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ROCK Gibraltar Industries

Filed: 29 Oct 20, 3:43pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 rock-20200930_g1.gif
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                     to                     
Commission File Number 0-22462
 
GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
Delaware 16-1445150
(State or incorporation ) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
3556 Lake Shore RoadP.O. Box 2028BuffaloNew York 14219-0228
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (716) 826-6500
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per shareROCKNASDAQ Stock Market
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicated by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No  

As of October 26, 2020, the number of common shares outstanding was: 32,522,138.


GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
INDEX
 

2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended 
 
September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 
September 30,
 2020201920202019
Net Sales$329,665 $299,236 $864,918 $789,308 
Cost of sales244,222 222,658 650,830 605,272 
Gross profit85,443 76,578 214,088 184,036 
Selling, general, and administrative expense41,584 45,158 120,448 115,444 
Income from operations43,859 31,420 93,640 68,592 
Interest expense218 17 385 2,297 
Other expense (income)53 84 (1,542)660 
Income before taxes43,588 31,319 94,797 65,635 
Provision for income taxes9,828 6,843 21,686 14,901 
Net income$33,760 $24,476 $73,111 $50,734 
Net earnings per share:
Basic$1.03 $0.75 $2.24 $1.57 
Diluted$1.02 $0.75 $2.22 $1.55 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic32,635 32,470 32,606 32,357 
Diluted32,969 32,770 32,902 32,677 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
3

GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended 
 
September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 
September 30,
 2020201920202019
Net income$33,760 $24,476 $73,111 $50,734 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustment2,200 (664)(883)1,176 
Minimum pension and post retirement benefit plan adjustments18 12 54 36 
Other comprehensive income (loss)2,218 (652)(829)1,212 
Total comprehensive income$35,978 $23,824 $72,282 $51,946 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
4

GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share data)
September 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
(unaudited)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$179,816 $191,363 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $3,319 and $6,330203,488 147,515 
Inventories, net77,943 78,476 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets20,306 19,748 
Total current assets481,553 437,102 
Property, plant, and equipment, net94,983 95,409 
Operating lease assets32,359 27,662 
Goodwill382,427 329,705 
Acquired intangibles108,821 92,592 
Other assets1,703 1,980 
$1,101,846 $984,450 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$131,746 $83,136 
Accrued expenses106,480 98,463 
Billings in excess of cost31,267 47,598 
Total current liabilities269,493 229,197 
Deferred income taxes40,942 40,334 
Non-current operating lease liabilities23,314 19,669 
Other non-current liabilities22,022 21,286 
Shareholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; authorized 10,000 shares; NaN outstanding
Common stock, $0.01 par value; authorized 50,000 shares; 33,519 shares and 33,192 shares issued and outstanding in 2020 and 2019335 332 
Additional paid-in capital302,107 295,582 
Retained earnings478,488 405,668 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(6,220)(5,391)
Cost of 1,024 and 906 common shares held in treasury in 2020 and 2019(28,635)(22,227)
Total shareholders’ equity746,075 673,964 
$1,101,846 $984,450 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
5

GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited) 
Nine Months Ended 
 
September 30,
 20202019
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net income$73,111 $50,734 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization17,325 14,923 
Stock compensation expense6,151 10,087 
Gain on sale of business(1,881)
Exit activity costs, non-cash505 479 
Provision for (benefit of) deferred income taxes668 (429)
Other, net1,402 3,267 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions:
Accounts receivable(40,176)(56,645)
Inventories6,102 18,617 
Other current assets and other assets6,095 (6,949)
Accounts payable13,408 22,770 
Accrued expenses and other non-current liabilities(26,516)15,640 
Net cash provided by operating activities56,194 72,494 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired(54,385)(8,665)
Net proceeds from sale of property and equipment568 87 
Purchases of property, plant, and equipment(9,335)(7,703)
Net proceeds from sale of business2,000 
Net cash used in investing activities(61,152)(16,281)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Long-term debt payments(212,000)
Payment of debt issuance costs(1,235)
Purchase of treasury stock at market prices(6,408)(3,495)
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock377 400 
Net cash used in financing activities(6,031)(216,330)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(558)729 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(11,547)(159,388)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year191,363 297,006 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$179,816 $137,618 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
6

GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
(unaudited) 
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Treasury StockTotal
Shareholders’ Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 201933,192 $332 $295,582 $405,668 $(5,391)906 $(22,227)$673,964 
Net income— — — 12,059 — — — 12,059 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — (5,898)— — (5,898)
Minimum pension and post retirement benefit plan adjustments, net of taxes of $7— — — — 18 — — 18 
Stock compensation expense— — 1,665 — — — — 1,665 
Cumulative effect of accounting change (See Note 2)— — — (291)— — — (291)
Stock options exercised— 24 — — — — 24 
Net settlement of restricted stock units193 (2)— — 80 (4,184)(4,184)
Balance at March 31, 202033,388 $334 $297,269 $417,436 $(11,271)986 $(26,411)$677,357 
Net income— — — 27,292 — — — 27,292 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — 2,815 — — 2,815 
Minimum pension and post retirement benefit plan adjustments, net of taxes of $6— — — — 18 — — 18 
Stock compensation expense— — 2,506 — — — — 2,506 
Stock options exercised— 54 — — — — 54 
Awards of common shares— — — — — — — 
Net settlement of restricted stock units15 — — (278)(278)
Balance at June 30, 202033,413 $334 $299,829 $444,728 $(8,438)993 $(26,689)$709,764 
Net income— — — 33,760 — — — 33,760 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — 2,200 — — 2,200 
Minimum pension and post retirement benefit plan adjustments, net of taxes of $7— — — — 18 — — 18 
Stock compensation expense— — 1,980 — — — — 1,980 
Stock options exercised31 — 299 — — — — 299 
Net settlement of restricted stock units75 (1)— — 31 (1,946)(1,946)
Balance at September 30, 202033,519 $335 $302,107 $478,488 $(6,220)1,024 $(28,635)$746,075 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
7

GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
(unaudited) 
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Treasury StockTotal
Shareholders’ Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 201832,887 $329 $282,525 $338,995 $(7,234)796 $(17,922)$596,693 
Net income— — — 6,345 — — — 6,345 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — 842 — — 842 
Minimum pension and post retirement benefit plan adjustments, net of taxes of $4— — — — 12 — — 12 
Stock compensation expense— — 2,371 — — — — 2,371 
Cumulative effect of accounting change— — — 1,582 — — — 1,582 
Stock options exercised12 — 139 — — — — 139 
Net settlement of restricted stock units127 (1)— — 59 (2,151)(2,151)
Balance at March 31, 201933,026 $330 $285,034 $346,922 $(6,380)855 $(20,073)$605,833 
Net income— — — 19,913 — — — 19,913 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — 998 — — 998 
Minimum pension and post retirement benefit plan adjustments, net of taxes of $5— — — — 12 — — 12 
Stock compensation expense— — 3,720 — — — — 3,720 
Stock options exercised— 69 — — — — 69 
Awards of common shares— — — — — — — 
Net settlement of restricted stock units62 (1)— — 25 (998)(998)
Balance at June 30, 201933,101 $331 $288,822 $366,835 $(5,370)880 $(21,071)$629,547 
Net income— — — 24,476 — — — 24,476 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — (664)— — (664)
Minimum pension and post retirement benefit plan adjustments, net of taxes of $4— — — — 12 — — 12 
Stock compensation expense— — 3,996 — — — — 3,996 
Stock options exercised16 — 192 — — — — 192 
Net settlement of restricted stock units28 (1)— — (346)(346)
Balance at September 30, 201933,145 $332 $293,009 $391,311 $(6,022)888 $(21,417)$657,213 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
8

GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

(1)    CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Gibraltar Industries, Inc. (the "Company") have been prepared by management in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, all adjustments consisting of normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for the fair presentation of results for the interim period have been included. The Company's operations are seasonal; for this and other reasons, such as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, financial results for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for any subsequent interim period or for the full year. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in our annual Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

The balance sheet at December 31, 2019 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.



