Thank you, Rajni and thank you to everybody who is attending this morning. Certainly, good to talk to you. Little bit of a change this quarter my presentation is going to be relatively brief and I’m not going to reiterate financial results you have them available from our filings yesterday.
So rather I’m going to give you a few high-level remarks from site operations and then expand in response to any questions that that you might have.
I think that should be a pretty productive way to execute this discussion.
So, a ramp up of operations at Keno Hill continued during the second quarter and we've been making good progress. I would say that our workforce is settling in. The COVID restrictions, although still rigorous not viewed as, as threatening at the workforce level, which is important.
And so, operations are hitting more of a routine type of a profile.
On the revenue side, we continue to mine ore from our Belle Kino mine. In the last quarter, we mined 6,460 odd tonnes. The head grade was just over 700 grams per tonne in the second quarter. And the year-to-date head grade is a little bit north of 770 grams per tonne silver. With pretty strong base mental credit.
So, this mine continues to overachieve its block model estimates, but we are at the present time moving into the last hope that we would intend to mine there. And then sure we'll be looking to transition and redeploy resources we have in that mine, the Bellekeno mine to either Flame & Moth or to Bermingham. The one thing that I would say about the Bellekeno experience is that we have done a significant amount of long-hauling.
For those that are familiar with our technical reports, you'll know that both the Birmingham and Flame & Moth, we have a long-hauling component. On balance, it's a subsidiary component contrary to that, at Bellekeno, we've been doing a fair amount of long-hauling, and I would have to say that our experience has been very, very good. We overachieved grades, we haven't taken a lot of dilution, we're using much more, I guess, sophisticated or advanced, long-hauling methods than we used in the past. And the results have been excellent.
So just to make that point that that the Bellekeno experience has been really pretty pleasant in terms of operating practices, as well as output, but time to move on.
So, we remain on track to reach the Birmingham and Flame & Moth Ore in the second half of 2021. I would say that at Flame & Moth, which of course, is situated right to very close to the middle where we are at the first production level at the 835 level. And we're about to cross cut to the ore. It's about 120 meters to the ore and that's going to open up about 65,000 tons of material. It has a grade of 600 grams to 700 grams in that type of range, it's a top of the Flame & Moth Ore body. And we would anticipate being into that ore body in the last half of the year. Over Birmingham, in contrast, we are in a drive called the 1150, is the first production drive as a result of the new reserves and resources that we calculated earlier this year. And we're within meters of the first ore blocks at Bellekeno. The major portion of the Bellekeno deposit that will occupy the production component in 2022 is about 140 meters in front of us down the ramp. And that will open up that when we get there about 60,000 tons, close to 1700 grams per ton, silver.
So we're within 140 meters of that meantime, we're going to be mining at the 1100 level and extracting ore going into the third and fourth quarter. Underground development rates, as we mentioned in that published material is slower than forecasted. And we would point to crew and experience related issues there, but they certainly are improving. And we're pretty happy with where we're heading here. At Birmingham, the initial ore production is anticipated, as I mentioned in the third quarter. Flame & Moth initial ore production is anticipated in the fourth quarter of 2021. Don't forget that we updated mineral reserves in May of this year. They were increased by about 20% to 1.4 million tons, 1.5 million tons.
So we added about 270,000 tons, smaller number for those used to bigger mines, but don't forget that at 400 tons a day, that's almost two years of production there.
So the new resource at is an average grade of 804 grams per ton silver, 3.8% zinc, 2.6% lead. There's a little bit of gold or as some people report. And we would say in just over a 1,000 grams per ton silver equivalent based on the normal calculations.
So this new reserve is extended our mine plan. And we would anticipate in producing more than 35 million ounces of silver over the next eight years. At the mill, we processed nearly 11,000 tons of ore in Q2, it's 18,000, 19,000 tons year-to-date with year-to-date hit grade of 817 grams per ton silver, 11% lead and 4% zinc.
So very high base metals. In the second quarter, that operating day for the days it was operating in Q2. And that the mill is simply operating in response to the ore that is being extracted and delivered from Bellekeno. But the Q2 experience was a 65% increase in throughput over the last quarter. And all of the – or the great majority of the construction work refitting work in terms of cyclines, a new fine or feeder, construction of a new building, the second bull mill, the regrind mills et cetera, have all been completed. And stand ready for scale up in Q3 and Q4. The experience in the mill has been excellent actually in recoveries are on or ahead of our expectations. It's average 93% recovery of silver in Q2 with 94% of the silver report into the lead concentrate.
So, payabilities are high and that's good to see. Year-to-date, recoveries are around 91% with 87% of the silver reporting to the lead concentrate.
So you can see the similar trends emerging at the mill with increasing efficiency and especially playability as we go along here.
So, additionally, in Q2, as I mentioned before, we released updated technical report. The mineral reserve increased, as I mentioned. And we ended up here with a four point – run rate of 4.4 million ounces of silver per year, over in initial eight-year mine lines.
Turning briefly to expiration.
We will have a lot more to say about expiration in a couple of weeks here. Then the Birmingham Northeast deep expiration program is continuing.
We have four drill rigs continue to operate. They're using directional drilling technology. That is a 20,000 meter underground program. Excuse me. And we're about 60% of the way into that particular program, 11,500 meters have been drilled today. Ultimately, we should have more than 50 intercepts through the target zone in this Northeast deeps area under the Birmingham deposit. And those targets – that zone which is we've talked before is 400 meters to 500 meters long. It will be drilled off of 10 fences, which are being drilled with large diameter core off of which we drill daughter holes, some directional holes to get a vertical hole spacing of about 20 meters.
So we're doing that very deliberately to make sure or to enhance, I guess, the opportunity for us to, if – when we start calculating the resource for this deeper mineralization that we're able to go straight to an indicated category. We're working towards releasing initial drill results in late August. It would say that we were – we would hope to have them available for the second quarter for this week, actually. But we had some duplicates and standard issues – quality issues that we had to retest at the lab was delayed as a couple of weeks, nothing to get excited about that, pretty routine. This is very high grade material to the extent that it is intercepted.
So it does give the lab some problems from time to time. Objective in 2021 is to incorporate this drilling into a new site-wide mineral resource estimate. And of course that'll be focused mostly at Birmingham, but it will gather in some of the drilling that we did in 2020.
So it's still our target to complete this resource analysis, but at the fourth quarter of this year and just to see where we stand at the spacey at Birmingham.
So finally, just to conclude, I wanted to, again, express my sincere thanks to our workforce.
We have continued to deliver results, amidst the ever evolving COVID environment together. We've made steady and significant progress on delivering Keno Hill back to full production, but make no mistake. We still have hard work ahead of us, maintaining and increasing a full cost of underground development. Advanced rate is key as is continued successful recruitment of underground miners and maintenance technicians.
We also need to be navigating the normal short term supply chain issues as is most as most other people in the business.
So for us, it's all about execution and that comes down to underground advance rates, continuing success and recruiting underground operators, miners, and mechanics, especially, and being proactive on the supply chain challenges. With that, I think, I've said enough yet to give you a high level overview.
So I'd like the operator to open the call for questions. Thank you.