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USAP Universal Stainless & Alloy Products

Filed: 21 Jul 21, 4:46pm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2021 

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period from              to             

Commission File Number 001-39467

 

UNIVERSAL STAINLESS & ALLOY PRODUCTS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

25-1724540

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

600 Mayer Street

Bridgeville, PA 15017

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(412) 257-7600

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol

Name of Each Exchange

on Which Registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

Preferred Stock Purchase Rights

USAP

The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC

The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

☐  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of July 16, 2021, there were 8,917,858 shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

i


 

Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Inc.

Table of Contents

 

 

 

DESCRIPTION

 

PAGE NO.

 

 

 

 

 

PART I.

 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

PART II.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Other Information

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

22

 

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

23

 

 

 


 

 

Part I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

UNIVERSAL STAINLESS & ALLOY PRODUCTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Dollars in Thousands, Except Per Share Information)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

June 30,

 

 

June 30,

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

 

$

38,502

 

$

52,479

 

$

75,540

 

$

110,973

Cost of products sold

 

 

36,338

 

 

50,542

 

 

73,624

 

 

104,127

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

 

2,164

 

 

1,937

 

 

1,916

 

 

6,846

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

5,151

 

 

5,397

 

 

10,382

 

 

11,305

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating loss

 

 

(2,987)

 

 

(3,460)

 

 

(8,466)

 

 

(4,459)

Interest expense and other financing costs

 

 

492

 

 

807

 

 

1,042

 

 

1,759

Other expense (income), net

 

 

7

 

 

3

 

 

23

 

 

(14)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(3,486)

 

 

(4,270)

 

 

(9,531)

 

 

(6,204)

Income taxes

 

 

(993)

 

 

(939)

 

 

(2,509)

 

 

(1,462)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(2,493)

 

$

(3,331)

 

$

(7,022)

 

$

(4,742)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per common share - Basic

 

$

(0.28)

 

$

(0.38)

 

$

(0.79)

 

$

(0.54)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per common share - Diluted

 

$

(0.28)

 

$

(0.38)

 

$

(0.79)

 

$

(0.54)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

8,900,460

 

 

8,810,396

 

 

8,894,669

 

 

8,805,866

Diluted

 

 

8,900,460

 

 

8,810,396

 

 

8,894,669

 

 

8,805,866

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


1


 

 

UNIVERSAL STAINLESS & ALLOY PRODUCTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(Dollars in Thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

2021

 

 

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

 

(2,493

)

 

$

 

(3,331

)

 

$

 

(7,022

)

 

$

 

(4,742

)

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

(25

)

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

95

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

 

(2,488

)

 

$

 

(3,356

)

 

$

 

(7,002

)

 

$

 

(4,647

)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

2


 

 

UNIVERSAL STAINLESS & ALLOY PRODUCTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in Thousands, Except Per Share Information)

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

158

 

$

164

Accounts receivable (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $201 and $203, respectively)

 

 

21,311

 

 

18,101

Inventory, net

 

 

120,842

 

 

111,380

Other current assets

 

 

6,119

 

 

7,471

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

 

148,430

 

 

137,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

161,009

 

 

164,983

Other long-term assets

 

 

1,005

 

 

947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

310,444

 

$

303,046

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

25,197

 

$

12,632

Accrued employment costs

 

 

4,542

 

 

1,826

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

2,432

 

 

16,713

Other current liabilities

 

 

963

 

 

2,722

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

33,134

 

 

33,893

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net

 

 

50,521

 

 

33,471

Deferred income taxes

 

 

3,221

 

 

5,725

Other long-term liabilities, net

 

 

4,191

 

 

4,277

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

91,067

 

 

77,366

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senior preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share; 1,980,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding

 

 

-

 

 

-

Common stock, par value $0.001 per share; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 8,917,858 and 8,883,788 shares issued, respectively

 

 

9

 

 

9

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

94,975

 

 

94,276

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(25)

 

 

(45)

Retained earnings

 

 

124,418

 

 

131,440

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

219,377

 

 

225,680

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

310,444

 

$

303,046

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements. 

3


 

UNIVERSAL STAINLESS & ALLOY PRODUCTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOW

(Dollars in Thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

 

2021

 

 

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

$

 

(7,022

)

 

 

$

 

(4,742

)

Adjustments for non-cash items:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

 

9,639

 

 

 

 

 

9,989

 

Deferred income tax

 

 

 

 

(2,510

)

 

 

 

 

(1,443

)

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

581

 

 

 

 

 

834

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

 

 

(3,210

)

 

 

 

 

2,406

 

Inventory, net

 

 

 

 

(10,288

)

 

 

 

 

11,279

 

Accounts payable

 

 

 

 

12,327

 

 

 

 

 

(21,583

)

Accrued employment costs

 

 

 

 

2,716

 

 

 

 

 

1,020

 

Income taxes

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

230

 

Other

 

 

 

 

(533

)

 

 

 

 

1,593

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

 

 

 

1,703

 

 

 

 

 

(417

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing Activity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

 

 

(4,483

)

 

 

 

 

(7,224

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activity

 

 

 

 

(4,483

)

 

 

 

 

(7,224

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings under revolving credit facility

 

 

 

 

56,008

 

 

 

 

 

82,680

 

Payments on revolving credit facility

 

 

 

 

(45,887

)

 

 

 

 

(82,070

)

Proceeds from term loan facility

 

 

 

 

8,571

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Proceeds from Paycheck Protection Program Note

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

Payments on term loan facility, finance leases, and notes

 

 

 

 

(15,497

)

 

 

 

 

(2,962

)

Issuance of common stock under share-based plans

 

 

 

 

118

 

 

 

 

 

86

 

Payments of financing costs

 

 

 

 

(539

)

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

 

 

2,774

 

 

 

 

 

7,734

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash

 

 

 

 

(6

)

 

 

 

 

93

 

Cash at beginning of period

 

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

 

 

170

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash at end of period

 

 

$

 

158

 

 

 

$

 

263

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


4


 

 

UNIVERSAL STAINLESS & ALLOY PRODUCTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(Dollars in Thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shares

 

 

Common

 

 

paid-in

 

 

Retained

 

 

comprehensive

 

 

Treasury

 

 

 

Treasury

 

 

 

outstanding

 

 

stock

 

 

capital

 

 

earnings

 

 

loss

 

 

shares

 

 

 

stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2020

 

 

8,883,788

 

 

$

 

9

 

 

$

 

94,276

 

 

$

 

131,440

 

 

$

 

(45

)

 

 

-

 

 

$

 

-

 

Share-based compensation

 

 

11,034

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

309

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Net gain on derivative instruments

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(4,529

)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Balance at March 31, 2021

 

 

8,894,822

 

 

$

 

9

 

 

$

 

94,585

 

 

$

 

126,911

 

 

$

 

(30

)

 

 

-

 

 

$

 

-

 

Common stock issuance under

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

 

11,271

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

71

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Other share-based plans

 

 

5,272

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

47

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Share-based compensation

 

 

6,493

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

272

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Net gain on derivative instruments

