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HAIN Hain Celestial

Filed: 9 Feb 21, 5:03pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
___________________________________________ 
(Mark One)
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2020
or
Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
for the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File No. 0-22818
___________________________________________ 
hain-20201231_g1.jpg
THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________________ 
Delaware22-3240619
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1111 Marcus Avenue, Lake Success, NY 11042
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (516) 587-5000
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: N/A
___________________________________________ 



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per shareHAINThe NASDAQ Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     
Yes  ý    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes  ý    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer¨
Non-accelerated filer¨Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes      No  ý

As of February 2, 2021, there were 99,907,135 shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock, par value $.01 per share.


THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC.
Index
  

 
1

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Information

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2020 (the “Form 10-Q”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, relating to our business and financial outlook, which are based on our current beliefs, assumptions, expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about future events only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and are not statements of historical fact. We make such forward-looking statements pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

Many of our forward-looking statements include discussions of trends and anticipated developments under the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as the use of “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “projects,” “intends,” “predicts,” “potential,” or “continue” and similar expressions, or the negative of those expressions. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, our beliefs or expectations relating to our business strategy, growth strategy, market price, brand portfolio and product performance, the seasonality of our business and our results of operations and financial condition. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of our future performance and involve risks, uncertainties, estimates and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, our actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date hereof, unless it is specifically otherwise stated to be made as of a different date. We undertake no obligation to further update any such statement to reflect new information, the occurrence of future events or circumstances or otherwise.

The forward-looking statements in this filing do not constitute guarantees or promises of future performance. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences may include, but are not limited to, challenges and uncertainty resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, the impact of competitive products and changes to the competitive environment, changes to consumer preferences, general economic and financial market conditions, the United Kingdom's exit from the European Union, consolidation of customers or the loss of a significant customer, reliance on independent distributors, risks associated with our international sales and operations, our ability to manage our supply chain effectively, volatility in the cost of commodities, ingredients, freight and fuel, our ability to implement cost savings initiatives, the impact of our debt covenants, the potential discontinuation of LIBOR, our ability to manage our financial reporting and internal control system processes, potential liabilities due to legal claims, government investigations and other regulatory enforcement actions, costs incurred due to pending and future litigation, potential liability, including in connection with indemnification obligations to our former officers and members of our Board of Directors that may not be covered by insurance, potential liability if our products cause illness or physical harm, impairments in the carrying value of goodwill or other intangible assets, our ability to consummate divestitures, the availability of organic ingredients, disruption of operations at our manufacturing facilities, loss of one or more independent co-packers, disruption of our transportation systems, risks relating to the protection of intellectual property, the risk of liabilities and claims with respect to environmental matters, the reputation of our brands, our reliance on independent certification for a number of our products and other risks described in Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020 under the heading “Risk Factors”, and Part I, Item 2 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” as well as in other reports that we file in the future.



2

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND JUNE 30, 2020
(In thousands, except par values)
December 31,June 30,
20202020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$46,813 $37,771 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $998 and $638, respectively185,576 170,969 
Inventories311,988 248,170 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets39,250 95,690 
Assets held for sale52,828 8,334 
Total current assets636,455 560,934 
Property, plant and equipment, net296,013 289,256 
Goodwill876,993 861,958 
Trademarks and other intangible assets, net326,272 346,462 
Investments and joint ventures16,926 17,439 
Operating lease right-of-use assets89,971 88,165 
Other assets22,969 24,238 
Total assets$2,265,599 $2,188,452 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$216,782 $171,009 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities118,732 124,045 
Current portion of long-term debt899 1,656 
Liabilities related to assets held for sale29,292 3,567 
Total current liabilities365,705 300,277 
Long-term debt, less current portion293,332 281,118 
Deferred income taxes32,098 51,849 
Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent portion83,268 82,962 
Other noncurrent liabilities36,547 28,692 
Total liabilities810,950 744,898 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)00
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock - $.01 par value, authorized 5,000 shares; issued and outstanding: NaN
Common stock - $.01 par value, authorized 150,000 shares; issued: 109,339 and 109,123 shares, respectively; outstanding: 99,839 and 101,885 shares, respectively1,095 1,092 
Additional paid-in capital1,180,062 1,171,875 
Retained earnings616,486 614,171 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(97,343)(171,392)
1,700,300 1,615,746 
Less: Treasury stock, at cost, 9,500 and 7,238 shares, respectively(245,651)(172,192)
Total stockholders’ equity1,454,649 1,443,554 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$2,265,599 $2,188,452 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
3

THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND 2019
(In thousands, except per share amounts) 
 Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
 2020201920202019
Net sales$528,418 $506,784 $1,027,045 $988,860 
Cost of sales398,453 401,177 777,916 785,422 
Gross profit129,965 105,607 249,129 203,438 
Selling, general and administrative expenses83,620 79,078 162,772 159,758 
Amortization of acquired intangible assets2,193 3,189 4,626 6,272 
Productivity and transformation costs6,016 12,260 7,818 26,435 
Proceeds from insurance claim(2,562)
Long-lived asset and intangibles impairment25,179 1,889 57,676 1,889 
Operating income12,957 9,191 16,237 11,646 
Interest and other financing expense, net2,337 4,737 4,790 11,031 
Other (income) expense, net(1,045)1,244 (2,418)2,572 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in net loss of equity-method investees11,665 3,210 13,865 (1,957)
Provision for income taxes8,438 1,020 21,400 489 
Equity in net loss of equity-method investees1,076 338 1,095 655 
Net income (loss) from continuing operations$2,151 $1,852 $(8,630)$(3,101)
Net (loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax(11)(2,816)11,255 (104,884)
Net income (loss)$2,140 $(964)$2,625 $(107,985)
Net income (loss) per common share:
Basic net income (loss) per common share from continuing operations$0.02 $0.02 $(0.09)$(0.03)
Basic net income (loss) per common share from discontinued operations(0.03)0.11 (1.01)
Basic net income (loss) per common share$0.02 $(0.01)$0.02 $(1.04)
Diluted net income (loss) per common share from continuing operations$0.02 $0.02 $(0.09)$(0.03)
Diluted net income (loss) per common share from discontinued operations(0.03)0.11 (1.01)
Diluted net income (loss) per common share$0.02 $(0.01)$0.02 $(1.04)
Shares used in the calculation of net income (loss) per common share:
Basic100,117 104,318 100,837 104,272 
Diluted100,562 104,619 100,837 104,272 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.
4

THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND 2019
(In thousands)
 Three Months Ended
December 31, 2020December 31, 2019
 
Pre-tax
amount
Tax (expense) benefitAfter-tax amount
Pre-tax
amount
Tax (expense) benefitAfter-tax amount
Net income (loss)$2,140 $(964)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments before reclassifications$46,043 $46,043 $48,655 $48,655 
Change in deferred gains (losses) on cash flow hedging instruments101 (21)80 52 (10)42 
Change in deferred (losses) gains on net investment hedging instruments(3,897)818 (3,079)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)$42,247 $797 $43,044 $48,707 $(10)$48,697 
Total comprehensive income$45,184 $47,733 
 Six Months Ended
December 31, 2020December 31, 2019
 Pre-tax
amount
Tax (expense) benefitAfter-tax amountPre-tax
amount
Tax (expense) benefitAfter-tax amount
Net income (loss)$2,625 $(107,985)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments before reclassifications$78,819 $78,819 $9,713 $9,713 
Reclassification of currency translation adjustment included in Net income (loss)1,181 1,181 95,120 95,120 
Change in deferred gains (losses) on cash flow hedging instruments151 (31)120 (26)(26)
Change in deferred (losses) gains on net investment hedging instruments(7,684)1,613 (6,071)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)$72,467 $1,582 $74,049 $104,807 $$104,807 
Total comprehensive income (loss)$76,674 $(3,178)
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
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THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020
(In thousands, except par values)

 Common StockAdditional   
Accumulated
Other
 
  AmountPaid-inRetainedTreasury StockComprehensive 
 Sharesat $.01CapitalEarningsSharesAmountIncome (Loss)Total
Balance at June 30, 2020109,123 $1,092 $1,171,875 $614,171 7,238 $(172,192)$(171,392)$1,443,554 
Net income485 485 
Cumulative effect of adoption of ASU 2016-13
(310)(310)
Other comprehensive income31,005 31,005 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to stock-based compensation plans54 (1)
Shares withheld for payment of employee payroll taxes due on shares issued under stock-based compensation plans20 (468)(468)
Repurchases of common stock1,281 (42,052)(42,052)
Stock-based compensation expense4,367 4,367 
Balance at September 30, 2020109,177 $1,093 $1,176,241 $614,346 8,539 $(214,712)$(140,387)$1,436,581 
Net income2,140 2,140 
Other comprehensive income43,044 43,044 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to stock-based compensation plans162 (2)
Shares withheld for payment of employee payroll taxes due on shares issued under stock-based compensation plans38 (1,255)(1,255)
Repurchases of common stock923 (29,684)(29,684)
Stock-based compensation expense3,823 3,823 
Balance at December 31, 2020109,339 $1,095 $1,180,062 $616,486 9,500 $(245,651)$(97,343)$1,454,649 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.
6

THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019
(In thousands, except par values)

 Common StockAdditional   
Accumulated
Other
 
  AmountPaid-inRetainedTreasury StockComprehensive 
 Sharesat $.01CapitalEarningsSharesAmountIncome (Loss)Total
Balance at June 30, 2019108,833 $1,088 $1,158,257 $695,017 4,614 $(110,039)$(225,004)$1,519,319 
Net loss(107,021)(107,021)
Cumulative effect of adoption of ASU 2016-02
(439)(439)
Other comprehensive income
56,110 56,110 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to stock-based compensation plans40 (1)
Shares withheld for payment of employee payroll taxes due on shares issued under stock-based compensation plans17 (312)(312)
Stock-based compensation expense3,281 3,281 
Balance at September 30, 2019108,873 $1,089 $1,161,537 $587,557 4,631 $(110,351)$(168,894)$1,470,938 
Net loss(964)(964)
Other comprehensive income48,697 48,697 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to stock-based compensation plans146 (2)
Shares withheld for payment of employee payroll taxes due on shares issued under stock-based compensation plans27 (671)(671)
Stock-based compensation expense3,083 3,083 
Balance at December 31, 2019109,019 $1,091 $1,164,618 $586,593 4,658 $(111,022)$(120,197)$1,521,083 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.
7

THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND 2019
(In thousands)
 Six Months Ended December 31,
 20202019
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income (loss)$2,625 $(107,985)
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations11,255 (104,884)
Net loss from continuing operations(8,630)(3,101)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss from continuing operations to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities from continuing operations:
Depreciation and amortization24,954 27,142 
Deferred income taxes92 (5,155)
Equity in net loss of equity-method investees1,095 655 
Stock-based compensation, net8,190 5,820 
Long-lived asset and intangibles impairment57,676 1,889 
Other non-cash items, net(1,765)2,661 
(Decrease) increase in cash attributable to changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(9,523)7,540 
Inventories(58,512)9,389 
Other current assets55,718 1,895 
Other assets and liabilities(1,037)(1,242)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses36,272 (30,345)
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations104,530 17,148 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(29,671)(29,337)
Proceeds from sale of businesses and other4,427 13,120 
Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations(25,244)(16,217)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Borrowings under bank revolving credit facility150,000 147,000 
Repayments under bank revolving credit facility(137,000)(245,500)
Repayments under term loan(206,250)
Proceeds from discontinued operations entities309,929 
Repayments of other debt, net(1,711)(501)
Share repurchases(71,736)
Shares withheld for payment of employee payroll taxes(1,723)(984)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities from continuing operations(62,170)3,694 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash from continuing operations5,734 1,382 
CASH FLOWS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
Cash used in operating activities(5,687)
Cash provided by investing activities301,815 
Cash used in financing activities(304,100)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash from discontinued operations(537)
Net cash flows used in discontinued operations(8,509)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents22,850 (2,502)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period37,771 39,526 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$60,621 $37,024 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

8

THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) (CONTINUED)
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND 2019
(In thousands)

Cash and cash equivalents included in the line item Assets held for sale on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as shown below, represents amounts included within held for sale accounting related to the sale of the Company's U.K. fruit business, primarily consisting of the Orchard House Foods Limited business and associated brands.


Six Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Cash and cash equivalents$46,813 $37,024 
Cash and cash equivalents classified in assets held for sale13,808 
Total cash and cash equivalents shown in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows$60,621 $37,024 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.
9

THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in thousands, except par values and per share data)

1.    BUSINESS

The Hain Celestial Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation (collectively, along with its subsidiaries, the “Company,” and herein referred to as “Hain Celestial,” “we,” “us” and “our”), was founded in 1993 and is headquartered in Lake Success, New York. The Company’s mission has continued to evolve since its founding, with health and wellness being the core tenet — To Create and Inspire A Healthier Way of LifeTM and be the leading marketer, manufacturer and seller of organic and natural products by anticipating and exceeding consumer expectations in providing quality, innovation, value and convenience. The Company is committed to growing sustainably while continuing to implement environmentally sound business practices and manufacturing processes. Hain Celestial sells its products through specialty and natural food distributors, supermarkets, natural food stores, mass-market and e-commerce retailers, food service channels and club, drug and convenience stores in over 75 countries worldwide.

The Company manufactures, markets, distributes and sells organic and natural products under brand names, with many recognized brands in the various market categories it serves, including Celestial Seasonings®, Clarks™, Cully & Sully®, Dream®, Earth’s Best®, Ella’s Kitchen®, Farmhouse Fare™, Frank Cooper’s®, GG UniqueFiber®, Gale’s®, Garden of Eatin’®, Hain Pure Foods®, Hartley’s®, Health Valley®, Imagine®, Joya®, Lima®, Linda McCartney's® (under license), MaraNatha®, Natumi®, New Covent Garden Soup Co.®, Robertson’s®, Sensible Portions®, Spectrum®, Sun-Pat®, Terra®, The Greek Gods®, William’s™, Yorkshire Provender® and Yves Veggie Cuisine®. The Company’s personal care products are marketed under the Alba Botanica®, Avalon Organics®, Earth’s Best®, JASON®, Live Clean®, One Step® and Queen Helene® brands.

The Company continues to execute the four key pillars of its strategy to: (1) simplify its portfolio; (2) strengthen its capabilities; (3) expand profit margins and cash flow; and (4) reinvigorate profitable topline growth. The Company has executed this strategy, with a focus on discontinuing uneconomic investment, realigning resources to coincide with brand importance, reducing unproductive stock-keeping units (“SKUs”) and brands and reassessing current pricing architecture. As part of this initiative, the Company reviewed its product portfolio within North America and divided it into “Get Bigger” and “Get Better” brand categories.

The Company’s “Get Bigger” brands represent its strongest brands with higher margins, which compete in categories with strong growth potential. The Company has concentrated its investment in marketing, innovation and other resources to prioritize spending for these brands, in an effort to reinvigorate profitable topline growth, optimize assortment and increase share of distribution.

