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Belden (BDC)

Filed: 2 Nov 20, 3:49pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 _________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_________________________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 27, 2020
Commission File No. 001-12561 
_________________________________________________ 
BELDEN INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_________________________________________________
 
Delaware 36-3601505
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1 North Brentwood Boulevard
15th Floor
St. Louis, Missouri 63105
(Address of principal executive offices)
(314) 854-8000
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
_________________________________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No .
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes    No .
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer    Accelerated filer        Non-accelerated filer        Smaller reporting company     Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolsName of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par valueBDCNew York Stock Exchange
As of October 28, 2020, the Registrant had 44,609,972 outstanding shares of common stock.
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PART I    FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
September 27, 2020December 31, 2019
 (Unaudited) 
 (In thousands)
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$391,497 $407,480 
Receivables, net331,232 334,634 
Inventories, net244,815 231,333 
Other current assets39,211 29,172 
Current assets of discontinued operations375,135 
Total current assets1,006,755 1,377,754 
Property, plant and equipment, less accumulated depreciation347,668 345,918 
Operating lease right-of-use assets57,380 62,251 
Goodwill1,247,432 1,243,669 
Intangible assets, less accumulated amortization294,592 339,505 
Deferred income taxes29,845 25,216 
Other long-lived assets52,410 12,446 
$3,036,082 $3,406,759 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$211,269 $268,466 
Accrued liabilities246,513 283,799 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations170,279 
Total current liabilities457,782 722,544 
Long-term debt1,500,716 1,439,484 
Postretirement benefits130,581 136,227 
Deferred income taxes48,896 48,725 
Long-term operating lease liabilities49,209 55,652 
Other long-term liabilities50,311 38,308 
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock503 503 
Additional paid-in capital818,661 811,955 
Retained earnings446,198 518,004 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(137,458)(63,418)
Treasury stock(335,508)(307,197)
Total Belden stockholders’ equity792,396 959,847 
Noncontrolling interests6,191 5,972 
Total stockholders’ equity798,587 965,819 
$3,036,082 $3,406,759 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited) 
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
 (In thousands, except per share data)
Revenues$475,839 $533,098 $1,364,176 $1,581,590 
Cost of sales(308,247)(334,293)(876,143)(990,857)
Gross profit167,592 198,805 488,033 590,733 
Selling, general and administrative expenses(85,037)(98,245)(275,129)(298,654)
Research and development expenses(30,324)(23,992)(81,633)(72,014)
Amortization of intangibles(16,104)(19,026)(48,306)(56,258)
Operating income36,127 57,542 82,965 163,807 
Interest expense, net(15,607)(14,002)(43,188)(41,951)
Non-operating pension benefit680 544 2,079 1,684 
Income from continuing operations before taxes21,200 44,084 41,856 123,540 
Income tax expense(631)(6,053)(3,223)(16,179)
Income from continuing operations20,569 38,031 38,633 107,361 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax(6,231)(335,046)(103,395)(336,908)
Gain on disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax2,743 2,743 
Net income (loss)17,081 (297,015)(62,019)(229,547)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest85 (6)79 60 
Net income (loss) attributable to Belden16,996 (297,009)(62,098)(229,607)
Less: Preferred stock dividends971 18,437 
Net income (loss) attributable to Belden common stockholders$16,996 $(297,980)$(62,098)$(248,044)
Weighted average number of common shares and equivalents:
Basic44,567 44,444 44,834 41,090 
Diluted44,709 44,610 44,968 41,299 
Basic income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders:
Continuing operations attributable to Belden common stockholders$0.46 $0.83 $0.86 $2.16 
Discontinued operations attributable to Belden common stockholders(0.14)(7.54)(2.31)(8.20)
Disposal of discontinued operations attributable to Belden common stockholders0.06 0.06 
Net income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders$0.38 $(6.70)$(1.39)$(6.04)
Diluted income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders:
Continuing operations attributable to Belden common stockholders$0.46 $0.83 $0.86 $2.15 
Discontinued operations attributable to Belden common stockholders(0.14)(7.54)(2.31)(8.20)
Disposal of discontinued operations attributable to Belden common stockholders0.06 0.06 
Net income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders$0.38 $(6.70)$(1.39)$(6.04)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Belden$(34,921)$(263,530)$(136,138)$(183,811)
Common stock dividends declared per share$0.05 $0.05 $0.15 $0.15 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
 Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
 (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(62,019)$(229,547)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Asset impairment of discontinued operations113,007 342,146 
Depreciation and amortization80,620 108,328 
Share-based compensation13,650 12,115 
Gain on disposal of business(2,743)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of the effects of currency exchange rate changes, acquired businesses and disposals:
Receivables35,645 6,002 
Inventories(9,327)32,261 
Accounts payable(69,579)(78,346)
Accrued liabilities(11,646)(70,368)
Income taxes(30,416)(19,650)
Other assets1,860 (9,088)
Other liabilities(20,363)(4,336)
Net cash provided by operating activities38,689 89,517 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures(56,809)(74,068)
Cash from business acquisitions, net of cash acquired590 (50,951)
Proceeds from disposal of tangible assets3,090 19 
Proceeds from disposal of business, net of cash sold50,051 
Net cash used for investing activities(3,078)(125,000)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Borrowings on revolver190,000 
Payments under borrowing arrangements(190,000)
Payments under share repurchase program(35,000)(50,000)
Payment of earnout consideration(29,300)
Cash dividends paid(6,800)(32,153)
Withholding tax payments for share-based payment awards(1,331)(2,063)
Other(154)(232)
Net cash used for financing activities(72,585)(84,448)
Effect of foreign currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents2,586 (3,937)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents(34,388)(123,868)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period425,885 420,610 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$391,497 $296,742 
 
For all periods presented, the Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Statement includes the results of the Grass Valley disposal group up to the disposal date, July 2, 2020.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 Belden Inc. Stockholders  
AdditionalAccumulated
Other
Non-controlling
 Common StockPaid-InRetainedTreasury StockComprehensive 
 SharesAmountCapitalEarningsSharesAmountIncome (Loss)InterestsTotal
 (In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 201950,335 $503 $811,955 $518,004 (4,877)$(307,197)$(63,418)$5,972 $965,819 
Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle— — — (2,916)— — — — (2,916)
Net loss— — — (11,189)— — — (30)(11,219)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — — — 22,323 (150)22,173 
Exercise of stock options, net of tax withholding forfeitures— — (542)— 370 — — (172)
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax withholding forfeitures— — (2,631)— 29 1,800 — — (831)
Share repurchase program— — — — (592)(21,239)— — (21,239)
Share-based compensation— — 3,708 — — — — — 3,708 
Common stock dividends ($0.05 per share)— — — (2,288)— — — — (2,288)
Balance at March 29, 202050,335 $503 $812,490 $501,611 (5,433)$(326,266)$(41,095)$5,792 $953,035 
Net income (loss)— — — (67,905)— — — 24 (67,881)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — — — (44,446)147 (44,299)
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax withholding forfeitures— — (1,598)— 27 1,543 — — (55)
Share repurchase program— — — — (384)(13,761)— — (13,761)
Share-based compensation— — 5,090 — — — — — 5,090 
Common stock dividends ($0.05 per share)— — — (2,247)— — — — (2,247)
Balance at June 28, 202050,335 $503 $815,982 $431,459 (5,790)$(338,484)$(85,541)$5,963 $829,882 
Net income— — — 16,996 — — — 85 17,081 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — — — (51,917)143 (51,774)
Retirement Savings Plan stock contributions— — (747)— 33 1,823 — — 1,076 
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax withholding forfeitures— — (1,426)— 17 1,153 — — (273)
Share-based compensation— — 4,852 — — — — — 4,852 
Common stock dividends ($0.05 per share)— — — (2,257)— — — — (2,257)
Balance at September 27, 202050,335 $503 $818,661 $446,198 (5,740)$(335,508)$(137,458)$6,191 $798,587 

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 Belden Inc. Stockholders  
Mandatory ConvertibleAdditionalAccumulated
Other
Non-controlling
 Preferred StockCommon StockPaid-InRetainedTreasury StockComprehensive 
 SharesAmountSharesAmountCapitalEarningsSharesAmountIncome (Loss)InterestsTotal
 (In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 201852 $50,335 $503 $1,139,395 $922,000 (10,939)$(599,845)$(74,907)$441 $1,387,588 
Net income (loss)— — — — — 25,202 — — — (24)25,178 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — — — — — 29,009 29,010 
Exercise of stock options, net of tax withholding forfeitures— — — — (54)— 16 — — (38)
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax withholding forfeitures— — — — (2,570)— 58 668 — — (1,902)
Share-based compensation— — — — 2,216 — — — — — 2,216 
Preferred stock dividends ($168.75 per share)— — — — — (8,733)— — — — (8,733)
Common stock dividends ($0.05 per share)— — — — — (1,990)— — — — (1,990)
Balance at March 31, 201952 $50,335 $503 $1,138,987 $936,479 (10,880)$(599,161)$(45,898)$418 $1,431,329 
Net income— — — — — 42,200 — — — 90 42,290 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — — — — — (16,693)40 (16,653)
Acquisition of business with noncontrolling interest— — — — — — — — — 4,775 4,775 
Exercise of stock options, net of tax witholding forfeitures— — — — (10)— — — — (8)
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax witholding forfeitures— — — — (861)— 29 807 — — (54)
Share repurchase program—��— — — — — (397)(22,815)— — (22,815)
Share-based compensation— — — — 5,378 — — — — — 5,378 
Preferred stock dividends ($168.75 per share)— — — — — (8,733)— — — — (8,733)
Common stock dividends ($0.05 per share)— — — — — (1,976)— — — — (1,976)
Balance at June 30, 201952 $50,335 $503 $1,143,494 $967,970 (11,248)$(621,167)$(62,591)$5,323 $1,433,533 
Net income— — — — — (297,009)— — — (6)(297,015)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — — — — — 33,480 373 33,853 
Adjustment to acquisition of business with noncontrolling interest— — — — — — — — — 420 420 
Exercise of stock options, net of tax witholding forfeitures— — — — (25)— 11 — — (14)
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax witholding forfeitures— — — — (115)— 70 — — (45)
Share repurchase program— — — — — — (493)(27,185)— — (27,185)
Share-based compensation— — — — 4,521 — — — — — 4,521 
Preferred stock conversion(52)(1)— — (340,788)— 6,857 340,789 — — 
Preferred stock dividends ($18.76 per share)— — — — — (971)— — — — (971)
Common stock dividends ($0.05 per share)— — — — — (2,287)— — — — (2,287)
Balance at September 29, 2019$50,335 $503 $807,087 $667,703 (4,881)$(307,482)$(29,111)$6,110 $1,144,810 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
-5-


