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National Instruments (NATI)

Filed: 29 Apr 22, 1:56pm

UNITED STATES  
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION  
Washington, D.C. 20549  

FORM 10-Q  
    Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934    
For the quarterly period ended:  March 31, 2022
or   
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934    
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________  
  
Commission file number:  000-25426  
nati-20220331_g1.jpg    
NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION  
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)  
Delaware 74-1871327
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
11500 North MoPac Expressway 78759
Austin,
Texas
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
 Registrant's telephone number, including area code:  (512) 683-0100  
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueNATINasdaq Stock Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No ☐  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No ☐  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.    
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No  
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.  
ClassOutstanding at April 25, 2022
Common Stock, $0.01 par value131,173,958
1    


NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
  
INDEX  

2    


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  

Item 1. Financial Statements
NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION  
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

March 31,December 31,
20222021
Assets(unaudited) 
Cash and cash equivalents$142,883 $211,106 
Accounts receivable, net312,939 341,275 
Inventories, net307,892 289,243 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets109,764 89,925 
Total current assets873,478 931,549 
Property and equipment, net253,976 253,668 
Goodwill592,074 575,992 
Intangible assets, net216,292 220,418 
Operating lease right-of-use assets60,931 58,641 
Other long-term assets74,717 74,717 
Total assets$2,071,468 $2,114,985 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$81,824 $83,218 
Accrued compensation51,461 111,261 
Deferred revenue - current134,640 137,818 
Operating lease liabilities - current13,265 13,137 
Other taxes payable57,600 59,109 
Other current liabilities51,154 40,671 
Total current liabilities389,944 445,214 
Deferred income taxes11,583 14,249 
Income taxes payable - non-current54,195 54,195 
Deferred revenue - non-current35,766 32,822 
Operating lease liabilities - non-current32,584 30,468 
Debt, non-current325,000 300,000 
Other long-term liabilities14,958 14,340 
Total liabilities864,030 891,288 
Commitments and contingencies00
Stockholders' equity:  
Preferred stock:  par value $0.01;  5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding — — 
Common stock:  par value $0.01;  360,000,000 shares authorized; 131,876,464 shares and 132,293,898 shares issued and outstanding, respectively 1,319 1,323 
Additional paid-in capital1,152,349 1,129,647 
Retained earnings76,264 112,858 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(22,494)(20,131)
Total stockholders’ equity1,207,438 1,223,697 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$2,071,468 $2,114,985 
1

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements. 

3    


NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)  
  
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
  
Net sales:  
Product$343,685 $295,092 
Software maintenance41,571 40,090 
Total net sales385,256 335,182 
  
Cost of sales:  
Product115,024 91,657 
Software maintenance4,203 3,757 
Total cost of sales119,227 95,414 
Gross profit266,029 239,768 
  
Operating expenses:  
Sales and marketing120,157 116,783 
Research and development82,161 80,086 
General and administrative33,179 33,358 
Total operating expenses235,497 230,227 
Operating income30,532 9,541 
Other income (expense)33 (5,070)
Income before income taxes30,565 4,471 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes5,329 (24)
Net income$25,236 $4,495 
  
Basic earnings per share$0.19 0.03 
  
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic132,105 131,483 
  
Diluted earnings per share$0.19 $0.03 
  
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted133,175 132,717 
  
Dividends declared per share$0.28 $0.27 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 
4    


NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
(unaudited)  

Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
  
Net income$25,236 $4,495 
Other comprehensive income, before tax and net of reclassification adjustments:  
Foreign currency translation adjustment(3,805)(7,195)
Unrealized loss on securities available-for-sale— (88)
Unrealized gain on derivative instruments1,867 11,981 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, before tax(1,938)4,698 
Tax expense related to items of other comprehensive income425 2,760 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax(2,363)1,938 
Comprehensive income$22,873 $6,433 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

5    


NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)  

Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Cash flow from operating activities:  
Net income$25,236 $4,495 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization21,566 23,872 
Stock-based compensation20,128 17,189 
(Gain) loss from equity-method investees(602)4,173 
Deferred income taxes(3,615)(3,746)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions(66,561)(16,142)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities(3,848)29,841 
  
Cash flow from investing activities:  
Acquisitions, net of cash received(17,510)— 
Capital expenditures(10,182)(8,488)
Capitalization of internally developed software(187)(226)
Additions to other intangibles(1,274)(1,018)
Payments to acquire equity-method investments— (11,539)
Sales and maturities of short-term investments— 27,664 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities(29,153)6,393 
  
Cash flow from financing activities:  
Proceeds from revolving line of credit25,000 — 
Payments on term loan— (1,250)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock9,244 8,565 
Repurchase of common stock(31,455)— 
Dividends paid(36,976)(35,533)
Net cash used in financing activities(34,187)(28,218)
  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(1,035)(1,536)
  
Net change in cash and cash equivalents(68,223)6,480 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period211,106 260,232 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$142,883 $266,712 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.   

6    



NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands, except share data and per share data)
(unaudited)

March 31, 2022
Common Stock SharesCommon Stock AmountAdditional-Paid in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 2021132,293,898 $1,323 $1,129,647 $112,858 $(20,131)$1,223,697 
Net income— — — 25,236 — 25,236 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — (2,363)(2,363)
Issuance of common stock under employee plans354,618 9,240 — — 9,244 
Stock-based compensation— — 20,055 — — 20,055 
Repurchase of common stock(772,052)(8)(6,593)(24,854)— (31,455)
Dividends paid (1)— — — (36,976)— (36,976)
Balance at March 31, 2022131,876,464 $1,319 $1,152,349 $76,264 $(22,494)$1,207,438 

March 31, 2021
Common Stock SharesCommon Stock AmountAdditional-Paid in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 2020131,246,615 $1,312 $1,033,284 $211,101 $(20,826)$1,224,871 
Net income— — — 4,495 — 4,495 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 1,938 1,938 
Issuance of common stock under employee plans360,421 8,561 — — 8,565 
Stock-based compensation— — 17,173 — — 17,173 
Dividends paid (1)— — — (35,533)— (35,533)
Balance at March 31, 2021131,607,036 $1,316 $1,059,018 $180,063 $(18,888)$1,221,509 

(1) Cash dividends declared per share of common stock were $0.28 and $0.27 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

7    




NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS  
  
Note 1 – Basis of presentation
  
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 22, 2022 (the "2021 Form 10-K"). In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring items) considered necessary to present fairly our financial position at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the results of our operations and comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, and the statement of stockholders' equity for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. Our operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022. These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP").

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In November 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2021-10 (“ASU 2021-10”), Government Assistance, to increase transparency of government assistance including the disclosure of (1) the types of assistance, (2) an entity’s accounting for the assistance, and (3) the effect of the assistance on an entity’s financial statements. ASU 2021-10 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-08—Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. The new guidance requires contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination to be recognized in accordance with ASC Topic 606 as if the acquirer had originated the contracts. We early adopted the standard on January 1, 2022. The adoption of this accounting standard update did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

There were no material changes to our significant accounting policies during the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the significant accounting policies described in our 2021 Form 10-K.
8    


Other (Expense) Income

Other (expense) income, net consisted of the following amounts (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
20222021
Interest income$46 $161 
Interest expense(1,292)(704)
Gain (loss) from equity-method investments602 (4,173)
Net foreign exchange loss(1,166)(559)
Other1,843 205 
Other (expense) income, net$33 $(5,070)

Other Current Liabilities

Other current liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet includes the following amounts (in thousands):
As of March 31, 2022As of December 31,
(unaudited)2021
Income taxes payable - current$19,925 $14,457 
Hedge payable - current7,759 7,091 
Other23,470 19,123 
Total$51,154 $40,671 

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding (if dilutive) during each period. The number of common share equivalents, which includes restricted stock units ("RSUs"), is computed using the treasury stock method.

The reconciliation of the denominators used to calculate basic EPS and diluted EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
20222021
Weighted average shares outstanding-basic132,105 131,483 
Plus: Common share equivalents  
RSUs1,070 1,234 
Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted133,175 132,717 
  
Shares issuable upon vesting of RSU awards for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 of 442,000 shares and 567,000 shares, respectively, were excluded in the computations of diluted EPS because the effect of including the RSU awards would have been anti-dilutive.
9    


Note 2 - Revenue

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of the promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those products or services. We enter into contracts that can include various combinations of our products or services, which are generally capable of being distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. Revenue is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.

Disaggregation of Revenues

We disaggregate revenue from contracts with customers based on the timing of transfer of goods or services to customers (point-in-time or over time), geographic region based on the billing location of the customer, and customer industry grouping.

Total net sales based on the timing of transfer of goods or services to customers and geographic region are as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
20222021
(In thousands)
Net sales:
Point-in-Time(1)
Over TimeTotal
Point-in-Time(1)
Over TimeTotal
Americas$132,988 $26,222 $159,210 $104,586 $22,147 $126,733 
EMEA79,241 21,129 100,370 64,237 21,285 85,522 
APAC114,995 10,681 125,676 112,630 10,297 122,927 
Total net sales(1)
$327,224 $58,032 $385,256 $281,453 $53,729 $335,182 
(1): Net sales contains hedging gains and losses, which do not represent revenues recognized from customers.
See Note 5 - Derivative instruments and hedging activities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the impact of our hedging activities on our results of operations

The industry grouping used to disaggregate net sales is determined at the customer account level. Accounts assigned to one of our three industry-specific groupings are either designated as Semiconductor and Electronics, Transportation, or Aerospace, Defense, and Government ("ADG"). We are able to leverage the investments in these areas to also serve a broad base of diverse customers in the other industries we serve, which are included in our Portfolio grouping.

Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
Industry Grouping20222021
Portfolio$126,582 $112,352 
Semiconductor & Electronics103,012 98,930 
Aerospace, Defense & Government92,672 76,269 
Transportation62,990 47,631 
Total net sales$385,256 $335,182 


10    


Information about Contract Balances

Amounts collected in advance of services being provided are accounted for as deferred revenue. Nearly all of our deferred revenue balance is related to extended hardware and software maintenance contracts. Payment terms and conditions vary by contract type, although payment is typically due within 30 to 90 days of contract inception. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, we have determined our contracts generally do not include a significant financing component. The primary purpose of our invoicing terms is to provide customers with simplified and predictable ways of purchasing our products and services, not to receive financing from our customers, such as invoicing at the beginning of a subscription term with a portion of the revenue recognized ratably over the contract period, or to provide customers with financing, such as multi-year on-premises licenses that are invoiced annually with revenue recognized upfront.