9



(2)    RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted
StandardDescriptionFinancial Statement Effect or Other Significant Matters
ASU No. 2016-13
Financial Instruments - Credit Losses
(Topic 326)

The objective of this standard is to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit, including trade receivables, held by an entity at each reporting date. The amendments in this update replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates.
The standard is effective for the Company as of January 1, 2020. The Company adopted the amendments in this update using the modified retrospective approach through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings of $291,000, net of $96,000 of income taxes, on the opening consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2020. The Company's financial assets that are in the scope of the standard are contract assets and accounts receivables which are short-term in nature. Additionally, the Company has identified and implemented appropriate changes to the Company's business processes, policies and internal controls to support reporting and disclosures.


Date of adoption: Q1 2020

ASU 2018-15
Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40), Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract

The amendments in this update require an entity to apply the same requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract as the entity would for implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The accounting for the service element is not affected by the amendments in this update.
The standard is effective for the Company as of January 1, 2020. The Company adopted the amendments in this update using the prospective method of adoption, and the adoption did not have a material impact to the Company's financial statements.


Date of adoption: Q1 2020

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
StandardDescriptionFinancial Statement Effect or Other Significant Matters
ASU No. 2019-12
Income Taxes (Topic 740), Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes

The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and improve consistent application by clarifying and amending existing guidance. The amendments of this standard are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period for which financial statements have not been issued, with the amendments to be applied on a respective, modified retrospective or prospective basis, depending on the specific amendment.
The Company is currently evaluating the requirements of this standard. The standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's financial statements.










Date of adoption: Q1 2021

10

(3)    ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE AND ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS

Accounts receivable consists of the following (in thousands):
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Trade accounts receivable$171,375 $133,238 
Costs in excess of billings35,432 20,607 
Total accounts receivables206,807 153,845 
Less allowance for doubtful accounts and contract assets(3,319)(6,330)
Accounts receivable$203,488 $147,515 

Refer to Note 4 "Revenue" concerning the Company's costs in excess of billings.

The Company is exposed to credit losses through sales of products and services. The Company’s expected loss allowance methodology for accounts receivable and costs in excess of billings (collectively "accounts receivable") is developed using historical collection experience, current and future economic and market conditions, and a review of the current status of customers' accounts receivables. Due to the short-term nature of such accounts receivable, the estimated amount of accounts receivable that may not be collected is based on aging of the accounts receivable balances. Additionally, specific allowance amounts are established to record the appropriate provision for customers that no longer share risk characteristics similar with other accounts receivable. The Company’s monitoring activities include timely account reconciliation, dispute resolution, payment confirmation, consideration of customers' financial condition and macroeconomic conditions. Balances are written off when determined to be uncollectible. The Company considered the current and expected future economic and market conditions surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic and determined that the estimate of credit losses was not significantly impacted as of September 30, 2020.

Estimates are used to determine the allowance. It is based on assessment of anticipated payment and all other historical, current and future information that is reasonably available.

The following table provides a roll-forward of the allowance for credit losses that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of accounts receivable to present the net amount expected to be collected.
Beginning balance as of January 1, 2020$6,330 
Adoption of ASU 2016-13, cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings387 
Bad debt expense, net of recoveries780 
Write-off charged against the allowance and other adjustments(4,178)
Ending balance as of September 30, 2020$3,319 


(4)    REVENUE

Sales includes revenue from contracts with customers for designing, engineering, manufacturing and installation of solar racking systems and greenhouse structures; extraction systems; roof and foundation ventilation products; centralized mail systems and electronic package solutions; rain dispersion products and roofing accessories; expanded and perforated metal; perimeter security solutions; expansion joints and structural bearings.

Refer to Note 14 "Segment Information" for additional information related to revenue recognized by timing of transfer of control by reportable segment.

As of September 30, 2020, the Company's remaining performance obligations are part of contracts that have an original expected duration of one year or less.

Contract assets consist of costs in excess of billings. Contract liabilities consist of billings in excess of cost and unearned revenue. The following table presents the beginning and ending balances of costs in excess of billings, billings in excess of cost and unearned revenue as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively,
11

and revenue recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, that was in billings in excess of cost and unearned revenue at the beginning of the period (in thousands):
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Costs in excess of billings$35,432 $20,607 
Billings in excess of cost(31,267)(47,598)
Unearned revenue(18,951)(17,311)
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2019
Revenue recognized in the period from:
Amounts included in billings in excess of cost
at the beginning of the period
$44,723 $14,137 
Amounts included in unearned revenue
at the beginning of the period
$13,614 $11,052 


(5)    INVENTORIES

Inventories consist of the following (in thousands):
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Raw material$47,275 $48,799 
Work-in-process6,195 5,988 
Finished goods29,264 28,021 
Gross inventory$82,734 $82,808 
Less reserves(4,791)(4,332)
Total inventories$77,943 $78,476 

12

(6)    ACQUISITIONS

2020 Acquisitions

On February 13, 2020, the Company purchased substantially all of the assets of Delta Separations, LLC, a California limited liability company, and Teaching Tech, LLC, a California limited liability company (collectively, "Delta Separations"). Delta Separations was a privately-held engineering company primarily engaged in the assembly and sale of centrifugal ethanol-based extraction systems. The results of Delta Separations have been included in the Company's consolidated financial results since the date of acquisition within the Company's Renewable Energy and Conservation segment. The purchase consideration for the acquisition of Delta Separations was $47.1 million, which includes a working capital adjustment and certain other adjustments provided for in the asset purchase agreement.

The purchase price for the acquisition of the assets was allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based upon their respective fair values. The excess consideration was recorded as goodwill and approximated $32.2 million, all of which is deductible for tax purposes. Goodwill represents future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified including workforce additions, growth opportunities, and presence in the extraction processing markets.

The allocation of the purchase consideration to the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is as follows as of the date of the acquisition (in thousands):
Working capital$3,918 
Property, plant and equipment219 
Acquired intangible assets13,900 
Other assets951 
Other liabilities(4,027)
Goodwill32,151 
Fair value of purchase consideration$47,112 


The intangible assets acquired in this acquisition consisted of the following (in thousands):
Fair ValueWeighted-Average Amortization Period
Trademarks$6,900 Indefinite
Technology3,200 10 years
Customer relationships3,200 11 years
Non-compete agreements300 5 years
Backlog300 0.25 years
Total$13,900 

On January 15, 2020, the Company purchased substantially all of the assets of Thermo Energy Systems Inc. ("Thermo"), a Canadian-based, privately held provider of commercial greenhouse solutions in North America providing growing infrastructure for the plant based organic food market. The results of Thermo have been included in the Company's consolidated financial results since the date of acquisition within the Company's Renewable Energy and Conservation segment. The preliminary purchase consideration for the acquisition of Thermo was $7.3 million.
The purchase price for the acquisition was preliminarily allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based upon their respective estimated fair values and the remaining consideration was recorded to goodwill. Goodwill of approximately $19.5 million was recorded, all of which is deductible for tax purposes. Goodwill represents future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified including workforce additions, growth opportunities, and increased presence in the commercial greenhouse
13

markets. The preliminary allocation of the purchase price is subject to adjustments during the measurement period as third-party valuations are finalized. The final purchase price allocation will be completed no later than the first quarter of 2021.
The preliminary allocation of the purchase consideration to the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is as follows as of the date of the acquisition (in thousands):
Cash$135 
Working capital(23,450)
Property, plant and equipment1,087 
Acquired intangible assets10,102 
Other assets1,363 
Other liabilities(1,363)
Goodwill19,459 
Fair value of purchase consideration$7,333 

