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NATI National Instruments

Filed: 3 May 21, 2:30pm

UNITED STATES  
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION  
Washington, D.C. 20549  

FORM 10-Q  
    Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934    
For the quarterly period ended:  March 31, 2021
or   
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934    
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________  
  
Commission file number:  000-25426  
nati-20210331_g1.jpg    
NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION  
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)  
Delaware 74-1871327
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
11500 North MoPac Expressway 78759
Austin,
Texas
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
 Registrant's telephone number, including area code:  (512) 683-0100  
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueNATINasdaq Stock Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No ☐  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No ☐  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.    
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No  
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.  
ClassOutstanding at April 27, 2021
Common Stock, $0.01 par value131,607,036
1    


NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
  
INDEX  

2    


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  

ITEM 1. Financial Statements
NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION  
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

March 31,December 31,
20212020
Assets(unaudited) 
Cash and cash equivalents$266,712 $260,232 
Short-term investments32,171 59,923 
Accounts receivable, net241,088 266,869 
Inventories, net197,179 194,012 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets75,674 68,470 
Total current assets812,824 849,506 
Property and equipment, net252,320 254,399 
Goodwill462,646 467,547 
Intangible assets, net159,639 172,719 
Operating lease right-of-use assets61,478 67,674 
Other long-term assets77,059 72,643 
Total assets$1,825,966 $1,884,488 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$54,686 $51,124 
Accrued compensation58,201 87,068 
Deferred revenue - current128,740 132,151 
Operating lease liabilities - current14,751 15,801 
Other taxes payable35,836 48,129 
Debt, current5,000 5,000 
Other current liabilities42,221 42,578 
Total current liabilities339,435 381,851 
Deferred income taxes25,050 25,288 
Liability for uncertain income tax positions10,933 10,868 
Income taxes payable - non-current61,622 61,623 
Deferred revenue - non-current35,065 36,335 
Operating lease liabilities - non-current31,644 35,854 
Debt, non-current90,991 92,036 
Other long-term liabilities9,717 15,762 
Total liabilities604,457 659,617 
Commitments and contingencies00
Stockholders' equity:  
Preferred stock:  par value $0.01;  5,000,000 shares authorized; NaN issued and outstanding 
Common stock:  par value $0.01;  360,000,000 shares authorized; 131,607,036 shares and 131,246,615 shares issued and outstanding, respectively 1,316 1,312 
Additional paid-in capital1,059,018 1,033,284 
Retained earnings180,063 211,101 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(18,888)(20,826)
Total stockholders’ equity1,221,509 1,224,871 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$1,825,966 $1,884,488 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements. 

3    


NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)  
  
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
  
Net sales:  
Product$295,092 $273,978 
Software maintenance40,090 35,403 
Total net sales335,182 309,381 
  
Cost of sales:  
Product91,657 82,071 
Software maintenance3,757 1,690 
Total cost of sales95,414 83,761 
  
Gross profit239,768 225,620 
  
Operating expenses:  
Sales and marketing116,783 115,746 
Research and development80,086 71,621 
General and administrative33,358 26,180 
Total operating expenses230,227 213,547 
Gain on sale of business/assets159,753 
Operating income9,541 171,826 
  
Other (expense) income(5,070)560 
Income before income taxes4,471 172,386 
(Benefit) provision for income taxes(24)39,731 
  
Net income$4,495 $132,655 
  
Basic earnings per share$0.03 1.02 
  
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic131,483 130,613 
  
Diluted earnings per share$0.03 $1.01 
  
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted132,717 131,357 
  
Dividends declared per share$0.27 $0.26 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 
4    


NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
(unaudited)  

Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
  
Net income$4,495 $132,655 
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax and net of reclassification adjustments:  
Foreign currency translation adjustment(7,195)(5,913)
Unrealized loss on securities available-for-sale(88)(2,788)
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments11,981 (575)
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax4,698 (9,276)
Tax expense related to items of other comprehensive income2,760 73 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax1,938 (9,349)
Comprehensive income$6,433 $123,306 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

5    


NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)  

Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
Cash flow from operating activities:  
Net income$4,495 $132,655 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Disposal gain on sale of business/assets(159,753)
Depreciation and amortization23,872 19,265 
Stock-based compensation17,189 12,104 
Loss from equity-method investees4,173 1,025 
Deferred income taxes(3,746)(1,599)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of divestitures(16,142)39,923 
Net cash provided by operating activities29,841 43,620 
  
Cash flow from investing activities:  
Capital expenditures(8,488)(12,816)
Proceeds from sale of business, net of cash divested158,973 
Capitalization of internally developed software(226)(1,915)
Additions to other intangibles(1,018)(112)
Payments to acquire equity-method investments(11,539)
Purchases of short-term investments(206,331)
Sales and maturities of short-term investments27,664 111,827 
Net cash provided by investing activities6,393 49,626 
  
Cash flow from financing activities:  
Payments on term loan(1,250)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock8,565 8,991 
Repurchase of common stock(6,526)
Dividends paid(35,533)(33,997)
Net cash used in financing activities(28,218)(31,532)
  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(1,536)(1,889)
  
Net change in cash and cash equivalents6,480 59,825 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period260,232 194,616 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$266,712 $254,441 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.   

6    



NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)

March 31, 2021
Common Stock SharesCommon Stock AmountAdditional-Paid in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 2020131,246,615 $1,312 $1,033,284 $211,101 $(20,826)$1,224,871 
Net income— — — 4,495 — 4,495 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 1,938 1,938 
Issuance of common stock under employee plans360,421 8,561 — — 8,565 
Stock-based compensation— — 17,173 — — 17,173 
Dividends paid (1)— — — (35,533)— (35,533)
Balance at March 31, 2021131,607,036 $1,316 $1,059,018 $180,063 $(18,888)$1,221,509 

March 31, 2020
Common Stock SharesCommon Stock AmountAdditional-Paid in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 2019130,504,535 $1,305 $953,578 $242,537 $(21,070)$1,176,350 
Net income— — — 132,655 — 132,655 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — (9,349)(9,349)
Issuance of common stock under employee plans255,541 8,988 — — 8,991 
Stock-based compensation— — 11,993 — — 11,993 
Repurchase of common stock(164,873)(2)(1,205)(5,319)— (6,526)
Dividends paid (1)— — — (33,997)— (33,997)
Balance at March 31, 2020130,595,203 $1,306 $973,354 $335,876 $(30,419)$1,280,117 

(1) Cash dividends declared per share of common stock were $0.27 and $0.26 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

7    




NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS  
  

Note 1 – Basis of presentation
  
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2020, included in our annual report on Form 10-K (the "2020 Form 10-K") filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring items) considered necessary to present fairly our financial position at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the results of our operations and comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, and the statement of stockholders' equity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Our operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021. These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP").

Reclassifications

As further discussed below, certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. The reclassifications had no impact on our previously reported net income or cash flows:

Before the second quarter of 2020, we included net sales attributable to our operations in India within the EMEIA region in Note 2 - Revenue of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. In the second quarter of 2020, we began including these amounts within the APAC (Australia, India, New Zealand, Southeast Asia, China, South Korea and Japan) geographic region, to reflect recent changes within our organizational structure. We have recast historical comparative information to conform to the March 31, 2021 presentation. Refer to Note 2 - Revenue of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for our revenue disaggregated by geographic region which now include the Americas (United States, Canada and Latin America), EMEA (Europe, Middle East, and Africa) and APAC.

Before the second quarter of 2020, we presented “Interest income, ” "Net foreign exchange gain (loss), " and "Other income (loss)" separately on the consolidated statements of income. In the second quarter of 2020, we began presenting these amounts within “Other (expense) income” in the consolidated statements of income for all periods presented. Refer to "Other (expense) income" in Note 1 - Basis of Presentation of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on the amounts that comprise "Other (expense) income".

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Clarification of Equity Method Transition

In January 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2020-01, “Investments-Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments-Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Clarifying the Interactions between Topic 321, Topic 323, and Topic 815,” which clarifies the interaction of the accounting for equity investments under Topic 321 and investments accounted for under the equity method of accounting in Topic 323 and the accounting for certain forward contracts and purchased options accounted for under Topic 815. The standard is effective for public companies for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. We adopted ASU 2020-01 on January 1, 2021, and the new standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


8    


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Reference Rate Reform

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, "Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848)," which provides optional expedients for contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") or another rate expected to be discontinued at the end of 2021 due to reference rate reform. The update is effective immediately and may be applied prospectively to contracts and other transactions entered into or evaluated on or before December 31, 2022. We are currently evaluating the impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

There were no significant changes in our accounting policies during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the significant accounting policies described in our 2020 Form 10-K.
Divestitures

AWR

On January 15, 2020, we completed the sale of our AWR Corporation subsidiary ("AWR") for approximately $161 million, subject to final working capital adjustments. We recognized a gain of approximately $160 million on the sale. The gain is included within "Gain on sale of business/assets" in the consolidated statements of income, which also included approximately $1 million of transaction costs.

The divestiture of AWR resulted in the derecognition of the following assets and liabilities (in thousands):

Cash$1,027 
Accounts receivable, net7,233 
Prepaid and other current assets283 
Goodwill7,221 
Other non-current assets556 
Total assets$16,320 
Deferred revenue$15,296 
Other current liabilities940 
Cumulative translation adjustment(660)
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$15,576 
Total assets divested, net (including cash)$744 


9    


Other (Expense) Income

Other (expense) income, net consisted of the following amounts (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
20212020
Interest income$161 $2,299 
Interest expense(704)(76)
Loss from equity-method investments(4,173)(1,025)
Net foreign exchange loss(559)(505)
Other205 (133)
Other (expense) income, net$(5,070)$560 

Other Current Liabilities

Other current liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet includes the following amounts (in thousands):
As of March 31, 2021As of December 31,
(unaudited)2020
Income taxes payable - current$14,255 $13,720 
Hedge payable - current8,553 13,031 
Other19,413 15,827 
Total$42,221 $42,578 

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding (if dilutive) during each period. The number of common share equivalents, which includes restricted stock units ("RSUs"), is computed using the treasury stock method.    