The Company’s “Get Better” brands are the brands in which the Company is primarily focused on simplification and expansion of profit margin. Some of these brands have historically been low margin, non-strategic brands that added complexity with minimal benefit to the Company’s operations.

In addition, as part of the Company’s overall strategy, the Company may seek to dispose of businesses and brands that are less profitable or are otherwise less of a strategic fit within its core portfolio. During fiscal 2019, for example, the Company divested its Hain Pure Protein reportable segment and its WestSoy® tofu, seitan and tempeh businesses. In fiscal 2020, the Company divested its Tilda business and its Arrowhead Mills®, SunSpire®, Europe's Best®, Casbah®, Rudi’s Gluten-Free Bakery, Rudi’s Organic Bakery® and Fountain of Truth brands. During the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company divested its Danival® business. Additionally, in January 2021, subsequent to the end of second quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company completed the sale of its U.K. fruit business, primarily consisting of the Orchard House® Foods Limited business and associated brands. Assets and liabilities of this business are classified as held for sale in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2020. See Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, for additional information.

Productivity and Transformation Costs
In fiscal 2019, the Company announced a strategy that includes as one of its key pillars identifying areas of cost savings and operating efficiencies to expand profit margins and cash flow. As part of this overall strategy and the key pillar of realizing savings and efficiencies, during fiscal 2020, the Company began the integration of its United States and Canada operations in alignment with the North America reportable segment structure. In addition, during fiscal 2021, the Company initiated cost reduction programs for its international businesses in the United Kingdom and Europe. The Company will carry out additional productivity initiatives under this strategy in fiscal 2021.

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Productivity and transformation costs include costs, such as consulting and severance costs, relating to streamlining the Company’s manufacturing plants, co-packers and supply chain, eliminating served categories or brands within those categories, and product rationalization initiatives which are aimed at eliminating slow moving SKUs.

Discontinued Operations
On August 27, 2019, the Company and Ebro Foods S.A. entered into, and consummated the transactions contemplated by, an agreement relating to the sale and purchase of the Tilda Group Entities and certain other assets.

On February 15, 2019, the Company completed the sale of substantially all of the assets used primarily for the Plainville Farms business, a component of the Company’s Hain Pure Protein Corporation (“HPPC”) operating segment. On June 28, 2019, the Company completed the sale of the remainder of HPPC and Empire Kosher which included the FreeBird and Empire Kosher businesses. These dispositions were undertaken to reduce complexity in the Company’s operations and simplify the Company’s brand portfolio, in addition to allowing additional flexibility to focus on opportunities for growth and innovation in the Company’s more profitable and faster growing core businesses. Collectively, these dispositions were reported in the aggregate as the Hain Pure Protein reportable segment.

These dispositions represented strategic shifts that had a major impact on the Company’s operations and financial results, and therefore, the Company is presenting the operating results and cash flows of the Tilda operating segment and the Hain Pure Protein reportable segment within discontinued operations in the current and prior periods. See Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, for additional information.

2.    BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The Company’s unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Investments in affiliated companies in which the Company exerts significant influence, but which it does not control, are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. As such, consolidated net loss includes the Company's equity in the current earnings or losses of such companies.

The Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP and should be read in conjunction with the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020 (the “Form 10-K”). The amounts as of and for the periods ended June 30, 2020 are derived from the Company’s audited annual financial statements. The unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments which, in management’s opinion, are necessary for a fair presentation for interim periods. Operating results for the six months ended December 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2021. Please refer to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements as of June 30, 2020 and for the fiscal year then ended included in the Form 10-K for information not included in these condensed notes.

All amounts in the unaudited consolidated financial statements, notes and tables have been rounded to the nearest thousand, except par values and per share amounts, unless otherwise indicated.

Reclassifications

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with current year presentation.

Significant Accounting Policies

The Company's significant accounting policies are described in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Practices, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Form 10-K. Included herein are certain updates to those policies.

Valuation of Accounts Receivable

The Company maintains an allowance for expected uncollectible accounts receivable which is recorded as an offset to trade accounts receivable on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Effective July 1, 2020, collectability of accounts receivable is assessed by applying a historical loss-rate methodology in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, adjusted as necessary based on the Company's review of accounts receivable on an individual basis, specifically
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identifying customers with known disputes or collectability issues, and experience with trade receivable aging categories. The Company also considers market conditions and current and expected future economic conditions to inform adjustments to historical loss data. Changes to the allowance, if any, are classified as bad debt provisions in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which requires measurement and recognition of expected versus incurred credit losses for most financial assets. The ASU applies to trade and other receivables recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company adopted the standard on July 1, 2020 using the modified retrospective transition method, recognizing an adjustment to beginning retained earnings of $310 reflecting the cumulative impact of adoption. The adoption did not materially impact the Company's results of operations or financial position, and as a result, comparisons between periods were not materially affected by the adoption of ASU 2016-13.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which removes the second step of the goodwill impairment test that requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. A goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company adopted ASU 2017-04 on July 1, 2020, and the adoption of this standard did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement: Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which modifies the disclosure requirements for fair value measurement by removing, modifying or adding certain disclosures. The new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2018-13 on July 1, 2020, and the adoption of this standard did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software, Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract, which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The amended guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2018-15 on July 1, 2020, and the adoption of this standard did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Effective

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies various aspects related to accounting for income taxes and eliminates certain exceptions related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation, the methodology for calculating taxes during the quarters and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. The new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021, and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently assessing the impact that this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions affected by reference rate reform. ASU 2020-04 is currently effective and upon adoption may be applied prospectively to contract modifications made on or before December 31, 2022. The Company is currently assessing the impact that this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-10, Codification Improvements - Disclosures. This ASU improves consistency by amending the codification to include all disclosure guidance in the appropriate disclosure sections and clarifies application of various provisions in the codification by amending and adding new headings, cross referencing to other guidance, and refining or correcting terminology. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. This ASU will not affect the Company's results of operations, cash flows or financial position. The Company is currently assessing the impact that this standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.
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3.    EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share:
 Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
 2020201920202019
Numerator:
Net income (loss) from continuing operations$2,151 $1,852 $(8,630)$(3,101)
Net (loss) income from discontinued operations(11)(2,816)11,255 (104,884)
Net income (loss)$2,140 $(964)$2,625 $(107,985)
Denominator:
Basic weighted average shares outstanding100,117 104,318 100,837 104,272 
Effect of dilutive stock options, unvested restricted stock and unvested restricted share units445 301 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding100,562 104,619 100,837 104,272 
Basic net income (loss) per common share:
Continuing operations$0.02 $0.02 $(0.09)$(0.03)
Discontinued operations(0.03)0.11 (1.01)
Basic net income (loss) per common share$0.02 $(0.01)$0.02 $(1.04)
Diluted net income (loss) per common share:
Continuing operations$0.02 $0.02 $(0.09)$(0.03)
Discontinued operations(0.03)0.11 (1.01)
Diluted net income (loss) per common share$0.02 $(0.01)$0.02 $(1.04)

Basic net income (loss) per share excludes the dilutive effects of stock options, unvested restricted stock and unvested restricted share units.

Due to the net loss from continuing operations in the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, all common stock equivalents such as stock options and unvested restricted stock awards have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per common share because the effect would have been anti-dilutive to the computations in the period.

There were 211 and 485 restricted stock awards and stock options excluded from our calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, as such awards were anti-dilutive. Additionally, there were 1,419 and 2,550 stock-based awards excluded for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, as such awards were contingently issuable based on market or performance conditions, and such conditions had not been achieved during the respective periods.

There were 709 and 689 restricted stock awards and stock options excluded from the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, as such awards were anti-dilutive. Additionally, there were 1,429 and 2,745 stock-based awards excluded for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, as such awards were contingently issuable based on market or performance conditions, and such conditions had not been achieved during the respective periods.

Share Repurchase Program

On June 21, 2017, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $250,000 of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock. Repurchases may be made from time to time in the open market, pursuant to pre-set trading plans, in private transactions or otherwise. The authorization does not have a stated expiration date. The extent to which the Company repurchases its shares and the timing of such repurchases will depend upon market conditions and other corporate considerations. During the six months ended December 31, 2020, the Company repurchased 2,204 shares under the repurchase program for a total of
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$71,693, excluding commissions, at an average price of $32.53 per share. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had $118,136 of remaining authorization under the share repurchase program.

4.     ASSETS HELD FOR SALE AND DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

Assets Held for Sale

Fruit

In August 2020, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a plan to sell the operations of its prepared fresh fruit, fresh fruit drinks and fresh fruit desserts division ("Fruit"), primarily consisting of the Orchard House Foods Limited business and associated brands. This decision supported the Company's overall strategy as the Fruit business did not align, and had limited synergies, with the rest of the Company's businesses. Fruit operated out of the United Kingdom and was part of the Company's International reportable segment, comprising 6.8% and 9.7% of the Company's net sales during the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company determined that the held for sale criteria was met and classified the assets and liabilities of the Fruit business as held for sale as of September 30 and December 31, 2020, recognizing a pre-tax non-cash loss for the three and six months ended December 31, 2020 of $23,596 and $56,093, respectively, to reduce the carrying value to its estimated fair value, less costs to sell. The sale of the Fruit business was completed on January 13, 2021, as disclosed in Note 20, Subsequent Event.

The assets and liabilities of the Fruit business classified as held for sale in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets consisted of the following:

December 31,
2020
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$13,808 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts8,574 
Inventories5,014 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2,743 
Property, plant and equipment, net24,971 
Goodwill14,323 
Other intangible assets, net36,074 
Operating lease right-of-use assets5,607 
Allowance for reduction of assets held for sale(58,286)
Assets held for sale$52,828 
LIABILITIES
Accounts payable$10,373 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities4,569 
Operating lease liabilities5,311 
Deferred tax liabilities7,278 
Other liabilities1,761 
Liabilities related to assets held for sale$29,292 

Danival

The Company entered into a definitive stock purchase agreement on June 30, 2020 for the sale of its Danival business, a component of the International reportable segment, and the transaction closed on July 21, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, the Company determined the held for sale criteria was met, resulting in assets held for sale of $8,334 and related liabilities held for sale of $3,567 being included in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2020. These assets and liabilities were previously presented within Prepaid and other current assets and Accrued expenses and other liabilities, respectively, in the Form 10-K and have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation. The Company deconsolidated the net assets of the Danival business upon the closing of the sale during the quarter ended September 30, 2020.

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Discontinued Operations

Sale of Tilda Business

On August 27, 2019, the Company sold the entities comprising its Tilda operating segment (the “Tilda Group Entities”) and certain other assets of the Tilda business to the Purchaser for an aggregate price of $342,000 in cash, subject to customary post-closing adjustments based on the balance sheets of the Tilda business. The other assets sold in the transaction consisted of raw materials, consumables, packaging, and finished and unfinished goods related to the Tilda business held by other Company entities that are not Tilda Group Entities. In January 2020, the Company and the Purchaser agreed to fully resolve all matters relating to post-closing adjustments to the sale price, resulting in a final aggregate sale price of $341,800. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down the remaining outstanding borrowings under its term loan and a portion of its revolving credit facility.

The Company also entered into certain ancillary agreements with Ebro Foods S.A. (the "Purchaser") and certain of the Tilda Group Entities in connection with the Sale and Purchase Agreement, including a transitional services agreement (the "TSA") pursuant to which the Company and the Purchaser provided transitional services to one another, and business transfer agreements pursuant to which the applicable Tilda Group Entities transferred certain non-Tilda assets and liabilities in India and the United Arab Emirates to subsidiaries of the Company to be formed in those countries. Additionally, the Company distributed certain Tilda products in the United States, Canada and Europe through the expiration of the TSA, which expired during the second quarter of fiscal 2020.

The disposition of the Tilda operating segment represented a strategic shift that had a major impact on the Company’s operations and financial results and has been accounted for as discontinued operations.

The following table presents the major classes of Tilda’s results within “Net (loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Net sales$$2,667 $$30,399 
Cost of sales2,496 26,648 
Gross profit
171 3,751 
Selling, general and administrative expense246 5,185 
Other expense824 75 1,172 
Interest expense(1)
2,432 
Translation loss(2)
95,120 
Gain on sale of discontinued operations3,752 (10,170)
Net loss from discontinued operations before income taxes(4,651)(75)(89,988)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes(3)
11 (1,835)(11,320)13,865 
Net (loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax$(11)$(2,816)$11,245 $(103,853)

(1) Interest expense was allocated to discontinued operations based on borrowings repaid with proceeds from the sale of Tilda.
(2) At the completion of the sale of Tilda, the Company reclassified $95,120 of related cumulative translation losses from Accumulated other comprehensive loss to discontinued operations, net of tax.
(3) Includes $11,331 of tax benefit related to the legal entity reorganization for the six months ended December 31, 2020, as well as a tax benefit related to the gain on the sale of Tilda of $1,250 and $15,250 for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019.

There were 0 assets or liabilities from discontinued operations associated with Tilda as of December 31, 2020 or June 30, 2020.

Sale of Hain Pure Protein Reportable Segment

In March 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a plan to sell all of the operations of the Hain Pure Protein Corporation operating segment, which included the Plainville Farms and FreeBird businesses, and the EK Holdings, Inc. (“Empire Kosher” or “Empire”) operating segment, which were reported in the aggregate as the Hain Pure Protein reportable segment. Collectively, these dispositions represented a strategic shift that had a major impact on the Company’s operations and financial results and have been accounted for as discontinued operations.
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The Company is presenting the operating results and cash flows of Hain Pure Protein within discontinued operations in the current and prior periods.

Sale of Plainville Farms Business ("Plainville")

On February 15, 2019, the Company completed the sale of substantially all of the assets used primarily for Plainville (a component of HPPC), which included $25,000 in cash to the purchaser, for a nominal purchase price. In addition, the purchaser assumed the current liabilities of Plainville as of the closing date. As a condition to consummating the sale, the Company entered into a Contingent Funding and Earnout Agreement, which provided for the issuance by the Company of an irrevocable stand-by letter of credit (the “Letter of Credit”) of $10,000 which expired nineteen months after issuance, during the first quarter of fiscal 2021. The Company was entitled to receive an earnout not to exceed, in the aggregate, 120% of the maximum amount that the purchaser draws on the Letter of Credit at any point from the date of issuance through the expiration of the Letter of Credit. Earnout payments are based on a specified percentage of annual free cash flow achieved for all fiscal years ending on or prior to June 30, 2026. If a subsequent change in control of Plainville occurs prior to June 30, 2026, the purchaser will pay the Company 120% of the difference between the amount drawn on the Letter of Credit less the sum of all earnout payments made prior to such time up to the net proceeds received by the purchaser. At December 31, 2020, the Company had not recorded an asset associated with the earnout.