The intangible assets acquired in this acquisition consisted of the following (in thousands):
Fair ValueWeighted-Average Amortization Period
Trademarks$1,122 3 years
Technology3,218 10 years
Customer relationships4,939 12 years
Non-compete agreements224 5 years
Backlog599 0.75 years
Total$10,102 

2019 Acquisition
On August 30, 2019, the Company acquired all of the outstanding membership interests of Apeks LLC ("Apeks"), a designer and manufacturer of botanical oil extraction systems and equipment. The results of Apeks have been included in the Company's consolidated financial results since the date of acquisition within the Company's Renewable Energy and Conservation segment. The aggregate purchase consideration for the acquisition of Apeks was $12.6 million, which includes a working capital adjustment and certain other adjustments provided for in the membership interest purchase agreement.
The purchase price for the acquisition was allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based upon their respective fair values. The excess consideration was recorded as goodwill and approximated $6.4 million, all of which is deductible for tax purposes. Goodwill represents future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified including workforce additions, growth opportunities, and presence in the extraction processing markets.
The allocation of the purchase consideration to the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is as follows as of the date of the acquisition (in thousands):
Cash$4,154 
Working capital(1,515)
Property, plant and equipment1,059 
Acquired intangible assets3,000 
Other assets508 
Other liabilities(1,081)
Goodwill6,436 
Fair value of purchase consideration$12,561 
14


The intangible assets acquired in this acquisition consisted of the following (in thousands):
Fair ValueWeighted-Average Amortization Period
Trademarks$1,400 Indefinite
Technology900 7 years
Customer relationships700 6 years
Total$3,000 

In determining the allocation of the purchase price to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed, the Company uses all available information to make fair value determinations using Level 3 unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, and therefore, engages independent valuation specialists to assist in the fair value determination of the acquired long-lived assets.

The acquisitions of Delta Separations, Thermo and Apeks were funded from available cash on hand.

The Company incurred certain acquisition-related costs composed of legal and consulting fees. These costs were recognized as a component of selling, general, and administrative expenses in the consolidated statement of operations. The Company also recognized costs as a component of cost of sales related to the sale of inventory at fair value as a result of allocating the purchase price of recent acquisitions.

The acquisition-related costs consisted of the following for the three and nine months ended September 30 (in thousands):

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Selling, general and administrative costs$16 $470 $1,564 $474 
Cost of sales134 634 134 
Total acquisition-related costs$16 $604 $2,198 $608 


















15

(7)    GOODWILL AND RELATED INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Goodwill
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 are as follows (in thousands):
Renewable Energy & ConservationResidential ProductsIndustrial and
Infrastructure
Products
Total
Balance at December 31, 2019$77,602 $198,075 $54,028 $329,705 
Acquired goodwill51,629 51,629 
Adjustments to prior year acquisitions579 579 
Foreign currency translation664 (150)514 
Balance at September 30, 2020$130,474 $198,075 $53,878 $382,427 

The Company conducts its annual goodwill impairment test as of October 31 each year. All of the Company’s 10 reporting units had fair values exceeding their carrying values as of October 31, 2019. In addition to the annual impairment test, the Company is required to regularly assess whether a triggering event has occurred which would require interim impairment testing. The Company considered the current and future macroeconomic and market conditions, along with its current market capitalization, projected cash flows and internal and external forecasts, and projections relating to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on each of its reporting units. The Company determined that a triggering event has not occurred which would require an interim impairment test to be performed.

Acquired Intangible Assets
Acquired intangible assets consist of the following (in thousands):
 September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
 Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
Trademarks$52,170 $$45,770 $
Finite-lived intangible assets:
Trademarks7,235 4,557 6,139 4,105 
Unpatented technology35,962 17,970 29,544 15,807 
Customer relationships79,702 44,723 71,195 40,294 
Non-compete agreements2,174 1,689 1,649 1,499 
Backlog899 382 — 
125,972 69,321 108,527 61,705 
Total acquired intangible assets$178,142 $69,321 $154,297 $61,705 

The following table summarizes the acquired intangible asset amortization expense for the three and nine months ended September 30 (in thousands):
Three Months Ended 
 
September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 
September 30,
2020201920202019
Amortization expense$3,041 $1,840 $7,531 $5,434 


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Amortization expense related to acquired intangible assets for the remainder of fiscal 2020 and the next five years thereafter is estimated as follows (in thousands):
202020212022202320242025
Amortization expense$2,247 $8,772 $8,294 $7,664 $7,132 $6,961 


(8)    LONG-TERM DEBT

The Company did 0t have any long-term debt outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

Senior Credit Agreement

On January 24, 2019, the Company entered into a Sixth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement ("Senior Credit Agreement"), which amended and restated the Company’s Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated December 9, 2015, and provides for a revolving credit facility and letters of credit in an aggregate amount equal to $400 million. The Company can request additional financing from the lenders to increase the revolving credit facility to $700 million or enter into a term loan of up to $300 million subject to conditions set forth in the Senior Credit Agreement. The Senior Credit Agreement contains 3 financial covenants. As of September 30, 2020, the Company is in compliance with all 3 covenants.

Borrowings under the Senior Credit Agreement are secured by the trade receivables, inventory, personal property, equipment, and general intangibles of the Company’s significant domestic subsidiaries.

Standby letters of credit of $5.9 million have been issued under the Senior Credit Agreement on behalf of the Company as of September 30, 2020. These letters of credit reduce the amount otherwise available under the revolving credit facility. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had $394.1 million of availability under the revolving credit facility. NaN borrowings were outstanding under the Company's revolving credit facility at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.


(9)    ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME

The following tables summarize the cumulative balance of each component of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, for the three and nine months ended September 30, (in thousands):
Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentMinimum  pension and post retirement benefit plan
adjustments
Total Pre-Tax AmountTax (Benefit) ExpenseAccumulated  Other
Comprehensive
(Loss) Income
Balance at December 31, 2019$(4,173)$(1,939)$(6,112)$(721)$(5,391)
Minimum pension and post retirement health care plan adjustments— 25 25 18 
Foreign currency translation adjustment(5,898)— (5,898)— (5,898)
Balance at March 31, 2020$(10,071)$(1,914)$(11,985)$(714)$(11,271)
Minimum pension and post retirement health care plan adjustments— 24 24 18 
Foreign currency translation adjustment2,815 — 2,815 — 2,815 
Balance at June 30, 2020$(7,256)$(1,890)$(9,146)$(708)$(8,438)
Minimum pension and post retirement health care plan adjustments— 25 25 18 
Foreign currency translation adjustment2,200 — 2,200 — 2,200 
Balance at September 30, 2020$(5,056)$(1,865)$(6,921)$(701)$(6,220)
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Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentMinimum  pension and post retirement benefit plan
adjustments
Total Pre-Tax AmountTax (Benefit) ExpenseAccumulated  Other
Comprehensive
(Loss) Income
Balance at December 31, 2018$(5,939)$(2,040)$(7,979)$(745)$(7,234)
Minimum pension and post retirement health care plan adjustments— 16 16 12 
Foreign currency translation adjustment842 — 842 — 842 
Balance at March 31, 2019$(5,097)$(2,024)$(7,121)$(741)$(6,380)
Minimum pension and post retirement health care plan adjustments— 17 17 12 
Foreign currency translation adjustment998 — 998 — 998 
Balance at June 30, 2019$(4,099)$(2,007)$(6,106)$(736)$(5,370)
Minimum pension and post retirement health care plan adjustments— 16 16 12 
Foreign currency translation adjustment(664)— (664)— (664)
Balance at September 30, 2019$(4,763)$(1,991)$(6,754)$(732)$(6,022)

The realized adjustments relating to the Company’s minimum pension liability and post retirement health care costs were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss and included in other expense in the consolidated statements of income.