The reconciliation of the denominators used to calculate basic EPS and diluted EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, are as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
20212020
Weighted average shares outstanding-basic131,483 130,613 
Plus: Common share equivalents  
RSUs1,234 744 
Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted132,717 131,357 
  
Shares issuable upon vesting of RSU awards for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 of 567,000 shares and 182,000 shares, respectively, were excluded in the computations of diluted EPS because the effect of including the RSU awards would have been anti-dilutive.
10    


Note 2 - Revenue

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of the promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those products or services. We enter into contracts that can include various combinations of our products or services, which are generally capable of being distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. Revenue is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.

Disaggregation of Revenues

We disaggregate revenue from contracts with customers based on the timing of transfer of goods or services to customers (point-in-time or over time) and geographic region based on the billing location of the customer. Before the second quarter of 2020, we included net sales attributable to our operations in India within the EMEIA region. In the second quarter of 2020, we began including these amounts within the APAC geographic region, to reflect recent changes within our organizational structure. We have recast historical comparative information to conform to the March 31, 2021 presentation. The geographic regions are now presented as the Americas, EMEA and APAC to reflect this change.

Total net sales based on the disaggregation criteria described above are as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20212020
Net sales:
Point-in-Time(1)
Over TimeTotal
Point-in-Time(1)
Over TimeTotal
Americas$104,586 $22,147 $126,733 $105,299 $19,718 $125,017 
EMEA64,237 21,285 85,522 67,822 18,907 86,729 
APAC112,630 10,297 122,927 87,189 10,446 97,635 
Total net sales(1)
$281,453 $53,729 $335,182 $260,310 $49,071 $309,381 
(1): Net sales contains hedging gains and losses, which do not represent revenues recognized from customers.
See Note 5 - Derivative instruments and hedging activities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the impact of our hedging activities on our results of operations

Information about Contract Balances

Amounts collected in advance of services being provided are accounted for as deferred revenue. Nearly all of our deferred revenue balance is related to extended hardware and software maintenance contracts. Payment terms and conditions vary by contract type, although payment is typically due within 30 to 90 days of contract inception. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, we have determined our contracts generally do not include a significant financing component. The primary purpose of our invoicing terms is to provide customers with simplified and predictable ways of purchasing our products and services, not to receive financing from our customers, such as invoicing at the beginning of a subscription term with a portion of the revenue recognized ratably over the contract period, or to provide customers with financing, such as multi-year on-premises licenses that are invoiced annually with revenue recognized upfront.

Changes in deferred revenue, current and non-current, during the three months ended March 31, 2021 were as follows:
Amount
(In thousands)
Deferred Revenue at December 31, 2020$168,486 
   Deferral of revenue billed in current period, net of recognition50,032 
   Recognition of revenue deferred in prior periods(51,525)
   Foreign currency translation impact(3,188)
Balance as of March 31, 2021 (unaudited)$163,805 

11    


For the three months ended March 31, 2021, revenue recognized from performance obligations satisfied in prior periods (for example, due to changes in transaction price) was not material. Amounts recognized as revenue in excess of amounts billed are recorded as unbilled receivables. Unbilled receivables which are anticipated to be invoiced in the next twelve months are included in "other current assets" on the consolidated balance sheet. Based on the nature of our contracts with customers, we do not typically recognize unbilled receivables related to revenues recognized in excess of amounts billed. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, amounts recognized related to unbilled receivables were not material.

Unsatisfied Performance Obligations

Revenue expected to be recognized in any future period related to remaining performance obligations, excluding revenue pertaining to contracts that have an original expected duration of one year or less, and contracts where revenue is recognized as invoiced, was approximately $61.7 million as of March 31, 2021. Because we typically invoice customers at contract inception, this amount is included in our current and non-current deferred revenue balances. As of March 31, 2021, we expect to recognize approximately 38% of the revenue related to these unsatisfied performance obligations during the remainder of 2021, 35% during 2022, and 27% thereafter.

Assets Recognized from the Costs to Obtain a Contract with a Customer

We recognize an asset for the incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer if we expect the benefit of those costs to be longer than one year. We have determined that certain sales incentive programs meet the requirements to be capitalized. Capitalized incremental costs related to initial contracts and renewals are amortized over the same period because the commissions paid on both the initial contract and renewals are commensurate with one another. Total capitalized costs to obtain a contract were not material during the periods presented and are included in other long-term assets on our consolidated balance sheets.

Note 3 – Investments 
  
The following tables summarize unrealized gains and losses related to our short-term investments designated as available-for-sale debt securities:

As of March 31, 2021
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
 GrossGross 
Adjusted CostUnrealized GainUnrealized LossFair Value
Corporate bonds$32,097 $74 $$32,171 
Total Short-term investments$32,097 $74 $$32,171 

(In thousands)As of December 31, 2020
 GrossGross 
Adjusted CostUnrealized GainUnrealized LossFair Value
Corporate bonds$59,761 $163 $(1)$59,923 
Total Short-term investments$59,761 $163 $(1)$59,923 

12    


The following tables summarize the contractual maturities of our short-term investments designated as available-for-sale debt securities:

As of March 31, 2021
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)Adjusted CostFair Value
Due in less than 1 year$32,097 $32,171 
Total available-for-sale debt securities$32,097 $32,171 
  
Due in less than 1 yearAdjusted CostFair Value
Corporate bonds$32,097 $32,171 
Total available-for-sale debt securities$32,097 $32,171 

Equity-Method Investments

The carrying value of our equity method investments was $34 million and $25 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we determined there was an other than temporary impairment for one of our equity-method investments, based on revised forecasts. We recorded a $3.5 million impairment loss related to this investment during the three months ended March 31, 2021. Our proportionate share of the income/(loss) from equity-method investments and related impairment charges are included within "Other (expense) income". Refer to Note 1 - Basis of Presentation of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on these amounts for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

        
Note 4 – Fair value measurements 
  
We define fair value to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required or permitted to be recorded at fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market that market participants may use when pricing the asset or liability.   
We follow a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. Fair value measurement is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The three values of the fair value hierarchy are the following:   
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities   
Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly   
Level 3 – Inputs that are not based on observable market data   
13    



Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
DescriptionMarch 31, 2021Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Assets    
Cash and cash equivalents available for sale:    
Money Market Funds$146,560 $146,560 $$
Short-term investments available for sale:    
Corporate notes and bonds32,171 32,171 
Derivatives7,712 7,712 0
Total Assets 
$186,443 $146,560 $39,883 $
    
Liabilities    
Derivatives$(11,126)$$(11,126)$
Total Liabilities 
$(11,126)$$(11,126)$

(In thousands)Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
DescriptionDecember 31, 2020Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Assets    
Cash and cash equivalents available for sale:    
Money Market Funds$145,466 $145,466 $$
Short-term investments available for sale:    
Corporate notes and bonds59,923 59,923 
Derivatives6,124 6,124 
Total Assets 
$211,513 $145,466 $66,047 $
    
Liabilities    
Derivatives$(19,359)$$(19,359)$
Total Liabilities 
$(19,359)$$(19,359)$

We value our available-for-sale short-term investments based on pricing from third party pricing vendors, who may use quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1 inputs) or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable either directly or indirectly (Level 2 inputs) in determining fair value. We classify all of our fixed income available-for-sale securities as having Level 2 inputs. The valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of our financial instruments having Level 2 inputs were derived from non-binding market consensus prices that are corroborated by observable market data, quoted market prices for similar instruments, or pricing models, such as discounted cash flow techniques. We believe all of these sources reflect the credit risk associated with each of our available-for-sale short-term investments. Short-term investments available-for-sale consists of debt securities issued by states of the U.S. and political subdivisions of the U.S., corporate debt securities and debt securities issued by U.S. government organizations and agencies. All of our short-term investments available-for-sale have contractual maturities of less than 60 months.  
  
14    


Our derivatives consist of foreign currency forward contracts. Our foreign currency forward contracts are valued using an income approach (Level 2) based on the spot rate less the contract rate multiplied by the notional amount. We consider counterparty credit risk in the valuation of our derivatives. However, counterparty credit risk did not impact the valuation of our derivatives during the three months ended March 31, 2021. There were no transfers in or out of Level 1 or Level 2 during the three months ended March 31, 2021.  
  
As of March 31, 2021, our short-term investments did not include any foreign sovereign debt. All of our short-term investments that are located outside of the U.S. are denominated in the U.S. dollar.
  
We did not have any items that were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The carrying value of net accounts receivable, accounts payable, and long-term debt contained in the consolidated balance sheets approximates fair value.
 
Note 5 – Derivative instruments and hedging activities 
  
We recognize all of our derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities in our statement of financial position at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value (i.e., gains or losses) of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and further, on the type of hedging relationship. For those derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as hedging instruments, we designate the hedging instrument, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a fair value hedge, cash flow hedge, or a hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation.

We have direct operations in approximately 40 countries. Sales outside of the Americas accounted for approximately 62% and 60% of our net sales during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Our activities expose us to a variety of market risks, including the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates. These financial risks are monitored and managed by us as an integral part of our overall risk management program.   
  
We maintain a foreign currency risk management strategy that uses derivative instruments (foreign currency forward contracts) to help protect our earnings and cash flows from fluctuations caused by the volatility in currency exchange rates. Movements in foreign currency exchange rates pose a risk to our operations and competitive position, in that exchange rate changes may affect our profitability and cash flow, and the business or pricing strategies of our non-U.S. based competitors.
 
The vast majority of our foreign sales are denominated in the customers’ local currency. We purchase foreign currency forward contracts as hedges of forecasted sales that are denominated in foreign currencies and as hedges of foreign currency denominated financial assets or liabilities. These contracts are entered into to help protect against the risk that the eventual dollar-net-cash inflows resulting from such sales or firm commitments will be adversely affected by changes in exchange rates. We also purchase foreign currency forward contracts as hedges of forecasted expenses that are denominated in foreign currencies. These contracts are entered into to help protect against the risk that the eventual dollar-net-cash outflows resulting from foreign currency operating and cost of sales expenses will be adversely affected by changes in exchange rates.
 
We designate foreign currency forward contracts as cash flow hedges of forecasted net sales or forecasted expenses. In addition, we hedge our foreign currency denominated balance sheet exposures using foreign currency forward contracts that are not designated as hedging instruments. None of our derivative instruments contain a credit-risk-related contingent feature.
 