BELDEN INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1:  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include Belden Inc. and all of its subsidiaries (the Company, us, we, or our). We eliminate all significant affiliate accounts and transactions in consolidation.
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements presented as of any date other than December 31, 2019:
Are prepared from the books and records without audit, and
Are prepared in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and do not include all of the information required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete statements, but
Include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements.
These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data contained in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Business Description
We are a global supplier of specialty networking solutions built around 2 global business platforms - Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions.  Our comprehensive portfolio of solutions enables customers to transmit and secure data, sound, and video for mission critical applications across complex enterprise and industrial environments.
Effective January 1, 2020, we transferred our West Penn Wire business and multi-conductor product lines from the Enterprise Solutions segment to the Industrial Solutions segment as a result of a shift in responsibilities among the segments. We have recast the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of reportable segments.
Reporting Periods
Our fiscal year and fiscal fourth quarter both end on December 31. Our fiscal first quarter ends on the Sunday falling closest to 91 days after December 31, which was March 29, 2020, the 89th day of our fiscal year 2020. Our fiscal second and third quarters each have 91 days. The nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 included 271 and 272 days, respectively.
Fair Value Measurement
Accounting guidance for fair value measurements specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based upon whether the inputs to those valuation techniques reflect assumptions other market participants would use based upon market data obtained from independent sources or reflect our own assumptions of market participant valuation. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the reliability of the inputs as follows:
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets that are unadjusted and accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or financial instruments for which significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable. 
As of and during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, we utilized Level 1 inputs to determine the fair value of cash equivalents, and we utilized Level 2 and Level 3 inputs to determine the fair value of net assets acquired in business combinations (see Note 3) and for impairment testing (see Notes 4 and 10). We did not have any transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements during the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019.

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Cash and Cash Equivalents
We classify cash on hand and deposits in banks, including commercial paper, money market accounts, and other investments with an original maturity of three months or less, that we hold from time to time, as cash and cash equivalents. We periodically have cash equivalents consisting of short-term money market funds and other investments. As of September 27, 2020, we did not have any such cash equivalents on hand. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve our capital for the purpose of funding operations. We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes.
During the nine months ended September 27, 2020, we paid the sellers of Snell Advanced Media (SAM) the full earnout consideration of $31.4 million in cash in accordance with the purchase agreement. SAM was acquired on February 8, 2018 and is included in the Grass Valley disposal group.
Due to the initial uncertainties arising from the COVID-19 pandemic and out of an abundance of caution, we borrowed $190.0 million on our Revolver at the beginning of the second quarter. As a result of improving and sufficient cash flow and liquidity throughout the year, we subsequently repaid the entire $190.0 million during the nine months ended September 27, 2020; $90.0 million of which was during the three months ended September 27, 2020. See Note 12.
Contingent Liabilities
We have established liabilities for environmental and legal contingencies that are probable of occurrence and reasonably estimable, the amounts of which are currently not material. We accrue environmental remediation costs based on estimates of known environmental remediation exposures developed in consultation with our environmental consultants and legal counsel. We are, from time to time, subject to routine litigation incidental to our business. These lawsuits primarily involve claims for damages arising out of the use of our products, allegations of patent or trademark infringement, and litigation and administrative proceedings involving employment matters and commercial disputes. Based on facts currently available, we believe the disposition of the claims that are pending or asserted will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flow.
As of September 27, 2020, we were party to standby letters of credit, bank guaranties, and surety bonds totaling $5.9 million, $4.1 million, and $3.3 million, respectively.
Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenue consistent with the principles as outlined in the following five step model: (1) identify the contract with the customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) each performance obligation is satisfied. See Note 2.
Subsequent Events
We evaluated subsequent events after the balance sheet date through the financial statement issuance date for appropriate accounting and disclosure.
Noncontrolling Interest
We have a 51% ownership percentage in a joint venture with Shanghai Hi-Tech Control System Co, Ltd (Hite). The purpose of the joint venture is to develop and provide certain Industrial Solutions products and integrated solutions to customers in China. Belden and Hite are committed to fund $1.53 million and $1.47 million, respectively, to the joint venture in the future. The joint venture is determined to not have sufficient equity at risk; therefore, it is considered a variable interest entity. We have determined that Belden is the primary beneficiary of the joint venture, due to both our ownership percentage and our control over the activities of the joint venture that most significantly impact its economic performance based on the terms of the joint venture agreement with Hite. Because Belden is the primary beneficiary of the joint venture, we have consolidated the joint venture in our financial statements. The results of the joint venture attributable to Hite’s ownership are presented as net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The joint venture is not material to our Condensed Consolidated financial statements as of or for the periods ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019.


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Furthermore, certain subsidiaries of our Opterna business, which we acquired in April of 2019 include noncontrolling interests. Because we have a controlling financial interest in these subsidiaries, they are consolidated into our financial statements. The results of these subsidiaries were consolidated into our financial statements as of the acquisition date. The results that are attributable to the noncontrolling interest holders are presented as net income attributable to noncontrolling interests in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. An immaterial amount of Opterna's annual revenues are generated from transactions with the noncontrolling interests. The subsidiaries of Opterna that include noncontrolling interests are not material to our Condensed Consolidated financial statements as of or for the periods ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019.
Current-Year Adoption of Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13 (“ASU 2016-13”), Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. Under the new standard, we are required to recognize estimated credit losses expected to occur over the estimated life or remaining contractual life of an asset (which includes losses that may be incurred in future periods) using a broader range of information including past events, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts about future economic conditions. We adopted ASU 2016-13 on January 1, 2020, which resulted in an increase to our allowance for doubtful accounts for continuing operations of $1.0 million, and an increase for discontinued operations of $1.9 million. See further discussion as well as adjustments to the allowance for doubtful accounts under the new credit loss model in Note 7.
Note 2:  Revenues
Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers and in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are not included in our revenues.
The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by major product category.
Broadband & 5GCyber-securityIndustrial AutomationSmart BuildingsTotal 
Revenues 
Three Months Ended September 27, 2020(In thousands)
Enterprise Solutions$115,149 $$$113,948 $229,097 
Industrial Solutions27,384 219,358 246,742 
Total$115,149 $27,384 $219,358 $113,948 $475,839 
Three Months Ended September 29, 2019 
Enterprise Solutions$107,067 $$$140,169 $247,236 
Industrial Solutions29,760 256,102 285,862 
Total$107,067 $29,760 $256,102 $140,169 $533,098 
Nine Months Ended September 27, 2020
Enterprise Solutions$318,765 $$$325,919 $644,684 
Industrial Solutions78,829 640,663 719,492 
Total$318,765 $78,829 $640,663 $325,919 $1,364,176 
Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019
Enterprise Solutions$287,338 $$$412,306 $699,644 
Industrial Solutions96,054 785,892 881,946 
Total$287,338 $96,054 $785,892 $412,306 $1,581,590 





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The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by geography, based on the location of the customer purchasing the product.
AmericasEMEAAPACTotal Revenues
Three Months Ended September 27, 2020(In thousands)
Enterprise Solutions$170,734 $30,185 $28,178 $229,097 
Industrial Solutions148,421 59,180 39,141 246,742 
Total$319,155 $89,365 $67,319 $475,839 
Three Months Ended September 29, 2019   
Enterprise Solutions$183,183 $36,065 $27,988 $247,236 
Industrial Solutions175,869 68,386 41,607 285,862 
Total$359,052 $104,451 $69,595 $533,098 
Nine Months Ended September 27, 2020
Enterprise Solutions$481,007 $92,197 $71,480 $644,684 
Industrial Solutions429,461 182,406 107,625 719,492 
Total$910,468 $274,603 $179,105 $1,364,176 
Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019
Enterprise Solutions$508,616 $106,823 $84,205 $699,644 
Industrial Solutions544,780 219,105 118,061 881,946 
Total$1,053,396 $325,928 $202,266 $1,581,590 
We generate revenues primarily by selling products that provide secure and reliable transmission of data, sound, and video for mission critical applications. We also generate revenues from providing support and professional services. We sell our products to distributors, end-users, installers, and directly to original equipment manufacturers. At times, we enter into arrangements that involve the delivery of multiple performance obligations. For these arrangements, revenue is allocated to each performance obligation based on its relative selling price and recognized when or as each performance obligation is satisfied. Most of our performance obligations related to the sale of products are satisfied at a point in time when control of the product is transferred based on the shipping terms of the arrangement. Generally, we determine relative selling price using the prices charged to customers on a standalone basis.
The amount of consideration we receive and revenue we recognize varies due to rebates, returns, and price adjustments. We estimate the expected rebates, returns, and price adjustments based on an analysis of historical experience, anticipated sales demand, and trends in product pricing. We adjust our estimate of revenue at the earlier of when the most likely amount of consideration we expect to receive changes or when the consideration becomes fixed. Adjustments to revenue for performance obligations satisfied in prior periods were not significant during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019.
The following table presents estimated and accrued variable consideration:
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(in thousands)
Accrued rebates$25,085 $29,430 
Accrued returns12,001 10,292 
Price adjustments recognized against gross accounts receivable27,234 29,908 
Depending on the terms of an arrangement, we may defer the recognition of some or all of the consideration received because we have to satisfy a future obligation. Consideration allocated to support services under a support and maintenance contract is typically paid in advance and recognized ratably over the term of the service. Consideration allocated to professional services is typically recognized when or as the services are performed depending on the terms of the arrangement. As of September 27, 2020, total deferred revenue was $70.2 million, and of this amount, $46.1 million is expected to be recognized within the next twelve months, and the remaining $24.1 million is long-term and is expected to be recognized over a period greater than twelve months.