(10)    EQUITY-BASED COMPENSATION
On May 4, 2018, the shareholders of the Company approved the adoption of the Gibraltar Industries, Inc. 2018 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2018 Plan"). The 2018 Plan provides for the issuance of up to 1,000,000 shares of common stock and supplements the remaining shares available for issuance under the existing Gibraltar Industries, Inc. 2015 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2015 Plan"). Both the 2018 Plan and the 2015 Plan allow the Company to grant equity-based incentive compensation awards, in the form of non-qualified options, restricted shares, restricted stock units, performance shares, performance stock units, and stock rights to eligible participants.
In 2016, the shareholders of the Company approved the adoption of the Gibraltar Industries, Inc. 2016 Stock Plan for Non-Employee Directors ("Non-Employee Directors Plan") which allows the Company to grant awards of shares of the Company's common stock to non-employee Directors of the Company and permits the Directors to defer receipt of such shares pursuant to the terms of the Non-Employee Directors Plan.

Equity Based Awards - Settled in Stock

The following table sets forth the number of equity-based awards granted during the nine months ended September 30, which will convert to shares upon vesting, along with the weighted average grant date fair values:
 20202019
AwardsNumber of
Awards
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Number of
Awards (2)
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Performance stock units (1)129,513 $53.30 183,908 $40.49 
Restricted stock units74,247 $56.24 144,172 $39.43 
Deferred stock units12,402 $45.98 7,509 $37.95 
Common shares4,134 $45.98 7,509 $37.95 
(1) The Company’s performance stock units (“PSUs”) represent shares granted for which the final number of shares earned depends on financial performance or market conditions. The number of shares to be issued may vary between 0% and 200% of the number of performance stock units granted depending on the relative achievement to targeted thresholds. The Company's PSUs with a financial performance
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condition are based on either the Company’s return on invested capital (“ROIC”) over a one-year performance period or revenue, gross profit and operating profit thresholds over a two or three-year performance period. The Company's PSUs with a market condition are based on the ranking of the Company’s total shareholder return (“TSR”) performance, on a percentile basis, over a three year performance period compared to the S&P Small Cap Industrial sector, over the same three year performance period.
(2) Performance stock units granted in 2019 include 168,688 PSUs to be converted to shares and issued to recipients in the first quarter of 2022, representing 116% of the targeted 2019 award, based on the Company’s actual ROIC compared to ROIC target for the performance period ended December 31, 2019 and 38,488 PSUs with a performance end date of December 31, 2021.
Equity Based Awards - Settled in Cash

The Company's equity-based liability is comprised of awards under a management stock purchase plan. As of September 30, 2020, the Company's total share-based liabilities recorded on the consolidated balance sheet were $30.2 million, of which $13.5 million was included in non-current liabilities. The share-based liabilities as of December 31, 2019 were $28.0 million, of which $13.2 million was included in non-current liabilities.

The Management Stock Purchase Plan ("MSPP") provides participants the ability to defer a portion of their compensation, convertible to unrestricted investments, restricted stock units, or a combination of both, or defer a portion of their directors’ fees, convertible to restricted stock units. Employees eligible to defer a portion of their compensation also receive a company-matching award in restricted stock units equal to a percentage of their compensation.

The deferrals and company-matching are credited to an account that represents a share-based liability. Eligible employees may direct their deferrals to invest in phantom restricted stock units that are measured on the 200-day average of the Company’s stock price, hypothetical investment alternatives available under the Company’s 401(k) plan that are measured at market value, or a combination of both. Non-employee directors may only direct their deferrals into phantom restricted stock units that are measured on the 200-day average of the Company’s stock price. The company-matching is made in phantom restricted stock units and measured on the 200-day average of the Company’s stock price. The account will be converted to and settled in cash payable to participants upon retirement or a termination of their service to the Company.

The following table provides the number of restricted stock units credited to active participant accounts and the payments made with respect to restricted stock units issued under the MSPP during the nine months ended September 30,:
20202019
Restricted stock units credited54,974 51,381 
Share-based liabilities paid (in thousands)$4,433 $5,742 


(11)    EXIT ACTIVITY COSTS AND ASSET IMPAIRMENTS

The Company has incurred exit activity costs and asset impairment charges as a result of its 80/20 simplification and portfolio management initiatives. These initiatives have resulted in the identification of low-volume, low margin, internally-produced products which have been or will be outsourced or discontinued, the simplification of processes, the sale and exiting of less profitable businesses or product lines, and the reduction in our manufacturing footprint.

Exit activity costs were incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 which related to moving and closing costs, contract terminations, and severance incurred as a result of process simplification initiatives. In conjunction with these initiatives, the Company closed 1 facility and, separately, sold a facility closed in 2017 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company closed 1 facility as a result of these initiatives.

The following tables set forth the asset impairment charges and exit activity costs incurred by segment during the three and nine months ended September 30, related to the restructuring activities described above (in thousands):
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Three months ended September 30,
20202019
Inventory write-downs &/or asset impairment chargesExit activity costsTotalInventory write-downs &/or asset impairment (recoveries) charges, netExit activity costsTotal
Renewable Energy and Conservation$$172 $172 $(9)$46 $37 
Residential Products21 165 186 478 2,937 3,415 
Industrial and Infrastructure Products138 114 252 10 275 285 
Corporate17 17 246 246 
Total exit activity costs & asset impairments$159 $468 $627 $479 $3,504 $3,983 


Nine months ended September 30,
20202019
Inventory write-downs &/or asset impairment chargesExit activity costsTotalInventory write-downs &/or asset impairment (recoveries) charges, netExit activity costsTotal
Renewable Energy and Conservation$72 $506 $578 $(9)$45 $36 
Residential Products21 649 670 478 3,307 3,785 
Industrial and Infrastructure Products412 152 564 10 1,588 1,598 
Corporate116 116 919 919 
Total exit activity costs & asset impairments$505 $1,423 $1,928 $479 $5,859 $6,338 


The following table provides a summary of where the asset impairments and exit activity costs were recorded in the consolidated statements of income for the three and nine months ended September 30, (in thousands):
Three Months Ended 
 
September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 
September 30,
2020201920202019
Cost of sales$325 $683 $1,198 $968 
Selling, general, and administrative expense302 3,300 730 5,370 
Total asset impairment and exit activity charges$627 $3,983 $1,928 $6,338 

The following table reconciles the beginning and ending liability for exit activity costs relating to the Company’s facility consolidation efforts (in thousands):
20202019
Balance at January 1$5,449 $1,923 
Exit activity costs recognized1,423 5,859 
Cash payments(6,179)(3,032)
Balance at September 30$693 $4,750 

On June 30, 2020, the Company sold its self-guided apartment tour application business to a third party from its Residential Products segment. The $2.0 million net proceeds from the sale resulted in pre-tax net gain of $1.9 million and has been presented within other (income) expense in the consolidated statements of income. This
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divestiture does not meet the criteria to be reported as a discontinued operation nor will it have a major effect on the Company's operations.


(12)    INCOME TAXES

The following table summarizes the provision for income taxes for continuing operations (in thousands) for the three and nine months ended September 30, and the applicable effective tax rates:
Three Months Ended 
 
September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 
September 30,
2020201920202019
Provision for income taxes$9,828 $6,843 $21,686 $14,901 
Effective tax rate22.5 %21.8 %22.9 %22.7 %
The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, was more than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% due to state taxes and nondeductible permanent differences partially offset by favorable discrete items.

On March 27, 2020, the President of the United States signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act"). The CARES Act, among other things, includes certain income tax provisions for individuals and corporations, however, these benefits do not materially impact the Company’s income tax provision.

On July 20, 2020, the Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service issued final regulations addressing the treatment of income earned by certain foreign corporations related to the treatment of income that is subject to high rate of foreign tax under the global intangible low-taxed income ("GILTI") and subpart F income regimes. The Company determined that the impact of GILTI is not material to the financial statements.


