Quarter Ended

9/30/19

9/30/19

6/30/19

3/31/19

12/31/18

9/30/18

Net income

$

68,241

$

27,280

$

20,534

$

20,427

$

30,844

$

34,937

Less: Gain on sale

(6,736)

(6,236)

(500)

(7,984)

(14,353)

Add: Interest expense

23,004

7,827

7,710

7,467

7,215

7,497

Add: Depreciation and amortization

29,399

9,932

9,860

9,607

9,396

9,447

Total EBITDAre

$

113,908

$

38,803

$

37,604

$

37,501

$

39,471

$

37,528

Interest expense

$

23,004

$

7,827

$

7,710

$

7,467

$

7,215

$

7,497

Add: Capitalized interest

441

108

73

260

398

298

Interest incurred

$

23,445

$

7,935

$

7,783

$

7,727

$

7,613

$

7,795

Interest coverage ratio

4.9

x

4.9

x

4.8

x

4.9

x

5.2

x

4.8

x

Interest incurred

$

23,445

$

7,935

$

7,783

$

7,727

$

7,613

$

7,795

Total fixed charges

$

23,445

$

7,935

$

7,783

$

7,727

$

7,613

$

7,795

Fixed charge coverage ratio

4.9

x

4.9

x

4.8

x

4.9

x

5.2

x

4.8

x

36

We evaluate our key performance indicators in conjunction with current expectations to determine if historical trends are indicative of future results. Our expected results may not be achieved, and actual results may differ materially from our expectations. This may be a result of various factors, including, but not limited to

The status of the economy;
The status of capital markets, including prevailing interest rates;
Compliance with and changes to regulations and payment policies within the health care industry;
Changes in financing terms;
Competition within the health care and seniors housing industries; and
Changes in federal, state and local legislation.

Management regularly monitors the economic and other factors listed above. We develop strategic and tactical plans designed to improve performance and maximize our competitive position. Our ability to achieve our financial objectives is dependent upon our ability to effectively execute these plans and to appropriately respond to emerging economic and company-specific trends.

37

Operating Results (unaudited, in thousands)

Three Months Ended

 

September 30, 

 

2019

2018

Difference

 

Revenues:

Rental income

$

38,665

$

34,211

$

4,454

(1) (2)

Interest income from mortgage loans

7,646

7,087

559

(3)

Interest and other income

808

478

330

(4)

Total revenues

47,119

41,776

5,343

Expenses:

Interest expense

7,827

7,497

(330)

(5)

Depreciation and amortization

9,932

9,447

(485)

(6)

(Recovery) provision for doubtful accounts

(14)

106

120

Transaction costs

75

9

(66)

Property tax expense

4,270

(4,270)

(2)

General and administrative expenses

4,745

4,879

134

Total expenses

26,835

21,938

(4,897)

Other operating income:

Gain on sale of real estate, net

6,236

(7)

14,353

(8)

(8,117)

Operating income

26,520

34,191

(7,671)

Income from unconsolidated joint ventures

760

746

14

Net income

27,280

34,937

(7,657)

Income allocated to non-controlling interests

(88)

(17)

(71)

Net income attributable to LTC Properties, Inc.

27,192

34,920

(7,728)

Income allocated to participating securities

(112)

(138)

26

Net income available to common stockholders

$

27,080

$

34,782

$

(7,702)

(1)Increased due to (2) below and increased rent from acquisitions and developments partially offset by decreased rent from sold properties and properties transitioned to other operators.

(2)Increased due to recording $3,849 real estate taxes that are reimbursed by our operators as rental income with a corresponding property tax expense. We adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach as of the adoption date of January 1, 2019. Accordingly, we are not required to report the expense and revenue stream for periods prior to January 1, 2019. Additionally, we recorded $421 of property tax expense related to Preferred Care. See Update on Certain Operators under Item 2. Real Estate Portfolio Overview.

(3)Increased primarily due to mortgage originations and capital improvement funding.

(4)Increased due to mezzanine and other loan originations.

(5)Increased due to a higher average outstanding balance on our line of credit partially offset by scheduled principal payments under our senior unsecured notes and decrease in capitalized interest.