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(2,493

)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Balance at June 30, 2021

 

 

8,917,858

 

 

$

 

9

 

 

$

 

94,975

 

 

$

 

124,418

 

 

$

 

(25

)

 

 

-

 

 

$

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

 

8,799,436

 

 

$

 

9

 

 

$

 

94,982

 

 

$

 

150,487

 

 

$

 

(31

)

 

 

294,279

 

 

$

 

(2,311

)

Share-based compensation

 

 

3,680

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

511

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Net gain on derivative instruments

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

120

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(1,411

)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

8,803,116

 

 

$

 

9

 

 

$

 

95,493

 

 

$

 

149,076

 

 

$

 

89

 

 

 

294,279

 

 

$

 

(2,311

)

Common stock issuance under

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

 

11,884

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

86

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Share-based compensation

 

 

14,732

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

323

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Net loss on derivative instruments

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(25

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(3,331

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2020

 

 

8,829,732

 

 

$

 

9

 

 

$

 

95,902

 

 

$

 

145,745

 

 

$

 

64

 

 

 

294,279

 

 

$

 

(2,311

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5


 

 

UNIVERSAL STAINLESS & ALLOY PRODUCTS, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1: Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation

Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Inc., and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively, “Universal,” “we,” “us,” “our,” or the “Company”), manufacture and market semi-finished and finished specialty steel products, including stainless steel, nickel alloys, tool steel and certain other alloyed steels. Our manufacturing process involves melting, remelting, heat treating, hot and cold rolling, forging, machining and cold drawing of semi-finished and finished specialty steels. Our products are sold to service centers, forgers, rerollers, original equipment manufacturers and wire redrawers. Our customers further process our products for use in a variety of industries, including the aerospace, power generation, oil and gas, heavy equipment, and general industrial manufacturing industries. We also perform conversion services on materials supplied by customers.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated statements include the accounts of Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Inc. and its subsidiaries and are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial reports and the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared under U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such regulations. Although the December 31, 2020 consolidated balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements, it does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. However, we believe that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our most recently audited financial statements and the notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements include all adjustments necessary to present a fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements for the periods shown. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future period. The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from our estimates. The consolidated financial statements include our accounts and the accounts of our wholly–owned subsidiaries. We also consolidate, regardless of our ownership percentage, variable interest entities (each a “VIE”) for which we are deemed to have a controlling financial interest. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.

When we obtain an economic interest in an entity, we evaluate the entity to determine if the entity is a VIE, and if we are deemed to be a primary beneficiary. As a part of our evaluation, we are required to qualitatively assess if we are the primary beneficiary of the VIE based on whether we hold the power to direct those matters that most significantly impacted the activities of the VIE and the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive the benefits of the VIE that could potentially be significant. Refer to Note 7, New Markets Tax Credit Financing Transaction, for a description of the VIEs included in our consolidated financial statements.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, “Income Taxes - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (Topic 740),” which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740. The amendments in this ASU also improve consistency and simplify other areas of Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. The amendments in this ASU will be applied using different approaches depending on what the specific amendment relates to and, for public entities, are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. An entity is permitted to early adopt the guidance, and we early adopted ASU 2019-12 as of January 1, 2020. The adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs. Recently issued ASUs not listed were assessed and were determined not applicable, or are expected to have minimal impact on our consolidated financial statements.

6


 

Note 2: Net loss per Common Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net loss per common share:

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

June 30,

 

 

June 30,

 

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

 

(2,493

)

 

$

 

(3,331

)

 

$

 

(7,022

)

 

$

 

(4,742

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding

 

 

8,900,460

 

 

 

 

8,810,396

 

 

 

 

8,894,669

 

 

 

 

8,805,866

 

Weighted average effect of dilutive share-based compensation

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

Diluted weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding

 

 

8,900,460

 

 

 

 

8,810,396

 

 

 

 

8,894,669

 

 

 

 

8,805,866

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per common share - Basic

$

 

(0.28

)

 

$

 

(0.38

)

 

$

 

(0.79

)

 

$

 

(0.54

)

Net loss per common share - Basic

$

 

(0.28

)

 

$

 

(0.38

)

 

$

 

(0.79

)

 

$

 

(0.54

)

 

We had options to purchase 710,750 and 863,025 shares of common stock outstanding at a weighted average price of $22.05 and $21.94 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, which were excluded in the computation of diluted net loss per common share. We had options to purchase 710,750 and 810,100 shares of common stock outstanding at a weighted average price of $22.05 and $22.81 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, which were excluded in the computation of diluted net loss per common share. These options were not included in the computation of diluted net loss per common share because their exercise prices were greater than the average market price of our common stock.

In addition, the calculation of diluted net loss per share for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, excluded 39,965 and 55 shares for the assumed exercise of stock options as a result of being in a net loss position. The calculation of diluted net loss per share for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, excluded 35,372 and 7,571 shares for the assumed exercise of stock options as a result of being in a net loss position.

Note 3: Revenue Recognition

The Company’s revenues are primarily comprised of sales of products. Revenue is recognized when the Company satisfies its performance obligation under the contract by transferring the promised product to its customer that obtains control of the product. A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct product to a customer. Most of the Company’s contracts have a single performance obligation, as the promise to transfer products or services is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contract and, therefore, not distinct.

Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products. As such, revenue is recorded net of returns, allowances, customer discounts, and incentives. Sales and other taxes are excluded from revenues. Invoiced shipping and handling costs are included in revenue.

The Company’s revenue is primarily from products transferred to customers at a point in time. The Company recognizes revenue at the point in time in which the customer obtains control of the product, which is generally when product title passes to the customer upon shipment.

We have determined that there are certain customer agreements involving production of specified product grades and shapes that require revenue to be recognized over time, in advance of shipment, due to there being no alternative use for these grades and shapes without significant economic loss. Also, the Company maintains an enforceable right to payment including a normal profit margin from the customer in the event of contract termination. Contract assets related to services performed and not yet billed of $1.9 million and $2.3 million are included in Accounts Receivable in the Consolidated Balance Sheets at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

The Company has elected the following practical expedients allowed under Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606:

 

Shipping costs are not considered to be separate performance obligations.

 

Performance obligations are satisfied within one year from a given reporting date; consequently, we omit disclosure of the transaction price apportioned to remaining performance obligations on open orders.

7


 

 

The following summarizes our revenue by melt type:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specialty alloys

 

$

 

32,295

 

 

$

 

39,102

 

 

$

 

61,386

 

 

$

 

89,022

 

Premium alloys (A)

 

 

 

5,894

 

 

 

 

12,442

 

 

 

 

13,447

 

 

 

 

20,106

 

Conversion services and other sales

 

 

 

313

 

 

 

 

935

 

 

 

 

707

 

 

 

 

1,845

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

$

 

38,502

 

 

 

 

52,479

 

 

$

 

75,540

 

 

 

 

110,973

 

 

(A)

Premium alloys represent all vacuum induction melted (VIM) products.