(13)    EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings and diluted weighted-average shares outstanding are as follows for the three and nine months ended September 30, (in thousands):
Three Months Ended 
 
September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 
September 30,
2020201920202019
Numerator:
Net income available to common shareholders$33,760 $24,476 $73,111 $50,734 
Denominator for basic earnings per share:
Weighted average shares outstanding32,635 32,470 32,606 32,357 
Denominator for diluted earnings per share:
Weighted average shares outstanding32,635 32,470 32,606 32,357 
Common stock options and stock units334 300 296 320 
Weighted average shares and conversions32,969 32,770 32,902 32,677 

The weighted average number of diluted shares does not include potential anti-dilutive common shares issuable pursuant to equity based incentive compensation awards, aggregating to 9,000 and 346,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and 24,000 and 324,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


(14)    SEGMENT INFORMATION

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The Company is organized into 3 reportable segments on the basis of the production processes, products and services provided by each segment, identified as follows:
(i)Renewable Energy and Conservation, which primarily includes designing, engineering, manufacturing and installation of solar racking, electrical balance of systems, extraction systems and greenhouse structures;
(ii)Residential Products, which primarily includes roof and foundation ventilation products, rain dispersion products and roofing accessories, centralized mail systems and electronic package solutions; and
(iii)Industrial and Infrastructure Products, which primarily includes expanded and perforated metal, perimeter security systems, expansion joints, and structural bearings.

When determining the reportable segments, the Company aggregated operating segments based on their similar economic and operating characteristics.
The following table illustrates certain measurements used by management to assess performance of the segments described above for the three and nine months ended September 30, (in thousands):
Three Months Ended 
 
September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 
September 30,
2020201920202019
Net sales:
Renewable Energy and Conservation$128,258 $116,771 $323,014 $261,612 
Residential Products151,718 126,275 394,609 360,417 
Industrial and Infrastructure Products49,767 56,361 147,831 168,096 
Less: Intersegment sales(78)(171)(536)(817)
Net Industrial and Infrastructure Products49,689 56,190 147,295 167,279 
Total consolidated net sales$329,665 $299,236 $864,918 $789,308 
Income from operations:
Renewable Energy and Conservation$14,195 $19,633 $29,082 $30,914 
Residential Products32,454 17,012 74,143 49,880 
Industrial and Infrastructure Products5,199 5,462 15,832 13,660 
Unallocated Corporate Expenses(7,989)(10,687)(25,417)(25,862)
Total consolidated income from operations$43,859 $31,420 $93,640 $68,592 

The following tables illustrate revenue disaggregated by timing of transfer of control to the customer for the three and nine months ended September 30 (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Renewable Energy and ConservationResidential ProductsIndustrial and Infrastructure ProductsTotal
Net sales:
Point in Time$29,632 $150,608 $39,251 $219,491 
Over Time98,626 1,110 10,438 110,174 
Total net sales$128,258 $151,718 $49,689 $329,665 
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Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
Renewable Energy and ConservationResidential ProductsIndustrial and Infrastructure ProductsTotal
Net sales:
Point in Time$12,682 $125,350 $46,781 $184,813 
Over Time104,089 925 9,409 114,423 
Total net sales$116,771 $126,275 $56,190 $299,236 


Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Renewable Energy and ConservationResidential ProductsIndustrial and Infrastructure ProductsTotal
Net sales:
Point in Time$56,636 $391,227 $115,925 $563,788 
Over Time266,378 3,382 31,370 301,130 
Total net sales$323,014 $394,609 $147,295 $864,918 


Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
Renewable Energy and ConservationResidential ProductsIndustrial and Infrastructure ProductsTotal
Net sales:
Point in Time$28,441 $357,808 $138,383 $524,632 
Over Time233,171 2,609 28,896 264,676 
Total net sales$261,612 $360,417 $167,279 $789,308 



(15)    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On October 15, 2020, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Architectural Mailboxes, LLC ("Architectural Mailboxes") in an all cash transaction for approximately $27 million. Architectural Mailboxes was a privately-held company in the business of designing, developing, and selling decorative residential mailboxes and related products. A preliminary purchase price allocation for the Architectural Mailboxes business has not yet been determined. Architectural Mailboxes will be reported as a part of our Residential Products segment.


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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Certain information set forth herein includes statements that express our opinions, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or projections regarding future events or future results and, therefore are, or may be deemed to be, “forward-looking statements.” These forward-looking statements can generally be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms “believes,” “anticipates,” "aspires," “expects,” “estimates,” “seeks,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “may,” “will” or “should” or, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts. They include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, growth, competition, strategies and the industries in which we operate. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. We believe that these risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those described in the “Risk Factors” disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K along with Item 1A of this Form 10-Q. Although we base these forward-looking statements on assumptions that we believe are reasonable when made, we caution you that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that our actual results of operations, financial condition, liquidity and the development of the industries in which we operate may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained herein. In addition, even if our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, and the development of the industries in which we operate are consistent with the forward-looking statements contained in this quarterly report, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods. Given these risks and uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statements that we make herein speak only as of the date of those statements, and we undertake no obligation to update those statements or to publicly announce the results of any revisions to any of those statements to reflect future events or developments. Comparisons of results for current and any prior periods are not intended to express any future trends or indications of future performance, unless expressed as such, and should only be viewed as historical data.

We use certain operating performance measures, specifically consolidated gross margin, operating margin by segment and consolidated operating margin, to manage our businesses, set operational goals, and establish performance targets for incentive compensation for our employees. We define consolidated gross margin as a percentage of total consolidated gross profit to total consolidated net sales. We define operating margin by segment as a percentage of total income from operations by segment to total net sales by segment and consolidated operating margin as a percentage of total consolidated income from operations to total consolidated net sales. We believe consolidated gross margin and operating margin may be useful to investors in evaluating the profitability of our segments and Company on a consolidated basis.

Overview
Gibraltar Industries, Inc. (the "Company") is a leading manufacturer and provider of products and services for the renewable energy, conservation, residential, industrial and infrastructure markets.

The Company operates and reports its results in the following three reporting segments:
Renewable Energy and Conservation;
Residential Products; and
Industrial and Infrastructure Products.

The Company serves customers primarily in North America including renewable energy (solar) developers, institutional and commercial growers of food and plants, home improvement retailers, wholesalers, distributors, and contractors. As of September 30, 2020, we operated 45 facilities, which include 32 manufacturing facilities and five distribution centers, in 19 states, Canada, China and Japan. Our operational infrastructure provides the necessary scale to support local, regional, and national customers in each of our markets.

COVID-19 Update

While the Company continues to encounter challenges and uncertainty associated with COVID-19, the pandemic did not have a material adverse effect on our reported results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. While most of our operations have been considered essential businesses and have remained open during the pandemic, the decision to keep our team intact despite some pandemic related softness in demand in certain businesses enabled us to deliver revenue and earnings growth during this period. Our top priorities continue to be
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focused on our organization, keeping the team and their families as safe as possible, our supply chain operating well, and providing a high level of responsiveness to customer needs. We will continue to actively monitor the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on operations for the remainder of 2020 and beyond, and make adjustments to our operating protocols as necessary. The extent to which our operations will be impacted by the outbreak will largely depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be accurately predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity, or resurgence, of the outbreak and actions by government authorities to contain the outbreak or respond to its impact, among other things. Refer to the Company's Outlook section in this management discussion and analysis for consideration relative to future periods.

Business Strategy
The Company’s mission is to create compounding and sustainable value with strong leadership positions in higher growth and profitable end markets. The Company's operational foundation employs a Three-Pillar strategy focusing on three core tenets: Business Systems, Portfolio Management, and Organizational Development.

1.Business Systems - operational excellence and product innovation supported by an execution review of the Company's monthly business performance, implementation of key investments, information technology operating and digital systems performance, and new product and services innovation.