Changes in deferred revenue, current and non-current, during the three months ended March 31, 2022 were as follows:
Amount
(In thousands)
Deferred Revenue at December 31, 2021$170,640 
   Deferral of revenue billed in current period, net of recognition52,457 
   Recognition of revenue deferred in prior periods(50,515)
   Foreign currency translation impact(2,175)
Balance as of March 31, 2022 (unaudited)$170,407 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, revenue recognized from performance obligations satisfied in prior periods (for example, due to changes in transaction price) was not material. Amounts recognized as revenue in excess of amounts billed are recorded as unbilled receivables. Unbilled receivables which are anticipated to be invoiced in the next twelve months are included in "other current assets" on the consolidated balance sheet. Based on the nature of our contracts with customers, we do not typically recognize unbilled receivables related to revenues recognized in excess of amounts billed. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, amounts recognized related to unbilled receivables were not material.

Unsatisfied Performance Obligations

Revenue expected to be recognized in any future period related to remaining performance obligations, excluding revenue pertaining to contracts that have an original expected duration of one year or less, and contracts where revenue is recognized as invoiced, was approximately $66.4 million as of March 31, 2022. Because we typically invoice customers at contract inception, this amount is included in our current and non-current deferred revenue balances and primarily relates to multi-year payments for hardware service and software service offerings. As of March 31, 2022, we expect to recognize approximately 38% of the revenue related to these unsatisfied performance obligations during the remainder of 2022, 36% during 2023, and 26% thereafter.

Assets Recognized from the Costs to Obtain a Contract with a Customer

We recognize an asset for the incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer if we expect the benefit of those costs to be longer than one year. We have determined that certain sales incentive programs meet the requirements to be capitalized. Capitalized incremental costs related to initial contracts and renewals are amortized over the same period because the commissions paid on both the initial contract and renewals are commensurate with one another. Total capitalized costs to obtain a contract were not material during the periods presented and are included in other long-term assets on our consolidated balance sheets.


11    


Note 3 – Investments 

Equity-Method Investments

The carrying value of our equity method investments was $32 million and $32 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, net sales to our equity-method investees were approximately $1.5 million and $0.3 million, respectively and purchases from our equity-method investees were not material.

We recorded a $3.5 million impairment loss related to an equity-method investment during the three months ended March 31, 2021. Our proportionate share of the income/(loss) from equity-method investments and related impairment charges are included within "Other (expense) income". Refer to Note 1 - Basis of Presentation of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on these amounts for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

        
Note 4 – Fair value measurements 
  
We define fair value to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required or permitted to be recorded at fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market that market participants may use when pricing the asset or liability.   
We follow a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. Fair value measurement is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The three values of the fair value hierarchy are the following:   
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities   
Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly   
Level 3 – Inputs that are not based on observable market data   

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
DescriptionMarch 31, 2022Level 1Level 2Level 3
Assets    
Cash and cash equivalents available for sale:    
Money Market Funds$2,042 $2,042 $— $— 
Other assets:
Derivatives14,852 — 14,852 0
Total Assets 
$16,894 $2,042 $14,852 $— 
    
Liabilities    
Derivatives$(10,118)$— $(10,118)$— 
Total Liabilities 
$(10,118)$— $(10,118)$— 

12    


(In thousands)Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
DescriptionDecember 31, 2021Level 1Level 2Level 3
Assets    
Cash and cash equivalents available for sale:    
Money Market Funds$101,290 $101,290 $— $— 
Other assets:
Derivatives12,407 — 12,407 — 
Total Assets 
$113,697 $101,290 $12,407 $— 
    
Liabilities    
Derivatives$(9,468)$— $(9,468)$— 
Total Liabilities 
$(9,468)$— $(9,468)$— 

We value our available-for-sale short-term investments based on pricing from third party pricing vendors, who may use quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1 inputs) or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable either directly or indirectly (Level 2 inputs) in determining fair value. We classify all of our fixed income available-for-sale securities as having Level 2 inputs. The valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of our financial instruments having Level 2 inputs were derived from non-binding market consensus prices that are corroborated by observable market data, quoted market prices for similar instruments, or pricing models, such as discounted cash flow techniques. We believe all of these sources reflect the credit risk associated with each of our available-for-sale short-term investments. Short-term investments available-for-sale consists of debt securities issued by states of the U.S. and political subdivisions of the U.S., corporate debt securities and debt securities issued by U.S. government organizations and agencies.

Derivatives include foreign currency forward contracts. Our foreign currency forward contracts are valued using an income approach (Level 2) based on the spot rate less the contract rate multiplied by the notional amount. We consider counterparty credit risk in the valuation of our derivatives. However, counterparty credit risk did not impact the valuation of our derivatives during the three months ended March 31, 2022. There were no transfers in or out of Level 1 or Level 2 during the three months ended March 31, 2022.  
  
We did not have any items that were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The carrying value of net accounts receivable, accounts payable, and long-term debt contained in the consolidated balance sheets approximates fair value.
 
Note 5 – Derivative instruments and hedging activities 
  
We recognize all of our derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities in our statement of financial position at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value (i.e., gains or losses) of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and further, on the type of hedging relationship. For those derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as hedging instruments, we designate the hedging instrument, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a fair value hedge, cash flow hedge, or a hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation.

We have direct operations in approximately 40 countries. Sales outside of the Americas accounted for approximately 59% and 62% of our net sales during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Our activities expose us to a variety of market risks, including the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates. These financial risks are monitored and managed by us as an integral part of our overall risk management program.   
  
We maintain a foreign currency risk management strategy that uses derivative instruments (foreign currency forward contracts) to help protect our earnings and cash flows from fluctuations caused by the volatility in currency exchange rates. Movements in foreign currency exchange rates pose a risk to our operations and competitive position, in that exchange rate changes may affect our profitability and cash flow, and the business or pricing strategies of our non-U.S. based competitors.
 
13    


The vast majority of our foreign sales are denominated in the customers’ local currency. We use foreign currency forward contracts as hedges of forecasted sales that are denominated in foreign currencies and as hedges of foreign currency denominated financial assets or liabilities. These contracts are entered into to help protect against the risk that the eventual dollar-net-cash inflows resulting from such sales or firm commitments will be adversely affected by changes in exchange rates. We also use foreign currency forward contracts as hedges of forecasted expenses that are denominated in foreign currencies. These contracts are entered into to help protect against the risk that the eventual dollar-net-cash outflows resulting from foreign currency operating and cost of sales expenses will be adversely affected by changes in exchange rates.
 
We designate foreign currency forward contracts as cash flow hedges of forecasted net sales or forecasted expenses. In addition, we hedge our foreign currency denominated balance sheet exposures using foreign currency forward contracts that are not designated as hedging instruments. None of our derivative instruments contain a credit-risk-related contingent feature.
 
 Cash flow hedges  

To help protect against the reduction in value caused by a fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates of forecasted foreign currency cash flows resulting from international sales over the next one to three years, we have instituted a foreign currency cash flow hedging program. We hedge portions of our forecasted net sales and forecasted expenses denominated in foreign currencies with forward contracts. For forward contracts, when the value of the dollar changes significantly against the foreign currencies, the change in the present value of future foreign currency cash flows may be offset by the change in the fair value of the forward contracts designated as hedges. We use foreign currency forward contracts for up to 100% of our forecasted exposures in selected currencies (primarily in Euro, Japanese yen, Hungarian forint, British pound, Malaysian ringgit, Korean won and Chinese yuan) and limit the duration of these contracts to 40 months or less.  

For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge, the gain or loss on the derivative is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income ("OCI") and reclassified into earnings in the same line item (net sales, operating expenses, or cost of sales) associated with the forecasted transaction and in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Hedge effectiveness of foreign currency forwards designated as cash flow hedges is measured by comparing the hedging instrument’s cumulative change in fair value from inception to maturity to the forecasted transaction’s terminal value.

We held forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges with the following notional amounts:

(In thousands)US Dollar Equivalent
As of March 31, 2022As of December 31,
(Unaudited)2021
Chinese yuan$87,871 $99,066 
Euro121,396 145,351 
Japanese yen33,460 43,128 
Hungarian forint46,749 54,939 
British pound23,981 25,947 
Malaysian ringgit24,161 29,624 
Korean won10,923 21,180 
Total forward contracts notional amount$348,541 $419,235 
  
The contracts in the foregoing table had contractual maturities of 21 months or less and 24 months or less at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

At March 31, 2022, we expect to reclassify $8.1 million of gains on derivative instruments from accumulated OCI to net sales during the next twelve months when the hedged international sales occur, $1.9 million of losses on derivative instruments from accumulated OCI to cost of sales during the next twelve months when the cost of sales are incurred and $1.4 million of losses on derivative instruments from accumulated OCI to operating expenses during the next twelve months when the hedged operating expenses occur. Expected amounts are based on derivative valuations at March 31, 2022. Actual results may vary materially as a result of changes in the corresponding exchange rates subsequent to this date.  

14    


Other Derivatives  
Other derivatives not designated as hedging instruments consist primarily of foreign currency forward contracts that we use to hedge our foreign denominated monetary assets and liabilities to help protect against the change in value caused by a fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates. We typically attempt to hedge up to 90% of our outstanding foreign denominated net receivables or net payables and typically limit the duration of these foreign currency forward contracts to approximately 90 days or less. The gain or loss on the derivatives as well as the offsetting gain or loss on the hedge item attributable to the hedged risk is recognized in current earnings under the line item “Other (expense) income.” As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, we held foreign currency forward contracts that were not designated as hedging instruments with a notional amount of $102 million and $94 million, respectively.   
The following tables present the fair value of derivative instruments on our Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.   
Asset Derivatives
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(Unaudited) 
   
(In thousands)Balance Sheet LocationFair ValueFair Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments   
Foreign exchange contracts - ST forwardsPrepaid expenses and other current assets$11,386 $8,993 
Foreign exchange contracts - LT forwardsOther long-term assets2,449 2,908 
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments $13,835 $11,901 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments   
Foreign exchange contracts - ST forwardsPrepaid expenses and other current assets$1,017 $506 
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments $1,017 $506 
Total derivatives $14,852 $12,407 
15    


   
Liability Derivatives
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)Balance Sheet LocationFair ValueFair Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments   
Foreign exchange contracts - ST forwardsOther current liabilities$(6,514)$(6,425)
Foreign exchange contracts - LT forwardsOther long-term liabilities(2,354)(2,377)
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments $(8,868)$(8,802)
   
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments   
Foreign exchange contracts - ST forwardsOther current liabilities$(1,250)$(666)
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments $(1,250)$(666)
   
Total derivatives $(10,118)$(9,468)
16    


The following tables present the effect of derivative instruments on our Consolidated Statements of Income for the three-months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively:
March 31, 2022
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging RelationshipGain or (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativeLocation of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into IncomeGain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards$1,884 Net sales$1,739 
   
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards(21)Cost of sales(327)
   
