Loading...
Docoh

CBL& Associates Properties (CBL)

Filed: 12 Nov 19, 5:18pm

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM ____________ TO _______________
 
COMMISSION FILE NO. 1-12494 (CBL & ASSOCIATES PROPERTIES, INC.)
COMMISSION FILE NO. 333-182515-01 (CBL & ASSOCIATES LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
______________
CBL & ASSOCIATES PROPERTIES INC
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
(Exact Name of registrant as specified in its charter)
______________
Delaware(CBL & ASSOCIATES PROPERTIES, INC.) 62-1545718
Delaware(CBL & ASSOCIATES LIMITED PARTNERSHIP) 62-1542285
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)       (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
                       
 2030 Hamilton Place Blvd., Suite 500, ChattanoogaTN  37421-6000
(Address of principal executive office, including zip code)
423-855-0001
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. 
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. YesNo
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership YesNo
                   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. YesNo
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership YesNo
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. 
Large accelerated filer 
Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer  
 
Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company 
   
     
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership 
Large accelerated filer 
 
Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer 
Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company 
   
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. 
 Yes   
No 
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership 
 Yes   
No 




Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act:
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
Title of each Class
Trading
Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on
which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value CBLNew York Stock Exchange
7.375% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value CBLprDNew York Stock Exchange
6.625% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value CBLprENew York Stock Exchange
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership: None

As of November 8, 2019, there were 173,503,412 shares of CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.'s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.




EXPLANATORY NOTE
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)
This report combines the quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 of CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. and CBL & Associates Limited Partnership. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to the "Company" mean CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. and its subsidiaries. References to the "Operating Partnership" mean CBL & Associates Limited Partnership and its subsidiaries. The terms "we," "us" and "our" refer to the Company or the Company and the Operating Partnership collectively, as the context requires.
The Company is a real estate investment trust ("REIT") whose stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange. The Company is the 100% owner of two qualified REIT subsidiaries, CBL Holdings I, Inc. and CBL Holdings II, Inc. At September 30, 2019, CBL Holdings I, Inc., the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, owned a 1.0% general partner interest in the Operating Partnership and CBL Holdings II, Inc. owned an 85.6% limited partner interest for a combined interest held by the Company of 86.6%.
As the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, the Company's subsidiary, CBL Holdings I, Inc., has exclusive control of the Operating Partnership's activities. Management operates the Company and the Operating Partnership as one business. The management of the Company consists of the same individuals that manage the Operating Partnership. The Company's only material asset is its indirect ownership of partnership interests of the Operating Partnership. As a result, the Company conducts substantially all its business through the Operating Partnership as described in the preceding paragraph. The Company also issues public equity from time to time and guarantees certain debt of the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership holds all of the assets and indebtedness of the Company and, through affiliates, retains the ownership interests in the Company's joint ventures. Except for the net proceeds of offerings of equity by the Company, which are contributed to the Operating Partnership in exchange for partnership units on a one-for-one basis, the Operating Partnership generates all remaining capital required by the Company's business through its operations and its incurrence of indebtedness.
We believe that combining the two quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the Company and the Operating Partnership provides the following benefits:
enhances investors' understanding of the Company and the Operating Partnership by enabling investors to view the business as a whole in the same manner that management views and operates the business;
eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined and readable presentation, since a substantial portion of the disclosure applies to both the Company and the Operating Partnership; and
creates time and cost efficiencies through the preparation of one combined report instead of two separate reports.
To help investors understand the differences between the Company and the Operating Partnership, this report provides separate condensed consolidated financial statements for the Company and the Operating Partnership. Noncontrolling interests, shareholders' equity and partners' capital are the main areas of difference between the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company and those of the Operating Partnership. A single set of notes to condensed consolidated financial statements is presented that includes separate discussions for the Company and the Operating Partnership, when applicable. A combined Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section is also included that presents combined information and discrete information related to each entity, as applicable.
In order to highlight the differences between the Company and the Operating Partnership, this report includes the following sections that provide separate financial and other information for the Company and the Operating Partnership:
condensed consolidated financial statements;
certain accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements, including Note 7 - Unconsolidated Affiliates and Noncontrolling Interests; Note 8 - Mortgage and Other Indebtedness, Net; and Note 11 - Earnings per Share and Earnings per Unit;
controls and procedures in Item 4 of Part I of this report;
information concerning unregistered sales of equity securities and use of proceeds in Item 2 of Part II of this report; and
certifications of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer included as Exhibits 31.1 through 32.4.



Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries of the Operating Partnership
In January 2019, the Operating Partnership entered into a new $1,185,000 senior secured credit facility which replaced all of the Operating Partnership’s prior unsecured bank facilities. The secured credit facility is secured by 17 malls and 3 associated centers that are directly or indirectly owned by 36 wholly owned subsidiaries of the Operating Partnership (collectively the “Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries”). The Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries own an additional five malls, two associated centers and four mortgage notes receivable that are not collateral for the secured credit facility. The properties that are collateral for the secured credit facility and the properties and mortgage notes receivable that are not collateral are collectively referred to as the “Guarantor Properties.” In addition to the secured credit facility, the Operating Partnership’s debt includes three separate series of senior unsecured notes (the “Notes”). Based on the terms of the Notes, to the extent that any subsidiary of the Operating Partnership executes and delivers a guarantee to another debt facility, the Operating Partnership shall also cause the subsidiary to guarantee the Operating Partnership’s obligations under the Notes on a senior basis. In January 2019, the Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries entered a guarantee agreement with the issuer of the Notes to satisfy the guaranty requirement.    
This report also includes as an exhibit the combined financial statements and notes to the combined financial statements of the Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries. Each of the Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries meet the criteria in Rule 3-10(f) of SEC Regulation S-X to provide condensed consolidating financial information as additional disclosure in the notes to the Operating Partnership's condensed consolidated financial statements because each Combined Guarantor Subsidiary is 100% owned by the Operating Partnership, the guaranty issued by each Combined Guarantor Subsidiary is full and unconditional and the guaranty issued by each Combined Guarantor Subsidiary is joint and several. However, the Operating Partnership has elected to provide combined financial statements and accompanying notes for the Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries in lieu of including the condensed consolidating financial information in the notes to its condensed consolidated financial statements. These combined financial statements and notes are presented as an exhibit to this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for ease of reference.




CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
Table of Contents
PART IFINANCIAL INFORMATION
   
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. and CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
 
   
   
   
   
 



PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1:   Financial Statements
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
ASSETS (1)
September 30,
2019
 December 31,
2018
Real estate assets:   
Land$741,060
 $793,944
Buildings and improvements5,819,655
 6,414,886
 6,560,715
 7,208,830
Accumulated depreciation(2,404,565) (2,493,082)
 4,156,150
 4,715,748
Held for sale
 30,971
Developments in progress63,891
 38,807
Net investment in real estate assets4,220,041
 4,785,526
Cash and cash equivalents34,565
 25,138
Receivables:   
Tenant, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $2,337 in 201876,947
 77,788
Other, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $838 in 2018
6,577
 7,511
Mortgage and other notes receivable5,818
 7,672
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates279,934
 283,553
Intangible lease assets and other assets146,036
 153,665
 $4,769,918
 $5,340,853
    
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS AND EQUITY 
  
Mortgage and other indebtedness, net$3,699,007
 $4,043,180
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities260,264
 218,217
Liabilities related to assets held for sale
 43,716
Total liabilities (1)
3,959,271
 4,305,113
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8 and Note 12)


 


Redeemable noncontrolling interests1,864
 3,575
Shareholders' equity:   
Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized:   
7.375% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred
      Stock, 1,815,000 shares outstanding
18
 18
6.625% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred
      Stock, 690,000 shares outstanding
7
 7
Common stock, $.01 par value, 350,000,000 shares
authorized, 173,469,264 and 172,656,458 issued and
outstanding in 2019 and 2018, respectively
1,735
 1,727
Additional paid-in capital1,965,230
 1,968,280
Dividends in excess of cumulative earnings(1,194,620) (1,005,895)
Total shareholders' equity772,370
 964,137
Noncontrolling interests36,413
 68,028
Total equity808,783
 1,032,165
 $4,769,918
 $5,340,853
(1)
As of September 30, 2019, includes $484,345 of assets related to consolidated variable interest entities that can be used only to settle obligations of the consolidated variable interest entities and $346,999 of liabilities of consolidated variable interest entities for which creditors do not have recourse to the general credit of the Company. See Note 7.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.

1


CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
REVENUES:       
Rental revenues$180,616
 $200,311
 $556,989
 $620,608
Management, development and leasing fees2,216
 2,658
 7,325
 8,022
Other4,419
 3,909
 14,344
 13,046
Total revenues187,251
 206,878
 578,658
 641,676
        
OPERATING EXPENSES: 
  
    
Property operating(27,344) (30,004) (82,856) (92,357)
Depreciation and amortization(64,168) (71,945) (198,438) (217,261)
Real estate taxes(18,699) (19,433) (57,766) (61,737)
Maintenance and repairs(10,253) (11,475) (34,327) (36,713)
General and administrative(12,467) (16,051) (48,901) (47,845)
Loss on impairment(135,688) (14,600) (202,121) (84,644)
Litigation settlement22,688
 
 (65,462) 
Other(7) (38) (41) (377)
Total operating expenses(245,938) (163,546) (689,912) (540,934)
        
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):       
Interest and other income1,367
 283
 2,212
 714
Interest expense(50,515) (55,194) (156,995) (163,164)
Gain on extinguishment of debt
 
 71,722
 
Gain on investments/deconsolidation11,174
 
 11,174
 387
Gain on sales of real estate assets8,056
 7,880
 13,811
 15,998
Income tax benefit (provision)(1,670) (1,034) (2,622) 1,846
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates(1,759) 1,762
 3,421
 9,869
Total other expenses(33,347) (46,303) (57,277) (134,350)
Net loss(92,034) (2,971)
(168,531)
(33,608)
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in: 
      
Operating Partnership13,904
 1,628
 27,116
 8,978
Other consolidated subsidiaries(763) (24) (631) 369
Net loss attributable to the Company(78,893) (1,367) (142,046) (24,261)
Preferred dividends(11,223) (11,223) (33,669) (33,669)
Net loss attributable to common shareholders$(90,116) $(12,590) $(175,715) $(57,930)
        
Basic and diluted per share data attributable to common shareholders:  
Net loss attributable to common shareholders$(0.52) $(0.07) $(1.01) $(0.34)
Weighted-average common and potential dilutive common shares outstanding173,471
 172,665
 173,400
 172,426

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.

2


CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In thousands, except share data)
 (Unaudited)
   Equity
   Shareholders' Equity    
 
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Preferred
 Stock
 
Common
 Stock
 
Additional
 Paid-in
 Capital
 
Dividends in
Excess of
Cumulative
Earnings
 
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
 Equity
Balance, January 1, 2018$8,835
 $25
 $1,711
 $1,974,537
 $(836,269) $1,140,004
 $96,474
 $1,236,478
Net income (loss)(94) 
 
 
 903
 903
 (1,470) (567)
Cumulative effect of accounting change
 
 
 
 70,380
 70,380
 
 70,380
Dividends declared - common stock ($0.200 per share)
 
 
 
 (34,531) (34,531) 
 (34,531)
Dividends declared - preferred stock
 
 
 
 (11,223) (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of 700,534 shares of common stock and restricted common stock
 
 7
 734
 
 741
 
 741
Conversion of 915,338 Operating Partnership common units into shares of common stock
 
 9
 3,050
 
 3,059
 (3,059) 
Cancellation of 47,867 shares of restricted common stock
 
 
 (233) 
 (233) 
 (233)
Performance stock units
 
 
 419
 
 419
 
 419
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 1,196
 
 1,196
 
 1,196
Adjustment for noncontrolling interests1,399
 
 
 (11,737) 
 (11,737) 10,338
 (1,399)
Adjustment to record redeemable noncontrolling interests at redemption value(2,530) 
 
 2,203
 
 2,203
 328
 2,531
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(1,143) 
 
 
 
 
 (7,804) (7,804)
Balance, March 31, 20186,467
 25
 1,727
 1,970,169
 (810,740) 1,161,181
 94,807
 1,255,988
Net loss(324) 
 
 
 (23,797) (23,797) (5,855) (29,652)
Dividends declared - common stock ($0.200 per share)
 
 
 
 (34,532) (34,532) 
 (34,532)
Dividends declared - preferred stock
 
 
 
 (11,223) (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of 8,579 shares of common stock and restricted common stock
 
 
 37
 
 37
 
 37
Redemption of Operating Partnership common units
 
 
 
 
 
 (2,246) (2,246)
Cancellation of 3,654 shares of restricted common stock
 
 
 (3) 
 (3) 
 (3)
Performance stock units
 
 
 275
 
 275
 
 275
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 814
 
 814
 
 814
Adjustment for noncontrolling interests829
 
 
 (2,300) 
 (2,300) 1,469
 (831)
Adjustment to record redeemable noncontrolling interests at redemption value2,865
 
 
 (2,501) 
 (2,501) (363) (2,864)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 7,859
 7,859
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(1,143) 
 
 
 
 
 (7,169) (7,169)
Balance, June 30, 20188,694
 25
 1,727
 1,966,491
 (880,292) 1,087,951
 88,502
 1,176,453

3


Net loss(97) 
 
 
 (1,367) (1,367) (1,507) (2,874)
Dividends declared - common stock ($0.200 per share)
 
 
 
 (34,534) (34,534) 
 (34,534)
Dividends declared - preferred stock
 
 
 
 (11,223) (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of 7,177 shares of common stock and restricted common stock
 
 
 39
 
 39
 
 39
Cancellation of 5,012 shares of restricted common stock
 
 
 (13) 
 (13) 
 (13)
Performance stock units
 
 
 299
 
 299
 
 299
Forfeiture of performance stock units
 
 
 (250) 
 (250) 
 (250)
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 836
 
 836
 
 836
Adjustment for noncontrolling interests805
 
 
 (1,292) 
 (1,292) 489
 (803)
Adjustment to record redeemable noncontrolling interests at redemption value(2,031) 
 
 1,772
 
 1,772
 257
 2,029
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(1,143) 
 
 
 
 
 (8,466) (8,466)
Balance, September 30, 2018$6,228
 $25
 $1,727
 $1,967,882
 $(927,416) $1,042,218
 $79,275
 $1,121,493


4


CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
(Continued)
   Equity
   Shareholders' Equity    
 
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Preferred
 Stock
 
Common
 Stock
 
Additional
 Paid-in
 Capital
 
Dividends in
Excess of
Cumulative
Earnings
 
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
 Interests
 
Total
 Equity
Balance, January 1, 2019$3,575
 $25
 $1,727
 $1,968,280
 $(1,005,895) $964,137
 $68,028
 $1,032,165
Net loss(453) 
 
 
 (38,976) (38,976) (7,380) (46,356)
Dividends declared - common stock ($0.075 per share)
 
 
 
 (13,010) (13,010) 
 (13,010)
Dividends declared - preferred stock
 
 
 
 (11,223) (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of 863,174 shares of common stock
and restricted common stock

 
 9
 708
 
 717
 
 717
Cancellation of 57,656 shares of restricted common stock
 
 (1) (133) 
 (134) 
 (134)
Performance stock units
 
 
 313
 
 313
 
 313
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 1,033
 
 1,033
 
 1,033
Adjustment for noncontrolling interests1,038
 
 
 (2,356) 
 (2,356) 1,318
 (1,038)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 455
 455
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(1,143) 
 
 
 
 
 (4,450) (4,450)
Balance, March 31, 20193,017
 25
 1,735
 1,967,845
 (1,069,104) 900,501
 57,971
 958,472
Net loss(317) 
 
 
 (24,177) (24,177) (5,194) (29,371)
Dividends declared - preferred stock
 
 
 
 (11,223) (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of 15,634 shares of common stock and restricted common stock
 
 
 21
 
 21
 
 21
Cancellation of 5,717 shares of restricted common stock
 
 
 (5) 
 (5) 
 (5)
Performance stock units
 
 
 312
 
 312
 
 312
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 587
 
 587
 
 587
Adjustment for noncontrolling interests1,130
 
 
 (2,211) 
 (2,211) 1,081
 (1,130)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 4,148
 4,148
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(1,143) 
 
 
 
 
 (3,225) (3,225)
Balance, June 30, 20192,687
 25
 1,735
 1,966,549
 (1,104,504) 863,805
 54,781
 918,586

5


Net loss(811) 
 
 
 (78,893) (78,893) (12,330) (91,223)
Dividends declared - preferred stock
 
 
 
 (11,223) (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of 1,681 shares of common stock and restricted common stock
 
 
 2
 
 2
 
 2
Cancellation of 4,310 shares of restricted common stock
 
 
 (4) 
 (4) 
 (4)
Performance stock units
 
 
 313
 
 313
 
 313
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 591
 
 591
 
 591
Adjustment for noncontrolling interests1,131
 
 
 (2,221) 
 (2,221) 1,089
 (1,132)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(1,143) 
 
 
 
 
 (2,857) (2,857)
Deconsolidation of investment
 
 
 
 
 
 (4,270) (4,270)
Balance, September 30, 2019$1,864
 $25
 $1,735
 $1,965,230
 $(1,194,620) $772,370
 $36,413
 $808,783

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.


6



CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES: 
  
Net loss$(168,531) $(33,608)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization198,438
 217,261
Net amortization of deferred financing costs, debt premiums and discounts6,328
 5,451
Net amortization of intangible lease assets and liabilities(1,212) 198
Gain on sales of real estate assets(13,811) (15,998)
Gain on insurance proceeds(421) 
Gain on investments/deconsolidation(11,174) (387)
Write-off of development projects41
 377
Share-based compensation expense3,838
 4,310
Loss on impairment202,121
 84,644
Gain on extinguishment of debt(71,722) 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates(3,421) (9,869)
Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated affiliates15,635
 12,574
Change in estimate of uncollectable rental revenues1,504
 3,273
Change in deferred tax accounts1,026
 (2,706)
Changes in:   
Tenant and other receivables(2,926) 3,493
Other assets(5,541) (4,640)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities75,071
 16,034
Net cash provided by operating activities225,243
 280,407
    
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES: 
  
Additions to real estate assets(90,436) (107,981)
Acquisitions of real estate assets
 (3,301)
Proceeds from sales of real estate assets128,364
 70,419
Proceeds from disposal of investment9,225
 
Proceeds from insurance740
 
Payments received on mortgage and other notes receivable1,853
 775
Additional investments in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates(2,634) (2,243)
Distributions in excess of equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates11,255
 33,909
Changes in other assets(2,497) (5,903)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities55,870
 (14,325)

7


CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
(Continued)

 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:   
Proceeds from mortgage and other indebtedness$1,043,496
 $530,679
Principal payments on mortgage and other indebtedness(1,232,480) (649,904)
Additions to deferred financing costs(15,545) (238)
Proceeds from issuances of common stock39
 117
Purchases of noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership
 (2,246)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests4,603
 7,859
Payment of tax withholdings for restricted stock awards(132) (271)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(15,722) (27,156)
Dividends paid to holders of preferred stock(33,669) (33,669)
Dividends paid to common shareholders(25,959) (103,280)
Net cash used in financing activities(275,369) (278,109)
    
NET CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH5,744
 (12,027)
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of period57,512
 68,172
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period$63,256
 $56,145
    
Reconciliation from condensed consolidated statements of cash flows to condensed consolidated balance sheets:
Cash and cash equivalents$34,565
 $20,695
Restricted cash (1):
   
Restricted cash180
 4,681
Mortgage escrows28,511
 30,769
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period$63,256
 $56,145
    
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION: 
  
Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized$136,117
 $136,301
(1)Included in intangible lease assets and other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.


8


CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except unit data)
(Unaudited)
ASSETS (1)
September 30,
2019
 December 31,
2018
Real estate assets:   
Land$741,060
 $793,944
Buildings and improvements5,819,655
 6,414,886
 6,560,715
 7,208,830
Accumulated depreciation(2,404,565) (2,493,082)
 4,156,150
 4,715,748
Held for sale
 30,971
Developments in progress63,891
 38,807
Net investment in real estate assets4,220,041
 4,785,526
Cash and cash equivalents34,562
 25,138
Receivables: 
  
Tenant, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $2,337 in 201876,947
 77,788
Other, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $838 in 2018
6,528
 7,462
Mortgage and other notes receivable5,818
 7,672
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates280,466
 284,086
Intangible lease assets and other assets145,917
 153,545
 $4,770,279
 $5,341,217
    
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE INTERESTS AND CAPITAL 
  
Mortgage and other indebtedness, net$3,699,007
 $4,043,180
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities260,335
 218,288
Liabilities related to assets held for sale
 43,716
Total liabilities (1)
3,959,342
 4,305,184
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8 and Note 12)


 


 Redeemable common units  1,864
 3,575
Partners' capital: 
  
Preferred units565,212
 565,212
Common units:   
 General partner2,388
 4,628
 Limited partners233,339
 450,507
Total partners' capital800,939
 1,020,347
Noncontrolling interests8,134
 12,111
Total capital809,073
 1,032,458
 $4,770,279
 $5,341,217
(1)
As of September 30, 2019, includes $484,345 of assets related to consolidated variable interest entities that can only be used to settle obligations of the consolidated variable interest entities and $346,999 of liabilities of consolidated variable interest entities for which creditors do not have recourse to the general credit of the Operating Partnership. See Note 7.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.

9


CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per unit data)
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
REVENUES:       
Rental revenues$180,616
 $200,311
 $556,989
 $620,608
Management, development and leasing fees2,216
 2,658
 7,325
 8,022
Other4,419
 3,909
 14,344
 13,046
Total revenues187,251
 206,878
 578,658
 641,676
        
OPERATING EXPENSES: 
  
    
Property operating(27,344) (30,004) (82,856) (92,357)
Depreciation and amortization(64,168) (71,945) (198,438) (217,261)
Real estate taxes(18,699) (19,433) (57,766) (61,737)
Maintenance and repairs(10,253) (11,475) (34,327) (36,713)
General and administrative(12,467) (16,051) (48,901) (47,845)
Loss on impairment(135,688) (14,600) (202,121) (84,644)
Litigation settlement22,688
 
 (65,462) 
Other(7) (38) (41) (377)
Total operating expenses(245,938) (163,546) (689,912) (540,934)
        
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):       
Interest and other income1,367
 283
 2,212
 714
Interest expense(50,515) (55,194) (156,995) (163,164)
Gain on extinguishment of debt
 
 71,722
 
Gain on investments/deconsolidation11,174
 
 11,174
 387
Gain on sales of real estate assets8,056
 7,880
 13,811
 15,998
Income tax benefit (provision)(1,670) (1,034) (2,622) 1,846
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates(1,759) 1,762
 3,421
 9,869
Total other expenses(33,347) (46,303) (57,277) (134,350)
Net loss(92,034) (2,971)
(168,531)
(33,608)
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(763) (24) (631) 369
Net loss attributable to the Operating Partnership(92,797) (2,995) (169,162) (33,239)
Distributions to preferred unitholders(11,223) (11,223) (33,669) (33,669)
Net loss attributable to common unitholders$(104,020) $(14,218) $(202,831) $(66,908)
        
Basic and diluted per unit data attributable to common unitholders:  
Net loss attributable to common unitholders$(0.52) $(0.07) $(1.01) $(0.34)
Weighted-average common and potential dilutive common units outstanding200,230
 199,432
 200,158
 199,630

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.

