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Tiaa Real Estate Account

Filed: 13 May 21, 10:54am

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021.
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from__________to __________
Commission file number: 33-92990; 333-237134

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New York
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
NOT APPLICABLE
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
C/O TEACHERS INSURANCE AND
ANNUITY ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA
730 Third Avenue
New York, New York 10017-3206
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 490-9000
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes  No




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Part IFinancial Information
Item 1.Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
Item 2.Management's Discussion and Analysis of the Account's Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Item 4.Controls and Procedures
Part IIOther Information
Item 1.Legal Proceedings
Item 1A.Risk Factors
Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3.Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5.Other Information
Item 6.Exhibits
Signatures






PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per accumulation unit amounts)
March 31,December 31,
20212020
ASSETS
Investments, at fair value:
Real estate properties
(cost: $14,038.3 and $13,986.3)
$16,816.5 $16,476.7 
       Real estate joint ventures and funds
       (cost: $5,509.3 and $5,395.2)
6,677.2 6,522.1 
       Real estate operating business
       (cost: $250.2 and $250.2)
250.0 250.0 
Marketable Securities
(cost: $830.0 and $739.3)
830.2 739.3 
Loans receivable
(principal: $1,481.3 and $1,527.6)
1,460.2 1,493.2 
Loans receivable with related parties
(principal: $69.3 and $69.3)
69.4 69.4 
Total investments
(cost: $22,178.4 and $21,967.9)
$26,103.5 $25,550.7 
Cash and cash equivalents30.3 37.8 
Due from investment manager13.5 17.9 
Other308.1 331.4 
TOTAL ASSETS$26,455.4 $25,937.8 
LIABILITIES
 Loans payable, at fair value
(principal outstanding: $2,377.0 and $2,381.3)
2,403.6 2,411.4 
Accrued real estate property expenses242.5 246.5 
Other37.2 36.0 
TOTAL LIABILITIES$2,683.3 $2,693.9 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES00
NET ASSETS
Accumulation Fund23,253.8 22,729.0 
Annuity Fund518.3 514.9 
TOTAL NET ASSETS$23,772.1 $23,243.9 
NUMBER OF ACCUMULATION UNITS OUTSTANDING52.1 52.0 
NET ASSET VALUE, PER ACCUMULATION UNIT$446.469 $436.722 







See notes to the consolidated financial statements
3


TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
INVESTMENT INCOME
Real estate income, net:
Rental income$288.8 $299.7 
Real estate property level expenses and taxes:
Operating expenses69.0 69.2 
Real estate taxes54.8 50.1 
Interest expense22.9 24.3 
Total real estate property level expenses and taxes146.7 143.6 
Real estate income, net142.1 156.1 
Income from real estate joint ventures and funds45.1 55.2 
Interest19.9 42.5 
Dividends4.5 
TOTAL INVESTMENT INCOME207.1 258.3 
Expenses:
Investment management charges17.2 17.2 
Administrative charges14.8 11.7 
Distribution charges8.3 7.6 
Mortality and expense risk charges0.3 0.3 
Liquidity guarantee charges13.9 16.2 
TOTAL EXPENSES54.5 53.0 
INVESTMENT INCOME, NET152.6 205.3 
NET REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS) ON INVESTMENTS AND LOANS PAYABLE
Net realized gain (loss) on investments:
Real estate properties3.0 (59.2)
Real estate joint ventures and funds(460.3)
Marketable securities35.2 
Loans receivable(0.7)(1.6)
Net realized gain (loss) on investments2.3 (485.9)
Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on:
Real estate properties287.8 196.7 
Real estate joint ventures and funds58.3 300.5 
Marketable securities(230.8)
Loans receivable13.3 (10.6)
Loans receivable with related parties(0.5)
Loans payable3.5 45.7 
Net change in unrealized appreciation on investments and loans payable362.9 301.0 
NET REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS) ON INVESTMENTS AND LOANS PAYABLE365.2 (184.9)
NET INCREASE IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS$517.8 $20.4 




See notes to the consolidated financial statements
4


TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN NET ASSETS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
FROM OPERATIONS
Investment income, net$152.6 $205.3 
Net realized gain (loss) on investments2.3 (485.9)
Net change in unrealized appreciation on investments and loans payable362.9 301.0 
NET INCREASE IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS517.8 20.4 
FROM PARTICIPANT TRANSACTIONS
Premiums688.1 702.6 
Annuity payments(12.0)(12.3)
Withdrawals and death benefits(665.7)(2,003.5)
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM PARTICIPANT TRANSACTIONS10.4 (1,313.2)
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS528.2 (1,292.8)
NET ASSETS
Beginning of period23,243.9 27,307.9 
End of period$23,772.1 $26,015.1 




























See notes to the consolidated financial statements
5


TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions, Unaudited)
 For the Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net increase in net assets resulting from operations$517.8 $20.4 
Adjustments to reconcile net changes in net assets resulting from operations to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Net realized (gain) loss on investments(2.3)485.9 
Net change in unrealized appreciation on investments and loans payable(362.9)(301.0)
Purchase of real estate properties(0.6)(1,097.7)
Capital improvements on real estate properties(56.0)(68.5)
Proceeds from sale of real estate properties3.0 347.6 
Purchases of long term investments(96.7)(701.7)
Proceeds from long term investments1,385.8 
Purchases and originations of loans receivable(46.6)(107.7)
Proceeds from sales of loans receivable81.2 28.0 
Proceeds from payoffs of loans receivable10.9 11.4 
(Increase) decrease in other investments(90.8)2,788.6 
Net Change in due to/from investment manager4.4 24.5 
Increase in receivable for securities sold(363.5)
Increase in payable for securities purchased251.6 
Decrease in other assets21.2 16.3 
Increase (decrease) in other liabilities1.7 (8.3)
NET CASH (USED IN) PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES(15.7)2,711.7 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from line of credit400.0 
Payments on line of credit(460.0)
Payments of mortgage loans(4.3)(3.3)
Premiums688.1 702.6 
Annuity payments(12.0)(12.3)
Withdrawals and death benefits(665.7)(2,003.5)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES6.1 (1,376.5)
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH(9.6)1,335.2 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH
 Beginning of period cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash61.1 40.4 
 Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(9.6)1,335.2 
 End of period cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$51.5 $1,375.6 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:
 Cash paid for interest$23.5 $24.3 
 Mortgage loan assumed as part of real estate acquisition$$289.6 
 Loan receivable converted to equity in real estate investment$$(3.3)
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (in millions):
 As of March 31,
20212020
Cash and cash equivalents$30.3 $1,354.1 
Restricted cash(1)
21.2 21.5 
TOTAL CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH$51.5 $1,375.6 
(1) Restricted cash is included within other assets in the Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities.
See notes to the consolidated financial statements
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TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1—Organization and Significant Accounting Policies
Business: The TIAA Real Estate Account (“Account”) is an insurance separate account of Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America (“TIAA”) and was established by resolution of TIAA’s Board of Trustees (the “Board”) on February 22, 1995, under the insurance laws of the State of New York, for the purpose of funding variable annuity contracts issued by TIAA. The Account offers individual and group accumulating annuity contracts (with contributions made on a pre-tax or after-tax basis), as well as individual lifetime and term-certain variable payout annuity contracts (including the payment of death benefits to beneficiaries). Investors are entitled to transfer funds to or from the Account, and make withdrawals from the Account on a daily basis, under certain circumstances. Funds invested in the Account for each category of contract are expressed in terms of units, and unit values will fluctuate depending on the Account’s performance.
The investment objective of the Account is to seek favorable total returns primarily through the rental income and appreciation of a diversified portfolio of directly held, private real estate investments and real estate-related investments while offering investors guaranteed, daily liquidity. The Account holds real estate properties directly and through subsidiaries wholly-owned by TIAA for the sole benefit of the Account. The Account also holds limited interests in real estate joint ventures and funds, as well as investments in loans receivable with real estate properties as underlying collateral. Additionally, the Account invests in real estate-related and non-real estate-related publicly traded securities, cash and other instruments to maintain adequate liquidity levels for operating expenses, capital expenditures and to fund benefit payments (withdrawals, transfers and related transactions).
The Consolidated Financial Statements of the Account as of March 31, 2021 and for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are unaudited and include all adjustments necessary to present a fair statement of results for the interim periods presented. Results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year. These Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, certain footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted from this report pursuant to the rules of the SEC. As a result, these Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in the Account’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Use of Estimates: The Consolidated Financial Statements were prepared in accordance with GAAP, which requires the use of estimates made by management. Actual results may vary from those estimates and such differences may be material.
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (commonly known as “COVID-19”) and the subsequent global pandemic began significantly impacting the U.S. and global financial markets and economies during the first quarter of 2020. During the second and third quarters of 2020, the Account received multiple requests for rent and loan payment relief as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, the requests were minimal during the fourth quarter of 2020 and first quarter of 2021. Requests have generally been comprised of deferrals, with payments generally postponed for a brief period (i.e., less than six months) and then repaid over the remaining duration of the contract.
As of March 31, 2021, the Account has not had material exposure to rent concessions, tenant defaults or loan defaults. The long-term duration and impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. The ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts the Account’s business, results of operations, investments, and cash flows will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and difficult to predict.
Basis of Presentation: The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include the Account and those subsidiaries wholly-owned by TIAA for the benefit of the Account. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions between the Account and such subsidiaries have been eliminated.
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The Accumulation Unit Value (“AUV”) used for financial reporting purposes may differ from the AUV used for processing transactions. The AUV used for financial reporting purposes includes security and participant (or "contract owner") transactions effective through the period end date to which this report relates. Total return is computed based on the AUV used for processing transactions.
Determination of Investments at Fair Value: The Account reports all investments at fair value in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 946—Financial Services—Investment Companies (“ASC 946”). Further in accordance with the adoption of the fair value option allowed under ASC 825—Financial Instruments, and at the election of Account management, loans payable and a line of credit are reported at fair value. The FASB has defined fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants excluding transaction costs.
The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used to determine the fair value of the Account’s investments and investment related loans payable.
Valuation of Real Estate Properties—Investments in real estate properties are stated at fair value, as determined in accordance with policies and procedures reviewed by the Investment Committee of the Board and in accordance with the responsibilities of the Board as a whole. Accordingly, the Account does not record depreciation. Determination of fair value involves significant levels of judgment because the actual fair value of real estate can be determined only by negotiation between the parties in a sales transaction.
The Account’s primary objective when valuing its real estate investments will be to produce a valuation that represents a reasonable estimate of the fair value of its investments. Implicit in the Account’s definition of fair value are the consummation of a sale as of a specified date and the passing of title from seller to buyer under conditions whereby:
Buyer and seller are similarly motivated;
Both parties are well informed or well advised, and acting in what they consider their best interests;
A reasonable time is allowed for exposure in the open market;
Payment is made in terms of cash or in terms of financial arrangements comparable thereto; and
The price represents the normal consideration for the property sold unaffected by special or creative financing or sales concessions granted by anyone associated with the sale.
Property and investment values are affected by, among other things, the availability of capital, occupancy rates, rental rates, and interest and inflation rates. As a result, determining real estate and investment values involves many assumptions. Key inputs and assumptions include, but are not limited to, rental income and expense amounts, related rental income and expense growth rates, capital expenditures, discount rates and capitalization rates. Valuation techniques include discounted cash flow analysis, prevailing market capitalization rates or multiples applied to earnings from the property, analysis of recent comparable sales transactions, actual sale negotiations and bona fide purchase offers received from third parties. Amounts ultimately realized from each investment may vary significantly from the fair value presented.
Real estate properties owned by the Account are initially valued based on an independent third party appraisal, as reviewed by TIAA’s internal appraisal staff and as applicable by the Account’s independent fiduciary at the time of the closing of the purchase. Such initial valuation may result in a potential unrealized gain or loss reflecting the difference between an investment’s fair value (i.e., exit price) and its cost basis (which is inclusive of transaction costs).
Subsequently, each property is appraised each quarter by an independent third party appraiser, reviewed by TIAA’s internal appraisal staff and as applicable the Account’s independent fiduciary. In general, the Account obtains appraisals of its real estate properties spread out throughout the quarter, which is intended to result in appraisal adjustments, and thus, adjustments to the valuations of its holdings (to the extent such adjustments are made) that happen regularly throughout each quarter and not on one specific day or month in each period.
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Further, management reserves the right to order an appraisal and/or conduct another valuation outside of the normal quarterly process when facts or circumstances at a specific property change. For example, under certain circumstances a valuation adjustment could be made when the account receives a bona fide bid for the sale of a property held within the Account or one of the Account’s joint ventures. Adjustments may be made for events or circumstances indicating an impairment of a tenant’s ability to pay amounts due to the Account under a lease (including due to a bankruptcy filing of that tenant). Alternatively, adjustments may be made to reflect the execution or renewal of a significant lease. Also, adjustments may be made to reflect factors (such as sales values for comparable properties or local employment rate) bearing uniquely on a particular region in which the Account holds properties. TIAA’s internal appraisal staff oversees the entire appraisal process, in conjunction with the independent fiduciary (the independent fiduciary is more fully described in the following paragraph). Any differences in the conclusions of TIAA’s internal appraisal staff and the independent appraiser will be reviewed by the independent fiduciary, which will make a final determination on the matter (which may include ordering a subsequent independent appraisal).
The independent fiduciary, RERC, LLC, has been appointed by a special subcommittee of the Investment Committee of the Board to, among other things, oversee the appraisal process. The independent fiduciary must approve all independent appraisers used by the Account. All appraisals are performed in accordance with Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practices, the real estate appraisal industry standards created by The Appraisal Foundation. Real estate appraisals are estimates of property values based on a professional’s opinion. Appraisals of properties held outside of the U.S. are performed in accordance with industry standards commonly applied in the applicable jurisdiction. These independent appraisers are always expected to be MAI-designated members of the Appraisal Institute (or its European equivalent, Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors) and state certified appraisers from national or regional firms with relevant property type experience and market knowledge. Under the Account’s current procedures, each independent appraisal firm will be rotated off of a particular property at least every three years, although such appraisal firm may perform appraisals of other Account properties subsequent to such rotation.
Also, the independent fiduciary may require additional appraisals if factors or events have occurred that could materially change a property’s value (including those identified previously) and such change is not reflected in the quarterly valuation review, or otherwise to ensure that the Account is valued appropriately. The independent fiduciary must also approve any valuation change of real estate-related assets where a property’s value changed by more than 6% from the most recent independent annual appraisal, or if the value of the Account would change by more than 4% within any calendar quarter or more than 2% since the prior calendar month. When a real estate property is subject to a mortgage, the property is valued independently of the mortgage and the property and mortgage fair values are reported separately (see Valuation of Loans Payable). The independent fiduciary reviews and approves all mortgage valuation adjustments before such adjustments are recorded by the Account. The Account continues to use the revised value for each real estate property and mortgage loan payable to calculate the Account’s daily net asset value until the next valuation review or appraisal.
Valuation of Real Estate Joint Ventures—Real estate joint ventures are stated at the fair value of the Account’s ownership interests of the underlying entities. The Account’s ownership interests are valued based on the fair value of the underlying real estate, any related loans payable, and other factors, such as ownership percentage, ownership rights, buy/sell agreements, distribution provisions and capital call obligations. The fair value of real estate and loans payable held by joint ventures is determined in the same manner described above in Valuation of Real Estate Properties. The independent fiduciary reviews and approves all valuation adjustments before such adjustments are recorded by the Account. Upon the disposition of all real estate investments by an investee entity, the Account will continue to state its equity in the remaining net assets of the investee entity during the wind down period, if any, which occurs prior to the dissolution of the investee entity.
Valuation of Real Estate Funds—Real estate fund interests are stated at the fair value of the Account’s ownership in
the real estate fund. Management uses net asset value information provided by fund managers as a practical expedient to estimate fair value. The Account receives estimates from limited partners on a quarterly basis, and audited information is provided annually. Upon receipt of the information, management reviews and determines whether the net asset values provided are an appropriate representation of the fair value of the Account's interests in the real estate funds and makes valuation adjustments as necessary. Valuation of real estate funds proceeds under
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the direction of the Investment Committee of the Board and in accordance with the responsibilities of the Board as a whole.

