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VALE Vale

Filed: 28 Jul 21, 8:00pm

 

 

 

United States

Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 6-K

 

Report of Foreign Private Issuer

Pursuant to Rule 13a-16 or 15d-16

of the

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the month of

 

July 2021

 

Vale S.A.

 

Praia de Botafogo nº 186, 18º andar, Botafogo
22250-145 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

(Address of principal executive office)

 

(Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.)

 

(Check One) Form 20-F x Form 40-F ¨

 

(Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1))

 

(Check One) Yes ¨ No x

 

(Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper
as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7))

 

(Check One) Yes ¨ No x

 

(Indicate by check mark whether the registrant by furnishing the information contained in this Form is also thereby furnishing information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.)

 

(Check One) Yes ¨ No x

 

(If “Yes” is marked, indicate below the file number assigned to the registrant in connection with Rule 12g3-2(b). 82- .)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interim Financial Statements

June 30, 2021

 

 

 

IFRS in US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vale S.A. Interim Financial Statements

Contents

 

 Page
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm2
Consolidated Income Statement3
Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income4
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows5
Consolidated Statement of Financial Position6
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity7
Notes to the Interim Financial Statements8
1.  Corporate information8
2. Basis of preparation of the interim financial statements8
3. Significant events in the current period9
4.  Information by business segment and by geographic area9
5.  Costs and expenses by nature14
6.  Financial results15
7.  Income taxes15
8.  Basic and diluted earnings per share16
9.  Accounts receivable17
10.    Inventories17
11.    Other financial assets and liabilities17
12.    Acquisitions and divestitures18
13.    Investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures20
14.    Intangibles21
15.    Property, plant and equipment22
16.    Financial and capital risk management23
17.    Financial assets and liabilities30
18.    Participative stockholders’ debentures31
19.    Loans, borrowings, leases, cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments32
20.    Brumadinho’s dam failure34
21.    Liabilities related to associates and joint ventures38
22.    Provisions41
23.    Litigations41
24.    Employee benefits43
25.    Stockholders’ equity44
26.    Related parties45

 

1

 

 

 

 

Report of Independent registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of

Vale S.A.

 

Results of Review of Interim Financial Statements

 

We have reviewed the accompanying consolidated statement of financial position of Vale S.A. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of June 30, 2021, and the related consolidated income statement, consolidated statement of comprehensive income and consolidated statement of cash flows for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, and the consolidated statement of changes in equity for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “interim financial statements”). Based on our reviews, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying interim financial statements for them to be in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).

 

We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated statement of financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020, and the related consolidated income statement and consolidated statements of comprehensive income, changes in equity and of cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein), and in our report dated February 25, 2021, which included a paragraph describing a change in the manner of accounting for leases on January 1, 2019, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying consolidated statement of financial position as of December 31, 2020, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated statement of financial position from which it has been derived.

 

Basis for Review Results

 

These interim financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB. We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. A review of interim financial statements consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

 

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers

Auditores Independentes

Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

July 28, 2021

 

PricewaterhouseCoopers Auditores Independentes, Rua do Russel 804, Edifício Manchete, 6º e 7º andares, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil 22210-907, T: (21) 3232-6112, F: (21) 3232-6113, www.pwc.com/br

 

2

 

 

 

Consolidated Income Statement

In millions of United States dollars, except earnings per share data

 

     Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  Notes  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Net operating revenue 4(c)  16,675   7,518   29,320   14,487 
Cost of goods sold and services rendered 5(a)  (5,805)  (4,212)  (10,432)  (8,490)
Gross profit     10,870   3,306   18,888   5,997 
                    
Operating expenses                   
Selling and administrative expenses 5(b)  (133)  (124)  (238)  (239)
Research and evaluation expenses     (141)  (90)  (241)  (185)
Pre-operating and operational stoppage 20   (191)  (238)  (336)  (506)
Brumadinho event 20   (185)  (130)  (300)  (289)
Other operating expenses, net 5(c)  (74)  (237)  (86)  (299)
      (724)  (819)  (1,201)  (1,518)
Impairment and disposals of non-current assets 12 and 15   (432)  (403)  (593)  (432)
Operating income     9,714   2,084   17,094   4,047 
                    
Financial income 6   86   135   160   242 
Financial expenses 6   (177)  (585)  (1,563)  (1,110)
Other financial items, net 6   441   (35)  1,676   (1,902)
Equity results and other results in associates and joint ventures 13 and 21   (454)  (535)  (470)  (701)
Income before income taxes     9,610   1,064   16,897   576 
                    
Income taxes 7(b)                
Current tax     (1,201)  (326)  (2,716)  (673)
Deferred tax     (872)  181   (1,167)  1,177 
      (2,073)  (145)  (3,883)  504 
                    
Net income     7,537   919   13,014   1,080 
Loss attributable to non-controlling interests     (49)  (76)  (118)  (154)
Net income attributable to Vale's stockholders     7,586   995   13,132   1,234 
                    
Earnings per share attributable to Vale's stockholders:                   
Basic and diluted earnings per share: 8                 
Common share (US$)     1.49   0.19   2.57   0.24 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim financial statements.

 

3

 

 

 

  

 

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

In millions of United States dollars

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Net income  7,537   919   13,014   1,080 
Other comprehensive income (loss):                
Items that will not be reclassified to the income statement                
Translation adjustments  5,233   (1,786)  1,885   (11,249)
Retirement benefit obligations (note 24)  25   (209)  316   (200)
Fair value adjustment to investment in equity securities  (82)  39   193   (209)
Total items that will not be reclassified to the income statement, net of tax  5,176   (1,956)  2,394   (11,658)
                 
Items that may be reclassified to the income statement                
Translation adjustments  (2,762)  885   (756)  5,128 
Net investments hedge (note 16)  202   (119)  42   (639)
Net cash flow hedge (note 16)  (35)  (49)  (26)  15 
Reclassification of cumulative translation adjustment to net income (note 12)  (424)  -   (1,542)  - 
Total items that may be reclassified to the income statement, net of tax  (3,019)  717   (2,282)  4,504 
Total comprehensive income (loss)  9,694   (320)  13,126   (6,074)
                 
Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interests  (47)  (53)  (116)  (129)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Vale's stockholders  9,741   (267)  13,242   (5,945)

 

Items above are stated net of tax and the related taxes are disclosed in note 7.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim financial statements.

 

4

 

 

  

 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

In millions of United States dollars

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Cash flow from operations (a)  9,277   2,111   17,950   4,116 
Interest on loans and borrowings paid (note 19)  (138)  (168)  (426)  (412)
Cash received (paid) on settlement of Derivatives, net (note 16)  60   (114)  (139)  159 
Interest on participative stockholders' debentures paid (note 18)  (193)  (95)  (193)  (95)
Income taxes (including the settlement program)  (1,280)  (398)  (2,444)  (747)
Net cash provided by operating activities  7,726   1,336   14,748   3,021 
                 
Cash flow from investing activities:                
Capital expenditures (notes 14 and 15)  (1,139)  (967)  (2,148)  (2,091)
Additions to investments (note 13)  -   -   (42)  (75)
Acquisition of NLC, net of cash (note 12)  (2,345)  -   (2,345)  - 
Cash paid on the disposal of VNC (note 12)  -   -   (555)  - 
Dividends received from associates and joint ventures (note 13)  43   77   43   77 
Short-term investment  543   449   (173)  630 
Investment fund applications  -   (96)  -   (96)
Other investments activities, net  (189)  (133)  (213)  (186)
Net cash used in investing activities  (3,087)  (670)  (5,433)  (1,741)
                 
Cash flow from financing activities:                
Loans and borrowings from third-parties (note 19)  10   -   300   5,000 
Payments of loans and borrowings from third-parties (note 19)  (179)  (116)  (1,412)  (491)
Lease payments (note 19)  (49)  (49)  (104)  (99)
Dividends and interest on capital paid to stockholders (note 25)  (2,208)  -   (6,092)  - 
Dividends and interest on capital paid to non-controlling interest  (3)  (5)  (6)  (8)
Share buyback program (note 25)  (2,004)  -   (2,004)  - 
Net cash used in financing activities  (4,433)  (170)  (9,318)  4,402 
                 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents  206   496   (3)  5,682 
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period  12,883   11,788   13,487   7,350 
Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents  560   (171)  165   (919)
Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period  13,649   12,113   13,649   12,113 
                 
Non-cash transactions:                
Additions to property, plant and equipment - capitalized loans and borrowing costs  14   12   30   44 
                 
Cash flow from operating activities:                
Income before income taxes  9,610   1,064   16,897   576 
Adjusted for:                
Provisions related to Brumadinho event (note 20)  -   21   -   21 
Equity results and other results in associates and joint ventures (note 13)  454   535   470   701 
Impairment and disposal of non-current assets  432   403   593   432 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization  849   807   1,580   1,622 
Financial results, net (note 6)  (350)  485   (273)  2,770 
Changes in assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable  (1,105)  (922)  296   (301)
Inventories  (188)  (125)  (362)  (352)
Suppliers and contractors (i)  291   108   35   (566)
Provision - Payroll, related charges and other remunerations  82   115   (207)  (93)
Payments related to Brumadinho event (note 20) (ii)  (303)  (155)  (452)  (371)
Other assets and liabilities, net  (495)  (225)  (627)  (323)
Cash flow from operations (a)  9,277   2,111   17,950   4,116 
                 

(i) Includes variable lease payments.

(ii) In addition, the Company has incurred in expenses in the amount of US$185 and US$300 for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021, respectively (US$109 and US$268 for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2020).

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim financial statements.

 

5

 

 

  

 

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

In millions of United States dollars

 

  Notes  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Assets            
Current assets            
Cash and cash equivalents  19   13,649   13,487 
Short-term investments  19   951   771 
Accounts receivable  9   4,954   4,993 
Other financial assets  11   214   329 
Inventories  10   4,701   4,061 
Recoverable taxes      668   509 
Others      266   253 
       25,403   24,403 
             
Non-current assets            
Judicial deposits  23(c)  1,326   1,268 
Other financial assets  11   1,430   1,784 
Recoverable taxes      1,440   1,091 
Deferred income taxes  7(a)  9,338   10,335 
Others      701   651 
       14,235   15,129 
             
Investments in associates and joint ventures  13   2,197   2,031 
Intangibles  14   10,997   9,296 
Property, plant and equipment  15   43,884   41,148 
       71,313   67,604 
Total assets      96,716   92,007 
             
Liabilities            
Current liabilities            
Suppliers and contractors      3,777   3,367 
Loans, borrowings and leases  19   992   1,136 
Other financial liabilities  11   1,547   1,906 
Taxes payable      1,678   952 
Settlement program ("REFIS")  7(c)  356   340 
Liabilities related to associates and joint ventures  21   1,467   876 
Provisions  22   1,156   1,826 
Liabilities related to Brumadinho  20   2,223   1,910 
De-characterization of dams  20   454   381 
Dividends payable      27   1,220 
Others      658   680 
       14,335   14,594 
Non-current liabilities            
Loans, borrowings and leases  19   12,870   13,891 
Participative stockholders' debentures  18   4,687   3,413 
Other financial liabilities  11   3,027   4,564 
Settlement program ("REFIS")  7(c)  2,336   2,404 
Deferred income taxes  7(a)  1,985   1,770 
Provisions  22   8,003   8,434 
Liabilities related to Brumadinho  20   2,268   2,665 
De-characterization of dams  20   1,701   1,908 
Liabilities related to associates and joint ventures  21   1,024   1,198 
Streaming transactions      1,961   2,005 
Others      160   340 
       40,022   42,592 
Total liabilities      54,357   57,186 
             
Stockholders' equity  25         
Equity attributable to Vale's stockholders      41,661   35,744 
Equity attributable to non-controlling interests      698   (923)
Total stockholders' equity      42,359   34,821 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity      96,716   92,007 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim financial statements.

 

6

 

 

  

 

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

In millions of United States dollars

 

  Share capital Capital reserve Profit reserves Treasury shares Other
reserves
 Cumulative translation adjustments 

Retained

earnings

 Equity attributable to Vale’s stockholders Equity
attributable to non-controlling interests
 Total stockholders' equity 
Balance at December 31, 2020  61,614  1,139  7,042  (2,441) (2,056) (29,554) -  35,744  (923) 34,821 
Net income (loss)  -  -  -  -  -  -  13,132  13,132  (118) 13,014 
Other comprehensive income  -  -  9  -  518  (417) -  110  2  112 
Dividends and interest on capital of Vale's stockholders (note 25)  -  -  (4,319) -  -  -  (724) (5,043) -  (5,043)
Dividends of non-controlling interest  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  (24) (24)
Acquisition and disposal of non-controlling interest (note 12)  -  -  -  -  (331) -  -  (331) 1,761  1,430 
Share buyback program (note 25)  -  -  -  (2,004) -  -  -  (2,004) -  (2,004)
Share-based payment (note 24)     -     -  46        46     46 
Treasury shares utilized in the period (note 25)  -  -  -  7  -  -  -  7  -  7 
Balance at June 30, 2021  61,614  1,139  2,732  (4,438) (1,823) (29,971) 12,408  41,661  698  42,359 

 

  Share capital Capital reserve Profit reserves Treasury shares Other
reserves
 Cumulative translation adjustments 

Retained

earnings

 Equity attributable to Vale’s stockholders Equity
attributable to non-controlling interests
 Total stockholders' equity 
Balance at December 31, 2019  61,614  1,139  7,090  (2,455) (2,110) (25,211) -  40,067  (1,074) 38,993 
Net income (loss)  -  -  -  -  -  -  1,234  1,234  (154) 1,080 
Other comprehensive income  -  -  (1,871) -  (409) (4,899) -  (7,179) 25  (7,154)
Dividends of non-controlling interest  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  (5) (5)
Capitalization of non-controlling interest advances  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6  6 
Treasury shares utilized in the period (note 25)  -  -  -  14  -  -  -  14  -  14 
Balance at June 30, 2020  61,614  1,139  5,219  (2,441) (2,519) (30,110) 1,234  34,136  (1,202) 32,934 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim financial statements.

 

7

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

1.         Corporate information

 

Vale S.A. and its subsidiaries (“Vale” or the “Company”) are iron ore and iron ore pellets producers, which are key raw materials for steelmaking, and nickel producers, which is used to produce stainless steel and metal alloys employed in the production process of several products. The Company also produces copper, metallurgical and thermal coal, manganese ore and, platinum group metals, gold, silver and cobalt. The information by segment is presented in note 4.

 

Vale S.A. (the “Parent Company”) is a public company headquartered in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil with securities traded on the stock exchanges of São Paulo – B3 S.A. (VALE3), New York - NYSE (VALE) and Madrid – LATIBEX (XVALO).

 

2.         Basis of preparation of the interim financial statements

 

a)     Statement of compliance

 

The consolidated interim financial statements of the Company (“interim financial statements”) have been prepared and are being presented in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting of the International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”).

 

b)     Basis of presentation

 

The interim financial statements have been prepared to update users about relevant events and transactions that occurred in the period and should be read in conjunction with the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020. The accounting policies, accounting estimates and judgements, risk management and measurement methods are the same as those applied when preparing the last annual financial statements, except for the change in the accounting practice for the share-based payment plans as disclosed in note 24.