10


CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Capital
(In thousands)
 (Unaudited)
    Number of   Common Units      
  
Redeemable
Common
Units
 
Preferred
Units
 
Common
Units
 
Preferred
Units
 
General
Partner
 
Limited
Partners
 
Total
Partners'
Capital
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Capital
Balance, January 1, 2018 $8,835
 25,050
 199,297
 $565,212
 $6,735
 $655,120
 $1,227,067
 $9,701
 $1,236,768
Net income (loss) (94) 
 
 11,223
 (122) (11,769) (668) 101
 (567)
Cumulative effect of accounting change 
 
 
 
 722
 69,658
 70,380
 
 70,380
Distributions declared - common units ($0.209 per unit) (1,143) 
 
 
 (402) (40,215) (40,617) 
 (40,617)
Distributions declared - preferred units 
 
 
 (11,223) 
 
 (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of common units 
 
 701
 
 
 741
 741
 
 741
Cancellation of restricted common stock 
 
 (48) 
 
 (233) (233) 
 (233)
Performance stock units 
 
 
 
 4
 415
 419
 
 419
Amortization of deferred compensation 
 
 
 
 12
 1,184
 1,196
 
 1,196
Allocation of partners' capital 1,399
 
 
 
 (48) (1,353) (1,401) 
 (1,401)
Adjustment to record redeemable interests at redemption value (2,530) 
 
 
 26
 2,505
 2,531
 
 2,531
Distributions to noncontrolling interests 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (1,718) (1,718)
Balance, March 31, 2018 6,467
 25,050
 199,950
 565,212
 6,927
 676,053
 1,248,192
 8,084
 1,256,276
Net loss (324) 
 
 11,223
 (415) (39,966) (29,158) (494) (29,652)
Distributions declared - common units ($0.209 per unit) (1,143) 
 
 
 (403) (40,110) (40,513) 
 (40,513)
Distributions declared - preferred units 
 
 
 (11,223) 
 
 (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of common units 
 
 8
 
 
 37
 37
 
 37
Redemptions of common units 
 
 (527) 
 
 (2,246) (2,246) 
 (2,246)
Cancellation of restricted common stock 
 
 (3) 
 
 (3) (3) 
 (3)
Performance stock units 
 
 
 
 3
 272
 275
 
 275
Amortization of deferred compensation 
 
 
 
 9
 805
 814
 
 814
Allocation of partners' capital 829
 
 
 
 (18) (805) (823) 
 (823)
Adjustment to record redeemable interests at redemption value 2,865
 
 
 
 (29) (2,835) (2,864) 
 (2,864)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 7,859
 7,859
Distributions to noncontrolling interests 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (1,188) (1,188)
Balance, June 30, 2018 8,694
 25,050
 199,428
 565,212
 6,074
 591,202
 1,162,488
 14,261
 1,176,749

11


Net loss (97) 
 
 11,223
 (145) (13,976) (2,898) 24
 (2,874)
Distributions declared - common units ($0.209 per unit) (1,143) 
 
 
 (402) (40,111) (40,513) 
 (40,513)
Distributions declared - preferred units 
 
 
 (11,223) 
 
 (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of common units 
 
 7
 
 
 39
 39
 
 39
Cancellation of restricted common stock 
 
 (6) 
 
 (13) (13) 
 (13)
Performance stock units 
 
 
 
 3
 296
 299
 
 299
Forfeiture of performance stock units 
 
 
 
 (3) (247) (250) 
 (250)
Amortization of deferred compensation 
 
 
 
 8
 828
 836
 
 836
Allocation of partners' capital 805
 
 
 
 (15) (836) (851) 
 (851)
Adjustment to record redeemable interests at redemption value (2,031) 
 
 
 20
 2,009
 2,029
 
 2,029
Distributions to noncontrolling interests 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (2,486) (2,486)
Balance, September 30, 2018 $6,228
 25,050
 199,429
 $565,212
 $5,540
 $539,191
 $1,109,943
 $11,799
 $1,121,742




12


CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Capital
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
(Continued)
   Number of   Common Units      
 
Redeemable
Common
Units
 
Preferred
Units
 
Common
Units
 
Preferred
Units
 
General
Partner
 
Limited
Partners
 
Total
Partners'
Capital
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Capital
Balance, January 1, 2019$3,575
 25,050
 199,415
 $565,212
 $4,628
 $450,507
 $1,020,347
 $12,111
 $1,032,458
Net loss(453) 
 
 11,223
 (590) (56,914) (46,281) (75) (46,356)
Distributions declared - common units ($0.086 per unit)(1,143) 
 
 
 (151) (15,897) (16,048) 
 (16,048)
Distributions declared - preferred units
 
 
 (11,223) 
 
 (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of common units
 
 863
 
 
 717
 717
 
 717
Cancellation of restricted common stock
 
 (58) 
 
 (133) (133) 
 (133)
Performance stock units
 
 
 
 3
 309
 312
 
 312
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 
 11
 1,022
 1,033
 
 1,033
Allocation of partners' capital1,038
 
 
 
 (34) (1,004) (1,038) 
 (1,038)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 455
 455
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (1,412) (1,412)
Balance, March 31, 20193,017
 25,050
 200,220
 565,212
 3,867
 378,607
 947,686
 11,079
 958,765
Net loss(317) 
 
 11,223
 (414) (40,123) (29,314) (57) (29,371)
Distributions declared - common units ($0.012 per unit) (1)
(1,143) 
 
 
 
 (1,239) (1,239) 
 (1,239)
Distributions declared - preferred units
 
 
 (11,223) 
 
 (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of common units
 
 15
 
 
 (17) (17) 
 (17)
Cancellation of restricted common stock
 
 (5) 
 
 (6) (6) 
 (6)
Performance stock units
 
 
 
 3
 310
 313
 
 313
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 
 6
 581
 587
 
 587
Allocation of partners' capital1,130
 
 
 
 (14) (1,116) (1,130) 
 (1,130)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 4,148
 4,148
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (1,948) (1,948)
Balance, June 30, 20192,687
 25,050
 200,230
 565,212
 3,448
 336,997
 905,657
 13,222
 918,879

13


Net income (loss)(811) 
 
 11,223
 (1,056) (102,153) (91,986) 763
 (91,223)
Distributions declared - common units ($0.012 per unit) (1)
(1,143) 
 
 
 
 (1,314) (1,314) 
 (1,314)
Distributions declared - preferred units
 
 
 (11,223) 
 
 (11,223) 
 (11,223)
Issuances of common units
 
 2
 
 
 39
 39
 
 39
Cancellation of restricted common stock
 
 (4) 
 
 (4) (4) 
 (4)
Performance stock units
 
 
 
 4
 309
 313
 
 313
Amortization of deferred compensation
 
 
 
 6
 585
 591
 
 591
Allocation of partners' capital1,131
 
 
 
 (14) (1,120) (1,134) 
 (1,134)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (1,581) (1,581)
Deconsolidation of investment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (4,270) (4,270)
Balance, September 30, 2019$1,864
 25,050
 200,228
 $565,212
 $2,388
 $233,339
 $800,939
 $8,134
 $809,073
(1)$0.740 per special common unit
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.


14



CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES: 
  
Net loss$(168,531) $(33,608)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization198,438
 217,261
Net amortization of deferred financing costs, debt premiums and discounts6,328
 5,451
Net amortization of intangible lease assets and liabilities(1,212) 198
Gain on sales of real estate assets(13,811) (15,998)
Gain on insurance proceeds(421) 
Gain on investments/deconsolidation(11,174) (387)
Write-off of development projects41
 377
Share-based compensation expense3,838
 4,310
Loss on impairment202,121
 84,644
Gain on extinguishment of debt(71,722) 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates(3,421) (9,869)
Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated affiliates15,636
 12,569
Change in estimate of uncollectable rental revenues1,504
 3,273
Change in deferred tax accounts1,026
 (2,706)
Changes in: 
  
Tenant and other receivables(2,926) 3,493
Other assets(5,541) (4,640)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities75,067
 16,039
Net cash provided by operating activities225,240
 280,407
    
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES: 
  
Additions to real estate assets(90,436) (107,981)
Acquisition of real estate assets
 (3,301)
Proceeds from sales of real estate assets128,364
 70,419
Proceeds from disposal of investment9,225
 
Proceeds from insurance740
 
Payments received on mortgage and other notes receivable1,853
 775
Additional investments in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates(2,634) (2,243)
Distributions in excess of equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates11,255
 33,909
Changes in other assets(2,497) (5,903)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities55,870
 (14,325)

15


CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
(Continued)

 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:   
Proceeds from mortgage and other indebtedness$1,043,496
 $530,679
Principal payments on mortgage and other indebtedness(1,232,480) (649,904)
Additions to deferred financing costs(15,545) (238)
Proceeds from issuances of common units39
 117
Redemptions of common units
 (2,246)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests4,603
 7,859
Payment of tax withholdings for restricted stock awards(132) (271)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(8,369) (8,821)
Distributions to preferred unitholders(33,669) (33,669)
Distributions to common unitholders(33,312) (121,615)
Net cash used in financing activities(275,369) (278,109)
    
NET CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH5,741
 (12,027)
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of period57,512
 68,172
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period$63,253
 $56,145
    
Reconciliation from condensed consolidated statements of cash flows to condensed consolidated balance sheets:
Cash and cash equivalents$34,562
 $20,695
Restricted cash (1):
   
Restricted cash180
 4,681
Mortgage escrows28,511
 30,769
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period$63,253
 $56,145
    
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION: 
  
Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized$136,117
 $136,301
(1)Included in intangible lease assets and other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.


16


CBL & Associates Properties, Inc.
CBL & Associates Limited Partnership
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share and per unit data)
Note 1 – Organization and Basis of Presentation
Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to the "Company" mean CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. and its subsidiaries. References to the "Operating Partnership" mean CBL & Associates Limited Partnership and its subsidiaries.
CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. (“CBL”), a Delaware corporation, is a self-managed, self-administered, fully-integrated real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that is engaged in the ownership, development, acquisition, leasing, management and operation of regional shopping malls, open-air and mixed-use centers, outlet centers, associated centers, community centers and office properties.  Its properties are located in 26 states, but are primarily in the southeastern and midwestern United States.
CBL conducts substantially all its business through CBL & Associates Limited Partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), which is a variable interest entity ("VIE"). The Operating Partnership consolidates the financial statements of all entities in which it has a controlling financial interest or where it is the primary beneficiary of a VIE.  
As of September 30, 2019, the Operating Partnership owned interests in the following properties:
   Other Properties  
 
Malls (1)
 
Associated
Centers
 
Community
Centers
 
Office
Buildings/Other
 Total
Consolidated properties55 20 1 4
(2) 
80
Unconsolidated properties (3)
8 3 5 2 18
Total63 23 6 6 98
(1)
Category consists of regional malls, open-air centers and outlet centers (including 1 mixed-use center).
(2)
Includes CBL's 2 corporate office buildings.
(3)The Operating Partnership accounts for these investments using the equity method because one or more of the other partners have substantive participating rights.

At September 30, 2019, the Operating Partnership had interests in the following properties under development:
 Consolidated Properties Unconsolidated Properties
 Malls All Other Malls All Other
Development   2
Redevelopments6   

CBL is the 100% owner of 2 qualified REIT subsidiaries, CBL Holdings I, Inc. and CBL Holdings II, Inc. At September 30, 2019, CBL Holdings I, Inc., the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, owned a 1.0% general partner interest in the Operating Partnership and CBL Holdings II, Inc. owned an 85.6% limited partner interest for a combined interest held by CBL of 86.6%.
The noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership is held by CBL & Associates, Inc., its shareholders and affiliates and certain senior officers of the Company (collectively "CBL's Predecessor"), all of which contributed their interests in certain real estate properties and joint ventures to the Operating Partnership in exchange for a limited partner interest when the Operating Partnership was formed in November 1993, and by various third parties. At September 30, 2019, CBL’s Predecessor owned a 9.1% limited partner interest and third parties owned a 4.3% limited partner interest in the Operating Partnership.  CBL's Predecessor also owned 4.3 million shares of CBL’s common stock at September 30, 2019, for a total combined effective interest of 11.2% in the Operating Partnership.
The Operating Partnership conducts the Company’s property management and development activities through its wholly owned subsidiary, CBL & Associates Management, Inc. (the “Management Company”), to comply with certain requirements of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Internal Revenue Code”).

17


The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited; however, they have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in conjunction with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Accordingly, they do not include all of the disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring matters) necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements for these interim periods have been included. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated. The results for the interim period ended September 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be obtained for the full fiscal year.
These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Reclassifications
Certain reclassifications have been made to amounts in the Company's prior-year financial statements to conform to the current period presentation. The Company reclassified certain amounts related to operating expense reimbursements in its condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 related to the adoption of ASC 606. As a result, operating expense reimbursements of $2,086 and $6,597, previously included in tenant reimbursements, were reclassified to other revenues for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. Additionally, the Company reclassified minimum rents, percentage rents, other rents and tenant reimbursements into one line item, rental revenues, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 related to the adoption of ASC 842. Lastly, in accordance with ASC 360, and in response to the SEC's "Disclosure Update and Simplification" release effective November 5, 2018, the Company reclassified gains and losses resulting from wholly owned real estate dispositions from the line item following "Income (loss) from continuing operations before gain on sales of real estate assets" to the "Other Income (Expenses)" section within its condensed consolidated statements of operations. As a result, in the condensed consolidated statements of operations, the Company reclassified $7,880 and $15,998 to the "Other Income (Expenses)" section for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.
Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Guidance Adopted    
Description 
Date Adopted &
Application
Method
 Financial Statement Effect and Other Information
ASU 2016-02, Leases, and related subsequent amendments
 
January 1, 2019 -
Modified Retrospective (elected optional transition method to apply at adoption date and record cumulative-effect adjustment as of January 1, 2019)
 
The objective of the leasing guidance is to increase transparency and comparability by recognizing lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. Putting nearly all leases on the balance sheet is the biggest change for lessees, as lessees will now be required to recognize a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and corresponding lease liability for leases with terms greater than 12 months. Under the FASB model, lessees will classify a lease as either a finance lease or an operating lease, while a lessor will classify a lease as either a sales-type, direct financing, or operating lease. A lessee should classify a lease based on whether the arrangement is effectively a purchase of the underlying asset. Leases that transfer control of the underlying asset to a lessee are classified as finance leases for lessees and sales-type leases for lessors, whereas leases where the lessee obtains control of only the use of the underlying asset, but not the underlying asset itself, will be classified as operating leases for both lessees and lessors. A lease may meet the lessee finance lease criteria even when control of the underlying asset is not transferred to the lessee, and in these cases the lease would be classified as an operating lease for the lessee and a direct finance lease by the lessor. The guidance to be applied by lessors is substantially similar to existing GAAP. In order to align lessor accounting with the principles in the revenue recognition guidance in ASC 606, a lessor is precluded from recognizing selling profit or sales revenue at lease commencement for a lease that does not transfer control of the underlying asset to the lessee. As a lessee, the guidance impacted the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements through the recognition of right-of-use ("ROU") assets and corresponding lease liabilities for operating leases as of January 1, 2019. As a lessor, the guidance impacted the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements in regard to the narrowed definition of initial direct costs that can be capitalized, the change in the presentation of rental revenues as one line item and the change in reporting uncollectable operating lease receivables as a reduction of rental revenues instead of property operating expense. The adoption did not result in a cumulative catch-up adjustment to opening equity. See Note 4 for further details.

18


Accounting Guidance Not Yet Effective
Description 
Expected
Adoption Date &
Application
Method
 Financial Statement Effect and Other Information
ASU 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments
 
January 1, 2020 -
Modified Retrospective
 
The guidance replaces the current incurred loss impairment model, which reflects credit events, with a current expected credit loss model, which recognizes an allowance for credit losses based on an entity's estimate of contractual cash flows not expected to be collected.
The Company has determined that its guarantees, mortgage and other notes receivable and receivables within the scope of ASC 606 fall under the scope of this standard. After evaluating the impact that this update will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, the Company does not believe it will have a material impact upon adoption.
     
ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement
 January 1, 2020 - Prospective 
The guidance eliminates, adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. Entities will no longer be required to disclose the amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and 2 of the fair value hierarchy, but public companies will be required to disclose the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements.
The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
     
ASU 2018-15, Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract
 
January 1, 2020 -
Prospective
 
The guidance addresses diversity in practice in accounting for the costs of implementation activities in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract. Under the guidance, the Company is to follow Subtopic 350-40 on internal-use software to determine which implementation costs to capitalize and which to expense.
The guidance also requires an entity to expense capitalized implementation costs over the term of the hosting arrangement and include that expense in the same line item as the fees associated with the service element of the arrangement.
The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
     

Note 3 – Revenues
Contract Balances
A summary of the Company's contract assets activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below:
  Contract Assets
Balance as of December 31, 2018 $289
Tenant openings (139)
Executed leases 25
Balance as of March 31, 2019 175
Tenant openings (139)
Executed leases 190
Balance as of June 30, 2019 226
Tenant openings (142)
Executed leases 118
Balance as of September 30, 2019 $202


    




19


A summary of the Company's contract liability activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below:
  Contract Liability
Balance as of December 31, 2018 $265
Completed performance obligation (4)
Contract obligation 
Balance as of March 31, 2019 261
Completed performance obligation 
Contract obligation 
Balance as of June 30, 2019 261
Completed performance obligation 
Contract obligation 
Balance as of September 30, 2019 $261

The Company has the following contract balances as of September 30, 2019:
   
As of
September 30, 2019
 Expected Settlement Period
DescriptionFinancial Statement Line Item  
2019 (1)
 2020 2021 2022 2023
Contract assets (2)
Management, development and leasing fees $202
 $(19) $(136) $(43) $
 $(4)
Contract liability (3)
Other rents 261
 (99) (54) (54) (54) 
(1)Reflects fiscal period October 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019.
(2)
Represents leasing fees recognized as revenue in the period in which the lease is executed. Under certain third party and unconsolidated affiliates' contracts, the remaining 50% of the commissions are paid when the tenant opens. The tenant typically opens within a year, unless the project is in development.
(3)Relates to a contract in which the Company received advance payments in the initial year of the multi-year contract.
Revenues
The following table presents the Company's revenues disaggregated by revenue source:
  
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2019
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2018
 Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2019
 Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2018
Rental revenues (1)
 $180,616
 $200,311
 $556,989
 $620,608
Revenues from contracts with customers (ASC 606):        
  Operating expense reimbursements (2)
 2,449
 2,086
 6,653
 6,597
  Management, development and leasing fees (3)
 2,216
 2,658
 7,325
 8,022
  Marketing revenues (4)
 1,056
 1,162
 3,148
 3,385
  5,721
 5,906
 17,126
 18,004
         
Other revenues 914
 661
 4,543
 3,064
Total revenues (5)
 $187,251
 $206,878
 $578,658
 $641,676
(1)
Revenues from leases that commenced subsequent to December 31, 2018 are accounted for in accordance with ASC 842, Leases, whereas all leases existing prior to that date are accounted for in accordance with ASC 840, Leases. See Note 4.
(2)
Includes $2,374 in the Malls segment and $75 in the All Other segment for the three months ended September 30, 2019, and includes $1,903 in the Malls segment and $183 in the All Other segment for the three months ended September 30, 2018. Includes $6,458 in the Malls segment and $195 in the All Other segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, and includes $6,176 in the Malls segment and $421 in the All Other segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
(3)Included in All Other segment.
(4)Marketing revenues solely relate to the Malls segment for all periods presented. See description below.
(5)Sales taxes are excluded from revenues.

20


See Note 10 for information on the Company's segments.
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
Operating expense reimbursements
Under operating and other agreements with third parties that own anchor or outparcel buildings at the Company's properties and pay no rent, the Company receives reimbursements for certain operating expenses such as ring road and parking lot maintenance, landscaping and other fees. These arrangements are primarily either set at a fixed rate with rate increases typically every five years or are on a variable (pro rata) basis, typically as a percentage of costs allocated based on square footage or sales. The majority of these contracts have an initial term and 1 or more extension options, which cumulatively approximate 50 or more years as historically the initial term and any extension options are reasonably certain of being executed by the third party. The standalone selling price of each performance obligation is determined based on the terms of the contract, which typically assign a price to each performance obligation that directly relates to the value the customer receives for the services being provided. Revenue is recognized as services are transferred to the customer. Variable consideration is based on historical experience and is generally recognized over time using the cost-to-cost method of measurement because it most accurately depicts the Company's performance in satisfying the performance obligation. The cumulative catch-up method is used to recognize any adjustments in variable consideration estimates. Under this method, any adjustment is recognized in the period it is identified.
Management, development and leasing fees    
The Company earns revenue from contracts with third parties and unconsolidated affiliates for property management, leasing, development and other services. These contracts are accounted for on a month-to-month basis if the agreement does not contain substantive penalties for termination. The majority of the Company's contracts with customers are accounted for on a month-to-month basis. The standalone selling price of each performance obligation is determined based on the terms of the contract, which typically assign a price to each performance obligation that directly relates to the value the customer receives for the services being provided. These contracts generally are for the following:
Management fees - Management fees are charged as a percentage of revenues (as defined in the contract) and recognized as revenue over time as services are provided.
Leasing fees - Leasing fees are charged for newly executed leases and lease renewals and are recognized as revenue upon lease execution, when the performance obligation is completed. In cases for which the agreement specifies 50% of the leasing commission will be paid upon lease execution with the remainder paid when the tenant opens, the Company estimates the amount of variable consideration it expects to receive by evaluating the likelihood of tenant openings using the most likely amount method and records the amount as an unbilled receivable (contract asset).
Development fees - Development fees may be either set as a fixed rate in a separate agreement or be a variable rate based on a percentage of work costs. Variable consideration related to development fees is generally recognized over time using the cost-to-cost method of measurement because it most accurately depicts the Company's performance in satisfying the performance obligation. Contract estimates are based on various assumptions including the cost and availability of materials, anticipated performance and the complexity of the work to be performed. The cumulative catch-up method is used to recognize any adjustments in variable consideration estimates. Under this method, any adjustment is recognized in the period it is identified.
Development and leasing fees received from an unconsolidated affiliate are recognized as revenue only to the extent of the third-party partner’s ownership interest. The Company's share of such fees is recorded as a reduction to the Company’s investment in the unconsolidated affiliate.
Marketing revenues
The Company earns marketing revenues from advertising and sponsorship agreements. These fees may be for tangible items in which the Company provides advertising services and creates signs and other promotional materials for the tenant or may be arrangements in which the customer sponsors a play area or event and receives specified brand recognition and other benefits over a set period of time. Revenue related to advertising services is recognized as goods and services are provided to the customer. Sponsorship revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the time period specified in the contract.

