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NNUP Nocopi

Filed: 11 Aug 21, 4:16pm

 

 

 

 
 

United States

Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021

 

or

 

  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the transition period from _________________ to ______________

 

Commission File Number: 000-20333

 

NOCOPI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Maryland 87-0406496
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

480 Shoemaker Road, Suite 104, King of Prussia, PA 19406

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(610) 834-9600

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None.

 

Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
   

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer   
Non-accelerated Filer     Smaller reporting company  
 Emerging growth company  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by checkmark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Act. 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 67,495,055 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, as of August 9, 2021.

 
 

 

 
 

NOCOPI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

INDEX

 

 PAGE
Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
  
Item 1. Financial Statements1
  
Statements of Comprehensive Income for Three Months and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 20201
Balance Sheets at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 20202
Statements of Cash Flows for Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 20203
Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for Three Months and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 20204
Notes to Financial Statements5
  
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations9
  
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk15
  
Item 4. Controls and Procedures15
  
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION 
  
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.16
  
Item 6. Exhibits16
  
SIGNATURES17
  
EXHIBIT INDEX18

 

 

 

 
 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Nocopi Technologies, Inc.

Statements of Comprehensive Income*

(unaudited)

 

                 
  Three Months ended
June 30,
  Six Months ended
June 30,
 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
             
Revenues            
Licenses, royalties and fees $144,900  $107,100  $330,400  $271,700 
Product and other sales  369,000   520,200   794,900   875,900 
 Total revenues  513,900   627,300   1,125,300   1,147,600 
                 
Cost of revenues                
Licenses, royalties and fees  49,500   58,600   96,600   108,300 
Product and other sales  184,300   247,200   357,500   448,800 
 Total cost of revenues  233,800   305,800   454,100   557,100 
Gross profit  280,100   321,500   671,200   590,500 
                 
Operating expenses                
Research and development  45,800   41,900   90,300   83,000 
Sales and marketing  74,200   86,000   157,400   170,000 
General and administrative  117,700   120,000   263,200   259,700 
 Total operating expenses  237,700   247,900   510,900   512,700 
Net income from operations  42,400   73,600   160,300   77,800 
                 
Other income (expenses)                
Interest income  5,300   4,300   10,100   8,100 
Interest expense and bank charges  (600)  (2,100)  (1,200)  (4,600)
 Total other income (expenses)  4,700   2,200   8,900   3,500 
Net income before income taxes  47,100   75,800   169,200   81,300 
Income taxes  4,600   5,000   11,900   (42,100)
Net income $42,500  $70,800  $157,300  $123,400 
                 
Basic and diluted net income per common share $.00  $.00  $.00  $.00 
                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding                
Basic  67,400,812   61,044,698   67,377,251   61,044,698 
Diluted  67,400,812   61,605,985   67,377,251   61,577,129 

 

 

 

*See accompanying notes to these financial statements.

 

 

Nocopi Technologies, Inc.

Balance Sheets*

 

         
  June 30,  December 31, 
  2021  2020 
  (unaudited)  (audited) 
Assets 
Current assets      
Cash $1,908,400  $1,362,800 
Accounts receivable less $12,000 allowance for doubtful accounts  969,100   1,280,800 
Inventory  486,500   324,800 
Prepaid and other  29,400   97,800 
Total current assets  3,393,400   3,066,200 
         
Fixed assets        
Leasehold improvements  58,400   27,800 
Furniture, fixtures and equipment  164,100   163,700 
 Fixed assets, gross  222,500   191,500 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization  116,400   104,300 
 Total fixed assets  106,100   87,200 
Other assets        
Long-term receivable  371,500   559,500 
Operating lease right of use – building  138,400   160,300 
 Other assets  509,900   719,800 
Total assets $4,009,400  $3,873,200 
  
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity 
         
Current liabilities        
Accounts payable $67,000  $5,700 
Accrued expenses  154,600   178,600 
Income taxes  10,200   36,300 
Operating lease liability – current  46,000   44,500 
Total current liabilities  277,800   265,100 
         
Other liabilities        
Accrued expenses – non-current  26,000   39,200 
Operating lease liability – non-current  92,400   115,800 
 Total other liabilities  118,400    155,000 
Stockholders' equity        
Common stock, $0.01 par value Authorized – 75,000,000 shares Issued and outstanding 2021 – 67,495,055; 2020 – 67,353,690 shares  675,000   673,500 
Paid-in capital  12,577,100   12,575,800 
Accumulated deficit  (9,638,900)  (9,796,200)
Total stockholders' equity  3,613,200   3,453,100 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $4,009,400  $3,873,200 

 

 

*See accompanying notes to these financial statements.

 

 

 

 

Nocopi Technologies, Inc.