 

These interim financial statements were authorized for issue by the Executive Board on July 28, 2021.

 

The interim financial statements of the Company are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (“functional currency”), which in the case of the Parent Company is the Brazilian real (“R$”). For presentation purposes, these interim financial statements are presented in United States dollar (“US$”) as the Company believes that this is how international investors analyze the interim financial statements.

 

The exchange rates used by the Company to translate its foreign operations are as follows:

 

          Average rate 
  Closing rate  Three-month period ended  Six-month period ended 
  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020  June 30, 2021  June 30, 2020  June 30, 2021  June 30, 2020 
United States dollar  5.0022   5.1967   5.2907   5.3854   5.3862   4.9218 
Canadian dollar ("CAD")  4.0334   4.0771   4.3096   3.8882   4.3209   3.5992 
Euro ("EUR")  5.9276   6.3779   6.3789   5.9279   6.4902   5.4211 

 

8

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

 

3.         Significant events in the current period

 

The financial position, cash flows and performance of the Company were particularly affected by the following events and transactions during the three-month period ended June 30, 2021:

 

In April 2021, the Company approved a share buyback program for its common shares, limited to a maximum of 270,000,000 common shares and their respective ADRs. Until June 30, 2021, the Company acquired 93,088,200 shares, in the total amount of US$ 2,004 (note 25).

 

In June 2021, the Company approved and paid dividends to its shareholders in the amount of US$2,200 (note 25).

 

In June 2021, the Company paid US$2,517 in relation to the Project Finance and concluded all precedent conditions to acquire the interests held by Mitsui & Co., Ltd (“Mitsui”) in both Moatize coal mine and Nacala Logistics Corridor ("NLC"). Following the conclusion of the transaction, the Company has started consolidating NLC on its balance sheet and recognized a loss in the amount of US$771 as “Impairment and disposals of non-current assets” (note 12).

 

In June 2021, Fundação Renova reviewed the expected cash outflows to comply with the mitigation and compensation programs, which resulted in an addition of US$560 to the provision. This amount was recognized in the income statement as “Equity results and other results in associates and joint ventures” for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 (note 21).

 

In June 2021, production and maintenance employees of Sudbury, Canada, represented by United Steelworkers (“USW”) voted to reject the Company’s offer of a new five-year collective bargaining agreement. As a result, the Company stopped its operation at that location and recognized a loss in the amount of US$59 as “Pre-operating and operational stoppage”. However, if the strike continues for an extended period of time, the results of that operations may be materially impacted. The Company will continue discussions with USW to reach an agreement as soon as possible in order to resume its operation.

 

4.         Information by business segment and by geographic area

 

The Company operates the following reportable segments: Ferrous Minerals, Base Metals and Coal. The segments are aligned with products and reflect the structure used by Management to evaluate Company’s performance. The responsible bodies for making operational decisions, allocating resources and evaluating performance ("chief operating decision maker" under IFRS 8 - Operating Segments) are the Executive Boards and the Board of Directors. Accordingly, the performance of the operating segments is assessed based on a measure of adjusted EBITDA.

 

The Company allocates to “Others” the revenues and cost of other products, services, research and development, investments in joint ventures and associates of other business and unallocated corporate expenses. Additionally, the costs related to the Brumadinho event are not directly linked to the Company's operating activities and, therefore, are allocated to "Other" as well.

 

In the current period, the Company has allocated the financial information of Vale Nouvelle-Calédonie SAS (“VNC”) operation to “Others” as this operation is no longer analyzed by the chief operating decision maker as part of to the performance of the Base Metals business segment due to the sale of this operation. The comparative periods were restated to reflect this change in the allocation criteria.

 

9

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

a)     Adjusted EBITDA

 

The definition of Adjusted EBITDA for the Company is the operating income or loss plus dividends received and interest from associates and joint ventures, and excluding the amounts charged as (i) depreciation, depletion and amortization and (ii) impairment and disposal of non-current assets.

 

  Three-month period ended June 30, 2021 
  Net operating
revenue
  Cost of goods
sold and
services
rendered
  Sales,
administrative
and other
operating
expenses
  Research and
evaluation
  Pre operating
and operational
stoppage
  Dividends
received and
interest from
associates and
joint ventures
  Adjusted
EBITDA
 
Ferrous minerals                            
Iron ore  12,200   (2,816)  (61)  (43)  (74)  -   9,206 
Iron ore pellets  1,947   (520)  2   -   (13)  22   1,438 
Ferroalloys and manganese  52   (39)  (1)  -   (4)  -   8 
Other ferrous products and services  98   (71)  1   (1)  -   -   27 
   14,297   (3,446)  (59)  (44)  (91)  22   10,679 
                             
Base metals                            
Nickel and other products  1,492   (959)  (25)  (18)  (60)  -   430 
Copper  688   (229)  (1)  (21)  (1)  -   436 
   2,180   (1,188)  (26)  (39)  (61)  -   866 
                             
Coal  161   (323)  -   (2)  -   -   (164)
                             
Others  37   (48)  (96)  (56)  -   21   (142)
   16,675   (5,005)  (181)  (141)  (152)  43   11,239 
                             
Brumadinho event  -   -   (185)  -   -   -   (185)
COVID-19  -   -   (16)  -   -   -   (16)
Total  16,675   (5,005)  (382)  (141)  (152)  43   11,038 

 

  Three-month period ended June 30, 2020 
  Net operating
revenue
  Cost of goods
sold and
services
rendered
  Sales,
administrative
and other
operating
expenses
  Research and
evaluation
  Pre operating
and operational
stoppage
  Dividends
received and
interest from
associates and
joint ventures
  Adjusted
EBITDA
 
Ferrous minerals                            
Iron ore  4,852   (1,739)  (59)  (25)  (122)  -   2,907 
Iron ore pellets  900   (377)  2   (1)  (17)  53   560 
Ferroalloys and manganese  68   (42)  -   (1)  (10)  -   15 
Other ferrous products and services  75   (56)  1   -   -   -   20 
   5,895   (2,214)  (56)  (27)  (149)  53   3,502 
                             
Base metals                            
Nickel and other products  891   (546)  (16)  (9)  (29)  -   291 
Copper  523   (185)  (3)  (15)  -   -   320 
   1,414   (731)  (19)  (24)  (29)  -   611 
                             
Coal  94   (361)  3   (5)  -   -   (269)
                             
Others (i)  115   (172)  (190)  (34)  (1)  24   (258)
   7,518   (3,478)  (262)  (90)  (179)  77   3,586 
                             
Brumadinho event  -   -   (130)  -   -   -   (130)
COVID-19  -   -   (85)  -   -   -   (85)
Total  7,518   (3,478)  (477)  (90)  (179)  77   3,371 

 

(i) Includes the reclassification of the EBITDA of VNC in the amount of US$48.

 

10

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

  Six-month period ended June 30, 2021 
  Net operating
revenue
  Cost of goods
sold and
services
rendered
  Sales,
administrative
and other
operating
expenses
  Research and
evaluation
  Pre operating
and
operational
stoppage
  Dividends
received and
interest from
associates and
joint ventures
  Adjusted
EBITDA
 
Ferrous minerals                            
Iron ore  21,354   (4,903)  (83)  (76)  (166)  -   16,126 
Iron ore pellets  3,155   (903)  31   (1)  (26)  22   2,278 
Ferroalloys and manganese  98   (62)  (2)  -   (8)  -   26 
Other ferrous products and services  195   (137)  3   (1)  -   -   60 
   24,802   (6,005)  (51)  (78)  (200)  22   18,490 
                             
Base metals                            
Nickel and other products  2,926   (1,730)  (35)  (29)  (60)  -   1,072 
Copper  1,242   (395)  (1)  (39)  (2)  -   805 
   4,168   (2,125)  (36)  (68)  (62)  -   1,877 
                             
Coal  253   (652)  2   (4)  -   78   (323)
                             
Others (i)  97   (162)  (202)  (91)  (1)  21   (338)
   29,320   (8,944)  (287)  (241)  (263)  121   19,706 
                             
Brumadinho event  -   -   (300)  -   -   -   (300)
COVID-19  -   -   (18)  -   -   -   (18)
Total  29,320   (8,944)  (605)  (241)  (263)  121   19,388 

 

(i) Includes the EBITDA of VNC in the amount of US$65.

 

  Six-month period ended June 30, 2020 
  Net operating
revenue
  Cost of goods
sold and
services
rendered
  Sales,
administrative
and other
operating
expenses
  Research and
evaluation
  Pre operating
and
operational
stoppage
  Dividends
received and
interest from
associates and
joint ventures
  Adjusted
EBITDA
 
Ferrous minerals                            
Iron ore  9,163   (3,422)  (84)  (48)  (291)  -   5,318 
Iron ore pellets  1,752   (789)  12   (2)  (42)  53   984 
Ferroalloys and manganese  114   (91)  -   (1)  (11)  -   11 
Other ferrous products and services  162   (127)  2   (1)  -   -   36 
   11,191   (4,429)  (70)  (52)  (344)  53   6,349 
                             
Base metals                            
Nickel and other products  1,847   (1,074)  (35)  (22)  (29)  -   687 
Copper  906   (392)  (2)  (32)  -   -   480 
   2,753   (1,466)  (37)  (54)  (29)  -   1,167 
                             
Coal  242   (735)  5   (14)  -   75   (427)
                             
Others (i)  301   (397)  (320)  (65)  (5)  24   (462)
   14,487   (7,027)  (422)  (185)  (378)  152   6,627 
                             
Brumadinho event  -   -   (289)  -   -   -   (289)
COVID-19  -   -   (85)  -   -   -   (85)
Total  14,487   (7,027)  (796)  (185)  (378)  152   6,253 

 

(i) Includes the reclassification of the EBITDA of VNC in the amount of US$94.

 

11

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

Adjusted EBITDA is reconciled to net income as follows:

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Net income attributable to Vale's stockholders  7,586   995   13,132   1,234 
Loss attributable to non-controlling interests  (49)  (76)  (118)  (154)
Net income  7,537   919   13,014   1,080 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization  849   807   1,580   1,622 
Income taxes  2,073   145   3,883   (504)
Financial results  (350)  485   (273)  2,770 
Equity results and other results in associates and joint ventures  454   535   470   701 
Dividends received and interest from associates and joint ventures (i)  43   77   121   152 
Impairment and disposal of non-current assets  432   403   593   432 
Adjusted EBITDA  11,038   3,371   19,388   6,253 

 

(i) Includes the remuneration of the financial instrument of the Coal segment.

 

b)     Assets by segment

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
  Product inventory  Investments in
associates and
joint ventures
  Property, plant
and equipment
and intangibles (i)
  Product inventory  Investments in
associates and
joint ventures
  Property, plant
and equipment
and intangibles (i)
 
Ferrous minerals  2,403   1,250   30,567   2,017   1,154   29,436 
Base metals  1,288   17   20,155   1,231   18   19,549 
Coal (note 12)  89   -   2,342   25   -   - 
Others  -   930   1,817   -   859   1,459 
Total  3,780   2,197   54,881   3,273   2,031   50,444 

 

  Three-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020 
  Capital expenditures (ii)     Capital expenditures (ii)    
  Sustaining
capital
  Project
execution
  Depreciation,
depletion and
amortization
  Sustaining
capital
  Project
execution
  Depreciation,
depletion and
amortization
 
Ferrous minerals  535   113   455   482   59   478 
Base metals  357   69   367   295   63   309 
Coal (note 12)  36   -   17   31   -   - 
Others (iii)  1   28   10   35   2   20 
Total  929   210   849   843   124   807 

 

  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020 
  Capital expenditures (ii)     Capital expenditures (ii)    
  Sustaining
capital
  Project
execution
  Depreciation,
depletion and
amortization
  Sustaining
capital
  Project
execution
  Depreciation,
depletion and
amortization
 
Ferrous minerals  1,061   195   852   1,018   150   900 
Base metals  648   137   684   595   115   651 
Coal (note 12)  65   -   17   111   -   19 
Others (iii)  12   30   27   98   4   52 
Total  1,786   362   1,580   1,822   269   1,622 

 

(i) Goodwill is allocated to ferrous minerals and base metals segments in the amount of US$1,426 and US$1,975 in June 30, 2021 and US$1,373 and US$1,926 in December 31, 2020, respectively.

(ii) Cash outflows.

(iii) Includes the reclassification of VNC under the captions “Sustaining capital” and “depreciation, depletion and amortization”, in the amount of US$34 and US$8, respectively, for the three-month period ended on June 30, 2020 and in the amount of US$95 and US$26, respectively, for the six-month period ended on June 30, 2020.

 

12

 

  

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

c) Net operating revenue by geographic area

 

  Three-month period ended June 30, 2021 
  Ferrous
minerals
  Base metals  Coal  Others  Total 
Americas, except United States and Brazil  248   130   -   -   378 
United States of America  161   288   -   -   449 
Germany  154   463   -   -   617 
Europe, except Germany  988   581   5   -   1,574 
Middle East, Africa and Oceania  672   7   21   -   700 
Japan  943   119   20   -   1,082 
China  8,665   264   47   -   8,976 
Asia, except Japan and China  987   315   66   -   1,368 
Brazil  1,479   13   2   37   1,531 
Net operating revenue  14,297   2,180   161   37   16,675 

 

  Three-month period ended June 30, 2020 
  Ferrous
minerals
  Base metals  Coal  Others (i)  Total 
Americas, except United States and Brazil  14   45   -   57   116 
United States of America  29   148   -   -   177 
Germany  67   284   -   -   351 
Europe, except Germany  223   370   34   -   627 
Middle East, Africa and Oceania  280   5   21   -   306 
Japan  288   108   -   -   396 
China  4,154   166   -   -   4,320 
Asia, except Japan and China  417   245   35   -   697 
Brazil  423   43   4   58   528 
Net operating revenue  5,895   1,414   94   115   7,518 

 

(i) Includes the reclassification of VNC in the amount of US$57.

 

  Six-month period ended June 30, 2021 
  Ferrous
minerals
  Base metals  Coal  Others (i)  Total 
Americas, except United States and Brazil  467   224   -   4   695 
United States of America  259   573   -   -   832 
Germany  323   929   -   -   1,252 
Europe, except Germany  1,579   1,287   23   -   2,889 
Middle East, Africa and Oceania  943   7   39   -   989 
Japan  1,470   215   20   -   1,705 
China  15,458   424   60   -   15,942 
Asia, except Japan and China  1,769   473   109   -   2,351 
Brazil  2,534   36   2   93   2,665 
Net operating revenue  24,802   4,168   253   97   29,320 

 

(i) Includes the revenue of VNC in the amount of US$4.

 

  Six-month period ended June 30, 2020 
  Ferrous
minerals
  Base metals  Coal  Others (i)  Total 
Americas, except United States and Brazil  114   99   -   145   358 
United States of America  73   393   -   -   466 
Germany  249   478   -   -   727 
Europe, except Germany  509   805   81   -   1,395 
Middle East, Africa and Oceania  522   13   49   -   584 
Japan  665   202   13   -   880 
China  7,218   282   16   -   7,516 
Asia, except Japan and China  828   401   79   -   1,308 
Brazil  1,013   80   4   156   1,253 
Net operating revenue  11,191   2,753   242   301   14,487 

 

(i) Includes the reclassification of VNC in the amount of US$145.