 Cash flow hedges  

To help protect against the reduction in value caused by a fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates of forecasted foreign currency cash flows resulting from international sales over the next one to three years, we have instituted a foreign currency cash flow hedging program. We hedge portions of our forecasted net sales and forecasted expenses denominated in foreign currencies with forward contracts. For forward contracts, when the dollar strengthens significantly against the foreign currencies, the change in the present value of future foreign currency cash flows may be offset by the change in the fair value of the forward contracts designated as hedges. We purchase foreign currency forward contracts for up to 100% of our forecasted exposures in selected currencies (primarily in Euro, Japanese yen, Hungarian forint, British pound, Malaysian ringgit, Chinese yuan, and Korean won) and limit the duration of these contracts to 40 months or less.  

15    


For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge, the gain or loss on the derivative is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income ("OCI") and reclassified into earnings in the same line item (net sales, operating expenses, or cost of sales) associated with the forecasted transaction and in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Hedge effectiveness of foreign currency forwards designated as cash flow hedges are measured by comparing the hedging instrument’s cumulative change in fair value from inception to maturity to the forecasted transaction’s terminal value.  

We held forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges with the following notional amounts:

(In thousands)US Dollar Equivalent
As of March 31, 2021As of December 31,
(Unaudited)2020
Chinese yuan$52,702 $45,553 
Euro187,833 219,115 
Japanese yen61,908 73,399 
Hungarian forint76,118 82,429 
British pound26,706 25,133 
Malaysian ringgit31,294 36,249 
Korean won18,745 22,301 
Total forward contracts notional amount$455,306 $504,179 
  
The contracts in the foregoing table had contractual maturities of 33 months or less and 36 months or less at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

At March 31, 2021, we expect to reclassify $1.2 million of losses on derivative instruments from accumulated OCI to net sales during the next twelve months when the hedged international sales occur, $0.8 million of losses on derivative instruments from accumulated OCI to cost of sales during the next twelve months when the cost of sales are incurred and $0.6 million of losses on derivative instruments from accumulated OCI to operating expenses during the next twelve months when the hedged operating expenses occur. Expected amounts are based on derivative valuations at March 31, 2021. Actual results may vary materially as a result of changes in the corresponding exchange rates subsequent to this date.  

Other Derivatives  
Other derivatives not designated as hedging instruments consist primarily of foreign currency forward contracts that we use to hedge our foreign denominated net receivable or net payable positions to help protect against the change in value caused by a fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates. We typically attempt to hedge up to 90% of our outstanding foreign denominated net receivables or net payables and typically limit the duration of these foreign currency forward contracts to approximately 90 days or less. The gain or loss on the derivatives as well as the offsetting gain or loss on the hedge item attributable to the hedged risk is recognized in current earnings under the line item “Other (expense) income.” As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we held foreign currency forward contracts that were not designated as hedging instruments with a notional amount of $89 million and $89 million, respectively.   
The following tables present the fair value of derivative instruments on our Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.   
16    


Asset Derivatives
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(Unaudited) 
   
(In thousands)Balance Sheet LocationFair ValueFair Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments   
Foreign exchange contracts - ST forwardsPrepaid expenses and other current assets$3,885 $1,564 
Foreign exchange contracts - LT forwardsOther long-term assets3,059 3,117 
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments $6,944 $4,681 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments   
Foreign exchange contracts - ST forwardsPrepaid expenses and other current assets$768 $1,443 
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments $768 $1,443 
Total derivatives $7,712 $6,124 
   
Liability Derivatives
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)Balance Sheet LocationFair ValueFair Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments   
Foreign exchange contracts - ST forwardsOther current liabilities$(6,588)$(12,549)
Foreign exchange contracts - LT forwardsOther long-term liabilities(2,573)(6,328)
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments $(9,161)$(18,877)
   
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments   
Foreign exchange contracts - ST forwardsOther current liabilities$(1,965)$(482)
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments $(1,965)$(482)
   
Total derivatives $(11,126)$(19,359)
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The following tables present the effect of derivative instruments on our Consolidated Statements of Income for the three-months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
March 31, 2021
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging RelationshipGain or (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativeLocation of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into IncomeGain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards$16,286 Net sales$(2,026)
   
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards(2,529)Cost of sales(21)
   
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards(1,776)Operating expenses(9)
Total$11,981  $(2,056)
March 31, 2020
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging RelationshipGain or (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativeLocation of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into IncomeGain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards$10,856 Net sales$2,534 
   
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards(6,760)Cost of sales(519)
   
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards(4,671)Operating expenses(445)
Total$(575) $1,570 
(In thousands)   
Derivatives not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsLocation of Gain (Loss) Recognized in IncomeAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in IncomeAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income
 March 31, 2021March 31, 2020
 (Unaudited)(Unaudited)
Foreign exchange contracts - forwardsOther (expense) income$(1,601)297 
Total $(1,601)$297 


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Note 6 – Inventories, net 
  
Inventories, net consist of the following: 

March 31, 2021December 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)2020
  
Raw materials  $103,128 $99,942 
Work-in-process10,014 11,307 
Finished goods84,037 82,763 
Total$197,179 $194,012 

Note 7 – Intangible assets and goodwill, net  
  
Intangible assets at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 are as follows:

March 31, 2021 
(In thousands)(Unaudited)December 31, 2020
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
Capitalized software development costs$115,570 $(90,690)$24,880 $115,251 $(83,706)$31,545 
Acquired technology105,008 (21,391)83,617 105,486 (17,913)87,573 
Customer relationships39,866 (11,622)28,244 40,273 (10,026)30,247 
Patents36,002 (26,018)9,984 35,803 (25,578)10,225 
Other26,897 (13,983)12,914 27,440 (14,311)13,129 
Total$323,343 $(163,704)$159,639 $324,253 $(151,534)$172,719 

Software development costs capitalized for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $0.3 million and $2.0 million, respectively, and related amortization expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $7.0 million and $7.3 million, respectively. Capitalized software development costs for each of the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 included costs related to stock-based compensation of $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

Amortization of capitalized software development costs is computed on an individual product basis for those products available for market and is recognized based on the product’s estimated economic life, generally three to six years. Acquired technology and other intangible assets are amortized over their useful lives, which range from five to ten years. Patents are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit, generally three to seventeen years. Total intangible assets amortization expenses were $14.0 million and $9.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Goodwill

The carrying amount of goodwill as of March 31, 2021, was as follows:

Amount
(In thousands)
Balance as of December 31, 2020$467,547 
Measurement period adjustment(327)
Foreign currency translation impact(4,574)
Balance as of March 31, 2021 (unaudited)$462,646 
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The excess purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. As businesses are acquired, we assign assets acquired (including goodwill) and liabilities assumed to either our existing reporting unit or a newly identified reporting unit as of the date of the acquisition. In the event a disposal group meets the definition of a business, goodwill is allocated to the disposal group based on the relative fair value of the disposal group to the related reporting unit. As we have 1 operating segment comprised of components with similar economic characteristics, we allocate goodwill to 1 reporting unit for goodwill impairment testing. Goodwill is tested for impairment on an annual basis, and between annual tests if indicators of potential impairment exist, using a fair-value-based approach based on the market capitalization of the reporting unit. Our annual impairment test is performed in the fourth quarter of each year.

 NaN impairment of goodwill was identified during the three months ended March 31, 2021 or the twelve months ended December 31, 2020.
20    



Note 8 – Leases

We have operating leases for corporate offices, automobiles, and certain equipment. Our leases have remaining terms of 1 year to 93 years, some of which may include options to extend the leases for up to 9 years, and some of which may include options to terminate the lease within 1 year. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet; we recognize lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Amounts related to finance lease activities and income from leasing activities were not material for the periods presented.

The components of operating lease expense were as follows (unaudited):
(In thousands)March 31, 2021March 31, 2020
Operating Lease Cost (a)$5,330 $5,682 
(a) includes variable and short-term lease costs

Maturities of lease liabilities as of March 31, 2021 were as follows (unaudited):
(In thousands)
Years ending December 31,Operating Leases
2021 (Excluding the three months ended March 31, 2021)$12,763 
202211,448 
20237,852 
20246,929 
20254,912 
Thereafter7,017 
    Total future minimum lease payments50,921 
Less imputed interest(4,526)
    Total$46,395 

As of March 31, 2021, we have additional operating leases that have not commenced during the period, which were not material.

Note 9 – Income taxes  
  
We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts which are more likely than not to be realized. We had a valuation allowance of $94 million and $93 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. A majority of the valuation allowance is related to the deferred tax assets of National Instruments Hungary Kft. (“NI Hungary”).
  
We account for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in our financial statements using prescribed recognition thresholds and measurement attributes for financial statement disclosure of tax positions taken or expected to be taken on our tax returns. We had $10.5 million of gross unrecognized tax benefits at both March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, all of which would affect our effective income tax rate if recognized. We recorded a gross increase in unrecognized tax benefits of $29,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as a result of the tax positions taken during this period. As of March 31, 2021, it is reasonably possible that we will recognize gross tax benefits in the amount of $1.4 million in the next twelve months due to the closing of open tax years. The nature of the uncertainty is related to positions taken on returns that have not been examined by the applicable tax authority.  Our continuing policy is to recognize interest and penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recognized interest expense related to uncertain tax positions of approximately $36,000. As of March 31, 2021, we had approximately $0.4 million accrued for interest related to uncertain tax positions. The tax years 2014 through 2021 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which we are subject. 

21    


Our provision for income taxes reflected an effective tax rate of (1)% and 23% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, our effective tax rate was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% primarily as a result of excess tax benefits from share-based compensation and other discrete items, an enhanced deduction for certain research and development expenses, the research and development tax credit, and the deduction for foreign-derived intangible income, offset by the U.S. tax on global intangible low-taxed income, state income taxes net of federal benefit and nondeductible officer compensation. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, our effective tax rate was higher than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% primarily as a result of the gain on the sale of our AWR business, foreign taxes greater than the statutory rate, nondeductible officer compensation, and state income taxes net of the federal benefit, offset by the research and development tax credit, the deduction for foreign-derived intangible income, and an enhanced deduction for certain research and development expenses.

Our earnings from our operations in Hungary are subject to a statutory tax rate of 9%. In addition, our research and development activities in Hungary benefit from a tax law in Hungary that provides for an enhanced deduction for qualified research and development expenses. The tax position of our Hungarian operations resulted in income tax benefits of $0.2 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020.

Earnings from our operations in Malaysia are free of tax under a tax holiday effective January 1, 2013. This tax holiday expires in 2037. If we fail to satisfy the conditions of the tax holiday, this tax benefit may be terminated early.  The income tax benefits of the tax holiday for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020 were approximately $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively.  The impact of the tax holiday on a per share basis for each of the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020 was a benefit of $0.01 per share.

