Loading...
Docoh

Sysco (SYY)

Filed: 25 Aug 20, 8:00pm


UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________
Form 10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended June 27, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number 1-6544
________________
syy-20200627_g1.jpg
Sysco Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
74-1648137
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1390 Enclave Parkway
Houston, Texas
(Address of principal executive offices)
77077-2099
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code:
(281) 584-1390
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolsName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $1.00 Par ValueSYYNew York Stock Exchange
1.25% Notes due June 2023SYY 23New York Stock Exchange
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes ☑    No ☐

Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes ☐    No ☑

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☑    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☑    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer ☑Accelerated Filer  ☐
Non-accelerated Filer  ☐Smaller Reporting Company  ☐
Emerging Growth Company  ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ☐    No ☑

The aggregate market value of the voting stock of the registrant held by stockholders who were not affiliates (as defined by regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission) of the registrant was approximately $41,443,388,035 as of December 28, 2019 (based on the closing sales price on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Tape on December 27, 2019, as reported by The Wall Street Journal (Southwest Edition)). As of August 7, 2020, the registrant had issued and outstanding an aggregate of 508,535,623 shares of its common stock.






DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

Portions of the company’s 2020 Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form 10-K are incorporated by reference into Part III.





TABLE OF CONTENTS





PART I

Item 1.  Business

Unless this Form 10-K indicates otherwise or the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “our,” “us,” “Sysco,” or “the company” as used in this Form 10-K refer to Sysco Corporation together with its consolidated subsidiaries and divisions.

Overview

Sysco Corporation, acting through its subsidiaries and divisions, is the largest global distributor of food and related products primarily to the foodservice or food-away-from-home industry. We provided products and related services to over 625,000 customer locations, including restaurants, healthcare and educational facilities, lodging establishments and other foodservice customers during fiscal 2020.

Founded in 1969, Sysco commenced operations as a public company in March 1970 when the stockholders of nine companies exchanged their stock for Sysco common stock. Since our formation, we have grown from $115 million to $52.9 billion in annual sales, both through internal expansion of existing operations and through acquisitions.

Sysco’s fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to June 30th. This resulted in a 52-week year ending June 27, 2020 for fiscal 2020, June 29, 2019 for fiscal 2019 and June 30, 2018 for fiscal 2018. We will have a 53-week year ending June 26, 2021 for fiscal 2021.

Sysco Corporation is organized under the laws of Delaware. The address and telephone number of our executive offices are 1390 Enclave Parkway, Houston, Texas 77077-2099, (281) 584-1390. This annual report on Form 10-K, as well as all other reports filed or furnished by Sysco pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act), are available free of charge on Sysco’s website at www.sysco.com as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Reporting Segments

Sysco distributes food and related products to restaurants, healthcare and educational facilities, lodging establishments and other foodservice customers. Our primary operations are located in North America and Europe. Under the accounting provisions related to disclosures about segments of an enterprise, we have aggregated certain operating segments into three reportable segments. “Other” financial information is attributable to our other operating segments that do not meet the quantitative disclosure thresholds.

U.S. Foodservice Operations – primarily includes U.S. Broadline operations, which distribute a full line of food products, including custom-cut meat, seafood, specialty produce, specialty imports and a wide variety of non-food products;
International Foodservice Operations – includes operations in the Americas and Europe, which distribute a full line of food products and a wide variety of non-food products. The Americas primarily consists of operations in Canada, Bahamas, Mexico, Costa Rica and Panama, as well as our operations that distribute to international customers. Our European operations primarily consist of operations in the United Kingdom (U.K.), France, Ireland and Sweden;
SYGMA – our U.S. customized distribution subsidiary; and
Other – primarily our hotel supply operations.

Broadline operating companies distribute a full line of food products and a wide variety of non-food products to both traditional and chain restaurant customers, hospitals, schools, hotels, industrial caterers and other venues where foodservice products are served. SYGMA operating companies distribute a full line of food products and a wide variety of non-food products to certain chain restaurant customer locations. Selected financial data for each of our reportable segments, as well as financial information concerning geographic areas, can be found in Note 22, “Business Segment Information,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
1



Customers and Products

Sysco’s customers in the foodservice industry include restaurants, hospitals and nursing homes, schools and colleges, hotels and motels, industrial caterers and other similar venues where foodservice products are served. Services to our customers are supported by similar physical facilities, vehicles, material handling equipment and techniques, and administrative and operating staffs.

The products we distribute include:
a full line of frozen foods, such as meats, seafood, fully prepared entrées, fruits, vegetables and desserts;
a full line of canned and dry foods;
fresh meats and seafood;
dairy products;
beverage products;
imported specialties; and
fresh produce.
We also supply a wide variety of non-food items, including:
paper products such as disposable napkins, plates and cups;
tableware such as china and silverware;
cookware such as pots, pans and utensils;
restaurant and kitchen equipment and supplies; and
cleaning supplies.

A comparison of the sales mix in the principal product categories during the last three years is presented below:

Principal product categories202020192018
Fresh and frozen meats19 %19 %20 %
Canned and dry products16 17 17 
Frozen fruits, vegetables, bakery and other15 15 15 
Poultry10 10 10 
Dairy products10 10 10 
Fresh produce9 8 8 
Paper and disposables7 7 7 
Seafood5 6 6 
Beverage products4 4 3 
Other (1)
5 4 4 
Totals100 %100 %100 %

(1)Other sales relate to non-food products, including textiles and amenities for our hotel supply business, equipment and subscription sales for our Sysco Labs business, and other janitorial products, medical supplies and smallwares.

Our distribution centers, which we refer to as operating companies, distribute branded merchandise, as well as products packaged under our private brands. Products packaged under our private brands have been manufactured for Sysco according to specifications that have been developed by our quality assurance team. In addition, our quality assurance team certifies the manufacturing and processing plants where these products are packaged, enforces our quality control standards and identifies supply sources that satisfy our requirements.

We believe that prompt and accurate delivery of orders, competitive pricing, customer service and the ability to provide a full array of products and services to assist customers in their foodservice operations are of primary importance in the marketing and distribution of foodservice products to our customers. Our operating companies offer daily delivery to certain customer locations and have the capability of delivering special orders on short notice. Through the sales and marketing representatives and support staff of Sysco and our operating companies, we stay informed of the needs of our customers and acquaint them with new products and services. Our operating companies also provide ancillary services relating to foodservice
2


distribution, such as providing customers with product usage reports and other data, menu-planning advice, food safety training and assistance in inventory control, as well as access to various third-party services designed to add value to our customers’ businesses.

No single customer accounted for 10% or more of Sysco’s total sales for the fiscal year ended June 27, 2020.

We estimate that our sales by type of customer during the past three fiscal years were as follows:

Type of Customer202020192018
Restaurants62 %62 %62 %
Healthcare9 8 9 
Education, government8 9 8 
Travel and leisure7 9 8 
Other (1)
14 12 13 
Totals100 %100 %100 %

(1)Other includes cafeterias that are not stand-alone restaurants, bakeries, caterers, churches, civic and fraternal organizations, vending distributors, other distributors and international exports, as well as retail food sales and logistics services. None of these types of customers, as a group, exceeded 5% of total sales in any of the years for which information is presented.

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic

Beginning in the third quarter of fiscal 2020, our industry and business have been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, governmental authorities in many countries in which we operate, and in which our customers are present and suppliers operate, have imposed mandatory closures, sought voluntary closures and imposed restrictions on, or advisories with respect to, travel, business operations and public gatherings or interactions. Among other matters, these actions have required or strongly urged various venues where foodservice products are served, including restaurants, schools, hotels and cruise liners, to reduce or discontinue operations, which have negatively affected demand in the foodservice industry, including demand for our products and services. Our industry is considered an essential service, so we have continued to operate. Immediately after the onset of the crisis, Sysco took action to ensure liquidity, reduce variable and structural costs and pivot our business to maximize sales during a period of disruption.

During the last couple of weeks of the third quarter of fiscal 2020, our business declined significantly from the time that shelter in place orders were issued in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We experienced declines in sales to the majority of our customers, with the exception of certain customers in the healthcare segment. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, however, we experienced sequential weekly improvements with the reopening of in-restaurant dining. The “exit rate” of our sales as of the end of fiscal 2020 was a decline of approximately 30% compared to the end of fiscal 2019. In July 2020, as COVID-19 cases began increasing in certain locations, the business recovery flattened; however, we have experienced weekly improvements in sales again in August 2020.

Sources of Supply

We purchase from thousands of suppliers, both domestic and international, none of which individually accounts for more than 10% of our purchases. These suppliers consist generally of large corporations selling brand name and private label merchandise, as well as independent regional brand and private label processors and packers. We also provide specialty and seasonal products from small to mid-sized producers to meet a growing demand for locally sourced products. Our locally sourced products, including produce, meats, cheese and other products, help differentiate our customers’ offerings, satisfy demands for new products, and support local communities. Purchasing is generally carried out through both centrally developed purchasing programs, domestically and internationally, and direct purchasing programs established by our various operating companies.

We administer a consolidated product procurement program designed to develop, obtain and ensure consistent quality food and non-food products. The program covers the purchasing and marketing of branded merchandise, as well as products from a number of national brand suppliers, encompassing substantially all product lines. Some of our products are purchased internationally within global procurement centers in order to build strategic relationships with international suppliers and to optimize our supply chain network. Sysco’s operating companies purchase product from the suppliers participating in these consolidated programs and from other suppliers, although Sysco Brand products are only available to the operating companies
3


through these consolidated programs. We also focus on increasing profitability by lowering operating costs and by lowering aggregate inventory levels, which reduces future facility expansion needs at our Broadline operating companies, while providing greater value to our suppliers and customers.

Working Capital Practices

Our growth is funded through a combination of cash flow from operations, commercial paper issuances and long-term borrowings. See the discussion in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources” regarding our liquidity, financial position and sources and uses of funds. We continue to be in a strong financial position based on our balance sheet and our operating cash flows; however, our liquidity and capital resources have been significantly and negatively impacted by the reduction in sales volume resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Our working capital needs have been reduced and continue to decline due to decreased demand, and we are actively working with customers to receive payments on receivables, optimizing our inventory levels and maximizing our payment terms with vendors. We believe these actions will help to partially offset the unfavorable impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our cash flows from operations.

We extend credit terms to our customers that can vary from cash on delivery to 30 days or more based on our assessment of each customer’s credit worthiness. We monitor each customer’s account and will suspend shipments if necessary.

A majority of our sales orders are filled within 24 hours of when customer orders are placed. We generally maintain inventory on hand to be able to meet customer demand. The level of inventory on hand will vary by product depending on shelf-life, supplier order fulfillment lead times and customer demand. We also make purchases of additional volumes of certain products based on supply or pricing opportunities.

We take advantage of suppliers’ cash discounts where appropriate and otherwise generally receive payment terms from our suppliers ranging from weekly up to 65 days.

Corporate Headquarters

Our corporate staff makes available a number of services to our operating companies and performs support activities for employees, suppliers and customers. Members of this group possess experience and expertise in, among other areas, customer and vendor contract administration, accounting and finance, treasury, legal, information technology, payroll and employee benefits, risk management and insurance, sales and marketing, merchandising, inbound logistics, human resources, strategy and tax compliance services. The corporate office also makes available supply chain expertise, such as in warehousing and distribution services, which provide assistance in operational best practices, including space utilization, energy conservation, fleet management and work flow.

Capital Improvements

During fiscal 2020, 2019 and 2018, $720.4 million, $692.4 million and $687.8 million, respectively, were invested in facilities, delivery fleet, technology and other capital asset enhancements. From time to time, we dispose of assets in the normal course of business; we consider proceeds from these asset sales to be an offset to capital expenditures. During fiscal 2020, 2019 and 2018, capital expenditures, net of proceeds from sales of assets, were $691.7 million, $671.5 million and $665.6 million, respectively. Capital expenditures, net of proceeds from sales of assets, as a percentage of sales during fiscal 2020, 2019 and 2018 were 1.3%, 1.1% and 1.1%, respectively. In order to preserve our liquidity in response to the COVID-19 crisis, we have reduced our expected capital expenditures by eliminating capital projects that are not urgently needed for our business and were not significantly underway. During the three years ended June 27, 2020, capital expenditures were financed primarily by internally generated funds, our commercial paper program and bank and other borrowings. We expect to finance our fiscal 2021 capital expenditures from the same sources.

Employees

As of June 27, 2020, we had approximately 57,000 employees, approximately 24% of whom were represented by unions, primarily the International Brotherhood of Teamsters and unions in France and Sweden. Contract negotiations are handled by each individual operating company. Approximately 24% of our union employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements that have expired (or will expire during fiscal 2021) and are subject to renegotiation. Since June 27, 2020, there have been 7 contract renegotiations. We consider our labor relations to be satisfactory.

4


Competition

A large number of companies are engaged in the distribution of food and non-food products to the foodservice industry. Our customers may also choose to purchase products directly from wholesale or retail outlets, including club, cash and carry and grocery stores, online retailers, or negotiate prices directly with our suppliers. While we compete primarily with local and regional distributors, some organizations compete with us on a multi-region basis. In addition, these local, regional and multi-regional distributors can create purchasing cooperatives and marketing groups to enhance their competitive abilities by expanding their product mix, improving purchasing power and extending their geographic capabilities. We believe that the principal competitive factors in the foodservice industry are effective customer contacts, the ability to deliver a wide range of quality products and related services on a timely and dependable basis and competitive prices. Our customers are accustomed to purchasing from multiple suppliers and channels concurrently. Product needs, service requirements and price are just a few of the factors they evaluate when deciding where to purchase. Customers can choose from many broadline foodservice distributors, specialty distributors that focus on specific categories such as produce, meat or seafood, other wholesale channels, club stores, cash and carry stores, grocery stores and numerous online retailers. Since switching costs are very low, customers can make supplier and channel changes very quickly. There are few barriers to market entry. Existing foodservice competitors can extend their shipping distances and add truck routes and warehouses relatively quickly to serve new markets or customers.

We estimate that we serve about 16% of an approximately $310 billion annual foodservice market in the United States (U.S.) based on a measurement as of the end of calendar 2019, based on industry data obtained from Technomic, Inc. We also serve certain international geographies that vary in size and amount of market share. We believe, based upon industry trade data, that our sales to the U.S. and Canada food-away-from-home industry were the highest of any foodservice distributor during fiscal 2020. While comprehensive industry statistics are not available, we believe that, in most instances, our operations in the U.S. and Canada are among the leading distributors of food and related non-food products to foodservice customers in those trading areas. We believe our competitive advantages include our sales consultants; our diversified product base, which includes quality-assured Sysco brand products; the suite of services we provide to our customers, such as business reviews and menu analysis; and our multi-regional presence in North America and Europe, which mitigates some of the impact of regional economic declines that may occur over time.

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a significant reduction in consumption within the foodservice market and may create a long-term change in customer demand, as purchases have shifted more to the retail grocery channel. The food-away-from-home market fell to a low of 32% of total dollars spent on food purchases as a result of the pandemic, but has since recovered to approximately 43% as of June 2020. We expect real sales growth in the U.S. foodservice market to be negative for calendar year 2020.

We believe our liquidity and access to capital provides us the ability to continuously invest in business improvements. There are a small number of companies competing in the food-away-from-home industry in the U.S. with publicly traded equity. While our public company status provides us with some advantages over many of our competitors, including access to capital, we believe it also puts us at a disadvantage, in that most of our competitors do not face the obligations and additional costs related to complying with regulatory requirements applicable to public companies.

Government Regulation

Our company is required to comply, and it is our policy to comply, with all applicable laws and regulations in the numerous countries throughout the world in which we do business.

In the U.S., as a marketer and distributor of food products, we are subject to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and regulations promulgated thereunder by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA regulates food safety and quality through various statutory and regulatory mandates, including manufacturing and holding requirements for foods through good manufacturing practice regulations, hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) requirements for certain foods, and the food and color additive approval process. The agency also specifies the standards of identity for certain foods, prescribes the format and content of information required to appear on food product labels, regulates food contact packaging and materials, and maintains a Reportable Food Registry for the industry to report when there is a reasonable probability that an article of food will cause serious adverse health consequences. For certain product lines, we are also subject to the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act, the Packers and Stockyard Act and regulations promulgated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to interpret and implement these statutory provisions. The USDA imposes standards for product safety, quality and sanitation through the federal meat and poultry inspection program. The USDA reviews and approves the labeling of these products and also establishes standards for the grading and commercial acceptance of produce shipments from our suppliers. We are also subject to the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, which imposes certain registration and record keeping requirements
5


on facilities that manufacture, process, pack or hold food for human or animal consumption, as well as Food Defense, which is a responsibility of the Department of Homeland Security.

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) has significantly expanded our food safety requirements. We have established and continue to maintain comprehensive, prevention-based controls across the food supply chain that are both verified and validated, as required by FDA regulations implementing FSMA. The FSMA further imposes requirements for food products imported into the U.S. and provides the FDA with mandatory recall authority.

We and our products are also subject to state and local regulation through such measures as the licensing of our facilities; enforcement by state and local health agencies of state and local standards for our products; and regulation of our trade practices in connection with the sale of our products. Our facilities are subject to regulations issued pursuant to the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Act by the U.S. Department of Labor. These regulations require us to comply with certain manufacturing, health and safety standards to protect our employees from accidents and to establish hazard communication programs to transmit information on the hazards of certain chemicals present in products we distribute. We are also subject to the National Labor Relations Act, which governs the process for collective bargaining between employers and employees and protects the rights of both employers and employees in the workplace.

Our processing and distribution facilities must be registered with the FDA biennially and are subject to periodic government agency inspections by the FDA and USDA. Our facilities are generally inspected at least annually by federal and/or state authorities. We also must establish communication programs to transmit information about the hazards of certain chemicals present in some of the products we distribute.

Our customers include several departments of the federal government, including the Department of Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs facilities, as well as certain state and local entities. These customer relationships subject us to additional regulations applicable to government contractors.

We are also subject to regulation by numerous federal, state and local regulatory agencies, including, but not limited to, the U.S. Department of Labor, which sets employment practice standards for workers, and the U.S. Department of Transportation, as well as its agencies, the Surface Transportation Board, the Federal Highway Administration, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which collectively regulate our trucking operations through the regulation of operations, safety, insurance and hazardous materials. We must comply with the safety and fitness regulations promulgated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, including those relating to drug and alcohol testing and hours-of service. Such matters as weight and dimension of equipment also fall under federal and state regulations. We are subject to regulations of the Federal Aviation Administration covering items transported by air. In addition, we are subject to the U.S. False Claims Act, and similar state statutes, which prohibit the submission of claims for payment to the government that are false and the knowing retention of overpayments.

The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) prohibits bribery of public officials to obtain or retain business in foreign jurisdictions. The FCPA also requires us to keep accurate books and records and to maintain internal accounting controls to detect and prevent bribery and to ensure that transactions are properly authorized and recorded. We have implemented and continue to develop a robust anti-corruption compliance program applicable to our global operations to detect and prevent bribery and to comply with these and other anti-corruption laws in countries where we operate.

Our business is subject to competition laws in the various jurisdictions where we operate, including the Sherman Antitrust Act and related federal and state antitrust laws in the U.S. These laws and regulations generally prohibit competitors from fixing prices, boycotting competitors, or engaging in other conduct that unreasonably restrains competition. In many jurisdictions, compliance with these competition laws is of special importance to us, and our operations may come under special scrutiny by competition law authorities, due to our competitive position in those jurisdictions.

Outside the U.S., our business is subject to numerous similar statutes and regulations, as well as other legal and regulatory requirements. For example, we are subject to legal and regulatory requirements of the European Union (the EU), as well as those of EU countries where we conduct business (including the U.K., Ireland, France and Sweden), which requirements relate to, among other things, competition, product composition, packaging, labeling, advertisement (including nutrition and health claims) and the safety of food products, as well as the health, safety and working conditions of employees. We are subject to privacy laws in the EU, including the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which requires companies to meet certain requirements regarding the handling of personal data. In addition, our business is subject to the U.K. Modern Slavery Act 2015, which requires certain companies that operate in the U.K. to prepare a report describing steps that they have taken to ensure that slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in their supply chain or business. Our business is also subject to the U.K. Bribery Act 2010, an anti-corruption law that criminalizes the failure by a company to prevent persons
6


associated with that company from offering or paying bribes to government officials or non-government persons in order to obtain or retain business or a business advantage for the company, as well as restricting the offer, payment or receipt of bribes to or from governmental officials and non-governmental persons.

All of our company’s facilities and other operations in the U.S. and elsewhere around the world are subject to various environmental protection statutes and regulations, including those in the U.S. and the EU, relating to: (1) the use of water resources and the discharge of wastewater; (2) the discharge of pollutants into the air, including vehicle emissions; (3) proper handling, treatment and disposing of solid and hazardous wastes; and (4) protecting against and appropriately investigating and remediating spills and releases. Further, most of our distribution facilities have ammonia-based refrigeration systems and tanks for the storage of diesel fuel and other petroleum products which are subject to laws regulating such systems and storage tanks (including the investigation and remediation of soil and groundwater contamination associated with the use of underground storage tanks). See “Item 1A. Risk Factors - Business and Operational Risks - We may incur significant costs to comply with environmental laws and regulations, and we may be subject to substantial fines, penalties, or third-party claims for non-compliance.”

General

We have numerous trademarks that are of significant importance, including the SYSCO® and Brakes® trademarks, in addition to our privately branded product trademarks that include these trademarks. These trademarks and the private brands on which they are used are widely recognized within the foodservice industry. Both our U.S. and European trademarks are effective for a ten-year period, and we generally renew our trademarks before their expiration dates unless a particular trademark is no longer in use. We believe the loss of the SYSCO® trademark would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. We do not have any material patents or licenses.

We are not engaged in material research and development activities relating to the development of new products or the improvement of existing products.

Our sales do not generally fluctuate significantly on a seasonal basis; therefore, our business is not deemed to be seasonal.

As of June 27, 2020, we operated 326 distribution facilities throughout North America and Europe.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following discussion of “risk factors” identifies the most significant factors that may adversely affect our business, operations, financial position or future financial performance. This information should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in this report. The following discussion of risks is not all inclusive but is designed to highlight what we believe are the most significant factors to consider when evaluating our business. These factors could cause our future results to differ from our expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements identified within “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and from historical trends.

Industry and General Economic Risks

Global health developments and economic uncertainty resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic have adversely affected, and are expected to continue to adversely affect, our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as the recent outbreak of COVID-19, have impacted our operations directly and are expected to continue to impact us directly, or may continue to disrupt the operations of our business partners, suppliers and customers in ways that could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Fear of such events may further alter consumer confidence, behavior and spending patterns, and could adversely affect the economies and financial markets of many countries (or globally), resulting in an economic downturn that could affect customers’ demand for our products.

In response to the recent outbreak of COVID-19 and its development into a pandemic, governmental authorities in many countries in which we operate, and in which our customers are present and suppliers operate, have imposed mandatory closures, sought voluntary closures and imposed restrictions on, or advisories with respect to, travel, business operations and public gatherings or interactions. Among other matters, these actions have required or strongly urged various venues where foodservice products are served, including restaurants, schools, hotels and cruise liners, to reduce or discontinue operations,
7


which have adversely affected and will continue to adversely affect demand in the foodservice industry, including demand for our products and services. In addition, some consumers are choosing to stay home due to the perceived risk of infection and health risk associated with COVID-19, which is adversely affecting demand in the foodservice industry, including demand for our products and services.

These events have had, and could continue to have, an adverse impact on numerous aspects of our business, financial condition and results of operations including, but not limited to, our growth, product costs, supply chain disruptions and the potential for inventory spoilage, labor shortages, logistics constraints, customer demand for our products and industry demand generally, difficulties in collecting our accounts receivables and corresponding increases in our bad debt exposure, consumer spending, our liquidity, the price of our securities and trading markets with respect thereto, our ability to access capital markets, and the global economy and financial markets generally. A prolonged or deeper economic downturn that adversely affects our business, financial condition or results of operations could affect our ability to access the credit markets for additional liquidity. A significant downgrade in our credit ratings or adverse conditions in the capital markets may increase the cost of borrowing for us or limit our access to capital. As a result, we may be unable to continue to comply with the debt covenants that are specific to our revolving credit facility, which could result in an event of default. We may see an increase in bankruptcies of customers, which could contribute to an increase in bad debt expense recorded in fiscal 2021. We experienced an increase in past due receivables and recognized additional bad debt charges of $323.4 million specific to the COVID-19 pandemic during fiscal 2020. Total bad debt expense for fiscal 2020 was $404.2 million. Additionally, these events caused us to incur $70.3 million in severance expenses during the second half of fiscal 2020 related to actions to reduce our workforce through the implementation of hiring freezes, furloughs and other headcount reductions, as well as goodwill impairment charges of $203.2 million.

We have implemented employee safety measures, based on guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization, across all our supply chain facilities, including proper hygiene, social distancing, mask use, and temperature screenings. These measures may not be sufficient to prevent the spread of COVID-19 among our employees. Illness, travel restrictions, absenteeism, or other workforce disruptions could negatively affect our supply chain, distribution, or other business processes. We may face additional production disruptions in the future, which may place constraints on our ability to distribute products in a timely manner or may increase our costs.

The ultimate extent of the impact of COVID-19 on our business, financial condition and results of operations will depend largely on future developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak within the U.S. and Europe and the related impact on consumer confidence and spending, all of which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with certainty at this time. Even after the COVID-19 pandemic subsides, we could experience a longer-term impact on our business, such as costs associated with enhanced health, safety and hygiene requirements in one or more regions in attempts to counteract future outbreaks or the possibility that venues where foodservice products are served are slow to reopen and/or experience reduced customer traffic after reopening.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic may change our mix of earnings by jurisdiction and has increased the risk that operating losses may occur within certain of our jurisdictions that could lead to the recognition of valuation allowances against certain deferred tax assets in the future, if these losses are prolonged beyond our current expectations. This would negatively impact our income tax expense, net earnings, and balance sheet.

Sustained adverse impacts to our company, certain suppliers, and customers may also affect our future valuation of certain assets, and therefore, may increase the likelihood of an impairment charge, write-off, or reserve associated with such assets, including goodwill, long-lived intangible assets, property and equipment, inventories, accounts receivable, tax assets and other assets.

To the extent the COVID-19 pandemic continues to adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, such as those relating to our level of indebtedness, and may have an adverse effect on the price of our common stock.

Our industry is characterized by low margins, and periods of significant or prolonged inflation or deflation affect our product costs and may negatively impact our profitability.

The foodservice distribution industry is characterized by relatively high inventory turnover with relatively low profit margins. Volatile food costs have a direct impact on our industry. Periods of significant product cost inflation may adversely affect our results of operations if we are unable to pass on all or a portion of such product cost increases to our customers in a timely manner. In addition, periods of rapidly increasing inflation may adversely affect our business due to the impact of such inflation on discretionary spending by consumers and our limited ability to increase prices in the current, highly competitive
8


environment. Conversely, our business may be adversely affected by periods of product cost deflation, because we make a significant portion of our sales at prices that are based on the cost of products we sell plus a percentage margin. As a result, our results of operations may be adversely affected during periods of product cost deflation, even though our gross profit percentage may remain relatively constant.

Unfavorable macroeconomic conditions in North America and Europe, as well as unfavorable conditions in particular local markets, may adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

The foodservice industry is characterized by relatively low profit margins, consequently, our results of operations are susceptible to regional, national and international economic trends and uncertainties. Economic conditions can affect us in the following ways:

Unfavorable conditions can depress sales and/or gross margins in a given market.
Food cost and fuel cost inflation experienced by the consumer can lead to reductions in the frequency of dining out and the amount spent by consumers for food-away-from-home purchases, which could negatively impact our business by reducing demand for our products.
Heightened uncertainty in the financial markets negatively affects consumer confidence and discretionary spending, which can cause disruptions with our customers and suppliers.
Liquidity issues and the inability of our customers to consistently access credit markets to obtain cash to support their operations can cause temporary interruptions in our ability to conduct day-to-day transactions involving the collection of funds from such customers.
Liquidity issues and the inability of our suppliers to consistently access credit markets to obtain cash to support their operations can cause temporary interruptions in our ability to obtain the foodservice products and supplies that we need in the quantities and at the prices that we request.

Historically, North America and Europe have experienced, from time to time, including during the COVID-19 pandemic, deteriorating economic conditions and heightened uncertainty in their financial markets, which have adversely impacted business and consumer confidence and spending and depressed capital investment and economic activity in the affected regions. If similar unfavorable economic conditions were to arise in the future, or recent volatility in the financial markets and the global economy were to continue, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

Economic and political instability and potential unfavorable changes in laws and regulations in international markets could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Our international operations subject us to certain risks, including economic and political instability and potential unfavorable changes in laws and regulations in international markets in which we operate. For example, the U.K.’s exit from the EU, which occurred on January 31, 2020 (commonly referred to as “Brexit”), and the resulting significant change to the U.K.’s relationship with the EU and with countries outside the EU (and the laws, regulations and trade deals impacting business conducted between them) could disrupt the overall economic growth or stability of the U.K. and the EU and otherwise negatively impact our European operations.

The Withdrawal Agreement between the U.K. and the EU that establishes the terms governing the U.K.’s departure provides that, among other things, there is an ongoing transition period under which the U.K. remains a part of the EU customs and regulatory area until December 31, 2020. During this time, the U.K. and the EU are negotiating their future trading relationship, which under current U.K. Government policy is anticipated to take the form of a free trade agreement. As a result, significant uncertainty remains as to the terms under which the U.K. will continue to trade with the EU after the end of the transition period. It is possible that Brexit will result in our U.K. and EU operations becoming subject to materially different, and potentially conflicting, laws, regulations or tariffs, which could require costly new compliance initiatives or changes to legal entity structures or operating practices. Furthermore, if the transition period were to expire without an agreement (a “no-deal Brexit”), there may be additional adverse impacts on immigration and trade between the U.K. and the EU or countries outside the EU. Such impacts may directly increase our costs or could decrease demand for our goods and services by adversely impacting the business of restaurants or other customers in the foodservice distribution industry.