21


Performance obligations
A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to a customer. If the contract does not specify the revenue by performance obligation, the Company allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. Such prices are generally determined using prices charged to customers or using the Company’s expected cost plus margin. Revenue is recognized as the Company’s performance obligations are satisfied over time, as services are provided, or at a point in time, such as leasing a space to earn a commission. Open performance obligations are those in which the Company has not fully or has partially provided the applicable good or services to the customer as specified in the contract. If consideration is received in advance of the Company’s performance, including amounts which are refundable, recognition of revenue is deferred until the performance obligation is satisfied or amounts are no longer refundable.
Practical Expedients
The Company does not disclose the value of open performance obligations for (1) contracts with an original expected duration of one year or less and (2) contracts for which the Company recognizes revenue at the amount to which the Company has the right to invoice, which primarily relate to services performed for certain operating expense reimbursements and management, leasing and development activities, as described above. Performance obligations related to pro rata operating expense reimbursements for certain noncancellable contracts are disclosed below.
Outstanding Performance Obligations
The Company has outstanding performance obligations related to certain noncancellable contracts with customers for which it will receive fixed operating expense reimbursements for providing certain maintenance and other services as described above. As of September 30, 2019, the Company expects to recognize these amounts as revenue over the following periods:
Performance obligation Less than 5 years 5-20 years Over 20 years Total
Fixed operating expense reimbursements $25,698
 $48,088
 $48,283
 $122,069

The Company evaluates its performance obligations each period and makes adjustments to reflect any known additions or cancellations. Performance obligations related to variable consideration, which is based on sales, are constrained.
Note 4 – Leases
Adoption of ASU 2016-02, and all related subsequent amendments
The Company adopted ASC 842 (which includes ASU 2016-02 and all related subsequent amendments) on January 1, 2019 and applied the guidance to leases that commenced on or after January 1, 2019. Historical amounts for prior periods were not adjusted and will continue to be reported using the guidance in ASC 840, Leases.
To determine whether a contract contained a lease, the Company evaluated its contracts and verified that there was an identified asset and that the Company, or the tenant, had the right to obtain substantially all the economic benefits from the use of the asset throughout the contract term. If a contract was determined to contain a lease and the Company was a lessee, the lease was evaluated to determine whether it was an operating or financing lease. If a contract was determined to contain a lease and the Company was a lessor, the lease was evaluated to determine whether it was an operating, direct financing or sales-type lease. After determining that the contract contained a lease, the Company identified the lease component and any nonlease components associated with that lease component, and through the Company’s election to combine lease and nonlease components for all asset classes, combined the components into a single lease component within each applicable lease where the Company was the lessor.
The discount rate to be used for each lease was determined by assessing the Company’s debt information, assessing the credit rating of the Company and the Company’s debt, estimating a synthetic “secured” credit rating for the Company and estimating an appropriate incremental borrowing rate. Rental expense for lease payments related to operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

22


See Note 2 for additional information about these accounting standards.
Lessor
Rental Revenues
The majority of the Company’s revenues are earned through the lease of space at its properties. All of the Company's leases with tenants for the use of space at our properties are classified as operating leases. Rental revenues include minimum rent, percentage rent, other rents and reimbursements from tenants for real estate taxes, insurance, common area maintenance ("CAM") and other operating expenses as provided in the lease agreements. The option to extend or terminate our leases is specific to each underlying tenant lease agreement. Typically, the Company's leases contain penalties for early termination. The Company doesn't have any leases that convey the right for the lessee to purchase the leased asset.
Minimum rental revenue from operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the initial terms of the related leases. Certain tenants are required to pay percentage rent if their sales volumes exceed thresholds specified in their lease agreements. Percentage rent is recognized as revenue when the thresholds are achieved and the amounts become determinable.
The Company receives reimbursements from tenants for real estate taxes, insurance, CAM and other recoverable operating expenses as provided in the lease agreements. Any tenant reimbursements that require fixed payments are recognized on a straight-line basis over the initial terms of the related leases, whereas any variable payments are recognized when earned in accordance with the tenant lease agreements. Tenant reimbursements related to certain capital expenditures are billed to tenants over periods of 5 to 15 years.
Additionally, ASU 2018-19 clarifies that operating lease receivables are within the scope of ASC 842. Therefore, in conjunction with our adoption of ASC 842 on January 1, 2019, the Company began recognizing changes in the collectability assessment of its operating lease receivables as a reduction of rental revenues, rather than as a property operating expense. As a result, the Company recognized $(188) and $1,504 of uncollectable operating lease receivables as an (increase)/reduction of rental revenues for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and recognized $487 and $3,273 of uncollectable operating lease receivables as a property operating expense for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.
The components of rental revenues are as follows:
  Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2019
 
Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2019
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
Fixed lease payments $149,582
 $166,927
 $460,584
 $513,356
Variable lease payments 31,034
 33,384
 96,405
 107,252
Total rental revenues $180,616
 $200,311
 $556,989
 $620,608
The undiscounted future fixed lease payments to be received under the Company's operating leases as of September 30, 2019, are as follows:
Years Ending December 31, Operating Leases
2019 (1)
 $136,521
2020 510,318
2021 448,880
2022 373,820
2023 312,028
2024 245,029
Thereafter 615,720
Total undiscounted lease payments $2,642,316
(1)Reflects rental payments for the fiscal period October 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019.
As required by the Comparative Under ASC 840 Option, which is a transitional amendment that allows for the

23


presentation of comparative periods in the year of adoption under ASC 840 (the former leasing guidance), the Company's future minimum rental income from lessees under non-cancellable operating leases where the Company is the lessor as of December 31, 2018 is also presented below:
Years Ending December 31, Operating Leases
2019 $497,014
2020 426,228
2021 363,482
2022 294,441
2023 234,191
Thereafter 531,792
Total $2,347,148

Lessee
The Company has 8 ground leases and 1 office lease in which it is a lessee. The maturities of these leases range from 2021 to 2089 and generally provide for renewal options ranging from five to ten years. We included the renewal options in our lease terms for purposes of calculating our lease liability and ROU asset because we have no plans to cease operating our assets associated with each ground lease. The ground leases relate to properties where the Company owns the buildings and improvements, but leases the underlying land. The lease payments on the majority of the ground leases are fixed, but in the instances where they are variable they are either based on the CPI index or a percentage of sales. The 1 office lease is subleased as of September 30, 2019. As of September 30, 2019, these leases have a weighted-average remaining lease term of 39.7 years and a weighted-average discount rate of 8.0%.
The Company's ROU asset and lease liability are presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets within intangible lease assets and other assets and accounts payable and accrued liabilities, respectively. A summary of the Company's ROU asset and lease liability activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below:
  ROU Asset Lease Liability
Balance as of January 1, 2019 $4,160
 $4,074
Cash reduction (365) (365)
Noncash increase 172
 266
Balance as of September 30, 2019 $3,967
 $3,975

The components of lease expense are presented below:
  Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2019
 Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2019
Lease expense:    
Operating lease expense $10
 $435
Variable lease expense 247
 277
Rent Expense $257
 $712






24


The undiscounted future lease payments to be paid under the Company's operating leases as of September 30, 2019, are as follows:
Year Ending December 31, 
Operating
Leases
2019 (1)
 $193
2020 567
2021 608
2022 332
2023 284
2024 263
Thereafter 12,019
Total undiscounted lease payments $14,266
Less imputed interest (10,291)
Lease Liability $3,975
(1)Reflects rental payments for the fiscal period October 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019.
As required by the Comparative Under ASC 840 Option, which is a transitional amendment that allows for the presentation of comparative periods in the year of adoption under ASC 840 (the former leasing guidance), the Company's future obligations to be paid under the Company's operating leases where the Company is the lessee as of December 31, 2018 is also presented below:
2019 $504
2020 610
2021 517
2022 321
2023 281
Thereafter 12,297
  $14,530

Practical Expedients
In regard to leases that commenced before January 1, 2019, the Company elected to use a package of practical expedients to not reassess whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain a lease, to not reassess lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and to not reassess initial direct costs for any existing leases. The Company also elected a practical expedient to not assess whether existing or expired land easements that were not previously accounted for as leases under ASC 840 are or contain a lease under ASC 842. Additionally, the Company elected a practical expedient by class of underlying asset applied to all leases to elect not to separate lease and nonlease components as long as the lease and at least one nonlease component have the same timing and pattern of transfer and the lease is classified as an operating lease. The combined component is being accounted for under ASC 842. The Company made an accounting policy election to exclude sales and other similar taxes from revenues, and instead account for them as costs of the lessee. Lastly, the Company has elected not to apply the recognition requirements of ASC 842 to short-term leases.
See Note 2 for additional information about these accounting standards.


25


Note 5 – Fair Value Measurements
The Company has categorized its financial assets and financial liabilities that are recorded at fair value into a hierarchy in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure, ("ASC 820") based on whether the inputs to valuation techniques are observable or unobservable.  The fair value hierarchy contains three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value as follows:
Level 1 –Inputs represent quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities as of the measurement date.
Level 2 –Inputs, other than those included in Level 1, represent observable measurements for similar instruments in active markets, or identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and observable measurements or market data for instruments with substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3 –Inputs represent unobservable measurements, supported by little, if any, market activity, and require considerable assumptions that are significant to the fair value of the asset or liability.  Market valuations must often be determined using discounted cash flow methodologies, pricing models or similar techniques based on the Company’s assumptions and best judgment.
The asset or liability's fair value within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Under ASC 820, fair value measurements are determined based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability in an orderly transaction at the measurement date and under current market conditions. Valuation techniques used maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs and consider assumptions such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions and risk of nonperformance.
Fair Value Measurements on a Recurring Basis
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities are reasonable estimates of their fair values because of the short-term nature of these financial instruments.  Based on the interest rates for similar financial instruments, the carrying value of mortgage and other notes receivable is a reasonable estimate of fair value.  The estimated fair value of mortgage and other indebtedness was $3,283,919 and $3,740,431 at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.  The fair value was calculated using Level 2 inputs by discounting future cash flows for mortgage and other indebtedness using estimated market rates at which similar loans would be made currently.
Fair Value Measurements on a Nonrecurring Basis
The Company measures the fair value of certain long-lived assets on a nonrecurring basis, through quarterly impairment testing or when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. The Company considers both quantitative and qualitative factors in its impairment analysis of long-lived assets. Significant quantitative factors include historical and forecasted information for each property such as net operating income ("NOI"), occupancy statistics and sales levels. Significant qualitative factors used include market conditions, age and condition of the property and tenant mix. Due to the significant unobservable estimates and assumptions used in the valuation of long-lived assets that experience impairment, the Company classifies such long-lived assets under Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. Level 3 inputs primarily consist of sales and market data, independent valuations and discounted cash flow models.
Long-lived Assets Measured at Fair Value in 2019
The following table sets forth information regarding the Company's assets that are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and related impairment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2019:
   Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using  
 Total 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
Loss on
Impairment
Long-lived assets$160,740
 $
 $
 $160,740
 $202,121


26


During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recognized impairments of real estate of $202,121 related to 5 malls and 1 community center.
Impairment Date Property Location 
Segment
Classification
 
Loss on
Impairment
 
Fair
Value
March 
Greenbrier Mall (1)
 Chesapeake, VA Malls $22,770
 $56,300
March/April 
Honey Creek Mall (2)
 Terre Haute, IN Malls 2,045
 
June 
The Forum at Grandview (3)
 Madison, MS All Other 8,582
 
June 
EastGate Mall (4)
 Cincinnati, OH Malls 33,265
 25,100
September 
Mid Rivers Mall (5)
 St. Peters, MO Malls 83,621
 53,340
September 
Laurel Park Place (6)
 Livonia, MI Malls 52,067
 26,000
January/March 
Other adjustments (7)
 Various Malls (229) 
        $202,121
 $160,740
(1)
In accordance with the Company's quarterly impairment process, the Company wrote down the book value of the mall to its estimated fair value of $56,300. The mall has experienced a decline in cash flows due to store closures and rent reductions. Additionally, one anchor was vacant as of the date of impairment. Management determined the fair value of Greenbrier Mall using a discounted cash flow methodology. The discounted cash flow used assumptions including a holding period of ten years, with a sale at the end of the holding period, a capitalization rate of 11.0% and a discount rate 11.5%.
(2)
During the quarter ended March 31, 2019, the Company adjusted the book value of the mall to the net sales price of $14,360 based on a signed contract with a third party buyer, adjusted to reflect estimated disposition costs. The mall was sold in April 2019 and $(239) was recorded related to a true-up of closing costs. See Note 6 for additional information.
(3)
The Company adjusted the book value to the net sales price of $31,559 based on a signed contract with a third party buyer, adjusted to reflect estimated disposition costs. The property was classified as held for sale at June 30, 2019 and was sold in July 2019. See Note 6 for additional information.
(4)
In accordance with the Company's quarterly impairment process, the Company wrote down the book value of the mall to its estimated fair value of $25,100. The mall has experienced a decline in cash flows due to store closures and rent reductions. Management determined the fair value of EastGate Mall using a discounted cash flow methodology. The discounted cash flow used assumptions including a holding period of ten years, with a sale at the end of the holding period, a capitalization rate of 14.5% and a discount rate 15.0%.
(5)
In accordance with the Company's quarterly impairment process, the Company wrote down the book value of the mall to its estimated fair value of $53,340. The mall has experienced a decline in cash flows due to store closures and rent reductions. Management determined the fair value of Mid Rivers Mall using a discounted cash flow methodology. The discounted cash flow used assumptions including a holding period of ten years, with a sale at the end of the holding period, a capitalization rate of 12.5% and a discount rate 13.25%.
(6)
In accordance with the Company's quarterly impairment process, the Company wrote down the book value of the mall to its estimated fair value of $26,000. The mall has experienced a decline in cash flows due to store closures and rent reductions. Management determined the fair value of Laurel Park Place using a discounted cash flow methodology. The discounted cash flow used assumptions including a holding period of ten years, with a sale at the end of the holding period, a capitalization rate of 13.5% and a discount rate 14.0%.
(7)Related to true-ups of estimated expenses to actual expenses for properties sold in prior periods.
Long-lived Assets Measured at Fair Value in 2018
The following table sets forth information regarding the Company's assets that were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and related impairment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:
   Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using  
 Total 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
Loss on
Impairment
Long-lived assets$42,100
 $
 $
 $42,100
 $84,644





27


During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized impairments of real estate of $84,644 related to 2 malls and undeveloped land:
Impairment Date Property Location 
Segment
Classification
 
Loss on
Impairment
 
Fair
Value
March 
Janesville Mall (1)
 Janesville, WI Malls $18,061
 $
(2) 
June 
Cary Towne Center (3)
 Cary, NC Malls 51,985
 34,000
 
September 
Vacant land (4)
 D'Iberville, MS All Other 14,598
 8,100
 
        $84,644
 $42,100
 
(1)
The Company adjusted the book value of the mall to the net sales price of $17,640 in a signed contract with a third party buyer, adjusted to reflect estimated disposition costs. The mall was sold in July 2018.
(2)The long-lived asset was not included in the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2018 as the Company no longer had an interest in the property.
(3)
In June 2018, the Company was notified by IKEA that, as a result of a shift in its corporate strategy, it was terminating the contract to purchase land at the mall upon which it would develop and open a store. Under the terms of the interest-only non-recourse loan secured by the mall, the loan matures on the date the IKEA contract terminates if that date is prior to the scheduled maturity date of March 5, 2019. The Company engaged in conversations with the lender regarding a potential restructure of the loan. Based on the results of these conversations, the Company concluded that an impairment was required because it was unlikely to recover the asset's net carrying value through future cash flows. The Company wrote down the book value of the mall to its estimated fair value of $34,000. Management determined the fair value of Cary Towne Center using a discounted cash flow methodology. The discounted cash flow used assumptions including a 10-year holding period, a capitalization rate of 12.0% and a discount rate of 13%. See Note 8 for additional information.
(4)
In accordance with the Company's quarterly impairment review process, the Company wrote down the book value of land to its estimated value of $8,100. The Company evaluated comparable land parcel transactions and determined that $8,100 was the land's estimated fair value.
Note 6 – Dispositions and Held for Sale
The Company evaluates its disposals utilizing the guidance in ASU 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity. Based on its analysis, the Company determined that the dispositions described below do not meet the criteria for classification as discontinued operations and are not considered to be significant disposals based on its quantitative and qualitative evaluation. Thus, the results of operations of the properties described below, as well as any related gains or losses, are included in net loss for all periods presented, as applicable.
2019 Dispositions
Net proceeds realized from the 2019 dispositions listed below were used to reduce the outstanding balance on the Company's credit facility.
        Sales Price  
Sales Date Property Property Type Location Gross Net Gain
April 
Honey Creek Mall (1)
 Malls Terre Haute, IN $14,600
 $14,360
 $
April The Shoppes at Hickory Point Malls Forsyth, IL 2,508
 2,407
 1,326
June Courtyard by Marriott at Pearland Town Center All Other Pearland, TX 15,100
 14,795
 1,910
July 850 Greenbrier Circle All Other Chesapeake, VA 10,500
 10,332
 96
July Kroger at Foothills Plaza All Other Maryville, TN 2,350
 2,267
 1,139
July The Forum at Grandview All Other Madison, MS 31,750
 31,606
 47
July Barnes & Noble parcel All Other High Point, NC 2,000
 1,899
 821
September Dick's Sporting Goods at Hanes Mall All Other Winston-Salem, NC 10,000
 9,649
 2,907
        $88,808
 $87,315
 $8,246
(1) The Company recognized a loss on impairment of $2,284 in March 2019 when it adjusted the book value of the mall to the net sales price based on a signed contract with a third party buyer and recognized $(239) in April 2019 related to a true-up of closing costs. See Note 5 for additional information.
The Company also realized a gain of $2,631 related to the sale of 2 outparcels and a loss of $187 related to land contributed in the formation of the Hamilton Place Self Storage, LLC joint venture (See Note 7 for additional

28


information) during the three months ended September 30, 2019. The Company realized gains of $4,731 related to the sale of 3 outparcels, a gain of $433 related to the formation of the Parkdale Self Storage, LLC joint venture and a loss of $187 related to the formation of the Hamilton Place Self Storage, LLC joint venture during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Also, the Company realized gains of $602 and $588 related to a reversal of estimated prior period expenses during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, for outparcel sales that occurred in prior periods.
The Company recognized a gain on extinguishment of debt for the properties listed below, which represented the amount by which the outstanding debt balance exceeded the net book value of the property as of the transfer date. See Note 8 for more information.

Sale/Transfer
Date
       
Balance of
Non-recourse
Debt
 
Gain on
Extinguishment
of Debt
 Property Property Type Location  
January 
Acadiana Mall (1)
 Malls Lafayette, LA $119,760
 $61,796
January 
Cary Towne Center (2)
 Malls Cary, NC 43,716
 9,926
        $163,476
 $71,722
(1)
The Company transferred title to the mall to the mortgage holder in satisfaction of the non-recourse debt secured by the property. A loss on impairment of real estate of $43,007 was recorded in 2017 to write down the book value of the mall to its then estimated fair value. The Company also recorded $305 of aggregate non-cash default interest expense during the first quarter of 2019.
(2)
The Company sold the mall for $31,500 and the net proceeds from the sale were used to satisfy a portion of the loan secured by the mall. The remaining principal balance was forgiven. The Company recorded a loss on impairment of real estate of $54,678 during 2018 to write down the book value of the mall to its then estimated fair value. The Company also recorded $237 of aggregate non-cash default interest expense during the first quarter of 2019.
In a separate transaction during January 2019, the Company also sold an anchor store parcel and vacant land at Acadiana Mall, which were not collateral on the loan, for a cash price of $4,000. A loss on impairment of real estate of $1,593 was recorded in 2018 to write down the book value of the anchor store parcel and vacant land to its then estimated fair value.
           

Note 7 – Unconsolidated Affiliates and Noncontrolling Interests
Unconsolidated Affiliates
Although the Company had majority ownership of certain joint ventures during 2019 and 2018, it evaluated the investments and concluded that the other partners or owners in these joint ventures had substantive participating rights, such as approvals of:
the pro forma for the development and construction of the project and any material deviations or modifications thereto;
the site plan and any material deviations or modifications thereto;
the conceptual design of the project and the initial plans and specifications for the project and any material deviations or modifications thereto;
any acquisition/construction loans or any permanent financings/refinancings;
the annual operating budgets and any material deviations or modifications thereto;
the initial leasing plan and leasing parameters and any material deviations or modifications thereto; and
any material acquisitions or dispositions with respect to the project.
As a result of the joint control over these joint ventures, the Company accounts for these investments using the equity method of accounting.
At September 30, 2019, the Company had investments in 24 entities, which are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. The Company's ownership interest in these unconsolidated affiliates ranges from 20.0% to 65.0%. Of these entities, 16 are owned in 50/50 joint ventures.

29


2019 Activity - Unconsolidated Affiliates
Bullseye, LLC
In September 2018, the Company entered into a joint venture, Bullseye, LLC, to develop a vacant land parcel adjacent to Hamilton Corner in Chattanooga, TN. During January 2019, the joint venture closed on the purchase of the land parcel for a gross purchase price of $3,310. The Company has a 20% membership interest in the joint venture. Additionally, the Company made no initial investment and has no future funding obligations. The unconsolidated affiliate is a variable interest entity ("VIE").
El Paso Outlet Center Holding, LLC, and El Paso Outlet Outparcels, LLC
In August 2019, the Company sold 25% of its interest in The Outlet Shoppes at El Paso, in El Paso, TX, to its existing joint venture partner for total consideration of $27,750. The sales price included $18,525 in related debt. Following the sale, the Company and its joint venture partner both own a 50% interest in The Outlet Shoppes at El Paso. This resulted in the Company deconsolidating this property and recognizing a gain on investment/deconsolidation of $11,174, which was made up of a $3,884 gain on the sale of the Company's 25% interest and a $7,290 gain related to adjusting the Company's remaining 50% share to fair value.
G&I VIII CBL Triangle LLC
In July 2019, the lender foreclosed on the loan secured by Triangle Town Center. In September 2018, the Company wrote down its investment in the unconsolidated 90/10 joint venture to 0.
Hamilton Place Self Storage, LLC
In September 2019, the Company entered into a joint venture, Hamilton Place Self Storage, LLC, to develop a self-storage facility adjacent to Hamilton Place Mall. The Company has a 54% share in the joint venture, and recorded a $187 loss on sale of real estate assets related to land that it contributed to the joint venture. The unconsolidated affiliate is a VIE. See additional information in Variable Interest Entities below. In conjunction with the formation of the joint venture, the unconsolidated affiliate closed on a construction loan. See details below under 2019 Financings.
Parkdale Self Storage, LLC
In May 2019, the Company entered into a 50/50 joint venture, Parkdale Self Storage, LLC, to develop a self-storage facility adjacent to Parkdale Mall. The Company recorded a $433 gain on sale of real estate assets related to land that it contributed to the joint venture. The unconsolidated affiliate is a VIE. See additional information in Variable Interest Entities below. In conjunction with the formation of the joint venture, the unconsolidated affiliate closed on a construction loan. See details below under 2019 Financings.
Vision-CBL Hamilton Place, LLC
In November 2018, the Company entered into a 50/50 joint venture, Vision-CBL Hamilton Place, LLC, to acquire, develop and operate a hotel on a parcel adjacent to Hamilton Place Mall. See Note 15 for further details.











