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NNBR NN

Filed: 5 Nov 21, 9:38am
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                     to                     
Commission File Number 000-23486
 nnbr-20210930_g1.jpg
NN, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 62-1096725
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
6210 Ardrey Kell Road, Suite 600
Charlotte, North Carolina 28277
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(980) 264-4300
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareNNBRThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer ☐ Smaller reporting company
 Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act   ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  
As of November 1, 2021, there were 43,033,548 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.


NN, Inc.
INDEX
 

2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
Item 1.Financial Statements
NN, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands, except per share data)2021202020212020
Net sales$117,244 $113,761 $367,205 $308,506 
Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)98,642 90,076 298,127 249,612 
Selling, general, and administrative expense12,181 13,745 40,341 44,178 
Depreciation and amortization11,605 11,435 34,860 34,119 
Goodwill impairment— — — 92,942 
Other operating expense (income), net(572)(39)(901)4,138 
Loss from operations(4,612)(1,456)(5,222)(116,483)
Interest expense3,578 6,873 9,175 17,036 
Loss on extinguishment of debt and write-off of debt issuance costs— 144 2,390 144 
Derivative payments on interest rate swap— — 1,717 — 
Loss on interest rate swap— — 2,033 — 
Other expense (income), net(4,346)(262)(2,788)67 
Loss from continuing operations before benefit (provision) for income taxes and share of net income from joint venture(3,844)(8,211)(17,749)(133,730)
Benefit (provision) for income taxes(375)8,715 612 7,935 
Share of net income from joint venture842 1,136 3,456 1,792 
Income (loss) from continuing operations(3,377)1,640 (13,681)(124,003)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax (Note 2)— 20,330 — (123,966)
Net income (loss)$(3,377)$21,970 $(13,681)$(247,969)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation gain (loss)$(2,612)$6,712 $(1,550)$(6,636)
Interest rate swap:
Change in fair value, net of tax(176)21 (176)(12,443)
Reclassification adjustment for losses included in net income (loss), net of tax22 3,148 2,873 6,838 
Other comprehensive income (loss)$(2,766)$9,881 $1,147 $(12,241)
Comprehensive income (loss)$(6,143)$31,851 $(12,534)$(260,210)
Basic net income (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations per common share$(0.13)$(0.04)$(0.75)$(3.16)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations per common share— 0.49 — (2.94)
Net income (loss) per common share$(0.13)$0.45 $(0.75)$(6.10)
Weighted average common shares outstanding44,455 42,202 43,862 42,170 
Diluted net income (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations per common share$(0.13)$(0.04)$(0.75)$(3.16)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations per common share— 0.49 — (2.94)
Net income (loss) per common share$(0.13)$0.45 $(0.75)$(6.10)
Weighted average common shares outstanding44,455 42,202 43,862 42,170 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
3

NN, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited) 
(in thousands, except per share data)September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$24,611 $48,138 
Accounts receivable, net83,990 84,615 
Inventories75,321 62,517 
Income tax receivable11,742 8,800 
Other current assets11,837 11,148 
Total current assets207,501 215,218 
Property, plant and equipment, net212,468 223,690 
Operating lease right-of-use assets47,449 50,264 
Intangible assets, net92,305 103,065 
Investment in joint venture30,799 26,983 
Deferred tax assets131 — 
Other non-current assets4,053 5,742 
Total assets$594,706 $624,962 
Liabilities, Preferred Stock, and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$44,033 $37,435 
Accrued salaries, wages and benefits18,858 21,296 
Income tax payable1,339 3,557 
Current maturities of long-term debt3,355 4,885 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities5,505 4,797 
Other current liabilities11,983 31,261 
Total current liabilities85,073 103,231 
Deferred tax liabilities8,344 11,178 
Long-term debt, net of current portion151,323 79,025 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion52,417 55,053 
Other non-current liabilities21,337 17,237 
Total liabilities318,494 265,724 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)00
Series D perpetual preferred stock - $0.01 par value per share, 65 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at September 30, 202151,383 — 
Series B convertible preferred stock - $0.01 par value per share, 100 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020— 105,086 
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock - $0.01 par value per share, 90,000 shares authorized, 42,686 and 43,034 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2021, respectively430 427 
Additional paid-in capital476,540 493,332 
Accumulated deficit(219,556)(205,875)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(32,585)(33,732)
Total stockholders’ equity224,829 254,152 
Total liabilities, preferred stock, and stockholders’ equity$594,706 $624,962 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
4

NN, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
 
Common StockAccumulated deficitAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(in thousands)Number
of
shares
Par
value
Additional
paid-in
capital
Total
Balance, June 30, 202143,034 $430 $477,923 $(216,179)$(29,819)$232,355 
Net loss— — — (3,377)— (3,377)
Dividends accrued for preferred stock— — (2,314)— — (2,314)
Share-based compensation expense— — 931 — — 931 
Change in fair value of interest rate swap, net of tax of $53— — — — (176)(176)
Reclassification of interest rate swap to net loss, net of tax of $7— — — — 22 22 
Foreign currency translation loss— — — — (2,612)(2,612)
Balance, September 30, 202143,034 $430 $476,540 $(219,556)$(32,585)$224,829 

Common StockAccumulated deficitAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(in thousands)Number
of
shares
Par
value
Additional
paid-in
capital
WarrantsTotal
Balance, June 30, 202042,747 $427 $498,294 $1,076 $(375,222)$(66,676)$57,899 
Net income— — — — 21,970 — 21,970 
Dividends accrued for preferred stock— — (3,139)— — — (3,139)
Share-based compensation expense— — 1,435 — — — 1,435 
Restricted shares forgiven for taxes(8)— (46)— — — (46)
Change in estimate of share-based award vesting— — (577)— — — (577)
Reclassification of warrants to liabilities— — — (1,076)— — (1,076)
Change in fair value of interest rate swap, net of tax of $6— — — — — 21 21 
Reclassification of interest rate swap settlement to net income, net of tax of $952— — — — — 3,148 3,148 
Foreign currency translation gain— — — — — 6,712 6,712 
Balance, September 30, 202042,739 $427 $495,967 $— $(353,252)$(56,795)$86,347 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

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NN, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
 
Common StockAccumulated deficitAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(in thousands)Number
of
shares
Par
value
Additional
paid-in
capital
Total
Balance, December 31, 202042,686 $427 $493,332 $(205,875)$(33,732)$254,152 
Net loss— — — (13,681)— (13,681)
Dividends accrued for preferred stock— — (19,054)— — (19,054)
Shares issued for option exercises— 48 — — 48 
Share-based compensation expense394 2,913 — — 2,917 
Restricted shares forgiven for taxes(52)(1)(362)— — (363)
Change in estimate of share-based award vesting— — (337)— — (337)
Change in fair value of interest rate swap, net of tax of $53— — — — (176)(176)
Reclassification of interest rate swap to net loss, net of tax of $868— — — — 2,873 2,873 
Foreign currency translation loss— — — — (1,550)(1,550)
Balance, September 30, 202143,034 $430 $476,540 $(219,556)$(32,585)$224,829 
Common StockAccumulated deficitAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(in thousands)Number
of
shares
Par
value
Additional
paid-in
capital
WarrantsTotal
Balance, December 31, 201942,313 $423 $501,615 $1,076 $(105,283)$(44,554)$353,277 
Net loss— — — — (247,969)— (247,969)
Dividends accrued for preferred stock— — (9,133)— — — (9,133)
Share-based compensation expense442 4,138 — — — 4,142 
Restricted shares forgiven for taxes(16)— (76)— — — (76)
Change in estimate of share-based award vesting— — (577)— — — (577)
Reclassification of warrants to liabilities— — — (1,076)— — (1,076)
Change in fair value of interest rate swap, net of tax of $3,764— — — — — (12,443)(12,443)
Reclassification of interest rate swap settlement to net loss, net of tax of $2,068— — — — — 6,838 6,838 
Foreign currency translation loss— — — — — (6,636)(6,636)
Balance, September 30, 202042,739 $427 $495,967 $— $(353,252)$(56,795)$86,347 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

6

NN, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands) 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss$(13,681)$(247,969)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization of continuing operations34,860 34,119 
Depreciation and amortization of discontinued operations— 35,731 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount1,049 4,981 
Goodwill impairment of continuing operations— 92,942 
Goodwill impairment of discontinued operations— 146,757 
Loss on extinguishment of debt and write-off of debt issuance costs2,390 1,532 
Total derivative loss, net of cash settlements3,750 — 
Share of net income from joint venture(3,456)(1,792)
Compensation expense from issuance of share-based awards2,580 3,565 
Deferred income taxes(3,720)(61,889)
Other(1,834)(1,516)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable136 4,894 
Inventories(13,252)4,149 
Accounts payable7,982 (1,702)
Income taxes receivable and payable, net(5,171)(10,753)
Other(5,942)16,295 
Net cash provided by operating activities5,691 19,344 
Cash flows from investing activities
Acquisition of property, plant and equipment(14,556)(20,518)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment1,177 3,153 
Cash paid for post-closing adjustments on sale of business(3,880)— 
Cash settlements of interest rate swap(15,420)— 
Net cash used in investing activities(32,679)(17,365)
Cash flows from financing activities
Cash paid for debt issuance costs(7,360)(661)
Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock61,793 — 
Redemption of preferred stock(122,434)— 
Proceeds from long-term debt166,000 64,716 
Repayments of long-term debt(88,058)(17,123)
Repayments of short-term debt, net(1,563)(849)
Other(3,859)(2,142)
Net cash provided by financing activities4,519 43,941 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash flows(1,058)(5,506)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents(23,527)40,414 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period (1)48,138 31,703 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period (1)$24,611 $72,117 
_______________________________
(1) Cash and cash equivalents include $16.0 million and $13.8 million of cash and cash equivalents that were included in current assets of discontinued operations as of September 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019, respectively.