No other taxing jurisdictions had a significant impact on our effective tax rate. We have not entered into any advanced pricing or other agreements with the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") with regard to any foreign jurisdictions.

Note 10 – Comprehensive income    

Our comprehensive income is comprised of net income, foreign currency translation, unrealized gains and losses on forward contracts and securities classified as available-for-sale. The accumulated OCI, net of tax, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, consisted of the following:  

March 31, 2021
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)Currency translation adjustmentInvestmentsDerivative instrumentsAccumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
Balance as of December 31, 2020$(10,066)$(426)(10,334)$(20,826)
Current-period other comprehensive (loss) income(7,195)(88)9,925 2,642 
Reclassified from accumulated OCI into income2,056 2,056 
Income tax (benefit) expense(2)2,762 2,760 
Balance as of March 31, 2021$(17,261)$(512)$(1,115)$(18,888)

22    


March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)Currency translation adjustmentInvestmentsDerivative instrumentsAccumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
Balance as of December 31, 2019$(25,831)$(85)4,846 $(21,070)
Current-period other comprehensive (loss) income(5,913)(2,788)995 (7,706)
Reclassified from accumulated OCI into income(1,570)(1,570)
Income tax (benefit) expense(108)181 73 
Balance as of March 31, 2020$(31,744)$(2,765)$4,090 $(30,419)
  
Note 11 – Authorized shares of common and preferred stock and stock-based compensation plans
  
Authorized shares of common and preferred stock

The total number of shares which we are authorized to issue is 365,000,000 shares, consisting of (i) 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, and (ii) 360,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share.

Stock-Based Compensation Plan  

Our stockholders approved our 2005 Incentive Plan (the “2005 Plan”) on May 10, 2005. At the time of approval, 4,050,000 shares of our common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2005 Plan, as well as the number of shares which had been reserved but not issued under our 1994 Incentive Stock Option Plan (the “1994 Plan”), which terminated in May 2005, and any shares that returned to the 1994 Plan as a result of termination of options or repurchase of shares issued under such plan. The 2005 Plan provided for the granting of incentive awards in the form of restricted stock and RSUs to directors, executive officers and employees of the Company and its subsidiaries. Awards vest over a threefive or ten-year period, beginning on the date of grant. Vesting of ten-year awards may accelerate based on our previous year’s earnings and growth but ten-year awards cannot accelerate to vest over a period of less than five years. The 2005 Plan terminated on May 11, 2010, except with respect to outstanding awards previously granted thereunder. There were 3,362,304 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2005 Plan as of May 11, 2010.  

Our stockholders approved our 2010 Incentive Plan (the “2010 Plan”) on May 11, 2010. At the time of approval, 3,000,000 shares of our common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2010 Plan, as well as the 3,362,304 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 1994 Plan and the 2005 Plan as of May 11, 2010, and any shares that are returned to the 1994 Plan and the 2005 Plan as a result of the forfeiture or termination of options or RSUs or repurchase of shares issued under those plans. The 2010 Plan provided for the granting of incentive awards in the form of restricted stock and RSUs to employees, directors and consultants of the Company and employees and consultants of any parent or subsidiary of the Company. Awards vest over a threefive or ten-year period, beginning on the date of grant. Vesting of ten-year awards may accelerate based on our previous year’s earnings and growth but ten-year awards cannot accelerate to vest over a period of less than five years. The 2010 Plan terminated on May 12, 2015, except with respect to the outstanding awards previously granted thereunder. There were 2,518,416 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2010 Plan as of May 12, 2015.

Our stockholders approved our 2015 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2015 Plan”) on May 12, 2015. At the time of approval, 3,000,000 shares of our common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2015 Plan, as well as the 2,518,416 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2010 Plan as of May 12, 2015, and any shares that were returned to the 1994 Plan, 2005 Plan, and 2010 Plan as a result of the forfeiture or termination of options or RSUs or repurchase of shares issued under those plans. The 2015 Plan provides for the granting of incentive awards in the form of restricted stock and RSUs, to employees, directors and consultants of the Company and employees and consultants of any parent or subsidiary of the Company and such awards may be subject to performance-based vesting conditions. Awards generally vest over a three, four, five or ten-year period, beginning on the date of grant. Vesting of ten-year awards may accelerate based on our previous year’s earnings and growth but ten year awards cannot accelerate to vest over a period of less than five years. The 2015 Plan terminated on May 5, 2020, except with respect to the outstanding awards previously granted thereunder. There were 567,142 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2015 Plan as of May 5, 2020.

23    


Our stockholders approved our 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”) on May 5, 2020. At the time of approval, 4,500,000 shares of our common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2020 Plan, as well as the 567,142 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2015 Plan as of May 5, 2020, and any shares that were returned to the 1994 Plan, 2005 Plan, 2010 Plan, and 2015 Plan as a result of the forfeiture or termination of options or RSUs or repurchase of shares issued under those plans. The 2020 Plan provides for the granting of incentive awards in the form of restricted stock and RSUs to employees, directors and consultants of the Company and employees and consultants of any parent or subsidiary of the Company. Awards generally vest over a one, two, three or four-year period, beginning on the date of the grant and awards may be subject to performance-based vesting conditions. There were 3,307,988 shares available for grant under the 2020 Plan at March 31, 2021.

Performance-based stock units

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we granted 130,006 and 144,647 performance-based restricted stock units ("PRSUs"), respectively, to executive officers pursuant to the 2020 Plan and 2015 Plan. The PRSUs may be earned based on our total shareholder return ("TSR") compared to the TSR of the Russell 2000 Index (the “Index”) over a three-year performance period. For the PRSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2021, the three-year performance period commenced on January 1, 2021, and will end on December 31, 2023, and for the PRSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2020, the three-year performance commenced on January 1, 2020 and will end on December 31, 2022, using the average daily closing price over a 30-day lookback in each case. The number of awards earned could range from 0 to two times the target number of shares granted.

The fair values of PRSUs are estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation. The determination of fair values of the PRSUs are based on our stock price and a number of assumptions including the expected volatility, expected dividend yield and the risk-free interest rate. The expected volatility at the date of grant was based on the historical volatilities of our stock and the companies included in the Index over the performance period. The Monte Carlo model is based on random projections of stock-price paths and must be repeated numerous times to achieve a probabilistic assessment. The key assumptions used in valuing these market-based awards are as follows:

Three Months Ended
(unaudited)
March 31, 2021March 31, 2020
Number of simulations100,000100,000
Expected volatility40.60%27.41%
Expected life in years2.95 years2.92 years
Risk-free interest rate0.21%1.38%
Dividend yield2.66%2.32%

The weighted average grant date fair value of the market-based awards, as determined by the Monte Carlo valuation model, was $66.97 per share and $61.00 per share in 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Employee stock purchase plan  

Our employee stock purchase plan ("ESPP") permits substantially all domestic employees and employees of designated subsidiaries to acquire our common stock at a purchase price of 85% of the lower of the market price at the beginning or the end of the purchase period. The plan has quarterly purchase periods generally beginning on February 1, May 1, August 1 and November 1 of each year. Employees may designate up to 15% of their compensation for the purchase of common stock under the ESPP. On May 14, 2019, our stockholders approved an additional 3,000,000 shares for issuance under the ESPP. At March 31, 2021, we had 2,737,080 shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under the ESPP. We issued 322,112 shares under this plan in the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the weighted average purchase price of the shares issued was $26.59 per share. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we did not make any changes in accounting principles or methods of estimates with respect to our ESPP.  


24    


Authorized Preferred Stock and Preferred Stock Purchase Rights Plan  
  
We have 5,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock. On January 21, 2004, our Board of Directors designated 750,000 of these shares as Series A Participating Preferred Stock in conjunction with the adoption of a Preferred Stock Rights Agreement which expired on May 10, 2014. There were 0 shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021.

Stock repurchases and retirements 
 
On April 21, 2010, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase shares of our common stock from time to time, depending on market conditions and other factors. The Board amended such program several times over the years to increase the number of shares that may be purchased under the program. Most recently, on October 23, 2019, our Board amended the program to increase the number of shares that may be repurchased by 3,000,000 shares. At March 31, 2021, there were 1,609,943 shares remaining available for repurchase under the stock repurchase program. We did not repurchase any shares of our common stock during the three-months ended March 31, 2021 under the program. We repurchased 164,873 shares of our common stock at a weighted average price per share of $39.58 during the three-months ended March 31, 2020 under the program.

Note 12 – Segment and geographic information 
  
We operate as 1 operating segment. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, who is our chief executive officer, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Our chief operating decision maker evaluates our financial information and resources and assesses the performance of these resources on a consolidated basis. Since we operate as 1 operating segment, all required financial segment information can be found in the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto.
  
We sell our products in 3 geographic regions which consist of Americas, EMEA and APAC. Our sales to these regions share similar economic characteristics, similar product mix, similar customers, and similar distribution methods. Revenue from the sale of our products, which are similar in nature, and software maintenance is reflected as total net sales in our Consolidated Statements of Income. (See Note 2 –Revenue of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for total net sales by the major geographic areas in which we operate).

The following tables present summarized information for net sales by country. Revenues from external customers are generally attributed to countries based upon the customer's location. Net sales attributable to each individual foreign country outside the U.S. and China were not material.

United States
China(1)
Rest of the WorldTotal
(in millions)
Net sales:
Three months ended March 31, 2021$120 $54 $161 $335 
Three months ended March 31, 2020$118 $34 $157 $309 
(1): Includes Mainland China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Total property and equipment, net, outside the U.S. was $131 million and $135 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Revenues and long-lived assets attributable to each individual foreign country outside of the U.S. were not material.


Note 13 - Debt

On October 30, 2020, we entered into a First Amendment to our Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the" Amendment"), which amended the prior agreement, dated as of June 12, 2020 with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Administrative Agent, and Lenders party thereto (as amended, the "Credit Agreement").


25    


The Credit Agreement provides for a $115 million revolving line of credit and a $100 million term loan. Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreement, we may borrow additional funds of up to $100 million, plus an unlimited amount so long as after giving effect to the incurrence of such incremental increases, on a pro forma basis, the consolidated total leverage ratio does not exceed 2.25 to 1.00. The maturity date of both the revolving line of credit and term loan is June 12, 2024 (the "Maturity Date"). The term loan shall be paid after the effective date for the Amendment in quarterly installments equal to 1.25% of the original principal amount and shall be paid in full, with accrued interest, on the Maturity Date.