Valuation of Real Estate Operating Businesses—Real estate operating businesses are held at fair value, which is equal to their cost basis on the initial investment date. Subsequently, valuations are completed on a quarterly basis, with a third-party vendor utilized semi-annually and the interim quarters completed by TIAA’s internal valuation department. Valuations are subject to review by the independent fiduciary. Fair value is based on the enterprise value of the business, subject to any preferential distributions that would be required upon liquidation, if applicable. Management reserves the right to order an external valuation outside of the normal quarterly process when facts or circumstances at the business materially change from the latest available valuation. Any differences in the conclusions of TIAA’s internal valuation department and the external vendor will be reviewed by the independent fiduciary, which will make a final determination on the matter (which may include ordering a subsequent additional valuation).
Valuation of Marketable Securities—Equity securities listed or traded on any national market or exchange are valued at the last sale price as of the close of the principal securities market or exchange on which such securities are traded or, if there is no sale, at the mean of the last bid and ask prices on such market or exchange, exclusive of transaction costs.
Valuation of Debt Securities—Debt securities with readily available market quotations, other than money market instruments, are generally valued at the most recent bid price or the equivalent quoted yield for such securities (or those of comparable maturity, quality and type). Debt securities for which market quotations are not readily available, are valued at fair value as determined by management and the Investment Committee of the Board and in accordance with the responsibilities of the Board as a whole.
Short-term investments are valued in the same manner as debt securities, as described above.
Money market instruments are valued at amortized cost, which approximates fair value.
Valuation of Loans Receivable (i.e., the Account as a creditor)—Loans receivable are stated at fair value and are initially valued at the face amount of the loan funding. Subsequently, loans receivable are valued at least quarterly by TIAA’s internal valuation department based on market factors, such as market interest rates and spreads for comparable loans, the liquidity for loans of similar characteristics, the performance of the underlying collateral (such as the loan-to-value ratio and the cash flow of the underlying collateral) and the credit quality of the counterparty. The independent fiduciary reviews and approves all loan receivable valuation adjustments before such adjustments are recorded by the Account. The Account continues to use the revised value for each loan receivable to calculate the Account’s daily net asset value until the next valuation review.
Valuation of Loans Payable (i.e., the Account as a debtor)—Mortgage or other loans payable, including the Account's lines of credit, are stated at fair value. The estimated fair value of loans payable is generally based on the amount at which the liability could be transferred in a current transaction, exclusive of transaction costs. Fair values are estimated based on market factors, such as market interest rates and spreads on comparable loans, the liquidity for loans of similar characteristics, the performance of the underlying collateral (such as the loan-to-value ratio and the cash flow of the underlying collateral), the maturity date of the loan, the return demands of the market, and the credit quality of the Account. Different assumptions or changes in future market conditions could significantly affect estimated fair values. At times, the Account may assume debt in connection with the purchase of real estate, including under the Credit Agreements (as defined below) or additional credit facilities or other lines of credit in the future or the issuance (if permitted by applicable insurance law) of debt securities by the Account.
See Note 5Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis for further discussion and disclosure regarding the determination of the fair value of the Account’s investments.
Accumulation and Annuity Funds: The accumulation fund represents the net assets attributable to contract owners in the accumulation phase of their investment (“Accumulation Fund”). The annuity fund represents the net assets attributable to the contract owners currently receiving annuity payments (“Annuity Fund”). The net increase or decrease in net assets from investment operations is apportioned between the funds based upon their relative daily
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net asset values. Once an Account contract owner begins receiving lifetime annuity income benefits, payment levels cannot be reduced as a result of the Account’s actual mortality experience. In addition, the contracts pursuant to which the Account is offered are required to stipulate the maximum expense charge for all Account level expenses that can be assessed, which is not to exceed 2.5% of average net assets per year. The Account pays a fee to TIAA to assume mortality and expense risks.
Accounting for Investments: The investments held by the Account are accounted for as follows:
Real Estate Properties—Rent from real estate properties consists of all amounts earned under tenant operating leases, including base rent, recoveries of real estate taxes and other expenses and charges for miscellaneous services provided to tenants. Rental income is recognized in accordance with the billing terms of the lease agreements. The Account bears the direct expenses of the real estate properties owned. These expenses include, but are not limited to, fees to local property management companies, property taxes, utilities, maintenance, repairs, insurance, and other operating and administrative costs. An estimate of the net operating income earned from each real estate property is accrued by the Account on a daily basis and such estimates are adjusted when actual operating results are determined.
Real Estate Joint Ventures—The Account has ownership interests in various real estate joint ventures (collectively, the “joint ventures”). The Account records its contributions as increases to its investments in the joint ventures, and distributions from the joint ventures are treated as income within income from real estate joint ventures and real estate funds in the Account’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. Distributions that are identified as returns of capital are recorded as a reduction to the cost basis of the investment, whereas distributions identified as capital gains or losses are recorded as realized gains or losses. Income distributions from the joint ventures are recorded based on the Account’s proportional interest of the income distributed by the joint ventures. Income and losses incurred but not yet distributed or realized from the Account by the joint ventures are recorded as unrealized gains and losses.
Real Estate Funds—The Account has limited ownership interests in various private real estate funds. The Account records its contributions as increases to the investments, and distributions from the investments are treated as income within income from real estate joint ventures and real estate funds in the Account’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. Distributions that are identified as returns of capital are recorded as a reduction to the cost basis of the investment, whereas distributions identified as capital gains or losses are recorded as realized gains or losses. Unrealized gains and losses are recorded based upon the changes in the net asset values of the real estate funds as determined from the financial statements of the real estate funds when received by the Account. Prior to the receipt of the financial statements from the real estate funds, the Account estimates the value of its interest using information provided by the fund managers. Changes in value based on such estimates are recorded by the Account as unrealized gains and losses.
Real Estate Operating Business—The Account has a non-controlling ownership interest in one real estate operating business. The Account records contributions into the business as increases to the cost basis of its investment. Distributions are characterized by the business as either income, capital gains, or return of capital. Distributions classified as income are presented within income from real estate joint ventures, funds, and operating business in the Account’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. Distributions identified as capital gains are presented as realized gains in the Account’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. Distributions identified as returns of capital are recorded as a reduction to the cost basis of the investment. Unrealized gains and losses are recorded based upon the changes in the fair value of the enterprise value of the business.
Marketable Securities—Transactions in marketable securities are accounted for as of the date the securities are purchased or sold (trade date). Interest income is recorded as earned. Dividend income is recorded on the ex-dividend date within dividend income. Dividends that are identified as returns of capital are recorded as a reduction to the cost basis of the investment, whereas dividends identified as capital gains or losses are recorded as realized gains or losses. Realized gains and losses on securities transactions are accounted for on the specific identification method.
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Loans Receivable—The Account may originate, purchase or sell loans collateralized by real estate. The cost basis of originated loans is comprised of the principal balance and direct costs incurred that represent a component of the loan’s reported fair value. The cost basis of purchased loans consists of the purchase price of the loan and additional direct costs incurred that represent a component of the loan’s reported fair value. Additional costs incurred by the Account to originate or purchase loans that do not represent a component of a loan’s fair value are recorded as expenses in the period incurred. Nonrefundable origination fees paid by borrowers are recognized as interest income once all activities required to execute the loan are completed. Prepayment fees received from the payoff of loans in advance of their maturity date are recognized as interest income on the date the payoff occurs.
Interest income from loans in accrual status is recognized based on the current coupon rate of the loans. Interest income accruals are suspended when a loan becomes a non-performing loan, defined as a loan more than ninety days in arrears or at any point when management believes the full collection of principal is doubtful. Interest income on non-performing loans is recognized only as cash payments are received. Loans can be rehabilitated to accrual status once all past due interest has been collected and management believes the full collection of principal is likely.
Realized and Unrealized Gains and Losses—Realized gains and losses are recorded at the time an investment is sold or a distribution is received in relation to an investment sale from a real estate joint venture or fund. Real estate and loan receivable transactions are accounted for as of the date on which the purchase or sale transactions close (settlement date). The Account recognizes a realized gain on the sale of an investment to the extent that the contract sales price exceeds the cost-to-date of the investment being sold. A realized loss occurs when the cost-to-date exceeds the sales price. Realized gains and losses from partial sales of non-financial assets are recognized in accordance with ASC 610-20 - Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets. Realized gains and losses from the sale of financial assets are recognized in accordance with ASC 860 - Transfers and Servicing. Unrealized gains and losses are recorded as the fair values of the Account’s investments are adjusted, and as discussed within the Real Estate Joint Ventures, Real Estate Funds and Loans Receivable sections above.
Net Assets—The Account’s net assets as of the close of each valuation day are valued by taking the sum of:
the value of the Account’s cash, cash equivalents, and short-term and other debt instruments;
the value of the Account’s other securities and other non-real estate assets;
the value of the individual real properties (based on the most recent valuation of that property) and other real estate-related investments owned by the Account;
an estimate of the net operating income accrued by the Account from its properties, other real estate-related investments and non-real estate-related investments (including short-term marketable securities) since the end of the prior valuation day; and
actual net operating income earned from the Account’s properties, other real estate-related investments and non-real estate-related investments (but only to the extent any such item of income differs from the estimated income accrued for on such investments),
and then reducing the sum by liabilities held within the Account, including the daily investment management fee, administration and distribution fees, mortality and expense fee, liquidity guarantee fee, and certain other expenses attributable to operating the Account. Daily estimates of net operating income are adjusted to reflect actual net operating income on a monthly basis, at which time such adjustments (if any) are reflected in the Account’s unit value.
After the end of every quarter, the Account reconciles the amount of expenses deducted from the Account (which is established in order to approximate the costs that the Account will incur) with the expenses the Account actually incurred. If there is a difference, the Account adds it to or deducts it from the Account in equal daily installments over the remaining days of the following quarter. Material differences may be repaid in the current calendar quarter. The Account’s at cost deductions are based on projections of Account assets and overall expenses, and the size of any adjusting payments will be directly affected by the difference between management’s projections and the Account’s actual assets or expenses.
Variable Interest Entities: Variable interests are financial relationships which expose a reporting entity to the risks and rewards of variability in the entity's assets and operations. When variable interests exist, they are subject to evaluation under the variable interest entity ("VIE") model if any one of the following four characteristics are
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present: (a) the entity is insufficiently capitalized; (b) the equity holders do not have power to control the activities that most significantly impact the entity's financial performance; (c) the voting rights of the equity holders are not proportionate to their economic interests; or (d) the equity holders are not exposed to the residual losses or benefits that would normally be associated with equity interests.
ASC 810 - Consolidation prohibits a reporting entity that qualifies as an investment company under ASC 946 from consolidating an investee that is not an investment company. This scope exception does not apply to situations in which an investment company has an interest in another investment company. Accordingly, the Account's investments in other investment companies (e.g., real estate funds) are subject to evaluation under the VIE model.
The Account consolidates a VIE if it concludes that the Account is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. The primary beneficiary has both: (i) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the VIE's economic performance; and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE. The following activities have been identified by the Account as having the most significant impact on a VIE's economic performance:
control over the ability to acquire and dispose of investments held by the entity;
the ability to kick out a managing entity without cause, either unilaterally or with a group of equity investors;
the ability to modify the power of the managing entity without its consent; and
control over the day-to-day decision making of the underlying investments
An equity investor in a VIE may not actively be involved in the significant activities (i.e., it may cede day-to-day decision making to a third party), but if the equity investor has approval rights or some other mechanism to retain ultimate control, the equity investor with these rights would be concluded as having power over the activity.
On a quarterly basis, the Account evaluates all involvements with VIEs, including any changes to governing powers of continuing VIEs. The consolidation status of VIEs may change as a result of such continued evaluation. At the reporting date, the Account was not deemed to be the primary beneficiary of any VIEs. Refer to Note 7—Investments in Real Estate Funds for additional detail.
Cash and Cash Equivalents: Cash and cash equivalents are balances held by the Account in bank deposit accounts which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. The Account’s management monitors these balances to mitigate the exposure of risk due to concentration and has not experienced any losses from such concentration.
Other Assets and Other Liabilities: Other assets and other liabilities consist of operating assets and liabilities utilized and held at each individual real estate property investment. Other assets consist of, amongst other items, cash, tenant receivables and prepaid expenses; whereas other liabilities primarily consist of security deposits. Other assets also include cash collateral held for securities on loan.
Federal Income Taxes: Based on provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, Section 817, as amended, the Account is taxed as a segregated asset account of TIAA and as such, the Account incurs no material federal income tax attributable to the net investment activity of the Account. The Account’s federal income tax return is generally subject to examination for a period of three years after filed. State and local tax returns may be subject to examination for an additional period of time depending on the jurisdiction. Management has analyzed the Account’s tax positions taken for all open federal income tax years and has concluded that no provision for federal income tax is required in the Account’s Consolidated Financial Statements.
Restricted Cash: The Account held restricted cash in escrow accounts for security deposits, as required by certain states, as well as for property taxes, insurance, and various other property related matters as required by certain creditors related to outstanding loans payable collateralized by certain real estate investments. These amounts are recorded within other assets on the Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities. See Note 9—Loans Payable for additional information regarding the Account’s outstanding loans payable.
Changes in Net Assets: Premiums include premiums paid by existing accumulation unit holders in the Account and transfers into the Account. Withdrawals and death benefits include withdrawals out of the Account which include transfers out of the Account and required minimum distributions.
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Due to/from Investment Manager: Due to/from investment manager represents amounts that are to be paid or received by TIAA on behalf of the Account. Amounts generally are paid or received by the Account within one or two business days and no interest is contractually charged on these amounts.
Securities Lending: The Account may lend securities to qualified borrowers to earn additional income. The Account receives cash collateral against the loaned securities and maintains cash collateral in an amount not less than 100% of the market value of loaned securities during the period of the loan; any additional collateral required due to changes in security values is delivered to the Account the next business day. Cash collateral received by the Account is invested exclusively in an interest-bearing deposit account. The value of the loaned securities and the liability to return the cash collateral received are reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities. When loaning securities, the Account retains the benefits of owning the securities, including the economic equivalent of dividends or interest generated by the securities. All income generated by the securities lending program is reflected within interest income on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Securities lending transactions are for real estate-related equity securities, and the resulting loans are continuous, can be recalled at any time, and have no set maturity. Securities lending income recognized by the Account consists of interest earned on cash collateral and lending fees, net of any rebates to the borrower and compensation to the agent. Such income is reflected within interest income on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.  In lending its securities, the Account bears the market risk with respect to the investment of collateral and the risk that the agent may default on its contractual obligations to the Account. The agent bears the risk that the borrower may default on its obligation to return the loaned securities as the agent is contractually obligated to indemnify the Account if at the time of a default by a borrower some or all of the loan securities have not been returned.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements: In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”). The guidance provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contract modifications and hedging 12 relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria, that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") or another reference rate expected to be discontinued. The expedients and exceptions are effective for the period from March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. Management does not expect the guidance to materially impact the Account.
Note 2—Related Party Transactions
Investment management, administrative and distribution services are provided to the Account at cost by TIAA. Services provided at cost are paid by the Account on a daily basis based upon projected expenses to be provided to the Account. Payments are adjusted periodically to ensure daily payments are as close as possible to the Account’s actual expenses incurred. Differences between actual expenses and the amounts paid by the Account are reconciled and adjusted quarterly.
Investment management services for the Account are provided by TIAA officers, under the direction and control of the Board, pursuant to investment management procedures adopted by TIAA for the Account. TIAA’s investment management decisions for the Account are subject to review by the independent fiduciary. TIAA also provides various portfolio accounting and related services for the Account.
The Account is a party to the Distribution Agreement for the Contracts Funded by the TIAA Real Estate Account (the “Distribution Agreement”), dated January 1, 2008, by and among TIAA, for itself and on behalf of the Account, and TIAA-CREF Individual and Institutional Services, LLC (“Services”). Services is a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of TIAA, and is registered with the SEC as a broker-dealer and a registered investment adviser and is a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. Pursuant to the Distribution Agreement, Services performs distribution services for the Account which include, among other things, (i) distribution of annuity contracts issued by TIAA and funded by the Account, (ii) advising existing annuity contract owners in connection with their accumulations and (iii) helping employers implement and manage retirement plans. In addition, TIAA performs administrative functions for the Account, which include, among other things, (i) maintaining accounting records and performing accounting services, (ii) receiving and allocating premiums, (iii) calculating and making annuity payments, (iv) processing withdrawal requests, (v) providing regulatory compliance and reporting services,
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(vi) maintaining the Account’s records of contract ownership and (vii) otherwise assisting generally in all aspects of the Account’s operations. Both distribution services (pursuant to the Distribution Agreement) and administrative services are provided to the Account by Services and TIAA, as applicable, on an at cost basis. The Distribution Agreement is terminable by either party upon 60 days written notice and terminates automatically upon any assignment thereof.
In addition to providing the services described above, TIAA charges the Account fees to bear certain mortality and expense risks, and risks with providing the liquidity guarantee. These fees are charged as a percentage of the net assets of the Account. Rates for these fees are established annually.
Once an Account contract owner begins receiving lifetime annuity income benefits, payment levels cannot be reduced as a result of the Account’s actual mortality experience. As such, mortality and expense risk expenses are contractual charges for TIAA’s assumption of this risk.
TIAA provides the Account with a liquidity guarantee enabling the Account to have funds available to meet contract owner redemption, transfer or cash withdrawal requests. The liquidity guarantee is required by the New York State Department of Financial Services and is subject to a prohibited transaction exemption that the Account received in 1996 (96-76) from the U.S. Department of Labor (the “PTE 96-76”). The Account pays TIAA for the risk associated with providing the liquidity guarantee through a daily deduction from the Account’s net assets. Whether the liquidity guarantee is exercised is based on the cash level of the Account from time to time, as well as recent contract owner withdrawal activity and the Account’s expected working capital, debt service and cash needs, and subject to the oversight of the independent fiduciary. If the Account cannot fund contract owner withdrawal or redemption requests from the Account’s own cash flow and liquid investments, TIAA will fund them by purchasing accumulation units issued by the Account (accumulation units that are purchased by TIAA are generally referred to as “liquidity units”). TIAA guarantees that contract owners can redeem their accumulation units at the accumulation unit value next determined after their transfer or cash withdrawal request is received in good order. Liquidity units owned by TIAA are valued in the same manner as accumulation units owned by the Account’s contract owners. The independent fiduciary, which has the right to adjust the percentage of total accumulation units that TIAA’s ownership should not exceed (the “trigger point”), has established the trigger point at 45% of the outstanding accumulation units.
Expenses for the services and fees described above are identified as such in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations and are further identified as "Expenses" in Note 11—Financial Highlights.
The Account has loans receivable outstanding with related parties as of March 31, 2021. The loans are with joint ventures in which the Account also has an equity interest. The loans are held at fair value in accordance with the valuation policies described in Note 1—Organization and Significant Accounting Policies. The following table presents the key terms of the loans as of the reporting date (in millions):
Related PartyEquity Ownership InterestInterest RateMaturity DateFair Value at
PrincipalMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
20212020
36.5 36.5 MRA Hub 34 Holding, LLC95.00%2.50% + LIBOR9/1/2022$36.5 $36.5 
32.8 32.8 THP Student Housing, LLC97.00%3.20%9/1/202432.9 32.9 
TOTAL LOANS RECEIVABLE WITH RELATED PARTIES$69.4 $69.4 
Note 3—Concentrations of Risk
Concentrations of risk may arise when a number of properties are located in a similar geographic region such that the economic conditions of that region could impact tenants’ obligations to meet their contractual obligations or cause the values of individual properties to decline. Additionally, concentrations of risk may arise if any one tenant comprises a significant amount of the Account's rent, or if tenants are concentrated in a particular industry.
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As of March 31, 2021, the Account had no significant concentrations of tenants as no single tenant had annual contract rent that made up more than 4% of the rental income of the Account. Moreover, the Account's tenants have no notable concentration present in any one industry.
The Account’s wholly-owned real estate investments and investments in joint ventures are located in the United States. The following table represents the diversification of the Account’s portfolio by region and property type as of March 31, 2021:
Diversification by Fair Value(1)
WestEastSouthMidwestTotal
Office13.6 %18.4 %5.7 %0.1 %37.8 %
Apartment9.9 %6.5 %8.0 %1.1 %25.5 %
Retail6.2 %3.3 %7.2 %0.8 %17.5 %
Industrial10.4 %1.5 %4.8 %0.5 %17.2 %
Other(2)
0.7 %0.4 %0.8 %0.1 %2.0 %
Total40.8 %30.1 %26.5 %2.6 %100.0 %