Statements of Cash Flows*

(unaudited)

 

         
  Six Months ended
June 30,
 
  2021  2020 
Operating Activities      
Net income $157,300  $123,400 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities        
Depreciation and amortization  12,700   9,100 
Deferred income taxes     (47,400
Other assets  209,900   211,500 
Other liabilities  (35,100)  (33,900
 Net income adjusted for non-cash operating activities  344,800   262,700 
         
(Increase) decrease in assets        
Accounts receivable  311,700   210,800 
Inventory  (161,700)  (149,600)
Prepaid and other  68,400   39,900 
Increase (decrease) in liabilities        
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  37,300   26,700 
Taxes on income  (26,100)  5,200 
 Total increase in operating capital  229,600   133,000 
Net cash provided by operating activities  574,400   395,700 
         
Investing Activities        
Additions to fixed assets  (31,600)  (31,000)
Net cash used in investing activities  (31,600)  (31,000)
         
Financing Activities        
Exercise of warrants  2,800    
Net cash provided by financing activities   2,800    
         
Increase in cash  545,600   364,700 
Cash at beginning of year  1,362,800   688,000 
Cash at end of period $1,908,400  $1,052,700 
         
Supplemental Disclosure of Non Cash Investing Activities        
Disposal of furniture, fixtures and equipment        
Accumulated depreciation and amortization $600  $500 
Furniture, fixtures and equipment $(600) $(500)

 

 

 

*See accompanying notes to these financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nocopi Technologies, Inc.

Statements of Stockholders’ Equity*

For the Periods December 31, 2020 through June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2019 through June 30, 2020

(unaudited)

 

                     
  Common stock  Paid-in  Accumulated    
  Shares  Amount  Capital  Deficit  Total 
Balance – December 31, 2020  67,353,690  $673,500   $12,575,800  $(9,796,200) $3,453,100 
                     
Net income           114,800   114,800 
Balance – March 31, 2021  67,353,690   673,500   12,575,800   (9,681,400)  3,567,900 
                     
Exercise of warrants  141,365   1,500   1,300       2,800 
                     
Net income           42,500   42,500 
Balance – June 30, 2021  67,495,055  $675,000  $12,577,100  $(9,638,900) $3,613,200 

 

  Common stock  Paid-in  Accumulated    
  Shares  Amount  Capital  Deficit  Total 
Balance December 31, 2019  61,044,698  610,400   $12,483,900   $(10,304,600) 2,789,700 
                     
Net income           52,600   52,600 
Balance March 31, 2020  61,044,698   610,400   12,483,900   (10,252,000)  2,842,300 
                     
Net income           70,800   70,800 
Balance June 30, 2020  61,044,698  $610,400  $12,483,900  $(10,181,200) $2,913,100 

 

 

 

* See accompanying notes to these financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

NOCOPI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 1. Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared by Nocopi Technologies, Inc. (our “Company”). These statements include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) which management believes necessary for a fair presentation of the statements and have been prepared on a consistent basis using the accounting policies described in Note 2 Significant Accounting Policies included in the Notes to Financial Statements included in our Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2021, as amended on April 30, 2021 (the “2020 Annual Report”). Certain financial information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although our Company believes that the accompanying disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The Notes to Financial Statements included in the 2020 Annual Report should be read in conjunction with the accompanying interim financial statements. The interim operating results for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2021 may not be necessarily indicative of the operating results expected for the full year.

 

A novel strain of coronavirus, COVID-19, that was first identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019 has surfaced in many countries around the world including the United States. Many countries continue to experience reoccurrences of COVID-19 to the current date. The World Health Organization has declared COVID-19 to constitute a global pandemic. Certain state and local governments reacted by placing significant restrictions on businesses including a closure in Pennsylvania of non-essential businesses that was announced on March 20, 2020. While many Pennsylvania businesses have been allowed to reopen, often at limited capacity and with certain restrictions, as of the current date, there can be no assurances that future closures will be avoided. A requirement to close our Company for a considerable period of time could result in a negative impact on our Company’s financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, as our Company imports certain raw materials from China, if an extended disruption of the supply of these raw materials were to occur, such as the vessel delays resulting from the congestion experienced in certain Chinese ports due to a COVID-19 outbreak in the second quarter of 2021, our ability to produce products for sale to our customers could be negatively impacted. Further, restrictions on our customers and licensees in areas affected by the COVID-19 could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition. We cannot predict the scope or magnitude of the negative effect that may result from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. Our Company’s results of operations were negatively affected in 2020 in part as a result of a significant increase in the cost of raw materials utilized by our Company in the manufacture of certain of its products as a result of price increases related to the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on the availability and supply of these raw materials. While prices of these raw materials have declined at the present time, there can be no assurances that raw material prices will remain at current levels or decrease to pre-COVID-19 pandemic levels in future periods. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread both in its original form and in the recently identified variants of COVID-19 along with the potential re-imposition of COVID-19 restrictions currently being considered by federal, state and local governments and presently implemented in certain states, any future financial impact cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.