The completion of Brexit could also adversely affect the value of our euro- and pound-denominated assets and obligations. Exchange rates related to the British pound sterling have been more volatile since the U.K. announced it would exit the EU and such volatility may continue in the future. Future fluctuations in the exchange rate between the British pound sterling and the local currencies of our suppliers may have the effect of increasing our cost of goods sold in the U.K., which increases we may not be able to pass on to our customers. Uncertainty surrounding Brexit has contributed to recent fluctuations in the U.K. economy and could experience future disruptions. In addition, Brexit could cause financial and capital markets
9


within and outside the U.K. or the EU to constrict, thereby negatively impacting our ability to finance our business, and could cause a substantial dip in consumer confidence and spending that could negatively impact the foodservice distribution industry. Any one of these impacts could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

As an example of political instability, in fiscal 2020, the “yellow vest” protests in France against a fuel tax increase, pension reform and the French government negatively impacted our sales in France. Similarly, future labor disruptions or disputes could disrupt the integration of Brake France and Davigel into Sysco France and our operations in France and the EU generally. In addition, if changes occur in laws and regulations impacting the flow of goods, services and workers in either the U.K or France or in other parts of the EU, with respect to Brexit or otherwise, our European operations could also be negatively impacted.

Competition and the impact of GPOs may reduce our margins and make it difficult for us to maintain our market share, growth rate and profitability.

The foodservice distribution industry is fragmented and highly competitive, with local, regional and multi-regional distributors and specialty competitors. Local and regional companies often align themselves with other smaller distributors through purchasing cooperatives and marketing groups, with the goal of enhancing their geographic reach, private label offerings, overall purchasing power, cost efficiencies and ability to meet customer distribution requirements. These suppliers may also rely on local presence as a source of competitive advantage, and they may have lower costs and other competitive advantages due to geographic proximity. Furthermore, barriers to entry by new competitors, or geographic or product line expansion by existing competitors, are low. Additionally, increased competition from non-traditional sources (such as club stores and commercial wholesale outlets with lower cost structures), online direct food wholesalers and cash and carry operations have served to further increase pressure on the industry’s profit margins, and continued margin pressure within the industry may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Moreover, some of our customers purchase their products from us through group purchasing organizations, or “GPOs,” in an effort to lower the prices paid by these customers on their foodservice orders. GPOs have a relatively larger presence in the healthcare, lodging and foodservice management customer segments. If these GPOs are able to add a significant number of our customers as members, it may negatively affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

Finally, demand for food-away-from-home products is volatile and price sensitive, imposing limits on our customers’ ability to absorb cost increases. New and increasing competitive sources may result in increased focus on pricing and on limiting price increases or may require increased discounting or other concessions. Such competition or other industry pressures may result in margin erosion and/or make it difficult for us to attract and retain customers.

If we are unable to effectively differentiate ourselves from our competitors, our results of operations could be adversely impacted. In addition, even if we are able to effectively differentiate ourselves, we may only be able to do so through increased expenditures or decreased prices, which could also adversely impact our results of operations.

We may not be able to fully compensate for increases in fuel costs, and fuel hedging arrangements intended to contain fuel costs could result in above market fuel costs.

Volatile fuel prices have a direct impact on our industry. We require significant quantities of fuel for our delivery vehicles and are exposed to the risk associated with fluctuations in the market price for fuel. The price and supply of fuel can fluctuate significantly based on international, political and economic circumstances, as well as other factors outside our control, such as actions by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, or OPEC, and other oil and gas producers, regional production patterns, weather conditions and environmental concerns. The cost of fuel affects the price paid by us for products, as well as the costs we incur to deliver products to our customers. Although we have been able to pass along a portion of increased fuel costs to our customers in the past through, among other things, our fuel surcharge program, there is no guarantee that we will be able to do so in the future. If fuel costs increase in the future, we may experience difficulties in passing all or a portion of these costs along to our customers, which may adversely affect our results of operations.

We routinely enter into fuel hedging arrangements, including fuel derivatives, to hedge our exposure to volatile fuel prices. Nevertheless, our fuel hedging transactions may not be effective in protecting us from changes in fuel prices, and if fuel prices were to decrease significantly, these hedging arrangements would result in our paying higher-than-market costs for a portion of our diesel fuel. In addition, our future use of fuel derivatives would expose us to the risk that any of our counterparties fails to perform its obligations, whether due to its insolvency or otherwise, which could result in financial losses.

Business and Operational Risks
10



Conditions beyond our control can interrupt our supplies, increase our product costs and impair our ability to deliver products and services to our customers.

We obtain substantially all of our foodservice and related products from third-party suppliers. Although our purchasing volume can provide benefits when dealing with suppliers, suppliers may not be able to provide the foodservice products and supplies that we need in the quantities and at the prices that we request. We are also subject to delays caused by interruptions in production and increases in product costs based on conditions outside of our control. These conditions include shortages of qualified labor for our suppliers, work slowdowns, work interruptions, strikes or other job actions by employees of suppliers, short-term weather conditions or more prolonged climate change, crop and other agricultural conditions, water shortages, transportation interruptions, unavailability of fuel or increases in fuel costs, product recalls, competitive demands, civil insurrection or social unrest (such as the recent protests and social movements across several North American cities), terrorist attacks or international hostilities and natural disasters, epidemics, pandemics (such as the COVID-19 pandemic) or other human or animal disease outbreaks or other catastrophic events (including, but not limited to, foodborne illnesses). Many of these conditions outside of our control could also impair our ability to provide our products and services to our customers or increase the cost of doing so.

Further, increased frequency or duration of extreme weather conditions could also impair production capabilities, disrupt our supply chain or adversely affect demand for our products. At any time, input costs could increase for a prolonged period for a large portion of the products that we sell. Additionally, we procure products from suppliers outside of the U.S., and we are subject to the risks associated with political or financial instability, trade restrictions, tariffs, currency exchange rates, transport capacity and costs and other factors relating to foreign trade, including health and safety restrictions related to epidemics and pandemics such as the COVID-19 pandemic, any or all of which could delay our receipt of products or increase our input costs.

Our inability to obtain adequate supplies of foodservice and related products and/or to timely provide our products and services and fulfill our other obligations to our customers, whether as a result of any of the foregoing factors or otherwise could mean that we could not fulfill our obligations to customers, could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition, as our customers may turn to other distributors.

In addition, as a foodservice distributor, it is necessary for us to maintain an inventory of products. Declines in product pricing levels between the time we purchase a product from our suppliers and the time we sell the product to our customers could reduce our margin on that inventory, adversely affecting our results of operations.

Adverse publicity about us or lack of confidence in our products could negatively impact our reputation and reduce earnings.

Maintaining a good reputation and public confidence in the safety of the products we distribute is critical to our business. Sysco’s brand names, trademarks and logos and our reputation are powerful sales and marketing tools, and we devote significant resources to promoting and protecting them. Anything that damages our reputation or public confidence in our products, whether or not justified, including negative publicity about the quality, safety, sustainability or integrity of our products or relating to illegal or unethical activities by our employees, suppliers or agents, could tarnish our reputation and diminish the value of our brand, which could adversely affect our results of operations.

Reports, whether true or not, of foodborne illnesses (such as e-coli, avian flu, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, hepatitis A, trichinosis, salmonella, listeria or swine flu) or injuries caused by food tampering could also severely injure our reputation or reduce public confidence in our products. If patrons of our restaurant customers were to become ill from foodborne illnesses, our customers could be forced to temporarily close restaurant locations, which would have an adverse effect on our sales and profitability. In addition, instances of foodborne illnesses or food tampering or other health concerns (even those unrelated to the use of Sysco products) or public concern regarding the safety of our products, can result in negative publicity about the food service distribution industry and materially adversely affect our results of operations.

Damage to our reputation and loss of brand equity could reduce demand for our products and services. This reduction in demand, together with the dedication of time and expense necessary to defend our reputation, would have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations, as well as require additional resources to rebuild our reputation and restore the value of our brand. Our business prospects, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected if our public image or reputation were to be tarnished by negative publicity, including dissemination via print, broadcast or social media, or other forms of Internet-based communications. Adverse publicity about regulatory or legal action against us could damage our reputation and image, undermine our customers’ confidence in us and reduce short-term or long-term demand for
11


our products and services, even if the regulatory or legal action is unfounded or not material to our operations. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Our relationships with long-term customers may be materially diminished or terminated.

We have long-standing relationships with a number of our customers, many of whom could unilaterally terminate their relationship with us or materially reduce the amount of business they conduct with us at any time. Market competition, customer requirements, customer financial condition and customer consolidation through mergers or acquisitions also could adversely affect our ability to continue or expand these relationships. We may not be able to retain or renew existing agreements, maintain relationships with any of our customers on acceptable terms, or at all, or collect amounts that insolvent customers might owe us. Our customer agreements are generally terminable upon written notice by either us or the customer, which provides our customers with the opportunity to renegotiate their contracts with us on less favorable terms or to award more business to our competitors. The loss of one or more of our major customers could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Our anticipated change to the mix of locally managed customers versus multi-unit customers could reduce our gross and operating margins.

Gross margin from our multi-unit customers is generally lower than that of our locally managed customers because we typically sell higher volumes of products to these customers and provide a relatively lower level of value-added services than we do to locally managed customers. If sales to our locally managed customers do not grow at the same (or a greater) rate as sales to our multi-unit customers, our operating margins will likely decline. Meanwhile, the COVID-19 pandemic generally has negatively affected multi-unit customers less than locally managed customers. This creates an opportunity for Sysco to grow sales to multi-unit customers, which represents a strategy that Sysco is actively pursuing to grow both sales and gross profit dollars in fiscal 2021.

Moreover, as our sales to multi-unit customers increase at a faster pace of growth than sales to our locally managed customers, we will become more dependent on multi-unit customers, as they begin to represent a greater proportion of our total sales, and therefore, a future loss of sales to the larger of these multi-unit customers could have a material negative impact on our results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, as a result of our greater dependence on these customers, they could pressure us to lower our prices and/or offer expanded or additional services at the same prices. In that event, if we were unable to achieve additional cost savings to offset these price reductions and/or cost increases, our results of operations could be materially adversely affected. We may be unable to change our cost structure and pricing practices rapidly enough to successfully compete in such an environment.

Changes in consumer eating habits could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

Changes in consumer eating habits (such as a decline in consuming food away from home, a decline in portion sizes, or a shift in preferences toward restaurants that are not our customers) could reduce demand for our products. Consumer eating habits could be affected by a number of factors, including changes in attitudes regarding diet and health or new information regarding the health effects of consuming certain foods. There is a growing consumer preference for sustainable, organic and locally grown products, and a shift towards plant-based proteins and/or animal proteins derived from animals that were humanely treated and antibiotic free.

Changing consumer eating habits also occur due to generational shifts. Millennials, the largest demographic group in terms of spend, seek new and different, as well as more ethnic, menu options and menu innovation. If consumer eating habits change significantly, we may be required to modify or discontinue sales of certain items in our product portfolio, and we may experience higher costs and/or supply shortages associated with our efforts to accommodate those changes as our suppliers adapt to the new eating preferences. Changing consumer eating habits may reduce the frequency with which consumers purchase meals outside of the home. Additionally, changes in consumer eating habits may result in the enactment or amendment of laws and regulations that impact the ingredients and nutritional content of our food products, or laws and regulations requiring us to disclose the nutritional content of our food products. Compliance with these laws and regulations, as well as others regarding the ingredients and nutritional content of our food products, may be costly and time-consuming. We may not be able to effectively respond to changes in consumer health perceptions or resulting new laws or regulations or to adapt our menu offerings to trends in eating habits.

In addition, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the related economic downturn, many consumers have preferred to eat at home rather than consume food away from home. If these preferences continue and consumers continue to
12


avoid gathering in public places in large groups, the demand for our products and services could be adversely affected. Moreover, once all governmental restrictions are lifted, it is unclear how quickly customers will return to their prior eating habits, which may be a function of continued concerns over safety or depressed consumer sentiment due to adverse economic conditions, including job losses.

Expanding into international markets and complementary lines of business presents unique challenges, and our expansion efforts with respect to international operations and complementary lines of business may not be successful.

An element of our strategy includes further expansion of operations into international markets and the establishment of international procurement organizations. Our ability to successfully operate in international markets may be adversely affected by political, economic and social conditions beyond our control, public health crises, epidemics and pandemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, local laws and customs, and legal and regulatory constraints, including compliance with applicable anti-corruption and currency laws and regulations, of the countries or regions in which we currently operate or intend to operate in the future. Risks inherent in our existing and future international operations also include, among others, the costs and difficulties of managing international operations, difficulties in identifying and gaining access to local suppliers, suffering possible adverse tax consequences from changes in tax laws or the unfavorable resolution of tax assessments or audits, maintaining product quality and greater difficulty in enforcing intellectual property rights. Additionally, foreign currency exchange rates and fluctuations thereof may have an adverse effect on the financial results of our international operations.

Another element of our strategy includes the possibility of expansion into businesses that are closely related or complementary to, but not currently part of, our core foodservice distribution business. Our ability to successfully operate in these complementary business markets may be adversely affected by legal and regulatory constraints, including compliance with regulatory programs to which we become subject. Risks inherent in branching out into such complementary markets also include the costs and difficulties of managing operations outside of our core business, which may require additional skills and competencies, as well as difficulties in identifying and gaining access to suppliers or customers in new markets.

Changes in applicable tax laws or regulations and the resolution of tax disputes could negatively affect our financial results.

As a multinational corporation, we are subject to income taxes, as well as non-income-based taxes, in both the U.S. and various foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes and other tax liabilities. Changes in tax laws or tax rulings may have a significant adverse impact on our effective tax rate. For example, the U.S. and many countries in the EU where we do business are actively considering or have recently enacted changes in relevant tax, accounting and other laws, regulations and interpretations, including changes to tax laws applicable to corporate multinationals.

Further, in the ordinary course of a global business, there are many intercompany transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination could change if tax laws or tax rulings were to be modified. We are also subject to non-income-based taxes, such as payroll, sales, use, value-added, net worth, property and goods and services taxes, in both the U.S. and various foreign jurisdictions. Although we believe that our income and non-income-based tax estimates are appropriate, there is no assurance that the final determination of tax audits or tax disputes will not be different from what is reflected in our historical income tax provisions and accruals.

Given the unpredictability of possible further changes to the U.S. or foreign tax laws and regulations and their potential interdependency, it is very difficult to predict the cumulative effect of such tax laws and regulations on our results of operations and cash flow, but such laws and regulations (and changes thereto) could adversely impact our financial results.

If the products distributed by us are alleged to have caused injury or illness, or to have failed to comply with governmental regulations, we may need to recall our products and may experience product liability claims.

We, like any other foodservice distributor, may be subject to product recalls, including voluntary recalls or withdrawals, if the products we distribute are alleged to have caused injury or illness, to have been mislabeled, misbranded, or adulterated or to otherwise have violated applicable governmental regulations. We may also choose to voluntarily recall or withdraw products that we determine do not satisfy our quality standards, whether for taste, appearance or otherwise, in order to protect our brand and reputation. Any future product recall or withdrawal that results in substantial and unexpected expenditures, destruction of product inventory, damage to our reputation and/or lost sales due to the unavailability of the product for a period of time could materially adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We also face the risk of exposure to product liability claims if the use of products sold by Sysco is alleged to have caused injury or illness. We cannot be sure that consumption of our products will not cause a health-related illness in the future
13


or that we will not be subject to claims or lawsuits relating to such matters. Further, even if a product liability claim is unsuccessful or is not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding any assertion that our products caused illness or injury could adversely affect our reputation with existing and potential customers and our corporate and brand image. Umbrella liability insurance that we maintain for product liability claims may not continue to be available at a reasonable cost or, if available, may not be adequate to cover all of our liabilities. We generally seek contractual indemnification and insurance coverage from parties supplying our products, but this indemnification or insurance coverage is limited, as a practical matter, to the creditworthiness of the indemnifying party and the insured limits of any insurance provided by suppliers. If we do not have adequate insurance or contractual indemnification available, product liability relating to defective products could materially adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

If we fail to comply with requirements imposed by applicable law or other governmental regulations, we could become subject to lawsuits, investigations and other liabilities and restrictions on our operations that could significantly and adversely affect our business.

We are subject to regulation by various federal, state, provincial, regional and local governments in the countries in which we operate with respect to many aspects of our business, such as food safety and sanitation, ethical business practices, transportation, minimum wage, overtime, wage payment, wage and hour and employment discrimination, immigration, human health and safety, and due to the services we provide in connection with governmentally funded entitlement programs. For a detailed discussion of the laws and regulations to which our business is subject, please refer to “Business – Government Regulation” in Part I, Item 1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

From time to time, both federal and state governmental agencies have conducted audits of our billing practices as part of investigations of providers of services under governmental contracts, or otherwise. We also receive requests for information from governmental agencies in connection with these audits. While we attempt to comply with all applicable laws and regulations, we may not be in full compliance with all applicable laws and regulations or interpretations of these laws and regulations at all times; moreover, we may not be able to comply with all future laws, regulations or interpretations of these laws and regulations.

If we fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations or encounter disagreements with respect to our contracts subject to governmental regulations, including those referred to above, we may be subject to investigations, criminal sanctions or civil remedies, including fines, injunctions, prohibitions on exporting, or seizures or debarments from contracting with such government. The cost of compliance or the consequences of non-compliance, including debarments, could have an adverse effect on our results of operations. In addition, governmental units may make changes in the regulatory frameworks within which we operate that may require us to incur substantial increases in costs in order to comply with such laws and regulations.

We may incur significant costs to comply with environmental laws and regulations, and we may be subject to substantial fines, penalties or third-party claims for non-compliance.

Our operations are subject to various federal, state, provincial, regional and local laws, rules and regulations in the various countries in which we operate relating to the protection of the environment, including those governing:

the discharge of pollutants into the air, soil, and water;
the management and disposal of solid and hazardous materials and wastes;
employee exposure to hazards in the workplace; and
the investigation and remediation of contamination resulting from releases of petroleum products and other regulated materials.

In the course of our operations, we operate, maintain and fuel fleet vehicles; store fuel in on-site above and underground storage tanks; operate refrigeration systems; and use and dispose of hazardous substances and food wastes. We could incur substantial costs, including fines or penalties and third-party claims for property damage or personal injury, as a result of any violations of environmental or workplace safety laws and regulations or releases of regulated materials into the environment. In addition, we could incur investigation, remediation or other costs related to environmental conditions at our currently or formerly owned or operated properties.

For example, most of our distribution facilities have ammonia-based refrigeration systems and tanks for the storage of diesel fuel and other petroleum products, which are subject to laws regulating such systems and storage tanks (including the investigation and remediation of soil and groundwater contamination associated with the use of underground storage tanks). Certain of these laws and regulations in the EU may impose liability for costs of investigation or remediation of contamination (which could be material), regardless of fault or the legality of the original disposal, and even if such contamination was present
14


prior to the commencement of our operations at the site and was not caused by our activities. In addition, many of our facilities have propane and battery-powered forklifts. Proposed or recently enacted legal requirements, such as those requiring the phase-out of certain ozone-depleting substances, and proposals for the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions, may require us to upgrade or replace equipment, or may increase our transportation or other operating costs.

If we are unable to finance and integrate acquired businesses effectively, our earnings per share could be materially adversely affected.

Historically, a portion of our growth has come through acquisitions. If we are unable to integrate acquired businesses successfully or realize anticipated economic, operational and other benefits and synergies in a timely manner, our earnings per share may be materially adversely affected. For example, we encountered operational challenges in fiscal 2019 in connection with our efforts to integrate two businesses in France acquired in connection with the Brakes Group acquisition, which integration efforts have adversely affected our ability to drive growth in sales. Integration of an acquired business may be more difficult when we acquire a business in a market in which we have limited expertise, or with a culture different from Sysco’s.

A significant expansion of our business and operations, in terms of geography or magnitude, could strain our administrative and operational resources. Significant acquisitions may also require the issuance of material additional amounts of debt or equity, which could materially alter our debt-to-equity ratio, increase our interest expense and decrease earnings per share, and make it difficult for us to obtain favorable financing for other acquisitions or capital investments. In addition, our failure to implement effective internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures with respect to a significant acquired business could result in material weaknesses and/or a failure to file our periodic reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission on a timely basis.

We need access to borrowed funds to grow, and any default by us under our indebtedness could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow and liquidity.

A substantial part of our growth historically has been the result of acquisitions and capital expansion. We anticipate additional acquisitions and capital expansion in the future. As a result, our inability to finance acquisitions and capital expenditures through borrowed funds could restrict our ability to expand. Moreover, any default under the documents governing our indebtedness could have a significant adverse effect on our cash flows, as well as the market value of our common stock.

Our level of indebtedness and the terms of our indebtedness could adversely affect our business and liquidity position.

As described in Note 13, “Debt and Other Financing Arrangements,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, as of June 27, 2020, we had approximately $14.4 billion of total indebtedness. This amount included senior notes and borrowings under our revolving credit facility, which supports our U.S. commercial paper program allowing us to issue short-term notes in an aggregate amount not to exceed $2.0 billion scheduled to expire on June 28, 2024, and issuances under a new unrelated commercial paper program in the U.K. allowing the company to issue short-term unsecured notes in an aggregate amount not to exceed £600 million. We also have available a 364-day credit facility, in the amount of $750.0 million, scheduled to expire on May 19, 2021, and various other smaller bank facilities.

Certain covenants under our credit facilities place restrictions on some of the actions we may take with respect to our common stock. In May 2020 we entered into an amendment to our revolving credit agreement that, among other things, added a new covenant that restricts (1) increases to Sysco’s regular quarterly dividend and (2) repurchases of equity interests of Sysco, in each case, until the earlier of September 2022 or the date on which Sysco has achieved a certain ratio of consolidated earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) to consolidated interest expense.

Our level of indebtedness could have important consequences for us, including:

limiting our ability to obtain additional financing, if needed, for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements or other purposes;
increasing our vulnerability to adverse economic, industry or competitive developments;
limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and our industry; and
placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt.

Our indebtedness may further increase from time to time for various reasons, including fluctuations in operating results, working capital needs, capital expenditures, potential acquisitions, joint ventures and/or share repurchase programs. Our increased level of indebtedness and the ultimate cost of such indebtedness could have a negative impact on our liquidity, cost of
15


future debt financing and financial results, and our credit ratings may be adversely affected as a result of the incurrence of additional indebtedness. In the future, our cash flow and capital resources may not be sufficient for payments of interest on and principal of our debt, and any alternative financing measures available may not be successful and may not permit us to meet our scheduled debt service obligations.

Changes in the method of determining London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), or the replacement of LIBOR with an alternative reference rate, may adversely affect interest expense related to outstanding debt.

Amounts drawn under our revolving credit facility may bear interest rates in relation to LIBOR, depending on our selection of repayment options. In addition, certain of our outstanding interest rate swap agreements have a floating interest rate in relation to three-month LIBOR. On July 27, 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority in the U.K. announced that it would phase out LIBOR as a benchmark by the end of 2021. It is unclear whether new methods of calculating LIBOR will be established such that it continues to exist after 2021. The U.S. Federal Reserve is considering replacing U.S. dollar LIBOR with a newly created index called the Broad Treasury Financing Rate, calculated with a broad set of short-term repurchase agreements backed by treasury securities. If LIBOR ceases to exist, we may need to renegotiate the credit facility and any interest rate swap agreements expiring after 2021 and may not be able to do so with terms that are favorable to us. The overall financing market may be disrupted as a result of the phase-out or replacement of LIBOR. Disruption in the financial market or the inability to renegotiate the credit facility or our interest rate swap agreements with favorable terms could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, and operating results.

We rely on technology in our business, and any cybersecurity incident, other technology disruption or delay in implementing new technology could negatively affect our business and our relationships with customers.

We use technology in substantially all aspects of our business operations, and our ability to serve customers most effectively depends on the reliability of our technology systems. We use software and other technology systems, among other things, to generate and select orders, to load and route trucks, to make purchases, to manage our warehouses and to monitor and manage our business on a day-to-day basis. We also use mobile devices, social networking and other online platforms to connect with our employees, suppliers, business partners and customers. Further, our business involves the storage and transmission of numerous classes of sensitive and/or confidential information and intellectual property, including customers’ and suppliers’ personal information, private information about employees and financial and strategic information about the company and our business partners.

These technology systems and our uses thereof are vulnerable to disruption from circumstances beyond our control, including fire, natural disasters, power outages, systems failures, security breaches, espionage, cyber-attacks, viruses, theft and inadvertent release of information. In particular, we have experienced and continue to experience cybersecurity threats and vulnerabilities in our systems and those of our third party providers, including viruses and attacks targeting our information technology systems and networks.

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is introducing additional cybersecurity risk as a result of our employees, contractors and other corporate partners working remotely. Due to the increased remote workforce, we must increasingly rely on information technology systems that are outside our direct control. These systems are potentially vulnerable to cyber-based attacks and security breaches. In addition, cyber criminals are increasing their attacks on individual employees, utilizing interest in pandemic-related information to increase business email compromise scams designed to trick victims into transferring sensitive data or funds, or steal credentials that compromise information systems.

To date, these cybersecurity threats have not had a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. However, the potential consequences of a future material cybersecurity attack include business disruption; disruption to systems; theft, destruction, loss, corruption, misappropriation or unauthorized release of sensitive and/or confidential information or intellectual property (including personal information in violation of one or more privacy laws); reputational and brand damage; and potential liability, including litigation or other legal actions against us or the imposition by governmental authorities of penalties, fines, fees or liabilities, which, in turn, could cause us to incur significantly increased cybersecurity protection and remediation costs and the loss of customers.

The actions and controls we have implemented and are implementing to date, or which we seek to cause or have caused third party service providers to implement, may be insufficient to protect our systems, information or other intellectual property. Further, we anticipate devoting significant additional resources to upgrade our security measures generally, including those we employ to protect personal information against these cybersecurity threats.

16


Due to the evolving nature of these cybersecurity threats, the potential impact of any future incident cannot be predicted with certainty, but such an incident could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition, especially if the amount of insurance coverage we maintain is not sufficient to cover claims or liabilities relating to the incident.

Further, as we pursue our strategy to grow through acquisitions and to pursue new initiatives that improve our operations and cost structure, we are also expanding and improving our information technologies, resulting in a larger technological presence and corresponding exposure to cybersecurity risk. Failure to adequately assess and identify cybersecurity risks associated with acquisitions and new initiatives would increase our vulnerability to such risks.

Sysco’s efforts to prevent security breaches and cybersecurity incidents, and to implement effective disaster recovery plans, may not be entirely effective to insulate us from technology disruption that could result in adverse effects on our results of operations. Additionally, information technology systems continue to evolve and, in order to remain competitive, we must implement new technologies in a timely and efficient manner. If our competitors implement new technologies more quickly or successfully than we do, such competitors may be able to provide lower cost or enhanced services of superior quality compared to those we provide, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

In addition, data privacy is subject to frequently changing rules and regulations, which sometimes conflict among the various jurisdictions and countries where we do business. For example, the EU adopted the GDPR, a new regulation that became effective in May 2018, which requires companies to meet certain requirements regarding the handling of personal data. We are working to comply with GDPR and other laws and regulations in this area that apply to us, such as California’s Consumer Privacy Act that became effective January 1, 2020, and we anticipate needing to devote significant additional resources to complying with these laws and regulations. Our failure to successfully implement or comply with appropriate processes to adhere to the requirements of GDPR and other laws and regulations in this area could result in substantial fines or penalties and legal liability and could tarnish our reputation.

We may be required to pay material amounts under multiemployer defined benefit pension plans.

We contribute to several multiemployer defined benefit pension plans based on obligations arising under collective bargaining agreements covering union-represented employees. Approximately 11% of our current U.S. employees are participants in such multiemployer plans. In fiscal 2020, our total contributions to these plans were approximately $47.4 million. The costs of providing benefits through such plans have increased in recent years. The amount of any increase or decrease in our required contributions to these multiemployer plans will depend upon many factors, including the outcome of collective bargaining, actions taken by trustees who manage the plans, government regulations, the actual return on assets held in the plans and the potential payment of a withdrawal liability if we choose to exit. Based upon the information available to us from plan administrators, we believe that several of these multiemployer plans are underfunded. The unfunded liabilities of these plans may result in increased future payments by us and the other participating employers. Underfunded multiemployer pension plans may impose a surcharge requiring additional pension contributions. Our risk of such increased payments may be greater if any of the participating employers in these underfunded plans withdraws from the plan due to insolvency and is not able to contribute an amount sufficient to fund the unfunded liabilities associated with its participants in the plan. We could also be treated as partially withdrawing from participation in one of these plans if the number of our employees participating in a given plan is reduced to a certain percentage over a certain period of time. Such reductions in the number of employees participating in these plans could occur as a result of changes in our business operations, such as facility closures or consolidations. Based on the latest information available from plan administrators, we estimate our share of the aggregate withdrawal liability on the multiemployer plans in which we participate could have been as much as $160.8 million as of June 27, 2020. A significant increase to funding requirements could adversely affect the company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Our funding requirements for our company-sponsored qualified pension plan may increase should financial markets experience future declines.

At the end of fiscal 2012, we decided to freeze future benefit accruals under the company-sponsored qualified pension plan (U.S. Retirement Plan) as of December 31, 2012 for all U.S.-based salaried and non-union hourly employees. Effective January 1, 2013, these employees were eligible for additional contributions under an enhanced, defined contribution plan. While these actions will serve to limit future growth in our pension liabilities, we had a sizable pension obligation of $5.0 billion as of June 27, 2020; therefore, financial market factors could impact our funding requirements. See Note 15, “Company-Sponsored Employee Benefit Plans” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 for a discussion of the funded status of the U.S. Retirement Plan.

