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SCWO 374Water

Filed: 2 Nov 21, 4:22pm

  

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period ended September 30, 2021

 

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Commission file number: 000-27866

 

374WATER INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

88-0271109

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

701 W Main Street, Suite 410

Durham, NC 27701

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(919) 888-8194

(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)

 

9300 S. Dadeland Blvd. Suite 600

Miami, Florida 33156 (Former address)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒ Yes      ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). ☒ Yes      ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ☐ Yes      ☒ No

 

State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common equity, as of the latest practicable date: As of November 1, 2021, the issuer had 122,817,746 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

Index to Form 10-Q

 

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2020

 

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

 

5

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

 

6

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

 

7

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

8

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

15

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

17

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

 

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

18

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

18

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

18

 

Item 3.

Defaults upon Senior Securities

 

18

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

18

 

Item 5.

Other Information

 

18

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

20

 

 

 
2

Table of Contents

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Information

 

This Form 10-Q contains certain statements related to future results of the Company that are considered “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied as a result of certain risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, changes in political and economic conditions; interest rate fluctuation; competitive pricing pressures within the Company’s market; equity and fixed income market fluctuation; technological changes; changes in law; changes in fiscal, monetary, regulatory, and tax policies; monetary fluctuations as well as other risks and uncertainties detailed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q or from time-to-time in the filings of the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which such statements are made, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

 
3

Table of Contents

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

374Water Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

September 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2020

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$6,847,580

 

 

$71,799

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

12,667

 

 

 

31,330

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

40,668

 

 

 

0

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

6,900,915

 

 

 

103,129

 

Long-Term Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment, net

 

 

2,195

 

 

 

403

 

Intangible asset, net

 

 

1,057,742

 

 

 

0

 

Other assets

 

 

20,101

 

 

 

275

 

Total Long-Term Assets

 

 

1,080,038

 

 

 

678

 

Total Assets

 

$7,980,953

 

 

$103,807

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$76,935

 

 

$76,249

 

Advances from stockholders

 

 

0

 

 

 

15,108

 

Other liabilities

 

 

23,207

 

 

 

1,200

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

100,142

 

 

 

92,557

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

100,142

 

 

 

92,557

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock: 1,000,000 Convertible Series D preferred shares authorized; par value $0.0001 per share, 27,272 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and nil issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 (Liquidation Preference of $408,950)

 

 

3

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

��

 

 

 

Common stock: 200,000,000 common shares authorized, par value $0.0001 per share, 122,817,746 and 62,410,452 shares outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

 

 

12,281

 

 

 

6,241

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

10,356,751

 

 

 

416

 

Accumulated (deficit) earnings

 

 

(2,488,224)

 

 

4,593

 

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

7,880,811

 

 

 

11,250

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

$7,980,953

 

 

$103,807

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
4

Table of Contents

 

374Water, Inc. and Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended

September 30,

 

 

Nine months ended

September 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$19,000

 

 

$32,763

 

 

$33,600

 

 

$32,763

 

Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

115,936

 

 

 

1,740

 

 

 

269,796

 

 

 

1,740

 

Product development

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,399,833

 

 

 

0

 

Professional Fees

 

 

84,514

 

 

 

2,165

 

 

 

245,152

 

 

 

2,665

 

General and administrative

 

 

370,937

 

 

 

5,091

 

 

 

612,387

 

 

 

7,486

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

 

571,387

 

 

 

8,996

 

 

 

2,527,168

 

 

 

11,891

 

Income (Loss) from Operations

 

 

(552,387)

 

 

23,767

 

 

 

(2,493,568)

 

 

20,872

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Award income

 

 

0

 

 

 

50,000

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

52,000

 

Interest income

 

 

428

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

751

 

 

 

0

 

Total Other Income

 

 

428

 

 

 

50,000

 

 

 

751

 

 

 

52,000

 

Net Income (Loss) before Income Taxes

 

 

(551,959)

 

 

73,767

 

 

 

(2,492,817)

 

 

72,872

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Income (Loss)

 

$(551,959)

 

$73,767

 

 

$(2,492,817)

 

$72,872

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Income (Loss) per Share - Basic and Diluted

 

$(0.01)

 

$0.00

 

 

$(0.03)

 

$0.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding - Basic and Diluted

 

 

98,391,746

 

 

 

62,410,452

 

 

 

84,283,229

 

 

 

62,410,452

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
5

Table of Contents

 

374Water Inc. and Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Preferred Stock

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

 

 

Paid in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

Balances, December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

$0

 

 

 

62,410,452

 

 

$6,241

 

 

$416

 

 

$4,593

 

 

$11,250

 

Accretion of stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

10,433

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

10,433

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(66,551)

 

 

(66,551)