 

Our Company follows Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 220 in reporting comprehensive income.  Comprehensive income is a more inclusive financial reporting methodology that includes disclosure of certain financial information that historically has not been recognized in the calculation of net income.  Since our Company has no items of other comprehensive income, comprehensive income is equal to net income.

 

Note 2. Stock Based Compensation

 

Our Company follows FASB ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation, and uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to calculate the grant-date fair value of an award. At June 30, 2021, our Company did not have an active stock option plan. There was 0 unrecognized portion of expense related to stock option grants at June 30, 2021.

 

Note 3. Line of Credit

 

In November 2018, our Company negotiated a $150,000 revolving line of credit with a bank to provide a source of working capital, if required. The line of credit is secured by all the assets of our Company and bears interest at the bank’s prime rate for a period of one year and its prime rate plus 1.5% thereafter. The line of credit is subject to an annual review and quiet period. There have been no borrowings under the line of credit since its inception.

 

 

 

NOCOPI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 4. Stock Warrants

 

During the second quarter of 2021, holders of the remaining 141,365 warrants that had been outstanding exercised their options to purchase a total of 141,365 shares of our Company’s common stock at $0.02 per share. The warrants were granted in 2014 to two individuals who acquired convertible debentures from the Company in 2014. The warrants were exercisable two years after issuance and expire seven years after issuance. The fair value of the warrants was determined using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The relative fair value of the warrants was recorded as a discount to the notes payable with an offsetting credit to additional paid-in capital since our Company determined that the warrants were an equity instrument in accordance with FASB ASC 815. The debt discount related to the warrant issuances has been accreted through interest expense over the term of the notes payable. At June 30, 2021, our Company had 0 warrants outstanding.

 

The following table summarizes our Company’s warrant position at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 

Schedule of warrant outstanding         
        Weighted Average 
  Number  Exercise  Exercise 
  of Shares  Price  Price 
Outstanding warrants -         
December 31, 2020  141,365  $0.02  $0.02 
             
Outstanding warrants -            
June 30, 2021  0       

 

Note 5. Other Income (Expenses)

 

Other income (expenses) for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2020 included interest on convertible debentures held by seven investors.

 

Note 6. Income Taxes

 

There is no provision for federal income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 due to the availability of net operating loss carryforwards. Our Company has established a valuation allowance for the entire amount of benefits resulting from our Company’s net operating loss carryforwards because our Company has determined that the realization of the net deferred tax asset is not assured.

 

The components for state income tax expense resulting from the limitation on the use of net operating losses are:

 

Components for State Income Tax Expense                
  

Three Months ended

June 30,

  

Six Months ended

June 30,

 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Current state taxes $4,600  $5,000  $11,900  $5,300 
Deferred state taxes           (47,400)
Income tax expense (benefit) $4,600  $5,000  $11,900  $(42,100)

 

During the first quarter of 2020, our Company reversed $47,400 of accrued Pennsylvania income taxes that are not payable.

 

There was 0 change in unrecognized tax benefits during the period ended June 30, 2021 and there was 0 accrual for uncertain tax positions as of June 30, 2021. Tax years from 2017 through 2020 remain subject to examination by U.S. federal and state jurisdictions.

 

 

 

NOCOPI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 7. Earnings per Share

 

In accordance with FASB ASC 260, Earnings per Share, basic earnings per common share is computed using net earnings divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the periods presented. The computation of diluted earnings per common share involves the assumption that outstanding common shares are increased by shares issuable upon exercise of those warrants for which the market price exceeds the exercise price. The number of shares issuable upon the exercise of such warrants is decreased by shares that could have been purchased by our Company with related proceeds. As all of the previously outstanding warrants were exercised during the three months ended June 30, 2021, basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 are equal in each period since there are no incremental common shares in either period. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the number of incremental common shares resulting from the assumed conversion of warrants was 561,287 and 532,431, respectively.

 

Note 8. Major Customer and Geographic Information

 

Our Company’s revenues, expressed as a percentage of total revenues, from non-affiliated customers that equaled 10% or more of the Company’s total revenues were:

 

Company's Revenues As Percentage Of Revenue                
  

Three Months ended

June 30,

  

Six Months ended

June 30,

 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Customer A  38%  72%  54%  59%
Customer B  32%  8%  14%  14%
Customer C  17%  8%  18%  13%

 

Our Company’s non-affiliate customers whose individual balances amounted to more than 10% of our Company’s net accounts receivable, expressed as a percentage of net accounts receivable, were:

 

Schedule of Non-affiliated Customers with Accounts Receivable More Than 10% June 30,  December 31, 
  2021  2020 
Customer A  15%  25%
Customer B  12%   
Customer C  70%  65%

 

Our Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and generally does not require collateral. Our Company also maintains allowances for potential credit losses. The loss of a major customer could have a material adverse effect on our Company’s business operations and financial condition.