Foreign exchange contracts - forwardsOperating expenses(239)
Total$1,867  $1,173 
March 31, 2021
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging RelationshipGain or (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativeLocation of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into IncomeGain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards$16,286 Net sales$(2,026)
   
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards(2,529)Cost of sales(21)
   
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards(1,776)Operating expenses(9)
Total$11,981  $(2,056)
(In thousands)  ��
Derivatives not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsLocation of Gain (Loss) Recognized in IncomeAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in IncomeAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income
 March 31, 2022March 31, 2021
 (Unaudited)(Unaudited)
Foreign exchange contracts - forwardsOther (expense) income$(803)(1,601)
Total $(803)$(1,601)


17    


Note 6 – Inventories, net 
  
Inventories, net consist of the following: 

March 31, 2022December 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)2021
  
Raw materials  $196,514 $181,676 
Work-in-process16,247 14,573 
Finished goods95,131 92,994 
Total$307,892 $289,243 

Note 7 – Intangible assets and goodwill, net  
  
Intangible assets at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 are as follows:

March 31, 2022 
(In thousands)(Unaudited)December 31, 2021
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
Capitalized software development costs$44,554 $(37,262)$7,292 $45,671 $(36,457)$9,214 
Acquired technology151,531 (39,788)111,743 148,155 (34,264)113,891 
Customer relationships96,966 (21,606)75,360 93,931 (19,717)74,214 
Patents36,498 (29,879)6,619 36,217 (29,316)6,901 
Other33,986 (18,708)15,278 32,962 (16,764)16,198 
Total$363,535 $(147,243)$216,292 $356,936 $(136,518)$220,418 

Software development costs capitalized for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, and related amortization expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were $2.0 million and $7 million, respectively.

Amortization of capitalized software development costs is computed on an individual product basis for those products available for market and is recognized based on the product’s estimated economic life, which generally range from three to six years. Acquired technology, customer relationships and other intangible assets are amortized over their useful lives, which range from five to ten years. Patents are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit, generally ten to seventeen years. Total intangible assets amortization expenses were $12.4 million and $14.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.


18    


Goodwill

The carrying amount of goodwill as of March 31, 2022 was as follows:

Amount
(In thousands)
Balance as of December 31, 2021$575,992 
Acquisitions13,516 
Measurement period adjustment5,085 
Foreign currency translation impact(2,519)
Balance as of March 31, 2022 (unaudited)$592,074 

The excess purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. As businesses are acquired, we assign assets acquired (including goodwill) and liabilities assumed to either our existing reporting unit or a newly identified reporting unit as of the date of the acquisition. In the event a disposal group meets the definition of a business, goodwill is allocated to the disposal group based on the relative fair value of the disposal group to the related reporting unit. As we have 1 operating segment comprised of components with similar economic characteristics, we allocate goodwill to 1 reporting unit for goodwill impairment testing. Goodwill is tested for impairment on an annual basis, and between annual tests if indicators of potential impairment exist, using a fair-value-based approach based on the market capitalization of the reporting unit. Our annual impairment test is performed in the fourth quarter of each year.

 No impairment of goodwill was identified during the three months ended March 31, 2022 or the twelve months ended December 31, 2021.
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Note 8 – Leases

We have operating leases for corporate offices, automobiles, and certain equipment. Our leases have remaining terms of 1 year to 92 years, some of which may include options to extend the leases for up to 9 years, and some of which may include options to terminate the leases within 1 year. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. We recognize lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Amounts related to finance lease activities and income from leasing activities were not material for the periods presented.

The components of operating lease expense were as follows (unaudited):
(In thousands)March 31, 2022March 31, 2021
Operating Lease Cost (1)$5,417 $5,330 
(1) includes variable and short-term lease costs

Maturities of lease liabilities as of March 31, 2022 were as follows (unaudited):
(In thousands)
Years ending December 31,Operating Leases
2022 (Excluding the three months ended March 31, 2022)$11,496 
202311,776 
20249,973 
20257,069 
20266,193 
Thereafter2,921 
    Total future minimum lease payments49,428 
Less imputed interest(3,579)
    Total lease liabilities$45,849 

As of March 31, 2022, we have additional operating leases that have not commenced during the period, which were not material.

Note 9 – Income taxes
  
We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts which are more likely than not to be realized. We had a valuation allowance of $84 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. A majority of the valuation allowance is related to the deferred tax assets of National Instruments Hungary Kft. (“NI Hungary”).
  
We account for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in our financial statements using prescribed recognition thresholds and measurement attributes for financial statement disclosure of tax positions taken or expected to be taken on our tax returns. We had $10.1 million and $9.4 million of gross unrecognized tax benefits at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, all of which would affect our effective income tax rate if recognized. We recorded a gross increase in unrecognized tax benefits of $779,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as a result of the tax positions taken during this period. As of March 31, 2022, it is reasonably possible that we will recognize gross tax benefits in the amount of $1.5 million in the next twelve months due to the closing of open tax years. The nature of the uncertainty is related to positions taken on returns that have not been examined by the applicable tax authority.  Our continuing policy is to recognize interest and penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recognized interest expense related to uncertain tax positions of approximately $26,000. As of March 31, 2022, we had approximately $0.3 million accrued for interest related to uncertain tax positions. The tax years 2015 through 2022 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which we are subject.

20    


Our provision for income taxes reflected an effective tax rate of 17% and (1)% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, our effective tax rate was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% primarily as a result of deduction for foreign-derived intangible income, an enhanced deduction for certain research and development expenses and the research and development tax credit, offset by the change in unrecognized tax benefits, nondeductible officer compensation, state income taxes net of federal benefit and U.S. tax on global intangible low-taxed income. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, our effective tax rate was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% primarily as a result of excess tax benefits from share-based compensation and other discrete items, an enhanced deduction for certain research and development expenses, the research and development tax credit, and the deduction for foreign-derived intangible income, offset by the U.S. tax on global intangible low-taxed income, state income taxes net of federal benefit and nondeductible officer compensation.

Our earnings in Hungary are subject to a statutory tax rate of 9%. In addition, our research and development activities in Hungary benefit from a tax law in Hungary that provides for an enhanced deduction for qualified research and development expenses. The tax position of our Hungarian operations resulted in income tax benefits of $2.0 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and March 31, 2021, respectively.

Earnings from our operations in Malaysia are free of tax under a tax holiday effective January 1, 2013. This tax holiday expires in 2037. If we fail to satisfy the conditions of the tax holiday, this tax benefit may be terminated early.  The income tax benefits of the tax holiday for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and March 31, 2021 were approximately $0.6 million and $0.1 million, respectively.  The impact of the tax holiday on a per share basis for each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021 was a benefit of $0.01 per share.

No other taxing jurisdictions had a significant impact on our effective tax rate. We have not entered into any advanced pricing or other agreements with the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") with regard to any foreign jurisdictions.

Note 10 – Comprehensive income    

Our OCI is comprised of net income, foreign currency translation adjustments, and unrealized gains and losses on forward contracts and securities classified as available-for-sale. The accumulated OCI, net of tax, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, consisted of the following:  

March 31, 2022
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)Currency translation adjustmentInvestmentsDerivative instrumentsAccumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
Balance as of December 31, 2021$(23,179)$— 3,048 $(20,131)
Current-period other comprehensive (loss) income(3,805)— 3,040 (765)
Reclassified from accumulated OCI into income— — (1,173)(1,173)
Income tax (benefit) expense— — 425 425 
Balance as of March 31, 2022$(26,984)$— $4,490 $(22,494)

21    


March 31, 2021
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)Currency translation adjustmentInvestmentsDerivative instrumentsAccumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
Balance as of December 31, 2020$(10,066)$(426)(10,334)$(20,826)
Current-period other comprehensive (loss) income(7,195)(88)9,925 2,642 
Reclassified from accumulated OCI into income— — 2,056 2,056 
Income tax (benefit) expense— (2)2,762 2,760 
Balance as of March 31, 2021$(17,261)$(512)$(1,115)$(18,888)
  

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Note 11 – Authorized shares of common and preferred stock and stock-based compensation plans
  
Authorized shares of common and preferred stock

The total number of shares which we are authorized to issue is 365,000,000 shares, consisting of (i) 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, and (ii) 360,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share.

Stock-Based Compensation Plan  

Our stockholders approved our 2005 Incentive Plan (the “2005 Plan”) on May 10, 2005. At the time of approval, 4,050,000 shares of our common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2005 Plan, as well as the number of shares which had been reserved but not issued under our 1994 Incentive Stock Options Plan (the “1994 Plan”), which terminated in May 2005, and any shares that returned to the 1994 Plan as a result of termination of options or repurchase of shares issued under such plan. The 2005 Plan provided for the granting of incentive awards in the form of restricted stock and RSUs to directors, executive officers and employees of the Company and its subsidiaries. Awards vest over a threefive or ten-year period, beginning on the date of grant. Vesting of ten-year awards may accelerate based on our previous year’s earnings and growth but ten-year awards cannot accelerate to vest over a period of less than five years. The 2005 Plan terminated on May 11, 2010, except with respect to outstanding awards previously granted thereunder. There were 3,362,304 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2005 Plan as of May 11, 2010.  

Our stockholders approved our 2010 Incentive Plan (the “2010 Plan”) on May 11, 2010. At the time of approval, 3,000,000 shares of our common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2010 Plan, as well as the 3,362,304 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 1994 Plan and the 2005 Plan as of May 11, 2010, and any shares that are returned to the 1994 Plan and the 2005 Plan as a result of the forfeiture or termination of options or RSUs or repurchase of shares issued under those plans. The 2010 Plan provided for the granting of incentive awards in the form of restricted stock and RSUs to employees, directors and consultants of the Company and employees and consultants of any parent or subsidiary of the Company. Awards vest over a threefive or ten-year period, beginning on the date of grant. Vesting of ten-year awards may accelerate based on our previous year’s earnings and growth but ten-year awards cannot accelerate to vest over a period of less than five years. The 2010 Plan terminated on May 12, 2015, except with respect to the outstanding awards previously granted thereunder. There were 2,518,416 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2010 Plan as of May 12, 2015.

Our stockholders approved our 2015 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2015 Plan”) on May 12, 2015. At the time of approval, 3,000,000 shares of our common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2015 Plan, as well as the 2,518,416 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2010 Plan as of May 12, 2015, and any shares that were returned to the 1994 Plan, 2005 Plan, and the 2010 Plan as a result of the forfeiture or termination of options or RSUs or repurchase of shares issued under those plans. The 2015 Plan provides for the granting of incentive awards in the form of restricted stock and RSUs, to employees, directors and consultants of the Company and employees and consultants of any parent or subsidiary of the Company and such awards may be subject to performance-based vesting conditions. Awards generally vest over a three, four, five or ten-year period, beginning on the date of grant. Vesting of ten-year awards may accelerate based on our previous year’s earnings and growth but ten-year awards cannot accelerate to vest over a period of less than five years. The 2015 Plan terminated on May 5, 2020, except with respect to the outstanding awards previously granted thereunder. There were 567,142 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2015 Plan as of May 5, 2020.