Balances, March 31, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

62,410,452

 

 

 

6,241

 

 

 

10,849

 

 

 

(61,958)

 

 

(44,868)

Issuance of stock warrants for development of product

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,399,833

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(1,399,833)

Recapitalization of the Company

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

33,203,512

 

 

 

3,320

 

 

 

(87,545)

 

 

0

 

 

 

(84,225)

Series D preferred stock issued for cash and settlement of accounts payable

 

 

440,125

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

6,601,701

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

6,601,745

 

Exercised option and warrants

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,175,500

 

 

 

118

 

 

 

150,227

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

150,345

 

Accretion of stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

15,134

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

15,134

 

Issuance of common stock for license rights

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,602,282

 

 

 

160

 

 

 

1,073,369

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,073,529

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(1,874,307)

 

 

(1,874,307)

Balances, June 30, 2021

 

 

440,125

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

98,391,746

 

 

$9,839

 

 

$9,163,568

 

 

$(1,936,265)

 

$7,237,186

 

Exercised option and warrants

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

3,783,333

 

 

 

377

 

 

 

1,134,622

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,134,999

 

Accretion of stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

60,585

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60,585

 

Conversion of convertible preferred shares into common stock

 

 

(412,853)

 

 

(41)

 

 

20,642,667

 

 

 

2,064

 

 

 

(2,023)

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(551,959)

 

 

(551,959)

Balances, September 30, 2021

 

 

27,272

 

 

$3

 

 

 

122,817,746

 

 

$12,281

 

 

$10,356,751

 

 

$(2,488,224)

 

$7,880,811

 

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020

 

 

 

Preferred Stock

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

 

 

Paid in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

(Deficit)

 

Balances, December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

$0

 

 

 

62,410,452

 

 

$6,241

 

 

$(6,241)

 

$(35,744)

 

$(35,744)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(709)

 

 

(709)

Balance, March 31,2020

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

62,410,452

 

 

 

6,241

 

 

 

(6,241)

 

 

(36,453)

 

 

(36,453)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(186)

 

 

(186)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balances, June 30, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

62,410,452

 

 

$6,241

 

 

 

(6,241)

 

 

(36,639)

 

 

(36,639)

Net Income

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

73,767

 

 

 

73,767

 

Balances, September 30, 2020

 

 

 

 

$0

 

 

 

62,410,452

 

 

$6,241

 

 

$(6,241)

 

$37,128

 

 

$37,128

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
6

Table of Contents

 

374Water Inc. and Subsidiary

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$(2,492,817)

 

$72,873

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

16,314

 

 

 

0

 

Stock based compensation

 

 

86,152

 

 

 

0

 

Warrant issued for product development agreement

 

 

1,399,833

 

 

 

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

19,663

 

 

 

2,165

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(78,558)

 

 

0

 

Prepaid expense

 

 

(26,185)

 

 

0

 

Other liabilities

 

 

22,007

 

 

 

3,546

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Provided by (Used In) Operating Activities

 

 

(1,053,591)

 

 

78,584

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of equipment

 

 

(2,319)

 

 

0

 

Proceeds from reverse acquisition

 

 

29,536

 

 

 

0

 

Increase in other asset

 

 

(19,826)

 

 

(275)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Provided by (Used In) Investing Activities

 

 

7,391

 

 

 

(275)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flow from Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repayments to stockholders for advances

 

 

(15,108)

 

 

0

 

Proceeds from sale of series D preferred share

 

 

6,551,745

 

 

 

0

 

Proceeds from exercise of options and warrants

 

 

1,285,344

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Provided by Financing Activities

 

 

7,821,981

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Increase in Cash

 

 

6,775,781

 

 

 

78,309

 

Cash, Beginning of the Period

 

 

71,799

 

 

 

5,262

 

Cash, End of the Period

 

$6,847,580

 

 

$83,571

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock for license rights

 

$1,073,529

 

 

$0

 

Accounts payable settled with Series D Preferred Stock

 

$50,000

 

 

$0

 

Net Liabilities Assumed in Reverse Acquisition:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$29,536

 

 

$0

 

Prepaid expense

 

 

14,483

 

 

 

0

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

0

 

Account payable

 

 

(46,150)

 

 

0

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(83,094)

 

 

0

 

Net liability assumed

 

$(84,225)

 

$0

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
7

Table of Contents

 

374Water Inc. and Subsidiary

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

September 30, 2021

 

Note 1 – Nature of Business and Presentation of Financial Statements

 

Description of the Company

 

374Water, Inc., f/k/a PowerVerde, Inc. (the “Company”) was a Delaware corporation formed in March 2007. The Company was formed to develop, commercialize, and market a series of unique electric generating power systems designed to produce electrical power with zero emissions or waste byproducts, based on a patented pressure-driven expander motor and related organic rankine cycle technology.