Note 4: Inventory

Our raw material and starting stock inventory is primarily comprised of ferrous and non-ferrous scrap metal and alloys such as nickel, chrome, molybdenum, cobalt, vanadium and copper. Our semi-finished and finished steel products are work-in-process in various stages of production or are finished products waiting to be shipped to our customers.

Operating materials are primarily comprised of forge dies and production molds and rolls that are consumed over their useful lives. During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, we amortized these operating materials in the amount of $0.8 million and $1.1 million, respectively. This expense is recorded as a component of cost of products sold on the consolidated statements of operations and included as a part of our total depreciation and amortization on the consolidated statements of cash flows.

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value with cost principally determined on a weighted average cost method. Such costs include the acquisition cost for raw materials and supplies, direct labor and applied manufacturing overhead. We assess market based upon actual and estimated transactions at or around the balance sheet date. Typically, we reserve for slow-moving inventory and inventory that is being evaluated under our quality control process. The reserves are based upon management’s expected method of disposition.

Due to low activity levels at our production facilities caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, management revised its accounting estimates for the absorption of costs into inventory during the third quarter of 2020. During the three months ended June 30, 2021, $2.1 million of fixed overhead costs were not absorbed into inventory and $1.5 million of negative operating efficiency variances were incurred. The total impact of $3.6 million was charged directly to expense in the quarter.

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

(in thousands)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raw materials and starting stock

 

$

9,398

 

$

9,286

Semi-finished and finished steel products

 

 

104,474

 

 

94,928

Operating materials

 

 

11,430

 

 

11,502

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross inventory

 

 

125,302

 

 

115,716

Inventory reserves

 

 

(4,460)

 

 

(4,336)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total inventory, net

 

$

120,842

 

$

111,380

 

Note 5: Leases

The Company periodically enters into leases in its normal course of business. At June 30, 2021, the leases in effect were primarily related to mobile and other production equipment. The term of our leases is generally 60 months or less, and the leases do not have significant restrictions, covenants, or other nonstandard terms.

Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are recorded at the present value of minimum lease payments. For our operating leases, the assets are included in Other long-term assets on the consolidated balance sheets and are amortized within operating income over the respective lease terms. The long-term component of the lease liability is included in Other long-term liabilities, net, and the current component is included in Other current liabilities. For our finance leases, the assets are included in Property, plant and equipment, net on the consolidated balance sheets and are depreciated over the respective lease terms which range from three to five years. The long-term component of the lease liability is included in Long-term debt and the current component is included in Current portion of long-term debt.

The Company did not enter into any new agreements accounted for as an operating lease or a finance lease during the second quarter of 2021.

8


 

As of June 30, 2021, future minimum lease payments applicable to operating and finance leases were as follows:

 

 

Operating Leases

 

Finance Leases

2021

$

159

 

$

170

2022

 

308

 

 

319

2023

 

214

 

 

240

2024

 

118

 

 

240

2025

 

6

 

 

80

Total minimum lease payments

 

805

 

 

1,049

Less amounts representing interest

 

(31)

 

 

(119)

Present value of minimum lease payments

 

774

 

 

930

Less current obligations

 

(312)

 

 

(289)

Total long-term lease obligations, net

$

462

 

$

641

Weighted-average remaining lease term

 

2.8 years

 

 

3.0 years

 

Right-of-use assets, net of accumulated amortization, recorded to the consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2021 were $0.8 million for operating leases and $0.7 million for finance leases.

 

The amortization of finance lease assets was $0.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, and was included in cost of products sold in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

The Company applies the practical expedient allowed under Leases (Topic 842) to exclude leases with a term of 12 months or less from the calculation of our lease liabilities and right-of-use assets.

 

In determining the lease liability and corresponding right-of-use asset for each lease, the Company calculated the present value of future lease payments using the interest rate implicit in the lease, when available, or the Company’s incremental borrowing rate. The incremental borrowing rate was determined with reference to the interest rate applicable under revolving credit facility discussed in Note 6, Long-Term Debt, as this facility is collateralized by a first lien on substantially all of the assets of the Company and its term is similar to the term of our leases.

 

Note 6: Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consisted of the following:

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

(in thousands)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revolving credit facility

 

$

28,600

 

$

18,479

Term loan

 

 

15,000

 

 

6,786

Paycheck Protection Program Note

 

 

10,000

 

 

10,000

Notes

 

 

-

 

 

15,000

Finance leases

 

 

930

 

 

1,070

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total debt

 

 

54,530

 

 

51,335

Less: current portion of long-term debt

 

 

(2,432)

 

 

(16,713)

Less: deferred financing costs

 

 

(1,577)

 

 

(1,151)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net

 

$

50,521

 

$

33,471

 

Credit Facility

On March 17, 2021, we entered into the Second Amended and Restated Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), with PNC Bank, National Association (“PNC Bank”), as administrative agent and co-collateral agent, Bank of America, N.A., as co-collateral agent, the Lenders (as defined in the Credit Agreement) party thereto from time to time and PNC Capital Markets LLC, as sole lead arranger and sole bookrunner. The Credit Agreement replaces our prior credit agreement, and provides for a senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $105.0 million (“Revolving Credit Facility”) and a senior secured term loan facility (“Term Loan”) in the amount of $15.0 million (together with the Revolving Credit Facility, the “Facilities”).  

The Company was in compliance with all the applicable financial covenants on the date we entered into the Credit Agreement and through June 30, 2021.

The Facilities, which expire on March 17, 2026 (the ‘Expiration Date”), are collateralized by a first lien on substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, except that no real property is collateral under the Facilities other than Company’s real property in North Jackson, Ohio.

9


 

Availability under the Credit Agreement is based on eligible accounts receivable and inventory. The Company must maintain undrawn availability under the Credit Agreement of at least $11.0 million. That requirement can be overcome if the Company maintains a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.10 to 1.0 measured on a rolling two-quarter basis and calculated in accordance with the terms of the Credit Agreement.

The Company is required to pay a commitment fee of 0.25% based on the daily unused portion of the Revolving Credit Facility.

With respect to the Term Loan, the Company pays quarterly installments of the principal of approximately $0.5 million, plus accrued and unpaid interest, on the first day of each fiscal quarter beginning after June 30, 2021. To the extent not previously paid, the Term Loan will become due and payable in full on the Expiration Date.

Amounts outstanding under the Facilities, at the Company’s option, bear interest at either a base rate or a LIBOR based rate, in either case calculated in accordance with the terms of the Credit Agreement. Interest under the Credit Agreement is payable monthly. We elected to use the LIBOR based rate for the majority of the debt outstanding under the Facilities for the three months ended June 30, 2021, which was approximately 2.60% on our Revolving Credit Facility and 3.10% for the Term Loan.

We incurred $0.5 million in additional financing costs in conjunction with the execution of the Credit Agreement, which were recorded to the consolidated balance sheet in the first quarter of 2021 and will be amortized to interest expense over the life of the Credit Agreement. At June 30, 2021, we had total Credit Agreement related net deferred financing costs of $1.0 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, we amortized $0.1 million of those deferred financing costs.