 

13

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

Provisionally priced commodities sales – The commodity price risk arises from volatility of iron ore, nickel, copper and coal prices. The Company is mostly exposed to the fluctuations in the iron ore and copper price (note 16). The selling price of these products can be measured reliably at each period, since the price is quoted in an active market.

 

The sensitivity of the Company’s risk on final settlement of provisionally priced accounts receivables is presented below:

 

  June 30, 2021 
  Thousand metric tons  Provisional price
(US$/tonne)
  Change Effect on Revenue 
Iron ore  18,155   181.3  +/-10%  329 
Copper  65   11,627.7  +/-10%  76 

  

5.         Costs and expenses by nature

 

a)     Cost of goods sold and services rendered

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Personnel  444   362   834   775 
Materials and services  819   748   1,521   1,553 
Fuel oil and gas  267   206   475   485 
Maintenance  800   616   1,449   1,286 
Royalties  353   168   604   332 
Energy  169   147   318   336 
Ores acquired from third parties (i)  691   199   1,034   261 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization  800   734   1,488   1,463 
Freight (ii)  991   691   1,773   1,387 
Others  471   341   936   612 
Total  5,805   4,212   10,432   8,490 
                 
Cost of goods sold  5,663   4,086   10,156   8,203 
Cost of services rendered  142   126   276   287 
Total  5,805   4,212   10,432   8,490 

 

(i) The increase in “Ores acquired from third parties” is mainly due to the significant increase in the reference price of iron ore compared to 2020.

(ii) The increase in "Freight" is mainly due to the significant increase in volumes of CFR sales and higher international freight prices.

 

Tax on mineral production (Taxa de Fiscalização de Recursos Minerais - “TFRM”) – Several Brazilian states, including Minas Gerais, Pará and Mato Grosso do Sul, impose a TFRM, which is currently assessed at rates ranging from R$0.50 to R$3.72 per metric ton of minerals produced in or transferred from the state. The expenses related to the TFRM are presented in these interim financial statements under “Royalties”. In March 2021, a state decree increased the TFRM rate in the state of Para to R$11.19 per metric ton, with effectiveness as at April 2021. According to the prior rule, which would expire in 2031, the TFRM rate was R$3.72 per ton until the production of 10 million metric tons and R$0.74 for volumes over than 10 million metric tons. The Company is evaluating in the legal aspects of this change and, based on the Brazilian constitutional principle of mandatory notice period, which sets out the tax increase would become in force only in the subsequent year of its enactment, therefore the Company did not apply this increase in the current period and does not expect any impact for the year ending December 31, 2021. The Company is also evaluating other legal aspects to avoid the overcharge in the future.

 

b)         Selling and administrative expenses

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Selling  25   20   43   37 
Personnel  52   40   99   87 
Services  22   33   39   51 
Depreciation and amortization  10   14   19   31 
Others  24   17   38   33 
Total  133   124   238   239 

 

14

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

c)     Other operating expenses (income), net

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Provision for litigations  28   44   44   63 
Profit sharing program  52   13   75   45 
COVID-19 expenses  16   85   18   85 
Others (i)  (22)  95   (51)  106 
Total  74   237   86   299 

 

(i) Includes the gain related to the exclusion of ICMS from the PIS and COFINS computation tax base, as detailed in note 23(e).

 

6.         Financial result

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Financial income                
Short-term investments  41   28   68   80 
Others  45   107   92   162 
   86   135   160   242 
Financial expenses                
Loans and borrowings gross interest (note 19)  (176)  (193)  (383)  (407)
Capitalized loans and borrowing costs  14   12   30   44 
Participative stockholders' debentures (note 18)  (278)  (231)  (1,261)  (280)
Interest on REFIS  (10)  (12)  (17)  (37)
Interest on lease liabilities (note 19)  (16)  (17)  (35)  (35)
Financial guarantees (i)  401   (31)  364   (172)
Expenses with cash tender offer redemption (note 19)  -   -   (63)  - 
Others  (112)  (113)  (198)  (223)
   (177)  (585)  (1,563)  (1,110)
Other financial items, net                
Net foreign exchange gains (losses)  (390)  107   (70)  (357)
Derivative financial instruments (note 16)  856   (86)  417   (1,470)
Reclassification of cumulative translation adjustment on VNC sale (note 12)  -   -   1,132   - 
Indexation gains (losses), net  (25)  (56)  197   (75)
   441   (35)  1,676   (1,902)
Total  350   (485)  273   (2,770)
                 

 

(i) Refers to the fair value adjustments on financial guarantees given to associates due to their rating improvement, leading to a decrease in the probability of default on the guaranteed loans. Further details are disclosed in note 13.

 

7.         Income taxes

 

a)     Deferred income tax assets and liabilities

 

  Assets  Liabilities  Deferred taxes, net 
Balance at December 31, 2020  10,335   1,770   8,565 
Effect in income statement  (1,130)  37   (1,167)
Translation adjustment  196   43   153 
Other comprehensive income  (63)  135   (198)
Balance at June 30, 2021  9,338   1,985   7,353 

 

  Assets  Liabilities  Deferred taxes, net 
Balance at December 31, 2019  9,217   1,882   7,335 
Effect in income statement  1,121   (56)  1,177 
Translation adjustment  (2,352)  (127)  (2,225)
Other comprehensive income  1,818   (68)  1,886 
Balance at June 30, 2020  9,804   1,631   8,173 

 

15

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

b)     Income tax reconciliation – Income statement

 

Income tax expense is recognized based on the estimate of the weighted average effective tax rate expected for the full year. The total amount presented as income taxes in the income statement is reconciled to the statutory rate, as follows:

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Income before income taxes  9,610   1,064   16,897   576 
Income taxes at statutory rate - 34%  (3,267)  (362)  (5,745)  (196)
Adjustments that affect the basis of taxes:                
Tax incentives  1,163   179   1,618   489 
Equity results  36   14   26   (23)
Addition (reversal) of tax loss carryforward  (63)  22   (109)  448 
Others  58   2   327   (214)
Income taxes  (2,073)  (145)  (3,883)  504 

 

Income tax expense is recognized based on the estimate of the weighted average effective tax rate expected for the full year, adjusted for the tax effect of certain items that are recognized in full on the interim tax calculation. Therefore, the effective tax rate in the interim financial statements may differ from management’s estimate of the effective tax rate for the year.

 

c)     Income taxes - Settlement program (“REFIS”)

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Current liabilities  356   340 
Non-current liabilities  2,336   2,404 
REFIS liabilities  2,692   2,744 
         
SELIC rate  4.25% per year   2.00% per year 

 

The balance mainly relates to the settlement program of the claims related to the collection of income tax and social contribution on equity gains of foreign subsidiaries and affiliates from 2003 to 2012. As at June 30, 2021, the balance is due in 88 remaining monthly installments, bearing the SELIC interest rate (Special System for Settlement and Custody), which is the Brazilian federal funds rate.

 

d)     Uncertain tax positions

 

There have been no developments on matters related to the uncertain tax positions since the December 31, 2020 financial statements.

  

8.Basic and diluted earnings per share

 

The basic and diluted earnings per share are presented below:

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Net income attributable to Vale's stockholders:                
Net income  7,586   995   13,132   1,234 
                 
Thousands of shares                
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - common shares  5,097,908   5,129,911   5,113,959   5,129,254 
                 
Basic and diluted earnings per share:                
Common share (US$)  1.49   0.19   2.57   0.24 

 

The Company does not have potential outstanding shares or other instruments with dilutive effect on the earnings per share computation.

 

16

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

9.Accounts receivable

 

  June 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Accounts receivable  5,002   5,043 
Expected credit loss  (48)  (50)
   4,954   4,993 
         
Revenue related to the steel sector - %  89.27%  87.25%

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Impairment of accounts receivable recorded in the income statement  3   (3)  2   9 

 

As at June 30, 2021, there is no customer that individually represents more than 10% of the Company’s accounts receivable or revenues. In 2020, the Company had a customer of the Ferrous Minerals Segment whose revenue individually represented 10.1% of the Company’s total revenue.

 

10.Inventories

 

  June 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Finished products  3,055   2,626 
Work in progress  725   647 
Consumable inventory  921   788 
Total  4,701   4,061 

 

  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Reversal (provision) for net realizable value  (12)  23   1   (39)

 

Finished and work in progress products inventories by segments are presented in note 4(b) and the cost of goods sold is presented in note 5(a).

 

11.Other financial assets and liabilities

 

  Current  Non-Current 
  June 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
  June 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Other financial assets                
Restricted cash  -   -   125   38 
Derivative financial instruments (note 16)  214   134   208   66 
Investments in equity securities  -   -   1,097   757 
Related parties (i)  -   195   -   923 
   214   329   1,430   1,784 
Other financial liabilities                
Derivative financial instruments (note 16)  204   328   521   689 
Related parties (i)  188   725   -   895 
Financial guarantees provided (note 13)  -   -   550   877 
Liabilities related to the concession grant (note 14)  350   209   1,956   2,103 
Advances received  805   644   -   - 
   1,547   1,906   3,027   4,564 

 

(i) The decrease refers to the settlement of the loans due to the transaction for the acquisition of NLC, as detailed in note 12.

 

Investment in equity securities – Mainly refers to 34.2 million common shares of The Mosaic Company (“Mosaic”), which is accounted for as a financial instrument measured at fair value through other comprehensive income. The recorded amount was calculated based on Mosaic’s share price at the end of each financial reporting period.

 

17

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

12.Acquisitions and divestitures

 

a)Business Combinations

 

The Company has coal operations in Mozambique, through Vale Moçambique S.A. (“Vale Moçambique”), where the metallurgical and thermal coal extraction and processing are operated. Vale Moçambique is a company controlled by Vale, with a non-controlling interest held by Mitsui & Co. Ltd. (“Mitsui”). Coal products are transported from the Moatize mine to the maritime terminal by the Nacala Logistics Corridor (“NLC”), that is a joint venture between Vale and Mitsui, in which each company holds 50% of the share capital. The NLC’s main assets are the railways and port concessions located in Mozambique and Malawi.

 

In April 2021, the Company signed an Investment Agreement with Mitsui for the acquisition by Vale of the totality of Mitsui´s interest in Vale Moçambique and NLC, which was concluded on June 22, 2021. With the conclusion, the following events have occurred:

 

(a.i) Acquisition of non-controlling interest in Vale Moçambique

 

The Company acquired the 15% interest held by Mitsui in Vale Moçambique for an immaterial consideration, which resulted in a loss of US$ 331 due to the negative reserves of Vale Moçambique at the conclusion of the transaction. This transaction with non-controlling interests was recognized in Stockholders’ Equity for the period ended June 30,2021 as “Acquisition and disposal of non-controlling interest”. After the acquisition of the interests previously held by Mitsui, the Company holds 95% of the share capital of Vale Moçambique and the remaining interest is held by the government of Mozambique.

 

(a.ii) Business combinations - NLC

 

On June 22, 2021, the acquisition was concluded with the settlement of NLC’s loans with third parties (“Project Finance”) in the amount of US$ 2,517, satisfying all conditions to acquire the additional 50% held by Mitsui. Therefore, the Company started consolidating the NLC’s assets and liabilities on its balance sheet.

 

Additionally, the Company has updated the discounted cash flow model to assess the fair value of the acquired business, resulting in a loss of US$771 (US$798 as at December 31, 2020) on the fair value of the loans receivable from NLC, mainly due to the decrease in the long-term price assumption for both metallurgical and thermal coal as well as the reduction in the expected production to reflect the operational challenges to reach the ramp-up of the coal business, after the revamp of the processing plants. The cash flows were discounted at a rate of 11.6%, and the loss was recognized as “Impairment and disposals of non-current assets” for the three-months period ended June 30, 2021.

 

The fair values of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed as a result of the NLC’s acquisition are as follows:

 

  June 22, 2021 
Acquired assets    
Cash and cash equivalents  172 
Inventory, recoverable tax and other assets  423 
Intangible  2,219 
Property, plant and equipment  1,363 
Assumed liabilities  (158)
Net identifiable assets acquired  4,019 
Fair value adjustments (i)  (1,590)
Total identifiable net assets at fair value (ii)  2,429 
     
Pre-existing relationship (Loans receivable from NLC)  859 
Loss on pre-existing relationship  (771)
   2,517 
     
Cash consideration  2,517 
(-) Balances acquired    
Cash and cash equivalents  172 
Net cash outflow  2,345 

 

(i)Of this amount, US$441 was allocated to property, plant and equipment and US$791 was allocated to intangible and the remaining amount was allocated to other assets.
(ii)The fair value was assessed using the fair value less costs of disposal model, through discounted cash flow techniques, which is classified as “level 3” in the fair value hierarchy. The cash flows were discounted by using a post-tax discount rate expressed in real terms, which represents an estimate of the rate that a market participant would apply having regard to the time value of money and the asset’s specific risk.

 

18

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

(a.iii) Reclassification of the cumulative translation adjustments

 

On the announcement of the Investment Agreement with Mitsui, the Company has also informed the market its divestiture intention in the coal segment. However, the Company has assessed that the criteria to classify the coal segment as a discontinued operation have not been met yet, since the conclusion of an eventual sale to a third party within the next 12 months is not deemed highly probable under IFRS 5 - Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations. The Company will continue assessing at each reporting date whether the coal segment meets the “discontinued operation“ criteria.

 

Furthermore, the Company assessed that its Australian entities (part of the coal segment), which are no longer operational, were considered "abandoned" under IAS 21 - The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates and, therefore, the Company recognized a gain related to the accumulated translation adjustments in the amount of US$424, which was reclassified to net income as “Impairment and disposals of non-current assets” for the three-months period ended June 30, 2021.

 

b)Other acquisitions and divestitures

 

Boston Electrometallurgical Company (“Boston Metal”) – In February 2021, the Company made an investment of US$6 in Boston Metal to acquire a non-controlling interest of 3.24%, aiming promote the development of a technology focused on the reduction of carbon dioxide on the steel production. Boston Metal has a diverse shareholding structure which includes venture capital funds, mining companies and private investors. Since the Company does not have significant influence over Boston Metal, this investment has been classified as a financial instrument and recorded as “Investments in equity securities”.

 

Vale Nouvelle-Calédonie S.A.S. (“VNC”) – In December 2020, the Company signed a binding put option agreement to sell its interest in VNC for an immaterial consideration to a consortium constituted in a new company called “Prony Resources”, led by the current management and employees of VNC and supported by the Caledonian and French authorities with Trafigura Pte. Ltd. as a non-controlling shareholder. Under the terms of agreement, the Company has assumed an obligation to pay to the buyers an amount of US$500 upon closing of the transaction and this amount has been provided for as at December 31, 2020.

 

In March 2021, the Company signed the share purchase and sale agreement with Prony Resources, concluding the transaction to sell its interest in VNC. With the final agreement, Vale's obligation to pay to buyers increased by US$55, which combined with other working capital adjustments, resulted in an additional loss of US$98, recorded as “Impairment and disposals of non-current assets”. On March 31, 2021, the Company disbursed US$555 to VNC on the closing of the transaction, thus the liabilities recorded as at December 31, 2020 were settled and there is no outstanding balance in these interim financial statements.