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
7

NN, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021
(Unaudited)
Note 1. Interim Financial Statements
Nature of Business
NN, Inc. is a global diversified industrial company that combines advanced engineering and production capabilities with in-depth materials science expertise to design and manufacture high-precision components and assemblies primarily for the automotive, general industrial, electrical, aerospace, defense, and medical markets. As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”), the terms “NN,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us” refer to NN, Inc., and its subsidiaries.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have not been audited. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2020, was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Annual Report”), which we filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 15, 2021. Historical periods presented reflect reclassifications for discontinued operations (see Note 2). In management’s opinion, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments necessary to fairly state our results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020; financial position as of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020; and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, on a basis consistent with our audited consolidated financial statements other than the adoption of new accounting standards (see Accounting Standards Recently Adopted section below). These adjustments are of a normal recurring nature and are, in the opinion of management, necessary to state fairly the Company’s financial position and operating results for the interim periods.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the 2020 Annual Report. The results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, are not necessarily indicative of results for the year ending December 31, 2021, or any other future periods.
Except for per share data or as otherwise indicated, all U.S. dollar amounts and share counts presented in the tables in these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are in thousands.
Accounting Standards Recently Adopted
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, (“ASU 2019-12”) as part of its initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions and provides simplification to specific tax items to improve consistent application. This standard was effective for us beginning January 1, 2021. The adoption of ASU 2019-12 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, (“ASU 2020-06”) which simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. Specifically, ASU 2020-06 simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current U.S. GAAP. In addition, ASU 2020-06 removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, which will permit more equity contracts to qualify for the exception. Further, for the diluted earnings-per-share calculation, the new guidance requires entities to use the if-converted method for all convertible instruments and generally requires entities to include the effect of share settlement for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares, among other things. We plan to adopt ASU 2020-06 effective January 1, 2022 using the modified retrospective adoption method. We do not anticipate that the adoption will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options, (“ASU 2021-04”) which clarifies the accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. Specifically,
8

ASU 2021-04 requires the issuer to treat a modification of an equity-classified warrant as an exchange of the original warrant. The difference between the fair value of the modified warrant and the fair value of the warrant immediately before modification is then recognized as an issuance cost or discount of the related transaction. ASU 2021-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. ASU 2021-04 should be applied prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring after the effective date. Either the full or modified retrospective adoption method is allowed. We do not have any equity-classified written call options that would be subject to this guidance. Therefore, we do not expect any impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Note 2. Discontinued Operations
In October 2020, we closed on the sale of our Life Sciences business under the terms of a Stock Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”) with affiliates of American Securities LLC for $753.3 million cash. The SPA includes a potential earnout payment of up to $70.0 million based on the performance of the Life Sciences business during the year ending December 31, 2022, measured by Adjusted EBITDA targets, as defined by the SPA. After working capital and other closing adjustments, we received cash proceeds at closing of $757.2 million in 2020 and paid $3.9 million to the buyer during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, for post-closing adjustments.
Under the terms of a transition services agreement, we provided certain support services after the sale. In accordance with the terms of the SPA, we agreed to indemnify the buyer for certain tax liabilities on its consolidated federal income tax return related to the Life Sciences business during the portion of the year ended December 31, 2020, prior to the change in ownership on October 6, 2020. We estimate that the tax indemnification will result in a payment of approximately $1.2 million to the buyer during the year ending December 31, 2021, and we have recorded this estimated obligation in the “Other current liabilities” line item on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020.
In accordance with ASC 205-20, Presentation of Financial Statements - Discontinued Operations, the operating results of the Life Sciences business are classified as discontinued operations. The presentation of discontinued operations includes revenues and expenses of the discontinued operations as well as any gain on the disposition of the business, all net of tax, as one line item on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). The Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for all historical periods presented have been revised to reflect this presentation. Accordingly, the results of the Life Sciences business have been excluded from continuing operations and segment results for all historical periods presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes unless otherwise stated. The Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for historical periods include cash flows of the Life Sciences business in each line item unless otherwise stated.
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The following table presents the operating results of the discontinued operations.
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Net sales$68,525 $223,944 
Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)50,444 158,538 
Selling, general, and administrative expense6,164 20,189 
Depreciation and amortization12,030 35,731 
Goodwill impairment— 146,757 
Other operating expense, net24 20 
Loss from operations(137)(137,291)
Interest expense12,248 37,857 
Loss on extinguishment of debt and write-off of debt issuance costs1,388 1,388 
Other income, net(234)(325)
Loss from discontinued operations before costs of disposal and benefit for income taxes(13,539)(176,211)
Benefit for income taxes39,954 59,598 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations before costs of disposal26,415 (116,613)
Costs of disposal of discontinued operations (1)(6,598)(7,956)
Benefit for income taxes on costs of disposal513 603 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax$20,330 $(123,966)
_______________________________
(1)Represents incremental direct costs related to the sale of the Life Sciences business that were incurred prior to the closing of the sale.
During the first quarter of 2020, our market capitalization declined to a level that was less than the net book value of our stockholders’ equity. The decline in market capitalization was a triggering event that caused us to perform a goodwill impairment analysis as of March 31, 2020. The carrying value of the Life Sciences reporting unit exceeded its estimated fair value as of March 31, 2020. As a result of our analysis, we recorded an impairment loss on goodwill of $146.8 million for Life Sciences. The judgments, assumptions, and estimates involved in the goodwill impairment analysis for the Life Sciences reporting unit are consistent with those discussed in Note 5.
Our previous credit facility, which was in place at the time, required us to use proceeds from the sale of the Life Sciences business to prepay a portion of our previous debt. We paid $700.0 million in the aggregate on our term loans immediately after the transaction closed on October 6, 2020. The prepayment was applied to debt in accordance with the prepayment provisions of the previous credit agreement, which was in place at the time. Average quarterly interest rates were multiplied by the required prepayment amounts to calculate interest expense to be reclassified to discontinued operations for historical periods presented. The following table summarizes the amount of interest expense related to the previous credit facility that has been reclassified to discontinued operations.
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Interest on debt$11,060 $34,410 
Amortization of debt issuance costs1,215 3,692 
Capitalized interest(114)(519)
Other87 274 
Total interest expense of discontinued operations$12,248 $37,857 

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The following table presents the significant noncash items and cash paid for capital expenditures of discontinued operations for the historical period presented.
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Depreciation and amortization$35,731 
Goodwill impairment146,757 
Amortization of debt issuance costs3,692 
Loss on extinguishment of debt and write-off of debt issuance costs1,388 
Acquisition of property, plant and equipment7,626 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities695 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities (1)6,174 
_______________________________
(1) Includes new leases, renewals, and modifications.

Note 3. Segment Information
Our business is aggregated into the following 2 reportable segments:
Mobile Solutions, which is focused on growth in the automotive and general industrial end markets; and
Power Solutions, which is focused on growth in the electrical, general industrial, automotive, aerospace, defense, and medical end markets.
These divisions are considered our 2 operating segments as each engages in business activities for which it earns revenues and incurs expenses, discrete financial information is available for each, and this is the level at which the chief operating decision maker reviews discrete financial information for purposes of allocating resources and assessing performance. Historically, we had a third operating segment, Life Sciences, that was focused on growth in the medical end market. See Note 2 for information regarding the sale of the Life Sciences business on October 6, 2020. The results of the Life Sciences business are classified as discontinued operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, and therefore are not included in the tabular presentation below.
The following tables present results of continuing operations by reportable segment.
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Corporate
and
Consolidations
Total
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Net sales$68,586 $48,680 $(22)(a)$117,244 
Income (loss) from operations(257)1,252 (5,607)$(4,612)
Interest expense(3,578)
Other4,346 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes and share of net income from joint venture$(3,844)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Net sales$70,371 $43,415 $(25)(a)$113,761 
Income (loss) from operations4,953 1,143 (7,552)$(1,456)
Interest expense(6,873)
Other118 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes and share of net income from joint venture$(8,211)

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Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Corporate
and
Consolidations
Total
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Net sales$220,248 $147,026 $(69)(a)$367,205 
Income (loss) from operations8,342 6,559 (20,123)$(5,222)
Interest expense(9,175)
Other(3,352)
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes and share of net income from joint venture$(17,749)
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Net sales$181,292 $127,307 $(93)(a)$308,506 
Goodwill impairment— 92,942 — 92,942 
Income (loss) from operations625 (87,737)(29,371)$(116,483)
Interest expense(17,036)
Other(211)
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes and share of net income from joint venture$(133,730)
_______________________________
(a)Includes elimination of intersegment transactions occurring during the ordinary course of business.

Note 4. Inventories
Inventories are comprised of the following amounts:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Raw materials$26,489 $22,589 
Work in process25,978 20,758 
Finished goods22,854 19,170 
Total inventories$75,321 $62,517 

Note 5. Goodwill
During the first quarter of 2020, our market capitalization declined to a level that was less than the net book value of our stockholders’ equity. The decline in market capitalization was a triggering event that caused us to perform a goodwill impairment analysis as of March 31, 2020. The goodwill impairment analysis required significant judgments to calculate the fair value for the Power Solutions reporting unit, including estimation of future cash flows, which is dependent on internal forecasts, estimation of the long-term growth rate for the operating segment, and determination of weighted average cost of capital. Our forecasts used in the goodwill impairment analysis reflected our expectations of declines in sales resulting from COVID-19. Significant assumptions and estimates are involved in the application of the discounted cash flow model to forecast operating cash flows, including market growth and market share, sales volumes and prices, costs to produce, discount rate, and estimated capital needs. Management considers historical experience and all available information at the time the fair values of its reporting units are estimated. Assumptions in estimating future cash flows are subject to a high degree of judgment and complexity. The carrying value of the Power Solutions reporting unit exceeded the estimated fair value as of the March 31, 2020, analysis. As a result of our analysis, we recorded an impairment loss on goodwill of $92.9 million to the “Goodwill impairment” line on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). As of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, there was no remaining goodwill balance.

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Note 6. Intangible Assets, Net
The following table shows changes in the carrying amount of intangible assets, net, by reportable segment.
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2020$29,062 $74,003 $103,065 
Amortization(2,515)(8,245)(10,760)
Balance as of September 30, 2021$26,547 $65,758 $92,305 
Intangible assets are tested for impairment when changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of those assets may not be recoverable. As of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, there were no indicators of impairment.

Note 7. Investment in Joint Venture
We own a 49% investment in Wuxi Weifu Autocam Precision Machinery Company, Ltd. (the “JV”), a joint venture located in Wuxi, China. The JV is jointly controlled and managed, and we account for it under the equity method.
The following table shows changes in our investment in the JV.
Balance as of December 31, 2020$26,983 
Share of earnings3,456 
Foreign currency translation gain360 
Balance as of September 30, 2021$30,799 

Note 8. Income Taxes
Our effective tax rate for continuing operations was (9.8)% and 3.5% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and 106.1% and 5.9% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, differs from the U.S. federal statutory tax rate of 21% primarily due to the accrual of tax on non-permanently reinvested unremitted earnings of foreign subsidiaries and by limitation on the amount of tax benefit recorded for loss carryforwards in certain jurisdictions where we believe it is more likely than not that a portion of the future tax benefit may not be realized. In addition, the effective tax rate was unfavorably impacted by U.S. tax on the earnings of foreign subsidiaries under the global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) regime.
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) was enacted. The provisions of the legislation had a significant impact on our effective tax rate and income tax receivable as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. Under the CARES Act, NOLs arising in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, were carried back to preceding tax years when the federal tax rate was 35% rather than the currently enacted 21%. The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, was also adversely impacted by the effect of the non-deductible goodwill impairment on the estimated annual effective tax rate and the impact of the minimum GILTI tax, partially offset by impacts from the CARES Act.