(6)Increased due to acquisitions and completed developments partially offset by sold properties.

(7)Represents the net gain on sale of a SNF in Georgia.

(8)Represents the net gain on sale of two SNFs in Alabama.

38

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

2019

2018

Difference

Revenues:

Rental income

$

114,566

$

102,646

$

11,920

(1) (2)

Interest income from mortgage loans

22,308

20,910

1,398

(3)

Interest and other income

1,967

1,502

465

(4)

Total revenues

138,841

125,058

13,783

Expenses:

Interest expense

23,004

22,981

(23)

Depreciation and amortization

29,399

28,159

(1,240)

(5)

Provision for doubtful accounts

153

76

(77)

Transaction costs

275

19

(256)

Property tax expense

12,566

(12,566)

(2)

General and administrative expenses

13,912

14,392

480

(6)

Total expenses

79,309

65,627

(13,682)

Other operating income:

Gain on sale of real estate, net

6,736

(7)

62,698

(8)

(55,962)

Operating income

66,268

122,129

(55,861)

Income from unconsolidated joint ventures

1,973

2,103

(130)

Net income

68,241

124,232

(55,991)

Income allocated to non-controlling interests

(257)

(17)

(240)

Net income attributable to LTC Properties, Inc.

67,984

124,215

(56,231)

Income allocated to participating securities

(298)

(504)

206

Net income available to common stockholders

$

67,686

$

123,711

$

(56,025)

(1)Increased due to (2) below and increased rent from acquisitions and developments partially offset by decreased rent from sold properties and properties transitioned to other operators.

(2)Increased due to recording $12,094 real estate taxes that are reimbursed by our operators as rental income with a corresponding property tax expense. We adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach as of the adoption date of January 1, 2019. Accordingly, we are not required to report the expense and revenue stream for periods prior to January 1, 2019. Additionally, we recorded $421 of property tax expense related to Preferred Care. See Update on Certain Operators under Item 2. Real Estate Portfolio Overview.

(3)Increased primarily due to mortgage originations and capital improvement funding.

(4)Increased due to mezzanine and other loan originations partially offset by payoffs.

(5)Increased due to acquisitions and completed developments partially offset by sold properties.

(6)Decreased primarily due to lower accrual of incentive compensation in 2019.

(7)Represents the net gain on sale of $6,236 related to a 148-bed SNF in Georgia. Additionally, during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, due to receipt of funds held in escrow related to a portfolio of six ALFs sold in 2018, we recognized an additional $500 net gain on sale. See (8) below.

(8)Represents the net gain on sale of $48,345 related to a portfolio of six ALFs in Ohio and Pennsylvania and net gain on sale of $14,353 related to two SNFs in Alabama.

Funds From Operations Available to Common Stockholders

Funds from Operations (“FFO”) available to common stockholders, basic FFO available to common stockholders per share and diluted FFO available to common stockholders per share are supplemental measures of a REIT’s financial performance that are not defined by GAAP. Real estate values historically rise and fall with market conditions, but cost accounting for real estate assets in accordance with GAAP assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. We believe that by excluding the effect of historical cost depreciation, which may be of limited relevance in evaluating current performance, FFO facilitates comparisons of operating performance between periods.

We use FFO as a supplemental performance measurement of our cash flow generated by operations. FFO does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with GAAP,

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and is not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund cash needs and should not be considered an alternative to net income available to common stockholders.

We calculate and report FFO in accordance with the definition and interpretive guidelines issued by NAREIT. FFO, as defined by NAREIT, means net income available to common stockholders (computed in accordance with GAAP) excluding gains or losses on the sale of real estate and impairment write-downs of depreciable real estate plus real estate depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Our calculation of FFO may not be comparable to FFO reported by other REITs that do not define the term in accordance with the current NAREIT definition or that have a different interpretation of the current NAREIT definition from us; therefore, caution should be exercised when comparing our FFO to that of other REITs.

The following table reconciles GAAP net income available to common stockholders to NAREIT FFO available to common stockholders (unaudited, amounts in thousands, except per share amounts):

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

2019

2018

2019

2018

GAAP net income available to common stockholders

$

27,080

$

34,782

$

67,686