Docoh
Loading...

EMN Eastman Chemical

Filed: 3 May 21, 4:41pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC  20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the quarterly period endedMarch 31, 2021
 OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from ______________ to ______________

Commission file number 1-12626

EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware62-1539359
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)Identification no.)
  
200 South Wilcox Drive 
KingsportTennessee37662
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (423) 229-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share EMNNew York Stock Exchange
1.50% Notes Due 2023EMN23New York Stock Exchange
1.875% Notes Due 2026EMN26New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ☐  No  

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
ClassNumber of Shares Outstanding at March 31, 2021
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share136,323,522
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1

TABLE OF CONTENTS
ITEM PAGE


PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION


PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION


SIGNATURES


2

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements made or incorporated by reference in this Quarterly Report are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). Forward-looking statements are all statements, other than statements of historical fact, that may be made by Eastman Chemical Company ("Eastman" or the "Company") from time to time. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as "anticipates", "believes", "estimates", "expects", "intends", "may", "plans", "projects", "forecasts", "will", "would", and similar expressions or expressions of the negative of these terms. Forward-looking statements may relate to, among other things, such matters as planned and expected capacity increases and utilization; anticipated capital spending; expected depreciation and amortization; environmental matters and opportunities (including potential risks associated with physical impacts of climate change and related voluntary and regulatory carbon requirements); exposure to and effects of hedging raw material and energy prices and costs; foreign currencies and interest rates; disruption or interruption of operations and of raw material or energy supply; global and regional economic, political, and business conditions; competition; growth opportunities; supply and demand, volume, price, cost, margin and sales; pending and future legal proceedings; earnings, cash flow, dividends, stock repurchases and other expected financial results, events, decisions, and conditions; expectations, strategies, and plans for individual assets and products, businesses, and operating segments, as well as for the whole of Eastman; cash sources and requirements and uses of available cash; financing plans and activities; pension expenses and funding; credit ratings; anticipated and other future restructuring, acquisition, divestiture, and consolidation activities; cost reduction and control efforts and targets; the timing and costs of, benefits from the integration of, and expected business and financial performance of acquired businesses as well as the subsequent impairment assessments of acquired long-lived assets; strategic, technology, and product innovation initiatives and development, production, commercialization and acceptance of new products, services and technologies and related costs; asset, business, and product portfolio changes; and expected tax rates and interest costs.

Forward-looking statements are based upon certain underlying assumptions as of the date such statements were made. Such assumptions are based upon internal estimates and other analyses of current market conditions and trends, management expectations, plans, and strategies, economic conditions, and other factors. Forward-looking statements and the assumptions underlying them are necessarily subject to risks and uncertainties inherent in projecting future conditions and results. Actual results could differ materially from expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements if one or more of the underlying assumptions and expectations proves to be inaccurate or is unrealized. The known material factors, risks, and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are identified and discussed under "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 2 of this Quarterly Report. Other factors, risks or uncertainties of which management is not aware, or presently deems immaterial, could also cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements.

The Company cautions you not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date such statements are made. Except as may be required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to update or alter these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. Investors are advised, however, to consult any further public Company disclosures (such as filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, Company press releases, or pre-noticed public investor presentations) on related subjects.

3

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS,
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME AND RETAINED EARNINGS
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)20212020
Sales$2,409 $2,241 
Cost of sales1,811 1,664 
Gross profit598 577 
Selling, general and administrative expenses184 160 
Research and development expenses58 61 
Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net14 
Other components of post-employment (benefit) cost, net(36)(30)
Other (income) charges, net(4)
Earnings before interest and taxes389 368 
Net interest expense50 52 
Earnings before income taxes339 316 
Provision for income taxes62 56 
Net earnings277 260 
Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest
Net earnings attributable to Eastman$274 $258 
Basic earnings per share attributable to Eastman$2.01 $1.90 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Eastman$1.99 $1.89 

Comprehensive Income
Net earnings including noncontrolling interest$277 $260 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Change in cumulative translation adjustment19 
Defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans:
Amortization of unrecognized prior service credits(7)(7)
Derivatives and hedging:
Unrealized gain (loss) during period25 
Reclassification adjustment for (gains) losses included in net income, net(2)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax25 17 
Comprehensive income including noncontrolling interest302 277 
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
Comprehensive income attributable to Eastman$299 $275 
Retained Earnings  
Retained earnings at beginning of period$8,080 $7,965 
Net earnings attributable to Eastman274 258 
Cash dividends declared(94)(90)
Retained earnings at end of period$8,260 $8,133 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
4

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
March 31,December 31,
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)20212020
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$540 $564 
Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts1,229 1,033 
Miscellaneous receivables440 482 
Inventories1,505 1,379 
Other current assets83 83 
Total current assets3,797 3,541 
Properties
Properties and equipment at cost13,527 13,531 
Less: Accumulated depreciation8,061 7,982 
Net properties5,466 5,549 
Goodwill4,446 4,465 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization1,741 1,792 
Other noncurrent assets745 736 
Total assets$16,195 $16,083 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities
Payables and other current liabilities$1,692 $1,689 
Borrowings due within one year324 349 
Total current liabilities2,016 2,038 
Long-term borrowings5,200 5,269 
Deferred income tax liabilities855 848 
Post-employment obligations1,116 1,143 
Other long-term liabilities689 677 
Total liabilities9,876 9,975 
Stockholders' equity
Common stock ($0.01 par value – 350,000,000 shares authorized; shares issued – 221,457,969 and 220,641,506 for 2021 and 2020, respectively)
Additional paid-in capital2,219 2,174 
Retained earnings8,260 8,080 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(248)(273)
10,233 9,983 
Less: Treasury stock at cost (85,185,245 shares for 2021 and 84,830,450 shares for 2020)4,000 3,960 
Total Eastman stockholders' equity6,233 6,023 
Noncontrolling interest86 85 
Total equity6,319 6,108 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$16,195 $16,083 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
First Three Months
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Operating activities
Net earnings$277 $260 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization149 139 
Asset impairment charges
Provision for (benefit from) deferred income taxes12 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisitions and divestitures:
(Increase) decrease in trade receivables(211)(72)
(Increase) decrease in inventories(144)(18)
Increase (decrease) in trade payables197 (104)
Pension and other postretirement contributions (in excess of) less than expenses(53)(52)
Variable compensation (in excess of) less than expenses(78)(74)
Other items, net77 71 
Net cash provided by operating activities216 171 
Investing activities
Additions to properties and equipment(91)(99)
Additions to capitalized software(6)(2)
Other items, net(2)
Net cash used in investing activities(99)(101)
Financing activities
Net increase (decrease) in commercial paper and other borrowings(25)539 
Dividends paid to stockholders(94)(90)
Treasury stock purchases(40)(30)
Other items, net22 (11)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(137)408 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(4)(2)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents(24)476 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period564 204 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$540 $680 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
6


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


7


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared by Eastman Chemical Company ("Eastman" or the "Company") in accordance and consistent with the accounting policies stated in the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of that report, with the exception of recently adopted accounting standards noted below. The December 31, 2020 financial position data included herein was derived from the consolidated financial statements included in the 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP").

In the opinion of management, the unaudited consolidated financial statements include all normal recurring adjustments necessary for fair statement of the interim financial information in conformity with GAAP. These statements contain some amounts that are based upon management estimates and judgments. Future actual results could differ from such current estimates. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include assets, liabilities, sales revenue, and expenses of all majority-owned subsidiaries and joint ventures in which a controlling interest is maintained. Eastman accounts for other joint ventures and investments where it exercises significant influence on the equity basis. Intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated in consolidation. Certain prior period data has been reclassified in the unaudited consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes to conform to current period presentation.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") ASU 2019-12 Income Taxes - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes: On January 1, 2021, Eastman adopted this update which is a part of the Financial Accounting Standards Board's ("FASB") initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards. Adoption methods varied based on the specific tax items impacted. The adoption of this standard did not result in a material impact to the Company's financial statements and related disclosures.

ASU 2020-01 Investments - Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) - Clarifying the Interactions between Topic 321, Topic 323, and Topic 815: On January 1, 2021, Eastman prospectively adopted this update which provides clarification that an entity should consider observable transactions that require the application or discontinuance of the equity method of accounting for the purposes of applying the measurement alternative and clarification that certain forward contracts and purchased options to purchase securities that, upon settlement, would be accounted for under the equity method of accounting. The adoption of this standard did not result in a material impact to the Company's financial statements and related disclosures.

ASU 2021-01 Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): In January 2021, the FASB issued this update to clarify that certain optional expedients and exceptions under this topic for contract modifications and hedge accounting apply to derivatives instruments that use an interest rate for margining, discounting, or contract price alignment that is modified as a result of reference rate reform (the global financial markets transition in contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions away from referencing the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and other interbank offered rates and toward new reference rates). This update was effective immediately upon release. As the Company has not experienced any reference rate reform modification to date, this update will be adopted on a prospective basis in the event of such modifications.

Accounting Standards Issued But Not Adopted as of March 31, 2021

None applicable to Eastman.

8


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Working Capital Management and Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Company has an off balance sheet, uncommitted accounts receivable factoring program under which entire invoices may be sold, without recourse, to third-party financial institutions. Under these agreements, the Company sells the invoices at face value, less a transaction fee, which substantially equals the carrying value and fair value with no gain or loss recognized, and no credit loss exposure is retained. Available capacity under these agreements, which the Company uses as a routine source of working capital funding, is dependent on the level of accounts receivable eligible to be sold and the financial institutions' willingness to purchase such receivables. In addition, certain agreements also require that the Company continue to service, administer, and collect the sold accounts receivable at market rates. The total amounts sold in first quarter 2021 and 2020 were $289 million and $457 million, respectively.

2.INVENTORIES
 March 31,December 31,
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Finished goods$944 $891 
Work in process214 203 
Raw materials and supplies586 511 
Total inventories at FIFO or average cost1,744 1,605 
Less: LIFO reserve239 226 
Total inventories$1,505 $1,379 

Inventories valued on the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method were approximately 45 percent and 50 percent of total inventories at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. In 2020, a $13 million LIFO decrement was recognized due to inventory reduction actions, resulting in an increase to "Cost of sales" in the Audited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings and a decrease to "Inventories" in the Audited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

3.PAYABLES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES
 March 31,December 31,
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Trade creditors$976 $799 
Accrued payroll and variable compensation143 228 
Accrued taxes143 178 
Post-employment obligations106 138 
Other324 346 
Total payables and other current liabilities$1,692 $1,689 

"Other" consists primarily of accruals for dividends payable to stockholders, interest payable, the current portion of operating lease liabilities, the current portion of environmental liabilities, and miscellaneous accruals.

4.INCOME TAXES
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020
$%$%
Provision for income taxes and tax rate$62 18 %$56 18 %

First quarter 2021 and 2020 effective tax rates included adjustments to the tax provision to reflect adjustments of prior years' income tax returns.

9


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, Eastman had $256 million and $257 million, respectively, in unrecognized tax benefits. At March 31, 2021, it is reasonably possible that, as a result of the resolution of federal, state, and foreign examinations and appeals, and the expiration of various statutes of limitation, the total amounts of unrecognized tax benefits could decrease within the next 12 months by up to $70 million.

Income tax incentives, in the form of tax holidays, have been granted to the Company in certain jurisdictions to attract investment and encourage industrial development. The expiration of these tax holidays varies by country. The tax holidays are conditional on the Company meeting certain requirements, including employment and investment thresholds; determination of compliance with these conditions may be subject to challenge by tax authorities in those jurisdictions. No individual tax holiday had a material impact to the Company's earnings in first quarter 2021 or 2020.