Our stockholders approved our 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”) on May 5, 2020. At the time of approval, 4,500,000 shares of our common stock were reserved for issuance under the 2020 Plan, as well as the 567,142 shares of common stock that were reserved but not issued under the 2015 Plan as of May 5, 2020, and any shares that were returned to the 1994 Plan, 2005 Plan, 2010 Plan, and 2015 Plan as a result of the forfeiture or termination of options or RSUs or repurchase of shares issued under those plans. The 2020 Plan provides for the granting of incentive awards in the form of restricted stock and RSUs to employees, directors and consultants of the Company and employees and consultants of any parent or subsidiary of the Company. Awards generally vest over a one, two, three or four-year period, beginning on the date of the grant and awards may be subject to performance-based vesting conditions. There were 1,637,992 shares available for grant under the 2020 Plan at March 31, 2022.


23    


Performance-based stock units

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, we granted 164,843 and 130,006 performance-based restricted stock units ("PRSUs"), respectively, to executive officers pursuant to the 2020 Plan and 2015 Plan. The PRSUs may be earned based on our total shareholder return ("TSR") compared to the TSR of the Russell 2000 Index (the “Index”) over a three-year performance period. For the PRSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022, the three-year performance period commenced on January 1, 2022, and will end on December 31, 2024, and for the PRSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2021, the three-year performance commenced on January 1, 2021 and will end on December 31, 2023, using the average daily closing price over a 30-day lookback in each case. The number of awards earned could range from zero to two times the target number of shares granted.

The fair values of PRSUs are estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation. The determination of fair value of the PRSUs is based on our stock price and a number of assumptions including the expected volatility, expected dividend yield and the risk-free interest rate. The expected volatility at the date of grant was based on the historical volatilities of our stock and the companies included in the Index over the performance period. The Monte Carlo model is based on random projections of stock-price paths and must be repeated numerous times to achieve a probabilistic assessment. The key assumptions used in valuing these market-based awards are as follows:

Three Months Ended
(unaudited)
March 31, 2022March 31, 2021
Number of simulations100,000100,000
Expected volatility37.81%40.60%
Expected life in years2.95 years2.95 years
Risk-free interest rate1.33%0.21%
Dividend yield2.52%2.66%

The weighted average grant date fair value of the market-based awards, as determined by the Monte Carlo valuation model, was $59.65 per share and $66.97 per share in 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Employee stock purchase plan  

Our employee stock purchase plan ("ESPP") permits substantially all domestic employees and employees of designated subsidiaries to acquire our common stock at a purchase price of 85% of the lower of the market price at the beginning or the end of the purchase period. The plan has quarterly purchase periods generally beginning on February 1, May 1, August 1 and November 1 of each year. Employees may designate up to 15% of their compensation for the purchase of common stock under the ESPP. On May 14, 2019, our stockholders approved an additional 3,000,000 shares for issuance under our ESPP. At March 31, 2022, we had 1,797,679 shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under the ESPP. We issued 263,842 shares under this plan in the three months ended March 31, 2022 and the weighted average purchase price of the shares issued was $35.04 per share. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we did not make any changes in accounting principles or methods of estimates with respect to our ESPP.  

Authorized Preferred Stock and Preferred Stock Purchase Rights Plan  
  
We have 5,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock. On January 21, 2004, our Board of Directors designated 750,000 of these shares as Series A Participating Preferred Stock in conjunction with the adoption of a Preferred Stock Rights Agreement which expired on May 10, 2014. There were no shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding at March 31, 2022.

Stock repurchases and retirements 
 
On April 21, 2010, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase of shares of our common stock from time to time, depending on market conditions and other factors (the “2019 Program”). The Board has amended the 2019 Program several times over the years to increase the number of shares that may be purchased under the program. On October 23, 2019, our Board amended the 2019 Program to increase the number of shares that may be repurchased by 3,000,000 shares.

24    


On January 19, 2022, our Board of Directors approved a new stock repurchase plan for up to $250 million of our common stock, effective immediately (the "2022 Program"). This new repurchase program is in addition to the existing 2019 Program. Under the 2022 Program, shares may be repurchased from time to time in open market transactions, in privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. The timing and the other terms of the repurchase will depend on a variety of factors, including legal requirements, economic and market conditions, and other investment opportunities. The 2022 Program may be changed, suspended or discontinued at any time and does not have a specified expiration date.

At March 31, 2022, there were 0 shares remaining available for repurchase under the 2019 Program and there was $230 million available for repurchase under the 2022 Program. We repurchased 772,052 shares of our common stock at a weighted average price per share of $40.74 during the three-months ended March 31, 2022 under the 2019 Program and 2022 Program. We did not repurchase any shares of our common stock during the three-months ended March 31, 2021 under the 2019 Program.

Note 12 – Segment and geographic information 
  
We operate as 1 operating segment. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, who is our chief executive officer, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Our chief operating decision maker evaluates our financial information and resources and assesses the performance of these resources on a consolidated basis. Since we operate as 1 operating segment, all required financial segment information can be found in the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto.
  
We sell our products in 3 geographic regions which consist of: the Americas; Europe, Middle East and Africa region ("EMEA"); and Asia-Pacific region ("APAC"). Our sales to these regions share similar economic characteristics including the nature of products and services we sell, the type and class of customers, and the methods used to distribute our products and services. Revenue from the sale of our products, which are similar in nature, and software maintenance is reflected as total net sales in our Consolidated Statements of Income. (See Note 2 –Revenue of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for total net sales by the major geographic areas in which we operate).

The following table present summarized information for net sales by country. Revenues from external customers are generally attributed to countries based upon the customer's location. Net sales attributable to each individual foreign country outside the U.S. and China were not material.

(in millions)United States
China(1)
Rest of the WorldTotal
Net sales:
Three months ended March 31, 2022$152 55 178 $385 
Three months ended March 31, 2021$120 54 161 $335 
(1): Includes Mainland China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

The following table presents summarized information for long-lived assets by country. Long-lived assets attributable to each individual country outside the U.S., Hungary and Malaysia were not material. Long-lived assets consist of property, plant, and equipment and operating lease right-of-use assets and excludes intangible assets.

(in millions)United StatesHungaryMalaysiaRest of the WorldTotal
Long-lived Assets:
March 31, 2022$126 527760$315 
December 31, 2021$125 517660$312 



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Note 13 - Debt

On June 18, 2021, we entered into the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as the administrative agent, swingline lender and issuing lender (the “Administrative Agent”), Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, as sole lead arranger and bookrunner, and the lenders party thereto. The Credit Agreement amended and restated and refinanced our prior Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of June 12, 2020 (as further amended on October 30, 2020, the "Prior Credit Agreement"), by and among us, the lenders from time-to-time party thereto and Administrative Agent. All outstanding loans under the Prior Credit Agreement were repaid in full in connection with the entry into the Credit Agreement.

The Credit Agreement provides for a secured revolving loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $500 million at any time outstanding with sublimit of $25 million for the issuance of letters of credit. Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreement, including obtaining commitments from existing lenders or new lenders, we may request term loans or additional revolving commitments. Pursuant the Credit Agreement, the revolving line of credit terminates, and all revolving loans under the Credit Agreement will be due and payable, on June 18, 2026.

The revolving loans and term loans accrue interest, at our option, at: (i) a base rate equal to the highest of (a) the prime rate (b) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, and (c) LIBOR for an interest period of one month plus 1.00%, in each case, plus a margin of 0.25% to 0.75%; or (ii) LIBOR plus a margin of 1.25% to 1.75%, with the margin being determined based upon our consolidated total net leverage ratio. The Credit Agreement contains financial covenants requiring us to maintain a maximum total leverage ratio of less than or equal to 3.50 to 1.00 which increases to 4.00 to 1.00 for a specified period following material acquisitions, and a minimum interest coverage ratio of greater than or equal to 3.00 to 1.00, in each case determined in accordance with the Credit Agreement.

The Credit Agreement provides for a commitment fee of 0.150% to 0.250% per annum, determined based upon our consolidated total net leverage ratio, on the average daily unused amount of the revolving committed amount, payable quarterly in arrears.

Under the circumstances described in the Credit Agreement, certain of our wholly owned domestic subsidiaries (the "Subsidiary Guarantors") are required to enter into a guaranty agreement ("Guaranty") in favor of the Administrative Agent guarantying the obligations of the Company under the Credit Agreement, among other things. As of December 31, 2021, there were no Subsidiary Guarantors, and no Guaranty had been executed in connection with the Credit Agreement. In connection with the Credit Agreement, we have entered (and our future Subsidiary Guarantors will enter into an Amended and Restated Collateral Agreement pursuant to which we and our Subsidiary Guarantors from time-to-time have granted (or will grant) a lien on substantially all of our and their assets to secure our and their obligations under the Credit Agreement and the Guaranty.

The Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants. The affirmative covenants include, among other things, delivery of financial statements, compliance certificates and notices, payment of taxes and other obligations, maintenance of existence, maintenance of properties and insurance, maintenance of books and records, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. The negative covenants include, among other things, limitations on indebtedness, liens, mergers, consolidations, acquisitions and sales of assets, investments, changes in the nature of the business, affiliate transactions and certain restricted payments. The Credit Agreement contains customary events of default including, among other things, payment defaults, breaches of covenants or representations and warranties, cross-defaults with certain other indebtedness, bankruptcy and insolvency events, judgment defaults and change in control events, subject to grace periods in certain instances. Upon an event of default, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders may declare all or a portion of the outstanding obligations payable by us to be immediately due and payable and exercise other rights and remedies provided for under the Credit Agreement. Under certain circumstances, a default interest rate will apply on all obligations during the existence of an event of default under the Credit Agreement at a per annum rate of interest equal to 2.00% above the otherwise applicable interest rate.

Proceeds of revolving loans of the Credit Agreement may be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes. We may prepay the loans under the Credit Agreement in whole or in part at any time without premium or penalty.
26    



The following table presents the amounts outstanding related to our borrowing arrangements discussed above as of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively (in thousands):
March 31,December 31,
20222021
Secured
2021 revolving loan facility (effective interest rate of 1.4%)325,000 300,000 
Total Debt, non-current$325,000 $300,000 

As of March 31, 2022, debt issuance costs of approximately $2.4 million attributable to our revolving credit facility are presented within "Other long-term assets" in our Consolidated Balance Sheet. These amounts are amortized to interest expense ratably over the life of the revolving line of credit.