-9-


The following table presents deferred revenue activity:
20202019
(In thousands)
Beginning balance$70,070 $72,358 
New deferrals23,830 26,033 
Revenue recognized(24,415)(32,168)
Balance at March 29, 202069,485 66,223 
New deferrals21,322 21,892 
Revenue recognized(22,200)(24,807)
Balance at June 28, 202068,607 63,308 
New deferrals22,243 21,937 
Revenue recognized(20,649)(25,063)
Balance at September 27, 2020$70,201 $60,182 
We expense sales commissions as incurred when the duration of the related revenue arrangement is one year or less. We capitalize sales commissions in other current and long-lived assets on our balance sheet when the original duration of the related revenue arrangement is longer than one year, and we amortize it over the related revenue arrangement period.
Total capitalized sales commissions was $4.6 million as of September 27, 2020 and $3.0 million as of September 29, 2019. The following table presents sales commissions that are recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses:
Three Months endedNine Months ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(In thousands)
Sales commissions$4,240 $4,535 $12,270 $14,079 

Note 3:  Acquisitions
Special Product Company
On December 6, 2019, we purchased substantially all the assets, and assumed certain specified liabilities of Special Product Company (SPC) for a preliminary purchase price of $22.5 million. SPC, based in Kansas City, Kansas, is a leading designer, manufacturer, and seller of outdoor cabinet products for optical fiber cable installations. The results of SPC have been included in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements from December 6, 2019, and are reported within the Enterprise Solutions segment. The acquisition of SPC was not material to our financial position or results of operations.
Opterna International Corp.
We acquired 100% of the shares of Opterna International Corp. (Opterna) on April 15, 2019 for a purchase price, net of cash acquired, of $51.7 million. Of the $51.7 million purchase price, $45.9 million was paid with cash on hand. The acquisition included a potential earnout, which is based upon future Opterna financial targets through April 15, 2021. The maximum earnout consideration is $25.0 million, but based upon a third party valuation specialist using certain assumptions in a discounted cash flow model, the estimated fair value of the earnout included in the purchase price is $5.8 million. Opterna is an international fiber optics solutions business based in Sterling, Virginia, which designs and manufactures a range of complementary fiber connectivity, cabinet, and enclosure products used in optical networks. The results of Opterna have been included in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements from April 15, 2019, and are reported within the Enterprise Solutions segment. Certain subsidiaries of Opterna include noncontrolling interests. Because Opterna has a controlling financial interest in these subsidiaries, they are consolidated into our financial statements. The results that are attributable to the noncontrolling interest holders are presented as net income attributable to noncontrolling interests in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. An immaterial amount of Opterna's annual revenues are generated from transactions with the noncontrolling interests. On October 25, 2019, we purchased the noncontrolling interest of one subsidiary for a purchase price of $0.8 million; of which $0.4 million was paid at closing and the remaining $0.4 million will be paid in 2021.
-10-


The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed as of April 15, 2019 (in thousands):
Receivables$5,308 
Inventory7,359 
Prepaid and other current assets566 
Property, plant, and equipment1,328 
Intangible assets28,000 
Goodwill35,057 
Deferred income taxes80 
Operating lease right-to-use assets2,204 
Other long-lived assets2,070 
   Total assets acquired$81,972 
Accounts payable$4,847 
Accrued liabilities4,301 
Long-term deferred tax liability6,813 
Long-term operating lease liability1,923 
Other long-term liabilities7,152 
   Total liabilities assumed$25,036 
Net assets56,936 
Noncontrolling interests5,195 
Net assets attributable to Belden$51,741 

We did not record any material measurement-period adjustments in the nine months ended September 27, 2020.
A single estimate of fair value results from a complex series of judgments about future events and uncertainties and relies heavily on estimates and assumptions. The judgments we have used in estimating the fair values assigned to each class of acquired assets and assumed liabilities could materially affect the results of our operations.
The fair value of acquired receivables is $5.3 million, which is equivalent to its gross contractual amount.
For purposes of the above allocation, we based our estimate of the fair values for the acquired inventory, intangible assets, and noncontrolling interests on valuation studies performed by a third party valuation firm. We have estimated a fair value adjustment for inventories based on the estimated selling price of the work-in-process and finished goods acquired at the closing date less the sum of the costs to complete the work-in-process, the costs of disposal, and a reasonable profit allowance for our post acquisition selling efforts. We used various valuation methods including discounted cash flows, lost income, excess earnings, and relief from royalty to estimate the fair value of the identifiable intangible assets (Level 3 valuation). Our estimate of the fair values for the noncontrolling interests were based on the comparable EBITDA multiple valuation technique (Level 3 valuation).






-11-


Goodwill and other intangible assets reflected above were determined to meet the criteria for recognition apart from tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The goodwill is primarily attributable to expansion of product offerings in the optical fiber market. Our tax basis in the acquired goodwill is 0. The intangible assets related to the acquisition consisted of the following:
Fair ValueAmortization Period
(In thousands)(In years)
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
Developed technologies$3,400 5.0
Customer relationships22,800 15.0
Sales backlog1,300 0.5
Trademarks500 2.0
Total intangible assets subject to amortization$28,000 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
Goodwill$35,057 n/a
Total intangible assets not subject to amortization$35,057 
Total intangible assets$63,057 
Weighted average amortization period12.9
The amortizable intangible assets reflected in the table above were determined by us to have finite lives. The useful life for the developed technology intangible asset was based on the estimated time that the technology provides us with a competitive advantage and thus approximates the period and pattern of consumption of the intangible asset. The useful life for the customer relationship intangible asset was based on our forecasts of estimated sales from recurring customers. The useful life of the backlog intangible asset was based on our estimate of when the ordered items would ship and control of the items transfers. The useful life for the trademarks was based on the period of time we expect to continue to go to market using the trademarks.

The following table illustrates the unaudited pro forma effect on operating results as if the Opterna acquisition had been completed as of January 1, 2018.
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 29, 2019September 29, 2019
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Revenues$533,098 $1,590,206 
Net income from continuing operations attributable to Belden common stockholders39,721 91,459 
Diluted income from continuing operations per share attributable to Belden common stockholders$0.89 $2.21 
The above unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and does not purport to represent what our results of operations would have been had we completed the acquisition on the date assumed, nor is it necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in future periods. Pro forma adjustments exclude cost savings from any synergies resulting from the acquisition.
FutureLink
We acquired the FutureLink product line and related assets from Suttle, Inc. on April 5, 2019 for a purchase price of $5.0 million, which was funded with cash on hand. The acquisition of FutureLink allows us to offer a more complete set of fiber product offerings. The results from the acquisition of FutureLink have been included in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements from April 5, 2019, and are reported within the Enterprise Solutions segment. The acquisition of FutureLink was not material to our financial position or results of operations.

-12-


Note 4:  Discontinued Operations
We classify assets and liabilities as held for sale (disposal group) when management, having the authority to approve the action, commits to a plan to sell the disposal group, the sale is probable within one year, and the disposal group is available for immediate sale in its present condition. We also consider whether an active program to locate a buyer has been initiated, whether the disposal group is marketed actively for sale at a price that is reasonable in relation to its current fair value, and whether actions required to complete the plan indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made or that the plan will be withdrawn.
During the fourth quarter of 2019, we committed to a plan to sell Grass Valley, and at such time, met all of the criteria to classify the assets and liabilities of this business as held for sale. Furthermore, we determined a divestiture of Grass Valley represented a strategic shift that is expected to have a major impact on our operations and financial results. As a result, the Grass Valley disposal group, which was included in our Enterprise Solutions segment, is reported within discontinued operations. The Grass Valley disposal group excludes certain Grass Valley pension liabilities that we retained. We also ceased depreciating and amortizing the assets of the disposal group once they met the held for sale criteria during the fourth quarter of 2019.

We wrote down the carrying value of Grass Valley and recognized asset impairments totaling $113.0 million and $342.1 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, respectively. We determined the estimated fair values of the assets and of the reporting unit by calculating the present values of their estimated future cash flows.

We completed the sale of Grass Valley to Black Dragon Capital on July 2, 2020 and recognized a gain of $2.7 million, net of a $2.0 million income tax benefit. The terms of the sale included gross cash consideration of $120.0 million, or approximately $59.5 million net of cash delivered with the business and certain preliminary working capital adjustments. The sale also included deferred consideration consisting of a $175.0 million seller’s note that matures in 2025, up to $88 million in PIK (payment-in-kind) interest on the seller’s note, and $178.0 million in potential earnout payments. Based upon a third party valuation specialist using certain assumptions in a Monte Carlo analysis, the estimated fair value of the seller’s note is $34.9 million, which we recorded in Other Long-Lived Assets. We accounted for the earnout under a loss recovery approach and did not record an asset as of the disposal date. Any subsequent recognition of an earnout will be based on the gain contingency guidance.

As part of the transaction, we also invested $3.0 million for a 9% equity interest in Grass Valley with the right to put the equity back to Black Dragon Capital at any time on or before October 31, 2020. On October 23, 2020, we notified Black Dragon Capital that we are exercising our right to put the equity back to them. We expect to finalize the sale of our equity interest during the fourth quarter of 2020. We deconsolidated Grass Valley as of July 2, 2020 and are accounting for our equity interest under the cost method. Our equity interest is recorded in Other Long-Lived Assets.

The seller’s note accrues PIK interest at an annual rate of 8.5%. During the three months ended September 27, 2020, the seller’s note accrued interest of $3.6 million, which we reserved for based on our expected loss allowance methodology.

We are performing certain services for Grass Valley under a transition services agreement. During the three months ended September 27, 2020, the amount of transition services totaled $1.0 million, which we expect to collect in 2021.

















-13-


The following table summarizes the operating results of the disposal group up to the July 2, 2020 disposal date for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, respectively:

Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(In thousands)
Revenues$1,334 $87,221 $109,195 $263,434 
Cost of sales(1,008)(50,622)(70,199)(153,012)
Gross profit326 36,599 38,996 110,422 
Selling, general and administrative expenses(574)(21,924)(37,435)(66,785)
Research and development expenses(610)(7,360)(15,083)(28,526)
Amortization of intangibles(3,218)(11,695)
Asset impairment of discontinued operations(342,146)(113,007)(342,146)
Interest expense, net(12)(198)(432)(611)
Non-operating pension benefit (cost)27 (55)(169)(166)
Loss before taxes$(843)$(338,302)$(127,130)$(339,507)

The disposal group had capital expenditures of approximately $0.3 million and $16.7 million during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively; and $8.3 million and $22.8 million during the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, respectively.

The disposal group recognized credits to stock-based compensation of $0.0 million and $0.9 million during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. The disposal group incurred stock based compensation expense of $0.2 million and $0.8 million during the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, respectively.

The disposal group did not have any significant non-cash charges for investing activities during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 or September 29, 2019.


