30


Condensed Combined Financial Statements - Unconsolidated Affiliates
Condensed combined financial statement information of the unconsolidated affiliates is as follows:
 September 30,
2019
 December 31,
2018
ASSETS   
Investment in real estate assets$2,135,627
 $2,097,088
Accumulated depreciation(741,802) (674,275)
 1,393,825
 1,422,813
Developments in progress27,309
 12,569
Net investment in real estate assets1,421,134
 1,435,382
Other assets150,597
 188,521
    Total assets$1,571,731
 $1,623,903
LIABILITIES   
Mortgage and other indebtedness, net$1,252,003
 $1,319,949
Other liabilities44,194
 39,777
    Total liabilities1,296,197
 1,359,726
    
OWNERS' EQUITY   
The Company173,340
 191,050
Other investors102,194
 73,127
Total owners' equity275,534
 264,177
    Total liabilities and owners' equity$1,571,731
 $1,623,903

 Total for the Three Months
Ended September 30,
 2019 2018
Total revenues$52,867
 $54,579
Net income (loss) (1)
$81,300
 $(85,136)
(1)
The Company's share of net income (loss) is $(1,759) and $1,762 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
 Total for the Nine Months
Ended September 30,
 2019 2018
Total revenues$162,964
 $166,843
Net income (loss) (1)
$90,303
 $(72,585)

(1)
The Company's share of net income is $3,421 and $9,869 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Financings - Unconsolidated Affiliates
All of the debt on the properties owned by the unconsolidated affiliates is non-recourse, except for debt secured by Ambassador Infrastructure, Hammock Landing, The Pavilion at Port Orange, The Shoppes at Eagle Point and the self-storage developments adjacent to EastGate Mall, Mid Rivers Mall, Parkdale Mall and Hamilton Place Mall. See Note 12 for a description of guarantees the Operating Partnership has issued related to these unconsolidated affiliates.






31


2019 Financings
The Company's unconsolidated affiliates had the following loan activity in 2019:
Date Property Stated
Interest Rate
 Maturity Date 
Amount
Financed or
Extended
May 
Parkdale Self Storage (1)
 5.25%
(2) 
 July 2024  $6,500
September 
Hamilton Place Self Storage (3)
 LIBOR + 2.75  September 2024  $7,002
(1)
Parkdale Self Storage, LLC, a 50/50 joint venture, closed on a construction loan with a total borrowing capacity of up to $6,500 for the development of a climate controlled self-storage facility adjacent to Parkdale Mall in Beaumont, TX. The Company's share of the outstanding balance of the construction loan was $189 at September 30, 2019. The Operating Partnership has a joint and several guaranty with its 50/50 partner. Therefore, the maximum guarantee is 100% of the loan. See Note 12 for more information.
(2)The interest rate is variable and is the greater of 5.25% or LIBOR + 2.80%.
(3)
Hamilton Place Self Storage, LLC, a 54/46 joint venture, closed on a construction loan with a total borrowing capacity of up to $7,002 for the development of a climate controlled self-storage facility adjacent to Hamilton Place Mall in Chattanooga, TN. There were no draws on the construction loan at September 30, 2019. The Operating Partnership has guaranteed 100% of the construction loan, but it has a back-up guaranty with its joint venture partner for 50% of the construction loan. See Note 12 for more information.
Noncontrolling Interests
Noncontrolling interests consist of the following:
 As of
 
September 30,
 2019
 December 31, 2018
Noncontrolling interests:   
  Operating Partnership$28,279
 $55,917
  Other consolidated subsidiaries8,134
 12,111
 $36,413
 $68,028

Variable Interest Entities
In accordance with the guidance in ASU 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis, and ASU 2016-17, Interests Held Through Related Parties That Are under Common Control, the Operating Partnership and certain of its subsidiaries are deemed to have the characteristics of a VIE primarily because the limited partners of these entities do not collectively possess substantive kick-out or participating rights.
The Company consolidates the Operating Partnership, which is a VIE, for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The Company, through the Operating Partnership, consolidates all VIEs for which it is the primary beneficiary. Generally, a VIE is a legal entity in which the equity investors do not have the characteristics of a controlling financial interest or the equity investors lack sufficient equity at risk for the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support. A limited partnership is considered a VIE when the majority of the limited partners unrelated to the general partner possess neither the right to remove the general partner without cause, nor certain rights to participate in the decisions that most significantly affect the financial results of the partnership. In determining whether the Company is the primary beneficiary of a VIE, the Company considers qualitative and quantitative factors, including, but not limited to: which activities most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and which party controls such activities; the amount and characteristics of the Company's investment; the obligation or likelihood for the Company or other investors to provide financial support; and the similarity with and significance to the Company's business activities and the business activities of the other investors.     
Consolidated VIEs
As of September 30, 2019, the Company had investments in 14 consolidated VIEs with ownership interests ranging from 50% to 92%.

32


Unconsolidated VIEs
The table below lists the Company's unconsolidated VIEs as of September 30, 2019:
  
Investment in Real
Estate Joint
Ventures and
Partnerships
 
Maximum
Risk of Loss
Ambassador Infrastructure, LLC (1)
 $
 $10,050
Bullseye, LLC 5
 5
Continental 425 Fund LLC 7,243
 7,243
EastGate Storage, LLC (1)
 885
 3,250
Hamilton Place Self Storage, LLC (1)
 1,463
 7,002
Parkdale Self Storage, LLC (1)
 1,190
 6,500
Self-Storage at Mid Rivers, LLC (1)
 844
 2,994
Shoppes at Eagle Point, LLC (1)
 16,268
 16,268
(1)
The Operating Partnership has guaranteed all or a portion of the debt of each of the VIEs listed above. See Note 12 for more information.
Note 8 – Mortgage and Other Indebtedness, Net
Debt of the Company
CBL has no indebtedness. Either the Operating Partnership or one of its consolidated subsidiaries, that it has a direct or indirect ownership interest in, is the borrower on all of the Company's debt. CBL is a limited guarantor of the Senior Unsecured Notes (the "Notes"), as described below, for losses suffered solely by reason of fraud or willful misrepresentation by the Operating Partnership or its affiliates.
The Company also provides a similar limited guarantee of the Operating Partnership's obligations with respect to its secured credit facility and secured term loan as of September 30, 2019.
Debt of the Operating Partnership
Net mortgage and other indebtedness consisted of the following:
 September 30, 2019 December 31, 2018
 Amount 
Weighted-
Average
Interest
Rate (1)
 Amount 
Weighted-
Average
Interest
Rate (1)
Fixed-rate debt: 
      
Non-recourse loans on operating properties 
$1,495,896
 5.21% $1,783,097
 5.33%
Senior unsecured notes due 2023 (2)
447,775
 5.25% 447,423
 5.25%
Senior unsecured notes due 2024 (3)
299,958
 4.60% 299,953
 4.60%
Senior unsecured notes due 2026 (4)
617,260
 5.95% 616,635
 5.95%
Total fixed-rate debt2,860,889
 5.31% 3,147,108
 5.37%

33


 September 30, 2019 December 31, 2018
 Amount 
Weighted-
Average
Interest
Rate (1)
 Amount 
Weighted-
Average
Interest
Rate (1)
Variable-rate debt: 
    
  
Recourse loans on operating properties56,178
 4.71% 68,607
 4.97%
Construction loan21,061
 4.99% 8,172
 5.25%
Secured line of credit 
304,769
 4.35% 
 —%
Unsecured lines of credit 

 —% 183,972
 3.90%
Secured term loan473,750
 4.35% 
 —%
Unsecured term loans
 —% 695,000
 4.21%
Total variable-rate debt855,758
 4.39% 955,751
 4.21%
Total fixed-rate and variable-rate debt3,716,647
 5.10% 4,102,859
 5.10%
Unamortized deferred financing costs(17,640)   (15,963)  
Liabilities related to assets held for sale (5)

   (43,716)  
Total mortgage and other indebtedness, net$3,699,007
   $4,043,180
  
(1)Weighted-average interest rate includes the effect of debt premiums and discounts, but excludes amortization of deferred financing costs.
(2)
The balance is net of an unamortized discount of $2,225 and $2,577 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
(3)
The balance is net of an unamortized discount of $42 and $47 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
(4)
The balance is net of an unamortized discount of $7,740 and $8,365 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
(5)Represents a non-recourse mortgage loan secured by Cary Towne Center that was classified on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as liabilities related to assets held for sale as of December 31, 2018.
Senior Unsecured Notes
Description 
Issued (1)
 Amount 
Interest Rate (2)
 
Maturity Date (3)
2023 Notes November 2013 $450,000
 5.25% December 2023
2024 Notes October 2014 300,000
 4.60% October 2024
2026 Notes December 2016 / September 2017 625,000
 5.95% December 2026
(1)Issued by the Operating Partnership. CBL is a limited guarantor of the Operating Partnership's obligations under the Notes as described above.
(2)
Interest is payable semiannually in arrears. The interest rate for the 2024 Notes and the 2023 Notes is subject to an increase ranging from 0.25% to 1.00% from time to time if, on or after January 1, 2016 and prior to January 1, 2020, the ratio of secured debt to total assets of the Company, as defined, is greater than 40% but less than 45%. The required ratio of secured debt to total assets for the 2026 Notes is 40% or less. As of September 30, 2019, this ratio was 34% as shown below.
(3)
The Notes are redeemable at the Operating Partnership's election, in whole or in part from time to time, on not less than 30 days and not more than 60 days' notice to the holders of the Notes to be redeemed. The 2026 Notes, the 2024 Notes and the 2023 Notes may be redeemed prior to September 15, 2026, July 15, 2024, and September 1, 2023, respectively, for cash at a redemption price equal to the aggregate principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date and a make-whole premium calculated in accordance with the indenture. On or after the respective dates noted above, the Notes are redeemable for cash at a redemption price equal to the aggregate principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest. If redeemed prior to the respective dates noted above, each issuance of Notes is redeemable at the treasury rate plus 0.50%, 0.35% and 0.40% for the 2026 Notes, the 2024 Notes and the 2023 Notes, respectively.
Senior Secured Credit Facility
In January 2019, the Company entered into a new $1,185,000 senior secured credit facility, which included a fully-funded $500,000 term loan and a revolving line of credit with a borrowing capacity of $685,000. The facility replaced all of the Company's prior unsecured bank facilities, which included 3 unsecured term loans with an aggregate balance of $695,000 and 3 unsecured revolving lines of credit with an aggregate capacity of $1,100,000. At closing, the Company utilized the line of credit to reduce the principal balance of the unsecured term loan from $695,000 to $500,000. The facility matures in July 2023 and bears interest at a variable rate of LIBOR plus 2.25%. The facility had an interest rate of 4.35% at September 30, 2019. The Operating Partnership is required to pay an annual facility fee, to be paid quarterly, which ranges from 0.25% to 0.35%, based on the unused capacity of the line of credit. The principal balance on the term loan will be reduced by $35,000 per year in quarterly installments. At September 30, 2019, the secured line of credit had an outstanding balance of $304,769 and the secured term loan had an outstanding balance of $473,750.

34


The secured credit facility is secured by 17 malls and 3 associated centers that are owned by 36 wholly owned subsidiaries of the Operating Partnership (collectively the “Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries”). The Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries own an additional 5 malls, 2 associated centers and 4 mortgage notes receivable that are not collateral for the secured credit facility. The properties that are collateral for the secured credit facility and the properties and mortgage notes receivable that are not collateral are collectively referred to as the “Guarantor Properties.” The terms of the Notes provide that, to the extent that any subsidiary of the Operating Partnership executes and delivers a guarantee to another debt facility, the Operating Partnership shall also cause the subsidiary to guarantee the Operating Partnership’s obligations under the Notes on a senior basis. In January 2019, the Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries entered into a guarantee agreement with the issuer of the Notes to satisfy the guaranty requirement.
Each of the Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries meet the criteria in Rule 3-10(f) of SEC Regulation S-X to provide condensed consolidating financial information as additional disclosure in the notes to the Operating Partnership's condensed consolidated financial statements because each Combined Guarantor Subsidiary is 100% owned by the Operating Partnership, the guaranty issued by each Combined Guarantor Subsidiary is full and unconditional and the guaranty issued by each Combined Guarantor Subsidiary is joint and several. However, the Operating Partnership has elected to provide combined financial statements and accompanying notes for the Combined Guarantor Subsidiaries in lieu of including the condensed consolidating financial information in the notes to its condensed consolidated financial statements. These combined financial statements and notes are presented as an exhibit to this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for ease of reference.
Financial Covenants and Restrictions
The agreements for the Notes and the senior secured credit facility contain, among other restrictions, certain financial covenants including the maintenance of certain financial coverage ratios, minimum unencumbered asset and interest ratios, maximum secured indebtedness ratios, maximum total indebtedness ratios and limitations on cash flow distributions.  The Company believes that it was in compliance with all financial covenants and restrictions at September 30, 2019.
The following presents the Company's compliance with key covenant ratios, as defined, of the Notes and the senior secured credit facility as of September 30, 2019:
Ratio Required Actual
Total debt to total assets < 60% 53%
Secured debt to total assets 
< 40% (1)
 34%
Total unencumbered assets to unsecured debt > 150% 169%
Consolidated income available for debt service to annual debt service charge > 1.5x 2.4x
(1)
Secured debt to total assets must be less than 40% for the 2026 Notes. Secured debt to total assets must be less than 45% for the 2023 Notes and the 2024 Notes until January 1, 2020, after which the required ratio will be reduced to 40%.
The agreements for the Notes and senior secured credit facility described above contain default provisions customary for transactions of this nature (with applicable customary grace periods). Additionally, any default in the payment of any recourse indebtedness greater than or equal to $50,000 of the Operating Partnership will constitute an event of default under the Notes.
Mortgages on Operating Properties
2019 Financings
In April 2019, the loan secured by Volusia Mall was refinanced to increase the principal balance to $50,000. In addition, the maturity date was extended to April 2024 and the fixed interest rate was reduced from 8.00% to 4.56%. The net proceeds from the new loan were used to retire the $41,000 existing loan.
In May 2019, the Company exercised an option to extend the loan secured by The Outlet Shoppes at Laredo to May 2021. In conjunction with the amendment, a payment of $10,800 was made to reduce the outstanding balance of the loan to $43,000. The noncontrolling interest partner in the joint venture funded its 35% share of the $10,800 payment.

35


2019 Loan Repayments
Date Property 
Interest
Rate at
Repayment
Date
 
Scheduled
Maturity Date
 
Principal
Balance
Repaid
April 
Honey Creek Mall (1)
 8.00% July 2019 $23,539
(1)The Company retired the loan using proceeds from the refinancing of the loan secured by Volusia Mall as well as proceeds from the sale of Honey Creek Mall.
2019 Dispositions
The following is a summary of the Company's 2019 dispositions for which the fixed-rate loan secured by the mall was extinguished:
Transfer
Date
   
Interest
Rate at
Repayment
Date
 
Scheduled
Maturity Date
 
Balance of
Non-recourse
Debt
 
Gain on
Extinguishment
of Debt
 Property    
January 
Acadiana Mall (1)
 5.67% April 2017 $119,760
 $61,795
January 
Cary Towne Center (2)
 4.00% June 2018 43,716
 9,927
        $163,476
 $71,722
(1)The Company transferred title to the mall to the mortgage holder in satisfaction of the non-recourse debt secured by the property.
(2)
The Company sold the mall for $31,500 and the net proceeds from the sale were used to satisfy a portion of the loan secured by the mall. The remaining principal balance was forgiven.
Scheduled Principal Payments
As of September 30, 2019, the scheduled principal amortization and balloon payments of the Company’s consolidated debt, excluding extensions available at the Company’s option, on all mortgage and other indebtedness, including construction loans and lines of credit, are as follows: 
2019 (1)
 $117,948
2020 246,342
2021 551,962
2022 469,036
2023 1,189,130
2024 404,496
Thereafter 747,740
  3,726,654
Unamortized discounts (10,007)
Unamortized deferred financing costs (17,640)
Total mortgage and other indebtedness, net $3,699,007

(1)Reflects payments for the fiscal period October 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019.
Of the $117,948 of scheduled principal payments in 2019, $97,323 relates to the maturing principal balance of three operating property loans.
The Company’s mortgage and other indebtedness had a weighted-average maturity of 4.0 years as of September 30, 2019 and 3.7 years as of December 31, 2018.
Note 9 – Mortgage and Other Notes Receivable
Each of the Company’s mortgage notes receivable is collateralized by either a first mortgage, a second mortgage, or by an assignment of 100% of the partnership interests that own the real estate assets.  Other notes receivable include amounts due from tenants or government-sponsored districts and unsecured notes received from third parties as whole or partial consideration for property or investments.

36


Mortgage and other notes receivable consist of the following:
    As of September 30, 2019 As of December 31, 2018
  
Maturity
Date
 
Interest
Rate
 Balance 
Interest
Rate
 Balance
Mortgages (1)
 
Dec 2016 - Jan 2047 (2)
 4.90% - 9.50% $3,604
 4.00% - 9.50% $4,884
Other Notes Receivable Sep 2021 - Apr 2026 4.00% - 5.00% 2,214
 4.00% - 5.00% 2,788
      $5,818
   $7,672
(1)
Includes the Village Square note that was retired subsequent to September 30, 2019. See Note 15 for more information.
(2)
Includes a $1,100 note with D'Iberville Promenade, LLC, with a maturity date of December 2016, that is in default. This is secured by the joint venture partner's interest in the joint venture.
Note 10 – Segment Information
The Company measures performance and allocates resources according to property type, which is determined based on certain criteria such as type of tenants, capital requirements, economic risks, leasing terms, and short and long-term returns on capital. Rental income and tenant reimbursements from tenant leases provide the majority of revenues from all segments.
Information on the Company’s segments is presented as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30, 2019 Malls 
All Other (1)
 Total
Revenues (2)
 $171,514
 $15,737
 $187,251
Property operating expenses (3)
 (53,384) (2,912) (56,296)
Interest expense (20,866) (29,649) (50,515)
Other expense 
 (7) (7)
Gain on sales of real estate assets 3,292
 4,764
 8,056
Segment profit (loss) $100,556
 $(12,067) 88,489
Depreciation and amortization expense     (64,168)
General and administrative expense     (12,467)
Litigation settlement     22,688
Interest and other income     1,367
Loss on impairment     (135,688)
Gain on investments/deconsolidation     11,174
Income tax provision     (1,670)
Equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates     (1,759)
Net loss     $(92,034)
Capital expenditures (4)
 $34,961
 $1,530
 $36,491














37


Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 Malls 
All Other (1)
 Total
Revenues (2)
 $188,440
 $18,438
 $206,878
Property operating expenses (3)
 (57,243) (3,669) (60,912)
Interest expense (24,665) (30,529) (55,194)
Other expense 
 (38) (38)
Gain on sales of real estate assets 92
 7,788
 7,880
Segment profit (loss) $106,624
 $(8,010) 98,614
Depreciation and amortization expense  
  
 (71,945)
General and administrative expense  
  
 (16,051)
Interest and other income  
  
 283
Loss on impairment     (14,600)
Income tax provision  
  
 (1,034)
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates     1,762
Net loss  
  
 $(2,971)
Capital expenditures (4)
 $38,512
 $2,671
 $41,183

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 Malls 
All Other (1)
 Total
Revenues (2)
 $526,354
 $52,304
 $578,658
Property operating expenses (3)
 (164,164) (10,785) (174,949)
Interest expense (65,612) (91,383) (156,995)
Other expense 
 (41) (41)
Gain on sales of real estate assets 5,770
 8,041
 13,811
Segment profit (loss) $302,348
 $(41,864) 260,484
Depreciation and amortization expense     (198,438)
General and administrative expense     (48,901)
Litigation settlement expense     (65,462)
Interest and other income     2,212
Gain on extinguishment of debt     71,722
Loss on impairment     (202,121)
Gain on investments/deconsolidation     11,174
Income tax provision     (2,622)
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates     3,421
Net loss     $(168,531)
Capital expenditures (4)
 $94,545
 $3,058
 $97,603
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 Malls 
All Other (1)
 Total
Revenues (2)
 $585,097
 $56,579
 $641,676
Property operating expenses (3)
 (179,012) (11,795) (190,807)
Interest expense (76,401) (86,763) (163,164)
Other expense (84) (293) (377)
Gain on sales of real estate assets 92
 15,906
 15,998
Segment profit (loss) $329,692
 $(26,366) 303,326
Depreciation and amortization expense     (217,261)
General and administrative expense     (47,845)
Interest and other income     714
Loss on impairment     (84,644)
Gain on investment     387
Income tax benefit     1,846
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates     9,869
Net loss     $(33,608)

38


Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 Malls 
All Other (1)
 Total
Capital expenditures (4)
 $105,593
 $10,063
 $115,656


Total Assets Malls 
All Other (1)
 Total
September 30, 2019 $4,351,303
 $418,615
 $4,769,918
       
December 31, 2018 $4,868,141
 $472,712
 $5,340,853
(1)The All Other category includes associated centers, community centers, mortgage and other notes receivable, office buildings, self-storage facilities, corporate-level debt and the Management Company.
(2)
Management, development and leasing fees are included in the All Other category. See Note 3 for information on the Company's revenues disaggregated by revenue source for each of the above segments.
(3)Property operating expenses include property operating, real estate taxes and maintenance and repairs.
(4)Amounts include acquisitions of real estate assets and investments in unconsolidated affiliates. Developments in progress are included in the All Other category.
Note 11 – Earnings per Share and Earnings per Unit
Earnings per Share of the Company
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS assumes the issuance of common stock for all potential dilutive common shares outstanding. The limited partners’ rights to convert their noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership into shares of common stock are not dilutive. There were 0 potential dilutive common shares and there were 0 anti-dilutive shares for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019.
There were 0 potential dilutive common shares for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018. There were 0 anti-dilutive shares for the three month period ended September 30, 2018. Due to a net loss for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, the computation of diluted EPS does not include contingently issuable shares due to their anti-dilutive nature. Had the Company reported net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the denominator for diluted EPS would have been 172,563,094, including 137,094 contingently issuable shares related to performance stock unit ("PSU") awards.
Earnings per Unit of the Operating Partnership
Basic earnings per unit (“EPU”) is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common unitholders by the weighted-average number of common units outstanding for the period. Diluted EPU assumes the issuance of common units for all potential dilutive common units outstanding. There were 0 potential dilutive common units and there were 0 anti-dilutive units for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019.
There were 0 potential dilutive common units for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018. There were 0 anti-dilutive units for the three month period ended September 30, 2018. Due to a net loss for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, the computation of diluted EPU does not include contingently issuable units due to their anti-dilutive nature. Had the Operating Partnership reported net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the denominator for diluted EPU would have been 199,767,094, including 137,094 contingently issuable units related to PSU awards.
Note 12 – Contingencies
Litigation
In April 2019, the Company entered into a settlement agreement and release with respect to the class action lawsuit filed on March 16, 2016 in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida by Wave Lengths Hair Salons of Florida, Inc. d/b/a Salon Adrian. The settlement agreement stated that the Company had to set aside a common fund with a monetary and non-monetary value of $90,000 to be disbursed to class members in accordance with an agreed-upon formula that is based upon aggregate damages of $60,000. The Court granted final approval to the proposed settlement on August 22, 2019. Class members are comprised of past and current tenants at certain of the Company's shopping centers that it owns or formerly owned during the class period, which extended from January 1, 2011 through the date of preliminary court approval. Class members who are past tenants and made a claim pursuant

39


to the Court's order will receive payment of their claims in cash. Class members who are current tenants will receive monthly credits against rents and future charges, beginning no earlier than January 1, 2020 and continuing for the following five years. Any amounts under the settlement allocated to tenants with outstanding amounts payable to the Company, including tenants which have declared bankruptcy or declare bankruptcy over the relevant period, will first be deducted from the amounts owed to the Company. All attorney’s fees and associated costs to be paid to class counsel (up to a maximum of $28,000), any incentive award to the class representative (up to a maximum of $50), and class administration costs (which are expected to not exceed $100), have or will be funded by the common fund, which has been approved by the Court. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, the Company did not pay any dividends to holders of its common shares payable in the third and fourth quarters of 2019. The settlement agreement does not restrict the Company's ability to declare dividends payable in 2020 or in subsequent years. The Company recorded an accrued liability and corresponding litigation settlement expense of $88,150 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 related to the settlement agreement. The Company reduced the accrued liability by $22,688 during the three months ended September 30, 2019, a majority of which was related to past tenants that did not submit a claim pursuant to the terms of the settlement agreement with the remainder relating to tenants that opted out of the lawsuit. Subsequent to September 30, 2019, the Company paid $23,050 in attorney and administrative fees related to the previously accrued litigation settlement payable (see Note 15). The Company also received document requests in the third quarter, in the form of subpoenas, from the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Department of Justice regarding the Wave Lengths Hair Salons of Florida, Inc. litigation and other related matters.  The Company is cooperating in these matters.