17


The amount of our annual contribution to the U.S. Retirement Plan is dependent upon, among other things, the returns on the U.S. Retirement Plan’s assets and discount rates used to calculate the plan’s liability. In fiscal 2018, we made voluntary contributions of $380 million to the U.S. Retirement Plan, allowing us to set an investment strategy that more closely aligns the duration of the U.S. Retirement Plan’s assets with the duration of its liabilities. As a result, our U.S. Retirement Plan holds a greater amount of investments in fixed income securities, but also holds equity securities. Fluctuations in asset values can cause the amount of our anticipated future contributions to the plan to increase. The projected liability of the U.S. Retirement Plan will be impacted by the fluctuations of interest rates on high quality bonds in the public markets as these are inputs in determining our minimum funding requirements. Specifically, decreases in these interest rates have had and may continue to have an adverse effect on our funding obligations. To the extent financial markets experience significant future declines, and/or interest rates on high quality bonds in the public markets decline, our required contributions may increase for future years as our funded status decreases, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition.

Failure to successfully renegotiate union contracts could result in work stoppages.

As of June 27, 2020, we had approximately 57,000 employees, approximately 24% of whom were represented by unions, primarily the International Brotherhood of Teamsters and unions in France and Sweden. Contract negotiations are handled by each individual operating company. Approximately 24% of our union employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements that have expired (or will expire during fiscal 2021) and are subject to renegotiation. Failure of our operating companies to effectively renegotiate these contracts could result in work stoppages. Although our operating subsidiaries have not experienced any significant labor disputes or work stoppages to date, and we believe they have satisfactory relationships with their unions, a work stoppage due to failure of multiple operating subsidiaries to renegotiate union contracts could have a material adverse effect on us.

A shortage of qualified labor could negatively affect our business and materially reduce earnings.

The future success of our operations, including the achievement of our strategic objectives, depends on our ability, and the ability of third parties on which we rely to supply and to deliver our products, to identify, recruit, develop and retain qualified and talented individuals, and any shortage of qualified labor could significantly adversely affect our business. Employee recruitment, development and retention efforts undertaken by us and/or such third-parties may not be successful, resulting in a shortage of qualified individuals in future periods. Any such shortage could decrease our ability to effectively serve our customers and achieve our strategic objectives. Such a shortage would also likely lead to higher wages for employees (or higher costs to purchase the services of such third parties) and a corresponding reduction in our results of operations.

Our authorized preferred stock provides anti-takeover benefits that may not be viewed as beneficial to stockholders.

Under our Restated Certificate of Incorporation, Sysco’s Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 1,500,000 shares of preferred stock without stockholder approval. Issuance of these shares could make it more difficult for anyone to acquire Sysco without approval of the Board of Directors, depending on the rights and preferences of the stock issued. In addition, if anyone attempts to acquire Sysco without approval of the Board of Directors of Sysco, the existence of this undesignated preferred stock could allow the Board of Directors to adopt a shareholder rights plan without obtaining stockholder approval, which could result in substantial dilution to a potential acquirer. As a result, hostile takeover attempts that might result in an acquisition of Sysco, which could otherwise have been financially beneficial to our stockholders, could be deterred.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

18


Item 2. Properties

The table below shows the number of distribution facilities occupied by Sysco in each country and the aggregate square footage devoted to cold and dry storage as of June 27, 2020.
LocationNumber of FacilitiesSquare Feet
(in thousands)
Segment Served (1)
Bahamas2 276 I
Belgium1 200 I
Canada32 4,256 I, O
Costa Rica (2)
1 495 I
France25 2,420 I
Ireland and Northern Ireland9 851 I
Mexico7 299 I
Panama1 44 I
Spain1 5 I
Sweden10 1,026 I
United Kingdom65 3,044 I
United States and its territories (3)
172 40,254 U, I, S, O
Totals326 53,170 

(1)Segments served include U.S. Foodservice (U), International Foodservice (I), SYGMA (S), and Other (O).
(2)Costa Rica facility count does not include 4 warehouse and storage facilities and 16 cash and carry facilities.
(3)California, Florida, and Texas account for 19, 17, and 14, respectively, of the facilities located in the U.S.

We own approximately 40,619,000 square feet of our distribution facilities (or 76.4% of the total square feet), and the remainder is occupied under leases expiring at various dates from fiscal 2021 to fiscal 2063, exclusive of renewal options.

We own our approximately 639,000 square foot headquarters office complex in Houston, Texas. In addition, we own our approximately 654,000 square foot complex in Cypress, Texas that has housed shared business services and other corporate services. In fiscal 2021, we plan to perform all corporate and shared service operations from our headquarters in Houston, Texas and plan to sell the complex in Cypress, Texas.

We are currently constructing expansions or build-outs for various distribution facilities in the United States. The various operating companies, in the aggregate, accounted for 3% of fiscal 2020 sales.

As of June 27, 2020, our fleet of approximately 14,000 delivery vehicles consisted of tractor and trailer combinations, vans and panel trucks, most of which are either wholly or partially refrigerated for the transportation of frozen or perishable foods. We own approximately 87% of these vehicles and lease the remainder.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings

        From time to time, we may be party to legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. We do not believe there are any pending legal proceedings that, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.
19


PART II – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The principal market for Sysco’s common stock (SYY) is the New York Stock Exchange. The number of record owners of Sysco’s common stock as of August 7, 2020 was 8,356.

We currently expect that comparable quarterly cash dividends will continue to be paid in the future; however, future declarations of dividends and the establishment of future record and payment dates are subject to the final determination of our Board of Directors.

We purchased 11.1 million shares during fiscal 2020, resulting in a remaining authorization under our program of approximately $2.1 billion as of June 27, 2020. There were 14,963,189 shares repurchased under our then outstanding plans in fiscal 2019. During March 2020, we discontinued share repurchases under the program, and, due to certain restrictions imposed by the amendment to our credit agreement providing for Sysco’s $2 billion long-term revolving credit facility, we will not make any further repurchases during fiscal 2021. See the discussion in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources – Debt Activity and Borrowing Availability” for additional information regarding the credit agreement amendment.

Stock Performance Graph

The following performance graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that Sysco specifically incorporates such information by reference into such filing.

The following stock performance graph compares the performance of Sysco’s Common Stock to the S&P 500 Index and to the S&P 500 Food/Staple Retail Index for Sysco’s last five fiscal years.

The graph assumes that the value of the investment in our Common Stock, the S&P 500 Index, and the S&P 500 Food/Staple Retail Index was $100 on the last trading day of fiscal 2015, and that all dividends were reinvested. Performance data for Sysco, the S&P 500 Index and the S&P 500 Food/Staple Retail Index is provided as of the last trading day of each of our last five fiscal years.
20


syy-20200627_g2.jpg
6/27/20157/2/20167/1/20176/30/20186/29/20196/27/2020
Sysco Corporation$100$137$139$193$204$155
S&P 500100102120138152159
S&P 500 Food/Staple Retail Index10010199107126134

21


Item 6.  Selected Financial Data

 Fiscal Year
 
2020 (1)
2019 (1)
2018 (1)
2017 (1)
2016 (1)(2)
 (In thousands except for per share data)
Sales$52,893,310 $60,113,922 $58,727,324 $55,371,139 $50,366,919 
Operating income (3)
749,505 2,330,150 2,314,056 2,054,616 1,841,875 
Earnings before income taxes293,384 2,005,836 1,956,224 1,766,230 1,433,007 
Income taxes77,909 331,565 525,458 623,727 483,385 
Net earnings$215,475 $1,674,271 $1,430,766 $1,142,503 $949,622 
Net earnings:    
Basic earnings per share$0.42 $3.24 $2.74 $2.10 $1.66 
Diluted earnings per share0.42 3.20 2.70 2.08 1.64 
Dividends declared per share$1.74 $1.53 $1.41 $1.30 $1.23 
Total assets$22,628,266 $17,966,522 $18,070,404 $17,756,655 $16,721,804 
Capital expenditures720,423 692,391 687,815 686,378 527,346 
Current maturities of long-term debt$1,542,128 $37,322 $782,329 $530,075 $8,909 
Long-term debt12,902,485 8,122,058 7,540,765 7,660,877 7,336,930 
Total long-term debt14,444,613 8,159,380 8,323,094 8,190,952 7,345,839 
Shareholders’ equity1,158,613 2,502,603 2,506,957 2,381,516 3,479,608 
Total capitalization$15,603,226 $10,661,983 $10,830,051 $10,572,468 $10,825,447 
Ratio of long-term debt to
capitalization
92.6 %76.5 %76.9 %77.5 %67.9 %

(1)Our results of operations are impacted by Certain Items that have resulted in reduced earnings on a generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) basis. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations,” within Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for a description of these items and our results on an adjusted basis that exclude Certain Items.
(2)Sysco’s fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to June 30th. This resulted in a 53-week year ended July 2, 2016 for fiscal 2016.
(3)In fiscal 2019, Sysco adopted Accounting Standards Update 2017-07, which requires that an employer report all of the components, except the service cost component, of pension and postretirement benefits outside of operating income. This was applied retroactively, and as a result, the company has restated prior year amounts to include net periodic income (expense) in other income (expense) that were previously included in operating expense.

Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Our discussion below of our results includes certain non-GAAP financial measures that we believe provide important perspective with respect to underlying business trends. Other than free cash flow, any non-GAAP financial measures will be denoted as adjusted measures and are impacted by restructuring and transformational project costs consisting of: (1) expenses associated with our various transformation initiatives; (2) severance and facility closure charges; and (3) restructuring charges. All acquisition-related costs in fiscal 2020, fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 that have been designated as Certain Items relate to the fiscal 2017 acquisition of Cucina Lux Investments Limited (the Brakes Acquisition). These include acquisition-related intangible amortization expense. Fiscal 2020 results of operations were also negatively impacted by costs arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, the most significant including (1) excess bad debt expense, (2) goodwill and intangibles impairment charges and (3) fixed asset impairment charges. These are the only items that have been adjusted as Certain Items. Our adjusted results have not been normalized in a manner that would exclude the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business.
22


As such, Sysco has not adjusted its results for lost sales, inventory write-offs or other costs associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Many of Sysco’s customers, including those in the restaurant, hospitality and education segments, are closed or operating at a substantially reduced volume due to governmental requirements for closures or other social-distancing measures. Some of these customers have ceased paying their outstanding receivables, creating uncertainty as to their collectability. We have experienced an increase in past due receivables and have recognized additional bad debt charges. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, our allowance was primarily based on historical loss experience. Since the crisis began, our write-off percentages have been based, not only on historical loss experience, but also on our experience with losses incurred during times of local and regional disasters. Additionally, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we included the company’s current collection experience, which has been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. We anticipate continuing this approach in fiscal 2021. The COVID-19 pandemic is more widespread and longer in duration than historical disasters impacting our business, and it is possible that actual uncollectible amounts will differ and additional charges may be required in fiscal 2021. While Sysco traditionally incurs bad debt expense, the magnitude of such expenses that we have experienced since March 2020 is not indicative of our normal operations.

Fiscal 2019 results of operations were impacted by a gain on the sale of Iowa Premium, LLC (Iowa Premium) in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. In addition, fiscal 2019 results of operations were affected by acquisition-related integration costs specific to the Brakes Acquisition and the impact of recognizing a foreign tax credit. Fiscal 2018 results of operations were additionally impacted by multiemployer pension plan (MEPP) withdrawal charges. These fiscal 2020, fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 items are collectively referred to as “Certain Items.” The results of our foreign operations can be impacted by changes in exchange rates applicable to converting from local currencies to U.S. dollars. We measure our International Foodservice Operations results on a constant currency basis. Our discussion below of our results includes certain non-GAAP financial measures that we believe provide important perspective with respect to underlying business trends. Other than free cash flow, any non-GAAP financial measures will be denoted as adjusted measures and exclude the impact from Certain Items, and certain metrics are stated on a constant currency basis.

Management believes that adjusting its operating expenses, operating income, other (income) expense, net, net earnings and diluted earnings per share to remove these Certain Items, provides an important perspective with respect to our underlying business trends and results and provides meaningful supplemental information to both management and investors that (1) is indicative of the performance of the company’s underlying operations, (2) facilitates comparisons on a year-over-year basis, and (3) removes those items that are difficult to predict and are often unanticipated and that, as a result, are difficult to include in analysts’ financial models and our investors’ expectations with any degree of specificity.

The company uses these non-GAAP measures when evaluating its financial results, as well as for internal planning and forecasting purposes. These financial measures should not be used as a substitute for GAAP measures in assessing the company’s results of operations for periods presented. An analysis of any non-GAAP financial measure should be used in conjunction with results presented in accordance with GAAP. As a result, in the table below, each period presented is adjusted for the impact described above. In the table below, individual components of diluted earnings per share may not add to the total presented due to rounding. Adjusted diluted earnings per share is calculated using adjusted net earnings divided by diluted shares outstanding.

Any metric within this section referred to as “adjusted” will reflect the applicable impact of Certain Items. More information on the rationale for the use of these measures and reconciliations to GAAP numbers can be found under “Non-GAAP Reconciliations.”

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, Sysco revised the way performance is assessed for the U.S. Foodservice Operations segment. As a result of this change, charges incurred by the company’s corporate office to provide direct support functions to the U.S. Foodservice Operations reportable segment have been reclassified from Corporate expenses into the U.S. Foodservice reportable segment. The segment information disclosed for fiscal 2020 reflects this change in reporting structure and prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current year presentation. The following discussion includes a comparison of our Results of Operations and Liquidity and Capital Resources for fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019. A discussion of changes in our results of operations from fiscal 2018 to fiscal 2019 have been included for our U.S. Foodservice Operations and Corporate expenses. Disclosures around this change in segment reporting are described under “Overview” below and in Note 22, “Business Segment Information,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. All other discussion of changes in our results of operations from fiscal 2018 to fiscal 2019 has been omitted from this Form 10-K, but may be found in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2019, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 26, 2019.

23


Overview

Sysco distributes food and related products to restaurants, healthcare and educational facilities, lodging establishments and other foodservice customers. Our primary operations are located in North America and Europe. The company has aggregated certain operating segments into three reportable segments. “Other” financial information is attributable to our other operating segments that do not meet the quantitative disclosure thresholds.

U.S. Foodservice Operations – primarily includes U.S. Broadline operations, which distribute a full line of food products, including custom-cut meat, seafood, specialty produce, specialty imports and a wide variety of non-food products;
International Foodservice Operations – includes operations in the Americas and Europe, which distribute a full line of food products and a wide variety of non-food products. The Americas primarily consists of operations in Canada, Bahamas, Mexico, Costa Rica and Panama, as well as our operations that distribute to international customers. Our European operations primarily consist of operations in the U.K., France, Ireland and Sweden;
SYGMA – our U.S. customized distribution subsidiary; and
Other – primarily our hotel supply operations.

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, Sysco revised the way performance is assessed for the U.S. Foodservice Operations segment. As a result of the change, the company’s corporate expenses that were incurred to provide direct support functions to the U.S. Foodservice Operations reportable segment have been reclassified from Corporate expenses into the reportable segment. The segment information disclosed for fiscal 2020 reflects this change in reporting structure, and the fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 results reflect $201.0 million and $197.0 million of corporate expense reclassifications, respectively, to conform with the current year presentation.

We estimate that we serve about 16% of an approximately $310 billion annual foodservice market in the U.S. based on industry data obtained from Technomic, Inc. From time to time, Technomic may revise the methodology used to calculate the size of the foodservice market and, as a result, our percentage can change not only from our sales results, but also from such revisions. We also serve certain international geographies that vary in size and amount of market share.

According to industry sources, the foodservice, or food-away-from-home, market represents approximately 53% of the total dollars spent on food purchases made at the consumer level in the U.S. as of the end of calendar year 2019. Industry sources estimate the total foodservice market in the U.S. experienced a real sales increase of approximately 0.9% in calendar year 2019 and 1.2% in calendar year 2018. Real sales changes do not include the impact of inflation or deflation. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a significant reduction in consumption within the foodservice market and may create a long-term change in customer demand, as purchases have shifted more to the retail grocery channel. The food-away-from-home market fell to a low of 32% of total dollars spent on food purchases as a result of the pandemic, but has since recovered to approximately 43% as of June 2020. We expect real sales growth in the U.S. foodservice market to be negative for calendar year 2020.

Key Performance Indicators

Sysco seeks to meet its strategic goals by continually measuring its success in its key performance metrics that drive stakeholder value through sales growth and capital allocation and deployment. We believe the following are our most significant performance metrics:

Adjusted operating income growth and adjusted operating income leverage (non-GAAP);
Adjusted diluted earnings per share growth (non-GAAP);
Case volume growth by customer type for U.S. Broadline operations;
Sysco brand penetration for U.S. Broadline operations;
Free cash flow (non-GAAP); and
Adjusted return on invested capital (non-GAAP).

We use these financial metrics and related computations, as well as sales and gross profit growth, to evaluate our business and to plan for near-and long-term operating and strategic decisions. We believe it is useful to provide investors with the same financial information that we use internally to make comparisons of our historical operating results, identify trends in our underlying operating results and evaluate our business.

24


Key Financial Definitions

Sales – Sales is equal to gross sales, minus (1) sales returns and (2) sales incentives that we offer to certain customers, such as upfront monies and discounts. Our sales are driven by changes in case volumes, product inflation that is reflected in the pricing of our products and mix of products sold.
Gross profit – Gross profit is equal to our net sales minus our cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold primarily includes inventory costs (net of supplier consideration) and inbound freight. Cost of goods sold generally changes as we incur higher or lower costs from our suppliers and as our customer and product mix changes.

Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Operating Income Leverage and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per Share Growth

Adjusted operating income represents our consolidated operating income, adjusted for the impact of Certain Items that we do not consider representative of our underlying performance. Adjusted operating income leverage represents the variance between our gross profit growth financial measure, on a percentage basis, and our adjusted operating expense growth, on a percentage basis, where management expects gross profit growth to exceed adjusted operating expense growth. Adjusted diluted earnings per share represents our consolidated diluted earnings per share, adjusted for the impact of Certain Items that we do not consider representative of our underlying performance. Sysco’s management considers growth in these metrics to be useful measures of operating efficiency and profitability, as they facilitate comparison of performance on a consistent basis from period to period by providing a measurement of recurring factors and trends affecting our business.

Case Volume Growth by Customer Type for U.S. Broadline Operations

Case volume represents the volume of product sold to customers during a period of time, and improvements in this metric are a primary driver of Sysco’s top line performance. We define a case, specifically for our U.S. Broadline operations, as the lowest level of packaged products that are sold from our warehouses, with one case potentially containing several pieces of a product packaged in bulk. Case size does not generally vary by location or from period to period, due to the design of our warehouses. Case volume growth is calculated by dividing the change in the volume of cases sold year-over-year by the volume of cases sold in the prior year. Sysco management considers case volume growth within its U.S. Broadline operations to be a measure that provides useful information to management and investors in evaluating sales performance and as an indicator of gross margin performance. Management monitors case volume growth by customer type, with bifurcation between local customers and national customers, as this provides a measure of gross profit performance due to the pricing strategies attached to each customer type. Local customers are primarily street customers, such as independent restaurants that do not have long-term contracts, or locally managed customers, such as local chain restaurants, while national customers are the multi-unit customers requiring national coverage from a customer-centric view and are managed centrally from the Corporate office. Sysco management seeks to drive higher case volume growth to local customers, which allows more favorable pricing terms for our U.S. Broadline operations and generates higher gross margins as a result. National customers benefit from purchasing power, as they are able to negotiate pricing agreements across multiple businesses, reducing our gross profit potential, but reducing our overall cost per case, as national customers have bigger drop sizes. While overall case volume growth reflects a key component of sales growth, local customer case growth provides additional context around gross profit performance.

Sysco Brand Penetration for U.S. Broadline Operations

Sysco management considers Sysco brand penetration to be a measure that provides useful information to management and investors in evaluating the gross profit performance of the company’s U.S. Broadline operations. Sysco offers an assortment of Sysco-branded products that can be differentiated from privately branded products, which enables us to achieve higher gross margin by administering and leveraging a consolidated product procurement program for quality food and non-food products. Due to cost efficiencies, Sysco-branded products generate a higher gross margin than sales from other privately branded products. We define Sysco brand penetration as the percentage of Sysco-branded case volume sold to U.S. Broadline customers over all cases sold to U.S. Broadline customers. This performance indicator, also measured at the customer type level, including local and national customers, is driven by growth in the distribution of branded products to more customers and more geographies, as well as increasing branded offerings through innovation and the launch of new products.

Free Cash Flow

Free cash flow represents net cash provided from operating activities, less purchases of plant and equipment, plus proceeds from sales of plant and equipment. Sysco management considers free cash flow to be a non-GAAP liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by the business after the purchases and sales of buildings, fleet, equipment and technology, which may potentially be used to pay for, among other things, strategic uses of cash, including dividend payments, share repurchases and acquisitions. However, free cash flow may
25


not be available for discretionary expenditures, as it may be necessary that we use it to make mandatory debt service or other payments. Free cash flow should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, consolidated net income as a measure of our performance and net cash provided by operating activities as a measure of our liquidity. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for discussions of GAAP metrics, including net cash provided by operating activities and our reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure.

Adjusted Return on Invested Capital

Although adjusted return on invested capital (ROIC) is considered a non-GAAP financial measure, Sysco management considers adjusted ROIC to be a measure that provides useful information to management and investors in evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of the company’s long-term capital investments and has been a component of long-term incentive compensation. We calculate adjusted ROIC as adjusted net earnings divided by (1) stockholders’ equity, computed as the average of adjusted stockholders’ equity at the beginning of the year and at the end of each fiscal quarter during the year; and (2) long-term debt, computed as the average of the long-term debt at the beginning of the year and at the end of each fiscal quarter during the year. Trends in ROIC can fluctuate over time as management balances long-term strategic initiatives with possible short-term impacts.

Business Update on the COVID-19 Pandemic

During the last couple of weeks of the third quarter of fiscal 2020, our business declined significantly from the time that shelter in place orders were issued in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We experienced declines in sales to the majority of our customers, with the exception of certain customers in the healthcare segment. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, however, we experienced sequential weekly improvements with the reopening of in-restaurant dining. The “exit rate” of our sales as of the end of fiscal 2020 was a decline of approximately 30% compared to the end of fiscal 2019. In July 2020, as COVID-19 cases began increasing in certain locations, the business recovery flattened; however, we have experienced weekly improvements in sales again in August 2020.

We have closely monitored developments in the COVID-19 pandemic as the situation has evolved, and we are continuously revising our approach to create new processes and guidelines to keep associates and customers safe, with careful consideration to remaining aligned with guidance from relevant health authorities.

Supporting employees – We have defined and implemented procedures to protect the health and safety of our employees, while also ensuring business continuity and our ability to service our customers. We have allowed employees to work remotely, whenever possible, and have installed protocols for daily temperature checks and health screenings for our employees not working remotely. We have also provided guidelines for performing deep cleaning and proper social distancing in our offices and warehouses and have implemented requirements for employees to wear face coverings when not working remotely.
Serving customers – We have implemented procedures to limit the contact between our drivers and customers’ employees and have developed an alternative process to avoid collecting signatures for customer invoices and guidelines for safely accepting customer returns.
Assisting our communities – We have donated 30 million meals across eight countries since mid-March as part of our community response strategy to the pandemic. These donations were valued at over $100 million and included nearly 16 million pounds of fresh produce and approximately six million pounds of fresh dairy products. Additionally, we have supported over 900 community organizations in their efforts to address hunger and food insecurity by providing direct delivery to food banks and other hunger relief organizations by loaning refrigerated trucks and facility storage space to increase capacity for local food distribution and by providing volunteer and staffing support for mobile distribution efforts.

Immediately after the onset of the crisis, Sysco took action to ensure liquidity, reduce variable and structural costs and pivot our business to maximize sales during a period of disruption.

First, we increased liquidity by (i) a $1.6 billion borrowing under our revolving credit facility, (ii) a $4 billion unsecured bond offering, (iii) establishment of a £600 million Bank of England commercial paper program, and (iv) a new $750.0 million 364-day credit facility. As a result of these measures, as of August 7, 2020, the company had more than $8.0 billion in cash and available liquidity. This liquidity provides us with financial flexibility during this difficult operating environment and enables us to invest in our business to transform the company during and after the crisis.

Second, we worked rapidly to stabilize the business by removing costs. We have reduced our expenses to correspond to a lower level of sales volume, and, as a result, we are taking appropriate steps to manage costs during the downturn. We
26


removed approximately $500 million of expenses from the business in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, which reflects, in part, the reduction to our staffing levels through temporary workforce furloughs and permanent reductions in force. We began to realize the benefits of these changes beginning in our fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, and the permanent changes are expected to deliver an annualized benefit of approximately $350 million.

Third, we created new sources of revenue, including from our existing restaurant customers. These include helping approximately 16,000 of our customers to set up “pop-up shops” in their dining areas. We have also helped customers with reopening plans, such as patio and outdoor dining options and a shortened, more focused menu, as well as with the technological capability to start a website. We have helped customers connect to preferred delivery partners and setup take-out menus and other support for their “to go” offerings. The quick service restaurant segment continues to thrive in the current environment, as the volume of “to go” and drive-through orders has gained steady momentum.

Lastly, we have provided products for cleaning, sanitation and personal protection, without disruption, so that our customers may continue business operations, and have shifted sales to serve the retail grocery channel. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, approximately 50% of food consumption within the U.S. had been occurring away from home, and the remainder had been taking place inside the home. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the balance and shifted more purchases to the retail grocery channel. As a result, we have pivoted our distribution model to include retail, grocer and new supply chain partnerships, sectors that we essentially did not serve prior to the COVID-19 crisis. This has created long-term relationships with smaller, regional, retail grocers where we can add value through items such as quality proteins and fresh produce where our buying advantage is helpful for them in the long-term.

Highlights and Trends

Our fiscal 2020 results were significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. We quickly responded by strengthening our balance sheet, adding new and different types of customers, and strategically committing resources to plan for the eventual return of demand.

        Below is a comparison of results from fiscal 2020 to fiscal 2019:
Sales:
decreased 12.0%, or $7.2 billion, to $52.9 billion;
Operating income:
decreased 67.8%, or $1.6 billion, to $749.5 million;
adjusted operating income decreased 37.4%, or $1.0 billion, to $1.7 billion;
Net earnings:
decreased 87.1%, or $1.5 billion, to $215.5 million;
adjusted net earnings decreased 44.4%, or $824.8 million, to $1.0 billion;
Basic earnings per share:
decreased 87.0%, or $2.82, to $0.42 from the comparable prior year amount of $3.24 per share;
Diluted earnings per share:
decreased 86.9%, or $2.78, to $0.42 from the comparable prior year amount of $3.20 per share; and
adjusted diluted earnings per share were $2.01 in fiscal 2020, a 43.4% decrease from the comparable prior year amount of $3.55 per share.

Trends

Economic and Industry Trends

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly negatively affected economic and industry trends, primarily in the form of increased unemployment and significantly lower levels of activity in the food-away-from-home market. However, in May and June 2020, we experienced steady and consistent week-over-week sales improvement concurrently with re-openings of the economies of the countries and states in which we operate. In July 2020, as COVID-19 cases began increasing in certain locations, the business recovery flattened; however, we have experienced weekly improvements in sales again in August 2020. We believe consumers are experiencing fatigue with food-at-home and are ready to reengage with restaurants; however, the speed and pace of the re-engagement will be dictated by the restrictions that are placed on the industry. As long as there are safe ways to access restaurant-quality meals, we believe that consumers are ready to eat away from home.

Sales and Gross Profit Trends

27


Our sales and gross profit performance can be influenced by multiple factors, including price, volume, product mix and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The majority of our sales are to locally managed customers and national customers. Our locally managed customers, including independent restaurant customers, represent a greater percentage of our profitability as compared to national customers. Case growth with our locally managed broadline business is important to drive gross profit dollar growth. Our sales to national customers, including chain restaurants and multi-locational restaurants, also comprise a significant portion of our overall volumes. Gross margin on sales to our national customers is generally lower than on sales to other types of customers due to the higher volumes we sell to these customers. In the U.S., prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, we had a greater customer mix with locally managed customers; however, during the crisis, our national customers have experienced greater consumer demand, which has changed our sales mix and resulted in lower gross margins. We have also experienced customer closures that have impacted our customer mix; however, based on industry data, Sysco has experienced a lower rate of customer closings as compared to the foodservice industry as a whole. Sysco has the ability to shift focus across all segments throughout the foodservice industry, whether local or national. Since the beginning of the pandemic, we have added $1.0 billion of new national customer business on an annualized basis.

An additional impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been the need to use price reductions to move inventory to avoid spoilage. These price reductions were more prevalent in the beginning of the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, and their use declined as the quarter progressed. We expect gross margin to continue to reflect our sales mix changes, but otherwise to remain stable in fiscal 2021.

Additional items have impacted our sales and gross profit performance, including the divestiture of Iowa Premium in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019 and the negative impact of foreign exchange rates. A strengthening U.S. dollar negatively affected total Sysco sales growth by 0.3% for fiscal 2020 and negatively impacted sales growth for our International Foodservice Operations by 1.7% for fiscal 2020, as we translated our foreign sales due to foreign currency exchange rate changes. Partially offsetting these declines, we experienced continued growth in penetration of our Sysco brand portfolio and product price inflation. Our Sysco branded product sales to U.S. broadline local customers represented 46.8% of cases sold. We experienced inflation at a rate of 1.8% during fiscal 2020, primarily in the beef and dairy products categories. We anticipate sales in fiscal 2021 to be stronger than the exit rate of fiscal 2020, even with a choppy recovery.

Operating Expense Trends

Total operating expenses increased 0.8% during fiscal 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019. The largest contributor to the increase was an additional charge for our allowance for doubtful accounts as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many of Sysco’s customers, including those in the restaurant, hospitality and education segments, are closed or operating at a substantially reduced volume due to governmental requirements for closures or other social-distancing measures. Some of these customers have ceased paying their outstanding receivables, creating uncertainty as to their collectability. We have experienced an increase in past due receivables and have recognized additional bad debt charges. In fiscal 2020, we recorded a provision for losses on receivables totaling $404.2 million, of which we believe approximately $323.4 million is due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our customers, calculated by comparing our June allowance results to average results prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, with excess amounts being a reasonable estimate of what the reserve for the allowance for doubtful accounts would have been for fiscal 2020, absent the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Goodwill Impairments

During the second half of fiscal 2020, the company experienced significant deterioration in macroeconomic conditions and declines in equity valuations, as well as regulatory restrictions implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, the company determined that certain reporting units were more sensitive than others to these declines and the company performed interim quantitative goodwill impairment tests for these reporting units using a combination of discounted cash flow and earnings or revenue multiple models. As part of the annual test in the fiscal fourth quarter, the company performed further quantitative goodwill impairment tests, updating the estimates and assumptions of long-term impact resulting from the pandemic that had been applied in the fiscal third quarter tests, where necessary. As a result, in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 the company recorded impairments to goodwill for the Pacific Star and Cake reporting units of $34.9 million and $34.2 million, respectively, which represented the full balance of goodwill for those reporting units. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, the company recorded partial impairments to goodwill for the France Group and Fresh Direct reporting units of $108.7 million and $25.4 million respectively, for total fiscal 2020 impairment charges of $203.2 million.