-14-


The following table provides the major classes of assets and liabilities of the disposal group as of December 31, 2019:

December 31, 2019
(In thousands)
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$18,405 
Receivables, net117,386 
Inventories, net55,002 
Other current assets35,187 
Plant, property, and equipment, less accumulated depreciation61,233 
Operating lease right-of-use assets16,902 
Goodwill26,707 
Intangible assets, less accumulated depreciation143,459 
Deferred income taxes59,560 
Other long-lived assets21,652 
Impairment of disposal group(180,358)
Total Assets of discontinued operations$375,135 
Liabilities:
Accounts payable$52,425 
Accrued liabilities83,349 
Postretirement benefits6,224 
Deferred income taxes2,740 
Long-term operating lease liabilities20,459 
Other long-term liabilities5,082 
Total Liabilities of discontinued operations$170,279 

The disposal group also had $42.3 million of accumulated other comprehensive losses as of December 31, 2019.
Note 5:  Reportable Segments
We are organized around 2 global business platforms: Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions. Each of the global business platforms represents a reportable segment.
Effective January 1, 2020, we transferred our West Penn Wire business and multi-conductor product lines from the Enterprise Solutions segment to the Industrial Solutions segment as a result of a shift in responsibilities among the segments. We have recast the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of reportable segments.
The key measures of segment profit or loss are Segment Revenues and Segment EBITDA. Segment Revenues represent non-affiliate revenues and include revenues that would have otherwise been recorded by acquired businesses as independent entities but were not recognized in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income due to the effects of purchase accounting and the associated write-down of acquired deferred revenue to fair value. Segment EBITDA excludes certain items, including depreciation expense; amortization of intangibles; asset impairment; severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs; purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions, such as the adjustment of acquired inventory and deferred revenue to fair value; and other costs. We allocate corporate expenses to the segments for purposes of measuring Segment EBITDA. Corporate expenses are allocated on the basis of each segment’s relative EBITDA prior to the allocation.
Our measure of segment assets does not include cash, goodwill, intangible assets, deferred tax assets, or corporate assets. All goodwill is allocated to reporting units of our segments for purposes of impairment testing. 
-15-


Enterprise SolutionsIndustrial SolutionsTotal Segments
 (In thousands)
As of and for the three months ended September 27, 2020   
Segment revenues$229,097 $246,742 $475,839 
Affiliate revenues231 10 241 
Segment EBITDA26,250 38,391 64,641 
Depreciation expense5,005 5,450 10,455 
Amortization of intangibles5,408 10,696 16,104 
Amortization of software development intangible assets73 456 529 
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs1,337 20 1,357 
Segment assets519,142 486,110 1,005,252 
As of and for the three months ended September 29, 2019   
Segment revenues$247,236 $285,862 $533,098 
Affiliate revenues753 755 
Segment EBITDA35,868 54,849 90,717 
Depreciation expense4,919 5,060 9,979 
Amortization of intangibles6,269 12,757 19,026 
Amortization of software development intangible assets49 36 85 
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs3,047 3,047 
Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions(186)(186)
Segment assets517,448 501,278 1,018,726 
As of and for the nine months ended September 27, 2020
Segment revenues$644,684 $719,492 $1,364,176 
Affiliate revenues940 30 970 
Segment EBITDA73,193 100,367 173,560 
Depreciation expense15,208 15,861 31,069 
Amortization of intangibles16,266 32,040 48,306 
Amortization of software development intangible assets184 1,061 1,245 
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs6,310 3,138 9,448 
Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions125 125 
Segment assets519,142 486,110 1,005,252 
As of and for the nine months ended September 29, 2019
Segment revenues$699,644 $881,946 $1,581,590 
Affiliate revenues3,190 19 3,209 
Segment EBITDA93,074 165,257 258,331 
Depreciation expense14,576 15,414 29,990 
Amortization of intangibles16,694 39,564 56,258 
Amortization of software development intangible assets120 87 207 
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs5,566 5,566 
Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions532 532 
Segment assets517,448 501,278 1,018,726 






-16-


The following table is a reconciliation of the total of the reportable segments’ Revenues and EBITDA to consolidated revenues and consolidated income from continuing operations before taxes, respectively. 
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
 (In thousands)
Total Segment and Consolidated Revenues$475,839 $533,098 $1,364,176 $1,581,590 
Total Segment EBITDA$64,641 $90,717 $173,560 $258,331 
Amortization of intangibles(16,104)(19,026)(48,306)(56,258)
Depreciation expense(10,455)(9,979)(31,069)(29,990)
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs (1)(1,357)(3,047)(9,448)(5,566)
Amortization of software development intangible assets(529)(85)(1,245)(207)
Purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions (2)186 (125)(532)
Eliminations(69)(1,224)(402)(1,971)
Consolidated operating income36,127 57,542 82,965 163,807 
Interest expense, net(15,607)(14,002)(43,188)(41,951)
Total non-operating pension benefit680 544 2,079 1,684 
Consolidated income from continuing operations before taxes$21,200 $44,084 $41,856 $123,540 

(1) See Note 11, Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities, for details.
(2) During the nine months ended September 27, 2020, we recognized cost of sales related to purchase accounting adjustments of acquired inventory to fair value for the SPC acquisition. For the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, we recognized cost of sales for the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value related to the Opterna and FutureLink acquisitions.

Note 6: Income (loss) per Share
The following table presents the basis for the income (loss) per share computations:
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
 (In thousands)
Numerator:
Income from continuing operations$20,569 $38,031 $38,633 $107,361 
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest85 (6)79 60 
Less: Preferred stock dividends971 18,437 
Income from continuing operations attributable to Belden common stockholders20,484 37,066 38,554 88,864 
Add: Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax(6,231)(335,046)(103,395)(336,908)
Add: Gain on disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax2,743 2,743 
Net income (loss) attributable to Belden common stockholders$16,996 $(297,980)$(62,098)$(248,044)
Denominator:
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic44,567 44,444 44,834 41,090 
Effect of dilutive common stock equivalents142 166 134 209 
     Weighted average shares outstanding, diluted44,709 44,610 44,968 41,299 
-17-


For the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, diluted weighted average shares outstanding exclude outstanding equity awards of 1.6 million and 1.5 million, respectively, which are anti-dilutive. In addition, for both the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.4 million because the related performance conditions have not been satisfied.
For the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, diluted weighted average shares outstanding exclude outstanding equity awards of 1.4 million and 1.2 million, respectively, which are anti-dilutive. In addition, for both the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.3 million because the related performance conditions have not been satisfied. Furthermore, for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include the impact of preferred shares that were converted into 1.1 million and 4.9 million common shares, because deducting the preferred stock dividends from net income was more dilutive.
For purposes of calculating basic earnings per share, unvested restricted stock units are not included in the calculation of basic weighted average shares outstanding until all necessary conditions have been satisfied and issuance of the shares underlying the restricted stock units is no longer contingent. Necessary conditions are not satisfied until the vesting date, at which time holders of our restricted stock units receive shares of our common stock.
For purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, unvested restricted stock units are included to the extent that they are dilutive. In determining whether unvested restricted stock units are dilutive, each issuance of restricted stock units is considered separately.
Once a restricted stock unit has vested, it is included in the calculation of both basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
Note 7: Credit Losses
Effective January 1, 2020, we adopted ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments prospectively. This ASU replaces the incurred loss impairment model with an expected credit loss impairment model for financial instruments, including trade receivables. The amendment requires entities to consider forward-looking information to estimate expected credit losses, resulting in earlier recognition of losses for receivables that are current or not yet due, which were not considered under the previous accounting guidance. Upon adoption, we recorded a noncash cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings of $2.9 million. Of this amount, $1.0 million related to our continuing operations and $1.9 million related to our discontinued operations.
We are exposed to credit losses primarily through sales of products and services. Our expected loss allowance methodology for accounts receivable is developed using historical collection experience, current and future economic and market conditions and a review of the current status of customers' trade accounts receivables. Due to the short-term nature of such receivables, the estimate of amount of accounts receivable that may not be collected is based on aging of the accounts receivable balances and the financial condition of customers. Additionally, specific allowance amounts are established to record the appropriate provision for customers that have a higher probability of default. Our monitoring activities include timely account reconciliation, dispute resolution, payment confirmation, consideration of customers' financial condition and macroeconomic conditions. Balances are written off when determined to be uncollectible.
Estimates are used to determine the allowance, which is based upon an assessment of anticipated payments as well as other historical, current and future information that is reasonably available. The following table presents the activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts for our continuing operations for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 (in thousands).
-18-


Balance at December 31, 2019$2,569 
    Adoption adjustment1,011 
    Current period provision(172)
    Recoveries collected(9)
    Fx impact(213)
Balance at March 29, 2020$3,186 
    Current period provision2,621 
    Writeoffs(52)
    Recoveries collected(100)
    Fx impact37 
Balance at June 28, 2020$5,692 
    Current period provision(108)
    Writeoffs(76)
    Fx impact29 
Balance at September 27, 2020$5,537 

Note 8:  Inventories
The major classes of inventories were as follows:
September 27, 2020December 31, 2019
 (In thousands)
Raw materials$112,957 $98,530 
Work-in-process34,348 34,717 
Finished goods125,774 119,331 
Gross inventories273,079 252,578 
Excess and obsolete reserves(28,264)(21,245)
Net inventories$244,815 $231,333 

Note 9:  Leases

We have operating and finance leases for properties, including manufacturing facilities, warehouses, and office space; as well as vehicles and certain equipment. We make certain judgments in determining whether a contract contains a lease in accordance with ASU 2016-02. Our leases have remaining lease terms of less than 1 year to 16 years; some of which include extension and termination options for an additional 15 years or within 1 year, respectively. We do not assume renewals in our determination of the lease term unless the renewals are deemed to be reasonably certain as of the commencement date of the lease. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material variable lease payments.

We have entered into various short-term operating leases with an initial term of twelve months or less. These leases are not recorded on our balance sheet, and for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, the rent expense for short-term leases was not material.

We have certain property and equipment lease contracts that may contain lease and non-lease components, and we have elected to utilize the practical expedient to account for these components together as a single combined lease component.

As the rate implicit in most of our leases is not readily determinable, we use the incremental borrowing rate to determine the present value of the lease payments, which is unique to each leased asset, and is based upon the term of the lease, commencement date of the lease, local currency of the leased asset, and the credit rating of the legal entity leasing the asset.