5.BORROWINGS
 March 31,December 31,
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Borrowings consisted of:
3.5% notes due December 2021$299 $299 
3.6% notes due August 2022745 744 
1.50% notes due May 2023 (1)
878 919 
7 1/4% debentures due January 2024198 198 
7 5/8% debentures due June 202443 43 
3.8% notes due March 2025699 701 
1.875% notes due November 2026 (1)
582 609 
7.60% debentures due February 2027195 195 
4.5% notes due December 2028493 493 
4.8% notes due September 2042493 493 
4.65% notes due October 2044874 874 
Commercial paper and short-term borrowings25 50 
Total borrowings5,524 5,618 
Borrowings due within one year324 349 
Long-term borrowings$5,200 $5,269 
(1)The carrying value of the euro-denominated 1.50% notes due May 2023 and 1.875% notes due November 2026 will fluctuate with changes in the euro exchange rate. The carrying value of these euro-denominated borrowings have been designated as non-derivative net investment hedges of a portion of the Company's net investments in euro functional-currency denominated subsidiaries to offset foreign currency fluctuations.

Credit Facility and Commercial Paper Borrowings

The Company has access to a $1.50 billion revolving credit agreement (the "Credit Facility") expiring October 2023. Borrowings under the Credit Facility are subject to interest at varying spreads above quoted market rates and a commitment fee is paid on the total unused commitment. The Credit Facility provides available liquidity for general corporate purposes and supports commercial paper borrowings. Commercial paper borrowings are classified as short-term. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had 0 outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility. At March 31, 2021, the Company's commercial paper borrowings were $25 million with a weighted average interest rate of 0.25 percent. At December 31, 2020, the Company's commercial paper borrowings were $50 million with a weighted average interest rate of 0.25 percent.

The Credit Facility contains customary covenants, including requirements to maintain certain financial ratios, that determine the events of default, amounts available, and terms of borrowings. In second quarter 2020, the Company amended the Credit Facility maximum debt covenants to reflect the higher cash balance to enhance liquidity due to, and the expected negative impact on operating results of, the COVID-19 coronavirus global pandemic ("COVID-19") and added a new restrictive covenant prohibiting stock repurchases until June 30, 2021 in the event certain financial ratios are exceeded. The Company was in compliance with all applicable covenants at both March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

10


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Fair Value of Borrowings

Eastman has classified its total borrowings at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 under the fair value hierarchy as defined in the accounting policies in Note 1, "Significant Accounting Policies", to the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The fair value for fixed-rate debt securities is based on quoted market prices for the same or similar debt instruments and is classified as Level 2. The fair value for the Company's other borrowings, primarily under commercial paper, equals the carrying value and is classified as Level 2. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the fair value of total borrowings was $6.153 billion and $6.449 billion, respectively. The Company had no borrowings classified as Level 3 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

6.DERIVATIVE AND NON-DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Overview of Hedging Programs

Eastman is exposed to market risks, such as changes in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices, and interest rates. To mitigate these market risks and their effects on the cash flows of the underlying transactions and investments in foreign subsidiaries, the Company uses various derivative and non-derivative financial instruments, when appropriate, in accordance with the Company's hedging strategy and policies. Designation is performed on a specific exposure basis to support hedge accounting. The Company does not enter into derivative transactions for speculative purposes.

For further information on hedging programs, see Note 9, "Derivative and Non-Derivative Financial Instruments", to the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Cash Flow Hedges

Cash flow hedges are derivative instruments designated as and used to hedge the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows that are attributable to a particular risk. The derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge are reported on the balance sheet at fair value and the changes in fair value of these hedging instruments are offset in part or in whole by corresponding changes in the anticipated cash flows of the underlying exposures being hedged. The change in the hedge instrument is reported as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI") located in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Cash flows from cash flow hedges are classified as operating activities in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

In first, second, and third quarters 2020, Eastman entered into forward-starting interest rate swaps with a notional amount of $25 million in each period to mitigate the risk of variability in interest rates for an expected long-term debt issuance by August 2022. These swaps were designated as cash flow hedges and will be settled upon debt issuance. The total outstanding forward starting swaps as of March 31, 2021 was $75 million.

Fair Value Hedges

Fair value hedges are defined as derivative or non-derivative instruments designated as and used to hedge the exposure to changes in the fair value of an asset or a liability or an identified portion thereof that is attributable to a particular risk. The derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as fair value hedges are recognized on the balance sheet at fair value and the changes in fair value of these hedging instruments are offset in part or in whole by corresponding changes in the anticipated fair value of the underlying exposures being hedged. The net of the change in the hedge instrument and item being hedged for qualifying fair value hedges is recognized in earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Cash flows from fair value hedges are classified as operating activities in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

11


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Net Investment Hedges

Net investment hedges are defined as derivative or non-derivative instruments designated as and used to hedge the foreign currency exposure of the net investments in certain foreign operations. The net of the change in the hedge instrument and item being hedged for qualifying net investment hedges is reported as a component of the "Cumulative Translation Adjustment" ("CTA") within AOCI in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. Cash flows from the CTA component are classified as operating activities in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Recognition in earnings of amounts previously recognized in CTA is limited to circumstances such as complete or substantially complete liquidation of the net investment in the hedged foreign operation. In the event of a complete or substantially complete liquidation of the net investment, cash flows from net investment hedges are classified as investing activities in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

For derivative cross-currency interest rate swap net investment hedges, gains and losses representing hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in CTA within AOCI and recognized in earnings through the periodic swap interest accruals. The cross-currency interest rate swaps designated as net investment hedges are included as part of "Other long-term liabilities", "Other noncurrent assets", "Payables and other current liabilities", or "Other current assets" within the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. Cash flows from excluded components are classified as operating activities in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

In September 2020, the Company entered into fixed-to-fixed cross-currency swaps and designated these swaps to hedge a portion of its net investment in a euro functional currency denominated subsidiary against foreign currency fluctuations. These contracts involve the exchange of fixed U.S. dollars with fixed euro interest payments periodically over the life of the contracts and an exchange of the notional amounts at maturity. The fixed-to-fixed cross-currency swaps include €152 million ($180 million) maturing December 2028.

Summary of Financial Position and Financial Performance of Hedging Instruments

The following table presents the notional amounts outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 associated with Eastman's hedging programs.
Notional OutstandingMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:
Foreign Exchange Forward and Option Contracts (in millions)
EUR/USD (in EUR)€483€521
Commodity Forward and Collar Contracts
Energy (in million british thermal units)17 
Interest rate swaps for the future issuance of debt (in millions)$75$75
Derivatives designated as fair value hedges:
Fixed-for-floating interest rate swaps (in millions)$75$75
Derivatives designated as net investment hedges:
Cross-currency interest rate swaps (in millions)
EUR/USD (in EUR)€853€853
Non-derivatives designated as net investment hedges:
Foreign Currency Net Investment Hedges (in millions)
EUR/USD (in EUR)€1,245€1,245

12


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Fair Value Measurements

All the Company's derivative assets and liabilities are currently classified as Level 2. Level 2 fair value is based on estimates using standard pricing models. These standard pricing models use inputs that are derived from or corroborated by observable market data such as interest rate yield curves and currency spot and forward rates. The fair value of commodity contracts is derived using forward curves supplied by an industry recognized and unrelated third party. In addition, on an ongoing basis, the Company tests a subset of its valuations against valuations received from transaction counterparties to validate the accuracy of its standard pricing models. The Company had no derivatives classified as Level 3 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Counterparties to these derivative contracts are highly rated financial institutions which the Company believes carry minimal risk of nonperformance, and the Company diversifies its positions among such counterparties to reduce its exposure to counterparty risk and credit losses. The Company monitors the creditworthiness of its counterparties on an ongoing basis. The Company did not recognize a credit loss during first quarter 2021 or 2020.

All the Company's derivative contracts are subject to master netting arrangements, or similar agreements, which provide for the option to settle contracts on a net basis when they settle on the same day and in the same currency. In addition, these arrangements provide for a net settlement of all contracts with a given counterparty in the event that the arrangement is terminated due to the occurrence of default or a termination event. The Company does not have any cash collateral due under such agreements.

13


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The Company has elected to present derivative contracts on a gross basis within the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. The following table presents the financial assets and liabilities valued on a recurring and gross basis and includes where the financial assets and liabilities are within the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

The Financial Position and Fair Value Measurements of Hedging Instruments on a Gross Basis
(Dollars in millions) 
Derivative TypeStatements of Financial
Position Classification
March 31, 2021
Level 2
December 31, 2020
Level 2
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:   
Commodity contractsOther current assets$$
Foreign exchange contractsOther current assets
Foreign exchange contractsOther noncurrent assets
Forward starting interest rate swap contractsOther noncurrent assets
Derivatives designated as fair value hedges:
Fixed-for-floating interest rate swapOther current assets
Fixed-for-floating interest rate swapOther noncurrent assets
Derivatives designated as net investment hedges:
Cross-currency interest rate swapsOther noncurrent assets43 40 
Total Derivative Assets$59 $47 
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:
Commodity contractsPayables and other current liabilities$$
Foreign exchange contractsPayables and other current liabilities21 
Foreign exchange contractsOther long-term liabilities14 
Derivatives designated as net investment hedges:
Cross-currency interest rate swapsOther long-term liabilities23 51 
Total Derivative Liabilities$32 $92 
Total Net Derivative Assets (Liabilities) $27 $(45)

In addition to the fair value associated with derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges, fair value hedges, and net investment hedges noted in the table above, the Company had non-derivative instruments designated as foreign currency net investment hedges with a carrying value of $1.5 billion at both March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The designated foreign currency-denominated borrowings are included as part of "Long-term borrowings" within the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

For additional fair value measurement information, see Note 1, "Significant Accounting Policies", and Note 9, "Derivative and Non-Derivative Financial Instruments", to the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

14


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the following amounts were included in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position related to cumulative basis adjustments for fair value hedges.
(Dollars in millions)Carrying amount of the hedged liabilitiesCumulative amount of fair value hedging loss adjustment included in the carrying amount of the hedged liability
Line item in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position in which the hedged item is includedMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Long-term borrowings (1)
$771 $772 $(2)$(1)
(1)At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the cumulative amount of fair value hedging loss adjustment remaining for hedged liabilities for which hedge accounting has been discontinued was $4 million and $5 million, respectively.

The following table presents the effect of the Company's hedging instruments on "Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax" ("OCI") and financial performance for first quarter 2021 and 2020.
Change in amount of after tax gain (loss) recognized in OCI on derivativesPre-tax amount of gain (loss) reclassified from OCI into earnings
(Dollars in millions)First QuarterFirst Quarter
Hedging Relationships2021202020212020
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships:
Commodity contracts$$(9)$$(1)
Foreign exchange contracts23 13 (5)
Forward starting interest rate and treasury lock swap contracts(2)(2)
Non-derivatives in net investment hedging relationships (pre-tax):
Net investment hedges69 33 — — 
Derivatives in net investment hedging relationships (pre-tax):
Cross-currency interest rate swaps42 18 — — 
Cross-currency interest rate swaps excluded component(11)41 — — 

15


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The following table presents the effect of fair value and cash flow hedge accounting on the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings for first quarter 2021 and 2020.
Location and Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Earnings from Fair Value and Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
First Quarter
20212020
(Dollars in millions)SalesCost of SalesNet Interest ExpenseSalesCost of SalesNet Interest Expense
Total amounts of income and expense line items presented in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings in which the effects of fair value or cash flow hedges are recognized$2,409 $1,811 $50 $2,241 $1,664 $52 
The effects of fair value and cash flow hedging:
Gain or (loss) on fair value hedging relationships:
Interest contracts (fixed-for-floating interest rate swaps):
Hedged items
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Gain or (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships:
Interest contracts (forward starting interest rate and treasury lock swap contracts):
Amount reclassified from AOCI into earnings(2)(2)
Commodity Contracts:
Amount reclassified from AOCI into earnings(1)
Foreign Exchange Contracts:
Amount reclassified from AOCI into earnings(5)

The Company enters into foreign exchange derivatives denominated in multiple currencies which are transacted and settled in the same quarter. These derivatives are not designated as hedges due to the short-term nature and the gains or losses on these derivatives are marked-to-market in line item "Other (income) charges, net" of the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings. As a result of these derivatives, the Company recognized a net gain of $5 million and $7 million during first quarter 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Pre-tax monetized positions and mark-to-market gains and losses from raw materials and energy, currency, and certain interest rate hedges that were included in AOCI included net losses of $129 million and $270 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Losses in AOCI decreased between March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 primarily as a result of a decrease in foreign currency exchange rates associated with the euro. If recognized, approximately $17 million in pre-tax losses, as of March 31, 2021, would be reclassified into earnings during the next 12 months.