Sale of HPPC and Empire Kosher

On June 28, 2019, the Company completed the sale of the remainder of HPPC and EK Holdings, which included the FreeBird and Empire Kosher businesses. The purchase price, net of estimated customary adjustments based on the closing balance sheet of HPPC, was $77,714. The Company used the proceeds from the sale to pay down a portion of its outstanding borrowings under its term loan. The following table presents the major classes of Hain Pure Protein’s results within “Net loss (income) from discontinued operations, net of tax” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations:

Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Net sales$$$$
Cost of sales
Gross profit (loss)
Selling, general and administrative expense
Asset impairments
Other expense (income)(10)
Loss on sale of discontinued operations(1)
1,424 
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes10 (1,424)
Benefit for income taxes(393)
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax$$$10 $(1,031)

(1) Primarily relates to preliminary closing balance sheet adjustments.

There were 0 assets or liabilities from discontinued operations associated with Hain Pure Protein at December 31, 2020 or June 30, 2020.


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5.    INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following:
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Finished goods$205,003 $158,162 
Raw materials, work-in-progress and packaging106,985 90,008 
$311,988 $248,170 

At each period end, inventory is reviewed to ensure that it is recorded at the lower of cost or net realizable value. During the six months ended December 31, 2020 and the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded inventory write-downs of $311 and $4,175, respectively, primarily related to the discontinuance of slow moving SKUs as part of product rationalization initiatives.

6.    PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET

Property, plant and equipment, net consisted of the following:
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Land$14,575 $13,866 
Buildings and improvements72,034 74,325 
Machinery and equipment297,737 288,466 
Computer hardware and software60,841 60,391 
Furniture and fixtures22,902 20,044 
Leasehold improvements38,761 40,876 
Construction in progress32,171 16,489 
539,021 514,457 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization243,008 225,201 
$296,013 $289,256 

Depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was $7,481 and $8,024, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was $17,184 and $15,729, respectively.

As of December 31, 2020, the Company reclassified $24,971 of Property, plant and equipment, net to Assets held for sale as part of the held for sale accounting related to the Company's Fruit business (see Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, for more information related to the held for sale assets). There was an impairment charge of $1,333 recorded during the three and six months ended December 31, 2020 and 0 impairment charge recorded during the six months ended December 31, 2019.


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7.    LEASES
The Company leases office space, warehouse and distribution facilities, manufacturing equipment and vehicles primarily in North America and Europe. The Company determines if an arrangement is or contains a lease at inception. Lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. The Company’s lease agreements generally do not contain residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. A limited number of lease agreements include rental payments adjusted periodically for inflation.
Some of the Company’s leases contain variable lease payments, which are expensed as incurred unless those payments are based on an index or rate. Variable lease payments based on an index or rate are initially measured using the index or rate in effect at lease commencement and included in the measurement of the lease liability; thereafter, changes to lease payments due to rate or index changes are recorded as variable lease expense in the period incurred. The Company does not have any related party leases, and sublease transactions are de minimis.
The components of lease expenses for the three and six months ended December 31, 2020 were as follows:

Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
December 31, 2020December 31, 2019December 31, 2020December 31, 2019
Operating lease expenses$4,205 $4,800 $8,161 $9,489 
Finance lease expenses61 188 246 489 
Variable lease expenses91 381 957 1,240 
Short-term lease expenses687 419 1,243 859 
Total lease expenses$5,044 $5,788 $10,607 $12,077 

Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows:
LeasesClassificationDecember 31, 2020June 30, 2020
Assets
Operating lease ROU assets, netOperating lease right-of-use assets$89,971 $88,165 
Operating lease ROU assets, netAssets held for sale5,607
Finance lease ROU assets, netProperty, plant and equipment, net386691 
Finance lease ROU assets, netAssets held for sale356
Total leased assets$96,320 $88,856 
Liabilities
Current
OperatingAccrued expenses and other current liabilities$11,584 $12,338 
OperatingLiabilities related to assets held for sale5,311 
FinanceCurrent portion of long-term debt239 308 
FinanceLiabilities related to assets held for sale296 
Non-current
OperatingOperating lease liabilities, noncurrent portion83,268 82,962 
FinanceLong-term debt, less current portion162 316 
Total lease liabilities$100,860 $95,924 

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Additional information related to leases is as follows:
Six Months Ended
December 31, 2020December 31, 2019
Supplemental cash flow information
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases$8,569 $8,113 
Operating cash flows from finance leases$$12 
Financing cash flows from finance leases$201 $244 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations (a):
Operating leases$12,745 $92,640 
Finance leases$371 $1,131 
Weighted average remaining lease term:
Operating leases10.0 years8.6 years
Finance leases1.8 years2.4 years
Weighted average discount rate:
Operating leases3.1 %2.7 %
Finance leases2.4 %3.1 %

(a) ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations includes leases which commenced, were modified or terminated. The balance as of December 31, 2019 also included $87,414 relating to the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-02 effective July 1, 2019.

Maturities of lease liabilities as of December 31, 2020 were as follows:
Fiscal YearOperating leasesFinance leasesTotal
2021 (remainder of year)$7,471 $222 $7,693 
202215,054 377 15,431 
202314,139 113 14,252 
202412,129 12,129 
202510,823 10,823 
Thereafter59,500 59,500 
Total lease payments119,116 712 119,828 
Less: Imputed interest18,953 15 18,968 
Total lease liabilities$100,163 $697 $100,860 

Maturities of lease liabilities as of June 30, 2020 were as follows:
Fiscal YearOperating leasesFinance leasesTotal
2021$14,781 $308 $15,089 
202213,798 205 14,003 
202312,833 95 12,928 
202410,941 18 10,959 
20259,521 9,527 
Thereafter51,545 51,545 
Total lease payments113,419 632 114,051 
Less: Imputed interest18,119 18,127 
Total lease liabilities$95,300 $624 $95,924 

At December 31, 2020, the Company had an operating lease that had not yet commenced. Obligations under this lease are approximately $6,095, and the lease is expected to commence during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2021 with a lease term of 10 years, excluding renewal options.
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8.    GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Goodwill

The following table provides the changes in the carrying value of goodwill by reportable segment:
North AmericaInternationalTotal
Balance as of June 30, 2020 (a)
$606,055 $255,903 $861,958 
  Reclassification of goodwill to Assets held for sale(14,323)(14,323)
  Translation and other adjustments, net2,150 27,208 29,358 
Balance as of December 31, 2020 (a)
$608,205 $268,788 $876,993 
(a) The total carrying value of goodwill is reflected net of $134,277 of accumulated impairment charges, of which $97,358 related to the Company’s United Kingdom operating segment, $29,219 related to the Company’s Europe operating segment and $7,700 related to the Company’s former Hain Ventures operating segment, whose goodwill and accumulated impairment charges were reallocated within the North America reportable segment to the United States and Canada operating segments on a relative fair value basis.

As of September 30 and December 31, 2020, operations of the United Kingdom Fruit business, a part of the International reportable segment, were classified as held for sale and therefore, goodwill associated with Fruit was reclassified to Assets held for sale within the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2020. See Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, for more information. The Fruit business was a component of the Company's Hain Daniels reporting unit prior to being classified as held for sale. The decision to sell the business was a triggering event requiring an interim goodwill impairment test for the Hain Daniels reporting unit. No impairment was recorded during the six months ended December 31, 2020.

Other Intangible Assets

The following table includes the gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization, where applicable, for intangible assets, excluding goodwill:
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Non-amortized intangible assets:
Trademarks and tradenames (a)
$280,385 $278,103 
Amortized intangible assets:
Other intangibles155,146 184,854 
Less: accumulated amortization(109,259)(116,495)
Net carrying amount$326,272 $346,462 

(a) The gross carrying value of trademarks and tradenames is reflected net of $93,273 of accumulated impairment charges as of both December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020.

There were no events or circumstances that warranted an interim impairment test for indefinite-lived intangible assets during the six months ended December 31, 2020 or 2019.

As of September 30 and December 31, 2020, $36,074 of customer relationship assets, net, and $1,230 of tradenames, were reclassified to Assets held for sale in relation to the held for sale classification of the Fruit business.

During the six months ended December 31, 2020, the Company reclassified certain of its indefinite-lived intangible assets consisting of trademarks and tradenames to definite-lived intangible assets and began amortization of these assets. The annualized amortization expense of these assets is $914 and will amortize over an estimated useful life of 10 years.

Amortized intangible assets, which are deemed to have a finite life, primarily consist of customer relationships and trademarks and tradenames and are amortized over their estimated useful lives of 3 to 25 years. Amortization expense included in continuing operations was as follows:

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Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
 2020201920202019
Amortization of acquired intangibles$2,193 $3,189 $4,626 $6,272 

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9.    DEBT AND BORROWINGS

Debt and borrowings consisted of the following:
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
Revolving credit facility$293,000 $280,000 
Other borrowings1,231 2,774 
294,231 282,774 
Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt899 1,656 
Long-term debt, less current portion$293,332 $281,118 

Credit Agreement

On February 6, 2018, the Company entered into the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement provides for a $1,000,000 revolving credit facility through February 6, 2023 and provided for a $300,000 term loan. Under the Credit Agreement, the revolving credit facility may be increased by an additional uncommitted $400,000, provided certain conditions are met.

Borrowings under the Credit Agreement may be used to provide working capital, finance capital expenditures and permitted acquisitions, refinance certain existing indebtedness and for other lawful corporate purposes. The Credit Agreement provides for multicurrency borrowings in Euros, Pounds Sterling and Canadian dollars as well as other currencies which may be designated. In addition, certain wholly-owned foreign subsidiaries of the Company may be designated as co-borrowers. The Credit Agreement contains restrictive covenants, which are usual and customary for facilities of its type, and include, with specified exceptions, limitations on the Company’s ability to engage in certain business activities, incur debt, have liens, make capital expenditures, pay dividends or make other distributions, enter into affiliate transactions, consolidate, merge or acquire or dispose of assets, and make certain investments, acquisitions and loans. The Credit Agreement also requires the Company to satisfy certain financial covenants. Obligations under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by certain existing and future domestic subsidiaries of the Company. As of December 31, 2020, there were $293,000 of borrowings outstanding under the revolving credit facility and $6,394 letters of credit outstanding under the Credit Agreement. In the six months ended December 31, 2019, the Company used the proceeds from the sale of Tilda, net of transaction costs, to prepay the entire principal amount of term loan outstanding under its credit facility and to partially pay down its revolving credit facility. In connection with the prepayment, the Company wrote off unamortized deferred debt issuance costs of $973, recorded in Interest and other financing expense, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

On May 8, 2019, the Company entered into the Third Amendment to the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”), whereby, among other things, its allowable consolidated leverage ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) and interest coverage ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) were adjusted. The Company’s allowable consolidated leverage ratio is no more than 4.75 to 1.0 from March 31, 2019 to December 31, 2019, no more than 4.50 to 1.0 at March 31, 2020, no more than 4.0 to 1.0 at June 30, 2020 and no more than 3.75 to 1.0 on September 30, 2020 and thereafter. Additionally, the Company’s required consolidated interest coverage ratio is no less than 3.0 to 1 through March 31, 2020, no less than 3.75 to 1 through March 31, 2021 and no less than 4.0 to 1 thereafter.

The Amended Credit Agreement also required that the Company and the subsidiary guarantors enter into a Security and Pledge Agreement pursuant to which all of the obligations under the Amended Credit Agreement are secured by liens on assets of the Company and its material domestic subsidiaries, including stock of each of their direct subsidiaries and intellectual property, subject to agreed upon exceptions.

As of December 31, 2020, $700,606 was available under the Amended Credit Agreement, and the Company was in compliance with all associated covenants, as amended by the Amended Credit Agreement.
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The Amended Credit Agreement provides that loans will bear interest at rates based on (a) the Eurocurrency Rate, as defined in the Credit Agreement, plus a rate ranging from 0.875% to 2.50% per annum; or (b) the Base Rate, as defined in the Credit Agreement, plus a rate ranging from 0.00% to 1.50% per annum, the relevant rate being the Applicable Rate. The Applicable Rate will be determined in accordance with a leverage-based pricing grid, as set forth in the Amended Credit Agreement. Swing Line loans and Global Swing Line loans denominated in U.S. dollars will bear interest at the Base Rate plus the Applicable Rate, and Global Swing Line loans denominated in foreign currencies shall bear interest based on the overnight Eurocurrency Rate for loans denominated in such currency plus the Applicable Rate. The weighted average interest rate on outstanding borrowings under the Amended Credit Agreement at December 31, 2020 was 1.40%. Additionally, the Amended Credit Agreement contains a Commitment Fee, as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement, on the amount unused under the Amended Credit Agreement ranging from 0.20% to 0.45% per annum, and such Commitment Fee is determined in accordance with a leverage-based pricing grid.
 
10.    INCOME TAXES

In general, the Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate, which is based on expected annual income and statutory tax rates in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates, to determine its quarterly provision for income taxes. Certain significant or unusual items are separately recognized in the quarter in which they occur and can be a source of variability on the effective tax rates from quarter to quarter. The Company’s effective tax rate may change from period-to-period based on recurring and non-recurring factors including the geographical mix of earnings, enacted tax legislation, state and local income taxes and tax audit settlements.

The effective income tax rate from continuing operations was expense of 72.3% and 31.8% for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The effective income tax rate from continuing operations was expense of 154.3% and 25.0% for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The effective income tax rates from continuing operations for the period ended December 31, 2020 were impacted by various discrete items including the tax impact of the U.K. Fruit business impairment, the enacted change in the United Kingdom's corporate income tax rate to 19% and a legal entity reorganization completed during the quarter ended September 30, 2020. In addition, the effective income tax rates from continuing operations for the three and six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were impacted by provisions in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act"), primarily related to Global Intangible Low Taxed Income ("GILTI") and limitations on the deductibility of executive compensation. The effective income tax rates in each period were also impacted by the geographical mix of earnings and state valuation allowance.

In August 2020, the Company received $25,033 including $1,227 of interest from the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act") refund claim filed in July 2020. In December 2020, the Company received $28,784 including $90 of interest from the CARES Act refund claim filed in July 2020.