-19-


The components of lease expense were as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(In thousands)
Operating lease cost$3,571 $3,432 $10,512 $10,872 
Finance lease cost
Amortization of right-of-use asset$35 $37 $101 $104 
Interest on lease liabilities13 16 
Total finance lease cost$39 $43 $114 $120 

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases was as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(In thousands)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases$3,891 $3,528 $11,352 $10,770 
Operating cash flows from finance leases13 20 
Financing cash flows from finance leases43 64 130 210 

Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows:
September 27, 2020December 31, 2019
(In thousands, except lease term and discount rate)
Operating leases:
Total operating lease right-of-use assets$57,380 $62,251 
Accrued liabilities$14,657 $13,900 
Long-term operating lease liabilities49,209 55,652 
Total operating lease liabilities$63,866 $69,552 
Finance leases:
Other long-lived assets, at cost$759 $823 
Accumulated depreciation(449)(391)
Other long-lived assets, net$310 $432 

Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term
Operating leases5 years6 years
Finance leases2 years3 years
Weighted Average Discount Rate
Operating leases6.6 %6.9 %
Finance leases6.0 %6.2 %

The following table summarizes maturities of lease liabilities as of September 27, 2020 (in thousands):
-20-


2020$5,080 
202119,129 
202216,220 
202312,446 
20249,436 
Thereafter17,433 
Total$79,744 

The following table summarizes maturities of lease liabilities as of December 31, 2019 (in thousands):
2020$19,086 
202116,988 
202214,128 
202311,598 
20249,032 
Thereafter16,655 
Total$87,487 

Note 10:  Long-Lived Assets
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
We recognized depreciation expense of $10.5 million and $31.1 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. We recognized depreciation expense of $10.0 million and $30.0 million in the three and nine ended September 29, 2019, respectively.
We recognized amortization expense related to our intangible assets of $16.6 million and $49.6 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. We recognized amortization expense related to our intangible assets of $19.1 million and $56.5 million in the three and nine ended September 29, 2019, respectively.
Interim Impairment Test
Due to equity market conditions during the nine months ended September 27, 2020, we conducted an interim impairment test. We determined that the carrying values of our definite-lived assets were recoverable; therefore, we did not record any impairment charges related to these assets. Goodwill is tested for impairment at the reporting unit level, and we conducted a quantitative interim impairment test for one of our reporting units. A reporting unit is an operating segment, or a business unit one level below an operating segment if discrete financial information for that business is prepared and regularly reviewed by segment management. However, components within an operating segment are aggregated as a single reporting unit if they have similar economic characteristics. We determined that each of our reportable segments (Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions) represents an operating segment. Within those operating segments, we have identified reporting units based on whether there is discrete financial information prepared that is regularly reviewed by segment management.
When we evaluate goodwill for impairment using a quantitative assessment, we compare the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. We determine the fair value using an income approach. Under the income approach, we calculate the fair value of a reporting unit based on the present value of estimated future cash flows using growth rates and discount rates that are consistent with current market conditions in our industry. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds the carrying value of the net assets including goodwill assigned to that unit, goodwill is not impaired. If the carrying value of the reporting unit’s net assets including goodwill exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, then we record an impairment charge based on that difference. In addition to the income approach, we calculate the fair value of our reporting units under a market approach. The market approach measures the fair value of a reporting unit through analysis of financial multiples of comparable businesses. Consideration is given to the financial conditions and operating performance of the reporting unit being valued relative to those publicly-traded companies operating in the same or similar lines of business. Significant judgment is required when applying the market approach as there is a range of financial multiples of comparable businesses.
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Based on our interim goodwill impairment test, we determined that the fair value of the reporting unit was in excess of its carrying value by approximately 2%; therefore, we did not record any goodwill impairment. The significant assumptions used to estimate fair value included sales growth, profitability, and related cash flows, along with cash flows associated with taxes and capital spending. To estimate the fair value, we used a 10.5% discount rate that reflected the economic conditions in effect at the time of the impairment test. We also considered assumptions that market participants may use. In our quantitative assessment, the 2020 to 2029 compounded annual revenue growth rate was 6.0% and the revenue growth rate beyond 2029 was 3.0%. By their nature, these assumptions involve risks and uncertainties. Furthermore, uncertainties associated with current market conditions increase the inherent risk associated with using an income approach to estimate fair values. While we have adjusted our key assumptions to reflect the current economic conditions, we have also assumed that economic conditions will improve beyond 2020. If current conditions persist and actual results are different from our estimates or assumptions, we may have to recognize an impairment charge that could be material.
Note 11:  Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities
Cost Reduction Program: 2019
During the fourth quarter of 2019, we began a cost reduction program to improve performance and enhance margins by streamlining the organizational structure and investing in technology to drive productivity. We recognized $0.2 million and $3.2 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. These costs were incurred by both the Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions segments. The cost reduction program is expected to deliver an estimated $60.0 million reduction in selling, general, and administrative expenses on an annual basis, of which $40.0 million is expected to be realized in 2020, with the full benefit materializing in 2021. We expect to incur incremental costs of approximately $9.6 million for this program.
SPC, Opterna and FutureLink Integration Program: 2019
In 2019, we began a restructuring program to integrate SPC, Opterna and FutureLink with our existing businesses. The restructuring and integration activities were focused on achieving desired cost savings by consolidating existing and acquired facilities and other support functions. We recognized $0.9 million and $4.0 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. We recognized $3.1 million and $5.6 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019. These costs were incurred by the Enterprise Solutions segment. We expect to incur incremental costs of approximately $0.6 million for this program.
The following table summarizes the costs by segment of the programs described above as well as other immaterial programs and acquisition integration activities during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019:
Severance     Other
Restructuring and
Integration Costs
Total Costs     
Three Months Ended September 27, 2020(In thousands)
Enterprise Solutions$327 $1,010 $1,337 
Industrial Solutions314 (294)20 
Total$641 $716 $1,357 
Three Months Ended September 29, 2019
Enterprise Solutions$269 $2,778 $3,047 
Industrial Solutions
Total$269 $2,778 $3,047 
Nine Months Ended September 27, 2020
Enterprise Solutions$1,162 $5,148 $6,310 
Industrial Solutions1,132 2,006 3,138 
Total$2,294 $7,154 $9,448 
Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019
Enterprise Solutions$269 $5,297 $5,566 
Industrial Solutions
Total$269 $5,297 $5,566 
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The other restructuring and integration costs primarily consisted of equipment transfer, costs to consolidate operating and support facilities, retention bonuses, relocation, travel, legal, and other costs. The majority of the other restructuring and integration costs related to these actions were paid as incurred or are payable within the next 60 days.  
The following table summarizes the costs of the various programs described above as well as other immaterial programs and acquisition integration activities by financial statement line item in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(In Thousands)
Cost of sales$85 $792 $222 $1,092 
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,272 2,255 9,226 4,474 
Total$1,357 $3,047 $9,448 $5,566 
Accrued Severance

The table below sets forth severance activity that occurred for the Cost Reduction Program as well as the SPC, Opterna and FutureLink Integration Program described above. The balances below are included in accrued liabilities (in thousands).

Balance at December 31, 2019$19,575 
    New charges2,529 
    Cash payments(4,483)
    Foreign currency translation(89)
    Other adjustments(4,147)
Balance at March 29, 202013,385 
New charges4,660 
Cash payments(4,795)
Foreign currency translation(132)
Other adjustments(1,420)
Balance at June 28, 202011,698 
New charges2,060 
Cash payments(3,968)
Foreign currency translation(156)
Other adjustments(1,541)
Balance at September 27, 2020$8,093 
The other adjustments were the result of changes in estimates. We experienced higher than expected voluntary turnover, and as a result, certain approved severance actions were not taken.







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Note 12:  Long-Term Debt and Other Borrowing Arrangements
The carrying values of our long-term debt were as follows:
September 27, 2020December 31, 2019
 (In thousands)
Revolving credit agreement due 2022$$
Senior subordinated notes:
3.875% Senior subordinated notes due 2028408,835 392,910 
3.375% Senior subordinated notes due 2027525,645 505,170 
4.125% Senior subordinated notes due 2026233,620 224,520 
2.875% Senior subordinated notes due 2025350,430 336,780 
Total senior subordinated notes1,518,530 1,459,380 
   Less unamortized debt issuance costs(17,814)(19,896)
Long-term debt$1,500,716 $1,439,484 
Revolving Credit Agreement due 2022
Our Revolving Credit Agreement provides a $400.0 million multi-currency asset-based revolving credit facility (the Revolver). The borrowing base under the Revolver includes eligible accounts receivable; inventory; and property, plant and equipment of certain of our subsidiaries in the U.S., Canada, Germany, and the Netherlands. The maturity date of the Revolver is May 16, 2022. Interest on outstanding borrowings is variable, based upon LIBOR or other similar indices in foreign jurisdictions, plus a spread that ranges from 1.25%-1.75%, depending upon our leverage position. We pay a commitment fee on our available borrowing capacity of 0.25%. In the event we borrow more than 90% of our borrowing base, we are subject to a fixed charge coverage ratio covenant.

Due to the initial uncertainties arising from the COVID-19 pandemic and out of an abundance of caution, we borrowed $190.0 million on our Revolver at the beginning of the second quarter. As a result of improving and sufficient cash flow and liquidity throughout the year, we subsequently repaid $100.0 million and the remaining $90.0 million during the second and third quarter, respectively. As of September 27, 2020, our available borrowing capacity was $265.2 million.
Senior Subordinated Notes
We have outstanding €350.0 million aggregate principal amount of 3.875% senior subordinated notes due 2028 (the 2028 Notes). The carrying value of the 2028 Notes as of September 27, 2020 is $408.8 million. The 2028 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2028 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2027, 2026, and 2025 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on March 15 and September 15 of each year.
We have outstanding €450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 3.375% senior subordinated notes due 2027 (the 2027 Notes). The carrying value of the 2027 Notes as of September 27, 2020 is $525.6 million. The 2027 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2027 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2028, 2026, and 2025 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on January 15 and July 15 of each year.
We have outstanding €200.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.125% senior subordinated notes due 2026 (the 2026 Notes). The carrying value of the 2026 Notes as of September 27, 2020 is $233.6 million. The 2026 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2026 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2028, 2027, and 2025 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on April 15 and October 15 of each year.

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We have outstanding €300.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2.875% senior subordinated notes due 2025 (the 2025 Notes). The carrying value of the 2025 Notes as of September 27, 2020 is $350.4 million. The 2025 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2025 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2028, 2027, and 2026 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on March 15 and September 15 of each year.
Fair Value of Long-Term Debt
The fair value of our senior subordinated notes as of September 27, 2020 was approximately $1,500.2 million based on quoted prices of the debt instruments in inactive markets (Level 2 valuation). This amount represents the fair value of our senior subordinated notes with a carrying value of $1,518.5 million as of September 27, 2020.
Note 13:  Net Investment Hedge
All of our euro denominated notes were issued by Belden Inc., a USD functional currency entity. As of September 27, 2020, €767.8 million of our outstanding foreign denominated debt is designated as a net investment hedge on the foreign currency risk of our net investment in our euro foreign operations. The objective of the hedge is to protect the net investment in the foreign operation against adverse changes in the euro exchange rate. The transaction gain or loss is reported in the translation adjustment section of other comprehensive income. For the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, the transaction gain/(loss) associated with the net investment hedge reported in other comprehensive income was $(13.1) million and $62.1 million, respectively. During the nine months ended September 27, 2020, we de-designated €532.2 million of our outstanding debt that was previously designated as a net investment hedge. After the de-designation, transaction gains or losses associated with this €532.2 million of debt are reported in income from continuing operations.

Note 14:  Income Taxes
For the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, we recognized income tax expense of $0.6 million and $3.2 million, respectively, representing an effective tax rate of 3.0% and 7.7%, respectively. The effective tax rates were impacted by income tax benefits for certain foreign tax credits of $0.9 million and $2.1 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. In March 2020, the Coronavirus Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) was signed into law in the United States. We are still analyzing the provisions of the CARES Act to determine if there will be any impact to our income tax provision for the year.