7.RETIREMENT PLANS

Defined Benefit Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans

Eastman maintains defined benefit pension plans that provide eligible employees with retirement benefits. In addition, Eastman provides life insurance for eligible retirees hired prior to January 1, 2007. The Company provides a subsidy for pre-Medicare health care and dental benefits to eligible retirees hired prior to January 1, 2007 that will end on December 31, 2021. Company funding is also provided for eligible Medicare retirees hired prior to January 1, 2007 with a health reimbursement arrangement. Costs recognized for these benefits are estimated amounts, which may change as actual costs for the year are determined.

For additional information regarding retirement plans, see Note 10, "Retirement Plans", to the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
16


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Components of net periodic benefit (credit) cost were as follows:
First Quarter
 Pension PlansOther Postretirement Benefit Plans
2021202020212020
(Dollars in millions)U.S.Non-U.S.U.S.Non-U.S.
Service cost$$$$$$
Interest cost14 
Expected return on assets(32)(9)(34)(8)(1)(1)
Amortization of:
Prior service credit, net(9)(10)
Net periodic benefit (credit) cost$(16)$(2)$(13)$$(7)$(6)

8.LEASES AND OTHER COMMITMENTS

Leases

There are two types of leases: finance and operating. Both types of leases have associated right-to-use assets and lease liabilities that are valued at the present value of the lease payments and recognized on the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. The discount rate used in the measurement of a right-to-use asset and lease liability is the rate implicit in the lease whenever that rate is readily determinable. If the rate implicit in the lease is not readily determinable, the collateralized incremental borrowing rate is used. The Company elected the accounting policy not to apply the recognition and measurement requirements to short-term leases with a term of 12 months or less and do not include a bargain purchase option.

The Company has operating leases, as a lessee, with customary terms that do not include: significant variable lease payments; significant reasonably certain extensions or options required to be included in the lease term; restrictions; or other covenants for real property, rolling stock, and machinery and equipment. Real property leases primarily consist of office space and rolling stock leases primarily for railcars and fleet vehicles. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, operating right-to-use assets of $177 million and $185 million, respectively, are included as a part of "Other noncurrent assets" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position and includes $9 million at both periods of assets previously classified as lease intangibles and $8 million and $9 million of prepaid lease assets, respectively. Operating lease liabilities are included as a part of "Payables and other current liabilities" and "Other long-term liabilities" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

17


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
As of March 31, 2021, reconciliation of lease payments and operating lease liabilities is provided below:
(Dollars in millions)Operating lease liabilities
Remainder of 2021$46 
202247 
202333 
202419 
202512 
2026 and beyond28 
Total lease payments185 
Less: amounts of lease payments representing interest16 
Present value of future lease payments169 
Less: current obligations under leases55 
Long-term lease obligations$114 

The Company has operating leases, primarily leases for railcars, with terms that require the Company to guarantee a portion of the residual value of the leased assets upon termination of the lease that will expire beginning second quarter 2021. Residual guarantee payments that become probable and estimable are recognized as rent expense over the remaining life of the applicable lease. Management's current expectation is that the likelihood of material residual guarantee payments is remote.

Lease costs during the period and other information is provided below:
First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Lease costs:
Operating lease costs$18 $19
Short-term lease costs9
Sublease income(1)(1)
Total$25 $27
Other operating lease information:
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities$17 $18
Right-to-use assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities$$16
Weighted-average remaining lease term, in years55
Weighted-average discount rate3.5 %3.9 %

Other Commitments

Supplier Purchase Obligations

The Company had various purchase obligations at March 31, 2021, totaling approximately $3.1 billion over a period of
approximately 30 years for materials, supplies, and energy incident to the ordinary conduct of business.

18


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Guarantees

Guarantees and claims also arise during the ordinary course of business from relationships with customers, suppliers, joint venture partners, and other parties when the Company undertakes an obligation to guarantee the performance of others if specified triggering events occur. Non-performance under a contract could trigger an obligation of the Company. The Company's current guarantees relate to intellectual property, environmental matters, and other indemnifications and have arisen through the normal course of business. The ultimate effect on future financial results is not subject to reasonable estimation because considerable uncertainty exists as to the final outcome of these claims, if they were to occur. These guarantees have terms up to 30 years with maximum potential future payments of approximately $25 million in the aggregate, with none of these guarantees being individually significant to the Company's operating results, financial position, or liquidity. Management's current expectation is that future payment or performance related to non-performance under guarantees is remote.

9.ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS AND ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS

Certain Eastman manufacturing facilities generate hazardous and nonhazardous wastes, the treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal of which are regulated by various governmental agencies. In connection with the cleanup of various hazardous waste sites, the Company, along with many other entities, has been designated a potentially responsible party ("PRP") by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, which potentially subjects PRPs to joint and several liability for certain cleanup costs. In addition, the Company will incur costs for environmental remediation and closure and post-closure under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Reserves for environmental contingencies have been established in accordance with Eastman's policies described in Note 1, "Significant Accounting Policies", to the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The resolution of uncertainties related to environmental matters may have a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated results of operations in the period recognized. However, because of the availability of legal defenses, the Company's preliminary assessment of actions that may be required, and the extended period of time that the obligations are expected to be satisfied, management does not believe that the Company's liability for these environmental matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the Company's future liquidity or financial position. The Company's net reserve for environmental contingencies was $282 million and $285 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Environmental Remediation and Environmental Asset Retirement Obligations

The Company's net environmental reserve for environmental contingencies, including remediation costs and asset retirement obligations, is included as part of "Other noncurrent assets", "Payables and other current liabilities", and "Other long-term liabilities" in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position as follows:
(Dollars in millions)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Environmental contingencies, current$15 $15 
Environmental contingencies, long-term267 270 
Total$282 $285 

Environmental Remediation

Estimated future environmental expenditures for undiscounted remediation costs ranged from the best estimate or minimum of $255 million to the maximum of $497 million and from the best estimate or minimum of $257 million to the maximum of $501 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The best estimate or minimum estimated future environmental expenditures are considered to be probable and reasonably estimable and include the amounts recognized at both March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

19


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Reserves for environmental remediation include liabilities expected to be paid within approximately 30 years. The amounts charged to pre-tax earnings for environmental remediation and related charges are included within "Cost of sales" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings. Changes in the reserves for environmental remediation liabilities during first three months 2021 and full year 2020 are summarized below:
(Dollars in millions)Environmental Remediation Liabilities
Balance at December 31, 2019$260 
Changes in estimates recognized in earnings and other
Cash reductions(10)
Balance at December 31, 2020257 
Changes in estimates recognized in earnings and other
Cash reductions(3)
Balance at March 31, 2021$255 

Environmental Asset Retirement Obligations

An asset retirement obligation is an obligation for the retirement of a tangible long-lived asset that is incurred upon the acquisition, construction, development, or normal operation of that long-lived asset. Environmental asset retirement obligations consist of primarily closure and post-closure costs. For sites that have environmental asset retirement obligations, the best estimate recognized to date for these environmental asset retirement obligation costs was $27 million and $28 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. 

Non-Environmental Asset Retirement Obligations

The Company has contractual asset retirement obligations not associated with environmental liabilities. Eastman's non-environmental asset retirement obligations are primarily associated with the future closure of leased manufacturing assets at Pace, Florida and Oulu, Finland. These recognized non-environmental asset retirement obligations were $51 million at both March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, and is included as part of "Other long-term liabilities" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

10.LEGAL MATTERS

From time to time, Eastman and its operations are parties to, or targets of, lawsuits, claims, investigations and proceedings, including product liability, personal injury, asbestos, patent and intellectual property, commercial, contract, environmental, antitrust, health and safety, and employment matters, which are handled and defended in the ordinary course of business. While the Company is unable to predict the outcome of these matters, it does not believe, based upon currently available facts, that the ultimate resolution of any such pending matters will have a material adverse effect on its overall financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

20


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
11.STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Reconciliations of the changes in stockholders' equity for first quarter 2021 and 2020 are provided below:
(Dollars in millions, except per share amount)Common Stock at Par ValueAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Treasury Stock at CostTotal Eastman Stockholders' EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal Equity
Balance at December 31, 2020$$2,174 $8,080 $(273)$(3,960)$6,023 $85 $6,108 
Net Earnings274 274 277 
Cash Dividends Declared (1)
($0.69 per share)
(94)(94)(94)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)25 25 25 
Share Based Compensation Expense (2)
22 22 22 
Stock Option Exercises38 38 38 
Other (3)
(15)(15)(1)(16)
Share Repurchase(40)(40)(40)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest(1)(1)
Balance at March 31, 2021$$2,219 $8,260 $(248)$(4,000)$6,233 $86 $6,319 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amount)Common Stock at Par ValueAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Treasury Stock at CostTotal Eastman Stockholders' EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal Equity
Balance at December 31, 2019$$2,105 $7,965 $(214)$(3,900)$5,958 $74 $6,032 
Net Earnings258 258 260 
Cash Dividends Declared (1)
($0.66 per share)
(90)(90)(90)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)17 17 17 
Share Based Compensation Expense (2)
15 15 15 
Other (3)
(11)(11)(1)(12)
Share Repurchase(30)(30)(30)
Balance at March 31, 2020$$2,109 $8,133 $(197)$(3,930)$6,117 $75 $6,192 
(1)Cash dividends declared consists of cash dividends paid and dividends declared but unpaid.
(2)Share-based compensation expense is based on the fair value of share-based awards.
(3)Additional paid-in capital includes value of shares withheld for employees' taxes on vesting of share-based compensation awards.

21


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in millions)
Cumulative Translation AdjustmentBenefit Plans Unrecognized Prior Service CreditsUnrealized Gains (Losses) on Derivative InstrumentsUnrealized Losses on InvestmentsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance at December 31, 2019$(264)$106 $(55)$(1)$(214)
Period change(29)(19)(11)(59)
Balance at December 31, 2020(293)87 (66)(1)(273)
Period change(7)30 25 
Balance at March 31, 2021$(291)$80 $(36)$(1)$(248)

Amounts of other comprehensive income (loss) are presented net of applicable taxes. Eastman recognizes deferred income taxes on the CTA related to branch operations and income from other entities included in the Company's consolidated U.S. tax return. No deferred income taxes are recognized on the CTA of other subsidiaries outside the United States, because the CTA is considered to be a component of indefinitely invested, unremitted earnings of these foreign subsidiaries.