The revolving loans and term loans accrue interest, at our option, at: (i) a basis rate equal to the highest of (a) the prime rate (b) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, and (c) LIBOR for an interest period of one month plus 1.00%, plus a margin of 0.50% to 1.00%; or (ii) LIBOR plus margin of 1.50% to 2.00%, in each case with the margin being determined based upon our consolidated total leverage ratio. The Credit Agreement provides for a revolving credit commitment fee of 0.250% to 0.375% per annum, determined based upon our consolidated total leverage ratio, on the average daily unused amount of the revolving committed amount, payable quarterly in arrears.

The Credit Agreement contains financial covenants requiring us to maintain a maximum total leverage ratio of less than or equal to 2.75 to 1.00 and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of greater than or equal to 1.25 to 1.00, in each case determined in accordance with the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement requires that certain of our wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries guaranty our obligations under the Credit Agreement. Obligations under the Credit Agreement and guaranty are secured by substantially all of our and of each guarantying subsidiary's assets. The Credit Agreement also contains customary affirmative and negative covenants. Proceeds of loans made under the revolving loan facility portion of the Credit Agreement may be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes. We may prepay the loans under the Credit Agreement in whole or in part at any time without premium or penalty.

The following table presents the amounts outstanding related to our borrowing arrangements discussed above as of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively (in thousands):
March 31,December 31,
20212020
Secured
2020 term loan (effective interest rate of 1.7%)$97,500 $98,750 
Total Debt97,500 98,750 
Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs(1,509)(1,714)
Less: Current Portion of Total Debt(5,000)(5,000)
Total Debt, non-current$90,991 $92,036 


Note 14 – Commitments and contingencies  
  
We offer a one-year limited warranty on most hardware products which is included in the terms of sale of such products. We also offer optional extended warranties on our hardware products for which the related revenue is recognized ratably over the warranty period. Provision is made for estimated future warranty costs at the time of the sale for the estimated costs that may be incurred under the standard warranty. Our estimate is based on historical experience and product sales during the period.  The warranty reserve for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20212020
Balance at the beginning of the period$2,872 $2,561 
Accruals for warranties issued during the period681 597 
Accruals related to pre-existing warranties130 63 
Settlements made (in cash or in kind) during the period(803)(599)
Balance at the end of the period$2,880 $2,622 
 
As of March 31, 2021, we had non-cancelable purchase commitments with various suppliers of customized inventory and inventory components totaling approximately $4.6 million over the next twelve months.  
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Note 15 – Restructuring

On October 29, 2020, we announced a workforce reduction plan (the “Plan”) intended to accelerate our growth strategy and further optimize our operations and cost structure. The majority of charges related to this plan were recognized during the three months ended December 31, 2020. The Plan is expected to result in additional reductions to our worldwide headcount of approximately 3% over the next three to six months. In connection with the Plan, we currently estimate that we will incur additional pre-tax charges of approximately $3 million, consisting primarily of cash termination benefits and other employee-related costs that will be paid over the next three to six months.

A summary of the charges in the consolidated statement of operations resulting from our restructuring activities is shown below:

Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20212020
Cost of sales$75 $20 
Research and development155 4,600 
Sales and marketing4,086 6,315 
General and administrative1,959 315 
Total restructuring and other related costs$6,275 $11,250 
A summary of balance sheet activity related to the restructuring activity is shown below:

Restructuring Liability
(in thousands)
Balance as of December 31, 2020$28,993 
Income statement expense6,275 
Cash payments(21,242)
Balance as of March 31, 2021$14,026 

The restructuring  liability of  $14.0 million  at  March 31, 2021 relating primarily to severance payments associated with the restructuring activity, is recorded in the “accrued compensation” line item of the consolidated balance sheet.

Note 16 – Litigation  
  
We are not currently a party to any material litigation. However, in the ordinary course of our business, we have in the past, are currently and will likely become involved in various legal proceedings, claims, and regulatory, tax or government inquiries and investigations, and could incur uninsured liability in any one or more of them. We also periodically receive notifications from various third parties related to alleged infringement of patents or intellectual property rights, commercial disputes or other matters. No assurances can be given with respect to the extent or outcome of any investigation, litigation or dispute. 
 
Note 17 – Acquisitions  

Acquisition of OptimalPlus

On July 2, 2020, we completed the acquisition of OptimalPlus Ltd. (“OptimalPlus”), a global leader in data analytics software for the semiconductor, automotive and electronics industries that is based in Israel. As a result of acquiring 100% of the outstanding share capital of OptimalPlus, OptimalPlus became our wholly-owned subsidiary. This transaction is being accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting. All of the acquired assets and liabilities of OptimalPlus have been recorded at their respective fair values as of the acquisition date. Transaction costs have been expensed as incurred.

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The acquisition was funded primarily by cash on hand in addition to $70 million drawn under our term loan facility on June 30, 2020. See Note 13 Debt of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information on our outstanding borrowings. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, we expensed $7 million of transaction costs in connection with the acquisition of OptimalPlus, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

At the acquisition date, total consideration transferred was approximately $353 million, inclusive of $18 million in cash acquired. Additionally, unvested in-the-money share options of certain OptimalPlus employees were exchanged into the right to receive deferred cash consideration in accordance with the terms of the share purchase agreement. Approximately $12 million of deferred cash consideration was allocated to post-combination expense and is not included in the total consideration transferred. The deferred cash consideration is subject to the original vesting schedule of the corresponding unvested options that were replaced and the amounts will be recognized as compensation expense over the remaining service period.

The excess of the purchase price over the net assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. Goodwill generated from the acquisition is primarily attributable to expected growth in the scope of and market opportunities for our software-defined automated test and measurement platform. As a result of the structure of the transaction, the balance of goodwill is deductible in the U.S. over 15 years for income tax purposes.

Fair value of net assets acquired and liabilities assumed

The information below represents the preliminary purchase price allocation of OptimalPlus (in thousands):

July 2, 2020
Consideration Transferred$352,642 
Cash17,661 
Intangible assets129,000 
Goodwill202,738 
Contract assets15,454 
Deferred revenue(7,341)
Accounts receivable4,927 
Other assets and liabilities(2,216)
Deferred tax liabilities(7,581)
Net assets acquired$352,642 

Our preliminary estimates of the fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed are based on the information currently available, and we are continuing to evaluate the underlying inputs and assumptions used in our valuations. Accordingly, these preliminary estimates are subject to change during the measurement period, which is up to one year from the date of acquisition. A decrease in the fair value of assets acquired or an increase in the fair value of liabilities assumed in the acquisition from these preliminary estimates would result in a corresponding increase in the amount of goodwill acquired. The primary areas of the purchase price that are not yet finalized relate to income taxes, indemnification assets, and residual goodwill.

Acquired intangible assets will be amortized over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. The following table summarizes the preliminary purchase price allocation, and the preliminary average remaining useful lives, for identifiable intangible assets acquired (dollars in thousands):
Estimated Fair ValueEstimated Useful Lives (in years)
Customer relationships$30,100 5
Developed technology82,400 6
In-process research and development (IPR&D)10,400 Indefinite
Other intangibles6,100 3-5
Total$129,000 

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Developed technology and IPR&D relate to software platforms for data analytics in the semiconductor, automotive, and electronic industries that combine machine-learning with a global data infrastructure to provide real-time product analytics and extract insights from data across the entire supply chain. We valued the developed technology and IPR&D using the multi-period excess earnings method under the income approach. This method reflects the present value of the projected cash flows that are expected to be generated by the technology less charges representing the contribution of other assets to those cash flows. The economic useful life was determined based on the technology cycle related to each technology, as well as the cash flows over the forecast period.

Customer relationships represent the fair value of future projected revenue that will be derived from sales of products to existing customers. Customer relationships were valued using the with-and-without-method under the income approach. In the with-and-without method, the fair value was measured by the difference between the present values of the cash flows with and without the existing customers in place over the period of time necessary to reacquire the customers. The economic useful life was determined by evaluating many factors, including the useful life of other intangible assets, the length of time remaining on the acquired contracts and the historical customer turnover rates.

Unaudited Pro Forma Information

The results of OptimalPlus have been included in our consolidated statements of income for the period subsequent to the acquisition date. The following unaudited pro forma financial information presents combined results of operations for the periods presented, as if the OptimalPlus acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2019, with adjustments to give effect to pro forma events that are directly attributable to the acquisition. These pro forma adjustments include additional amortization expense for the identifiable intangible assets, a reduction in revenue related to deferred revenue purchase accounting adjustments, an increase in interest expense related to the term loan entered into in connection with the acquisition, and adjustments to compensation expense for the replacement of unvested share options discussed above, net of tax effects. For the pro forma presentation, given the assumed acquisition date of January 1, 2019, transaction and integration costs that were incurred at or subsequent to the actual acquisition date have been included in the calculation of pro forma net income for the three months ended March 31, 2020, whereas transaction and integration costs that were incurred prior to the acquisition date have been excluded from the calculation of pro forma net income. The unaudited pro forma results are presented for informational purposes only and are not necessarily indicative of what actual results of operations would have been if the acquisition had occurred as the beginning of the period presented, nor are they indicative of future results of operations. The unaudited pro forma results do not include the impact of synergies, nor any potential impacts on current or future market conditions which could alter the unaudited pro forma results.


Three Months Ended March 31,
2020
(in thousands)(unaudited)
Net sales$315,170 
Net income$120,991 

Note 18 – Subsequent events  
  
On April 21, 2021, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.27 per common share, payable on June 1, 2021, to stockholders of record on May 10, 2021.