Cost-out Measures

The COVID-19 crisis has compelled us to take action to reduce costs by reducing variable expenses in response to reduced customer demand, aligning inventory to current sales trends, reducing capital expenditures to only urgent projects and
28


tightly managing receivables. These actions produced savings in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020. We have reduced pay-related expenses through temporary and permanent layoffs across the organization, most of which occurred late in the third quarter of fiscal 2020. These actions resulted in an increase in severance charges in the second half of fiscal 2020.

We believe that the cost reductions implemented to date have removed approximately $350 million in structural annualized costs from the business.

Status of Supply Chain Disruptions and Facility Closures

Although our business continues to face challenges associated with decreased customer demand and increased costs directly related to the COVID-19 crisis, to date we have not experienced any significant disruptions to our supply chain, significant distribution facility closures or disposals of significant assets or lines of business. During fiscal 2020, we assessed the value of assets held for sale, primarily land and buildings, and recognized a write-down charge of $55.9 million. The majority of this charge related to our shared-service center, with plans established to sell this property and combine these operations into our corporate office. The foodservice distribution industry is considered to be an essential industry and, as such, we expect our supply chain and facilities to remain in place and operational in the current environment and in the event of worsening macroeconomic conditions in connection with a prolonged downturn.

Income Tax Trends

Our provision for income taxes primarily reflects a combination of income earned and taxed in the various U.S. federal and state, as well as foreign, jurisdictions. Tax law changes, increases or decreases in book versus tax basis differences, accruals or adjustments of accruals for unrecognized tax benefits or valuation allowances, and our change in the mix of earnings from these taxing jurisdictions all affect the overall effective tax rate. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic may change our mix of earnings by jurisdiction and has increased the risk that operating losses may occur within certain of our jurisdictions that could lead to the recognition of valuation allowances against certain deferred tax assets in the future, if these losses are prolonged beyond our current expectations. These effects would negatively impact our income tax expense, net earnings, and balance sheet.

Our effective tax rate has been influenced by discrete events, such as tax law changes and excess tax benefits attributable to equity compensation exercises as discussed in Note 20, “Income Taxes,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. In fiscal 2021, we expect our effective tax rate to be approximately 24%.

Mergers and Acquisitions

We continue to be focused on mergers and acquisitions as a part of our strategy. We completed the following acquisitions in fiscal 2020 within our U.S. Foodservice Operations as follows:

In the first quarter of fiscal 2020, we acquired J. Kings Food Service Professionals, a New York broadline distributor with approximately $150 million in annual revenue.
In the second quarter of fiscal 2020, we acquired Armstrong Produce and Kula Produce, a Hawaii-based broadline fresh produce wholesaler and distributor with approximately $155 million in combined annual revenue.

Strategy

Fiscal 2020 was the third year in our three-year plan that was established in fiscal 2018 and included our strategic and financial objectives through fiscal 2020. During the second half of fiscal 2020, the company experienced a significant reduction in customer demand resulting from the continued spread of COVID-19. Due to the rapidly evolving impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our financial results and the uncertainty related to its duration, we withdrew our guidance for the three-year plan ending fiscal 2020.

In response to the current environment, we have identified four key areas of focus as we manage the business in the near-term and prepare the company for recovery once the COVID-19 crisis subsides. First, we have taken actions to strengthen our overall liquidity. Second, we are focused on stabilizing the business by removing costs. Third, we are creating new sources of revenue by helping our restaurant customers succeed under pandemic conditions. Fourth, we are providing products for cleaning, sanitation, and personal protection, without disruptions, so that our customers may continue their business operations.

While our response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been a primary focus, we have also accelerated our transformation initiatives that are intended to improve how we serve our customers, differentiate Sysco from our competitors and transform the industry. First, we have accelerated our work to become a more digitally enabled company. We are investing to improve our
29


digital order entry platform, Sysco Shop. We are also deploying a digital pricing tool that will help us increase sales, expand margins and provide additional transparency to customers. Second, we are transforming our sales model to make it easier for customers to do business with Sysco and to increase the effectiveness of our sales teams. We have aligned incentives of the sales force more closely with our business objectives and with our goal of increasing the partnership of sales teams across the multiple lines of business. Third, we are regionalizing our operations in the U.S. Through regionalization, we expect to be more efficient as a company and more agile with our decision making, and we will be able to execute against strategies in a more efficient manner. Regionalization is a new leadership structure for our U.S. broadline business, as we will move from six markets comprised of 76 operating companies to four markets that consist of approximately 30 regions, each made up of 2 to 3 operating sites. We are not closing any physical distribution locations with this change, and we are retaining our local drivers, warehouse associates and sales force to support our customers. Fourth, we are removing structural fixed costs from our business and becoming a more efficient company. We have identified and implemented actions to remove approximately $350 million of annualized, permanent costs from the business for fiscal 2021. We have identified additional cost opportunities that are expected to generate savings in fiscal 2022 and beyond. These combined efforts are collectively referred to as our corporate modernization.

See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” below for an explanation of adjusted operating income and adjusted return on invested capital, which are non-GAAP financial measures.


Results of Operations

The following table sets forth the components of our consolidated results of operations expressed as a percentage of sales for the periods indicated:
 20202019
Sales100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of sales81.3 81.0 
Gross profit18.7 19.0 
Operating expenses17.3 15.1 
Operating income1.4 3.9 
Interest expense0.8 0.6 
Other expense (income), net0.1 (0.1)
Earnings before income taxes0.5 3.4 
Income taxes0.1 0.6 
Net earnings0.4 %2.8 %

30


The following table sets forth the change in the components of our consolidated results of operations expressed as a percentage increase or decrease over the comparable period in the prior year:
 2020
Sales(12.0)%
Cost of sales(11.7)
Gross profit(13.2)
Operating expenses0.8 
Operating income(67.8)
Interest expense13.3 
Other expense (income), net (1)
(232.7)
Earnings before income taxes(85.4)
Income taxes(76.5)
Net earnings(87.1)%
Basic earnings per share(87.0)%
Diluted earnings per share(86.9)
Average shares outstanding(1.3)
Diluted shares outstanding(1.8)

(1)Other expense (income), net was expense of $47.9 million in fiscal 2020 and income of $36.1 million in fiscal 2019.

Segment Results

The following represents our results by reportable segments:
 52-Week Period Ended Jun. 27, 2020
 U.S. Foodservice OperationsInternational Foodservice OperationsSYGMAOtherCorporateConsolidated
Totals
 (In thousands)
Sales$36,774,146 $9,672,190 $5,555,926 $891,048 $ $52,893,310 
Sales increase (decrease)(10.9)%(15.8)%(11.0)%(18.1)%(12.0)%
Percentage of total69.5 %18.3 %10.5 %1.7 %100.0 %
Operating income (loss)$2,003,159 $(371,407)$36,880 $(21,361)$(897,766)$749,505 
Operating income (loss) increase (decrease)(33.0)%NM32.8 %(159.6)%(67.8)%
Percentage of total segments121.6 %(22.5)%2.2 %(1.3)%100.0 %
Operating income as a percentage of sales5.4 %(3.8)%0.7 %(2.4)%1.4 %

NM represents that the percentage change is not meaningful.

 52-Week Period Ended Jun. 29, 2019
 U.S. Foodservice OperationsInternational Foodservice OperationsSYGMAOtherCorporateConsolidated
Totals
 (In thousands)
Sales$41,288,188 $11,493,040 $6,244,328 $1,088,366 $ $60,113,922 
Sales increase (decrease)4.2 %(0.2)%(4.8)%7.8 %2.4 %
Percentage of total68.7 %19.1 %10.4 %1.8 %100.0 %
Operating income$2,991,794 $125,443 $27,780 $35,848 $(850,715)$2,330,150 
Operating income increase (decrease)4.6 %(35.3)%14.2 %(9.2)%0.7 %
Percentage of total segments94.1 %3.9 %0.9 %1.1 %100.0 %
Operating income as a percentage of sales7.2 %1.1 %0.4 %3.3 %3.9 %

31


Based on information in Note 22, “Business Segment Information,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, in fiscal 2020, U.S. Foodservice Operations and International Foodservice Operations represented approximately 69.5% and 18.3%, respectively, of Sysco’s overall sales, compared to 68.7% and 19.1%, respectively, in fiscal 2019. In fiscal 2020, U.S. Foodservice Operations represented approximately 121.6% of the total segment operating income. In fiscal 2019, U.S. Foodservice Operations and International Foodservice Operations represented approximately 94.1% and 3.9%, respectively, of total segment operating income. This illustrates that these segments represent a substantial majority of our total segment results when compared to other reportable segments.

Cost of sales primarily includes our product costs, net of vendor consideration, and includes in-bound freight. Operating expenses include the costs of facilities, product handling, delivery, selling and general and administrative activities. Fuel surcharges are reflected within sales and gross profit; fuel costs are reflected within operating expenses. Along with sales, operating income is the most relevant measure for evaluating segment performance and allocating resources, as operating income includes cost of goods sold, as well as the costs to warehouse and deliver goods, which are significant and relevant costs when evaluating a distribution business.

Results of U.S. Foodservice Operations

In fiscal 2020, the U.S. Foodservice Operations operating results represented approximately 69.5% of Sysco’s overall sales and 121.6% of the aggregated operating income of Sysco’s reporting segments. Several factors contributed to these higher operating results as compared to the other operating segments. We have invested substantial amounts in assets, operating methods, technology and management expertise in this segment. The breadth of its sales force, geographic reach of its distribution area and its purchasing power enable this segment to generate its relatively stronger results of operations.

The following tables set forth a summary of the components of operating income and adjusted operating income expressed as a percentage increase or decrease over the prior year:

 20202019Change in Dollars % Change
 (In thousands)
Sales$36,774,146 $41,288,188 $(4,514,042)(10.9)%
Gross profit7,254,722 8,249,027 (994,305)(12.1)
Operating expenses5,251,563 5,257,233 (5,670)(0.1)
Operating income$2,003,159 $2,991,794 $(988,635)(33.0)%
Gross profit$7,254,722 $8,249,027 $(994,305)(12.1)%
Adjusted operating expenses (Non-GAAP)5,010,764 5,257,233 (246,469)(4.7)
Adjusted operating income (Non-GAAP)$2,243,958 $2,991,794 $(747,836)(25.0)%

20192018Change in Dollars % Change
(In thousands)
Sales$41,288,188 $39,642,263 $1,645,925 4.2 %
Gross profit8,249,027 7,900,276 348,751 4.4 
Operating expenses5,257,233 5,040,464 216,769 4.3 
Operating income$2,991,794 $2,859,812 $131,982 4.6 %
Gross profit$8,249,027 $7,900,276 $348,751 4.4 %
Adjusted operating expenses (Non-GAAP)5,257,233 5,038,764 218,469 4.3 
Adjusted operating income (Non-GAAP)$2,991,794 $2,861,512 $130,282 4.6 %

Sales

The following table sets forth the percentage and dollar value increase or decrease in sales over the prior year in order to demonstrate the cause and magnitude of change.
32


Increase (Decrease)
20202019
(In millions)
Cause of changePercentageDollarsPercentageDollars
Case volume(11.3)%$(4,679.0)1.8 %$727.2 
Inflation1.9 773.3 1.6 637.1 
Acquisitions0.6 256.4 0.7 283.5 
Other (1) (2)
(2.1)(864.7)0.1 (1.9)
Total change in sales(10.9)%$(4,514.0)4.2 %$1,645.9 

(1)Case volume excludes the volume impact from our custom-cut meat and seafood companies that do not measure volume in cases. Any impact in volumes from these operations are included within “Other.”
(2)Approximately $439 million of this decrease for fiscal 2020 results from Sysco’s sale of its interest in Iowa Premium in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019.

Sales were 10.9% lower in fiscal 2020 than in fiscal 2019. The largest driver of the decrease was the significant decline in case volume in our U.S. Broadline operations, as the COVID-19 pandemic forced some of our customers to close and many others to operate at a substantially reduced volume. Case volumes for the company’s U.S. Broadline operations, including acquisitions within the last 12 months, decreased 11.2% in fiscal 2020 compared to fiscal 2019 and included a 9.6% decline in locally managed customer case growth, along with a decrease of 13.0% in national customer case volume, including chain restaurants and multi-locational restaurants. Sales from acquisitions within the last 12 months favorably impacted locally managed customer sales by 1.0%; therefore, organic local case volume, which excludes acquisitions, decreased 10.6%.

Sales were 4.2% higher in fiscal 2019 than in fiscal 2018. The largest drivers of the increase were case volume growth in our U.S. Broadline operations and the impact of product cost inflation. Case volumes for the company’s U.S. Broadline operations, including acquisitions within the last 12 months, increased 2.7% in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018 and included a 3.1% improvement in locally managed customer case growth, along with an increase of 2.3% in national customer case volume, including chain restaurants and multi-locational restaurants. Sales from acquisitions within the last 12 months favorably impacted locally managed customer sales by 0.9%; therefore, organic local case volume, which excludes acquisitions, grew 2.2%.

Operating Income

Operating income decreased by 33.0% in fiscal 2020 over fiscal 2019, as our decline in gross profits outpaced our reduction of operating expenses.

Gross profit dollars decreased 12.1% in fiscal 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019, driven primarily by the decline in local cases, partially offset by higher inflation and growth in Sysco-branded products. The estimated change in product costs, an internal measure of inflation or deflation, for fiscal 2020 for our U.S. Broadline operations was inflation of 1.8%. For fiscal 2020, this change in product costs was primarily driven by inflation in the meat and dairy products categories. Our Sysco brand sales to local customers decreased by approximately 24 basis points for fiscal 2020. Gross margin, which is gross profit as a percentage of sales, was 19.73% in fiscal 2020, representing a decrease of 25 basis points from the gross margin of 19.98% in fiscal 2019, primarily attributable to a temporary shift in customer mix as a result of the current operating environment and pricing reductions to help move inventory and avoid spoilage.

Operating expenses for fiscal 2020 decreased 0.1%, or $5.7 million, compared to fiscal 2019. Our decline in operating expenses during fiscal 2020 was primarily driven by permanent cost reductions and productivity measures, largely offset by an increase in bad debt expense attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on our customers’ ability to pay their outstanding receivables. These operations also experienced reduced incentive compensation expense, as the company’s financial performance with regard to the performance metrics under the fiscal 2020 management incentive plans was below target. Operating expenses, on an adjusted basis (which is a non-GAAP financial measure for which a reconciliation is provided above), for fiscal 2020 decreased 4.7%, or $246.5 million, compared to fiscal 2019.

Operating income increased by 4.6% in fiscal 2019 over fiscal 2018, as our gross profits grew on pace with operating expenses.

33


Gross profit dollars increased in fiscal 2019, as compared to fiscal 2018, driven primarily by growth in sales of Sysco-branded products, year-over-year favorability of inbound freight and continued category management work. Our case growth for Sysco-branded sales to local customers increased 50 basis points in fiscal 2019. Additionally, our customer mix has continued to improve, as we grew local cases at a faster pace than total cases. The change in product costs, an internal measure of inflation or deflation, was estimated as inflation of 1.5% during fiscal 2019 for our U.S. Broadline operations. Inflation in fiscal 2019 occurred primarily in the frozen category, principally for frozen potatoes, and the canned and dry, paper and disposables and produce categories.

Operating expenses increased in fiscal 2019, as compared to fiscal 2018, primarily due to increased costs in both transportation and warehouse resulting from the tight labor market combined with seasonal hiring of driver and warehouse staff, which drove increased operational costs on a per unit basis as volume softened in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. An increase in our provisions for losses on receivables has also contributed to the increase in operating expenses primarily due to stronger performance in collections and recoveries of previously written off receivables in fiscal 2018 as compared to fiscal 2019.

Results of International Foodservice Operations

In fiscal 2020, the International Foodservice Operations operating results represented approximately 18.3% of Sysco’s overall sales. 

The following tables set forth a summary of the components of operating income and adjusted operating income expressed as a percentage increase or decrease over the prior year:
 20202019Change in Dollars % Change
 (In thousands)
Sales$9,672,190 $11,493,040 $(1,820,850)(15.8)%
Gross profit1,955,190 2,392,179 (436,989)(18.3)
Operating expenses2,326,597 2,266,736 59,861 2.6 
Operating (loss) income$(371,407)$125,443 $(496,850)(396.1)%
Gross profit$1,955,190 $2,392,179 $(436,989)(18.3)%
Adjusted operating expenses (Non-GAAP)1,847,152 2,037,354 (190,202)(9.3)
Adjusted operating income (Non-GAAP)$108,038 $354,825 $(246,787)(69.6)%

Sales

The following table sets forth the percentage and dollar value increase or decrease in sales over the comparable prior year period in order to demonstrate the cause and magnitude of change.
Increase (Decrease)
2020
(In millions)
Cause of changePercentageDollars
Inflation1.0 %$108.9 
Acquisitions0.3 32.0 
Foreign currency(1.7)(198.4)
Other (1)
(15.4)(1,763.4)
Total change in sales(15.8)%$(1,820.9)

(1)The impact of volumes as a component of sales growth from international operations are included within “Other.” Volume in our foreign operations includes volume metrics that differ from country to country and cannot be aggregated on a consistent comparable basis.

34


Sales for fiscal 2020 were 15.8% lower, as compared to fiscal 2019, primarily due to the significant decline in volumes in our Europe and Canada operations, as the COVID-19 pandemic forced some of our customers to close and many others to operate at a substantially reduced volume. Our business in Europe has decreased significantly, as governments have issued “stay-at-home” orders that have resulted in a decline in restaurant traffic. Restaurant sales in Canada have decreased, as consumers are practicing isolation measures to protect health and safety. For our Latin American businesses, the impact of COVID-19 has been most prominent in Mexico, where sales decreased more rapidly. In Costa Rica, our cash and carry stores are helping to offset the decrease in sales from restaurants.

Operating Income

Operating income decreased by $496.9 million for fiscal 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019, due to the decline in business resulting from the reductions in our customers’ business attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic and from our ongoing restructuring and integration work in our European operations and facility consolidations in our Canadian operations. Our business in France continued to experience operational challenges arising from our integration efforts. Restructuring and business transformation charges also negatively affected our U.K. operations as we continue our efforts related to modernizing the business and growing our customer base. Operating income, on an adjusted basis, decreased by $246.8 million, or 69.6%, for fiscal 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019. Foreign exchange rates negatively affected operating income by 0.7%; therefore, adjusted operating income decreased by 70.3% on a constant currency basis.

Gross profit dollars decreased by 18.3% in fiscal 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019, primarily attributable to decreased sales. Changes in foreign exchange rates that negatively affected gross profit by 1.8%, resulting in a 16.5% increase in adjusted gross profit on a constant currency basis.

Operating expenses for fiscal 2020 increased 2.6%, or $59.9 million, as compared to fiscal 2019, primarily due to increased restructuring and integration charges being incurred in France. We incurred restructuring charges of $191.9 million primarily relating to restructuring and integration in France and the U.K. and the largely completed facility consolidation in our Canadian operations during fiscal 2020, as compared to $152.9 million of restructuring charges in fiscal 2019. Additionally, we incurred $88.3 million of excess bad debt expense related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Operating expenses, on an adjusted basis, for fiscal 2020, decreased 9.3%, or $190.2 million, compared to fiscal 2019. Changes in foreign exchange rates used to translate our foreign operating expenses into U.S. dollars positively affected operating expenses during the period by 2.2%, resulting in a 7.1% decrease in adjusted operating expenses on a constant currency basis.

Results of SYGMA and Other Segment

For SYGMA, sales were 11.0% lower in fiscal 2020 as compared to fiscal 2019, primarily from a decline in case volume due to the decrease in customer demand as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, although the quick-service and drive-thru restaurants served by SYGMA continue to experience less of a downturn compared to other restaurant types. Operating income increased by $9.1 million in fiscal 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019, due to our focus on expense reductions through business and routing optimization. This performance reflects SYGMA’s ability to gain new customers and operate efficiently throughout the crisis.

For the operations that are grouped within Other, operating income decreased $57.2 million in fiscal 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019. Guest Supply gross profit decreased 20.9% in fiscal 2020, as the business faced challenges resulting from the significant impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the hotel industry.

Corporate Expenses

Corporate expenses in fiscal 2020 increased $47.0 million, or 5.5%, as compared to fiscal 2019, primarily due to costs associated with the business impact of the COVID-19 crisis, including severance charges related to permanent workforce reductions and goodwill impairment charges. Charges for professional fees and other business transformation initiatives, increased liability claims and expenses associated with our recent leadership change also contributed to the increase. These increases were partially offset by reduced incentive compensation expense, as the company’s financial performance with regard to the performance metrics under the fiscal 2020 management incentive plans was below target. Corporate expenses, on an adjusted basis, decreased $2.2 million, or 0.3%, as compared to fiscal 2019.

Included in corporate expenses are Certain Items that totaled $220.3 million in fiscal 2020, as compared to $171.1 million in fiscal 2019. Certain Items impacting fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 were primarily expenses associated with our various transformation initiatives, severance charges arising from the COVID-19 pandemic and goodwill impairment charges.

35


Corporate expenses in fiscal 2019 increased $63.2 million, or 8.1%, as compared to fiscal 2018, due primarily to an increase in expenses related to our business technology initiatives, including accelerated depreciation on certain enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and software platforms that we are no longer using, along with higher pay-related expenses, partly driven by higher severance and relocation charges. Corporate expenses, on an adjusted basis, decreased $16.9 million, or 2.5%, as compared to fiscal 2018.

Interest Expense

Interest expense increased $47.8 million in fiscal 2020, as compared to fiscal 2019, primarily attributable to higher fixed debt volume, partially offset by lower floating interest rates.

Net Earnings

Net earnings declined 87.1% in fiscal 2020 as compared to the prior year, due primarily to the items noted above for operating income and interest expense, as well as items impacting our income taxes that are discussed in Note 16, “Income Taxes,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. Adjusted net earnings, excluding Certain Items, decreased 44.4% in fiscal 2020, primarily due to a significant decrease in sales volume, partially offset by a favorable tax expense comparison to the prior year.

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share in fiscal 2020 were $0.42, an 87.0% decrease from the comparable prior year period amount of $3.24 per share. Diluted earnings per share in fiscal 2020 were $0.42, an 86.9% decrease from the comparable prior year period amount of $3.20 per share. Adjusted diluted earnings per share, excluding Certain Items, in fiscal 2020 were $2.01, a 43.4% decrease from the comparable prior year period amount of $3.55 per share. These results were primarily attributable to the factors discussed above related to net earnings in fiscal 2020.


36


Non-GAAP Reconciliations

Sysco’s results of operations for fiscal 2020, fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 were impacted by restructuring and transformational project costs consisting of: (1) expenses associated with our various transformation initiatives; (2) severance and facility closure charges; and (3) restructuring charges. All acquisition-related costs in fiscal 2020, fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 that have been designated as Certain Items relate to the Brakes Acquisition. These include acquisition-related intangible amortization expense. Fiscal 2020 results of operations were also negatively impacted by costs arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, the most significant including (1) excess bad debt expense, (2) goodwill and intangibles impairment charges and (3) fixed asset impairment charges. These are the only items that have been adjusted as Certain Items. Our adjusted results have not been normalized in a manner that would exclude the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business. As such, Sysco has not adjusted its results for lost sales, inventory write-offs or other costs associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Many of Sysco’s customers, including those in the restaurant, hospitality and education segments, are closed or operating at a substantially reduced volume due to governmental requirements for closures or other social-distancing measures. Some of these customers have ceased paying their outstanding receivables, creating uncertainty as to their collectability. We have experienced an increase in past due receivables and have recognized additional bad debt charges. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, our allowance was primarily based on historical loss experience. Since the crisis began, our write-off percentages have been based, not only on historical loss experience, but also on our experience with losses incurred during times of local and regional disasters. The COVID-19 pandemic is more widespread and longer in duration than historical disasters impacting our business, and it is possible that actual uncollectible amounts will differ and additional charges may be required in fiscal 2021. We have estimated the amount attributable to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our customers by comparing our June allowance results to average results for periods ended prior to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, with excess amounts being a reasonable estimate of what the reserve for the allowance for doubtful accounts would have been for fiscal 2020, absent the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Because the COVID-19 pandemic is more widespread and longer in duration than historical disasters impacting our business, it is possible that actual uncollectible amounts will differ and additional charges may be required in fiscal 2021. Although Sysco traditionally incurs bad debt expense, the magnitude of such expenses that we have experienced since March 2020 is not indicative of our normal operations. Fiscal 2019 results of operations included the gain on the sale of Iowa Premium and the impact of recognizing a foreign tax credit. Fiscal 2018 results of operations were additionally impacted by multiemployer pension plan (MEPP) withdrawal charges. These fiscal 2020, fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 items are collectively referred to as “Certain Items.” The results of our foreign operations can be impacted by changes in exchange rates applicable to converting from local currencies to U.S. dollars. We measure our International Foodservice Operations results on a constant currency basis. Our discussion below of our results includes certain non-GAAP financial measures that we believe provide important perspective with respect to underlying business trends. Other than free cash flow, any non-GAAP financial measures will be denoted as adjusted measures and exclude the impact from Certain Items, and certain metrics are stated on a constant currency basis.
The results of our foreign operations can be impacted due to changes in exchange rates applicable in converting local currencies to U.S. dollars. We measure our International Foodservice Operations results on a constant currency basis. Constant currency operating results are calculated by translating current-period local currency operating results with the currency exchange rates used to translate the financial statements in the comparable prior-year period to determine what the current-period U.S. dollar operating results would have been if the currency exchange rate had not changed from the comparable prior-year period.
Management believes that adjusting its operating expenses, operating income, other (income) expense, net, net earnings and diluted earnings per share to remove these Certain Items and presenting its International Foodservice Operations results on a constant currency basis, provides an important perspective with respect to our underlying business trends and results and provides meaningful supplemental information to both management and investors that (1) is indicative of the performance of the company’s underlying operations, facilitating comparisons on a year-over-year basis and (2) removes those items that are difficult to predict and are often unanticipated and that, as a result, are difficult to include in analysts’ financial models and our investors’ expectations with any degree of specificity.
Although Sysco has a history of growth through acquisitions, the Brakes Group was significantly larger than the companies historically acquired by Sysco, with a proportionately greater impact on Sysco’s consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, Sysco is excluding from its non-GAAP financial measures for the relevant period solely those acquisition costs specific to the Brakes Acquisition. We believe this approach significantly enhances the comparability of Sysco’s results for fiscal 2020, fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018.
37


Set forth below is a reconciliation of sales, operating expenses, operating income, interest expense, net earnings and diluted earnings per share to adjusted results for these measures for the periods presented. Individual components of diluted earnings per share may not add up to the total presented due to rounding. Adjusted diluted earnings per share is calculated using adjusted net earnings divided by diluted shares outstanding.



 20202019Change in Dollars% Change
 (In thousands, except for share and per share data)
Operating expenses (GAAP)$9,152,159 $9,078,837 $73,322 0.8 %
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (1)
(371,088)(325,300)(45,788)14.1 
Impact of acquisition-related costs (2)
(64,793)(77,832)13,039 (16.8)
Impact of excess bad debt expense(323,403) (323,403)NM
Impact of goodwill impairment(203,206) (203,206)NM
Operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$8,189,669 $8,675,705 $(486,036)(5.6)%
Operating (loss) income (GAAP)$749,505 $2,330,150 $(1,580,645)(67.8)%
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (1)
371,088 325,300 45,788 14.1 
Impact of acquisition-related costs (2)
64,793 77,832 (13,039)(16.8)
Impact of excess bad debt expense323,403  323,403 NM
Impact of goodwill impairment203,206  203,206 NM
Operating (loss) income adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$1,711,995 $2,733,282 $(1,021,287)(37.4)%
Other (income) expense (GAAP)$47,901 $(36,109)$84,010 (232.7)%
Impact of impairment on assets held for sale(46,968) (46,968)NM
Impact of gain on sale of Iowa Premium 66,309 (66,309)NM
Other (income) expense (Non-GAAP)$933 $30,200 $(29,267)(96.9)%
Net earnings (GAAP)$215,475 $1,674,271 $(1,458,796)(87.1)%
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (1)
371,088 325,300 45,788 14.1 
Impact of acquisition-related costs (2)
64,793 77,832 (13,039)(16.8)
Impact of excess bad debt expense323,403  323,403 NM
Impact of goodwill impairment203,206  203,206 NM
Impact of impairment on assets held for sale46,968  46,968 NM
Impact of gain on sale of Iowa Premium (66,309)66,309 NM
Tax impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (3)
(90,683)(81,722)(8,961)11.0 
Tax impact of acquisition-related costs (3)
(13,641)(19,553)5,912 (30.2)
Tax impact of excess bad debt expense (3)
(76,864) (76,864)NM
Tax impact of impairment on assets held for sale (3)
(12,644) (12,644)NM
Tax impact of gain on sale of Iowa Premium (3)
 18,119 (18,119)NM
Impact of France, U.K., and Sweden tax law changes924  924 NM
Impact of foreign tax credit benefit (95,067)95,067 NM
Impact of France, U.K., and Sweden tax law changes 6,464 (6,464)NM
Impact of US transition tax��� 17,516 (17,516)NM
Net earnings adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$1,032,025 $1,856,851 $(824,826)(44.4)%
Diluted earnings per share (GAAP)$0.42 $3.20 $(2.78)(86.9)%
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (1)
0.72 0.62 0.10 16.1 
38


 20202019Change in Dollars% Change
 (In thousands, except for share and per share data)
Impact of acquisition-related costs (2)
0.13 0.15 (0.02)(13.3)
Impact of excess bad debt expense0.63  0.63 NM
Impact of goodwill impairment0.40  0.40 NM
Impact of impairment on assets held for sale0.09  0.09 NM
Impact of gain on sale of Iowa Premium (0.13)0.13 NM
Tax impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (3)
(0.18)(0.16)(0.02)12.5 
Tax impact of acquisition-related costs (3)
(0.03)(0.04)0.01 (25.0)
Tax impact of excess bad debt expense (3)
(0.15) (0.15)NM
Tax impact of impairment on assets held for sale (3)
(0.02) (0.02)NM
Tax impact of gain on sale of Iowa Premium (3)
 0.03 (0.03)NM
Impact of foreign tax credit benefit (0.18)0.18 NM
Impact of France, U.K. and Sweden tax law changes 0.01 (0.01)NM
Impact of US transition tax 0.03 (0.03)NM
Diluted EPS adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP) (4)
$2.01 $3.55 $(1.54)(43.4)%

(1)
Fiscal 2020 includes $265 million related to restructuring, severance and facility closure charges, of which $99 million relates to severance charges. Fiscal 2020 also includes $106 million related to various transformation initiative costs, primarily consisting of changes to our business technology strategy. Fiscal 2019 includes $174 million related to severance, restructuring and facility closure charges in Europe and Canada and at Corporate, of which $61 million relates to our France restructuring (i.e. our integration of Brake France and Davigel into Sysco France), and $151 million related to various transformation initiatives costs, of which $18 million relates to accelerated depreciation with regard to software that was replaced.
(2)
Fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 include $65 million and $77 million, respectively, related to intangible amortization expense from the Brakes Acquisition, which is included in the results of International Foodservice and integration costs in fiscal 2019.
(3)
The tax impact of adjustments for Certain Items are calculated by multiplying the pretax impact of each Certain Item by the statutory rates in effect for each jurisdiction where the Certain Item was incurred.
(4)
Individual components of diluted earnings per share may not add up to the total presented due to rounding. Total diluted earnings per share is calculated using adjusted net earnings divided by diluted shares outstanding.
NM represents that the percentage change is not meaningful.