Paycheck Protection Program Term Note

On April 16, 2020, the Company entered into a promissory note, dated April 15, 2020, with PNC Bank, evidencing an unsecured loan with a principal amount of $10.0 million made to the Company pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP Term Note”) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). The PPP Term Note is guaranteed by the United States Small Business Administration.

The proceeds may be used to maintain payroll or make certain covered interest payments, lease payments and utility payments. Under the terms of the CARES Act, the Company may be granted forgiveness for all or a portion of loan granted under the PPP, with such forgiveness to be determined, subject to limitations, based on the use of the loan proceeds for payment of payroll costs and any payments of certain covered interest, lease and utility payments.

The PPP Term Note bears interest at a fixed annual rate of 1.00%, with the first six months of interest deferred. According to the terms of the PPP Term Note, the Company would begin to make 18 equal monthly payments of principal and interest in November 2020 with the final payment due in April 2022. The PPP Term Note may be accelerated upon the occurrence of an event of default. As of June 30, 2021, the Company has not made any principal or interest payments related to the PPP Term Note.

The Company applied for forgiveness of the PPP Term Note during the third quarter of 2020. In July 2021, the Company was notified by PNC Bank of forgiveness of the note by the United States Small Business Administration. Accordingly, the PPP Term Note was forgiven in its entirety, including all related accrued interest.

At June 30, 2021, we have continued to classify the full principal balance of $10.0 million within Long-term debt, net on the consolidated balance sheet. We will recognize forgiveness of the PPP Term Note in the 2021 third quarter.

Notes

In connection with the acquisition of the North Jackson facility, in August 2011, we issued $20.0 million in aggregate principal amount of notes to the sellers of the North Jackson facility as partial consideration of the acquisition.  

On January 21, 2016, the Company entered into Amended and Restated Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $20.0 million (the “Notes”), each in favor of Gorbert Inc. (“Holder”). The Company’s obligations under the Notes were collateralized by a second lien on the same assets of the Company that collateralize the obligations of the Company under the Facilities. The Holder had the right to elect at any time on or prior to August 17, 2017 to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the Notes.     

The Notes were originally scheduled to mature on March 17, 2019. In 2019, the Company extended the maturity date to March 17, 2020 in accordance with the terms of the Notes. In 2020, the Company extended the maturity date to March 17, 2021 in accordance with the terms of the Notes. The Company made partial principal payments on the notes upon extension, and an aggregate principal amount of $15.0 million remained outstanding at the 2021 maturity date. On March 17, 2021, the Company paid the remaining principal balance and all applicable interest to settle the notes obligation.

The Notes had an applicable interest at a rate of 6.0% per year from August 17, 2017 until the time they were paid off. All accrued and unpaid interest was payable quarterly in arrears on September 18, December 18, March 18 and June 18 of each year.

Note 7: New Markets Tax Credit Financing Transaction

On March 9, 2018, the Company entered into a qualified New Markets Tax Credit (“NMTC”) financing program with PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC and Boston Community Capital, Inc. related to a new mid-size bar cell capital project at the Company’s Dunkirk, NY facility.  PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC made a capital contribution and the Company made a loan to Dunkirk Investment Fund, LLC (“Investment Fund”) under the qualified NMTC program. Through this financing transaction, the Company secured low interest financing and the potential for other future benefits related to its mid-size bar cell capital project.

10


 

In connection with the NMTC financing program, the Company loaned $6.7 million aggregate principal amount (“Leverage Loan”) due in March 2048 to the Investment Fund. Additionally, PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC contributed $3.5 million to the Investment Fund, and as such, PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC is entitled to substantially all tax and other benefits derived from the NMTC. The Investment Fund then contributed the proceeds to a community development entity (“CDE”). The CDE then loaned the funds, on similar terms, as the Leverage Loan to Dunkirk Specialty Steel, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. The CDE loan proceeds are restricted for use on the mid-size bar cell capital project.

The NMTC is subject to 100 percent recapture for a period of seven years as provided in the Internal Revenue Code. The Company is required to comply with various regulations and contractual provisions that apply to the NMTC arrangement. Non-compliance with applicable requirements could result in projected tax benefits not being realized and, therefore, require the Company to indemnify PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC for any loss or recapture of NMTCs related to the financing until the Company’s obligation to deliver tax benefits is relieved. The Company does not anticipate any credit recaptures will be required in connection with this arrangement.

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company recorded $2.8 million within Other long-term liabilities related to this transaction, which represents the funds contributed to the Investment Fund by PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC.

This transaction also includes a put/call provision whereby the Company may be obligated or entitled to repurchase PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC’s interest in the Investment Fund. The Company believes that PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC will exercise the put option in March 2025, at the end of the recapture period, resulting in a gain of $2.8 million at that time. The value attributed to the put/call is negligible.

Direct costs incurred in structuring this financing transaction totaled $0.7 million. These costs were deferred and are amortized over the term of the loans.  

The Company has determined that the Investment Fund and CDE are each a VIE, and that it is the primary beneficiary of each VIE.  This conclusion was reached based on the following:

 

The ongoing activities of the VIE, collecting and remitting interest and fees, and NMTC compliance were all considered in the initial design and are not expected to significantly affect economic performance throughout the life of the VIE;

 

Contractual arrangements obligate the Company to comply with NMTC rules and regulations and provide various other guarantees to the Investment Fund and CDE;

 

PNC New Markets Investment Partners, LLC lacks a material interest in the underlying economics of the project; and

 

The Company is obligated to absorb losses of the VIE.

Because the Company is the primary beneficiary of each VIE, these entities have been included in the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

Note 8:  Fair Value Measurement

The fair value hierarchy has three levels based on the inputs used to determine fair value, which are as follows:

Level 1 — Unadjusted quoted prices available in active markets for the identical assets or liabilities at the measurement date.

Level 2 — Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, or unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability.

Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that cannot be corroborated by observable market data and reflect the use of significant management judgment. These values are generally determined using pricing models for which the assumptions utilize management’s estimates of market participant assumptions.

The fair value hierarchy requires the use of observable market data when available. In instances where the inputs used to measure fair value fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the fair value measurement has been determined based on the lowest level input significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Our assessment of the significance of a particular item to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, including the consideration of inputs specific to the asset or liability.

The carrying amounts of our cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximated fair value at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 due to their short-term maturities (Level 1). The fair value of the Term Loan and Revolving Credit facility at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 approximated the carrying amount as the interest rate is based upon floating short-term interest rates (Level 2). The fair value of our Notes was approximately $15.0 million at December 31, 2020 (Level 2).

Note 9:  Commitments and Contingencies

From time to time, various lawsuits and claims have been or may be asserted against us relating to the conduct of our business, including routine litigation relating to commercial and employment matters. The ultimate cost and outcome of any litigation or claim cannot be predicted with certainty. Management believes, based on information presently available, that the likelihood that the ultimate outcome of any such pending matter will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, or liquidity or a material impact on our results of operations is remote, although the resolution of one or more of these matters may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations for the period in which the resolution occurs.