(1)Wholly-owned properties are represented at fair value and gross of any debt, while joint venture properties are represented at the net equity value.
(2)Represents interests in Storage Portfolio investments, a hotel investment and land.
Properties in the “West” region are located in: AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, WY.
Properties in the “East” region are located in: CT, DC, DE, KY, MA, MD, ME, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, VA, VT, WV.
Properties in the “South” region are located in: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, OK, TN, TX.
Properties in the “Midwest” region are located in: IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, WI.
Note 4—Leases
The Account’s wholly-owned real estate properties are leased to tenants under operating lease agreements which expire on various dates through 2051. Rental income is recognized in accordance with the billing terms of the lease agreements. The leases do not have material variable payments, material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. Certain leases have the option to extend or terminate at the tenant's discretion, with termination options resulting in additional fees due to the Account. Aggregate minimum annual rentals for wholly-owned real estate investments owned by the Account through the non-cancelable lease term, excluding short-term residential leases, as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 are as follows (in millions):
As of
Years EndedMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
2021$479.2 (1)$638.6 
2022587.8 576.0 
2023522.3 504.6 
2024449.7 430.2 
2025371.6 353.2 
Thereafter1,148.1 1,037.6 
Total$3,558.7 $3,540.2 
(1) Representative of minimum rents owed for the remaining months of the calendar year ending December 31, 2021.
Certain leases provide for additional rental amounts based upon the recovery of actual operating expenses in excess of specified base amounts, sales volume or contractual increases as defined in the lease agreement. These contractual contingent rentals are not included in the table above.
The Account has ground leases for which the Account is the lessee. The leases do not contain material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. The fair value of right-of-use assets and leases liabilities related to ground leases are reflected on the balance sheet within other assets and other liabilities, respectively.
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The fair values and key terms of the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities related to the Account's ground leases are as follows (in millions):
As of
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets:
  Right-of-use assets, at fair value$37.1$36.8
Liabilities:
  Ground lease liabilities, at fair value$37.1$36.8
Key Terms:
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years)68.469.4
Weighted-average discount rate(1)
8.10 %8.05 %
(1) Discount rates are reflective of the rates utilized during the most recent appraisal of the associated real estate investments.
For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, operating lease costs related to ground leases were $0.6 million and $0.4 million, respectively. These costs include variable lease costs, which are immaterial. Aggregate future minimum annual payments for ground leases held by the Account are as follows (in millions):
As of
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Years Ended
2021(1)
$1.7 (1)$2.2 
20222.3 2.3 
20232.4 2.3 
20242.4 2.3 
20252.4 2.3 
Thereafter427.6 402.8 
Total$438.8 $414.2 
(1) Representative of minimum rents owed for the remaining months of the calendar year ending December 31, 2021.
In April 2020, the FASB staff released guidance focused on treatment of concessions related to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the application of lease modification guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 842, “Leases.” The guidance provides a practical expedient to forgo the associated reassessments required by ASC 842 when changes to a lease result in similar or lower future consideration. There was no material exposure to rent concessions or lease defaults for tenants impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic for the quarter ended March 31, 2021.
Note 5—Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Valuation Hierarchy: The Account’s fair value measurements are grouped into three levels, as defined by the FASB. The levels are defined as follows:
Level 1 fair value inputs are quoted prices for identical items in active, liquid and visible markets such as stock exchanges.
Level 2 fair value inputs are observable information for similar items in active or inactive markets, and appropriately consider counterparty creditworthiness in the valuations.
Level 3 fair value inputs reflect our best estimate of inputs and assumptions market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability at the measurement date. The inputs are unobservable in the market and significant to the valuation estimate.
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An investment’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy described above is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Real estate fund investments are excluded from the valuation hierarchy, as these investments are fair valued using their net asset value as a practical expedient since market quotations or values from independent pricing services are not readily available. See Note 1Organization and Significant Accounting Policies for further discussion regarding the use of a practical expedient for the valuation of real estate funds.
The following tables show the major categories of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, using unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1); significant other observable inputs (Level 2); and significant unobservable inputs (Level 3); and fair value using the practical expedient (millions):
DescriptionLevel 1: Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical AssetsLevel 2: Significant Other Observable InputsLevel 3: Significant Unobservable InputsFair Value Using Practical ExpedientTotal at March 31, 2021
Real estate properties$— $— $16,816.5 $— $16,816.5 
Real estate joint ventures— — 6,215.3 — 6,215.3 
Real estate funds— — — 461.9 461.9 
Real estate operating business— — 250.0 — 250.0 
Marketable securities:
Government agency notes— 339.0 — — 339.0 
United States treasury securities— 491.2 — — 491.2 
Loans receivable(1)
— — 1,529.6 — 1,529.6 
Total Investments at March 31, 2021$$830.2 $24,811.4 $461.9 $26,103.5 
Loans payable$— $— $(2,403.6)$— $(2,403.6)
DescriptionLevel 1: Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical AssetsLevel 2: Significant Other Observable InputsLevel 3: Significant Unobservable InputsFair Value Using Practical ExpedientTotal at December 31, 2020
Real estate properties$— $— $16,476.7 $— $16,476.7 
Real estate joint ventures— — 6,128.9 — 6,128.9 
Real estate funds— — — 393.2 393.2 
Real estate operating business— — 250.0 — 250.0 
Marketable securities:
Government agency notes— 157.0 — — 157.0 
United States treasury securities— 582.3 — — 582.3 
Loans receivable(1)
— — 1,562.6 — 1,562.6 
Total Investments at December 31, 2020$$739.3 $24,418.2 $393.2 $25,550.7 
Loans payable$— $— $(2,411.4)$— $(2,411.4)
(1) Amount shown is reflective of loans receivable and loans receivable with related parties.
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The following tables show the reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in millions):
Real Estate
Properties
Real Estate
Joint Ventures
Real Estate Operating Business
Loans
Receivable
(3)
Total
Level 3
Investments
Loans
Payable
For the three months ended March 31, 2021
Beginning balance January 1, 2021$16,476.7 $6,128.9 $250.0 $1,562.5 $24,418.1 $(2,411.4)
Total realized and unrealized gains included in changes in net assets290.8 54.3 — 12.6 357.7 3.5 
    Purchases(1)
52.0 32.2 — 46.6 130.8 — 
    Sales(4)
(3.0)— — (81.2)(84.2)— 
    Settlements(2)
— (0.1)— (10.9)(11.0)4.3 
Ending balance March 31, 2021$16,816.5 $6,215.3 $250.0 $1,529.6 $24,811.4 $(2,403.6)

Real Estate
Properties
Real Estate
Joint Ventures
Loans
Receivable
(3)
Total
Level 3
Investments

Loans
Payable
Line of Credit
For the three months ended March 31, 2020
Beginning balance January 1, 2020$15,835.0 $7,204.2 $1,572.1 $24,611.3 $(2,365.0)$(250.0)
Total realized and unrealized gains (losses) included in changes in net assets137.5 (156.4)(12.7)(31.6)45.7 — 
    Purchases(1)
1,457.2 20.6 107.7 1,585.5 (289.6)(400.0)
    Sales(347.6)— — (347.6)— — 
    Settlements(2)
— (831.0)(36.1)(867.1)3.3 460.0 
Ending balance March 31, 2020$17,082.1 $6,237.4 $1,631.0 $24,950.5 $(2,605.6)$(190.0)

(1)Includes purchases, contributions for joint ventures, capital expenditures, lending for loans receivable and assumption of loans payable.
(2)Includes operating income for real estate joint ventures net of distributions, principal payments and payoffs of loans receivable, and principal payments and extinguishment of loans payable.
(3)Amount shown is reflective of loans receivable and loans receivable with related parties.
(4)Real estate properties amount shown is inclusive of post closing realized losses.
The following table shows quantitative information about unobservable inputs related to the Level 3 fair value measurements as of March 31, 2021.
TypeAsset ClassValuation
Technique(s)
Unobservable
Inputs(1)
Range (Weighted Average)
Real Estate Properties and Joint VenturesOfficeIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
5.8% - 9.3% (6.7%)
4.8% - 8.5% (5.6%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate4.0% - 8.0% (5.0%)
IndustrialIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
5.2% - 9.0% (6.4%)
4.3% - 7.3% (5.2%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate3.3% - 7.0% (4.6%)
ApartmentIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
5.5% - 7.8% (6.3%)
4.3% - 6.8% (5.0%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate3.8% - 6.0% (4.5%)
RetailIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
5.3% - 12.0% (6.8%)
4.5% - 9.5% (5.7%)
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TypeAsset ClassValuation
Technique(s)
Unobservable
Inputs(1)
Range (Weighted Average)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate4.3% - 12.0% (5.3%)
HotelIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
10.3% (10.3%)
7.8% (7.8%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate7.8% (7.8%)
Real Estate Operating BusinessIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Growth Rate
7.3%
2.5%
Market ApproachEBITDA Multiple13.9x
Loans PayableOfficeDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
35.4% - 53.6% (45.4%)
2.3% - 3.4% (3.1%)
Net Present ValueLoan to Value Ratio
Weighted Average Cost of Capital Risk Premium Multiple
35.4% - 53.6% (45.4%)
1.2 - 1.4 (1.3)
IndustrialDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
49.2% - 56.1% (52.2%)
3.3% - 3.4% (3.3%)
Net Present ValueLoan to Value Ratio
Weighted Average Cost of Capital Risk Premium Multiple
49.2% - 56.1% (52.2%)
1.4 - 1.5 (1.4)
ApartmentDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
43.2% - 65.6% (50.9%)
2.5% - 3.0% (2.7%)
Net Present ValueLoan to Value Ratio
Weighted Average Cost of Capital Risk Premium Multiple
43.2% - 65.6% (50.9%)
1.2 - 1.7 (1.4)
RetailDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
40.0% - 73.6% (47.5%)
3.0% - 4.5% (3.4%)
Net Present ValueLoan to Value Ratio
Weighted Average Cost of Capital Risk Premium Multiple
40.0% - 73.6% (47.5%)
1.3- 1.8 (1.4)
Loans Receivable, including those with related partiesOfficeDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
50.8% - 91.8% (77.7%)
3.6% - 9.8% (6.9%)
IndustrialDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
30.9% - 68.7% (65.9%)
4.3% - 5.1% (4.7%)
ApartmentDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
47.3% - 77.3% (64.6%)
2.9% - 7.3% (4.8%)
Retail & HospitalityDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
64.6% - 86.2% (73.9%)
4.0% - 7.4% (5.1%)
The following table shows quantitative information about unobservable inputs related to the Level 3 fair value measurements as of March 31, 2020.
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TypeAsset ClassValuation
Technique(s)
Unobservable
Inputs(1)
Range (Weighted Average)
Real Estate Properties and Joint VenturesOfficeIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
5.5% - 8.5% (6.6%)
4.0% - 7.5% (5.5%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate3.9% - 7.0% (4.9%)
IndustrialIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
5.2% - 9.3% (6.7%)
4.3% - 8.3% (5.4%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate3.5% - 7.7% (4.8%)
ApartmentIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
5.3% - 7.8% (6.4%)
4.3% - 6.8% (5.1%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate3.8% - 6.0% (4.6%)
RetailIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
5.3% - 11.7% (6.7%)
5.0% - 9.4% (5.6%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate4.0% - 11.0% (5.1%)
HotelIncome Approach—Discounted Cash FlowDiscount Rate
Terminal Capitalization Rate
10.3% (10.3%)
7.8% (7.8%)
Income Approach—Direct CapitalizationOverall Capitalization Rate7.8% (7.8%)
Loans PayableOffice and IndustrialDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
31.1% - 59.3% (45.8%)
3.2% - 4.3% (3.8%)
Net Present ValueLoan to Value Ratio
Weighted Average Cost of Capital Risk
Premium Multiple
31.1% - 59.3% (45.8%)
3.2 - 4.3 (3.8)
ApartmentDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
30.0% - 69.0% (46.6%)
3.1% - 4.1% (3.7%)
Net Present ValueLoan to Value Ratio
Weighted Average Cost of Capital Risk
Premium Multiple
30.0% - 69.0% (46.3%)
1.2 - 1.6 (1.3)
RetailDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
37.1% - 63.8% (44.2%)
3.1% - 4.5% (3.9%)
Net Present ValueLoan to Value Ratio
Weighted Average Cost of Capital Risk
Premium Multiple
37.1% - 63.8% (44.2%)
1.2 - 1.5 (1.3)
Loans Receivable, including those with related partiesApartment, Hotel, Industrial, Office, Retail and StorageDiscounted Cash FlowLoan to Value Ratio
Equivalency Rate
30.9% - 90.2% (73.0%)
3.1% - 10.3% (6.0%)
(1) Equivalency Rate is defined as the prevailing market interest rate used to discount the contractual loan payments.

Real Estate Properties and Joint Ventures: The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Account’s real estate property and joint venture investments are the selection of certain investment rates (Discount Rate, Terminal Capitalization Rate, and Overall Capitalization Rate). Significant increases (decreases) in any of those inputs in isolation would result in significantly lower (higher) fair value measurements, respectively.
Real Estate Operating Business: The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Account's real estate operating business are the selection of certain investment rates and ratios (Discount Rate, Terminal Growth Rate, and EBITDA Multiple). Significant increases (decreases) in any of those inputs in isolation would result in significantly lower (higher) fair value measurements, respectively.
Loans Payable: The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Account’s loans payable are the loan to value ratios and the selection of certain credit spreads and weighted average cost of capital risk premiums. Significant increases (decreases) in any of those inputs in isolation would result in a significantly lower (higher) fair value, respectively.
Loans Receivable: The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Account’s loans receivable are the loan to value ratios and the selection of certain credit spreads. Significant increases (decreases) in any of those inputs in isolation would result in a significantly lower (higher) fair value, respectively.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, there were no transfers between Levels 1, 2 or 3.
21


The amount of total net unrealized gains (losses) included in changes in net assets relating to Level 3 investments and loans payable using significant unobservable inputs still held as of the reporting date is as follows (millions):
Real Estate
Properties
Real Estate
Joint
Ventures
Loans
Receivable(1)
Total
Level 3
Investments

Loans
Payable
For the three months ended March 31, 2021$287.8 $50.0 $5.0 $342.8 $3.5 
For the three months ended March 31, 2020$147.7 $(62.6)$(11.1)$74.0 $45.7 
(1) Amount shown is reflective of loans receivable and loans receivable with related parties.
Note 6—Investments in Joint Ventures
The Account owns interests in several real estate properties through joint ventures and receives distributions and allocations of profits and losses from the joint ventures based on the Account’s ownership interest in those investments. Several of these joint ventures have loans payable collateralized by the properties owned by the aforementioned joint ventures. At March 31, 2021, the Account held investments in joint ventures with ownership interest percentages that ranged from 33.3% to 98.0%. Certain joint ventures are subject to adjusted distribution percentages when earnings in the investment reach a predetermined threshold.
A condensed summary of the results of operations of the joint ventures are shown below (millions):
 For the Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Operating Revenue and Expenses
Revenues$251.7 $285.5 
Expenses143.0 154.6 
Excess of revenues over expenses$108.7 $130.9 
Note 7—Investments in Real Estate Funds
The Account has ownership interests in real estate funds (each a “Fund”, and collectively the “Funds”). The Funds are setup as limited partnerships or entities similar to a limited partnership, and as such, meet the definition of a VIE as the limited partners collectively lack the power, through voting or similar rights, to direct the activities of the Fund that most significantly impact the Fund's economic performance. Management has determined that the Account is not the primary beneficiary for any of the Funds, as the Account lacks the power to direct the activities of each Fund that most significantly impact the respective Fund's economic performance, and the Account further lacks substantive kick-out rights to remove the entity with these powers. Refer to Note 1—Organization and Significant Accounting Policies for a description of the methodology used to determine the primary beneficiary of a VIE.
No financial support (such as loans or financial guarantees) was provided to the Funds during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The Account is contractually obligated to make additional capital contributions in certain Funds in future years. These commitments are identified in Note 13—Commitments and Contingencies.
22


The carrying amount and maximum exposure to loss relating to unconsolidated VIEs in which the Account holds a variable interest but is not the primary beneficiary were as follows at March 31, 2021 (in millions):
Fund NameCarrying AmountMaximum Exposure to LossLiquidity ProvisionsInvestment Strategy
LCS SHIP Venture I, LLC (90.0% Account Interest)$205.4 $205.4 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To invest in senior housing properties.
Liquidation estimated to begin no earlier than 2025.
The Account is permitted to sell or transfer its interest in the fund, subject to consent and approval of the manager.
Veritas - Trophy VI, LLC (90.4% Account Interest)$58.9 $58.9 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To invest in multi-family properties primarily in the San Francisco Bay and Los Angeles metropolitan statistical area ("MSA").
The Account is not permitted to sell or transfer its interest in the fund until August 2022. After this date, the Account can sell or transfer its interest in the fund with the consent and approval of the manager.
SP V - II, LLC (61.8% Account Interest)$49.8 $49.8 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To invest in medical office properties in the U.S.
Liquidation estimated to begin no earlier than 2022.
The Account is permitted to sell or transfer its interest in the fund, subject to consent and approval of the manager.
Taconic New York City GP Fund, LP (60.0% Account Interest)$31.6 $31.6 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To invest in real estate and real estate-related assets in the New York City MSA.
Liquidation estimated to begin no earlier than 2024.
The Account is permitted to sell its interest in the fund, subject to consent and approval of the general partner.
Silverpeak - REA Alt Inv Fund LP (90.0% Account Interest)$29.3 $29.3 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To invest in alternative real estate investments primarily in major U.S. metropolitan markets.
Liquidation estimated to begin no earlier than 2028.
The Account is permitted to sell its interest in the fund to qualified institutional investors, subject to consent and approval of the manager.
IDR - Core Property Index Fund, LLC (1.9% Account Interest)$24.5 $24.5 Redemptions are permitted for a full calendar quarter and upon at least 90 days prior written notice, subject to fund availability.To invest primarily in open-ended funds that fall within the NFI-ODCE Index and are actively managed.
The Account is permitted to sell its interest in the fund, subject to consent and approval of the manager.
Townsend Group Value-Add Fund (99.0% Account Interest)$20.8 $20.8 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To invest in value-add real estate investment opportunities in the U.S. market.
Liquidation estimated to begin no earlier than 2027.
The Account is prohibited from transferring its interest in the fund without consent by the general partner, which can be withheld in their sole discretion
Flagler REA Healthcare Properties Partnership (90.0% Account Interest)$18.0 $18.0 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To acquire healthcare properties within the top 50 MSA's in the U.S.
Liquidation estimated to begin no earlier than 2025.
The Account is permitted to transfer its interest in the fund to a qualified institutional investor, subject to the right first offer by the partner, following the one year anniversary of the fund launch.
23