39



Set forth below is a reconciliation by segment of actual operating expenses and operating income to adjusted results for these measures for the periods presented (dollars in thousands):
20202019Change in Dollars% Change
U.S. FOODSERVICE OPERATIONS
Operating expenses (GAAP)$5,251,563 $5,257,233 $(5,670)(0.1)%
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (1)
(10,145) (10,145)NM
Impact of excess bad debt expense(230,654) (230,654)NM
Operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$5,010,764 $5,257,233 $(246,469)(4.7)%
Operating income (GAAP)$2,003,159 $2,991,794 $(988,635)(33.0)%
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (1)
10,145  10,145 NM
Impact of excess bad debt expense230,654  230,654 NM
Operating income adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$2,243,958 $2,991,794 $(747,836)(25.0)%
INTERNATIONAL FOODSERVICE OPERATIONS
Sales (GAAP)$9,672,190 $11,493,040 $(1,820,850)(15.8)%
Impact of currency fluctuations (2)
198,422  198,422 (1.7)
Comparable sales using a constant currency basis (Non-GAAP)$9,870,612 $11,493,040 $(1,622,428)(14.1)%
Gross Profit (GAAP)$1,955,190 $2,392,179 $(436,989)(18.3)%
Impact of currency fluctuations (2)
43,076  43,076 (1.8)
Comparable gross profit using a constant currency basis (Non-GAAP)$1,998,266 $2,392,179 $(393,913)(16.5)%
Gross Margin (GAAP)20.21 %20.81 %-60 bps
Impact of currency fluctuations (2)
(0.03) -3 bps
Comparable gross margin using a constant currency basis (Non-GAAP)20.24 %20.81 %-57 bps
Operating expenses (GAAP)$2,326,597 $2,266,736 $59,861 2.6 %
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (3)
(191,900)(152,852)(39,048)25.5 
Impact of acquisition-related costs (4)
(64,793)(76,530)11,737 (15.3)
Impact of excess bad debt expense(88,271) (88,271)NM
Impact of goodwill impairment(134,481) (134,481)NM
Operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)1,847,152 2,037,354 (190,202)(9.3)
Impact of currency fluctuations (2) *
45,630  45,630 (2.2)
Comparable operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items using a constant currency basis (Non-GAAP)$1,892,782 $2,037,354 $(144,572)(7.1)%
Operating (loss) income (GAAP)$(371,407)$125,443 $(496,850)NM
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (3)
191,900 152,852 39,048 25.5 
Impact of acquisition-related costs (4)
64,793 76,530 (11,737)(15.3)
Impact of excess bad debt expense88,271  88,271 NM
Impact of goodwill impairment134,481  134,481 NM
Operating income adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)108,038 354,825 (246,787)(69.6)
Impact of currency fluctuations (2) *
(2,554) (2,554)0.7 
Comparable operating income adjusted for Certain Items using a constant currency basis (Non-GAAP)$105,484 $354,825 $(249,341)(70.3)%
40


SYGMA
Operating expenses (GAAP)$446,614 $477,858 $(31,244)(6.5)%
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (5)
(5,793)(2,609)(3,184)122.0 
Operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$440,821 $475,249 $(34,428)(7.2)%
Operating income (GAAP)$36,880 $27,780 $9,100 32.8 %
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (5)
5,793 2,609 3,184 122.0 
Operating income adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$42,673 $30,389 $12,284 40.4 %
OTHER
Operating expenses (GAAP)$240,245 $236,849 $3,396 1.4 %
Impact of excess bad debt expense(4,478) (4,478)NM
Impact of goodwill impairment(11,660) (11,660)NM
Operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$224,107 $236,849 $(12,742)(5.4)%
Operating (loss) income (GAAP)$(21,361)$35,848 $(57,209)(159.6)%
Impact of excess bad debt expense4,478  4,478 NM
Impact of goodwill impairment11,660  11,660 NM
Operating (loss) income adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$(5,223)$35,848 $(41,071)(114.6)%
CORPORATE
Operating expenses (GAAP)$887,140 $840,161 $46,979 5.5 %
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (6)
(163,249)(169,838)6,589 (3.9)
Impact of acquisition-related costs (7)
 (1,302)1,302 NM
Impact of goodwill impairment(57,066) (57,066)NM
Operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$666,825 $669,021 $(2,196)(0.3)%
Operating loss (GAAP)$(897,766)$(850,715)$(47,051)5.5 %
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (6)
163,249 169,838 (6,589)(3.9)
Impact of acquisition-related costs (7)
 1,302 (1,302)NM
Impact of goodwill impairment57,066  57,066 NM
Operating loss adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$(677,451)$(679,575)$2,124 (0.3)%

41


(1)
Includes charges related to restructuring and business transformation projects.
(2)
Represents a constant currency adjustment, which eliminates the impact of foreign currency fluctuations on current year results.
(3)
Includes restructuring, severance and facility closure costs in Europe and Canada.
(4)
Fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 include $65 million and $77 million, respectively, related to intangible amortization expense from the Brakes Acquisition.
(5)
Includes charges related to facility closures and other restructuring charges.
(6)
Fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 include various transformation initiative costs, primarily consisting of changes to our business technology strategy and severance related to restructuring. Fiscal 2020 also includes severance charges incurred in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Fiscal 2019 includes $18 million of accelerated depreciation on software that was replaced and severance charges related to restructuring.
(7)
Fiscal 2019 includes integration costs from the Brakes Acquisition.
*The “Impact of currency fluctuations” reported in the table above for fiscal 2020 reflects an immaterial change from the corresponding amount reported in Sysco’s fourth fiscal quarter 2020 earnings release furnished pursuant to a Form 8-K dated August 11, 2020. For a corrected copy of the earnings release reflecting this immaterial change, see Sysco’s Investor Relations website. Unless expressly incorporated by reference, information contained on or made available through our website is not a part of this report.
NM represents that the percentage change is not meaningful.

20192018Change in Dollars% Change
U.S. FOODSERVICE OPERATIONS
Operating expenses (GAAP)$5,257,233 $5,040,464 $216,769 4.3 %
Impact of MEPP charge (1,700)1,700 NM
Operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$5,257,233 $5,038,764 $218,469 4.3 %
Operating income (GAAP)$2,991,794 $2,859,812 $131,982 4.6 %
Impact of MEPP charge 1,700 (1700)NM
Operating income adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$2,991,794 $2,861,512 $130,282 4.6 %
CORPORATE
Operating expenses (GAAP)$840,161 $776,929 $63,232 8.1 %
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (1)
(169,838)(72,857)(96,981)NM
Impact of acquisition-related costs (2)
(1,302)(18,132)16,830 (92.8)
Operating expenses adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$669,021 $685,940 $(16,919)(2.5)%
Operating loss (GAAP)$(850,715)$(803,423)$(47,292)5.9 %
Impact of restructuring and transformational project costs (1)
169,838 72,857 96,981 NM
Impact of acquisition-related costs (2)
1,302 18,132 (16,830)(92.8)
Operating loss adjusted for Certain Items (Non-GAAP)$(679,575)$(712,434)$32,859 (4.6)%

(1)
Fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 include various transformation initiative costs, primarily consisting of changes to our business technology strategy. Fiscal 2019 includes $18 million of accelerated depreciation on software that is being replaced, and severance charges related to restructuring.
(2)
Fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 include $1 million and $18 million, respectively, related to integration costs from the Brakes Acquisition.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Highlights

Below are comparisons of the cash flows from fiscal 2020 to fiscal 2019:
Cash flows from operations were $1.6 billion in fiscal 2020, compared to $2.4 billion in fiscal 2019;
42


Net capital expenditures totaled $691.7 million in fiscal 2020, compared to $671.5 million in fiscal 2019;
Free cash flow was $927.0 million in fiscal 2020, compared to $1.7 billion in fiscal 2019 (see “Non-GAAP Reconciliation” below under the heading “Free Cash Flow” for an explanation of this non-GAAP financial measure);
Cash used for acquisition of businesses was $142.8 million in fiscal 2020, compared to $106.6 million in fiscal 2019;
Cash proceeds from the sale of a business were $149.9 million in fiscal 2019;
There were $616.7 million of commercial paper issuances and net bank borrowings in fiscal 2020, compared to $132.1 million of commercial paper issuances and net bank borrowings in fiscal 2019;
Dividends paid were $856.3 million in fiscal 2020, compared to $775.4 million in fiscal 2019; and
Cash paid for treasury stock repurchases was $844.7 million in fiscal 2020, compared to $1.0 billion in fiscal 2019.

In addition, we issued an aggregate of $5.0 billion in new senior notes in fiscal 2020.
In response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our working capital, as well as the uncertainty regarding our ability to generate cash flow in the near term, we borrowed a total of $1.8 billion under our long-term revolving credit facility in the second half of fiscal 2020. As of June 27, 2020, there were $700.0 million in borrowings outstanding under this facility. In fiscal 2020, Sysco entered into a new unrelated commercial paper program in the U.K. allowing the company to issue short-term unsecured notes in an aggregate amount not to exceed £600.0 million. As of June 27, 2020, there were £600.0 million in borrowings outstanding under this commercial paper program. Sysco also established a 364-day credit facility in the amount of $750.0 million scheduled to expire on May 19, 2021. As of June 27, 2020, there were no borrowings under this credit facility. During fiscal 2020, aggregate outstanding commercial paper issuances, borrowings under our long-term revolving credit facility and short-term bank borrowings ranged from approximately $18.4 million to approximately $1.9 billion. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, Sysco suspended its treasury stock repurchases and reduced capital spending. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we entered into an amendment to our long-term revolving credit facility, as described below under “Debt Activity and Borrowing Availability,” which provides for new debt covenants and requires us to suspend share repurchases and dividend increases until the earlier of September 2022 or the date on which Sysco has achieved a certain ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest expense. As of August 7, 2020, the company has approximately $8.0 billion in cash and available liquidity.

Sources and Uses of Cash

Sysco’s strategic objectives include continuous investment in our business; these investments are funded by a combination of cash from operations and access to capital from financial markets. Our operations historically have produced significant cash flow. Cash generated from operations is generally allocated to:

working capital requirements;
investments in facilities, systems, fleet, other equipment and technology;
cash dividends;
acquisitions compatible with our overall growth strategy;
debt repayments; and
share repurchases, which are currently suspended pursuant to the amendment of our long-term revolving credit facility.

Any remaining cash generated from operations may be invested in high-quality, short-term instruments. As a part of our ongoing strategic analysis, we regularly evaluate business opportunities, including potential acquisitions and sales of assets and businesses, and our overall capital structure. Any transactions resulting from these evaluations may materially impact our liquidity, borrowing capacity, leverage ratios and capital availability.

43


We continue to be in a strong financial position based on our balance sheet and our operating cash flows; however, our liquidity and capital resources have been significantly and negatively impacted by the reduction in sales volume resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Our working capital needs have been reduced and continue to decline due to decreased demand, and we are actively working with customers to receive payments on receivables, optimizing our inventory levels and maximizing our payment terms with vendors. We believe these actions will help to partially offset the unfavorable impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our cash flows from operations.

We extend credit terms to our customers that can vary from cash on delivery to 30 days or more based on our assessment of each customer’s credit worthiness. In the ordinary course of business, customers periodically negotiate extended payment terms on trade accounts receivable. The company may utilize purchase arrangements with third-party financial institutions to transfer portions of our trade accounts receivable balance on a non-recourse basis in order to extend terms for the customer without negatively impacting our cash flow. The arrangements meet the requirements for the receivables transferred to be accounted for as sales. See Note 1, “Summary of Accounting Policies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 for additional information.

As of June 27, 2020, we had $6.1 billion in cash and cash equivalents, approximately 14% of which was held by our international subsidiaries generated from our earnings of international operations. If these earnings were transferred among countries or repatriated to the U.S., such amounts may be subject to withholding and additional foreign tax obligations. Additionally, Sysco Corporation has provided intercompany loans to certain of its international subsidiaries, and when interest and principal payments are made, some of this cash will move to the U.S.

Our wholly owned captive insurance subsidiary (the Captive) must maintain a sufficient level of liquidity to fund future reserve payments. As of June 27, 2020, the Captive held $116.3 million of fixed income marketable securities and $36.1 million of restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in a restricted investment portfolio in order to meet solvency requirements. We purchased $11.4 million in marketable securities in fiscal 2020 and received $20.5 million in proceeds from the sale of marketable securities in that period.

We believe the following sources will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash requirements for at least the next twelve months, while maintaining sufficient liquidity for normal operating purposes:

our cash flows from operations;
the availability of additional capital under our existing commercial paper programs, supported by our revolving credit facility and bank line of credit; and
our ability to access capital from financial markets, including issuances of debt securities, either privately or under our shelf registration statement filed with the SEC.

Due to our strong financial position, we believe that we will continue to be able to effectively access the commercial paper market and long-term capital markets, if necessary.

Cash Flows

Operating Activities

We generated $1.6 billion and $2.4 billion in cash flows from operations in fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019, respectively. Fiscal 2020 reflects lower operating results, as well as year-over-year unfavorable comparisons accrued on expenses and accrued income taxes, partially offset by favorable comparisons on working capital.

The negative comparison on accrued expenses was primarily due to an unfavorable comparison of customer rebate payments resulting from the decline in volume purchase incentives earned by our customers, an unfavorable comparison of incentive payments resulting from prior year incentive payments exceeding current year accruals, and an increase in payments associated with business technology projects.

The negative comparison year-over-year with regard to our accrued income taxes is principally due to a decline in our tax liabilities resulting from our lower earnings in the second half of fiscal 2020 attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Changes in working capital had a positive impact of $267.9 million on cash flows from operations period-over-period. There was a favorable comparison on accounts receivable and inventories, which was partially offset by an unfavorable comparison on accounts payable. Accounts receivable, accounts payable and inventories have all decreased, primarily due to
44


significantly lower sales in fiscal 2020 resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. We are actively adjusting our replenishment of inventory to adapt to lower volumes, while still maintaining appropriate levels of products that are critically needed in the current pandemic environment. Many of Sysco’s customers, including those in the restaurant, hospitality and education segments, are closed or operating at a substantially reduced volume due to governmental requirements for closures or other social-distancing measures. Some of these customers have ceased paying their outstanding receivables, creating uncertainty as to their collectability. In fiscal 2020, we recorded a provision for losses on receivables totaling $404.2 million, of which we believe approximately $323.4 million is due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our customers, calculated by comparing our June allowance results to average results for periods ended prior to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, with excess amounts being a reasonable estimate of what the reserve for the allowance for doubtful accounts would have been for fiscal 2020, absent the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. We are working with our customers to collect past due balances, including through the use of payment plans. We have also discontinued charging interest on past due balances. We believe that we will continue to experience risk in fiscal 2021 relating to uncollectible accounts; however, we expect to collect the unreserved balance of accounts receivable held prior to the onset of the COVID-19 crisis by the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2021.

We began to recognize the benefits provided in the provisions of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, as we have deferred U.S. social security tax to future fiscal years, which has favorably impacted our cash flows from operations. We are also implementing certain types of pay, primarily with regard to our warehouse and delivery associates that, under the provisions of the CARES Act, will generate additional payroll tax credits over time.

We do not intend to seek, and have not since the onset of the pandemic sought, assistance from the U.S government; however, we are encouraging our customers to seek assistance where appropriate.

Investing Activities

Fiscal 2020 capital expenditures included:

buildings and building improvements;
fleet replacements;
investments in technology; and
warehouse equipment.

Fiscal 2019 capital expenditures included:

buildings and building improvements;
investments in technology;
fleet replacements; and
warehouse equipment.

The level of gross capital expenditures in fiscal 2020 increased $28.0 million as compared to fiscal 2019.

In order to preserve our liquidity in response to the COVID-19 crisis, we have reduced our expected capital expenditures by eliminating capital projects that are not urgently needed for our business and were not significantly underway.

During fiscal 2020, the company paid cash of $142.8 million for acquisitions, net of cash acquired, including the acquisitions of J. Kings Food Service Professionals, Armstrong Produce, and Kula Produce.

During fiscal 2019, the company paid cash of $106.6 million for acquisitions, net of cash acquired, including Waugh Foods, Inc., J & M Wholesale Meats and Imperio Foods, Inc. within U.S. Foodservice operations, Classic Drinks and the remaining interest in Iowa Premium, making the previously consolidated entity a wholly owned subsidiary, which was subsequently sold in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019.

During fiscal 2019, the company received $149.9 million in proceeds from the sale of a business. These dispositions resulted in a recognized gain of $66.3 million, which is included within Other income in the consolidated results of operations.

Free Cash Flow

45


Our free cash flow for fiscal 2020 decreased by $812.8 million, to $927.0 million, as compared to fiscal 2019, principally as a result of a decrease in cash flows from operations and year-over-year increased capital expenditures.

Non-GAAP Reconciliation

Free cash flow should not be used as a substitute for the most comparable GAAP measure in assessing the company’s liquidity for the periods presented. An analysis of any non-GAAP financial measure should be used in conjunction with results presented in accordance with GAAP. See “Key Performance Indicators” for further discussion regarding this non-GAAP financial measure. In the table that follows, free cash flow for each period presented is reconciled to net cash provided by operating activities.
 20202019Change in Dollars% Change
 (In thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP)$1,618,680 $2,411,207 $(792,527)(32.9)%
Additions to plant and equipment(720,423)(692,391)(28,032)4.0 
Proceeds from sales of plant and equipment28,717 20,941 7,776 37.1 
Free Cash Flow (Non-GAAP)$926,974 $1,739,757 $(812,783)(46.7)%

Financing Activities

Equity Transactions

Proceeds from exercises of share-based compensation awards were $227.6 million and $253.1 million in fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019, respectively. The level of option exercises, and thus proceeds, will vary from period to period and is largely dependent on movements in our stock price and the time remaining before option grants expire.

We have routinely engaged in share repurchase programs to allow Sysco to continue offsetting dilution resulting from shares issued under the company’s benefit plans and to make opportunistic repurchases. In November 2017, our Board of Directors approved a repurchase program to authorize the repurchase of the company’s common stock not to exceed $1.5 billion through the end of fiscal 2020. In August 2019, our Board of Directors approved a separate repurchase program to authorize the repurchase of the company’s common stock not to exceed $2.5 billion through the end of fiscal 2021. We repurchased 11.1 million shares for $844.7 million in fiscal 2020, compared to 15.0 million shares repurchased in fiscal 2019 for $1.0 billion. During March 2020, we discontinued share repurchases under the program, and pursuant to the amendment to our long-term revolving credit facility as described below under “Debt Activity and Borrowing Availability,” we do not anticipate making any further repurchases through fiscal 2021. As of June 27, 2020, we had a remaining authorization of approximately $2.1 billion.

We have made dividend payments to our shareholders in each fiscal year since our company’s inception. Dividends paid were $856.3 million, or $1.68 per share, in fiscal 2020 and $775.4 million, or $1.50 per share, in fiscal 2019. In May 2020, we declared our regular quarterly dividend for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 of $0.45 per share, which was paid in July 2020. Although we expect to continue making quarterly dividend payments, we do not expect to continue to grow our dividend in fiscal 2021.

In August 2018, we filed a universal shelf registration statement with the SEC under which we, as a well-known seasoned issuer, had the ability to issue and sell an indeterminate amount of various types of debt and equity securities. The specific terms of any securities we issue under this registration statement will be provided in the applicable prospectus supplements.

In November 2000, we filed with the SEC a shelf registration statement covering 30,000,000 shares of common stock to be offered from time to time in connection with acquisitions. As of August 7, 2020, 29,477,835 shares remained available for issuance under this registration statement.

46


Debt Activity and Borrowing Availability

Our debt activity, including issuances and repayments, and our borrowing availability is described in Note 13, “Debt and Other Financing Arrangements,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. Our outstanding borrowings at June 27, 2020, and repayment activity since the end of fiscal 2020 are disclosed within those notes. Updated amounts at August 7, 2020, include:

$700.0 million outstanding from the credit facility supporting our U.S. commercial paper program;
No outstanding borrowings under our U.S. commercial paper program; and
£600.0 million outstanding from our U.S. and U.K. commercial paper programs.

Our aggregate commercial paper issuances and short-term bank borrowings had weighted average interest rates of 1.99% for fiscal 2020 and 2.47% for fiscal 2019.

In the next 12 months, $750 million of long-term debt will mature. We expect to repay these senior notes in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 and to fund these repayments with a combination of cash flows from operations and the proceeds from issuances of commercial paper and long-term debt.

The availability of financing in the form of debt is influenced by many factors, including our profitability, free cash flows, debt levels, credit ratings, debt covenants and economic and market conditions. For example, a significant downgrade in our credit ratings or adverse conditions in the capital markets may increase the cost of borrowing for us or limit our access to capital. To date, we have not experienced difficulty accessing the credit markets. As of August 7, 2020, the company had approximately $8.0 billion in cash and available liquidity; and we believe this amount would be sufficient to sustain our operations for an extended period, including through an impact much worse than we are currently experiencing or expecting.

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, Sysco entered into an amendment to its $2 billion long-term revolving credit facility that expires on June 28, 2024. The amendment revises the existing credit agreement to (1) adjust the covenant requiring Sysco to maintain a certain ratio of EBITDA to consolidated interest expense; (2) include a covenant requiring Sysco to maintain a certain level of liquidity until the earlier of September 2022 or the date on which Sysco has achieved a certain ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest expense; (3) include additional pricing levels and a 0.75% interest rate floor; and (4) include a new covenant that restricts (a) increases to Sysco’s regular quarterly dividend and (b) repurchases of equity interests of Sysco, in each case, until the earlier of September 2022 or the date on which Sysco has achieved a certain ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest expense. As of June 27, 2020, Sysco was in compliance with all of its debt covenants.

Guarantor Summarized Financial Information

On January 19, 2011, the wholly owned U.S. Broadline subsidiaries of Sysco Corporation, which distribute a full line of food products and a wide variety of non-food products, at that time entered into full and unconditional guarantees of all outstanding senior notes and debentures of Sysco Corporation. A list of the current guarantors is included in Exhibit 22 to this Form 10-K. All subsequent issuances of senior notes and debentures in the U.S. and borrowings under the company’s $2.0 billion long-term revolving credit facility have also been guaranteed by these subsidiaries, as discussed in Note 13, “Debt and Other Financing Arrangements,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. As of June 27, 2020, Sysco had a total of $13.2 billion in senior notes, debentures and borrowings under the long-term revolving credit facility that were guaranteed by these subsidiary guarantors. Our remaining consolidated subsidiaries (non-guarantor subsidiaries) are not obligated under the senior notes indenture, debentures indenture or our long-term revolving credit facility.

All subsidiary guarantors are 100% owned by the parent company, all guarantees are full and unconditional, and all guarantees are joint and several. The guarantees rank equally and ratably in right of payment with all other existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness of the respective guarantors.

The assets of Sysco Corporation consist principally of the stock of its subsidiaries. Therefore, the rights of Sysco Corporation and the rights of its creditors to participate in the assets of any subsidiary upon liquidation, recapitalization or otherwise will be subject to the prior claims of that subsidiary’s creditors, except to the extent that claims of Sysco Corporation itself and/or the claims of those creditors themselves may be recognized as creditor claims of the subsidiary. Furthermore, the ability of Sysco Corporation to service its indebtedness and other obligations is dependent upon the earnings and cash flow of its subsidiaries and the distribution or other payment to it of such earnings or cash flow. If any of Sysco Corporation’s subsidiaries becomes insolvent, the direct creditors of that subsidiary will have a prior claim on its assets. Sysco Corporation’s rights and the rights of its creditors, including the rights of a holder of senior notes as an owner of debt securities, will be
47


subject to that prior claim, unless Sysco Corporation or such noteholder, if such noteholder’s debt securities are guaranteed by such subsidiary, also is a direct creditor of that subsidiary.

The guarantee of any subsidiary guarantor with respect to a series of senior notes or debentures may be released under certain customary circumstances. If we exercise our defeasance option with respect to the senior notes or debentures of any series, then any subsidiary guarantor effectively will be released with respect to that series. Further, each subsidiary guarantee will remain in full force and effect until the earliest to occur of the date, if any, on which (1) the applicable subsidiary guarantor shall consolidate with or merge into Sysco Corporation or any successor of Sysco Corporation or (2) Sysco Corporation or any successor of Sysco Corporation consolidates with or merges into the applicable subsidiary guarantor.

Basis of Preparation of the Summarized Financial Information

The following tables include summarized financial information of Sysco Corporation (issuer), and certain wholly owned U.S. Broadline subsidiaries (guarantors) (together, the obligor group). The summarized financial information of the obligor group is presented on a combined basis with intercompany balances and transactions between entities in the obligor group eliminated. Investments in and equity in the earnings of our non-guarantor subsidiaries, which are not members of the obligor group, have been excluded from the summarized financial information.

The obligor group’s amounts due to, amounts due from and transactions with non-guarantor subsidiaries have been presented in separate line items, if they are material to the obligor financials.
Combined Parent and Guarantor Subsidiaries Summarized Balance SheetJun. 27, 2020
(In thousands)
ASSETS
Receivables due from non-obligor subsidiaries$133,195 
Current assets8,644,084 
Total current assets$8,777,279 
Notes receivable from non-obligor subsidiaries$671,500 
Other noncurrent assets4,036,312 
Total noncurrent assets$4,707,812 
LIABILITIES
Payables due to non-obligor subsidiaries$48,923 
Other current liabilities2,200,422 
Total current liabilities$2,249,345 
Notes payable to non-obligor subsidiaries$233,158 
Long-term debt12,478,453 
Other noncurrent liabilities1,356,781 
Total noncurrent liabilities$14,068,392 

Combined Parent and Guarantor Subsidiaries Summarized Results of Operations2020
(In thousands)
Sales$33,619,427 
Gross profit6,355,756 
Operating income1,317,614 
Interest expense from non-obligor subsidiaries21,240 
Net earnings838,505 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

48


Contractual Obligations

The following table sets forth, as of June 27, 2020, certain information concerning our obligations and commitments to make contractual future payments:
 Payments Due by Period
     More Than
 Total< 1 Year1-3 Years3-5 Years5 Years
 (In thousands)
Recorded Contractual Obligations:     
Principal payments of long-term debt$14,360,420 $1,490,284 $1,511,098 $2,314,538 $9,044,500 
Operating leases730,697 120,815 167,600 99,226 343,056 
Capital leases111,740 37,219 46,805 20,614 7,102 
Deferred compensation (1)
113,007 7,747 12,112 8,477 84,671 
International pension plans138,364 11,831 24,610 27,549 74,374 
SERP and other postretirement plans (2)
309,835 31,601 63,459 63,262 151,513 
Unrecognized tax benefits and interest (3)
7,191 7,191    
Unrecorded Contractual Obligations:
Interest payments related to debt (4)
8,176,017 564,782 1,076,389 1,018,283 5,516,563 
Purchase obligations (5)
6,524,740 4,106,214 2,112,683 302,982 2,861 
Total contractual cash obligations$30,472,011 $6,377,684 $5,014,756 $3,854,931 $15,224,640 

(1)The estimate of the timing of future payments under the Executive Deferred Compensation Plan and Management Savings Plan involves the use of certain assumptions, including retirement ages and payout periods.
(2)Includes estimated contributions to the unfunded Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (SERP) and other postretirement benefit plans made in amounts needed to fund benefit payments for vested participants in these plans through fiscal 2030, based on actuarial assumptions.
(3)Unrecognized tax benefits relate to uncertain tax positions recorded under accounting standards related to uncertain tax positions. As of June 27, 2020, we had a liability of $23.1 million for unrecognized tax benefits for all tax jurisdictions and $4.1 million for related interest that could result in cash payment, of which $7.2 million could settle in cash. We are not able to reasonably estimate the timing of payments or the amount by which the liability will increase or decrease over time. Accordingly, the related balances have not been reflected in the “Payments Due by Period” section of the table.
(4)Includes payments on floating rate debt based on rates as of June 27, 2020, assuming amount remains unchanged until maturity, and payments on fixed rate debt based on maturity dates. The impact of our outstanding fixed-to-floating interest rate swap on the fixed rate debt interest payments is included as well based on the floating rates in effect as of June 27, 2020.
(5) For purposes of this table, purchase obligations include agreements for purchases of product in the normal course of business, for which all significant terms have been confirmed, including minimum quantities resulting from our category management process. Such amounts included in the table above are based on estimates. Purchase obligations also includes amounts committed with various third-party service providers to provide information technology services for periods up to fiscal 2026 (see discussion under Note 21, “Commitments and Contingencies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8). Purchase obligations exclude full requirements electricity contracts where no stated minimum purchase volume is required.