On April 23, 2021, we acquired the outstanding share capital of a software company for cash consideration of approximately $20 million. The transaction is expected to be accounted for as a business combination.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

National Instruments Corporation and its subsidiaries (referred to as the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,” “National Instruments” or “NI”) has made forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Any statements contained herein regarding our future financial performance, operations, plans, investments, expected effects of investments, or other matters (including, without limitation, statements to the effect that we “believe,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend to,” “may,” “will,” “project,” “anticipate,” “continue,” “strive to,” “endeavor to,” “seek to,” “are committed to,” "remaining committed to"; “are encouraged by,” "remain cautious," "remain optimistic," “estimate”, "focus on"; statements of “goals,”“commitments,” "strategy" or “visions”; or other variations thereof or comparable terminology or the negative thereof) should be considered forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and projections of future events. We claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 for all forward-looking statements.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of important factors, including those set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” below and in "Part 1, Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 (the "2020 Form 10-K"). Actual results could differ materially from those stated or implied by our forward-looking statements, due to risks and uncertainties associated with our business or under different assumptions or conditions. You should not place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we disclaim any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the 2020 Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") and the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in Part 1, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Overview and Current Business Outlook
For more than 40 years, we have enabled engineers and scientists around the world to accelerate productivity, innovation and discovery. Our software-centric platform provides an advanced approach through integration of software and modular hardware to create automated test and automated measurement systems. We believe our long-term track record of innovation and our differentiated platform help support the success of our customers, employees, suppliers, community and stockholders. We have been profitable in every year since 1990. We sell to a large number of customers in a wide variety of industries.
The key strategies that we focus on in running our business are the following:
Expanding our available market opportunity
We strive to increase our available market by identifying new opportunities in existing customers, attracting and serving new customers, and expanding our business to market adjacencies. Our large network of existing customers provides a broad base from which to expand.
Maintaining a high level of customer satisfaction
To maintain a high level of customer satisfaction we strive to offer innovative, modular and integrated products through a global sales and support network. We strive to maintain a high degree of backward compatibility across different platforms to preserve the customer’s investment in our products. In this time of intense global competition, we believe it is crucial that we continue to offer products with high quality and reliability, and that our products provide cost-effective solutions for our customers.  
Leveraging external and internal technology
Our product strategy is to provide superior products by leveraging generally available technology, supporting open architectures on multiple platforms and by leveraging our core technologies across multiple products.
We sell into test and measurement and industrial/embedded applications in a broad range of industries and are subject to the economic and industry forces that drive those markets. Examples of these types of customers include semiconductor, transportation, and aerospace, defense and government ("ADG").

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Leveraging a worldwide sales, distribution and manufacturing network
We distribute and sell our software and hardware products through a direct sales organization, as well as through independent distributors. We also use original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs"), value added resellers, system integrators and consultants to market and sell our products. We have sales offices in the U.S. and sales offices and distributors in key international markets. Sales outside of the Americas accounted for approximately 62% and 60% of our net sales during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The vast majority of our foreign sales are denominated in the customers’ local currency, which exposes us to the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We expect that a significant portion of our total revenues will continue to be derived from international sales. (See Note 2 - Revenue and Note 12 - Segment and geographic information of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for details concerning the geographic breakdown of our net sales and long-lived assets, respectively).

We manufacture substantially all of our product volume at our facilities in Debrecen, Hungary and Penang, Malaysia.
Delivering high quality, reliable products
We believe that our long-term growth and success depend on delivering high quality software and hardware products on a timely basis. Accordingly, we focus significant efforts on research and development. We focus our research and development efforts on enhancing existing products and developing new products that incorporate appropriate features and functionality to be competitive with respect to technology, price and performance. Our success also depends on our ability to obtain and maintain patents and other proprietary rights related to technologies used in our products. We have engaged in litigation when necessary, and will likely engage in future litigation to protect our intellectual property rights.
Our operating results fluctuate from period to period due to changes in global economic conditions and a number of other factors such as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, we believe our historical results of operations should not be relied upon as indications of future performance. There can be no assurance that our net sales will grow, or not decline, or that we will remain profitable in future periods.

Current business outlook  

During the fourth quarter of 2020, we began to see indicators of strong demand from our customers and these trends continued to strengthen during the first quarter of 2021. We are encouraged by early signs of a strong economic recovery given recent order trends across the geographic regions and end markets that we serve. However, during the first quarter of 2021, we began to experience shortages of certain components in our supply chain due to global capacity constraints that were amplified by the COVID-19 pandemic and increasing market demand. Historically, our backlog levels have remained fairly consistent at the end of each quarter, representing approximately a week of quarterly sales activity, and the majority of these orders are fulfilled quickly within the following quarter. However, due to the shortage of certain components from our suppliers and the increase in demand from our customers, our backlog at the end of the first quarter was more than double the historical average. Consequently, we expect some headwinds related to the supply chain constraints to continue while global supply chains adjust to the significant increases in demand. Longer lead times to fulfill orders for certain offerings may shift the timing of revenue recognition into future periods or further increase our costs to obtain a consistent supply of certain components.

Although the strength of the recent trends vary by region and end market, we expect to continue seeing signs of further recovery in end markets where we experienced weaker demand over the past year, including transportation and our broad-based portfolio business, which benefit from improving macroeconomic conditions. We also expect demand to continue to strengthen in semiconductor and transportation offerings, as our customers make investments in emerging technologies related to 5G/mmWave and vehicle electrification. We also anticipate that recent additions and enhancements to our software offerings will fuel long-term revenue growth across our various end markets.

We remain committed to maintaining our critical investments and capacity to run our business while continuing to innovate. Furthermore, we continue to focus on scale and efficiency in serving our broad-based customers. Our focus to streamline the process of doing business with NI means both reducing our costs and improving the experience of the large number of smaller accounts we serve. This commitment and focus include plans to invest in ni.com for a better digital experience and significantly expand the usage of our distributor channel in 2021 and beyond. We believe these actions will allow our direct sales force to support proactive engagements with accounts where we can deliver enterprise-level value. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, indirect sales through our distributor channels increased to represent about 5% of our total sales, compared to 2% in the same period of 2020.

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As part of our efforts to streamline the process of doing business with NI, we have also increased our focus on customer account tiers when assessing trends in our order growth. Specifically, we have grouped our customers into tiers based on their historical spending patterns and potential for future order growth. Our "Focus" account tiers are comprised of approximately 2,500 accounts we have identified as having a high potential to maintain or expand our business through system-level offerings. The Focus tier currently represents approximately 70% of our total order value. Our "Broad-based" account tier is comprised of the remainder of our customer base and represents approximately 30% of our total order value. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, orders from our Focus accounts and Broad-based accounts increased by 21% and 14%, respectively, compared to the same period in 2020. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, orders from our Focus accounts and Broad-based accounts increased by 5% and decreased by 18%, respectively, compared to the same period in 2019.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we saw continued volatility in the exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and many of the currency markets where we have exposure. During the first quarter of 2021, the U.S. dollar index, as tracked by the St. Louis Federal Reserve was approximately 5% weaker compared to the first quarter of 2020 resulting in a modest year over year benefit to our US dollar equivalent sales. We cannot predict to what degree foreign currency markets will fluctuate in the future. See Results of Operations - Net Sales below for additional discussion on the impact of foreign exchange rates on our net sales and Note 5 - Derivative instruments and hedging activities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a further description of our derivative instruments and hedging activities.

Acquisitions and divestitures

Refer to Note 1 - Basis of presentation and Note 17 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on our acquisitions and divestitures during the periods presented.

Critical Accounting Estimates

In preparing our consolidated financial statements, we make assumptions, judgments and estimates that can have a significant impact on our net sales, operating income and net income, as well as on the value of certain assets and liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. We base our assumptions, judgments and estimates on historical experience and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. At least quarterly, we evaluate our assumptions, judgments and estimates, and make changes as deemed necessary.
    
These estimates may change as new events occur and additional information is obtained. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. For further information about our critical accounting estimates, see the discussion in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” under the heading “Critical Accounting Estimates” in our 2020 Form 10-K. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates since the 2020 Form 10-K.

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Results of Operations  
  
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the percentage of net sales represented by certain items reflected in our Consolidated Statements of Income:  

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
20212020
Net sales:  
Americas37.8 %40.4 %
EMEA25.5 28.0 
APAC36.7 31.6 
Total net sales100.0 100.0 
Cost of sales28.5 27.1 
Gross profit71.5 72.9 
Operating expenses:  
Sales and marketing34.8 37.4 
Research and development23.9 23.1 
General and administrative10.0 8.5 
Total operating expenses68.7 69.0 
Gain on sale of business/assets— 51.6 
Operating income2.8 55.5 
Other (expense) income:(1.5)0.2 
Income before income taxes1.3 55.7 
(Benefit) Provision for income taxes— 12.8 
Net income1.3 %42.9 %

  Figures may not sum due to rounding.

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Results of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020  

Net Sales.  The following table sets forth our net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 along with the changes between the corresponding periods.

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
  Change
(In millions)20212020DollarsPercentage
    
Product sales$295.1 $274.0 21.18%
Software maintenance sales40.1 35.4 4.713%
Total net sales$335.2 $309.4 25.88%
Figures may not sum due to rounding.

Net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were up 8 percent compared to the same period in 2020.

The increase in product sales was primarily attributable to strong demand for our system-level offerings, particularly in semiconductor and electronics test solutions. Geographically, we saw particularly strong growth in the APAC region.

The increase in software maintenance sales was primarily related to additional billings from annual renewals of software maintenance programs, including enterprise-wide agreements, during the trailing 12 months, and software-maintenance revenue attributable to our acquisition of OptimalPlus in the third quarter of 2020.

The following table sets forth our net sales by geographic region for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 along with the changes between the corresponding periods and the region’s percentage of total net sales.
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
  Change
(In millions)20212020DollarsPercentage
    
Americas$126.7 $125.0 1.71%
Percentage of total net sales37.8 %40.4 %  
    
EMEA$85.5 $86.7 (1.2)(1)%
Percentage of total net sales25.5 %28.0 %  
    
APAC$122.9 $97.6 25.326%
Percentage of total net sales36.7 %31.6 %  
Figures may not sum due to rounding.

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We expect sales outside of the Americas to continue to represent a significant portion of our net sales. We intend to continue to expand our international operations by increasing our presence in existing markets, adding a presence in new geographical markets and expanding the use of distributors to sell our products in some countries.  Almost all of the sales made by our direct sales offices in the Americas (excluding the U.S.), EMEA, and APAC are denominated in local currencies, and accordingly, the U.S. dollar equivalent of these sales is affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. In order to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying business performed excluding the effects of foreign currency fluctuations between periods, we compare the percentage change in our results from period to period using constant currency disclosure. To calculate the change in constant currency, current and comparative prior period results for entities reporting in currencies other than U.S. Dollars are converted into U.S. Dollars at constant exchange rates (i.e., the average rates in effect during the three months ended March 31, 2020). The following table presents this information, along with the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on sales denominated in local currencies, for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020Change
in Constant Dollars
Impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on net salesThree Months Ended March 31, 2021
(In millions)GAAP 
Net Sales
DollarsPercentageDollarsPercentageGAAP 
Net Sales
  
Americas$125.0 1.7 1.4%— —%$126.7 
EMEA$86.7 (4.2)(4.8)%2.9 3.4%$85.5 
APAC$97.6 21.6 22.1%3.7 3.8%$122.9 
Total net sales$309.4 19.1 6.2%6.7 2.3%$335.2 
  Figures may not sum due to rounding.