Fund NameCarrying AmountMaximum Exposure to LossLiquidity ProvisionsInvestment Strategy
Grubb Southeast Real Estate Fund VI, LLC (66.7% Account Interest)$16.4 $16.4 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To acquire office investments across the Southeast.
Liquidation estimated to begin no earlier than 2026.
The Account is not permitted to sell or transfer its interest in the fund until June 2021. After this date, the Account can sell or transfer its interest in the fund with the consent and approval of the manager.
JCR Capital - REA Preferred Equity Parallel Fund (39.7% Account Interest)$7.2 $7.2 Redemptions prohibited prior to liquidation.To invest primarily in multi-family properties.
Liquidation estimated to begin no earlier than 2026.
The Account is prohibited from transferring its interest in the fund without consent by the general partner, which can be withheld in their sole discretion
Total$461.9 $461.9 
Note 8—Loans Receivable
The Account’s loan receivable portfolio is primarily comprised of mezzanine loans secured by the borrower’s direct and indirect interests in commercial real estate. Mezzanine loans are subordinate to first mortgages on the underlying real estate collateral. The following property types represent the underlying real estate collateral for the Account's mezzanine loans (in millions):
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Principal OutstandingFair Value% of Fair ValuePrincipal OutstandingFair Value% of Fair Value
Office(1)
$795.4 $780.1 51.0 %$794.5 $778.4 49.9 %
Apartments(1)
307.9 305.3 20.0 %262.2 259.7 16.6 %
Industrial194.3 194.3 12.7 %194.3 194.3 12.4 %
Retail127.7 125.8 8.2 %128.6 126.5 8.1 %
Hotel125.3 124.1 8.1 %135.3 129.9 8.3 %
Storage%82.0 73.8 4.7 %
$1,550.6 $1,529.6 100.0 %$1,596.9 $1,562.6 100.0 %
(1) Includes loans receivable with related parties.
The Account monitors the risk profile of the loan receivable portfolio with the assistance of a third-party rating service that models the loans and assigns risk ratings based on inputs such as loan-to-value ratios, yields, credit quality of the borrowers, property types of the collateral, geographic and local market dynamics, physical condition of the collateral, and the underlying structure of the loans. Ratings for loans are updated monthly. Assigned ratings can range from AAA to C, with an AAA designation representing debt with the lowest level of credit risk and C representing a greater risk of default or principal loss. Loans that are more than 90 days past due are classified as delinquent and assigned a D rating. Mezzanine debt in good health is typically reflective of a risk rating in the B range (e.g., BBB, BB, or B), as these ratings reflect borrowers' having adequate financial resources to service their financial commitments, but also acknowledging that adverse economic conditions, should they occur, would likely impede on a borrowers' ability to pay.
All borrowers of loans rated C or higher are current as of March 31, 2021. NaN of the Account's loans are currently in forbearance. The total principal outstanding on these 2 loans is $125.3 million as of March 31, 2021. The forbearance allows for the deferral of the June, July and August 2020 debt service payments. The deferred payments are being repaid in 12 equal installments over the period from January 9, 2021 to December 9, 2021, at which time the forbearance period will end. The forbearance period is not based upon current COVID-19 relief provided under
24


the CARES Act. Interest income continues to be accrued during the forbearance period so long as future collection of the deferred payments are probable.
The following table presents the fair values of the Account's loan portfolio based on the risk ratings as of March 31, 2021 (in millions), listed in order of the strength of the risk rating (from strongest to weakest):
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Number of LoansFair Value% of Fair ValueNumber of LoansFair Value% of Fair Value
A3205.1 13.4 %0%
BBB9478.8 31.4 %169.6 4.5 %
BB9447.4 29.2 %10444.6 28.5 %
B0%11758.2 48.5 %
C4328.9 21.5 %2147.0 9.4 %
D0%173.8 4.7 %
NR(1)
269.4 4.5 %269.4 4.4 %
27$1,529.6 100.0 %27$1,562.6 100.0 %
(1) "NR" designates loans not assigned an internal credit rating. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, this is comprised of 2 loans with related parties. The loans are collateralized by equity interests in real estate investments.
Note 9—Loans Payable
At March 31, 2021, the Account had outstanding loans payable secured by the following assets (millions):
Property
Annual Interest Rate and
Payment Frequency(2)
Principal
Amounts Outstanding as of
Maturity
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Ascent at Windward3.51% paid monthly$34.6 $34.6 January 1, 2022
The Palatine(1)
4.25% paid monthly74.0 74.4 January 10, 2022
The Forum at Carlsbad(1)
4.25% paid monthly83.5 84.0 March 1, 2022
Fusion 15603.42% paid monthly37.4 37.4 June 10, 2022
San Diego Office Portfolio(4)
3.62% paid monthly51.2 51.2 August 15, 2022
The Colorado(1)
3.69% paid monthly85.9 86.4 November 1, 2022
The Legacy at Westwood(1)
3.69% paid monthly43.8 44.0 November 1, 2022
Regents Court(1)
3.69% paid monthly37.1 37.3 November 1, 2022
1001 Pennsylvania Avenue(1)
3.70% paid monthly312.6 314.3 June 1, 2023
Biltmore at Midtown3.94% paid monthly36.4 36.4 July 5, 2023
Cherry Knoll3.78% paid monthly35.3 35.3 July 5, 2023
Lofts at SoDo3.94% paid monthly35.1 35.1 July 5, 2023
Pacific City2.00 + LIBOR paid monthly105.0 105.0 October 1, 2023
1401 H Street NW3.65% paid monthly115.0 115.0 November 5, 2024
The District on La Frontera(1)
3.84% paid monthly38.3 38.4 December 1, 2024
The District on La Frontera(1)
4.96% paid monthly4.2 4.2 December 1, 2024
Circa Green Lake3.71% paid monthly52.0 52.0 March 5, 2025
Union - South Lake Union3.66% paid monthly57.0 57.0 March 5, 2025
Holly Street Village3.65% paid monthly81.0 81.0 May 1, 2025
Henley at Kingstowne(1)
3.60% paid monthly69.9 70.3 May 1, 2025
32 South State Street4.48% paid monthly24.0 24.0 June 6, 2025
Vista Station Office Portfolio(1)
4.00% paid monthly19.7 19.9 July 1, 2025
780 Third Avenue3.55% paid monthly150.0 150.0 August 1, 2025
780 Third Avenue3.55% paid monthly20.0 20.0 August 1, 2025
25


Property
Annual Interest Rate and
Payment Frequency(2)
Principal
Amounts Outstanding as of
Maturity
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Vista Station Office Portfolio(1)
4.20% paid monthly$43.8 $43.9 November 1, 2025
701 Brickell Avenue3.66% paid monthly184.0 184.0 April 1, 2026
Marketplace at Mill Creek3.82% paid monthly39.6 39.6 September 11, 2027
Overlook At King Of Prussia3.82% paid monthly40.8 40.8 September 11, 2027
Winslow Bay3.82% paid monthly25.8 25.8 September 11, 2027
1900 K Street, NW3.93% paid monthly163.0 163.0 April 1, 2028
99 High Street3.90% paid monthly277.0 277.0 March 1, 2030
   Total Principal Outstanding$2,377.0 $2,381.3 
Fair Value Adjustment(3)
26.6 30.1 
   Total Loans Payable$2,403.6 $2,411.4 
The mortgage is adjusted monthly for principal payments.
(1)All interest rates are fixed except for Pacific City, which has a variable interest rate based on a spread above the one month London Interbank Offered Rate, as published by ICE Benchmark Administration Limited. Some mortgages held by the Account are structured to begin principal and interest payments after an initial interest only period.
(2)The fair value adjustment consists of the difference (positive or negative) between the principal amount of the outstanding debt and the fair value of the outstanding debt. See Note 1—Organization and Significant Accounting Policies.
(4)The loan is collateralized by a mezzanine loan receivable. The mezzanine loan receivable is collateralized by the property reflected within the table above.
Note 10—Lines of Credit
The Account has 2 unsecured revolving credit agreements (“Credit Agreements”), each with a maximum total commitment of $500.0 million. Draws against the Credit Agreements can take the form of Eurodollar Loans or Alternate Base Rate Loans (“ABR Loans”). Eurodollar Loans and ABR Loans require a minimum funding of $5.0 million.
Eurodollar Loans are issued for a term of twelve months or less and bear interest during the period (“Interest Period”) at a rate equal to the Adjusted London Interbank Offered Rate (“Adjusted LIBOR”) plus a spread (the “Eurodollar Applicable Rate”), with the spread dependent upon the leverage ratio of the Account. Adjusted LIBOR is calculated by multiplying the Statutory Reserve Rate, as determined by the Federal Reserve Board for Eurodollar liabilities, by LIBOR, as determined by the Intercontinental Exchange on the date of issuance that corresponds to the length of the Interest Period. The Account may prepay Eurodollar Loans at any time during the life of the loan without penalty. The Account is limited to 5 active Eurodollar Loans on each Credit Agreement; however, the Account may retire and initiate new Eurodollar Loans without restriction so long as the total number of loans in active status does not exceed the limit.
ABR Loans are issued for a specific length of time and bear interest at a rate equal to the highest rate among the following calculations plus a spread (the "ABR Applicable Rate"), with the spread dependent on the leverage ratio of the Account: (i) the Prime Rate on the date of issuance, with the Prime Rate being defined as the rate of interest last quoted by the Wall Street Journal as the Prime Rate; (ii) the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (“NYFRB”) rate as provided by the NYFRB on the date of issuance plus 0.5%; or (iii) the Adjusted LIBOR rate plus 1.0%. The Account may prepay ABR Loans at any time during the life of the loan without penalty.
As of March 31, 2021, the Account was in compliance with all covenants required by the Credit Agreements.

26


The following table provides a summary of the key characteristics of the Credit Agreements as of March 31, 2021:
Line of Credit ILine of Credit II
Current Balance (in millions)$$
Maximum Capacity (in millions)$500.0 $500.0 
Inception DateSeptember 20, 2018August 18, 2020
Maturity DateSeptember 20, 2021August 16, 2021
Extension OptionYes(1)No
Eurodollar Applicable Rate Range0.85% - 1.05%1.60% - 1.80%
ABR Applicable Rate Range0.85% - 1.05%0.60% - 0.80%
Unused Fee (2)
0.20% per annum0.25% per annum
(1) The line of credit expires on September 20, 2021, with an option to extend for 2 consecutive twelve month terms at the Account’s election. The Account may request an additional $250.0 million in commitments from the Lenders at any time; however, this request is subject to approval at the sole discretion of the Lenders and is not a guarantee that an expansion beyond the original $500.0 million commitment will be granted.
(2) The Account is charged a fee on the unused portion of the Credit Agreements.
Note 11—Financial Highlights
Selected condensed financial information for an Accumulation Unit of the Account is presented below. Per Accumulation Unit data is calculated on average units outstanding.
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021Years Ended December 31,
202020192018
Per Accumulation Unit Data:
Rental income$5.543$21.145$18.165$17.757
Real estate property level expenses and taxes2.81610.0678.7348.548
Real estate income, net2.72711.0789.4319.209
Other income1.2484.9806.7526.162
Total income3.97516.05816.18315.371
Expense charges(1)
1.0463.5623.4393.161
Investment income, net2.92912.49612.74412.210
Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investments and loans payable6.818(16.196)10.2626.877
Net increase (decrease) in Accumulation Unit Value9.747(3.700)23.00619.087
Accumulation Unit Value:
Beginning of period436.722440.422417.416398.329
End of period$446.469$436.722$440.422$417.416
Total return(3)
2.23 %(0.84)%5.51 %4.79 %
Ratios to Average net assets(2):
Expenses(1)
0.94 %0.81 %0.78 %0.76 %
Investment income, net2.64 %2.85 %2.90 %2.95 %
Portfolio turnover rate(3):
Real estate properties(4)
0.5 %7.1 %7.8 %11.8 %
Marketable securities(5)
%113.4 %28.7 %5.1 %
Accumulation Units outstanding at end of period (millions)52.152.060.860.7
Net assets end of period (millions)$23,772.1$23,243.9$27,307.9$25,842.6
27


(1)Expense charges per Accumulation Unit and the Ratio of Expenses to average net assets reflect the year to date Account level expenses and exclude real estate property level expenses which are included in real estate income, net.
(2)Percentages for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are annualized.
(3)Percentages for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not annualized.
(4)Real estate investment portfolio turnover rate is calculated by dividing the lesser of purchases or sales of real estate property investments (including contributions to, or return of capital distributions received from, existing real estate joint ventures and fund investments) by the average value of the portfolio of real estate investments held during the period.
(5)Marketable securities portfolio turnover rate is calculated by dividing the lesser of purchases or sales of securities, excluding securities having maturity dates at acquisition of one year or less, by the average value of the portfolio securities held during the period.
Note 12—Accumulation Units
Changes in the number of Accumulation Units outstanding were as follows (in millions):
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021For the Year Ended December 31, 2020
Outstanding:
Beginning of period52.0 60.8 
Credited for premiums1.6 4.6 
Annuity, other periodic payments, withdrawals and death benefits(1.5)(13.4)
End of period52.1 52.0 
Note 13—Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments—As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Account had the following immediately callable commitments to purchase additional interests in its real estate funds or provide additional funding through its loans receivable investments (in millions):
Commitment ExpirationMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Real Estate Funds(1)
Flagler - REA Healthcare Properties Partnership04/2021$10.0 $49.6 
LCS SHIP Venture I, LLC06/202128.1 28.1 
Townsend Group Value-Add Fund06/2021226.9 241.9 
Grubb Southeast Real Estate Fund VI, LLC06/202180.7 81.5 
Silverpeak - REA Alt Inv Fund LP12/202170.7 81.1 
Veritas Trophy VI, LLC08/202227.1 29.4 
SP V - II, LLC09/202248.5 67.1 
JCR Capital - REA Preferred Equity Parallel Fund12/202292.3 92.3 
Taconic New York City GP Fund11/20236.0 6.0 
$590.3 $677.0 
Loans Receivable(2)
311 South Wacker Mezzanine06/2021$4.6 $5.4 
Rosemont Towson Mezzanine09/20211.1 1.2 
Liberty Park Mezzanine11/20213.1 3.1 
BREP VIII Industrial Mezzanine03/202215.5 15.5 
SCG Oakland Portfolio Mezzanine03/20226.5 6.5 
San Diego Office Portfolio Senior Loan08/20227.0 7.0 
San Diego Office Portfolio Mezzanine08/20222.3 2.3 
MRA Hub 34 Holding, LLC09/20221.4 1.5 
1330 Broadway Mezzanine09/202210.9 10.9 
Colony New England Hotel Portfolio Senior Loan11/202214.1 14.1 
Colony New England Hotel Portfolio Mezzanine11/20224.7 4.7 
28


Commitment ExpirationMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Exo Apartments Senior Loan01/2023$7.1 $7.1 
Exo Apartments Mezzanine01/20232.4 2.4 
Five Oak Mezzanine03/20232.3 2.3 
5 Points Towers Mezzanine03/20244.3 
$87.3 $84.0 
TOTAL COMMITMENTS$677.6 $761.0 
(1)Additional capital can be called during the commitment period at any time. The commitment period can only be extended by the manager with the consent of the Account. The commitment expiration date is reflective of the most recent signed agreement between the Account and the fund manager, including any side letter agreements.
(2)Advances from the Account can be requested during the commitment period at any time. The commitment expiration date is reflective of the most recent signed agreement between the Account and the borrower, including any side letter agreements. Certain loans contain extension clauses on the term of the loan that do not require the Account's prior consent. If elected, the Account's commitment may be extended through the extension term.
Contingencies—In the normal course of business, the Account may be named, from time to time, as a defendant or may be involved in various legal actions, including arbitration, class actions and other litigation.
The Account establishes an accrual for all litigation and regulatory matters when it believes it is probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Once established, accruals are adjusted, as appropriate, in light of additional information. The amount of loss ultimately incurred in relation to those matters may be higher or lower than the amounts accrued for those matters.
As of the date of this report, management of the Account does not believe that the results of any such claims or litigation, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material effect on the Account’s business, financial position or results of operations.
29

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULES OF INVESTMENTS
(Dollar values shown in millions)

REAL ESTATE PROPERTIES—64.4% and 64.5%
Property NameLocationProperty TypeFair Value at
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
River RidgeAlabamaRetail$27.1 $29.0 
Riverchase VillageAlabamaRetail36.1 36.1 
Camelback CenterArizonaOffice52.0 52.0 
Riverside 202 IndustrialArizonaIndustrial30.4 30.4 
88 Kearny StreetCaliforniaOffice202.0 199.3 
101 Pacific Coast HighwayCaliforniaOffice94.8 94.7 
200 Middlefield RoadCaliforniaOffice60.3 60.2 
30700 Russell RanchCaliforniaOffice39.5 36.5 
Allure at CamarilloCaliforniaApartments62.0 62.0 
Almond AvenueCaliforniaLand23.4 13.4 
BLVD63CaliforniaApartments146.0 145.1 
Bridgepointe Shopping CenterCaliforniaRetail118.0 124.1 
Centre Pointe and Valley ViewCaliforniaIndustrial66.5 62.1 
Cerritos Industrial ParkCaliforniaIndustrial180.2 171.8 
Charleston PlazaCaliforniaRetail85.7 95.3 
Creekside at Alta LomaCaliforniaApartments86.0 85.5 
Frontera Industrial Business ParkCaliforniaIndustrial104.1 101.2 
Great West Industrial PortfolioCaliforniaIndustrial222.1 215.1 
Holly Street VillageCaliforniaApartments147.1 (1)153.1 (1)
Larkspur CourtsCaliforniaApartments144.0 141.0 
Northern CA RA Industrial PortfolioCaliforniaIndustrial126.4 117.2 
Oakmont IE West PortfolioCaliforniaIndustrial128.5 123.9 
Oceano at Warner CenterCaliforniaApartments89.0 90.1 
Ontario Industrial PortfolioCaliforniaIndustrial591.8 540.4 
Ontario Mills Industrial PortfolioCaliforniaIndustrial83.5 79.2 
Otay Mesa Industrial PortfolioCaliforniaIndustrial42.8 40.2 
Pacific CityCaliforniaRetail158.0 (1)158.0 
Pacific PlazaCaliforniaOffice123.1 111.0 
Rancho Cucamonga Industrial PortfolioCaliforniaIndustrial105.0 95.4 
Rancho Del MarCaliforniaApartments93.5 93.5 
Regents CourtCaliforniaApartments105.0 (1)103.0 (1)
Southern CA RA Industrial PortfolioCaliforniaIndustrial182.2 160.9 
StellaCaliforniaApartments158.1 161.0 
Stevenson PointCaliforniaIndustrial76.8 75.0 
Terra HouseCaliforniaApartments145.2 140.2 
The Forum at CarlsbadCaliforniaRetail203.0 (1)203.0 (1)
The Legacy at WestwoodCaliforniaApartments149.0 (1)149.1 (1)
West Lake North Business ParkCaliforniaOffice58.5 58.3 
WestcreekCaliforniaApartments52.2 55.4 
Westwood MarketplaceCaliforniaRetail161.0 150.0 
Wilshire Rodeo PlazaCaliforniaOffice312.0 311.4 
1600 BroadwayColoradoOffice119.0 116.0 
Palomino ParkColoradoApartments394.0 352.1 
South Denver MarketplaceColoradoRetail63.4 65.1 
Wilton Woods Corporate CampusConnecticutOffice94.7 100.0 
5 WestFloridaApartments63.0 63.0 
701 Brickell AvenueFloridaOffice436.2 (1)421.5 (1)
Boca Arbor ClubFloridaApartments65.9 63.9 
30

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULES OF INVESTMENTS
(Dollar values shown in millions)

Property NameLocationProperty TypeFair Value at
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Broward Industrial PortfolioFloridaIndustrial$69.4 $68.5 
Casa PalmaFloridaApartments97.5 98.7 
Cypress TraceFloridaRetail35.7 35.9 
Fusion 1560FloridaApartments71.7 (1)72.7 (1)
Lakepointe at JacarandaFloridaApartments50.3 48.7 
Lofts at SoDoFloridaApartments67.8 (1)65.3 (1)
Market SquareFloridaRetail19.7 20.1 
Orion on OrpingtonFloridaApartments51.9 51.6 
Publix at Weston CommonsFloridaRetail70.0 69.6 
Seneca Industrial ParkFloridaIndustrial130.4 128.7 
Shoppes at Lake MaryFloridaRetail19.8 19.6 
Sole at BrandonFloridaApartments80.2 78.0 
Sole at City CenterFloridaApartments100.0 100.0 
The Manor ApartmentsFloridaApartments47.7 47.5 
The Manor at Flagler VillageFloridaApartments131.0 131.2 
The Residences at the Village of Merrick ParkFloridaApartments69.6 69.5 
Weston Business CenterFloridaIndustrial83.9 81.7 
Ascent at WindwardGeorgiaApartments72.3 (1)72.3 (1)
Atlanta Industrial PortfolioGeorgiaIndustrial43.7 41.5 
Biltmore at MidtownGeorgiaApartments72.9 (1)72.6 (1)
Eisenhower CrossingGeorgiaRetail10.8 12.9 
Fayette PavilionGeorgiaRetail102.4 

101.4 
Glen LakeGeorgiaApartments59.7 59.0 
Heritage PavilionGeorgiaRetail44.8 

40.6 
Marketplace at Mill CreekGeorgiaRetail76.6 (1)76.4 (1)
Newnan PavilionGeorgiaRetail39.1 40.0 
Shawnee Ridge Industrial PortfolioGeorgiaIndustrial111.6 104.0 
Woodstock SquareGeorgiaRetail32.0 

32.0 
32 South State StreetIllinoisRetail45.3 (1)48.5 (1)
803 CordayIllinoisApartments92.9 92.6 
Chicago Caleast Industrial PortfolioIllinoisIndustrial80.7 85.3 
Chicago Industrial PortfolioIllinoisIndustrial35.3 33.0 
Village CrossingIllinoisRetail137.0 