Components of other comprehensive income recognized in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings are presented below, before tax and net of tax effects:
First Quarter
20212020
(Dollars in millions)Before TaxNet of TaxBefore TaxNet of Tax
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Change in cumulative translation adjustment$$$19 $19 
Defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans:
Amortization of unrecognized prior service credits(9)(7)(10)(7)
Derivatives and hedging:
Unrealized gain (loss) during period33 25 10 
Reclassification adjustment for (gains) losses included in net income, net(3)(2)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)$33 $25 $16 $17 

22


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
12.EARNINGS AND DIVIDENDS PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") which are calculated using the treasury stock method:
 First Quarter
(In millions, except per share amounts)20212020
Numerator
Earnings attributable to Eastman, net of tax$274 $258 
Denominator
Weighted average shares used for basic EPS136.1136.0
Dilutive effect of stock options and other awards1.50.5
Weighted average shares used for diluted EPS137.6136.5
(Calculated using whole dollars and shares)
EPS
Basic$2.01 $1.90 
Diluted$1.99 $1.89 

Shares underlying stock options excluded from first quarter 2021 and 2020 calculations of diluted EPS were 327,782 and 3,921,686, respectively, because the grant date exercise price of these options was greater than the average market price of the Company's common stock and the effect of including them in the calculation of diluted EPS would have been antidilutive. First quarter 2021 and 2020 reflect share repurchases of 354,795 and 510,301, respectively.

The Company declared cash dividends of $0.69 and $0.66 per share for first quarter 2021 and 2020, respectively.

23


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
13.ASSET IMPAIRMENTS AND RESTRUCTURING CHARGES, NET

(Dollars in millions)First Quarter
Fixed Asset Impairments20212020
Site optimizations
AM - Performance films (1)
$$
AFP - Animal nutrition (2)
Gain on Sale of Previously Impaired Assets
Site optimizations
AFP - Animal nutrition (2)
(1)
(1)
Intangible Asset Impairments
AFP - Customer relationships (3)
Severance Charges
CI & AFP - Singapore (4)
Site optimizations
AM - Advanced interlayers (5)
AM - Performance films (1)
AFP - Animal nutrition (2)
Other Restructuring Costs
CI & AFP - Singapore (4)
Site optimizations
AFP - Tire additives (6)
Total$$14 

(1)Fixed asset impairments and severance in the Advanced Materials ("AM") segment from the previously reported closure of a performance films manufacturing facility in North America as part of ongoing site optimization.
(2)Fixed asset impairments, net and severance in the Additives & Functional Products ("AFP") segment from the previously reported closure of an animal nutrition manufacturing facility in Asia Pacific as part of ongoing site optimization.
(3)Intangible asset impairment charge in the AFP segment for customer relationships.
(4)Severance charges in first quarter 2020 of $1 million in the Chemical Intermediates ("CI") segment and site closure costs in first quarter 2021 of $4 million and $1 million in the CI and AFP segments, respectively, resulting from the previously reported plan to discontinue production of certain products at the Singapore manufacturing site. Excluding the fixed asset impairments in 2019, restructuring charges of up to $50 million are expected for this closure, of which $6 million was recognized in 2020.
(5)Severance in the AM segment due to the previously reported closure of an advanced interlayers manufacturing facility in North America as part of ongoing site optimization. In addition, accelerated depreciation of $4 million was recognized in "Cost of sales" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings in first quarter 2021 related to the closure of this facility. Management expects total charges of up to $30 million for the closure of this facility, mostly in "Cost of sales" and in "Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings, of which $13 million was recognized in 2020.
(6)Site closure costs in the AFP segment from the previously reported closure of a tire additives manufacturing facility in Asia Pacific as part of ongoing site optimization.

24


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Changes in Reserves

The following table summarizes the changes in asset impairments and restructuring charges, the non-cash reductions attributable to asset impairments, and the cash reductions in restructuring reserves for severance costs and site closure costs paid in first three months 2021 and full year 2020:
(Dollars in millions)Balance at January 1, 2021Provision/ AdjustmentsNon-cash Reductions/
Additions
Cash ReductionsBalance at March 31, 2021
Non-cash charges$$$$$
Severance costs65 (23)43 
Other restructuring costs14 (6)14 
Total$79 $$$(29)$57 


(Dollars in millions)
Balance at January 1, 2020Provision/ AdjustmentsNon-cash Reductions/
Additions
Cash ReductionsBalance at December 31, 2020
Non-cash charges$$145 $(145)$$
Severance costs17 65 (18)65 
Other restructuring costs11 17 (14)14 
Total$28 $227 $(144)$(32)$79 

Substantially all severance costs remaining are expected to be applied to the reserves within one year.

14.SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION AWARDS

The Company utilizes share-based awards under employee and non-employee director compensation programs. These share-based awards have included restricted and unrestricted stock, restricted stock units, stock options, and performance shares. In first quarter 2021 and 2020, $22 million and $15 million, respectively, of compensation expense before tax were recognized in "Selling, general and administrative expenses" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings for all share-based awards of which $4 million and $3 million, respectively, was for stock options. The compensation expense is recognized over the substantive vesting period, which may be shorter time period than the stated vesting period for qualifying termination eligible employees as defined in the award notices. For first quarter 2021 and 2020, $2 million and $1 million, respectively, of stock option compensation expense was recognized due to qualifying termination eligibility preceding the requisite service period. The impact on first quarter 2021 and 2020 net earnings of $17 million and $11 million, respectively, is net of deferred tax expense related to share-based award compensation for each period.

Stock Option Grants

In first quarter 2021 and 2020, the number of stock options granted under the 2017 Omnibus Stock Compensation Plan was approximately 450 thousand and 622 thousand, respectively. Options have an exercise price equal to the closing price of the Company's stock on the date of grant. The term of options is 10 years with vesting periods that vary up to three years. Vesting usually occurs ratably over the vesting period or at the end of the vesting period. The Company utilizes the Black Scholes Merton option valuation model which relies on certain assumptions to estimate an option's fair value.

25


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The assumptions used in the determination of fair value for stock options granted in first quarter 2021 and 2020 are provided in the table below:
First Quarter
Assumptions20212020
Expected volatility rate28.99%21.56%
Expected dividend yield3.58%3.30%
Average risk-free interest rate0.95%0.94%
Expected term years6.05.9

The grant date exercise price and fair value of options granted during first quarter 2021 were $109.26 and $19.81, respectively, and first quarter 2020 were $61.51 and $7.92, respectively.

For options unvested at March 31, 2021, $7 million in compensation expense will be recognized over the next three years.

Other Share-Based Compensation Awards

In addition to stock option grants, the Company has awarded long-term performance shares, restricted stock and restricted stock units, and stock appreciation rights. The long-term performance share awards are based upon actual return on capital compared to a target return on capital and total stockholder return compared to a peer group ranking by total stockholder return over a three year performance period and pay out in unrestricted shares of common stock at the end of the performance period. The awards are valued using a Monte Carlo Simulation based model and vest pro-ratably over the three year performance period. The number of long-term performance share target awards during first quarter 2021 and 2020 for the 2021-2023 and 2020-2022 periods were approximately 311 thousand and 423 thousand, respectively. The target shares awarded are assumed to be 100 percent. At the end of the three-year performance period, the actual number of shares awarded can range from zero to 250 percent of the target shares based on the award notice. The number of restricted stock unit awards, which pay out in unrestricted shares of common stock at the end of the vesting and performance (if any) period, during first quarter 2021 and 2020 were approximately 109 thousand and 123 thousand, respectively. The fair value of a restricted stock unit award is equal to the closing stock price of the Company's stock on the award date and normally vests over a period of three years. In first quarter 2021 and 2020, $18 million and $12 million, respectively, was recognized as compensation expense before tax for these other share-based awards and was included in the total compensation expense noted above for all share-based awards. The unrecognized compensation expense before tax for these same type awards at March 31, 2021 was approximately $90 million and will be recognized primarily over a period of three years.

For additional information regarding share-based compensation plans and awards, see Note 17, "Share-Based Compensation Plans and Awards", to the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

15.SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION

Included in the line item "Other items, net" of the "Operating activities" section of the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows are the following changes to Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position:
(Dollars in millions)First Three Months
 20212020
Other current assets$10 $
Other noncurrent assets
Payables and other current liabilities58 
Long-term liabilities and equity61 (3)
Total$77 $71 

The above changes resulted primarily from accrued taxes, deferred taxes, environmental liabilities, monetized positions from raw material and energy, currency, and certain interest rate hedges, equity investment dividends, prepaid insurance, miscellaneous deferrals, value-added taxes, and other miscellaneous accruals.

26


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
16.SEGMENT AND REGIONAL SALES INFORMATION

Eastman's products and operations are managed and reported in 4 operating segments: Additives & Functional Products ("AFP"), Advanced Materials ("AM"), Chemical Intermediates ("CI"), and Fibers. The economic factors that impact the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows vary among the Company's business operating segments and the geographical regions in which they operate. For disaggregation of revenue by major product lines and regions for each business operating segment, see Note 19, "Segment and Regional Sales Information", to the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. For additional financial information for each segment, see Part I, Item 1, "Business - Business Segments", in the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

(Dollars in millions)First Quarter
Sales by Segment20212020
Additives & Functional Products$871 $822 
Advanced Materials716 615 
Chemical Intermediates605 592 
Fibers217 212 
Total Sales$2,409 $2,241 

(Dollars in millions)First Quarter
Earnings (Loss) Before Interest and Taxes by Segment20212020
Additives & Functional Products$135 $143 
Advanced Materials146 100 
Chemical Intermediates69 80 
Fibers45 53 
Total Earnings Before Interest and Taxes by Operating Segment395 376 
Other  
Growth initiatives and businesses not allocated to operating segments(29)(23)
Pension and other postretirement benefits income (expense), net not allocated to operating segments27 21 
Other income (charges), net not allocated to operating segments(4)(6)
Total Earnings Before Interest and Taxes$389 $368 

(Dollars in millions)March 31,December 31,
Assets by Segment (1)
20212020
Additives & Functional Products$6,304 $6,238 
Advanced Materials4,392 4,345 
Chemical Intermediates2,643 2,614 
Fibers996 978 
Total Assets by Operating Segment14,335 14,175 
Corporate Assets1,860 1,908 
Total Assets$16,195 $16,083 
(1)Segment assets include accounts receivable, inventory, fixed assets, goodwill, and intangible assets.

27


NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in millions)First Quarter
Sales by Customer Location20212020
United States and Canada$1,004 $980 
Asia Pacific608 495 
Europe, Middle East, and Africa656 631 
Latin America141 135 
Total Sales$2,409 $2,241 


28


ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Page



This Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations ("MD&A") is based upon the consolidated financial statements of Eastman Chemical Company ("Eastman" or the "Company"), which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"), and should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements, including related notes, and MD&A contained in the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements, including related notes, included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. All references to earnings per share ("EPS") contained in this report are diluted EPS unless otherwise noted.
 
29

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

Non-GAAP financial measures, and the accompanying reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable GAAP measures, are presented below in this section and in "Overview", "Results of Operations", "Summary by Operating Segment", "Liquidity and Other Financial Information", and "Outlook" in this MD&A.

Management discloses non-GAAP financial measures, and the related reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP financial measures, because it believes investors use these metrics in evaluating longer term period-over-period performance, and to allow investors to better understand and evaluate the information used by management to assess the Company's and its operating segments' performances, make resource allocation decisions, and evaluate organizational and individual performances in determining certain performance-based compensation. Non-GAAP financial measures do not have definitions under GAAP, and may be defined differently by, and not be comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies. As a result, management cautions investors not to place undue reliance on any non-GAAP financial measure, but to consider such measures alongside the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

Company Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Non-Core Items and any Unusual or Non-Recurring Items Excluded from Non-GAAP Earnings

In addition to evaluating Eastman's financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and cash flows as reported in accordance with GAAP, management also evaluates Company and operating segment performance, and makes resource allocation and performance evaluation decisions, excluding the effect of transactions, costs, and losses or gains that do not directly result from Eastman's normal, or "core", business and operations or are otherwise of an unusual or non-recurring nature.