To help protect against changes in U.S. dollar equivalent value caused by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates of forecasted foreign currency cash flows resulting from international sales, we have instituted a foreign currency cash flow hedging program. We hedge portions of our forecasted net sales denominated in foreign currencies with average rate forward contracts. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, these hedges had the effect of decreasing our net sales by $2.0 million and increasing our net sales by $2.5 million, respectively. (See Note 5 - Derivative instruments and hedging activities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion regarding our cash flow hedging program and its related impact on our net sales for 2021 and 2020). 

Gross Profit. Our gross profit as a percentage of sales is impacted by many factors including changes in the amount of revenues from our large customers and changes in the foreign currency exchange markets. We continue to focus on cost control and cost reduction measures throughout our manufacturing cycle. The following table sets forth our gross profit and gross profit as a percentage of net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 along with the percentage changes in gross profit for the corresponding periods.
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
  
(In millions)20212020
  
Gross Profit$239.8$225.6
% change compared with prior period6.3% 
Gross Profit as a percentage of net sales71.5%72.9%

The decrease in gross profit as a percentage of net sales was primarily related to the following:
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Three Months Ended
(Unaudited)
March 31, 202072.9 %
Impact of amortization of acquired intangibles and other purchase accounting adjustments(1.4)%
Impact of changes related to recently acquired/divested businesses(0.4)%
Impact of increases in outbound freight and other logistics costs due to COVID-19(0.7)%
Impact of changes in sales mix and sales price0.6 %
Impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates0.5 %
March 31, 202171.5 %


To help protect against changes in our cost of sales caused by a fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates of forecasted foreign currency cash flows, we have a foreign currency cash flow hedging program. We hedge portions of our forecasted costs of sales denominated in foreign currencies with average rate forward contracts. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, these hedges had the effect of increasing our cost of sales by less than $0.1 million and $0.5 million, respectively. (See Note 5 - Derivative instruments and hedging activities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion regarding our cash flow hedging program and its related impact on our cost of sales for 2021 and 2020).

Operating Expenses. The following table sets forth our operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 along with the percentage changes between the corresponding periods and the line item as a percentage of total net sales.

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)20212020Change
   
Sales and marketing$116,783 $115,746 1%
Percentage of total net sales35%37% 
   
Research and development$80,086 $71,621 12%
Percentage of total net sales24%23% 
   
General and administrative$33,358 $26,180 27%
Percentage of total net sales10%8% 
Total operating expenses$230,227 $213,547 8%
Percentage of total net sales69%69% 

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The year over year increase in our total operating expenses of $17 million during the three months ending March 31, 2021 was primarily related to the following:

a $16 million increase attributable to higher acquisition-related operating costs, transaction and integration costs including a nonrecurring redemption fee for acquired intellectual property, and amortization of acquisition-related intangibles, primarily related to our acquired OptimalPlus business;
a $6 million increase in non-acquisition personnel costs, primarily attributable to an $8 million increase in accruals related to our variable compensation programs as well as a $5 million increase in additional stock-based compensation expense (due to comparatively higher stock prices on the grant date of unvested RSU awards and a shorter average service period for our awards) partially offset by a $(7) million decrease related to salary and benefits due to lower headcount;
a $2 million increase related to the year-over-year impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates;
a $2 million increase related to lower software development costs eligible for capitalization;
a $(5) million decrease related to restructuring charges; and
a $(4) million decrease in travel and other outside services due to travel restrictions, partially offset by strategic spending on outside services and marketing costs.

Sales and Marketing

The primary drivers of the increase in sales and marketing expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were additional costs associated with accruals under our variable compensation programs and the amortization of acquired intangibles, which were partially offset by lower severance-related costs, compared to the same period in 2020.

Research and Development

The primary drivers of the increase in research and development expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were additional costs associated with accruals under our variable compensation programs, stock-based compensation, as well as a decrease in software development costs eligible for capitalization, which were partially offset by lower severance-related costs, compared to the same period in 2020.

General and administrative

The primary drivers of the increase in general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were a one-time redemption fee associated with recently acquired intellectual property as well as additional employee-related costs associated with accruals under our variable pay programs, stock-based compensation, and severance, which were partially offset by lower benefits due to a reduction in headcount, compared to the same period in 2020.

Gain on sale of business/assets. As previously disclosed, on January 15, 2020, we completed the sale of our AWR subsidiary and recognized a gain on the sale of approximately $160 million, which is presented as "Gain on sale of business/assets" in the Consolidated Statements of Income.

Operating Income.  For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, operating income was $10 million and $172 million, respectively, a decrease of 94%. As a percentage of net sales, operating income was 2.8% and 55.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The decrease in operating income in absolute dollars for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020, is primarily attributable to the approximately $160 million gain on sale of our AWR subsidiary in 2020 and, to a lesser extent, the factors discussed in Net Sales, Gross Profit and Operating Expenses above.

Other (Expense) Income.

Interest Income. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, interest income was $0.2 million and $2.3 million, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Federal Reserve maintained the federal funds rate target to a range of zero to 0.25%. This will likely continue to have a negative impact on our interest income for the remainder of 2021.

Interest Expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, interest expense was approximately $0.7 million, and $0.1 million, respectively, due to borrowings outstanding under our Credit Agreement. Refer to Note 13 - Debt of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding the terms of our Credit Agreement and related borrowings.
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Loss From Equity-Method Investments. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, loss from equity-method investments was approximately $4.2 million and $1.0 million, respectively. The increase was primarily attributable to an impairment loss of $3.5 million recorded in the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Net Foreign Exchange Gain/(Loss). For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, net foreign exchange loss was $(0.6) million and $(0.5) million, respectively. These results are attributable to movements in the foreign currency exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and foreign currencies in subsidiaries for which our functional currency is not the U.S. dollar. We recognize the local currency as the functional currency in virtually all of our international subsidiaries.   

We utilize foreign currency forward contracts to hedge our foreign denominated net foreign currency balance sheet positions to help protect against the change in value caused by a fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates. We typically hedge up to 90% of our outstanding foreign denominated net receivable or payable positions and typically limit the duration of these foreign currency forward contracts to approximately 90 days. The gain or loss on these derivatives as well as the offsetting gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk is recognized in current earnings under the line item “Other (expense) income”. Our hedging strategy decreased our foreign exchange gain by $1.6 million and decreased our foreign exchange loss by $0.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. (See Note 5 - Derivative instruments and hedging activities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a further description of our derivative instruments and hedging activities).

Provision for Income Taxes.    For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, our provision for income taxes reflected an effective tax rate of (1)% and 23%, respectively. The factors that caused our effective tax rate to change year over year are detailed in the table below:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
Effective tax rate at March 31, 202023 %
Employee share-based compensation and other discrete items(22)%
Gain on sale of AWR business(4)%
Enhanced deduction for certain research and development expenses(2)%
Foreign taxes greater (less) than federal statutory rate(1)%
Nondeductible acquisition costs%
Change in unrecognized tax benefits%
Global intangible low-taxed income inclusion ("GILTI")%
Effective tax rate at March 31, 2021(1)%


38    


Other operational information  
We believe that the following additional unaudited operational metrics assist investors in assessing our operational performance relative to others in our industry and to our historical results. The following tables provide details with respect to the amount of GAAP charges related to certain items that were recorded in the line items indicated below (in thousands).
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20212020
Stock-based compensation  
Cost of sales$1,113 $804 
Sales and marketing5,696 5,175 
Research and development5,714 3,520 
General and administrative4,666 2,603 
Provision for income taxes(3,324)(1,502)
Total$13,865 $10,600 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20212020
Amortization of acquisition-related intangibles  
Net sales$813 $— 
Cost of sales4,272 746 
Sales and marketing2,171 486 
Research and development— 28 
Other (expense) income394 124 
Provision for income taxes(975)(157)
Total$6,675 $1,227 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20212020
Acquisition transaction costs, restructuring charges and other(1)(2)
  
Cost of sales$75 $20 
Sales and marketing4,648 6,373 
Research and development488 4,669 
General and administrative5,666 (1,014)
Gain on sale of business/assets(1)
— (159,753)
Other (expense) income(2)
3,725 128 
Provision for income taxes(2,883)34,754 
Total$11,719 $(114,823)
(1): During the first quarter of 2020, we recognized a gain of approximately $160 million related to the divestiture of AWR, presented within "Gain on sale of business/assets".
(2): During the first quarter of 2021, we recognized a $3.5 million impairment loss related to one of our equity-method investments.
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)20212020
Capitalization and amortization of internally developed software costs  
Cost of sales$6,874 $7,082 
Research and development(226)(1,915)
Provision for income taxes(1,396)(1,085)
Total$5,252 $4,082 
39    


Liquidity and Capital Resources  

Overview

At March 31, 2021, we had $299 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. Our cash and cash equivalent balances are held in numerous financial institutions throughout the world, however, all of our short-term investments that are located outside of the U.S. are denominated in the U.S. dollar. The following table presents the geographic distribution of our cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments as of March 31, 2021 (in millions):
DomesticInternationalTotal
Cash and cash equivalents$109.1$157.7$266.7
41%59%
Short-term investments$28.1$4.0$32.2
87%13%
Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments$137.2$161.7$298.9
46%54%
Figures may not sum due to rounding.
  
The following table presents our working capital, cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments:    
March 31, 2021December 31,Increase/
(In thousands)(unaudited)2020(Decrease)
   
Working capital$473,389 $467,655 $5,734 
Cash and cash equivalents (1)
266,712 260,232 6,480 
Short-term investments (1)
32,171 59,923 (27,752)
Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments$298,883 $320,155 $(21,272)
   
(1) Included in working capital   
  
Our principal sources of liquidity include cash, cash equivalents, cash generated from the sale and maturity of marketable securities, cash flows generated from our operations, cash generated from purchase of common stock through our employee stock purchase plan and available borrowings under our Credit Agreement. The primary drivers of the net increase in working capital between December 31, 2020 and March 31, 2021 were:

Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments decreased by $21 million. Additional analysis of the changes in our cash flows for the year ended March 31, 2021 compared to the year ended December 31, 2020 are discussed below;

Accounts receivable decreased by $26 million. Days sales outstanding increased to 57 days at March 31, 2021, compared to 56 days at December 31, 2020. The decrease in accounts receivable is primarily related to quarterly fluctuations in our net sales;

Inventory increased by $3 million. Inventory turns were 1.7 at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The increase in inventory was primarily attributable to slightly lower revenue during the first quarter than we expected, driven by supply chain constraints for certain components.