136.1 
Cherry KnollMarylandApartments60.3 (1)57.8 (1)
Landover Logistics CenterMarylandIndustrial55.5 54.3 
The Shops at Wisconsin PlaceMarylandRetail75.9 72.1 
99 High StreetMassachusettsOffice532.4 (1)540.2 (1)
350 WashingtonMassachusettsRetail121.0 121.0 
Fort Point Creative Exchange PortfolioMassachusettsOffice266.4 264.6 
Northeast RA Industrial PortfolioMassachusettsIndustrial46.5 44.2 
One Beeman RoadMassachusettsIndustrial41.5 36.0 
The BridgesMinnesotaApartments67.0 66.0 
The KnollMinnesotaApartments38.2 37.2 
10 New Maple AvenueNew JerseyIndustrial22.8 21.0 
200 Milik StreetNew JerseyIndustrial60.2 59.1 
MarketfairNew JerseyRetail95.1 98.4 
South River Road IndustrialNew JerseyIndustrial145.4 138.5 
21 Penn PlazaNew YorkOffice302.1 302.5 
780 Third AvenueNew YorkOffice360.0 (1)354.3 (1)
31

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULES OF INVESTMENTS
(Dollar values shown in millions)

Property NameLocationProperty TypeFair Value at
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
837 Washington StreetNew YorkOffice$201.0 $211.0 
The ColoradoNew YorkApartments239.1 (1)243.1 (1)
Alexander PlaceNorth CarolinaRetail39.9 39.9 
Centric GatewayNorth CarolinaApartments74.2 74.0 
Winslow Bay CommonsNorth CarolinaRetail47.3 (1)46.9 (1)
The CordeliaOregonApartments40.5 40.8 
1619 Walnut StreetPennsylvaniaRetail17.1 16.7 
Overlook at King of PrussiaPennsylvaniaRetail55.4 (1)55.6 (1)
Warwick Shopping CenterRhode IslandRetail18.0 17.8 
Columbiana StationSouth CarolinaRetail46.6 

47.0 
Greene CrossingSouth CarolinaApartments81.0 81.3 
Bellevue PlaceTennesseeRetail8.6 8.4 
Midway 840TennesseeIndustrial51.2 50.9 
Pavilion at Turkey CreekTennesseeRetail51.1 51.1 
Southside at McEwenTennesseeRetail48.7 48.2 
Town and CountryTennesseeRetail30.4 30.7 
3131 McKinneyTexasOffice41.9 39.3 
Carrington ParkTexasApartments73.5 66.7 
Chisolm TrailTexasIndustrial5.2 5.2 
Churchill on the ParkTexasApartments72.3 72.3 
Cliffs at Barton CreekTexasApartments47.9 45.6 
Dallas Industrial PortfolioTexasIndustrial278.7 258.3 
District on La FronteraTexasApartments73.3 (1)72.4 (1)
Houston Apartment PortfolioTexasApartments158.1 157.3 
Lincoln CentreTexasOffice493.4 467.7 
Lincoln Centre - Hilton DallasTexasHotel69.6 63.6 
Northwest Houston Industrial PortfolioTexasIndustrial75.7 75.5 
Park 10 DistributionTexasIndustrial12.1 12.0 
Park Creek ApartmentsTexasApartments44.7 43.1 
Pinnacle Industrial PortfolioTexasIndustrial78.8 75.5 
Pinto Business ParkTexasIndustrial161.3 153.8 
The MaronealTexasApartments59.1 58.8 
Vista Station Office PortfolioUtahOffice118.4 (1)116.3 (1)
8270 Greensboro DriveVirginiaOffice44.5 46.0 
Ashford Meadows ApartmentsVirginiaApartments110.1 107.4 
Creeks at Virginia CenterVirginiaRetail44.3 47.5 
Henley at KingstowneVirginiaApartments107.1 (1)107.4 (1)
Plaza AmericaVirginiaRetail109.0 103.0 
The Ellipse at BallstonVirginiaOffice80.4 79.8 
The PalatineVirginiaApartments127.0 (1)125.0 (1)
Circa Green LakeWashingtonApartments96.2 (1)96.0 (1)
Northwest RA Industrial PortfolioWashingtonIndustrial51.1 49.6 
Pacific Corporate ParkWashingtonIndustrial72.5 66.8 
Prescott Wallingford ApartmentsWashingtonApartments68.1 67.4 
Rainier Corporate ParkWashingtonIndustrial182.4 169.9 
Regal Logistics CampusWashingtonIndustrial145.0 132.0 
Union - South Lake UnionWashingtonApartments109.1 (1)111.0 (1)
1001 Pennsylvania AvenueWashington D.C.Office798.3 (1)806.8 (1)
1401 H Street, NWWashington D.C.Office222.2 (1)217.1 (1)
32

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULES OF INVESTMENTS
(Dollar values shown in millions)

Property NameLocationProperty TypeFair Value at
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
1900 K Street, NWWashington D.C.Office$337.0 (1)$338.0 (1)
Mass CourtWashington D.C.Apartments160.0 160.0 
The AshtonWashington D.C.Apartments29.0 30.7 
The Louis at 14thWashington D.C.Apartments157.0 160.1 
TOTAL REAL ESTATE PROPERTIES
(Cost $14,038.3 and $13,986.3)$16,816.5 $16,476.7 
REAL ESTATE JOINT VENTURES AND FUNDS—25.6% and 25.5%
REAL ESTATE JOINT VENTURES—23.8% and 24.0%
Property/Entity NameProperty TypeFair Value at
Account InterestLocationMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Colorado Center LP
       Colorado Center
50.00%CaliforniaOffice$341.8 (2)$346.4 (2)
TREA GM Industrial Road Owner LLC
       150 Industrial Road
98.00%CaliforniaOffice125.6 101.2 
ARE-SD Region No 39 LLC
        9625 Towne Centre Drive
49.90%CaliforniaOffice61.7 60.6 
TREA Campus Pointe 1, LLC
        Campus Pointe 1
45.00%CaliforniaOffice182.4 177.3 
TREA Campus Pointe 2 & 3, LLC
        Campus Pointe 2 & 3
45.00%California
Office (5)
159.8 154.7 
ARE-SD Region No 47 LLC
        Campus Pointe 4
45.00%CaliforniaOffice12.2 11.2 
TREA Campus Pointe 5, LLC
        Campus Pointe 5
45.00%CaliforniaOffice48.2 45.0 
ARE-SD Region No 58, LLC
        Campus Pointe 6
45.00%CaliforniaOffice135.4 130.6 
ARE-San Francisco No 36 LLC
        1500 Owens Street
49.90%CaliforniaOffice92.1 89.8 
TREA JP Venture Fairfield LLC
        Fairfield Tolenas Development
95.00%CaliforniaLand34.1 26.6 
T-C Foundry Square II Venture LLC
        Foundry Square II
50.10%CaliforniaOffice305.9 307.5 
ARE-San Francisco No 43 LLC
       409-499 Illinois Street
40.00%CaliforniaOffice248.0 242.8 
Valencia Town Center Associates LP
       Valencia Town Center
50.00%CaliforniaRetail89.6 (2)93.0 (2)
Florida Mall Associates, Ltd
       The Florida Mall
50.00%FloridaRetail654.3 (2)655.8 (2)
TREA Florida Retail, LLC
       Florida Retail Portfolio
80.00%FloridaRetail142.3 155.5 
West Dade County Associates
      Miami International Mall
50.00%FloridaRetail99.6 (2)110.0 (2)
WP Project Developer
      The Shops at Wisconsin Place
33.33%MarylandRetail15.9 17.2 
One Boston Place REIT
      One Boston Place
50.25%MassachusettsOffice261.1 259.3 
ARE-MA Region No 34 LLC
      225 Binney Street
70.00%MassachusettsOffice234.4 233.6 
33

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULES OF INVESTMENTS
(Dollar values shown in millions)

Property/Entity NameProperty TypeFair Value at
Account InterestLocationMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
T-C 501 Boylston Street Venture LLC
      501 Boylston
50.10%MassachusettsOffice$195.4 (2)$195.1 (2)
Fashion Show Holding I, LLC
      Fashion Show
50.00%NevadaRetail559.6 (2)568.7 (2)
NAP Birkdale, LLC
      Birkdale Village
93.00%North CarolinaRetail108.8 (2)109.0 (2)
401 West 14th Associates LLC
      401 West 14th Street
42.19%New YorkRetail28.7 (2)27.1 (2)
440 Ninth Avenue Holdings LLC
      440 Ninth Avenue
88.52%New YorkOffice133.1 (2)133.1 (2)
817 Broadway Holdings LLC
      817 Broadway
61.46%New YorkOffice27.4 (2)26.0 (2)
MRA Hub 34 Holdings LLC
      The Hub
95.00%New YorkOffice78.1 (2)79.2 (2)
RGM 42, LLC
      MiMA
70.00%New YorkApartments92.5 (2)92.2 (2)
Crescent/TREA 101 North Tryon Venture LLC 101 N. Tryon Street85.00%North CarolinaOffice51.1 (2)56.0 (2)
West Town Mall Joint Venture
      West Town Mall
50.00%TennesseeRetail120.9 (2)122.9 (2)
Four Oaks Venture LP
       Four Oaks Place LP
51.00%TexasOffice337.8 (2)336.2 (2)
FW I-35 Logistics Center LLC
        I-35 Logistics Center
95.00%TexasLand36.4 33.1 
CLPF T-C 4th and Madison LLC
        Fourth and Madison
51.00%WashingtonOffice168.8 (2)172.0 (2)
Juniper MOB Investment Venture, LLC(7)
       Juniper MOB Portfolio
50.00%Various, U.S.A.Office76.8 (3)65.4 (3)
TREA SH Venture LLC
       Simpson Housing Portfolio
80.00%Various, U.S.A.Apartments445.9 (2,3)427.5 (2,3)
Storage Portfolio I, LLC
       Storage Portfolio I
66.02%Various, U.S.A.Storage106.5 (2,3)93.6 (2,3)
Storage Portfolio II, LLC
       Storage Portfolio II
90.00%Various, U.S.A.Storage159.9 (2,3)131.7 (2,3)
Storage Portfolio III JV LLC
       Storage Portfolio III
90.00%Various, U.S.A.Storage53.8 (3)53.3 (3)
THP Student Housing, LLC
       THP Student Housing Portfolio
97.00%Various, U.S.A.Apartments189.4 (2,3)188.7 (2,3)
TOTAL REAL ESTATE JOINT VENTURES
(Cost $5,071.3 and $5,021.9)
$6,215.3 $6,128.9 
REAL ESTATE FUNDS— 1.8% and 1.5%
Fair Value at
Fund NameAccount InterestMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
LCS SHIP Venture I, LLC90.00%$205.4 $200.9 
Veritas - Trophy VI, LLC90.40%58.9 54.6 
Taconic New York City GP Fund, LP60.00%31.6 31.6 
SP V - II, LLC61.80%49.8 31.3 
IDR - Core Property Index Fund, LLC1.90%24.5 24.6 
Townsend Group Value-Add Fund99.00%20.8 5.8 
Silverpeak - REA Alt Inv Fund LP90.00%29.3 18.8 
34

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULES OF INVESTMENTS
(Dollar values shown in millions)

Fair Value at
Fund NameAccount InterestMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Grubb Southeast Real Estate Fund VI, LLC66.70%$16.4 $18.0 
JCR Capital - REA Preferred Equity Parallel Fund39.70%7.2 7.2 
Flagler - REA Healthcare Properties Partnership90.00%18.0 0.4 
TOTAL REAL ESTATE FUNDS
(Cost $438.0 and $373.3)
$461.9 $393.2 
TOTAL REAL ESTATE JOINT VENTURES AND FUNDS
(Cost $5,509.3 and $5,395.2)
$6,677.2 $6,522.1 
REAL ESTATE OPERATING BUSINESS— 1.0% and 1.0%
Fair Value at
Fund NameAccount InterestMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Colony Zeus Partners LP34.70%$250.0 $250.0 
TOTAL REAL ESTATE OPERATING BUSINESS
(Cost $250.2 and $250.2)
$250.0 $250.0 
MARKETABLE SECURITIES—3.2% and 2.9%
U.S. GOVERNMENT AGENCY NOTES—1.3% and 0.6%
Issuer
Yield(4)
Maturity
Date
Fair Value at
PrincipalMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
20212020
$4.0 $— Farmer Mac Discount Note0.010%4/1/2021$4.0 $— 
15.0 15.0 Farmer Mac Discount Note0.127%12/20/202115.0 15.0 
6.0 — Federal Farm Credit Bank Discount Note0.010%4/6/20216.0 — 
0.9 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.010%4/23/20210.9 — 
15.0 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.010%5/3/202115.0 — 
30.0 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.040%5/10/202130.0 — 
— 24.0 Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.086%5/19/2021— 24.0 
71.4 65.0 Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.010%-0.091%5/26/202171.4 65.0 
29.0 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.030%6/16/202129.0 — 
20.0 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.020%6/30/202120.0 — 
8.0 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.050%8/11/20218.0 — 
11.0 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.060%8/18/202111.0 — 
21.2 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.056%9/3/202121.2 — 
20.0 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.060%9/8/202120.0 — 
13.0 — Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.050%9/24/202113.0 — 
53.0 43.0 Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.035%-0.101%10/29/202153.1 43.0 
13.4 10.0 Federal Home Loan Bank Discount Note0.035%-0.091%11/19/202113.4 10.0 
8.0 — Tennessee Valley Authority Discount Note0.020%4/14/20218.0 — 
TOTAL U.S. GOVERNMENT AGENCY NOTES
(Cost $339.0 and $157.0)
$339.0 $157.0 

35

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULES OF INVESTMENTS
(Dollar values shown in millions)

UNITED STATES TREASURY SECURITIES—1.9% and 2.3%
PrincipalIssuer
Yield / Coupon Rate(4)
Maturity
Date
Fair Value at
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
20212020
$— $24.1 United States Treasury Bill0.071%1/19/2021$— $24.1 
— 84.0 United States Treasury Bill0.091%1/21/2021— 84.0 
— 100.0 United States Treasury Bill0.094%1/28/2021— 100.0 
— 50.0 United States Treasury Bill0.091%2/23/2021— 50.0 
— 47.8 United States Treasury Bill0.092%3/2/2021— 47.8 
— 80.0 United States Treasury Bill0.092%3/11/2021— 79.9 
81.0 — United States Treasury Bill0.075%4/20/202181.0 — 
25.0 — United States Treasury Bill0.040%5/20/202125.0 — 
43.4 — United States Treasury Bill0.040%6/17/202143.4 — 
50.0 — United States Treasury Bill0.050%8/26/202150.0 — 
— 5.0 United States Treasury Cash Management Bill0.010%1/5/2021— 5.0 
— 56.5 United States Treasury Cash Management Bill0.108%1/12/2021— 56.5 
— 85.0 United States Treasury Cash Management Bill0.086%3/9/2021— 85.0 
50.0 50.0 United States Treasury Cash Management Bill0.100%4/13/202150.0 50.0 
50.0 — United States Treasury Cash Management Bill0.040%6/29/202150.0 — 
91.8 — United States Treasury Cash Management Bill0.041%-0.047%7/6/202191.8 — 
50.0 — United States Treasury Cash Management Bill0.050%7/13/202150.0 — 
50.0 — United States Treasury Cash Management Bill0.00057/20/202150.0 — 
TOTAL UNITED STATES TREASURY SECURITIES
(Cost $491.0 and $582.3)
$491.2 $582.3 
LOANS RECEIVABLE—5.6% and 5.8%
BorrowerProperty Type
Interest Rate(6)
Maturity DateFair Value at
PrincipalMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
20212020
90.6 89.7 311 South Wacker MezzanineOffice4.70% + LIBOR6/7/2021$87.7 $86.5 
60.0 60.0 River North Point Junior MezzanineOffice4.30% + LIBOR7/9/202160.0 59.2 
67.7 68.6 Blackstone RioCan Retail Portfolio MezzanineRetail4.65% + LIBOR7/9/202165.8 66.5 
60.0 60.0 SoNo Collection MezzanineRetail6.75% + LIBOR8/6/202160.0 60.0 
124.7 124.7 Project Glacier MezzanineIndustrial4.40% + LIBOR10/9/2021124.7 124.7 
16.7 16.7 Liberty ParkOffice6.08%11/9/202116.6 16.6 
125.0 125.0 State Street Financial Center MezzanineOffice6.50%11/10/2021121.9 122.0 
54.3 54.3 SCG Oakland PortfolioOffice4.25% + LIBOR3/1/202254.3 54.3 
20.0 20.0 Modera Observatory Park MezzanineApartments4.34% + LIBOR6/10/202219.7 19.7 
17.1 — San Diego Office Portfolio MezzanineOffice2.45% + LIBOR8/9/202216.0 16.1 
51.2 — San Diego Office Portfolio Senior LoanOffice2.45% + LIBOR8/9/202251.5 51.6 
20.8 20.8 Rosemont Towson MezzanineApartments4.15% + LIBOR9/9/202220.7 20.7 
31.3 33.8 Colony New England Hotel Portfolio MezzanineHotel2.80% + LIBOR11/9/202229.6 30.5 
93.9 101.4 Colony New England Hotel Portfolio Senior LoanHotel2.80% + LIBOR11/9/202294.4 99.4 
33.9 33.9 Exo Apartments MezzanineApartments2.30% + LIBOR1/9/202332.2 32.0 
36

TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULES OF INVESTMENTS
(Dollar values shown in millions)

BorrowerProperty Type
Interest Rate(6)
Maturity DateFair Value at
PrincipalMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
20212020
101.6 101.6 Exo Apartments Senior LoanApartments2.30% + LIBOR1/9/2023$103.3 $102.9 
13.5 13.4 Five Oak MezzanineOffice2.35% + LIBOR4/9/202313.5 13.4 
30.6 30.6 1330 Broadway MezzanineOffice5.01% + LIBOR8/10/202330.2 30.2 
— 82.0 Great Value Storage Portfolio MezzanineStorage7.875%12/6/2023— 73.8 
85.0 85.0 Park Avenue Tower MezzanineOffice4.35% + LIBOR3/9/202485.0 85.0 
45.7 — 5 Points Towers MezzanineApartments5.50% + LIBOR3/9/202445.8 — 
69.6 69.6 BREP VIII Industrial Loan Facility MezzanineIndustrial5.00% + LIBOR3/9/202669.6 69.6 
20.0 20.0 Aspen Lake Office Portfolio MezzanineOffice8.250%3/10/202820.0 20.0 
95.0 95.0 Merritt on the River Office Portfolio MezzanineOffice8.000%8/1/202887.0 87.0 
100.0 100.0 Charles River Plaza North MezzanineOffice6.080%4/6/2029100.0 100.0 
53.0 53.0 Sol y LunaApartments6.550%1/6/203050.7 51.5 
TOTAL LOANS RECEIVABLE
(Cost $1,481.3 and $1,527.6)
$1,460.2 $1,493.2 
LOANS RECEIVABLE WITH RELATED PARTIES—0.2% and 0.3%
Related PartyProperty Type
Interest Rate(6)
Maturity DateFair Value at
PrincipalMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
20212020
$36.5 $36.5 MRA Hub 34 Holding, LLCOffice2.50% + LIBOR9/1/2022$36.5 $36.5 
32.8 32.8 THP Student Housing, LLCApartment3.20%9/1/202432.9 32.5 
TOTAL LOANS RECEIVABLE WITH RELATED PARTIES
    (Cost $69.3 and $69.3)
$69.4 $69.4 
TOTAL INVESTMENTS
    (Cost $22,178.4 and $21,967.9)
$26,103.5 $25,550.7 
(1)The investment has a loan payable outstanding, as indicated in Note 9Loans Payable.
(2)The fair value reflects the Account’s interest in the joint venture and is net of debt.
(3)Properties within this investment are located throughout the United States.
(4)For zero-coupon securities issued at a discount or premium to par, yield represents the annualized yield to maturity. For all other securities, the coupon rate is presented.
(5)A portion of this investment consists of land currently under development.
(6)Fixed interest rate loans are represented with a single rate. Variable interest rate loans are presented with their base spread and the corresponding index rate. All variable interest loans currently held by the Account use the one month LIBOR rate on U.S. dollar deposits as the index rate, as published by ICE Benchmark Administration Limited.
(7)Medical Office Building ("MOB").
37