 

The agreement also established that Vale may purchase a certain amount of VNC’s annual nickel production with a cap price over a period of 13 years. Such cap included in contract is an embedded derivative, however, it is deemed closely related to the host contract (nickel supply agreement) because the cap was out of the money on inception of the contract. Therefore, this derivative will not be separated from the host contract, which will be accounted for as an executory contract.

 

Upon closing of the transaction, the Company also recognized a gain of US$1,132 arising from the accumulated exchange differences reclassified from the stockholders’ equity to the income statement under “Other financial items, net”.

 

19

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

13.Investments in associates and joint ventures

 

a) Investment information

 

      Investments in associates
and joint ventures
 Equity results
in the income statement
 Dividends received 
          Three-month period
ended June 30,
 Six-month period
ended June 30,
 Three-month period
ended June 30,
 Six-month period
ended June 30,
 
Associates and joint ventures % ownership % voting
capital
 June 30,
2021
 December 31,
2020
 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020 
Ferrous minerals                                     
Baovale Mineração S.A.  50.00  50.00  23  20  1  1  3  2  -  -  -  - 
Companhia Coreano-Brasileira de Pelotização  50.00  50.00  61  48  10  2  16  5  2  17  2  17 
Companhia Hispano-Brasileira de Pelotização (i)  50.89  50.89  41  43  -  -  -  3  7  13  7  13 
Companhia Ítalo-Brasileira de Pelotização (i)  50.90  51.00  58  44  9  5  13  10  6  23  6  23 
Companhia Nipo-Brasileira de Pelotização (i)  51.00  51.11  135  121  9  6  13  8  7  -  7  - 
MRS Logística S.A.  48.16  46.75  442  398  19  14  36  12  -  -  -  - 
Samarco Mineração S.A. (note 21)  50.00  50.00  -  -  -  -  -     -     -    
VLI S.A.  29.60  29.60  490  480  7  8  (8) (22 -  -  -  - 
         1,250  1,154  55  36  73  18  22  53  22  53 
Base metals                                     
Korea Nickel Corp.  25.00  25.00  17  18  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
         17  18  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
Others                                     
Aliança Geração de Energia S.A. (i)  55.00  55.00  372  367  7  7  17  17  21  24  21  24 
Aliança Norte Energia Participações S.A. (i)  51.00  51.00  118  117  (2) (2) (3) (3 -  -  -  - 
California Steel Industries, Inc.  50.00  50.00  295  234  48  5  61  (2 ) -  -  -  - 
Companhia Siderúrgica do Pecém (“CSP”) (ii)  50.00  50.00  -  -  -  -  (42) (75 ) -  -  -  - 
Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.  40.00  40.00  70  71  7  (2) (3) (12 ) -  -  -  - 
Others        75  70  (10) (1 (26) (10 ) -  -  -  - 
         930  859  50  7  4  (85 ) 21  24  21  24 
Total        2,197  2,031  105  43  77  (67 ) 43  77  43  77 

 

(i) Although the Company held a majority of the voting capital, the entities are accounted under the equity method due to the stockholders' agreement where relevant decisions are shared with other parties.

(ii) CSP is a joint venture and its results are accounted for under the equity method, in which the accumulated losses are capped to the Company ́s interest in the investee’s capital based on the applicable law and requirements. That is, after the investment is reduced to zero, the Company does not recognize further losses nor liabilities associated with the investee.

(iii) “Equity results and other results in associates and joint ventures” presented in the Income Statement considers, in addition to the equity results in associates and joint ventures shown in the table above, the results of Renova Foundation and Samarco (note 21) and other results with group entities.

 

20

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

b) Movements during the period

 

  2021  2020 
Balance at January 1,  2,031   2,798 
Capital contribution to CSP  42   75 
Translation adjustment  70   (645)
Equity results in income statement  77   (67)
Equity results in statement of comprehensive income  -   (2)
Dividends declared  (49)  (100)
Others  26   12 
Balance at June 30,  2,197   2,071 

 

The amount of investments by segments are presented in note 4(b).

 

c) Financial guarantees provided

 

As at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the notional value of corporate financial guarantees provided by the Company (within the limit of its direct or indirect interest) for certain associates and joint ventures were US$1,559 and US$1,557, respectively. The fair value of these financial guarantees is shown in note 17.

 

14.Intangibles

 

Movements during the period

 

  Goodwill  Concessions  Contract
right
  Software  Research and
development project
and patents
  Total 
Balance at December 31, 2020  3,298   5,391   -   76   531   9,296 
Additions  -   57   -   21   -   78 
Disposals  -   (5)  -   -   -   (5)
Amortization  -   (115)  -   (16)  -   (131)
Acquisition of NLC (note 12)  -   1,428   -   -   -   1,428 
Translation adjustment  104   204   -   3   20   331 
Balance at June 30, 2021  3,402   6,960   -   84   551   10,997 
Cost  3,402   8,097   -   789   551   12,839 
Accumulated amortization  -   (1,137)  -   (705)  -   (1,842)
Balance at June 30, 2021  3,402   6,960   -   84   551   10,997 

 

  Goodwill  Concessions  Contract
right
  Software  Research and
development project
and patents
  Total 
Balance at December 31, 2019  3,629   3,970   140   76   684   8,499 
Additions  -   69   -   8   -   77 
Disposals  -   (3)  -   -   -   (3)
Amortization  -   (92)  (1)  (12)  -   (105)
Translation adjustment  (514)  (1,042)  (11)  (14)  (181)  (1,762)
Balance at June 30, 2020  3,115   2,902   128   58   503   6,706 
Cost  3,115   3,792   223   683   503   8,316 
Accumulated amortization  -   (890)  (95)  (625)  -   (1,610)
Balance at June 30, 2020  3,115   2,902   128   58   503   6,706 

 

21

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

15.Property, plant and equipment

 

a) Movements during the period

 

  Building
and land
  Facilities  Equipment  Mineral
properties
  Railway
equipment
  Right of use
assets
  Others  Constructions
in progress
  Total 
Balance at December 31, 2020  8,591   7,591   4,933   8,054   2,523   1,563   2,495   5,398   41,148 
Additions (i)  -   -   -   -   -   45       2,151   2,196 
Disposals  (2)  (3)  (12)  -   (1)  -       (26)  (44)
Assets retirement obligation (ii)  -   -   -   (237)  -   -   -   -   (237)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization  (227)  (234)  (334)  (254)  (79)  (81)  (127)  -   (1,336)
Impairment (iii)  -   -   -   -   -   -   -   (88)  (88)
Acquisition of NLC (note 12)  235   456   102   -   2   33   2   92   922 
Translation adjustment  264   271   138   237   93   11   80   229   1,323 
Transfers  78   201   301   164   53   -   113   (910)  - 
Balance at June 30, 2021  8,939   8,282   5,128   7,964   2,591   1,571   2,563   6,846   43,884 
Cost  15,905   12,739   11,251   17,406   4,047   2,011   5,712   6,846   75,917 
Accumulated depreciation  (6,966)  (4,457)  (6,123)  (9,442)  (1,456)  (440)  (3,149)  -   (32,033)
Balance at June 30, 2021  8,939   8,282   5,128   7,964   2,591   1,571   2,563   6,846   43,884 

 

  Building
and land
  Facilities  Equipment  Mineral
properties
  Railway
equipment
  Right of use
assets
  Others  Constructions
in progress
  Total 
Balance at December 31, 2019  10,702   9,604   5,686   8,261   3,241   1,692   3,012   4,378   46,576 
Additions (i)  -   -   -   -   -   36   -   1,812   1,848 
Disposals  (3)  (4)  (4)  (8)  (1)  -   (3)  (32)  (55)
Assets retirement obligation  -   -   -   343   -   -   -   -   343 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization  (224)  (276)  (396)  (259)  (117)  (83)  (137)  -   (1,492)
Impairment  (168)  (228)  (17)  (123)  -   -   (61)  (95)  (692)
Translation adjustment  (2,098)  (2,116)  (794)  (972)  (837)  (114)  (566)  (819)  (8,316)
Transfers  128   178   286   359   107   -   153   (1,211)  - 
Balance at June 30, 2020  8,337   7,158   4,761   7,601   2,393   1,531   2,398   4,033   38,212 
Cost  14,333   10,825   10,176   15,929   3,579   1,837   5,599   4,033   66,311 
Accumulated depreciation  (5,996)  (3,667)  (5,415)  (8,328)  (1,186)  (306)  (3,201)  -   (28,099)
Balance at June 30, 2020  8,337   7,158   4,761   7,601   2,393   1,531   2,398   4,033   38,212 

 

(i) Includes capitalized borrowing costs.

(ii) Refers to changes in discount rates.

(iii) Due to the Company's assessment of the fair value of the coal assets, the assets acquired during the year are provided for impairment in full. In the current year, the Company recognized an impairment loss related to coal assets acquired this year in the amount of US$88.

 

b) Right-of-use assets (Leases)

 

  December 31,
2020
  Additions and
contract
modifications
  Depreciation  Translation
adjustment
  June 30,
2021
 
Ports  718   -   (23)  4   699 
Vessels  534   -   (20)  -   514 
Pellets plants  131   37   (18)  6   156 
Properties  112   3   (13)  1   103 
Energy plants  56   -   (3)  -   53 
Mining equipment and locomotives (i)  12   38   (4)  -   46 
Total  1,563   78   (81)  11   1,571 

 

(i) "Additions and contract modifications" includes the effects arising from the acquisition of NLC in the amount of US$33.

 

Lease liabilities are presented in note 19.

 

22

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

16.Financial and capital risk management

 

a) Effects of derivatives on the balance sheet

 

  Assets 
  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
   Current   Non-current   Current   Non-current 
Foreign exchange and interest rate risk                
CDI & TJLP vs. US$ fixed and floating rate swap  1   1   -   - 
IPCA swap  9   42   7   38 
Eurobonds swap  -   -   -   3 
Pre-dollar swap and forward (NDF)  98   144   -   9 
Libor swap  -   5   -   - 
   108   192   7   50 
Commodities price risk                
Base metals products  6   1   30   - 
Gasoil, Brent and freight  100   -   97   - 
   106   1   127   - 
                 
Others  -   15   -   16 
   -   15   -   16 
Total  214   208   134   66 

 

  Liabilities 
  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
   Current   Non-current   Current   Non-current 
Foreign exchange and interest rate risk                
CDI & TJLP vs. US$ fixed and floating rate swap  96   408   111   525 
IPCA swap  -   92   72   100 
Eurobonds swap  -   -   4   - 
Pre-dollar swap and forward (NDF)  48   9   63   58 
Libor swap  2   2   1   6 
   146   511   251   689 
Commodities price risk                
Base metals products  46   -   46   - 
Gasoil, Brent and freight  -   -   13   - 
Thermal coal  2   10   -   - 
   48   10   59   - 
                 
Others  10   -   18   - 
Total  204   521   328   689 

 

a.i) Net exposure

 

  June 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Foreign exchange and interest rate risk        
CDI & TJLP vs. US$ fixed and floating rate swap  (502)  (636)
IPCA swap  (41)  (127)
Eurobonds swap  -   (1)
Pre-dollar swap and forward (NDF)  185   (112)
Libor swap (i)  1   (7)
   (357)  (883)
Commodities price risk        
Base metals products  (39)  (16)
Gasoil, Brent and freight  100   84 
Thermal coal  (12)  - 
   49   68 
         
Others  5   (2)
   5   (2)
Total  (303)  (817)

 

(i) In July 2017, the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), which regulates the London Interbank Offered Rate (‘‘LIBOR’’), announced the effective discontinuation of LIBOR. After June 30, 2023, the FCA will no longer require panel banks to submit quotes for any U.S. dollar LIBOR settings. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of the eventual replacement of the LIBOR interest rate.

 

23

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

a.ii) Effects of derivatives on the income statement and cash flows

 

  Gain (loss) recognized in the income statement 
  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Foreign exchange and interest rate risk                
CDI & TJLP vs. US$ fixed and floating rate swap  326   (185)  52   (865)
IPCA swap  54   (24)  69   (256)
Eurobonds swap  -   7   (28)  (27)
Pre-dollar swap and forward (NDF)  411   (28)  206   (173)
Libor swap  (3)      7   - 
   788   (230)  306   (1,321)
Commodities price risk                
Base metals products  -   -   (2)  (1)
Gasoil, Brent and freight  64   99   108   (246)
   64   99   106   (247)
Others  4   45   5   98 
   4   45   5   98 
Total  856   (86)  417   (1,470)

 

  Financial settlement inflows (outflows) 
  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Foreign exchange and interest rate risk                
CDI & TJLP vs. US$ fixed and floating rate swap  (9)  (33)  (99)  (51)
IPCA swap  -   -   (18)  - 
Eurobonds swap  -   -   (29)  (6)
Pre-dollar swap and forward (NDF)  (2)  8   (77)  (13)
Libor swap  -   -   (1)  - 
   (11)  (25)  (224)  (70)
Commodities price risk                
Base metals products  (1)  38   (8)  292 
Gasoil, Brent and freight  72   (129)  92   (130)
   71   (91)  84   162 
Others  -   2   1   67 
   -   2   1   67 
Total  60   (114)  (139)  159 

 

a.iii) Hedge accounting

 

  Gain (loss) recognized in the other comprehensive income 
  Three-month period ended June 30,  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Net investments hedge  202   (119)  42   (639)
Thermal Coal Cash flow hedge  (7)  -   (7)  - 
Cash flow hedge (Nickel and Palladium)  (28)  (49)  (19)  15 

 

Net investment hedge:

 

In March 2021, the Company redeemed all its euro bonds (note 19). As a result, the amount of debt designated as a hedge instrument for this investment is US$2,331 as at June 30,2021.

 

24

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

Cash flow hedge (Thermal Coal):

 

To reduce the volatility of its cash flow as a result of fluctuations in thermal coal prices, in May 2021, the Company implemented a Thermal Coal Revenue Hedge Program. Under this program, hedge transactions were executed through forward contracts to protect a portion of the projected sales of this product at fluctuating prices that is highly probable to occur. Hedge accounting treatment is being given to the program. The contracts are traded over-the-counter and the cash settlement in/out results are offset by the protected items' loss/gain results due to thermal coal price variations. In July 2021 (subsequent event), the Company also implemented a Metallurgical Coal Revenue Hedge program applying the same strategy.

 

  Notional (ton)  Fair value  Financial
settlement
Inflows
(Outflows)
  Value at Risk  Fair value
by year
 
Flow June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  Bought /
Sold
 Average strike
(US$/t oz)
  June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  June 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  2021 
Coal Revenue Hedging Program                                  
Call Options  600,000   -  S  108   (10)  -   (2)  3   (10)
Put Options  390,000   -  B  105   (1)  -   (1)  6   (1)
Total                (11)  -   (3)  9   (11)

 

Cash Flow Hedge (Nickel):

 

  Notional (ton)  Fair value  Financial
settlement
Inflows
(Outflows)
  Value at Risk  Fair value
by year
 
Flow June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  Bought /
Sold
 Average strike
(US$/ton)
  June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  June 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  2021 
Nickel Revenue Hedging Program (i)                                  
Call options  35,120   58,620  S  17,618   (41)  (46)  (9)  10   (41)
Put options  35,120   58,620  B  15,000   3   28   -   1   3 
Total                (38)  (18)  (9)  11   (38)

 

(i) With the hedge structure, the company ensures prices between US$15,000/t and US$17,618/t for the program’s sales volume.