Non-core transactions, costs, and losses or gains relate to, among other things, cost reductions, growth and profitability improvement initiatives, and other events outside of core business operations, and have included asset impairments and restructuring charges and gains, costs of and related to acquisitions, gains and losses from and costs related to dispositions, closure, or shutdowns of businesses or assets, financing transaction costs, and mark-to-market losses or gains for pension and other postretirement benefit plans.

Because non-core, unusual, or non-recurring transactions, costs, and losses or gains may materially affect the Company's, or any particular operating segment's, financial condition or results in a specific period in which they are recognized, management believes it is appropriate to evaluate both the financial measures prepared and calculated in accordance with GAAP and the related non-GAAP financial measures excluding the effect on the Company's results of these non-core, unusual, or non-recurring items. In addition to using such measures to evaluate results in a specific period, management evaluates such non-GAAP measures, and believes that investors may also evaluate such measures, because such measures may provide more complete and consistent comparisons of the Company's and its segments' operational performance on a period-over-period historical basis and, as a result, provide a better indication of expected future trends.

Adjusted Tax Rate and Provision for Income Taxes

In interim periods, Eastman discloses non-GAAP earnings with an adjusted effective tax rate and a resulting adjusted provision for income taxes using the Company's forecasted tax rate for the full year as of the end of the interim period. The adjusted effective tax rate and resulting adjusted provision for income taxes are equal to the Company's projected full year effective tax rate and provision for income taxes on earnings excluding non-core, unusual, or non-recurring items for completed periods. The adjusted effective tax rate and resulting adjusted provision for income taxes may fluctuate during the year for changes in events and circumstances that change the Company's forecasted annual effective tax rate and resulting provision for income taxes excluding non-core, unusual, or non-recurring items. Management discloses this adjusted effective tax rate, and the related reconciliation to the GAAP effective tax rate, to provide investors more complete and consistent comparisons of the Company's operational performance on a period-over-period interim basis and on the same basis as management evaluates quarterly financial results to provide a better indication of expected full year results.

30

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Non-GAAP Cash Flow Measures

Eastman regularly evaluates and discloses to investors and securities analysts an alternative non-GAAP measure of "free cash flow", which management defines as net cash provided by or used in operating activities less the amount of net capital expenditures (typically the GAAP measure additions to properties and equipment). Such net capital expenditures are generally funded from available cash and, as such, management believes they should be considered in determining free cash flow. Management believes this is an appropriate metric to assess the Company's ability to fund priorities for uses of available cash. The priorities for cash after funding operations include payment of quarterly dividends, repayment of debt, funding targeted growth opportunities, and repurchasing shares. Management believes this metric is useful to investors and securities analysts to provide them with information similar to that used by management in evaluating financial performance and potential future cash available for various initiatives and assessing organizational performance in determining certain performance-based compensation, and because management believes investors and securities analysts often use a similar measure of free cash flow to compare the results, and value, of comparable companies. In addition, Eastman may disclose to investors and securities analysts an alternative non-GAAP measure of "free cash flow yield", which management defines as annual free cash flow divided by the Company's market capitalization, and "free cash flow conversion", which management defines as annual free cash flow divided by adjusted net income. Management believes this metric is useful to investors and securities analysts in comparing cash flow generation with that of peer and other companies.

Non-GAAP Debt Measure

Eastman from time to time evaluates and discloses to investors and securities and credit analysts the non-GAAP debt measure "net debt", which management defines as total borrowings less cash and cash equivalents. Management believes this metric is useful to investors and securities and credit analysts to provide them with information similar to that used by management in evaluating the Company's overall financial position, liquidity, and leverage and because management believes investors, securities analysts, credit analysts and rating agencies, and lenders often use a similar measure to assess and compare companies' relative financial position and liquidity.

Non-GAAP Measures in this Quarterly Report

The following non-core items are excluded by management in its evaluation of certain earnings results in this Quarterly Report:
Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net, and
Accelerated depreciation resulting from the closure of a manufacturing facility as part of ongoing site optimization.

As described above, the alternative non-GAAP measures of cash flow, "free cash flow", and of debt, "net debt", are also presented in this Quarterly Report.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures - Non-Core Items Excluded from Earnings and Adjustments to Provision for Income Taxes
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Non-core items impacting earnings before interest and taxes:
Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net$$14 
Accelerated depreciation— 
Total non-core items impacting earnings before interest and taxes11 14 
Less: Items impacting provision for income taxes:
Tax effect of non-core items
Interim adjustment to tax provision(10)(8)
Total items impacting provision for income taxes(8)(5)
Total items impacting net earnings attributable to Eastman$19 $19 

31

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This MD&A includes an analysis of the effect of the foregoing on the following GAAP financial measures:

Gross profit,
Earnings before interest and taxes ("EBIT"),
Provision for income taxes,
Net earnings attributable to Eastman,
Diluted EPS,
Net cash provided by operating activities, and
Total borrowings.

Other Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Alternative Non-GAAP Cash Flow Measures

In addition to the non-GAAP measures presented in this Quarterly Report and other periodic reports, management occasionally has evaluated and disclosed to investors and securities analysts the non-GAAP measure cash provided by or used in operating activities excluding certain non-core, unusual, or non-recurring sources or uses of cash or including cash from or used by activities that are managed as part of core business operations ("adjusted cash provided by or used in operating activities") when analyzing, among other things, business performance, liquidity and financial position, and performance-based compensation. Management has used this non-GAAP measure in conjunction with the GAAP measure cash provided by or used in operating activities because it believes it is an appropriate metric to evaluate the cash flows from Eastman's core operations that are available for organic and inorganic growth initiatives and because it allows for a more consistent period-over-period presentation of such amounts. In its evaluation, management generally excludes the impact of certain non-core activities and decisions of management that it considers not core, ongoing components of operations and the decisions to undertake or not to undertake such activities may be made irrespective of the cash generated from operations, and generally includes cash from or used in activities that are managed as operating activities and in business operating decisions. Management has disclosed this non-GAAP measure and the related reconciliation to investors and securities analysts to allow them to better understand and evaluate the information used by management in its decision-making processes and because management believes investors and securities analysts use similar measures to assess Company performance, liquidity, and financial position over multiple periods and to compare these with other companies.

Alternative Non-GAAP Earnings Measures

From time to time, Eastman may also disclose to investors and securities analysts the non-GAAP earnings measures "EBIT Margin", "Adjusted EBITDA", "EBITDA Margin", "Return on Invested Capital" (or "ROIC"), and "Adjusted ROIC". Management defines EBIT Margin as the GAAP measure EBIT adjusted to exclude the same non-core, unusual, or non-recurring items as are excluded from the Company's other non-GAAP earnings measures for the same periods divided by the GAAP measure sales revenue in the Company's Consolidated Statement of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings for the same period. Adjusted EBITDA is EBITDA (net earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) adjusted to exclude the same non-core, unusual, or non-recurring items as are excluded from the Company's other non-GAAP earnings measures for the same periods. EBITDA Margin is Adjusted EBITDA divided by the GAAP measure sales revenue in the Company's Consolidated Statement of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings for the same periods. Management defines ROIC as net earnings plus interest expense after tax divided by average total borrowings plus average stockholders' equity for the periods presented, each derived from the GAAP measures in the Company's financial statements for the periods presented. Adjusted ROIC is ROIC adjusted to exclude from net earnings the same non-core, unusual, or non-recurring items as are excluded from the Company's other non-GAAP earnings measures for the same periods. Management believes that EBIT Margin, Adjusted EBITDA, EBITDA Margin, and ROIC and Adjusted ROIC are useful as supplemental measures in evaluating the performance of and returns from Eastman's operating businesses, and from time to time uses such measures in internal performance calculations. Further, management understands that investors and securities analysts often use similar measures of EBIT Margin, Adjusted EBITDA, EBITDA Margin, ROIC, and Adjusted ROIC to compare the results, returns, and value of the Company with those of peer and other companies.

32

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

OVERVIEW

Eastman's products and operations are managed and reported in four operating segments: Additives & Functional Products ("AFP"), Advanced Materials ("AM"), Chemical Intermediates ("CI"), and Fibers. Eastman uses an innovation-driven growth model which consists of leveraging world class scalable technology platforms, delivering differentiated application development capabilities, and relentlessly engaging the market. The Company's world class technology platforms form the foundation of sustainable growth by differentiated products through significant scale advantages in research and development ("R&D") and advantaged global market access. Differentiated application development converts market complexity into opportunities for growth and accelerates innovation by enabling a deeper understanding of the value of Eastman's products and how they perform within customers' and end-user products. Key areas of application development include thermoplastic conversion, functional films, coatings formulations, rubber additive formulations, adhesives formulations, nonwovens and textiles, animal nutrition, and molecular recycling technologies. The Company engages the market by working directly with customers and downstream users, targeting attractive niche markets, and leveraging disruptive macro trends. Management believes that these elements of the Company's innovation-driven growth model, combined with disciplined portfolio management and balanced capital deployment, will result in consistent, sustainable earnings growth and strong cash flow.

The Company generated sales revenue of $2.4 billion and $2.2 billion in first quarter 2021 and 2020, respectively. EBIT was $389 million and $368 million in first quarter 2021 and 2020, respectively. Excluding the non-core items identified in "Non-GAAP Financial Measures", adjusted EBIT was $400 million and $382 million in first quarter 2021 and 2020, respectively. Sales revenue increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher selling prices, higher sales volume, and a favorable shift in foreign currency exchange rates. Adjusted EBIT increased primarily due to favorable product mix and higher sales volume, particularly in the AM and AFP segments, partially offset by higher raw material and energy costs, and distribution costs. Costs from the impact of Winter Storm Uri, which resulted in outages at both the Longview, Texas and Texas City, Texas sites, totaled approximately $30 million, with approximately $20 million in the CI segment and approximately $10 million in the AFP segment. Cost reduction actions partially offset higher variable compensation costs.

Discussion of sales revenue and EBIT changes is presented in "Results of Operations" and "Summary by Operating Segment" in this MD&A.

Net earnings and EPS and adjusted net earnings and EPS were as follows:
First Quarter
20212020
(Dollars in millions, except EPS)$EPS$EPS
Net earnings attributable to Eastman$274 $1.99 $258 $1.89 
Total non-core items, net of tax0.06 11 0.08 
Interim adjustment to tax provision10 0.08 0.06 
Adjusted net earnings$293 $2.13 $277 $2.03 

Cash provided by operating activities was $216 million and $171 million in first three months 2021 and 2020, respectively. Free cash flow was $125 million and $72 million in first three months 2021 and 2020, respectively.

33

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Sales
First Quarter
Change
(Dollars in millions)20212020 $%
Sales$2,409 $2,241 $168 %
Volume / product mix effect45 %
Price effect78 %
Exchange rate effect45 %

Sales revenue increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 as a result of increases in all operating segments. Further discussion by operating segment is presented in "Summary by Operating Segment" in this MD&A.

Gross Profit
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020Change
Gross profit$598 $577 %
Accelerated depreciation— 
Gross profit excluding non-core item$602 $577 %

Gross profit in first quarter 2021 included accelerated depreciation resulting from the previously reported closure of an advanced interlayers manufacturing facility in North America in the AM segment as part of ongoing site optimization actions. Excluding this non-core item, gross profit increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 as a result of an increase in the AM segment, partially offset by decreases in all other segments. Further discussion of sales revenue and EBIT changes is presented in "Summary by Operating Segment" in this MD&A.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020Change
Selling, general and administrative expenses$184 $160 15 %

Selling, General and Administrative ("SG&A") expenses increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily as a result of higher variable compensation costs, including for incentive compensation based on annual business performance and deferred compensation with returns based on financial market performance, partially offset by cost reduction actions.

Research and Development Expenses
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020Change
Research and development expenses$58 $61 (5)%

R&D expenses decreased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to cost reduction actions and project prioritization.