The Company is currently involved in certain other litigation that arises in the ordinary course of business, most of which is expected to be covered by liability insurance. Management makes assumptions and estimates concerning the likelihood and amount of any potential loss relating to these matters using the latest information available. The Company records a liability for litigation if an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of loss or range of loss can be reasonably estimated. If an unfavorable outcome is probable and a reasonable estimate of the loss is a range, the Company accrues the best estimate within the range. If no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount, the Company accrues the minimum amount within the range. If an unfavorable outcome is probable but the amount of the loss cannot be reasonably estimated, the Company discloses the nature of the litigation and indicates that an estimate of the loss or range of loss cannot be made. If an unfavorable outcome is reasonably possible and the estimated loss is material, the Company discloses the nature and estimate of the possible loss of the litigation. Based on current expectations, such matters, both individually and in the aggregate, are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the liquidity, results of operations, business or financial condition of the Company.    
Securities Litigation
The Company and certain of its officers and directors have been named as defendants in three putative securities class action lawsuits (collectively, the “Securities Class Action Litigation”), each filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee, on behalf of all persons who purchased or otherwise acquired the Company’s securities during a specified period of time.  The first such lawsuit, captioned Paskowitz v. CBL & Associates Properties, Inc., et al., 1:19-cv-00149-JRG-CHS, was filed on May 17, 2019, and asserts claims on behalf of persons or entities that purchased CBL securities between November 8, 2017 and March 26, 2019, inclusive.  The second such lawsuit, captioned Williams v. CBL & Associates Properties, Inc., et al., 1:19-cv-00181, was filed on June 21, 2019, and asserts claims on behalf of persons or entities that purchased CBL securities between April 29, 2016 and March 26, 2019, inclusive.  The third such lawsuit, captioned Merelles v. CBL & Associates Properties, Inc., et al., 1:19-CV-00193, was filed on July 2, 2019, and asserts claims on behalf of persons or entities that purchased CBL securities between July 29, 2014 and March 26, 2019.  The Court consolidated these cases on July 17, 2019, under the caption In re CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. Securities Litigation, 1:19-cv-00149-JRG-CHS. After plaintiff Laurence Paskowitz voluntarily dismissed his case on July 25, 2019, the Court re-consolidated the two remaining cases under the caption In re CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. Securities Litigation, 1:19-cv-00181-JRG-CHS, on August 2, 2019.  On September 26, 2019, the Merelles complaint was voluntarily dismissed.
The complaints filed in the Securities Class Action Litigation allege violations of the securities laws, including, among other things, that the defendants made certain materially false and misleading statements and omissions regarding the Company’s contingent liabilities, business, operations, and prospects during the periods of time specified above.  The plaintiffs seek compensatory damages and attorneys’ fees and costs, among other relief, but have not specified the amount of damages sought.  The outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty.
Certain of the Company’s current and former directors and officers have been named as defendants in five shareholder derivative lawsuits (collectively, the “Derivative Litigation”).  On June 4, 2019, a shareholder filed a putative derivative complaint captioned Robert Garfield v. Stephen D. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-01038-LPS, in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (the “Garfield Derivative Action”), purportedly on behalf of the Company against certain of its officers and directors.  On June 24, 2019, September 5, 2019 and September 25, 2019, respectively,

40


other shareholders filed three additional putative derivative complaints, each in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, captioned as follows: Robert Cohen v. Stephen D. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-01185-LPS (the “Cohen Derivative Action”); Travis Lore v. Stephen D. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-01665-LPS (the “Lore Derivative Action”), and City of Gainesville Cons. Police Officers’ and Firefighters Retirement Plan v. Stephen D. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-01800 (the “Gainesville Derivative Action”), each asserting substantially similar claims purportedly on behalf of the Company against similar defendants.  The Court consolidated the Garfield Derivative Action and the Cohen Derivative Action on July 17, 2019, under the caption In re CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. Derivative Litigation, 1:19-cv-01038-LPS (the "Consolidated Derivative Action"). On July 25, 2019, the Court stayed proceedings in the Consolidated Derivative Action pending resolution of an eventual motion to dismiss in the Securities Class Action Litigation.  On October 14, 2019, the parties to the Gainesville Derivative Action and the Lore Derivative Action filed a joint stipulation and proposed order confirming that each of those cases is subject to the consolidation order previously entered by the Court in the Consolidated Derivative Action and that further proceedings in those cases are stayed pending resolution of an eventual motion to dismiss in the Securities Class Action Litigation. On July 22, 2019, another shareholder filed a putative derivative complaint captioned Shebitz v. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-00213, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee (the “Shebitz Derivative Action”), asserting substantially similar claims purportedly on behalf of the Company against similar defendants. On October 7, 2019, the Court stayed the Shebitz Derivative Action pending resolution of an eventual motion to dismiss in the related Securities Class Action Litigation.
The complaints filed in the Derivative Litigation allege, among other things, breaches of fiduciary duties, unjust enrichment, waste of corporate assets, and violations of the federal securities laws.  The factual allegations upon which these claims are based are similar to the factual allegations made in the Securities Class Action Litigation, described above.  The complaints filed in the Derivative Litigation seek, among other things, unspecified damages and restitution for the Company from the individual defendants, the payment of costs and attorneys’ fees, and that the Company be directed to reform certain governance and internal procedures.  The outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty.
The Company's insurance carriers have been placed on notice of these matters.
Environmental Contingencies
The Company evaluates potential loss contingencies related to environmental matters using the same criteria described above related to litigation matters. Based on current information, an unfavorable outcome concerning such environmental matters, both individually and in the aggregate, is considered to be reasonably possible. However, the Company believes its maximum potential exposure to loss would not be material to its results of operations or financial condition.
The Company has a master insurance policy that provides coverage through 2022 for certain environmental claims up to $10,000 per occurrence and up to $50,000 in the aggregate, subject to deductibles and certain exclusions. At certain locations, individual policies are in place.
Guarantees
The Operating Partnership may guarantee the debt of a joint venture primarily because it allows the joint venture to obtain funding at a lower cost than could be obtained otherwise. This results in a higher return for the joint venture on its investment, and a higher return on the Operating Partnership’s investment in the joint venture.
The Operating Partnership may receive a fee from the joint venture for providing the guaranty. Additionally, when the Operating Partnership issues a guaranty, the terms of the joint venture agreement typically provide that the Operating Partnership may receive indemnification from the joint venture partner or have the ability to increase its ownership interest. The guarantees expire upon repayment of the debt, unless noted otherwise.
The following table represents the Operating Partnership's guarantees of unconsolidated affiliates' debt as reflected in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:
  As of September 30, 2019 Obligation Recorded to
Reflect Guaranty
Unconsolidated
Affiliate
 Company's
Ownership
Interest
 Outstanding
Balance
 Percentage
Guaranteed
by the
Operating
Partnership
  Maximum
Guaranteed
Amount
 
Debt
Maturity
Date
(1)
 9/30/2019 12/31/2018
West Melbourne I, LLC
- Phase I (2)
 50% $40,002
 50%  $20,001
 Feb-2021  $200
 $203

41


  As of September 30, 2019 Obligation Recorded to
Reflect Guaranty
Unconsolidated
Affiliate
 Company's
Ownership
Interest
 Outstanding
Balance
 Percentage
Guaranteed
by the
Operating
Partnership
  Maximum
Guaranteed
Amount
 
Debt
Maturity
Date
(1)
 9/30/2019 12/31/2018
West Melbourne I, LLC
- Phase II (2)
 50% 15,737
 50%  7,869
 Feb-2021  79
 80
Port Orange I, LLC 50% 54,350
 50%  27,175
 Feb-2021  272
 280
Ambassador
Infrastructure, LLC
 65% 10,050
 100%  10,050
 Aug-2020  101
 106
Shoppes at
Eagle Point, LLC
 50% 35,189
 35%
(3) 
 12,740
 Oct-2020
(4) 
 127
 364
EastGate Storage, LLC 50% 6,145
 50%
(5) 
 3,250
 Dec-2022  33
 65
Self-Storage at
Mid Rivers, LLC
 50% 5,538
 50%
(6) 
 2,994
 Apr-2023  30
 60
Parkdale Self Storage, LLC 50% 189
 100%
(7) 
 6,500
 Jul-2024  65
 
Hamilton Place Self Storage, LLC 54% 
 100%
(8) 
 7,002
 Sep-2024  70
 
      Total guaranty liability  $977
 $1,158
(1)Excludes any extension options.
(2)The loan is secured by Hammock Landing - Phase I and Hammock Landing - Phase II, respectively.
(3)
The guaranty is for a fixed amount of $12,740 throughout the term of the loan, including any extensions.
(4)
The loan has 1 two-year extension option, at the joint venture's election, for an outside maturity date of October 2022.
(5)
The guaranty was reduced to 50% once construction was completed during the second quarter of 2019. The guaranty may be further reduced to 25% once certain debt and operational metrics are met.
(6)
The Company received a 1% fee for the guaranty when the loan was issued in April 2018. The guaranty was reduced to 50% once construction was completed during the second quarter of 2019. The guaranty may be further reduced to 25% once certain debt and operational metrics are met.
(7)
Parkdale Self Storage, LLC, a 50/50 joint venture, closed on a construction loan with a total borrowing capacity of up to $6,500 for the development of a climate controlled self-storage facility adjacent to Parkdale Mall in Beaumont, TX. The Operating Partnership has a joint and several guaranty with its 50/50 partner. Therefore, the maximum guarantee is 100% of the loan.
(8)
Hamilton Place Self Storage, LLC, a 54/46 joint venture, closed on a construction loan with a total borrowing capacity of up to $7,002 for the development of a climate controlled self-storage facility adjacent to Hamilton Place Mall in Chattanooga, TN. The Operating Partnership has guaranteed 100% of the construction loan, but it has a back-up guaranty with its joint venture partner for 50% of the construction loan.
The Company has guaranteed the lease performance of York Town Center, LP ("YTC"), an unconsolidated affiliate in which the Company owns a 50% interest, under the terms of an agreement with a third party that owns property as part of York Town Center. Under the terms of that agreement, YTC is obligated to cause performance of the third party’s obligations as landlord under its lease with its sole tenant, including, but not limited to, provisions such as co-tenancy and exclusivity requirements. Should YTC fail to cause performance, then the tenant under the third party landlord’s lease may pursue certain remedies ranging from rights to terminate its lease to receiving reductions in rent. The Company has guaranteed YTC’s performance under this agreement up to a maximum of $22,000, which decreases by $800 annually until the guaranteed amount is reduced to $10,000. The guaranty expires on December 31, 2020.  The maximum guaranteed obligation was $12,400 as of September 30, 2019.  The Company entered into an agreement with its joint venture partner under which the joint venture partner has agreed to reimburse the Company 50% of any amounts it is obligated to fund under the guaranty.  The Company did not include an obligation for this guaranty because it determined that the fair value of the guaranty was not material as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
Performance Bonds
The Company has issued various bonds that it would have to satisfy in the event of non-performance. The total amount outstanding on these bonds was $15,824 and $16,003 at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. 
Note 13 – Share-Based Compensation
As of September 30, 2019, the Company has outstanding awards under the CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan ("the 2012 Plan"), which was approved by the Company's shareholders in May 2012. The 2012 Plan permits the Company to issue stock options and common stock to selected officers, employees and non-

42


employee directors of the Company up to a total of 10,400,000 shares. As the primary operating subsidiary of the Company, the Operating Partnership participates in and bears the compensation expense associated with the Company's share-based compensation plan.
Restricted Stock Awards
The Company may make restricted stock awards to independent directors, officers and its employees under the 2012 Plan. These awards are generally granted based on the performance of the Company and its employees. None of these awards have performance requirements other than a service condition of continued employment, unless otherwise provided. Compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period.
Share-based compensation expense related to the restricted stock awards was $571 and $787 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $2,830 and $3,263 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Share-based compensation cost capitalized as part of real estate assets was $13 and $36 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $54 and $260 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
A summary of the status of the Company’s nonvested restricted stock awards as of September 30, 2019, and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, is presented below: 
 Shares 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Nonvested at January 1, 2019875,497
 $7.99
Granted855,681
 $2.23
Vested(746,134) $5.11
Forfeited(12,024) $5.98
Nonvested at September 30, 2019973,020
 $5.16

As of September 30, 2019, there was $3,534 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested stock awards granted under the plans, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.5 years.
Long-Term Incentive Program
In 2015, the Company adopted a long-term incentive program ("LTIP") for its named executive officers, which consists of performance stock unit ("PSU") awards and annual restricted stock awards, that may be issued under the 2012 Plan. The number of shares related to the PSU awards that each named executive officer may receive upon the conclusion of a three-year performance period is determined based on the Company's achievement of specified levels of long-term total stockholder return ("TSR") performance relative to the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT") Retail Index, provided that at least a "Threshold" level must be attained for any shares to be earned.
Beginning with the 2018 PSUs, two-thirds of the quantitative portion of the award over the performance period will be based on the achievement of TSR relative to the NAREIT Retail Index while the remaining one-third will be based on the achievement of absolute TSR metrics for the Company. To maintain compliance with the 200,000 share annual equity grant limit under the 2012 Plan, beginning with the 2018 PSU grant, to the extent that a grant of PSUs could result in the issuance of a number of shares of common stock at the conclusion of the performance period that, when coupled with the number of shares of time-vesting restricted stock granted in the same year the PSUs were granted, would exceed the annual limit, any such excess will be converted to a cash bonus award with a value equivalent to the number of shares of common stock constituting such excess times the average of the high and low trading prices reported for CBL's common stock on the date such shares would otherwise have been issuable. Any such portion of the value of the 2018 PSUs or the 2019 PSUs earned payable as a cash bonus will be subject to the same vesting provisions as the issuance of common stock pursuant to the PSUs and is not expected to be significant. In addition, to the extent any cash is to be paid, the cash will be paid first relative to the vesting schedule, ahead of the issuance of shares of common stock with respect to the balance of PSUs earned.
Annual Restricted Stock Awards
Under the LTIP, annual restricted stock awards consist of shares of time-vested restricted stock awarded based on a qualitative evaluation of the performance of the Company and the named executive officer during the fiscal year. Annual restricted stock awards under the LTIP, which are included in the totals reflected in the preceding table, vest 20% on the date of grant with the remainder vesting in 4 equal annual installments.

43


Performance Stock Units
A summary of the status of the Company’s PSU activity as of September 30, 2019, and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, is presented below: 
 PSUs 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2019910,911
 $4.67
2019 PSUs granted (1)
1,103,537
 $2.40
Outstanding at September 30, 2019 (2)
2,014,448
 $3.42
(1)
Includes 566,862 shares classified as a liability due to the potential cash component described above.
(2)
NaN of the PSUs outstanding at September 30, 2019 were vested.
Shares earned pursuant to the PSU awards vest 60% at the conclusion of the performance period while the remaining 40% of the PSU award vests 20% on each of the first two anniversaries thereafter.
Compensation cost is recognized on a tranche-by-tranche basis using the accelerated attribution method. The resulting expense, for awards classified as equity, is recorded regardless of whether any PSU awards are earned as long as the required service period is met.
The fair value of the potential cash component related to the 2019 PSUs is measured at each reporting period, using the same methodology as was used at the initial grant date, and classified as a liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2019 with an adjustment to compensation expense. If the performance criterion is not satisfied at the end of the performance period for the 2019 PSUs, previously recognized compensation expense related to the liability-classified awards would be reversed as there would be no value at the settlement date.
Share-based compensation expense related to the PSUs was $409 and $178 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $1,278 and $1,130 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Unrecognized compensation costs related to the PSUs was $2,930 as of September 30, 2019, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 4.0 years.
The following table summarizes the assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation pricing model related to the PSUs:
 2019 PSUs 2018 PSUs 2017 PSUs
Grant dateFebruary 11, 2019 February 12, 2018 February 7, 2017
Fair value per share on valuation date (1)
$4.74
  $4.76
  $6.86
 
Risk-free interest rate (2)
2.54%  2.36%  1.53% 
Expected share price volatility (3)
60.99%  42.02%  32.85% 
(1)
The value of the PSU awards is estimated on the date of grant using a Monte Carlo simulation model. The valuation consists of computing the fair value using CBL's simulated stock price as well as TSR over a three-year performance period. The award is modeled as a contingent claim in that the expected return on the underlying shares is risk-free and the rate of discounting the payoff of the award is also risk-free. The weighted-average fair value per share related to the 2019 PSUs classified as equity consists of 357,800 shares at a fair value of $2.45 (which relate to relative TSR) and 178,875 shares at a fair value of $2.29 per share (which relate to absolute TSR). The weighted-average fair value per share related to the 2018 PSUs classified as equity consists of 240,164 shares at a fair value of $3.13 per share (which relate to relative TSR) and $120,064 shares at a fair value of $1.63 per share (which relate to absolute TSR).
(2)The risk-free interest rate was based on the yield curve on zero-coupon U.S. Treasury securities in effect as of the valuation date, which is the respective grant date listed above.
(3)
The computation of expected volatility was based on a blend of the historical volatility of CBL's shares of common stock based on annualized daily total continuous returns over a three-year period and implied volatility data based on the trailing month average of daily implied volatilities implied by stock call option contracts that were both closest to the terms shown and closest to the money.     
Note 14 – Noncash Investing and Financing Activities
The Company’s noncash investing and financing activities were as follows:
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018
Accrued dividends and distributions payable$2,420
 $41,657


44


 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018
Additions to real estate assets accrued but not yet paid23,148
 22,428
Conversion of Operating Partnership units for common stock
 3,059
Lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets3,975
 
Deconsolidation upon contribution/assignment of interests in joint venture: (1) 
   
Decrease in real estate assets(93,360) (587)
Increase in investment in unconsolidated affiliates17,903
 974
Decrease in mortgage and other indebtedness73,283
 
Decrease in operating assets and liabilities2,443
 
Decrease in intangible lease and other assets(908) 
Decrease in noncontrolling interest and joint venture interest4,271
 
Transfer of real estate assets in settlement of mortgage debt obligation:   
Decrease in real estate assets(60,059) 
Decrease in mortgage and other indebtedness124,111
 
Decrease in operating assets and liabilities9,333
 
Decrease in intangible lease and other assets(1,663) 

(1)
See Note 7 for additional information.
Note 15 – Subsequent Events
In October 2019, the Company contributed land to its 50/50 joint venture, Vision-CBL Hamilton Place, LLC, and closed on a loan, with a borrowing capacity of $16,800, for the construction of an Aloft by Marriott hotel.
In October 2019, the Village Square note receivable was retired in the amount of $910.
In October 2019, the Company paid $23,050 in attorney and administrative fees related to the previously accrued litigation settlement payable discussed in Note 12.

45


The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes that are included in this Form 10-Q.  Capitalized terms used, but not defined, in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations have the same meanings as defined in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements. In this discussion, the terms “we,” “us” and “our” refer to the Company or the Company and the Operating Partnership collectively, as the text requires.
Certain statements made in this section or elsewhere in this report may be deemed “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. All statements other than statements of historical fact should be considered to be forward-looking statements. In many cases, these forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “will,” “may,” “should,” “could,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “projects,” “goals,” “objectives,” “targets,” “predicts,” “plans,” “seeks,” and variations of these words and similar expressions.  Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the factors discussed throughout this report.
Although we believe the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or results and we can give no assurance that these expectations will be attained.  It is possible that actual results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements due to a variety of known and unknown risks and uncertainties.  In addition to the risk factors described in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, such known risks and uncertainties include, without limitation:
general industry, economic and business conditions;
interest rate fluctuations;
costs and availability of capital, including debt, and capital requirements;
costs and availability of real estate;
inability to consummate acquisition opportunities and other risks associated with acquisitions;
competition from other companies and retail formats;
changes in retail demand and rental rates in our markets;
shifts in customer demands including the impact of online shopping;
tenant bankruptcies or store closings;
changes in vacancy rates at our properties;
changes in operating expenses;
changes in applicable laws, rules and regulations;
sales of real property;
cyber-attacks or acts of cyber-terrorism;
changes in the credit ratings of the Operating Partnership's senior unsecured long-term indebtedness;
the ability to obtain suitable equity and/or debt financing and the continued availability of financing, in the amounts and on the terms necessary to support our future refinancing requirements and business; and
other risks referenced from time to time in filings with the SEC and those factors listed or incorporated by reference into this report.
This list of risks and uncertainties is only a summary and is not intended to be exhaustive.  We disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect actual results or changes in the factors affecting the forward-looking information. 