 

On April 16, 2021, 374Water Inc. (f/k/a PowerVerde, Inc.) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with 374Water, Inc., a privately held company based in Durham, North Carolina, (“374Water”) and 374Water Acquisition Corp., a newly-formed wholly-owned subsidiary of PowerVerde (“Sub”). The parties entered into the Agreement pursuant to their Binding Letter of Intent dated September 20, 2020.

 

Pursuant to the merger contemplated by the Merger Agreement (the “Merger”), on April 16, 2021, Sub merged into 374Water, with 374Water as the surviving corporation. In connection with the Merger, all 374Water shares were cancelled and 374Water, Inc. issued to the former 374Water shareholders a total of 62,410,452 shares of 374Water, Inc. common stock. Immediately following the Merger, 374Water changed its name to 374Water Systems Inc and PowerVerde changed its name to 374Water, Inc. After the Merger, the former 374Water stockholders own 64.2% of 374Water Inc’s issued and outstanding common stock and 53.8% of 374Water Inc.’s issued and outstanding voting stock which includes the Preferred Stock. The Merger was accounted for as a reverse acquisition (See Note 4).

 

Nature of Business

 

With the Merger, 374Water Inc.’s current mission is to support a clean and healthy environment to sustain life. The Company plans to use cutting-edge science to recover resources from the waste our society generates and keep drinking water clean. The Company’s customers will include businesses and local governments that will make the sustainable development goals a reality. No material revenues from this planned principal operation have been generated since inception. Revenues to date have been from manufacturing assembly services and from testing, consulting, and advisory services procedures for multiple customers, which have been performed in collaboration with Duke University.

 

Presentation of Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for interim financial information. It is management’s opinion that that the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with instructions for Form 10-Q and include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) which are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the periods presented. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted. It is suggested that these condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the Annual Report of 374Water Inc, formerly known as PowerVerde, Inc. (“PowerVerde,” “we,” “us,” “our,” or the “Company”) as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 9, 2021. The results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year or for future periods. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of 374Water Inc, formerly known as PowerVerde, Inc. (the “Company”), and PowerVerde Systems, Inc., and 374Water Systems Inc, its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. These interim financial statements reflect the acquisition of the Company’s new wholly-owned subsidiary, 374Water Systems Inc., which was consummated on April 16, 2021, as more fully disclosed in Note 4.

 

 
8

Table of Contents

 

Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company held no cash equivalents as of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivables consist of balances due from service revenues. The Company monitors accounts receivable and provides allowances when considered necessary. At September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, accounts receivable were considered to be fully collectible. Accordingly, no allowance for doubtful accounts was provided.

 

Equipment

 

Equipment is recorded at cost. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method and an estimated useful live of three years. Expenses for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets are subject to amortization, and any impairment is determined in accordance with ASC 360, “Property, Plant, and Equipment.” Intangible assets are stated at historical cost and amortized over their estimated useful lives. The Company uses a straight-line method of amortization, unless a method that better reflects the pattern in which the economic benefits of the intangible asset are consumed or otherwise used up can be reliably determined.

 

Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company reviews long-lived assets, including intangible assets with finite lives, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The Company uses an estimate of the undiscounted cash flows over the remaining life of its long-lived assets, or related group of assets where applicable, in measuring whether the assets to be held and used will be realizable. Recoverability of assets held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount to the future undiscounted expected net cash flows to be generated by the asset. As of September 30, 2021, and 2020, there were no impairments.

 

Revenue Recognition and Concentration

 

The Company follows the revenue standards of Financial Accounting Standards Board Update No. 2014-09: “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).” The core principle of this Topic is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Revenue is recognized in accordance with that core principle by applying the following five steps: 1) identify the contracts with a customer; 2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; 3) determine the transaction price; 4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; and 5) recognize revenue when (or as) we satisfy a performance obligation.

 

The Company’s performance obligations will be satisfied at the point in time when products are shipped or delivered to the customer, which is when the customer has title and the significant risks and rewards of ownership. Therefore, the Company’s contracts will have a single performance obligation (shipment or delivery of product). The Company will primarily receive fixed consideration for sales of product. Manufacturing assembly services are recognized as revenue when the assembled product is delivered to the customer and the Company has completed its performance obligations.

 

Revenues for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2021, and 2020 were generated from one manufacturing assembly service agreement, with a related party, and from two consulting and advisory service agreements with unrelated parties, which were recognized when the Company completed its performance obligations under the relevant service agreements.