11


 

Note 10:  Income Taxes

Management estimates the annual effective income tax rate quarterly, based on current annual forecasted results. Items unrelated to current year ordinary income are recognized entirely in the period identified as a discrete item of tax. The quarterly income tax provision includes tax on ordinary income provided at the most recent estimated annual effective tax rate (“ETR”), increased or decreased for the tax effect of discrete items.

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, our estimated annual effective tax rates applied to ordinary income were 27.5% and 24.7%, respectively. The difference between the federal statutory rate of 21.0% and the projected annual ETR of 27.5% for 2021 is primarily due to research and development credits.

Discrete items during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were not significant and were primarily related to expense recorded upon the expiration of stock options, and our ETR for the first half of each year was 26.3% and 23.6%, respectively.

Note 11: Derivatives and Hedging

The Company invoices certain customers in foreign currencies. In order to mitigate the risks associated with fluctuations in exchange rates with the U.S. Dollar, the Company entered into foreign exchange forward contracts to mitigate the foreign currency risk related to a portion of these sales, and has designated these contracts as cash flow hedges. The notional value of contracts was $0.9 million and $1.2 million at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and a related unrealized loss of less than $0.1 million was recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss at each date.  

Additionally, the Company entered into a forward interest rate swap contract during 2020 to fix the interest rate on a portion of its variable-rate debt from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2023. The forward interest rate swap was designated as a cash flow hedge. The notional amount of the contract at its inception and at June 30, 2021 was $16 million, and the notional amount will step down throughout the term. The contract had a related unrealized loss recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss of less than $0.1 million at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

  

 

12


 

 

Item  2.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains or incorporates forward looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Reform Act of 1995, which involves risks and uncertainties. The following information should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial information and the notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should not place undue reliance on these forward looking statements. Actual events or results may differ materially due to competitive factors and other factors referred to in Part 1A. Risk Factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. These factors may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward looking statement. These forward looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections about the industry and markets in which we operate, and management’s beliefs and assumptions. In addition, other written or oral statements that constitute forward looking statements may be made by us or on our behalf. Words such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “may,” “target,” “project,” or variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict.

Overview

We manufacture and market semi-finished and finished specialty steel products, including stainless steel, nickel alloys, tool steel and certain other alloyed steels. Our manufacturing process involves melting, remelting, heat treating, hot and cold rolling, forging, machining and cold drawing of semi-finished and finished specialty steels. Our products are sold to service centers, forgers, rerollers, and original equipment manufacturers. Our customers further process our products for use in a variety of industries, including the aerospace, power generation, oil and gas, heavy equipment and general industrial markets. We also perform conversion services on materials supplied by customers.

Sales in the second quarter of 2021 were $38.5 million, an increase of $1.5 million, or 4.0%, from the first quarter. Compared to the first quarter, sales to all our end markets except aerospace increased. Sales to aerospace, our largest end market, decreased. Recovery in sales to commercial aerospace is expected in the second half of 2021 and 2022, which is supported by our recent order entry and growing backlog.

Total Company backlog, before surcharges, at the end of the second quarter was $98.9 million, an increase of 70.6% over the first quarter level of $58.0 million. This is the second quarter in a row of double-digit growth in our backlog after a low point at the end of 2020.

During the quarter, our sales of premium alloy products, which we define as all vacuum induction melt products, totaled $5.9 million and comprised 15.3% of total sales. This was a decrease compared to the first quarter and driven by the decline in aerospace sales, as our premium alloy products are primarily sold to the aerospace end market.

Our gross margin for the second quarter was $2.2 million, or 5.6% of net sales, compared to a loss of $0.2 million, or negative 0.7% of net sales, for the first quarter. Gross margin in the second quarter of 2020 was $1.9, million or 3.7% of net sales. The second quarter 2021 gross margin included direct charges recorded to the income statement as a result of lower activity levels caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. As lower activity levels at our production facilities continued, $2.1 million of fixed overhead costs were not absorbed into inventory and were charged directly to expense during the quarter.

COVID-19 Pandemic

While the Company’s four plants continued to operate throughout 2020 and the first half of 2021, COVID-19 related challenges negatively impacted the efficiency of our operations. These challenges are expected to continue in the third quarter and may continue thereafter. These factors may have additional far reaching impacts on the Company’s backlog, end markets, overall operations, cash flows and financial results.

The scope and nature of these impacts, most of which are beyond the Company’s control, continue to evolve, and the outcome is uncertain. The ultimate extent of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company, and the end markets we serve, remains highly uncertain and will depend on future developments and, as such, effects could exist for an extended period, even after the pandemic may end.

13


 

Results of Operations

Three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020:

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

(in thousands, except shipped ton information)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Amount

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Dollar / ton variance

 

Percentage variance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

 

$

38,502

 

100.0

 

 

$

52,479

 

100.0

 

 

$

(13,977)

 

(26.6)

 

Cost of products sold

 

 

36,338

 

94.4

 

 

 

50,542

 

96.3

 

 

 

(14,204)

 

(28.1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

 

2,164

 

5.6

 

 

 

1,937

 

3.7

 

 

 

227

 

11.7

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

5,151

 

13.4

 

 

 

5,397

 

10.3

 

 

 

(246)

 

(4.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating loss

 

 

(2,987)

 

(7.8)

 

 

 

(3,460)

 

(6.6)

 

 

 

473

 

13.7

 

Interest expense

 

 

436

 

1.1

 

 

 

750

 

1.4

 

 

 

(314)

 

(41.9)

 

Deferred financing amortization

 

 

56

 

0.1

 

 

 

57

 

0.1

 

 

 

(1)

 

(1.8)

 

Other expense, net

 

 

7

 

-

 

 

 

3

 

-

 

 

 

4

 

133.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(3,486)

 

(9.0)

 

 

 

(4,270)

 

(8.1)

 

 

 

784

 

18.4

 

Income taxes

 

 

(993)

 

(2.6)

 

 

 

(939)

 

(1.8)

 

 

 

(54)

 

(5.8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(2,493)

 

(6.4)

%

 

$

(3,331)

 

(6.3)

%

 

$

838

 

25.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tons shipped

 

 

7,268

 

 

 

 

 

8,987

 

 

 

 

 

(1,719)

 

(19.1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales dollars per shipped ton

 

$

5,297

 

 

 

 

$

5,839

 

 

 

 

$

(542)

 

(9.3)

%

 

 

Market Segment Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Amount

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Dollar

variance

 

Percentage variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service centers

 

$

28,008

 

72.7

%

 

$

35,010

 

66.7

%

 

$

(7,002)

 

(20.0)

%

Original equipment manufacturers

 

 

2,785

 

7.2

 

 

 

6,524

 

12.4

 

 

 

(3,739)

 

(57.3)

 

Rerollers

 

 

5,114

 

13.3

 

 

 

5,334

 

10.2

 

 

 

(220)

 

(4.1)

 

Forgers

 

 

2,282

 

6.0

 

 

 

4,676

 

8.9

 

 

 

(2,394)

 

(51.2)

 

Conversion services and other

 

 

313

 

0.8

 

 

 

935

 

1.8

 

 

 

(622)

 

(66.5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

$

38,502

 

100.0

%

 

$

52,479

 

100.0

%

 

$

(13,977)

 

(26.6)

%

14


 

 

 

Melt Type Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

Percentage of net sales

 

 

Amount

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Dollar

variance

 

Percentage variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specialty alloys

 

$

32,295

 

83.9

%

 

$

39,102

 

74.5

%

 

$

(6,807)

 

(17.4)

%

Premium alloys (A)

 

 

5,894

 

15.3

 

 

 

12,442

 

23.7

 

 

 

(6,548)

 

(52.6)

 

Conversion services and other

 

 

313

 

0.8

 

 

 

935

 

1.8

 

 

 

(622)

 

(66.5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

$

38,502

 

100.0

%

 

$

52,479

 

100.0

%

 

$

(13,977)

 

(26.6)

%

 

(A)

Premium alloys represent all vacuum induction melted (VIM) products.