 

Cash flow hedge (Palladium):

 

  Notional (t oz)  Fair value  Financial
settlement
Inflows
(Outflows)
  Value at Risk  Fair value
by year
 
Flow June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  Bought /
Sold
 Average strike
(US$/t oz)
  June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  June 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  2021 
Palladium Revenue Hedging Program                                  
Call Options  67,362   7,200  S  3,437   (11)  (1)  -   3   (11)
Put Options  67,362   7,200  B  2,397   14   -   -   3   14 
Total                3   (1)  -   6   3 

 

25

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

b) Protection programs for the R$ and EUR denominated debt instruments and other liabilities

 

  Notional  Fair value  Financial
Settlement
Inflows
(Outflows)
  Value at Risk  Fair value by year 
Flow June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  Index  Average
rate
  June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  June 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  2021  2022  2023+ 
CDI vs. US$ fixed rate swap                (368)  (473)  (30)  43   (26)  (78)  (264)
Receivable R$8,841  R$9,445   CDI   100.53%                            
Payable US$2.072  US$2.213   Fix   2.57%                            
                                           
TJLP vs. US$ fixed rate swap                (134)  (163)  (26)  8   (23)  (40)  (71)
Receivable R$1,421  R$1,651   TJLP +   1.12%                            
Payable US$390  US$460   Fix   3.11%                            
                                           
R$ fixed rate vs. US$ fixed rate swap                62   (111)  (85)  26   10   (26)  78 
Receivable R$6,671  R$2,512   Fix   3.58%                            
Payable US$1.265  US$621   Fix   -1.60%                            
                                           
IPCA vs. US$ fixed rate swap                (90)  (173)  (65)  9   1   -   (91)
Receivable R$1,617  R$2,363   IPCA +   4.54%                            
Payable US$400  US$622   Fix   3.88%                            
                                           
IPCA vs. CDI swap                49   45   -   -   7   42   - 
Receivable R$726  R$694   IPCA +   6.63%                            
Payable R$1,350  R$550   CDI   98.76%                            
                                           
EUR fixed rate vs. US$ fixed rate swap                -   (1)  (29)  -   -   -   - 
Receivable -  EUR500   Fix   0.00%                            
Payable -  US$613   Fix   0.00%                            
                                           
Forward R$7,020  R$916   B   5.98   122   (1)  13   23   17   64   41 

 

c) Protection program for Libor floating interest rate US$ denominated debt

 

  Notional        Fair value  Financial
Settlement
Inflows
(Outflows)
  Value at Risk  Fair value by year 
Flow June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  Index  Average
rate
  June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  June 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  2021  2022  2023+ 
Libor vs. US$ fixed rate swap                1   (7)  (1)  2   (1)  -   2 
Receivable US$950  US$950   Libor   0.13%                            
Payable US$950  US$950   Fix   0.48%                            

 

d) Protection program for product prices and input costs

 

  Notional       Fair value  Financial
settlement
Inflows
(Outflows)
  Value at Risk  Fair value by year 
Flow June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  Bought /
Sold
 Average strike
(US$/bbl)
  June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  June 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  2021+ 
Brent crude oil (bbl)                                  
Call options  4,488,809   13,746,945  B  55   48   92   119   7   48 
Put options  4,488,809   13,746,945  S  29   -   (12)  -   -   - 
                                   
Forward Freight Agreement (days)                                  
Freight forwards (days)  990   1,625 ��B  23,302   15   4   3   15   - 

 

26

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

e) Embedded derivatives in contracts

 

  Notional       Fair value  Financial
settlement
Inflows
(Outflows)
  Value at Risk  Fair value 
Flow June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  Bought /
Sold
 Average
strike
  June 30,
2021
  December
31, 2020
  June 30,
2021
  June 30,
2021
  2021+ 
Option related to a Special Purpose Entity “SPE” (quantity)                                  
Call option  137,751,623   137,751,623  B  3.02   15   18   -   2   15 
                                   
Embedded derivatives in contracts for the sale of part of its shareholding (quantity)                                  
Put option  1,105,070,863   1,105,070,863  S  4.38   (5)  (19)  -   2   (5)
                                   
Embedded Derivative in natural gas purchase agreement (volume/month)                                  
Call options  729,571   746,667  S  233   (4)  -   -   3   (4)
                                   
Hedge program for finished products                                  
Nickel forwards  604   -  S  18,147   -   -   -   -   - 
                                   
Fixed prices sales protection                                  
Nickel forwards  626   -  B  16,341   1   -   1   -   1 
                                   
Embedded in raw material purchase contract (ton)                                  
Nickel forwards  3,436   1,979  S  17,120   (3)  2   -   2   (3)
Copper forwards  1,247   976  S  9,620   -   -   -   -   - 

 

27

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

f) Sensitivity analysis of derivative financial instruments

 

The following tables present the potential value of the instruments given hypothetical stress scenarios for the main market risk factors that impact the derivatives positions. The scenarios were defined as follows:

 

- Probable: the probable scenario was defined as the fair value of the derivative instruments as at June 30, 2021

- Scenario I: fair value estimated considering a 25% deterioration in the associated risk variables

- Scenario II: fair value estimated considering a 50% deterioration in the associated risk variables

 

Instrument Instrument's main risk events Probable  Scenario I  Scenario II 
CDI vs. US$ fixed rate swap R$ depreciation  (368)  (900)  (1,433)
  US$ interest rate inside Brazil decrease  (368)  (396)  (425)
  Brazilian interest rate increase  (368)  (402)  (437)
Protected item: R$ denominated liabilities R$ depreciation   n.a.   -   - 
               
TJLP vs. US$ fixed rate swap R$ depreciation  (134)  (236)  (338)
  US$ interest rate inside Brazil decrease  (134)  (137)  (140)
  Brazilian interest rate increase  (134)  (145)  (155)
  TJLP interest rate decrease  (134)  (141)  (149)
Protected item: R$ denominated debt R$ depreciation   n.a.   -   - 
               
R$ fixed rate vs. US$ fixed rate swap R$ depreciation  62   (246)  (553)
  US$ interest rate inside Brazil decrease  62   53   45 
  Brazilian interest rate increase  62   19   (21)
Protected item: R$ denominated debt R$ depreciation   n.a.   -   - 
               
IPCA vs. US$ fixed rate swap R$ depreciation  (90)  (199)  (307)
  US$ interest rate inside Brazil decrease  (90)  (96)  (103)
  Brazilian interest rate increase  (90)  (109)  (127)
  IPCA index decrease  (90)  (101)  (112)
Protected item: R$ denominated debt R$ depreciation   n.a.   -   - 
               
IPCA vs. CDI swap Brazilian interest rate increase  49   46   44 
  IPCA index decrease  49   47   45 
Protected item: R$ denominated debt linked to IPCA IPCA index decrease   n.a.   (47)  (45)
               
US$ floating rate vs. US$ fixed rate swap US$ Libor decrease  1   (4)  (10)
Protected item: Libor US$ indexed debt US$ Libor decrease  n.a.   4   10 
               
NDF BRL/USD R$ depreciation  122   (166)  (454)
  US$ interest rate inside Brazil decrease  122   116   110 
  Brazilian interest rate increase  122   93   66 
Protected item: R$ denominated liabilities R$ depreciation  n.a.   -   - 

 

28

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
 

 

Instrument Instrument's main risk events Probable  Scenario I  Scenario II 
Fuel oil protection              
Options Price input decrease  48   18   14 
Protected item: Part of costs linked to fuel oil prices Price input decrease  n.a.   18   14 
               
Forward Freight Agreement              
Forwards Freight price decrease  15   5   (4)
Protected item: Part of costs linked to maritime freight prices Freight price decrease  n.a.   (5)  4 
               
Nickel sales fixed price protection              
Forwards Nickel price decrease  1   (2)  (5)
Protected item: Part of nickel revenues with fixed prices Nickel price decrease  n.a.   (2)  (5)
               
Nickel Revenue Hedging Program              
Options Nickel price increase  (38)  (160)  (297)
Protected item: Part of nickel future revenues Nickel price increase  n.a.   160   297 
               
Palladium Revenue Hedging Program              
Options Palladium price increase  4   (23)  (56)
Protected item: Part of palladium future revenues Palladium price increase  n.a.   23   56 
               
Thermal Coal Revenue Hedging Program              
Options Thermal coal price increase  (11)  (40)  (69)
Protected item: Part of thermal coal future revenues Thermal coal price increase  n.a.   40   69 
               
Option - SPCs SPCs stock value decrease  15   5   - 

 

Instrument Main risks Probable  Scenario I  Scenario II 
Embedded derivatives - Raw material purchase (nickel) Nickel price increase  (3)  (19)  (34)
Embedded derivatives - Raw material purchase (copper) Copper price increase  -   (3)  (6)
Embedded derivatives - Gas purchase Pellet price increase  (4)  (8)  (13)
Embedded derivatives - Guaranteed minimum return Stock value decrease  (5)  (61)  (287)

 

g) Financial counterparties’ ratings

 

The table below presents the ratings published by Moody’s regarding the main financial institutions that we hire derivative instruments, cash and cash equivalents transactions.

 

  Consolidated 
  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
  Cash and cash equivalents
and short-term investment
  Derivatives  Cash and cash equivalents
and short-term investment
  Derivatives 
Aa1  94   -   2,210   36 
Aa2  384   13   363   15 
Aa3  603   41   1,681   41 
A1  4,124   20   2,812   21 
A2  4,429   130   4   20 
A3  1,034   67   5   36 
Baa1  -   -   4   - 
Baa2  19   -   1   - 
Ba1  -   35   2,986   - 
Ba2  2,551   51   4,189   6 
Ba3  1,279   13   -   - 
Others  83   52   3   25 
   14,600   422   14,258   200 

 

29

 

  

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

17.       Financial assets and liabilities

 

a) Financial instruments classification

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Financial assets Amortized
cost
  At fair value
through OCI
  At fair value
through profit or
loss
  Total  Amortized
cost
  At fair value
through OCI
  At fair value
through
profit or loss
  Total 
Current                        
Cash and cash equivalents (note 19)  13,649   -   -   13,649   13,487   -   -   13,487 
Short-term investments (note 19)  -   -   951   951   -   -   771   771 
Derivative financial instruments (note 16)  -   -   214   214   -   -   134   134 
Accounts receivable (note 9)  2,266   -   2,688   4,954   1,514   -   3,479   4,993 
Related parties (note 26)  -   -   -   -   195   -   -   195 
   15,915   -   3,853   19,768   15,196   -   4,384   19,580 
Non-current                                
Judicial deposits (note 23)  1,326   -   -   1,326   1,268   -   -   1,268 
Restricted cash  125   -   -   125   38   -   -   38 
Derivative financial instruments (note 16)  -   -   208   208   -   -   66   66 
Investments in equity securities  -   1,097   -   1,097   -   757   -   757 
Related parties (note 26)  -   -   -   -   923   -   -   923 
   1,451   1,097   208   2,756   2,229   757   66   3,052 
Total of financial assets  17,366   1,097   4,061   22,524   17,425   757   4,450   22,632 
                                 
Financial liabilities                                
Current                                
Suppliers and contractors  3,777   -   -   3,777   3,367   -   -   3,367 
Derivative financial instruments (note 16)  -   -   204   204   -   -   328   328 
Loans, borrowings and leases (note 19)  992   -   -   992   1,136   -   -   1,136 
Dividends payable  27   -   -   27   1,220   -   -   1,220 
Liabilities related to the concession grant (note 14)  350   -   -   350   209   -   -   209 
Related parties (note 26)  188   -   -   188   725   -   -   725 
Other financial liabilities (note 11)  805   -   -   805   644           644 
   6,139   -   204   6,343   7,301   -   328   7,629 
Non-current                                
Derivative financial instruments (note 16)  -   -   521   521   -   -   689   689 
Loans, borrowings and leases (note 19)  12,870   -   -   12,870   13,891   -   -   13,891 
Related parties (note 26)  -   -   -   -   895   -   -   895 
Participative stockholders' debentures (note 18)  -   -   4,687   4,687   -   -   3,413   3,413 
Liabilities related to the concession grant (note 14)  1,956   -   -   1,956   2,103   -   -   2,103 
Financial guarantees (note 13)  -   -   550   550   -   -   877   877 
   14,826   -   5,758   20,584   16,889   -   4,979   21,868 
Total of financial liabilities  20,965   -   5,962   26,927   24,190   -   5,307   29,497 

 

b) Hierarchy of fair value

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
  Level 1  Level 2  Level 3  Total  Level 1  Level 2  Level 3  Total 
Financial assets                                
Short-term investments  951   -   -   951   771   -   -   771 
Derivative financial instruments  -   407   15   422   -   182   18   200 
Accounts receivable  -   2,688   -   2,688   -   3,479   -   3,479 
Investments in equity securities  1,097   -   -   1,097   757   -   -   757 
Total  2,048   3,095   15   5,158   1,528   3,661   18   5,207 
                                 
Financial liabilities                                
Derivative financial instruments  -   719   6   725   -   998   19   1,017 
Participative stockholders' debentures  -   4,687   -   4,687   -   3,413   -   3,413 
Financial guarantees  -   550   -   550   -   877   -   877 
Total  -   5,956   6   5,962   -   5,288   19   5,307 

 

There were no transfers between levels 1, 2 and 3 of the fair value hierarchy during the six-month period ended June 30, 2021.

 

30

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

b.i) Changes in Level 3 assets and liabilities during the period

 

   Derivative financial instruments 
   Financial assets   Financial liabilities 
Balance at December 31, 2020  18   19 
 Gain and losses recognized in income statement  (4)  (13)
 Translation adjustments  1   - 
Balance at June 30, 2021  15   6 

 

c) Fair value of loans and financing

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
  Carrying amount  Fair value  Carrying amount  Fair value 
Quoted in the secondary market:                
 Bonds  7,448   9,277   7,448   10,025 
 Eurobonds  -   -   920   985 
Debentures  428   435   496   496 
Debt contracts in Brazil in:                
R$, indexed to TJLP, TR, IPCA, IGP-M and CDI  460   679   860   857 
R$, with fixed interest  25   25   34   35 
Basket of currencies and bonds in US$ indexed to LIBOR  33   54   56   56 
Debt contracts in the international market in:                
US$, with variable and fixed interest  3,398   3,401   3,225   3,278 
Other currencies, with variable interest  96   96   -   - 
Other currencies, with fixed interest  110   123   120   134 
Total  11,998   14,090   13,159   15,866 

 

Due to the short-term cycle, the fair value of cash and cash equivalents balances, financial investments, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their book values.