 

Stock-based Compensation

 

The Company has accounted for stock-based compensation under the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 718 – “Stock Compensation” which requires the use of the fair-value based method to determine compensation for all arrangements under which employees and others receive shares of stock or equity instruments (stock options and common stock purchase warrants). The fair value of each stock option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes valuation model that uses assumptions for expected volatility, expected dividends, expected term, and the risk-free interest rate. Expected volatilities are based on historical volatility of peer companies and other factors estimated over the expected term of the stock options. The expected term of options granted is derived using the “simplified method” which computes expected term as the average of the sum of the vesting term plus the contract term. The risk-free rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the period of the expected term.

 

 
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Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes

 

The Company follows the provisions of ASC Topic 740-10, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes” which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. This topic also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. There were no uncertain tax positions as of September 30, 2021, and December 30, 2020.

 

Income Tax Policy

 

The Company accounts for income taxes using the liability method prescribed by ASC 740 - Income Taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates that will be in effect in the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance to offset deferred tax assets if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more-likely-than-not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized as income or loss in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

Research and Development Costs

 

The Company’s research and development costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. Such expenditures amounted to $269,796 and $1,740 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, and 2020, respectively. Such expenditures amounted to $115,936 and $1,740 for the three months ended September 30, 2021, and 2020, respectively.

 

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

 

Earnings (loss) per share is computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 260, “Earnings per Share”. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock, common stock equivalents and other potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period. Certain common stock equivalents were not included in the earnings (loss) per share calculation as their effect would be anti-dilutive. As of September 30, 2021, there were the following potentially dilutive securities that were excluded from diluted net loss per share because their effect would be antidilutive: options for 12,596,000 shares of common stock and 1,363,600 common stock shares issuable upon conversion of the Series D Preferred Stock. There were no dilutive shares as of September 30, 2020.

 

Financial Instruments

 

The Company carries cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses, at historical costs. The respective estimated fair values of these assets and liabilities approximate carrying values / useful lives of equipment and intangible assets due to their current nature.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates in the accompanying financial statements include the fair value of equity-based compensation, useful lives of intangible assets, and valuation allowance against deferred tax assets.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-06, Debt — Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging — Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40) (“ASU 2020-06”) to simplify accounting for certain financial instruments. ASU 2020-06 eliminates the current models that require separation of beneficial conversion and cash conversion features from convertible instruments and simplifies the derivative scope exception guidance pertaining to equity classification of contracts in an entity’s own equity. The new standard also introduces additional disclosures for convertible debt and freestanding instruments that are indexed to and settled in an entity’s own equity. ASU 2020-06 amends the diluted earnings per share guidance, including the requirement to use the if-converted method for all convertible instruments. ASU 2020-06 is effective January 1, 2022 and should be applied on a full or modified retrospective basis, with early adoption permitted beginning on January 1, 2021.

 

 
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There are several other new accounting pronouncements issued or proposed by the FASB. Each of these pronouncements, as applicable, has been or will be adopted by the Company. Management does not believe any of these accounting pronouncements has had or will have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial position, operating results, or cash flows.

 

Note 3 – Liquidity, Capital Resources and Going Concern

 

As of September 30, 2021, the Company had working capital of $6,800,773 compared to working capital of $10,572 at December 31, 2020. This significant increase in working capital is due primarily to the increase in cash over the nine-month period based on the Company’s sale and issuance of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (“Preferred Stock”) and the proceeds for the exercise of warrants (see Note 4 and Note 6). During the second quarter of 2021, in connection with the Merger (described in Note 4 below), the Company received gross proceeds of $6,551,745 from the sale of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock. As of September 30, 2021, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $2,488,224. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company had a net loss of $2,492,817 and $1,053,591 of net cash used in operations for the period.

 

The Company believes that the capital raised from the sale of Preferred Stock and proceeds from conversion of warrants will provide sufficient cash flow for the Company to meet its financial obligations for at least the next 12 months as they come due.

 

Note 4 – Acquisition of 374Water, Inc. f/k/a PowerVerde Inc.

 

Agreement and Plan of Merger

 

In connection with the Merger, PowerVerde closed on a private placement of 440,125 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”) with a par value of $.0001, yielding gross proceeds of $6,551,745 (the “Private Placement”) and the settlement of a $50,000 liability for Preferred Stock shares. The Private Placement proceeds will be used for working capital, primarily for development, manufacture and commercialization of 374Water Inc.’s Air SCWO Nix systems. The Preferred Stock has a stated value of $15 per share, is convertible into common stock at $.30 per share and has voting rights based on the underlying shares of common stock. Upon liquidation of the Company, the Preferred Stockholders have liquidation preference before any assets can be distributed to common stockholders. The current liquidation value is $6,601,735. All of the Preferred Stock was sold pursuant to an exemption from registration requirements under Regulation D and/or Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

As a result of the Merger, the issuance of the Preferred Stock, the former 374Water shareholders own 65.8% of 374Water Inc’s issued and outstanding common stock and 53.8% of 374Water Inc.’s issued and outstanding voting stock (which includes the Preferred Stock on an as converted basis).