Accrued compensation decreased by $29 million attributable to annual payments under our variable compensation programs related to 2020 performance and severance payments under our current restructuring initiative, partially offset by accruals related to expected payouts under our 2021 variable compensation programs;

Other taxes payable decreased by $12 million primarily related to the timing of payments for VAT and other indirect taxes; and

Deferred revenue, current decreased by $3 million primarily related to the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates.
40    


Analysis of Cash Flow

The following table summarizes our cash flow results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

  
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(unaudited)
20212020
Cash provided by operating activities$29,841 $43,620 
Cash provided by investing activities6,393 49,626 
Cash used in financing activities(28,218)(31,532)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(1,536)(1,889)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents6,480 59,825 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period260,232 194,616 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$266,712 $254,441 
   
Operating Activities Cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 decreased by $14 million compared to the same period in 2020. This decrease was primarily due to a $56 million decrease in cash provided by changes in operating assets and liabilities during the year, further described below, partially offset by a $42 million increase in net income excluding the effect of non-cash items including stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, gain on sale of business/assets, loss from equity-method investments and deferred tax benefits.

The aggregate of accrued compensation, prepaid assets, deferred revenue and other assets and liabilities used net operating cash of $27 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to net cash provided of $3 million in the comparable period in 2020. The year over year change is primarily related to payments of severance-related costs that were accrued in the fourth quarter of 2020 as well as the timing of accruals and payments related to our variable compensation programs.

The aggregate of accounts receivable, inventory and accounts payable provided net cash of $21 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to net cash provided of $15 million in the comparable period in 2020. The amount of cash flow generated from or used by the aggregate of accounts receivable, inventory and accounts payable depends upon the cash conversion cycle, which represents the number of days that elapse from the day we pay for the purchase of raw materials and components to the collection of cash from our customers and can be significantly impacted by the timing of shipments and purchases, as well as collections and payments in a period.

The aggregate of income taxes payable and other indirect taxes used net operating cash of $10 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to net cash provided of $22 million in the comparable period in 2020. The year over year change is primarily attributable to the timing of payments of federal income taxes, payroll taxes, and other indirect taxes.


Investing Activities Cash provided by investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 decreased by $43 million compared to the same period in 2020. This was primarily attributable to a $159 million decrease in proceeds received from the sale of our AWR subsidiary in January 2020 and a $12 million increase in cash outflows related to equity-method investments during the same period in 2020. This decrease in investing inflows was partially offset by a net sale of short-term investments of $28 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to a net purchase of short-term investments of $95 million during the same period in 2020 and a decrease of $6 million in capital expenditures and capitalized internally developed software during the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020.

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Financing Activities Cash used in financing activities decreased by $3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. This was primarily related to a decrease of $7 million in cash outflows related to repurchases of our common stock during 2020, offset by a $2 million increase in cash outflows related to the increase in our quarterly dividend and an increase of $2 million related to scheduled payments on our term loan and the decrease in proceeds from issuance of common stock. (See Note 11 – Authorized shares of common and preferred stock and stock-based compensation plans of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion about our equity compensation plans and share repurchase program).

Contractual Cash Obligations. Information related to our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2020 can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Contractual Obligations,” in Part II-Item 7 of our 2020 Form 10-K. At March 31, 2021, there were no material changes outside the ordinary course of business to our contractual obligations from those reported in our 2020 Form 10-K. See Note 8 - Leases for additional information regarding our non-cancellable operating lease obligations as of March 31, 2021.

Credit Agreement. Refer to Note 13 - Debt of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details on our secured term loan and secured revolving loan facilities. As of March 31, 2021, we had $114 million in available borrowing capacity under the revolving loan facility. Proceeds of additional borrowings made under the Credit Agreement may be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes. We may prepay the loans under the Credit Agreement in whole or in part at any time without premium or penalty. Certain of our existing and future material domestic subsidiaries are required to guaranty our obligations under the Credit Agreement.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements.    We do not have any off-balance sheet debt. At March 31, 2021, we did not have any relationships with any unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements. As such, we are not exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we were engaged in such relationships.  
  
Prospective Capital Needs.    We believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, together with cash generated from operations, cash generated from the purchase of common stock through our employee stock purchase plan and available borrowing under our Credit Agreement will be sufficient to cover our working capital needs, capital expenditures, investment requirements, commitments, payment of dividends to our stockholders and repurchases of our common stock for at least the next 12 months. We may also seek to pursue additional financing or to raise additional funds by seeking an additional increase in our secured revolving line of credit under our Credit Agreement or selling equity or debt to the public or in private transactions from time to time. If we elect to raise additional funds, we may not be able to obtain such funds on a timely basis or on acceptable terms, if at all. If we raise additional funds by issuing additional equity or convertible debt securities, the ownership percentages of our existing stockholders would be reduced. In addition, the equity or debt securities that we issue may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of our common stock.

Although we believe that we have sufficient capital to fund our operating activities for at least the next 12 months, our future capital requirements may vary materially from those now planned. We anticipate that the amount of capital we will need in the future will depend on many factors, including:  

payment of dividends to our stockholders;
required levels of research and development and other operating costs;
our business, product, capital expenditure and research and development plans, and product and technology roadmaps; 
acquisitions of other businesses, assets, products or technologies; 
repurchase of our common stock;
the overall levels of sales of our products and gross profit margins;
the levels of inventory and accounts receivable that we maintain;
general economic and political uncertainty and specific conditions in the markets we address, including any volatility in the industrial economy in the various geographic regions in which we do business;
the inability of certain of our customers who depend on credit to have access to their traditional sources of credit to finance the purchase of products from us, which may lead them to reduce their level of purchases or to seek credit or other accommodations from us;
capital improvements for facilities; 
our relationships with suppliers and customers; and 
the level of proceeds received from our employee stock purchase plan.  


42    


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements  

See Note 1 – Basis of presentation in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. 
43    


Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Changes in currency exchange rates and interest rates are our primary financial market risks. Quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk appear in “Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in Part II of our 2020 Form 10-K and there were no material changes during the three months ended March 31, 2021 to this information reported in our 2020 Form 10-K.   
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Item 4. Controls and Procedures 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Based on an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act were effective as of March 31, 2021, to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the first quarter of 2021, which were identified in connection with management’s evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are not currently a party to any material litigation. However, in the ordinary course of our business, we have in the past, are currently and will likely become involved in various legal proceedings, claims, and regulatory, tax or government inquiries and investigations, and could incur uninsured liability in any one or more of them. We also periodically receive notifications from various third parties related to alleged infringement of patents or intellectual property rights, commercial disputes or other matters. No assurances can be given with respect to the extent or outcome of any investigation, litigation or dispute.  

  
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Our business, financial condition and operating results can be affected by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown, including but not limited to those described in Part I, Item 1A of our 2020 Form 10-K under the heading “Risk Factors,” any one or more of which could, directly or indirectly, cause our actual financial condition and operating results to vary materially from past, or from anticipated future, financial condition and operating results. Any of these factors, in whole or in part, could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and stock price.
The following risk factor is provided to update the risk factors previously disclosed under the heading “Risk Factors” in our 2020 Form 10-K. The developments described in the additional risk factor presented below have heightened, or in some cases manifested, certain of the risks disclosed in the other risk factors identified in the “Risk Factors” section of our 2020 Form 10-K.
A Global Shortage of Key Components Has and May Continue to Adversely Affect Our Business and Result of Operations. Various factors, including increased demand for certain components and production delays due to COVID-19 and other natural events and disasters, are contributing to shortages of certain components used in our products and increased difficulties in our ability to obtain a consistent supply of materials at stable pricing levels. Supply shortages and longer lead times for components used in our products, including limited source components, can result in significant additional costs and inefficiencies in manufacturing. A shortage of key components may cause a significant disruption to our production activities, which could have a substantial adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. If we are unsuccessful in resolving any such component shortages in a timely manner, we will experience a significant impact on the timing of revenue, a possible loss of revenue, or an increase in manufacturing costs, any of which would have a material adverse impact on our operating results.

45    


Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Purchase of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

The following table provides information as of March 31, 2021 with respect to the shares of our common stock that we repurchased during the first quarter of 2021.

PeriodTotal number of shares purchasedAverage price paid per shareTotal number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programsMaximum number of shares that may yet be purchased under the plans or programs (1)
    
January 1, 2021 to January 31, 2021— $— — 1,609,943 
    
February 1, 2021 to February 28, 2021— $— — 1,609,943 
    
March 1, 2021 to March 31, 2021— $— — 1,609,943 
Total— $— — 1,609,943 
(1) On April 21, 2010, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase shares of our common stock from time to time, depending on market conditions and other factors. The Board amended such program several times over the years to increase the number of shares that may be purchased under the program. Most recently, on October 23, 2019, our Board amended the program to increase the number of shares that may be repurchased by 3,000,000 shares. At March 31, 2021, there were 1,609,943 shares remaining available for repurchase under the stock repurchase program. This program does not have an expiration date nor does it obligate the Company to acquire any specific number of shares.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
  
None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
  
Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information
  
None.

Item 6. Exhibits
46    


EXHIBITS
101.INS*Inline XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104*Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
(1)Incorporated by reference to the same-numbered exhibit filed with the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013 filed on February 20, 2014 (File No. 000-25426).
(2)Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 filed with the Company’s Form 8-K on January 28, 2019 (File No. 000-25426).
(3)Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.36 filed with the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.
(4)Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.37 filed with the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.
(5)Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.38 filed with the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.
The exhibits required to be filed pursuant to the requirements of Item 601 of Regulation S-K are set forth in the Exhibit Index list noted above and are incorporated herein by reference.
*Filed herewith
**Furnished herewith
#Management Contract or Compensatory Plan or Arrangement

47    


SIGNATURE
  
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.  
  
Dated:  May 3, 2021
NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
By: /s/ Karen Rapp
Karen Rapp
EVP, Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)

48