For the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, we recognized income tax expense of $6.1 million and $16.2 million, respectively, representing an effective tax rate of 13.7% and 13.1%, respectively. The effective tax rates were impacted by an income tax benefit of $5.7 million as a result of changes in our estimated valuation allowance requirement related to foreign tax credits due to the restructuring of certain foreign operations. These effective rates are also reflective of the impact of more favorable statutory tax rates applied to the earnings of these foreign operations due to the restructuring efforts.









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Note 15:  Pension and Other Postretirement Obligations
The following table provides the components of net periodic benefit costs for our pension and other postretirement benefit plans: 
 Pension ObligationsOther Postretirement Obligations
Three Months EndedSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
 (In thousands)
Service cost$885 $978 $$10 
Interest cost2,493 2,901 202 273 
Expected return on plan assets(4,091)(3,841)
Amortization of prior service cost (credit)47 (143)
Actuarial losses (gains)688 292 (19)(25)
Net periodic benefit cost$22 $187 $191 $258 
Nine Months Ended
Service cost$2,709 $2,952 $24 $29 
Interest cost7,240 8,779 599 815 
Expected return on plan assets(12,035)(11,978)
Amortization of prior service cost (credit)136 (117)
Actuarial losses (gains)2,038 894 (57)(76)
Net periodic benefit cost$88 $530 $566 $768 

Note 16:  Comprehensive Income and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table summarizes total comprehensive income (losses): 
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
 (In thousands)
Net income (loss)$17,081 $(297,015)$(62,019)$(229,547)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of $0.0 million, $0.2 million, $1.0 million, and $0.6 million tax, respectively(52,910)33,732 (75,791)45,619 
Adjustments to pension and postretirement liability, net of $0.1 million, $0.0 million, $0.3 million, and $0.2 million tax, respectively1,136 120 1,891 591 
Total comprehensive loss(34,693)(263,163)(135,919)(183,337)
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests228 367 219 474 
Comprehensive loss attributable to Belden$(34,921)$(263,530)$(136,138)$(183,811)

The accumulated balances related to each component of other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, are as follows: 
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Foreign Currency Translation ComponentPension and Other
 Postretirement
Benefit Plans
Accumulated Other 
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 (In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2019$(18,225)$(45,193)$(63,418)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to Belden before reclassifications(86,076)(86,076)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)10,145 1,891 12,036 
Net current period other comprehensive gain (loss) attributable to Belden(75,931)1,891 (74,040)
Balance at September 27, 2020$(94,156)$(43,302)$(137,458)
The following table summarizes the effects of reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the nine months ended September 27, 2020:
Amount Reclassified from Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income
Affected Line Item in the
Consolidated Statements
of Operations and
Comprehensive Income
 (In thousands) 
Amortization of pension and other postretirement benefit plan items:
Actuarial losses$1,408 (1)
Accumulated losses of Grass Valley disposal group771 (2)
Prior service cost62 (1)
Total before tax2,241 
Tax benefit(350)
Total net of tax$1,891 
(1) The amortization of these accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit costs (see Note 15). The amounts in the table above include both continuing and discontinued operations.
(2) In addition, we reclassified $10.1 million of accumulated foreign currency translation losses associated with the Grass Valley disposal group that are included in the calculation of the gain on disposal of discontinued operations.
Note 17:  Preferred Stock
In 2016, we issued 5.2 million depositary shares, each of which represented 1/100th interest in a share of 6.75% Series B Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the Preferred Stock), for an offering price of $100 per depositary share. We received approximately $501 million of net proceeds from this offering, which were used for general corporate purposes. On July 15, 2019, all outstanding Preferred Stock was automatically converted into shares of Belden common stock at the conversion rate of 132.50, resulting in the issuance of approximately 6.9 million shares of Belden common stock. Upon conversion, the Preferred Stock was automatically extinguished and discharged, is no longer deemed outstanding for all purposes, and delisted from trading on the New York Stock Exchange. During the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, dividends on the Preferred Stock were $1.0 million and $18.4 million, respectively.
Note 18: Share Repurchase
On November 29, 2018, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program, which allows us to purchase up to $300.0 million of our common stock through open market repurchases, negotiated transactions, or other means, in accordance with applicable securities laws and other restrictions. This program is funded with cash on hand and cash flows from operating activities. During the nine months ended September 27, 2020, we repurchased 1.0 million shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program for an aggregate cost of $35.0 million at an average price per share of $35.83. During the three months ended September 29, 2019, we repurchased 0.5 million shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program for an aggregate cost of $27.2 million and an average price per share of $55.17. During the nine months ended September 29, 2019, we repurchased 0.9 million shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program for an aggregate cost of $50.0 million and an average price per share of $56.19.
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Item 2:        Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
Belden Inc. (the Company, us, we, or our) is a global supplier of specialty networking solutions built around two global business platforms - Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions.  Our comprehensive portfolio of solutions enables customers to transmit and secure data, sound, and video for mission critical applications across complex enterprise and industrial environments.
We strive for operational excellence through the execution of our Belden Business System, which includes three areas of focus: Lean enterprise initiatives, our Market Delivery System, and our Talent Management System. Through operational excellence we generate free cash flow on an annual basis. We utilize the cash flow generated by our business to fuel our continued transformation and generate shareholder value. We believe our business system, balance across markets and geographies, systematic go-to-market approach, extensive portfolio of innovative solutions, commitment to Lean principles, and improving margins present a unique value proposition for shareholders.
We use a set of tools and processes that are designed to continuously improve business performance in the critical areas of quality, delivery, cost, and innovation. We consider revenue growth, Adjusted EBITDA margin, free cash flows, and return on invested capital to be our key operating performance indicators. We also seek to acquire businesses that we believe can help us achieve these objectives.
Trends and Events
The following trends and events during 2020 have had varying effects on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.
Global Pandemic
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) a pandemic. We expect the outbreak of COVID-19 will continue to result in significant economic disruption and will continue to adversely affect our business in the future. As compared to the year ago period, we expect to continue to experience reductions in customer demand in several of our end-markets. We expect that the social distancing measures, the reduced operational status of some of our suppliers and reductions in production at certain facilities will continue to have an adverse impact on our operations, and general business uncertainty will continue to negatively impact demand in several of our end-markets in the near future.
Our foremost focus has been on the health and safety of our employees and customers. In response to the outbreak, we have modified practices at our manufacturing locations and offices to adhere to guidance from the WHO, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other local health and governmental authorities with respect to social distancing, physical separation, personal protective equipment and sanitization. We are approaching our response to this outbreak with a recognition that we provide essential and important products and services upon which our customers rely upon daily to support critical functions. Therefore, most, but not all, of our U.S. and global facilities have remained substantially operational during the outbreak while implementing enhanced safety protocols designed to protect the well-being of our employees.
The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on our operational and financial performance will depend on certain developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak, its impact on our customers and suppliers and the range of governmental and community reactions to the pandemic, which are uncertain and cannot be fully predicted at this time. We will continue to proactively respond to the situation and may take further actions that alter our business operations as may be required by governmental authorities, or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees and customers.
Foreign currency
Our exposure to currency rate fluctuations primarily relates to exchange rate movements between the U.S. dollar and the euro, Canadian dollar, Hong Kong dollar, Chinese yuan, Japanese yen, Mexican peso, Australian dollar, British pound, Indian rupee, and Brazilian real. Generally, as the U.S. dollar strengthens against these foreign currencies, our revenues and earnings are negatively impacted as our foreign denominated revenues and earnings are translated into U.S. dollars at a lower rate. Conversely, as the U.S. dollar weakens against foreign currencies, our revenues and earnings are positively impacted. Approximately 43% of our consolidated revenues during the quarter ended September 27, 2020 were to customers outside of the U.S.
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In addition to the translation impact described above, currency rate fluctuations have an economic impact on our financial results. As the U.S. dollar strengthens or weakens against foreign currencies, it results in a relative price increase or decrease for certain of our products that are priced in U.S. dollars in a foreign location.
Commodity prices
Our operating results can be affected by changes in prices of commodities, primarily copper and compounds, which are components in some of the products we sell. Generally, as the costs of inventory purchases increase due to higher commodity prices, we raise selling prices to customers to cover the increase in costs, resulting in higher sales revenue but a lower gross profit percentage. Conversely, a decrease in commodity prices would result in lower sales revenue but a higher gross profit percentage. Selling prices of our products are affected by many factors, including end market demand, capacity utilization, overall economic conditions, and commodity prices. Importantly, however, there is no exact measure of the effect of changing commodity prices, as there are thousands of transactions in any given quarter, each of which has various factors involved in the individual pricing decisions. Therefore, all references to the effect of copper prices or other commodity prices are estimates.
Channel Inventory
Our operating results also can be affected by the levels of Belden products purchased and held as inventory by our channel partners and customers. Our channel partners and customers purchase and hold the products they bought from us in their inventory in order to meet the service and on-time delivery requirements of their customers. Generally, as our channel partners and customers change the level of products they buy from us and hold in their inventory, it impacts our revenues. Comparisons of our results between periods can be impacted by changes in the levels of channel inventory. We use information provided to us by our channel partners and make certain assumptions based on our sales to them to determine the amount of products they bought from us and hold in their inventory. As such, all references to the effect of channel inventory changes are estimates.
Market Growth and Market Share
The markets in which we operate can generally be characterized as highly competitive and highly fragmented, with many players. We monitor available data regarding market growth, including independent market research reports, publicly available indices, and the financial results of our direct and indirect peer companies, in order to estimate the extent to which our served markets grew or contracted during a particular period. We expect that our unit sales volume will increase or decrease consistently with the market growth rate. Our strategic goal is to utilize our Market Delivery System to target faster growing geographies, applications, and trends within our end markets, in order to achieve growth that is higher than the general market growth rate. To the extent that we exceed the market growth rates, we consider it to be the result of capturing market share.
Earnout Consideration Payment
During the nine months ended September 27, 2020, we paid the sellers of Snell Advanced Media (SAM) the full earnout consideration of $31.4 million in cash in accordance with the purchase agreement. SAM was acquired on February 8, 2018 and was included in the Grass Valley disposal group. See Note 1.
Grass Valley Disposal

During the fourth quarter of 2019, we committed to a plan to sell Grass Valley, and at such time, met all of the criteria to classify the assets and liabilities of this business as held for sale. As a result, the Grass Valley disposal group, which was included in our Enterprise Solutions segment, has been reported within discontinued operations as of such time, and the comparable prior period information has been recast accordingly to exclude the Grass Valley disposal group from continuing operations, with the exception of the Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Statements. The Grass Valley disposal group excludes certain Grass Valley pension plans retained by Belden. Prior to the divestiture, we wrote down the carrying value of Grass Valley and recognized asset impairments totaling $113.0 million during the nine months ended September 27, 2020.