 

Also as a result of the Merger, 374Water Inc. entered into two-year employment agreements with 374Water founders Yaacov (Kobe) Nagar and Marc Deshusses, Ph. D. Mr. Nagar will serve as the Company’s CEO, replacing Richard H. Davis, who resigned upon closing of the Merger. Mr. Nagar will receive an annual salary of $200,000. Dr. Deshusses will serve as the Company’s Head of Technology on a part-time basis at a salary of $60,000 per year.

 

Pursuant to the Merger, Messrs. Nagar and Deshusses were appointed to the Company’s Board of Directors, joining Mr. Davis, who remains as a Director.

 

The patented technology underlying 374Water’s supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) units, which was developed principally through the efforts of Messrs. Nagar and Deshusses at the facilities of Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (“Duke”), where Dr. Deshusses is a professor, is licensed to 374Water pursuant to a worldwide license agreement with Duke executed on April 16, 2021 (the “License Agreement”) simultaneous with the merger. In connection with the License Agreement, 374Water also executed an equity transfer Agreement with Duke pursuant to which Duke received a small block of shares of common stock (see Note 5).

 

As a result of the Merger Agreement, for financial statement reporting purposes, the business combination between 374Water Inc. and 374Water was treated as a reverse acquisition and recapitalization for accounting purposes with 374Water deemed the accounting acquirer and 374Water Inc. deemed the accounting acquiree under the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Section 805-10-55.

 

 
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The following assets and liabilities were assumed in the transaction:

 

Cash

 

$29,354

 

Prepaid expense

 

 

14,485

 

Accounts Receivable

 

 

1,000

 

Total assets acquired

 

 

45,019

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(46,150)

Accrued expenses

 

 

(83,094)

Total liabilities assumed

 

$(129,244)

 

 

 

 

 

Net liabilities assumed

 

$(84,225)

 

Note 5 – Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets are recorded at cost and consist of the license agreement with Duke University. The Company issued Duke University a small block of shares of common stock estimated to have a fair value of $1,073,529 as consideration for granting the Company the license based on the Company’s common stock market price on the date the license agreement was executed (see Note 8). Intangible assets are comprised of the following as of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020:

 

Name

 

Estimated Life

 

Balance at

December 31,

2020

 

 

Additions

 

 

Amortization

 

 

Balance at

September 30,

2021

 

License agreement

 

17 Years

 

$0

 

 

$1,073,529

 

 

$15,787

 

 

$1,057,742

 

Total

 

 

 

$0

 

 

$1,073,529

 

 

$15,787

 

 

$1,057,742

 

 

Amortization expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, was $15,787.

 

Estimated future amortization expense as of September 30, 2021:

 

 

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

2021 (Remaining 3 months)

 

$15,787

 

2022

 

 

63,149

 

2023

 

 

63,149

 

2024

 

 

63,149

 

2025

 

 

63,149

 

Thereafter

 

 

789,359

 

Intangible assets, Net

 

$1,057,742

 

 

Note 6 – Stockholder’ Equity

 

The Company is authorized to issue 50,000,000 preferred stock shares and 200,000,000 common stock shares both with a par value of $.0001.

 

Preferred Stock

 

On October 30, 2020, the Company designated 1,000,000 shares as Series D Convertible Preferred Stock with a par value of $.0001.

 

 
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On April 16, 2021, the Company closed on a private placement of 440,125 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”) with a par value of $.0001, yielding gross proceeds of $6,551,691 (the “Private Placement”) and settlement of a $50,000 liability for Preferred Stock shares. The Private Placement proceeds will be used for working capital, primarily for the development, manufacturing and commercialization of 374Water’s Air SCWO Nix systems. The Preferred Stock has a stated value of $15 per share, is convertible into common stock at $.30 per share and has voting rights based on the underlying shares of common stock. Upon liquidation of the Company, the Preferred Stockholders have a liquidation preference before any assets can be distributed to common stockholders. The current liquidation value is $6,601,745. All of the Preferred Stock were sold pursuant to an exemption from registration requirements under Regulation D and/or Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. On September 30, 2021, 412,853 shares of Series D Preferred stock were converted into 20,642,667 shares of common stock. As of September 30, 2021, there were 27,272 shares of Series D Preferred stock issued and outstanding.