Certain acquisitions involve contingent consideration, typically payable only if certain operating results are attained or certain outstanding contingencies are resolved. Aggregate contingent consideration amounts outstanding as of June 27, 2020 were $26.0 million. This amount is not included in the table above.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, sales and expenses in the accompanying financial statements. Significant accounting policies employed by Sysco are presented in the notes to the financial statements.

49


Critical accounting policies and estimates are those that are most important to the portrayal of our financial position and results of operations. These policies require our most subjective or complex judgments, often employing the use of estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. We have reviewed with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors the development and selection of the critical accounting policies and estimates and this related disclosure. Our most critical accounting policies and estimates pertain to the goodwill and intangible assets, allowance for doubtful accounts, income taxes, share-based compensation and company-sponsored pension plans.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

We account for acquired businesses using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires that, once control of a business is obtained, 100% of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recorded at the date of acquisition at their respective fair values. We use multiple valuation methods to determine the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. For intangible assets, we generally use the income method, which uses a forecast of the expected future net cash flows associated with each asset. These cash flows are then adjusted to present value by applying an appropriate discount rate that reflects the risk factors associated with the cash flow streams. Some of the more significant estimates and assumptions inherent in the income method or other methods include the amount and timing of projected future cash flows and the discount rate selected to measure the risks inherent in the future cash flows. Determining the useful life of an intangible asset also requires judgment, as different types of intangible assets will have different useful lives. Any excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. More information on our acquisitions can be found in Note 5, “Acquisitions,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.

Annually in our fiscal fourth quarter, we assess the recoverability of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles by determining whether the fair values exceed the carrying values of these assets. Impairment reviews, outside our annual review time frame, are performed if events or circumstances occur that include changes in macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, cost factors, overall financial performance, other relevant entity-specific events, specific events affecting the reporting unit or sustained decrease in share price. Our testing may be performed utilizing either a qualitative or quantitative assessment; however, if a qualitative assessment is performed and we determine that the fair value of a reporting unit is more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50 percent) to be less than its carrying amount, a quantitative test is performed.

When using a quantitative test, we arrive at our estimates of fair value using a combination of discounted cash flow and earnings or revenue multiple models. The results from each of these models are then weighted and combined into a single estimate of fair value for each reporting unit. We use a higher weighting for our discounted cash flow valuation compared to the earnings multiple models because the forecasted operating results that serve as a basis for the analysis incorporate management’s outlook and anticipated changes for the businesses consistent with a market participant. The primary assumptions used in these various models include estimated earnings multiples of comparable acquisitions in the industry, including control premiums, earnings or revenue multiples on acquisitions completed by Sysco in the past, future cash flow estimates of the reporting units, which are dependent on internal forecasts and projected growth rates, and weighted average cost of capital, along with working capital and capital expenditure requirements. When possible, we use observable market inputs in our models to arrive at the fair values of our reporting units.

Certain reporting units have a greater proportion of goodwill recorded to estimated fair value as compared to the U.S. Broadline, Canada Broadline or SYGMA reporting units. This is primarily due to these businesses having been more recently acquired, and as a result there has been less history of organic growth than in the U.S. Broadline, Canadian Broadline and SYGMA reporting units. As such, these reporting units have a greater risk of future impairment if their operations were to suffer a significant downturn.

During the second half of fiscal 2020, the company experienced significant deterioration in macroeconomic conditions and declining equity valuations, as well as regulatory restrictions implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, the company determined that certain reporting units were more sensitive than others to these declines and the company performed interim quantitative goodwill impairment tests for these reporting units using a combination of discounted cash flow and earnings or revenue multiple models. As part of the annual test in the fiscal fourth quarter, the company performed further quantitative goodwill impairment tests, updating the estimates and assumptions of long-term impact resulting from the pandemic that had been applied in the fiscal third quarter tests, where necessary. As a result, in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 the company recorded impairments to goodwill for the Pacific Star and Cake reporting units of $34.9 million and $34.2 million, respectively, which represented the full balance of goodwill for those reporting units. During the fourth quarter, the company recorded partial impairments to goodwill for the France Group and Fresh Direct reporting units of $108.7 million and $25.4 million, respectively, for total fiscal 2020 impairment charges of $203.2 million.

50


In the annual fiscal 2020 assessment, impairment charges would have been applicable for two reporting units if our estimates of fair value were decreased by ranges of 17% to 29%, with goodwill of $369.5 million in the aggregate as of June 27, 2020, recorded for these reporting units.

The company estimated the fair value of these reporting units using a combination of discounted cash flow and earnings or revenue multiple models. For the purposes of the discounted cash flow models, fair value was determined based on the present value of estimated future cash flows, discounted at an appropriate risk adjusted rate. The fair value conclusions as of June 27, 2020 for the reporting units are highly sensitive to changes in the assumptions used in the income approach, which include forecasted revenues, perpetual growth rates, and long-term discount rates, among others, all of which require significant judgments by management. Fair value of the reporting unit is therefore determined using significant unobservable inputs, or level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The company has used recent historical performance, current forecasted financial information, and broad-based industry and economic statistics as a basis to estimate the key assumptions utilized in the discounted cash flow model. These key assumptions are inherently uncertain and require a high degree of estimation and judgment and are subject to change based on future changes, industry and global economic and geo-political conditions, and the timing and success of the implementation of current strategic initiatives. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on estimated future cash flows is uncertain and will largely depend on the outcome of future events, which could result in further goodwill impairments going forward.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We evaluate the collectability of accounts receivable and determine the appropriate reserve for doubtful accounts based on a combination of factors. We utilize specific criteria to determine uncollectible receivables to be written off, including whether a customer has filed for or has been placed in bankruptcy, has had accounts referred to outside parties for collection or has had accounts past due over specified periods. In these instances, a specific allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded to reduce the receivable to the net amount reasonably expected to be collected. Allowances are recorded for all other receivables based on an analysis of historical trends of write-offs and recoveries.

Towards the end of March 2020, our business declined significantly from the time that the shelter in place orders were issued. This resulted in many of our customers closing or operating at a substantially reduced volume. For customers that have closed, in many cases, it is not clear which closures are temporary or permanent; however, we have experienced an increase in past due receivables and have recognized additional bad debt charges of $323.4 million specific to the COVID-19 pandemic during fiscal 2020. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, our allowance was primarily based on historical loss experience. Since the crisis began, our write-off percentages have been based, not only on historical loss experience, but also on our experience with losses incurred during times of local and regional disasters. Additionally, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we included the company’s current collection experience, which has been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. We anticipate continuing this approach in fiscal 2021. While the COVID-19 pandemic is more widespread and longer in duration than historical disasters impacting our business, it is possible that actual uncollectible amounts will differ and additional charges may be required in fiscal 2021. Our balance for the allowance of doubtful accounts as of June 27, 2020 is $334.8 million. Our judgment is required as to the impact of certain of these items and other factors as to ultimate realization of our accounts receivable.

Income Taxes

The determination of our provision for income taxes requires significant judgment, the use of estimates and the interpretation and application of complex tax laws. Our provision for income taxes primarily reflects a combination of income earned and taxed in the various U.S. federal and state, as well as foreign, jurisdictions. Tax law changes, increases or decreases in book versus tax basis differences, accruals or adjustments of accruals for unrecognized tax benefits or valuation allowances, and our change in the mix of earnings from these taxing jurisdictions all affect the overall effective tax rate. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic may change our mix of earnings by jurisdiction and has increased the risk that operating losses may occur within certain of our jurisdictions that could lead to the recognition of valuation allowances against certain deferred tax assets in the future, if these losses are prolonged beyond our current expectations. This would negatively impact our income tax expense, net earnings, and balance sheet.

Our liability for unrecognized tax benefits contains uncertainties because management is required to make assumptions and to apply judgment in estimating the exposures associated with our various filing positions. We believe that the judgments and estimates discussed herein are reasonable; however, actual results could differ, and we may be exposed to losses or gains that could be material. To the extent we prevail in matters for which a liability has been established, or pay amounts in excess of recorded liabilities, our effective income tax rate in a given financial statement period could be materially affected. An unfavorable tax settlement generally would require use of our cash and may result in an increase in our effective income tax rate in the period of resolution. A favorable tax settlement may be recognized as a reduction in our effective income tax rate in the period of resolution.
51



Share-Based Compensation

Sysco provides compensation benefits to employees and non-employee directors under several share-based payment arrangements including various employee stock option plans, a non-employee director plan and the 2015 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP).

As of June 27, 2020, there was $79.3 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to share-based compensation arrangements. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.9 years.

The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option pricing model. Expected volatility is based on historical volatility of Sysco’s stock, implied volatilities from traded options on Sysco’s stock and other factors. We utilize historical data to estimate option exercise and employee termination behavior within the valuation model; separate groups of employees that have similar historical exercise behavior are considered separately for valuation purposes. Expected dividend yield is estimated based on the historical pattern of dividends and the average stock price for the year preceding the option grant. The risk-free rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.

The fair value of each restricted stock unit award and performance share unit award granted with a dividend equivalent is based on the company’s stock price as of the date of grant. For restricted stock units and performance share units granted without dividend equivalents, the fair value is reduced by the present value of expected dividends during the vesting period. Expense recognized on performance share unit awards is subsequently adjusted based on forecasted performance compared to planned targets until the performance period concludes and the actual number of shares of Sysco common stock to be received upon the vesting of the performance share units is known.

The fair value of the stock issued under the ESPP is calculated as the difference between the stock price and the employee purchase price.

The fair value of restricted stock granted to employees or non-employee directors is based on the stock price on grant date. The application of a discount to the fair value of a restricted stock grant is dependent upon whether or not each individual grant contains a post-vesting restriction.

The compensation cost related to these share-based awards is recognized over the requisite service period. The requisite service period is generally the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. The compensation cost related to stock issuances resulting from employee purchases of stock under the ESPP is recognized during the quarter in which the employee payroll withholdings are made.

Our share-based awards are generally subject to graded vesting over a service period. We will recognize compensation cost on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award.

In addition, certain of our share-based awards provide that the awards continue to vest as if the award holder continued to be an employee or director if the award holder meets certain age and years of service thresholds upon retirement. In these cases, we will recognize compensation cost for such awards over the period from the grant date to the date the employee or director first becomes eligible to retire with the options continuing to vest after retirement.

Our option grants include options that qualify as incentive stock options for income tax purposes. In the period the compensation cost related to incentive stock options is recorded, a corresponding tax benefit is not recorded as it is assumed that we will not receive a tax deduction related to such incentive stock options. We may be eligible for tax deductions in subsequent periods to the extent that there is a disqualifying disposition of the incentive stock option. In such cases, we would record a tax benefit related to the tax deduction in an amount not to exceed the corresponding cumulative compensation cost recorded in the financial statements on the particular options multiplied by the statutory tax rate.

Company-Sponsored Pension Plans

Amounts related to defined benefit plans recognized in the financial statements are determined on an actuarial basis. Two of the more critical assumptions in the actuarial calculations are the discount rate for determining the current value of plan benefits and the expected rate of return on plan assets. Our U.S. Retirement Plan is largely frozen and is only open to a small number of employees. Our SERP is frozen and is not open to any employees. None of these plans have a significant sensitivity to changes in discount rates specific to our results of operations, but such changes could impact our balance sheet due to a
52


change in our funded status. Due to the low level of active employees in our retirement plans, our assumption for the rate of increase in future compensation is not a critical assumption.

The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets of the U.S. Retirement Plan is 5.00% for fiscal 2020, consistent with fiscal 2019. The expectations of future returns are derived from a mathematical asset model that incorporates assumptions as to the various asset class returns, reflecting a combination of historical performance analysis and the forward-looking views of the financial markets regarding the yield on bonds, historical returns of the major stock markets and returns on alternative investments. The rate of return assumption is reviewed annually and revised as deemed appropriate.

The expected return on plan assets impacts the recorded amount of net pension costs. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets of the U.S. Retirement Plan decreased by 25 basis points to 4.75% for fiscal 2021, due to expected lower long-term rate of return. A 50 basis point increase (decrease) in the assumed rate of return in the Plan for fiscal 2021 would decrease (increase) Sysco’s net company-sponsored pension costs for fiscal 2021 by approximately $31 million.

Pension accounting standards require the recognition of the funded status of our defined benefit plans in the statement of financial position, with a corresponding adjustment to accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax. The amount reflected in accumulated other comprehensive loss related to the recognition of the funded status of our defined benefit plans as of June 27, 2020 was a charge, net of tax, of $1.3 billion, driven by declines in both discount rates and expected return on assets. The amount reflected in accumulated other comprehensive loss related to the recognition of the funded status of our defined benefit plans as of June 29, 2019 was a charge, net of tax, of $1.2 billion.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements made herein that look forward in time or express management’s expectations or beliefs with respect to the occurrence of future events are forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements provide current expectations of future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. Forward-looking statements can also be identified by words such as “future,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “can,” “may,” “projected,” “continues,” “continuously,” variations of such terms, and similar terms and phrases denoting anticipated or expected occurrences or results. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:

the effect, impact, potential duration or other implications of the COVID-19 pandemic and any expectations we may have with respect thereto, including our ability to withstand the crisis;
expectations regarding the impact of cost-saving measures undertaken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic;
expectations regarding our business and the economic recovery generally as the COVID-19 pandemic subsides, including beliefs regarding future customer activity;
our expectations regarding the ability of our supply chain and facilities to remain in place and operational;
our plans regarding our transformation initiatives, including the deployment of digital technologies and the regionalization of our operations in the U.S., and the expected effects from such initiatives;
our belief that we will continue to experience risk in fiscal 2021 relating to uncollectible accounts, our expectations regarding the level of uncollectible accounts, and our expectations regarding the timing of our collection of the unreserved balance of accounts receivable held prior to the onset of the COVID-19 crisis;
our belief that our actions undertaken to receive payments on receivables will help to partially affect the unfavorable impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;
the sufficiency of our available liquidity to sustain our operations for multiple years;
expectations regarding the benefits to us of the CARES Act;
53


our intention not to seek assistance from the U.S. government outside of the CARES Act;
estimates regarding the outcome of legal proceedings;
the impact of seasonal trends on our free cash flow;
our expectations regarding the use of remaining cash generated from operations;
estimates regarding our capital expenditures and the sources of financing for our capital expenditures;
our expectations regarding the impact of potential acquisitions and sales of assets on our liquidity, borrowing capacity, leverage ratios and capital availability;
our expectations regarding real sales growth in the U.S. foodservice market;
our expectations regarding trends in produce markets;
our expectations regarding the calculation of adjusted return on invested capital, adjusted operating income, adjusted net earnings and adjusted diluted earnings per share;
our expectations regarding the impact of future Certain Items on our projected future non-GAAP and GAAP results;
our expectations regarding our effective tax rate in fiscal 2021;
the sufficiency of our mechanisms for managing working capital and competitive pressures, and our beliefs regarding the impact of these mechanisms;
our ability to meet future cash requirements, including the ability to access financial markets effectively, including issuances of debt securities, and maintain sufficient liquidity;
our expectations regarding the payment of dividends, and the growth of our dividend, in the future;
our expectations regarding future activity under our share repurchase program;
future compliance with the covenants under our revolving credit facility;
our ability to effectively access the commercial paper market and long-term capital markets;
the expected redemption of $750 million of long-term debt maturing in the next 12 months;
our intention to repay our long-term debt with cash on hand, cash flow from operations, issuances of commercial paper, issuances of senior notes, or a combination thereof.

These statements are based on management’s current expectations and estimates; actual results may differ materially due in part to the risk factors set forth below and those within Part I, Item 1A of this document:

the impact and effects of public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as the recent outbreak of COVID-19, and the adverse impact thereof on our business, financial condition and results of operations, including, but not limited to, our growth, product costs, supply chain, labor availability, logistical capabilities, customer demand for our products and industry demand generally, consumer spending, our liquidity, the price of our securities and trading markets with respect thereto, our ability to access capital markets, and the global economy and financial markets generally;
the risk that if sales from our locally managed customers do not grow at the same rate as sales from multi-unit customers, our gross margins may decline;
54


the risk that we are unlikely to be able to predict inflation over the long term, and lower inflation is likely to produce lower gross profit;
periods of significant or prolonged inflation or deflation and their impact on our product costs and profitability generally;
the risk that our efforts to modify truck routing, including our small truck initiative, in order to reduce outbound transportation costs may be unsuccessful;
the risk that we may not be able to accelerate and/or identify additional administrative cost savings in order to compensate for any gross profit or supply chain cost leverage challenges;
risks related to unfavorable conditions in North America and Europe and the impact on our results of operations and financial condition;
the risks related to our efforts to implement our transformation initiatives and meet our other long-term strategic objectives, including the risk that these efforts may not provide the expected benefits in our anticipated time frame, if at all, and may prove costlier than expected; the risk that the actual costs of any initiatives may be greater or less than currently expected; and the risk of adverse effects to us if past and future undertakings and the associated changes to our business do not prove to be cost effective or do not result in the level of cost savings and other benefits that we anticipated;
the impact of unexpected future changes to our business initiatives based on management’s subjective evaluation of our overall business needs;
the risk that the actual costs of any business initiatives may be greater or less than currently expected;
the risk that competition in our industry and the impact of GPOs may adversely impact our margins and our ability to retain customers and make it difficult for us to maintain our market share, growth rate and profitability;
the risk that our relationships with long-term customers may be materially diminished or terminated;
the risk that changes in consumer eating habits could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations;
the risk that changes in applicable tax laws or regulations and the resolution of tax disputes could negatively affect our financial results;
the risk that we may not be able to fully compensate for increases in fuel costs, and forward purchase commitments intended to contain fuel costs could result in above market fuel costs;
the risk of interruption of supplies and increase in product costs as a result of conditions beyond our control;
the potential impact on our reputation and earnings of adverse publicity or lack of confidence in our products;
risks related to unfavorable changes to the mix of locally managed customers versus corporate-managed customers;
the risk that we may not realize anticipated benefits from our operating cost reduction efforts;
difficulties in successfully expanding into international markets and complimentary lines of business;
the potential impact of product liability claims;
the risk that we fail to comply with requirements imposed by applicable law or government regulations;
risks related to our ability to effectively finance and integrate acquired businesses;
risks related to our access to borrowed funds in order to grow and any default by us under our indebtedness that could have a material adverse impact on cash flow and liquidity;
our level of indebtedness and the terms of our indebtedness could adversely affect our business and liquidity position;
55


the risk that the implementation of various initiatives, the timing and successful completion of acquisitions, construction schedules and the possibility that other cash requirements could result in delays or cancellations of capital spending;
the risk that divestiture of one or more of our businesses may not provide the anticipated effects on our operations;
the risk that the U.K.’s exit from the EU on January 31, 2020, commonly referred to as Brexit, may adversely impact our operations in the U.K., including those of the Brakes Group;
the risk that future labor disruptions or disputes could disrupt the integration of Brake France and Davigel into Sysco France and our operations in France and the EU generally;
the risk that factors beyond management’s control, including fluctuations in the stock market, as well as management’s future subjective evaluation of the company’s needs, would impact the timing of share repurchases;
due to our reliance on technology, any technology disruption or delay in implementing new technology could have a material negative impact on our business;
the risk that a cybersecurity incident and other technology disruptions could negatively impact our business and our relationships with customers;
the potential requirement to pay material amounts under our multiemployer defined benefit pension plans;
our funding requirements for our company-sponsored qualified pension plan may increase should financial markets experience future declines;
labor issues, including the renegotiation of union contracts and shortage of qualified labor;
capital expenditures may vary based on changes in business plans and other factors, including risks related to the implementation of various initiatives, the timing and successful completion of acquisitions, construction schedules and the possibility that other cash requirements could result in delays or cancellations of capital spending; and
the risk that the anti-takeover benefits provided by our preferred stock may not be viewed as beneficial to stockholders.

Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Our market risks consist of interest rate risk, foreign currency exchange rate risk, fuel price risk and investment risk.

Interest Rate Risk

We do not utilize financial instruments for trading purposes. Our use of debt directly exposes us to interest rate risk. Floating rate debt, where the interest rate fluctuates periodically, exposes us to short-term changes in market interest rates. Fixed rate debt, where the interest rate is fixed over the life of the instrument, exposes us to changes in market interest rates reflected in the fair value of the debt and to the risk that we may need to refinance maturing debt with new debt at higher rates.

We manage our debt portfolio to achieve an overall desired position of fixed and floating rates and may employ interest rate swaps as a tool to achieve that position. The major risks from interest rate derivatives include changes in the interest rates affecting the fair value of such instruments, potential increases in interest expense due to market increases in floating interest rates and the creditworthiness of the counterparties in such transactions.

At June 27, 2020, there were no commercial paper issuances outstanding under our U.S. commercial paper program and we had £600.0 million outstanding under our U.K. commercial paper program. Total debt as of June 27, 2020 was $14.4 billion, of which approximately 79% was at fixed rates of interest, including the impact of our interest rate swap agreements.

At June 29, 2019, there was $132.1 million in commercial paper issuances outstanding. Total debt as of June 29, 2019 was $7.8 billion, of which approximately 70% was at fixed rates of interest, including the impact of our interest rate swap agreements.
56



Details of our outstanding swap agreements as of June 27, 2020 are below:
Maturity Date of SwapNotional ValueFixed Coupon Rate on Hedged DebtFloating Interest Rate on SwapFloating Rate Reset TermsLocation of Fair Value on Balance SheetFair Value
of Asset (Liability)
(in thousands)
October 1, 2020$750,000,000 2.60 %Three-month LIBOREvery three months in advanceOther current assets$1,388 
July 15, 2021$500,000,000 2.50 Three-month LIBOREvery three months in advanceOther long-term assets$4,962 
June 23, 2023500,000,000 1.25 Three-month EURIBOREvery three months in advanceOther long-term assets$9,294 
March 15, 2025$500,000,000 3.55 Three-month LIBOREvery three months in advanceOther long-term assets$55,526 

We receive or pay amounts on these interest rate swap agreements on a semi-annual basis.

The following tables present our interest rate position as of June 27, 2020. All amounts are stated in U.S. dollar equivalents.

 Interest Rate Position as of June 27, 2020
 Principal Amount by Expected Maturity
 Average Interest Rate
 20212022202320242025ThereafterTotalFair Value
 (Dollars in thousands)
U.S. Dollar Denominated:        
Fixed Rate Debt$ $450,000 $ $ $750,000 $9,044,500 $10,244,500 $10,153,608 
Average Interest Rate %2.60 % % %5.65 %4.83 %4.80 % 
Floating Rate Debt (1)
$750,000 $500,000 $ $700,000 $500,000 $ $2,450,000 $2,502,371 
Average Interest Rate2.60 %2.50 % %2.13 %3.55 % %2.64 % 
Pound Sterling Denominated:
Fixed Rate Debt$740,284 $ $ $ $ $ $740,284 $740,226 
Average Interest Rate0.45 % % % % % %0.45 %
Euro Denominated:        
Floating Rate Debt (1)
$ $ $561,098 $ $ $ $561,098 $568,011 
Average Interest Rate % %1.25 % % % %1.25 % 
Canadian Dollar Denominated:
Fixed Rate Debt$ $ $ $ $364,538 $ $364,538 $362,785 
Average Interest Rate % % % %3.65 % %3.65 %

(1)Includes fixed rate debt that has been converted to floating rate debt through an interest rate swap agreement.

 Interest Rate Position as of June 27, 2020
 Notional Amount by Expected Maturity
 Average Interest Swap Rate
 20212022202320242025ThereafterTotalFair Value
 (Dollars in thousands)
Interest Rate Swaps
Related To Debt:
Pay Variable/Receive Fixed$750,000 $500,000 $561,098 $ $500,000 $ $2,311,098 $71,170 
Average Variable Rate Paid:
Rate A Plus1.12 %1.13 %1.10 % %0.75 % %1.04 % %
Fixed Rate Received2.60 %2.50 %1.25 % %3.55 % %2.46 % %
Rate A – three-month LIBOR

57


Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

The majority of our foreign subsidiaries use their local currency as their functional currency. To the extent that business transactions are not denominated in a foreign subsidiary’s functional currency, we are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk. We will also incur gains and losses within our shareholders’ equity due to the translation of our financial statements from foreign currencies into U.S. dollars. Our largest currency exposures are with Canadian dollars, British pound sterling and Euro currencies. Our income statement trends may be impacted by the translation of the income statements of our foreign subsidiaries into U.S. dollars. The exchange rates used to translate our foreign sales into U.S. dollars negatively affected sales by 0.3% in fiscal 2020 when compared to fiscal 2019. The exchange rate used to translate our foreign sales into U.S. dollars negatively affected sales by 0.8% in fiscal 2019 when compared to fiscal 2018. The impact to our operating income, net earnings and earnings per share was not material in fiscal 2020 or fiscal 2019. A 10% unfavorable change in the fiscal 2020 weighted year-to-date exchange rate and the resulting impact on our financial statements would have negatively affected fiscal 2020 sales by 1.4% and would not have materially affected our operating income, net earnings and earnings per share. We do not routinely enter into material agreements to hedge foreign currency exchange rate risks.

Our investments and loans to our foreign operations created additional foreign currency exposure. In fiscal 2017, we designated €500 million of Euro notes issued in June 2016 as a hedge of a portion of our net investment in Euro-denominated foreign operations to reduce foreign currency risk associated with the investment in these operations. Changes in the value of these items resulting from fluctuations in the underlying exchange rates to U.S. Dollar exchange rates are recorded as foreign currency translation adjustments within Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). We have also entered into various cross currency swaps to mitigate the risk of exchange rate changes for intercompany loans that are not in the functional currency of our subsidiaries. These have been designated as cash flow hedges with changes recorded within foreign currency translation adjustments within Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).

Fuel Price Risk

Due to the nature of our distribution business, we are exposed to potential volatility in fuel prices. The price and availability of diesel fuel fluctuates due to changes in production, seasonality and other market factors generally outside of our control. Increased fuel costs may have a negative impact on our results of operations in three areas. First, the high cost of fuel can negatively impact consumer confidence and discretionary spending and thus reduce the frequency and amount spent by consumers for food-away-from-home purchases. Second, the high cost of fuel can increase the price we pay for product purchases and we may not be able to pass these costs fully to our customers. Third, increased fuel costs impact the costs we incur to deliver product to our customers. Fuel costs related to outbound deliveries represented approximately 0.5% of sales during fiscal 2020, fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018.

Our activities to mitigate fuel costs include routing optimization with the goal of reducing miles driven, improving fleet utilization by adjusting idling time and maximum speeds and using fuel surcharges that primarily track with the change in market prices of fuel. We use diesel fuel swap contracts to fix the price of a portion of our projected monthly diesel fuel requirements. As of June 27, 2020, we had diesel fuel swaps with a total notional amount of approximately 54 million gallons through December 2021. These swaps are expected to lock in the price of approximately 60% of our projected fuel purchase needs for fiscal 2021. Our remaining fuel purchase needs will occur at market rates unless contracted for a fixed price or hedged at a later date. Using current, published quarterly market price projections for diesel and estimates of fuel consumption, a 10% unfavorable change in diesel prices from the market price would result in a potential increase of approximately $3.4 million in our fuel costs on our non-contracted volumes.

Investment Risk

Our U.S. Retirement Plan holds various investments, including public and private equity, fixed income securities and real estate funds. The amount of our annual contribution to the plan is dependent upon, among other things, the return on the plan’s assets and discount rates used to calculate the plan’s liability. Fluctuations in asset values can cause the amount of our anticipated future contributions to the plan to increase and can result in a reduction to shareholders’ equity on our balance sheet as of fiscal year-end, which is when this plan’s funded status is measured. Also, the projected liability of the plan will be impacted by the fluctuations of interest rates on high quality bonds in the public markets. To the extent the financial markets experience declines, our anticipated future contributions and funded status will be affected for future years. A 10% unfavorable change in the value of the investments held by our company-sponsored retirement plans at the plans’ fiscal year end (December 31, 2019) would not have a material impact on our anticipated future contributions for fiscal 2021; however, such an unfavorable change would increase our pension expense for fiscal 2021 by $36.3 million and would reduce our shareholders’ equity on our balance sheet as of June 27, 2020 by $440.9 million.
58


Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

SYSCO CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

All schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the information is set forth in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.
59


REPORT OF MANAGEMENT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

The management of Sysco Corporation (“Sysco”) is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting for the company. Sysco’s internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.

Sysco’s management assessed the effectiveness of Sysco’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 27, 2020. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013). Based on this assessment, management concluded that, as of June 27, 2020, Sysco’s internal control over financial reporting was effective based on those criteria.

Ernst & Young LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited the company’s consolidated financial statements included in this report, has issued an audit report on the effectiveness of Sysco’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 27, 2020.
60


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Sysco Corporation
Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited Sysco Corporation and its Consolidated Subsidiaries’ (the “Company”) internal control over financial reporting as of June 27, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Sysco Corporation and Consolidated Subsidiaries maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 27, 2020, based on the COSO criteria.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the 2020 consolidated financial statements of the Company and our report dated August 25, 2020, expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion

        The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Report of Management on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
        
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Houston, Texas
August 25, 2020


61


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Sysco Corporation

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Sysco Corporation and its Consolidated Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019, the related consolidated results of operations, statements of comprehensive income, changes in shareholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 27, 2020 and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 27, 2020, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 27, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework), and our report dated August 25, 2020 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters do not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Valuation of Goodwill
Description of the MatterAt June 27, 2020, the Company’s goodwill was $3.7 billion. As discussed in Note 1 of the financial statements, goodwill is tested by the Company’s management for impairment at least annually, in the fourth quarter, unless there are indications of impairment at other points throughout the fiscal year. Goodwill is tested for impairment at the reporting unit level. During the fiscal year ended June 27, 2020, the Company recorded $203 million of impairment charges to goodwill.