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We completed the sale of Grass Valley to Black Dragon Capital on July 2, 2020 and recognized a gain of $2.7 million, net of a $2.0 million income tax benefit. The terms of the sale included gross cash consideration of $120.0 million, or approximately $59.5 million net of cash delivered with the business and certain preliminary working capital adjustments. The sale also included deferred consideration consisting of a $175.0 million seller’s note that matures in 2025, up to $88 million in PIK interest on the seller’s note, and $178.0 million in potential earnout payments. Based upon a third party valuation specialist, the estimated fair value of the seller’s note is $34.9 million, which we recorded in Other Long-Lived Assets. As part of the transaction, we also invested $3.0 million for a 9% equity interest in Grass Valley with the right to put the equity back to Black Dragon Capital at any time on or before October 31, 2020. On October 23, 2020, we notified Black Dragon Capital that we are exercising our right to put the equity back to them. We expect to finalize the sale of our equity interest during the fourth quarter of 2020. We deconsolidated Grass Valley as of July 2, 2020 and are accounting for our equity interest under the cost method. We are also performing certain services for Grass Valley under a transition services agreement, which totaled $1.0 million during the three months ended September 27, 2020. See Note 4.
Segment Transfer
Effective January 1, 2020, we transferred our West Penn Wire business and multi-conductor product lines from the Enterprise Solutions segment to the Industrial Solutions segment as a result of a shift in responsibilities among the segments. We have recast the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of reportable segments. See Note 5.

Cost Reduction Program
During the fourth quarter of 2019, we began a cost reduction program to improve performance and enhance margins by streamlining the organizational structure and investing in technology to drive productivity. We recognized $0.2 million and $3.2 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. The cost reduction program is expected to deliver an estimated $60.0 million reduction in selling, general, and administrative expenses on an annual basis, of which $40.0 million is expected to be realized in 2020, with the full benefit materializing in 2021. We expect to incur incremental costs of approximately $9.6 million for this program. See Note 11.

SPC, Opterna and FutureLink Integration Program
In 2019, we began a restructuring program to integrate SPC, Opterna and FutureLink with our existing businesses. The restructuring and integration activities are focused on achieving desired cost savings by consolidating existing and acquired facilities and other support functions. We recognized $0.9 million and $4.0 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. These costs were incurred by the Enterprise Solutions segment. We expect to incur incremental costs of approximately $0.6 million for this program. See Note 11.
Revolving Credit Agreement
Due to the initial uncertainties arising from the COVID-19 pandemic and out of an abundance of caution, we borrowed $190.0 million on our Revolver at the beginning of the second quarter. As a result of improving and sufficient cash flow and liquidity throughout the year, we subsequently repaid $100.0 million and the remaining $90.0 million during the second and third quarter, respectively. Our Revolving Credit Agreement provides a $400.0 million multi-currency asset-based revolving credit facility and matures on May 16, 2022. Interest on outstanding borrowings is variable, based upon LIBOR or other similar indices in foreign jurisdictions, plus a spread that ranges from 1.25%-1.75%, depending upon our leverage position. As of September 27, 2020, our available borrowing capacity was $265.2 million. See Note 12.
Share Repurchase Program
In 2018, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program, which allows us to purchase up to $300.0 million of our common stock through open market repurchases, negotiated transactions, or other means, in accordance with applicable securities laws and other restrictions. This program is funded with cash on hand and cash flows from operating activities. During the nine months ended September 27, 2020, we repurchased 1.0 million shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program for an aggregate cost of $35.0 million at an average price per share of $35.83. See Note 18.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows that are or would be considered material to investors.

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Critical Accounting Policies
During the nine months ended September 27, 2020:
We did not change any of our existing critical accounting policies from those listed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K other than updating our accounting policies for the adoption of ASU 2016-13;
No existing accounting policies became critical accounting policies because of an increase in the materiality of associated transactions or changes in the circumstances to which associated judgments and estimates relate; and
There were no significant changes in the manner in which critical accounting policies were applied or in which related judgments and estimates were developed.
Results of Operations
Consolidated Income before Taxes 
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change  September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
 (In thousands, except percentages)
Revenues$475,839 $533,098 (10.7)%$1,364,176 $1,581,590 (13.7)%
Gross profit167,592 198,805 (15.7)%488,033 590,733 (17.4)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses(85,037)(98,245)(13.4)%(275,129)(298,654)(7.9)%
Research and development expenses(30,324)(23,992)26.4 %(81,633)(72,014)13.4 %
Amortization of intangibles(16,104)(19,026)(15.4)%(48,306)(56,258)(14.1)%
Operating income36,127 57,542 (37.2)%82,965 163,807 (49.4)%
Interest expense, net(15,607)(14,002)11.5 %(43,188)(41,951)2.9 %
Non-operating pension benefit680 544 25.0 %2,079 1,684 23.5 %
Income from continuing operations before taxes21,200 44,084 (51.9)%41,856 123,540 (66.1)%
Revenues decreased $57.3 million and $217.4 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019 due to the following factors:
Lower sales volume resulted in a $67.4 million and $232.0 million decrease in revenues in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively.
Copper prices had a $3.9 million favorable and $6.9 million unfavorable impact on revenues in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively.
Currency translation had a $1.3 million favorable and $7.3 million unfavorable impact on revenues in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively.
Acquisitions contributed an estimated $4.9 million and $28.8 million in revenues in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively.

Gross profit decreased $31.2 million and $102.7 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019 due to the decreases in revenues discussed above as well as unfavorable mix; partially offset by the impact of acquisitions.

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $13.2 million and $23.5 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019. For the three months ended September 27, 2020, benefits realized from our Cost Reduction Program coupled with productivity improvement initiatives and a decrease in restructuring charges contributed an estimated $13.4 million and $1.0 million decline in selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively; partially offset by a $1.2 million increase from acquisitions. For the nine months ended September 27, 2020, benefits realized from our Cost Reduction Program coupled with productivity improvement initiatives and currency translation contributed an estimated $33.3 million and $1.3 million decline in selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively; partially offset by a $6.3 million and $4.8 million increase from acquisitions and restructuring charges, respectively.
Research and development expenses increased $6.3 million and $9.6 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019 primarily due to increased investments in R&D projects as we continue our commitment to growth initiatives.
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Amortization of intangibles decreased $2.9 million and $8.0 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019 primarily due to certain intangible assets becoming fully amortized.
Operating income decreased $21.4 million and $80.8 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019 primarily as a result of the decline in gross profit discussed above.
Net interest expense increased $1.6 million and $1.2 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019. The increase is primarily the result of interest accrued on the Revolver borrowings during the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020. During the second quarter, we borrowed $190.0 million on our Revolver and then subsequently repaid $100.0 million and the remaining $90.0 million during the second and third quarter, respectively. See Note 12.
Income from continuing operations before taxes decreased $22.9 million and $81.7 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019 primarily due to the decline in operating income discussed above.
Income Taxes
 Three Months Ended%Nine Months Ended%
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019Change  September 27, 2020September 29, 2019Change
 (In thousands, except percentages)
Income before taxes$21,200 $44,084 (51.9)%$41,856 $123,540 (66.1)%
Income tax expense631 6,053 (89.6)%3,223 16,179 (80.1)%
     Effective tax rate3.0 %13.7 %7.7 %13.1 %
For the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, we recognized income tax expense of $0.6 million and $3.2 million, respectively, representing an effective tax rate of 3.0% and 7.7%, respectively. The effective tax rates were impacted by income tax benefits for certain foreign tax credits of $0.9 million and $2.1 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively. In March 2020, the Coronavirus Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) was signed into law in the United States. We are still analyzing the provisions of the CARES Act to determine if there will be any impact to our income tax provision for the year.

For the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, we recognized income tax expense of $6.1 million and $16.2 million, respectively, representing an effective tax rate of 13.7% and 13.1%, respectively. The effective tax rates were impacted by an income tax benefit of $5.7 million as a result of changes in our estimated valuation allowance requirement related to foreign tax credits due to the restructuring of certain foreign operations. These effective rates were also reflective of the impact of more favorable statutory tax rates applied to the earnings of these foreign operations due to the restructuring efforts.
Consolidated Adjusted Revenues and Adjusted EBITDA 
 Three Months Ended%Nine Months Ended%
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019Change  September 27, 2020September 29, 2019Change
 (In thousands, except percentages)
Adjusted Revenues$475,839 $533,098 (10.7)%$1,364,176 $1,581,590 (13.7)%
Adjusted EBITDA65,252 90,037 (27.5)%175,237 258,044 (32.1)%
as a percent of adjusted revenues13.7 %16.9 %12.8 %16.3 %
Adjusted Revenues decreased $57.3 million and $217.4 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 from the comparable periods of 2019 due to the following factors:
Lower sales volume resulted in a $67.4 million and $232.0 million decrease in revenues in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively.
Copper prices had a $3.9 million favorable and $6.9 million unfavorable impact on revenues in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively.
Currency translation had a $1.3 million favorable and $7.3 million unfavorable impact on revenues in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively.
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Acquisitions contributed an estimated $4.9 million and $28.8 million in revenues in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively.

Adjusted EBITDA decreased $24.8 million and $82.8 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019 primarily as a result of the decrease in Adjusted Revenues discussed above, partially offset by the benefits realized from our SG&A Cost Reduction Program. See Note 11.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information
Adjusted Revenues, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, and free cash flow are non-GAAP financial measures. In addition to reporting financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we provide non-GAAP operating results adjusted for certain items, including: asset impairments; accelerated depreciation expense due to plant consolidation activities; purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions, such as the adjustment of acquired inventory and deferred revenue to fair value, and transaction costs; severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs; gains (losses) recognized on the disposal of businesses and tangible assets; amortization of intangible assets; gains (losses) on debt extinguishment; certain revenues and gains (losses) from patent settlements; discontinued operations; and other costs. We adjust for the items listed above in all periods presented, unless the impact is clearly immaterial to our financial statements. When we calculate the tax effect of the adjustments, we include all current and deferred income tax expense commensurate with the adjusted measure of pre-tax profitability.
We utilize the adjusted results to review our ongoing operations without the effect of these adjustments and for comparison to budgeted operating results. We believe the adjusted results are useful to investors because they help them compare our results to previous periods and provide important insights into underlying trends in the business and how management oversees our business operations on a day-to-day basis. As an example, we adjust for the purchase accounting effect of recording deferred revenue at fair value in order to reflect the revenues that would have otherwise been recorded by acquired businesses had they remained as independent entities. We believe this presentation is useful in evaluating the underlying performance of acquired companies. Similarly, we adjust for other acquisition-related expenses, such as amortization of intangibles and other impacts of fair value adjustments because they generally are not related to the acquired business' core business performance. As an additional example, we exclude the costs of restructuring programs, which can occur from time to time for our current businesses and/or recently acquired businesses. We exclude the costs in calculating adjusted results to allow us and investors to evaluate the performance of the business based upon its expected ongoing operating structure. We believe the adjusted measures, accompanied by the disclosure of the costs of these programs, provides valuable insight.
Adjusted results should be considered only in conjunction with results reported according to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The following tables reconcile our GAAP results to our non-GAAP financial measures:
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 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
 (In thousands, except percentages)
GAAP and adjusted revenues$475,839 $533,098 $1,364,176 $1,581,590 
GAAP net income (loss)$17,081 $(297,015)$(62,019)$(229,547)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax6,231 335,046 103,395 336,908 
Gain on disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax(2,743)— (2,743)— 
Amortization of intangible assets16,104 19,026 48,306 56,258 
Interest expense, net15,607 14,002 43,188 41,951 
Depreciation expense10,455 9,979 31,069 29,990 
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs (1)1,357 3,047 9,448 5,566 
Income tax expense631 6,053 3,223 16,179 
Amortization of software development intangible assets529 85 1,245 207 
Purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions (2)— (186)125 532 
Adjusted EBITDA$65,252 $90,037 $175,237 $258,044 
GAAP net income (loss) margin3.6 %(55.7)%(4.5)%(14.5)%
Adjusted EBITDA margin13.7 %16.9 %12.8 %16.3 %