 

Common Stock

 

The holders of common stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of shareholders, including the directors’ election. There is no right to cumulate votes in the election of directors. The holders of common stock are entitled to any dividends that may be declared by the board of directors out of funds legally available for payment of dividends subject to the prior rights of holders of preferred stock and any contractual restrictions the Company has against the payment of dividends on common stock. In the event of our liquidation or dissolution, holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining after payment of liabilities and the liquidation preferences of any outstanding shares of preferred stock. Holders of common stock have no preemptive rights and have no right to convert their common stock into any other securities. As of September 30, 2021, there were 122,817,746 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

 

On April 16, 2021, as a result of the closing of the Merger Agreement (see Note 4), the equity of the consolidated entity is the historical equity of 374Water, Inc (“374Water”) retroactively restated to reflect the number of shares issued by the Company in the reverse recapitalization.

 

In connection with the Merger, 33,203,512 shares of common stock were issued to 374Water, Inc. (f/k/a PowerVerde, Inc.) stockholders.

 

Pursuant to the Merger, all 374Water shares were cancelled and 374Water, Inc. issued to the former 374Water stockholders a total of 62,410,452 shares of 374Water, Inc. common stock.

 

On April 16, 2021, the Company issued a small block of shares of common stock estimated to have a fair value of $1,073,369 as consideration for the grant of a license to the Company (see Notes 5 and 8).

 

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company issued 3,783,333 and 4,958,833 shares of common stock, respectively, in connection with the exercise of warrants and options and received cash proceeds of $1,285,344 (see below).

 

Stock-based compensation

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, and 2020, the Company recorded stock-based compensation of $86,152 and $0, respectively, related to common stock issued or vested options to employees and various consultants of the Company, of which $75,761 was charged as general and administrative expenses and $10,391 as research and development expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Stock Options

 

Stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, is summarized as follows:

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

 

Aggregate Intrinsic Value

 

 

Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

Options outstanding at December 31, 2020

 

 

12,180,500

 

 

 

0.20

 

 

$4,750,395

 

 

 

4.63

 

Granted

 

 

2,491,000

 

 

 

1.07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(225,500)

 

 

0.19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expired/forfeit

 

 

(1,850,000)

 

 

0.64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options outstanding at September 30, 2021

 

 

12,596,000

 

 

 

0.31

 

 

$3,861,190

 

 

 

5.72

 

 

 
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Total unrecognized compensation associated with these unvested options is approximately $981,306 which will be recognized over a period of four years.

 

The fair value of these options granted were estimated on the date of grant, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

 

 

September 30,

2021

 

Dividend yield

 

 

0.00%

Expected life

 

5.49 – 6.25 Years

 

Expected volatility

 

38.39 - 38.46

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.87 – 1.07

%

 

Stock Warrants

 

In April 2021, pursuant to the binding Memorandum of Understanding dated as of March 30, 2021, between 374Water and MB Holding Inc. (the “MOU”), a warrant for the purchase of 3,783,333 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $.30 per share was issued to MB Holding Inc. as consideration for executing the MOU and was considered fully vested upon the execution of the MOU. These warrants expire in March 2022. Those warrants were estimated to have a grant-date fair value of $0.37 per warrant or aggregate fair value of $1,399,833 which has been presented as product development expense on the condensed statements of operations.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the warrants were exercised resulting in the issuance of 4,733,333 shares of common stock and proceeds of $1,242,499. As of September 30, 2021, there are no outstanding warrants.

 

The fair value of those warrants granted were estimated on the date of grant, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

 

 

September 30, 2021

 

Dividend yield

 

 

0.00%

Expected life

 

1 Year

 

Expected volatility

 

 

42.39%

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

0.06%

 

A summary of warrant activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, is as follows:

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

 

Aggregate Intrinsic Value

 

 

Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

Balance at December 31, 2020

 

 

950,000

 

 

 

0.11

 

 

$690,500

 

 

 

0.44

 

Issued

 

 

3,783,333

 

 

 

0.30

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(4,733,333)

 

 

0.26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$-

 

 

 

-

 

 

Note 7 - Related Party Transactions

 

Our CFO John L Hofmann is a member of the accounting firm Kabat, Schertzer, De La Torre, Taraboulos & Co, LLC (“KSDT”). The Company paid $42,455 and $0 to KSDT for its services in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $750 of services rendered remain unpaid as of September 30, 2021 which is included in accounts payable and accrued expenses. The Company paid $11,847 and $0 to KSDT for its services in the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Note 8 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

The patented technology underlying 374Water’s supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) units, which was developed principally through the efforts of Messrs. Nagar and Deshusses at the facilities of Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (“Duke”), where Dr. Deshusses is a professor, is licensed to 374Water pursuant to a worldwide license agreement with Duke executed on April 16, 2021 (the “License Agreement”). In connection with the License Agreement, 374Water also executed an equity transfer Agreement with Duke pursuant to which Duke received a small block of common stock in the Company (See Notes 4 and 6). Under the terms of the License Agreement, the Company is required to make royalty payments based on a percentage of licensed product sales, as defined in the License Agreement which is triggered by the sale of licensed products. Further, the Company is also required to pay royalties on a percentage of sublicensing fees. The Company will reimburse Duke for any ongoing patent expenses incurred. During the three and nine month period ending September 30, 2021, the Company has not incurred any expenses in connection with this License Agreement. The Company may terminate the license agreement anytime by providing Duke 60 days’ notice.