 

The majority of our products are sold to service centers rather than the ultimate end market customers. The end market information in this Quarterly Report is our estimate based upon our knowledge of our customers and the grade of material sold to them, which they will in-turn sell to the ultimate end market customer.

 

End Market Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Amount

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Dollar

variance

 

Percentage variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerospace

 

$

21,318

 

55.4

%

 

$

37,150

 

70.8

%

 

$

(15,832)

 

(42.6)

%

Power generation

 

 

1,407

 

3.7

 

 

 

2,116

 

4.0

 

 

 

(709)

 

(33.5)

 

Oil & gas

 

 

3,938

 

10.2

 

 

 

3,619

 

6.9

 

 

 

319

 

8.8

 

Heavy equipment

 

 

9,273

 

24.1

 

 

 

5,561

 

10.6

 

 

 

3,712

 

66.8

 

General industrial, conversion services and other

 

2,566

 

6.6

 

 

 

4,033

 

7.7

 

 

 

(1,467)

 

(36.4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

$

38,502

 

100.0

%

 

$

52,479

 

100.0

%

 

$

(13,977)

 

(26.6)

%

 

 

Net sales:

Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $14.0 million, or 26.6%, compared to the same period in the prior year. This was caused by the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our customers and end markets, and ultimately our order levels.

Gross margin:

As a percent of net sales, our gross margin for the three months ended June 30, 2021 was 5.6%, compared to 3.7% for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase is due in part to the benefit of operating efficiencies at our facilities within the cost of products sold during the period, as well as higher surcharges in our sales price.

Selling, general and administrative expenses:

Our selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses consist primarily of employee costs, which include salaries, payroll taxes and benefit related costs, professional services, stock compensation and insurance costs. SG&A expenses decreased by $0.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease reflects lower salary and benefit related costs due to lower headcount, partly offset by an increase in accruals for incentive compensation.

Interest expense and other financing costs:

Interest expense totaled approximately $0.4 million in the second quarter of 2021 compared to $0.8 million in the second quarter of 2020. The decrease reflects the benefit of lower interest rates as well as lower overall average debt levels.   

Income taxes:

Management estimates the annual effective income tax rate quarterly, based on current annual forecasted results. Items unrelated to current year ordinary income are recognized entirely in the period identified as a discrete item of tax. The quarterly income tax provision includes tax on ordinary income provided at the most recent estimated annual effective tax rate (“ETR”), increased or decreased for the tax effect of discrete items.

For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, our estimated annual effective tax rates applied to ordinary income were 27.5% and 24.7%, respectively. The difference between the federal statutory rate of 21.0% and the projected annual ETR of 27.5% for 2021 is primarily due to research and development credits.

15


 

Discrete items during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were not significant and were primarily related to expense recorded upon the expiration of stock options. Our ETR for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was 28.5% and 22.0%, respectively.

Net loss:

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company recorded a net loss of $2.5 million, or $0.28 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $3.3 million, or $0.38 per diluted share, for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020:

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands, except shipped ton information)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Dollar / ton variance

 

 

Percentage variance

Total net sales

 

 

 

75,540

 

 

 

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

110,973

 

 

 

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

(35,433

)

 

 

(31.9

)

 

Cost of products sold

 

 

 

73,624

 

 

 

97.5

 

 

 

 

 

104,127

 

 

 

93.8

 

 

 

 

 

(30,503

)

 

 

(29.3

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

 

 

1,916

 

 

 

2.5

 

 

 

 

 

6,846

 

 

 

6.2

 

 

 

 

 

(4,930

)

 

 

(72.0

)

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

 

10,382

 

 

 

13.7

 

 

 

 

 

11,305

 

 

 

10.2

 

 

 

 

 

(923

)

 

 

(8.2

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating loss

 

 

 

(8,466

)

 

 

(11.2

)

 

 

 

 

(4,459

)

 

 

(4.0

)

 

 

 

 

(4,007

)

 

 

89.9

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

 

930

 

 

 

1.2

 

 

 

 

 

1,646

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

(716

)

 

 

(43.5

)

 

Deferred financing amortization

 

 

 

112

 

 

 

0.2

 

 

 

 

 

113

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(0.9

)

 

Other expense (income), net

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

(14

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

37

 

 

 

(264.3

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

 

(9,531

)

 

 

(12.6

)

 

 

 

 

(6,204

)

 

 

(5.6

)

 

 

 

 

(3,327

)

 

 

53.6

 

 

Income taxes

 

 

 

(2,509

)

 

 

(3.3

)

 

 

 

 

(1,462

)

 

 

(1.3

)

 

 

 

 

(1,047

)

 

 

71.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

 

(7,022

)

 

 

(9.3

)

%

 

$

 

(4,742

)

 

 

(4.3

)

%

 

$

 

(2,280

)

 

 

(48.1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tons shipped

 

 

 

14,316

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,107

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,791

)

 

 

(25.1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales dollars per shipped ton

 

$

 

5,277

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

5,808

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

(531

)

 

 

(9.1

)

%

 

 

Market Segment Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

 

Dollar

variance

 

 

Percentage variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service centers

 

$

 

53,852

 

 

 

71.3

 

%

 

$

 

77,894

 

 

 

70.2

 

%

 

$

 

(24,042

)

 

 

(30.9

)

%

Original equipment manufacturers

 

 

 

7,580

 

 

 

10.0

 

 

 

 

 

12,219

 

 

 

11.0

 

 

 

 

 

(4,639

)

 

 

(38.0

)

 

Rerollers

 

 

 

8,907

 

 

 

11.8

 

 

 

 

 

10,439

 

 

 

9.4

 

 

 

 

 

(1,532

)

 

 

(14.7

)

 

Forgers

 

 

 

4,494

 

 

 

5.9

 

 

 

 

 

8,576

 

 

 

7.7

 

 

 

 

 

(4,082

)

 

 

(47.6

)

 

Conversion services and other sales

 

 

 

707

 

 

 

1.0

 

 

 

 

 

1,845

 

 

 

1.7

 

 

 

 

 

(1,138

)

 

 

(61.7

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

$

 

75,540

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

110,973

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

(35,433

)

 

 

(31.9

)

%

 

 

 

16


 

 

Melt Type Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

 

Dollar

variance

 

 

Percentage variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specialty alloys

 

$

 

61,386

 

 

 

81.3

 

%

 

$

 

89,022

 

 

 

80.2

 

%

 

$

 

(27,636

)

 

 

(31.0

)

%

Premium alloys (A)

 

 

 

13,447

 

 

 

17.8

 

 

 

 

 

20,106

 

 

 

18.1

 

 

 

 

 

(6,659

)

 

 

(33.1

)

 

Conversion services and other sales

 

 

 

707

 

 

 

0.9

 

 

 

 

 

1,845

 

 

 

1.7

 

 

 

 

 

(1,138

)

 

 

(61.7

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

$

 

75,540

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

110,973

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

(35,433

)

 

 

(31.9

)

%

(A)

Premium alloys represent all vacuum induction melted (VIM) products.