Note 9. Debt
On March 22, 2021, we entered into a new $150.0 million term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”) and a new $50.0 million asset backed credit facility (the “ABL Facility”). The proceeds from the Term Loan Facility were used to prepay the amounts outstanding on our previous term loans. The previous credit facility was terminated and consisted of a Senior Secured Term Loan, Incremental Term Loan, and Senior Secured Revolver. No amounts were outstanding on the Senior Secured Revolver at the time of termination.
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The following table presents debt balances as of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020.
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Term Loan Facility$149,250 $— 
Senior Secured Term Loan— 47,728 
Incremental Term Loan— 22,716 
International lines of credit and other loans11,398 14,418 
Total principal160,648 84,862 
Less-current maturities of long-term debt3,355 4,885 
Principal, net of current portion157,293 79,977 
Less-unamortized debt issuance costs and discount (1)5,970 952 
Long-term debt, net of current portion$151,323 $79,025 
_______________________________
(1) In addition to this amount, costs of $0.7 million related to the ABL Facility were recorded in other non-current assets as of September 30, 2021, and $1.8 million related to the Senior Secured Revolver were recorded in other non-current assets as of December 31, 2020.

We capitalized interest costs of $0.2 million and $0.2 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, related to construction in progress.
Term Loan Facility
Outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan Facility bear interest at either 1) one-month LIBOR (subject to a 1.000% floor) plus an applicable margin of 6.875% or 2) the greater of various benchmark rates plus an applicable margin of 5.875%. At September 30, 2021, the Term Loan Facility bore interest, based on one-month LIBOR, at 7.875%.
The Term Loan Facility requires quarterly principal payments of $0.4 million with the remaining unpaid principal amount due on the final maturity date of September 22, 2026. The Term Loan Facility is collateralized by all of our assets. The Term Loan Facility has a first lien on all assets other than accounts receivable and inventory and has a second lien on accounts receivable and inventory. We were in compliance with all requirements under the Term Loan Facility as of September 30, 2021.
The Term Loan Facility was issued at a $3.8 million discount. We capitalized an additional $2.8 million in new debt issuance costs related to the Term Loan Facility. Debt issuance costs and original issue discount related to the Term Loan Facility are recorded as a direct reduction to the carrying amount of the associated long-term debt and amortized over the term of the debt.
ABL Facility
The ABL Facility provides for a senior secured revolving credit facility in the amount of $50.0 million, of which $30.0 million is available in the form of letters of credit and $5.0 million is available for the issuance of short-term swingline loans. The availability of credit under the ABL Facility is limited by a borrowing base calculation derived from accounts receivable and inventory held in the United States. Outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility bear interest on a variable rate structure plus an interest rate spread that is based on the average amount of aggregate revolving commitment available. The variable borrowing rate is either 1) LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 1.75% or 2.00%, depending on availability, or 2) the greater of the federal funds rate or prime, plus an applicable margin of 0.75% or 1.00%, depending on availability. We may elect whether to use one-month, three-month, or six-month LIBOR, subject to a 0.50% floor. Interest payments are due monthly on borrowings that utilize one-month LIBOR and quarterly on borrowings that utilize three-month or six-month LIBOR. At September 30, 2021, using one-month LIBOR plus a 1.75% spread, the weighted average interest rate on outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility would have been 2.25% if there had been any balance outstanding. We pay a commitment fee of 0.375% for unused capacity under the ABL Facility and a 1.875% fee on the amount of letters of credit outstanding. The final maturity date of the ABL Facility is March 22, 2026.
We had no outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility at September 30, 2021. Total capacity under the ABL Facility was $47.7 million as of September 30, 2021, of which $36.5 million was available for future borrowings after reductions for outstanding letters of credit as of September 30, 2021. The ABL Facility has a first lien on accounts receivable and inventory. We were in compliance with all requirements under the ABL Facility as of September 30, 2021.
We capitalized a total of $0.8 million in new debt issuance costs related to the ABL Facility. Costs related to the ABL Facility are recorded in other non-current assets and amortized over the term of the agreement.
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Senior Secured Term Loan
Outstanding borrowings under the Senior Secured Term Loan bore interest at one-month LIBOR (subject to a 0.75% floor) plus an applicable margin of 5.75%. During 2021 until termination, the Senior Secured Term Loan bore interest at 6.50%.
Incremental Term Loan
Outstanding borrowings under the Incremental Term Loan bore interest at one-month LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 5.75%. During 2021 until termination, the Incremental Term Loan bore interest at 5.90%.
Senior Secured Revolver
Outstanding borrowings under the Senior Secured Revolver bore interest on a variable rate structure at either 1) one-month LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 4.00% or 2) the prime lending rate plus an applicable margin of 3.00%. We had no outstanding borrowings under the Senior Secured Revolver during 2021. We incurred a commitment fee of 0.50% for unused capacity under the Senior Secured Revolver until it was terminated.
Debt Issuance Costs
We recognized a $2.4 million loss on extinguishment for unamortized debt issuance costs that were written off in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, in connection with the termination of our previous credit facility.
Interest Rate Swaps
On July 22, 2021, we entered into a fixed-rate interest rate swap agreement to change the LIBOR-based component of the interest rate on a portion of the Term Loan Facility to a fixed rate of 1.291%. The interest rate swap has a notional amount of $60.0 million and a maturity date of July 31, 2024.
A portion of the proceeds from the Term Loan Facility was used to settle and terminate our previous fixed-rate interest rate swap agreement with a cash payment of $13.7 million during the first quarter of 2021. Refer to Note 17 for further discussion of the interest rate swap agreements.

Note 10. Leases
The following table contains supplemental cash flow information related to leases of continuing operations.
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
20212020
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows used in finance leases$154 $127 
Operating cash flows used in operating leases10,369 10,739 
Financing cash flows used in finance leases3,545 1,203 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities1,541 733 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities (1)— 9,328 
_______________________________
(1) Includes new leases, renewals, and modifications.
As disclosed in our 2020 Annual Report, we amended the lease of our corporate headquarters building in March 2020 to exit over half of the previously leased space and reduce annual base rent payments. The amendment was accounted for as a lease modification, and the remeasurement of the lease resulted in an $8.1 million decrease in the operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) asset, a $10.5 million decrease in the noncurrent portion of the operating lease liability, and a $0.6 million decrease in the current portion of the operating lease liability. The $3.0 million difference between the change in the operating lease ROU asset and the operating lease liabilities was recognized in “Other operating expense (income), net,” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). In connection with the discontinued use of the previously leased space, we also recognized a $4.4 million termination charge and a $2.9 million impairment charge on the associated leasehold improvements, all of which were also recognized in “Other operating expense (income), net.”

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Note 11. Commitments and Contingencies
Brazil ICMS Tax Matter
Prior to the acquisition of Autocam Corporation (“Autocam”) in 2014, Autocam’s Brazilian subsidiary (“Autocam Brazil”) received notification from the Brazilian tax authority regarding ICMS (state value added tax or “VAT”) tax credits claimed on intermediary materials (e.g., tooling and perishable items) used in the manufacturing process. The Brazilian tax authority notification disallowed state ICMS tax credits claimed on intermediary materials based on the argument that these items are not intrinsically related to the manufacturing processes. Autocam Brazil filed an administrative defense with the Brazilian tax authority arguing, among other matters, that it should qualify for an ICMS tax credit, contending that the intermediary materials are directly related to the manufacturing process.
We believe that we have substantial legal and factual defenses, and we plan to defend our interests in this matter vigorously. The matter encompasses several lawsuits filed with the Brazilian courts requesting declaratory actions that no tax is due or seeking a stay of execution on the collection of the tax. In 2018, we obtained a favorable decision in one of the declaratory actions for which the period for appeal has expired. We have filed actions in each court requesting dismissal of the matter based on the earlier court action. In May 2020, we received an unfavorable decision in one of the lawsuits, and as a result have recorded a liability to the Brazilian tax authorities and a receivable from the former shareholders of Autocam for the same amount. Although we anticipate a favorable resolution to the remaining matters, we can provide no assurances that we will be successful in achieving dismissal of all pending cases. The U.S. dollar amount that would be owed in the event of an unfavorable decision is subject to interest, penalties, and currency impacts and therefore is dependent on the timing of the decision. For the remaining open lawsuits, we currently believe the cumulative potential liability in the event of unfavorable decisions on all matters will be less than $5.0 million, inclusive of interest and penalties.
We are entitled to indemnification from the former shareholders of Autocam, subject to the limitations and procedures set forth in the agreement and plan of merger relating to the Autocam acquisition. Management believes the indemnification would include amounts owed for the tax, interest, and penalties related to this matter. Accordingly, we don’t expect to incur a loss related to this matter even in the event of an unfavorable decision and, therefore, have not accrued an amount for the remaining matters as of September 30, 2021.
Securities Offering Matter
On November 1, 2019, Erie County Employees’ Retirement System, on behalf of a purported class of plaintiffs, filed a complaint in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, against the Company, certain of the Company’s current and former officers and directors, and each of the underwriters involved in the Company’s public offering and sale of 14.4 million shares of its common stock pursuant to a preliminary prospectus supplement, dated September 10, 2018, a final prospectus supplement, dated September 13, 2018, and a base prospectus, dated April 19, 2017, relating to the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-216737) (the “Offering”), which complaint was amended on January 24, 2020. The complaint alleges violations of Sections 11, 12(a)(2), and 15 of the Securities Act of 1933 in connection with the Offering. The plaintiffs seek to represent a class of stockholders who purchased shares of the Company’s common stock in the Offering. The complaint seeks unspecified monetary damages and other relief. The Company believes the complaint and allegations to be without merit and intends to vigorously defend itself against these actions. The Company is unable at this time to determine whether the outcome of the litigation would have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
Other Legal Matters
On October 26, 2020, Corre Opportunities Qualified Master Fund, LP, and Corre Horizon Fund, LP, (collectively, “Corre Partners”) filed a complaint in the Chancery Court of the State of Delaware against the Company. The complaint alleged that the Company’s sale of its Life Sciences business without obtaining the prior consent of the plaintiffs was a breach of the terms of the Series B Preferred Stock. On May 13, 2021, the Company entered into a cooperation agreement with Corre Partners. In connection with the cooperation agreement, on May 13, 2021, the Company also entered into a settlement agreement with Corre Partners, which resolved the complaint.
All other legal proceedings are of an ordinary and routine nature and are incidental to our operations. Management believes that such proceedings should not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. In making that determination, we analyze the facts and circumstances of each case at least quarterly in consultation with our attorneys and determine a range of reasonably possible outcomes.