The income tax expense from discontinued operations was expense of $11 and a benefit of $11,320 for the three and six months ended December 31, 2020, respectively, while the income tax from discontinued operations was a benefit of $1,835 and expense of $13,472 for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019, respectively. The benefit for income tax for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was impacted by a legal entity reorganization allowing the Company to reduce the U.S. GILTI tax impact on the sale of the Tilda entities. The expense for income taxes for the six months ended December 31, 2019 was impacted by $15,250 of tax related to the tax gain on the sale of the Tilda entities.
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11.     ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

The following table presents the changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss (AOCL):
Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications (1)
$46,043 $48,655 $78,819 $9,713 
Amounts reclassified into income (2)
1,181 95,120 
Deferred gains (losses) on cash flow hedging instruments:
Amount of (loss) gain recognized in AOCL on derivatives (3)
(906)84 (1,789)
Amount of loss reclassified from AOCL into Expense (3)
986 (42)1,909 (26)
Deferred gains (losses) on net investment hedging instruments:
Amount of (loss) gain recognized in AOCL on derivatives (3)
(2,980)(5,870)
Amount of gain reclassified from AOCL into income (3)
(99)(201)
Net change in accumulated other comprehensive loss$43,044 $48,697 $74,049 $104,807 

(1) Foreign currency translation adjustments included intra-entity foreign currency transactions that were of a long-term investment nature and were a net gain of $0 and $613 for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Foreign currency translation adjustments included intra-entity foreign currency transactions that were of a long-term investment nature and were a net loss of $0 and $250 for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
(2) Foreign currency translation gains or losses of foreign subsidiaries related to divested businesses are reclassified into income once the liquidation of the respective foreign subsidiaries is substantially complete. At the completion of the sale of Tilda, the Company reclassified $95,120 of translation losses from accumulated comprehensive loss to the Company’s results of discontinued operations.
(3) See Note 15, Derivatives and Hedging Activities, for the amounts reclassified into income for deferred gains (losses) on cash flow hedging instruments recorded in the Consolidated Statements of Operations in the three and six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

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12.    STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION AND INCENTIVE PERFORMANCE PLANS

The Company has 1 stockholder approved plan, the Amended and Restated 2002 Long-Term Incentive and Stock Award Plan (the "2002 Plan"), under which the Company’s officers, senior management, other key employees, consultants and directors may be granted equity-based awards. The Company also grants shares under its 2019 Equity Inducement Award Program (the "2019 Inducement Program") to induce selected individuals to become employees of the Company. The 2002 Plan and 2019 Inducement Program are collectively referred to as the "Stock Award Plans." In conjunction with the Stock Award Plans, the Company maintains a long-term incentive program (the “LTI Program”) that provides for performance and market equity awards that can be earned over defined performance periods. The Company's plans are described in Note 15, Stock-Based Compensation and Incentive Performance Plans, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Form 10-K.

Compensation cost and related income tax benefits recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for stock-based compensation plans were as follows:
  Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
 2020201920202019
Selling, general and administrative expense$3,823 $3,083 $8,190 $5,820 
Discontinued operations544 
Total compensation cost recognized for stock-based compensation plans$3,823 $3,083 $8,190 $6,364 
Related income tax benefit$199 $297 $1,006 $670 

Restricted Stock

Awards of restricted stock are either restricted stock awards ("RSAs") or restricted stock units ("RSUs") that are issued at no cost to the recipient. Performance-based or market-based RSUs are issued in the form of performance share units ("PSUs"). A summary of the restricted stock activity (including all RSAs, RSUs and PSUs) for the six months ended December 31, 2020 is as follows:
Number of Shares
and Units
Weighted
Average Grant
Date Fair 
Value (per share)
Non-vested RSAs, RSUs and PSUs outstanding at June 30, 20202,049 $15.85 
Granted180 $33.83 
Vested(206)$25.05 
Forfeited(62)$16.62 
Non-vested RSAs, RSUs and PSUs outstanding at December 31, 20201,961 $16.49 

At December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, the table above includes a total of 1,407 and 1,384 shares (including an inducement grant of 350 shares made to the Company's CEO as previously disclosed), respectively, that represent the target number of shares that may be earned based on pre-defined market conditions that are eligible to vest ranging from 0 to 300% of target. Vested shares during the current period include a total of 20 shares under the 2018-2020 LTIP that actually vested at 150% of target based on achievement of the maximum relative TSR target.

Six Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Fair value of RSAs, RSUs and PSUs granted$6,101 $8,963 
Fair value of shares vested$5,150 $4,276 
Tax benefit recognized from restricted shares vesting$939 $(58)

At December 31, 2020, there was $16,107 of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested restricted stock awards which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.3 years.

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13.    INVESTMENTS

On October 27, 2015, the Company acquired a minority equity interest in Chop’t Creative Salad Company LLC, predecessor to Chop't Holdings, LLC (“Chop’t”). Chop’t develops and operates fast-casual, fresh salad restaurants in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic United States. The investment is being accounted for as an equity method investment due to the Company’s representation on the Board of Directors of Chop’t. At December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, the carrying value of the Company’s investment in Chop’t was $11,424 and $12,793, respectively, and is included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as a component of Investments and joint ventures.

The Company also holds the following investments: (a) Hutchison Hain Organic Holdings Limited, a joint venture with Hutchison China Meditech Ltd., accounted for under the equity method of accounting, (b) Hain Future Natural Products Private Ltd., a joint venture with Future Consumer Ltd, accounted for under the equity method of accounting, and (c) Yeo Hiap Seng Limited, in which the Company holds a less than 1% equity ownership interest. The carrying value of these combined investments was $5,502 and $4,646 as of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively, and is included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as a component of Investments and joint ventures.

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14.    FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS MEASURED AT FAIR VALUE

The Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value are required to be grouped in one of three levels. The levels prioritize the inputs used to measure the fair value of the assets or liabilities. These levels are:

Level 1 – Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – Quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability; and
Level 3 – Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).

The following table presents assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2020: 
Total
Quoted
prices in
active
markets
(Level 1)
Significant
other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
Derivative financial instruments$602 $$602 $
Equity investment544 544 
Total$1,146 $544 $602 $
Liabilities:
Derivative financial instruments16,608 16,608 
Total$16,608 $$16,608 $

The following table presents assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2020:
Total
Quoted
prices in
active
markets
(Level 1)
Significant
other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
Cash equivalents$$$$
Derivative financial instruments1,014 1,014 
Equity investment562 562 
Total$1,583 $569 $1,014 $
Liabilities:
Derivative financial instruments6,405 6,405 
Total$6,405 $$6,405 $

The equity investment consists of the Company’s less than 1% investment in Yeo Hiap Seng Limited, a food and beverage manufacturer and distributor based in Singapore. Fair value is measured using the market approach based on quoted prices. The Company utilizes the income approach to measure fair value for its foreign currency forward contracts. The income approach uses pricing models that rely on market observable inputs such as yield curves, currency exchange rates and forward prices.

There were no transfers of financial instruments between the three levels of fair value hierarchy during the six months ended December 31, 2020 or 2019.

The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, net, accounts payable and certain accrued expenses and other current liabilities approximate fair value due to the short-term maturities of these financial instruments. The Company’s debt approximates fair value due to the debt bearing fluctuating market interest rates (see Note 9, Debt and Borrowings).

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In addition to the instruments named above, the Company makes fair value measurements in connection with its assets and liabilities classified as held for sale, as these balances represent the estimated fair value, less costs to sell (See Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations). The Company also makes fair value measurements in connection with its interim and annual goodwill and tradename impairment testing. These measurements fall into Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy (See Note 8, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets).

Derivative Instruments

The Company uses interest rate swaps to manage its interest rate risk and cross-currency swaps and foreign currency exchange contracts to manage its exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. The valuation of these instruments is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves and implied volatilities. The fair values of interest rate swaps are determined using the market standard methodology of netting the discounted future fixed cash receipts (or payments) and the discounted expected variable cash payments (or receipts). The variable cash payments (or receipts) are based on an expectation of future interest rates (forward curves) derived from observable market interest rate curves.

In accordance with the provisions of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements, the Company incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both the Company’s nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. In adjusting the fair value of the Company’s derivative contracts for the effect of nonperformance risk, the Company has considered the impact of netting and any applicable credit enhancements, such as collateral postings, thresholds, mutual puts and guarantees.

Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with its derivatives utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads to evaluate the likelihood of default by the Company and its counterparties. The Company has determined that the significance of the impact of the credit valuation adjustments made to its derivative contracts, which determination was based on the fair value of each individual contract, was not significant to the overall valuation. As a result, all of the derivatives held as of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020 were classified as Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

The fair value estimates presented in the fair value hierarchy tables above are based on information available to management as of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020. These estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts we could ultimately realize.

15.    DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES

Risk Management Objective of Using Derivatives

The Company is exposed to certain risks arising from both its business operations and economic conditions. The Company principally manages its exposures to a wide variety of business and operational risks through management of its core business activities. The Company manages economic risks, including interest rate, liquidity and credit risk primarily by managing the amount, sources and duration of its assets and liabilities and the use of derivative financial instruments. Specifically, the Company enters into derivative financial instruments to manage exposures that arise from business activities that result in the receipt or payment of future known and uncertain cash amounts, the value of which are determined by interest rates. The Company’s derivative financial instruments are used to manage differences in the amount, timing and duration of the Company’s known or expected cash receipts and its known or expected cash payments principally related to the Company’s receivables and borrowings.

Certain of the Company’s foreign operations expose the Company to fluctuations of foreign exchange rates. These fluctuations may impact the value of the Company’s cash receipts and payments in terms of the Company’s functional currency. The Company enters into derivative financial instruments to protect the value or fix the amount of certain assets and liabilities in terms of its functional currency, the U.S. Dollar.

Accordingly, the Company uses derivative financial instruments to manage and mitigate such risks. The Company does not use derivatives for speculative or trading purposes.


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Cash Flow Hedges of Interest Rate Risk

The Company’s objectives in using interest rate derivatives are to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish this objective, the Company primarily uses interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreements without exchange of the underlying notional amount. During the three and six months ended December 31, 2020, such derivatives were used to hedge the variable cash flows associated with existing variable rate debt.

For derivatives designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk, the gain or loss on the derivative is recorded in AOCL and subsequently reclassified into interest expense in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Amounts reported in AOCL related to derivatives will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on the Company’s variable rate debt. During the remaining six months of fiscal 2021, the Company estimates that an additional $159 will be reclassified as an increase to interest expense.

As of December 31, 2020, the Company had the following outstanding interest rate derivatives that were designated as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk:

Interest Rate DerivativeNumber of InstrumentsNotional Amount
Interest Rate Swap4$230,000

Cash Flow Hedges of Foreign Exchange Risk

The Company is exposed to fluctuations in various foreign currencies against its functional currency, the U.S. Dollar. The Company uses foreign currency derivatives including cross-currency swaps to manage its exposure to fluctuations in the USD-EUR exchange rates. Cross-currency swaps involve exchanging fixed-rate interest payments for fixed-rate interest receipts, both of which will occur at the USD-EUR forward exchange rates in effect upon entering into the instrument. The Company, at times, also uses forward contracts to manage its exposure to fluctuations in the GBP-EUR exchange rates. The Company designates these derivatives as cash flow hedges of foreign exchange risks.

For derivatives designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges of foreign exchange risk, the gain or loss on the derivative is recorded in AOCL and subsequently reclassified in the period(s) during which the hedged transaction affects earnings within the same income statement line item as the earnings effect of the hedged transaction. During the remaining six months of fiscal 2021, the Company estimates that an additional $73 relating to cross-currency swaps will be reclassified as an increase to interest income.

As of December 31, 2020, the Company had the following outstanding foreign currency derivatives that were used to hedge its foreign exchange risks:

Foreign Currency DerivativeNumber of InstrumentsNotional SoldNotional Purchased
Cross-currency swap1€24,700$26,775

Net Investment Hedges

The Company is exposed to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates on investments it holds in its European foreign entities and their exposure to the Euro. The Company uses fixed-to-fixed cross-currency swaps to hedge its exposure to changes in the foreign exchange rate on its foreign investment in Europe. Currency forward agreements involve fixing the USD-EUR exchange rate for delivery of a specified amount of foreign currency on a specified date. The currency forward agreements are typically cash settled in U.S. Dollars for their fair value at or close to their settlement date. Cross-currency swaps involve the receipt of functional-currency-fixed-rate amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making foreign-currency fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreement.

For derivatives designated as net investment hedges, the gain or loss on the derivative is reported in AOCL as part of the cumulative translation adjustment. Amounts are reclassified out of AOCL into earnings when the hedged net investment is either sold or substantially liquidated.
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As of December 31, 2020, the Company had the following outstanding foreign currency derivatives that were used to hedge its net investments in foreign operations:

Foreign Currency DerivativeNumber of InstrumentsNotional SoldNotional Purchased
Cross-currency swap2€76,969$83,225

Non-Designated Hedges

Derivatives not designated as hedges are not speculative and are used to manage the Company’s exposure to interest rate movements and other identified risks but do not meet the strict hedge accounting requirements and/or the Company has not elected to apply hedge accounting. Changes in the fair value of derivatives not designated in hedging relationships are recorded directly in earnings.

As of December 31, 2020, the Company had outstanding derivatives that were not designated as hedges in qualifying hedging relationships consisting of foreign currency forward contracts with a notional amount of $37,375.

The following table presents the fair value of the Company’s derivative financial instruments as well as their classification on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2020:

Asset DerivativesLiability Derivatives
Balance Sheet LocationFair ValueBalance Sheet LocationFair Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate swapsPrepaid expenses and other current assets$Accrued expenses and other current liabilities / Other noncurrent liabilities$603 
Cross-currency swapsPrepaid expenses and other current assets602 Other noncurrent liabilities15,481 
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments602 16,084 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Foreign currency forward contractsPrepaid expenses and other current assetsAccrued expenses and other current liabilities524 
Total derivative instruments$602 $16,608 


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The following table presents the fair value of the Company’s derivative financial instruments as well as their classification on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2020:

Asset DerivativesLiability Derivatives
Balance Sheet LocationFair ValueBalance Sheet LocationFair Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Interest rate swapsPrepaid expenses and other current assets$Accrued expenses and other current liabilities / Other noncurrent liabilities$856 
Cross-currency swapsPrepaid expenses and other current assets746 Other noncurrent liabilities5,475 
Foreign currency forward contractsPrepaid expenses and other current assets75 Other noncurrent liabilities
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments821 6,331 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Foreign currency forward contractsPrepaid expenses and other current assets193 Accrued expenses and other current liabilities74 
Total derivative instruments$1,014 $6,405 

The following table presents the pre-tax effect of cash flow hedge accounting on AOCL as of the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging RelationshipsAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativesLocation of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into IncomeAmount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into Income
Three Months Ended December 31,Three Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Interest rate swaps$62 $Interest and other financing expense, net$(72)$
Cross-currency swaps(1,209)Interest and other financing expense, net / Other expense (income), net(1,176)
Foreign currency forward contracts104 Cost of sales(52)
Total$(1,147)$104 $(1,248)$(52)

The following table presents the pre-tax effect of cash flow hedge accounting on AOCL as of the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:
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Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging RelationshipsAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativesLocation of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into IncomeAmount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into Income
Six Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Interest rate swaps$123 $Interest and other financing expense, net$(130)$
Cross-currency swaps(2,386)Interest and other financing expense, net / Other expense (income), net(2,359)
Foreign currency forward contracts(2)(6)Cost of sales73 26 
Total$(2,265)$(6)$(2,416)$26 
The following table presents the pre-tax effect of the Company’s derivative financial instruments electing cash flow hedge accounting on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended of December 31, 2020 and 2019:

Location and Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Operations on Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
Three Months Ended December 31, 2020Three Months Ended December 31, 2019
Cost of salesInterest and other financing expense, netOther expense/income, netCost of salesInterest and other financing expense, netOther expense/income, net
The effects of cash flow hedging:
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships
Interest rate swaps
Amount of (loss) gain reclassified from AOCL into income$$(72)$$$$
Cross-currency swaps
Amount of gain (loss) reclassified from AOCL into income$— $40 $(1,216)$— $— $— 
Foreign currency forward contracts
Amount of (loss) gain reclassified from AOCL into income$— $— $— $(52)$— $— 

The following table presents the pre-tax effect of the Company’s derivative financial instruments electing cash flow hedge accounting on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the six months ended of December 31, 2020 and 2019:

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Location and Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Operations on Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
Six Months Ended December 31, 2020Six Months Ended December 31, 2019
Cost of salesInterest and other financing expense, netOther expense (income), netCost of salesInterest and other financing expense, netOther expense (income), net
The effects of cash flow hedging:
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships
Interest rate swaps
Amount of (loss) gain reclassified from AOCL into income$$(130)$$$$
Cross-currency swaps
Amount of gain (loss) reclassified from AOCL into income$— $81 $(2,440)$— $— $— 
Foreign currency forward contracts
Amount of (loss) gain reclassified from AOCL into income$73 $— $— $26 $— $— 

The following table presents the pre-tax effect of the Company’s net investment hedges on AOCL and the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

Derivatives in Net Investment Hedging RelationshipsAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativesLocation of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives (Amount Excluded from Effectiveness Testing)Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives (Amount Excluded from Effectiveness Testing)
Three Months Ended December 31,Three Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Cross-currency swaps$(3,772)$Interest and other financing expense, net$125 $

The following table presents the pre-tax effect of the Company’s net investment hedges on AOCL and the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

Derivatives in Net Investment Hedging RelationshipsAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativesLocation of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives (Amount Excluded from Effectiveness Testing)Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives (Amount Excluded from Effectiveness Testing)
Six Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Cross-currency swaps$(7,430)$Interest and other financing expense, net$254 $

The following table presents the effect of the Company’s derivative financial instruments that are not designated as hedging instruments on the Consolidated Statements Operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

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Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsLocation of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on DerivativeAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Foreign currency forward contractsOther (income) expense, net$(523)$(336)

The following table presents the effect of the Company’s derivative financial instruments that are not designated as hedging instruments on the Consolidated Statements Operations for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsLocation of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on DerivativeAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives
Six Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Foreign currency forward contractsOther (income) expense, net$(399)$(505)

Credit-Risk-Related Contingent Features

The Company has agreements with each of its derivative counterparties that contain a provision providing that upon certain defaults by the Company on any of its indebtedness, the Company could also be declared in default on its derivative obligations.

16.    TERMINATION BENEFITS RELATED TO PRODUCTIVITY AND TRANSFORMATION INITIATIVES

As a part of the ongoing productivity and transformation initiatives related to the Company’s strategic objective to expand profit margins and cash flow, the Company initiated a reduction in workforce at targeted locations in the United States as well as at certain locations internationally. The reduction in workforce associated with these initiatives are expected to result in charges throughout fiscal 2021.

The following table displays the termination benefits and personnel realignment activities and liability balances relating to the reduction in workforce for the period ended as of December 31, 2020:

Balance at June 30, 2020Charges (reversals)Amounts PaidForeign Currency Translation & Other AdjustmentsBalance at December 31, 2020
Termination benefits and personnel realignment$11,541 $2,456 $(7,186)$62 $6,873 

The liability balance as of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020 is included within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets.

17.    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Securities Class Actions Filed in Federal Court

On August 17, 2016, 3 securities class action complaints were filed in the Eastern District of New York against the Company alleging violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The 3 complaints are: (1) Flora v. The Hain Celestial Group, Inc., et al. (the “Flora Complaint”); (2) Lynn v. The Hain Celestial Group, Inc., et al. (the “Lynn Complaint”); and (3) Spadola v. The Hain Celestial Group, Inc., et al. (the “Spadola Complaint” and, together with the Flora and Lynn Complaints, the “Securities Complaints”). On June 5, 2017, the court issued an order for consolidation, appointment of Co-Lead Plaintiffs and approval of selection of co-lead counsel. Pursuant to this order, the Securities Complaints were consolidated under the caption In re The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. Securities Litigation (the “Consolidated Securities Action”), and Rosewood Funeral Home and Salamon Gimpel were appointed as Co-Lead Plaintiffs. On June 21, 2017, the Company received notice that plaintiff Spadola voluntarily dismissed his claims without prejudice to his ability to
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participate in the Consolidated Securities Action as an absent class member. The Co-Lead Plaintiffs in the Consolidated Securities Action filed a Consolidated Amended Complaint on August 4, 2017 and a Corrected Consolidated Amended Complaint on September 7, 2017 on behalf of a purported class consisting of all persons who purchased or otherwise acquired Hain Celestial securities between November 5, 2013 and February 10, 2017 (the “Amended Complaint”). The Amended Complaint named as defendants the Company and certain of its former officers (collectively, “Defendants”) and asserted violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 based on allegedly materially false or misleading statements and omissions in public statements, press releases and SEC filings regarding the Company’s business, prospects, financial results and internal controls. Defendants filed a motion to dismiss the Amended Complaint on October 3, 2017 which the Court granted on March 29, 2019, dismissing the case in its entirety, without prejudice to replead. Co-Lead Plaintiffs filed a Second Amended Consolidated Class Action Complaint on May 6, 2019 (the “Second Amended Complaint”). The Second Amended Complaint again named as defendants the Company and certain of its former officers and asserts violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 based on allegations similar to those in the Amended Complaint, including materially false or misleading statements and omissions in public statements, press releases and SEC filings regarding the Company’s business, prospects, financial results and internal controls. Defendants filed a motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint on June 20, 2019. Co-Lead Plaintiffs filed an opposition on August 5, 2019, and Defendants submitted a reply on September 3, 2019. On April 6, 2020, the Court granted Defendants' motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint in its entirety, with prejudice. Co-Lead Plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal on May 5, 2020 indicating their intent to appeal the Court’s decision dismissing the Second Amended Complaint to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Co-Lead Plaintiffs filed their appellate brief on August 18, 2020. Defendants filed their opposition brief on November 17, 2020, and Plaintiffs filed their reply brief on December 8, 2020. Accordingly, Co-Lead Plaintiffs’ appeal is fully briefed. Oral argument has not yet been scheduled.

Additional Stockholder Class Action and Derivative Complaints Filed in Federal Court

On April 19, 2017 and April 26, 2017, 2 class action and stockholder derivative complaints were filed in the Eastern District of New York against the former Board of Directors and certain former officers of the Company under the captions Silva v. Simon, et al. (the “Silva Complaint”) and Barnes v. Simon, et al. (the “Barnes Complaint”), respectively. Both the Silva Complaint and the Barnes Complaint allege violation of securities law, breach of fiduciary duty, waste of corporate assets and unjust enrichment.

On May 23, 2017, an additional stockholder filed a complaint under seal in the Eastern District of New York against the former Board of Directors and certain former officers of the Company. The complaint alleged that the Company’s former directors and certain former officers made materially false and misleading statements in press releases and SEC filings regarding the Company’s business, prospects and financial results. The complaint also alleged that the Company violated its by-laws and Delaware law by failing to hold its 2016 Annual Stockholders Meeting and includes claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment and corporate waste. On August 9, 2017, the Court granted an order to unseal this case and reveal Gary Merenstein as the plaintiff (the “Merenstein Complaint”).

On August 10, 2017, the court granted the parties' stipulation to consolidate the Barnes Complaint, the Silva Complaint and the Merenstein Complaint under the caption In re The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. Stockholder Class and Derivative Litigation (the “Consolidated Stockholder Class and Derivative Action”) and to appoint Robbins Arroyo LLP and Scott+Scott as Co-Lead Counsel, with the Law Offices of Thomas G. Amon as Liaison Counsel for Plaintiffs. On September 14, 2017, a related complaint was filed under the caption Oliver v. Berke, et al. (the “Oliver Complaint”), and on October 6, 2017, the Oliver Complaint was consolidated with the Consolidated Stockholder Class and Derivative Action. The Plaintiffs filed their consolidated amended complaint under seal on October 26, 2017. On December 20, 2017, the parties agreed to stay Defendants’ time to answer, move, or otherwise respond to the consolidated amended complaint through and including 30 days after a decision was rendered on the motion to dismiss the Amended Complaint in the Consolidated Securities Action, described above.

On March 29, 2019, the Court in the Consolidated Securities Action granted Defendants’ motion, dismissing the Amended Complaint in its entirety, without prejudice to replead. Co-Lead Plaintiffs in the Consolidated Securities Action filed the Second Amended Complaint on May 6, 2019. The parties to the Consolidated Stockholder Class and Derivative Action agreed to continue the stay of Defendants’ time to answer, move, or otherwise respond to the consolidated amended complaint through 30 days after a decision on Defendants' motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint in the Consolidated Securities Action.

On April 6, 2020, the Court granted Defendants’ motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint in the Consolidated Securities Action, with prejudice. Pursuant to the terms of the stay, Defendants in the Consolidated Stockholder Class and Derivative Action had until May 6, 2020 to answer, move, or otherwise respond to the complaint in this matter. This deadline
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was extended, and Defendants moved to dismiss the Consolidated Stockholder Class and Derivative Action Complaint on June 23, 2020, with Plaintiffs’ opposition due August 7, 2020.

On July 24, 2020, Plaintiffs made a stockholder litigation demand on the current Board containing overlapping factual allegations to those set forth in the Consolidated Stockholder Class and Derivative Action. On August 10, 2020, the Court vacated the briefing schedule on Defendants’ pending motion to dismiss in order to give the Board of Directors time to consider the demand. On each of September 8 and October 8, 2020, the Court extended its stay of any applicable deadlines for 30 days to give the Board of Directors additional time to complete its evaluation of the demand. On November 3, 2020, Plaintiffs were informed that the Board of Directors had finished investigating and resolved, among other things, that the demand should be rejected. On November 6, 2020, Plaintiffs and Defendants notified the Court that Plaintiffs were evaluating the rejection of the demand, sought certain additional information and were assessing next steps, and requested that the Court extend the stay for an additional 30 days, to on or around December 7, 2020. Plaintiffs and Defendants filed a joint status report on December 7, 2020 requesting that the Court enter an order staying any applicable deadlines until January 15, 2021 to allow for the production of certain materials by the Board of Directors for review by Plaintiffs. On January 15, 2021, Plaintiffs and Defendants filed a joint status report requesting that the Court enter an order extending the stay of any applicable deadlines to February 26, 2021, which the Court so-ordered.

Other

In addition to the litigation described above, the Company is and may be a defendant in lawsuits from time to time in the normal course of business. While the results of litigation and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company believes the reasonably possible losses of such matters, individually and in the aggregate, are not material. Additionally, the Company believes the probable final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, financial position, cash flows or liquidity.

18.    SEGMENT INFORMATION

In accordance with ASC 280, Segment Reporting, the Company, based on economic similarity, defines its operating segments as the following 5 segments: the United States, United Kingdom (Hain Daniels), Ella's Kitchen UK, Europe and Canada. Similarly, under the same guidance, the Company operates under 2 reportable segments: North America and International.

Net sales and operating income are the primary measures used by the Company’s chief operating decision maker ("CODM") to evaluate segment operating performance and to decide how to allocate resources to segments. The CODM is the Company’s CEO. Expenses related to certain centralized administration functions that are not specifically related to an operating segment are included in Corporate and Other. Corporate and Other expenses are comprised mainly of the compensation and related expenses of certain of the Company’s senior executive officers and other selected employees who perform duties related to the entire enterprise, as well as expenses for certain professional fees, facilities and other items which benefit the Company as a whole. Additionally, certain Productivity and transformation costs are included in Corporate and Other. Expenses that are managed centrally, but can be attributed to a segment, such as employee benefits and certain facility costs, are allocated based on reasonable allocation methods. Information about total assets by segment is not disclosed because such information is not reported to or used by the Company’s CODM for purposes of assessing segment performance or allocating resources.
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The following tables set forth financial information about each of the Company’s reportable segments. Transactions between reportable segments were insignificant for all periods presented.
Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Net Sales:
North America$282,612 $280,693 $563,280 $552,394 
International245,806 226,091 463,765 436,466 
$528,418 $506,784 $1,027,045 $988,860 
Operating Income (Loss):
North America$32,440 $20,062 $65,696 $35,194 
International(2,741)12,899 (18,630)22,006 
29,699 32,961 47,066 57,200 
Corporate and Other (a)
(16,742)(23,770)(30,829)(45,554)
$12,957 $9,191 $16,237 $11,646 

(a) In addition to general Corporate and Other expenses as described above, for the three months ended December 31, 2020, Corporate and Other included $2,735 of Productivity and transformation costs. For the three months ended December 31, 2019, Corporate and Other included $9,835 of Productivity and transformation costs and tradename impairment charges of $1,889 (related to North America).

For the six months ended December 31, 2020, Corporate and Other included $3,538 of Productivity and transformation costs. For the six months ended December 31, 2019, Corporate and Other included $20,570 of Productivity and transformation costs and tradename impairment charges of $1,889 (related to North America), partially offset by a benefit of $2,562 of proceeds from insurance claim.

The Company's net sales by product category are as follows:

Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
Grocery$364,689 $357,972 $708,437 $707,774 
Snacks74,714 72,274 155,873 148,673 
Personal Care44,628 37,493 93,611 71,930 
Tea44,387 39,045 69,124 60,483 
Total$528,418 $506,784 $1,027,045 $988,860 

The Company’s net sales by geographic region, which are generally based on the location of the Company’s subsidiaries, were as follows:
Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2020201920202019
United States$244,344 $242,891 $484,060 $479,225 
United Kingdom179,475 171,014 336,644 332,595 
All Other104,599 92,879 206,341 177,040 
Total$528,418 $506,784 $1,027,045 $988,860 


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The Company’s long-lived assets, which primarily represent net property, plant and equipment, operating lease right-of-use assets and noncurrent other assets by geographic area were as follows:
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
United States$154,441 $146,633 
United Kingdom167,262 149,943 
All Other113,001 105,303 
Total$434,704 $401,879 

19.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

The non-employee chair of the Company's Board of Directors is also the chair of the board of one of the Company’s suppliers, for which the Company incurs expenses in the ordinary course of business. The Company incurred expenses of $4,366 and $5,430 in the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, to the supplier and affiliated entities. For the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred expenses of $9,156 and $10,593, respectively, to the supplier and affiliated entities.

A former member of the Company's Board of Directors is a partner in a law firm which provides legal services to the Company. The Company incurred expenses of $777 and $1,745 in the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $1,216 and $2,488 in the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, to the law firm and affiliated entities. The director resigned from the Board in February 2020.