34

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Asset Impairments and Restructuring Charges, Net

(Dollars in millions)First Quarter
Fixed Asset Impairments20212020
Site optimizations
AM - Performance films (1)
$— $
AFP - Animal nutrition (2)
— 
— 
Gain on Sale of Previously Impaired Assets
Site optimizations
AFP - Animal nutrition (2)
(1)— 
(1)— 
Intangible Asset Impairments
AFP - Customer relationships (3)
— 
— 
Severance Charges
CI & AFP - Singapore (4)
— 
Site optimizations
AM - Advanced interlayers (5)
— 
AM - Performance films (1)
— 
AFP - Animal nutrition (2)
— 
Other Restructuring Costs
CI & AFP - Singapore (4)
— 
Site optimizations
AFP - Tire additives (6)
— 
— 
Total$$14 

(1)Fixed asset impairments and severance in the AM segment from the previously reported closure of a performance films manufacturing facility in North America as part of ongoing site optimization.
(2)Fixed asset impairments, net and severance in the AFP segment from the previously reported closure of an animal nutrition manufacturing facility in Asia Pacific as part of ongoing site optimization.
(3)Intangible asset impairment charge in the AFP segment for customer relationships.
(4)Severance charges of $1 million in the CI segment and site closure costs of $4 million and $1 million in the CI and AFP segments, respectively, resulting from the previously reported plan to discontinue production of certain products at the Singapore manufacturing site. Excluding fixed asset impairments in 2019, restructuring charges of up to $50 million are expected for this closure, of which $6 million was recognized in 2020.
(5)Severance in the AM segment due to the previously reported closure of an advanced interlayers manufacturing facility in North America as part of ongoing site optimization. In addition, accelerated depreciation of $4 million was recognized in "Cost of sales" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings in first quarter 2021 related to the closure of this facility. Management expects total charges of up to $30 million for the closure of this facility, mostly in "Cost of sales" and in "Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net" in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income and Retained Earnings, of which $13 million was recognized in 2020.
(6)Site closure costs in the AFP segment from the previously reported closure of a tire additives manufacturing facility in Asia Pacific as part of ongoing site optimization.


35

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

For more information regarding asset impairments and restructuring charges, net see Note 13, "Asset Impairments and Restructuring Charges, Net", to the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Other Components of Post-employment (Benefit) Cost, Net
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Other components of post-employment (benefit) cost, net$(36)$(30)

For more information regarding other components of post-employment (benefit) cost, net see Note 7, "Retirement Plans", to the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Other (Income) Charges, Net
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Foreign exchange transaction (gains) losses, net$$
(Income) loss from equity investments and other investment (gains) losses, net(6)(3)
Other, net(2)
Other (income) charges, net$(4)$

For more information regarding components of foreign exchange transaction losses, see Note 6, "Derivative and Non-Derivative Financial Instruments", to the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Earnings Before Interest and Taxes
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020Change
Earnings before interest and taxes$389 $368 %
Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net14 
Accelerated depreciation— 
Earnings before interest and taxes excluding non-core items$400 $382 %

Net Interest Expense
 First Quarter
(Dollars in millions)20212020Change
Gross interest costs$52 $54 (4)%
Less: Capitalized interest
Interest expense51 53 
Less: Interest income 
Net interest expense$50 $52 (4)%

Net interest expense decreased primarily as a result of prior year repayment of public debt.

36

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Provision for Income Taxes
First Quarter
20212020
(Dollars in millions)$%$%
Provision for income taxes and effective tax rate$62 18 %$56 18 %
Tax provision for non-core items (1)
Interim adjustment to tax provision (2)
(10)(8)
Adjusted provision for income taxes and effective tax rate$54 16 %$51 16 %
(1)Provision for income taxes for non-core items is calculated using the tax rate for the jurisdiction where the gains are taxable and the expenses are deductible.
(2)First quarter 2021 provision for income taxes was adjusted to reflect the current forecasted full year effective tax rate. First quarter 2020 provision for income taxes was adjusted to reflect the then current forecasted full year effective tax rate. The adjusted provision for income taxes for first three months 2021 and 2020 are calculated applying the forecasted full year effective tax rates as shown below.
First Three Months (1)
20212020
Effective tax rate18 %18 %
Discrete tax items (2)
%(1)%
Tax impact of current year non-core items (3)
%%
Changes in tax contingencies and valuation allowances(1)%— %
Forecasted full year impact of expected tax events(4)%(2)%
Forecasted full year adjusted effective tax rate16 %16 %
(1)Effective tax rate percentages are rounded to the nearest whole percent. The forecasted full year effective tax rates are 15.5 percent for first three months 2021 and 2020.
(2)"Discrete tax items" are items that are excluded from a company's estimated annual effective tax rate and recognized entirely in the quarter in which the item occurs. Discrete items for first three months 2021 and 2020 are for share based compensation expense and adjustments to certain prior year tax returns.
(3)Provision for income taxes for non-core items is calculated using the tax rate for the jurisdiction where the gains are taxable and the expenses are deductible.

Net Earnings Attributable to Eastman and Diluted Earnings per Share
First Quarter
20212020
(Dollars in millions, except EPS)$EPS$EPS
Net earnings and diluted earnings per share attributable to Eastman$274 $1.99 $258 $1.89 
Non-core items, net of tax: (1)
Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net0.04 11 0.08 
Accelerated depreciation0.02 — — 
Interim adjustment to tax provision10 0.08 0.06 
Adjusted net earnings and diluted earnings per share attributable to Eastman$293 $2.13 $277 $2.03 
(1)Provision for income taxes for non-core items is calculated using the tax rate for the jurisdiction where the gains are taxable and the expenses are deductible.


37

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

SUMMARY BY OPERATING SEGMENT

Eastman's products and operations are managed and reported in four operating segments: Additives & Functional Products ("AFP"), Advanced Materials ("AM"), Chemical Intermediates ("CI"), and Fibers. For additional financial and product information for each operating segment, see Part I, Item 1, "Business - Business Segments" and Part II, Item 8, Note 19, "Segment and Regional Sales Information", in the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Additives & Functional Products Segment
First Quarter
Change
20212020 $%
(Dollars in millions)
Sales$871 $822 $49 %
Volume / product mix effect22 %
Price effect— %
Exchange rate effect22 %
Earnings before interest and taxes$135 $143 $(8)(6)%
Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net(4)
Earnings before interest and taxes excluding non-core items137 149 (12)(8)%

Sales revenue in first quarter 2021 increased compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher sales volume and a favorable shift in foreign currency exchange rates. Higher sales volume was primarily attributed to strengthened demand and improved market conditions for coatings and inks additives products sold in transportation, building and construction, and durable goods end-markets resulting in a more favorable product mix, partially offset by lower sales volume of aviation fluids.

First quarter 2021 EBIT included asset impairments and severance of $2 million from the previously reported closure of a tire additives manufacturing facility in Asia Pacific as part of ongoing site optimization and site closure costs of $1 million resulting from the previously reported plan to discontinue production of certain products at the Singapore manufacturing facility. First quarter 2021 and 2020 EBIT included a $1 million gain on the sale of impaired assets and asset impairments and restructuring charges of $4 million, respectively, from the previously reported closure of an animal nutrition manufacturing facility in Asia Pacific as part of ongoing site optimization. First quarter 2020 EBIT included an intangible asset impairment charge of $2 million for customer relationships. Excluding these non-core items, EBIT decreased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher raw material and energy costs and higher distribution costs offsetting higher selling prices by $27 million and approximately $10 million of costs resulting from the impact of the weather-related outage at the Longview, Texas site. These costs were partially offset by $19 million of higher sales volume and lower manufacturing costs, primarily due to higher capacity utilization and $7 million by cost reduction actions.

In April 2021, the Company completed the acquisition of 3F Food & Feed ("3F"), a manufacturer of additives for animal feed and human food for a preliminary purchase price of approximately $70 million, net of cash acquired. The acquisition of 3F is expected to enhance continued global growth of the AFP segment animal nutrition product lines.
38

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Advanced Materials Segment
First Quarter
Change
20212020 $%
(Dollars in millions)
Sales$716 $615 $101 16 %
Volume / product mix effect93 15 %
Price effect(8)(1)%
Exchange rate effect16 %
Earnings before interest and taxes$146 $100 $46 46 %
Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net(6)
Accelerated depreciation— 
Earnings before interest and taxes excluding non-core items151 107 44 41 %

Sales revenue in first quarter 2021 increased compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher sales volume. This increase was primarily due to higher performance films sales volume of premium automotive products, stronger demand in durables goods and electronics end markets for specialty plastics products, and higher sales volume of advanced interlayers products sold into transportation end-markets resulting in a more favorable product mix.

First quarter 2021 EBIT included asset impairments and restructuring charges and accelerated depreciation resulting from the previously reported closure of an advanced interlayers manufacturing facility. First quarter 2020 EBIT included asset impairments and restructuring charges resulting from the previously reported closure of a performance films manufacturing facility in North America as part of ongoing site optimization actions. Excluding these non-core items, EBIT increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to $45 million of higher sales volume, favorable product mix, and lower manufacturing costs, primarily due to higher capacity utilization and $8 million by cost reduction actions. These lower costs were partially offset by lower selling prices and higher distribution costs totaling $12 million.
Chemical Intermediates Segment
First Quarter
Change
20212020 $%
(Dollars in millions)
Sales$605 $592 $13 %
Volume / product mix effect(76)(13)%
Price effect82 14 %
Exchange rate effect%
Earnings before interest and taxes$69 $80 $(11)(14)%
Asset impairments and restructuring charges, net
Earnings before interest and taxes excluding non-core item73 81 (8)(10)%

Sales revenue in first quarter 2021 increased compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher selling prices mostly offset by lower sales volume. Higher selling prices resulted from higher raw material prices. Lower sales volume was primarily due to the impact of the weather-related outage at the Longview, Texas site and the discontinued production of certain products at the Singapore manufacturing facility.

39

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

First quarter 2021 and first quarter 2020 EBIT included restructuring charges resulting from the previously reported plan to discontinue production of certain products at the Singapore manufacturing facility. Excluding this non-core item, EBIT decreased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to approximately $20 million of higher costs resulting from the impact of the weather-related outage at the Longview, Texas site and $13 million of lower sales volume. These costs were partially offset by higher selling prices offsetting higher raw material and energy costs by $17 million and $6 million by cost reduction actions.

Fibers Segment
First Quarter
Change
20212020 $%
(Dollars in millions)
Sales$217 $212 $%
Volume / product mix effect%
Price effect(1)(1)%
Exchange rate effect— — %
Earnings before interest and taxes$45 $53 $(8)(15)%

Sales revenue in first quarter 2021 increased compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher sales volume. Higher sales volume was due to increased textile products sales attributed to strengthened end-market demand. Acetate tow sales volume was stable.
EBIT decreased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher raw material and energy costs, higher distribution costs, and lower selling prices totaling $4 million and $2 million of less favorable product mix due to the discontinuation of a tobacco specialty product.
Other
First Quarter
20212020
(Dollars in millions)
Loss before interest and taxes
Growth initiatives and businesses not allocated to operating segments$(29)$(23)
Pension and other postretirement benefits income (expense), net not allocated to operating segments27 21 
Other income (charges), net not allocated to operating segments(4)(6)
Loss before interest and taxes$(6)$(8)
Costs related to growth initiatives, R&D costs, certain components of pension and other postretirement benefits, and other expenses and income not identifiable to an operating segment are not included in operating segment results for any of the periods presented and are included in "Other".

40

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

SALES BY CUSTOMER LOCATION
Sales Revenue
 First Quarter
Change
(Dollars in millions)20212020$%
United States and Canada$1,004 $980 $24 %
Asia Pacific608 495 113 23 %
Europe, Middle East, and Africa656 631 25 %
Latin America141 135 %
Total Eastman Chemical Company$2,409 $2,241 $168 %

Sales revenue in United States and Canada increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher selling prices in all operating segments, except in the AM segment. This item was partially offset by lower sales volume in all operating segments, except in the Fibers segment.