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Note 12. Preferred Stock and Stockholders' Equity
Series D Perpetual Preferred Stock
On March 22, 2021, we completed a private placement of 65 thousand shares of newly designated Series D Perpetual Preferred Stock, with a par value of $0.01 per share (the “Series D Preferred Stock”), at a price of $1,000 per share, together with detachable warrants (the “2021 Warrants”) to purchase up to 1.9 million shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. The Series D Preferred Stock has an initial liquidation preference of $1,000 per share and is redeemable at our option in cash at a redemption price equal to the liquidation preference then in effect. Series D Preferred Stock shares earn cash dividends at a rate of 10.0% per year, payable quarterly in arrears, accruing whether or not earned or declared. If no cash dividend is paid, then the liquidation preference per share effective on the dividend date increases by 12.0% per year. On March 22, 2026, the cash dividend rate and in-kind dividend rate increase by 2.5% per year. Cash dividends are required beginning on September 30, 2027.
The Series D Preferred Stock is classified as mezzanine equity, between liabilities and stockholders’ equity, because certain features of the Series D Preferred Stock could require redemption of the Series D Preferred Stock upon a change of control event that is considered not solely within our control. For initial recognition, the Series D Preferred Stock was recognized at a discounted value, net of issuance costs and allocation to warrants and a bifurcated embedded derivative. The aggregate discount is amortized as a deemed dividend through March 22, 2026, which is the date the dividend rate begins to increase by 2.5% per year. Deemed dividends adjust retained earnings (or in the absence of retained earnings, additional paid-in capital).
In accordance with ASC 815-15, Derivatives and Hedging - Embedded Derivatives, certain features of the Series D Preferred Stock were bifurcated and accounted for as derivatives separately. Note 17 discusses the accounting for these features.
As of September 30, 2021, the carrying value of the Series D Preferred Stock shares was $51.4 million, which included $4.7 million of accumulated unpaid and deemed dividends. The following table presents the change in the Series D Preferred Stock carrying value during the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Beginning balance$— 
Proceeds from issuance of shares, net of issuance costs61,793 
Fair value of 2021 Warrants issued(14,839)
Recognition of bifurcated embedded derivative(282)
Accrual of in-kind dividends4,142 
Amortization569 
Ending balance$51,383 

Net cash proceeds of $61.8 million from the issuance of the Series D Preferred Stock, along with part of the proceeds from the Term Loan Facility, were used to redeem all of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”).
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock
The Series B Preferred Stock had a liquidation preference of $1,000 per share and was redeemable in cash at our option, subject to the applicable redemption premium. Series B Preferred Stock shares earned cumulative dividends at a rate of 10.625% per year, and accrued whether or not earned or declared. The Series B Preferred Stock was recognized at a discounted value, net of issuance costs and allocation to warrants and bifurcated embedded derivatives. The aggregate discount was amortized as a deemed dividend through December 31, 2023, which is the date the holders had a non-contingent conversion option into a variable number of common shares equal to the liquidation preference plus accrued and unpaid dividends. Deemed dividends adjust retained earnings (or in the absence of retained earnings, additional paid-in capital).
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At redemption on March 22, 2021, the carrying value of the Series B Preferred Stock shares included $14.3 million of accumulated unpaid and deemed dividends. The following table presents the change in the Series B Preferred Stock carrying value during the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Beginning balance$105,086 
Accrual of in-kind dividends14,008 
Amortization335 
Redemption(119,429)
Ending balance$— 

Preferred Share Purchase Rights
On April 15, 2020, our Board of Directors authorized and declared a dividend of 1 preferred share purchase right for each outstanding share of common stock to shareholders of record on April 27, 2020. The rights expired on March 31, 2021.

Note 13. Revenue from Contracts with Customers
Revenue is recognized when control of the good or service is transferred to the customer either at a point in time or, in limited circumstances, as our services are rendered over time. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods or services. The following tables summarize revenue by customer geographical region.
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Intersegment
Sales
Eliminations
Total
United States and Puerto Rico$35,812 $38,313 $(22)$74,103 
China10,849 749 — 11,598 
Brazil8,951 192 — 9,143 
Mexico4,981 4,627 — 9,608 
Germany1,080 159 — 1,239 
Poland698 — 701 
Other6,215 4,637 — 10,852 
Total net sales$68,586 $48,680 $(22)$117,244 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Intersegment
Sales
Eliminations
Total
United States and Puerto Rico$37,116 $35,299 $(25)$72,390 
China12,785 1,580 — 14,365 
Brazil7,100 253 — 7,353 
Mexico4,454 3,239 — 7,693 
Germany1,400 132 — 1,532 
Poland1,342 — 1,346 
Other6,174 2,908 — 9,082 
Total net sales$70,371 $43,415 $(25)$113,761 

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Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Intersegment
Sales
Eliminations
Total
United States and Puerto Rico$108,534 $117,543 $(69)$226,008 
China38,482 3,537 — 42,019 
Brazil28,604 727 — 29,331 
Mexico14,825 12,373 — 27,198 
Germany4,216 419 — 4,635 
Poland2,782 10 — 2,792 
Other22,805 12,417 — 35,222 
Total net sales$220,248 $147,026 $(69)$367,205 
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
 Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Intersegment
Sales
Eliminations
Total
United States and Puerto Rico$94,482 $104,455 $(93)$198,844 
China31,203 3,989 — 35,192 
Brazil17,815 446 — 18,261 
Mexico11,746 9,501 — 21,247 
Germany4,401 261 — 4,662 
Poland3,441 11 — 3,452 
Other18,204 8,644 — 26,848 
Total net sales$181,292 $127,307 $(93)$308,506 
The following tables summarize revenue by customer industry. Our products in the automotive industry include high-precision components and assemblies for electric power steering systems, electric braking, electric motors, fuel systems, emissions control, transmissions, moldings, stampings, sensors, and electrical contacts. Our products in the general industrial industry include high-precision metal and plastic components for a variety of industrial applications including diesel industrial motors, heating and cooling systems, fluid power systems, power tools, and more. While many of the industries we serve include electrical components, our products in the residential/commercial electrical industry category in the following tables include components used in smart meters, charging stations, circuit breakers, transformers, electrical contact assemblies, precision stampings, welded contact assemblies, and specification plating and surface finishing.
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Intersegment
Sales
Eliminations
Total
Automotive$43,486 $12,455 $— $55,941 
General Industrial21,396 12,273 — 33,669 
Residential/Commercial Electrical— 16,257 — 16,257 
Other3,704 7,695 (22)11,377 
Total net sales$68,586 $48,680 $(22)$117,244 
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Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Intersegment
Sales
Eliminations
Total
Automotive$47,484 $10,629 $— $58,113 
General Industrial19,912 13,142 — 33,054 
Residential/Commercial Electrical— 12,996 — 12,996 
Other2,975 6,648 (25)9,598 
Total net sales$70,371 $43,415 $(25)$113,761 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Intersegment
Sales
Eliminations
Total
Automotive$139,877 $38,036 $— $177,913 
General Industrial70,155 39,608 — 109,763 
Residential/Commercial Electrical— 48,237 — 48,237 
Other10,216 21,145 (69)31,292 
Total net sales$220,248 $147,026 $(69)$367,205 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Mobile
Solutions
Power
Solutions
Intersegment
Sales
Eliminations
Total
Automotive$119,069 $29,810 $— $148,879 
General Industrial55,069 37,030 — 92,099 
Residential/Commercial Electrical— 39,695 — 39,695 
Other7,154 20,772 (93)27,833 
Total net sales$181,292 $127,307 $(93)$308,506 

Transaction Price Allocated to Future Performance Obligations
We are required to disclose the aggregate amount of transaction price that is allocated to performance obligations that have not yet been satisfied as of September 30, 2021, unless our contracts meet one of the practical expedients. Our contracts met the practical expedient for a performance obligation that is part of a contract that has an original expected duration of one year or less.
Sales Concentration
We recognized sales from a single customer of $11.1 million, or 10%, and $37.3 million, or 10%, of consolidated net sales, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. Revenues from this customer are primarily in our Mobile Solutions segment.

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Note 14. Share-Based Compensation
Share-based compensation cost is recognized in the “Selling, general, and administrative expense” line in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) except for $(0.2) million and $0.2 million, attributable to discontinued operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. The following table lists the components of share-based compensation expense by type of award. 
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2021202020212020
Stock options$59 $132 $207 $453 
Restricted stock521 963 1,660 2,791 
Performance share units351 340 1,050 898 
Change in estimate of share-based award vesting (1)— (577)(337)(577)
Share-based compensation expense$931 $858 $2,580 $3,565 
_______________________________ 
(1)    Amounts reflect the decrease in share-based compensation expense based on the change in estimate of the probability of vesting of share-based awards.

Stock Options
The following table presents stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Number of Options
(in thousands)
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
(per share)
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2021871 $12.41 
Exercised(6)7.93  
Forfeited or expired(118)15.25 
Outstanding at September 30, 2021747 $11.99 3.6 years$— (1)
Exercisable at September 30, 2021651 $12.45 3.0 years$— (1)
_______________________________ 
(1)The aggregate intrinsic value is the sum of intrinsic values for each exercisable individual option grant. The intrinsic value is the amount by which the closing market price of our stock at September 30, 2021, was greater than the exercise price of any individual option grant.

Restricted Stock
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we granted 459 thousand shares of restricted stock to non-executive directors, officers and certain other key employees. The shares of restricted stock granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, vest pro-rata generally over three years for employees and over one year for non-executive directors. We determined the fair value of the shares awarded by using the closing price of our common stock as of the date of grant. The weighted average grant date fair value of restricted stock granted in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, was $6.84 per share. Total grant date fair value of restricted stock that vested in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, was $2.8 million.
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The following table presents the status of unvested restricted stock awards as of September 30, 2021, and changes during the nine months then ended.
Nonvested
Restricted
Shares
(in thousands)
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
(per share)
Unvested at January 1, 2021385 $9.42 
Granted459 6.84 
Vested(303)9.34 
Forfeited(65)7.20 
Unvested at September 30, 2021476 $7.28 