 

18.       Participative stockholders’ debentures

 

At the time of its privatization in 1997, the Company issued a total of 388,559,056 debentures to then-existing stockholders, including the Brazilian Government. The debentures’ terms were set to ensure that pre-privatization stockholders would participate in potential future benefits that might be obtained from exploration of mineral resources. This obligation will cease when all the relevant mineral resources are exhausted, sold or otherwise disposed of by the Company.

 

Holders of participative stockholders’ debentures have the right to receive semi-annual payments equal to an agreed percentage of revenues less value-added tax, transport fee and insurance expenses related to the trading of the products, derived from these mineral resources. On April 1, 2021, the Company made available for withdrawal as remuneration the amount of US$193 (R$1,073 million) for the second semester of 2020, as disclosed on the “Shareholders’ debentures report” made available on the Company’s website.

 

To calculate the fair value of the liability, the Company uses the weighted average price of trades in the secondary market for the last month of the quarter. The average price increased from R$45.65 per debenture for the year ended December 31, 2020 to R$60.34 per debenture for the period ended June 30, 2021 (R$29.04 for the period ended June 30, 2020), resulting in an expense of US$278 and US$1,261 recorded in the income statement for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 (US$231 and US$280 for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2020), respectively. As at June 30, 2021 the liability was US$ 4,687 (US$ 3,413 as at December 2020).

 

31

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

19.       Loans, borrowings, leases, cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments

 

a)       Net debt

 

The Company evaluates the net debt with the objective of ensuring the continuity of its business in the long term.

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Debt contracts in the international markets  11,194   11,890 
Debt contracts in Brazil  960   1,470 
Leases  1,708   1,667 
Total of loans, borrowings and leases  13,862   15,027 
         
(-) Cash and cash equivalents  13,649   13,487 
(-) Short-term investments  951   771 
Net debt (cash)  (738)  769 

 

b)    Cash and cash equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash, immediately redeemable deposits and short-term investments with an insignificant risk of change in value. They are readily convertible to cash, being US$3,375 (US$2,849 as at December 31, 2020) denominated in R$, indexed to the CDI), US$9,973 (US$10,195 as at December 31, 2020) denominated in US$ and US$301 (US$443 as at December 31, 2020) denominated in other currencies as at June 30, 2021.

 

c)       Short-term investments

 

At June 30, 2021, the balance of US$951 (US$771 as at December 31, 2020) is substantially comprised of investments in an exclusive investment fund immediately liquid, whose portfolio is composed of committed transactions and Financial Treasury Bills (“LFTs”), which are floating-rate securities issued by the Brazilian government.

 

d)        Loans, borrowings and leases

 

i) Total debt

 

       Current liabilities    Non-current liabilities 
   Average interest rate (i)   June 30, 2021   December 31, 2020   June 30, 2021   December 31, 2020 
Quoted in the secondary market:                    
Bonds  6.01%  -   -   7,448   7,448 
Eurobonds      -   -   -   920 
Debentures  10.48%  50   107   378   389 
Debt contracts in Brazil in:                    
R$, indexed to TJLP, TR, IPCA, IGP-M and CDI (ii)  9.29%  128   320   332   540 
R$, with fixed interest  2.76%  19   20   6   14 
Basket of currencies and bonds in US$ indexed to LIBOR  2.32%  33   45   -   11 
Debt contracts in the international market in:                    
US$, with variable and fixed interest  2.26%  325   182   3,073   3,044 
Other currencies, with variable interest  4.09%  86   -   10   - 
Other currencies, with fixed interest  3.35%  12   12   98   107 
Accrued charges      156   201   -   - 
Total      809   887   11,345   12,473 

 

(i) In order to determine the average interest rate for debt contracts with floating rates, the Company used the rate applicable as at June 30, 2021.

(ii) R$ denominated debt that bears interest at IPCA, CDI, TR or TJLP, plus spread. For a total of US$892 the Company entered into derivative transactions to mitigate the exposure to the cash flow variations of the floating rate debt denominated in R$, resulting in an average cost of 2,92% per year in US$.

 

32

 

  

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

Future flows of debt payments, principal and interest

 

   Principal  

Estimated future

interest payments (i)

 
2021   173   300 
2022   1,254   593 
2023   298   555 
2024   2,014   537 
Between 2025 and 2029   2,142   1,008 
2030 onwards   6,117   3,641 
Total   11,998   6,634 

 

(i) Based on interest rate curves and foreign exchange rates applicable as at June 30, 2021 and considering that the payments of principal will be made on their contracted payments dates. The amount includes the estimated interest not yet accrued and the interest already recognized in the interim financial statements.

 

Credit and financing lines

 

The Company has two revolving credit facilities to assist the short-term liquidity management and to enable more efficiency in cash management in the available amount of US$5,000, of which US$2,000 will mature in 2022 and US$3,000 in 2024. As at June 30, 2021, these lines are undrawn.

 

Funding and payments

 

In January 2021, the Company contracted the credit line US$300 with The New Development Bank maturing at 2035 and indexed to Libor + 2,49% per year.

 

In March 2021, the Company redeemed all of its 3.750% bonds due January 2023, in the total amount of US$884 (EUR750 million) and for it paid a premium of US$63, which was recorded as “Expenses with cash tender offer redemption” under the financial results for six-month period ended June 30,2021.

 

Covenants

 

Some of the Company’s debt agreements with lenders contain financial covenants. The primary financial covenants in those agreements require maintaining certain ratios, such as debt to EBITDA (as defined in note 4(a)) and interest coverage. The Company has not identified any instances of noncompliance as at June 30, 2021.

 

Reconciliation of debt to cash flows arising from financing activities

 

  Quoted in the
secondary market
  Debt contracts in Brazil  Debt contracts on the
international market
  Total 
December 31, 2020  9,046   959   3,355   13,360 
Additions  -   -   300   300 
Payments (i)  (922)  (269)  (221)  (1,412)
Interest paid  (279)  (79)  (68)  (426)
Cash flow from financing activities  (1,201)  (348)  11   (1,538)
                 
Effect of exchange rate  (50)  (153)  196   (7)
Interest accretion  222   63   54   339 
Non-cash changes  172   (90)  250   332 
                 
June 30, 2021  8,017   521   3,616   12,154 

 

(i) Includes expenses with the redemption in the amount of US$63.

 

33

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

ii) Lease liabilities

 

  December 31, 2020  Additions and
contract
modifications
  Payments (i)  Interest (ii)  Translation
adjustment
  June 30, 2021 
Ports  743   -   (40)  14   1   718 
Vessels  533   -   (31)  11   -   513 
Pellets plants  137   37   (2)  3   8   183 
Properties  142   3   (24)  2   1   124 
Energy plants  62   -   (2)  3   -   63 
Mining equipment and locomotives (iii)  50   58   (5)  2   2   107 
Total  1,667   98   (104)  35   12   1,708 

 

(i) The total amount of the variable lease payments not included in the measurement of lease liabilities, which have been recognized straight to the income statement, for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 was US$78 and US$111 (US$10 and US$38 for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2020), respectively.

(ii) The interest accretion recognized in the income statement is disclosed in note 6.

(iii) "Additions and contract modifications" includes the effects arising from the acquisition of NLC in the amount of US$53.

 

Annual minimum payments

 

  2021  2022  2023  2024  2025 onwards  Total 
Ports  35   63   62   61   802   1,023 
Vessels  33   63   62   60   405   623 
Pellets plants  44   40   13   13   116   226 
Properties  24   29   23   22   41   139 
Energy plants  3   7   7   6   61   84 
Mining equipment and locomotives  11   21   16   15   79   142 
Total  150   223   183   177   1,504   2,237 

 

The amounts in the table above presents the undiscounted lease obligation by maturity date. The lease liability recognized in the balance sheet is measured at the present value of such obligations.

 

e) Guarantees

 

As at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, loans and borrowings are secured by property, plant and equipment in the amount of US$88 and US$176, respectively. The securities issued through Vale’s wholly-owned finance subsidiary Vale Overseas Limited are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Vale.

 

 

20.       Brumadinho dam failure

 

On January 25, 2019, a tailings dam (“Dam I”) failed at the Córrego do Feijão mine, in the city of Brumadinho, state of Minas Gerais. The failure released a flow of tailings debris, destroying some of Vale’s facilities, affecting local communities and disturbing the environment. The tailings released have caused an impact of around 315 km in extension, reaching the nearby Paraopeba River. The dam failure in Brumadinho (“event”) resulted in 270 fatalities, including 10 victims still missing, and caused extensive property and environmental damage in the region.

 

34

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

As a result of the dam failure, the Company has recognized provisions to meet its assumed obligations, individual indemnification to those affected by the event, remediation of the affected areas and compensation to the society. The Company also recognized a provision for de-characterization of the dams. Below are the changes in during the current period:

 

  December 31, 2020  Impact on the
income statement
  Present value
adjustment
  Disbursements (ii)  Translation
adjustment
  June 30, 2021 
Global Settlement for Brumadinho  3,989   -   (83)  (26)  141   4,021 
Provision for individual indemnification and other commitments  586   -   (6)  (123)  13   470 
Liabilities related to Brumadinho  4,575   -   (89)  (149)  154   4,491 
                         
De-characterization of dams  2,289   -   (43)  (163)  72   2,155 
Incurred expenses (i)  -   300   -   (300)  -   - 
   6,864   300   (132)  (612)  226   6,646 

 

(i) The Company has incurred expenses, which have been recognized straight to the income statement, in relation to communication services, accommodation and humanitarian assistance, equipment, legal services, water, food aid, taxes, among others. For the three and six-month periods ended June 30, of 2021, the Company incurred expenses in the amount of US$185 and US$300, respectively (US$109 and US$268 for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2020).

(ii) Disbursement is presented net of the judicial deposits utilization.

 

a) Global Settlement for Brumadinho

 

On February 4, 2021, the Company entered into a Judicial Settlement for Integral Reparation (“Global Settlement”), which was under negotiations since 2019, with the State of Minas Gerais, the Public Defender of the State of Minas Gerais and the Federal and the State of Minas Gerais Public Prosecutors Offices, to repair the environmental and social damage resulting from the Dam I rupture. The Global Settlement was ratified by the Minas Gerais State Court on February 4, 2021 and the res judicata was drawn up on April 7, 2021.

 

With the Global Settlement, the requests contained in public civil actions regarding the socio-environmental and socioeconomic collective damages caused by the dam rupture were substantially resolved and the parameters for the reparation and compensation of said damages were established. As a result, the Company recorded an additional provision as at December 31, 2020.

 

The provision is discounted at presented value using an observable rate that reflects the current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability at the reporting date. During the current year, the discount rate applied on the provisions for the Global Settlement, individual indemnification and other commitments, has increased from 2.0% at December 31, 2020 to 3.7% at June 30, 2021.

 

Based on the present value of the projected cash outflows, the provision related to Global Settlement is detailed as follows:

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Cash settlement obligation, net of judicial deposits  2,380   2,343 
Provision for socio-economic reparation and others  853   860 
Provision for social and environmental reparation  788   786 
   4,021   3,989 

 

   June 30, 2021   December 31, 2020 
Current liabilities  1,956   1,561 
Non-current liabilities  2,065   2,428 
Liabilities  4,021   3,989 

 

(a.i) Cash settlement obligation

 

The cash settlement obligation relates to the socio-economic reparation and socio-environmental compensation projects that will be carried out or managed directly by the State of Minas Gerais and Institutions of Justice, mainly aiming to develop the urban mobility program and strengthening public service programs, as well as other projects that will be proposed by the affected population. In addition, resources will be used in a program of income transfer to those affected by the event, which will be carried out by Institutions of Justice. Of the total amount, US$880 (R$4,400 million) relates to the income transfer program that will be fully paid in 2021. The remaining amount of US$1,500 (R$7,505 million) is the present value of the semiannual fixed payments obligation, which will last 5 years on average.

 

35

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

(a.ii) Provision for socio-economic reparation and others

 

The Global Settlement includes remediation projects for Brumadinho and other affected municipalities of the Paraopeba basin. The socioeconomic reparation actions aims to strengthen the productive activities of the affected region, through measures for greater economic diversification of the municipality of Brumadinho, reducing its historical dependence on mining, and, for the rest of the Basin, finding ways to support the transformation of the economy of the impacted municipalities. These projects will be carried out directly by the Company for an average period of 3 years.

 

The estimated amounts for the project execution, although set in the agreement, may vary since the implementation of those projects are Vale's responsibility and changes against the original budget may result in changes in provision in future reporting periods.

 

(a.iii) Provision for social and environmental reparation

 

The Global Settlement establishes the rule for the development of the environmental reparation plan, and projects for the compensation of environmental damage already known. These measures aim to repair the damage caused, restore the ecosystems disruption, restore local infrastructure, repair social and economic losses, recover affected areas and repair the loss of memory and cultural heritage caused by the dam rupture. It also includes several actions to clean up the affected areas and improvements to the water catchment system along the Paraopeba River and other water collection points near the affected area. These measures and compensation projects will be carried out directly by the Company for an average period of 5 years.

 

The estimated amount to carry out the environmental recovery actions is part of the Global Settlement. However, it has no cap due

to the Company's legal obligation to fully repair the environmental damage caused by the dam rupture. Therefore, this provision may change in the future depending on several factors that are not under the control of the Company.

 

b) Provision for individual indemnification and other commitments

 

For the individual indemnification, Vale and the Public Defendants of the State of Minas Gerais formalized an agreement on April 5, 2019, under which those affected by the Brumadinho’s Dam failure may join an individual or family group out-of-Court settlement agreements for the indemnification of material, economic and moral damages. This agreement establishes the basis for a wide range of indemnification payments, which were defined according to the best practices and case law of Brazilian Courts, following rules and principles of the United Nations (“UN”). As at June 30, 2021, the provision recorded is US$158 (US$179 as at December 31, 2020).

 

In addition to the Global Settlement, the Company has been working to ensure geotechnical safety of the remaining structures at the Córrego do Feijão mine, in Brumadinho, and the removal and proper disposal of the tailings of Dam I. As at June 30, 2021, the provision recorded is US$252 (US$267 as at December 31, 2020).

 

In addition, the Company was notified of the imposition of administrative fines by the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (“IBAMA”), in the amount of US$50 (R$250 million). The Company signed an agreement with IBAMA, of which US$30 (R$150 million) will be used in environmental projects in 7 parks in the state of Minas Gerais, covering an area of approximately 794 thousand hectares, and US$20 (R$100 million) will be used in basic sanitation programs in the state of Minas Gerais.

 

c) De-characterization of other dams in Brazil

 

Following the Brumadinho Dam rupture, the Company has decided to speed up the plan to “de-characterize” its tailings dams built under the upstream method (same method as Brumadinho’s dam), certain “centerline structures” and dikes, located in Brazil. The observable rate applied to the provision for the de-characterization of dams, increased from 3.5% at December 31, 2020 to 4.4% at June 30, 2021. The Company has a total provision to comply with these assumed obligations in the amount of US$2,155 at June 30, 2021 (US$2,289 as at December 31, 2020).

 

(c.i) Operation stoppages

 

The Company has suspended some operations due to judicial decisions or technical analysis performed by Vale on its upstream dam structures. The Company has been recording losses in relation to the operational stoppage and idle capacity of the ferrous mineral segment in the amounts of US$80 and US$193 for the three and six-months periods ended June 30, 2021 (US$104 and US$267 for the three and six-months periods ended June 30, 2020), respectively. The Company is working on legal and technical measures to resume all operations at full capacity.