2.Portfolio Management - acquisitions and portfolio management is focused on optimizing the Company’s business portfolio and ensuring our human and financial capital are invested to provide sustainable, profitable growth while expanding our relevance to customers and shaping our markets. The acquisitions of Apeks, LLC ("Apeks") in August 2019, Thermo Energy Systems Inc. ("Thermo") in January 2020, Delta Separations LLC and Teaching Tech LLC (collectively, “Delta Separations”) in February 2020 and, most recently, the acquisition of Architectural Mailboxes, LLC ("Architectural Mailboxes") in October 2020, were the direct result of executing our Portfolio Management strategy.

3.Organizational Development - execution of the Business Systems and Portfolio Management pillars of our strategy requires a strong organization that must continuously develop and improve. The Company aspires to make our workplace the "Best Place to Work", by focusing on creating the best development and learning environment for our people, proactively operating businesses that mitigate environmental and climate related impacts, and engaging with and supporting the communities in which we are located. We believe doing so helps us attract and retain the best people, enhancing our ability to execute our business plans.

As a part of our on-going Three-Pillar strategy, the Company:
implemented new management tools to complement our core 80/20 toolkit and drive improvements in our operating margins;
increased the percentage of our sales that are direct to end customers, allowing us to have a more meaningful connection with our end customers, providing the opportunity to better understand the challenges our customers face, and developing solutions to these challenges; and
continued to shift the focus of our portfolio to take advantage of rising tides in the renewable energy and conservation markets.

We believe the key elements of our strategy have, and will continue to, enable us to respond timely to changes in the end markets we serve, including evolving changes due to the outbreak of COVID-19. We have and expect to continue to examine the need for restructuring of our operations, including consolidation of facilities, reducing overhead costs, curtailing investments in inventory, and managing our business to generate incremental cash. We believe our enhanced strategy has enabled us to better react to volatility in commodity costs and fluctuations in customer demand, along with helping to improve margins. We have used the improved cash flows generated by these initiatives to pay down debt, improve our liquidity position, and invest in growth initiatives. Overall, we continue to strive to achieve stronger financial results, make more efficient use of capital, and deliver higher shareholder returns.

Recent Developments
On October 15, 2020, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Architectural Mailboxes, a privately-held company in the business of designing, developing, and selling decorative residential mailboxes and related products in an all cash transaction for approximately $27 million. The results of operations for Architectural
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Mailboxes will be reported as a part of our Residential Products segment and are expected to contribute annual revenues of approximately $26 million.

On February 13, 2020, the Company acquired the assets of California-based Delta Separations, a privately held ethanol-based extraction systems manufacturer and training and laboratory design and operations consultative partner for $50 million in an all cash transaction.

On January 15, 2020, the Company acquired the assets of Canadian-based Thermo, a privately held provider of commercial greenhouse solutions in North America providing growing infrastructure for the plant based organic food market, in an all cash transaction for approximately $7 million. The Company also expects to invest approximately $42 million into Thermo to provide an appropriate level of working capital.

On August 30, 2019, the Company acquired all of the outstanding membership interests of Apeks, a designer and manufacturer of botanical oil extraction systems utilizing subcritical and supercritical carbon dioxide. The acquisition was financed through cash on hand of $12 million.

The financial results from the acquisitions of Thermo, Delta, and Apeks have been reported as a part of our Renewables Energy and Conservation segment since their respective dates of acquisition.



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Results of Operations
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
The following table sets forth selected results of operations data and its percentage of net sales for the three months ended September 30 (in thousands):
20202019
Net sales$329,665 100.0 %$299,236 100.0 %
Cost of sales244,222 74.1 %222,658 74.4 %
Gross profit85,443 25.9 %76,578 25.6 %
Selling, general, and administrative expense41,584 12.6 %45,158 15.1 %
Income from operations43,859 13.3 %31,420 10.5 %
Interest expense218 0.1 %17 0.0 %
Other expense53 0.0 %84 0.0 %
Income before taxes43,588 13.2 %31,319 10.5 %
Provision for income taxes9,828 3.0 %6,843 2.3 %
Net income$33,760 10.2 %$24,476 8.2 %

The following table sets forth the Company’s net sales by reportable segment for the three months ended September 30, (in thousands):
Change due to
20202019Total
Change
AcquisitionsOperations
Net sales:
Renewable Energy and Conservation$128,258 $116,771 $11,487 $24,061 $(12,574)
Residential Products151,718 126,275 25,443 — 25,443 
Industrial and Infrastructure Products49,767 56,361 (6,594)— (6,594)
Less: Intersegment sales(78)(171)93 — 93 
Net Industrial and Infrastructure Products49,689 56,190 (6,501)— (6,501)
Consolidated$329,665 $299,236 $30,429 $24,061 $6,368 

Consolidated net sales increased by $30.4 million, or 10.2%, to $329.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. The 10.2% increase in revenue was driven by the Residential Products and Renewable Energy and Conservation segments. Organic growth accounted for 2.1%, or $6.4 million, the result of increased volume in our Residential Products segment, which more than offset the organic volume declines in both our Renewable Energy and Conservation and our Industrial and Infrastructure Products segments. Sales generated from our first quarter 2020 acquisitions of Thermo and Delta Separations, and the prior year acquisition of Apeks, contributed 8.1% or $24.1 million to the growth from the prior year quarter.
Net sales in our Renewable Energy and Conservation segment increased 9.8%, or $11.5 million, to $128.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $116.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. Sales generated from the current year acquisitions of Thermo and Delta Separations, and the prior year acquisition of Apeks, contributed $24.1 million to the increase in the current year quarter. Organic revenue decreased $12.6 million, or 10.8%, driven by a decline in our core conservation business related to a slowdown in the cannabis and hemp markets, partially offset by participation gains in our renewable energy related business. Backlog improved 28% year over year for this segment, which was the result of strong end market demand in renewable energy, and in conservation, driven by strength in the fruit and vegetable market and increasing activity in the cannabis market.

Net sales in our Residential Products segment increased 20.1%, or $25.4 million, to $151.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $126.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019.
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The increase from the prior year quarter was largely due to continued solid activity in the repair and remodel market, along with participation gains across our various distribution channels.
Net sales in our Industrial and Infrastructure Products segment decreased 11.6%, or $6.5 million, to $49.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $56.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. Lower demand for its core industrial products resulted in a decrease in revenue in the Industrial businesses. While revenue in the Infrastructure business was down modestly, as the pandemic affected spending on infrastructure projects in certain end markets, infrastructure backlog grew slightly compared to the prior year quarter.
Our consolidated gross margin increased to 25.9% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 25.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2019. This modest increase was the result of improved operating execution in all our core businesses compared to the prior year quarter, effective price and material cost management, and benefits from our 80/20 simplification initiatives. Partially offsetting the above improvements were expected lower gross margins generated from our recent acquisitions as we continue to integrate them operationally.
Selling, general, and administrative ("SG&A") expenses decreased by $3.6 million, or 7.9%, to $41.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 from $45.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The $3.6 million decrease was largely the result of a decrease in costs of approximately $7.2 million related to exit activities, senior leadership transition and completing acquisitions, partially offset by $3.8 million in incremental SG&A expenses recorded quarter over quarter for our recent acquisitions. SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales decreased to 12.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 15.1% for the three months ended September 30, 2019.
The following table sets forth the Company’s income from operations and income from operations as a percentage of net sales by reportable segment for the three months ended September 30, (in thousands):
20202019Total
Change
Income from operations:
Renewable Energy and Conservation$14,195 11.1 %$19,633 16.8 %$(5,438)
Residential Products32,454 21.4 %17,012 13.5 %15,442 
Industrial and Infrastructure Products5,199 10.5 %5,462 9.7 %(263)
Unallocated Corporate Expenses(7,989)(2.4)%(10,687)(3.6)%2,698 
Consolidated income from operations$43,859 13.3 %$31,420 10.5 %$12,439 
Our Renewable Energy and Conservation segment generated an operating margin of 11.1% in the current year quarter compared to 16.8% in the prior year quarter. The decrease in operating margin was the combined result of expected lower margins generated by our recent acquisitions as we continue to integrate them operationally and near-term market challenges impacting the conservation business related to a slowdown in the cannabis and hemp markets. Partially offsetting this decrease was favorable product and services mix and strong execution in our renewable energy business.
The Residential Products segment generated an operating margin of 21.4% during the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 13.5% during the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in operating margin was the result of volume leverage, effective price and material cost management, and continued benefits from 80/20 simplification initiatives, along with a $3.2 million decrease in exit activity costs compared to the prior year quarter.
Our Industrial and Infrastructure Products segment generated an operating margin of 10.5% during the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 9.7% during the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase resulted from continued improvement in execution in our industrial business, and effective price and material cost management.