 

 
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward Looking Statements

 

Readers are cautioned that the statements in this Report that are not descriptions of historical facts may be forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties. This Report contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Such forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of our management, as well as on assumptions made by and information currently available to us as of the date of this Report. When used in this Report, the words “plan,” “will,” “may,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “project” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Although we believe these statements are reasonable, actual actions, operations and results could differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements as a result of the risk factors included in our 2020 Annual Report, or other factors. We must caution, however, that this list of factors may not be exhaustive and that these or other factors, many of which are outside of our control, could have a material adverse effect on us and our ability to achieve our objectives. All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements set forth above.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere herein.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements of 374Water Inc. are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions about future events that effect the amounts reported in the financial statements and related notes. Future events and their effects cannot be determined with absolute certainty. Therefore, the determination of estimates requires the exercise of judgment. We believe the following critical accounting policies affect its more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of financial statements.

 

Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes

 

The Company follows the provisions of ASC Topic 740-10, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes” which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. This topic also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition.

 

Based on our evaluation, we have concluded that there are no significant uncertain tax positions requiring recognition in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Our evaluation was performed for the tax years ended December 31, 2018, 2019 and 2020, the tax years which remain subject to examination by major tax jurisdictions as of September 30, 2021.

 

We may from time to time be assessed interest or penalties by major tax jurisdictions, although any such assessments historically have been minimal and immaterial to our financial results. In the event we have received an assessment for interest and/or penalties, it has been classified in the condensed consolidated financial statements as general and administrative expense.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenues for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2021, and 2020 were generated from consulting and advisory services, which was recognized when the Company performed the service pursuant to its agreements with its clients which was the point in time when the Company completed its performance obligations under the agreements.

 

Common Stock Purchase Warrants

 

The Company accounts for common stock purchase warrants in accordance with ASC Topic 815- 40, Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (“ASC 815-40”). Based on the provisions of ASC 815- 40, the Company classifies as equity any contracts that (i) require physical settlement or net-share settlement, or (ii) gives the Company a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in its own shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement). The Company classifies as assets or liabilities any contracts that (i) require net-cash settlement including a requirement to net cash settle the contract if an event occurs and if that event is outside the control of the Company), or (ii) give the counterparty a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement). As of September 30, 2021, there were no outstanding warrants.

 

 
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Stock-based compensation.

 

We account for stock-based compensation based on ASC Topic 718-Stock Compensation which requires expensing of stock options and other share-based payments based on the fair value of each stock option awarded. The fair value of each stock option is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes valuation model. This model requires management to estimate the expected volatility, expected dividends, and expected term as inputs to the valuation model.

 

Overview

 

On April 16, 2021, we closed the Merger with the former 374Water Inc. (“374 Water”) (the “374Water Merger”). Pursuant to the parties’ merger agreement, our acquisition subsidiary merged into 374Water, with 374Water as the surviving corporation. In connection with the 374Water Merger, all 374Water shares were cancelled and 374Water Inc. f/k/a PowerVerde, Inc., issued to the former 374Water shareholders a total of 62,410,452 shares of our common stock.

 

Immediately following the Merger, 374Water changed its name to 374Water Systems Inc. and PowerVerde changed its name to 374Water Inc.

 

Since the closing of the 374Water Merger, our business has been focused on development and commercialization of 374Water’s supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) systems, which include PowerVerde expanders. Our business is subject to significant risks, including the risks inherent in our research and development efforts, uncertainties associated with obtaining and enforcing patents and intense competition.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2021, as Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

 

Since inception, we have focused on the development, testing and commercialization of our clean energy electric power generation systems. Since the closing of the 374Water Merger, our business has been focused on development and commercialization of 374Water’s supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) systems, which include PowerVerde expanders. We generated $19,000 and $32,763 in revenue from consulting and advisory services in the third quarter of 2021 and 2020, respectively. This year, we had substantial expenses due to our ongoing research and development activities and efforts to commercialize our systems, as well as substantial administrative expenses associated with our status as a public company. Our general and administrative expenses increased to $370,937 in the third quarter of 2021 as compared to $5,091 in the same period of 2020, primarily because of increased insurance costs, payroll expenses due to the hiring of employees and stock-based compensation expenses. Our professional fees increased to $84,514 in the third quarter of 2021 as compared to $2,165 in the same period of 2020, primarily because of increased legal fees and accounting associated with our status as a public company. Our research and development expenses were $115,936 in the third quarter of 2021 compared to $1,740 in the third quarter of 2020, primarily because of the increase in engineering expenses following the 374Water Merger. There were no product development expenses incurred during the third quarter of 2021 or 2020. Substantial net losses are expected until we are able to successfully commercialize and market our 374Water systems, as to which there can be no assurance.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021, as Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