Auditing management’s impairment tests for goodwill is complex and highly judgmental and required the involvement of a valuation specialist due to the significant estimation required to determine the fair value of the reporting units. In particular, the fair value estimates of reporting units with fair values that do not significantly exceed their carrying values are sensitive to assumptions such as changes in projected cash flows, weighted average cost of capital, and terminal growth rates. All of these assumptions are sensitive to and affected by expected future market or economic conditions and company-specific qualitative factors.
62


How We Addressed the Matter in Our AuditWe obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s goodwill impairment review process, including controls over management’s review of the significant assumptions described above. We also tested controls over management’s review of the data used in their valuation models.

To test the estimated fair value of the Company’s reporting units, we performed audit procedures that included, among others, assessing methodologies and testing the significant assumptions discussed above and the underlying data used by the Company in its analysis. We compared projected cash flows to the Company’s historical cash flows and other available industry information. We involved our valuation specialists to assist in reviewing the valuation methodology and testing the weighted average cost of capital and terminal growth rates. We assessed the historical accuracy of management’s estimates and performed sensitivity analyses of significant assumptions to evaluate the changes in the fair value of the reporting units that would result from changes in the assumptions. In addition, we also tested management’s reconciliation of the fair value of the reporting units to the market capitalization of the Company.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Description of the MatterThe Company’s accounts receivable totaled $2.9 billion, net of allowance of doubtful accounts for $335 million, as of June 27, 2020. As discussed in Note 1 of the financial statements, the Company evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable and determines the appropriate allowance for doubtful accounts based on a combination of factors, including, among others, historical write-off experience, customer bankruptcies and accounts referred to outside collection agencies. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in addition to those factors, the allowance also incorporates the Company’s historical write-off percentages experienced during local and regional disasters and the Company’s current collection trends experienced during the pandemic.

Auditing management’s estimates of allowance for doubtful accounts involved subjectivity because the estimates rely on industry and economic factors. In particular, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant and adverse impact on the credit worthiness of Sysco’s customers in the foodservice industry, and there is a high degree of subjectivity around estimating the write-off percentages utilized in the allowance for doubtful accounts calculation.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts review process, including controls over management’s review of historical write-off percentages experienced during local and regional disasters and current collection trends experienced during the pandemic. We also tested controls over management’s review of the data used in their calculation.

To test the estimated allowance for doubtful accounts, we performed audit procedures that included, among others, testing the Company’s write-off percentages and the data used by the Company in its calculation. We compared the write-off percentages utilized in the calculation to the Company’s historical write-off percentages experienced during local and regional disasters. We performed analyses on the Company’s current collection trends experienced during the pandemic and obtained evidence for select accounts referred to outside collection agencies or customers that have filed for bankruptcy. Additionally, we evaluated events subsequent to the balance sheet date in assessing the reasonableness of management’s estimates.


/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2002.

Houston, Texas
August 25, 2020
63


Sysco Corporation and its Consolidated Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except for share data)
 June 27, 2020June 29, 2019
ASSETS
Current assets  
Cash and cash equivalents$6,059,427 $513,460 
Accounts receivable, less allowances of $334,810 and $28,1762,893,551 4,181,696 
Inventories3,095,085 3,216,034 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets192,163 210,582 
Income tax receivable108,006 19,733 
Total current assets12,348,232 8,141,505 
Plant and equipment at cost, less accumulated depreciation4,458,567 4,501,705 
Other long-term assets  
Goodwill3,732,469 3,896,226 
Intangibles, less amortization780,172 857,301 
Deferred income taxes194,115 80,760 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net603,616  
Other assets511,095 489,025 
Total other long-term assets5,821,467 5,323,312 
Total assets$22,628,266 $17,966,522 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities  
Notes payable$2,266 $3,957 
Accounts payable3,447,065 4,314,620 
Accrued expenses1,616,289 1,729,941 
Accrued income taxes2,938 17,343 
Current operating lease liabilities107,167  
Current maturities of long-term debt1,542,128 37,322 
Total current liabilities6,717,853 6,103,183 
Long-term liabilities  
Long-term debt12,902,485 8,122,058 
Deferred income taxes86,601 172,232 
Long-term operating lease liabilities523,496  
Other long-term liabilities1,204,953 1,031,020 
Total long-term liabilities14,717,535 9,325,310 
Commitments and contingencies
Noncontrolling interest34,265 35,426 
Shareholders’ equity  
Preferred stock, par value $1 per share Authorized 1,500,000 shares, issued none  
Common stock, par value $1 per share Authorized 2,000,000,000 shares, issued 765,174,900 shares765,175 765,175 
Paid-in capital1,506,901 1,457,419 
Retained earnings10,563,008 11,229,679 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(1,710,881)(1,599,729)
Treasury stock at cost, 256,915,825 and 252,297,926 shares(9,965,590)(9,349,941)
Total shareholders’ equity1,158,613 2,502,603 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$22,628,266 $17,966,522 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
64


Sysco Corporation and its Consolidated Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except for share and per share data)
 Year Ended
 Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019Jun. 30, 2018
(In thousands except for share and per share data)
Sales$52,893,310 $60,113,922 $58,727,324 
Cost of sales42,991,646 48,704,935 47,641,933 
Gross profit9,901,664 11,408,987 11,085,391 
Operating expenses9,152,159 9,078,837 8,771,335 
Operating income749,505 2,330,150 2,314,056 
Interest expense408,220 360,423 395,483 
Other expense (income), net47,901 (36,109)(37,651)
Earnings before income taxes293,384 2,005,836 1,956,224 
Income taxes77,909 331,565 525,458 
Net earnings$215,475 $1,674,271 $1,430,766 
Net earnings:
Basic earnings per share$0.42 $3.24 $2.74 
Diluted earnings per share0.42 3.20 2.70 
Average shares outstanding510,121,071 516,890,581 522,926,914 
Diluted shares outstanding514,025,974 523,381,124 529,089,854 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
65


Sysco Corporation and its Consolidated Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
 Year Ended
 Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019Jun. 30, 2018
(In thousands)
Net earnings$215,475 $1,674,271 $1,430,766 
Other comprehensive (loss) income:   
Foreign currency translation adjustment(112,215)(119,126)(22,987)
Items presented net of tax:   
Amortization of cash flow hedges8,620 8,620 8,240 
Change in net investment hedges43,529 43,839 5,791 
Change in cash flow hedges(7,257)(4,062)14,343 
Amortization of prior service cost5,712 6,400 6,905 
Amortization of actuarial loss38,934 26,116 25,110 
Actuarial loss(92,743)(155,074)52,511 
Change in marketable securities4,268 2,827  
Total other comprehensive (loss) income(111,152)(190,460)89,913 
Comprehensive income$104,323 $1,483,811 $1,520,679 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
66


Sysco Corporation and its Consolidated Subsidiaries
CHANGES IN CONSOLIDATED SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except for share data)

 Common StockPaid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury Stock 
 SharesAmountSharesAmountsTotals
 (In thousands except for share data)
Balance as of July 1, 2017765,174,900 $765,175 $1,327,366 $9,447,755 $(1,262,737)235,135,699 $(7,896,043)$2,381,516 
Net earnings   1,430,766    1,430,766 
Reclass of accumulated other comprehensive loss to retained earnings (1)
236,445 (236,445) 
Foreign currency translation adjustment    (22,987)  (22,987)
Amortization of cash flow hedges, net of tax    8,240   8,240 
Change in cash flow hedges, net of tax    14,343   14,343 
Change in net investment hedge, net of tax    5,791   5,791 
Reclassification of pension and other postretirement benefit plans amounts to net earnings, net of tax    32,015   32,015 
Pension funded status adjustment, net of tax   52,511 52,511 
Dividends declared ($1.41 per common share)   (735,266) (735,266)
Treasury stock purchases17,473,973 (956,502)(956,502)
Increase in ownership interest in subsidiaries(31,072)(31,072)
Share-based compensation awards  56,253   (8,076,424)271,349 327,602 
Balance as of June 30, 2018765,174,900 $765,175 $1,383,619 $10,348,628 $(1,409,269)244,533,248 $(8,581,196)$2,506,957 
Net earnings   1,674,271    1,674,271 
Foreign currency translation adjustment    (119,126)  (119,126)
Amortization of cash flow hedges, net of tax    8,620   8,620 
Change in cash flow hedges, net of tax    (4,062)  (4,062)
Change in net investment hedge, net of tax43,839 43,839 
Reclassification of pension and other postretirement benefit plans amounts to net earnings, net of tax    32,516   32,516 
Pension funded status adjustment, net of tax    (155,074)  (155,074)
Change in marketable securities, net of tax2,827 2,827 
Dividends declared ($1.53 per common share)   (793,220)   (793,220)
Treasury stock purchases14,960,390 (1,021,881)(1,021,881)
Increase in ownership interest in subsidiaries(54,877)(54,877)
Share-based compensation awards  128,677   (7,195,712)253,136 381,813 
Balance as of June 29, 2019765,174,900 $765,175 $1,457,419 $11,229,679 $(1,599,729)252,297,926 $(9,349,941)$2,502,603 
Net earnings   215,475    215,475 
Foreign currency translation adjustment    (112,215)  (112,215)
Amortization of cash flow hedges, net of tax    8,620   8,620 
Change in cash flow hedges, net of tax(7,257)(7,257)
Change in net investment hedges, net of tax43,529 43,529 
Reclassification of pension and other postretirement benefit plans amounts to net earnings, net of tax    44,646   44,646 
Pension funded status adjustment, net of tax    (92,743)  (92,743)
Change in marketable securities, net of tax4,268 4,268 
Adoption of ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), net of tax1,978 1,978 
Dividends declared ($1.74 per common share)   (884,124)   (884,124)
Treasury stock purchases11,030,287 (843,251)(843,251)
Share-based compensation awards  49,482   (6,412,388)227,602 277,084 
Balance as of June 27, 2020765,174,900 $765,175 $1,506,901 $10,563,008 $(1,710,881)256,915,825 $(9,965,590)$1,158,613 

(1)Deferred taxes stranded in accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the Tax Act) were reclassified to retained earnings as a result of early adopting Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2018-02.

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
67


Sysco Corporation and its Consolidated Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 Year Ended
 Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019Jun. 30, 2018
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net earnings$215,475 $1,674,271 $1,430,766 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash provided by operating activities:  
Share-based compensation expense42,234 104,904 93,841 
Depreciation and amortization805,765 763,935 765,498 
Operating lease asset amortization108,376   
Amortization of debt issuance and other debt-related costs22,663 21,382 28,474 
Goodwill impairment203,206   
Impairment of assets held for sale55,942   
Gain on sale of business (66,309) 
Loss on extinguishment of debt  53,104 
Deferred income taxes(191,317)(126,719)187,908 
Provision for losses on receivables404,158 62,946 21,448 
Other non-cash items(525)(3,172)3,986 
Additional changes in certain assets and liabilities, net of effect of businesses acquired:
Decrease (increase) in receivables915,717 (203,458)(37,457)
Decrease (Increase) in inventories114,563 (114,667)(89,737)
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other current assets9,835 (18,535)(19,643)
(Decrease) increase in accounts payable(834,118)246,420 76,897 
(Decrease) increase in accrued expenses(139,891)137,517 47,105 
(Decrease) in operating lease liabilities(124,040)  
(Decrease) increase in accrued income taxes(102,678)4,929 (10,652)
Decrease (increase) in other assets20,666 (21,346)(81,104)
Increase (decrease) in other long-term liabilities92,649 (50,891)(315,054)
Net cash provided by operating activities1,618,680 2,411,207 2,155,380 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Additions to plant and equipment(720,423)(692,391)(687,815)
Proceeds from sales of plant and equipment28,717 20,941 22,255 
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired(142,780)(106,616)(248,105)
Proceeds from sale of business 149,879  
Purchase of marketable securities(11,424)(116,440) 
Proceeds from sales of marketable securities20,532   
Other investing activities69,071 1,772 3,252 
Net cash used for investing activities(756,307)(742,855)(910,413)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Bank and commercial paper borrowings, net616,657 132,100 (119,700)
Other debt borrowings6,783,562 388,180 1,000,599 
Other debt repayments(1,119,232)(790,250)(552,036)
Tender and redemption premiums for senior notes  (281,762)
Proceeds from stock option exercises227,602 253,135 268,751 
Treasury stock purchases(844,699)(1,022,033)(978,901)
Dividends paid(856,312)(775,430)(722,158)
Other financing activities(87,778)(22,976)(25,262)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities4,719,800 (1,837,274)(1,410,469)
Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(18,848)(14,677)11,844 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash5,563,325 (183,599)(153,658)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period532,245 715,844 869,502 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$6,095,570 $532,245 $715,844 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest$325,308 $346,670 $301,672 
Income taxes376,609 531,103 268,384 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
68


Sysco Corporation and its Consolidated Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Unless this Form 10-K indicates otherwise or the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “our,” “us,” “Sysco,” or “the company” as used in this Form 10-K refer to Sysco Corporation together with its consolidated subsidiaries and divisions.

1.  SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Business and Consolidation

Sysco Corporation, acting through its subsidiaries and divisions (Sysco or the company), is engaged in the marketing and distribution of a wide range of food and related products primarily to the foodservice or food-away-from-home industry. These services are performed for over 625,000 customers from 326 distribution facilities located throughout North America and Europe.

Sysco’s fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to June 30th. This resulted in a 52-week year ended June 27, 2020 for fiscal 2020, June 29, 2019 for fiscal 2019 and June 30, 2018 for fiscal 2018.

The accompanying financial statements include the accounts of Sysco and its consolidated subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and account balances have been eliminated.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, sales and expenses. Actual results could differ from the estimates used.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash includes cash equivalents such as cash deposits, time deposits, certificates of deposit, commercial paper, high-quality money market funds and all highly liquid instruments with original maturities of three months or less, which are recorded at fair value.

Accounts Receivable, Less Allowances

Accounts receivable consist primarily of trade receivables from customers and receivables from suppliers for marketing or incentive programs. Sysco determines the past due status of trade receivables based on contractual terms with each customer. Sysco evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable and determines the appropriate reserve for doubtful accounts based on a combination of factors. The company utilizes specific criteria to determine uncollectible receivables to be written off including whether a customer has filed for or been placed in bankruptcy, has had accounts referred to outside parties for collection or has had accounts past due over specified periods. In these instances, a specific allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded to reduce the receivable to the net amount reasonably expected to be collected. Allowances are recorded for all other receivables based on an analysis of historical trends of write-offs and recoveries.

The company utilizes arrangements to sell portions of its trade accounts receivable to third-party financial institutions on a non-recourse basis. The arrangements meet the requirements for the receivables transferred to be accounted for as sales. Proceeds from the sales are reported net of negotiated discount and are recorded as a reduction to accounts receivable outstanding in the company’s consolidated balance sheets and as cash flows from operating activities in the company’s consolidated statements of cash flows. The discounts and fees associated with these arrangements were not material for the fiscal year ended June 27, 2020. For the fiscal year ended June 27, 2020, Sysco sold, without recourse, $3.6 billion of accounts receivable under these arrangements.

In certain instances, Sysco has continuing involvement subsequent to the transfer, limited to providing certain servicing and collection actions on behalf of the purchasers of the designated trade receivables. As of June 27, 2020, the outstanding aggregate principal amount of receivables that has been derecognized was $205.8 million. Sysco continues to service the receivables post-transfer on a non-recourse basis with no participating interest. Transfers under these arrangements are treated as a sale and are accounted for as a reduction in trade receivables because the agreements transfer effective control of the receivables to the buyer.

69


Inventories

Inventories consisting primarily of finished goods include food and related products and lodging products held for resale and are valued at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) and net realizable value. Elements of costs include the purchase price of the product and freight charges to deliver the product to the company’s warehouses and are net of certain cash received from vendors (see “Vendor Consideration”).

Plant and Equipment

Capital additions, improvements and major replacements are classified as plant and equipment and are carried at cost. Depreciation is recorded using the straight-line method, which reduces the book value of each asset in equal amounts over its estimated useful life, and is included within operating expenses in the consolidated results of operations. Maintenance, repairs and minor replacements are charged to earnings when they are incurred. Upon the disposition of an asset, its accumulated depreciation is deducted from the original cost, and any gain or loss is reflected in current earnings.

Long-Lived Assets

Management reviews long-lived assets, including finite-lived intangible assets, for indicators of impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Cash flows expected to be generated by the related assets are estimated over the asset’s useful life based on updated projections on an undiscounted basis. For assets held for use, Sysco groups assets and liabilities at the lowest level for which cash flows are separately identifiable. If the evaluation indicates that the carrying value of the asset may not be recoverable, the potential impairment is measured using fair value. Impairment losses for assets to be disposed of, if any, are based on the estimated proceeds to be received, less costs of disposal.

Goodwill and Indefinite-Lived Intangibles

Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired. Goodwill and intangibles with indefinite lives are not amortized. Goodwill is assigned to the reporting units that are expected to benefit from the synergies of a business combination. The recoverability of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles is assessed annually, or more frequently as needed when events or changes have occurred that would suggest an impairment of carrying value, by determining whether the fair values of the applicable reporting units exceed their carrying values. This annual testing may be performed utilizing either a qualitative or quantitative assessment; however, if a qualitative assessment is performed and it is determined that the fair value of a reporting unit is more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50 percent) to be less than its carrying amount, a quantitative test is performed.

For fiscal 2020, the company utilized a qualitative assessment for certain reporting units. For the remaining reporting units, Sysco performed a quantitative test using a combination of the income and market approaches. The evaluation of fair value requires the use of projections, estimates and assumptions as to the future performance of the operations in performing a discounted cash flow analysis, as well as assumptions regarding sales and earnings multiples that would be applied in comparable acquisitions. The company does not believe the estimates used in the analysis are reasonably likely to change materially in the future; however, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on estimated future cash flows is uncertain and will largely depend on the outcome of future events, which could result in further goodwill impairments going forward.

In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, the company recorded impairments to goodwill for the Pacific Star and Cake reporting units of $34.9 million and $34.2 million, respectively, which represented the full balance of goodwill for those reporting units. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, the company recorded partial impairments to goodwill for the France Group and Fresh Direct reporting units of $108.7 million and $25.4 million respectively, for total fiscal 2020 impairment charges of $203.2 million, which are included within operating expenses in the consolidated results of operations.

In the fourth quarter fiscal 2020 annual assessment, impairment charges would have been applicable for 2 reporting units if our estimates of fair value were decreased by ranges of 17% to 29%, with goodwill of $369.5 million in the aggregate as of June 27, 2020, recorded for these reporting units.

Derivative Financial Instruments

All derivatives are recognized as assets or liabilities within the consolidated balance sheets at fair value at their gross values. Gains or losses on derivative financial instruments designated as fair value hedges are recognized immediately in the consolidated results of operations, along with the offsetting gain or loss related to the underlying hedged item.
70



Gains or losses on derivative financial instruments designated as cash flow hedges are recorded as a separate component of shareholders’ equity from inception of the hedges and are reclassified to the consolidated results of operations in conjunction with the recognition of the underlying hedged item.

For net investment hedges, the remeasurement gain or loss is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income and will be subsequently reclassified to net earnings when the hedged net investment is either sold or substantially liquidated.

Investments in Corporate-Owned Life Insurance

Investments in Corporate-Owned Life Insurance (COLI) policies are recorded at their cash surrender values as of each balance sheet date. Changes in the cash surrender value during the period are recorded as a gain or loss within operating expenses. Sysco has the ability and intent to hold certain of its COLI policies to maturity; therefore, the company does not record deferred tax balances related to cash surrender value gains or losses for these policies. The company invests in COLI policies relating to its executive deferred compensation plan and Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (SERP). The total amounts related to the company’s investments in COLI policies included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheets were $162.9 million and $168.4 million at June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019, respectively.

Treasury Stock

The company records treasury stock purchases at cost. Shares removed from treasury are valued at cost using the average cost method.

Foreign Currency Translation

The assets and liabilities of all foreign subsidiaries are translated at current exchange rates. Related translation adjustments are recorded as a component of AOCI (loss).

Revenue Recognition

On July 1, 2018, Sysco adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 606 with no significant impact to its financial position or results of operations, using the modified retrospective method. There were no contracts which were not completed as of July 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after July 1, 2018 are presented under ASC Topic 606, while prior period amounts have not been restated and continue to be reported in accordance with our historic accounting under ASC Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. Sysco had no adjustment to opening retained earnings as of July 1, 2018 as a result of adopting ASC Topic 606. There was no material impact on revenues for fiscal 2020 or fiscal 2019 as a result of applying ASC Topic 606. The accounting policies and other disclosures are below, as well as the disclosure of disaggregated revenues in Note 4, “Revenue.”

The company recognizes revenues when the performance obligation is satisfied, which is the point at which control of the promised goods or services are transferred to its customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration Sysco expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services. For the majority of Sysco’s customer arrangements, control transfers to customers at a point-in-time when goods have been delivered, as that is generally when legal title, physical possession and risks and rewards of goods/services transfers to the customer. The timing of satisfaction of the performance obligation is not subject to significant judgment. While certain additional services may be identified within a contract, we have concluded that those services are individually immaterial in the context of the contract with the customer, and, therefore, not assessed as performance obligations.

Sales tax collected from customers is not included in revenue, but rather recorded as a liability due to the respective taxing authorities. Shipping and handling costs include costs associated with the selection of products and delivery to customers and are included within operating expenses.

Product Sales Revenues

Sysco generates revenue primarily from the distribution and sale of food and related products to its customers. Substantially all revenue is recognized at the point in time in which the product is delivered to the customer. The company grants certain customers sales incentives, such as rebates or discounts, which are accounted for as variable consideration. The variable consideration is based on amounts known at the time the performance obligation is satisfied and, therefore, requires minimal judgment.
71



Contract Balances

After completion of Sysco’s performance obligations, the company has an unconditional right to consideration as outlined in its contracts with customers. Sysco’s customer receivables will generally be collected in less than 30 days in accordance with the underlying payment terms. Customer receivables, which are included in accounts receivable, less allowances in the consolidated balance sheet, were $2.7 billion and $3.9 billion as of June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019, respectively.

Sysco has certain customer contracts in which upfront monies are paid to its customers. These payments have become industry practice and are not related to financing of the customer’s business. They are not associated with any distinct good or service to be received from the customer and, therefore, are treated as a reduction of transaction prices. All upfront payments are capitalized in other assets and amortized over the life of the contract or the expected life of the relationship with the customer on a straight-line basis. As of June 27, 2020, Sysco’s contract assets were not significant. Sysco has no significant commissions paid that are directly attributable to obtaining a particular contract.

Vendor Consideration

Sysco recognizes consideration received from vendors as a reduction to cost of sales when the services performed in connection with the monies received are completed and when the related product has been sold by Sysco. In many instances, the vendor consideration is in the form of a specified amount per case or per pound. In these instances, Sysco will recognize the vendor consideration as a reduction of cost of sales when the product is sold. 

Shipping and Handling Costs

Shipping and handling costs include costs associated with the selection of products and delivery to customers. Included in operating expenses are shipping and handling costs of approximately $3.0 billion, $3.5 billion and $3.6 billion in fiscal 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Insurance Program

Sysco maintains a self-insurance program covering portions of workers’ compensation, general and vehicle liability and property insurance costs. The amounts in excess of the self-insured levels are fully insured by third party insurers. Sysco has a wholly owned captive insurance subsidiary (the Captive) with the primary purpose to enhance Sysco’s risk financing strategies by providing Sysco the opportunity to negotiate insurance premiums in the non-retail insurance market. The Captive must maintain a sufficient level of cash to fund future reserve payments and secure the insurer’s obligations for workers’ compensation, general liability and auto liability programs. The Captive holds restricted assets in order to meet solvency requirements, including a restricted investment portfolio of marketable fixed income securities, which have been classified and accounted for as available-for-sale, and cash and restricted cash equivalents held in a cash deposit account. Further, Sysco has letters of credit available to collateralize the remaining liabilities not covered by restricted cash, restricted cash equivalents and marketable securities. The company also maintains a fully self-insured group medical program. Liabilities associated with these risks are estimated in part by considering historical claims experience, medical cost trends, demographic factors, severity factors and other actuarial assumptions.

Share-Based Compensation

Sysco recognizes expense for its share-based compensation based on the fair value of the awards that are granted. The fair value of performance share unit awards is determined based on the target number of shares of common stock and the company’s stock price on the date of grant and subsequently adjusted based on actual and forecasted performance compared to planned targets. The fair value of stock options is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Option pricing methods require the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected stock price volatility. The fair value of restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards are based on the company’s stock price on the date of grant. Measured compensation cost is recognized ratably over the vesting period of the related share-based compensation award. The method for estimating the fair value of stock options has not changed in the past three years.

During the vesting period, Sysco reduces share-based compensation expense for estimated forfeitures, which is based on analysis of historical trends reviewed on an annual basis. Sysco’s estimate of forfeitures is applied at the grant level. The estimate of forfeitures is trued up to actual forfeitures at the end of each vesting period.

72


Income Taxes

Sysco recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured pursuant to tax laws using rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The impact on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rate is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount more likely than not to be realized. The additional United States (U.S.) federal tax burden as a result of the global intangible low taxed income regime is accounted for as a periodic cost.

The determination of the company’s provision for income taxes requires judgment, the use of estimates and the interpretation and application of complex tax laws. The company’s provision for income taxes primarily reflects a combination of income earned and taxed in the various U.S. federal and state, as well as various foreign jurisdictions. Jurisdictional tax law changes, increases or decreases in permanent differences between book and tax items, accruals or adjustments of accruals for tax contingencies or valuation allowances, and the company’s change in the mix of earnings from these taxing jurisdictions all affect the overall effective tax rate.

Acquisitions

Acquisitions of businesses are accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting, and the financial statements include the results of the acquired operations from the respective dates of acquisition.

The purchase price of the acquired entities is preliminarily allocated to the net assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on the estimated fair value at the dates of acquisition, with any excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired, including intangibles, recognized as goodwill. Subsequent changes to preliminary amounts are made prospectively. 

Basis of Presentation

The financial statements include consolidated balance sheets, consolidated results of operations, consolidated statements of comprehensive income, changes in consolidated shareholders’ equity and consolidated cash flows. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, which consist of normal recurring adjustments, except as otherwise disclosed, necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows for all periods presented have been made.

Sysco has interests in various jointly owned foodservice operations in Mexico, Panama and Sweden for which it consolidates the results of the operations; therefore, the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for these companies have been included in Sysco’s consolidated financial statements. The value of the noncontrolling interest in each entity is considered redeemable due to certain features of the investment agreement and has, therefore, been presented as mezzanine equity, which is outside of permanent equity, in the consolidated balance sheets. The income attributable to the noncontrolling interest is located within Other expense (income), net, in the consolidated results of operations, as this amount is not material. The non-cash add back for the change in the value of the noncontrolling interest is located within Other non-cash items on the consolidated cash flows.

Reclassifications

Prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current year presentation.

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Within the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, certain items have been grouped as other financing activities. These primarily includes cash paid for shares withheld to cover taxes from share-based compensation and debt issuance costs.

The following table sets forth the company’s reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the Consolidated Balance Sheets:

73


Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019Jun. 30, 2018
(In thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$6,059,427 $513,460 $552,325 
Restricted cash (1)
36,143 18,785 163,519 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows$6,095,570 $532,245 $715,844 
(1) Restricted cash primarily represents cash and cash equivalents of the Captive, restricted for use to secure the insurer’s obligations for workers’ compensation, general liability and auto liability programs. Restricted cash is located within Other assets in each consolidated balance sheet.

2.  CHANGES IN ACCOUNTING

Guarantor Reporting

In March 2020, the SEC issued a final rule, Financial Disclosures About Guarantors and Issuers of Guaranteed Securities and Affiliates Whose Securities Collateralize a Registrant’s Securities, that simplifies the disclosure requirements related to registered securities under Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X. The rule replaces the requirement to provide condensed consolidating financial information with a requirement to present summarized financial information of the issuers and guarantors. It also requires qualitative disclosures with respect to information about guarantors, the terms and conditions of guarantees and the factors that may affect payment. These disclosures may be provided outside the footnotes to the company’s consolidated financial statements. Sysco early adopted the reporting requirements of the rule in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 and elected to provide these disclosures in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.

Leases

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), specifying the accounting for leases, which supersedes the leases requirements in Topic 840, Leases. The objective of Topic 842 is to establish the principles that lessees and lessors shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the amount and timing of cash flows arising from a lease. The amended guidance requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for those leases currently classified as operating leases. In addition, Topic 842 expands the disclosure requirements of lease arrangements. Sysco adopted this ASU and related amendments as of June 30, 2019, the first day of fiscal 2020, under the modified retrospective approach, and elected certain practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance, including to retain the historical lease classification, as well as relief from separating and allocating consideration across all categories of leases to lease and non-lease components of an agreement. For leases subject to index or rate adjustments, the most current index or rate adjustments were included in the measurement of operating lease obligations at adoption.

The adoption of this ASU and related amendments resulted in Sysco recognizing $647.2 million and $657.9 million of operating lease right-of-use (ROU) assets and operating lease liabilities, respectively, as of June 30, 2019. There were no other significant impacts to the company’s consolidated financial statements. Updated accounting policies and additional lease disclosures as a result of the adoption of this ASU are described in Note 14, “Leases.”

3.  NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

Financial Instruments - Credit Losses

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which introduces a forward-looking approach, based on expected losses, to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables. The estimate of expected credit losses will require entities to incorporate considerations of historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This ASU also expands the disclosure requirements to enable users of financial statements to understand the entity’s assumptions, models and methods for estimating expected credit losses. This guidance is effective for fiscal years-and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, which is the first quarter of fiscal 2021 for Sysco, with early adoption permitted.