20.    SUBSEQUENT EVENT

On January 13, 2021, the Company completed the sale of the Fruit business. As of December 31, 2020, all assets and liabilities related to the Fruit business were classified as held for sale within the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet. See Note 4, Discontinued Operations and Assets Held for Sale, for additional information.
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Item 2.        Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes thereto for the period ended December 31, 2020 contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020. Forward looking statements in this Form 10-Q are qualified by the cautionary statement included in this Form 10-Q under the sub-heading “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Information” in the introduction of this Form 10-Q.

Overview

The Hain Celestial Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation (collectively, along with its subsidiaries, the “Company,” and herein referred to as “Hain Celestial,” “we,” “us” and “our”), was founded in 1993 and is headquartered in Lake Success, New York. The Company’s mission has continued to evolve since its founding, with health and wellness being the core tenet — To Create and Inspire A Healthier Way of LifeTM and be the leading marketer, manufacturer and seller of organic and natural products by anticipating and exceeding consumer expectations in providing quality, innovation, value and convenience. The Company is committed to growing sustainably while continuing to implement environmentally sound business practices and manufacturing processes. Hain Celestial sells its products through specialty and natural food distributors, supermarkets, natural food stores, mass-market and e-commerce retailers, food service channels and club, drug and convenience stores in over 75 countries worldwide.

The Company manufactures, markets, distributes and sells organic and natural products under brand names, with many recognized brands in the various market categories it serves, including Celestial Seasonings®, Clarks™, Cully & Sully®, Dream®, Earth’s Best®, Ella’s Kitchen®, Farmhouse Fare™, Frank Cooper’s®, GG UniqueFiber®, Gale’s®, Garden of Eatin’®, Hain Pure Foods®, Hartley’s®, Health Valley®, Imagine®, Joya®, Lima®, Linda McCartney's® (under license), MaraNatha®, Natumi®, New Covent Garden Soup Co.®, Robertson’s®, Sensible Portions®, Spectrum®, Sun-Pat®, Terra®, The Greek Gods®, William’s™, Yorkshire Provender® and Yves Veggie Cuisine®. The Company’s personal care products are marketed under the Alba Botanica®, Avalon Organics®, Earth’s Best®, JASON®, Live Clean®, One Step® and Queen Helene® brands.

The Company continues to execute the four key pillars of its strategy to: (1) simplify its portfolio; (2) strengthen its capabilities; (3) expand profit margins and cash flow; and (4) reinvigorate profitable topline growth. The Company has executed this strategy, with a focus on discontinuing uneconomic investment, realigning resources to coincide with brand importance, reducing unproductive stock-keeping units (“SKUs”) and brands and reassessing current pricing architecture. As part of this initiative, the Company reviewed its product portfolio within North America and divided it into “Get Bigger” and “Get Better” brand categories.

The Company’s “Get Bigger” brands represent its strongest brands with higher margins, which compete in categories with strong growth potential. The Company has concentrated its investment in marketing, innovation and other resources to prioritize spending for these brands, in an effort to reinvigorate profitable topline growth, optimize assortment and increase share of distribution.

The Company’s “Get Better” brands are the brands in which the Company is primarily focused on simplification and expansion of profit margin. Some of these brands have historically been low margin, non-strategic brands that added complexity with minimal benefit to the Company’s operations.

In addition, as part of the Company’s overall strategy, the Company may seek to dispose of businesses and brands that are less profitable or are otherwise less of a strategic fit within its core portfolio. During fiscal 2019, for example, the Company divested its Hain Pure Protein reportable segment and its WestSoy® tofu, seitan and tempeh businesses. In fiscal 2020, the Company divested its Tilda business and its Arrowhead Mills®, SunSpire®, Europe's Best®, Casbah®, Rudi’s Gluten-Free Bakery, Rudi’s Organic Bakery® and Fountain of Truth brands. During the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company divested its Danival® business. Additionally, in January 2021, subsequent to the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company completed the sale of its U.K. fruit business, primarily consisting of the Orchard House® Foods Limited business and associated brands ("Fruit"). Assets and liabilities of this business are classified as held for sale in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2020. See Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, for additional information.

COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to create challenging and unprecedented conditions, and we continue our commitment to supporting the global response to the crisis. Although there are effective vaccines for COVID-19 that have been approved for
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use, distribution of the vaccines did not begin until late 2020, and a majority of the public will likely not have access to a vaccination until sometime in 2021. Accordingly, there remains significant uncertainty about the duration and extent of the impact from the COVID-19 pandemic. We are proud of our employees who are giving extraordinary effort under difficult circumstances to ensure that we can supply the products our consumers depend on. We have been pleased with our preparation and efforts through the pandemic and believe we remain well positioned for the future as we continue to navigate the crisis and prepare for an eventual return to a more normal operating environment. To date, we have successfully implemented contingency plans overseen by crisis management teams to monitor the evolving needs of our business.

Employee and Consumer Health and Safety Precautions

From the outset of the pandemic, our first priority has been the well-being of our employees and consumers. We were early adopters of guidance from global health authorities for preventing the spread of COVID-19, and we have consistently met or exceeded government guidelines for addressing the health and safety of our employees, including global travel restrictions, prohibitions against visitors, social distancing requirements, the use of thermal temperature scanners, and the provision of personal protective equipment to our employees. We have also enabled the use of new technology to allow many of our office-based employees to work from home effectively.

Manufacturing Facilities and Supply Chain Challenges

As we navigate a new wave of COVID-19 outbreaks with the cooler weather and the resulting increase of indoor gatherings, we continue to monitor and comply with applicable government orders, as some of the jurisdictions in which we do business re-introduced lockdowns and restrictions.

We may face additional operational challenges as well as increased operating costs in manufacturing our products and making them available to customers and consumers as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Shelter-in-place and social distancing behaviors, which are being mandated or encouraged by governments and practiced by businesses and individuals, create challenges for our manufacturing employees as well as for third parties on which we rely to make our products available to consumers. These third parties include our suppliers, contract manufacturers, distributors, logistics providers and other business partners, as well as the retailers that ultimately sell our products to consumers.

We believe our planning has us well positioned to continue to manage these supply chain challenges. We identified our most important products and secondary sources of supply and manufacturing capabilities for those key products. We continue to acquire extra raw materials, supplement our inventory levels and add temporary labor as needed to support our extra manufacturing and health and safety initiatives. We also continue to consolidate product shipping orders to more efficiently meet the increased customer and consumer demand. The framework for these supply chain measures will remain in place for as long as necessary to continue to meet any further surges in demand.

Consumer Demand

To date, shelter-in-place and social distancing behaviors have resulted in increased overall demand for our products, most notably in our grocery, snacks, tea and certain personal care product categories. Other product offerings, such as sun care products and the United Kingdom Fruit business we disposed of in January2021, have been adversely impacted due to changed consumer behavior and priorities.

While we have experienced a net increase in the overall demand for our products during the COVID-19 pandemic, the continued duration of that increased demand environment is uncertain. Additionally, deteriorating economic conditions arising from the COVID-19 pandemic could adversely affect future demand for our products. Factors such as increased unemployment, decreases in disposable income and declines in consumer confidence could cause a decrease in demand for our overall product set, particularly higher priced products.

Our Financial Position

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a net increase in overall demand for our products. Accordingly, to date, our financial position has benefited from the COVID-19 pandemic, albeit to a limited extent. We finance our operations primarily with the cash flows we generate from our operations and from borrowings available to us under our Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (as amended, the “Amended Credit Agreement”). As of December 31, 2020, we had borrowing capacity of $700.6 million available under the Amended Credit Agreement.

Business Priorities
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While the current environment has caused us to delay certain planned innovation and productivity initiatives, our business strategy of simplifying our portfolio and reinvigorating profitable sales growth remains unchanged.

Financial Impact on Third Parties and Equity Investments

Deteriorating economic conditions could jeopardize the viability of some third parties and our business relationships with them and could cause us to incur losses or increased costs in our dealings with those third parties. We have taken measures to minimize the impact of hardships faced by individual business partners, including by identifying secondary sources of supply and manufacturing capabilities.

Productivity and Transformation Costs

In fiscal 2019, the Company announced a strategy that includes as one of its key pillars identifying areas of cost savings and operating efficiencies to expand profit margins and cash flow. As part of this overall strategy and the key pillar of realizing savings and efficiencies, during fiscal 2020, the Company began the integration of its United States and Canada operations in alignment with the North America reportable segment structure. In addition, during fiscal 2021, the Company initiated cost reduction programs for its international businesses in the United Kingdom and Europe. The Company will carry out additional productivity initiatives under this strategy in fiscal 2021.

Productivity and transformation costs include costs, such as consulting and severance costs, relating to streamlining the Company’s manufacturing plants, co-packers and supply chain, eliminating served categories or brands within those categories, and product rationalization initiatives which are aimed at eliminating slow moving SKUs.

Discontinued Operations

On August 27, 2019, the Company and Ebro Foods S.A. entered into, and consummated the transactions contemplated by, an agreement relating to the sale and purchase of the Tilda Group Entities and certain other assets.

On February 15, 2019, the Company completed the sale of substantially all of the assets used primarily for the Plainville Farms business, a component of the Company’s Hain Pure Protein Corporation (“HPPC”) operating segment. On June 28, 2019, the Company completed the sale of the remainder of HPPC and Empire Kosher which included the FreeBird and Empire Kosher businesses. These dispositions were undertaken to reduce complexity in the Company’s operations and simplify the Company’s brand portfolio, in addition to allowing additional flexibility to focus on opportunities for growth and innovation in the Company’s more profitable and faster growing core businesses. Collectively, these dispositions were reported in the aggregate as the Hain Pure Protein reportable segment.

These dispositions represented strategic shifts that had a major impact on the Company’s operations and financial results, and therefore, the Company is presenting the operating results and cash flows of the Tilda operating segment and the Hain Pure Protein reportable segment within discontinued operations in the current and prior periods. See Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for additional information on discontinued operations.

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Comparison of Three Months Ended December 31, 2020 to Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

Consolidated Results

The following table compares our results of operations, including as a percentage of net sales, on a consolidated basis, for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (amounts in thousands, other than percentages, which may not add due to rounding):
 Three Months EndedChange in
 December 31, 2020December 31, 2019DollarsPercentage
Net sales$528,418 100.0%$506,784 100.0%$21,634 4.3%
Cost of sales398,453 75.4%401,177 79.2%(2,724)(0.7)%
Gross profit129,965 24.6%105,607 20.8%24,358 23.1%
Selling, general and administrative expenses83,620 15.8%79,078 15.6%4,542 5.7%
Amortization of acquired intangible assets2,193 0.4%3,189 0.6%(996)(31.2)%
Productivity and transformation costs6,016 1.1%12,260 2.4%(6,244)(50.9)%
Long-lived asset and intangibles impairment25,179 4.8%1,889 0.4%23,290 1,232.9%
Operating income12,957 2.5%9,191 1.8%3,766 41.0%
Interest and other financing expense, net2,337 0.4%4,737 0.9%(2,400)(50.7)%
Other (income) expense, net(1,045)(0.2)%1,244 0.2%(2,289)*
Income from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in net loss of equity-method investees11,665 2.2%3,210 0.6%8,455 263.4%
Provision for income taxes8,438 1.6%1,020 0.2%7,418 727.3%
Equity in net loss of equity-method investees1,076 —%338 —%738 218.3%
Net income from continuing operations$2,151 0.4%$1,852 0.4%$299 16.1%
Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax(11)—%(2,816)(0.6)%2,805 *
Net income (loss)$2,140 0.4%$(964)(0.2)%$3,104 *
Adjusted EBITDA$62,191 11.8%$45,047 8.9%$17,144 38.1%
Diluted net income per common share from continuing operations$0.02 $0.02 $— —%
Diluted net (loss) income per common share from discontinued operations— (0.03)0.03 *
Diluted net income (loss) per common share$0.02 $(0.01)$0.03 *

* Percentage is not meaningful due to one or more numbers being negative.

Net Sales

Net sales for the three months ended December 31, 2020 were $528.4 million, an increase of $21.6 million, or 4.3%, as compared to $506.8 million in the three months ended December 31, 2019. On a constant currency basis, net sales increased approximately 2.2% from the prior year quarter. Net sales on a constant currency basis increased in both the North America and International reportable segments. Further details of changes in net sales by segment and on a constant currency basis are provided below.

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Gross Profit

Gross profit for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $130.0 million, an increase of $24.4 million, or 23.1%, as compared to the prior year quarter. Gross profit margin was 24.6% of net sales, compared to 20.8% in the prior year quarter. The increase was driven by cost savings from the Company's productivity and transformation initiatives, favorable product mix and lower trade promotion costs in both our North America and International reportable segments.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $83.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $4.5 million, or 5.7%, from $79.1 million for the prior year quarter. The increase was primarily due to marketing and advertising costs, partially offset by lower selling expenses incurred in fiscal year 2021 due to efficiencies gained from the Company's productivity and transformation initiatives. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales was 15.8% in the three months ended December 31, 2020 compared to 15.6% in the prior year quarter, reflecting an increase of 20 basis points primarily attributable to the aforementioned items.

Amortization of Acquired Intangible Assets

Amortization of acquired intangibles was $2.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $1.0 million from $3.2 million in the prior year quarter. The decrease was due to no amortization of Fruit business intangibles during the second quarter of fiscal 2021 (which were presented instead as part of assets held for sale) and finite-lived intangibles from historical acquisitions becoming fully amortized or impaired during fiscal year 2020, partially offset by indefinite-lived intangibles being changed to finite-lived intangibles during the first quarter of fiscal 2021.

Productivity and Transformation Costs

Productivity and transformation costs were $6.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $6.2 million from $12.3 million in the prior year quarter. The decrease was primarily due to higher consulting fees and severance costs incurred in connection with the Company’s productivity and transformation initiatives in the prior year quarter and fewer comparable costs incurred in the current year quarter.

Long-lived Asset and Intangibles Impairment

During the three months ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized a pre-tax impairment charge of $23.6 million related to the impairment recorded against the assets of the Company's U.K. Fruit business (see Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q). There was no impairment charge recorded in the corresponding period for the three months ended December 31, 2019.

Operating Income

Operating income for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $13.0 million compared to $9.2 million in the prior year quarter as a result of the items described above.

Interest and Other Financing Expense, Net

Interest and other financing expense, net totaled $2.3 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $2.4 million, or 50.7%, from $4.7 million in the prior year quarter. The decrease resulted primarily from lower interest expense related to our revolving credit facility as a result of lower outstanding debt and lower variable interest rates on the portion of the debt not hedged by the derivatives, partially offset by the amount of the debt impacted by the related derivatives. See Note 9, Debt and Borrowings, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Other (Income) Expense, Net

Other income, net totaled $1.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, compared to expense of $1.2 million in the prior year quarter. The change from expense to income was primarily attributable to a loss on the sale of a business which occurred in the prior year quarter and did not occur in the current quarter.