 

Since inception, we have focused on the development, testing and commercialization of our clean energy electric power generation systems. Since the closing of the 374Water Merger, our business has been focused on development and commercialization of 374Water’s supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) systems, which include PowerVerde expanders. We generated $33,600 and $32,763 in revenue from manufacturing assembly services and from consulting and advisory services in the first nine months of 2021 and 2020, respectively. This year, we had substantial expenses due to our ongoing research and development activities and efforts to commercialize our systems, as well as substantial administrative expenses associated with our status as a public company. Our general and administrative expenses increased to $612,387 in the first nine months of 2021 as compared to $7,486 in the same period of 2020, primarily because of increased insurance costs, payroll expenses due to hiring employees and stock-based compensation expenses. Our professional fees increased to $245,152 in the first nine months of 2021 as compared to $2,665 in the same period of 2020, primarily because of increased legal fees and accounting fees relating to the 374Water Merger and our status as a public company. Our research and development expenses were $269,796 in the first nine months of 2021 compared to $1,740 in the same period of 2020, primarily because of the increase in engineering expenses following the 374Water Merger. Our product development expenses were $1,399,833 in the first nine months of 2021 compared to no such expenses in the same period of 2020. This activity represents the issuance of stock warrants to a strategic partner in the second quarter of 2021 as part of compensation for the manufacturing, supply and service of AirSCWO products. Substantial net losses are expected until we are able to successfully commercialize and market our 374Water systems, as to which there can be no assurance.

 

 
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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

In April 2021, in connection with the Merger, we raised approximately $6.6 million from the sale of Series D Preferred Stock and converted all of its convertible debt notes and accrued interest to shares of common stock.

 

We have financed our operations since inception principally through the sale of debt and equity securities. As of September 30, 2021, we had working capital of $6,800,773 compared to working capital $10,572 at September 30, 2020. This increase in working capital occurred in the third quarter of 2021 and is due primarily to the gross proceeds of $6,551,745 from the sale of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock. In addition, in September 2021 we received $1,134,999 from the exercise of a warrant.

 

We believe that these funds will satisfy our working capital needs for the next 12 months. There can be no assurance that these funds will be sufficient to finance our plan of operations and commercialize our systems or that we will be able to raise any necessary additional funds on a commercially reasonable basis or at all.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company, under the supervision and with the participation of its management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s “disclosure controls and procedures” (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act). Our management, with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020. Our management’s evaluation of our internal control over financial reporting was based on the framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013), issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, our management concluded that as of September 30, 2021, our internal control over financial reporting was not effective.

 

The ineffectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting was due to the following material weaknesses which we identified in our internal control over financial reporting:

 

 

(1)

the lack of multiples levels of management review on complex accounting and financial reporting issues, and business transactions,

 

(2)

a lack of adequate segregation of duties and necessary corporate accounting resources in our financial reporting process and accounting function as a result of our limited financial resources to support hiring of personnel and implementation of accounting systems, and

 

(3)

a lack of entity level controls due to ineffective board of directors and no audit committee

 

No Attestation Report

 

This quarterly report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this quarterly report.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no significant changes in internal control over financial reporting during the first nine months of 2021 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 
17

Table of Contents

 

PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

None.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

None

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

Not applicable

 

 
18

Table of Contents

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

(a)

Exhibits

 

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

101.INS

 

XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT

 

 

 

101.SCH

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA

 

 

 

101.CAL

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE

 

 

 

101.DEF

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE

 

 

 

101.LAB

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABEL LINKBASE

 

 

 

101.PRE

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE

 

 
19

Table of Contents

  

SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

374WATER INC

 

 

 

 

 

Dated: November 2, 2021

By:

/s/ Yaacov Nagar

 

 

 

Yaacov Nagar

 

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

Dated: November 2, 2021

By:

/s/ John L. Hofmann

 

 

 

John L. Hofmann

 

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 
20

Table of Contents

 

Exhibit Index

 

Exhibit

No.

 

Description

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

32.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

101.INS

 

XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT

 

 

 

101.SCH

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA

 

 

 

101.CAL

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE

 

 

 

101.DEF

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE

 

 

 

101.LAB

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABEL LINKBASE

 

 

 

101.PRE

 

XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE

 

 
21