Performance Share Units
Performance Share Units (“PSUs”) are a form of long-term incentive compensation awarded to executive officers and certain other key employees designed to directly align the interests of employees to the interests of our stockholders, and to create long-term stockholder value. PSUs granted in 2021 were made pursuant to the NN, Inc. 2019 Omnibus Incentive Plan and a Performance Share Unit Agreement (the “2019 Omnibus Agreement”). Some PSUs are based on total shareholder return (“TSR Awards”), and other PSUs are based on return on invested capital (“ROIC Awards”).
The TSR Awards vest, if at all, upon our achieving a specified relative total shareholder return, which will be measured against the total shareholder return of the S&P SmallCap 600 Index during specified performance periods as defined in the 2019 Omnibus Agreement. The ROIC Awards vest, if at all, upon our achieving a specified average return on invested capital during the performance periods. Each performance period generally begins on January 1 of the year of grant and ends 3 years later on December 31.
We recognize compensation expense over the performance period in which the performance and market conditions are measured. If the PSUs do not vest at the end of the performance periods, then the PSUs will expire automatically. Upon vesting, the PSUs will be settled by the issuance of shares of our common stock, subject to the award recipient’s continued employment. The actual number of shares of common stock to be issued to each award recipient at the end of the performance periods will be interpolated between a threshold and maximum payout amount based on actual performance results. No dividends will be paid on outstanding PSUs during the performance period; however, dividend equivalents will be paid based on dividends declared and the number of shares of common stock that are ultimately earned at the end of the performance periods.
With respect to the TSR and ROIC Awards, a participant will earn 50% of the target number of PSUs for “Threshold Performance,” 100% of the target number of PSUs for “Target Performance,” and 150% of the target number of PSUs for “Maximum Performance.” For performance levels falling between the values shown below, the percentages will be determined by interpolation.
The following table presents the goals with respect to TSR Awards and ROIC Awards granted or modified in 2021.
TSR Awards:Threshold Performance
(50% of Shares)
Target Performance
(100% of Shares)
Maximum Performance
(150% of Shares)
2021 grants35th Percentile50th Percentile75th Percentile
ROIC Awards:Threshold Performance
(50% of Shares)
Target Performance
(100% of Shares)
Maximum Performance
(150% of Shares)
2021 grants6.3%7.0%8.6%
2020 grants (1)6.7%7.9%8.7%
_______________________________
(1)The performance levels for 2020 grants were modified by the compensation committee of the board of directors in the first quarter of 2021 to adjust for the sale of the Life Sciences business and the ongoing effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
We estimate the grant date fair value of TSR Awards using the Monte Carlo simulation model, as the total shareholder return metric is considered a market condition under ASC Topic 718, Compensation – stock compensation. The grant date fair value of ROIC Awards is based on the closing price of a share of our common stock on the date of grant.
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The following table presents the number of PSUs granted and the grant date fair value in the period presented.
 TSR AwardsROIC Awards
Award YearShares
(in thousands)
Grant Date
Fair Value
(per share)
Shares
(in thousands)
Grant Date
Fair Value
(per share)
2021142$8.58172$7.20
We recognize expense for ROIC Awards based on the probable outcome of the associated performance condition. We generally recognize an expense for ROIC Awards based on the Target Performance threshold of 100% because, at the date of grant, the Target Performance is the probable level of performance achievement.
The following table presents the status of unvested PSUs as of September 30, 2021, and changes during the nine months then ended.
 Nonvested TSR AwardsNonvested ROIC Awards
 Shares
(in thousands)
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
(per share)
Shares
(in thousands)
Weighted
 Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
(per share)
Nonvested at January 1, 2021138 $10.58 160 $9.13 
Granted142 8.58 172 7.20 
Forfeited(61)9.61 (71)8.17 
Nonvested at September 30, 2021219 $9.55 261 $8.12 

Change in Vesting Estimates
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we recognized a decrease in share-based compensation expense in continuing operations of $0.3 million in the “Selling, general, and administrative expense” line in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) to reverse cumulative expense for restricted stock and PSU awards that were forfeited upon termination of employment and were in excess of our estimated forfeiture rate.

Note 15. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
The following tables present the components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”).
Foreign Currency TranslationInterest rate swapIncome taxes (1)Total
Balance at June 30, 2021$(29,819)$— $— $(29,819)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications(2,612)(229)53 (2,788)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI to interest expense (2)— 29 (7)22 
Net other comprehensive income (loss)(2,612)(200)46 (2,766)
Balance at September 30, 2021$(32,431)$(200)$46 $(32,585)
Balance at June 30, 2020$(48,507)$(23,662)$5,493 $(66,676)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications6,712 27 (6)6,733 
Amounts reclassified from AOCI to interest expense (2)— 4,100 (952)3,148 
Net other comprehensive income (loss)6,712 4,127 (958)9,881 
Balance at September 30, 2020$(41,795)$(19,535)$4,535 $(56,795)

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Foreign Currency TranslationInterest rate swapIncome taxes (1)Total
Balance at December 31, 2020$(30,881)$(3,712)$861 $(33,732)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications(1,550)(229)53 (1,726)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI to interest expense (2)— 29 (7)22 
Amounts reclassified from AOCI to loss on interest rate swap (3)— 3,712 (861)2,851 
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)(1,550)3,512 (815)1,147 
Balance at September 30, 2021$(32,431)$(200)$46 $(32,585)
Balance at December 31, 2019$(35,159)$(12,234)$2,839 $(44,554)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications(6,636)(16,207)3,764 (19,079)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI to interest expense (2)— 8,906 (2,068)6,838 
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)(6,636)(7,301)1,696 (12,241)
Balance at September 30, 2020$(41,795)$(19,535)$4,535 $(56,795)
_______________________
(1) Income tax effect of changes in interest rate swap.
(2) Represents interest rate swap settlements of effective hedge.
(3) Represents reclassification of derivative loss and settlements after discontinuation of hedge accounting.

Note 16. Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share
In accordance with ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, a company that has participating securities is required to utilize the two-class method for calculating earnings per share (“EPS”) unless the treasury stock method results in lower EPS. The two-class method is an allocation of earnings between the holders of common stock and a company’s participating securities. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing income or loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. To calculate diluted EPS, basic EPS is further adjusted to include the effect of potentially dilutive stock options, warrants, and convertible preferred stock. 
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The following table summarizes the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share.
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2021202020212020
Numerator:
Income (loss) from continuing operations$(3,377)$1,640 $(13,681)$(124,003)
Less: Preferred stock cumulative dividends and deemed dividends(2,314)(3,139)(19,054)(9,133)
Numerator for basic and diluted income (loss) from continuing operations per common share (1)(5,691)(1,499)(32,735)(133,136)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax (Note 2)— 20,330 — (123,966)
Numerator for basic and diluted undistributed net loss per common share (1)$(5,691)$18,831 $(32,735)$(257,102)
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding43,034 42,746 42,980 42,696 
Adjustment for unvested restricted common stock(476)(544)(459)(526)
Adjustment for 2021 Warrants outstanding (2)1,897 — 1,341 — 
Shares used to calculate income (loss) per share, basic and diluted44,455 42,202 43,862 42,170 
Per common share net income (loss):
Basic loss from continuing operations per common share$(0.13)$(0.04)$(0.75)$(3.16)
Basic income (loss) from discontinued operations per common share— 0.49 — (2.94)
Basic income (loss) per common share$(0.13)$0.45 $(0.75)$(6.10)
Diluted loss from continuing operations per common share$(0.13)$(0.04)$(0.75)$(3.16)
Diluted income (loss) from discontinued operations per common share— 0.49 — (2.94)
Diluted income (loss) per common share$(0.13)$0.45 $(0.75)$(6.10)
Cash dividends declared per common share$— $— $— $— 
_______________________________
(1) Preferred Stock does not participate in losses.
(2) Weighted average 2021 Warrants outstanding are included in shares outstanding for calculation of basic earnings per share because they are exercisable at an exercise price of $0.01 per share, subject to certain adjustments (see Note 17).
The following table presents securities that could be potentially dilutive in the future that were excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per common share because they had an anti-dilutive effect.
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2021202020212020
Options752 875 812 875 
2019 Warrants1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 
Series B Preferred Stock, as-converted— 23,573 — 23,573 
2,252 25,948 2,312 25,948 
We have elected to allocate undistributed income to participating securities based on year-to-date results. As there was no undistributed income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, no such allocation was necessary. In addition, given the undistributed loss from continuing operations in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, options and the 2019 Warrants are considered anti-dilutive and were excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share. Stock options excluded from the calculations of diluted net loss per share had a per share exercise price ranging from $7.93 to
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$25.16 for the three months ended September 30, 2021, and $7.93 to $25.16 for three months ended September 30, 2020. Stock options excluded from the calculations of diluted net income (loss) per share had a per share exercise price ranging from $7.93 to $25.16 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, and $7.93 to $25.16 for nine months ended September 30, 2020. The 2019 Warrants excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, had a per share exercise price of $11.49. Series B Preferred Stock excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, was calculated on an as-converted basis.

Note 17. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is an exit price representing the expected amount that an entity would receive to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction with market participants at the measurement date. We followed consistent methods and assumptions to estimate fair values as more fully described in the 2020 Annual Report.
Fair value principles prioritize valuation inputs across three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on the assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value. An asset or liability’s classification within the various levels is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
Our financial instruments that are subject to fair value disclosure consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, derivatives, and long-term debt. As of September 30, 2021, the carrying values of these financial instruments approximated fair value.
Derivative Financial Instruments
Certain features were bifurcated and accounted for separately from the Series B Preferred Stock. The following features were recorded as derivatives.
Leverage ratio put feature. The Series B Preferred Stock included a redemption option based on a leverage ratio threshold that provided the preferred holder the option to convert the Series B Preferred Stock to a variable number of shares of common stock at a discount to the then fair value of our common stock. The conversion feature was considered a redemption right at a premium which was not clearly and closely related to the debt host. The conversion feature was terminated upon redemption of the Series B Preferred Stock in March 2021.
Dividends withholding. The Series B Preferred Stock bore a feature that could require us to make an effective distribution to purchasers which is indexed to the tax rate of the purchasers. This distribution would be partially offset by an adjustment to the redemption price and/or conversion rate. The dividends withholding feature was not clearly and closely related to the debt host. Upon redemption of the Series B Preferred Stock in March 2021, we made a net cash distribution of $3.0 million to settle this withholding feature after effectively receiving a $1.0 million offset from the purchasers upon redemption of the Series B Preferred Stock.
Warrants. In conjunction with our placement of the Series B Preferred Stock, we issued detachable warrants to purchase up to 1.5 million shares of our common stock (the “2019 Warrants”), which are exercisable, in full or in part, at any time prior to December 11, 2026. The original exercise price was $12.00 per share, subject to anti-dilution adjustments in the event of future below market issuances, stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events. The issuance of the 2021 Warrants resulted in an adjusted exercise price of $11.49 per share for the 2019 Warrants because the new warrants have an exercise price below market value.
Certain features were bifurcated and accounted for separately from the Series D Preferred Stock that was issued on March 22, 2021. The following features were recorded as derivatives.
Change-in-control put feature. The Series D Preferred Stock includes a put feature that allows the holder to redeem the Series D Preferred Stock upon a change in control at the greater of 1) the liquidation preference plus accrued dividends or 2) 140% of the liquidation preference. The put feature is considered a redemption right at a premium and is not clearly and closely related to the debt host.
Warrants. In conjunction with our placement of the Series D Preferred Stock, we issued detachable warrants to purchase up to 1.9 million shares of our common stock. The 2021 Warrants are exercisable, in full or in part, at any time prior to March 22, 2027, at an exercise price of $0.01 per share, subject to anti-dilution adjustments in the event of certain future equity issuances, stock splits, stock dividends, combinations or similar events.
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The following tables show the liabilities measured at fair value for the above derivatives as of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020.
Fair Value Measurements as of September 30, 2021
DescriptionQuoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Derivative liability - other current liabilities$— $— $— 
Derivative liability - other non-current liabilities9,956 — 671 
Total$9,956 $— $671 