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis of the Account’s financial condition and results of operations should be read together with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes contained in this report and with consideration to the sub-section entitled “Forward-Looking Statements,” which begins below, and the section of the Account’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “Form 10-K”) entitled “Item 1A. Risk Factors.” The past performance of the Account is not indicative of future results.
Forward-looking Statements
Some statements in this Form 10-Q which are not historical facts may be “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include statements about management’s expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies for the future, include the assumptions and beliefs underlying these forward-looking statements, and are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the real estate industry, domestic and global economic conditions, including conditions in the credit and capital markets, the sectors, and markets in which the Account invests and operates, and the transactions described in this Form 10-Q. While management believes the assumptions underlying any of its forward-looking statements and information to be reasonable, such information may be subject to uncertainties and may involve certain risks which may be difficult to predict and are beyond management’s control. These risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the risks associated with the following:
Acquiring, owning and selling real property and real estate investments, including risks related to general economic and real estate market conditions, the risk that the Account’s properties become too concentrated (whether by geography, sector or by tenant mix) and the risk that the sales price of a property might differ from its estimated or appraised value;
Property valuations, including the fact that the Account’s appraisals are generally obtained on a quarterly basis and there may be periods in between appraisals of a property during which the value attributed to the property for purposes of the Account’s daily accumulation unit value may be more or less than the actual realizable value of the property;
Financing the Account’s properties, including the risk of default on loans secured by the Account’s properties (which could lead to foreclosure);
Contract owner transactions, in particular that (i) significant net contract owner transfers out of the Account may impair our ability to pursue or consummate new investment opportunities, (ii) significant net contract owner transfers into the Account may result, on a temporary basis, in our cash holdings and/or holdings in liquid non-real estate-related investments exceeding our long-term targeted holding levels and (iii) high levels of cash and liquid non-real estate-related investments in the Account during times of appreciating real estate values can impair the Account’s overall return;
Joint ventures and real estate funds, including the risk that the Account may gave limited rights with respect to the joint venture or that a co-venturer or fund manager may have financial difficulties;
Governmental regulatory matters such as zoning laws, rent control laws, and property taxes;
Potential liability for damage to the environment or injury to individuals caused by hazardous substances used or found on its properties, as well as risks associated with federal and state environmental laws may impose restrictions on the manner in which a property may be used;
Certain catastrophic losses that may be uninsurable, as well as risks related to climate-related changes and hazards, which could adversely impact the Account’s investment returns;
The utilization of ESG criteria in its commercial real estate underwriting may result in the Account foregoing some commercial real estate market opportunities and subsequently underperforming relative to other investment vehicles that do not utilize such ESG criteria in selecting portfolio properties;
Especially with respect to countries with emerging market, foreign commercial real properties, foreign real estate loans, foreign debt investments and foreign securities investments may experience unique risks such as
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changes in currency exchange rates, imposition of market controls or currency exchange controls, seizure, expropriation or nationalization of assets, political, social or diplomatic events or unrest, regulatory and taxation risks and risks associated with enforcing judgments in foreign countries that could cause the Account to lose money;
Investments in REITs, including changes in the value of the underlying properties or by the quality of any credit extended, as well as exposure to market risk due to changing conditions in the financial markets;
Investments in mortgage-backed securities, which are subject to the same risks inherent in real estate investing, making mortgage loans and investing in debt securities. For example, the underlying mortgage loans may experience defaults, are subject to prepayment risks and are sensitive to economic conditions impacting the credit markets generally;
Risks associated with the Account’s investments in mortgage loans, including (i) borrower default that results in the Account being unable to recover its original investment, (ii) liens that may have priority over the Account’s security interest, (iii) a deterioration in the financial condition of tenants, and (iv) changes in interest rates for the Account’s variable-rate mortgage loans and other debt instruments;
Investment securities issued by U.S. Government agencies and U.S. Government-sponsored entities, including the risk that the issuer may not have their securities backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government, which could adversely affect the pricing and value of such securities;
Risks associated with investments in liquid, fixed-income investments and real estate-related liquid assets (which could include, from time to time, registered or unregistered REIT securities and CMBS), and non-real estate-related liquid assets, including the risk that:
the issuer will not be able to pay principal and interest when due (or in the case of structured securities, the risk that the underlying collateral for the security may be insufficient to support such interest or principal payments) or that the issuer’s earnings will fall;
credit spreads may increase;
the changing conditions in financial markets may cause the Account’s investments or interest rates to experience volatility;
securities (or the underlying collateral in the case of structured securities) are downgraded should TIAA and/or rating agencies believe the issuer’s business outlook or creditworthiness has deteriorated;
the level of current income from a portfolio of fixed-income investments may decline in certain interest rate environments;
during periods of falling interest rates, an issuer may call (or repay) a fixed-income security prior to maturity, or pay off their loans sooner than expected, resulting in a decline in income;
during periods of rising interest rates, borrowers may pay off their mortgage and other loans later than expected, preventing the Account from reinvesting principal proceeds at higher interest rates;
securities issued by the U.S. Government or one of its agencies or instrumentalities may receive varying levels of support from the U.S. Government, which could affect the Account’s ability to recover should they default;
events affecting states and municipalities, including severe financial difficulties, may adversely impact the Account’s investments and its performance;
the issuer of non-U.S. sovereign debt or the governmental authorities that control the repayment of such debt may be unable or unwilling to repay principal or interest when due;
the inability to receive the principal or interest collectable on multinational or supranational foreign debt;
the Account’s investment decisions may cause the Account to underperform relative to others in the marketplace;
foreign (non-U.S.) currencies may decline in value relative to the U.S. dollar and adversely affect the value of the Account’s investments impacted by foreign currencies;
investments in derivatives and other types of hedging strategies may result in the Account losing more than the principal amount invested;
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currency management strategies may substantially change the Account’s exposure to currencies and currency exchange rates and could result in losses to the Account;
transactions involving a counterparty to a derivative or other instrument, or to a third party responsible for servicing the instrument, are subject to the credit risk of the counterparty or third party;
SEC Rule 144A securities may be less liquid and have less investor protections than publicly traded securities;
illiquid investments may be difficult for the Account to sell for the value at which they are carried; and
the Account could experience losses if banks fail;
Conflicts of interests associated with TIAA serving as investment manager of the Account and provider of the liquidity guarantee while also serving as an investment manager to other real estate accounts or funds;
Lending securities, which has the Account bear the market risk with respect to the investment of collateral or a portion of the income generated by interest paid by the securities lending agent on the cash collateral balance; and
The Account’s requirement to sell property in the event that TIAA owns too large of a percentage of the Account’s accumulation units, which sales could occur at a time or price that is not optimal for the Account’s returns.
More detailed discussions of certain of these risk factors are contained in the section of the Form 10-K entitled “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and "Part II, Item 1A, Risk Factors" in this Report and also in the section below entitled “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.” These risks could cause actual results to differ materially from historical experience or management’s present expectations.
Caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on management’s forward-looking statements, which represent management’s views only as of the date that this report is filed. Neither management nor the Account undertake any obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, changed assumptions, future events or otherwise.
Commercial real estate market statistics discussed in this section are obtained by the Account from sources that management considers reliable, but some of the data are preliminary for the period ended March 31, 2021 and may be subsequently revised. Prior period data may have been adjusted to reflect updated calculations. Investors should not rely exclusively on the data presented below in forming a judgment regarding the current or prospective performance of the commercial real estate market generally.
ABOUT THE TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
The Account was established, under the laws of New York, in February 1995 as a separate account of TIAA and interests in the Account were first offered to eligible contract owners on October 2, 1995. The Account offers individual and group accumulating annuity contracts (with contributions made on a pre-tax or after-tax basis), as well as individual lifetime and term-certain variable payout annuity contracts (including the payment of death benefits to beneficiaries). Investors are entitled to transfer funds to or from the Account under certain circumstances. Funds invested in the Account for each category of contract are expressed in terms of units, and unit values will fluctuate depending on the Account’s performance.
Investment Objective and Strategy
The Account seeks to generate favorable total returns primarily through the rental income and appreciation of a diversified portfolio of directly held, private real estate investments and real estate-related investments, while offering investors guaranteed, daily liquidity.
Real Estate-Related Investments. The Account intends to have between 75% and 85% of its net assets invested directly in real estate or real estate-related investments with the goal of producing favorable long-term returns primarily through rental income and appreciation. These investments may consist of:
Direct ownership interests in domestic and foreign real estate;
Direct ownership of real estate through interests in joint ventures; or
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Indirect interests in real estate through real estate-related securities, such as:
public and/or privately placed, domestic and foreign, registered and unregistered equity investments in REITs, which investments may consist of registered or unregistered common or preferred stock interests;
private real estate limited partnerships and limited liability companies (collectively, "real estate funds");
investments in equity or debt securities of domestic and foreign companies whose operations involve real estate (i.e., that primarily own, develop or manage real estate) which may not be REITs; and
domestic or foreign loans, including conventional commercial mortgage loans, participating mortgage loans, secured domestic and foreign (including U.K.) mezzanine loans, subordinated loans and collateralized mortgage obligations, including CMBS and other similar investments.
The Account’s principal investment strategy is to purchase direct ownership interests in income-producing real estate, primarily office, industrial, retail and multi-family properties. The Account is targeted to hold between 65% and 85% of the Account’s net assets in such direct ownership interests.
In addition, the Account is authorized to hold up to 25% of its net assets in liquid real estate-related securities, including publicly traded REITs and CMBS. Management intends that the Account will not hold more than 10% of net assets in such securities on a long-term basis. As of March 31, 2021, the Account did not hold any publicly traded REIT securities or CMBS.
In making commercial real estate investments within the Account, TIAA seeks to make investments that are suitable from a financial perspective and whose activities are generally consistent with industry recognized ESG criteria. The Account intends to promote awareness of these criteria to its joint venture partners, vendors and other stakeholders in connection with portfolio related activity involving commercial real estate transactions. TIAA believes awareness, and, as appropriate, implementation of ESG criteria in commercial real estate holdings is beneficial to total long-term returns for the Account. In its evaluation of commercial real estate opportunities, the Account will take ESG considerations into account as part of the financial assessment of a commercial real estate portfolio asset, and not to achieve a desired outcome or as an investment qualification or screen. Ultimately, the Account will make an investment decision that incorporates ESG criteria only to the extent that the criteria is reasonably expected to enhance the ability to achieve desired returns for the Account.
Liquid, Fixed-Income Investments. The Account will invest the remaining portion of its assets (targeted to be between 15% and 25% of its net assets) in the following types of liquid, fixed income investments;
U.S. Treasury or U.S. Government agency securities;
Intermediate-term or long-term government related instruments, such as bond or other fixed-income securities issued by U.S. Government agencies, U.S. States or municipalities or U.S. Government-sponsored entities as well as foreign governments and their agencies (including those in emerging markets) and supranational or multinational organizations (e.g., the European Union);
Intermediate-term or long-term non-government related instruments, such as corporate debt securities or asset-backed securities (“ABS”) issued by domestic or foreign entities, including domestic or foreign mezzanine or other debt, MBS, RMBS, debt securities of foreign governments, and collateralized debt (“CDO”), collateralized bond (“CBO”) and collateralized loan (“CLO”) obligations, but only if such non-government related instruments are investment-grade securities;
Money market instruments and other cash equivalents. These will usually be high-quality, short-term debt instruments, including U.S. Government or government agency securities, commercial paper, certificates of deposit, bankers’ acceptances, repurchase agreements, interest-bearing time deposits, and corporate debt securities; and
To a limited extent, privately issued (or non-publicly traded) debt securities, including Rule 144A securities, issued by domestic and foreign companies that do not primarily own or manage real estate, but only if such domestic and foreign privately issued debt securities are investment-grade securities.
The Account’s liquid, fixed-income investments may comprise less than 15% (and possibly less than 10%) of its assets (on a net basis), especially during and immediately following periods of significant net contract owner outflows. In addition, the Account, from time to time and on a temporary basis, may hold in excess of 25% of its net
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assets in liquid, fixed-income investments, particularly during times of significant inflows into the Account and/or a lack of attractive real estate-related investments available in the market.
Liquid Securities Generally. Primarily due to management’s need to manage fluctuations in cash flows, in particular during and immediately following periods of significant contract owner net transfer activity into or out of the Account, the Account may, on a temporary basis (i) exceed the upper end of its targeted holdings (currently 35% of the Account’s net assets) in liquid securities of all types, including both publicly traded non-real estate-related liquid investments and liquid real estate-related securities, such as REITs, ABS, RMBS, CMBS and MBS, or (ii) be below the low end of its targeted holdings in such liquid securities (currently 15% of the Account’s net assets).
The portion of the Account’s net assets invested in liquid investments of all types may exceed the upper end of its target, for example, if (i) the Account receives a large inflow of money in a short period of time, in particular due to significant contract owner transfer activity into the Account, (ii) the Account receives significant proceeds from sales or financings of direct real estate assets, (iii) there is a lack of attractive direct real estate investments available on the market, and/or (iv) the Account anticipates more near-term cash needs, including to acquire or improve direct real estate investments, pay expenses or repay indebtedness.
Foreign Investments. The Account may also make foreign real estate and foreign real estate-related investments and foreign liquid, fixed-income investments. Under the Account’s investment guidelines, investments in direct foreign real estate and real estate loans, together with foreign real estate-related securities and foreign liquid, fixed-income investments may not comprise more than 25% of the Account’s net assets. However, management doesn't intend such foreign investments, in the aggregate, to exceed 10% of the Account's net assets. As of March 31, 2021, the Account did not hold any foreign real estate investments.
In managing any domestic or foreign mezzanine debt or other domestic or foreign loans or securities, the Account may enter into certain derivatives transactions (including forward currency contracts and swaps, futures contracts, put and call options and other hedging transactions) in order to hedge against the risks of exchange rate uncertainties, interest rate uncertainties and foreign currency or market fluctuations impacting the Account’s domestic or foreign investments. The Account does not intend to speculate in such transactions.
FIRST QUARTER 2021 U.S. ECONOMIC AND COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE OVERVIEW
The Account invests primarily in high-quality, core real estate in order to meet its investment objective of obtaining favorable long-term returns through rental income and the appreciation of its real estate holdings.
Economic Overview and Outlook
Key Macro Economic Indicators*ActualsForecast
20201Q 202120212022
Economy(1)
Gross Domestic Product ("GDP")(3.5)%5.4%6.2%4.0%
Employment Growth (Contraction) (3)
(785)1,617560275
Unemployment Rate6.0%6.0%5.5%4.2%
Interest Rates(2)
10 Year Treasury0.9%1.3%1.8%2.1%
Sources: Bloomberg, BEA, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Federal Reserve and Moody’s Analytics
*Data subject to revision
(1)GDP growth rates are annual rates. Quarterly unemployment rates are the reported value for the final month of the quarter while annual values represent a twelve-month average.
(2)Treasury rates are an average over the stated period.
(3)Values presented in thousands.
Expectations for U.S. economic growth in 2021 are becoming increasingly optimistic. Fueled by a massive fiscal expansion and rapid vaccine deployment, the U.S. economy may set the pace this year for the global economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. GDP is projected to increase by 5.4% quarter-over-quarter in Q1 2021 and be positive year-over-year (a 0.1% increase as of Q1 2021) for the first time since the COVID-19 pandemic began.
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The labor market has restored almost 14 million of the 21 million jobs lost at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, as measured by non-farm employment, bringing the unemployment rate to 6.0% as of March 2021. The economy is projected to have gained 1.62 million jobs in the first quarter of 2021, according to the March 2021 non-farm payroll measurement from the BLS.
As of March 31, 2021, the 7-day averages of COVID-19 cases and deaths are 65,000 and 950, respectively, representing a significant decrease from their previous highs, of 250,000 and 3,500. As of March 31, 2021, 97.5 million American adults have received at least one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. Mitigation strategies are being rolled back in most states as more adults become vaccinated. Additionally, Congress passed the American Rescue Plan Act signed in early March. The stimulus, which included provisions such as $350 billion of support for state and city budgets and $1,400 in direct payments to individuals who make $75,000 or less, has raised GDP growth expectations and will likely accelerate the economic recovery with the housing and logistic sectors as prime beneficiaries. Even before the various aid provisions in that bill took effect, personal incomes have also increased, causing both spending and savings rates to remain historically high.
Forecasts for economic growth have been pulled forward into the first half of this year. Financial markets have rotated out of last year’s winners into more economically sensitive sectors, with energy the biggest winner so far. Projected GDP growth in 2021, which could be the highest in more than a decade, may translate into high corporate earnings growth. This could ease equity market valuations, push stock prices higher, or some combination of both. However, there are also downsides to the upside scenario. Improved growth expectations could also lead to rising interest rates and potentially higher inflation.
Inflation is almost certain to rise in 2021. As the weaker economic data from the first half of last year roll out of the 12-month observation period, year-on-year inflation will almost certainly increase. With that said, in the second quarter of 2021, inflation may remain modest as some pandemic-related restrictions will remain. The more significant concern is that inflation may continue to rise this summer as more consumers shift their spending from goods to services, which will likely produce a relative shift in price pressures that could cause overall price levels to rise. This is especially true if businesses encounter difficulty quickly expanding their operating capacity in the face of a sudden increase in demand. Small business surveys already show this becoming an issue as employers are having trouble finding new workers to fill open slots, and a large number of those businesses expect to raise their prices in the next few months.
Real Estate Market Conditions and Outlook
We expect that a strong U.S. economic recovery will benefit real estate prices overall. As the vaccine is widely administered and COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions are removed, the U.S. real estate recovery is expected to track with the broader economic recovery; however, we expect certain regions, cities, and property types to continue to outperform and others to continue to underperform. Commercial real estate should benefit from a low-interest-rate environment, attracting more investors to the space as they seek higher-yielding alternatives relative to fixed income assets.
The COVID-19 pandemic severely impacted real estate property types that depend on social interactions such as retail and lodging, but while the retail has sector has continued to struggle, the lodging sector is showing signs that it will recover more quickly. Simultaneously, the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated online shopping, the movement to the suburbs and Sunbelt cities, and the shift to the digital economy. As a result, warehouse, single-family rentals, and data center values have risen since the onset of the crisis and have continued to outperform during recent quarters. Additionally, health care and medical research spending is increasing, which has benefited the life science and medical office sectors. According to Real Capital Analytics, real estate transaction volumes were down 32% in 2020 relative to 2019. During this period, apartments and industrial captured almost 60% of total U.S. transaction volumes, illustrating the strong investor interest in these two property types.
For the quarter ending March 31, 2021, the Account’s directly held real estate assets generated a return of 2.57%.
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tiaareal-20210331_g1.jpg
Data for the Account’s top five markets in terms of market value as of March 31, 2021 are provided below. The five markets presented below represent 42.5% of the Account’s total real estate portfolio. Across all markets, the Account’s properties are 91.1% leased.
Top 5 Metro Areas by Fair Market Value(1)
Account % Leased Fair Value Weighted(2)
Number of Property Investments
Metro Area Fair Value as a % of Total RE Portfolio(3)
Metro Area Fair Value as a % of Total Investments
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV82.9%1711.0%9.7%
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA85.2%1810.2%9.0%
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH88.9%87.5%6.6%
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA83.0%127.3%6.5%
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA92.6%106.5%5.7%
(1)The table above has been standardized to depict metropolitan statistical area ("MSA") definitions. Prior iterations of this table presented metropolitan divisions, which represent a subset of the larger MSA.
(2)Weighted by fair value, which differs from the calculations provided for market comparisons to CoStar and RealPage data and are used here to reflect the fair value of the Account’s monetary investments in those markets.
(3)Wholly-owned properties are represented at fair value and gross of any debt, while joint venture properties are represented at the net equity value.
Office
As the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic remain, it is expected that office vacancy will continue to trend at a high rate through 2021 and into 2022. While many states have opened sufficiently to allow employees back into physical offices, many companies are moving cautiously and planning for gradual reentry into the office throughout 2021. As a result, companies are continuing to invest in telecommuting options and infrastructure to facilitate remote work (e.g. new hardware, additional data storage), which will likely persist after the pandemic subsides. Companies may begin requiring less space due to reduced on-site employee presence, however, some companies may require additional space to better facilitate open-office concepts that incorporate distancing between employees. The continued uncertainty around demand for office space is expected to keep investment volume in the sector low through 2021.
Vacancy nationwide increased from 11.2% in the fourth quarter of 2020 to 11.9% in the first quarter of 2021, as reported by CoStar. New construction effectively stalled with the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic, but the completion of construction already underway has continued to deliver new supply into a weak leasing environment. The new supply continues to be the main driver behind the national vacancy increase. The vacancy rate of the Account’s office portfolio decreased to 14.0% in the first quarter of 2021, as compared to 14.8% in the prior
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quarter, driven primarily by new leases, most notably in the New York and Los Angeles metro area. The above-average vacancy rate in the New York metro area is driven by two properties currently undergoing redevelopment to increase the long term value of the properties. The vacancy rate in the New York metro will remain elevated over the near term as legacy tenants fully vacate the properties and redevelopment efforts continue.
As of March 31, 2021, the Account's rents from office tenants were not materially affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, but the duration of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic remain unknown. Tenants requesting rent relief have generally requested rent deferrals for a limited period of time (i.e., less than six months), with the unpaid rent to be paid over the duration of the remaining lease. Additionally, if tenants vacate due to lease expirations, redeployment of the vacated space may be challenging in the near term due to unfavorable leasing conditions.
Account Square
Foot Weighted
Average Vacancy
Market
Vacancy(2)
Top 5 Office Metropolitan Areas(1)
Total Sector
by Metro Area
($M)
% of Total
Investments
Q1 2021Q4 2020Q1 2021Q4 2020
Account / Nation14.0 %14.8 %11.9 %11.2 %
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH$1,489.7 5.7 %12.7 %12.5 %9.4 %8.7 %
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV1,482.4 5.7 %11.2 %13.0 %14.5 %13.8 %
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA1,101.7 4.2 %27.6 %35.9 %11.3 %9.8 %
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA1,033.9 4.0 %6.3 %4.5 %12.4 %10.4 %
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA853.6 3.3 %13.4 %9.9 %12.9 %12.2 %
(1)The table above has been standardized to depict metropolitan statistical area ("MSA") definitions. Prior iterations of this table presented metropolitan divisions, which represent a subset of the larger MSA.
(2)Source: CoStar. Market vacancy is the percentage of space available for rent. Account vacancy is the square foot-weighted percentage of unleased space.
Industrial
The industrial sector continues to demonstrate resiliency through the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has accelerated consumers' long-term shift to e-commerce, and this shift has allowed demand for industrial space to remain stable. When compared against the other three core real estate sectors, the industrial sector is best positioned to weather the economic uncertainty caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Investors continue to view the sector favorably.
The national industrial availability rate decreased slightly in the first quarter of 2021 to 5.4%, down from 5.6% in the prior quarter, as reported by CoStar. The average vacancy rate of the industrial properties held by the Account dropped from 9.1% in the fourth quarter of 2020 to 5.1% in the first quarter of 2021, due to new leases totaling just over one million square feet.
As of March 31, 2021, the Account's rents from industrial tenants were not materially affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, but the duration of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic remain unknown. Tenants requesting rent relief have generally requested rent deferrals for a limited period of time (i.e., less than six months), with the unpaid rent to be paid over the duration of the remaining lease. Additionally, if tenants vacate due to lease expirations, redeployment of the vacated space may be challenging in the near term due to unfavorable leasing conditions, though demand for industrial space has been relatively steady throughout the pandemic.
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Account Square
Foot Weighted
Average Vacancy
Market
Vacancy(2)
Top 5 Industrial Metropolitan Areas(1)
Total Sector
by Metro Area
($M)
% of Total
Investments
Q1 2021Q4 2020Q1 2021Q4 2020
Account / Nation5.1 %9.1 %5.4 %5.6 %
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA$1,130.9 4.3 %0.0 %13.8 %3.4 %3.6 %
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA451.0 1.7 %2.9 %2.9 %5.4 %5.4 %
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA428.9 1.6 %7.6 %7.1 %2.9 %3.3 %
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX357.5 1.4 %— %3.9 %6.7 %7.2 %
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL283.7 1.1 %2.7 %0.8 %5.2 %5.5 %
(1)The table above has been standardized to depict MSA definitions. Prior iterations of this table presented metropolitan divisions, which represent a subset of the larger MSA.
(2)Source: CoStar. Market vacancy is the percentage of space available for rent. Account vacancy is the square foot-weighted percentage of unleased space.
Multi-Family
Apartment demand is driven by a combination of economic and demographic forces including job growth, household formations, and changes in the U.S. homeownership rate. Lost wages due to the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a demand for more affordable housing inventory. Urban submarkets were impacted more than suburban submarkets as amenities normally associated with urban living became limited (i.e. entertainment, restaurants/bars, public transit) and people desired areas with more living space as they began spending more time at home. Student housing properties are also challenged by the pandemic, as many universities opted to utilize remote learning options for the near term. The multi-family sector is expected to hit a full recovery by 2022 as the economy rebounds, and the recovery is expected to be led by the suburban submarkets through 2021.
The national apartment vacancy rate remained relatively flat from fourth quarter 2020 to first quarter 2021, increasing slightly from 4.4% to 4.5%, as reported by RealPage. This can be attributed to low vacancy and moderate growth in the more affordable markets. The vacancy rate of the Account’s apartment properties decreased to 7.5% in the first quarter of 2021 as compared to 8.4% in the prior quarter, driven by new leases, particularly at student housing properties as COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions are lifted and students return to housing.
As of March 31, 2021, the Account's rents from multifamily tenants were not materially affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, but the duration of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic remain unknown. Additionally, if tenants vacate due to lease expirations, redeployment of the vacated space may be challenging in the near term due to unfavorable leasing conditions. Rent concessions for new and existing tenants have moderately increased in recent months in an effort to generate and keep occupancy.
Account Units Weighted
Average Vacancy
Market
Vacancy(2)
Top 5 Apartment Metropolitan Areas(1)
Total Sector
by Metro Area
($M)
% of Total
Investments
Q1 2021Q4 2020Q1 2021Q4 2020
Account / Nation7.5 %8.4 %4.5 %4.4 %
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV$750.4 2.9 %8.9 %7.9 %5.4 %5.2 %
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA659.6 2.5 %6.4 %8.6 %4.6 %4.5 %
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL562.0 2.2 %7.2 %7.8 %4.8 %4.8 %
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO456.8 1.7 %6.2 %5.5 %5.4 %5.1 %
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA331.6 1.3 %0.9 %2.8 %4.7 %4.0 %
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(1)The table above has been standardized to depict MSA definitions. Prior iterations of this table presented metropolitan divisions, which represent a subset of the larger MSA.
(2)Source: RealPage. Market vacancy is the percentage of units vacant. The Account’s vacancy is the percentage of unleased units.
Retail
While all core real estate sectors have been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic to some degree, the impact to the retail sector has been especially pronounced. Retailers have attempted to find alternative ways to deliver products to customers through e-commerce solutions, but retail is still highly dependent on customer traffic in stores to generate revenue. Most states have reopened sufficiently to allow for customer traffic to return, but some consumers remain hesitant to venture into enclosed spaces, and most states still maintain strict occupancy limits, although those limits are beginning to increase as restrictions ease. Traditional retail was facing ongoing challenges from e-commerce platforms long before the COVID-19 pandemic, and the pandemic has accelerated the shift in consumers' preferences from brick-and-mortar retail to digital storefronts. However, there is an expectation that brick-and-mortar retail locations will begin seeing more traffic in 2021. As COVID-19 restrictions gradually ease and rollout of the COVID-19 vaccines progress, we expect that consumers will desire a more physical buying experience. New retail concepts, health and wellness, grocery stores, and quick services restaurants, among others, are expected to repurpose space vacated by previous retailers, eliminating the immediate need for new inventory.
The Account's retail portfolio is composed primarily of high-end lifestyle shopping centers and regional malls in large metropolitan or tourist centers. The retail portfolio is managed to minimize significant exposure to any single retailer. The Account has over 1,100 retailers across its portfolio, with its largest retail exposure comprising less than 5.0% of total retail rentable area. The Account’s retail vacancy increased to 11.0% in the first quarter of 2021 from 7.3% in the prior quarter, primarily driven by scheduled lease expirations.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2021, requests for rent relief were more common among retail tenants than other sectors. Tenants requesting rent relief have generally requested rent deferrals for a limited period of time (i.e., less than six months), with the unpaid rent to be paid over the duration of the remaining lease. If the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic persists throughout 2021, the likelihood that tenants may request additional rent deferrals, rent concessions or default increases. Additionally, if tenants vacate due to lease expirations, redeployment of the vacated space may be challenging in the near term due to unfavorable leasing conditions. The Account is closely monitoring the collectability of accrued rental income and adjusting its allowances for uncollectible rent as needed.
Account Units Weighted
Average Vacancy
Market
Vacancy
(1)
Total Exposure
($M)
% of Total InvestmentsQ1 2021Q4 2020Q1 2021Q4 2020
All Retail11.0 %7.3 %5.1 %5.1 %
   Lifestyle & Mall$2,072.1 7.9 %14.1 %7.2 %5.1 %5.1 %
   Neighborhood, Community & Strip(2)
1,422.2 5.4 %8.8 %7.4 %7.6 %7.6 %
   Power Center(2)
585.1 2.2 %10.4 %7.1 %5.7 %5.5 %
(1)Source: CoStar. Market vacancy is defined as the percentage of space available for rent. The Account’s vacancy is the square foot-weighted percentage of unleased space.
(2)The Power Center designation is reserved for properties with three or more anchor units. Anchor units are leased to large retailers such as department stores, home improvement stores and warehouse clubs. Properties with the Neighborhood, Community and Strip designation consist of two or less anchor units.