 

Our Company’s revenues by geographic region are as follows:

 

Company's Revenue by Geographic Region                
  

Three Months ended

June 30,

  

Six Months ended

June 30,

 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
North America $141,200  $107,000  $310,900  $290,400 
South America  2,600   0   4,100   1,400 
Asia  362,100   505,100   775,600   840,600 
Australia  8,000   15,200   34,700   15,200 
  $513,900  $627,300  $1,125,300  $1,147,600 

 

 

 

NOCOPI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 9. Leases

 

Our Company conducts its operations in leased facilities under a non-cancelable operating lease expiring in 2024.

 

Due to the adoption of the new lease standard under the optional transition method which allows the entity to apply the new lease standard at the adoption date, our Company has capitalized the present value of the minimum lease payments commencing January 1, 2019, using an estimated incremental borrowing rate of 6%. The minimum lease payments do not include common area annual expenses which are considered to be non-lease components.

 

As of January 1, 2019 the operating lease right-of-use asset and operating lease liability amounted to $241,100 with no cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit.

 

There are no other material operating leases. Our Company has elected not to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities arising from short-term leases.

 

Total lease expense under operating leases for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was $13,400 and $26,700, respectively. Total lease expense under operating leases for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 was $13,400 and $26,700, respectively.

 

Maturities of lease liabilities are as follows:

 

Maturities of Lease Liabilities    
  Operating Leases 
Year ending December 31    
2021 $26,800 
2022  54,600 
2023  56,200 
2024  18,900 
Total lease payments  156,500 
Less imputed interest  (18,100)
Total $138,400 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward-Looking Information

 

This Report on Form 10-Q contains, and our officers and representatives may from time to time make, "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as: "anticipate," "intend," "plan," "goal," "seek," "believe," "project," "estimate," "expect," "strategy," "future," "likely," "may," "should," "will" and similar references to future periods. Examples of forward-looking statements include, among others, statements we make regarding:

 

 ·The ongoing impact of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic on our business operations, revenues, employees, suppliers and customers
 ·Expected operating results, such as revenue growth and earnings
 ·Anticipated levels of capital expenditures for fiscal year 2021 and beyond
 ·Current or future volatility in market conditions
 ·Our belief that we have sufficient liquidity to fund our business operations during the next twelve months
 ·Strategy for customer retention, growth, product development, market position, financial results and reserves
 ·Strategy for risk management

 

Forward-looking statements are neither historical facts nor assurances of future performance. Instead, they are based only on our current beliefs, expectations and assumptions regarding the future of our business, future plans and strategies, projections, anticipated events and trends, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of our control. Our actual results and financial condition may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Therefore, you should not rely on any of these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements include, among others, the following:

 

 ·The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may impact our future financial and operational performance will be dependent on many factors that we may not be able to predict because they continue to change and evolve depending on both national and local circumstances. These factors include, among others, the following: government restrictions affecting our employees, customers and suppliers, changes in our revenues due to lower customer demand as a result of the pandemic and a potential inability to obtain raw materials due to lower availability. We continue to monitor the impact of COVID-19 and the recently identified variants of COVID-19 on our business but we cannot accurately predict the extent to which it will adversely affect our future results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
 ·The extent to which we are successful in gaining new long-term relationships with customers or retaining significant existing customers and the level of service failures that could lead customers to use competitors' services.
 ·Our ability to improve our current credit rating with our vendors and the impact on our raw materials and other costs and competitive position of doing so.
 ·The impact of losing our intellectual property protections or the loss in value of our intellectual property.
 ·Changes in customer demand.
 ·The adequacy of our cash flow and earnings and other conditions which may affect our ability to timely service our debt obligations.
 ·Such other factors as discussed throughout Part I, Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and throughout Part II, Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and in Item 1A. Risk Factors of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
   

Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Report is based only on information currently available to us and speaks only as of the date on which it is made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

 

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our condensed financial statements, included herewith. This discussion should not be construed to imply that the results discussed herein will necessarily continue into the future, or that any conclusion reached herein will necessarily be indicative of actual operating results in the future. Such discussion represents only the best present assessment of our management. This information should also be read in conjunction with our audited historical financial statements which are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2021, as amended on April 30, 2021.