 

 

36

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

d) Contingencies and other legal matters

 

(d.i) Requests for fines or forfeit of assets

 

On August 26, 2020, the Public Prosecutor's Office of Minas Gerais (“MPMG”) and other plaintiffs of the Public Civil Actions presented a request for ruling condemning Vale to indemnify alleged economic losses of the State of Minas Gerais and collective moral damages, both claims already considered in said Public Civil Actions filed against Vale in January 2019 as a result of the Brumadinho dam rupture. In that submission, the plaintiffs also requested the immediate freezing of US$5,1 billion (R$26,7 billion) from the Company as a guarantee for the reimbursement of the alleged economic losses, which was dismissed by the judge of the 2nd Lower Court of Public Treasury of Belo Horizonte on October 6, 2020. This claim was extinguished with the Global Settlement.

 

In other proceeding, in May 2020, the MPMG requested the imposition of fines or forfeit of assets, rights and amounts of the Company, allegedly based on Article 5, item V of Brazilian Law 12.846/2013. According to the MPMG, Vale would have, through its employee’s actions, hindered the inspection activities of public agencies in the complex. Vale was not required to present any guarantees of US$1,4 billion (R$7,9 billion) based on a judicial decision. The Company believes that the likelihood of loss is remote.

 

In January 2021, the Comptroller General of the State of Minas Gerais (“CGE”) notified Vale to present it defense against the Administrative Liability Proceeding (“PAR”) initiated based on the same article. Vale presented its defense in March 2021, and filed a writ of mandamus in the face of the establishment of this PAR, which had the injunction granted to suspend the proceeding of the PAR.

 

In October 2020, the Company was informed that the Brazilian Office of the Comptroller General (“CGU”) initiated an administrative proceeding based on the same allegations made by the MPMG. As this is a discretionary procedure from the CGU, the Company estimates its likelihood of a loss during the administrative phase as possible, but it reaffirms its assessment of loss as remote in the annulment lawsuit to be instituted against any decision by CGU, if necessary.

 

(d.ii) U.S. Securities putative class action suit

 

Vale is defending itself in a putative class action brought before a Federal Court in New York and filed by holders of securities - American Depositary Receipts ("ADRs") - issued by Vale. The Lead Plaintiff alleges that we made false and misleading statements or omitted to make disclosures concerning the risks of the operations of Dam I in the Córrego de Feijão mine and the adequacy of the related programs and procedures.

 

Following the decision of the Court, in May 2020, that denied the Motion to Dismiss presented by the Company, the Discovery phase has started and the fact Discovery was expected to be concluded by June 2021. However, due to the pandemic, the fact Discovery term has been extended to be concluded by March 2022, the fact Discovery is currently ongoing. In parallel, in February 2021 the Plaintiff filed a motion for class certification, which we opposed on April, 2021. On June, 2021 a Reply was filed by the Plaintiff and rebuttal expert reports were filed by the parties. A decision by the Court on the motion for class certification is expected to be issued in the upcoming weeks.

 

Based on the evaluation of the Company's legal counsel and given the very preliminary stage, the expectation of loss of this process is classified as possible. However, considering the initial stage of this putative class action, it is not possible at this time to reliably estimate the amount of a potential loss.

 

(d.iii) Arbitration proceedings in Brazil filed by shareholders and a class association

 

In Brazil, Vale is a defendant in (i) one arbitration filed by 166 minority shareholders, (ii) one arbitration filed by a class association allegedly representing all Vale’s minority shareholders, and (iii) one arbitration filed by foreign investment funds.

 

In the three proceedings, the Claimants argue Vale would be aware of the risks associated with the dam, and failed to disclose it to the shareholders, which would be required under the Brazilian applicable laws and the rules of Comissão de Valores Mobiliários (Securities and Exchange Commission of Brazil). Based on such argument, they claim compensation for losses caused by the decrease of the value of the shares.

 

Based on the evaluation of the Company's legal counsel and given the very preliminary stage, the expectation of loss of these proceedings is classified as possible.

 

37

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

Specifically, in the proceeding filed by foreign funds, the Claimants estimated the amount of the alleged losses at approximately US$346 (R$1,800 million). However, the Company disagrees with the estimated losses alleged by the foreign funds and believes that the likelihood of loss is remote based on the current status of the proceeding.

 

(d.iv) Investigations by the CVM and the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”)

 

The Company is cooperating with the CVM and the SEC by providing documents and other information related to the Dam I rupture in connection with ongoing investigations by both agencies. These investigations relate to Vale's disclosure of relevant information to shareholders, investors and the market in general, especially regarding the conditions and management of Vale's dams. The CVM and SEC investigations may result in the application of fines and administrative penalties either through negotiated resolutions or court proceedings.

 

(d.v) Criminal proceedings and investigations

 

In January 2020, the MPMG brought criminal charges against 16 individuals (including former executive officers of Vale and former employees) for a number of potential crimes, including homicide, and against Vale S.A. for alleged environmental crimes. These charges were accepted by the state criminal judge in the city of Brumadinho on February 14, 2020, and a criminal proceeding against these individuals and Vale is ongoing. Vale intends to vigorously defend itself against the criminal claims, and the Company cannot estimate when a decision on this criminal proceeding will be issued. The criminal action is currently suspended while the MPMG organizes the relevant documents to enable defendants to defend themselves properly.

 

(d.vi) Labor Collective Civil Action

 

In 2021, public civil actions were filed by a labor union in the Labor Court of Betim in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais, claiming the indemnification payment for death damage to each direct and outsourced employee who has died due to the Dam I rupture. They are claiming to represent 246 workers and have requested indemnification payments ranging between US$300 thousand (R$1.5 million) and US$600 thousand (R$3 million) to each fatal victim. There has been an initial decision condemning Vale to pay US$200 thousand (R$1 million) per each direct employees (131 fatal victims). Vale is defending itself against these actions and believes that, despite the lack of provision in the Brazilian legal framework, the likelihood of loss is deemed possible.

 

e) Insurance and financial guarantees

 

(e.i) Insurance

 

The Company is negotiating with insurers the payment of indemnification under its operational risk and civil liability. However, these negotiations are still at a preliminary stage, therefore any payment of insurance proceeds will depend on the coverage definitions under these policies and assessment of the amount of loss. Due to uncertainties, no indemnification to the Company was recognized in these interim financial statements.

 

(e.ii) Financial guarantees

 

In April 2021, the financial guarantees related to the Brumadinho event were released, due the Global Settlement. As at December 31, 2020, the Company had financial guarantees in the amount of US$1,124.

 

21.       Liabilities related to associates and joint ventures

 

In November 2015, the Fundão tailings dam owned by Samarco Mineração S.A. (Samarco) failed, releasing tailings downstream, flooding certain communities and causing impacts on communities and the environment along the Doce river. The rupture resulted in 19 fatalities and caused property and environmental damage to the affected areas. Samarco is a joint venture equally owned by Vale S.A. and BHP Billiton Brasil Ltda. (‘‘BHPB’’).

 

38

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

In June 2016, Samarco, Vale and BHPB created the Fundação Renova, a not-for-profit private foundation, to develop and implement (i) social and economic remediation and compensation programs and (ii) environmental remediation and compensation programs in the region affected by the dam rupture. The creation of Fundação Renova was provided for under the agreement for settlement and conduct adjustment (the ‘‘Framework Agreement’’) signed in March 2016 by Vale, BHPB, Samarco, the Brazilian federal government, the two Brazilian states affected by the rupture (Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo) and other governmental authorities.

 

In June 2018, Samarco, Vale and BHPB entered into a comprehensive agreement with the offices of the federal and state (Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo) prosecutors, public defenders and attorney general, among other parties, improving the governance mechanism of Fundação Renova and establishing, among other things, a process for potential revisions to the remediation programs provided under the Framework Agreement based on the findings of experts hired by Samarco to advise the MPF (Federal Prosecutor’s Office) over a two-year period (the ‘‘June 2018 Agreement’’). Under the Framework Agreement, the June 2018 Agreement and Renova’s by-laws, Fundação Renova must be funded by Samarco, but to the extent that Samarco is unable to fund, Vale and BHPB must ratably bear the funding requirements Under the Framework Agreement.

 

On April 9, 2021, Samarco announced the request for Judicial Reorganization (“RJ”) was filed with the Minas Gerais Court to renegotiate its debt, which is held by bondholders abroad. The purpose of RJ is to restructure Samarco’s debts and establish an independent and sustainable financial position, allowing Samarco to keep working to resume its operations safely and to fulfill its obligations related to the Renova Foundation.

 

The RJ does not affect Samarco's obligation to remediate and compensate the impacts of the Fundão tailings dam failure. However, as Samarco began the gradual resumption of operations in December 2020, it is not yet possible to reliably estimate when Samarco will generate cash to comply with its assumed obligation in the TTAC. Thus, the liability recorded by Vale on June 30, 2021 does not consider Samarco's potential cash flows generation. Therefore, the RJ did not have any additional impact on these interim financial statements.

 

In addition, the Company has a provision of US$225 (US$ 221 as at December 31,2020) for the de-characterization of the Germano dam.

 

Movements during the period

 

  2021  2020 
Balance at January 1,  2,074   1,700 
Provision  560   566 
Disbursements  (137)  (169)
Present value valuation  (71)  40 
Translation adjustment  65   (468)
Balance at June 30,  2,491   1,669 

 

   June 30, 2021   December 31, 2020 
Current liabilities  1,467   876 
Non-current liabilities  1,024   1,198 
Liabilities  2,491   2,074 

 

Renova Foundation

 

During the second quarter of 2021, Fundação Renova reviewed the assumptions used on the preparation of the estimates incorporated into the mitigation and compensation programs mainly due recent judicial decisions increasing the scope of some TTAC programs. The periodic review, resulted in an additional provision of US$560 (R$2,820 million), which corresponds to its portion of the responsibility to support the Renova Foundation.

 

Samarco’s working capital

 

In addition to the provision, Vale S.A. made available US$21 during the first quarter of 2021 (2020: US$56), which was fully used to fund Samarco’s working capital. This expense was recognized as “Equity results and other results in associates and joint ventures”. No amount was made available during the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 (2020: US$20). Vale S.A. may provide an additional short-term credit facility up to US$64 in 2021.

 

39

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

Contingencies related to Samarco accident

 

These proceedings include public civil actions brought by Brazilian authorities and multiple proceedings involving claims for significant amounts of damages and remediation measures. The Company expects the Framework Agreements to represent the settlement of the public civil action brought by the MPF and other related proceedings. There are also putative securities class actions in the United States against Vale and some of its current and former officers and a criminal proceeding in Brazil. The main updates regarding the lawsuits in the period were as follows:

 

(i) Public Civil Action filed by the Federal Government and others and public civil action filed by the Federal Public Prosecutors ("MPF")

 

The Framework Agreement (“TAC-Gov”) considers the renegotiation of the Renova Foundation's reparation programs depending on the results of the studies carried out by the experts. The negotiations started in April 2021 and a letter of principles was signed in June 2021 by Vale, BHP and Samarco with the representatives of the government and various justice institutions. Based on terms set on this letter, there has been a request from the MPF to a new suspension of the proceedings for 120 days in order to continue the extrajudicial negotiation.

 

In March 2021, a new incidental proceeding (“Eixo Prioritário”) was initiated, at the request of the Federal Attorney General’s Office (“AGU”), with the purpose of discuss a restructure on Renova Foundation's organizational management structure, the “Eixo Prioritário 13”. There was granted an injunction for an expert procedure and diagnosis report to be made at the Renova Foundation, in particular of its governance mechanisms. The companies filed a motion for clarification, arguing that, in order to remedy the alleged inefficiency of the governance system that permeates the reparation, it is appropriate to expand the scope of the expert's analysis, to consider the entire management structure of such measures, created with the TTAC, and requesting that the expert also assess the external management carried out by the Interfederative Committee (“CIF”) in the scope of the preliminary diagnosis.

 

The “Eixo Prioritário 7”, which relates to the individual compensation of Renova Foundation, has a risk in relation to decisions that could be decided in favor to the claims to include new categories of professional damages and new areas. Depending on the outcome of these proceedings, the provision recorded by the Company may have a material impact in future reporting periods.

 

(ii) Class Action in the United States

 

In March 2017, the holders of securities issued by Samarco Mineração S.A. filed a potential collective action in the New York Federal Court against Samarco, Vale, BHP Billiton Limited, BHP Billiton PLC and BHP Brasil Ltda. based on U.S. Federal Securities laws, which was dismissed without prejudice, in June 2019. In December 2019 the plaintiffs filed a Notice of Appeal to the NY Court of Appeals.

 

In January 2021, it was held a hearing before the Second Circuit of the New York State Court of Appeals. In March 2021 the Second Circuit denied the plaintiff’s appeal. This decision became res judicata in June 2021, since no further appeal has been filed by the Plaintiff. Thus, the case is closed and should be filed by the Court.

 

(iii) Criminal proceeding

 

In September 2019, the federal court of Ponte Nova dismissed all criminal charges against Vale representatives relating to the first group of charges, which concerns the results of the Fundão dam failure, remaining only the legal entity in the passive pole. The second group of charges against Vale S.A. and one of the Company’s employees, which concerns the accusation of alleged crimes committed against the Environmental Public Administration, remained unchanged. In June 2021, the Company filed an appeal with the Superior Court of Justice against the decision of the Federal Regional Court of the 1st Region that did not decided in favor of Vale. In July 2021, the Federal Prosecutor filed an appeal with the Federal Regional Court of the 1st Region, against the judge's decision that rejected the resumption of the procedural instruction, requesting the review of the decision. The Company cannot estimate when a final decision on the case will be issued.

 

Insurance

 

Since the Fundão dam rupture, the Company has been negotiating with insurers the indemnification payments based on its general liability policies. For the period ended June 30, 2021, the Company received payments in the amount of US$33, and recognized a gain in the income statement as “Equity results and other results in associates and joint ventures”.

 

40

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

22.        Provisions

 

  Current liabilities  Non-current liabilities 
  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Payroll, related charges and other remunerations  692  877   -  - 
Onerous contracts  53  58   842  838 
Environmental obligations  95  102   214  200 
Asset retirement obligations (i)  102  99   3,974  4,121 
Provision related to VNC sale (note 12)  -  500   -  - 
Provisions for litigation (note 23)  102  87   1,074  1,004 
Employee postretirement obligations (note 24)  112  103   1,899  2,271 
Provisions  1,156  1,826   8,003  8,434 

 

(i) The Company has issued letters of credit and surety bonds for US$621 as at June 30, 2021 in connection with the Asset retirement obligations for its Base Metals operations.

 

23.       Litigations

 

a)        Provision for legal proceedings

 

The Company has considered all information available to assess the likelihood of an outflow of resources and in the preparation on the estimate of the costs that may be required to settle the obligations. The main litigations refer to:

 

Tax litigations - Mainly refers to the lawsuit filed in 2011 by Valepar (merged by Vale) seeking the right to exclude the amount of dividends received in the form of interest on stockholders’ equity (“JCP”) from the PIS and COFINS tax base. The amount reserved for this proceeding as at June 30, 2021 is US$442 (US$423 as at December 31,2020). This proceeding is guaranteed by a judicial deposit in the amount of US$509 recorded at June 30, 2021 (US$487 as at December 31,2020).