Hotel
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the hospitality sector has been especially severe among hotels that cater primarily to business travelers. Business travel has been curtailed significantly, with travel limited primarily to those who must travel for essential reasons. Business travel is likely to continue to be significantly depressed in the coming months, with businesses shifting to virtual meetings and conferences. Leisure travel has partially recovered domestically, benefiting from the inability of American travelers to travel overseas. All hotel operators are faced with rising costs from measures taken to mitigate the spread of the virus, and few operators are experiencing
47


increases in revenue to offset those costs. Hotel revenues and occupancy rates will continue to be challenged over the near term, although improvements will start to be seen as the rollout of the COVID-19 vaccines progresses. Recovery in markets with significant drive-to destinations and outdoor attractions, such as beaches and mountains, are expected to be seen later in 2021, while we expect recovery will begin to even out across all markets by 2022 and 2023.
The Account's exposure to the hospitality sector is limited to one hotel in the Dallas metro area. The hotel is located in a business park in the Dallas metro area and caters largely to business travelers. Key metrics to track hotel performance include occupancy, the average daily rate (“ADR”) and revenue per available room (“RevPAR”). For the quarter ended March 31, 2021, occupancy of the property increased to 35.7%, as compared to 20.2% in the previous quarter. ADR and RevPAR were $107.45 and $48.62, respectively, for the first quarter of 2021, as compared to $92.21 and $26.06, respectively, in the prior quarter.
INVESTMENTS
As of March 31, 2021, the Account held 88.2% of its total investments in real estate and real estate joint ventures. The Account also held investments in loans receivable, including those with related parties, representing 5.8% of total investments, U.S. treasury securities representing 1.9% of total investments, real estate funds representing 1.8% of total investments, U.S. government agency notes representing 1.3% of total investments and a real estate operating business representing 1.0% of total investments.
The outstanding principal on loans payable on the Account’s wholly-owned real estate portfolio as of March 31, 2021 was $2.4 billion. The Account’s proportionate share of outstanding principal on loans payable within its joint venture investments was $3.0 billion, which is netted against the underlying properties when determining the joint venture investment’s fair value presented on the Consolidated Schedules of Investments. Total outstanding principal on the Account’s portfolio as of March 31, 2021, inclusive of loans payable within the joint venture investments, was $5.4 billion, which represented a loan-to-value ratio of 18.2%.
Management believes that the Account’s real estate portfolio is diversified by location and property type. The Account does not intend to buy and sell its real estate investments simply to make short-term profits. Rather, the Account’s general strategy in selling real estate investments is to dispose of those assets that management believes (i) have maximized in value, (ii) have underperformed or face deteriorating property-specific or market conditions, (iii) need significant capital infusions in the future, (iv) are appropriate to dispose of in order to remain consistent with the Account’s intent to diversify the Account by property type and geographic location (including reallocating the Account’s exposure to or away from certain property types in certain geographic locations), or (v) otherwise do not satisfy the investment objectives of the Account. Management, from time to time, will evaluate the need to manage liquidity in the Account as part of its analysis as to whether to undertake a particular asset sale. The Account may reinvest any sale proceeds that it does not need to pay operating expenses or to meet debt service or redemption requests (e.g., contract owner withdrawals or benefit payments).
The following table lists the Account's ten largest investments as of March 31, 2021. For information regarding the Account's diversification of real estate assets by region and property type, see Note 3—Concentrations of Risk.
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Ten Largest Real Estate Investments
Property Investment NameOwnership PercentageCityStateType
Gross Real Estate Fair Value(1)
Debt Fair Value(2)
Net Real Estate Fair Value(3)
Property as a
% of Total
Real Estate
Portfolio
(4)
Property as a
% of Total
Investments
(5)
Fashion Show50%Las VegasNVRetail$967.2 $425.1 $542.1 3.7%3.3%
Simpson Housing Portfolio80%VariousU.S.A.Apartment829.4 393.5 435.9 3.2%2.9%
1001 Pennsylvania Avenue100%WashingtonD.C.Office798.3 314.2 484.1 3.1%2.8%
The Florida Mall50%OrlandoFLRetail784.5 151.5 633.0 3.0%2.7%
Colorado Center50%Santa MonicaCAOffice599.7 279.7 320.0 2.3%2.1%
Ontario Industrial Portfolio100%OntarioCAIndustrial591.8 — 591.8 2.3%2.0%
99 High Street100%BostonMAOffice532.4 285.9 246.5 2.1%1.8%
Lincoln Centre100%DallasTXOffice493.4 — 493.4 1.9%1.7%
701 Brickell Avenue100%MiamiFLOffice436.2 186.3 249.9 1.7%1.5%
Four Oaks Place51%HoustonTXOffice413.9 83.3 330.6 1.6%1.4%
(1)The Account's share of the fair value of the property investment, gross of debt.
(2)Debt fair values are presented at the Account's ownership interest.
(3)The Account's share of the fair value of the property investment, net of debt.
(4)Total real estate portfolio is the aggregate fair value of the Account's wholly-owned properties and the properties held within a joint venture, gross of debt.
(5)Total investments are the aggregate fair value of all investments held by the Account, gross of debt. Total investments, as calculated within this table, will vary from total investments, as calculated in the Account's Consolidated Schedule of Investments, as joint venture investments are presented in the Consolidated Schedules of Investments at their net equity position in accordance with previously defined GAAP.
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Results of Operations
Three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to three months ended March 31, 2020
Net Investment Income
The following table shows the results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 and the dollar and percentage changes for those periods (dollars in millions).
 For the Three Months Ended March 31,Change
20212020$%
INVESTMENT INCOME
Real estate income, net:
Rental income$288.8 $299.7 $(10.9)(3.6)%
Real estate property level expenses:
Operating expenses69.0 69.2 (0.2)(0.3)%
Real estate taxes54.8 50.1 4.7 9.4 %
Interest expense22.9 24.3 (1.4)(5.8)%
Total real estate property level expenses146.7 143.6 3.1 2.2 %
Real estate income, net142.1 156.1 (14.0)(9.0)%
Income from real estate joint ventures and funds45.1 55.2 (10.1)(18.3)%
Interest19.9 42.5 (22.6)(53.2)%
Dividends— 4.5 (4.5)N/M
TOTAL INVESTMENT INCOME207.1 258.3 (51.2)(19.8)%
Expenses:
Investment management charges17.2 17.2 — — %
Administrative charges14.8 11.7 3.1 26.5 %
Distribution charges8.3 7.6 0.7 9.2 %
Mortality and expense risk charges0.3 0.3 — — %
Liquidity guarantee charges13.9 16.2 (2.3)(14.2)%
TOTAL EXPENSES54.5 53.0 1.5 2.8 %
INVESTMENT INCOME, NET$152.6 $205.3 $(52.7)(25.7)%
The following table illustrates and compares rental income, operating expenses and real estate taxes for properties held by the Account for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. The comparative increases or decreases associated with the acquisition and disposition of properties made in either period is compared to "same property" (dollars in millions).
 Rental IncomeOperating ExpensesReal Estate Taxes
ChangeChangeChange
20212020$%20212020$%20212020$%
Same Property$260.2 $276.7 $(16.5)(6.0)%$60.9 $65.9 $(5.0)(7.6)%$50.0 $47.5 $2.5 5.3 %
Properties Acquired29.2 17.8 11.4 N/M7.8 2.3 5.5 N/M4.8 2.1 2.7 N/M
Properties Sold(0.6)5.2 (5.8)N/M0.3 1.0 (0.7)N/M— 0.5 (0.5)N/M
Impact of Properties Acquired/Sold28.6 23.0 5.6 N/M8.1 3.3 4.8 N/M4.8 2.6 2.2 N/M
Total Property Portfolio$288.8 $299.7 $(10.9)(3.6)%$69.0 $69.2 $(0.2)(0.3)%$54.8 $50.1 $4.7 9.4 %
N/M—Not meaningful
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Rental Income:
Rental income decreased by $10.9 million, or 3.6%, when compared to the first quarter of 2020. Income from properties held in both periods declined $16.5 million, or 6.0%, primarily due to increases in rent concessions, most notably among the apartment portfolios, as an incentive to keep and generate occupancy. The Account's one hotel property also saw a steep decline in income due to decreased occupancy related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Operating Expenses:
Operating expenses decreased $0.2 million, or 0.3%. Operating expenses among properties held in both periods were down $5.0 million, attributed to decreases in certain discretionary costs as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. These declining costs, which include expenses such as marketing and maintenance, were most notable at the Account's one hotel property, as well as among properties within the office sector.
Real Estate Taxes:
Real estate taxes increased $4.7 million, or 9.4%, when compared to the same period in 2020, due to slight increases in property taxes across all sectors.
Interest Expense:
Interest expense decreased $1.4 million, or 5.8%, as a result of a lower average interest rates on outstanding principal balances of loans payable, as compared to the same period in 2020.
Income from Real Estate Joint Ventures and Funds:
Income from real estate joint ventures and funds decreased $10.1 million, or 18.3%, which is primarily attributed to the loss of income from DDRTC Core Retail Fund LLC, which was sold in the first quarter of 2020, paired with an overall decline in income from multiple retail joint ventures, particularly in the Southern market.
Interest and Dividend Income:
Interest income decreased $22.6 million due to the reduction of short-term securities held by the Account. Dividend income decreased $4.5 million, due to the Account selling its REIT holdings at the end of 2020.
Expenses:
Investment management, administrative and distribution costs are charged to the Account associated with managing the Account. Investment management charges are comprised primarily of fixed components, but fluctuate based on the size of the Account’s portfolio of investments, whereas administrative and distribution charges are comprised of more variable components that generally correspond with movements in net assets. Both distribution services (pursuant to the Distribution Agreement) and administrative services are provided to the Account by Services and TIAA, as applicable, on an at cost basis. These expenses increased $3.8 million from the comparable period of 2020, primarily attributed to increased IT related expenses.
Mortality and expense risk and liquidity guarantee expenses are contractual charges to the Account from TIAA for TIAA’s assumption of these risks and provision of the liquidity guarantee. The rate for these charges is established annually and are charged at a fixed rate based on the Account’s net assets. Mortality and expense risk expenses remained unchanged between the comparative periods. Liquidity guarantee expenses decreased $2.3 million as a result of the decline in average net assets.
Net Realized and Unrealized Gains and Losses on Investments and Loans Payable
The following table shows the net realized and unrealized gains and losses on investments and loans payable for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 and the dollar and percentage changes for those periods (dollars in millions).
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For the Three Months Ended March 31,Change
20212020$%
NET REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS) ON INVESTMENTS AND LOANS PAYABLE
Net realized gain (loss) on investments:
Real estate properties$3.0 $(59.2)$62.2 N/M
Real estate joint ventures and funds— (460.3)460.3 N/M
Marketable securities— 35.2 (35.2)N/M
Loans receivable(0.7)(1.6)0.9 (56.3)
Total realized gain (loss) on investments:2.3 (485.9)488.2 N/M
Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on:
Real estate properties287.8 196.7 91.1 46.3 %
Real estate joint ventures and funds58.3 300.5 (242.2)(80.6)%
Marketable securities— (230.8)230.8 N/M
Loans receivable13.3 (10.6)23.9 N/M
Loans receivable with related parties— (0.5)0.5 N/M
Loans payable3.5 45.7 (42.2)(92.3)%
Net change in unrealized appreciation on investments and loans payable362.9 301.0 61.9 20.6 %
NET REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS) ON INVESTMENTS AND LOANS PAYABLE$365.2 $(184.9)$550.1 N/M
N/M—Not meaningful
Real Estate Properties:
Wholly-owned real estate investments experienced net realized and unrealized gains of $290.8 million during the first quarter of 2021, compared to $137.5 million of net realized and unrealized gains during the comparable period of 2020. Net gains in the first quarter were driven by industrial properties in the Western and Southern region due to high demand for industrial properties from investors as the sector is viewed favorably.
Real Estate Joint Ventures and Funds:
Real estate joint ventures and funds experienced unrealized gains of $58.3 million during the first quarter of 2021, compared to $159.8 million of net realized and unrealized losses during the comparable period of 2020. Net gains in the first quarter of 2021 were primarily driven by the Account's joint venture investments in storage properties, as well as Western office properties and apartments in the Southern region. Retail values continue to struggle as market rents in the retail sector have flattened for several consecutive quarters. These unfavorable trends were present in retail prior to arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic and are likely to continue over the near term.
Marketable Securities:
The Account's marketable securities did not experience any realized or unrealized gains or losses in the first quarter of 2021. The Account sold its entire REIT portfolio in the fourth quarter of 2020 in order to prepare for a potential triggering of the liquidity guarantee. The Account's U.S. Treasuries, government agency notes and corporate bond holdings had a nominal impact due to the short and intermediate-term nature of these investments, respectively.
Loans Receivable, including those with related parties:
Loans receivable, including those with related parties, experienced net realized and unrealized gains of $12.6 million during the first quarter of 2021 compared to a $12.7 million of net realized and unrealized losses during the comparable period of 2020. Net gains are primarily attributed to the sale of the Great Value Storage Portfolio mezzanine loan in the first quarter of 2021, which had been in an unrealized loss position due to its default status.