Fair Value Measurements as of December 31, 2020
DescriptionQuoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Derivative liability - other current liabilities$— $— $2,453 
Derivative liability - other non-current liabilities— — 664 
Total$— $— $3,117 

The following table presents the change in the above derivatives during the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Beginning balance$3,117 
Issuances15,121 
Change in fair value (1)(4,606)
Settlements(3,005)
Ending balance$10,627 
_______________________________
(1) Changes in the fair value are recognized in the “Other expense (income), net” line in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).
The fair value of the change-in-control put feature utilizes unobservable inputs based on the Company’s assessment of the probability of a change-in-control event occurring in a future period. The probability of a change-in-control event ranged from 1% to 10% as of September 30, 2021.
The leverage ratio put feature, the dividends withholding feature, and the contingent dividends feature utilized unobservable inputs based on the best information available to determine the probability of the Series B Preferred Stock remaining outstanding for future periods. These inputs included probability assessments of how long the Series B Preferred Stock would remain outstanding and whether the leverage ratio threshold would be exceeded. Inputs also included the percentage of Series B Preferred Stock held by non-U.S. resident holders and the applicable tax withholding rates for those holders. The probability of the Series B Preferred Stock remaining in future periods ranged from 3% to 2% as of December 31, 2020. The leverage ratio put feature also utilized unobservable inputs to determine the probability of the leverage ratio put being exercisable as of March 31, 2023, which ranged from 10% to 1% as of December 31, 2020. These probabilities were determined based on management’s assessment of facts and circumstances at each reporting date. An increase in these probabilities would have resulted in an increase in the derivative liability fair value. Given the Series B Preferred Stock value changed by period as a result of dividends and redemption premiums, weighted average values for these assumptions are not meaningful.
The fair value of the 2019 Warrants is determined using a valuation model that utilizes unobservable inputs to determine the probability that the 2019 Warrants will remain outstanding for future periods. The probabilities resulted in a weighted average term of 3.6 years as of September 30, 2021, and 2.4 years as of December 31, 2020.
The fair value of the 2021 Warrants is determined using the observable market price of a share of our common stock, less the $0.01 per share exercise price.
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Interest Rate Swaps
We manage our exposure to fluctuations in interest rates using a mix of fixed and variable rate debt. We utilize fixed-rate interest rate swap agreements to change the variable interest rate to a fixed rate on a portion of our variable rate debt.
On July 22, 2021, we entered into a fixed-rate interest rate swap agreement to change the LIBOR-based component of the interest rate on a portion of our variable rate debt to a fixed rate of 1.291% (the “2021 Swap”). The 2021 Swap has a notional amount of $60.0 million and a maturity date of July 31, 2024. The objective of the 2021 Swap is to eliminate the variability of cash flows in interest payments on the first $60.0 million of variable rate debt attributable to changes in benchmark one-month LIBOR interest rates. The hedged risk is the interest rate risk exposure to changes in interest payments, attributable to changes in benchmark one-month LIBOR interest rates over the interest rate swap term. The changes in cash flows of the interest rate swap are expected to exactly offset changes in cash flows of the variable rate debt. We designated the 2021 Swap as a cash flow hedge at inception. Cash settlements of the 2021 Swap are recognized in interest expense.
On February 8, 2019, we entered into a $700.0 million fixed-rate interest rate swap agreement that changed the LIBOR-based portion of the interest rate on a portion of our variable rate debt to a fixed rate of 2.4575% (the “2019 Swap”). On March 22, 2021, we terminated the 2019 Swap with a $13.7 million cash payment in connection with the extinguishment of our previously outstanding long-term variable-rate debt. The 2019 Swap was designated as a cash flow hedge at inception. However, in the fourth quarter of 2020, the 2019 Swap no longer qualified as an effective hedge, and subsequent changes in fair value of the 2019 Swap were recognized in earnings. Amounts recognized in earnings related to the 2019 Swap are recorded in the “Loss on interest rate swap (2)” line on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) except that cash settlements prior to termination are recognized in “Derivative payments on interest rate swap.” Cash settlements during 2021 are presented in investing activities on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
The following table presents the effect of the interest rate swaps on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2021202020212020
Interest expense (1)$29 $4,100 $29 $8,906 
Derivative payments on interest rate swap (2)— — 1,717 — 
Loss on interest rate swap (2)— — 2,033 — 
_______________________________
(1) Represents settlements on the interest rate swaps while the hedges are effective.
(2) Represents settlements and changes in fair value on the 2019 Swap.
The following tables present the liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the interest rate swaps as of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020.
Fair Value Measurements as of September 30, 2021
DescriptionQuoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Derivative liability - other current liabilities$— $174 $— 
Derivative liability - other non-current liabilities— 23 — 
Total$— $197 $— 

Fair Value Measurements as of December 31, 2020
DescriptionQuoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Derivative liability - other current liabilities$— $11,022 $— 
Derivative liability - other non-current liabilities— 4,357 — 
Total$— $15,379 $— 
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The inputs for determining fair value of the interest rate swaps are classified as Level 2 inputs. Level 2 fair value is based on estimates using standard pricing models. These standard pricing models use inputs which are derived from or corroborated by observable market data such as interest rate yield curves, index forward curves, discount curves, and volatility surfaces. Counterparty to this derivative contract is a highly rated financial institution which we believe carries only a minimal risk of nonperformance.
Fixed Rate Debt
The fair value of our outstanding fixed-rate debt included in the “International lines of credit and other loans” line item within Note 9 to these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements approximated carrying value as of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively. These fair values represent Level 2 under the three-tier hierarchy described above. The carrying value of this fixed-rate debt was $11.4 million and $14.4 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

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Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
NN, Inc. is a global diversified industrial company that combines advanced engineering and production capabilities with in-depth materials science expertise to design and manufacture high-precision components and assemblies primarily for the electrical, automotive, general industrial, aerospace, defense, and medical markets. As used in this Quarterly Report, the terms “NN,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us” refer to NN, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements that are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements may discuss goals, intentions and expectations as to future trends, plans, events, results of operations or financial condition, or state other information relating to NN, Inc., based on current beliefs of management as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, management. Forward-looking statements generally will be accompanied by words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “guidance,” “intend,” “may,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project” or other similar words, phrases or expressions. Forward-looking statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties that are outside of management’s control and that may cause actual results to be materially different from such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, among others, general economic conditions and economic conditions in the industrial sector; the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s financial condition, business operations and liquidity; competitive influences; risks that current customers will commence or increase captive production; risks of capacity underutilization; quality issues; availability of raw materials; currency and other risks associated with international trade; our dependence on certain major customers, some of whom are not parties to long-term agreements (and/or are terminable on short notice); the impact of acquisitions and divestitures; the level of our indebtedness; the restrictions contained in our debt agreements; our ability to obtain financing at favorable rates, if at all, and to refinance existing debt as it matures; unanticipated difficulties integrating acquisitions; new laws and governmental regulations; and other risk factors and cautionary statements listed from time-to-time in our periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We disclaim any obligation to update any such factors or to publicly announce the result of any revisions to any of the forward-looking statements included herein or therein to reflect future events or developments.
For additional information concerning such risk factors and cautionary statements, please see the sections titled “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in the 2020 Annual Report and this Quarterly Report.
Results of Operations
Factors That May Influence Results of Operations
The following paragraphs describe factors that have influenced results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, that management believes are important to provide an understanding of the business and results of operations or that may influence operations in the future.
Global COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to disrupt the United States and global economy, and we cannot predict when a full economic recovery will occur. A new Delta variant of COVID-19, which appears to be the most transmissible variant to date, has been spreading in the United States and across the globe. The impact of the Delta variant cannot be predicted at this time and could depend on numerous factors, including vaccination rates among the population, the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines against the Delta variant, and the response by governmental bodies and regulators. Further surges in COVID-19 infection rates could result in the reinstatement of directives and mandates requiring businesses to again curtail or cease normal operations.
The spread of COVID-19 and the responses thereto have created a disruption in the manufacturing, delivery, and overall supply chain of automobile manufacturers and suppliers, as well as disruption within the power industry. Global vehicle production decreased significantly in 2020, but production has since ramped back up. However, production continues to be impacted by disruptions of global supply chains, which have caused challenges in obtaining raw materials we use in the manufacture of some of our products. We have been increasing our inventories in the current year to mitigate the risk of supply chain disruption for our customers. In addition, power shortages in China have resulted in widespread blackouts, often without any or little notice. These blackouts have caused us and other manufacturers in the region to shut down production until power is restored. Supply chain and COVID-19 related disruptions are expected to continue into 2022.
Inflation triggered by the unprecedented economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has increased our manufacturing cost, particularly labor and materials, and is expected to continue into future periods. A worldwide semiconductor chip shortage is affecting automotive original equipment manufacturers, causing unpredictable volumes. The rapid development and fluidity of the situation precludes any prediction as to the ultimate impact COVID-19 will have on our business, financial condition,
30