Unallocated corporate expenses decreased $2.7 million from $10.7 million during the three months ended September 30, 2019 to $8.0 million during the three months ended September 30, 2020. A decline in costs related to senior leadership transition, restructuring and completing acquisitions of approximately $3.2 million resulted in the current year quarter decrease as compared to the prior year quarter.
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Interest expense was negligible for both the three months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019. No amounts were outstanding under our revolving credit facility during the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.
We recognized a provision for income taxes of $9.8 million and $6.8 million, with effective tax rates of 22.5% and 21.8% for the three months ended September 30, 2020, and 2019, respectively. The effective tax rates for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, were greater than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% due to state taxes and nondeductible permanent differences partially offset by favorable discrete items.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
The following table sets forth selected results of operations data and its percentage of net sales for the nine months ended September 30 (in thousands):
20202019
Net sales$864,918 100.0 %$789,308 100.0 %
Cost of sales650,830 75.2 %605,272 76.7 %
Gross profit214,088 24.8 %184,036 23.3 %
Selling, general, and administrative expense120,448 14.0 %115,444 14.6 %
Income from operations93,640 10.8 %68,592 8.7 %
Interest expense385 0.0 %2,297 0.3 %
Other (income) expense(1,542)(0.2)%660 0.1 %
Income before taxes94,797 11.0 %65,635 8.3 %
Provision for income taxes21,686 2.5 %14,901 1.9 %
Net income$73,111 8.5 %$50,734 6.4 %

The following table sets forth the Company’s net sales by reportable segment for the nine months ended September 30, (in thousands):
Change due to
20202019Total
Change
AcquisitionsOperations
Net sales:
Renewable Energy and Conservation$323,014 $261,612 $61,402 $58,858 $2,544 
Residential Products394,609 360,417 34,192 — 34,192 
Industrial and Infrastructure Products147,831 168,096 (20,265)— (20,265)
Less: Intersegment sales(536)(817)281 — 281 
Net Industrial and Infrastructure Products147,295 167,279 (19,984)— (19,984)
Consolidated$864,918 $789,308 $75,610 $58,858 $16,752 

Consolidated net sales increased by $75.6 million, or 9.6%, to $864.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Sales generated from our current year acquisitions of Thermo and Delta Separations and the prior year acquisition of Apeks contributed 7.5%, or $58.9 million to the growth from the prior year. The $16.8 million, or 2.1% increase, in organic growth during the current year was primarily the result of increased volume in both our Residential Products and Renewable Energy and Conservation segments, which more than offset the volume decline in our Industrial and Infrastructure Products segment.
Net sales in our Renewable Energy and Conservation segment increased 23.5%, or $61.4 million, to $323.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $261.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Sales generated by the current year acquisitions of Thermo and Delta Separations, along with the prior year acquisition of Apeks, contributed $58.9 million, or 22.5%, to the increase in the current year.
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Organic growth of $2.5 million, or 1.0%, was driven by participation gains in our renewable energy related businesses, partially offset by a decline in our core conservation business related to a slowdown in the cannabis and hemp markets. Backlog improved 28% year over year for this segment, which was the result of strong end market demand in renewable energy, and in conservation, driven by strength in the fruit and vegetable market and increasing activity in the cannabis market.

Net sales in our Residential Products segment increased 9.5%, or $34.2 million, to $394.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $360.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase from the prior year was largely due to continued solid activity in the repair and remodel market, along with participation gains across our various distribution channels.
Net sales in our Industrial and Infrastructure Products segment decreased 12.0%, or $20.0 million, to $147.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $167.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Lower demand and lower steel prices impacting its core industrial products resulted in a decrease in revenue in the Industrial businesses. Revenue in the Infrastructure business was essentially flat year over year, while its ending backlog improved slightly from the prior year.
Our consolidated gross margin increased to 24.8% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 23.3% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. This increase was due to improved operating execution in all of our core businesses compared to the prior year period that included incremental costs for design refinement and field improvements for our solar tracking solution, effective price and material cost management and benefits from our 80/20 simplification initiatives. Partially offsetting the above improvements were lower gross margins generated from our recent acquisitions.
SG&A expenses increased by $5.0 million, or 4.3%, to $120.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 from $115.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The $5.0 million increase was largely the result of $11.0 million of incremental SG&A expenses recorded year over year for our recent acquisitions and costs to complete those acquisitions closed during the year, along with investments in the development of our organization and safety of our team by reallocating SG&A spending. Partially offsetting these increases was decreased spending for exit activity costs of approximately $4.6 million. SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales decreased to 14.0% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 14.6% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019.
The following table sets forth the Company’s income from operations and income from operations as a percentage of net sales by reportable segment for the nine months ended September 30, (in thousands):
20202019Total
Change
Income from operations:
Renewable Energy and Conservation$29,082 9.0 %$30,914 11.8 %$(1,832)
Residential Products74,143 18.8 %49,880 13.8 %24,263 
Industrial and Infrastructure Products15,832 10.7 %13,660 8.2 %2,172 
Unallocated Corporate Expenses(25,417)(2.9)%(25,862)(3.3)%445 
Consolidated income from operations$93,640 10.8 %$68,592 8.7 %$25,048 
Our Renewable Energy and Conservation segment generated an operating margin of 9.0% during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 11.8% during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease in operating margin was the net result of the expected lower margins generated from our recent acquisitions, as we continue to integrate them operationally, largely offset by favorable product and services mix and strong execution in our renewable energy businesses, as well as, the absence of incremental costs incurred during the prior year for design refinement and field improvements for our solar tracking solution.
Our Residential Products segment generated an operating margin of 18.8% during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 13.8% during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in operating margin was largely the result of volume leverage, effective price and material cost management and continued benefits from 80/20 simplification initiatives, along with a $3.1 million decrease in exit activity costs compared to the prior year.
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The Industrial and Infrastructure Products segment generated an operating margin of 10.7% during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to 8.2% during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in operating margin was the result of continued improvement in execution in our industrial business, effective price and material cost management and ongoing benefit from the Company's 80/20 initiatives.

Unallocated corporate expenses decreased $0.4 million from $25.9 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 to $25.4 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The slight decrease was primarily due to lower performance based compensation expense.

Interest expense decreased by $1.9 million to $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $2.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease in expense resulted from the redemption of the Company's outstanding $210 million of 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes during the first quarter of 2019. No amounts were outstanding under our revolving credit facility during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

The Company recorded other income of $1.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and other expense of $0.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The change from the prior year was the result of the $1.9 million pre-tax gain on the sale of the Company's self-guided apartment tour application business within the Residential Products segment.
We recognized a provision for income taxes of $21.7 million and $14.9 million, with effective tax rates of 22.9% and 22.7%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, and 2019, respectively. The effective tax rates for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, exceeded the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% due to state taxes and nondeductible permanent differences partially offset by favorable discrete items.


Outlook

The Company delivered solid revenue and growth in earnings per share to date in 2020, and expects fourth quarter performance to surpass 2019 results. Given the ongoing level of uncertainty related to the pandemic and the economy Gibraltar is maintaining the practice of providing qualitative guidance.