 

Background Overview

 

Nocopi Technologies, Inc. develops and markets specialty reactive inks for applications in the large educational and toy products market. We also develop and market technologies for document and product authentication, which we believe can reduce losses caused by fraudulent document reproduction or by product counterfeiting and/or diversion. We derive our revenues primarily from licensing our technologies on an exclusive or non-exclusive basis to licensees who incorporate our technologies into their product offering and from selling products incorporating our technologies to the licensees or to their licensed printers.

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us” and other similar terms means Nocopi Technologies, Inc., a Maryland corporation.

 

Effects of COVID-19

 

To serve our customers while also providing for the safety of our employees and service providers, we have adapted various steps to protect our employees. Any employee who is uncomfortable coming into our facilities may choose not to come in. We have a large enough facility to enable all of our employees to social distance and we follow Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines. Our production employees work with chemicals and they have always used masks, respirators, etc., even before COVID-19. As a result, we continue to maintain the same level of productivity and effectiveness as prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

The impact of COVID-19 on our Company had little impact on the financial results during the second quarter and first six months of 2021 as the shortage of raw materials used in certain of our Company’s products experienced throughout 2020 as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic and the resultant price increases have been at least temporarily eased, though still higher than pre-pandemic levels, so our Company’s gross margins on those products returned to similar levels as were experienced before the inception of the COVID-19 pandemic. We cannot accurately predict the availability and pricing of these raw materials in subsequent quarters due to ongoing uncertainties related to COVID-19 particularly in light of the recently identified variants of the COVID-19 virus and the potential re-imposition of restrictions currently being considered by federal, state and local governments and in certain states presently implemented. The full extent of the impact to the Company due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic for our third quarter and beyond cannot be currently determined. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may impact our future financial and operational performance will be dependent on many factors that we may not be able to predict because they continue to change and evolve depending on both national and local circumstances. These factors include, among others, the following: government restrictions affecting our employees, customers and suppliers, changes in our revenues due to lower customer demand as a result of the pandemic and a potential inability to obtain raw materials due to lower availability. We continue to monitor the impact of COVID-19 along with the recently identified variants of COVID-19 on our business but we cannot accurately predict the extent to which it will adversely affect our future results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

 

To date, we have not suffered a drop off in total customer orders and earned royalties in the entertainment and toy products market as a result of COVID-19, but we continue to experience a negative impact on revenues in our smaller anti-counterfeiting and anti-diversion products market due to closures of certain printing facilities that utilize these technologies and we anticipate that these closures may continue for a period of time. We continue to retain revenues at historical levels in the entertainment and toy products market through the current date despite the downturns in the overall economy. While the products of our licensees in the larger entertainment and toy products market are sold by both large and smaller retailers, some of whom remain open, and are also available for purchase online, we believe that revenues may not continue to be achieved at levels experienced to the current date due to the negative economic conditions that are expected to continue over the balance of the year and beyond as a result of COVID-19 and the recently identified variants of COVID-19. A slowdown in overall consumer spending may affect the sales of products marketed by our licensees. Our major licensees in the entertainment and toy products market are large, well-known businesses in this market with whom we believe our long-term relationship will not be adversely affected by the current COVID-19 pandemic.

 

10 
 

Results of Operations

 

Our Company’s revenues are derived from (a) royalties paid by licensees of our technologies, (b) fees for the provision of technical services to licensees and (c) from the direct sale of (i) products incorporating our technologies, such as inks, security paper and pressure sensitive labels, and (ii) equipment used to support the application of our technologies, such as ink-jet printing systems. Royalties consist of guaranteed minimum royalties payable by our licensees in certain cases and additional royalties which typically vary with the licensee’s sales or production of products incorporating the licensed technology. Service fees and sales revenues vary directly with the number of units of service or product provided.

 

Our Company recognizes revenue on its lines of business as follows:

 

 a.License fees for the use of our technology and royalties with guaranteed minimum amounts are recognized at a point in time when the term begins;
 b.Product sales are recognized at the time of the transfer of goods to customers at an amount that our Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for these goods, which is at the time of shipment; and
 c.Fees for technical services are recognized at the time of the transfer of services to customers at an amount that our Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for the services, which is when the service has been rendered.

 

We believe that, as fixed cost reductions beyond those we have achieved in recent years may not be achievable, our operating results are substantially dependent on revenue levels. Because revenues derived from licenses and royalties carry a much higher gross profit margin than other revenues, operating results are also substantially affected by changes in revenue mix.

 

Both the absolute amount of our Company’s revenues and the mix among the various sources of revenue are subject to substantial fluctuation. We have a relatively small number of substantial customers rather than a large number of small customers. Accordingly, changes in the revenue received from a significant customer can have a substantial effect on our Company’s total revenue, revenue mix and overall financial performance. Such changes may result from a substantial customer’s product development delays, engineering changes, changes in product marketing strategies, production requirements and the like. In addition, certain customers have, from time to time, sought to renegotiate certain provisions of their license agreements and, when our Company agrees to revise such terms, revenues from the customer may be adversely affected.