 

The majority of our products are sold to service centers rather than the ultimate end market customers. The end market information in this Quarterly Report is our estimate based upon our knowledge of our customers and the grade of material sold to them, which they will in-turn sell to the ultimate end market customer.

 

End Market Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

 

Dollar

variance

 

 

Percentage variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerospace

 

$

 

43,545

 

 

 

57.6

 

%

 

$

 

79,548

 

 

 

71.7

 

%

 

$

 

(36,003

)

 

 

(45.3

)

%

Power generation

 

 

 

2,606

 

 

 

3.4

 

 

 

 

 

4,333

 

 

 

3.9

 

 

 

 

 

(1,727

)

 

 

(39.9

)

 

Oil & gas

 

 

 

7,004

 

 

 

9.3

 

 

 

 

 

8,023

 

 

 

7.2

 

 

 

 

 

(1,019

)

 

 

(12.7

)

 

Heavy equipment

 

 

 

17,353

 

 

 

23.0

 

 

 

 

 

11,702

 

 

 

10.5

 

 

 

 

 

5,651

 

 

 

48.3

 

 

General industrial, conversion services and other sales

 

 

 

5,032

 

 

 

6.7

 

 

 

 

 

7,367

 

 

 

6.7

 

 

 

 

 

(2,335

)

 

 

(31.7

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

$

 

75,540

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

110,973

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

(35,433

)

 

 

(31.9

)

%

 

Net sales:

Net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $35.4 million, or 31.9%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. This reflects decreases in consolidated shipment volume of 25.1% and average sales dollar per shipped ton of 9.1%. The decrease in volume was caused by the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our customers and end markets, and ultimately our order levels. The decrease in sales dollars per shipped ton is due to the lower mix of aerospace and premium alloy products as a percent of sales, which was also driven by the overall economic impact of the pandemic on the end markets we serve.

Gross margin:

Our gross margin, as a percent of sales, was 2.5% for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to 6.2% for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease is primarily the result of higher direct charges associated with lower activity levels due to the economic downturn in the first half of 2021 compared to the first half of 2020. The total fixed overhead amount directly charged to the income statement due to low activity in the first half of 2021 was $4.7 million, compared with $0.2 million in the same period in the prior year.

Selling, general and administrative expenses:

Our SG&A expenses consist primarily of employee costs, which include salaries, payroll taxes and benefit related costs, professional services, stock compensation and insurance costs. SG&A expenses decreased by $0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease reflects lower salary and benefit related costs due to lower headcount, partly offset by an increase in accruals for incentive compensation.

Interest expense and other financing costs:

Interest expense totaled approximately $0.9 million in the first half of 2021 compared to $1.6 million in the first half of 2020. The decrease reflects the benefit of lower interest rates as well as lower overall average debt levels.    

17


 

Income taxes:

Management estimates the annual effective income tax rate quarterly, based on current annual forecasted results. Items unrelated to current year ordinary income are recognized entirely in the period identified as a discrete item of tax. The quarterly income tax provision includes tax on ordinary income provided at the most recent estimated annual ETR, increased or decreased for the tax effect of discrete items.

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, our estimated annual effective tax rates applied to ordinary income were 27.5% and 24.7%, respectively. The difference between the federal statutory rate of 21.0% and the projected annual ETR of 27.5% for 2021 is primarily due to research and development credits.

Discrete items during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were not significant and were primarily related to expense recorded upon the expiration of stock options. Our ETR for the first half of each year was 26.3% and 23.6%, respectively

Net loss:

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company recorded a net loss of $7.0 million, or $0.79 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $4.7 million, or $0.54 per diluted share, for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Historically, we have financed our operations through cash provided by operating activities and borrowings on our credit facilities. At June 30, 2021, we maintained approximately $42.1 million of remaining availability under our revolving credit facility.

We believe that our cash flows from continuing operations, as well as available borrowings under our credit facility are adequate to satisfy our working capital, capital expenditure requirements, and other contractual obligations for the foreseeable future, including at least the next 12 months.

On April 16, 2020, the Company entered into a promissory note, dated April 15, 2020, with PNC Bank, National Association (“PNC Bank”), evidencing an unsecured loan with a principal amount of $10.0 million made to the Company pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP Term Note”) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act. The PPP Term Note is guaranteed by the United States Small Business Administration.

Through June 30, 2021, the Company has not made any principal or interest payments related to the PPP Term Note. The Company applied for forgiveness of the PPP Term Note during the third quarter of 2020. In July 2021, PNC Bank notified the Company of forgiveness of the note by the United States Small Business Administration. Accordingly, the PPP Term Note was forgiven in its entirety, including all related accrued interest.

At June 30, 2021, we have continued to classify the full principal balance of $10.0 million within Long-term debt, net on the consolidated balance sheet. We will recognize forgiveness of the PPP Term Note in the 2021 third quarter

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, net cash of $1.7 million was generated from operating activities. Our net loss, after adjustments for non-cash expenses, generated $0.7 million. We used $2.9 million of cash from managed working capital, which we define as net accounts receivable, plus inventory, minus accounts payable, minus other current liabilities. Accounts receivable increased due to higher sales in the 2021 second quarter compared to the 2020 fourth quarter, while inventory increased $10.3 million to support our growing backlog. Accounts payable increased $12.3 as well in line with the increased production activity compared to the end of 2020, and other current liabilities decreased $1.8 million. We also generated $3.9 million of cash from other assets and liabilities.

During the six months ended June 30, 2020, net cash used in operating activities was $0.4 million. Our net loss, after adjustments for non-cash expenses, generated $4.6 million. We utilized $8.0 million of cash on managed working capital. Accounts receivable decreased due to lower sales, and both inventory and accounts payable decreased due to lower melt activity levels and lower purchasing related to strategic spend reduction initiatives. In addition, we generated $2.9 million of cash from other assets and liabilities, primarily consisting of timing of business insurance payments and cash received under a prior insurance claim

Net cash used in investing activities:

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we used $4.5 million of cash for capital expenditures, compared to $7.2 million for the same period in the prior year. Approximately half of the current year to date total is related to strategic projects to expand our melt and remelt capabilities related to premium products. These projects are scheduled for completion before the end of 2021, and total capital spending for 2021 is expected to approximate $11.0 million.