(1) See Note 11, Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities, for details.
(2) During the nine months ended September 27, 2020, we recognized cost of sales related to purchase accounting adjustments of acquired inventory to fair value for the SPC acquisition. During the nine months ended September 29, 2019, we recognized expenses related to the earnout consideration for the SAM acquisition, and during the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, we recognized cost of sales for the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value for the Opterna and FutureLink acquisitions.
Segment Results of Operations
For additional information regarding our segment measures, see Note 5 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Enterprise Solutions
 Three Months Ended%Nine Months Ended%
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019ChangeSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019Change
 (In thousands, except percentages)
Segment Revenues$229,097 $247,236 (7.3)%$644,684 $699,644 (7.9)%
Segment EBITDA26,250 35,868 (26.8)%73,193 93,074 (21.4)%
  as a percent of segment revenues11.5 %14.5 %11.4 %13.3 %
Enterprise Solutions revenues decreased $18.1 million and $55.0 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019. The decrease in revenues in the three months ended September 27, 2020 was primarily due to decreases in volume of $24.9 million partially offset by acquisitions, higher copper prices, and favorable currency translation of $4.9 million, $1.4 million, and $0.5 million, respectively. For the nine months ended September 27, 2020, decreases in volume, lower copper prices, and unfavorable currency translation contributed $79.2 million, $3.0 million, and $1.6 million, respectively, to the decline in revenues; partially offset by acquisitions which grew revenues by $28.8 million over the year ago period.
Enterprise Solutions EBITDA decreased $9.6 million and $19.9 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, compared to the year ago periods primarily as a result of the decrease in revenues discussed above, partially offset by the benefits realized from our SG&A Cost Reduction Program.
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Industrial Solutions 
 Three Months Ended%Nine Months Ended%
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019ChangeSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019Change
 (In thousands, except percentages)
Segment Revenues$246,742 $285,862 (13.7)%$719,492 $881,946 (18.4)%
Segment EBITDA38,391 54,849 (30.0)%100,367 165,257 (39.3)%
   as a percent of segment revenues15.6 %19.2 %13.9 %18.7 %
Industrial Solutions revenues decreased $39.1 million and $162.5 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019. The decrease in revenues in the three months ended September 27, 2020 was primarily due to decreases in volume of $42.4 million partially offset by higher copper prices and favorable currency translation of $2.5 million and $0.8 million, respectively. For the nine months ended September 27, 2020, decreases in volume, unfavorable currency translation, and lower copper prices contributed $152.9 million, $5.7 million, and $3.9 million, respectively, to the decline in revenues.
Industrial Solutions EBITDA decreased $16.5 million and $64.9 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2019 primarily as a result of the decline in revenues discussed above and increased investments in R&D projects as we continue our commitment to growth initiatives, partially offset by the benefits realized from our SG&A Cost Reduction Program.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Significant factors affecting our cash liquidity include (1) cash from operating activities, (2) disposals of businesses and tangible assets, (3) cash used for acquisitions, restructuring actions, capital expenditures, share repurchases, dividends, and senior subordinated note repurchases, and (4) our available credit facilities and other borrowing arrangements. We expect our operating activities to generate cash in 2020 and believe our sources of liquidity are sufficient to fund current working capital requirements, capital expenditures, contributions to our retirement plans, share repurchases, senior subordinated note repurchases, quarterly dividend payments, and our short-term operating strategies. However, we may require external financing in the event we complete a significant acquisition. Our ability to continue to fund our future needs from business operations could be affected by many factors, including, but not limited to: economic conditions worldwide, customer demand, competitive market forces, customer acceptance of our product mix, and commodities pricing.
The following table is derived from our Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Statements and includes the results and cash flow activity of Grass Valley through the disposal date of July 2, 2020 consistent with the Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Statements:
 Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
 (In thousands)
Net cash provided by (used for):
Operating activities$38,689 $89,517 
Investing activities(3,078)(125,000)
Financing activities(72,585)(84,448)
Effects of currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents2,586 (3,937)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents(34,388)(123,868)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period425,885 420,610 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$391,497 $296,742 

Operating cash flows were a source of cash of $38.7 million and $89.5 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, respectively. Operating cash flows declined as compared to the year ago period primarily due to the decreases in revenues and income discussed above.

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Net cash used for investing activities totaled $3.1 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020, compared to $125.0 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019. Investing activities for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 included capital expenditures of $56.8 million compared to $74.1 million in the comparable period of 2019. The nine months ended September 27, 2020 also included proceeds of $50.1 million, $3.1 million, and $0.6 million from the sale of the Grass Valley disposal group, the sale of tangible property, and a working capital adjustment related to the SPC acquisition. The nine months ended September 29, 2019 also included payments, net of cash acquired of $51.0 million primarily for the acquisition of Opterna.
Net cash used for financing activities totaled $72.6 million for the nine months ended September 27, 2020, compared to $84.4 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019. Financing activities for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 included borrowings on our revolver of $190.0 million, repayments of our revolver borrowings of $190.0 million, payments under our share repurchase program of $35.0 million, earnout consideration payments of $29.3 million, cash dividend payments of $6.8 million, and net payments related to share based compensation activities of $1.3 million. Financing activities for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 included payments under our share repurchase program of $50.0 million, cash dividend payments of $32.2 million, and net payments related to share based compensation activities of $2.1 million.
Our cash and cash equivalents balance was $391.5 million as of September 27, 2020. Of this amount, $215.7 million was held outside of the U.S. in our foreign operations. Substantially all of the foreign cash and cash equivalents are readily convertible into U.S. dollars or other foreign currencies. We consider the undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries to be indefinitely reinvested, and accordingly, no provision for any withholding taxes has been recorded. Upon distribution of those earnings in the form of dividends or otherwise, we may be subject to withholding taxes payable to the respective foreign countries.
Our outstanding debt obligations as of September 27, 2020 consisted of $1,518.5 million of senior subordinated notes. Additional discussion regarding our various borrowing arrangements is included in Note 12 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. 
Forward-Looking Statements
Statements in this report other than historical facts are “forward-looking statements” made in reliance upon the safe harbor of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include statements regarding future financial performance (including revenues, expenses, earnings, margins, cash flows, dividends, capital expenditures and financial condition), plans and objectives, and related assumptions. These forward-looking statements reflect management’s current beliefs and expectations and are not guarantees of future performance. Actual results may differ materially from those suggested by any forward-looking statements based on a number of factors. These factors include, among others, those set forth in Part II, Item 1A and in other documents that we file with the SEC.
We expressly disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law.
Item 3:        Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks
The following table provides information about our financial instruments that are sensitive to changes in interest rates. The table presents principal amounts by expected maturity dates and fair values as of September 27, 2020. 
 Principal Amount by Expected MaturityFair
 2020Thereafter  TotalValue
 (In thousands, except interest rates)
€350.0 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2028$— $408,835 $408,835 $406,088 
Average interest rate3.875 %
€450.0 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2027$— $525,645 $525,645 $517,760 
Average interest rate3.375 %
€200.0 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2026$— $233,620 $233,620 $237,005 
Average interest rate4.125 %
€300.0 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2025$— $350,430 $350,430 $339,325 
Average interest rate2.875 %
Total$1,518,530 $1,500,178 
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Item 7A of our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K provides information as to the practices and instruments that we use to manage market risks. There were no material changes in our exposure to market risks since December 31, 2019, and our debt is fixed at an average interest rate of 3.5% with no maturities until 2025 to 2028. We have no maintenance covenants on our outstanding debt. Our only covenant is an incurrence covenant, which limits our ability to take on additional debt if EBITDA drops below a certain threshold.
Item 4:        Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this report, we conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Based on this evaluation, the principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting during our most recently completed fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1:        Legal Proceedings
SEC Investigation - As disclosed in our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 3, 2018, we are fully cooperating with an SEC investigation related to the material weakness in internal controls over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017 disclosed in our 2017 Form 10-K. We continue to believe that the outcome of the investigation will not have a material adverse effect on the Company.
We are a party to various other legal proceedings and administrative actions that are incidental to our operations. In our opinion, the proceedings and actions in which we are involved should not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, operating results, or cash flows. However, since the trends and outcome of this litigation are inherently uncertain, we cannot give absolute assurance regarding the future resolution of such litigation, or that such litigation may not become material in the future.
Item 1A:      Risk Factors
There have been no material changes with respect to risk factors as previously disclosed in our Form 8-K filed on June 12, 2020. There may be additional risks that impact our business that we currently do not recognize as, or that are not currently, material to our business.
Item 6:        Exhibits
Exhibits
 
Exhibit 31.1  
Exhibit 31.2  
Exhibit 32.1  
Exhibit 32.2  
Exhibit 101.DEF  Definition Linkbase Document
Exhibit 101.PRE  Presentation Linkbase Document
Exhibit 101.LAB  Labels Linkbase Document
Exhibit 101.CAL  Calculation Linkbase Document
Exhibit 101.SCH  Schema Document
Exhibit 101.INSInstance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document

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Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
BELDEN INC.
Date:    November 2, 2020By:     /s/ Roel Vestjens
 Roel Vestjens
 President and Chief Executive Officer
Date:November 2, 2020By: /s/ Henk Derksen
 Henk Derksen
 Senior Vice President, Finance, and Chief Financial Officer
Date:November 2, 2020By: /s/ Douglas R. Zink
 Douglas R. Zink
 Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer

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