 

Revenues for the second quarter of 2021 were $513,900 compared to $627,300 in the second quarter of 2020, a decrease of $113,400, or approximately 18%. Licenses, royalties and fees increased by $37,800, or approximately 35%, to $144,900 in the second quarter of 2021 from $107,100 in the second quarter of 2020. The increase in licenses, royalties and fees in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020 is due primarily to higher royalties from our Company’s licensees in entertainment and toy products market offset in part by lower revenues from our Company’s licensees in the security markets which continue to be negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the variants of COVID-19 that have recently been identified. We cannot assure you that the marketing and product development activities of our Company’s licensees or other businesses in the entertainment and toy products market will produce a significant increase in revenues for our Company, nor can the timing of any potential revenue increases be predicted, particularly given the uncertain economic conditions being experienced worldwide as a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic that is continuing to negatively impact all worldwide economies.

 

Product and other sales decreased by $151,200, or approximately 29%, to $369,000 in the second quarter of 2021 from $520,200 in the second quarter of 2020. Sales of ink decreased in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020 due primarily to lower ink shipments to the third party authorized printer used by one of our Company’s major licensees in the entertainment and toy products market. In the second quarter of 2021, our Company derived revenues of approximately $461,100 from our licensees and their authorized printers in the entertainment and toy products market compared to revenues of approximately $575,200 in the second quarter of 2020.

 

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For the first six months of 2021, revenues were $1,125,300, representing a decrease of $22,300, or approximately 2%, from revenues of $1,147,600 in the first six months of 2020. Licenses, royalties and fees increased by $58,700, or approximately 22%, to $330,400 in the first six months of 2021 from $271,700 in the first six months of 2020. The increase in licenses, royalties and fees is due primarily to higher royalties from our Company’s licensees in entertainment and toy products market offset in part by lower revenues from our Company’s licensees in the security markets which continues to be negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the variants of COVID-19 that have recently been identified. We cannot assure you that the marketing and product development activities of our Company’s licensees or other businesses in the entertainment and toy products market will produce a significant increase in revenues for our Company, nor can the timing of any potential revenue increases be predicted, particularly given the uncertain economic conditions being experienced worldwide as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic that is continuing to negatively impact all worldwide economies along with recently identified variants of the COVID-19 virus.

 

Product and other sales decreased by $81,000, or approximately 9%, to $794,900 in the first six months of 2021 from $875,900 in the first six months of 2020. Sales of ink decreased in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six of 2020 due primarily to lower ink shipments to the third party authorized printer used by one of our Company’s major licensees in the entertainment and toy products market and lower ink shipments to our Company’s licensees in the retail receipt and document fraud market. Our Company derived revenues of approximately $1,022,700 from licensees and their authorized printers in the entertainment and toy products market in the first six months of 2021 compared to revenues of approximately $1,028,700 in the first six months of 2020.

 

Our Company’s gross profit decreased to $280,100 in the second quarter of 2021, or approximately 55% of revenues, from $321,500 in the second quarter of 2020, or approximately 51% of revenues. Licenses, royalties and fees have historically carried a higher gross profit than product and other sales. Such other sales generally consist of supplies or other manufactured products which incorporate our Company’s technologies or equipment used to support the application of its technologies. These items (except for inks which are manufactured by our Company) are generally purchased from third-party vendors and resold to the end-user or licensee and carry a lower gross profit than licenses, royalties and fees. The lower gross profit in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020 results primarily from lower revenues from product and other sales offset in part by higher revenues from licenses, royalties and fees in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020.

 

For the first six months of 2021, gross profit was $671,200, or approximately 60% of revenues, compared to $590,500, or approximately 51% of revenues, in the first six months of 2020. The higher gross profit in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020 results primarily from higher licenses, royalties and fees in the first six months of 2021 offset in part by lower revenues from product and other sales in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020.

 

As the variable component of cost of revenues related to licenses, royalties and fees is a low percentage of these revenues and the fixed component is not substantial, period to period changes in revenues from licenses, royalties and fees can significantly affect both the gross profit from licenses, royalties and fees as well as overall gross profit. The gross profit from licenses, royalties and fees increased to approximately 66% in the second quarter of 2021 compared to approximately 45% in the second quarter of 2020 and to approximately 71% of revenues from licenses, royalties and fees in the first six months of 2021 from approximately 60% in the first six months of 2020.