Sales revenue in Asia Pacific increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher sales volume in all operating segments, except in the CI segment, and higher selling prices in all operating segments, particularly in the AFP and CI segments.

Sales revenue in Europe, Middle East, and Africa increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher selling prices and a favorable shift in foreign currency exchange rates in all operating segments. These items were partially offset by lower sales volume in all operating segments, except in the AM segment.

Sales revenue in Latin America increased in first quarter 2021 compared to first quarter 2020 primarily due to higher sales volume in all operating segments, except in the CI segment. This item was partially offset by lower selling prices in all operating segments, except in the CI segment.

LIQUIDITY AND OTHER FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Cash Flows

Cash flows from operations, cash and cash equivalents, and the other sources of liquidity described below are expected to be available and sufficient to meet foreseeable cash requirements. However, the Company's cash flows from operations can be affected by numerous factors including risks associated with global operations, raw material availability and cost, demand for and pricing of Eastman's products, capacity utilization, and other factors described under "Risk Factors" in this MD&A. Management believes maintaining a financial profile consistent with an investment grade credit rating is important to its long-term strategic and financial flexibility.
First Three Months
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Net cash provided by (used in)
Operating activities$216 $171 
Investing activities(99)(101)
Financing activities(137)408 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(4)(2)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents(24)476 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period564 204 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$540 $680 
 
Cash provided by operating activities increased $45 million in first three months 2021 compared with first three months 2020 due to lower increases in net working capital (trade receivables, inventories, and trade payables) and higher net earnings.

41

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Cash used in investing activities was relatively unchanged in first three months 2021 compared with first three months 2020.

Cash used in financing activities was $137 million in first three months 2021 compared to $408 million cash provided by financing activities in first three months 2020, primarily due to first three months 2020 borrowings of $400 million under the revolving credit agreement (the "Credit Facility") as a precautionary measure due to increased financial market volatility, particularly in the availability and terms of commercial paper, resulting from COVID-19 coronavirus global pandemic ("COVID-19").

 First Three Months
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Net cash provided by operating activities$216 $171 
Capital expenditures(91)(99)
Free cash flow$125 $72 

Working Capital Management and Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

Eastman applies a proactive and disciplined approach to working capital management to optimize cash flow and to enable a full range of capital allocation options in support of the Company's strategy. Eastman expects to continue utilizing the programs described below to support free cash flow consistent with our past practices.

The Company has an off balance sheet, uncommitted accounts receivable factoring program under which entire invoices may be sold, without recourse, to third-party financial institutions. Available capacity under these agreements, which the Company uses as a routine source of working capital funding, is dependent on the level of accounts receivable eligible to be sold and the financial institutions' willingness to purchase such receivables. The total amounts sold in first quarter 2021 and 2020 were $289 million and $457 million, respectively. Based on the original terms of receivables sold for certain agreements and actual outstanding balance of receivables under service agreements, the Company estimates that $174 million and $150 million of these receivables would have been outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, had they not been sold under these factoring agreements.

Eastman works with suppliers to optimize payment terms and conditions on accounts payable to enhance timing of working capital and cash flows. As part of these efforts, the Company introduced a voluntary supply chain finance program to provide suppliers with the opportunity to sell receivables due from Eastman to a participating financial institution. See Note 1, "Significant Accounting Policies", to the consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.

Debt and Other Commitments

At March 31, 2021, the Company's borrowings totaled $5.5 billion with various maturities. The Company plans to repay the $300 million principal amount of the 3.5% notes due December 2021 in fourth quarter of 2021 using available cash. See Note 5, "Borrowings", to the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information.

See Note 8, "Leases and Other Commitments", to the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for information regarding operating leases, purchase commitments, and guarantees.

See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Other Financial Information - Debt and Other Commitments" in Part II, Item 7 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K for information on other commitments.
42

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Credit Facility and Commercial Paper Borrowings

The Company has access to a $1.50 billion Credit Facility expiring October 2023. Borrowings under the Credit Facility are subject to interest at varying spreads above quoted market rates and a commitment fee is paid on the total unused commitment. The Credit Facility provides available liquidity for general corporate purposes and supports commercial paper borrowings. At March 31, 2021, the Company had no outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility. At March 31, 2021, the Company's commercial paper borrowings were $25 million with a weighted average interest rate of 0.25 percent. See Note 5, "Borrowings", to the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

The Credit Facility contains customary covenants, including requirements to maintain certain financial ratios, that determine the events of default, amounts available, and terms of borrowings. The Company was in compliance with all applicable covenants at both March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. As previously reported, in second quarter 2020 the Company amended the Credit Facility maximum debt covenants to reflect the higher cash balance to enhance liquidity due to, and the expected negative impact on operating results of, the COVID-19 pandemic and added a new restrictive covenant prohibiting stock repurchases until June 30, 2021 in the event certain financial ratios are exceeded. See the Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 6, 2020 for additional information on the amendments to the Credit Facility. The total amount of available borrowings under the Credit Facility was $1.50 billion as of March 31, 2021.

Net Debt
 March 31,December 31,
(Dollars in millions)20212020
Total borrowings$5,524 $5,618 
Less: Cash and cash equivalents540 564 
Net debt (1)
$4,984 $5,054 
(1)Includes a non-cash decrease of $68 million in 2021 and a non-cash increase of $132 million in 2020 resulting from foreign currency exchange rates.

Capital Expenditures

Capital expenditures were $91 million and $99 million in first three months 2021 and 2020, respectively. Capital expenditures in first three months 2021 were primarily for the AM segment methanolysis plastic-to-plastic molecular recycling manufacturing facility in Kingsport, Tennessee, and other targeted growth initiatives and site modernization projects. The Company expects that 2021 capital expenditures will be between $500 million and $525 million.

Stock Repurchases and Dividends

In February 2018, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $2 billion of the Company's outstanding common stock at such times, in such amounts, and on such terms, as determined by management to be in the best interest of the Company. During first three months 2021, the Company repurchased 354,795 shares of common stock for a cost of $40 million. As of March 31, 2021, a total of 8,242,011 shares have been repurchased under this authorization for a total amount of $673 million.

43

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

In preparing the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP, management must make decisions which impact the reported amounts and the related disclosures. Such decisions include the selection of the appropriate accounting principles to be applied and assumptions on which to base estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, sales revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, Eastman evaluates its estimates, including those related to impairment of long-lived assets, environmental costs, pension and other postretirement benefits, litigation and contingent liabilities, and income taxes. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Management believes the critical accounting estimates described in Part II, Item 7 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K are the most important to the fair presentation of the Company's financial condition and results. These estimates require management's most significant judgments in the preparation of the Company's consolidated financial statements.

RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

For information regarding the impact of recently issued accounting standards, see Note 1, "Significant Accounting Policies", to the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

OUTLOOK

In 2021, management expects adjusted EPS to be between $8.25 and $8.75 and free cash flow to approach $1.1 billion. These expectations assume:
continued economic activity recovery from the impact of COVID-19;
increased sales volume and improved product mix due to innovation-driven growth model and continued recovery in key end-markets, including auto, textiles, and consumer durables;
lower costs of approximately $100 million from improved capacity utilization in 2021 due to aggressive inventory actions in 2020;
cost structure similar to 2020 due to structural cost savings from transformation of businesses and operations;
timing of price increases in response to higher raw material and energy costs and higher distribution costs to negatively impact financial results;
interest expense of approximately $200 million;
the full-year effective tax rate on adjusted earnings before income tax to be between 15 and 16 percent;
depreciation and amortization of approximately $570 million; and
capital expenditures between $500 million and $525 million.

In addition, the Company expects net debt reduction of approximately $300 million and share repurchases of approximately $350 million.

The Company's 2021 financial results forecasts do not include non-core, unusual, or non-recurring items. Accordingly, management is unable to reconcile projected earnings excluding non-core, unusual, or non-recurring items to project reported GAAP earnings without unreasonable efforts.

See "Risk Factors" below.

44

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

RISK FACTORS

In addition to factors described elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, the following are the material known factors, risks, and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those under "Outlook" and in the forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report and elsewhere from time to time. See "Forward-Looking Statements". The following risk factors are not necessarily presented in the order of importance. In addition, there may be other factors, not currently known to the Company, which could, in the future, materially adversely affect the Company, its business, financial condition, or results of operations. This and other related disclosures made by the Company in this Quarterly Report and elsewhere from time to time, represents management's best judgment as of the date the information is given. The Company does not undertake responsibility for updating any of such information, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law. Investors are advised, however, to consult any further public Company disclosures (such as in filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission or in Company press releases) on related subjects.

Risks Related to Global Economy and Industry Conditions

Continued uncertain conditions in the global economy and the financial markets could negatively impact the Company.

The Company's business and operating results were impacted by the last global recession, and its related impacts, such as the credit market crisis, declining consumer and business confidence, fluctuating commodity prices, volatile exchange rates, and other challenges that impacted the global economy. Similarly, as a company which operates and sells products worldwide, continued uncertainty in the global economy and global capital markets resulting from the current global COVID-19 pandemic have adversely impacted and are expected to continue to adversely impact demand for certain Eastman products and, accordingly results of operations, and may adversely impact the Company's financial condition and cash flows and ability to access the credit and capital markets under attractive rates and terms and negatively impact the Company's liquidity or ability to pursue certain growth initiatives.

Volatility in costs for strategic raw material and energy commodities or disruption in the supply of these commodities could adversely impact the Company's financial results.

Eastman is reliant on certain strategic raw material and energy commodities for its operations and utilizes risk management tools, including hedging, as appropriate, to mitigate market fluctuations in raw material and energy costs. These risk mitigation measures do not eliminate all exposure to market fluctuations and may limit the Company from fully benefiting from lower raw material costs and, conversely, offset the impact of higher raw material costs. In addition, the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic, which has adversely impacted cost and availability of commodities, natural disasters, plant interruptions, supply chain disruptions, changes in laws or regulations, war or other outbreak of hostilities or terrorism, and breakdown or degradation of transportation and supply chain infrastructure used for delivery of strategic raw material and energy commodities could adversely impact, both the cost and availability of these commodities.
45

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


The Company's substantial global operations subject it to risks of doing business in other countries, including U.S. and non-U.S. trade relations, which could adversely impact its business, financial condition, and results of operations.

More than half of Eastman's sales for 2020 were to customers outside of North America. The Company expects sales from international markets to continue to represent a significant portion of its sales. Also, a significant portion of the Company's manufacturing capacity is located outside of the United States. Accordingly, the Company's business is subject to risks related to the differing legal, political, cultural, social and regulatory requirements, and economic conditions of many jurisdictions including the unique geographic impacts of the global COVID-19 pandemic. Fluctuations in exchange rates may impact product demand and may adversely impact the profitability in U.S. dollars of products and services provided in foreign countries. In addition, the U.S. and foreign countries have imposed and may impose additional taxes or otherwise tax Eastman's foreign income (see "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Critical Accounting Estimates - Income Taxes" in Part II, Item 7 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K), or adopt or increase restrictions on foreign trade or investment, including currency exchange controls, tariffs or other taxes, or limitations on imports or exports (including recent and proposed changes in U.S. trade policy and resulting retaliatory actions by other countries, including China, which have recently reduced and which may increasingly reduce demand for and increase costs of impacted products or result in U.S.-based trade counterparties limiting trade with U.S.-based companies or non-U.S. customers limiting their purchases from U.S.-based companies). Certain legal and political risks are also inherent in the operation of a company with Eastman's global scope. For example, it may be more difficult for Eastman to enforce its agreements or collect receivables through foreign legal systems, and the laws of some countries may not protect the Company's intellectual property rights to the same extent as the laws of the U.S. Failure of foreign countries to have laws to protect Eastman's intellectual property rights or an inability to effectively enforce such rights in foreign countries could result in loss of valuable proprietary information. There is also risk that foreign governments may nationalize private enterprises in certain countries where Eastman operates. Social and cultural norms in certain countries may not support compliance with Eastman's corporate policies including those that require compliance with substantive laws and regulations. Also, changes in general economic and political conditions in countries where Eastman operates are a risk to the Company's financial performance. As Eastman continues to operate its business globally, its success will depend, in part, on its ability to anticipate and effectively manage these and other related risks. There can be no assurance that the consequences of these and other factors relating to its multinational operations will not have an adverse impact on Eastman's business, financial condition, or results of operations.