74


The company has substantially completed its assessment of the accounting required under Topic 326. Sysco does not expect that the implementation of the new standard will have a material effect on the company’s financial statements. The company will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 using the modified retrospective method.

Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract, which aligns the accounting for implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract with the guidance on capitalizing costs associated with developing or obtaining internal-use software. The guidance amends Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 350 to include in its scope implementation costs of a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract and clarifies that a customer should apply ASC 350 to determine which implementation costs should be capitalized in such a cloud computing arrangement. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, which is the first quarter of fiscal 2021 for Sysco, with early adoption permitted.

The company has substantially completed its assessment of the accounting required under ASU 2018-15. Sysco does not expect that the implementation of the new standard will have a material effect on the company’s financial statements. The company will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 on a prospective basis.

4. REVENUE

Disaggregation of Sales

The following tables present our sales disaggregated by reportable segment and sales mix for the company’s principal product categories for the periods presented:

52-Week Period Ended Jun. 27, 2020
US Foodservice OperationsInternational Foodservice OperationsSYGMAOtherTotal
(In thousands)
Principal Product Categories
Fresh and frozen meats$7,276,675 $1,339,340 $1,509,375 $ $10,125,390 
Canned and dry products6,603,902 1,940,506 121,646  8,666,054 
Frozen fruits, vegetables, bakery and other5,019,696 1,831,950 979,480  7,831,126 
Dairy products3,885,771 1,021,195 545,985  5,452,951 
Poultry3,749,786 718,753 774,629  5,243,168 
Fresh produce3,425,558 834,056 236,408  4,496,022 
Paper and disposables2,616,184 336,199 646,920 57,159 3,656,462 
Seafood2,186,208 407,179 102,082  2,695,469 
Beverage products940,534 413,315 540,545 68,393 1,962,787 
Other (1)
1,069,832 829,697 98,856 765,496 2,763,881 
Total Sales$36,774,146 $9,672,190 $5,555,926 $891,048 $52,893,310 

(1)Other sales relate to non-food products, including textiles and amenities for our hotel supply business, equipment and subscription sales for our Sysco Labs business, and other janitorial products, medical supplies and smallwares.

75


52-Week Period Ended Jun. 29, 2019
US Foodservice OperationsInternational Foodservice OperationsSYGMAOtherTotal
(In thousands)
Principal Product Categories
Fresh and frozen meats$8,422,126 $1,627,392 $1,520,907 $ $11,570,425 
Canned and dry products7,344,015 2,326,584 270,651  9,941,250 
Frozen fruits, vegetables, bakery and other5,708,030 2,074,991 1,194,944  8,977,965 
Dairy products4,265,320 1,243,773 604,624  6,113,717 
Poultry4,121,367 833,844 892,316  5,847,527 
Fresh produce3,801,828 1,022,503 241,602  5,065,933 
Paper and disposables2,797,521 369,329 731,511 61,908 3,960,269 
Seafood2,550,524 717,703 113,746  3,381,973 
Beverage products1,127,701 531,247 563,401 86,845 2,309,194 
Other (1)
1,149,756 745,674 110,626 939,613 2,945,669 
Total Sales$41,288,188 $11,493,040 $6,244,328 $1,088,366 $60,113,922 

(1)Other sales relate to non-food products, including textiles and amenities for our hotel supply business, equipment and subscription sales for our Sysco Labs business, and other janitorial products, medical supplies and smallwares.

52-Week Period Ended Jun. 30, 2018
US Foodservice OperationsInternational Foodservice OperationsSYGMAOtherTotal
(In thousands)
Principal Product Categories
Fresh and frozen meats$8,123,565 $1,666,247 $1,523,029 $ $11,312,841 
Canned and dry products7,093,691 2,367,921 327,785  9,789,397 
Frozen fruits, vegetables, bakery and other5,327,020 2,538,265 1,160,369  9,025,654 
Dairy products4,136,973 1,260,354 640,482  6,037,809 
Poultry4,020,340 833,917 1,125,085  5,979,342 
Fresh produce3,642,247 1,031,796 255,192  4,929,235 
Paper and disposables2,639,280 400,345 739,074 59,166 3,837,865 
Seafood2,449,741 726,010 104,459  3,280,210 
Beverage products1,107,574 196,379 576,359 84,868 1,965,180 
Other (1)
1,101,832 497,331 105,199 865,429 2,569,791 
Total Sales$39,642,263 $11,518,565 $6,557,033 $1,009,463 $58,727,324 

(1)Other sales relate to non-food products, including textiles and amenities for our hotel supply business, equipment and subscription sales for our Sysco Labs business, and other janitorial products, medical supplies and smallwares.

Credit Risk

Sysco is potentially subject to group concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable, as large amounts of the company’s trade receivables are concentrated on customers within the food-away-from-home industry across North America and Europe. The prolonged disruption of Sysco’s customers’ businesses due to the COVID-19 pandemic has created additional bad debt risk for the company. See Note 8, “Allowance for Doubtful Accounts,” for additional disclosures regarding the provision for bad debt.


76


5.  ACQUISITIONS

During fiscal 2020, the company paid cash of $142.8 million for acquisitions. These acquisitions did not have a material effect on the company’s operating results, cash flows or financial position. Certain acquisitions involve contingent consideration that may include earnout agreements that are typically payable over periods of up to three years in the event that certain operating results are achieved. As of June 27, 2020, aggregate contingent consideration outstanding was $26.0 million, of which $23.0 million was recorded as earnout liabilities. Earnout liabilities are measured using unobservable inputs that are considered a Level 3 measurement.

6.  FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (i.e., an exit price). The accounting guidance includes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are as follows:
Level 1 – Unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities that are observable either directly or indirectly for substantially the full term of the asset or liability; and
Level 3 – Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, which include management’s own assumption about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk.
Sysco’s policy is to invest in only high-quality investments. Cash equivalents primarily include cash deposits, time deposits, certificates of deposit, commercial paper, high-quality money market funds and all highly liquid instruments with original maturities of three months or less.

The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets and liabilities measured at fair value:
Cash deposits included in cash equivalents are valued at amortized cost, which approximates fair value. These are included within cash equivalents as a Level 1 measurement in the tables below.
Time deposits and commercial paper included in cash equivalents are valued at amortized cost, which approximates fair value. These are included within cash equivalents as a Level 2 measurement in the tables below.
Money market funds are valued at the closing price reported by the fund sponsor from an actively traded exchange. These are included within cash equivalents as Level 1 measurements in the tables below.
Fixed income securities are valued using evaluated bid prices based on a compilation of observable market information or a broker quote in a non-active market. Inputs used vary by type of security, but include spreads, yields, rate benchmarks, rate of prepayment, cash flows, rating changes and collateral performance and type.
The interest rate swap agreements are valued using a swap valuation model that utilizes an income approach using observable market inputs including interest rates, LIBOR swap rates and credit default swap rates.
The foreign currency swap agreements, including cross-currency swaps, are valued using a swap valuation model that utilizes an income approach applying observable market inputs, including interest rates, LIBOR swap rates for United States dollars, Canadian dollars, pound sterling and euro currencies, and credit default swap rates.
Foreign currency forwards are valued based on exchange rates quoted by domestic and foreign banks for similar instruments.
Fuel swap contracts are valued based on observable market transactions of forward commodity prices.

The fair value of the company’s marketable securities are all measured using inputs that are considered a Level 2 measurement, as they rely on quoted prices in markets that are not actively traded or observable inputs over the full term of the asset. The location and the fair value of the company’s marketable securities in the consolidated balance sheet are disclosed in Note 7, “Marketable Securities.” The fair value of the company’s derivative instruments are all measured using inputs that are considered a Level 2 measurement, as they are not actively traded and are valued using pricing models that use observable market quotations. The location and the fair value of derivative assets and liabilities designated as hedges in the consolidated balance sheet are disclosed in Note 11, “Derivative Financial Instruments.”

77


The following tables present the company’s assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019:
 Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value as of Jun. 27, 2020
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (In thousands)
Assets:    
Cash equivalents    
Cash and cash equivalents$5,245,487 $300,200 $ $5,545,687 
Other assets (1)
36,143   36,143 
Total assets at fair value$5,281,630 $300,200 $ $5,581,830 

(1) Represents restricted cash balance recorded within other assets in the consolidated balance sheet.

 Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value as of Jun. 29, 2019
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (In thousands)
Assets:    
Cash equivalents    
Cash and cash equivalents$72,824 $200 $ $73,024 
Other assets (1)
18,785   18,785 
Total assets at fair value$91,609 $200 $ $91,809 

(1) Represents restricted cash balance recorded within other assets in the consolidated balance sheet.

The carrying values of accounts receivable and accounts payable approximated their respective fair values due to their short-term maturities. The fair value of Sysco’s total debt is estimated based on the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rates offered to the company for new debt with the same maturities as existing debt, and is considered a Level 2 measurement. The fair value of total debt was approximately $16.3 billion and $8.6 billion as of June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019, respectively. The carrying value of total debt was $14.4 billion and $8.2 billion as of June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019, respectively.

7. MARKETABLE SECURITIES

Sysco invests a portion of the assets held by our wholly owned captive insurance subsidiary in a restricted investment portfolio of marketable fixed income securities, which have been classified and accounted for as available-for-sale. The company includes fixed income securities maturing in less than twelve months within Prepaid expenses and other current assets and includes fixed income securities maturing in more than twelve months within Other assets in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. The company records the amounts at fair market value, which is determined using quoted market prices at the end of the reporting period. Unrealized gains and losses on marketable securities are recorded in Accumulated
78


other comprehensive loss. The following table presents the company’s available-for-sale marketable securities as of June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019:

Jun. 27, 2020
Amortized Cost BasisGross Unrealized GainsGross Unrealized LossesFair ValueShort-Term Marketable SecuritiesLong-Term Marketable Securities
(In thousands)
Fixed income securities:
Corporate bonds$78,651 $4,064 $ $82,715 $18,233 $64,482 
Government bonds28,633 4,919  33,552  33,552 
Total marketable securities$107,284 $8,983 $ $116,267 $18,233 $98,034 

Jun. 29, 2019
Amortized Cost BasisGross Unrealized GainsGross Unrealized LossesFair ValueShort-Term Marketable SecuritiesLong-Term Marketable Securities
(In thousands)
Fixed income securities:
Corporate bonds$87,540 $1,734 $ $89,274 $12,006 $77,268 
Government bonds28,900 1,845  30,745  30,745 
Total marketable securities$116,440 $3,579 $ $120,019 $12,006 $108,013 

The fixed income securities held at June 27, 2020 had effective maturities ranging from less than one year to approximately ten years. There were no significant realized gains or losses in marketable securities during fiscal 2020.

8.  ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS

Sysco determines the past due status of trade receivables based on contractual terms with each customer, evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable and determines the appropriate reserve for doubtful accounts or the uncollectible receivables to be written off. Many of Sysco’s customers, including those in the restaurant, hospitality and education segments, are closed or operating at a substantially reduced volume due to governmental requirements for closures or other social-distancing measures. Some of these customers have ceased paying their outstanding receivables, creating uncertainty as to their collectability. In fiscal 2020, Sysco recorded a provision for losses on receivables totaling $404.2 million, a large portion of which was associated with the COVID-19 pandemic impact to its customers. To calculate the ending reserve needed as of June 27, 2020, the company estimated uncollectible amounts by applying write-off percentages based on historical loss experience, including loss experience during times of local and regional disasters and the company’s current collection experience. The COVID-19 pandemic is more widespread and longer in duration than historical disasters impacting our business, and it is possible actual uncollectible amounts will differ.

A summary of the activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts appears below:
 202020192018
 (In thousands)
Balance at beginning of period$28,176 $25,768 $31,059 
Charged to costs and expenses404,158 62,946 21,448 
Customer accounts written off, net of recoveries(83,915)(64,219)(27,120)
Other adjustments(13,609)3,681 381 
Balance at end of period$334,810 $28,176 $25,768 

79


9.  PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

A summary of plant and equipment, including the related accumulated depreciation, appears below:
 Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019Estimated Useful Lives
 (In thousands) 
Plant and equipment at cost:   
Land$493,694 $498,180  
Buildings and improvements4,854,307 4,545,099 10-30 years
Fleet and equipment3,561,500 3,697,008 3-10 years
Computer hardware and software1,258,980 1,213,942 3-7 years
Total plant and equipment at cost10,168,481 9,954,229  
Accumulated depreciation(5,709,914)(5,452,524) 
Total plant and equipment, net$4,458,567 $4,501,705  

Depreciation expense, including amortization of capital leases, was $705.2 million in 2020, $656.6 million in 2019 and $614.8 million in 2018.

As of June 27, 2020, Sysco had 8 properties (land and facilities) located in Texas, Indiana, Florida, Louisiana and Illinois that qualified to be classified as held for sale. The carrying amount of these properties was determined to be higher than fair value and was written down to fair value less cost to sell, which resulted in an impairment loss of $55.9 million reported within Other expense (income), net in fiscal 2020. As of June 27, 2020, the aggregate net book value of assets held for sale was $30.9 million.

In fiscal 2020, Sysco recognized $74.4 million in accelerated depreciation, including facilities and equipment, due to restructuring in Europe and certain enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and software platforms. In fiscal 2019, Sysco recognized $39.3 million in accelerated depreciation, including facilities and equipment, due to restructuring in Europe and certain ERP systems and software platforms.

10.  GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLES

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segment for the years presented are as follows:

 U.S. Foodservice OperationsInternational Foodservice OperationsSYGMAOtherTotal
 (In thousands)
Carrying amount as of June 30, 2018$1,260,900 $2,440,821 $32,607 $221,157 $3,955,485 
Goodwill acquired during year10,428 9,127   19,555 
Currency translation/other(5,843)(74,016) 1,045 (78,814)
Carrying amount as of June 29, 2019$1,265,485 $2,375,932 $32,607 $222,202 $3,896,226 
Goodwill acquired during year90,477    90,477 
Impairment (169,007) (34,199)(203,206)
Currency translation/other2,162 (53,164) (26)(51,028)
Carrying amount as of June 27, 2020$1,358,124 $2,153,761 $32,607 $187,977 $3,732,469 

Amortizable intangible assets acquired during fiscal 2020 were $39.9 million, with a weighted-average amortization period of 6.0 years. Amortizable intangible assets acquired during fiscal 2020 by category were customer relationships and non-compete of $26.6 million and $13.3 million respectively, with a weighted-average amortization period of 7.0 years and 5.0 years respectively.

80


Fully amortized intangible assets have been removed in the period fully amortized in the table below, which presents the company’s amortizable intangible assets in total by category as follows:
 Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019
 Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNetGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet
 (In thousands)
Customer relationships$1,048,702 $(434,262)$614,440 $1,052,608 $(358,592)$694,016 
Non-compete agreements23,252 (10,182)13,070 11,827 (8,556)3,271 
Trademarks13,691 (5,816)7,875 14,785 (5,736)9,049 
Other   185 (148)37 
Total amortizable intangible
assets
$1,085,645 $(450,260)$635,385 $1,079,405 $(373,032)$706,373 

The table below presents the company’s indefinite-lived intangible assets by category as follows:
 Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019
 (In thousands)
Trademarks$143,820 $149,962 
Licenses966 966 
Total indefinite-lived intangible assets$144,786 $150,928 

Amortization expense for 2020, 2019 and 2018 was $95.3 million, $92.3 million and $114.7 million, respectively. The estimated future amortization expense for the next five fiscal years on intangible assets outstanding as of June 27, 2020 is shown below:
 Amount
 (In thousands)
2021$96,877 
202295,042 
202391,867 
202488,022 
202579,739 

Goodwill impairment

The Company had approximately $3.7 billion of goodwill at June 27, 2020. The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually in our fiscal fourth quarter, or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate that they could be impaired. Potential impairment indicators include (but are not limited to) macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, cost factors, overall financial performance, other relevant entity-specific events, specific events affecting the reporting unit or sustained decrease in share price.

During the second half of fiscal 2020, the company experienced significant deterioration of macroeconomic conditions and declines in equity valuations, as well as regulatory restrictions implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, the company determined that certain reporting units were more sensitive than others to these declines and the company performed interim quantitative goodwill impairment tests for these reporting units using a combination of discounted cash flow and earnings or revenue multiple models. As part of the annual test in the fiscal fourth quarter, the company performed further quantitative goodwill impairment tests, updating the estimates and assumptions of long-term impact resulting from the pandemic that had been applied in the fiscal third quarter tests, where necessary. As a result, in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 the company recorded impairments to goodwill for the Pacific Star and Cake reporting units of $34.9 million and $34.2 million, respectively, which represented the full balance of goodwill for those reporting units. During the fiscal fourth quarter, the company recorded partial impairments to goodwill for the France Group and Fresh Direct reporting units of $108.7 million and $25.4 million respectively, for total fiscal 2020 impairment charges of $203.2 million, which are included within operating expenses in the consolidated results of operations.

81


In the annual fiscal 2020 assessment, impairment charges would have been applicable for two reporting units if our estimates of fair value were decreased by ranges of 17% to 29%, with goodwill of $369.5 million in the aggregate as of June 27, 2020, recorded for these reporting units.

The company estimated the fair value of these reporting units using a combination of discounted cash flow and earnings or revenue multiple models. For the purposes of the discounted cash flow models, fair value was determined based on the present value of estimated future cash flows, discounted at an appropriate risk adjusted rate. The fair value conclusions as of June 27, 2020 for the reporting units are highly sensitive to changes in the assumptions used in the income approach, which include forecasted revenues, perpetual growth rates, and long-term discount rates, among others, all of which require significant judgments by management. Fair value of the reporting unit is therefore determined using significant unobservable inputs, or level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The company has used recent historical performance, current forecasted financial information, and broad-based industry and economic statistics as a basis to estimate the key assumptions utilized in the discounted cash flow model. These key assumptions are inherently uncertain and require a high degree of estimation and judgment and are subject to change based on future changes, industry and global economic and geo-political conditions, and the timing and success of the implementation of current strategic initiatives. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on estimated future cash flows is uncertain and will largely depend on the outcome of future events, which could result in further goodwill impairments going forward.

11.  DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Sysco uses derivative financial instruments to enact hedging strategies for risk mitigation purposes; however, the company does not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Hedging strategies are used to manage interest rate risk, foreign currency risk and fuel price risk.

Hedging of interest rate risk

Sysco manages its debt portfolio with interest rate swaps from time to time to achieve an overall desired position of fixed and floating rates.

Hedging of foreign currency risk

Sysco enters into cross-currency swap contracts to hedge the foreign currency transaction risk of certain intercompany loans. There are no credit-risk related contingent features associated with these swaps, which have been designated as cash flow hedges. The company uses euro-bond denominated debt to hedge the foreign currency exposure of our net investment in certain foreign operations. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, Sysco settled some of its previously held cross-currency swap contracts used in net investment hedges, which resulted in a gain of $56.7 million recorded in other comprehensive income (loss). Additionally, Sysco’s operations in Europe have inventory purchases denominated in currencies other than their functional currency, such as the euro, United States dollar, Polish zloty and Danish krone. These inventory purchases give rise to foreign currency exposure between the functional currency of each entity and these currencies. The company enters into foreign currency forward swap contracts to sell the applicable entity’s functional currency and buy currencies matching the inventory purchase, which operate as cash flow hedges of the company’s foreign currency-denominated inventory purchases.

Hedging of fuel price risk

Sysco uses fuel commodity swap contracts to hedge against the risk of the change in the price of diesel on anticipated future purchases. These swaps have been designated as cash flow hedges.

82


None of the company’s hedging instruments contain credit-risk-related contingent features. Details of outstanding hedging instruments as of June 27, 2020 are presented below:

Maturity Date of the Hedging InstrumentCurrency / Unit of MeasureNotional Value
(In millions)
Hedging of interest rate risk
October 2020U.S. Dollar750
July 2021U.S. Dollar500
June 2023Euro500
March 2025U.S. Dollar500
Hedging of foreign currency risk
Various (June 29, 2020 to August 2020)Swedish Krona133
Various (July 2020 to February 2021)British Pound Sterling14
July 2021British Pound Sterling234
June 2023Euro500
Hedging of fuel risk
Various (June 30, 2020 to December 2021)Gallons54

The location and the fair value of derivative instruments designated as hedges in the consolidated balance sheet as of June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019 are as follows:
 Derivative Fair Value
 Balance Sheet locationJun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019
(In thousands)
Fair Value Hedges:
Interest rate swapsOther current assets$1,388 $ 
Interest rate swapsOther assets69,782 37,396 
Interest rate swapsOther long-term liabilities 9,285 
Cash Flow Hedges:
Fuel swapsOther current assets$233 $154 
Foreign currency forwardsOther current assets1,063 624 
Fuel swapsOther assets1,173 136 
Cross currency swapsOther assets19,614 8,592 
Fuel swapsOther current liabilities28,242 6,537 
Foreign currency forwardsOther current liabilities222 162 
Fuel swapsOther long-term liabilities 239 
Net Investment Hedges:
Foreign currency swapsOther assets$ $18,614 
Foreign currency swapsOther long-term liabilities 9,973 

83


Gains or losses recognized in the consolidated results of operations for cash flow hedging relationships are not significant for each of the periods presented. The location and amount of gains or losses recognized in the consolidated results of operations for fair value hedging relationships for each of the periods, presented on a pretax basis, are as follows:


Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019
Total amounts of income and expense line items presented in the consolidated results of operations in which the effects of fair value hedges are recorded$408,220 $360,423 
Gain or (loss) on fair value hedging relationships:
Interest rate swaps:
Hedged items$(101,255)$(143,711)
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments44,489 68,689 

The losses on the fair value hedging relationships associated with the hedged items as disclosed in the table above are comprised of the following components for each of the periods presented:
Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019
Interest expense$(58,244)$(62,443)
Increase in fair value of debt43,011 81,268 
Hedged items$(101,255)$(143,711)



The location and effect of cash flow and net investment hedge accounting on the consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the fiscal years ended June 27, 2020 and June 29, 2019, presented on a pretax basis, are as follows:

2020
Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income on DerivativesLocation of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into IncomeAmount of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into Income
(In thousands)(In thousands)
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships:
Fuel swaps$(16,586)Operating expense$(22,058)
Foreign currency contracts6,755 Cost of sales / Other income3,626 
Total$(9,831)$(18,432)
Derivatives in net investment hedging relationships:
Foreign currency contracts$51,354 N/A$ 
Foreign denominated debt7,402 N/A 
Total$58,756 $ 

84


2019
Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income on DerivativesLocation of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into IncomeAmount of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into Income
(In thousands)(In thousands)
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships:
Fuel swaps$(22,100)Operating expense$8,180 
Foreign currency contracts16,706 Cost of goods sold / Other income509 
Total$(5,394)$8,689 
Derivatives in net investment hedging relationships:
Foreign currency contracts$42,488 N/A$ 
Foreign denominated debt15,650 N/A 
Total$58,138 $ 

The location and carrying amount of hedged liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet as of June 27, 2020 are as follows:
Jun. 27, 2020
Carrying Amount of Hedged Assets (Liabilities)Cumulative Amount of Fair Value Hedging Adjustments Included in the Carrying Amount of Hedged Assets (Liabilities)
(In thousands)
Balance sheet location:
Current maturities of long-term debt$(749,924)$(1,388)
Long-term debt(1,563,636)(70,239)

The location and carrying amount of hedged liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet as of June 29, 2019 are as follows:
Jun. 29, 2019
Carrying Amount of Hedged Assets (Liabilities)Cumulative Amount of Fair Value Hedging Adjustments Included in the Carrying Amount of Hedged Assets (Liabilities)
(In thousands)
Balance sheet location:
Long-term debt$(2,311,636)$(28,616)

85


12.  SELF-INSURED LIABILITIES

Sysco maintains a self-insurance program covering portions of workers’ compensation, general and vehicle liability and property insurance costs. The amounts in excess of the self-insured levels are fully insured by third party insurers. The company also maintains a fully self-insured group medical program. A summary of the activity in self-insured liabilities appears below:

 202020192018
 (In thousands)
Balance at beginning of period$297,817 $270,986 $245,811 
Charged to costs and expenses502,315 492,411 461,867 
Payments(470,484)(465,580)(436,692)
Balance at end of period$329,648 $297,817 $270,986 

The long-term portion of the self-insured liability balance was $205.6 million and $183.6 million as of June 27, 2020, and June 29, 2019, respectively.

86


13.  DEBT AND OTHER FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS

Sysco’s debt consists of the following:
 Jun. 27, 2020Jun. 29, 2019
 (In thousands)
U.S. Commercial paper, interest at 2.56% as of June 29, 2019$ $132,081 
U.K. Commercial paper, interest at 0.454%, maturing in fiscal 2021740,226  
Senior notes, interest at 2.60%, maturing in fiscal 2021 (1)(2)
751,312 744,034 
Senior notes, interest at 2.50%, maturing in fiscal 2022 (1)(2)
504,352 494,814 
Senior notes, interest at 2.60%, maturing in fiscal 2022 (1)(2)
448,336 447,509 
Senior notes, interest at 1.25%, maturing in fiscal 2023 (1)(2)
568,011 576,771 
Senior notes, interest at 3.55%, maturing in fiscal 2025 (1)(2)
551,756 521,490 
Senior notes, interest at 3.65%, maturing in fiscal 2025 (1)
362,785 379,658 
Senior notes, interest at 5.65%, maturing in fiscal 2025 (1)(2)
745,241  
Senior notes, interest at 3.75%, maturing in fiscal 2026 (1)(2)
747,727 747,330 
Senior notes, interest at 3.30%, maturing in fiscal 2027 (1)(2)
993,978 993,084 
Debentures, interest at 7.16%, maturing in fiscal 2027 (2)(3)
44,273 44,272 
Senior notes, interest at 3.25%, maturing in fiscal 2028 (1)(2)
744,046 743,304 
Debentures, interest at 6.50%, maturing in fiscal 2029 (2)(3)
162,416 162,150 
Senior notes, interest at 2.40%, maturing in fiscal 2030 (1)(2)
495,273  
Senior notes, interest at 5.95%, maturing in fiscal 2030 (1)(2)
1,239,439  
Senior notes, interest at 5.375%, maturing in fiscal 2036 (1)(2)
382,190 382,250 
Senior notes, interest at 6.625%, maturing in fiscal 2039 (1)(2)
199,390 199,198 
Senior notes, interest at 6.60%, maturing in fiscal 2040 (1)(2)
740,188  
Senior notes, interest at 4.85%, maturing in fiscal 2046 (1)(2)
496,017 495,860 
Senior notes, interest at 4.50%, maturing in fiscal 2046 (1)(2)
494,338 494,215 
Senior notes, interest at 4.45%, maturing in fiscal 2048 (1)(2)
492,662 492,579 
Senior notes, interest at 6.60%, maturing in fiscal 2050 (1)(2)
1,233,666  
Senior notes, interest at 3.30%, maturing in fiscal 2050 (1)(2)
494,428  
Long-term revolving credit facility, interest at 2.125%, maturing in fiscal 2024 (2)
694,951  
Notes payable, capital leases, and other debt, interest averaging 4.53% and maturing at various dates to fiscal 2046 as of June 27, 2020 and 4.99% and maturing at various dates to fiscal 2031 as of June 29, 2019119,878 112,738 
Total debt14,446,879 8,163,337 
Less current maturities of long-term debt(1,542,128)(37,322)
Less notes payable(2,266)(3,957)
Net long-term debt$12,902,485 $8,122,058 

(1)Represents senior notes that are unsecured, are not subject to any sinking fund requirement and include a redemption provision that allows Sysco to retire the debentures and notes at any time prior to maturity at the greater of par plus accrued interest or an amount designed to ensure that the debenture and note holders are not penalized by the early redemption.
(2)Represents senior notes, debentures and borrowings under the company’s long-term revolving credit facility that are guaranteed by certain wholly owned U.S. Broadline subsidiaries of Sysco Corporation as discussed in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
(3)This debenture is not subject to any sinking fund requirement and is no longer redeemable prior to maturity.



87


As of June 27, 2020, the principal payments required to be made during the next five fiscal years on total debt, excluding notes payable, are shown below:
 Amount
(In thousands)
2021$1,490,284 
2022950,000 
2023561,098 
2024700,000 
20251,614,538 

The company has a $2.0 billion long-term revolving credit facility that expires on June 28, 2024, subject to extension. As of June 27, 2020, there were $700.0 million in borrowings outstanding under this facility. On May 20, 2020, Sysco entered into an amendment to the credit agreement providing for the long-term revolving credit facility. The amendment revises the existing credit agreement to (1) adjust the covenant requiring Sysco to maintain a certain ratio of consolidated earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) to consolidated interest expense; (2) include a covenant requiring Sysco to maintain a certain level of liquidity until the earlier of September 2022 or the date on which Sysco has achieved a certain ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest expense; (3) include additional pricing levels and a 0.75% interest rate floor; and (4) include a new covenant that restricts (a) increases to Sysco’s regular quarterly dividend and (b) repurchases of equity interests of Sysco, in each case, until the earlier of September 2022 or the date on which Sysco has achieved a certain ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest expense.

Sysco has a commercial paper program allowing the company to issue short-term unsecured notes in an aggregate amount not to exceed $2.0 billion. As of June 27, 2020, there were 0 commercial paper issuances outstanding under this U.S. program. Any outstanding amounts are classified within long-term debt, as the program is supported by the long-term revolving credit facility.

Effective May 4, 2020, Sysco’s United Kingdom-based subsidiary, Brake Bros Limited, established a separate commercial paper program for the purpose of issuing short-term, unsecured Sterling-denominated notes that are eligible for purchase under the Joint HM Treasury and Bank of England Covid Corporate Financing Facility in an aggregate amount not to exceed £600.0 million. As of June 27, 2020, there were £600.0 million in aggregate principal amount of notes outstanding under this commercial paper program. The notes bear interest at a rate of 0.454% and will mature on May 7, 2021.

Effective May 20, 2020, Sysco established a 364-day credit facility in the amount of $750.0 million scheduled to expire on May 19, 2021. As of June 27, 2020, there were 0 borrowings under this credit facility.

During fiscal 2020, aggregate outstanding commercial paper issuances, borrowings under our long-term revolving credit facility and short-term bank borrowings ranged from approximately