Note 14 – Commitments and contingencies  
  
We offer a one-year limited warranty on most hardware products which is included in the terms of sale of such products. We also offer optional extended warranties on our hardware products for which the related revenue is recognized ratably over the warranty period. Provision is made for estimated future warranty costs at the time of the sale for the estimated costs that may be incurred under the standard warranty. Our estimate is based on historical experience and product sales during the period.  The warranty reserve for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20222021
Balance at the beginning of the period$3,210 $2,872 
Accruals for warranties issued during the period641 681 
Accruals related to pre-existing warranties83 130 
Settlements made (in cash or in kind) during the period(584)(803)
Balance at the end of the period$3,350 $2,880 
 
In the ordinary course of business, we enter into purchase orders with suppliers for the purchase of goods and services, including non-cancelable agreements for customized inventory and inventory components ("unconditional purchase obligations"). The majority of our unconditional purchase obligations relate to amounts due within the next 12 months. As of March 31, 2022, our future payments under noncancellable unconditional purchase obligations with a remaining term in excess of one year were approximately $17.7 million. Our unconditional purchase obligations primarily consist of payments to various suppliers for customized inventory components. As of March 31, 2022, our outstanding guarantees for payment of customs and foreign grants were not material.  

Note 15 – Restructuring

On October 26, 2021, we initiated a restructuring plan (the “2021 Plan”) that will result in the site closure of our facilities in Aachen, Germany. This targeted restructuring effort is intended to further optimize our research and development operations and accelerate investment in strategic growth opportunities. In connection with the 2021 Plan, the majority of these charges were recognized during the fourth quarter of 2021.


27    


A summary of the charges in our consolidated statement of operations resulting from our restructuring activities is shown below:

Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20222021
Cost of sales$— $75 
Research and development400 155 
Sales and marketing— 4,086 
General and administrative— 1,959 
Total restructuring and other related costs$400 $6,275 

Total restructuring and other charges incurred during the three months ended March 31, 2022 related to the 2021 Plan were $0.4 million primarily related to employee severance costs. A summary of balance sheet activity during 2022 related to the restructuring activity is shown below:

Restructuring Liability
(in thousands)
Balance as of December 31, 2021$11,520 
Income statement expense400 
Cash payments(2,107)
Balance as of March 31, 2022$9,813 

The restructuring  liability of  $9.8 million  at  March 31, 2022 relating primarily to severance payments associated with the restructuring activity, is recorded in the “accrued compensation” line item of our consolidated balance sheet.

Note 16 – Litigation  
  
We are not currently a party to any material litigation. However, in the ordinary course of our business, we have in the past, are currently and may likely become involved in various legal proceedings, claims, and regulatory, tax or government inquiries and investigations, and could incur uninsured liability in any one or more of them. We also periodically receive notifications from various third parties related to alleged infringement of patents or intellectual property rights, commercial disputes or other matters. No assurances can be given with respect to the extent or outcome of any investigation, litigation or dispute. 
 
Note 17 – Acquisitions  

Acquisition of Electronic Vehicle (“EV”) Business From Heinzinger Electronic GmbH ("Heinzinger")

On February 28, 2022, we completed the acquisition of the systems business of Heinzinger for $22.5 million in total cash consideration, subject to certain post-closing adjustments. This transaction was accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting. All of the acquired assets and liabilities of Heinzinger have been recorded at their respective fair values as of the acquisition date. We recognized approximately $14 million of goodwill and $7 million of other intangible assets as part of our preliminary purchase price allocation. Transaction costs have been expensed as incurred and were not material to the periods presented. The acquisition was funded by cash on hand.

The preliminary purchase price allocation related to the acquisition was not finalized as of March 31, 2022, and is based upon a preliminary valuation which is subject to change as we obtain additional information with respect to certain intangible assets and income taxes. Pro-forma results of operations have not been presented as the impact of the acquired operations was not material.

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The excess of the purchase price over the net assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. Goodwill generated from the acquisition is primarily attributable to expected growth in the scope of and market opportunities for our existing offerings related to vehicle electrification and other related applications. Goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.


Acquisition of N H Research, LLC ("NHR")

On October 19, 2021, we completed the acquisition of NHR, a manufacturer of test and measurement solutions for high power applications including EV and batteries. As a result of acquiring 100% of the outstanding share capital of NHR, NHR became our wholly owned subsidiary. This transaction is being accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting. All of the acquired assets and liabilities of NHR have been recorded at their respective fair values as of the acquisition date. Transaction costs have been expensed as incurred.

The acquisition was funded primarily by cash on hand in addition to $200 million drawn under our existing credit facility in October 2021. See Note 13 Debt of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information on our outstanding borrowings. During the year ended December 31, 2021, we expensed $6 million of transaction costs in connection with the acquisition of NHR, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

At the acquisition date, total consideration transferred was approximately $206 million, inclusive of $3 million in cash acquired. The excess of the purchase price over the net assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. Goodwill generated from the acquisition is primarily attributable to expected growth in the scope of and market opportunities for our existing offerings related to vehicle electrification and other related applications. As a result of the structure of the transaction, the balance of goodwill is deductible in the U.S. over 15 years for income tax purposes.

During the first quarter of 2022, we recorded a measurement period adjustment to our preliminary estimate of the fair value of liabilities assumed related to amounts owed for certain pre-acquisition activities. The increase to the fair value of acquired liabilities was $5.1 million, with a corresponding increase to goodwill. The change to this provisional amount had no impact to the current period income statement.


Fair value of net assets acquired and liabilities assumed

The information below represents the preliminary purchase price allocation of NHR (in thousands):

October 19, 2021
Consideration Transferred$206,238 
Cash2,935 
Accounts receivable, net3,902 
Inventories, net4,764 
Property and equipment, net287 
Other assets and liabilities(4,621)
Intangible assets98,510 
Goodwill102,932 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(2,186)
Deferred revenue(285)
Net assets acquired$206,238 

Our preliminary estimates of the fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed are based on the information currently available, and we are continuing to evaluate the underlying inputs and assumptions used in our valuations. Accordingly, these preliminary estimates are subject to change during the measurement period, which is up to one year from the date of acquisition. A decrease in the fair value of assets acquired or an increase in the fair value of liabilities assumed in the acquisition would result in a corresponding increase in the amount of goodwill acquired. The primary areas of the purchase price that are not yet finalized relate to income taxes, certain liabilities related to preacquisition activities, and residual goodwill.

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Acquired intangible assets will be amortized over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. The following table summarizes the preliminary purchase price allocation, and the preliminary average remaining useful lives, for identifiable intangible assets acquired (dollars in thousands):
Estimated Fair ValueEstimated Useful Lives (in years)
Customer relationships$54,350 7
Developed software6,010 2-7
Existing product configurations28,300 9
In-process research and development (IPR&D)4,030 Indefinite
Trade name5,820 6
Total$98,510 

Customer relationships represent the fair value of future projected revenue that will be derived from sales of products to existing customers. Customer relationships were valued using the multi-period excess earnings method of the income approach. This method reflects the present value of the projected cash flows that are expected to be generated by customer relationships less charges representing the contribution of other assets to those cash flows. The economic useful life was determined by examining the period of time over which a target cumulative present value of discounted cash flows could be achieved.

Existing product configurations represent the existing hardware configurations of products sold by NHR. These products are created from component parts and assembled based on their intended purpose and application. Existing product configurations were valued using the avoided costs / lost profits method. The fair value represents the total costs that would be avoided by having this asset in place. The economic useful life was determined based on the number of years since launch for each product compared to the expected total life of each product.

Unaudited Pro Forma Information

The following unaudited pro forma financial information presents combined results of operations for the periods presented, as if the NHR acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2020, with adjustments to give effect to pro forma events that are directly attributable to the acquisition. These pro forma adjustments include additional amortization expense for the identifiable intangible assets and an increase in interest expense related to the additional borrowings entered into in connection with the acquisition, net of tax effects. For the pro forma presentation, given the assumed acquisition date of January 1, 2020, transaction and integration costs that were incurred at or subsequent to the actual acquisition date have been included in the calculation of pro forma net income for the three months ended March 31, 2021, whereas transaction and integration costs that were incurred prior to the acquisition date have been excluded from the calculation of pro forma net income. The unaudited pro forma results are presented for informational purposes only and are not necessarily indicative of what actual results of operations would have been if the acquisition had occurred as the beginning of the period presented, nor are they indicative of future results of operations. The unaudited pro forma results do not include the impact of synergies, nor any potential impacts on current or future market conditions which could alter the unaudited pro forma results.

Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)2021
Net sales$342,935 
Net income$3,884 


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Other Acquisitions

During the second quarter of 2021, we also completed the acquisition of MonoDrive, a software company that specializes in signal processing and hi-fi simulation software for validation of autonomous vehicles and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), for approximately $20 million in total cash consideration, subject to certain post-closing adjustments. This transaction was accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting. All of the acquired assets and liabilities of the software company have been recorded at their respective fair values as of the acquisition date. We recognized approximately $17 million of goodwill and $4 million of other intangible assets as part of our purchase price allocation. Transaction costs have been expensed as incurred and were not material to the periods presented.

Pro-forma results of operations have not been presented because the effects of the acquired operations were not material.

The excess of the purchase price over the net assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. Goodwill generated from the acquisition is primarily attributable to expected growth in the scope of and market opportunities for our software-defined automated test and measurement platform. Goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.

Note 18 – Subsequent events  

On April 20, 2022, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.28 per common share, payable on May 31, 2022, to stockholders of record on May 9, 2022.


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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

National Instruments Corporation and its subsidiaries (referred to as the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,” “National Instruments” or “NI”) has made forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Any statements contained herein regarding our future financial performance, operations, plans, investments, expected effects of investments, or other matters (including, without limitation, statements to the effect that we “believe,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend to,” “may,” “could,” “can,” “will,” “project,” “predict,” “anticipate,” “continue,” “strive to,” “endeavor to,” “seek to,” “are committed to,” "remaining committed to," “are encouraged by,” "remain cautious," "remain optimistic," “estimate”, "focus on"; statements of “goals,” “commitments,” "strategy" or “visions”; or other variations thereof or comparable terminology or the negative thereof) should be considered forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and projections of future events. We claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 for all forward-looking statements.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of important factors, including those set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” below and in "Part 1, Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 (the "2021 Form 10-K"). Actual results could differ materially from those stated or implied by our forward-looking statements, due to risks and uncertainties associated with our business or under different assumptions or conditions. You should not place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we disclaim any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the 2021 Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") and the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in Part 1, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Overview and Current Business Outlook
For more than 40 years, we have enabled engineers and scientists around the world to accelerate productivity, innovation and discovery. Our software-centric platform provides an advanced approach through integration of software and modular hardware to create automated test and automated measurement systems. We believe our long-term track record of innovation and our differentiated platform help support the success of our customers, employees, suppliers, community and stockholders. We have been profitable in every year since 1990. We sell to a large number of customers in a wide variety of industries.
The key strategies that we focus on in running our business are the following:
Expanding our available market opportunity
We strive to increase our available market by identifying new opportunities in existing customers, attracting and serving new customers, and expanding our business to market adjacencies. Our large network of existing customers provides a broad base from which to expand.
Maintaining a high level of customer satisfaction
To maintain a high level of customer satisfaction we strive to offer innovative, modular and integrated products through a global sales and support network. We strive to maintain a high degree of backward compatibility across different platforms to preserve the customer’s investment in our products. In this time of intense global competition, we believe it is crucial that we continue to offer products with high quality and reliability, and that our products provide cost-effective solutions for our customers.  
Leveraging external and internal technology
Our product strategy is to provide superior products by leveraging generally available technology, supporting open architectures on multiple platforms and by leveraging our core technologies across multiple products.
We sell into test and measurement and industrial/embedded applications in a broad range of industries and are subject to the economic and industry forces that drive those markets. Examples of these types of customers include semiconductor and electronics, transportation, and aerospace, defense and government.