 

Civil litigations - Refers to lawsuits for: (i) indemnities for losses, payments and contractual fines due to contractual imbalance or non-compliance that are alleged by suppliers, and (ii) land claims referring to real estate Vale's operational activities.

 

Labor litigations - Refers to lawsuits for individual claims by in-house employees and service providers, primarily involving demands for additional compensation for overtime work, moral damages or health and safety conditions.

 

Environmental litigations - Refers mainly to proceedings for environmental damages and issues related to environmental licensing.

 

  Tax litigation  Civil litigation  Labor litigation  Environmental
litigation
  Total of litigation
provision
 
Balance at December 31, 2020  485   260  335   11   1,091 
Additions and reversals, net  (2)  (1) 46   1   44 
Payments  -   (15) (29)  (4)  (48)
Indexation and interest  3   10  23   -   36 
Translation adjustment  19   11  17   -   47 
Acquisition of NLC (note 12)  -   1  5   -   6 
Balance at June 30, 2021  505   266  397   8   1,176 
Current liabilities  9   17  76   -   102 
Non-current liabilities  496   249  321   8   1,074 
   505   266  397   8   1,176 

 

  Tax litigation  Civil litigation  Labor litigation  Environmental litigation  Total of litigation
provision
 
Balance at December 31, 2019  696   300  455   11   1,462 
Additions and reversals, net  19   28  14   2   63 
Payments  (10)  (11) (34)  -   (55)
Indexation and interest  13   16  13   -   42 
Translation adjustment  (168)  (77) (120)  (3)  (368)
Balance at June 30, 2020  550   256  328   10   1,144 
Current liabilities  7   14  63   -   84 
Non-current liabilities  543   242  265   10   1,060 
   550   256  328   10   1,144 

 

41

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

b)       Contingent liabilities

 

The main contingent liabilities, updated by applicable interest rates, for which the likelihood of loss is not considered remote are presented by nature as follows:

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Tax litigations  8,166  6,911 
Civil litigations  1,644  1,348 
Labor litigations  572  563 
Environmental litigations  1,006  907 
Total  11,388  9,729 

 

The contingent liabilities related to the Brumadinho event and Samarco are not presented above. Further information is presented in notes 20 and 21.

 

As reported in the annual financial statements for 2020, the Company is party in several actions and the main updates on contingent liabilities since then, are discussed as follows:

 

(b.i) Assessments regarding the disallowance of JCP:

 

In February 2021 Vale was assessed for collection of corporate income tax (IRPJ, CSLL) and penalties regarding the disallowance of the JCP expenses deducted from the 2017 taxable income, in the amount of US$685 (R$3,426 million). There was also a reduction in tax losses, with the corresponding tax impact of US$140 (R$698 million) in June 30,2021. The Company had filed an administrative appeal and a decision is pending. As at June 30,2021, the likelihood of loss is possible.

 

(b.ii) Proceeding related to income tax paid abroad:

 

In March 2021, Vale was assessed for the collection of US$434 (R$2,171 million) due to the disregard of taxes paid abroad that were offset by the IRPJ debt in 2016. Tax authorities allege the Company has failed to comply with the applicable rules relating to the offset, in Brazil, of income taxes paid abroad. The Company had filed an administrative appeal and a decision is pending. As at June 30, 2021, the likelihood of loss is possible.

 

c) Judicial deposits

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Tax litigations  1,052  988 
Civil litigations  83  85 
Labor litigations  168  177 
Environmental litigations  23  18 
Total  1,326  1,268 

 

d) Guarantees contracted for legal proceedings

 

In addition to the above-mentioned tax, civil, labor and environmental judicial deposits, the Company contracted US$2.4 billion (R$11.8 billion) in guarantees for its lawsuits.

 

e) ICMS included in PIS and COFINS computation tax base

 

Vale has been discussing the issue regarding the exclusion of ICMS in PIS and COFINS tax basis in two judicial proceedings filed before March 2017. In one of the proceedings includes refers to the taxable events from March 2012 onwards and has a definitive favorable decision (res judicata). This proceeding gave rise to the recognition of a gain in the amount of US$63 (R$ 313 million) in the income statement for the year ended December 31, 2020. This amount was calculated based on the thesis that the collected ICMS was supposed to be excluded from the contribution basis. With the definition of the subject by Federal Supreme Court in the leading case (RE 574.706), which is binding to all taxpayers and has determined that the ICMS amount to be excluded shall be the amount stated in the invoices, the Company recognized an additional gain of US$29 (R$146 million) for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021.

 

The other proceeding, which covers the taxable events occurred between December 2001 and February 2012, resulted in a gain of US$162 (R$808 million) for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021, due to the favorable decision to the Company, which is consistent to the recent decision of the Federal Supreme Court on the leading case with wider repercussion to all taxpayers.

 

42

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

24.       Employee benefits

 

a) Long-term incentive programs

 

For the long-term awarding of eligible executives, the Company compensation plans includes Matching program and Performance Share Unit program (“PSU”), with three years-vesting cycles, respectively, with the aim of encouraging employee’s retention and encouraging their performance.

 

Matching Program

 

For the Matching program, the participants can acquire Vale’s common shares in the market without any benefits being provided by Vale. If the shares acquired are held for a period of three years and the participants keep it employment relationship with Vale, the participant is entitled to receive from Vale an award in shares, equivalent to the number of shares originally acquired by the executive. It should be noted that, although a specific custodian of the shares is defined by Vale, the share initially purchased by the executives have no restriction and can be sold at any time. However, if it’s done before the end of the three-year-vesting period, they would lose its right of receiving the related award to be paid by Vale.

 

Performance Shares Units

 

For PSU program, the eligible executives have the opportunity to receive during a three year-vesting cycle, an award equivalent to the market value of a determined number of common shares and depending on the Vale’s performance factor, which is measured based on indicators of the total return to the shareholders (“TSR”) and Environmental, Social, and Governance (“ESG”). It is comprised by 80% of TSR metrics and 20% of ESG indicators.

 

At the Annual and Extraordinary Shareholders' Meeting ("AGOE") held on April 30, 2021, the Company's shareholders approved changes in the PSU program to be implemented as from the 2021 grant, consisting of (i) a change in the payment of the program award, which will be paid with common shares of the Company, and (ii) additional payment at the end of each cycle based on the remuneration that will be paid by Vale to its stockholders during the cycle.

 

b) Modification altering manner of settlement

 

Both programs were classified as “cash-settled” due to the PSU requirements and the Company’s settlement practice for the Matching program and, therefore, presented as a liability. However, the decision taken at the AGOE (“modification date”) demonstrates the Company's declared intention to change the form of liquidation of the programs. As a result, those programs were modified to become “equity-settled” and were remeasured at the modification-date fair value.

 

Fair value at modification date

 

The fair value of the Matching program was estimated using the Company’s stock price and ADR at the modification date, which was R$109.02 and US$20.12 per share, respectively. The number of shares granted for the 2019, 2020 and 2021 cycles were 1,222,721, 2,154,534 and 1,046,255, respectively. The fair value of the program will be expensed on a straight-line basis over the three-year required service period, net of estimated forfeitures.

 

For the PSU, the program was measured using Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the TSR indicator and ESG indicators. The assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation to estimate the fair value of the TSR indicator are shown below:

 

PSU 2021 
Granted shares  1,474,723 
Date shares were granted  04/30/2021 
VALE (BRL)  109.02 
VALE ON (USD)  20.12 
Expected volatility  39.00%p.y. 
Expected dividend yield (i)  3.18%p.y. 
Expected term (in years)  3 
Expected value of the total shareholder return (TSR)  51.20%
Expected value of the performance factor (Total)  60.96%

 

(i) Source: Bloomberg 04/30/2021

 

43

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

Reclassification from cash-settled to equity-settled

 

Matching April 30, 2021  Remeasurement  Reclassification  May 1, 2021  Expense  June 30, 2021 
Liability  33   5   (38)  -   -   - 
Stockholders' equity  -   -   38   38   5   43 
Net income  -   (5)  -   (5)  (5)  (10)

 

PSU April 30, 2021  Remeasurement  Reclassification  May 1, 2021  Expense  June 30, 2021 
Liability  3   (1)  (2)  -   -   - 
Stockholders' equity  -   -   2   2   1   3 
Net income  -   1   -   1   (1)  - 

 

c) Employee post-retirement obligations

 

Reconciliation of net liabilities recognized in the statement of financial position

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
  Overfunded
pension plans
  Underfunded
pension plans
  Other benefits  Overfunded
pension plans
  Underfunded
pension plans
  Other benefits 
Amount recognized in the statement of financial position                        
Present value of actuarial liabilities  (3,183)  (4,440)  (1,668)  (3,105)  (4,632)  (1,733)
Fair value of assets  4,045   4,097   -   3,969   3,991   - 
Effect of the asset ceiling  (862)  -   -   (864)  -   - 
Liabilities  -   (343)  (1,668)  -   (641)  (1,733)
                         
Current liabilities  -   (41)  (72)  -   (47)  (96)
Non-current liabilities  -   (302)  (1,596)  -   (594)  (1,637)
Liabilities  -   (343)  (1,668)  -   (641)  (1,733)

 

25.       Stockholders’ equity

 

a)       Share capital

 

As at June 30, 2021, the share capital was US$61,614 corresponding to 5,284,474,782 shares issued and fully paid without par value.

 

  June 30, 2021 
Stockholders Common shares  Golden shares  Total 
Shareholders with more than 5% of total capital  1,904,734,340   -   1,904,734,340 
Previ  447,780,782   -   447,780,782 
Capital World Investors  302,201,922   -   302,201,922 
Capital Research Global Investors  294,934,543   -   294,934,543 
Bradespar  293,907,266   -   293,907,266 
Mitsui&co  286,347,055   -   286,347,055 
Blackrock, Inc  279,562,772   -   279,562,772 
Others  3,132,978,884   -   3,132,978,884 
Golden shares  -   12   12 
Total outstanding (without shares in treasury)  5,037,713,224   12   5,037,713,236 
Shares in treasury  246,761,546   -   246,761,546 
Total capital  5,284,474,770   12   5,284,474,782 

 

The information presented above is based on the communications provided by stockholders in connection with the Instruction 358 issued by the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission ("CVM").

 

b) Share buyback program

 

On April 1, 2021, the Board of Directors approved a share buyback program for Vale’s common share which will be limited to a maximum of 270,000,000 common shares, and their respective ADRs, representing up to 5.3% of the total number of outstanding shares. The program will be carried out over up to a 12-month period and the repurchased shares will be cancelled after the expiration of the program or utilized on the executive compensation programs (note 24). The shares have been acquired in the stock market based on regular trading conditions. Until June 30, 2021, the Company acquired 93,088,200 common shares at an average cost of US$21.52 (R$111.79) per share, which represents a total amount of US$2,004 (R$10,407 million).

 

44

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

c) Treasury shares

 

The Company utilized 890,482 and 1,628,485 units from its treasury shares, for the share-based payment program of its executives (note 24), corresponding to US$7 and US$14 recognized as “Treasury shares utilized in the period” in the Statement of Changes in Equity, for the periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

d) Stockholder’s remuneration

 

On February 25, 2021, based on the Company’s dividends policy, the Board of Directors approved the stockholder’s remuneration in the amount of US$3,972 (R$21,866 million), equivalent to R$4.262386983 per share, which was fully paid on March 15, 2021, Of the total amount, US$762 (R$4,288 million) was in the form of interest on stockholders’ equity and US$3,122 (R$17,578 million) in the form of dividends.

 

On June 17, 2021, the Board of Directors approved an additional stockholder’s remuneration in the total amount of US$2,200 (R$ 11,046 million), equivalent to R$2.177096137 per share, which was fully paid on June 30, 2021. Of the total amount, US$724 (R$ 3,634 million) relates to the anticipation of the 2021 year-end result and US$1,476 (R$7,412 million) was paid from the balance on the Company’s profit reserves.

 

26.        Related parties

 

The Company’s related parties are subsidiaries, joint ventures, associates, stockholders and its related entities and key management personnel of the Company. Transactions between the parent company and its subsidiaries are eliminated on consolidation and are not disclosed in this note.

 

In June 2021, the Company concluded the transaction for the acquisition of the interests held by Mitsui (related party) in Vale Moçambique and Nacala Logistics Corridor (note 12).

 

a)       Transactions with related parties

 

  Three-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020 
  Joint Ventures  Associates  Stockholders  Total  Joint Ventures  Associates  Stockholders  Total 
Net operating revenue  180   67   61   308   68   57   55   180 
Cost and operating expenses  (152)  (4)  -   (156)  (261)  (5)  -   (266)
Financial result  (21)  (1)  141   119   8   2   (13)  (3)

 

  Six-month period ended June 30, 
  2021  2020 
  Joint Ventures  Associates  Stockholders  Total  Joint Ventures  Associates  Stockholders  Total 
Net operating revenue  341   127   114   582   137   118   87   342 
Cost and operating expenses  (329)  (9)  -   (338)  (528)  (11)  -   (539)
Financial result  (8)  (1)  (380)  (389)  29   4   (36)  (3)

 

Purchases, accounts receivable and other assets, and accounts payable and other liabilities relate largely to amounts charged by joint ventures and associates related to the pelletizing plants operational lease and railway transportation services.

 

Net operating revenue relates to sale of iron ore to the steelmakers and right to use capacity on railroads. Cost and operating expenses mostly relates to the variable lease payments of the pelletizing plants and the logistics costs for using the Nacala Logistics Corridor, which has been consolidated since June 2021 as described in note 12.

 

45

 

 

Selected Notes to the Interim Financial Statements
Expressed in millions of United States dollar, unless otherwise stated
  

 

b)       Outstanding balances with related parties

 

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
  Joint Ventures  Associates  Stockholders  Total  Joint Ventures  Associates  Stockholders  Total 
Assets                                
Cash and cash equivalents (i)  -   -   1,352   1,352   -   -   2,082   2,082 
Accounts receivable  175   28   2   205   109   45   2   156 
Dividends receivable  26   -   -   26   19   -   -   19 
Loans (ii)  -   -   -   -   1,118   -   -   1,118 
Derivatives financial instruments (i)  -   -   112   112   -   -   2   2 
Other assets  38   3   -   41   68   2   -   70 
                                 
Liabilities  -   -   -   -                 
Supplier and contractors  157   4   23   184   121   10   35   166 
Loans (ii)  -   -   -   -   -   1,385   944   2,329 
Derivatives financial instruments (i)  -   -   283   283   -   -   242   242 
Other liabilities  188   120   -   308   235   48   -   283 

 

(i) Refers to regular financial instruments with large financial institutions that are deemed related parties

(ii) Refers to loans settled upon completion of the acquisition of NLC (note 12).

 

46

 

 

Signatures

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 Vale S.A.
 (Registrant)
  
 By:/s/ Ivan Fadel
  Head of Investor Relations
Date: July 28, 2021