results of operations, and cash flows, which will depend largely on future developments directly or indirectly relating to the duration and scope of the COVID-19 pandemic.
While managing decreased demand in many regions across the globe, we are now operating at all of our business locations. We have implemented training and recruiting programs to address labor shortages. We are focused on the safety of our employees, customers, and suppliers. We have developed and implemented processes to ensure a safe environment for our employees and any visitors to our facilities, including providing personal protective equipment and establishing social distancing protocols.
These processes include recommendations based on guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization. The health and safety of our employees remains our top priority. While we are actively promoting vaccination among our employees, new federal COVID-19 vaccine mandates may affect workforce availability ranging from absences for vaccinations, booster shots, and recovery from side-effects to resignations by employees unwilling to comply with the mandate. Significant workforce availability challenges could have a material effect on our business operations, financial results, liquidity, and financial position.
We have undertaken a number of permanent and temporary actions to manage the evolving situation, as described in our 2020 Annual Report. We continue to streamline facilities and implement cost savings initiatives. Capital expenditures and travel costs remain at relatively low levels. We refinanced our credit facility and preferred stock in the first quarter as discussed below.
Credit Facilities
On March 22, 2021, we entered into a new $150.0 million term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”) and a new $50.0 million asset backed credit facility (the “ABL Facility”). The proceeds from the Term Loan Facility were used to prepay the amounts outstanding on our previous term loans. The previous credit facility was terminated and consisted of a Senior Secured Term Loan, Incremental Term Loan, and Senior Secured Revolver. No amounts were outstanding on the Senior Secured Revolver at the time of termination.
Outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan Facility bear interest at either 1) one-month LIBOR (subject to a 1.000% floor) plus an applicable margin of 6.875% or 2) the greater of various benchmark rates plus an applicable margin of 5.875%. At September 30, 2021, the Term Loan Facility bore interest, based on one-month LIBOR, at 7.875%. The Term Loan Facility requires quarterly principal payments of $0.4 million with the remaining unpaid principal amount due on the final maturity date of September 22, 2026. The Term Loan Facility is collateralized by all of our assets. The Term Loan Facility has a first lien on all assets other than accounts receivable and inventory and has a second lien on accounts receivable and inventory. We were in compliance with all requirements under the Term Loan Facility as of September 30, 2021.
On July 22, 2021, we entered into a new fixed-rate interest rate swap agreement to change the LIBOR-based component of the interest rate on $60.0 million of our variable rate debt to a fixed rate of 1.291%. The interest rate swap, which has been designated as a cash flow hedge, has a notional amount of $60.0 million and a maturity date of July 31, 2024.
The ABL Facility provides for a senior secured revolving credit facility in the amount of $50.0 million, of which $30.0 million is available in the form of letters of credit and $5.0 million is available for the issuance of short-term swingline loans. The availability of credit under the ABL Facility is limited by a borrowing base calculation derived from accounts receivable and inventory held in the United States. Outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility bear interest on a variable rate structure plus an interest rate spread that is based on the average amount of aggregate revolving commitment available. The variable borrowing rate is either 1) LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 1.75% or 2.00%, depending on availability, or 2) the greater of the federal funds rate or prime, plus an applicable margin of 0.75% or 1.00%, depending on availability. We may elect whether to use one-month, three-month, or six-month LIBOR, subject to a 0.50% floor. Interest payments are due monthly on borrowings that utilize one-month LIBOR and quarterly on borrowings that utilize three-month or six-month LIBOR. At September 30, 2021, using one-month LIBOR plus a 1.75% spread, the weighted average interest rate on outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility would have been 2.25% if there had been any balance outstanding. We pay a commitment fee of 0.375% for unused capacity under the ABL Facility and a 1.875% fee on the amount of letters of credit outstanding. The final maturity date of the ABL Facility is March 22, 2026.
We had no outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility at September 30, 2021. Total capacity under the ABL Facility was $47.7 million as of September 30, 2021, of which $36.5 million was available for future borrowings after reductions for outstanding letters of credit as of September 30, 2021. The ABL Facility has a first lien on accounts receivable and inventory. We were in compliance with all requirements under the ABL Facility as of September 30, 2021.
Preferred Stock
On March 22, 2021, we completed a private placement of 65 thousand shares of newly designated Series D Perpetual Preferred Stock, with a par value of $0.01 per share (the “Series D Preferred Stock”), at a price of $1,000 per share, together with detachable warrants (the “2021 Warrants”) to purchase up to 1.9 million shares of our common stock at an exercise price of
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$0.01 per share. The Series D Preferred Stock has an initial liquidation preference of $1,000 per share and is redeemable at our option in cash at a redemption price equal to the liquidation preference then in effect. Series D Preferred Stock shares earn cash dividends at a rate of 10.0% per year, payable quarterly in arrears, accruing whether or not earned or declared. If no cash dividend is paid, then the liquidation preference per share effective on the dividend date increases by 12.0% per year. On March 22, 2026, the cash dividend rate and in-kind dividend rate increase by 2.5% per year. Cash dividends are required beginning on September 30, 2027.
Net cash proceeds of $61.8 million from the issuance of the Series D Preferred Stock, along with part of the proceeds from the Term Loan Facility, were used to redeem all of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”). The total redemption cash payment was $118.4 million.
Sales Concentration
We recognized sales from a single customer of $11.1 million, or 10%, and $37.3 million, or 10%, of consolidated net sales, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. Revenues from this customer are primarily in our Mobile Solutions segment.

Three Months Ended September 30, 2021, compared to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Consolidated Results
 Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020$ Change
Net sales$117,244 $113,761 $3,483 
Organic growth$2,155 
Foreign exchange effects1,328 
Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)98,642 90,076 8,566 
Selling, general, and administrative expense12,181 13,745 (1,564)
Depreciation and amortization11,605 11,435 170 
Other operating income, net(572)(39)(533)
Loss from operations(4,612)(1,456)(3,156)
Interest expense3,578 6,873 (3,295)
Loss on extinguishment of debt and write-off of debt issuance costs— 144 (144)
Other income, net(4,346)(262)(4,084)
Loss from continuing operations before benefit (provision) for income taxes and share of net income from joint venture(3,844)(8,211)4,367 
Benefit (provision) for income taxes(375)8,715 (9,090)
Share of net income from joint venture842 1,136 (294)
Income (loss) from continuing operations(3,377)1,640 (5,017)
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax— 20,330 (20,330)
Net income (loss)$(3,377)$21,970 $(25,347)
Net Sales. Net sales increased by $3.5 million, or 3%, during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to higher demand within the electrical market that was negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in the prior year and new business in the general industrial market. In addition, sales were positively impacted by increased selling prices for precious metals allowed under customer contracts due to the sharp rise in underlying commodities costs compared with the same period of 2020. These increases were partially offset by decreased demand from automotive customers due largely to the 2021 global semi-conductor shortage. We also realized favorable foreign exchange effects of $1.3 million.
Cost of Sales. Cost of sales increased by $8.6 million, or 10%, during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to variable costs associated with the above-noted sales increase. In addition, cost of sales increased due to the reintroduction of employee-related costs suspended in the prior year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as benefits and overtime hours. Finally, cost of sales increased due to variable cost inefficiencies associated with global supply chain interruptions, inflation, and uneven customer ordering patterns, particularly in the
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automotive market. These increases were partially offset by more favorable overhead absorption compared to prior year due to the increase in inventory.
Selling, General, and Administrative Expense. Selling, general, and administrative expense decreased by $1.6 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to cost reduction initiatives that drove decreases in personnel and professional fees.
Other Operating Income, Net. Other operating income, net, changed favorably by $0.5 million primarily due to the gain on sale of an idle facility in Texas during the three months ended September 30, 2021.
Interest Expense.  Interest expense decreased by $3.3 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to higher settlements on the interest rate swap in the prior year as the notional amount outstanding and fixed rate were significantly higher than in the current year. This decrease was partially offset by higher interest rates on debt in the current quarter.
 Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
Interest on debt$3,146 $2,198 
Interest rate swap settlements32 4,100 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount331 419 
Capitalized interest(89)(35)
Other158 191 
Total interest expense$3,578 $6,873 
Other Income, Net. Other income, net, changed favorably by $4.1 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, due to noncash derivative mark-to-market gains less unfavorable foreign exchange effects associated with intercompany borrowings.
Benefit (Provision) For Income Taxes. Our effective tax rate was (9.8)% for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to 106.1% for the three months ended September 30, 2020. The rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was unfavorably impacted by the limitation on the amount of tax benefit recorded for loss carryforwards in certain jurisdictions where we believe it is more likely than not that a portion of the future tax benefit may not be realized. The rate for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was favorably impacted by the CARES Act. Note 8 in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements describes the effective income tax rate for each period presented.
Results by Segment
MOBILE SOLUTIONS
 Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020$ Change
Net sales$68,586 $70,371 $(1,785)
Organic decline$(2,652)
Foreign exchange effects867 
Income (loss) from operations$(257)$4,953 $(5,210)
Net sales decreased by $1.8 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to the global semi-conductor shortage, partially offset by the favorable impact of new business awards in the general industrial market and favorable foreign exchange effects of $0.9 million.
Income from operations decreased by $5.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to higher labor costs caused by the reintroduction of employee-related costs suspended in the prior year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as travel, benefits and overtime hours. In addition, variable cost inefficiencies associated with global supply chain interruptions and uneven customer ordering patterns, particularly in the automotive market, reduced operating income. These decreases were partially offset by more favorable overhead absorption during the current quarter compared to the prior year.
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POWER SOLUTIONS
 Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020$ Change
Net sales$48,680 $43,415 $5,265 
Organic growth$4,804 
Foreign exchange effects461 
Income from operations$1,252 $1,143 $109 
Net sales increased by $5.3 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020 primarily due to higher demand within the electrical market that was negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in the prior year. Sales were also positively impacted by increased selling prices for precious metals allowed under customer contracts due to the sharp rise in underlying commodities costs compared with the same period in 2020.
Income from operations increased by $0.1 million compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to an increase in sales which was partially offset by higher material costs and the reintroduction of employee-related costs suspended in the prior year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as travel, benefits and overtime hours.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021, compared to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Consolidated Results
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020$ Change
Net sales$367,205 $308,506 $58,699 
Organic growth$56,192 
Foreign exchange effects2,507 
Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)298,127 249,612 48,515 
Selling, general, and administrative expense40,341 44,178 (3,837)
Depreciation and amortization34,860 34,119 741 
Goodwill impairment— 92,942 (92,942)
Other operating expense (income), net(901)4,138 (5,039)
Loss from operations(5,222)(116,483)111,261 
Interest expense9,175 17,036 (7,861)
Loss on extinguishment of debt and write-off of debt issuance costs2,390 144 2,246 
Derivative payments on interest rate swap1,717 — 1,717 
Loss on interest rate swap2,033 — 2,033 
Other expense (income), net(2,788)67 (2,855)
Loss from continuing operations before benefit for income taxes and share of net income from joint venture(17,749)(133,730)115,981 
Benefit for income taxes612 7,935 (7,323)
Share of net income from joint venture3,456 1,792 1,664 
Loss from continuing operations(13,681)(124,003)110,322 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax— (123,966)123,966 
Net loss$(13,681)$(247,969)$234,288 
Net Sales. Net sales increased by $58.7 million, or 19%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to higher demand within all markets that were negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in the prior year and favorable foreign exchange effects of $2.5 million. In addition, sales were positively impacted by increased selling prices for precious metals allowed under customer contracts due to the sharp rise in underlying commodities costs compared with the same period of 2020.
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Cost of Sales.  Cost of sales increased by $48.5 million, or 19%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to variable costs associated with the above-noted sales increase. In addition, cost of sales increased due to the reintroduction of employee-related costs suspended in the prior year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as travel, benefits and overtime hours. Finally, cost of sales increased due to variable cost inefficiencies associated with global supply chain interruptions, inflation, and uneven customer ordering patterns, particularly in the automotive market. These increases were partially offset by more favorable overhead absorption compared to prior year due to the increase in inventory.
Selling, General, and Administrative Expense.  Selling, general, and administrative expense decreased by $3.8 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to cost reduction initiatives that drove decreases in personnel costs and professional fees.
Goodwill Impairment. We recognized goodwill impairment of $92.9 million at Power Solutions in 2020, resulting in no remaining goodwill balance.
Other Operating Expense (Income), Net. Other operating expense (income), net, changed favorably by $5.0 million primarily due to charges and costs associated with asset disposals and elimination of a portion of our lease obligation as a result of our decision to vacate a portion of our corporate headquarters building in 2020. These charges were partially offset by a gain on the sale of a building in Fairfield, Ohio, in the second quarter of 2020.
Interest Expense.  Interest expense decreased by $7.9 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to higher settlements on the interest rate swap in the prior year as the notional amount outstanding and fixed rate were significantly higher than in the current year. This decrease was partially offset by higher interest rates on debt in the current year.
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
Interest on debt$7,695 $6,381 
Interest rate swap settlements32 8,906 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount1,049 1,289 
Capitalized interest(200)(170)
Other599 630 
Total interest expense$9,175 $17,036 
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt and Write-off of Debt Issuance Costs. We recognized $2.4 million for the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs that were associated with the credit facility that was terminated in March 2021.
Derivative Payments on Interest Rate Swap. Derivative payments on interest rate swap represent cash settlements of the interest rate swap after hedge accounting was discontinued in October 2020. Prior to October 2020, interest rate swap settlements were recognized in interest expense. The previous interest rate swap was terminated in the first quarter of 2021. We entered into a new interest rate swap in the third quarter of 2021, which is designated as a cash flow hedge with the impact of settlements recognized in interest expense.
Loss on Interest Rate Swap. Loss on interest rate swap represents mark-to-market adjustments on the interest rate swap after hedge accounting was discontinued in October 2020 as well as amortization of the residual loss in accumulated other comprehensive income as monthly settlements occur. Prior to October 2020, mark-to-market adjustments on the interest rate swap were recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income. Upon termination of the previous interest rate swap in March 2021, we recognized in earnings the remaining $3.3 million loss that had been deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income.
Other Expense (Income), Net. Other expense (income), net, changed favorably by $2.9 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, due to noncash derivative mark-to-market gains, partially offset by a litigation settlement reached during the second quarter of 2021 and unfavorable foreign exchange effects associated with intercompany borrowings.
Benefit for Income Taxes. Our effective tax rate was 3.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to 5.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The difference in rates is primarily due to the limitation on the amount of tax benefit recorded for loss carryforwards in 2021 and the impact of the CARES Act in 2020. Note 8 in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements describes the effective income tax rate for each period presented.
Share of Net Income from Joint Venture. Share of net income from the JV increased during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to recovery from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on prior year sales. The JV, in which we own a 49% investment, recognized net sales of $68.4 million and $41.5
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million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Additionally, profits improved from expanding variable margins as a result of successful process improvement initiatives, improved product mix, and fixed cost reduction actions.
Results by Segment
MOBILE SOLUTIONS
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020$ Change
Net sales$220,248 $181,292 $38,956 
Organic growth$36,937 
Foreign exchange effects2,019 
Income from operations$8,342 $625 $7,717 
Net sales increased by $39.0 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to higher demand within all markets which were negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in the prior year, new business in the general industrial market, and favorable foreign exchange effects.
Income from operations increased by $7.7 million compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to contribution generated from the above-noted sales increase. Moreover, we built up inventory in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, which resulted in more favorable overhead absorption during the current year compared to the prior year. These positive impacts were partially offset by the reintroduction of employee-related costs suspended in the prior year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as travel, benefits and overtime hours, and variable cost inefficiencies associated with global supply chain interruptions and uneven customer ordering patterns, particularly in the automotive market.