 

The gross profit, expressed as a percentage of revenues, of product and other sales is dependent on both the overall sales volumes of product and other sales and on the mix of the specific goods produced and/or sold. The gross profit from product and other sales decreased to approximately 50% of revenues in the second quarter of 2021 compared to approximately 52% of revenues in the second quarter of 2020. For the first six months of 2021, the gross profit, expressed as a percentage of revenues, increased to approximately 55% of revenues from product and other sales compared to approximately 49% of revenues from product and other sales in the first six months of 2020. The decrease in gross profit in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020 is due primarily to lower ink shipments to the third party authorized printer used by one of our Company’s major licensees in the entertainment and toy products market as well as lower ink shipments to our Company’s licensees in the retail receipt and document fraud market. The increase in gross profit in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020 is due primarily to a) a decline in the cost of certain raw materials utilized by the Company in the manufacture of certain of its products as prices of these raw materials that had increased in the first six months of 2020 due to the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on the availability and supply of these raw materials have been at least temporally eased in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020; b) a favorable mix of products sold whereby the purchases of the Company’s products by the licensed printers of its licensees in the entertainment and toy products market in the first six months of 2021 compared to the second quarter and first six months of 2020 were of higher margin products manufactured by the Company.

 

12 
 

Research and development expenses of $45,800 and $90,300 in the second quarter and first six months of 2021, respectively, were comparable to $41,900 and $83,000 in the second quarter and first six months of 2020, respectively.

 

Sales and marketing expenses decreased to $74,200 in the second quarter of 2021 from $86,000 in the second quarter of 2020 and to $157,400 in the first six months of 2021 from $170,000 in the first six months of 2020. The decrease is due primarily to lower commission expense on the lower level of revenues in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020 and to lower business development expenses first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020.

 

General and administrative expenses decreased nominally in the second quarter of 2021 to $117,700 from $120,000 in the second quarter of 2020. In the first six months of 2021, general and administrative expenses increased nominally to $263,200 from $259,700 in the first six months of 2020.

 

Other income (expenses) in the second quarter and first six months of 2020 included interest on convertible debentures held by seven investors.

 

Income taxes in the second quarter and first six months of 2021 and 2020 result from limitations placed on income tax net operating loss deductions by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. In the first quarter of 2020, our Company reversed $47,400 of accrued Pennsylvania income taxes that are not payable.

 

The lower net income of $42,500 in the second quarter of 2021 compared to net income $70,800 in the second quarter of 2020 resulted primarily from a lower gross profit on a lower level of product and other sales offset in part by lower operating expenses in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020. The higher net income of $157,300 in the first six months of 2021 compared to net income of $123,400 in the first six months of 2020 resulted primarily from a higher gross profit on a higher level of licenses, royalties and fees and lower cost of revenues in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020 offset in part by higher income taxes in the first six months of 2021.

 

Plan of Operation, Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

During the first six months of 2021, our Company’s cash increased to $1,908,400 at June 30, 2021 from $1,362,800 at December 31, 2020. During the first six months of 2021, our Company generated $574,400 from its operating activities, received $2,800 upon the exercise of warrants and used $31,600 for capital expenditures.

 

During the first six months of 2021, our Company’s revenues decreased approximately 2% primarily as a result of lower sales of ink to one of the authorized printers of our Company’s licensees in the entertainment and toy products market offset in part by higher royalty revenues from a licensee in the entertainment and toy products market.

 

Additionally, our total overhead expenses decreased in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020 and our Company’s net interest income increased in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020. As a result of these factors, our Company generated net income of $157,300 in the first six months of 2021 compared to $123,400 in the first six months of 2020. Our Company had positive operating cash flow of $574,400 during the first six months of 2021. At June 30, 2021, our Company had positive working capital of $3,115,600 and stockholders’ equity of $3,613,200. For the full year of 2020, our Company had net income of $508,400 and had positive operating cash flow of $702,400. At December 31, 2020, our Company had working capital of $2,801,100 and stockholders’ equity of $3,453,100.

 

In November 2018, our Company negotiated a $150,000 revolving line of credit (“Line of Credit”) with a bank to provide a source of working capital, if required. The Line of Credit is secured by all the assets of our Company and bears interest at the bank’s prime rate for a period of one year and its prime rate plus 1.5% thereafter. The Line of Credit is subject to an annual review and quiet period. There have been no borrowings under the Line of Credit since its inception. We may need to obtain additional capital in the future to further support the working capital requirements associated with our existing revenue base and to develop new revenue sources. We cannot assure you that we will be successful in obtaining such additional capital, if needed. We continue to maintain a cost containment program including curtailment, where possible, of discretionary research and development and sales and marketing expenses.