Risks Related to the Company's Business and Strategy

The Company's business is subject to operating risks common to chemical manufacturing businesses, including cybersecurity risks, any of which could disrupt manufacturing operations or related infrastructure and adversely impact results of operations.

As a global specialty materials company, Eastman's business is subject to operating risks common to chemical manufacturing, storage, handling, and transportation, including explosions, fires, inclement weather, natural disasters, mechanical failure, unscheduled downtime, transportation and supply chain interruptions, remediation, chemical spills, discharges or releases of toxic or hazardous substances or gases. Significant limitation on the Company's ability to manufacture products due to disruption of manufacturing operations or related infrastructure could have a material adverse impact on the Company's sales revenue, costs, results of operations, credit ratings, and financial condition. Disruptions could occur due to internal factors such as computer or equipment malfunction (accidental or intentional), operator error, or process failures; or external factors such as supply chain disruption, computer or equipment malfunction at third-party service providers, natural disasters, changes in laws or regulations, war or other outbreak of hostilities or terrorism, cyber attacks, or breakdown or degradation of transportation and supply chain infrastructure used for delivery of supplies to the Company or for delivery of products to customers. The Company has in the past experienced cyber attacks and breaches of its computer information systems, although none of these have had a material adverse impact on the Company's operations and financial results. While the Company remains committed to managing cyber related risk, no assurances can be provided that any future disruptions due to these, or other, circumstances will not have a material impact on operations (see "Business - Eastman Chemical Company General Information - Information Security" in Part I, Item 1 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K). Unplanned disruptions of manufacturing operations or related infrastructure could be significant in scale and could negatively impact operations, neighbors, and the environment, and could have a negative impact on the Company's results of operations. As previously reported, manufacturing operations and earnings were previously negatively impacted by the second quarter 2018 third-party supplier operational disruptions at the Texas City and Longview, Texas manufacturing facilities.
46

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Growth initiatives may not achieve desired business or financial objectives and may require significant resources in addition to or different from those available or in excess of those estimated or budgeted for such initiatives.

Eastman continues to identify and pursue growth opportunities through both organic and inorganic initiatives. These growth opportunities include development and commercialization or licensing of innovative new products and technologies and related employee leadership, expertise, skill development and retention, expansion into new markets and geographic regions, alliances, ventures, and acquisitions that complement and extend the Company's portfolio of businesses and capabilities. Such initiatives are necessarily constrained by availability and development of additional resources, including development, attraction, and retention of employee leadership, application development, and sales and marketing talent and capabilities. There can be no assurance that such innovation, development and commercialization or licensing efforts, investments, or acquisitions and alliances (including integration of acquired businesses) will receive necessary governmental or regulatory approvals, or result in financially successful commercialization of products, or acceptance by existing or new customers, or successful entry into new markets or otherwise achieve their underlying strategic business objectives or that they will be beneficial to the Company's results of operations. There also can be no assurance that capital projects for growth efforts can be completed within the time or at the costs projected due, among other things, to demand for and availability of construction materials and labor and obtaining regulatory approvals and operating permits and reaching agreement on terms of key agreements and arrangements with potential suppliers and customers. Any such delays or cost overruns or the inability to obtain such approvals or to reach such agreements on acceptable terms could negatively impact the returns from any proposed or current investments and projects.

Significant acquisitions expose the Company to risks and uncertainties, the occurrence of any of which could materially adversely affect the Company's business, financial condition, and results of operations.

While acquisitions have been and continue to be a part of Eastman's growth strategy, acquisitions of large companies and businesses (such as the previous acquisitions of Taminco Corporation and Solutia, Inc.) subject the Company to a number of risks and uncertainties, the occurrence of any of which could have a material adverse effect on Eastman. These include, but are not limited to, the possibilities that the actual and projected future financial performance of the acquired business may be significantly worse than expected and that, as reported in "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Critical Accounting Estimates - Impairment of Long-Lived Assets - Goodwill" in Part II, Item 7 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K, the carrying values of certain assets from acquisitions may, as has been the case for certain acquired assets primarily in the AFP segment, be impaired resulting in charges to future earnings; that significant additional indebtedness may constrain the Company's ability to access the credit and capital markets at attractive interest rates and favorable terms, which may negatively impact the Company's liquidity or ability to pursue certain growth initiatives; that the Company may not be able to achieve the cost, revenue, tax, or other "synergies" expected from any acquisition, or that there may be delays in achieving any such synergies; that management's time and effort may be dedicated to the new business resulting in a loss of focus on the successful operation of the Company's existing businesses; and that the Company may be required to expend significant additional resources in order to integrate any acquired business into Eastman or that the integration efforts will not achieve the expected benefits.

47

emn-20210331_g1.jpg
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Risks Related to Regulatory Changes and Compliance

Legislative, regulatory, or voluntary actions could increase the Company's future health, safety, and environmental compliance costs.

Eastman, its facilities, and its businesses are subject to complex health, safety, and environmental laws, regulations, and related voluntary actions, both in the U.S. and internationally, which require and will continue to require significant expenditures to remain in compliance with such laws, regulations, and voluntary actions. The Company's accruals for such costs and associated liabilities are subject to changes in estimates on which the accruals are based. For example, any amount accrued for environmental matters reflects the Company's assumptions about remediation requirements at the contaminated site, the nature of the remedy, the outcome of discussions with regulatory agencies and other potentially responsible parties at multi-party sites, and the number of and financial viability of other potentially responsible parties. Changes in the estimates on which the accruals are based, unanticipated government enforcement action, or changes in health, safety, environmental, chemical control regulations and actions, and testing requirements could result in higher costs. Specifically, future changes in legislation and regulation and related voluntary actions associated with physical impacts of climate change may increase the likelihood that the Company's manufacturing facilities will in the future be impacted by carbon requirements, regulation of greenhouse gas emissions, and energy policy, and may result in capital expenditures, increases in costs for raw materials and energy, limitations on raw material and energy source and supply choices, and other direct compliance costs. See "Business - Eastman Chemical Company General Information - Compliance With Environmental and Other Government Regulations" in Part I, Item 1 of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

48

ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Eastman has exposure to various market risks principally due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, the pricing of various commodities, and interest rates. In an effort to manage these risks, the Company employs various strategies, including pricing, inventory management, and hedging. The Company enters into derivative contracts which are governed by policies, procedures, and internal processes set forth by its Board of Directors.

The Company determines its exposures to market risk by utilizing sensitivity analyses, which measure the potential losses in fair value resulting from one or more selected hypothetical changes in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices, or interest rates. For more information regarding exposures, refer to Part II, Item 7A of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

There have been no material changes to the Company's market risks from those disclosed in Part II, Item 7A of the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 4.CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Eastman maintains a set of disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to the Company's management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. An evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of the Company's management, including the Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") and Chief Financial Officer ("CFO"), of the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO have concluded that as of March 31, 2021, the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed was accumulated and communicated to management as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There has been no change in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the first quarter of 2021 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

49

PART II.OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

General

From time to time, Eastman and its operations are parties to, or targets of, lawsuits, claims, investigations and proceedings, including product liability, personal injury, asbestos, patent and intellectual property, commercial, contract, environmental, antitrust, health and safety, and employment matters, which are handled and defended in the ordinary course of business. While the Company is unable to predict the outcome of these matters, it does not believe, based upon currently available facts, that the ultimate resolution of any such pending matters will have a material adverse effect on its overall financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. Consistent with the requirements of Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation S-K, Item 103, the Company’s threshold for disclosing any environmental legal proceeding involving a governmental authority is potential monetary sanctions that management believes will exceed $1 million.

Solutia Legacy Torts Claims Litigation

Pursuant to an Amended and Restated Settlement Agreement effective February 28, 2008 between Solutia, Inc. ("Solutia") and Monsanto Company ("Monsanto") in connection with Solutia's emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings (the "Monsanto Settlement Agreement"), Monsanto is responsible for the defense and indemnification of Solutia against any Legacy Tort Claims (as defined in the Monsanto Settlement Agreement) and Solutia has agreed to retain responsibility for certain tort claims, if any, that may arise from Solutia's conduct after its spinoff from Pharmacia Corporation (f/k/a Monsanto), which occurred on September 1, 1997. Solutia, which became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eastman upon Eastman's acquisition of Solutia in July 2012, has been named as a defendant in several such proceedings, and has submitted the matters to Monsanto, which was acquired by Bayer AG in June 2018, as Legacy Tort Claims. To the extent these matters are not within the meaning of Legacy Tort Claims, Solutia could potentially be liable thereunder. In connection with the completion of its acquisition of Solutia, Eastman guaranteed the obligations of Solutia and Eastman was added as an indemnified party under the Monsanto Settlement Agreement.

ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS

For identification and discussion of the material risks applicable to the Company and its business, see "Risk Factors" in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Part I, Item 2 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

(c) Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer

In February 2018, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $2 billion of Company's outstanding common stock at such times, in such amounts, and on such terms, as determined by management to be in the best interest of the Company. As of March 31, 2021, a total of 8,242,011 shares have been repurchased under this authorization for a total amount of $673 million. During first three months 2021, the Company repurchased 354,795 shares of common stock for a cost of $40 million. For additional information, see Note 11, "Stockholders' Equity", to the Company's unaudited consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

PeriodTotal Number
of Shares
Purchased
Average Price Paid Per Share (1)
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plan
or Program
Approximate Dollar
Value that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plan or Program
January 1 - 31, 2021— $— — $1.367  billion
February 1 - 28, 2021— $— — $1.367  billion
March 1 - 31, 2021354,795 $112.74 354,795 $1.327  billion
Total354,795 $112.74 354,795 
(1)Average price paid per share reflects the weighted average purchase price paid for shares.
50

ITEM 6.EXHIBITS

Exhibits filed as part of this report are listed in the Exhibit Index.


EXHIBIT INDEX
Exhibit NumberDescription
  
3.01
3.02
4.01
4.02Indenture, dated as of January 10, 1994, between Eastman Chemical Company and The Bank of New York, as Trustee (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(a) to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 10, 1994)
4.03
4.04Form of 7 1/4% Debentures due January 15, 2024 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(d) to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 10, 1994)
4.05Officers' Certificate pursuant to Sections 201 and 301 of the Indenture related to 7 5/8% Debentures due 2024 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(a) to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 8, 1994)
4.06Form of 7 5/8% Debentures due June 15, 2024 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(b) to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 8, 1994)
4.07
4.08
4.09
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
51

EXHIBIT INDEX
Exhibit NumberDescription
4.14
4.15
4.16
4.17
10.01 *
10.02 *
31.01 *
31.02 *
32.01 *
32.02 *
101.INSInline XBRL Instance Document (the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document)
101.SCH *Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL *Inline XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF *Inline XBRL Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB *Inline XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE *Inline XBRL Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

* Denotes exhibit filed or furnished herewith.
** Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement filed pursuant to Item 601(b) (10) (iii) of Regulation S-K.
52

SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Eastman Chemical Company
Date:May 3, 2021By:/s/ William T. McLain, Jr.
William T. McLain, Jr.
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

53