46


EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW
We are a self-managed, self-administered, fully integrated REIT that is engaged in the ownership, development, acquisition, leasing, management and operation of regional shopping malls, open-air and mixed-use centers, outlet centers, associated centers, community centers and office properties. See Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for information on our property interests as of September 30, 2019. We have elected to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes.
We had a net loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 of $(92.0) million and $(168.5) million, respectively, compared to a net loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 of $(3.0) million and $(33.6) million, respectively. We recorded a net loss attributable to common shareholders for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 of $(90.1) million and $(175.7) million, respectively, compared to a net loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 of $(12.6) million and $(57.9) million, respectively. For the three month period, earnings from Comparable Properties (defined below) were down primarily due to store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants that declared bankruptcy in 2018 and 2019. Additionally, a greater amount of loss on impairment was recognized as compared to the prior period, which was partially offset by a gain on the disposition of a portion of our interest in an outlet center. The decline in earnings from the Comparable Properties for the nine month period was primarily due to store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants that declared bankruptcy in 2018 and 2019. Also contributing to the decline was the litigation settlement expense that was recognized in the first quarter of 2019 along with a greater amount of loss on impairment, which was partially offset by gain on extinguishment of debt recognized in the first quarter of 2019, the reduction of the accrued liability related to the litigation settlement and a gain on the disposition of a portion of our interest in an outlet center in the third quarter of 2019.
Quarterly results were in-line with our expectations. Lease spreads on new leases improved and same-center sales increased over 3% during the third quarter.  We have 27 replacements committed, under construction or open for the more than 40 closed anchors in our portfolio, demonstrating tremendous progress on our anchor replacement program. This program will help stabilize our income as we replace lost revenues, mitigate co-tenancy exposure and deliver new uses that drive traffic and strengthen our properties.  See the "Liquidity and Capital Resources" section for information on our development, expansion and redevelopment projects as of September 30, 2019.
We continue to strengthen our balance sheet by extending our maturity schedule. In January 2019, we replaced all of our unsecured lines of credit and unsecured term loans with a new $1.185 billion secured credit facility, which is comprised of a $685.0 million line of credit and a fully funded $500.0 million term loan. With this closing, we have addressed our significant debt maturities for 2019 and have addressed all of our unsecured debt maturities until 2023. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" for more information on financing activity.
In March 2019, our Board of Directors approved the structure of a settlement in a class action lawsuit. We have denied, and continue to deny, any wrongdoing and believe that our actions at all times have been proper and lawful. However, given the class certification, the accelerated trial schedule, the inherent risk of any trial, and the potential cost of an adverse resolution of the litigation, we believed that a settlement was in the Company's best interest and in the best interests of our shareholders. We recognized litigation settlement expense of $88.2 million during the first quarter as a result of the settlement, and during the third quarter that amount was reduced by $22.7 million, a majority of which was related to past tenants that did not submit a claim pursuant to the terms of the settlement agreement with the remainder relating to tenants that opted out of the lawsuit. See Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for more information.
We continue to capitalize on opportunities to raise attractively priced capital from non-core assets, as evidenced by the $161.4 million in gross asset sales that have been completed year-to-date. Net cash proceeds from sales of $128.4 million, combined with our estimated free cash flow of approximately $200.0 million, provides liquidity to invest in our redevelopment program and reduce debt.
Same-center NOI and FFO are non-GAAP measures. For a description of same-center NOI, a reconciliation from net income (loss) to same-center NOI, and an explanation of why we believe this is a useful performance measure, see Non-GAAP Measure - Same-center Net Operating Income in “Results of Operations.” For a description of FFO, a reconciliation from net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders to FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders, and an explanation of why we believe this is a useful performance measure, see "Non-GAAP Measure - Funds from Operations."

47


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Properties that were in operation for the entire year during 2018 and the nine months ended September 30, 2019 are referred to as the “Comparable Properties.”  Since January 1, 2018, we have opened two self-storage facilities and one community center as follows: 
Property Location Date Opened
EastGate Mall - CubeSmart Self-storage (1)
 Cincinnati, OH September 2018
The Shoppes at Eagle Point (1)
 Cookeville, TN November 2018
Mid Rivers Mall - CubeSmart Self-storage (1)
 St. Peters, MO January 2019
(1)Each of these properties is owned by a 50/50 joint venture that is accounted for using the equity method of accounting and is included in equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.    
Non-core properties are defined as Excluded Malls - see definition that follows under "Operational Review."
Comparison of the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019 to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
Revenues
  
Total for the Three
Months
Ended September 30,
   
Comparable
Properties
    
  2019 2018 Change Core Non-core Dispositions Change
Rental revenues $180,616
 $200,311
 $(19,695) $(7,999) $(750) $(10,946) $(19,695)
Management, development and leasing fees 2,216
 2,658
 (442) (442) 
 
 (442)
Other 4,419
 3,909
 510
 474
 11
 25
 510
Total revenues $187,251
 $206,878
 $(19,627) $(7,967) $(739) $(10,921) $(19,627)
Rental revenues from the Comparable Properties declined primarily due to store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants that declared bankruptcy in 2018 and 2019.
Operating Expenses
  
Total for the Three
Months
Ended September 30,
   
Comparable
Properties
    
  2019 2018 Change Core Non-core Dispositions Change
Property operating $(27,344) $(30,004) $2,660
 $629
 $(51) $2,082
 $2,660
Real estate taxes (18,699) (19,433) 734
 (185) 131
 788
 734
Maintenance and repairs (10,253) (11,475) 1,222
 221
 (7) 1,008
 1,222
Property operating expenses (56,296) (60,912) 4,616
 665
 73
 3,878
 4,616
               
Depreciation and amortization (64,168) (71,945) 7,777
 3,246
 1,484
 3,047
 7,777
General and administrative (12,467) (16,051) 3,584
 3,584
 
 
 3,584
Loss on impairment (135,688) (14,600) (121,088) (121,090) 
 2
 (121,088)
Litigation settlement 22,688
 
 22,688
 22,688
 
 
 22,688
Other (7) (38) 31
 31
 
 
 31
Total operating expenses $(245,938) $(163,546) $(82,392) $(90,876) $1,557
 $6,927
 $(82,392)
Property operating expenses at the Comparable Properties decreased partially due to a change in the classification of bad debt expense as a result of the adoption of ASC 842 effective January 1, 2019. Bad debt expense of $0.5 million was included in property operating expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018; however, beginning January 1, 2019, rental revenues that are estimated to be uncollectable are reflected as a decrease in rental revenues. The remaining decrease in property operating expenses of the Comparable Properties was primarily due to lower utilities, security and payroll expenses. Real estate tax expense declined as a number of the Comparable Properties experienced reductions in real estate taxes in their respective markets. Maintenance and repairs expenses decreased primarily due to lower janitorial costs.
The $7.8 million decrease in depreciation and amortization expense related to the Comparable Properties primarily relates to a decrease in write-offs of tenant improvements and intangible lease assets related to store closings in the prior year period, as well as store closures since September 30, 2018.

48


General and administrative expenses decreased primarily due to reductions in salary and stock compensation expenses, which were partially offset by legal expenses related to ongoing litigation and no longer capitalizing the cost of leasing personnel for development projects as a result of adopting the new leasing standard in 2019.
In the third quarter of 2019, we recognized $135.7 million of loss on impairment of real estate to write down the book value of two malls. In the third quarter of 2018, we recognized a $14.6 million loss on impairment of real estate to write down the book value of vacant land. See Note 5 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for more information.
Other Income and Expenses
Interest expense decreased $4.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the prior-year period. The decrease was primarily due to a $5.1 million decrease in property-level interest expense, including default interest expense, due to dispositions of encumbered properties during 2019. This decrease was partially offset by an increase of $0.4 million in corporate-level interest expense due to higher variable rates on our corporate-level debt as compared to the prior-year quarter, partially related to the higher interest rate spread under our new credit facility as compared with the prior, as well as increases in LIBOR.
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates decreased by $3.5 million during the three months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the prior-year period. The decrease was primarily due to an increase in depreciation and amortization expense related to the retirement of certain real estate assets and decreases in rental revenues at several malls primarily due to store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants in bankruptcy.
During the three months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized $8.1 million of gain on sales of real estate assets primarily related the sale of a community center, an office building and five outparcels. During the three months ended September 30, 2018, we recognized $7.9 million of gain on sales of real estate assets primarily related to the sale of a community center and five outparcels.
For the three months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded a reduction of $22.7 million to the litigation settlement liability that was recorded in the first quarter of 2019 related to the settlement of a class action lawsuit. See Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for more information.
Comparison of the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
Revenues
  
Total for the Nine
Months
Ended September 30,
   
Comparable
Properties
    
  2019 2018 Change Core Non-core Dispositions Change
Rental revenues $556,989
 $620,608
 $(63,619) $(34,158) $(968) $(28,493) $(63,619)
Management, development and leasing fees 7,325
 8,022
 (697) (697) 
 
 (697)
Other 14,344
 13,046
 1,298
 1,316
 73
 (91) 1,298
Total revenues $578,658
 $641,676
 $(63,018) $(33,539) $(895) $(28,584) $(63,018)
Rental revenues from the Comparable Properties declined primarily due to store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants that declared bankruptcy in 2018 and 2019.
Operating Expenses
  
Total for the Nine
Months
Ended September 30,
   
Comparable
Properties
    
  2019 2018 Change Core Non-core Dispositions Change
Property operating $(82,856) $(92,357) $9,501
 $4,764
 $(4) $4,741
 $9,501
Real estate taxes (57,766) (61,737) 3,971
 2,224
 140
 1,607
 3,971
Maintenance and repairs (34,327) (36,713) 2,386
 (18) 193
 2,211
 2,386
Property operating expenses (174,949) (190,807) 15,858
 6,970
 329
 8,559
 15,858
               

49


  
Total for the Nine
Months
Ended September 30,
   
Comparable
Properties
    
  2019 2018 Change Core Non-core Dispositions Change
Depreciation and amortization (198,438) (217,261) 18,823
 7,890
 1,156
 9,777
 18,823
General and administrative (48,901) (47,845) (1,056) (1,056) 
 
 (1,056)
Loss on impairment (202,121) (84,644) (117,477) (151,057) (26,532) 60,112
 (117,477)
Litigation settlement (65,462) 
 (65,462) (65,462) 
 
 (65,462)
Other (41) (377) 336
 336
 
 
 336
Total operating expenses $(689,912) $(540,934) $(148,978) $(202,379) $(25,047) $78,448
 $(148,978)
Property operating expenses at the Comparable Properties decreased primarily due to a change in the classification of bad debt expense as a result of the adoption of ASC 842 effective January 1, 2019. Bad debt expense of $3.3 million was included in property operating expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018; however, beginning January 1, 2019, rental revenues that are estimated to be uncollectable are reflected as a decrease in rental revenues. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized $1.5 million as a reduction to rental revenues for amounts that are estimated to be uncollectable, substantially all of which was related to the Comparable Properties. The remaining decrease in property operating expenses of the Comparable Properties was primarily due to lower utilities, security, marketing and payroll expenses. Real estate tax expense declined as a number of the Comparable Properties experienced reductions in real estate taxes in their respective markets.
The $18.8 million decrease in depreciation and amortization expense related to the Comparable Properties primarily relates to a decrease due to write-offs of tenant improvements and intangible lease assets related to store closings in the prior year period, as well as store closures since September 30, 2018.
General and administrative expenses increased primarily due to higher legal expense related to litigation and no longer capitalizing the cost of leasing personnel for development projects as a result of adopting the new leasing standard in 2019, which were partially offset by reductions in salary and stock compensation costs.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized $202.1 million of loss on impairment of real estate to write down the book value of five malls and one community center. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recognized a $84.6 million loss on impairment of real estate to write down the book value of two malls and vacant land. See Note 5 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for more information.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized $65.5 million of litigation settlement expense related to the settlement of a class action lawsuit. See Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for more information.
Other Income and Expenses
Interest expense decreased $6.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the prior-year period. The decrease was primarily due to a $11.0 million decrease in property-level interest expense, including default interest expense, due to dispositions of encumbered properties during 2019 and a paydown in May 2019 of a portion of the loan that is secured by The Outlet Shoppes at Laredo. This decrease was partially offset by an increase of $4.7 million in corporate-level interest expense due to higher variable rates on our corporate-level debt as compared to the prior-year quarter, partially related to the higher interest rate spread under our new credit facility as compared with the previous credit facility, as well as increases in LIBOR.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded $71.7 million of gain on extinguishment of debt related to two malls. We transferred Acadiana Mall to the lender in satisfaction of the non-recourse debt secured by the property. We sold Cary Towne Center and used the net proceeds from the sale to satisfy a portion of the non-recourse loan that secured the property and the remaining principal balance was forgiven.
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates decreased by $6.4 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the prior-year period. The decrease was primarily due to an increase in depreciation and amortization expense related to the retirement of certain real estate assets and decreases in rental revenues at several malls primarily due to store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants in bankruptcy.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized $13.8 million of gain on sales of real estate assets primarily related to the sale of two centers, a hotel, an office building and six outparcels. During the nine months

50


ended September 30, 2018, we recognized $16.0 million of gain on sales of real estate assets primarily related to the sale of two community centers and 10 outparcels.
Non-GAAP Measure
Same-center Net Operating Income
NOI is a supplemental non-GAAP measure of the operating performance of our shopping centers and other properties. We define NOI as property operating revenues (rental revenues and other income) less property operating expenses (property operating, real estate taxes and maintenance and repairs).
We compute NOI based on the Operating Partnership's pro rata share of both consolidated and unconsolidated properties. We believe that presenting NOI and same-center NOI (described below) based on our Operating Partnership’s pro rata share of both consolidated and unconsolidated properties is useful since we conduct substantially all of our business through our Operating Partnership and, therefore, it reflects the performance of the properties in absolute terms regardless of the ratio of ownership interests of our common shareholders and the noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership. Our definition of NOI may be different than that used by other companies, and accordingly, our calculation of NOI may not be comparable to that of other companies.
Since NOI includes only those revenues and expenses related to the operations of our shopping center properties, we believe that same-center NOI provides a measure that reflects trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, sales at the malls and operating costs and the impact of those trends on our results of operations. Our calculation of same-center NOI excludes lease termination income, straight-line rent adjustments, amortization of above and below market lease intangibles and write-offs of landlord inducement assets in order to enhance the comparability of results from one period to another.
We include a property in our same-center pool when we have owned all or a portion of the property since January 1 of the preceding calendar year and it has been in operation for both the entire preceding calendar year and current year-to-date period. New properties are excluded from same-center NOI until they meet these criteria. Properties excluded from the same-center pool that would otherwise meet these criteria are properties which are being repositioned or properties where we are considering alternatives for repositioning, where we intend to renegotiate the terms of the debt secured by the related property or return the property to the lender and those in which we own a noncontrolling interest of 25% or less. Hickory Point Mall and Greenbrier Mall were classified as Lender Malls at September 30, 2019.
Due to the exclusions noted above, same-center NOI should only be used as a supplemental measure of our performance and not as an alternative to GAAP operating income (loss) or net income (loss). A reconciliation of our same-center NOI to net loss for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 is as follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
Net loss$(92,034) $(2,971) $(168,531) $(33,608)
Adjustments: (1)
       
Depreciation and amortization76,608
 80,247
 228,201
 242,014
Interest expense55,640
 59,870
 171,793
 176,101
Abandoned projects expense7
 38
 41
 377
Gain on sales of real estate assets(8,056) (7,852) (14,438) (16,562)
Gain on investments/deconsolidation(11,174) 
 (11,174) (387)
Gain on extinguishment of debt
 
 (71,722) 
Loss on impairment135,688
 14,600
 202,121
 84,644
Litigation settlement(22,688) 
 65,462
 
Income tax (benefit) provision1,670
 1,034
 2,622
 (1,846)
Lease termination fees(848) (783) (2,938) (9,788)
Straight-line rent and above- and below-market lease amortization(1,881) 822
 (4,334) 2,941

51


 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in other consolidated subsidiaries(763) (24) (631) 369
General and administrative expenses12,467
 16,051
 48,901
 47,845
Management fees and non-property level revenues(2,293) (2,293) (9,077) (9,642)
Operating Partnership's share of property NOI142,343
 158,739
 436,296
 482,458
Non-comparable NOI(3,292) (10,967) (14,855) (36,409)
Total same-center NOI$139,051
 $147,772
 $421,441
 $446,049
(1)Adjustments are based on our Operating Partnership's pro rata ownership share, including our share of unconsolidated affiliates and excluding noncontrolling interests' share of consolidated properties.
Same-center NOI decreased 5.9% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior-year period. The $8.7 million decrease for the three months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018 primarily consisted of a $10.0 million decrease in revenues offset by a $1.3 million decline in operating expenses. Rental revenues declined $12.5 million during the quarter primarily due to the impact of store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants that declared bankruptcy. The $1.3 million decrease in operating expenses includes a decrease in property operating expenses of $1.1 million.
Same-center NOI decreased 5.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the prior-year period. The $24.6 million decrease for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018 primarily consisted of a $34.4 million decrease in revenues partially offset by an $9.8 million decline in operating expenses. Rental revenues declined $41.7 million during the year primarily due to the impact of store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants that declared bankruptcy. The decrease in rental revenues includes the impact of $1.1 million of uncollectable revenues, which was formerly described as bad debt expense that was included in property operating expense in the prior-year period. The $9.8 million decrease in operating expenses was primarily driven by bad debt expense of $3.7 million in the prior-year period. Maintenance and repair expenses decreased $1.0 million and real estate tax expenses decreased $2.7 million.
Operational Review
The shopping center business is, to some extent, seasonal in nature with tenants typically achieving the highest levels of sales during the fourth quarter due to the holiday season, which generally results in higher percentage rents in the fourth quarter. Additionally, the malls earn most of their rents from short-term tenants during the holiday period. Thus, occupancy levels and revenue production are generally the highest in the fourth quarter of each year. Results of operations realized in any one quarter may not be indicative of the results likely to be experienced over the course of the fiscal year.
We classify our regional malls into three categories:
(1)Stabilized Malls – Malls that have completed their initial lease-up and have been open for more than three complete calendar years.
(2)
Non-stabilized Malls - Malls that are in their initial lease-up phase. After three complete calendar years of operation, they are reclassified on January 1 of the fourth calendar year to the stabilized mall category. The Outlet Shoppes at Laredo was classified as a non-stabilized mall as of September 30, 2019 and 2018.
(3)Excluded Malls - We exclude malls from our core portfolio if they fall in one of the following categories, for which operational metrics are excluded:
a.
Lender Malls - Malls for which we are working or intend to work with the lender on a restructure of the terms of the loan secured by the property or convey the secured property to the lender. Hickory Point Mall and Greenbrier Mall were classified as Lender Malls as of September 30, 2019, and Acadiana Mall and Cary Towne Center were classified as Lender Malls as of September 30, 2018. Lender Malls are excluded from our same-center pool as decisions made while in discussions with the lender may lead to metrics that do not provide relevant information related to the condition of these properties or they may be under cash management agreements with the respective servicers.

52


b.
Repositioning Malls - Malls that are currently being repositioned or where we have determined that the current format of the mall no longer represents the best use of the mall and we are in the process of evaluating alternative strategies for the mall. This may include major redevelopment or an alternative retail or non-retail format, or after evaluating alternative strategies for the mall, we may determine that the mall no longer meets our criteria for long-term investment. The steps taken to reposition these malls, such as signing tenants to short-term leases, which are not included in occupancy percentages, or leasing to regional or local tenants, which typically do not report sales, may lead to metrics which do not provide relevant information related to the condition of these malls. Therefore, traditional performance measures, such as occupancy percentages and leasing metrics, exclude Repositioning Malls. There were no malls classified as Repositioning Malls as of September 30, 2019. Hickory Point Mall was classified as a Repositioning Mall as of September 30, 2018.
c.
Minority Interest Malls - Malls in which we have a 25% or less ownership interest. There were no malls classified as Minority Interest Malls as of September 30, 2019. Triangle Town Center was classified as a Minority Interest Mall as of September 30, 2018.
We derive the majority of our revenues from the mall properties. The sources of our revenues by property type were as follows: 
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2019 2018
Malls91.6% 91.2%
Other properties8.4% 8.8%
Mall Store Sales
Mall store sales include reporting mall tenants of 10,000 square feet or less for stabilized malls and exclude license agreements, which are retail contracts that are temporary or short-term in nature and generally last more than three months but less than twelve months. The following is a comparison of our same-center sales per square foot:
 Twelve Months Ended September 30,  
 2019 2018 % Change
Stabilized mall same-center sales per square foot$383 $379 1.1%
Stabilized mall sales per square foot$383 $378 1.3%
Occupancy
Our portfolio occupancy is summarized in the following table (1):  
 As of September 30,
 2019 2018
Total portfolio90.5% 92.0%
Malls:   
Total mall portfolio88.7% 90.5%
Same-center malls88.7% 90.7%
Stabilized malls88.8% 90.8%
Non-stabilized malls (2)
83.8% 73.6%
Other properties:96.4% 96.9%
Associated centers96.3% 97.2%
Community centers96.3% 96.8%
(1)As noted above, excluded properties are not included in occupancy metrics. Occupancy for malls represents percentage of mall store gross leasable area occupied under 20,000 square feet. Occupancy for other properties represents percentage of gross leasable area occupied.
(2)
Represents occupancy for The Outlet Shoppes at Laredo as of September 30, 2019 and 2018.
Bankruptcy-related store closures impacted third quarter occupancy by approximately 409 basis points or

53


722,000 square feet. See Leasing below for an update on our progress in replacing these stores.
Leasing
The following is a summary of the total square feet of leases signed in the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2019:
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
Operating portfolio:       
New leases239,645
 154,968
 768,106
 763,104
Renewal leases472,636
 590,923
 1,626,014
 1,907,874
Development portfolio:       
New leases1,175
 87,293
 205,614
 190,951
Total leased713,456
 833,184
 2,599,734
 2,861,929
Average annual base rents per square foot are based on contractual rents in effect as of September 30, 2019 and 2018, including the impact of any rent concessions. Average annual base rents per square foot for comparable small shop space of less than 10,000 square feet were as follows for each property type (1)
  As of September 30,
  2019 2018
Malls: $31.94
 $32.69
Same-center stabilized malls 31.94
 32.79
Stabilized malls 32.05
 32.77
Non-stabilized malls (2)
 24.12
 25.48
Other properties: 15.40
 15.16
Associated centers 13.75
 13.68
Community centers 16.99
 16.44
Office buildings 18.87
 18.01
(1)As noted above, excluded properties are not included. Average base rents for associated centers, community centers and office buildings include all leased space, regardless of size.
(2)
Represents average annual base rents for The Outlet Shoppes at Laredo as of September 30, 2019 and 2018.
Results from new and renewal leasing of comparable small shop space of less than 10,000 square feet during the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 for spaces that were previously occupied, based on the contractual terms of the related leases inclusive of the impact of any rent concessions, are as follows: 
Property Type Square
Feet
 
Prior
Gross
Rent PSF
 
New
Initial
Gross
Rent PSF
 % Change
Initial
 
New
Average
Gross
Rent PSF
 (1)
 % Change
Average
Quarter:            
All Property Types (2)
 423,779
 $35.97
 $33.44
 (7.0)% $33.98
 (5.5)%
Stabilized malls 396,998
 36.82
 33.96
 (7.8)% 34.49
 (6.3)%
  New leases 64,537
 35.15
 38.79
 10.4 % 41.79
 18.9 %
  Renewal leases 332,461
 37.15
 33.03
 (11.1)% 33.07
 (11.0)%
             
Year-to-Date:            
All Property Types (2)
 1,406,372
 $37.28
 $34.24
 (8.2)% $34.82
 (6.6)%
Stabilized malls 1,278,943
 38.20
 35.01
 (8.4)% 35.58
 (6.9)%
  New leases 158,382
 44.00
 45.40
 3.2 % 48.07
 9.3 %
  Renewal leases 1,120,561
 37.38
 33.54
 (10.3)% 33.81
 (9.6)%
(1)Average gross rent does not incorporate allowable future increases for recoverable common area expenses.
(2)Includes stabilized malls, associated centers, community centers and office buildings.