POWER SOLUTIONS
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020$ Change
Net sales$147,026 $127,307 $19,719 
Organic growth$19,231 
Foreign exchange effects488 
Goodwill impairment$— $(92,942)$92,942 
Income (loss) from operations$6,559 $(87,737)$94,296 
Net sales increased by $19.7 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to higher demand within the end markets which were negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in the prior year. Sales were also positively impacted by increased selling prices for precious metals allowed under customer contracts due to the sharp rise in underlying commodities costs compared to the same period of 2020.
Income (loss) from operations increased by $94.3 million compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a goodwill impairment loss of $92.9 million recognized in the first quarter of 2020. In addition, income from operations increased due to the contribution generated from the above-noted sales increase. These favorable impacts were partially offset by the reintroduction of employee-related costs suspended in the prior year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as travel, benefits and overtime hours.
Changes in Financial Condition from December 31, 2020, to September 30, 2021
Overview
From December 31, 2020, to September 30, 2021, total assets decreased by $30.3 million primarily due to normal depreciation and amortization of fixed assets, lease right-of-use assets, and intangible assets. These decreases were partially offset by capital expenditures and increases in inventories during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Inventories increased as a result of a strategic decision to mitigate potential supply chain issues for our customers.
From December 31, 2020, to September 30, 2021, total liabilities increased by $52.8 million, primarily due to the refinancing of our credit facilities, termination of the ineffective interest rate swap, and redeeming the Series B Preferred Stock.
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Working capital, which consists of current assets less current liabilities, was $122.4 million as of September 30, 2021, compared to $112.0 million as of December 31, 2020. The increase in working capital was primarily due to the increase in inventories discussed above and a decrease in derivative liabilities after the termination of the interest rate swap.
Cash Flows
Cash provided by operations was $5.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared with cash provided by operations of $19.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The difference was primarily due to $8.5 million in current year income tax payments and building inventory levels during the current year to mitigate potential supply chain issues for our customers.
Cash used in investing activities was $32.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared with cash used in investing activities of $17.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The difference was primarily due to cash paid to settle the interest rate swap and post-closing adjustment on the sale of the Life Sciences business, partially offset by lower capital expenditures in the current year.
Cash provided by financing activities was $4.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared with cash provided by financing activities of $43.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The difference was primarily due to $11.6 million net inflow from the debt and preferred stock refinancing in the current year compared to the $59.0 million net draw on the Senior Secured Revolver in the prior year to strengthen our cash position due to economic uncertainty associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Credit Facilities
The principal amount outstanding under our Term Loan Facility as of September 30, 2021, was $149.3 million, without regard to unamortized debt issuance costs and discount. As of September 30, 2021, we had unused borrowing capacity of $36.5 million under the ABL Facility, subject to certain limitations. This amount of borrowing capacity is net of $11.2 million of outstanding letters of credit at September 30, 2021, which are considered as usage of the ABL Facility.
The Term Loan Facility requires quarterly principal payments of $0.4 million with the remaining unpaid principal amount due on the final maturity date of September 22, 2026. If one-month LIBOR is less than 1.00%, then we pay 7.875% per annum in interest. If one-month LIBOR exceeds 1.000%, then we pay the variable one-month LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 6.875%. Based on the interest rate in effect at September 30, 2021, and the fixed rate on the 2021 interest rate swap, annual interest payments would be approximately $11.9 million.
The ABL Facility bears interest on a variable rate structure with borrowings bearing interest at one-month LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 1.75%. The interest rate in effect at September 30, 2021, was 2.25%. We pay a commitment fee of 0.375% for unused capacity under the ABL Facility.
We were in compliance as of September 30, 2021, with all requirements under our Term Loan Facility and ABL Facility. Both credit facilities allow for optional expansion of available borrowings, subject to certain terms and conditions.
Seasonality and Fluctuation in Quarterly Results
General economic conditions impact our business and financial results, and certain businesses experience seasonal and other trends related to the industries and end markets that they serve. For example, European sales are often weaker in the summer months as customers slow production and sales to original equipment manufacturers are often stronger immediately preceding and following the launch of new products. However, as a whole, we are not materially impacted by seasonality.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We are not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a material current or future effect on our financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.
Critical Accounting Policies
Our critical accounting policies, including the assumptions and judgments underlying them, are disclosed in the 2020 Annual Report, including those policies as discussed in Note 1 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in the 2020 Annual Report. There have been no changes to these policies during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, except as discussed in Note 1 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report.    
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Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1 in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report.

Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are exposed to changes in financial market conditions in the normal course of business due to use of certain financial instruments as well as transacting business in various foreign currencies. To mitigate the exposure to these market risks, we have established policies, procedures, and internal processes governing the management of financial market risks. We are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily as a result of borrowing activities.
Interest Rate Risk
Our policy is to manage interest expense using a mixture of fixed and variable rate debt. To manage this mixture of fixed and variable rate debt effectively and mitigate interest rate risk, we may use interest rate swap agreements. The nature and amount of borrowings may vary as a result of future business requirements, market conditions, and other factors.
In February 2019, we entered into a fixed-rate interest rate swap agreement that changed the LIBOR-based portion of the interest rate on a portion of our variable rate debt to a fixed rate of 2.4575%. On March 22, 2021, we terminated the interest rate swap agreement in connection with the prepayment of our previously outstanding long-term variable-rate debt.
On July 22, 2021, we entered into a fixed-rate interest rate swap agreement to change the LIBOR-based component of the interest rate on a portion of our variable rate debt to a fixed rate of 1.291% (the “2021 Swap”). The 2021 Swap has a notional amount of $60.0 million and a maturity date of July 31, 2024. The objective of the 2021 Swap is to eliminate the variability of cash flows in interest payments on the first $60.0 million of variable rate debt attributable to changes in benchmark one-month LIBOR interest rates. The hedged risk is the interest rate risk exposure to changes in interest payments, attributable to changes in benchmark one-month LIBOR interest rates over the interest rate swap term. The changes in cash flows of the interest rate swap are expected to exactly offset changes in cash flows of the variable rate debt. We designated the 2021 Swap as a cash flow hedge at inception. Cash settlements of the 2021 Swap are recognized in interest expense.
Refer to Note 17 in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report for further discussion about the interest rate swaps.
At September 30, 2021, we had $149.3 million of principal outstanding under the Term Loan Facility without regard to capitalized debt issuance costs. A one-percent increase in one-month LIBOR would have resulted in a net increase in interest expense of $0.1 million on an annualized basis due to the fact that the Term Loan Facility is subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.00% and one-month LIBOR was below the floor as of September 30, 2021.
We had no outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility at September 30, 2021.
Foreign Currency Risk
Translation of our operating cash flows denominated in foreign currencies is impacted by changes in foreign exchange rates. We participate in various third party and intercompany loans, payables, and receivables denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. To help reduce exposure to foreign currency fluctuation, we have incurred debt in euros in the past. From time to time, we may use foreign currency derivatives to hedge currency exposures when these exposures meet certain discretionary levels. We did not hold a position in any foreign currency derivatives as of September 30, 2021.

Item 4.Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)). Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2021, to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
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Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in the Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.Legal Proceedings
As disclosed in Note 11 in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report, we are engaged in certain legal proceedings, and the disclosure set forth in Note 11 relating to legal proceedings is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 1A.Risk Factors
There have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in the 2020 Annual Report under Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”

Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.
Item 3.Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None. 
Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable. 
Item 5.Other Information
None.
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Item 6.Exhibits
Exhibit NumberDescription
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101.INSXBRL Instance Document
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Service
101.CALTaxonomy Calculation Linkbase
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase
101.PREXBRL Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Definition Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
 

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
NN, Inc.
(Registrant)
Date: November 5, 2021/s/ Warren A. Veltman
Warren A. Veltman
President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
(Principal Executive Officer)
(Duly Authorized Officer)
Date: November 5, 2021/s/ Michael C. Felcher
Michael C. Felcher
Senior Vice President - Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
(Duly Authorized Officer)

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