Net cash provided by financing activities:

Net cash provided by financing activities was $2.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $7.7 million for the same period in the prior year. The decrease was due to better cash generation from our operations, and lower capital expenditures.

Financing activities included the impacts of amending our credit agreement in the first quarter of 2021, which primarily includes proceeds of $8.6 million received from increasing our term loan principal balance to $15.0 million. The proceeds from the Term Loan (as defined below) and borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility (as defined below) were used to pay the $15.0 million in notes that matured during the first quarter.

18


 

Raw materials

The cost of raw materials represents approximately 40% of the cost of products sold in the first six months of 2021 and 2020. The major raw materials used in our operations include nickel, molybdenum, vanadium, chrome, iron and carbon scrap. Additionally, our Bridgeville facility uses graphite electrodes as a consumable supply in the melting process. We maintain a surcharge within our sales price to mitigate the risk of substantial raw material cost fluctuations. The market values for these raw materials and others continue to fluctuate based on supply and demand, market disruptions and other factors. Over time, our surcharge will effectively offset changes in raw material costs; however, during a period of rising or falling prices the timing will cause variation between reporting periods.

Credit Facility

On March 17, 2021, we entered into the Second Amended and Restated Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), with PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent and co-collateral agent, Bank of America, N.A., as co-collateral agent, the Lenders (as defined in the Credit Agreement) party thereto from time to time and PNC Capital Markets LLC, as sole lead arranger and sole bookrunner. The Credit Agreement replaces our prior credit agreement, and provides for a senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $105.0 million (“Revolving Credit Facility”) and a senior secured term loan facility (“Term Loan”) in the amount of $15.0 million (together with the Revolving Credit Facility, the “Facilities”).  

The Company was in compliance with all the applicable financial covenants on the date we entered into the Credit Agreement and through June 30, 2021.

The Facilities, which expire on March 17, 2026 (the ‘Expiration Date”), are collateralized by a first lien on substantially all the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, except that no real property is collateral under the Facilities other than Company’s real property in North Jackson, Ohio.

Availability under the Credit Agreement is based on eligible accounts receivable and inventory. The Company must maintain undrawn availability under the Credit Agreement of at least $11.0 million. That requirement can be overcome if the Company maintains a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.10 to 1.0 measured on a rolling two quarter basis and calculated in accordance with the terms of the Credit Agreement.

The Company is required to pay a commitment fee of 0.25% based on the daily unused portion of the Revolving Credit Facility.

With respect to the Term Loan, the Company pays quarterly installments of the principal of approximately $0.5 million, plus accrued and unpaid interest, on the first day of each fiscal quarter beginning after June 30, 2021. To the extent not previously paid, the Term Loan will become due and payable in full on the Expiration Date.

Amounts outstanding under the Facilities, at the Company’s option, bear interest at either a base rate or a LIBOR based rate, in either case calculated in accordance with the terms of the Credit Agreement. Interest under the Credit Agreement is payable monthly. We elected to use the LIBOR based rate for the majority of the debt outstanding under the Facilities for the three months ended June 30, 2021, which was approximately 2.60% on our Revolving Credit Facility and 3.10% for the Term Loan.

We incurred $0.5 million in additional financing costs in conjunction with the execution of the Credit Agreement, which were recorded to the consolidated balance sheet in the first quarter of 2021 and will be amortized to interest expense over the life of the Credit Agreement. At June 30, 2021, we had total Credit Agreement related net deferred financing costs of approximately $1.0 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, we amortized $0.1 million of those deferred financing costs.

Notes

In connection with the acquisition of the North Jackson facility, in August 2011, we issued $20.0 million in aggregate principal amount of notes to the sellers of the North Jackson facility as partial consideration of the acquisition.  

On January 21, 2016, the Company entered into Amended and Restated Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $20.0 million (the “Notes”), each in favor of Gorbert Inc. (“Holder”). The Company’s obligations under the Notes were collateralized by a second lien on the same assets of the Company that collateralize the obligations of the Company under the Facilities. The Holder had the right to elect at any time on or prior to August 17, 2017 to convert all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of the Notes.    

The Notes were originally scheduled to mature on March 17, 2019. In 2019, the Company extended the maturity date to March 17, 2020 in accordance with the terms of the Notes. In 2020, the Company extended the maturity date to March 17, 2021 in accordance with the terms of the Notes. The Company made partial principal payments on the notes upon extension, and an aggregate principal amount of $15.0 million remained outstanding at the 2021 maturity date. On March 17, 2021, the Company paid the remaining principal balance and all applicable interest to settle the notes obligation.

The Notes had an applicable interest at a rate of 6.0% per year from August 17, 2017 until the time they were paid off. All accrued and unpaid interest was payable quarterly in arrears on September 18, December 18, March 18 and June 18 of each year.

19


 

Leases

The Company periodically enters into leases in its normal course of business. Operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets are recorded to the consolidated balance sheet at the present value of minimum lease payments. The assets are included in Other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets and are amortized over the respective terms, which are five years or less. The long-term component of the lease liability is recorded in Other long-term liabilities, net and the current component is included in Other current liabilities.

The right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for finance leases are recorded at the present value of minimum lease payments. The assets are included in Property, plant and equipment, net on the consolidated balance sheets and are depreciated over the respective lease terms. The long-term component of the lease liability is included in Long-term debt and the current component is included in Current portion of long-term debt.

The Company entered into one new agreement accounted for as an operating lease during the first quarter of 2021, and did not enter into any new agreements accounted for as an operating or finance lease agreements during the second quarter.

 

Item 3.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The Company has reviewed its market risk and believes there are no significant changes from that disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, except as provided in this Form 10-Q in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and in Part II. Item 1A. “Risk Factors.”

Item 4.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

The Company’s management, including the Company’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer (in his capacity as the Company’s principal executive, financial and accounting officer), performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer concluded that, as of the end of the fiscal period covered by this quarterly report, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective. During the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021, there were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting which have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

20


 

Part II.

OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.

There are no material changes from the legal proceedings disclosed in Item 3. of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Item 1A.

RISK FACTORS

In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the factors discussed in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 could materially affect our business, financial conditions or future results. Those risk factors are not the only risks facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or operating results. We believe that there have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Item 2.

UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

None.

Item 3.

DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

Item 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable.

Item 5.

OTHER INFORMATION

Not Applicable.

21


 

Item 6.

EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Exhibit

 

 

 

10.1

 

Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Inc. Amended and Restated 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 7, 2021).

 

 

 

10.2

 

Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Inc. Amended and Restated 1996 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 7, 2021).

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).

 

 

 

101

 

The following financial information from this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) and filed electronically herewith: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Operations; (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss; (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity; and (v) the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (filed herewith).

 

 

 

104

 

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in the Exhibit 101 attachments).

 

22


 

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date:  July 21, 2021

 

 

 

 

/s/    Dennis M. Oates

 

Dennis M. Oates

 

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

 

(Principal Executive, Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

23