54


Spreads on new leases for stabilized malls increased 18.9% and renewal leases were signed at an average of 11.0% lower than the expiring rent. This quarter’s results demonstrate a significant improvement from recent past quarters.
New and renewal leasing activity of comparable small shop space of less than 10,000 square feet based on the lease commencement date is as follows:
 
Number
of
Leases
 
Square
Feet
 
Term
(in
years)
 
Initial
Rent
PSF
 
Average
Rent
PSF
 
Expiring
Rent
PSF
 
Initial Rent
Spread
 
 Average Rent
Spread
Commencement 2019:                   
New99
 204,992
 7.21
 $44.12
 $46.56
 $44.65
 $(0.53) (1.2)% $1.91
 4.3 %
Renewal485
 1,537,015
 2.72
 30.65
 30.88
 35.11
 (4.46) (12.7)% (4.23) (12.0)%
Commencement 2019 Total584
 1,742,007
 3.48
 32.23
 32.72
 36.23
 (4.00) (11.0)% (3.51) (9.7)%
                    
Commencement 2020:                   
New11
 29,737
 8.46
 44.93
 48.74
 32.24
 12.69
 39.4 % 16.50
 51.2 %
Renewal97
 301,448
 3.24
 32.65
 33.21
 33.96
 (1.31) (3.9)% 0.75
 (2.2)%
Commencement 2020 Total108
 331,185
 3.77
 33.75
 34.60
 33.80
 (0.05) 0.1 % 0.80
 2.4 %
                    
Total 2019/2020692
 2,073,192
 3.53
 $32.48
 $33.02
 $35.84
 $(3.36) (9.4)% $(2.82) (7.9)%
Across our portfolio, we are diversifying the uses at our centers, which will provide a more stable base of revenues. Overall, 74% of new mall leasing and 60% of total mall leasing, including renewals, this year has been non-apparel. Adding non-retail and mixed uses is another focus and we are currently under construction, have agreements executed or are in active negotiation on two multi-family projects, 15 entertainment operations, including two casinos, 9 hotels, 31 restaurants, eight fitness centers, eight medical uses, two self-storage facilities and several other non-retail uses.  The market dominant locations of our properties are driving this strong interest. These uses complement our existing tenant base, drive new traffic to our properties and strengthen the overall portfolio.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES    
As of September 30, 2019, we had $304.8 million outstanding on our secured credit facility leaving $380.2 million of availability, after considering outstanding letters of credit of $4.8 million, as well as unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of $34.6 million. Our total pro rata share of debt at September 30, 2019 was $4.3 billion. Our consolidated unencumbered properties generated approximately 26.5% of total consolidated NOI for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 (excluding dispositions and Excluded Malls).
In January 2019, we completed the sale of Cary Towne Center and the transfer of Acadiana Mall and recognized a $71.7 million gain on extinguishment of the related $163.5 million in debt.
In January 2019, we entered into a new $1.185 billion senior secured credit facility, which included a fully-funded $500 million term loan and a revolving line of credit with a borrowing capacity of $685 million. The facility replaced all of the Company's prior unsecured bank facilities, which included three unsecured term loans with an aggregate balance of $695 million and three unsecured revolving lines of credit with an aggregate capacity of $1.1 billion. At closing, we utilized the line of credit to reduce the principal balance of the unsecured term loans from $695 million to $500 million. The facility matures in July 2023 and bears interest at a variable rate of LIBOR plus 2.25%. The Operating Partnership is required to pay an annual facility fee on the line of credit balance, to be paid quarterly, which ranges from 0.25% to 0.35%, based on the unused capacity of the line of credit. The principal balance on the term loan will be reduced by $35 million per year in quarterly installments.
In April 2019, the loan secured by Volusia Mall was refinanced to increase the principal balance to $50.0 million. In addition, the maturity date was extended to April 2024 and the fixed interest rate was reduced from 8.00% to 4.56%. The net proceeds from the new loan were used to retire the $41.0 million existing loan. During the three months ended June 30, 2019, we sold three properties for a total gross sales price of $32.2 million. The majority of the excess sales proceeds were used to reduce the outstanding balance on our secured line of credit. The remaining portion of those proceeds related to the Honey Creek Mall sale, which were combined with the net proceeds from the refinancing of the loan secured by Volusia Mall to retire the $23.5 million loan secured by Honey Creek Mall (See Note 6 for additional information on dispositions). In May 2019, we exercised an option to extend the loan secured by The Outlet Shoppes at Laredo to May 2021. In conjunction with the amendment, a payment of $10.8 million was made to reduce the

55


outstanding balance of the loan to $43.0 million. The noncontrolling interest partner in The Outlet Shoppes at Laredo joint venture funded its 35% share of the $10.8 million payment. We also formed a new 50/50 joint venture to develop a self-storage facility adjacent to Parkdale Mall and closed in May 2019 on a five-year $6.5 million construction loan which bears interest at the greater of 5.25% or LIBOR plus 2.80% to fund the project.
In April 2019, we entered into a settlement agreement and release with respect to a class action lawsuit. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, we did not pay any dividends to holders of our common shares payable in the third and fourth quarters of 2019. The settlement agreement does not restrict our ability to declare dividends payable in 2020 or in subsequent years. See Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for more information related to the settlement.
During the three months ended September 30, 2019, the Company sold a 25% interest in The Outlet Shoppes at El Paso to its existing joint venture partner, five properties, two outparcels and a tract of land for a total gross sales price of $87.8 million. After the joint venture partner’s assumption of $18.5 million of debt on The Outlet Shoppes at El Paso, the aggregate net sales proceeds of $68.1 million were used to reduce the outstanding balance on our secured line of credit. Following the sale of the 25% interest in The Outlet Shoppes at El Paso, the Company and its joint venture partner both own a 50% interest.
Subsequent to September 30, 2019, the Company contributed land to its 50/50 joint venture, Vision-CBL Hamilton Place, LLC, and closed on a loan, with a borrowing capacity of $16.8 million, for the construction of an Aloft by Marriott hotel.
We derive the majority of our revenues from leases with retail tenants, which have historically been the primary source for funding short-term liquidity and capital needs such as operating expenses, debt service, tenant construction allowances, recurring capital expenditures, dividends and distributions. We believe that the combination of cash flows generated from our operations, combined with our debt and equity sources and the availability under our credit facilities and proceeds from dispositions will, for the foreseeable future, provide adequate liquidity to meet our cash needs.  In addition to these factors, we have options available to us to generate additional liquidity, including but not limited to, debt and equity offerings, joint venture investments, issuances of noncontrolling interests in our Operating Partnership, and decreasing expenditures related to tenant construction allowances and other capital expenditures. We also generate revenues from sales of peripheral land at our properties and from sales of real estate assets when it is determined that we can realize an optimal value for the assets.
Cash Flows - Operating, Investing and Financing Activities
There was $63.3 million of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as of September 30, 2019, an increase of $5.7 million from December 31, 2018. Of this amount, $34.6 million was unrestricted cash and cash equivalents as of September 30, 2019.
Our net cash flows are summarized as follows (in thousands):
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  
 2019 2018 Change
Net cash provided by operating activities$225,243
 $280,407
 $(55,164)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities55,870
 (14,325) 70,195
Net cash used in financing activities(275,369) (278,109) 2,740
Net cash flows$5,744
 $(12,027) $17,771
Cash Provided by Operating Activities
Cash provided by operating activities decreased $55.2 million primarily due to a decline in rental revenues related to sold properties and a decline in rental revenues related to store closures and rent concessions for tenants with high occupancy cost levels, including tenants in bankruptcy.
Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities
Cash flows provided by investing activities increased $70.2 million compared to the prior year. The cash inflow for 2019 was primarily related to a greater amount of proceeds from sales in the current period combined with lower cash paid for capital expenditures as we continue to focus on controlling such expenditures. These increases were partially offset by a lower amount of distributions from unconsolidated affiliates in 2019 as we received a distribution from an unconsolidated affiliate in 2018 related to excess proceeds from the refinancing of a mortgage loan.

56


Cash Used in Financing Activities
Cash flows used in financing activities decreased $2.7 million in 2019 compared to the prior year. Although the reduction in our common stock dividend resulted in savings in dividends and distributions paid to common shareholders and the noncontrolling interest holders in the Operating Partnership, this was offset by the additional principal payments on debt and the payment of deferred financing costs, which were mostly related to our new secured credit facility.
Debt
Debt of the Company
CBL has no indebtedness. Either the Operating Partnership or one of its consolidated subsidiaries, that it has a direct or indirect ownership interest in, is the borrower on all of our debt. CBL is a limited guarantor of the Notes, as described in Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, for losses suffered solely by reason of fraud or willful misrepresentation by the Operating Partnership or its affiliates. We also provide a similar limited guarantee of the Operating Partnership's obligations with respect to our secured credit facility as of September 30, 2019.
Debt of the Operating Partnership
The following tables summarize debt based on our pro rata ownership share, including our pro rata share of unconsolidated affiliates and excluding noncontrolling investors’ share of consolidated properties, because we believe this provides investors and lenders a clearer understanding of our total debt obligations and liquidity (in thousands):
September 30, 2019 Consolidated Noncontrolling
Interests
 Unconsolidated
Affiliates
 Total 
Weighted-
Average
Interest
Rate
(1)
Fixed-rate debt:          
  Non-recourse loans on operating
properties (2)
 $1,495,896
 $(74,486) $555,192
 $1,976,602
 4.89%
Recourse loan on operating property (3)
 
 
 10,050
 10,050
 3.74%
  Senior unsecured notes due 2023 (4)
 447,775
 
 
 447,775
 5.25%
  Senior unsecured notes due 2024 (5)
 299,958
 
 
 299,958
 4.60%
  Senior unsecured notes due 2026 (6)
 617,260
 
 
 617,260
 5.95%
Total fixed-rate debt 2,860,889
 (74,486) 565,242
 3,351,645
 5.10%
Variable-rate debt:  
  
  
  
  
  Recourse loans on operating properties 56,178
 
 82,995
 139,173
 4.58%
  Construction loans 21,061
 
 
 21,061
 4.99%
  Secured line of credit (7)
 304,769
 
 
 304,769
 4.35%
  Secured term loan (7)
 473,750
 
 
 473,750
 4.35%
Total variable-rate debt 855,758
 
 82,995
 938,753
 4.40%
Total fixed-rate and variable-rate debt 3,716,647
 (74,486) 648,237
 4,290,398
 4.95%
  Unamortized deferred financing costs (17,640) 516
 (2,607) (19,731)  
Mortgage and other indebtedness, net $3,699,007
 $(73,970) $645,630
 $4,270,667
  

December 31, 2018 Consolidated Noncontrolling
Interests
 Unconsolidated
Affiliates
 Total 
Weighted-
Average
Interest
Rate
(1)
Fixed-rate debt:  
  
  
  
  
  Non-recourse loans on operating properties (2)
 $1,783,097
 $(94,361) $540,068
 $2,228,804
 5.01%
  Recourse loans on operating properties (3)
 
 
 10,605
 10,605
 3.74%
  Senior unsecured notes due 2023 (4)
 447,423
 
 
 447,423
 5.25%
  Senior unsecured notes due 2024 (5)
 299,953
 
 
 299,953
 4.60%

57


December 31, 2018 Consolidated Noncontrolling
Interests
 Unconsolidated
Affiliates
 Total 
Weighted-
Average
Interest
Rate
(1)
  Senior unsecured notes due 2026 (6)
 616,635
 
 
 616,635
 5.95%
Total fixed-rate debt 3,147,108
 (94,361) 550,673
 3,603,420
 5.16%
Variable-rate debt:  
  
  
  
  
Recourse loans on operating properties 68,607
 
 96,012
 164,619
 4.91%
  Construction loan 8,172
 
 3,892
 12,064
 5.20%
  Unsecured lines of credit (7)
 183,972
 
 
 183,972
 3.90%
  Unsecured term loans (7)
 695,000
 
 
 695,000
 4.21%
Total variable-rate debt 955,751
 
 99,904
 1,055,655
 4.28%
Total fixed-rate and variable-rate debt 4,102,859
 (94,361) 650,577
 4,659,075
 4.96%
  Unamortized deferred financing costs (15,963) 804
 (2,687) (17,846)  
  Liabilities related to assets held for sale (8)
 (43,716) 
 
 (43,716)  
Mortgage and other indebtedness, net $4,043,180
 $(93,557) $647,890
 $4,597,513
  
(1)Weighted-average interest rate includes the effect of debt premiums and discounts, but excludes amortization of deferred financing costs.
(2)
An unconsolidated affiliate has an interest rate swap on a notional amount outstanding of $43,938 as of September 30, 2019 and $44,863 as of December 31, 2018 related to a variable-rate loan on Ambassador Town Center to effectively fix the interest rate on this loan to a fixed-rate of 3.22%.
(3)
The unconsolidated affiliate has an interest rate swap on a notional amount outstanding of $10,050 as of September 30, 2019 and $10,605 as of December 31, 2018 related to a variable-rate loan on Ambassador Town Center - Infrastructure Improvements to effectively fix the interest rate on this loan to a fixed-rate of 3.74%.
(4)
The balance is net of an unamortized discount of $2,225 and $2,577 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
(5)
The balance is net of an unamortized discount of $42 and $47 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.    
(6)
The balance is net of an unamortized discount of $7,740 and $8,365 as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
(7)We replaced our unsecured lines of credit and unsecured term loans in January 2019 with a new secured senior credit facility.
(8)
Represents a $43,716 non-recourse mortgage loan secured by Cary Towne Center that was classified on the consolidated balance sheet as liabilities related to assets held for sale.
The weighted-average remaining term of our total share of consolidated and unconsolidated debt was 4.2 years and 4.0 years at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The weighted-average remaining term of our pro rata share of fixed-rate debt was 4.4 and 4.8 years at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
As of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, our pro rata share of consolidated and unconsolidated variable-rate debt represented 22.0% and 22.8%, respectively, of our total pro rata share of debt.
See Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information concerning the amount and terms of our outstanding indebtedness and compliance with applicable covenants and restrictions as of September 30, 2019, as well as activity related to consolidated property loans.
See Note 7 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for information concerning activity related to unconsolidated affiliates.
Credit Ratings
The Operating Partnership's credit ratings of its unsecured long-term indebtedness were as follows as of September 30, 2019:
Rating Agency Rating Outlook
Fitch B- Negative
Moody's Caa1 Negative
S&P BB- Negative


58


Unencumbered Consolidated Portfolio Statistics
(Dollars in thousands, except sales per square foot data)
   
Sales Per Square
Foot for the Twelve
Months Ended (1) (2)
 
Occupancy (2)
 
% of
Consolidated
Unencumbered
NOI for the
Nine Months
Ended
9/30/19
(3)
 
 09/30/19 09/30/18 09/30/19 09/30/18  
Unencumbered consolidated properties:           
Tier 1 Malls N/A
 N/A
 N/A
 N/A
 6.0%
(4) 
Tier 2 Malls $339
 $340
 84.0% 85.7% 45.4% 
Tier 3 Malls 277
 281
 86.8% 89.6% 27.5% 
Total Malls $313
 $315
 85.3% 87.5% 78.9% 
             
Total Associated Centers N/A
 N/A
 95.9% 97.0% 15.8% 
             
Total Community Centers N/A
 N/A
 97.3% 98.1% 5.0% 
             
Total Office Buildings and Other N/A
 N/A
 86.7% 93.6% 0.3% 
             
Total Unencumbered Consolidated Portfolio $313
 $315
 89.1% 90.9% 100.0% 
(1)Represents same-center sales per square foot for mall tenants 10,000 square feet or less for stabilized malls.
(2)Operating metrics are included for unencumbered operating properties and do not include sales or occupancy of unencumbered parcels.
(3)
Our consolidated unencumbered properties generated approximately 26.5% of total consolidated NOI of $383,213 (which excludes NOI related to dispositions) for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.
(4)NOI is derived from unencumbered portions of Tier One properties that are otherwise secured by a loan. The unencumbered portions include outparcels, anchors and former anchors that have been redeveloped.
Equity
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we paid dividends of $59.6 million to holders of CBL's common stock and preferred stock, as well as $15.7 million in distributions to the noncontrolling interest investors in the Operating Partnership and other consolidated subsidiaries. The Operating Partnership paid distributions of $33.7 million and $33.3 million on the preferred units and common units, respectively, as well as distributions of $8.3 million to the noncontrolling interests in other consolidated subsidiaries.
Future dividends payable will be determined by our Board of Directors based upon circumstances at the time of declaration. The dividend was reduced to an annualized rate of $0.30 per share beginning with the dividend payable in January 2019 from the prior annualized rate of $0.80 per share. As previously noted, under the terms of the class action settlement agreement (see Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements), we did not pay any dividends to holders of our common shares payable in the third and fourth quarters of 2019. The settlement agreement does not restrict our ability to declare dividends payable in 2020 or in subsequent years.
As a publicly traded company, and as a subsidiary of a publicly traded company, we previously have accessed capital through both the public equity and debt markets. We currently have a shelf registration statement on file with the SEC authorizing us to publicly issue unspecified amounts of senior and/or subordinated debt securities, shares of preferred stock (or depositary shares representing fractional interests therein), shares of common stock, warrants or rights to purchase any of the foregoing securities, and units consisting of two or more of these classes or series of securities and limited guarantees of debt securities issued by the Operating Partnership. This shelf registration statement also authorized the Operating Partnership to publicly issue unsubordinated debt securities. This shelf registration statement was due to expire in July 2021.  However, the Company no longer qualifies as a well-known seasoned issuer under SEC rules, and we therefore are unable to use this shelf registration.

59


Market Capitalization
Our total-market capitalization as of September 30, 2019 was computed as follows (in thousands, except stock prices): 
 Shares
Outstanding
 
Stock Price (1)
 Value
Common stock and operating partnership units200,228
 $1.29
 $258,294
7.375% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock1,815
 250.00
 453,750
6.625% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock690
 250.00
 172,500
Total market equity 
  
 884,544
Company’s share of total debt, excluding unamortized deferred financing costs 
  
 4,290,398
Total market capitalization 
  
 $5,174,942
 
(1)Stock price for common stock and Operating Partnership units equals the closing price of CBL's common stock on September 30, 2019. The stock prices for the preferred stock represent the liquidation preference of each respective series of preferred stock.
Capital Expenditures
Deferred maintenance expenditures are generally included in the determination of CAM expense that is billed to tenants in accordance with their lease agreements. These expenditures are generally recovered over a 5 to 15-year period. Renovation expenditures are primarily for remodeling and upgrades of malls, of which a portion is recovered from tenants over a 5 to 15-year period.  We recover these costs through fixed amounts with annual increases or pro rata cost reimbursements based on the tenant’s occupied space.
The following table, which excludes expenditures for developments, redevelopments and expansions, summarizes these capital expenditures, including our share of unconsolidated affiliates' capital expenditures, for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2019 compared to the same periods in 2018 (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
Tenant allowances (1)
$10,781
 $6,978
 $21,831
 $35,199
        
Renovations
 
 
 563
        
Deferred maintenance:       
  Parking lot and parking lot lighting315
 206
 529
 871
  Roof repairs and replacements2,083
 270
 4,757
 3,694
  Other capital expenditures5,610
 5,255
 15,094
 15,035
Total deferred maintenance8,008
 5,731
 20,380
 19,600
        
Capitalized overhead423
 832
 1,795
 4,123
        
Capitalized interest787
 1,198
 1,969
 2,736
        
Total capital expenditures$19,999
 $14,739
 $45,975
 $62,221
(1)Tenant allowances primarily relate to new leases. Tenant allowances related to renewal leases were not material for the periods presented.
Annual capital expenditures budgets are prepared for each of our properties that are intended to provide for all necessary recurring and non-recurring capital expenditures. We believe that property operating cash flows, which include reimbursements from tenants for certain expenses, will provide the necessary funding for these expenditures.

60


Developments, Expansions and Redevelopments
The following tables summarize our development, expansion and redevelopment projects as of September 30, 2019.
Properties Opened During the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
(Dollars in thousands)
        CBL's Share of    
Property Location CBL
Ownership
Interest
 Total
Project
Square
Feet
 
Total
Cost
(1)
 
Cost to
Date
(2)
 
2019 YTD
Cost
 

Opening
Date
 Initial
Unleveraged
Yield
Other - Outparcel Development:                
Mid Rivers Mall - CubeSmart Self-
storage
(3) (4)
 St. Peters, MO 50% 93,540
 $4,122
 $3,646
 $973
 Jan-19 9.0%
                 
(1) Total Cost is presented net of reimbursements to be received.
(2) Cost to Date does not reflect reimbursements until they are received.
(3) Outparcel development adjacent to the mall.
(4) Yield is based on the expected yield of the stabilized project.

We opened our second self-storage facility in January. This joint venture project is located adjacent to Mid Rivers Mall. We contributed land as our share of equity which limited the amount of cash investment required.

Redevelopments Completed During the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
(Dollars in thousands)
        CBL's Share of    
Property Location CBL
Ownership
Interest
 Total
Project
Square
Feet
 
Total
Cost
(1)
 
Cost to
Date
(2)
 
2019 YTD
Cost
 

Opening
Date
 Initial
Unleveraged
Yield
Mall Redevelopments:                
Dakota Square Mall - HomeGoods Minot, ND 100% 28,406
 $2,478
 $2,293
 $1,315
 Apr-19 14.4%
East Towne Mall - Portillo's Madison, WI 100% 9,000
 2,956
 2,487
 71
 Feb-19 8.0%
Friendly Center - O2 Fitness Greensboro, NC 50% 27,048
 2,285
 1,696
 289
 Apr-19 10.3%
Hanes Mall - Dave & Buster's Winston-Salem, NC 100% 44,922
 5,932
 4,559
 2,413
 May-19 11.0%
Northgate Mall - Sears Auto Center Redevelopment (Aubrey's/Panda Express) Chattanooga, TN 100% 10,000
 1,797
 530
 17
 Feb-19 7.6%
Parkdale Mall - Macy's Redevelopment (Dick's Sporting Goods/Five Below/HomeGoods) (3)
 Beaumont, TX 100% 86,136
 20,899
 17,641
 11,161
 May-19 6.4%
Volusia Mall - Sears Auto Center Redevelopment (Bonefish Grill/Metro Diner) Daytona Beach, FL 100% 23,341
 9,795
 5,558
 144
 Apr-19 8.0%
Total Redevelopments Completed     228,853
 $46,142
 $34,764
 $15,410
    
                 
(1) Total Cost is presented net of reimbursements to be received.
(2) Cost to Date does not reflect reimbursements until they are received.
(3) The return reflected represents a pro forma incremental return as Total Cost excludes the cost related to the acquisition of the Macy's building in 2017.