Our momentum and end market trends continue to be positive, and we continue to monitor the pandemic's impact on our businesses and potential impact on the U.S. and global economy. We remain focused on executing our operating protocols, maintaining a safe environment for our people, and meeting our customers’ needs every day. We will also continue with key organic and inorganic investments to strengthen our business platforms for the markets we serve.


Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal capital requirements are to fund our operations' working capital and capital improvements and to provide capital for acquisitions. The following table sets forth our liquidity position as of:
(in thousands)September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Cash and cash equivalents$179,816 $191,363 
Availability on revolving credit facility394,100 393,991 
$573,916 $585,354 

We believe that our cash on hand, lack of outstanding debt, and available borrowing capacity provided under the Senior Credit Agreement provide us with ample liquidity and capital resources to weather the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic while continuing to invest in operational excellence, growth initiatives and the development of our organization. After pausing earlier in the year as the pandemic unfolded, we have begun to cautiously re-engage in acquisition processes that are aligned with our strategic initiatives and invest in opportunities that strengthen our business platforms for the markets we serve, while being mindful of the continued impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our economic outlook. We continue to remain focused on managing our working capital, which may include adjusting scheduled deliveries of inventory to match current demand levels, closely monitoring customer credit and collection activities, and working to extend payment terms.
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Our Senior Credit Agreement provides us with liquidity and capital resources for use by our U.S. operations. Historically, our foreign operations have generated cash flow from operations sufficient to invest in working capital and fund their capital improvements. As of September 30, 2020, our foreign subsidiaries held $38.8 million of cash in U.S. dollars.

We are taking advantage of the option to defer remittance of the employer portion of Social Security tax as provided in the Coronavirus, Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act"), and estimate that this deferral will allow us to retain approximately $4 million in cash during 2020 that would have otherwise been remitted to the federal government. The deferred tax payments will be repaid equally in 2021 and 2022. The CARES Act, along with other foreign government initiatives, also provides for job retention programs, which have allowed some of our businesses to receive payroll tax credits or subsidies during 2020.

Over the long-term, we expect that future investments, including strategic business opportunities such as acquisitions, may be financed through a number of sources, including internally available cash, availability under our revolving credit facility, new debt financing, the issuance of equity securities, or any combination of the above. All potential acquisitions are evaluated based on our acquisition strategy, which includes the enhancement of our existing products, operations, or capabilities, expanding our access to new products, markets, and customers, with the goal of creating compounding and sustainable shareholder value.

These expectations are forward-looking statements based upon currently available plans and information and may change if conditions in the credit and equity markets deteriorate or other circumstances change. To the extent that operating cash flows are lower than current or expected levels, or sources of financing are not available or not available at acceptable terms, our future liquidity may be adversely affected.

Cash Flows
The following table sets forth selected cash flow data for the nine months ended September 30, (in thousands):
20202019
Cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities of operations$56,194 $72,494 
Investing activities of operations(61,152)(16,281)
Financing activities of operations(6,031)(216,330)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes(558)729 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents$(11,547)$(159,388)

Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of $56.2 million consisted of net income of $73.1 million and non-cash net charges totaling $24.2 million, which include depreciation, amortization, stock compensation, and other non-cash charges, offset by a $41.1 million investment in working capital and other net assets. The investment in net working capital and other net assets was driven by the investment in net working capital and other net assets was largely driven by an investment of $42.4 million in Thermo, one of our recent acquisitions, which was undercapitalized at purchase, along with an increase in accounts receivable due to strong demand in our Residential Products segment and a decrease in accrued expenses and other non-current liabilities correlated to the timing of customer billings and payments.

Net cash provided by operating activities of $72.5 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 consisted of net income of $50.7 million and $28.3 million of non-cash charges including depreciation, amortization, stock compensation, exit activity and other charges, offset by an investment in working capital and other net assets of $6.6 million.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of $61.2 million primarily consisted of net cash paid for the acquisitions of Delta Separations of $47.1 million and Thermo of $7.3 million and
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capital expenditures of $9.3 million, offset by $2.0 million in proceeds from the sale of a business within the Residential Products segment and $0.6 million in proceeds from the sale of property and equipment.

Net cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 of $16.3 million consisted of $8.7 million net cash paid for the acquisition of Apeks and capital expenditures of $7.7 million.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of $6.0 million was primarily the result of $6.4 million of purchases of treasury stock related to the net settlement of tax obligations for participants in the Company's equity incentive plans, offset by $0.4 million in proceeds from the issuance of common stock from stock option exercises during the period.

Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 of $216.3 million consisted of the repayment of $210.0 million of 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes along with $2.0 million in other debt repayments, purchases of treasury stock of $3.5 million related to the net settlement of tax obligations for participants in the Company's equity incentive plans, and the payment of debt issuance costs of $1.2 million, partially offset by proceeds received from the issuance of common stock of $0.4 million from stock options exercised.

See Note 8 to the Company's consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements, of this Form 10-Q for further information on the Company’s Senior Credit Agreement.

Off Balance Sheet Financing Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources that is material to investors.
Contractual Obligations
Our contractual obligations have not changed materially from the disclosures included in Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Critical Accounting Estimates
In the current year, there have been no changes to our critical accounting estimates from those disclosed in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2 to the Company's consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for further information on recent accounting pronouncements.

Item 3. Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures About Market Risk
In the ordinary course of business, the Company is exposed to various market risk factors, including changes in general economic conditions, competition, foreign exchange rates, and raw materials pricing and availability. In addition, the Company is exposed to other financial market risks, primarily related to its foreign operations. Refer to Item 7A in the Company's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for more information about the Company's exposure to market risk.

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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
(a)Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
The Company maintains a system of disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). The Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls as of the end of the period covered in this report. Based upon that evaluation and the definition of disclosure controls and procedures contained in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that as of the end of such period the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
 
(b)Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined by Rule 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f)) that occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that have materially affected the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Not applicable.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the risks discussed in “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. These risks and uncertainties have the potential to materially affect our business, financial condition, results of operation, cash flows, and future prospects. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, or operating results. We believe there have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Form 10-K. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, there have been no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed under Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our 2019 Annual Report, other than the addition of the risk factor set forth below, which was included in Part II, Item 1A of our Form 10-Q reports for the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020.
 
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted worldwide economic conditions and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.

The COVID-19 pandemic began to impact our operations late in the first quarter of 2020 and is likely to continue to affect our business as government authorities impose mandatory closures, work-from-home orders and social distancing protocols, seek voluntary facility closures or impose other restrictions to help control the spread of COVID-19. Although we cannot predict the duration or scope of the COVID-19 pandemic, current actions to control the spread of COVID-19 may adversely impact our business, including limiting our ability to implement our strategic growth initiatives, causing delays in our receipt of raw materials and other product components due to disruptions in our supply chain, limiting access to our distribution channels, reducing the availability of our workforce and subcontractors and increased threats of cyber attacks on our information technology infrastructure. The instability in global financial markets and unpredictable changes in our supply chain or our production capacity and customer demand resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic may pose material risk to our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows. We are continuously monitoring the impact to our business and operations and taking action to mitigate the risks involved. However, prolonged disruption to the economy and the end markets we serve may have a material adverse impact our business, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Not applicable.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Not applicable.
34


Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information
Not applicable.
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Item 6. Exhibits
(a) Exhibits
 
Certification of President and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002.
Certification of Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002.
Certification of the President and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Title 18, United States Code, Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002.
Certification of the Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Title 18, United States Code, Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INSXBRL Instance Document *
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document *
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document *
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document *
101.PRAXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document *
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document *
*Submitted electronically with this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
36

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
GIBRALTAR INDUSTRIES, INC.
(Registrant)
 
 
/s/ William T. Bosway
William T. Bosway
President and Chief Executive Officer

/s/ Timothy F. Murphy
Timothy F. Murphy
Senior Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
Date: October 29, 2020

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