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Leveraging a worldwide sales, distribution and manufacturing network
We distribute and sell our software and hardware products primarily through a direct sales organization. We also use independent distributors, original equipment manufacturers, value added resellers, system integrators and consultants to market and sell our products. We have sales offices in the U.S. and sales offices and distributors in key international markets. Sales outside of the Americas accounted for approximately 59% and 62% of our net sales during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The vast majority of our foreign sales are denominated in the customers’ local currency, which exposes us to the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We expect that a significant portion of our total revenues will continue to be derived from international sales. (See Note 2 - Revenue and Note 12 - Segment and geographic information of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for details concerning the geographic breakdown of our net sales and long-lived assets, respectively).

We manufacture substantially all of our product volume at our facilities in Debrecen, Hungary and Penang, Malaysia.
Delivering high quality, reliable products
We believe that our long-term growth and success depend on delivering high quality software and hardware products on a timely basis. Accordingly, we focus significant efforts on research and development. We focus our research and development efforts on enhancing existing products and developing new products that incorporate appropriate features and functionality to be competitive with respect to technology, price and performance. Our success also depends on our ability to obtain and maintain patents and other proprietary rights related to technologies used in our products. We have engaged in litigation when necessary, and will likely engage in future litigation to protect our intellectual property rights.
Our operating results fluctuate from period to period due to changes in global economic conditions and a number of other factors such as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, we believe our historical results of operations should not be relied upon as indications of future performance. There can be no assurance that our net sales will grow, or not decline, or that we will remain profitable in future periods.

Backlog

Backlog is a measure of firm orders that are received but have not yet shipped to customers. Our measure of backlog excludes amounts related to shipments where the customer has specified delivery in a future period.

Our backlog was approximately $210 million and $154 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, primarily driven by strong order growth during the year and longer lead times for certain components. We expect the majority of backlog to be recognized as revenue within 12 months. While backlog on any particular date can be an indicator of short-term revenue performance, it is not necessarily a reliable indicator of medium or long-term revenue performance.

Current business outlook  

We are continuing to experience strong demand from our customers across the geographic regions and end markets that we serve, with the value of total orders during the first quarter of 2022 increasing by approximately 27% compared to the same period in 2021. Although the strength and duration of the recent trends will vary by region and offering, we remain optimistic about opportunities for additional order growth expected in 2022. We expect our customers will continue to make investments in emerging technologies related to 5G/mmWave, vehicle electrification, advanced driver assistance systems (“ADAS") and new space innovation.

We continue to experience component shortages for some of our products as well as higher costs to obtain a consistent supply of certain components due to global supply chain constraints. The duration of these supply chain challenges remains uncertain. Additionally, strong demand and a strategic shift to longer lead times to fulfill orders for certain offerings has continued to shift the timing of revenue recognition into future periods and increased backlog. We have also recently experienced further delays in the fulfillment of orders in China due to additional COVID-19 lockdown protocols. During the remainder of 2022, we also expect operating costs to increase due to wage inflation and increased travel. While we expect to continue to experience some challenges related to these supply chain constraints as the global supply chain continues to adjust to the significant increases in demand, we are optimistic about our ability to maintain competitive lead times while continuing to maintain higher backlog levels as part of our strategic focus on application-specific system offerings.

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Revenue from software and related services as a percentage of total revenue during the first quarter of 2022 remained consistent with 2021, at approximately 20% of our total revenue. During the first quarter of 2022 we also undertook actions to accelerate our transition to a predominantly subscription-based licensing model for the majority of our software offerings. While we expect our subscription base, recurring revenue and cash flow to increase over time as a result of this licensing model transition, we expect some initial headwinds to our net sales and operating profitability during the transition period. However, we expect recent additions and enhancements to our software portfolio will continue to differentiate our products and fuel demand across our end markets. We currently estimate the impact of our subscription licensing transition will decrease total revenue by 2% during 2022.

As part of our efforts to streamline the process of doing business with NI, we have increased our focus on customer account tiers when assessing trends in our order growth. Specifically, we have grouped our customers into tiers based on their historical spending patterns and potential for future order growth. Our "Focus" account tiers are comprised of approximately 2,500 accounts we have identified as having a high potential to maintain or expand our business through system-level offerings. The Focus tier currently represents approximately 70% of our total order value. Our "Broad-based" account tier is comprised of the remainder of our customer base of approximately 30,000 accounts. The Broad-based tier currently represents approximately 30% of our total order value. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, orders from our Focus accounts and Broad-based accounts increased by 28% and 25%, respectively, compared to the same period in 2021.

We also continue to focus on scale and efficiency when engaging with our Broad-based customers. Our focus to streamline the process of doing business with NI means effectively scaling our operations while also improving the experience for the large number of smaller accounts. We are making additional investments in ni.com for a better digital experience and expect to continue to expand customer reach through our distributor channel during 2022 and beyond. We are also simplifying our product offerings for the Broad-based customers to make our products easier-to-use. We believe these actions will allow our direct sales force to accelerate our revenue growth through proactive engagements with accounts where we can deliver enterprise-level value. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, indirect sales through our distributor channels increased to represent about 13% of our total sales, compared to 5% in the same period of 2021. As of March 31, 2022, our distributors were not carrying significant amounts of our products in inventory and were not eligible for any variable adjustments related to their previous purchases. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 no single distributor or end customer accounted for more than 2% of our total net sales.

Acquisitions and divestitures

Refer to Note 1 - Basis of presentation and Note 17 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on our acquisitions and divestitures during the periods presented.

Critical Accounting Estimates

In preparing our consolidated financial statements, we make assumptions, judgments and estimates that can have a significant impact on our net sales, operating income and net income, as well as on the value of certain assets and liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. We base our assumptions, judgments and estimates on historical experience and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. At least quarterly, we evaluate our assumptions, judgments and estimates, and make changes as deemed necessary.
    
These estimates may change as new events occur and additional information is obtained. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. For further information about our critical accounting estimates, see the discussion in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” under the heading “Critical Accounting Estimates” in our 2021 Form 10-K. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates since the 2021 Form 10-K.

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Results of Operations  
  
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the percentage of net sales represented by certain items reflected in our Consolidated Statements of Income:  

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
20222021
Net sales:  
Americas41.3 %37.8 %
EMEA26.1 25.5 
APAC32.6 36.7 
Total net sales100.0 100.0 
Cost of sales30.9 28.5 
Gross profit69.1 71.5 
Operating expenses:  
Sales and marketing31.2 34.8 
Research and development21.3 23.9 
General and administrative8.6 10.0 
Total operating expenses61.1 68.7 
Operating income7.9 2.8 
Other (expense) income:— (1.5)
Income before income taxes7.9 1.3 
(Benefit) Provision for income taxes1.4 — 
Net income6.6 %1.3 %

  Figures may not sum due to rounding.


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Results of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021  

Net Sales.  The following table sets forth our net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 along with the changes between the corresponding periods.

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
  Change
(In millions)20222021DollarsPercentage
    
Product sales$343.7 $295.1 48.616%
Software maintenance sales41.6 40.1 1.54%
Total net sales$385.3 $335.2 50.115%
Figures may not sum due to rounding.

Net Sales - Summary

Net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 increased 15 percent compared to the same period in 2021.

The increase in product sales was primarily attributable to strong demand for our system-level offerings, particularly our ADG and transportation solutions (See Note 2 - Revenue for additional information on revenue by industry grouping). Geographically, we saw strong growth in the Americas region, which was partially driven by revenue from acquisitions completed within the last 12 months, which increased our total revenue by approximately 3% compared to same period in 2021. The impact of recent pricing changes also increased our total revenue by approximately 4% compared to the same period in 2021.

The increase in software maintenance sales was primarily related to additional billings from annual renewals of software maintenance programs, including enterprise-wide subscription licensing agreements.

Net Sales by Region

The following table sets forth our net sales by geographic region for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 along with the changes between the corresponding periods and the region’s percentage of total net sales.
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
  Change
(In millions)20222021DollarsPercentage
    
Americas$159.2 $126.7 32.526%
Percentage of total net sales41.3 %37.8 %  
    
EMEA$100.4 $85.5 14.817%
Percentage of total net sales26.1 %25.5 %  
    
APAC$125.7 $122.9 2.72%
Percentage of total net sales32.6 %36.7 %  
Figures may not sum due to rounding.

We expect sales outside of the Americas to continue to represent a significant portion of our net sales. We intend to continue to expand our international operations by increasing our presence in existing markets, adding a presence in certain new geographical markets and continuing to increase the use of distributors to sell our products in some countries. 
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 Almost all of the sales made by our direct sales offices in the Americas (excluding the U.S.), EMEA, and APAC are denominated in local currencies, and accordingly, the U.S. dollar equivalent of these sales is affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. In order to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying business performed excluding the effects of foreign currency fluctuations between periods, we compare the percentage change in our results from period to period using constant currency disclosure. To calculate the change in constant currency, current and comparative prior period results for entities reporting in currencies other than U.S. Dollars are converted into U.S. Dollars at constant exchange rates (i.e., the average rates in effect during the three months ended March 31, 2021). The following table presents this information, along with the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on sales denominated in local currencies, for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021Change
in Constant Dollars
Impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on net salesThree Months Ended March 31, 2022
(In millions)GAAP 
Net Sales
DollarsPercentageDollarsPercentageGAAP 
Net Sales
  
Americas$126.7 32.7 25.8%(0.3)(0.2)%$159.2 
EMEA$85.5 18.4 21.5%(3.5)(4.1)%$100.4 
APAC$122.9 4.1 3.3%(1.4)(1.1)%$125.7 
Total net sales$335.2 55.2 16.5%(5.1)(1.5)%$385.3 
  Figures may not sum due to rounding.