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Income from Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes and Equity in Net Loss of Equity-Method Investees

Income before income taxes and equity in net loss of our equity-method investees for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was income of $11.7 million compared to income of $3.2 million in the prior year quarter. The increase was due to the items discussed above.

Provision for Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes includes federal, foreign, state and local income taxes. Our income tax expense from continuing operations was $8.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 compared to an income tax expense of $1.0 million in the prior year quarter.

The effective income tax rate from continuing operations was an expense of 72.3% and 31.8% for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The effective income tax rate from continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was impacted by the tax impact of the U.K. Fruit business impairment. In addition, the effective income tax rates from continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were impacted by provisions in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, primarily related to Global Intangible Low Taxed Income and limitations on the deductibility of executive compensation. The effective income tax rates in each period were also impacted by the geographical mix of earnings and state valuation allowance.

In December 2020, the Company received $28.8 million including $0.1 million of interest from the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act") refund claim filed in July 2020.

Our effective tax rate may change from period-to-period based on recurring and non-recurring factors including the geographical mix of earnings, enacted tax legislation, state and local income taxes and tax audit settlements.

Equity in Net Loss of Equity-Method Investees

Our equity in net loss from our equity-method investments for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $1.1 million and $0.3 million in the prior year quarter. See Note 13, Investments, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Net Income from Continuing Operations

Net income from continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $2.2 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, compared to net income of $1.9 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase in net income was attributable to the factors noted above.

Net Loss from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax

Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax, for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $11 thousand, compared to a loss of $2.8 million in the three months ended December 31, 2019.

During the three months ended December 31, 2019, the Company recognized a $3.8 million adjustment to the sale of Tilda entries relating to post-closing adjustments. See Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for further discussion.

Net Income (Loss)

Net income for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $2.1 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $1.0 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. The change from net loss to net income was attributable to the factors noted above.

Adjusted EBITDA

Our Adjusted EBITDA was $62.2 million and $45.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, as a result of the factors discussed above and the adjustments described in the Reconciliation of Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures to U.S. GAAP Measures presented following the discussion of our results of operations.
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Segment Results

The following table provides a summary of net sales and operating income (loss) by reportable segment for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:
(dollars in thousands)North AmericaInternationalCorporate and OtherConsolidated
Net sales
Three months ended 12/31/20$282,612 $245,806 $— $528,418 
Three months ended 12/31/19280,693 226,091 — 506,784 
$ change$1,919 $19,715 n/a$21,634 
% change0.7 %8.7 %n/a4.3 %
Operating income (loss)
Three months ended 12/31/20$32,440 $(2,741)$(16,742)$12,957 
Three months ended 12/31/1920,062 12,899 (23,770)9,191 
$ change$12,378 $(15,640)$7,028 $3,766 
% change61.7 %**41.0 %
Operating income (loss) margin
Three months ended 12/31/2011.5 %(1.1)%n/a2.5 %
Three months ended 12/31/197.1 %5.7 %n/a1.8 %

* Percentage is not meaningful due to one or more numbers being negative.

North America

Our net sales in the North America reportable segment for the three months ended December 31, 2020 were $282.6 million, an increase of $1.9 million, or 0.7%, from net sales of $280.7 million in the prior year quarter. The increase in net sales was primarily driven by an increase in overall demand for our products as a result of increased at-home food consumption, most notably in our snacks, tea, yogurt and certain personal care product categories, partially offset by brand divestitures and the strategic decision to no longer support certain lower margin SKUs in order to reduce complexity and increase gross margins. Operating income in North America for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $32.4 million, an increase of $12.4 million from $20.1 million in the prior year quarter due to a favorable product mix, lower selling expenses and cost efficiencies gained as a result of the Company's productivity and transformation initiatives.

International

Our net sales in the International reportable segment for the three months ended December 31, 2020 were $245.8 million, an increase of $19.7 million, or 8.7%, from net sales of $226.1 million in the prior year quarter. On a constant currency basis, net sales increased 4.4% from the prior year quarter primarily due to an increase in overall demand for our products including the growth in our plant based food and beverage products coupled with the overall trend of increased stay-at-home consumption partially offset by a decline in the Fruit business. Operating loss in our International reportable segment for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $2.7 million, compared to operating income of $12.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The current quarter loss was primarily due to a reserve of $23.6 million recorded against the U.K. Fruit business, partially offset by the increase in net sales described above.
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Corporate and Other

Our Corporate and Other category consists of expenses related to the Company’s centralized administrative functions, which do not specifically relate to an operating segment. Such Corporate and Other expenses are comprised mainly of compensation and related expenses of certain of the Company’s senior executive officers and other employees who perform duties related to our entire enterprise as well as expenses for certain professional fees, facilities, and other items which benefit the Company as a whole. Our Corporate and Other expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2020 were $16.7 million, a decrease of $7.0 million, from $23.8 million. This change was primarily related to productivity and transformation costs included in Corporate and Other, which for the three months ended December 31, 2020 were $2.7 million, a decrease of $7.1 million, from $9.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019.

Refer to Note 18, Segment Information, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.



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Comparison of Six Months Ended December 31, 2020 to Six Months Ended December 31, 2019

Consolidated Results

The following table compares our results of operations, including as a percentage of net sales, on a consolidated basis, for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (amounts in thousands, other than percentages, which may not add due to rounding):
 Six Months EndedChange in
 December 31, 2020December 31, 2019DollarsPercentage
Net sales$1,027,045 100.0%$988,860 100.0%$38,185 3.9%
Cost of sales777,916 75.7%785,422 79.4%(7,506)(1.0)%
Gross profit249,129 24.3%203,438 20.6%45,691 22.5%
Selling, general and administrative expenses162,772 15.8%159,758 16.2%3,014 1.9%
Amortization of acquired intangible assets4,626 0.5%6,272 0.6%(1,646)(26.2)%
Productivity and transformation costs7,818 0.8%26,435 2.7%(18,617)(70.4)%
Proceeds from insurance claim— —%(2,562)(0.3)%2,562 *
Long-lived asset and intangibles impairment57,676 5.6%1,889 0.2%55,787 2,953.3%
Operating income16,237 1.6%11,646 1.2%4,591 39.4%
Interest and other financing expense, net4,790 0.5%11,031 1.1%(6,241)(56.6)%
Other (income) expense, net(2,418)(0.2)%2,572 0.3%(4,990)*
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in net loss of equity-method investees13,865 1.3%(1,957)(0.2)%15,822 *
Provision for income taxes21,400 2.1%489 —%20,911 4,276.3%
Equity in net loss of equity-method investees1,095 —%655 —%440 67.2%
Net loss from continuing operations$(8,630)(0.8)%$(3,101)(0.3)%$(5,529)*
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax11,255 1.1%(104,884)(10.6)%116,139 *
Net income (loss)$2,625 0.3%$(107,985)(10.9)%$110,610 *
Adjusted EBITDA117,086 11.4%77,137 7.8%$39,949 51.8%
Diluted net loss per common share from continuing operations$(0.09)$(0.03)$(0.06)*
Diluted net income (loss) per common share from discontinued operations0.11 (1.01)1.12 *
Diluted net income (loss) per common share$0.02 $(1.04)$1.06 *

* Percentage is not meaningful due to one or more numbers being negative.

Net Sales

Net sales for the six months ended December 31, 2020 were $1,027.0 million, an increase of $38.2 million, or 3.9%, as compared to $988.9 million in the six months ended December 31, 2019 as a result of an increase in sales in both the North America and International reportable segments. On a constant currency basis, net sales increased approximately 1.9% from the prior comparable period. Net sales on a constant currency basis increased in both the North America and International reportable segments. Further details of changes in net sales by segment and on a constant currency basis are provided below.

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Gross Profit

Gross profit for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was $249.1 million, an increase of $45.7 million, or 22.5%, as compared to the prior year comparable period. Gross profit margin was 24.3% of net sales, compared to 20.6% in the prior year comparable period. The increase was driven by cost savings from the Company's productivity and transformation initiatives, favorable product mix and lower trade promotion costs in both our North America and International reportable segments.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $162.8 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $3.0 million, or 1.9%, from $159.8 million for the prior year comparable period. The increase was due to higher selling expenses incurred in fiscal year 2021 due to an increase in marketing and advertising costs. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales was 15.8% in the six months ended December 31, 2020 compared to 16.2% in the prior year comparable period, attributable to the aforementioned items described in net sales.

Amortization of Acquired Intangible Assets

Amortization of acquired intangibles was $4.6 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $1.6 million from $6.3 million in the prior year comparable period. The decrease was due to no amortization of Fruit business intangibles during the first half of fiscal 2021 (which were presented instead as part of assets held for sale) and finite-lived intangibles from historical acquisitions becoming fully amortized or impaired during fiscal year 2020.

Productivity and Transformation Costs

Productivity and transformation costs were $7.8 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $18.6 million from $26.4 million in the prior year comparable period. The decrease was primarily due to higher consulting fees and severance costs incurred in connection with the Company’s productivity and transformation initiatives in the prior year period and fewer comparable costs incurred in the first half of fiscal 2021.

Proceeds from Insurance Claim

In July of 2019, the Company received $7.0 million as partial payment from an insurance claim relating to business disruption costs associated with a co-packer. Of this amount, $4.5 million was recognized in fiscal 2019 as it related to reimbursement of costs already incurred, with the remaining $2.6 million recognized in the six months ended December 31, 2019.

Long-lived Asset and Intangibles Impairment

During the six months ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized a pre-tax impairment charge of $57.7 million. Included in this amount is $56.1 million related to the reserve recorded against the assets of the Company's U.K. Fruit business (see Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q). The remaining amount of $1.6 million related to impairment of property, plant and equipment and other non-current assets. There was no impairment charge recorded in the corresponding period in the six months ended December 31, 2019.

Operating Income

Operating income for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was $16.2 million compared to $11.6 million in the prior year comparable period as a result of the items described above.

Interest and Other Financing Expense, Net

Interest and other financing expense, net totaled $4.8 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $6.2 million, or 56.6%, from $11.0 million in the prior year comparable period. The decrease resulted primarily from lower interest expense related to our revolving credit facility as a result of lower outstanding debt and lower variable interest rates on the portion of the debt not hedged by the derivatives, partially offset by the amount of the debt impacted by the related derivatives. See Note 9, Debt and Borrowings, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

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Other (Income) Expense, Net

Other income, net totaled $2.4 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, compared to expense of $2.6 million in the prior year comparable period. The change from expense to income was primarily attributable to a loss on the sale of a business of $1.8 million which occurred in the prior year comparable period and did not occur in the current year to date period. The remainder of the change from expense to income is a result of net unrealized foreign currency gains in fiscal 2021 principally due to the effect of foreign currency movements on the remeasurement of foreign currency denominated loans compared to net unrealized foreign currency losses incurred in the prior year comparable period.

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes and Equity in Net Loss of Equity-Method Investees

Income (loss) before income taxes and equity in net loss of our equity-method investees for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was income of $13.9 million compared to a loss of $2.0 million in the prior year comparable period. The increase was due to the items discussed above.

Provision for Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes includes federal, foreign, state and local income taxes. Our income tax expense from continuing operations was $21.4 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020 compared to $0.5 million in the prior year comparable period.

The effective income tax rate from continuing operations was an expense of 154.3% and 25.0% for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The effective income tax rate from continuing operations for the period ended December 31, 2020 was impacted by various discrete items including the tax impact of the United Kingdom Fruit business reserve, the enacted change in the United Kingdom's corporate income tax rate to 19% and a legal entity reorganization completed during the quarter ended September 30, 2020. In addition, the effective income tax rates from continuing operations for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were impacted by provisions in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, primarily related to Global Intangible Low Taxed Income and limitations on the deductibility of executive compensation. The effective income tax rates in each period were also impacted by the geographical mix of earnings and state valuation allowance.

In August 2020, the Company received $25.0 million including $1.2 million of interest from the CARES Act refund claim filed in July 2020. In December 2020, the Company received $28.8 million including $0.1 million of interest from the CARES Act refund claim filed in July 2020.

Our effective tax rate may change from period-to-period based on recurring and non-recurring factors including the geographical mix of earnings, enacted tax legislation, state and local income taxes and tax audit settlements.

Equity in Net Loss of Equity-Method Investees

Our equity in net loss from our equity-method investments for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was $1.1 million and $0.7 million in the prior year comparable period. See Note 13, Investments, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Net Loss from Continuing Operations

Net loss from continuing operations for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was $8.6 million, or $0.09 per diluted share, compared to $3.1 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, for the six months ended December 31, 2019. The increase in net loss was attributable to the factors noted above.

Net Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax, for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was income of $11.3 million, or $0.11 per diluted share, compared to a loss of $104.9 million, or $1.01 per diluted share, in the six months ended December 31, 2019.

During the six months ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized a $11.3 million adjustment to the Tilda business primarily related to the recognition of a deferred tax benefit. Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax, for the six months ended December 31, 2019 included a reclassification of $95.1 million of cumulative translation losses from accumulated other comprehensive loss to the Company's results of the Tilda business' discontinued operations. The income tax
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expense from discontinued operations of $13.5 million for the six months ended December 31, 2019 was impacted by $15.3 million of tax related to the tax gain on the sale of the Tilda entities.

See Note 4, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for further discussion.

Net Income (Loss)

Net income for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was $2.6 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $108.0 million, or $1.04 per diluted share, in the prior year comparable period. The change from net loss to net income was attributable to the factors noted above.

Adjusted EBITDA

Our Adjusted EBITDA was $117.1 million and $77.1 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, as a result of the factors discussed above and the adjustments described in the Reconciliation of Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures to U.S. GAAP Measures presented following the discussion of our results of operations.

Segment Results

The following table provides a summary of net sales and operating income by reportable segment for the six months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:
(dollars in thousands)North AmericaInternationalCorporate and OtherConsolidated
Net sales
Six months ended 12/31/20$563,280 $463,765 $— $1,027,045 
Six months ended 12/31/19552,394 436,466 — 988,860 
$ change$10,886 $27,299 n/a$38,185 
% change2.0 %6.3 %n/a3.9 %
Operating income (loss)
Six months ended 12/31/20$65,696 $(18,630)$(30,829)$16,237 
Six months ended 12/31/1935,194 22,006 (45,554)11,646 
$ change$30,502 $(40,636)$14,725 $4,591 
% change86.7 %**39.4 %
Operating income (loss) margin
Six months ended 12/31/2011.7 %(4.0)%n/a1.6 %
Six months ended 12/31/196.4 %5.0 %n/a1.2 %

* Percentage is not meaningful due to one or more numbers being negative.