 

13 
 

Our Plan of Operation for the twelve months beginning with the date of this quarterly report consists of concentrating available human and financial resources to continue to capitalize on the specific business relationships our Company has developed in the entertainment and toy products market. This includes two licensees that have been marketing products incorporating our Company’s technologies since 2012. These two licensees maintain a significant presence in the entertainment and toy products market and are well known and highly regarded participants in this market. We anticipate that these two licensees will expand their current offerings that incorporate our technologies and will introduce and market new products that will incorporate our technologies available to them under their license agreements with our Company. We will continue to develop various applications for these licensees. We also plan to expand our licensee base in the entertainment and toy market. We currently have additional licensees marketing or developing products incorporating our technologies in certain geographic and niche markets of the overall entertainment and toy products market.

 

Our Company maintains its presence in the retail loss prevention market and believes that revenue growth in this market can be achieved through increased security ink sales to its licensees in this market. We will continue to adjust our production and technical staff as necessary and, subject to available financial resources, invest in capital equipment needed to support potential growth in ink production requirements beyond our current capacity. Additionally, we will pursue opportunities to market our current technologies in specific security and non-security markets. We cannot assure you that these efforts will enable our Company to generate additional revenues and positive cash flow.

 

Our Company has received, and may in the future seek, additional capital in the form of debt, equity or both, to support our working capital requirements and to provide funding for other business opportunities. Beyond the Line of Credit, we cannot assure you that if we require additional capital, that we will be successful in obtaining such additional capital, or that such additional capital, if obtained, will enable our Company to generate additional revenues and positive cash flow.

 

As previously stated, we generate a significant portion of our total revenues from licensees in the entertainment and toy products market. These licensees generally sell their products through retail outlets. In the future, such sales may be adversely affected by changes in consumer spending that may occur as a result of an uncertain economic environment throughout the balance of 2021 and beyond due to the COVID-19 virus and its effect on the global economy particularly in light of the COVID-19 variants that have recently been identified. As a result, our revenues, results of operations and liquidity may be negatively impacted.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

As of June 30, 2021, there were no material changes in our contractual obligations from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 30, 2021, as amended on April 30, 2021, other than those appearing in the notes to the financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

As of June 30, 2021, there were no recently adopted accounting standards that had a material effect on our Company’s financial statements.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The amendments in this Update affect loans, debt securities, trade receivables, and any other financial assets that have the contractual right to receive cash. The ASU requires an entity to recognize expected credit losses rather than incurred losses for financial assets. For public entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. ASU No. 2019-10 extends the effective dates for two years for smaller reporting companies and nonpublic companies.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Our Company does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

 

14 
 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not Applicable

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our Company’s management, with the participation of our Company’s Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of June 30, 2021. Based on this evaluation, our Company’s Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer concluded that, as of June 30, 2021, our Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective, in that they provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by our Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to our Company’s management, including our Company’s Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended June 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

15 
 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

Date Security
June 2021 Common Stock – 141,365 shares of common stock at $0.02 per share pursuant to warrant exercises for total proceeds of approximately $2,800.

 

These persons were the only offerees in connection with these transactions. We relied on Section 4(a)(2), 4(a)(5) and Regulation D of the Securities Act since the transactions do not involve any public offering. No underwriters were utilized and no commissions or fees were paid with respect to any of the above transactions.

 

Item 6.  Exhibits

 

(a) Exhibits

  

 Exhibit Number Description Location
 3.1 Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on November 14, 2008
 3.2 Amended and Restated Bylaws Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on March 12, 2019
 10.1 Form of Convertible Debenture Purchase Agreement and Exhibits Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on September 11, 2015
 10.2 Form of Letter Agreement re: Convertible Debenture Purchase Agreement Election Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on November 13, 2019 
 31.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith
 31.2 Certification of Chief Financial Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith
 32.1 Certifications of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith
 101.INS Inline XBRL Instance Document–the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File as its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document  
 101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema  
 101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase  
 101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase  
 101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase  
 101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase  
 104 Cover page formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101  

 

 

 

 

16 
 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirement of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, our Company has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  NOCOPI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
   
DATE: August 11, 2021 /s/ Michael A. Feinstein, M.D.
  Michael A. Feinstein, M.D.
  Chairman of the Board, President & Chief Executive Officer
   
DATE: August 11, 2021 /s/ Rudolph A. Lutterschmidt
  Rudolph A. Lutterschmidt
  Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17 
 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

 Exhibit Number Description Location
 3.1 Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on November 14, 2008
 3.2 Amended and Restated Bylaws Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on March 12, 2019
 10.1 Form of Convertible Debenture Purchase Agreement and Exhibits Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on September 11, 2015
 10.2 Form of Letter Agreement re: Convertible Debenture Purchase Agreement Election Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on November 13, 2019 
 31.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith
 31.2 Certification of Chief Financial Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith
 32.1 Certifications of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith
 101.INS Inline XBRL Instance Document–the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File as its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document  
 101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema  
 101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase  
 101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase  
 101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase  
 101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase  
 104 Cover page formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101  

 

 

 

18