We use a foreign currency cash flow hedging program to help protect against changes in U.S. dollar equivalent value caused by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates of forecasted foreign currency cash flows resulting from international sales. We hedge portions of our forecasted net sales denominated in foreign currencies with average rate forward contracts. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, these hedges had the effect of increasing our net sales by $1.7 million and decreasing our net sales by $2.0 million, respectively. (See Note 5 - Derivative instruments and hedging activities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion regarding our cash flow hedging program and its related impact on our net sales for 2022 and 2021). 

Gross Profit. Our gross profit as a percentage of sales is impacted by many factors as described in the table below. We continue to focus on cost control and cost reduction measures throughout our manufacturing cycle. The following table sets forth our gross profit and gross profit as a percentage of net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 along with the percentage changes in gross profit for the corresponding periods.
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
  
(In millions)20222021
  
Gross Profit$266.0$239.8
% change compared with prior period11.0% 
Gross Profit as a percentage of net sales69.1%71.5%


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The decrease in gross profit as a percentage of net sales was primarily related to the following:
Three Months Ended
(Unaudited)
March 31, 202171.5 %
Impact of increases in component costs(4.0)%
Impact of increases in our selling price1.0 %
Impact of increases in outbound freight and other logistics costs(1.0)%
Impact of changes related to recently acquired/divested businesses(0.2)%
Impact of amortization of acquired intangibles and other purchase accounting adjustments0.3 %
Impact of decrease in amortization of previously capitalized software development costs1.5 %
March 31, 202269.1 %


Operating Expenses. The following table sets forth our operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 along with the percentage changes between the corresponding periods and the line item as a percentage of total net sales.

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)20222021Change
   
Sales and marketing$120,157 $116,783 3%
Percentage of total net sales31%35% 
   
Research and development$82,161 $80,086 3%
Percentage of total net sales21%24% 
   
General and administrative$33,179 $33,358 (1)%
Percentage of total net sales9%10% 
Total operating expenses$235,497 $230,227 2%
Percentage of total net sales61%69% 

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The year over year increase in our total operating expenses of $5 million during the three months ending March 31, 2022 was primarily related to the following:

a $7 million increase in personnel costs, primarily attributable to an increase in commissions, salaries, benefits and other personnel expenses as well as an increase in additional stock-based compensation expense (due to comparatively higher stock prices on the grant date of unvested RSU awards and an increase in the number of RSU awards granted), partially offset by a decrease in our variable compensation programs;
a $5 million increase attributable to higher acquisition-related operating costs and amortization of acquisition-related intangibles, primarily related to our recently acquired NHR business, partially offset by lower transaction and integration costs;
a $(1) million decrease in travel and other outside services due to less spend on marketing and advertising offset by an increase in travel during the period due to the loosening of COVID-19 restrictions; and
a $(6) million decrease related to accruals for restructuring-related severance activity.

Sales and Marketing

The primary drivers of the increase in sales and marketing expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were additional costs associated with salaries and commissions, an increase in the amortization of acquired intangibles, and an increase in stock based compensation which were partially offset by lower severance-related costs, variable compensation programs and lower marketing and advertising expenses, compared to the same period in 2021.

Research and Development

The primary drivers of the increase in research and development expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were additional costs for salaries, benefits, outside services, and stock-based compensation, which were partially offset by a decrease in accruals associated with our variable compensation programs, compared to the same period in 2021.

General and administrative

The primary drivers of the decrease in general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were a decrease in acquisition expenses and severance costs partially offset by an increase in salary and benefits, outside service costs and stock-based compensation.

Operating Income.  For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, operating income was $31 million and $10 million, respectively, an increase of 220%. As a percentage of net sales, operating income was 7.9% and 2.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase in operating income in absolute dollars for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, is primarily attributable to the increases in revenue partially offset by the increases in cost of sales and operating expenses described above.

Other (Expense) Income.

Interest Income. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, interest income was less than $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Federal Reserve raised the federal funds rate target by 25 basis points to a range of 0.25 to 0.50% and signaled the possibility of additional increases in 2022.

Interest Expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, interest expense was approximately $1.3 million, and $0.7 million, respectively. These interest charges are due to interest on outstanding borrowings, commitment fees and amortization of deferred costs related to our Credit Agreement. Refer to Note 13 - Debt of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding the terms of our Credit Agreement and related borrowings.

Gain/Loss From Equity-Method Investments. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, gain from equity-method investments was approximately $0.6 million and loss from equity-method investments was approximately $4.2 million, respectively. The increase was primarily attributable to an impairment loss of $3.5 million recorded in the three months ended March 31, 2021.

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Net Foreign Exchange Gain/(Loss). For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, net foreign exchange loss was $(1.2) million and $(0.6) million, respectively. Gains and losses on foreign currency are primarily due to the impact of re-measuring foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities into the functional currency of the corresponding entity. The amount of the gain or loss on foreign currency is driven by the volume of foreign currency transactions and the foreign currency exchange rates for the period. See "Results of Operations - Net Sales" above for additional discussion on the impact of foreign exchange rates on our net sales of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

Other Income. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, other income also increased by $1.3 million, primarily related to proceeds received from resolution of claims related to a previous acquisition after the measurement period was finalized.

Provision for Income Taxes.    For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, our provision for income taxes reflected an effective tax rate of 17% and (1)%, respectively. The factors that caused our effective tax rate to change year over year are detailed in the table below:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
Effective tax rate at March 31, 2021(1)%
Foreign-derived intangible income deduction(5)
Global intangible low-taxed income inclusion ("GILTI")(2)
Enhanced deduction for certain research and development expenses(1)
Change in unrecognized tax benefits
Research and development tax credits
Foreign taxes greater (less) than federal statutory rate
Employee share-based compensation and other discrete items21 
Effective tax rate at March 31, 202217 %


40    


Other operational metrics  
We believe that the following additional unaudited operational metrics assist investors in assessing our operational performance relative to others in our industry and to our historical results. The following tables provide details with respect to the amount of GAAP charges related to certain items that were recorded in the line items indicated below (in thousands).
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20222021
Stock-based compensation  
Cost of sales$1,222 $1,113 
Sales and marketing7,089 5,696 
Research and development6,088 5,714 
General and administrative5,729 4,666 
Provision for income taxes(2,655)(3,324)
Total$17,473 $13,865 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20222021
Amortization of acquisition-related intangibles and fair value adjustments  
Net sales$371 $813 
Cost of sales3,803 4,272 
Sales and marketing6,139 2,171 
Research and development(320)— 
Other (expense) income516 394 
Provision for income taxes(1,355)(975)
Total$9,154 $6,675 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(Unaudited)
20222021
Acquisition-related transaction and integration costs, restructuring charges, and other  
Cost of sales$785 $75 
Sales and marketing307 4,648 
Research and development614 488 
General and administrative1,771 5,666 
Other (expense) income(1,866)3,725 
Provision for income taxes(658)(2,883)
Total$953 $11,719 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)20222021
Capitalization and amortization of internally developed software costs  
Cost of sales$2,033 $6,874 
Research and development(187)(226)
Provision for income taxes(407)(1,396)
Total$1,439 $5,252 
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Liquidity and Capital Resources  

Overview

At March 31, 2022, we had $143 million in cash and cash equivalents. Our cash and cash equivalent balances are held in numerous financial institutions throughout the world, including substantial amounts held outside of the U.S. The following table presents the geographic distribution of our cash and cash equivalents as of March 31, 2022 (in millions):
(in millions)DomesticInternationalTotal
Cash and cash equivalents$29.8$113.0$142.9
21%79%
Total cash and cash equivalents$29.8$113.0$142.9
21%79%
Figures may not sum due to rounding.
  
The following table presents our working capital, cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments:    
March 31, 2022December 31,Increase/
(In thousands)(unaudited)2021(Decrease)
   
Working capital$483,534 $486,335 $(2,801)
Cash and cash equivalents (1)
142,883 211,106 (68,223)
Short-term investments (1)
— — — 
Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments$142,883 $211,106 $(68,223)
   
(1) Included in working capital   
  
Our principal sources of liquidity include existing cash, cash equivalents, cash generated from the sale and maturity of marketable securities, balances and available borrowings under our Credit Facility, cash flows generated from our operations, and cash generated from purchases of common stock through our employee stock purchase plan. The primary drivers of the net increase in working capital between December 31, 2021 and March 31, 2022 were:

Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $68 million. Additional analysis of the changes in our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 is discussed below;

Accounts receivable decreased by $28 million. Days sales outstanding increased to 59 days at March 31, 2022, compared to 58 days at December 31, 2021. The decrease in accounts receivable is primarily related to quarterly fluctuations in our net sales.

Inventory increased by $19 million. Inventory turns were 1.6 at March 31, 2022 compared to 1.5 at December 31, 2021. The increase in inventory was primarily attributable to additional purchases of raw materials to support forecasted demand and timing differences related to delayed fulfillment of certain orders related to supply chain constraints.

Prepaid expenses and other current assets increased by $20 million primarily due to related timing of prepaid insurance, other prepaid renewals, changes in the fair value of our foreign currency forward contracts, changes in sales and VAT taxes and prepayment of freight costs.

Accrued compensation decreased by $60 million attributable to annual payments under our variable compensation programs related to 2021 attainment, partially offset by accruals related to expected payouts under our 2022 variable compensation programs.

Deferred revenue, current decreased by $3 million primarily related changes in foreign currency exchange rates and recognition of point-in-time deferrals during the first quarter of 2022, partially offset by additional software-related deferrals.

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Analysis of Cash Flow

The following table summarizes our cash flow results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.
  
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)(unaudited)
20222021
Cash (used by) provided by operating activities$(3,848)$29,841 
Cash (used by) provided by investing activities(29,153)6,393 
Cash used in financing activities(34,187)(28,218)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(1,035)(1,536)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents(68,223)6,480 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period211,106 260,232 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$142,883 $266,712 
   
Operating Activities

Cash provided by operating activities is comprised of net income adjusted for certain items and changes in working capital. Cash flows from operating activities can fluctuate significantly from period to period as working capital needs and the timing of payments for income taxes, variable pay, restructuring activities, and other items impact reported cash flows.

Cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2022 decreased by $34 million compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease was primarily due to a $50 million decrease in cash provided by changes in operating assets and liabilities during the year, further described below, partially offset by a $16 million increase in net income excluding the effect of non-cash items including stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, gain on sale of business/assets, loss from equity-method investments and deferred tax benefits.

The aggregate of changes in accounts receivable, inventory and accounts payable provided net cash of $1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to net cash provided of $21 million in the comparable period in 2021. The amount of cash flow generated from or used by the aggregate of accounts receivable, inventory and accounts payable depends upon the cash conversion cycle, which represents the number of days that elapse from the day we pay for the purchase of raw materials and components to the collection of cash from our customers and can be significantly impacted by the timing of shipments and purchases, as well as collections and payments in a period.