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Loans Payable:
Loans payable experienced unrealized gains of $3.5 million in the first quarter of 2021, compared to $45.7 million of unrealized gains during the comparable period of 2020. The recent gains are consistent with the rising average U.S. Treasury rates, which fell during the second half of 2020 but began to tick upward in the fourth quarter of 2020 and continued to rise during the first quarter of 2021.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Account’s cash and cash equivalents and non-real estate-related marketable securities had a value of $0.9 billion and $0.8 billion representing 3.6% and 3.3% of the Account’s net assets at such dates, respectively. The Account’s liquid assets continue to be available to purchase suitable real estate properties, meet the Account’s debt obligations, expense needs, and contract owner redemption requests (i.e., contract owner withdrawals or benefit payments). In addition, as disclosed in the Account's Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2020, the Account is able to meet its short-term and long-term liquidity needs through the Liquidity Guarantee provided by TIAA.
Net Income and Debt Outstanding
The Account’s net investment income is a source of liquidity for the Account. Net investment income was $152.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to $205.3 million for the comparable period of 2020. The decrease in total net investment income is described more fully in the Results of Operations section.
The Account has $1.0 billion in two unsecured lines of credit, accessible as needed to fund the Account's near-term investment objectives, as further described in Note 10—Lines of Credit. As of March 31, 2021, the Account had no outstanding borrowings on either line of credit.
The Account may from time to time borrow money and assume or obtain a mortgage on a property to make leveraged real estate investments. The Account is authorized to borrow money in accordance with its investment guidelines. Under the Account’s current investment guidelines, the Account’s loan to value ratio (as described below) is to be maintained at or below 30% (measured at the time of incurrence and after giving effect thereto). Such incurrences of debt from time to time may include:
placing new debt on properties;
refinancing outstanding debt;
assuming debt on acquired properties or interests in the Account’s properties;
extending the maturity date of outstanding debt;
an unsecured line of credit, credit facility or bank loan; or
the issuance of debt securities.
As of March 31, 2021, the Account’s loan-to-value ratio was 18.2%. The Account's loan-to-value ratio at any time is based on the outstanding principal amount of debt to the Account's total gross asset value, and excludes leverage, if any, employed by REITs and real estate funds in which the Account invests. The ratio will be measured at the time of any debt incurrence and will be assessed after giving effect thereto. The Account’s total gross asset value, for these purposes, is equal to the total fair value of the Account’s assets (including the fair value of the Account’s interest in joint ventures), with no reduction associated with any indebtedness on such assets. In calculating outstanding indebtedness, we include only the Account’s actual percentage interest in any borrowings on a joint venture investment and not that of any joint venture partner. Also, at the time the Account (or a joint venture in which the Account is a partner) enters into a revolving or other line of credit, management includes only amounts outstanding when calculating outstanding indebtedness.
The Account may borrow up to 70% of the then-current value of a property, although construction loans may be for 100% of costs incurred in developing the property. Except for construction loans, any mortgage loans on a property will be non-recourse to the Account. For this purpose, non-recourse means that if there is a default on a loan in respect to a specific property, the lender will have recourse to (i.e., be able to foreclose on) only the property
53


encumbered (or the joint venture owning the property), or to other specific Account properties that may have been pledged as security for the defaulted loan, but not to any other assets of the Account. Currently, TIAA, on behalf of the Account, maintains (i) a senior revolving unsecured line of credit pursuant to an existing credit agreement with a syndicate of third-party bank lenders, including JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Syndicated Credit Agreement”), and (ii) a stand-alone unsecured line of credit from JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (the “JPM Credit Agreement”) (collectively, the “Credit Agreements”). The Account may use the proceeds of borrowings under the Credit Agreements for funding general organizational purposes of the Account in the ordinary course of business, including financing certain real estate portfolio investments. The Account may enter into additional unsecured lines of credit, credit facilities and term bank loans underwritten by one or more third-party lenders. In addition, from time to time, the Account may, if permitted by applicable insurance laws, borrow capital for operating or other needs by offering debt securities
As of March 31, 2021, there are three mortgage obligations secured by real estate investments wholly-owned by the Account maturing within the next twelve months. The Account has sufficient liquidity to meet its mortgage obligations.
Recent Transactions
The following describes transactions occurring during the first quarter of 2021 related to real estate properties, real estate joint ventures, real estate funds, loans receivable, and loans payable. Except as noted, expenses for operating the properties purchased are either borne or reimbursed, in whole or in part, by the property tenants, although the terms vary under each lease. Dollar amounts are shown in millions.
Real Estate Properties and Joint Ventures
Purchases
Property NamePurchase DateOwnership PercentageSectorLocation
Net Purchase Price(1)
Arapahoe Medical Center(2)
3/30/202150.00%OfficeCentennial, CO$7.1 
(1)     The net purchase price represents the purchase price and closing costs.
(2)     Property held in Juniper MOB Portfolio.
Loans Receivable
Originations
Borrower NameOrigination DateInterest RateSectorMaturity DateAmount
5 Points Tower Mezzanine3/29/20215.50% + LIBORApartment03/09/2024$45.8 
Sales
Borrower NameSale DateInterest RateSectorMaturity DateAmount
Great Value Storage Portfolio3/08/20218.715%Storage12/6/2023$82.0 
Critical Accounting Estimates
Management’s discussion and analysis of the Account’s financial condition and results of operations is based on the Account’s Consolidated Interim Financial Statements, which have been prepared by management in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of the Account’s financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the financial statements and disclosures. Some of these estimates and assumptions require application of difficult, subjective, and/or complex judgments about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and that may change in subsequent periods. Management evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities of the Account that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
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In the Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, management identified the critical accounting policies which affect its significant estimates and assumptions used in preparing the Account’s financial statements. Certain of these accounting policies are described in Note 1—Organization and Significant Accounting Policies in this Form 10-Q.
There have been no material changes to these accounting policies from those disclosed in the Account's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
The Account’s real estate holdings, including real estate joint ventures, funds, an operating business and loans receivable, including those with related parties, which, as of March 31, 2021, represented 96.8% of the Account’s total investments, expose the Account to a variety of risks. These risks include, but are not limited to:
General Real Estate Risk—The risk that the Account’s property values or rental and occupancy rates could go down due to general economic conditions, a weak market for real estate generally and/or in specific locations where the Account may own property, including, among other reasons, as a result of an epidemic, pandemic or other health-related issue in one or more markets where the Account owns property, disruptions in the credit and/or capital markets, or changes in supply and demand for certain types of properties;
Appraisal Risk—The risk that the sale price of an Account property (i.e., the value that would be determined by negotiations between independent parties) might differ substantially from its estimated or appraised value, leading to losses or reduced profits to the Account upon sale;
Risk Relating to Property Sales—The risk that the Account might not be able to sell a property at a particular time for its full value, particularly in a poor market. This might make it difficult to raise cash quickly and also could lead to Account losses;
Risks of Borrowing—The risk that interest rate changes may impact Account returns if the Account takes out a mortgage on a property, buys a property subject to a mortgage or holds a property subject to a mortgage, and hedging against such interest rate changes, if undertaken by the Account, may entail additional costs and be unsuccessful; and
Foreign Currency Risk—The risk that the value of the Account’s foreign investments, related debt, or rental income could increase or decrease due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates or foreign currency exchange control regulations, and hedging against such currency changes, if undertaken by the Account, may entail additional costs and be unsuccessful.
The Account believes the diversification of its real estate portfolio, both geographically and by sector, along with its quarterly valuation procedure, helps manage the real estate and appraisal risks described above.
As of March 31, 2021, 3.2% of the Account’s total investments were comprised of marketable securities. Marketable securities include high-quality debt instruments (i.e., government agency notes and corporate bond securities) and, when applicable, REIT securities. The Account's Consolidated Statements of Investments sets forth the general financial terms of these instruments, along with their fair values, as determined in accordance with procedures described earlier in Critical Accounting Policies section above and in Note 1–Organization and Significant Accounting Policies to the Account’s Consolidated Financial Statements included herewith. As of the date of this report, the Account does not invest in derivative financial investments, nor does the Account engage in any hedging activity, although it may do so in selected circumstances in the future.
Risks associated with investments in real estate-related liquid assets (which could include, from time to time, REIT securities and CMBS), and non-real estate-related liquid assets, include the following:
Financial/Credit Risk—The risk, for debt securities, that the issuer will not be able to pay principal and interest when due (and/or declare bankruptcy or be subject to receivership) and, for equity securities such as common or preferred stock, that the issuer’s current earnings will fall or that its overall financial soundness will decline, reducing the security’s value.
55


Market Volatility Risk—The risk that the Account’s investments will experience price volatility due to changing conditions in the financial markets regardless of the credit quality or financial condition of the underlying issuer. This risk is particularly acute to the extent the Account holds equity securities, which have experienced significant short-term price volatility over the past year. Also, to the extent the Account holds debt securities, changes in overall interest rates can cause price fluctuations.
Interest Rate Volatility—The risk that interest rate volatility may affect the Account’s current income from an investment.
Deposit/Money Market Risk—The risk that, to the extent the Account’s cash held in bank deposit accounts exceeds federally insured limits as to that bank, the Account could experience losses if banks fail. The Account does not believe it has exposure to significant concentration of deposit risk. In addition, there is some risk that investments held in money market accounts can suffer losses.
In addition, to the extent the Account were to hold MBS (including CMBS) these securities are subject to prepayment risk or extension risk (i.e., the risk that borrowers will repay the loans earlier or later than anticipated). If the underlying mortgage assets experience faster than anticipated repayments of principal, the Account could fail to recoup some or all of its initial investment in these securities, since the original price paid by the Account was based in part on assumptions regarding the receipt of interest payments. If the underlying mortgage assets are repaid later than anticipated, the Account could lose the opportunity to reinvest the anticipated cash flows at a time when interest rates might be rising. The rate of prepayment depends on a variety of geographic, social and other functions, including prevailing market interest rates and general economic factors. The fair value of these securities is also highly sensitive to changes in interest rates. Note that the potential for appreciation, which could otherwise be expected to result from a decline in interest rates, may be limited by any increased prepayments. These securities may be harder to sell than other securities.
In addition to these risks, real estate equity securities (such as REIT securities and MBS) would be subject to many of the same general risks inherent in real estate investing, making mortgage loans and investing in debt securities. For more information on the risks associated with all of the Account’s investments, see the "Risk Factors" section of the Account’s most recent prospectus.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
(a) The registrant maintains a system of disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the registrant’s reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the registrant’s Principal Executive Officer (“PEO”) and the Principal Financial Officer (“PFO”), as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Under the supervision and participation of the registrant’s management, including the registrant’s PEO and PFO, the registrant conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act as of March 31, 2021. Based upon management’s review, the PEO and PFO concluded that the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures provide reasonable assurance that material information required to be included in the Account's periodic reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the relevant SEC rules and forms.
(b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting. There have been no changes in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s last fiscal quarter that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.
In the normal course of business, the Account may be named, from time to time, as a defendant or may be involved in various legal actions, including arbitration, class actions and other litigation.
The Account establishes an accrual for all litigation and regulatory matters when it believes it is probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Once established, accruals are adjusted, as appropriate, in light of additional information. The amount of loss ultimately incurred in relation to those matters may be higher or lower than the amounts accrued for those matters.
As of the date of this report, management of the Account does not believe that the results of any such claims or litigation, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material effect on the Account’s business, financial position or results of operations.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.
There have been no material changes from the Account’s risk factors as previously reported in the Account’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.
Not applicable.
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.
Not applicable.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.
Not applicable.
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.
Not applicable.

57


ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
(1)(A)
(3)(A)
 (B)
(4)(A)
 (B)
 (C)
(D)
(E)
(F)
(G)
(H)
(I)
(J)
(K)
(L)
(M)
(N)
(O)
(P)
(Q)
(10)(A)
 (B)
(C)
 
 
(101)The following financial information from the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2021 (Unaudited), formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities as of March 31, 2021 (Unaudited), (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited), (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited), (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited), and (v) the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).**
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*Filed herewith.
**Furnished electronically herewith.

(1)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 1(A) to the Account’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on March 15, 2013 (File No. 333-187309).
(2)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3(A) to the Account’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on April 22, 2015 (File No. 333-202583).
(3)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3(B) to the Account’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on April 22, 2015 (File No. 333-202583).
(4)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to the Account’s Post-Effective Amendment No. 2 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on April 30, 1996 (File No. 33-92990).
(5)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(A) to the Account’s Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on May 2, 2005 (File No. 333-121493).
(6)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to the Account’s Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on April 29, 2004 (File No. 333-113602).
(7)Previously filed and incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4(C) to the Account’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2010 and filed with the Commission on November 12, 2010 (File No. 33-92990).
(8)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10(B) to the Account's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012 and filed with the Commission on March 14, 2013 (File No. 33-92990).
(9)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(D)(1) and 4(D)(2) to the Account’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on March 21, 2017 (File No. 333-216849).
(10)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(E)(1) and 4(E)(2) to the Account’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on March 21, 2017 (File No. 333-216849).
(11)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(F)(1) and 4(F)(2) to the Account’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Commission on March 21, 2017 (File No. 333-216849).
(12)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(G) to the Account’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 15, 2018 (File No. 333-216849).
(13)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(H) to the Account’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 15, 2018 (File No. 333-216849).
(14)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(I) to the Account’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 15, 2018 (File No. 333-216849).
(15)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Account’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the Commission on March 1, 2018 (File No. 33-92990).
(16)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(J)(1) and 4(J)(2) to the Account’s Current Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 14, 2019 (File No. 33-92990).
(17)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(K) to the Account’s Current Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 14, 2019 (File No. 33-92990).
(18)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(L)(1) and 4(L)(2) to the Account's Current Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 12, 2020 (File No. 33-92990).
(19)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Account's Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the Commission on September 24, 2020 (File No. 33-92990).
(20)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(M) to the Account’s Current Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 11, 2021 (File No. 33-92990).
(21)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(N) to the Account’s Current Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 11, 2021 (File No. 33-92990).
(22)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(O) to the Account’s Current Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 11, 2021 (File No. 33-92990).
(23)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(P) to the Account’s Current Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 11, 2021 (File No. 33-92990).
(24)Previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4(Q) to the Account’s Current Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on March 11, 2021 (File No. 33-92990).



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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant, TIAA Real Estate Account, has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in New York, New York, on the 13th day of May 2021.
TIAA REAL ESTATE ACCOUNT
By:TEACHERS INSURANCE AND ANNUITY ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA
May 13, 2021By:/s/ Liza M. Tyler
Liza M. Tyler
Senior Managing Director, Lifetime Income, Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America
(Principal Executive Officer)
May 13, 2021By:/s/ Austin P. Wachter
Austin P. Wachter
Senior Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Corporate Controller of Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

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