North America

Our net sales in the North America reportable segment for the six months ended December 31, 2020 were $563.3 million, an increase of $10.9 million, or 2.0%, from net sales of $552.4 million in the prior year comparable period. The increase in net sales was primarily driven by an increase in overall demand for our products as a result of increased at-home food consumption, most notably in our snacks, tea, yogurt, and certain personal care product categories, partially offset by brand divestitures and the strategic decision to no longer support certain lower margin SKUs in order to reduce complexity and increase gross margins. Operating income in North America for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was $65.7 million, an increase of $30.5 million from $35.2 million in the prior year comparable period. The increase was driven by a favorable product mix, lower selling expenses and cost efficiencies gained with the Company's productivity and transformation initiatives.

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International

Our net sales in the International reportable segment for the six months ended December 31, 2020 were $463.8 million, an increase of $27.3 million, or 6.3%, from net sales of $436.5 million in the prior year comparable period. On a constant currency basis, net sales increased 1.7% from the prior year comparable period primarily due to an increase in overall demand for our products including the growth in our plant based food and beverage products. Operating loss in our International reportable segment for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was $18.6 million, a decrease of $40.6 million from operating income of $22.0 million for the six months ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to a reserve of $56.1 million recorded against the United Kingdom's Fruit business.

Corporate and Other

Our Corporate and Other category consists of expenses related to the Company’s centralized administrative functions, which do not specifically relate to an operating segment. Such Corporate and Other expenses are comprised mainly of compensation and related expenses of certain of the Company’s senior executive officers and other employees who perform duties related to our entire enterprise as well as expenses for certain professional fees, facilities, and other items which benefit the Company as a whole. Our Corporate and Other expenses for the six months ended December 31, 2020 were $30.8 million, a decrease of $14.7 million, from $45.6 million in the prior year period. This change was primarily related to productivity and transformation costs included in Corporate and Other, which for the six months ended December 31, 2020 were $3.5 million, a decrease of $17.0 million, from $20.6 million for the six months ended December 31, 2019.

Refer to Note 18, Segment Information, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We finance our operations and growth primarily with the cash flows we generate from our operations and from borrowings available to us under our Amended Credit Agreement. As of December 31, 2020, $700.6 million was available under the Amended Credit Agreement, and the Company was in compliance with all associated covenants. We believe that our cash flows from operations and borrowing capacity under our Amended Credit Agreement will be adequate to meet anticipated operating and other expenditures for the foreseeable future.

Our cash and cash equivalents balance, including those balances classified as held for sale, increased $22.9 million at December 31, 2020 to $60.6 million as compared to $37.8 million at June 30, 2020. Our working capital from continuing operations was $270.8 million at December 31, 2020, an increase of $10.1 million from $260.7 million at the end of fiscal 2020.

Liquidity is affected by many factors, some of which are based on normal ongoing operations of the Company’s business and some of which arise from fluctuations related to global economics and markets. Our cash balances are held in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Europe and India. As of December 31, 2020, substantially all of the total cash balance from continuing operations was held outside of the United States due to debt repayments made towards our revolving credit facility at the end of the period by the United States operating segment.

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We maintain our cash and cash equivalents primarily in money market funds or their equivalent. As of December 31, 2020, all of our investments were expected to mature in less than three months. Accordingly, we do not believe that our investments have significant exposure to interest rate risk. Cash provided by (used in) operating, investing and financing activities is summarized below.

Six Months Ended December 31,Change in
(amounts in thousands)20202019Dollars
Cash flows provided by (used in):
Operating activities from continuing operations$104,530 $17,148 $87,382 
Investing activities from continuing operations(25,244)(16,217)(9,027)
Financing activities from continuing operations(62,170)3,694 (65,864)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash from continuing operations5,734 1,382 4,352 
Increase in cash from continuing operations22,850 6,007 16,843 
Decrease in cash from discontinued operations— (8,509)8,509 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents$22,850 $(2,502)$25,352 

Cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations was $104.5 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $87.4 million from cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations of $17.1 million in the prior year period. This increase resulted primarily from an improvement of $51.7 million in net income adjusted for non-cash charges in the current period and greater cash generation of $35.7 million from our working capital accounts.

Cash used in investing activities from continuing operations was $25.2 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $9.0 million from $16.2 million in the prior year period primarily due to lower proceeds received in the prior year period from the sale of businesses.

Cash used in financing activities from continuing operations was $62.2 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease in cash provided of $65.9 million compared to $3.7 million of cash provided in the prior year period. Cash used in financing activities from continuing operations for the six months ended December 31, 2020 included $13.0 million of net borrowings of our revolving credit facility and $71.7 million of share repurchases. Cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations for the six months ended December 31, 2019 included $309.9 million related to the proceeds from the sale of Tilda, partially offset by $305.3 million of net repayments of our term loan, revolving credit facility and other debt.

Operating Free Cash Flow from Continuing Operations

Our operating free cash flow from continuing operations was $74.9 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020, an improvement of $87.0 million from negative $12.2 million in the six months ended December 31, 2019. This improvement resulted primarily from an improvement of $51.7 million in net income adjusted for non-cash charges in the current period and greater cash generation of $35.7 million from our working capital accounts. See the Reconciliation of Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures to U.S. GAAP Measures following the discussion of our results of operations for definitions and a reconciliation from our net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations to operating free cash flow from continuing operations.

Share Repurchase Program

On June 21, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $250 million of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock. Repurchases may be made from time to time in the open market, pursuant to pre-set trading plans, in private transactions or otherwise. The authorization does not have a stated expiration date. The extent to which the Company repurchases its shares and the timing of such repurchases will depend upon market conditions and other corporate considerations. During the six months ended December 31, 2020, the Company repurchased 2,204 shares under the program for a total of $71.7 million, excluding commissions, at an average price of $32.53 per share. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had $118.1 million of remaining authorization under the share repurchase program.

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Reconciliation of Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures to U.S. GAAP Measures
We have included in this report measures of financial performance that are not defined by U.S. GAAP. We believe that these measures provide useful information to investors and include these measures in other communications to investors.
For each of these non-U.S. GAAP financial measures, we are providing below a reconciliation of the differences between the non-U.S. GAAP measure and the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure, an explanation of why our management and Board of Directors believe the non-U.S. GAAP measure provides useful information to investors and any additional purposes for which our management and Board of Directors use the non-U.S. GAAP measures. These non-U.S. GAAP measures should be viewed in addition to, and not in lieu of, the comparable U.S. GAAP measures.
Constant Currency Presentation
We believe that this measure provides useful information to investors because it provides transparency to underlying performance in our consolidated net sales by excluding the effect that foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations have on year-to-year comparability given the volatility in foreign currency exchange markets. To present this information for historical periods, current period net sales for entities reporting in currencies other than the U.S. dollar are translated into U.S. dollars at the average monthly exchange rates in effect during the corresponding period of the prior fiscal year, rather than at the actual average monthly exchange rate in effect during the current period of the current fiscal year. As a result, the foreign currency impact is equal to the current year results in local currencies multiplied by the change in average foreign currency exchange rate between the current fiscal period and the corresponding period of the prior fiscal year.

A reconciliation between reported and constant currency net sales increase (decrease) is as follows:
(amounts in thousands)North AmericaInternationalHain Consolidated
Net sales - Three Months Ended December 31, 2020$282,612 $245,806 $528,418 
Impact of foreign currency exchange(465)(9,819)(10,284)
Net sales on a constant currency basis - Three Months Ended December 31, 2020$282,147 $235,987 $518,134 
Net sales - Three Months Ended December 31, 2019$280,693 $226,091 $506,784 
Net sales growth on a constant currency basis0.5 %4.4 %2.2 %
Net sales - Six Months Ended December 31, 2020$563,280 $463,765 $1,027,045 
Impact of foreign currency exchange(101)(19,705)(19,806)
Net sales on a constant currency basis - Six Months Ended December 31, 2020$563,179 $444,060 $1,007,239 
Net sales - Six Months Ended December 31, 2019$552,394 $436,466 $988,860 
Net sales growth on a constant currency basis2.0 %1.7 %1.9 %

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before income taxes, net interest expense, depreciation and amortization, impairment of long-lived assets, equity in net loss of equity-method investees, stock-based compensation, net, productivity and transformation costs, SKU rationalization and certain inventory write-downs, unrealized currency gains and losses and other adjustments. The Company’s management believes that this presentation provides useful information to management, analysts and investors regarding certain additional financial and business trends relating to its results of operations and financial condition. In addition, management uses this measure for reviewing the financial results of the Company and as a component of performance-based executive compensation. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-U.S. GAAP measure and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
We do not consider Adjusted EBITDA in isolation or as an alternative to financial measures determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The principal limitation of Adjusted EBITDA is that it excludes certain expenses and income that are required by U.S. GAAP to be recorded in our consolidated financial statements. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA is subject to inherent limitations as this metric reflects the exercise of judgment by management about which expenses and income are excluded or
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included in determining Adjusted EBITDA. In order to compensate for these limitations, management presents Adjusted EBITDA in connection with U.S. GAAP results.
A reconciliation of net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA is as follows:
Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
(amounts in thousands)2020201920202019
Net income (loss)$2,140 $(964)$2,625 $(107,985)
Net (loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax(11)(2,816)11,255 (104,884)
Net income (loss) from continuing operations2,151 1,852 (8,630)(3,101)
Provision for income taxes8,438 1,020 21,400 489 
Interest expense, net1,300 4,000 3,454 8,552 
Depreciation and amortization11,193 13,219 24,954 27,142 
Equity in net loss of equity-method investees1,076 338 1,095 655 
Stock-based compensation, net3,823 3,083 8,190 5,820 
Unrealized currency losses (gains)225 (485)(977)1,199 
Productivity and transformation costs5,363 12,260 6,513 26,435 
Proceeds from insurance claim— — — (2,562)
Long-lived asset and intangibles impairment25,179 1,889 57,676 1,889 
Warehouse/manufacturing consolidation and other costs3,325 639 3,715 2,518 
SKU rationalization and inventory write-down107 3,927 311 3,916 
Loss (gain) on sale of businesses1,783 (611)1,783 
Plant closure related costs1,522 (4)2,354 
Litigation and related expenses— — — 48 
Adjusted EBITDA$62,191 $45,047 $117,086 $77,137 

Operating Free Cash Flow from Continuing Operations

In our internal evaluations, we use the non-U.S. GAAP financial measure “Operating Free Cash Flow from continuing operations.” The difference between operating free cash flow from continuing operations and cash flow provided by or used in operating activities from continuing operations, which is the most comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure, is that Operating Free Cash Flow from continuing operations reflects the impact of purchases of property, plant and equipment (capital spending). Since capital spending is essential to maintaining our operational capabilities, we believe that it is a recurring and necessary use of cash. As such, we believe investors should also consider capital spending when evaluating our cash provided by or used in operating activities. We view Operating Free Cash Flow from continuing operations as an important measure because it is one factor in evaluating the amount of cash available for discretionary investments. We do not consider Operating Free Cash Flow from continuing operations in isolation or as an alternative to financial measures determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
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A reconciliation from cash flow provided by operating activities from continuing operations to Operating Free Cash flow from continuing operations is as follows:
Six Months Ended December 31,
(amounts in thousands)20202019
Cash flow provided by operating activities from continuing operations$104,530 $17,148 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(29,671)(29,337)
Operating free cash flow from continuing operations$74,859 $(12,189)


Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

At December 31, 2020, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K that have had, or are likely to have, a material current or future effect on our consolidated financial statements.

Critical Accounting Estimates

Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The accounting principles we use require us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and amounts of income and expenses during the reporting periods presented. We believe in the quality and reasonableness of our critical accounting policies; however, materially different amounts may be reported under different conditions or using assumptions different from those that we have applied. The accounting policies that have been identified as critical to our business operations and to understanding the results of our operations pertain to revenue recognition, trade promotions and sales incentives, valuation of accounts and chargeback receivable, valuation of long-lived assets, goodwill and intangible assets, stock-based compensation and valuation allowances for deferred tax assets. The application of each of these critical accounting policies and estimates is discussed in Part II, Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Refer to Note 2, Basis of Presentation, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Seasonality

Certain of our product lines have seasonal fluctuations. Hot tea, hot-eating desserts and soup sales are stronger in colder months, while sales of snack foods, sunscreen and certain of our prepared food and personal care products are stronger in the warmer months. As such, our results of operations and our cash flows for any particular quarter are not indicative of the results we expect for the full year, and our historical seasonality may not be indicative of future quarterly results of operations. In recent years, net sales and diluted earnings per share in the first fiscal quarter have typically been the lowest of our four quarters.

Item 3.         Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

There have been no significant changes in market risk from those addressed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020 during the six months ended December 31, 2020. See the information set forth in Part II, Item 7A, Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk, of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020.
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Item 4.        Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), with the assistance of other members of management, have reviewed the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Our disclosure controls and procedures are intended to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on this review, our CEO and CFO have concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2020.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect every misstatement. An evaluation of effectiveness is subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may decrease over time.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended December 31, 2020 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.        Legal Proceedings

The information called for by this item is incorporated herein by reference to Note 17, Commitments and Contingencies, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Item 1A.    Risk Factors

There have been no material changes from the discussion of the material factors that make an investment in the Company speculative or risky contained in the section entitled "Risk Factors" in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on August 25, 2020.

Item 2.        Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The table below sets forth information regarding repurchases by the Company of its common stock during the periods indicated.
Period(a)
Total number
of shares
purchased (1)
(b)
Average
price paid
per share
(c)
Total number of
shares purchased
as part of
publicly
announced plans
(d)
Maximum
number of shares
that may yet be
purchased under
the plans (in millions of dollars) (2)
October 1, 2020 - October 31, 2020215,000 $31.84 215,000 $141.0 
November 1, 2020 - November 30, 2020732,541 32.25 707,644 $118.1 
December 1, 2020 - December 31, 202012,738 37.14 — $118.1 
Total960,279 $32.22 922,644 

(1) Includes shares surrendered for payment of employee payroll taxes due on shares issued under stock-based compensation plans and shares repurchased under share repurchase programs approved by the Board of Directors. See (2) below for further details.
(2) On June 21, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $250 million of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock. Repurchases may be made from time to time in the open market, pursuant to preset trading plans, in private transactions or otherwise. The authorization does not have a stated expiration date. During the three months ended December 31, 2020, the Company repurchased 923 shares pursuant to the repurchase program for a total of $29.7 million, excluding commissions, at an average price of $32.15 per share. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had $118.1 million of remaining authorization under the share repurchase program.

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Item 6.        Exhibits

Exhibit
Number
Description
101.INSXBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
The agreements and other documents filed as exhibits to this report are not intended to provide factual information or other disclosure other than with respect to the terms of the agreements or other documents themselves, and you should not rely on them for that purpose. In particular, any representations and warranties made by us in these agreements or other documents were made solely within the specific context of the relevant agreement or document and may not describe the actual state of affairs as of the date they were made or at any other time.
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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC.
(Registrant)
Date:February 9, 2021/s/    Mark L. Schiller
 Mark L. Schiller,
President and
Chief Executive Officer
 
Date:February 9, 2021/s/   Javier H. Idrovo
 
Javier H. Idrovo,
Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)



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