The changes in accrued compensation used cash of $58 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to net cash used of $26 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The year over year change is primarily related to an increase in payments under our variable pay programs due to 2021 attainment partially offset by lower severance payments.

The aggregate of changes in prepaid assets, deferred revenue and other assets and liabilities used net operating cash of $10 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to net cash used of $11 million in the comparable period in 2021. The year over year change is primarily related to timing and amount of payments for prepaid goods and services, federal income taxes, payroll taxes, and other indirect taxes.


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Investing Activities

Cash used by investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2022 increased by $36 million compared to the same period in 2021, primarily related to the following:

$28 million decrease in cash inflows related to the net sale of short-term investments. We did not buy or sell short-term investments during the period.
$6 million increase in cash outflows related to acquisitions and equity-method investments
$2 million increase in cash outflows related to capital expenditures for long-lived assets.

Financing Activities

Cash used in financing activities increased by $6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This was primarily related to an increase of $31 million in cash outflows related to repurchases of our common stock during 2021, partially offset by $25 million in additional borrowings on our revolving credit agreement. (See Note 11 – Authorized shares of common and preferred stock and stock-based compensation plans of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion about our equity compensation plans and share repurchase program).

Contractual Cash Obligations. Information related to our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2021 can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Contractual Obligations,” in Part II-Item 7 of  the Form 10-K. At March 31, 2022, there were no material changes outside the ordinary course of business to our contractual obligations from those reported in our 2021 Form 10-K. See Note 8 - Leases of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding our non-cancellable operating lease obligations as of March 31, 2021.

Credit Agreement. On June 18, 2021, we entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as the administrative agent, swingline lender and issuing lender (the “Administrative Agent”), Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, as sole lead arranger and bookrunner, and the lenders party thereto. As of March 31, 2022, we had $174 million in available borrowing capacity under the Credit Agreement. Proceeds of additional borrowings made under the Credit Agreement may be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes. We may prepay the loans under the Credit Agreement in whole or in part at any time without premium or penalty. Certain of our future material domestic subsidiaries are required to guaranty our obligations under the Credit Agreement. (See Note 13 - Debt of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details on our Credit Agreement).

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements.    We do not have any off-balance sheet debt. At March 31, 2022, we did not have any relationships with any unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements. As such, we are not exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we were engaged in such relationships.  
  
Prospective Capital Needs.    We believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, together with cash generated from operations, cash generated from the purchase of common stock through our employee stock purchase plan and available borrowing under our Credit Agreement will be sufficient to cover our working capital needs, capital expenditures, investment requirements, commitments, payment of dividends to our stockholders and repurchases of our common stock for at least the next 12 months. We may also seek to pursue additional financing or to raise additional funds by seeking an additional increase in our secured revolving line of credit and/or term loan commitments under the Credit Agreement or selling equity or debt to the public or in private transactions from time to time. If we elect to raise additional funds, we may not be able to obtain such funds on a timely basis or on acceptable terms, if at all. If we raise additional funds by issuing additional equity or convertible debt securities, the ownership percentages of our existing stockholders would be reduced. In addition, the equity or debt securities that we issue may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of our common stock.


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Although we believe that we have sufficient capital to fund our operating activities for at least the next 12 months, our future capital requirements may vary materially from those now planned. We anticipate that the amount of capital we will need in the future will depend on many factors, including:

payment of dividends to our stockholders;
required levels of research and development and other operating costs;
our business, product, capital expenditure and research and development plans, and product and technology roadmaps; 
acquisitions of other businesses, assets, products or technologies; 
repurchase of our common stock;
the overall levels of sales of our products and gross profit margins;
the levels of inventory and accounts receivable that we maintain;
general economic and political uncertainty and specific conditions in the markets we address, including any volatility in the industrial economy in the various geographic regions in which we do business;
the inability of certain of our customers who depend on credit to have access to their traditional sources of credit to finance the purchase of products from us, which may lead them to reduce their level of purchases or to seek credit or other accommodations from us;
capital improvements for facilities; 
our relationships with suppliers and customers; and 
the amount of proceeds received as a result of our employee stock purchase plan.  
45    


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements  

See Note 1 – Basis of presentation in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. 
46    


Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Changes in currency exchange rates and interest rates are our primary financial market risks. Quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk appear in “Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in Part II of our 2021 Form 10-K and, except as noted below, there were no material changes during the three months ended March 31, 2022 to this information reported in our 2021 Form 10-K.   

Interest Expense Risk

Our borrowings under our Credit Agreement bear interest at a variable rate which exposes us to market risk related to changes in interest rates. We have not entered into derivative transactions related to our borrowing arrangements. The primary base interest rate is LIBOR. Assuming the outstanding balance on our floating rate indebtedness remains constant over a year, a 100-basis point increase in the interest rate would decrease annual net income and cash flow by $3.3 million. We do not expect changes in interest rates to have a material adverse effect on our income or our cash flows in 2022. However, there is no assurance that interest rates will not significantly change in the future.
47    


Item 4. Controls and Procedures 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Based on an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act were effective as of March 31, 2022, to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the first quarter of 2022, which were identified in connection with management’s evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are not currently a party to any material litigation. However, in the ordinary course of our business, we have in the past, are currently and will likely become involved in various legal proceedings, claims, and regulatory, tax or government inquiries and investigations, and could incur uninsured liability in any one or more of them. We also periodically receive notifications from various third parties related to alleged infringement of patents or intellectual property rights, commercial disputes or other matters. No assurances can be given with respect to the extent or outcome of any investigation, litigation or dispute.  
  
Item 1A. Risk Factors

Our business, financial condition and operating results can be affected by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown, including but not limited to those described in Part I, Item 1A of our 2021 Form 10-K under the heading “Risk Factors,” any one or more of which could, directly or indirectly, cause our actual financial condition and operating results to vary materially from past, or from anticipated future, financial condition and operating results. Any of these factors, in whole or in part, could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and stock price. The following risk factor is provided to update the risk factors previously disclosed under the heading “Risk Factors” in our 2021 Form 10-K.

Uncertain Global Economic and Geopolitical Conditions, Including in China and other countries, Could Materially Adversely Affect Our Business and Results of Operations. Our operations and performance are sensitive to fluctuations in general economic and geopolitical conditions, both in the U.S. and globally. Uncertainty about global and regional economic conditions poses a risk to us as businesses may decrease or postpone spending in response to events such as continued trade tensions between the U.S. and China, or new or existing trade tensions with other countries, geopolitical instability, pandemics and other major public health issues including the COVID-19 pandemic, financial market volatility, tariffs or other trade restrictions, government regulatory actions, negative financial news or other factors. Negative trends or sentiments in worldwide and regional economic conditions have in the past and could again have a material adverse effect on demand for our products and services. For example, in recent years, there have been significant changes to U.S. trade policies, legislation, treaties and tariffs, in particular trade policies and tariffs affecting China. Some of these trade policies, including the U.S.’s trading relationship with China, have been renegotiated during this timeframe and are subject to further changes in the future. Changes to current policies by the U.S. or other governments could adversely affect our business, including potentially through increased import tariffs and other influences on U.S. trade relations with China and other countries. The imposition of additional tariffs or other trade barriers could increase our costs in certain markets, and may cause our customers to find alternative sourcing. Protectionist and retaliatory trade measures by any of the United States, China or another country could limit our customers’ ability to sell their products and services and could reduce demand for our customers’ products. Even if resolved, these trends could have a broad negative impact on the global industrial economy, which could have a material adverse impact on our business and our results of operations. In addition, the application of various regulations depends on the classification of our products which can change over time as such regulations are modified or interpreted. The ongoing geopolitical tensions related to Russia’s invasion of the Ukraine and resulting sanctions imposed by the U.S. and other countries have impacted our shipments and ongoing services to customers with operations in Russia and Ukraine. During the first quarter of 2022, we suspended sales into Russia. Although our sales into Russia represented less than 1 percent of our total revenue in 2021, further escalation of geopolitical tensions could have a broader impact that expands into other markets where we do business, which could adversely affect our business and/or our supply chain, business partners or customers in the broader region.

We have recently experienced an increase in inflationary pressures in many of the jurisdictions in which we operate. We have and may continue to attempt to offset the effect of these inflationary pressures by increasing the prices of our products. These factors as well as others we may not contemplate could have a material adverse effect on the spending patterns of businesses including our current and potential customers which could have a material adverse effect on our net sales and our results of operations. See “Current business outlook” in this Form 10-Q for information regarding recent business conditions.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

The following tables provide information as of March 31, 2022 with respect to the shares of our common stock that we repurchased under our stock repurchase programs during the first quarter of 2022.

2019 Stock Buyback Program



PeriodTotal number of shares purchasedAverage price paid per shareTotal number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programsMaximum number of shares that may yet be purchased under the plans or programs (1)
    
January 1, 2022 to January 31, 2022160,967 $40.91 160,967 109,478 
    
February 1, 2022 to February 28, 2022109,478 $41.35 109,478 — 
    
March 1, 2022 to March 31, 2022— $— — — 
Total270,445 $41.10 270,445 — 
(1) On April 21, 2010, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase shares of our common stock from time to time, depending on market conditions and other factors. On October 23, 2019, our Board of Directors amended our stock repurchase program to increase the number of shares that may be repurchased by 3,000,000 shares. At March 31, 2022, there were 0 shares available for repurchase under our repurchase program. Such program does not have an expiration date.

2022 Stock Buyback Program
PeriodTotal number of shares purchasedAverage price paid per shareTotal number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programsMaximum approximate dollar value of shares of common stock that may yet be purchased under the program
    
January 1, 2022 to January 31, 2022— $— — 250,000,000 
    
February 1, 2022 to February 28, 2022337,541 $41.14 337,541 236,114,899 
    
March 1, 2022 to March 31, 2022164,066 $39.34 164,066 229,659,880 
Total501,607 $40.55 501,607 229,659,880 
(1) On January 19, 2022, our Board of Directors approved a new stock repurchase plan for up to $250 million of our common stock, which is in addition to the existing program as described in the table above. The new stock repurchase plan does not have an expiration date.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
  
None.


50    


Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
  
Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information
  
None.

Item 6. Exhibits
51    


EXHIBITS
101*Inline XBRL Document Set for the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes in Part I, Item 1, "Financial Statements" of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
104*Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
(1)Incorporated by reference to the same-numbered exhibit filed with the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013 filed on February 20, 2014 (File No. 000-25426).
(2)Incorporated by reference to the same-numbered exhibit filed with the Company’s Form 10-Q on August 2, 2021 (File No. 000-25426).
*Filed herewith
**Furnished herewith

52    


SIGNATURE
  
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.  
  
Dated:  April 29, 2022
NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
By: /s/ Karen Rapp
Karen Rapp
EVP, Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)

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