61


Properties Under Redevelopment at September 30, 2019
(Dollars in thousands)
        CBL's Share of    
Property Location CBL
Ownership
Interest
 Total
Project
Square
Feet
 
Total
Cost
(1)
 
Cost to
Date
(2)
 
2019 YTD
Cost
 Expected
Opening
Date
 Initial
Unleveraged
Yield
Other Developments:                
Hamilton Place - Self Storage (3)
 Chattanooga, TN 60% 68,875
 $5,824
 $299
 $299
 Q2 '20 8.7%
Parkdale Mall - Self Storage (3)
 Beaumont, TX 50% 69,341
 4,435
 1,373
 1,373
 Q4 '19 10.2%
      138,216
 10,259
 1,672
 1,672
    
                 
Mall Redevelopments:                
Brookfield Square - Sears Redevelopment (Whirlyball/Marcus Theatres) (4)
 Brookfield, WI 100% 130,075
 $25,233
 $24,061
 $10,890
 Q3/Q4 '19 10.1%
CherryVale Mall - Sears Redevelopment (Tilt) Rockford, IL 100% 114,118
 3,508
 1,564
 1,564
 Q2 '20 8.3%
Dakota Square Mall - Herberger's Redevelopment (Ross/Retail Shops/T-Mobile) Minot, ND 100% 30,096
 6,410
 3,348
 3,205
 Q1 '20 7.2%
Hamilton Place - Sears Redevelopment (Cheesecake Factory/Dick's Sporting Goods/Dave & Buster's/Hotel/Office) (4)
 Chattanooga, TN 100% 195,166
 38,715
 23,132
 12,893
 Q2/Q3 '20 7.8%
Laurel Park Place - Carson's Redevelopment (Dunham's Sports) Livonia, MI 100% 45,000
 3,886
 2,898
 2,876
 Q4 '19 5.9%
Mall del Norte - Forever 21 Redevelopment (Main Event) Laredo, TX 100% 81,242
 10,514
 3,959
 3,914
 Q3 '19/Q2 '20 9.3%
      595,697
 88,266
 58,962
 35,342
    
     ��           
Total Properties Under Redevelopment   733,913
 $98,525
 $60,634
 $37,014
    
                 
(1) Total Cost is presented net of reimbursements to be received.
(2) Cost to Date does not reflect reimbursements until they are received.
(3) Yield is based on expected yield once project stabilizes.
(4) The return reflected represents a pro forma incremental return as Total Cost excludes the cost related to the acquisition of the Sears (Brookfield Square and Hamilton Place) buildings in 2017.

             
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
Unconsolidated Affiliates
We have ownership interests in 24 unconsolidated affiliates as of September 30, 2019 that are described in Note 7 to the condensed consolidated financial statements. The unconsolidated affiliates are accounted for using the equity method of accounting and are reflected in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as investments in unconsolidated affiliates.  
The following are circumstances when we may consider entering into a joint venture with a third party:
Third parties may approach us with opportunities in which they have obtained land and performed some pre-development activities, but they may not have sufficient access to the capital resources or the development and leasing expertise to bring the project to fruition. We enter into such arrangements when we determine such a project is viable and we can achieve a satisfactory return on our investment. We typically earn development fees from the joint venture and provide management and leasing services to the property for a fee once the property is placed in operation.
We determine that we may have the opportunity to capitalize on the value we have created in a property by selling an interest in the property to a third party. This provides us with an additional source of capital that can be used to develop or acquire additional real estate assets that we believe will provide greater potential for

62


growth. When we retain an interest in an asset rather than selling a 100% interest, it is typically because this allows us to continue to manage the property, which provides us the ability to earn fees for management, leasing, development and financing services provided to the joint venture.
Guarantees
We may guarantee the debt of a joint venture primarily because it allows the joint venture to obtain funding at a lower cost than could be obtained otherwise. This results in a higher return for the joint venture on its investment, and a higher return on our investment in the joint venture. We may receive a fee from the joint venture for providing the guaranty. Additionally, when we issue a guaranty, the terms of the joint venture agreement typically provide that we may receive indemnification from the joint venture or have the ability to increase our ownership interest.
See Note 12 to the condensed consolidated statements for information related to our guarantees of unconsolidated affiliates' debt as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Our discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the financial statements and disclosures. Some of these estimates and assumptions require application of difficult, subjective, and/or complex judgment about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and that may change in subsequent periods. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 contains a discussion of our critical accounting policies and estimates in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section. There have been no material changes to these policies and estimates during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Our significant accounting policies are disclosed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for information on recently issued accounting pronouncements.
Impact of Inflation and Deflation
Deflation can result in a decline in general price levels, often caused by a decrease in the supply of money or credit.  The predominant effects of deflation are high unemployment, credit contraction and weakened consumer demand.  Restricted lending practices could impact our ability to obtain financings or refinancings for our properties and our tenants’ ability to obtain credit.  Decreases in consumer demand can have a direct impact on our tenants and the rents we receive.
During inflationary periods, substantially all of our tenant leases contain provisions designed to mitigate the impact of inflation.  These provisions include clauses enabling us to receive percentage rent based on tenants' gross sales, which generally increase as prices rise, and/or escalation clauses, which generally increase rental rates during the terms of the leases.  In addition, many of the leases are for terms of less than 10 years, which may provide us the opportunity to replace existing leases with new leases at higher base and/or percentage rent if rents of the existing leases are below the then existing market rate.  Most of the leases require the tenants to pay a fixed amount, subject to annual increases, for their share of operating expenses, including CAM, real estate taxes, insurance and certain capital expenditures, which reduces our exposure to increases in costs and operating expenses resulting from inflation.

63


Non-GAAP Measure
Funds from Operations
FFO is a widely used non-GAAP measure of the operating performance of real estate companies that supplements net income (loss) determined in accordance with GAAP. NAREIT defines FFO as net income (loss) (computed in accordance with GAAP) excluding gains or losses on sales of depreciable operating properties and impairment losses of depreciable properties, plus depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures and noncontrolling interests. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships, joint ventures and noncontrolling interests are calculated on the same basis. We define FFO as defined above by NAREIT less dividends on preferred stock of the Company or distributions on preferred units of the Operating Partnership, as applicable. Our method of calculating FFO may be different from methods used by other REITs and, accordingly, may not be comparable to such other REITs.
We believe that FFO provides an additional indicator of the operating performance of our properties without giving effect to real estate depreciation and amortization, which assumes the value of real estate assets declines predictably over time. Since values of real estate assets have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, we believe that FFO, which excludes historical cost depreciation and amortization, enhances investors’ understanding of our operating performance. The use of FFO as an indicator of financial performance is influenced not only by the operations of our properties and interest rates, but also by our capital structure.
We present both FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders and FFO allocable to common shareholders, as we believe that both are useful performance measures.  We believe FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders is a useful performance measure since we conduct substantially all of our business through our Operating Partnership and, therefore, it reflects the performance of the properties in absolute terms regardless of the ratio of ownership interests of our common shareholders and the noncontrolling interest in our Operating Partnership.  We believe FFO allocable to common shareholders is a useful performance measure because it is the performance measure that is most directly comparable to net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders.
In our reconciliation of net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders to FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders that is presented below, we make an adjustment to add back noncontrolling interest in income (loss) of our Operating Partnership in order to arrive at FFO of the Operating Partnership common unitholders.  We then apply a percentage to FFO of the Operating Partnership common unitholders to arrive at FFO allocable to common shareholders. The percentage is computed by taking the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period and dividing it by the sum of the weighted-average number of common shares and the weighted-average number of Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests during the period.     
FFO does not represent cash flows from operations as defined by GAAP, is not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund all cash flow needs and should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) for purposes of evaluating our operating performance or to cash flow as a measure of liquidity.
The Company believes that it is important to identify the impact of certain significant items on its FFO measures for a reader to have a complete understanding of the Company’s results of operations. Therefore, the Company has also presented adjusted FFO measures excluding these significant items from the applicable periods. Please refer to the reconciliation of net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders to FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders below for a description of these adjustments.
FFO of the Operating Partnership increased 16.8% to $90.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to $77.4 million for the prior-year period, and decreased 19.6% to $203.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to $252.5 million for the prior-year period. Excluding the adjustments noted below, FFO of the Operating Partnership, as adjusted, decreased 14.5% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 to $67.8 million compared to $79.2 million for the same period in 2018, and decreased 23.1% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 to $196.8 million compared to $255.8 million for the same period in 2018. The decrease in FFO, as adjusted, was primarily driven by lower property-level NOI, dilution from asset sales and higher general and administrative expenses resulting from legal fees related to litigation and third party fees related to the new secured term loan.
The reconciliation of net loss attributable to common shareholders to FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders is as follows (in thousands, except per share data):


64


 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
Net loss attributable to common shareholders$(90,116) $(12,590) $(175,715) $(57,930)
Noncontrolling interest in loss of Operating Partnership(13,904) (1,628) (27,116) (8,978)
Depreciation and amortization expense of:       
Consolidated properties64,168
 71,945
 198,438
 217,261
Unconsolidated affiliates14,471
 10,438
 36,599
 31,177
   Non-real estate assets(920) (910) (2,719) (2,748)
Noncontrolling interests' share of depreciation and amortization in other consolidated subsidiaries(2,031) (2,136) (6,836) (6,424)
Loss on impairment135,688
 14,600
 202,121
 84,644
Loss on impairment of unconsolidated affiliates
 1,022
 
 1,022
Gain on depreciable property, net of taxes(16,914) (3,307) (21,755) (5,543)
FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders90,442
 77,434
 203,017
 252,481
Litigation settlement, net of taxes (1)
(22,688) 
 64,979
 
Gain on investments, net of taxes (2)

 
 
 (287)
Non-cash default interest expense (3)

 1,784
 542
 3,616
Gain on extinguishment of debt (4)

 
 (71,722) 
FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders, as adjusted$67,754
 $79,218
 $196,816
 $255,810
        
FFO per diluted share$0.45
 $0.39
 $1.01
 $1.26
        
FFO, as adjusted, per diluted share$0.34
 $0.40
 $0.98
 $1.28
        
Weighted-average common and potential dilutive common shares outstanding with Operating Partnership units fully converted200,230
 199,432
 200,158
 199,630
        
(1) The three months ended September 30, 2019 represents a reduction of $22,688 to the accrued maximum expense of $88,150 related to the settlement of a class action lawsuit that was recorded in the three months ended March 31, 2019. A majority of the reduction of $22,688 relates to past tenants that did not submit a claim pursuant to the terms of the settlement agreement with the remainder relating to tenants that opted out of the lawsuit. The nine months ended September 30, 2019 is comprised of the accrued maximum expense related to the settlement of a class action lawsuit less the reduction recorded in the three months ended September 30, 2019.
(2) The nine months ended September 30, 2018 includes a gain on investment related to the land contributed by the Company to the Self Storage at Mid Rivers 50/50 joint venture.
(3) The nine months ended September 30, 2019 includes default interest expense related to Acadiana Mall and Cary Towne Center. The three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018 include default interest expense related to Acadiana Mall and Cary Towne Center.
(4) The nine months ended September 30, 2019 includes a gain on extinguishment of debt related to the non-recourse loan secured by Acadiana Mall, which was conveyed to the lender in the first quarter of 2019, and a gain on extinguishment of debt related to the non-recourse loan secured by Cary Towne Center, which was sold in the first quarter of 2019.


The reconciliation of diluted EPS to FFO per diluted share is as follows:
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
Diluted EPS attributable to common shareholders$(0.52) $(0.07) $(1.01) $(0.34)
Eliminate amounts per share excluded from FFO:       
Depreciation and amortization expense, including amounts from consolidated properties, unconsolidated affiliates, non-real estate assets and excluding amounts allocated to noncontrolling interests0.38
 0.40
 1.13
 1.20
Loss on impairment0.68
 0.08
 1.00
 0.43
Gain on depreciable property, net of taxes(0.09) (0.02) (0.11) (0.03)
FFO per diluted share$0.45
 $0.39
 $1.01
 $1.26
    

65


The reconciliations of FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders to FFO allocable to common shareholders, including and excluding the adjustments noted above, are as follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018
FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders$90,442
 $77,434
 $203,017
 $252,481
Percentage allocable to common shareholders (1)
86.64% 86.58% 86.63% 86.37%
FFO allocable to common shareholders$78,359
 $67,042
 $175,874
 $218,068
        
FFO allocable to Operating Partnership common unitholders, as adjusted$67,754
 $79,218
 $196,816
 $255,810
Percentage allocable to common shareholders (1)
86.64% 86.58% 86.63% 86.37%
FFO allocable to common shareholders, as adjusted$58,702
 $68,587
 $170,502
 $220,943
(1)Represents the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period divided by the sum of the weighted-average number of common shares and the weighted-average number of Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests during the period.
ITEM 3:    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are exposed to various market risk exposures, including interest rate risk. The following discussion regarding our risk management activities includes forward-looking statements that involve risk and uncertainties.  Estimates of future performance and economic conditions are reflected assuming certain changes in interest rates.  Caution should be used in evaluating our overall market risk from the information presented below, as actual results may differ.  
Interest Rate Risk
Based on our proportionate share of consolidated and unconsolidated variable-rate debt at September 30, 2019, a 0.5% increase or decrease in interest rates on variable-rate debt would decrease or increase annual cash flows by approximately $4.7 million and increase or decrease annual interest expense, after the effect of capitalized interest, by approximately $4.6 million.
Based on our proportionate share of total consolidated and unconsolidated debt at September 30, 2019, a 0.5% increase in interest rates would decrease the fair value of debt by approximately $47.5 million, while a 0.5% decrease in interest rates would increase the fair value of debt by approximately $49.2 million. 
ITEM 4:    Controls and Procedures
 Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, an evaluation was performed under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer and with the participation of our management, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company's and the Operating Partnership's disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company's and the Operating Partnership's disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information that the Company and the Operating Partnership are required to disclose in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms and to ensure that information we are required to disclose is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
In conjunction with the implementation of ASC 842, Leases, which was adopted on January 1, 2019, we modified some of our processes around lease accounting. As a lessee, the guidance impacted the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements through the recognition of right-of-use ("ROU") assets and corresponding lease liabilities for operating leases as of January 1, 2019. As a lessor, the guidance impacted the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements in regard to the narrowed definition of initial direct costs that can be capitalized,

66


the change in the presentation of rental revenues as one line item and the change in reporting uncollectable operating lease receivables as a reduction of rental revenues instead of property operating expense. There have been no other changes in the Company's or the Operating Partnership's internal control over financial reporting during our most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1:    Legal Proceedings
In April 2019, the Company entered into a settlement agreement and release with respect to the class action lawsuit filed on March 16, 2016 in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida by Wave Lengths Hair Salons of Florida, Inc. d/b/a Salon Adrian. The settlement agreement stated that the Company had to set aside a common fund with a monetary and non-monetary value of $90,000 to be disbursed to class members in accordance with an agreed-upon formula that is based upon aggregate damages of $60,000. The Court granted final approval to the proposed settlement on August 22, 2019. Class members are comprised of past and current tenants at certain of the Company's shopping centers that it owns or formerly owned during the class period, which extended from January 1, 2011 through the date of preliminary court approval. Class members who are past tenants and made a claim pursuant to the Court's order will receive payment of their claims in cash. Class members who are current tenants will receive monthly credits against rents and future charges, beginning no earlier than January 1, 2020 and continuing for the following five years. Any amounts under the settlement allocated to tenants with outstanding amounts payable to the Company, including tenants which have declared bankruptcy or declare bankruptcy over the relevant period, will first be deducted from the amounts owed to the Company. All attorney’s fees and associated costs to be paid to class counsel (up to a maximum of $28,000), any incentive award to the class representative (up to a maximum of $50), and class administration costs (which are expected to not exceed $100), have or will be funded by the common fund, which has been approved by the Court. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, the Company did not pay any dividends to holders of its common shares payable in the third and fourth quarters of 2019. The settlement agreement does not restrict the Company's ability to declare dividends payable in 2020 or in subsequent years. The Company recorded an accrued liability and corresponding litigation settlement expense of $88,150 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 related to the settlement agreement. The Company reduced the accrued liability by $22,688 during the three months ended September 30, 2019, a majority of which was related to past tenants that did not submit a claim pursuant to the terms of the settlement agreement with the remainder relating to tenants that opted out of the lawsuit. Subsequent to September 30, 2019, the Company paid $23,050 in attorney and administrative fees related to the previously accrued litigation settlement payable (see Note 15). The Company also received document requests in the third quarter, in the form of subpoenas, from the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Department of Justice regarding the Wave Lengths Hair Salons of Florida, Inc. litigation and other related matters.  The Company is cooperating in these matters.
We are currently involved in certain other litigation that arises in the ordinary course of business, most of which is expected to be covered by liability insurance. Based on current expectations, such matters, both individually and in the aggregate, are not expected to have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, results of operations, business or financial condition.     
Securities Litigation
The Company and certain of its officers and directors have been named as defendants in three putative securities class action lawsuits (collectively, the “Securities Class Action Litigation”), each filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee, on behalf of all persons who purchased or otherwise acquired the Company’s securities during a specified period of time.  The first such lawsuit, captioned Paskowitz v. CBL & Associates Properties, Inc., et al., 1:19-cv-00149-JRG-CHS, was filed on May 17, 2019, and asserts claims on behalf of persons or entities that purchased CBL securities between November 8, 2017 and March 26, 2019, inclusive.  The second such lawsuit, captioned Williams v. CBL & Associates Properties, Inc., et al., 1:19-cv-00181, was filed on June 21, 2019, and asserts claims on behalf of persons or entities that purchased CBL securities between April 29, 2016 and March 26, 2019, inclusive.  The third such lawsuit, captioned Merelles v. CBL & Associates Properties, Inc., et al., 1:19-CV-00193, was filed on July 2, 2019, and asserts claims on behalf of persons or entities that purchased CBL securities between July 29, 2014 and March 26, 2019.  The Court consolidated these cases on July 17, 2019, under the caption In re CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. Securities Litigation, 1:19-cv-00149-JRG-CHS. After plaintiff Laurence Paskowitz voluntarily dismissed his case on July 25, 2019, the Court re-consolidated the two remaining cases under the caption In re CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. Securities Litigation, 1:19-cv-00181-JRG-CHS, on August 2, 2019.  On September 26, 2019, the Merelles complaint was voluntarily dismissed.

67


The complaints filed in the Securities Class Action Litigation allege violations of the securities laws, including, among other things, that the defendants made certain materially false and misleading statements and omissions regarding the Company’s contingent liabilities, business, operations, and prospects during the periods of time specified above.  The plaintiffs seek compensatory damages and attorneys’ fees and costs, among other relief, but have not specified the amount of damages sought.  The outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty.
Certain of the Company’s current and former directors and officers have been named as defendants in five shareholder derivative lawsuits (collectively, the “Derivative Litigation”).  On June 4, 2019, a shareholder filed a putative derivative complaint captioned Robert Garfield v. Stephen D. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-01038-LPS, in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (the “Garfield Derivative Action”), purportedly on behalf of the Company against certain of its officers and directors.  On June 24, 2019, September 5, 2019 and September 25, 2019, respectively, other shareholders filed three additional putative derivative complaints, each in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, captioned as follows: Robert Cohen v. Stephen D. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-01185-LPS (the “Cohen Derivative Action”); Travis Lore v. Stephen D. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-01665-LPS (the “Lore Derivative Action”), and City of Gainesville Cons. Police Officers’ and Firefighters Retirement Plan v. Stephen D. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-01800 (the “Gainesville Derivative Action”), each asserting substantially similar claims purportedly on behalf of the Company against similar defendants.  The Court consolidated the Garfield Derivative Action and the Cohen Derivative Action on July 17, 2019, under the caption In re CBL & Associates Properties, Inc. Derivative Litigation, 1:19-cv-01038-LPS (the "Consolidated Derivative Action"). On July 25, 2019, the Court stayed proceedings in the Consolidated Derivative Action pending resolution of an eventual motion to dismiss in the Securities Class Action Litigation.  On October 14, 2019, the parties to the Gainesville Derivative Action and the Lore Derivative Action filed a joint stipulation and proposed order confirming that each of those cases is subject to the consolidation order previously entered by the Court in the Consolidated Derivative Action and that further proceedings in those cases are stayed pending resolution of an eventual motion to dismiss in the Securities Class Action Litigation. On July 22, 2019, another shareholder filed a putative derivative complaint captioned Shebitz v. Lebovitz et al., 1:19-cv-00213, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee (the “Shebitz Derivative Action”), asserting substantially similar claims purportedly on behalf of the Company against similar defendants. On October 7, 2019, the Court stayed the Shebitz Derivative Action pending resolution of an eventual motion to dismiss in the related Securities Class Action Litigation.
The complaints filed in the Derivative Litigation allege, among other things, breaches of fiduciary duties, unjust enrichment, waste of corporate assets, and violations of the federal securities laws.  The factual allegations upon which these claims are based are similar to the factual allegations made in the Securities Class Action Litigation, described above.  The complaints filed in the Derivative Litigation seek, among other things, unspecified damages and restitution for the Company from the individual defendants, the payment of costs and attorneys’ fees, and that the Company be directed to reform certain governance and internal procedures.  The outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty.
The Company's insurance carriers have been placed on notice of these matters.
ITEM 1A.    Risk Factors
In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the risks that could materially affect our business, financial condition or results of operations that are discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. There have been no material changes to such risk factors since the filing of our Annual Report.
ITEM 2:    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 
None.
ITEM 3:    Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None. 
ITEM 4:    Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable. 
ITEM 5:    Other Information
None.

68


ITEM 6:    Exhibits

INDEX TO EXHIBITS
 Exhibit
 Number
 Description
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.INS XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document. (Filed herewith.)
101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document. (Filed herewith.)
101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document. (Filed herewith.)
101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document. (Filed herewith.)
101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document. (Filed herewith.)
101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document. (Filed herewith.)
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL with applicable taxonomy extension information contained in Exhibits 101.*). (Filed herewith.)
* Commission File No. 1-12494 and 333-182515-01.


69


SIGNATURES



Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.


CBL & ASSOCIATES PROPERTIES, INC.

/s/ Farzana Khaleel
_____________________________________
Farzana Khaleel
Executive Vice President -
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
(Authorized Officer and Principal Financial Officer)



CBL & ASSOCIATES LIMITED PARTNERSHIP

By: CBL HOLDINGS I, INC., its general partner

/s/ Farzana Khaleel
_____________________________________
Farzana Khaleel
Executive Vice President -
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
(Authorized Officer and Principal Financial Officer)










Date: November 12, 2019

70